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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 57: e13192, fev.2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534072

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to explore the association between differential percentages of dendritic cell (DC) subsets in peripheral blood and malignancy (grade and lymph node metastasis) of peritoneal adenocarcinoma patients and the frequencies of dendritic cell subsets in the normal controls. The peripheral blood of 30 patients with peritoneal adenocarcinoma and 12 healthy controls were collected for multicolor flow cytometry analysis. Peritoneal adenocarcinoma patients were grouped according to the malignant degree (grade and lymph node metastasis). Percentages of myeloid DCs (mDCs) and its subsets MDC1 and MDC2 in DCs were lower in peripheral blood of patients with peritoneal adenocarcinoma than in normal controls. The percentages of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) and CD16+mDCs in DCs were higher than in normal controls. Compared with poor differentiation grade, patients with well/moderate differentiation grade had an increased percentage of CD16+mDCs. Contrary to CD16+mDCs, the percentage of MDC1 was lower in the well/moderate differentiation grade group. In patients with no lymph node metastasis, pDCs and CD16+mDCs levels were higher compared with patients with lymph node metastasis. mDCs and MDC1 levels had opposite results. pDCs were positively correlated with CD16+mDCs in peripheral blood of peritoneal patients, as was mDCs and MDC1. CD16+mDCs were negatively correlated with MDC1. The percentages of pDCs and CD16+mDCs in DCs were positively correlated with CD3+CD8+T cells, and pDCs also positively correlated with CD8+PD-1+T cells. Our results revealed that DCs subsets correlated with peritoneal adenocarcinoma malignancy. Dendritic cells play an independent role in the immune function of peritoneal adenocarcinoma.

2.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 56-64, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010110

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#With the rise of multicolor flow cytometry, flow cytometry has become an important means to detect the immune microenvironment of lung cancer, but most of them are used to detect the proportion of cell subsets or the function of major cell subsets, and they cannot be detected at the same time. Therefore, a reliable 21-color flow cytometry protocol was established to detect the immune cell subsets in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumor tissues.@*METHODS@#Cell membrane surface antibodies cluster of differentiation (CD)45, CD3, CD19, CD4, CD8, programmed cell death 1 (PD-1), CD39, CD103, CD25, CD127, chemokine receptor 8 (CCR8), CD56, CD11c, human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR, CD38, CD27, CD69, CD62L, CD45RA, CCR7 and nucleic acid dye L/D were used to develop the protocol. Firstly, antibody titration experiments, voltage optimization, subtraction of one color staining and single color staining experiments were carried out for each antibody, and after the experimental conditions and detection schemes were determined, the feasibility of the scheme was verified by using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) specimens of six healthy adult volunteers. Tumor tissue samples from 6 NSCLC patients were tested and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The established 21-color flow cytometry protocol was used to detect the tumor tissue samples of 6 NSCLC patients, and the proportion of each cell subset in lung cancer tissue, as well as the immunophenotype and differentiation of the main cell population, were analyzed.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The successfully established 21-color flow cytometry protocol is suitable for the detection of PBMCs and NSCLC tissue samples, which provides an effective new idea for monitoring the immune microenvironment status in lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Flow Cytometry , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/pathology , Lung/pathology , Tumor Microenvironment
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550864

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la inmunosenescencia está asociada con un mayor riesgo de desarrollo de cáncer. Dentro de las hemopatías malignas que afectan a este grupo de edad, está la leucemia linfoide crónica (LLC), caracterizada por trastornos en la inmunidad adaptativa que incluye las subpoblaciones de linfocitos T. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de las subpoblaciones de linfocitos T en los pacientes adultos mayores con leucemia linfoide crónica evaluados en el Instituto de Hematología e Inmunología de Cuba. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal en 30 adultos mayores con leucemia linfoide crónica. Se cuantificaron los linfocitos TCD3+CD4+ y TCD3+CD8+ en sangre periférica por citometría de flujo. Para la lectura y el análisis de los datos se empleó un citómetro de flujo Beckman Coulter Gallios. Se utilizaron los valores porcentuales, la media y la desviación estándar. Se consideró estadísticamente significativo si p≤0.05. Resultados: Hubo un predominio de hombres que representaron el 56,7 por ciento y del grupo de 70-79 años de edad. No se reportó ningún adulto mayor con LLC con valores altos ni normales de linfocitos TCD3+CD4+. Predominaron los hombres con valores bajos porcentuales de linfocitos TCD3+CD4+, TCD3+CD8+ e inversión del índice CD4/CD8 en relación con las mujeres. Conclusiones: Los adultos mayores con LLC presentan alteraciones en el número de las subpoblaciones de linfocitos T. La acción de estas células en relación al crecimiento de células B malignas aún es desconocido y resulta importante determinar si esto puede reflejar un intento de evasión de las células tumorales al control inmunológico(AU)


Introduction: Immunosenescence is associated with an increased risk of cancer development. Among the malignant hemopathies that affect this age group, it is chronic lymphoid leukemia (CLL), characterized by disorders in adaptive immunity, which include subpopulations of T lymphocytes. Objective: To determine frequency of T lymphocyte subpopulations in older adult patients with chronic lymphoid leukemia evaluated at the Institute of Hematology and Immunology of Cuba. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 30 older adults with chronic lymphoid leukemia. TCD3+CD4+ and TCD3+CD8+ lymphocytes were quantified in peripheral blood by flow cytometry. A Beckman Coulter Gallios flow cytometer was used to read and analyze the data. The percentage values, the mean and the standard deviation were used. It was considered statistically significant if p≤0.05. Results: There was a predominance of men who represented 56.7 percent and the age group of 70-79 years. No older adults with CLL with high or normal values of TCD3+CD4+ lymphocytes were reported. Men predominated with low percentage values of TCD3+CD4+, TCD3+CD8+ lymphocytes and inversion of the CD4/CD8 ratio in relation to women. Conclusions: Older adult with CLL present alterations in the number of T lymphocyte subpopulations. The role of these cells in relation to the growth of malignant B cells it is unknown and it turns out important to determine if this may reflect an attempt to evade tumor cells from immune control(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Leukemia, Lymphoid/complications , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology
4.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2023 Sept; 66(3): 556-559
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223476

ABSTRACT

Background: The most accepted definition of regulatory T cells (Tregs) relies on the expression of several biomarkers, including CD4, CD25, and transcription factor, Foxp3. The Tregs maintain tolerance to self-antigens and prevent autoimmune diseases. Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the difference in natural Treg levels in Entamoeba histolytica, Schistosoma mansoni, Giardia lamblia, Enterobius vermicularis, and Hymenolepis nana infected patients. Setting and Design: Fifty-one pediatric subjects (29 males and 22 females) were recruited from a tertiary care hospital, and were divided into infected and non-infected (control) groups. The mean age of the subjects was 8.7 years. Materials and Methods: Blood samples were collected from infected and non-infected groups, and change in the level of Tregs in these subjects was investigated by flow cytometry. Statistical Analysis Used: The statistical analysis of data was performed by SPSS software. Quantitative data used in this study included mean and standard deviation. Data from the two groups were compared by the Student's t-test. The age of the patient and infection status were used for multivariate logistic regression analysis. Odds ratios (ORs) were estimated within a 95% confidence interval, and a P value of <0.05 was considered significant. Results and Conclusions: The levels of natural regulatory T cells, indicated by the biomarkers, CD4+, CD25+, and Foxp3+, increase significantly in patients infected by Entamoeba histolytica, Schistosoma mansoni, Giardia lamblia, Enterobius vermicularis, and Hymenolepis nana as compared to controls. They also increase in cases of mixed infection as compared to infection by a single parasite.

5.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(3): 330-337, July-Sept. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514167

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Lymphopenia is a laboratory marker of poor prognosis and severity of disease in the SARS-CoV-2 infection. This study aims to describe the immune profile of a Brazilian population. Methods: A total of 121 consecutive patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) were analyzed between April and June 2020. Routine peripheral blood counts and multiparametric flow cytometry were performed on admission to assess lymphocytes and subsets (CD3, CD4, CD8). Demographic, clinical and laboratory data were collected from hospital sources. Results: The total of 116 patients included 63 (54.3%) males; 76 (62.8%) COVID-19 patients were divided, based on clinical characteristics and mechanical ventilation (MV) use, into moderate (n = 41; no MV) and severe (n = 35; MV) groups. The control group (n = 40) was comprised of patients with SARS of different etiologies. All patients had lymphopenia, with overall lymphocyte counts and their subsets considerably lower in severe patients, when compared to the moderate and controls. Patients with a high neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (> 15.2) and T-cell lymphopenia (CD3 < 593 cells/μL, CD4 < 326 cells/μL, CD8 < 121 cells/μL) had a higher risk of being intubated and progressing to death. A total of 39 patients (95.1%) in the moderate group and 54.3% (n = 19) in the severe group were discharged; 28 patients died. Conclusion: Laboratory assessment of the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio and T-cell subsets may be predictive of mortality and may be useful for stratifying COVID-19 patients.

6.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 43(Supl. 1)ago. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550069

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La linfocitosis monoclonal de células B, generalmente, precede la leucemia linfocítica crónica y afecta alrededor del 12 % de la población adulta sana. Esta frecuencia se incrementa en familiares de pacientes con síndromes linfoproliferativos crónicos de células B. Objetivo. Determinar la frecuencia de linfocitosis monoclonal B en familiares de pacientes con síndromes linfoproliferativos crónicos B, sus características inmunofenotípicas y citogenéticas, posible relación con agentes infecciosos, y seguimiento a corto plazo de población colombiana. Materiales y métodos. Se estudiaron 50 adultos sanos con antecedentes familiares de síndromes linfoproliferativos crónicos de célula B, empleando citometría de flujo multiparamétrica, pruebas citogenéticas y serológicas, encuesta de hábitos de vida y seguimiento a dos años. Resultados. La frecuencia encontrada de linfocitosis monoclonal B fue del 8 %, con predominio del sexo femenino y edad avanzada, incrementándose al 12,5 % en individuos con antecedentes familiares de leucemia linfocítica crónica. Tres de cuatro individuos presentaron inmunofenotipo de tipo leucemia linfocítica crónica, todas con bajo recuento. A su vez, en estos individuos se observa de manera significativa un mayor número de células/ µl en subpoblaciones linfocitarias T, junto con mayor predisposición a la enfermedad. Las poblaciones clonales descritas aumentan a lo largo del tiempo de manera no significativa. Conclusiones. La frecuencia y comportamiento de la linfocitosis monoclonal de célula B en pacientes con antecedentes familiares de síndromes linfoproliferativos crónicos B es similar a lo encontrado en estudios relacionados, lo que sugiere que no existe afectación de genes de mayor relevancia que puedan desencadenar una proliferación clonal descontrolada, pero que generan desregulación inmunológica que podría indicar un mayor riesgo de infección grave en estos individuos.


Introduction. Monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis generally precedes chronic lymphocytic leukemia, affecting about 12% of the healthy adult population. This frequency increases in relatives of patients with chronic B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders. Objective. To determine the frequency of monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis in relatives of patients with chronic B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders, their immunophenotypic/ cytogenetic characteristics, a possible relationship with infectious agents, and short-term follow-up in the Colombian population. Materials and methods. Fifty healthy adults with a family history of chronic B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders were studied using multiparametric flow cytometry, cytogenetic/serological testing, lifestyle survey, and 2-year follow-up. Results. The frequency of monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis found was 8%, with a predominance of female gender and advanced age, increasing to 12.5% for individuals with a family history of chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Three out of four individuals presented chronic lymphocytic leukemia-type immunophenotype, all with low counts. In turn, a significantly higher number of cells/µΙ is observed in these individuals in T lymphocyte subpopulations, together with a greater predisposition to the disease. The described clonal populations increase over time in a non-significant manner. Conclusions. The frequency and behavior of monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis in patients with family history of chronic B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders are like those found in related studies, which suggests that there is no involvement of more relevant genes that can trigger uncontrolled clonal proliferation, but that generates immunological deregulation that could justify a greater risk of serious infection in these individuals.

7.
Med. infant ; 30(2): 149-155, Junio 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1443658

ABSTRACT

A pesar de los avances en los protocolos de tratamiento y en las medidas de soporte en pacientes con Leucemia Mieloide Aguda (LMA), 27% presentan recaídas de la enfermedad. Esto se debe, entre otras causas, a la persistencia de pequeñas cantidades de células malignas (blastos) resistentes a la terapia. Estas pequeñas cantidades de blastos remanentes se denominan Enfermedad Mínima Residual (EMR). La determinación de EMR requiere de técnicas no solo muy sensibles, sino también específicas, y permite evaluar la respuesta individual a la terapia. La introducción de la EMR como parámetro de respuesta y estratificación está bien definida en Leucemia Linfoblástica Aguda (LLA). Por el contrario, aunque existen publicaciones sobre el impacto pronóstico de la EMR en LMA, aún no se encuentra incluida en forma sistemática en los protocolos nacionales actuales, entre otros motivos, por lo laborioso de la determinación y por la necesidad de validación de la misma. Debe tenerse en cuenta que el inmunofenotipo de los blastos mieloides suele ser más heterogéneo que el de los blastos en LLA, presentando, en muchos casos, subpoblaciones diferentes entre sí, lo cual dificulta su detección certera y no hay consenso definido en cuanto a la metodología más eficaz. En este trabajo describimos una nueva estrategia de marcación y análisis estandarizada en un estudio multicéntrico internacional para LMA y la utilidad de la EMR como parámetro de respuesta y de estratificación. Asimismo, detallamos los resultados preliminares de nuestra cohorte de pacientes (AU)


Despite the improvement in treatment and supportive care of patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML), 27% of them relapse. This is due to the persistence of small amounts of malignant cells (blasts) resistant to therapy, among other causes. These small amounts of blasts are called Minimal Residual Disease (MRD). The determination of MRD requires not only techniques with high sensitivity but also with high specificity, and allows to evaluate the individual response to treatment. The introduction of MRD as a response parameter is well established in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL), and it is used in current stratification protocols. On the other hand, even though there are some reports regarding the prognostic impact of MRD in AML, it is still not included in the current national protocols due to the lack of validation of the determination, among other causes. This is due to the fact that the immunophenotype of myeloid blasts is more heterogeneous than in ALL, presenting different subpopulations, which difficults their accurate detection. Thus, there is still no consensus regarding the most effective approach. In this article, we describe a new staining and analysis strategy standardized by an international multicentric study, and the utility of EMR as a response and stratification parameter. Additionally, we show the preliminary results of our patient cohort. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/diagnosis , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Immunophenotyping/instrumentation , Neoplasm, Residual/diagnosis , Flow Cytometry/instrumentation
8.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2023 Jun; 66(2): 295-300
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223435

ABSTRACT

Background: Identification of plasma cells into abnormal (APC) and normal (NPC) compartments is of utmost importance in flow cytometric (FC) analysis of multiple myeloma (MM) and related plasma cell dyscrasias for diagnosis, prognosis, and follow-up. No single phenotypic marker is sufficient to distinguish NPC from APC. Materials and Methods: 43 newly diagnosed cases of MM and 13 controls were included in the study. Bone marrow (BM) samples from the 2nd pass were processed on the same day with antibodies against CD38, CD138, CD19, CD81, CD45, CD117, CD200, CD56, cytoKappa, and cytoLambda in a 4-color experiment with CD38 and CD138 as gating antibodies. Results: Mean APC% in cases was 96.5%. The expected Immunophenotype (IP) of APC which is CD19-/56+/45-/81-/117+/200+ was found in only 13/43 MM cases. In 30/43 cases, APC revealed deviation from expected IP either for single or a combination of markers. Sensitivity for APC detection was highest for CD19 (95.2%) followed by CD56 (90.4%) and CD81 (83.7%). Specificity was highest for CD19 (100%), CD56 (100%), and CD81 (100%) followed by CD117 (92.3%). Combination of markers with maximum sensitivity to detect APC (97.6%) was CD81- or CD19- and CD200+ or CD56+ (two markers); and for NPC (92.3%) was CD81+ and CD19+ and CD56- (three markers). Conclusion: Plasma cell IP can be highly variable with multiple minor subpopulations in both cases and normal controls. CD 19 and CD56 are highly informative markers for a 4-color experiment. Assessment of multiple markers in an 8–10 color experiment is more informative but the lack of advanced flow cytometers should not limit the use of FC in a 4-color approach. Our results emphasize that even basic equipment with limited fluorochrome can provide meaningful information if used appropriately.

9.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: 1-8, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468956

ABSTRACT

Hybridization and Polyploidization are most common of the phenomenon observed in plants, especially in the genus Nicotiana leading to the duplication of genome. Although genomic changes associated with these events has been studied at various levels but the genome size and GC content variation is less understood because of absence of sufficient genomic data. In this study the flow cytometry technique was used to uncover the genome size and GC contents of 46 Nicotiana species and we compared the genomic changes associated with the hybridization events along evolutionary time scale. The genome size among Nicotiana species varied between 3.28 pg and 11.88 pg whereas GC contents varied between 37.22% and 51.25%. The tetraploid species in genus Nicotiana including section Polydiclae, Repandae, Nicotiana, Rustica and Sauveolentes revealed both up and downsizing in their genome sizes when compared to the sum of genomes of their ancestral species. The genome sizes of three homoploid hybrids were found near their ancestral species. Loss of large genome sequence was observed in the evolutionary more aged species (>10 Myr) as compared to the recently evolved one’s (<0.2 Myr). The GC contents were found homogenous with a mean difference of 2.46% among the Nicotiana species. It is concluded that genome size change appeared in either direction whereas the GC contents were found more homogenous in genus Nicotiana.


A hibridização e a poliploidização são os fenômenos mais comuns observados em plantas, principalmente no gênero Nicotiana, levando à duplicação do genoma. Embora as mudanças genômicas associadas a esses eventos tenham sido estudadas em vários níveis, o tamanho do genoma e a variação do conteúdo de GC são menos compreendidos devido à ausência de dados genômicos suficientes. Neste estudo, a técnica de citometria de fluxo foi usada para descobrir o tamanho do genoma e o conteúdo de GC de 46 espécies de Nicotiana, e comparamos as mudanças genômicas associadas aos eventos de hibridização ao longo da escala de tempo evolutiva. O tamanho do genoma entre as espécies de Nicotiana variou entre 3,28 pg e 11,88 pg, enquanto os conteúdos de GC variaramentre 37,22% e 51,25%. As espécies tetraploides do gênero Nicotiana, incluindo as seções Polydiclae, Repandae, Nicotiana, Rustica e Sauveolentes, revelaram aumento e redução do tamanho do genoma quando comparados à soma dos genomas de suas espécies ancestrais. Os tamanhos do genoma de três híbridos homoploides foram encontrados perto de suas espécies ancestrais. A perda da grande sequência do genoma foi observada nas espécies evolutivas mais velhas (> 10 Myr) em comparação com as que evoluíram recentemente (< 0,2 Myr). Os teores de GC foram homogêneos com diferença média de 2,46% entre as espécies de Nicotiana. Conclui-se que a mudança no tamanho do genoma apareceu em ambas as direções, enquanto os conteúdos de GC foram encontrados mais homogêneos no gênero Nicotiana.


Subject(s)
Flow Cytometry/methods , Genome , Cell Separation/methods , Nicotiana/genetics , Genome Size
10.
Braz. j. biol ; 832023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1469172

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hybridization and Polyploidization are most common of the phenomenon observed in plants, especially in the genus Nicotiana leading to the duplication of genome. Although genomic changes associated with these events has been studied at various levels but the genome size and GC content variation is less understood because of absence of sufficient genomic data. In this study the flow cytometry technique was used to uncover the genome size and GC contents of 46 Nicotiana species and we compared the genomic changes associated with the hybridization events along evolutionary time scale. The genome size among Nicotiana species varied between 3.28 pg and 11.88 pg whereas GC contents varied between 37.22% and 51.25%. The tetraploid species in genus Nicotiana including section Polydiclae, Repandae, Nicotiana, Rustica and Sauveolentes revealed both up and downsizing in their genome sizes when compared to the sum of genomes of their ancestral species. The genome sizes of three homoploid hybrids were found near their ancestral species. Loss of large genome sequence was observed in the evolutionary more aged species (>10 Myr) as compared to the recently evolved ones ( 0.2 Myr). The GC contents were found homogenous with a mean difference of 2.46% among the Nicotiana species. It is concluded that genome size change appeared in either direction whereas the GC contents were found more homogenous in genus Nicotiana.


Resumo A hibridização e a poliploidização são os fenômenos mais comuns observados em plantas, principalmente no gênero Nicotiana, levando à duplicação do genoma. Embora as mudanças genômicas associadas a esses eventos tenham sido estudadas em vários níveis, o tamanho do genoma e a variação do conteúdo de GC são menos compreendidos devido à ausência de dados genômicos suficientes. Neste estudo, a técnica de citometria de fluxo foi usada para descobrir o tamanho do genoma e o conteúdo de GC de 46 espécies de Nicotiana, e comparamos as mudanças genômicas associadas aos eventos de hibridização ao longo da escala de tempo evolutiva. O tamanho do genoma entre as espécies de Nicotiana variou entre 3,28 pg e 11,88 pg, enquanto os conteúdos de GC variaram entre 37,22% e 51,25%. As espécies tetraploides do gênero Nicotiana, incluindo as seções Polydiclae, Repandae, Nicotiana, Rustica e Sauveolentes, revelaram aumento e redução do tamanho do genoma quando comparados à soma dos genomas de suas espécies ancestrais. Os tamanhos do genoma de três híbridos homoploides foram encontrados perto de suas espécies ancestrais. A perda da grande sequência do genoma foi observada nas espécies evolutivas mais velhas (> 10 Myr) em comparação com as que evoluíram recentemente ( 0,2 Myr). Os teores de GC foram homogêneos com diferença média de 2,46% entre as espécies de Nicotiana. Conclui-se que a mudança no tamanho do genoma apareceu em ambas as direções, enquanto os conteúdos de GC foram encontrados mais homogêneos no gênero Nicotiana.

11.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e245372, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339409

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hybridization and Polyploidization are most common of the phenomenon observed in plants, especially in the genus Nicotiana leading to the duplication of genome. Although genomic changes associated with these events has been studied at various levels but the genome size and GC content variation is less understood because of absence of sufficient genomic data. In this study the flow cytometry technique was used to uncover the genome size and GC contents of 46 Nicotiana species and we compared the genomic changes associated with the hybridization events along evolutionary time scale. The genome size among Nicotiana species varied between 3.28 pg and 11.88 pg whereas GC contents varied between 37.22% and 51.25%. The tetraploid species in genus Nicotiana including section Polydiclae, Repandae, Nicotiana, Rustica and Sauveolentes revealed both up and downsizing in their genome sizes when compared to the sum of genomes of their ancestral species. The genome sizes of three homoploid hybrids were found near their ancestral species. Loss of large genome sequence was observed in the evolutionary more aged species (>10 Myr) as compared to the recently evolved one's (<0.2 Myr). The GC contents were found homogenous with a mean difference of 2.46% among the Nicotiana species. It is concluded that genome size change appeared in either direction whereas the GC contents were found more homogenous in genus Nicotiana.


Resumo A hibridização e a poliploidização são os fenômenos mais comuns observados em plantas, principalmente no gênero Nicotiana, levando à duplicação do genoma. Embora as mudanças genômicas associadas a esses eventos tenham sido estudadas em vários níveis, o tamanho do genoma e a variação do conteúdo de GC são menos compreendidos devido à ausência de dados genômicos suficientes. Neste estudo, a técnica de citometria de fluxo foi usada para descobrir o tamanho do genoma e o conteúdo de GC de 46 espécies de Nicotiana, e comparamos as mudanças genômicas associadas aos eventos de hibridização ao longo da escala de tempo evolutiva. O tamanho do genoma entre as espécies de Nicotiana variou entre 3,28 pg e 11,88 pg, enquanto os conteúdos de GC variaram entre 37,22% e 51,25%. As espécies tetraploides do gênero Nicotiana, incluindo as seções Polydiclae, Repandae, Nicotiana, Rustica e Sauveolentes, revelaram aumento e redução do tamanho do genoma quando comparados à soma dos genomas de suas espécies ancestrais. Os tamanhos do genoma de três híbridos homoploides foram encontrados perto de suas espécies ancestrais. A perda da grande sequência do genoma foi observada nas espécies evolutivas mais velhas (> 10 Myr) em comparação com as que evoluíram recentemente (< 0,2 Myr). Os teores de GC foram homogêneos com diferença média de 2,46% entre as espécies de Nicotiana. Conclui-se que a mudança no tamanho do genoma apareceu em ambas as direções, enquanto os conteúdos de GC foram encontrados mais homogêneos no gênero Nicotiana.


Subject(s)
Nicotiana/genetics , Genome, Plant/genetics , Phylogeny , Base Composition , Genome Size
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 654-658, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982112

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) status and prognosis value in patients with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by flow cytometry (FCM).@*METHODS@#The clinical features of the 75 newly diagnosed ALL patients from September 2020 to December 2021 in our centre were retrospective analyzed, as well as the bone marrow (BM) and CSF minimal residual disease (MRD) data, and the CSF conventional cytology data. Central nervous system infiltration(CNSI) positive was as CSF MRD positive by FCM or leukemia cells detected by conventional cytology. The status of CSF were compared and analyzed by FCM and conventional cytology, the clinical features and the prognosis value of different CNSI status in these patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 75 newly diagnosed ALL, 16 cases (21%) with CNSI positive (CNSI+) were detected by FCM, while only 2 positive cases (3%) were detected by conventional cytology. The CNSI+ rate detected by FCM was significantly higher than conventional cytology(P<0.05). Compared with CNSI- ALL patients, the median age of CNSI+ ALL patients was significantly younger, and the median platelet count was significantly lower, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Up to follow-up time (August 31, 2022), four ALL patients were died, including 3 patients were CNSI- and 1 patient was CNSI+. Furthermore, three cases were primary disease relapse, including 1 case was CNSI+. There was no significant difference in overall survival (OS) rate and relapse-free survival (RFS) rate of the patients with different CNSI status.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with conventional cytology, FCM is a more sensitive assay to evaluate the central nervous system status in ALL patients. After active treatment, there was no significant difference in OS and RFS between patients with different CNSI status at diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Flow Cytometry , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Prognosis , Bone Marrow , Neoplasm, Residual , Recurrence
13.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 853-859, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995801

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the analytical performance verification protocols and performance specifications of CD34+cell enumeration by flow cytometry for clinical laboratories.Methods:According to international guidelines and National Health Standard of China, we designed the performance verification protocols of CD34 +cell enumeration (including percent count and absolute count) by flow cytometry. Four quality assessment materials, three leukapheresis products and three samples of peripheral blood were selected to verify the precision, linearity, carryover, trueness and accuracy of FACSCanto Ⅱ measurement system, and the assessment criterion was set according to the detection technologies of clinical laboratories. Results:The CVs of intra-run precision of percent count and absolute count were 2.5% to 8.9% and 3.0% to 9.0%; the CVs of inter-run precision were 2.8% to 10.5% and 3.8% to 9.9%, respectively. The slopes of linearity regression equation of low range (3.6/μl to 123.6/μl) and high range (113.2/μl to 1196.3/μl) were 0.993 2 and 0.965 2, and R2 were 0.999 6 and 0.993 9, and the biases were -8.67% to 0.22%. The carryover of percent and absolute count were 0.07% and 0.00%. When percent count≤0.2% or absolute count≤20/μl, the absolute biases of trueness were in the range of ±0.006% or ±0.5/μl, and the absolute biases of accuracy were in the range of ±0.02% or ±0.9/μl; when percent count>0.2% or absolute count>20/μl, the relative biases of trueness were in the range of ±5.65%, and the relative biases of accuracy were in the range of ±8.19%. The verification results met the assessment criterion set in this study. Conclusions:The performance verification protocols and assessment criterion formulated in this study not only conform to the recommendations of domestic and foreign guidelines, but also conform to state of the detection technologies of native clinical laboratories, which can be taken as a reference of performance verification for clinical laboratories.

14.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 81-86, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995701

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnostic efficacy difference and clinical diagnostic value of chronic lymphocytic leukemia flow (CLLflow) score and Moreau score (MS) in the diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).Methods:According to the latest international and national diagnosis criteria for CLL, 133 patients with B-cell chronic lymphoproliferative diseases and uncertain immunophenotypes (B-CLPD), diagnosed by Zhengzhou Jinyu Comprehensive Haematological Pathology Diagnosis Centre from March 2020 to May 2021, were included in this study. Above patients were divided into the CLL group ( n=83) and non-CLL group ( n=50). The expression of clusters of differentiation (CD)5, CD10, CD20, CD19, κ light chain, λ light chain, FMC7, CD23, CD22, surface immunoglobulin M, CD200 and CD79 were detected by flow cytometry, and CLLflow score and MS score were calculated respectively according to the scoring rules. A fourfold table was used to compare the diagnostic efficacy of the two scoring systems, and the Kappa test and McNemar test were used to compare the consistency and superiority of the systems. Results:The rate of negative and positive CLLflow score were 4.8% (4/83) and 95.2% (79/83) in the CLL group and were 80.0% (40/50) and 20.0% (10/50) in the non-CLL group, and respectively (both P<0.001). The MS score (≤2, =3 and≥4) was 1.2% (1/83), 10.8% (9/83) and 88.0% (73/83) in the CLL group and was 86.0% (43/50), 14.0% (7/50) and 0 in the non-CLL group, there were significant statistical difference between the two groups ( P<0.001). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of the CLLflow score were 95.2% (79/83), 80.0% (40/50), 88.8% (79/89) and 90.9% (40/44), respectively and those of MS score were 98.8% (82/83), 86.0% (43/50), 92.1% (82/89) and 97.7% (43/44) respectively. The overall coincidence rate, positive and negative coincidence rate between the CLLflow score and MS score were 91.0% (121/133), 93.3% (83/89) and 86.4% (38/44) respectively. Besides, the McNeamr dominance test presented no significant difference ( P>0.05) and high consistency (Kappa=0.796) between the two scoring systems. With MS≤2 and MS≥4, the sensitivity and the specificity of the MS score were 100% (73/73) and 97.7% (43/44) respectively, and for the CLLflow score, the sensitivity and the specificity were 97.3% (71/73) and 86.4% (38/44) in this MS range. With MS = 3, the sensitivity and specificity of the MS score were 100% (9/9) and 0 (0/7), and CLLflow was 88.9% (8/9) and 57.1% (4/7). Conclusions:The diagnostic efficacy is similar and presents high consistency between the CLLflow score and MS score in CLL diagnosis. For CLL patients with MS = 3, the specificity of MS is relatively low, combined assessment with CLLflow score could improve the diagnosis efficacy for CLL in these patients.

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Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 1-9, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995250

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide data reference for using Chinese rhesus macaques as research model by studying the immunophenotype and function of peripheral blood lymphocytes in Chinese rhesus macaques.Methods:By optimizing antibody clones and fluorescent colors, the lymphocyte subset assay and T cell function assay panels were determined. Then the panels were used to analyze the proportion of T, B, NK and other cell subsets in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in 15 healthy Chinese rhesus monkeys, and the ability of T cells to secrete cytokines after non-specific stimulation.Results:Two multi-color flow cytometry analytic panels were established. Panel 1 could simultaneously detect a variety of lymphocyte subsets, including cytotoxic T lymphocytes, follicular helper T cells, regulatory T cells, B cells and NK cells. Panel 2 could detect the functions of multiple T cell subsets and the expression of immune checkpoint moleculars. The mean percentages of T, B, NK, Tfh, Treg, CD16 + NK and CD56 + NK cells in PBMCs of the Chinese rhesus macaques were (75.32±7.73)%, (13.22±7.50)%, (0.88±0.48)%, (0.73±0.27)%, (0.75±0.43)%, (47.87±22.35)% and (10.69±12.41)%. After non-specific stimulation, the proportion of CD4 + T cells secreting IL-2 and TNF-α was higher than that of CD8 + T cells, and the proportion of CD8 + T cells secreting CD107a and IFN-γ was higher than that of CD4 + T cells, while the proportion of CD4 + and CD8 + T cells secreting IL-17A was low. Conclusions:This study established a multi-color flow detection scheme that could simultaneously detect multiple cellular surface molecules and cytokines at the single cell level and could accurately and comprehensively analyze the immune cell subsets, functions and the immune checkpoint molecules in peripheral blood of Chinese rhesus macaques, providing a new experimental method and basic data for the development of vaccines and drugs against infectious diseases.

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Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 407-411, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992543

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the expressions of three biomarkers combination of CD27, CD38 and human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-DR in the application of discrminating active tuberculosis (ATB) and latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI).Methods:Sixty cases of ATB and 44 cases of LTBI were enrolled from March 2021 to February 2022 in Huashan Hospital, Fudan University and Wuxi Fifth People′s Hospital. Freshly isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from patients were stimulated with 6 kDa early secretory antigenic target/culture filtrate protein 10 peptide pools. The expressions of CD27, CD38 and HLA-DR on Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific CD4 + T lymphocytes were evaluated by polychromatic flow cytometry. Mann-Whitney U test was used for statistical analysis. The area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUROC) was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of biomarkers in discriminating ATB and LTBI. Results:The frequencies of CD27 -, CD38 +, HLA-DR +, CD27 -CD38 +, CD27 -HLA-DR + and CD38 + HLA-DR + in ATB group were all higher than those in LTBI group, and the differences were all statistically significant ( U=26.00, 451.00, 384.00, 8.00, 7.00 and 184.00, respectively, all P<0.001). The AUROC of CD27 -CD4 + interferon-γ(IFN-γ) + T lymphocytes was 0.71 with a cut-off value of 52.31%, with the sensitivity of 50.00% and specificity of 87.20%. The AUROC of CD38 + CD4 + IFN-γ + T lymphocytes was 0.82 with a cut-off value of 30.25%, with the sensitivity of 73.40% and specificity of 89.70%. The AUROC of HLA-DR + CD4 + IFN-γ + T lymphocytes was 0.85 with a cut-off value of 36.60%, with the sensitivity of 66.00% and specificity of 94.90%. The AUROC of CD27 -CD38 + CD4 + IFN-γ + T lymphocytes was 0.80 with a cut-off value of 8.82%, with the sensitivity of 90.60% and specificity of 61.50%. The AUROC of CD27 -HLA-DR + CD4 + IFN-γ + T lymphocytes was 0.83 with a cut-off value of 18.62%, with the sensitivity of 75.00% and specificity of 79.50%. The AUROC of CD38 + HLA-DR + CD4 + IFN-γ + T lymphocytes was 0.93 with a cut-off value of 22.35%, with the sensitivity of 79.70% and specificity of 100.00%. Conclusions:The expressions of CD27 -, CD38 + and HLA-DR + in Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific CD4 + T lymphocytes are higher in ATB group compared to LTBI group. ATB and LTBI could be well discriminated by detecting the expressions of CD27, CD38 and HLA-DR on CD4 + IFN-γ + T lymphocytes with flow cytometry.

17.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 348-351, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990040

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the clinical significance of next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based IGH/ IGK gene rearrangement analysis versus flow cytometry (FCM) in diagnosing minimal residual disease (MRD) of children with acute B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). Methods:Clinical data, NGS-MRD and FCM-MRD findings at the initial diagnosis and after induction chemotherapy of 85 children diagnosed as B-ALL in Children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from July 2019 to July 2021, were retrospectively analyzed.The sensitivity of the two methods, and the positive rate were compared by χ2 test or Fisher′ s test.The correlation was identified by Spearman correlation analysis. Results:Dominant clone sequences were detected in all children at the initial diagnosis by NGS, while selection markers were identified by FCM in 75(88.2%) patients.Positive MRD rate detected by NGS-MRD was significantly higher than that of FCM-MRD at the same time point after induction chemotherapy[31.8%(27/85) vs.9.4%(8/85), P<0.001]. Compared with those of FCM-MRD, NGS-MRD had good sensitivity (100.0%), specificity (75.3%) and negative predictive value (100.0%), and the positive predictive value was 29.6%.MRD results detected by NGS were consistent with that of FCM ( r=0.569, P<0.001). By July 27, 2022, 2 patients with NGS-MRD (+ )FCM-MRD (-)relapsed during maintenance chemotherapy. Conclusions:NGS is highly consistent with FCM in the detection of MRD in children with B-ALL, which is more sensitive.The combination of NGS-MRD and FCM-MRD benefits more in monitoring MRD in children with B-ALL after induction chemotherapy.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 62-65, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965374

ABSTRACT

@#A large number of people would be exposed to irradiation in large-scale nuclear and radiation accidents or nuclear terrorist attacks. Therefore, it is urgent to establish rapid and high-throughput biodosimetry for in triage, providing a basis for emergency management. Imaging flow cytometry (IFC) possesses the high through put advantages of traditional flow cytometry and the sensitivity and specificity of microscope, and has a good application prospect in the research and development of rapid, automated, and high-throughput biological dose estimation technology. This article reviews the application progress of IFC in biodosimetry, and provides a reference for the development of biological dose estimation and detection equipment for large-scale nuclear and radiation accidents.

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Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 56-62, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015243

ABSTRACT

Objective To study whether bergapten (BG) protects PC12 cells from oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) induced cell injury by regulating long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) opioid receptor gene (Oprm1) expression. Methods PC12 cells were divided into control (Con) group, OGD group, OGD+ low concentration BG (BG-L) group, OGD+medium concentration BG (BG-M) group, OGD + high concentration BG (BG-H) group, OGD + pcDNA group, OGD+pcDNA-Oprm1 group, OGD+BG+si-NC group, OGD+BG+si-Oprm1 group. The malondialdehyde (MDA) content, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities were measured by the kits. Cell apoptosis rate was analysed by flow cytometry. The expression level of Oprm1 was analysed by Real-time PCR. Results Compared with the Con group, the apoptosis rate and MDA content of PC12 cells in OGD group increased significantly, whereas Oprm1 expression, SOD and GSH-Px activity decreased significantly (P < 0. 05). Compared with the OGD group, the apoptosis rate and MDA content of PC12 cells in the OGD + BG-L group, OGD + BG-M group, OGD + BG-H group were significantly reduced, whereas the Oprm1 expression, SOD and GSH-Px activities increased significantly (P < 0. 05). Compared with the OGD+pcDNA group, the apoptosis rate and MDA content of the PC12 cells in the OGD+pcDNA-Oprm1 group reduced significantly, whereas the SOD and GSH-Px activities increased significantly (P<0. 05). Compared with the OGD+BG+si-NC group, the apoptosis rate and MDA content of PC12 cells in the OGD+BG+si-Oprm1 group increased significantly, whereas the SOD and GSH-Px activities decreased significantly (P < 0. 05). Conclusion Bergapten may alleviate OGD-induced PC12 cell injury, which is correlated to the up-regulation of lncRNA Oprm1 expression.

20.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 319-327, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015210

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) alpha-2-macroglobulin antisense RNA 1 (A2M-AS1) targeting microRNA (miR) -106b-5p on oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) -induced injury of human brain microvascular endothelial cells. Methods Human brain microvascular endothelial cells (ox-LDL group) were induced by ox-LDL, normal cultured cells were control group (Ctrl); A2M-AS1 overexpression (pcDNAA2M-AS1 group), empty vector (pcDNA group), miR-106b-5p inhibitor (anti-miR-106b-5p group), negative control (anti-miR-NC group), pcDNA-A2M-AS1 with control mimic NC (miR-NC group), pcDNA-A2M-AS1 with miR-106b-5p mimic (miR-106b-5p mimics group) were transfected into cells and treated with ox-LDL, n = 9. Real-time PCR was used to detect the expression levels of A2M-AS1 and miR-106b-5p; Kits were used to detect malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT)); Flow cytometry and TUNEL detected apoptosis; Dual luciferase reporter gene assay detected A2M-AS1 and miR-106b-5p targeting; Western blotting detected Bcl-2 and Bax protein expression. Results Compared with the Ctrl group, the expression level of A2M-AS1 in the ox-LDL group decreased, and the activity of SOD and CAT and the protein level of Bcl-2 decreased (P<0.05), while the expression level of miR-106b-5p and the level of MDA increased (P<0.05), and the rate of apoptosis and the protein level of Bax increased (P<0.05). Overexpressing A2M-AS1 or interfering with miR-106b-5p decreased the MDA level, apoptosis rate and Bax protein level after ox-LDL-induced cells, and increased SOD, CAT activity and Bcl-2 protein level (P<0.05). A2M-AS1 targeted miR-106b-5p; upregulation of miR-106b-5p reversed the effect of overexpressed lncRNA A2M-AS1 on ox-LDL-induced injury of human brain microvascular endothelial cells (P < 0.05). Conclusion A2M-AS1 attenuates ox-LDL-induced injury of human brain microvascular endothelial cells by targeting miR-106b-5p.

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