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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e255120, 2024. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364532

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to determine the antiulcerogenic and antioxidant activities of Psyllium (Plantago ovata Forssk) seed ethanolic extract in rats. We assessed the antioxidant potential using free radical scavenging on DPPH, ß-carotene bleaching activity, ferric reducing power, and hydroxyl radical scavenging activity. In the antiulcerogenic study, pre-treatment with Plantago ovata seeds ethanolic extract (POE) (400 mg/kg b.wt) significantly protected against ethanol-induced gastric ulcer in rats by decreasing the ulcer index value and preserving the integrity of the gastric mucosa. The oxidative stress status in the stomach tissues showed a significant increase in the antioxidant enzyme levels of superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase with a significant decrease in lipid peroxidation during pre-treatment with POE. In conclusion, the POE protects against gastric ulcer due to its antioxidant potential and presence of bioactive molecules.


O presente estudo teve como objetivo determinar as atividades antiulcerogênica e antioxidante das sementes de Psyllium (Plantago ovata Forssk) em ratos. O potencial antioxidante foi avaliado utilizando o método do sequestro do radical livre DPPH, autooxidação do ß-caroteno, poder redutor de ferro e atividade de sequestro do radical hidroxila. No estudo antiulcerogênico, o pré-tratamento com o extrato etanólico das sementes de Plantago ovata (POE) (400 mg/Kg b.wt) reduziu a úlcera gástrica induzida pelo etanol em ratos, diminuindo o valor do índice de úlcera e preservando a integridade da mucosa gástrica. O estudo do estresse oxidativo nos tecidos estomacais mostrou um aumento significativo dos níveis das enzimas antioxidantes superóxido dismutase, catalase e glutationa peroxidase, com uma diminuição significativa da peroxidação lipídica enquanto pré-tratamento com POE. Em conclusão, o POE protege contra úlcera gástrica devido aos seus potenciais antioxidantes e à presença de moléculas bioativas.


Subject(s)
Rats , Plantago , Stomach Ulcer , Gastric Mucosa , Phytotherapy , Antioxidants
2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 163-169, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011455

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical efficacy of Huangqi injection combined with Buzhong Yiqi acupuncture in the treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) with Qi deficiency and its effects on TCM syndromes, fatigue symptoms, serum superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) levels. MethodA total of 200 patients with CFS of Qi deficiency were randomly divided into a control group (100 cases) and an observation group (100 cases). The control group was treated with vitamin B compounds, and the observation group was treated with Huangqi injection combined with Buzhong Yiqi acupuncture for two weeks. The scores of TCM syndromes, fatigue symptoms, levels of serum SOD, MDA, and ox-LDL and the incidence of adverse reactions were observed and compared before and after treatment in two groups. ResultAfter treatment, the total effective rate of the control group was 54.34% (50/92), while that of the observation group was 88.54% (85/96). The total effective rate of the observation group was higher than that of the control group (χ2=27.13,P<0.05). Compared with those in the two groups before treatment, scores of fatigue self-assessment scale (FSAS), physical fatigue and mental fatigue, and sleep/rest response scores of fatigue in the two groups after treatment were significantly decreased (P<0.05). After treatment, scores of FSAS, physical fatigue and mental fatigue, and sleep/rest response scores of fatigue in the observation group were significantly decreased compared with those in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with those in the two groups before treatment, TCM syndrome scores in the two groups after treatment were significantly decreased (P<0.05). After treatment, TCM syndrome scores in the observation group were significantly decreased compared with those in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with those in the two groups before treatment, MDA levels in the two groups were significantly decreased (P<0.05), ox-LDL levels in the observation group were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and SOD levels were significantly increased (P<0.05). After treatment, compared with those in the control group, the serum MDA and ox-LDL levels in the observation group were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the serum SOD was significantly increased (P<0.05). No serious adverse events or adverse reactions occurred during this clinical trial. ConclusionHuangqi injection combined with Buzhong Yiqi acupuncture has a good clinical curative effect in the treatment of CFS with Qi deficiency, which can effectively improve the fatigue symptoms of patients, increase the level of SOD, and reduce the level of serum MDA and ox-LDL. It is related to the production of antioxidants, inhibiting the production of lipid peroxides, and improving the body's ability to resist oxidative stress.

3.
Braz. j. biol ; 842024.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1469400

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to determine the antiulcerogenic and antioxidant activities of Psyllium (Plantago ovata Forssk) seed ethanolic extract in rats. We assessed the antioxidant potential using free radical scavenging on DPPH, -carotene bleaching activity, ferric reducing power, and hydroxyl radical scavenging activity. In the antiulcerogenic study, pre-treatment with Plantago ovata seeds ethanolic extract (POE) (400 mg/kg b.wt) significantly protected against ethanol-induced gastric ulcer in rats by decreasing the ulcer index value and preserving the integrity of the gastric mucosa. The oxidative stress status in the stomach tissues showed a significant increase in the antioxidant enzyme levels of superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase with a significant decrease in lipid peroxidation during pre-treatment with POE. In conclusion, the POE protects against gastric ulcer due to its antioxidant potential and presence of bioactive molecules.


Resumo O presente estudo teve como objetivo determinar as atividades antiulcerogênica e antioxidante das sementes de Psyllium (Plantago ovata Forssk) em ratos. O potencial antioxidante foi avaliado utilizando o método do sequestro do radical livre DPPH, autooxidação do -caroteno, poder redutor de ferro e atividade de sequestro do radical hidroxila. No estudo antiulcerogênico, o pré-tratamento com o extrato etanólico das sementes de Plantago ovata (POE) (400 mg/Kg b.wt) reduziu a úlcera gástrica induzida pelo etanol em ratos, diminuindo o valor do índice de úlcera e preservando a integridade da mucosa gástrica. O estudo do estresse oxidativo nos tecidos estomacais mostrou um aumento significativo dos níveis das enzimas antioxidantes superóxido dismutase, catalase e glutationa peroxidase, com uma diminuição significativa da peroxidação lipídica enquanto pré-tratamento com POE. Em conclusão, o POE protege contra úlcera gástrica devido aos seus potenciais antioxidantes e à presença de moléculas bioativas.

4.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-219017

ABSTRACT

In India Mass Drug Administration (MDA) drive is undertaken every year. In mass drug administra?on DEC and Albendazole combina?on is used. For the strategy to be effec?ve, more than 85% of those living in endemic areas must be covered by MDA. Methods: This is a cross-sec?onal study in which family clusters were selected from rural and urban areas. Informa?on about coverage, compliance with MDA and knowledge of filariasis was obtained using a ques?onnaire. Data were analysed using percentages and propor?ons. Results: In this study, about 92.51% of the study par?cipants received DEC and ABZ tablets during MDA, of which 95.14 % of par?cipants consumed the drugs. The most common cause of noncompliance was fear of side effects. Conclusion: Coverage of the popula?on with DEC and albendazole combina?on was good but compliance needs to be improved. IEC ac?vi?es should be intensified. Local leaders should be involved in the programme to increase compliance.

5.
Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences ; : 89-95, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988702

ABSTRACT

@#Introduction: Pravastatin is known to have a number of pleiotropic effects including reducing endothelial dysfunction, anti-inflammatory, antioxidants, conangiogenic, and antitrombotic. Pravastatin through the pleitropic effect is expected to be one of the alternative therapies to prevent preeclampsia. The limited strategy for prevention and treatment of preeclampsia is due to the unknown etiology and pathogenesis. These two markers are thought to contribute to the occurrence of preeclampsia although they cause it in two different pathways. MDA is a marker of oxidative stress as an end product of lipid peroxidation. ET-1 is a vasoconstrictor that plays a role in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia through increasing anti-angiogenic properties. Aim: to determine the effect of pravastatin on serum levels of MDA and ET-1 in preeclampsia rat models. Methods: This study consisted of 5 groups; negative control/ K(-) consisted of normal pregnant rats, positive control/ K(+) consisted of rat model of preeclampsia (rat model of preeclampsia induced by administration of L-NAME at a dose of 125 mg/kg BW/day since gestational age 13-19 days), treatment groups 1, 2, and 3 (rat model of preeclampsia given pravastatin with 3 different doses; 2 mg/day (P1), 4 mg/day (P2) and 8 mg/day(P3)) at 13-19 days of gestation. The rat model of preeclampsia was determined based on blood pressure > 140/90 with urine protein > +1. After termination, blood was drawn to measure serum MDA and ET-1 levels. Results: Serum levels of MDA and ET-1 were decreased in groups P2 and P3 compared to groups K(+). Statistically, there was a significant difference in the mean levels of MDA (p=0.001) and ET-1 (p=0.000) between each group. Conclusion: Pravastatin can prevent preeclampsia by decreasing MDA and ET-1.

6.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6): 1061-1065, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005187

ABSTRACT

@#[摘 要] 目的:探讨甘草查尔酮B(LCB)对三阴性乳腺癌(TNBC)MDA-MB-231细胞的抑制作用及其机制。方法: 常规培养MDA-MB-231细胞,用不同浓度LCB处理后,采用CCK-8法、免疫荧光法、FCM和WB法分别检测MDA-MB-231细胞的增殖活力、细胞核内DNA双链断裂标志物γ-H2AX的表达,以及细胞周期和周期调控、丝裂原活化蛋白激酶(MAPK)、内质网应激信号途径相关蛋白的表达水平。结果: LCB能显著抑制乳腺癌MDA-MB-231细胞的增殖活力(P<0.05),使γ-H2AX阳性细胞数和蛋白表达水平均显著升高(均P<0.05)、G2/M和S期的细胞数量均明显增加(均P<0.05)、MAPK家族主要成员细胞外调节激酶1/2(ERK1/2)和p38MAPK蛋白的磷酸化水平均显著上调(均P<0.05),还使内质网应激途径相关蛋白Bip、ATF4和CHOP的表达均显著上调(均P<0.05)。结论: LCB能够显著抑制MDA-MB-231细胞的增殖活力、诱导DNA损伤和细胞周期阻滞于G2/M和S期,LCB对MDA-MB-231细胞的抑制作用可能与其激活MAPK和内质网应激信号通路相关。

7.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 757-768, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003596

ABSTRACT

@#The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of norcantharidin (NCTD) on the proliferation and apoptosis of triple-negative breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231.Western blot was used to detect the effect of NCTD on the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins Bax/Bcl-2, cleaved-PARP/PARP/PARP, cleved-caspase-9, cleaved-caspase-3 and MCL-1 in MDA-MB-231 cells.Also, the expression levels of autophagy-related proteins LC3-II/LC3-I, Parkin and PINK1 in MDA-MB-231 cells were measured by Western blot.Flow cytometry was used to measure the effect of NCTD on the changes of mitochondrial membrane potential and mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS).The effect of NCTD on autophagy flow in cells expressing mCherry-EGFP-LC3 was detected by a confocal microscope.Moreover, the effects of NCTD combined with chloroquine (CQ) or 3-methyladenine (3-MA) on the apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 cells were detected by flow cytometry.The results showed that NCTD significantly increased the expression levels of Bax/Bcl-2, cleaved-PARP/PARP, cleaved-caspase-9, cleasved-caspase-3 and LC3-II/LC3-I proteins, and promoted the mitochondrial translocation of Parkin, and blocked the autophagic flow in MDA-MB-231 cells. Moreover, NCTD combined with CQ accelerated apoptosis, while NCTD combined with 3-MA decreased apoptosis.These results suggest that NCTD can induce autophagy accumulation and lead to apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 cells.

8.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6): 568-576, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979402

ABSTRACT

@#[摘 要] 目的:基于蛋白质组学技术探讨麻疹减毒活疫苗191株(MV-Hu191)在体内外对三阴性乳腺癌MDA-MB-231、4T1细胞的影响及其作用机制。方法:采用CCK-8法检测MV-Hu191对MDA-MB-231和4T1细胞增殖的影响;液相色谱-质谱联用技术分析MV-Hu191处理对MDA-MB-231细胞中蛋白质谱的影响,多重数据库筛选蛋白质谱中的典型差异蛋白质并进行GO、KEGG、亚细胞定位与功能注释。瘤内注射1×106 TCID50 MV-Hu191干预4T1细胞移植瘤模型小鼠,流式细胞术检测小鼠脾组织中T细胞亚群,ELISA法检测小鼠血清TNF-α和IL-6含量。结果:体外实验结果表明,MV-Hu191具有抑制MDA-MB-231和4T1细胞增殖的作用,差异均具有统计学意义(P<0.01)。蛋白质组学分析结果显示,MV-Hu191作用MDA-MB-231细胞后明显上调蛋白质有38个、下调有12个;差异表达的蛋白质主要参与细胞黏附、信号受体激活、细胞代谢、应激反应等生物学过程,22个差异蛋白质亚细胞定位位于细胞外,KEGG功能分类显示与免疫调节功能相关的差异蛋白质最多且均为上调蛋白,包括C4A、C8B、SERPINF2、A2M、SERPINC1、CTSB、SERPING1、C5;PPI预测发现免疫相关差异蛋白与CD4、CD8、TNF-α及IL-6相互关联。体内实验结果显示,MV-Hu191干预组小鼠脾组织中CD4+ T细胞数量略高于对照组,但差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),CD4+/CD8+ T细胞比值明显高于对照组(P<0.05),血清TNF-α和IL-6含量显著上升(均P<0.01)。结论:MV-Hu191显著抑制MDA-MB-231、4T1细胞增殖及拮抗4T1细胞荷瘤小鼠成瘤性,其机制可能是MV-Hu191通过激活免疫效应分子实现抗肿瘤作用。

9.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6): 707-714, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986251

ABSTRACT

@#[摘 要] 目的:研究环状RNA nei样DNA糖化酶3(circNEIL3)和微小RNA(miR)-4784对乳腺癌细胞MDA-MB-231的增殖、迁移和侵袭的影响。方法:收集2018年1月至2019年12月在济南市中西医结合医院经组织病理诊断为乳腺癌并行手术切除的45例乳腺癌患者的癌组织和配对癌旁组织,qPCR法检测乳腺癌组织、癌旁组织中circNEIL3和miR-4784的相对水平。将circNEIL3的小干扰RNA(si-circNEIL3)、miR-4784模拟物、si-circNEIL3+miR-4784抑制物分别转染MDA-MB-231细胞,采用CCK-8法、平板克隆实验、划痕愈合实验、Transwell实验检测circNEIL3和miR-4784表达对细胞活力、克隆形成、迁移和侵袭的影响。双荧光素酶报告基因实验、RNA免疫沉淀(RIP)和RNA pull-down实验检测circNEIL3和miR-4784之间相互作用。结果:乳腺癌组织中circNEIL3呈高表达(P<0.05),miR-4784呈低表达(P<0.05)。干扰circNEIL3显著降低MDA-MB-231细胞活力、克隆形成数、划痕愈合率以及侵袭数(均P<0.05)。过表达miR-4784显著降低MDA-MB-231细胞活力、克隆形成数、划痕愈合率以及侵袭数(均P<0.05)。双荧光素酶报告基因实验、RIP和RNA pull-down实验均证实circNEIL3与miR-4784可直接结合,干扰circNEIL3能明显上调miR-4784表达(P<0.05),过表达circNEIL3能明显下调miR-4784表达(P<0.05)。抑制miR-4784表达部分逆转干扰circNEIL3对MDA-MB-231细胞活力、克隆形成、迁移和侵袭的抑制作用(P<0.05)。结论:干扰circNEIL3通过靶向上调miR-4784表达抑制MDA-MB-231细胞的增殖、迁移和侵袭。

10.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 602-616, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982403

ABSTRACT

Blueberries are rich in phenolic compounds including anthocyanins which are closely related to biological health functions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antioxidant activity of blueberry anthocyanins extracted from 'Brightwell' rabbiteye blueberries in mice. After one week of adaptation, C57BL/6J healthy male mice were divided into different groups that were administered with 100, 400, or 800 mg/kg blueberry anthocyanin extract (BAE), and sacrificed at different time points (0.1, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, or 12 h). The plasma, eyeball, intestine, liver, and adipose tissues were collected to compare their antioxidant activity, including total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and glutathione-peroxidase (GSH-PX/GPX) content, and the oxidative stress marker malondialdehyde (MDA) level. The results showed that blueberry anthocyanins had positive concentration-dependent antioxidant activity in vivo. The greater the concentration of BAE, the higher the T-AOC value, but the lower the MDA level. The enzyme activity of SOD, the content of GSH-PX, and messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of Cu,Zn-SOD, Mn-SOD, and GPX all confirmed that BAE played an antioxidant role after digestion in mice by improving their antioxidant defense. The in vivo antioxidant activity of BAE indicated that blueberry anthocyanins could be developed into functional foods or nutraceuticals with the aim of preventing or treating oxidative stress-related diseases.


Subject(s)
Male , Mice , Animals , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Blueberry Plants , Anthocyanins/pharmacology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Superoxide Dismutase , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase-1
11.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223690

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: Several studies have provided evidence that opioids may play a role in cancer recurrence and metastasis. Multiple research data indicate that morphine can act as a proliferative or suppressive agent on tumour cells depending on the applied concentration. Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate whether the presence of clinically relevant concentrations of morphine has any effect on the efficacy of paclitaxel, a widely used chemotherapeutic drug, on the viability and apoptosis of human triple-negative breast cancer cell line. Methods: MDA.MB.231 cells were treated with paclitaxel in the presence or absence of morphine and examined for cell proliferation by the MTT assay. In addition, the effect of morphine on paclitaxel- induced apoptosis was investigated by flow cytometric assay and by the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 mRNA expression levels with quantitative real-time (qRT)-PCR. Results: Morphine significantly increased the proliferation of breast cancer cells at low concentrations (0.1-2.5 ?M) but higher concentrations showed cytotoxic effect. Pre-treatment with 0.1 or 1 ?M of morphine decreased the paclitaxel-induced cytotoxicity, the proportion of apoptotic cell, and the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 mRNA expressions. Interpretation & conclusions: Our data suggest that morphine promotes breast cancer cell viability at clinically relevant plasma concentrations and reduces the apoptotic effect of paclitaxel. This interaction may be very important in clinical settings; however, more studies are needed to explore the plausible mechanisms of interaction and to correlate such findings through in vivo animal studies as well as clinically.

12.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 255-260, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014153

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the protective mechanism of tanshinone B on cognitive dysfunction in mice with vascular dementia.Methods C57BL/6 male mice were divided into control group, vascular dementia model group(VD group), tanshinone B group(TSB 2,4,8 mg·kg-1), donepezil hydrochloride group(1 mg·kg-1), according to the random number table method.The VD model was constructed by the coarctation of bilateral common carotid arteries in mice.Ten days after the successful modeling, the low, medium, and high-dose tanshinone B groups were intraperitoneally injected with tanshinone B, the positive control medicine group was intraperitoneally injected with donepezil hydrochloride, once a day, and the mice in control group and VD group were injected intraperitoneally with the same amount of normal saline for 20 d.Morris water maze test was used to detect the learning and memory ability of mice in each group; the cortex and hippocampus of each group were separated, and MDA, SOD and GSH-Px were determined by spectrophotometry; the pathological changes in the hippocampus of each group were observed by HE staining.The expression of p-LRP6, LRP6, Wnt1 and β-catenin protein in the hippocampus of each group of mice were detected by Western blot.Results Compared with control group, the ability of memory was reduced, the content MDA increased(P<0.01), SOD and GSH-Px activities decreased(P<0.01), and significant pathological damage in hippocampus, the expression of p-LRP6, Wnt1, and β-catenin protein was significantly reduced in VD group(P<0.01).Compared with VD group, the learning and memory abilities of the mice were improved, the content of MDA decreased(P<0.01), the activities of SOD and GSH-Px increased(P<0.01), and the pathological damage in hippocampus was significantly improved.The expression of Wnt1 and β-catenin protein increased significantly in TSB treatment group(P<0.01).Conclusions TSB can improve the cognitive dysfunction of VD mice, and its mechanism may be related to the activation of the LRP6/Wnt1/β-catenin pathway in hippocampus.

13.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19194, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383971

ABSTRACT

Abstract Increasing biological activity and phytochemical investigations on Eryngium species showed its potential as pharmaceutical approach. Eryngium kotschyi Boiss. is one of the species of Eryngium genus and is endemic to Turkey. It is known that this plant is traditionally used in the South-western part of Turkey for the treatment of various diseases. This study focuses on cytotoxic activities of methanol extract and ethyl acetate, n-butanol and water sub-extracts from E. kotschyi in A549, COLO 205 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines by Sulforhodamin B assay and qualitative and quantitative determination of phytochemical constituents in active extract by LC-MS/MS. From the result of the study, it was seen that E. kotschyi ethyl acetate (EKE) sub-extract showed the strongest cytotoxic effect with the low IC50 values (50.00; 31.96 and 22.26 µg/mL in A549; COLO 205 and MDA-MB-231 cells at 48 h, respectively). Preliminary examination of the mass spectrums revealed the presence of 15 phytochemical compounds in active sub-extract and 7 of them was quantified. According to quantitative analyses the main compounds of EKE sub-extract were rosmarinic acid (485.603 µg/mgextract), chlorogenic acid (62.355 µg/mgextract) and caffeic acid (59.266 µg/mgextract). Moreover, this preliminary study on inhibitory activity of EKE sub-extract suggests further toxicologic investigations and detailed investigation on cytotoxic effect of various combinations of determined compounds


Subject(s)
Turkey/ethnology , Cells/metabolism , Eryngium/anatomy & histology , Phytochemicals/adverse effects , Pharmaceutical Preparations/administration & dosage , Cell Line/classification , A549 Cells/metabolism , Acetates/administration & dosage
14.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18957, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374547

ABSTRACT

Abstract The extract of Belamcanda chinensis leaves (BCLE) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of diabetes-related hyperlipidemia in Hainan province, South China. In this study, the lipid-decreasing effects of BCLE on obese diabetes were investigated on KK-Ay mice. The component F2 ameliorated lipid disorder, as indicated by decreased levels of body weight, liver index, levels of TC, TG and LDL-c in the serum and liver. The enhancement effect of F2 on liver SOD and the inhibitory effect of F2 on MDA demonstrated that F2 exhibited significant antioxidant activity on liver injury. F2 also prevented vacuolar degeneration and reduced pathological tissue injury in liver. In addition, the component F1 decreased the levels of TG, LDL-c and MDA in the liver. These findings suggest that F2 may have therapeutic potential in the prevention and therapy of hyperlipemia and liver disease associated with obesity-related diabetes.

15.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine ; (12): 39-46, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-950211

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of piperine on human breast cancer cells. Methods: The effect of piperine on proliferation and migration of human breast cancer cells, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231, was investigated using colony formation assays, wound healing assays, Matrigel migration assays, flow cytometry, RT-qPCR, and Western blotting assays. Results: Piperine inhibited the growth of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells and suppressed colony formation. Cell reduction at the G 0 / G 1 phase and cell arrest at the G 2 /M phase were observed in breast cancer cells. However, the significant effect was only demonstrated in MDA-MB-231 cells. Moreover, cancer cell migration was suppressed by piperine at low concentration. RT-qPCR and Western blotting assays showed that piperine downregulated Rac1 gene and protein expression. Conclusions: Piperine could inhibit growth and migration of breast cancer cells by reducing Rac1 gene and protein expression.

16.
Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences ; : 106-113, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980226

ABSTRACT

@#Introduction: As the high incidence of breast cancer has a profound impact on a global scale, there is a critical need to improve the clinical outcome of the patients, including efforts to utilize bioactive natural products as treatment or preventive measures. Citral, the essential oil of lemongrass has been reported to possess cytotoxicity in breast cancer cell line . The aim of present study was to determine the capability of citral in targeting aldehyde dehydrogenase-positive (ALDH+) cells in breast cancer cells. Methods: Both MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells were cultured in serum-free media to generate multicellular tumour spheroids for the evaluation of citral as an antiproliferative agent. The cells were treated with identified IC50 (50±4.30 µM and 56±3.17 µM of citral, respectively) to investigate the cytotoxicity of citral. Staining using Propidium Iodide (PI) and Hoechst 33342 was carried out to determine cell proliferation and viability. Finally, ALDH+ cells were quantified via ALDEFLUOR assay. Analysis of differences was carried out by analysis of variance (ANOVA) and independent t-test with p<0.05 considered statistically significant. Results: The size of spheroids in both cancer cell lines were reduced after treatment with the citral. PI and Hoechst 33342 staining also revealed that citral gave rise to a mixture of cells that are normal and undergoing apoptosis and necrosis. ALDEFLUOR assay analysis revealed citral significantly (p <0.05 ) inhibited the population of ALDH+ cells in MCF7 cells. Conclusion: It was demonstrated that citral reduced the ALDH+ cell population in MCF7 breast cancer spheroids by inhibiting the ALDH activity.

17.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1066-1070, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957340

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrospectively analyze the clinical characteristics of elderly patients with anti-MDA5 antibody-positive dermatomyositis.Methods:Data of 62 patients with anti-MDA5 antibody-positive dermatomyositis admitted to Second Xiangya Hospital from May 2016 to December 2019 were collected and patients were divided into an elderly group(≥60 years old, 17 cases)and a non-elderly group(<60 years old, 45 cases). The clinical manifestations, laboratory test resuls, treatment and prognosis of the patients in both groups were statistically analyzed.Results:A total of 62 patients with anti-MDA5 antibody-positive dermatomyositis were included in this study, including 17 elderly patients(27.4%)with an average age of(65.5±5.3)years and 45 non-elderly patients(72.6%)with an average age of(46.5±8.4)years.Compared with non-elderly patients, older patients had a shorter disease duration[(1.6±1.0)months vs.(3.7±3.3)months, t=3.883, P<0.001], a higher proportion of patients with exertional dyspnea(15/17 or 88.2% vs.26/45 or 57.8%, χ2=5.11, P=0.024)and with combined positive anti-Ro-52 antibodies(15/17 or 88.2% vs.26/45 or 57.8%, χ2=5.11, P=0.024), and a higher mortality rate[(12/17 or 70.6%) vs.(8/45 or 17.8%, χ2=15.748, P<0.001)]. In contrast, fewer elderly patients than non-elderly patients had the Heliotrope's sign(9/17 or 41.2% vs.38/45 or 57.8%), χ2=5.07, P=0.024). Conclusions:Elderly patients with anti-MDA5 antibody-positive dermatomyositis have a unique clinical phenotype with an acute onset, atypical rashes, severe pulmonary lesions, making treatment difficult, and have a poor prognosis.

18.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 23(3)dic. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386553

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Despite the reported effects of smokeless tobacco (ST) on the periodontium and high prevalence of ST use in rural populations and in males studies on this specific topic are limited. The purpose of this cross-sectional investigation was to measure lipid peroxidation (as an end product of oxidative stress) end product i.e. Malondialdehyde (MDA) in saliva of patients with gingivitis, chronic periodontitis and to assess the influence of smokeless tobacco on Salivary Malondialdehyde (S-MDA). Total 30 patients with gingivitis, 30 with chronic periodontitis and 30 Smokeless Tobacco Chewers with Chronic Periodontitis and 30 periodontally healthy subjects were included in the study. Plaque Index (PI), Gingival Index (GI), Probing Pocket Depth (PD), and Clinical Attachment Loss (CAL) were recorded followed by stimulated Saliva sample collection. Salivary MDA Levels were assessed by UV Spectrophotometry. There was a statistically significant increase in the salivary MDA levels in gingivitis, chronic periodontitis and in smokeless tobacco chewers with chronic periodontitis when compared with healthy group. Higher salivary MDA levels in gingivitis group, chronic periodontitis, and smokeless tobacco chewers with chronic periodontitis reflects increasedoxygen radical activity during periodontal inflammation.


RESUMEN: A pesar de los efectos reportados del tabaco sin humo (TS) sobre el periodonto y la alta prevalencia del uso de TS en poblaciones rurales y en hombres, los estudios sobre este tema específico son limitados. El propósito de esta investigación transversal fue medir el producto final de la peroxidación lipídica (como producto final del estrés oxidativo), es decir, malondialdehído (MDA) en la saliva de pacientes con gingivitis, periodontitis crónica y evaluar la influencia del tabaco sin humo en el malondialdehído salival (S-MDA). Se incluyeron en el estudio un total de 30 pacientes con gingivitis, 30 con periodontitis crónica y 30 masticadores de tabaco sin humo con periodontitis crónica y 30 sujetos periodontalmente sanos. Se registraron el índice de placa (PI), el índice gingival (GI), la profundidad de la bolsa de sondeo (PD) y la pérdida de adherencia clínica (CAL), seguidos de la recogida de muestras de saliva estimuladas. Los niveles de MDA en saliva se evaluaron mediante espectrofotometría UV. Hubo un aumento estadísticamente significativo en los niveles de MDA en saliva en gingivitis, periodontitis crónica y en masticadores de tabaco sin humo con periodontitis crónica en comparación con el grupo sano. Los niveles más altos de MDA en saliva en el grupo de gingivitis, periodontitis crónica y masticadores de tabaco sin humo con periodontitis crónica reflejan un aumento de la actividad de los radicales de oxígeno durante la inflamación periodontal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chronic Periodontitis/chemically induced , Tobacco Use , Lipid Peroxidation , Malondialdehyde/analysis
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1341-1354, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881203

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer brain metastases (BCBMs) are one of the most difficult malignancies to treat due to the intracranial location and multifocal growth. Chemotherapy and molecular targeted therapy are extremely ineffective for BCBMs due to the inept brain accumulation because of the formidable blood‒brain barrier (BBB). Accumulation studies prove that low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) is promising target for BBB transcytosis. However, as the primary clearance receptor for amyloid beta and tissue plasminogen activator, LRP1 at abluminal side of BBB can clear LRP1-targeting therapeutics. Matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP1) is highly enriched in metastatic niche to promote growth of BCBMs. Herein, it is reported that nanoparticles (NPs-K-s-A) tethered with MMP1-sensitive fusion peptide containing HER2-targeting K and LRP1-targeting angiopep-2 (A), can surmount the BBB and escape LRP1-mediated clearance in metastatic niche. NPs-K-s-A revealed infinitely superior brain accumulation to angiopep-2-decorated NPs-A in BCBMs bearing mice, while comparable brain accumulation in normal mice. The delivered doxorubicin and lapatinib synergistically inhibit BCBMs growth and prolongs survival of mice bearing BCBMs. Due to the efficient BBB penetration, special and remarkable clearance escape, and facilitated therapeutic outcome, the fusion peptide-based drug delivery strategy may serve as a potential approach for clinical management of BCBMs.

20.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6): 1186-1193, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920482

ABSTRACT

@#[摘 要] 目的:通过生物信息学手段筛选乳腺癌中差异表达的关键miRNA及其靶基因,干预其在乳腺癌细胞中的表达并观察对乳腺癌细胞功能的影响。方法:利用GEO数据库筛选在乳腺癌中差异表达的miRNA,ENCORI数据库验证差异miRNA的表达,以选定最显著的差异表达miRNA为研究对象;利用Starbase、miRDB和miRWalk数据库预测miR-32-5p的靶基因,利用DAVID数据库对靶基因进行GO分析和KEGG分析,利用String数据库联合Cytoscape3.6.2软件进行PPI网络分析及核心基因的筛选,从核心基因中选择相互联系紧密“度值”最显著的Dickkopf相关蛋白3(DDK3)基因进行后续实验。qPCR检测miR-32-5p在人正常乳腺细胞 MCF10A和人乳腺癌细胞MCF7、MDA-MB-231、MDA-MB-453细胞中的表达。向MDA-MB-231细胞中转染miR-32-5p mimic、miR-32-5p inhibitor及各自的对照(NC)序列,分别用CCK-8法、流式细胞术和Transwell实验检测过表达或抑制miR-32-5p对细胞增殖、凋亡和侵袭的影响。结果:从GEO数据库中获取的两个数据集共识别出两个差异miRNA,ENCORI数据库验证差异miRNA的表达发现miR-32-5p的表达水平与GEO数据库的结果一致,故选择其进行研究;预测得到198个miR-32-5p潜在的靶基因并鉴定出10个核心基因(DKK3、WNT2B、SFRP5、SFRP2、SFRP1、LRP6、WNT6、KREMEN1、NEDD4L、TRIP12),其中DKK3的度值最大可能在乳腺癌中较为重要,于是选择miR-32-5p/DKK3轴进行后续研究。miR-32-5p在3种乳腺癌细胞中的表达水平显著高于正常乳腺细胞(均P<0.01),其中以MDA-MB-231细胞中表达最高。双荧光素酶基因报告实验验证了miR-32-5p与DKK3基因的靶向结合及其对后者表达的负向调控。转染miR-32-5p mimic、miR-32-5p inhibitor后成功提高或抑制了MDA-MB-231细胞中miR-32-5p的表达。与对照组相比,过表达miR-32-5p可抑制MDA-MB-231细胞的凋亡而促进细胞增殖和侵袭(P<0.05或P<0.01),敲低miR-32-5p则起相反的作用(均P<0.01)。结论:miR-32-5p/DKK3轴可能是影响乳腺癌发生发展的关键通路,过表达miR-32-5p能够抑制乳腺癌MDA-MB-231细胞的凋亡而促进细胞增殖和侵袭。

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