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Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(3): e202310084, jun. 2024. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1554954


Las enfermedades pulmonares intersticiales son patologías poco frecuentes en pediatría. Dentro de ellas, se incluyen las disfunciones del metabolismo del surfactante pulmonar, molécula anfipática cuya función es disminuir la tensión superficial y evitar el colapso alveolar. Se presenta el caso de un lactante de 6 meses, en seguimiento por bajo peso, que presentó dificultad respiratoria aguda y cianosis; la radiografía de tórax evidenció infiltrado intersticial, neumomediastino y neumotórax bilateral. Al interrogatorio, surgió antecedente materno de internación al año de vida, con requerimiento de oxigenoterapia prolongada y diagnóstico desconocido; presenta signos de hipoxia crónica. El paciente cursó internación con requerimiento de oxigenoterapia. Se realizaron estudios complementarios en búsqueda de etiología, sin resultados positivos. La tomografía de tórax evidenció opacidades en vidrio esmerilado, engrosamiento del intersticio septal y áreas de atrapamiento aéreo; con resultado de biopsia pulmonar y estudio genético se llegó al diagnóstico de disfunción del metabolismo del surfactante pulmonar.

Interstitial lung diseases are rare in pediatrics. They include dysfunctions in the metabolism of pulmonary surfactant, an amphipathic molecule that reduces surface tension and prevents alveolar collapse. Here we describe the case of a 6-month-old infant controlled for low weight, who presented with acute respiratory distress and cyanosis; his chest X-ray showed interstitial infiltrate, pneumomediastinum, and bilateral pneumothorax. During history-taking, it was noted that his mother had a history of hospitalization at 1 year old with unknown diagnosis, requiring prolonged oxygen therapy; she now shows signs of chronic hypoxia. The patient was hospitalized and required oxygen therapy. Ancillary tests were done to look for the etiology of the condition, with no positive results. A chest computed tomography showed groundglass opacities, thickening of the septal interstitium, and areas of air trapping; based on the results of a lung biopsy and a genetic study, pulmonary surfactant metabolism dysfunction was diagnosed.

Humans , Infant , Pulmonary Surfactants , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/diagnosis , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/etiology , Oxygen , Radiography
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(2): e202310149, abr. 2024. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1537741


La sepsis es un problema global de salud y la progresión hacia el shock séptico se asocia con un incremento marcado de la morbimortalidad. En este escenario, el aumento del lactato plasmático demostró ser un indicador de gravedad y un predictor de mortalidad, y suele interpretarse casi exclusivamente como marcador de baja perfusión tisular. Sin embargo, últimamente se produjo un cambio de paradigma en la exégesis del metabolismo y propiedades biológicas del lactato. En efecto, la adaptación metabólica al estrés, aun con adecuado aporte de oxígeno, puede justificar la elevación del lactato circulante. Asimismo, otras consecuencias fisiopatológicas de la sepsis, como la disfunción mitocondrial, se asocian con el desarrollo de hiperlactatemia sin que necesariamente se acompañen de baja perfusión tisular. Interpretar el origen y la función del lactato puede resultar de suma utilidad clínica en la sepsis, especialmente cuando sus niveles circulantes fundamentan las medidas de reanimación.

Sepsis is a global health problem; progression to septic shock is associated with a marked increase in morbidity and mortality. In this setting, increased plasma lactate levels demonstrated to be an indicator of severity and a predictor of mortality, and are usually interpreted almost exclusively as a marker of low tissue perfusion. However, a recent paradigm shift has occurred in the exegesis of lactate metabolism and its biological properties. Indeed, metabolic adaptation to stress, even with an adequate oxygen supply, may account for high circulating lactate levels. Likewise, other pathophysiological consequences of sepsis, such as mitochondrial dysfunction, are associated with the development of hyperlactatemia, which is not necessarily accompanied by low tissue perfusion. Interpreting the origin and function of lactate may be of great clinical utility in sepsis, especially when circulating lactate levels are the basis for resuscitative measures.

Humans , Shock, Septic , Sepsis/diagnosis , Hyperlactatemia/complications , Hyperlactatemia/etiology , Lactic Acid/metabolism
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 57: e13360, fev.2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557306


Abstract This review provides the current state of knowledge regarding the use of nutritional nanocompounds on exercise performance. The reviewed studies used the following nanocompounds: resveratrol-loaded lipid nanoparticles, folic acid into layered hydroxide nanoparticle, redox-active nanoparticles with nitroxide radicals, and iron into liposomes. Most of these nutritional nanocompounds seem to improve performance in endurance exercise compared to the active compound in the non-nanoencapsulated form and/or placebo. Nutritional nanocompounds also induced the following physiological and metabolic alterations: 1) improved antioxidant activity and reduced oxidative stress; 2) reduction in inflammation status; 3) maintenance of muscle integrity; 4) improvement in mitochondrial function and quality; 5) enhanced glucose levels during exercise; 6) higher muscle and hepatic glycogen levels; and 7) increased serum and liver iron content. However, all the reviewed studies were conducted in animals (mice and rats). In conclusion, nutritional nanocompounds are a promising approach to improving exercise performance. As the studies using nutritional nanocompounds were all conducted in animals, further studies in humans are necessary to better understand the application of nutritional nanocompounds in sport and exercise science.

Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 57: e13172, fev.2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557326


Accumulation of visceral adipose tissue is associated with metabolic syndrome (MS), insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia. Here we examined several morphometric and biochemical parameters linked to MS in a rodent litter size reduction model, and how a 30-day fish oil (FO) supplementation affected these parameters. On day 3 post-birth, pups were divided into groups of ten or three. On day 22, rats were split into control (C) and small litter (SL) until 60 days old. Then, after metabolic disturbance and obesity were confirmed, FO supplementation started for 30 days and the new groups were named control (C), FO supplemented (FO), obese (Ob), and obese FO supplemented (ObFO). Comparison was performed by Student t-test or 2-way ANOVA followed by Tukey post hoc test. At the end of the 60-day period, SL rats were hyperphagic, obese, hypoinsulinemic, normoglycemic, and had high visceral fat depot and high interleukin (IL)-6 plasma concentration. Obese rats at 90 days of age were fatter, hyperphagic, hyperglycemic, hypertriacylgliceromic, hipoinsulinemic, with low innate immune response. IL-6 production ex vivo was higher, but in plasma it was not different from the control group. FO supplementation brought all biochemical changes to normal values, normalized food intake, and reduced body weight and fat mass in obese rats. The innate immune response was improved but still not as efficient as in lean animals. Our results suggested that as soon MS appears, FO supplementation must be used to ameliorate the morpho- and biochemical effects caused by MS and improve the innate immune response.

Rev. chil. nutr ; 51(1)feb. 2024.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550807


Diet therapy in conservative treatment of chronic kidney disease involves protein restriction, but there is not enough evidence to recommend a particular type of protein, whether animal or plant based. However, studies suggest that plant-based diets help reduce the consumption of total and animal protein, reduce the need for nephroprotective drugs, improve complications and bring advantages in terms of disease progression and patient survival. The article considers up-to-date data on the effects of this diet and observed that when low in protein, primarily vegetable and in some cases supplemented with ketoanalogues, it can result in positive clinical outcomes, such as: delay in the decrease in the glomerular filtration rate, lower concentrations of urea, reduction of serum creatinine and phosphorus concentrations, lower metabolic acidosis, higher insulin sensitivity and lower systemic inflammation. As a whole, this dietary pattern may be able to postpone the start of dialysis with less progression of renal insufficiency. Additional research is needed to better characterize this dietary pattern.

La dietoterapia en el tratamiento conservador de la enfermedad renal crónica implica la restricción de proteínas, pero aún no hay pruebas suficientes para recomendar un tipo concreto de proteínas, ya sean animales o vegetales. Sin embargo, los estudios sugieren que las dietas basadas en plantas ayudan a reducir la ingesta de proteínas totales y animales, disminuyen la necesidad de fármacos nefroprotectores, mejoran las complicaciones y presentan ventajas con respecto a la progresión de la enfermedad y la supervivencia de los pacientes. En este artículo se consideran datos actualizados sobre los efectos de esta dieta y se observa que, cuando es hipoproteica, principalmente vegetal y en algunos casos se complementa con cetoanálogos, puede dar lugar a resultados clínicos positivos, como una disminución retardada de la tasa de filtración glomerular, concentraciones más bajas de urea, concentraciones reducidas de creatinina y fósforo séricos, menor acidosis metabólica, mayor sensibilidad a la insulina y menor inflamación sistémica. En conjunto, este patrón dietético tiene el potencial de retrasar el inicio de la diálisis con una menor progresión de la insuficiencia renal. Es necesario seguir investigando para caracterizar mejor este patrón dietético.

J. inborn errors metab. screen ; 12: e20230012, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558297


Abstract Medium chain acyl-coA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD), the most common fatty acid oxidation disorder, has been regarded as a relatively benign condition with low risk of mortality in patients with a known diagnosis, if adequate caloric intake is met. However, inadequate energy provision, as occurs in eating disorders, significantly amplifies the risk of metabolic decompensation. This case series describes four patients with MCADD and a concomitant eating disorder and aims to raise awareness of the potentially under-recognised coexistence of these conditions. All patients were female with signs of disordered eating in adolescence and young adulthood though latency in diagnosis was apparent. Three of the patients had low body mass index (BMI) and the other was overweight. Metabolic decompensation and hospitalisation occurred in three of four patients secondary to extreme risk-taking behaviour with caloric restriction. The coexistence of MCADD and eating disorders is of significant concern, placing the patient at substantial risk of decompensation in an otherwise relatively stable metabolic condition. Awareness of disordered eating in this population is paramount, as early recognition of signs and symptoms of eating disorders in the MCADD population may facilitate prompt intervention and avoidance of morbidity and potential mortality.

Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 30: e2022_0222, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515069


ABSTRACT Introduction: Wrestling is an ancient combat sport, individual and of complex performance, which integrates high technical and tactical complexity, associated with a bioenergetic interaction and a high coordinative pattern. In Brazil, the number of competitors at different levels has increased significantly in the last years, evidencing the need to search for answers that can help coaches in the different situations of the competitive calendar. The prescription of the means and methods of training in Greco-Roman wrestling aims at the development of the technical effectiveness. However, there is no evidence of indicators of technical effectiveness, in Brazilian elite athletes of Greco-Roman wrestling, in national and international competitions. Objectives: The objective of the study was to verify and to compare the technical effectiveness of the wrestlers of Greco-Roman fight of the Brazilian selection, in two competitions: one in the national level and the other international. Methods: Seven athletes of the Brazilian wrestling team participated of the investigation (age: 25±5 years; stature: 175±12 cm; corporal mass: 80± 21kg). Analysis of the effective, not effective and total technique were accomplished. After identifying the normality of the data (SHAPIRO WILKS), the Student's t test was used to compare the variables, according to the moment evaluated, considering the significance level of 5%. Results: The results showed a significant decrease (p = 0.03) in the standing effective technique and in the total effective technique (p = 0.01), comparing the national competition with the international competition. Conclusion: Technical effectiveness of Brazilian wrestlers was found to be below the indices presented in studies with competitors from countries considered to have high world performance. In international competition, it presents a negative impact compared to national events. Level of Evidence IV; Therapeutic Studies - Investigation of Treatment Results.

RESUMEN Introducción: El Wrestling es una modalidad de combate milenaria, individual y de rendimiento complejo, que integra elevada complejidad técnico-táctica, asociada a una interacción bioenergética y un alto patrón coordinativo. En Brasil, el número de competidores en diferentes niveles aumentó significativamente en los últimos años, evidenciando la necesidad en la búsqueda de respuestas que auxilien a los entrenadores en las diferentes situaciones del calendario competitivo. La prescripción de los medios y métodos de entrenamiento en la lucha greco-romana tiene como objetivo el desarrollo de la efectividad técnica. Entre tanto, no hay evidencias de indicadores de efectividad técnica, en atletas de alto rendimiento brasileño en la lucha greco-romana, en competencias nacionales e internacionales. Objetivos: El objetivo de este estudio fue verificar y comparar la efectividad técnica de los atletas de lucha greco-romana de la selección brasileña, en dos competencias: una a nivel nacional y otra internacional. Métodos: Participaron de la investigación siete atletas de la selección brasileña de lucha greco-romana (edad: 25±5 años; estatura: 175±12 cm; masa corporal: 80± 21kg). Fueron realizados análisis de la técnica efectiva, no efectiva y total. Después de identificar la normalidad de los datos (SHAPIRO WILKS), fue utilizado el test de t de Student para la comparación de las variables, según el momento evaluado, considerando el nivel de significación de 5%. Resultados: Los resultados mostraron una disminución significativa (p = 0,03) en la técnica efectiva en pie y en la técnica efectiva total (p = 0,01), comparándose la competencia nacional con la internacional. Conclusión: Se concluyó que la eficacia técnica de los luchadores brasileños está por debajo de los índices presentados en estudios con competidores de países considerados de alto rendimiento mundial. En la competición internacional, presenta un impacto negativo en comparación con los eventos nacionales. Nivel de Evidencia IV; Estudios Terapéuticos - Investigación de Los Resultados Del Tratamiento.

RESUMO Introdução: O Wrestling é uma modalidade de combate milenar, individual e de rendimento complexo, que integra elevada complexidade técnico-táctica, associada a uma interação bioenergética e um alto padrão coordenativo. No Brasil, o número de competidores em diferentes níveis aumentou significativamente nos últimos anos, evidenciando a necessidade da busca de respostas que auxiliem os treinadores nas diferentes situações do calendário competitivo. A prescrição dos meios e métodos de treinamento na luta greco-romana visa o desenvolvimento da efetividade técnica. Entretanto, não há evidências de indicadores de efetividade técnica, em atletas de elite brasileira de luta greco-romana, em competições nacionais e internacionais. Objetivo: o objetivo do estudo foi verificar e comparar a efetividade técnica dos lutadores de luta greco-romana da seleção brasileira, em duas competições: uma no nível nacional e a outra internacional. Métodos: Participaram da investigação sete atletas da seleção brasileira de luta greco-romana (idade: 25±5 anos; estatura: 175±12 cm; massa corporal: 80± 21kg). Foram realizadas análises da técnica efetiva, não efetiva e total. Após identificar a normalidade dos dados (SHAPIRO WILKS), foi utilizado o teste t de Student para a comparação das variáveis, segundo o momento avaliado, considerando nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Os resultados mostraram uma diminuição significativa (p = 0,03) na técnica efetiva em pé e na técnica efetiva total (p = 0,01), comparando-se a competição nacional com a internacional. Conclusão: Concluiu-se que a efetividade técnica dos lutadores brasileiros está abaixo dos índices apresentados em estudos com competidores de países considerados de alto desempenho mundial. Em competição internacional, apresenta um impacto negativo comparativamente a eventos nacionais. Nível de Evidência IV; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação dos Resultados do Tratamento.

Biol. Res ; 57: 5-5, 2024. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550060


BACKGROUND: Basal energetic metabolism in sperm, particularly oxidative phosphorylation, is known to condition not only their oocyte fertilising ability, but also the subsequent embryo development. While the molecular pathways underlying these events still need to be elucidated, reactive oxygen species (ROS) could have a relevant role. We, therefore, aimed to describe the mechanisms through which mitochondrial activity can influence the first stages of embryo development. RESULTS: We first show that embryo development is tightly influenced by both intracellular ROS and mitochondrial activity. In addition, we depict that the inhibition of mitochondrial activity dramatically decreases intracellular ROS levels. Finally, we also demonstrate that the inhibition of mitochondrial respiration positively influences sperm DNA integrity, most likely because of the depletion of intracellular ROS formation. CONCLUSION: Collectively, the data presented in this work reveals that impairment of early embryo development may result from the accumulation of sperm DNA damage caused by mitochondrial-derived ROS.

Humans , Male , Semen/metabolism , Mitochondria , Spermatozoa/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Embryonic Development
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 60: e23542, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533991


Abstract The goal of this work is to identify new fatty acid-mimetic 99mTc-complexes to be used as myocardial imaging agents that allow studying heart abnormalities in high-risk patients. In this sense, we designed a fatty acid-mimetic substructure including an amide moiety that, among other properties, could improve myocardial residence time. A diamide with a chain length of 15 atoms and porting a 6-hydrazinonicotinyl (HYNIC) chelator, and an analog with a short carbon-chain, were prepared with convergent organic synthetic procedures and radiolabeled with 99mTc using tricine as the sole coligand. The in vivo proofs of concept were performed using healthy mice. The new 99mTc-complexes were obtained with adequate radiochemical purity. The lipophilicities were in agreement with the length of the chains. While both 99mTc-complexes showed uptake in the myocardial muscle, the designed radiopharmaceutical with the longest chain length had preferential target-uptake and target-retention compared to other complexes described in the bibliography. Further studies, involving imaging assays, synthetic modifications, and assay of new coligands for 99mTc-HYNIC complexes, are currently ongoing.

Animals , Female , Mice , Radiopharmaceuticals/adverse effects , Fatty Acids/agonists , Amides/adverse effects , Heart Defects, Congenital/classification
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 30: e2021_0311, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441310


ABSTRACT Introduction: The severe exercise intensity domain can be defined as the range of work rates or speeds over which VO2max can be elicited. Objectives: Our purpose was to determine if critical speed (running analog of critical power) identifies the lower boundary of the severe domain and to identify the upper boundary of the domain. Methods: Twenty-five individuals performed five running tests to exhaustion, each lasting > 2.5 min and < 16 min. The two-parameter speed vs time-to-exhaustion relationship generated values for critical speed and the three-parameter speed vs time-to-reach-VO2max relationship generated values for the threshold speed above which VO2max can be elicited. The relationships were solved to calculate the minimum time needed to elicit VO2max. Results: Critical speed (3.00 ± 0.38 m·s−1) and the threshold speed above which VO2max can be elicited (2.99 ± 0.37 m·s−1) were correlated (r = 0.83, p < 0.01) and did not differ (p = 0.70), confirming critical speed as the lower boundary of the severe domain. The minimum time needed to elicit VO2max (103 ± 7 s) and the associated highest speed at which VO2max can be elicited (4.98 ± 0.52 m·s−1) identified the upper boundary of the severe domain for these participants. Conclusion: The critical power concept, which requires no metabolic measurements, can be used to identify the lowest speed at which VO2max can be elicited. With addition of metabolic measurements, mathematical modeling can also identify the highest speed and shortest exercise duration at which VO2max can be elicited. Evidence Level I; Validating cohort study with good reference standards.

RESUMEN Introducción: El dominio de la intensidad del ejercicio severo se puede definir como el rango de ritmos o velocidades de trabajo sobre las que se puede obtener el VO2max. Objetivos: Nuestro propósito fue determinar si la velocidad crítica (funcionamiento analógico de potencia crítica) identifica el límite inferior del dominio severo e identificar el límite superior del dominio. Métodos: Veinticinco personas realizaron cinco pruebas de carrera hasta el agotamiento, cada una con una duración de > 2,5 min y <16 min. La relación de dos parámetros de velocidad frente a tiempo de agotamiento generó valores para la velocidad crítica y la relación de tres parámetros de velocidad frente a tiempo de alcance de VO2max generó valores para la velocidad umbral por encima del cual se puede obtener el VO2max. Las relaciones se resolvieron para calcular el tiempo mínimo necesario para obtener el VO2max. Resultados: La velocidad crítica (3,00 ± 0,38 m·s−1) y la velocidad umbral por encima de la cual se puede obtener el VO2max (2,99 ± 0,37 m·s−1) se correlacionaron (r = 0,83, p < 0,01) y no difirieron (p = 0,70), lo que confirma la velocidad crítica como el límite inferior del dominio severo. El tiempo mínimo necesario para obtener el VO2max (103 ± 7 s) y la velocidad más alta asociada a la que se puede obtener el VO2max (4,98 ± 0,52 m·s−1) identificaron el límite superior del dominio severo para estos participantes. Conclusión: El concepto de potencia crítica, que no requiere mediciones metabólicas, se puede utilizar para identificar la velocidad más baja a la que se puede obtener el VO2max. Con la adición de mediciones metabólicas, el modelado matemático también puede identificar la velocidad más alta y la duración más corta del ejercicio a la que se puede obtener VO2max. Nivel de Evidencia I; Estudio de cohortes con alto estándar de referencia.

RESUMO Introdução: O domínio de intensidade de exercício severo pode ser definido como a faixa de taxas de trabalho ou velocidades sobre as quais o VO2max pode ser obtido. Objetivos: Nosso propósito foi determinar se a velocidade crítica (execução analógica da potência crítica) identifica o limite inferior do domínio severo e identificar o limite superior do domínio. Métodos: Vinte e cinco indivíduos realizaram cinco testes de corrida até a exaustão, cada um com duração > 2,5 min e < 16 min. A relação velocidade de dois parâmetros contra tempo até a exaustão gerou valores para a velocidade crítica e a relação velocidade de três parâmetros contra tempo para alcançar o VO2max valores gerados para a velocidade limite acima da qual o VO2max pode ser obtido. As relações foram resolvidas para calcular o tempo mínimo necessário para eliciar o VO2max. Resultados: A velocidade crítica (3,00 ± 0,38 m·s−1) e a velocidade limite acima da qual o VO2max pode ser eliciado (2,99 ± 0,37 m·s−1) foram correlacionadas (r = 0,83, p < 0,01) e não diferiram (p = 0,70), confirmando a velocidade crítica como o limite inferior do domínio grave. O tempo mínimo necessário para eliciar o VO2max (103 ± 7 s) e a maior velocidade associada na qual o VO2max pode ser eliciado (4,98 ± 0,52 m·s−1) identificou o limite superior do domínio severo para esses participantes. Conclusão: O conceito de potência crítica, que não requer medidas metabólicas, pode ser usado para identificar a velocidade mais baixa em que o VO2max pode ser eliciado. Com a adição de medidas metabólicas, a modelagem matemática também pode identificar a velocidade mais alta e a duração mais curta do exercício em que o VO2max pode ser obtido. Nível de Evidência I; Estudo de coorte com alto padrão de referência.

Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 30: e2022_0193, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441311


ABSTRACT Objective: Analyze the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on cardiometabolic parameters, and cardiorespiratory fitness to compile the most used HIIT training types in adults with spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods: This is a systematic review of searches performed in the electronic databases PubMed / Medline, Science Direct, and Google Scholar. Studies included I) needed to apply HIIT training II) adults with SCI to analyze III) cardiometabolic aspects and cardiorespiratory fitness. Two independent reviewers selected the articles for inclusion, extracted their data, and assessed their methodological quality. Results: 654 studies were found. Thus, 12 studies, 11 pre- and post-intervention, and one control group (CG) with 106 participants were analyzed. Pre- and post-HIITT intervention results revealed significant improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness and cardiometabolic aspects (VO2peak, LDH, HDL, insulin resistance). In addition, GC results revealed significant improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness observed in the intervention group (HIIT) compared to the moderate-low intensity (GC) group. Seven studies used the arm ergometer as the primary exercise modality. Two studies described functional electrical stimulation (FES) performed with the arm ergometer plus electrical stimulation in the lower limbs. None reported heart rate dynamics during the study period. Conclusion: High-intensity interval training improves physical fitness and cardiometabolic health in adults with SCI. Evidence level II; Systematic Review of level II studies.

RESUMEN Objetivo: Analizar los efectos del entrenamiento interválico de alta intensidad (HIIT) sobre los parámetros cardiometabólicos, fitness cardiorrespiratorio y recopilar los tipos de HIIT más utilizados en el entrenamiento en adultos con lesión medular (LME). Métodos: Se trata de una revisión sistemática, para lo cual se realizaron búsquedas en bases de datos electrónicas PubMed/Medline, Science Direct y Google Scholar. Se incluyeron estudios que I) necesitaban aplicar entrenamiento HIIT en II) adultos con SCI y analizar III) aspectos cardiometabólicos y aptitud cardiorrespiratoria. Dos revisores independientes seleccionaron los artículos para su inclusión, extrajeron sus datos y evaluaron su calidad metodológica. Resultados: De los 654 estudios encontrados, se analizaron 12 estudios, 11 pre y post intervención y 1 grupo control (GC) con un total de 106 participantes. Los resultados previos y posteriores a la intervención HIIT revelaron una mejora significativa en la aptitud cardiorrespiratoria y los aspectos cardiometabólicos (VO2pico, LDH, HDL, resistencia a la insulina). Los resultados de GC revelaron una mejora significativa en la aptitud cardiorrespiratoria observada del grupo de intervención (HIIT) en comparación con el grupo de intensidad moderada-baja (GC). Siete estudios utilizaron el ergómetro de brazo como la modalidad principal de ejercicio. Dos estudios describieron la estimulación eléctrica funcional (EEF) realizada con el ergómetro de brazo más la estimulación eléctrica en los miembros inferiores. Ninguno informó la dinámica de la frecuencia cardíaca durante el período de estudio. Conclusiones: El entrenamiento intervalos de alta intensidad mejora la condición física y la salud cardiometabólica en adultos con LME. Evidencia de nivel II; Revisión sistemática de estudios de nivel II.

RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar os efeitos do treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade (HIIT) nos parâmetros cardiometabólicos, aptidão cardiorrespiratória e compilar os tipos de HIIT mais utilizados no treinamento em adultos com lesão da medula espinhal (LME). Métodos: Trata-se de revisão sistemática, para a qual foram realizadas pesquisas nas bases de dados eletrônicas PubMed / Medline, Science Direct e Google Scholar. Foram incluídos estudos em que I) o treinamento HIIT era aplicado em II) adultos com LME e analisaram III) os aspectos cardiometabólicos e aptidão cardiorrespiratória. Dois revisores independentes selecionaram os artigos para a inclusão, extraindo seus dados e avaliarando a sua qualidade metodológica. Resultados: 654 estudos foram encontrados. Desses, 12 estudos, 11 pré e pós intervenção e 1 grupo controle (GC) com um total de 106 participantes foram analisados. Resultados pré e pós intervenção de HIIT revelaram significante melhora na aptidão cardiorrespiratória e aspectos cardiometabólicos (VO2pico, LDH, HDL, resistência à insulina). Resultados do GC revelaram uma significativa melhoria na aptidão cardiorrespiratória observada no grupo de intervenção (HIIT) em relação ao grupo de intensidade moderada-baixa (GC). Sete estudos usaram o ergômetro de braço como modalidade de exercício primária. Dois estudos descreveram a estimulação elétrica funcional (EEF) realizada com o ergômetro de braço adicionando estimulação elétrica nos membros inferiores. Nenhum relatou a dinâmica da frequência cardíaca durante o período do estudo. Conclusão: O treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade melhora a aptidão física e a saúde cardiometabólica em adultos com LME. Nível de evidência II; Revisão sistemática de Estudos de Nível II.

Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 42: e2022161, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1507427


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate quality indicators of the Neonatal Screening Referral Service of the state of Mato Grosso (NSRS-MT) from 2005 to 2019. Methods: Cross-sectional, retrospective, exploratory, descriptive, and observational study from 2005 to 2019. The following parameters were analyzed: age of newborns at the first collection, time between sample collection and arrival at the laboratory, time between the arrival and release of results and time between requesting the second sample and arrival at the NSRS. The population coverage of the program and the incidence of each clinical situation screened were also analyzed. Results: NSRS-MT coverage was analyzed and recorded as 76%. The incidence was analyzed for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) 1:1867, phenylketonuria (PKU) 1:33,311, sickle cell disease (SCD) 1:2004, cystic fibrosis (CF) 1:12,663, congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) 1:15,843, and biotinidase deficiency (DB) 1:25,349. The median age (days) at the first consultation was: 44 for HC, 22 for PKU, 60 for DF, 52 for FC, 79 for HAC and 79 for DB. The mean time between exam collection and delivery to the NSRS was 8.4 days; between the arrival and release of results, 9 days; and for the return of recalls, 59 days. Conclusions: Regarding the coverage of the target population and collection at the ideal age, the NSRS-MT presents values below the national average. However, regarding the mean age at the time of the first consultation, the state's performance is better than the national.

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar indicadores de qualidade do Serviço de Referência em Triagem Neonatal do Estado de Mato Grosso (SRTN/MT) no período de 2005 a 2019. Métodos: Estudo transversal, retrospectivo, exploratório, descritivo e observacional, que utilizou dados do formulário FormSUS nos anos de 2005 a 2019. Foram analisados os seguintes parâmetros: idade dos recém-nascidos na primeira coleta, tempo entre coleta da amostra e chegada ao laboratório, tempo entre a chegada e a liberação dos resultados e tempo entre a solicitação da segunda amostra até a chegada ao SRTN. Foram analisadas, também, a cobertura populacional do programa e a incidência de cada situação clínica triada. Resultados: Cobertura do SRTN-MT: 76%. Incidências: hipotireoidismo congênito (HC) 1:1.867, fenilcetonúria (PKU) 1:33.311, doença falciforme (DF) 1:2.004, fibrose cística (FC) 1:12.663, hiperplasia adrenal congênita (HAC) 1:15.843 e deficiência de biotinidase (DB) 1:25.349. A mediana da idade (dias) na primeira consulta foi: 44 para HC, 22 para PKU, 60 para DF, 52 para FC, 79 para HAC e 79 para DB. A média entre a coleta do exame e a entrega no SRTN foi de 8,4 dias; entre a chegada e liberação dos resultados, de 9 dias; e para o retorno de reconvocados, de 59 dias. Conclusões: Com relação à cobertura da população alvo e a coleta na idade ideal, o SRTN apresenta valores abaixo da média nacional. Contudo, quanto à idade média no momento da primeira consulta, o desempenho de MT é melhor que a média nacional.

Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 106-112, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010750


OBJECTIVE@#Anemoside B4 (AB4), the most abundant triterpenoidal saponin isolated from Pulsatilla chinensis, inhibited influenza virus FM1 or Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced pneumonia. However, the anti-SARS-CoV-2 effect of AB4 has not been unraveled. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the antiviral activity and potential mechanism of AB4 in inhibiting human coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 in vivo and in vitro.@*METHODS@#The cytotoxicity of AB4 was evaluated using the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8) assay. SARS-CoV-2 infected HEK293T, HPAEpiC, and Vero E6 cells were used for in vitro assays. The antiviral effect of AB4 in vivo was evaluated by SARS-CoV-2-infected hACE2-IRES-luc transgenic mouse model. Furthermore, label-free quantitative proteomics and bioinformatic analysis were performed to explore the potential antiviral mechanism of action of AB4. Type I IFN signaling-associated proteins were assessed using Western blotting or immumohistochemical staining.@*RESULTS@#The data showed that AB4 reduced the propagation of SARS-CoV-2 along with the decreased Nucleocapsid protein (N), Spike protein (S), and 3C-like protease (3CLpro) in HEK293T cells. In vivo antiviral activity data revealed that AB4 inhibited viral replication and relieved pneumonia in a SARS-CoV-2 infected mouse model. We further disclosed that the antiviral activity of AB4 was associated with the enhanced interferon (IFN)-β response via the activation of retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-1) like receptor (RLP) pathways. Additionally, label-free quantitative proteomic analyses discovered that 17 proteins were significantly altered by AB4 in the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus infections cells. These proteins mainly clustered in RNA metabolism.@*CONCLUSION@#Our results indicated that AB4 inhibited SARS-CoV-2 replication through the RLR pathways and moderated the RNA metabolism, suggesting that it would be a potential lead compound for the development of anti-SARS-CoV-2 drugs.

Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 89-95, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006462


Background Exposure to diisononyl phthalate (DINP), an endocrine disruptor associated with metabolic diseases and widely used in plastic products, has been linked to the development of several adverse health outcomes in the liver, including non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Objective To investigate the effects and the possible molecular mechanisms of DINP exposure on lipid metabolism in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HepG2 cells). Methods First, HepG2 cells were treated with DINP at three time spots (24, 48, and 72 h) and eleven doses (0, 0.003, 0.01, 0.03, 0.1, 0.3, 1, 3, 10, 30, and 100 mmol·L−1). Cell viability were detected using cell counting kit 8 (CCK8). Intracellular lipid deposition was determined by oil red O staining and lipid content detection, and triglyceride (TG) and cholesterol (TC) were further detected. Finally, the mRNA expression levels were detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR, including fatty acid synthesis related genes [acetyl-CoA carboxylase alpha (Accα), fatty acid synthase (Fasn), malonyl-CoA decarboxylase (Mlycd), and sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (Srebp1)] and β-oxidation related genes [peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha (Pparα), AMP-activated protein kinase (Ampk), carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (Cpt-1a), transcription factor A, mitochondrial (Tfam), nuclear respiratory factor 1 (Nrf1), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma and coactivator 1 alpha (Pgc1-α)]. Results Compared with the control group (0 mmol·L−1), the no observed adverse effect levels (NOAEL) of HepG2 cell viability were 0.3, 0.1, and 0.1 mmol·L−1 after 24, 48, and 72 h exposure to DINP, respectively, and the corresponding lowest observed adverse effect levels (LOAEL) were 1, 0.3, and 0.3 mmol·L−1, respectively (P<0.05). After exposure to 30 mmol·L−1 and 100 mmol·L−1 DINP for 24 h, the intracellular lipid content, lipid deposition, TG, and TC levels were increased significantly compared with the control group (P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the mRNA expression levels of genes related to fatty acid synthesis, such as Mlycd, Srebp1, Fasn, and Accα, were down-regulated after the 100 mmol·L−1 DINP exposure for 24 h, while the mRNA expression level of Mlycd was up-regulated in the 30 mmol·L−1 group. The β-oxidation related genes such as Ampk, Pparα, and Tfam were up-regulated significantly after the 100 mmol·L−1 DINP exposure, while Cpt-1a mRNA expression level was down-regulated (P<0.05). Conclusion Exposure to DINP at 30 mmol·L−1 and 100 mmol·L−1 can interfere with fatty acid synthesis and β-oxidation in lipid metabolism of HepG2 cells, resulting in lipid deposition.

Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 41-46, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006455


Background Long-term exposure to noise during sleep may has adverse effects on metabolic system, and liver lipid metabolism is closely related to circadian clock genes. Objective To investigate the effects of long-term noise exposure during sleep on liver circadian clock and lipid metabolism in mice and its related mechanism. Methods Twenty C57BL/6J male mice were randomly divided into two groups: a noise exposure group and a control group with 10 mice in each group. The mice in the noise exposure group were exposed to white noise at 90 dB sound pressure level (SPL) for 30 consecutive days, 8 h a day, from 9:00 to 17:00. The mice in the control group were exposed to background noise ≤40 dB SPL. After noise exposure, the animals were neutralized at 14:00 (ZT6) and 2:00 (ZT18), 5 animals at each time spot, and the liver tissues were collected. Total cholesterol and triglyceride in liver were determined by cholesterol oxidase method and glycerol phosphate oxidase method respectively. The expressions of circadian clock genes (Clock, Bmal1, Rev-erbα, and Rev-erbβ) and lipid metabolism genes (Srebp1c, Hmgcr, Fasn, Lxrα, Acc1, and Chrebp) in liver were detected by quantitative real-time PCR. Results Compared with the control group, the content of total cholesterol in liver in the noise exposure group increased by 48% (P<0.05) and the content of liver triglyceride increased by 61% (P<0.05) at ZT18. The mRNA expression levels of circadian clock genes Clock and Bmal1 in the noise exposure group was significantly increased at ZT18 and decreased at ZT6 (P<0.05). The mRNA expression level of Rev-erbα decreased at both ZT6 and ZT18 (P<0.05). The mRNA expression level of Rev-erbβ had no significant change at ZT6 and ZT18. The mRNA expression levels of liver lipid metabolism related genes Srebp1c, Hmgcr, Chrebp, and Lxrα in the noise exposure group were higher than those in the control group at ZT18 (P<0.05). The mRNA expression levels of Acc1 and Fasn showed no significant change at ZT6, then an upward trend at ZT18, but no significant difference between the two time spots (P>0.05). Conclusion Long-term noise exposure during sleep can cause circadian clock and lipid metabolism disorders in mice. Among them, suppression of key circadian clock genes may be associated with Rev-erbα-mediated upregulation of the nuclear receptors Srebp1c and Chrebp for lipid synthesis and deposition in the liver, resulting in lipid metabolism disorder.

Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 151-156, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006441


Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is an autoimmune liver disease characterized by progressive and non-purulent inflammation of small- and medium-sized bile ducts in the liver. Recent studies have shown that abnormal lipid metabolism is relatively common in patients with PBC, and 76% of PBC patients have dyslipidemia. The effects and harms of dyslipidemia have attracted much attention. Lipid metabolism disorders play an important role in the progression of PBC. This article mainly reviews the research advances in the manifestation, role, diagnosis, and treatment of lipid metabolism disorders in PBC, so as to provide new ideas for the treatment of PBC.

Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 292-297, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007243


ObjectiveTo investigate the role and mechanism of hyodeoxycholic acid (HDCA) in the progression of metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD), and to provide a new theoretical basis for further clarifying the pathogenesis of MAFLD. MethodsL02 hepatocytes were used as experimental cells, and palmitic acid was used to induce steatosis in L02 cells. The farnesoid X receptor (FXR) siRNA interference chain technique was used to construct a hepatocyte cell line with low FXR expression. CCK8 assay was used to observe the effect of HDCA on L02 steatosis hepatocytes at different concentrations (0, 100, 200, 300, and 400 μmol/L) and time points (12, 24, 36, and 48 hours). The method of qRT-PCR was used to measure the mRNA expression levels of FXR, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), Cyclin D1, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), and protein kinase-B (AKT), and Western blot was used to measure the protein expression levels of FXR, Cyclin D1, PCNA, PI3K, phosphorylated PI3K (p-PI3K), AKT, and phosphorylated (p-AKT). A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data with homogeneity of variance between multiple groups, and the Tukey HSD test was used for further comparison between two groups; the Welch analysis of variance was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data with heterogeneity of variance between multiple groups, and the Games-Howell test was used for further comparison between two groups. The independent-samples t test was used for comparison between two groups. ResultsCCK8 assay showed a significant reduction in the viability of L02 cells and steatosis hepatocytes treated by 300 μmol/L HDCA (P<0.05), and qRT-PCR showed a significant increase in the mRNA expression level of FXR and significant reductions in the mRNA expression levels of PCNA, Cyclin D1, PI3K, and AKT (all P<0.05). Western blot showed a significant increase in the protein expression level of FRX (P<0.05), and after interference of FXR expression in L02 cells, there were significant increases in the protein expression levels of PCNA, PI3K, p-PI3K, AKT, and p-AKT (all P<0.05). ConclusionHDCA inhibits the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway by upregulating FXR expression, thereby inducing a reduction in the viability of steatosis hepatocytes.

Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 41-45, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007210


Objective@#To examine the mediating effects of blood pressure, glucose, lipids, and serum uric acid on the association between childhood overweight/obesity and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), and to provide scientific evidence for the prevention and control of cardiovascular diseases during childhood.@*Methods@#One public school in Huantai County, Zibo City was selected to conduct the baseline survey from November 2017 to January 2018 using a convenient cluster sampling method. A total of 1 400 children aged 6 to 11 were included in the study. According to the classification criteria based on body mass index (BMI), participants were divided into the non overweight/obese group ( n =787) and the overweight/obese group ( n =613). The mediating effects of metabolic variables on the association between childhood overweight/obesity and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) were analyzed using the "mediation" package in R software.@*Results@#Children who were overweight/obese had higher levels of BMI- Z score (2.0±0.8), systolic blood pressure (SBP) (109.1±8.9 mmHg), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (65.4±6.8 mmHg), fasting plasma glucose (FPG) (4.8±0.5 mmol/L), insulin (INS) (11.3±7.6 μU/mL), apolipoprotein B (ApoB) (0.7±0.2 g/L), lowdensity lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (2.4±0.7 mmol/L), total cholesterol (TC) (4.2±0.9 mmol/L), triglycerides (TG) (0.9±0.4 mmol/L), and serum uric acid (SUA) (321.2±91.4 μmol/L) compared to those who were non-overweight/obese [the corresponding values were (-0.2±0.7),(104.3±8.8) mmHg, (62.2±6.2) mmHg, (4.7±0.6) mmol/L, (6.1±4.2) μU/mL, (0.6±0.2) g/L, (2.2±0.6) mmol/L, (4.1±0.7) mmol/L, (0.7±0.2) mmol/L, and (278.6±74.7) μmol/L, respectively], whereas the levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were lower in overweight/obese children (1.5±0.3 mmol/L) than in non-overweight/obese children (1.7±0.4 mmol/L). All differences were statistically significant ( t =53.66, 9.88, 9.19, 3.60, 16.32, 7.36, 5.11, 2.55, 11.08, 9.58, -10.31, P <0.05). After adjusting for potential covariates, overweight/obese children had 8.72 times increased risk of developing LVH compared to the non-overweight/obese children ( OR=8.72, 95%CI =5.45-14.66, P <0.01). Mediation analysis showed that INS, HDL-C, LDL-C, TG, ApoB, and SUA partially mediated the association between childhood overweight/obesity and LVH, and among these, INS and TG had relatively strong mediating effects, accounting for 28.05% and 13.71% of the total effects, respectively.@*Conclusions@#INS, HDL-C, LDL-C, TG, ApoB, and SUA are intermediate risk factors on the association between childhood overweight/obesity and LVH. Keeping metabolic indicators (especially INS and TG) at healthy levels is particularly important for reducing the burden of cardiovascular diseases in overweight/obese children.

Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 25-29, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007207


Objective@#To describe the association of different sleep characteristics and cardiometabolic risk among college students, so as to provide reference for health promotion of college students.@*Methods@#By random cluster sampling method, a questionnaire survey and physical examination including blood pressure, waist circumference and blood lipid indicators, which were conducted in April and May of 2019 among a total of 1 179 college students from the first grade in two universities in Hefei City of Anhui Province and Shangrao City of Jiangxi Province. A total of 729 college students with valid questionnaires were included into analysis. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) were used to investigate sleep behavior, and the Morning And Evening Questionnaire-5 (MEQ-5) was used to investigate sleep characteristics. The cardiometabolic risk score was derived using the sum of the standardized sex specific Z scores of waist circumference, mean arterial pressure, HDL cholesterol (multiplied by -1), triglycerides, and insulin resistance index. The rank sum tests were used to compare differences in cardiometabolic risk scores across demographic characteristics. Generalized linear models were used to compare the association of different sleep characteristics with cardiometabolic risk scores among college students.@*Results@#The average cardiovascular metabolic risk score of college students was -0.32(-2.03, 1.58). There were statistically significant differences in cardiovascular metabolic risk scores among college students in variables such as smoking, health status, and physical activity levels ( t/F=-3.41, 12.88, 51.07, P <0.01). The results of the generalized linear model showed that nighttime preference ( B=1.89, 95%CI =1.02-3.49), insomnia symptoms ( B=3.25, 95%CI =1.79-5.90), and short or long sleep duration ( B=1.92, 95%CI =1.21-3.05) were positively correlated with the cardiovascular metabolic risk score of college students ( P <0.05).@*Conclusions@#Poor sleep patterns among college students are positively correlated with the risk of cardiovascular metabolism. The sleep behavior of college students should be actively changed to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.