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Braz. dent. j ; 35: e24, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1550093


Abstract This split-mouth randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate the primary and secondary stability of hybrid implants with different thread configurations and hydrophilic surfaces. Twenty patients with a partially edentulous maxilla were selected. These patients received two types of implants with the same hydrophilic surface: CTP group: Cylindrical-Tapered implant with perforating threads; CTH: Cylindrical-Tapered implant with hybrid threads configuration (perforating and condensing threads). The primary and secondary stability parameters were measured by insertion torque and resonance frequency analysis at the time of implant placement and 7, 28, 56, and 90 days after the surgical procedure. The paired t-test was used to compare the data on the implant's stability between the groups. The statistical analysis was performed with a confidence level set at 95%. It was found that the implants in the CTH group presented higher primary stability values ​​at the time of implant placement, due to the higher ISQ (63.61 ± 9.44 vs. 40.59 ±7.46) and insertion torque (36.92 ± 16.50 Ncm vs. 28.00 ± 14.40 Ncm), than the implants in the CTP group. The CTH group presented higher ISQ values ​​in all follow-up periods: 7 days (68.67 ± 7.60 vs. 41.55 ± 9.07), 28 days (68.61 ± 5.98 vs. 47.90 ±13.10), 56 days (74.09 ± 3.96 vs. 55.85 ± 13.18), and 90 days (75.45 ± 4.02 vs. 63.47 ± 6.92) after implant placement. Hybrid implants with perforating and condensing threads demonstrated greater stability than hybrid implants with only perforating threads.

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo controlado randomizado de boca dividida foi avaliar a estabilidade primária e secundária de implantes híbridos com diferentes configurações de rosca e superfícies hidrofílicas. Vinte pacientes com maxila parcialmente edêntula foram selecionados. Esses pacientes receberam dois tipos de implantes com a mesma superfície hidrofílica: Grupo CTP: Implante cilíndrico-cônico com roscas perfurantes; Grupo CTH: Implante cilíndrico-cônico com roscas perfurantes e condensadoras. Os parâmetros de estabilidade primária e secundária foram medidos por análise de torque de inserção e frequência de ressonância no momento da colocação do implante e 7, 28, 56 e 90 dias após o procedimento cirúrgico. O teste t-pareado foi utilizado para comparação dos dados de estabilidade entre os grupos. A análise estatística foi executada levando-se em consideração um nível de confiança de 95%. Constatou-se que os implantes do grupo CTH apresentaram maiores valores de estabilidade primária no momento da colocação do implante, devido ao maior ISQ (63.61 ± 9.44 vs. 40.59 ±7.46) e torque de inserção (36.92 ± 16.50 Ncm vs. 28.00 ± 14.40 Ncm), do que os implantes do grupo CTP. Implantes do grupo CTH apresentaram valores de ISQ superiores em todos os períodos de acompanhamento: 7 dias (68.67 ± 7.60 vs. 41.55 ± 9.07), 28 dias (68.61 ± 5.98 vs. 47.90 ±13.10), 56 dias (74.09 ± 3.96 vs. 55.85 ± 13.18) e 90 dias (75.45 ± 4.02 vs. 63.47 ± 6.92). Os implantes híbridos com roscas perfurantes e condensantes demonstraram maior estabilidade do que os implantes híbridos com apenas roscas perfurantes.

Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551000


Los implantes dentales se han convertido en un componente rutinario de la práctica dental diaria. A la vez, pueden producir molestias, destrucción desenfrenada de la salud bucal o reemplazo quirúrgico y costoso de un implante fallido. La detección temprana de la pérdida ósea marginal es vital para la planificación del tratamiento y el pronóstico de los implantes. Estos están diseñados para adaptarse mejor a los diversos tipos de hueso y fallan debido a muchas razones. Entender los desafíos y las expectativas del paciente a través de la honestidad, es una parte importante del tratamiento, cuyo éxito no solo dependerá de los integrantes del equipo implantológico o de técnica, sino también del cuidado del paciente al realizar su higiene diaria. Por esa razón, se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases de datos MEDLINE y PubMed sobre molestias periimplantar, consultándose 30 referencias de los últimos cinco años.

Dental implants have become a routine component of daily dental practice. At the same time, they can cause discomfort, rampant destruction of oral health, or expensive surgical replacement of a failed implant. Early detection of marginal bone loss is vital for treatment planning and implant prognosis. These are designed to best fit various bone types and fail due to many reasons. Understanding the patient's challenges and expectations through honesty is an important part of the treatment, whose success will not only depend on the members of the implantology or technical team, but also on the patient's care when performing their daily hygiene. For this reason, a bibliographic search was carried out in the MEDLINE and PubMed databases on peri-implant discomfort, consulting 30 bibliographical references from the last 5 years.

Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 341-349, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016556


Objective@#To deposit degradable amino-hybrid mesoporous silica (AHMS) in situ on the surface of titanium nanotube (TNT) and explore its protective effect on nanomorphology and osteogenesis.@*Methods@#TNT and TNT@AHMS were sequentially prepared via an anodizing method: the oil-water two-phase method (experimental group) and the acid-etched titanium method [control group (Ti)]. The parameters for synthesis were explored by changing the silicon source dosage ratio (3∶1, 1∶1, 1∶3); the surface morphology was observed by scanning electron microscope(SEM), hydrophilicity was detected by Water Contact Angle Tester, elemental composition was detected by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS); nanoindentation test and ultrasonic oscillator were used to observe the morphological holding effect as mechanical strength of TNT@AHMS in vitro; simulated immersion experiments in vitro was used to observe the degradation behavior of the material. the MC3T3-E1 cell line was used to observe the effect of cell adhesion, proliferation and differentiation on the material; and an SD rat femoral implant model and micro-CT were used to verify the protective effect and osseointegration effect of AHMS on TNT morphology.@*Results@#The morphologies of TNT and TNT@AHMS were successfully prepared, and the silicon source ratio was 1:3. SEM showed that the titanium nanotubes were uniformly covered with AHMS coating, and the mesoporous pore size was about 4 nm. After AHMS was incorporated, the surface of the material was hydrophilic (12.78°), the presence of amino groups (NH2-) was detected, the material was completely degraded within 12 h in vitro, and the active morphology of the TNT was re-exposed with a cumulative silicon release of 10 ppm. Nanoindentation test showed that TNT@AHMS exhibited more ideal surface mechanical strength. SEM revealed that TNT maintains its own morphology under the protection of AHMS, and the TNT group suffered severe exfoliation. In addition, the early adhesion and proliferation rates, ALP activity, and bone volume fraction of cells on the TNT@AHMS surface 4 weeks after implantation were significantly higher than those in the TNT group.@*Conclusion@#By depositing AHMS on the surface of TNT, the nanotopography can be protected. It not only prevents the active base topography from exerting subsequent biological effects but also further endows the material with the ability to promote bone regeneration, laying a foundation for the future development of nanotopography-modified titanium implants.

Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 302-309, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013092


@#Magnetic fields are safe and used in noninvasive physical therapies. Numerous studies have confirmed that magnetic fields have good osteogenic effects and certain value for clinical application in accelerating orthodontic tooth movement, promoting bone-implant integration, promoting fracture healing and improving the effects of distraction osteogenesis. Magnetic fields are expected to become applied as effective auxiliary methods for treating oral diseases. To support the clinical application of magnetic fields, this article reviews the applications of magnetic fields in the oral cavity, the biological effects on bone cells and the molecular mechanisms through which magnetic fields regulate bone metabolism. The biological effects of magnetic fields on bone cells include promoting osteogenesis by osteoblasts and mesenchymal stem cells and inhibiting bone resorption by osteoclasts. At the molecular level, bone cells sense and respond to magnetic stimulation, and through various mechanisms, such as displacement currents, Lorentz forces, and free radical pair effects, stimuli are transformed into biologically recognizable electrical signals that activate complex downstream signaling pathways, such as the P2 purinergic receptor signaling pathway, adenosine receptor signaling pathway, transforming growth factor-β receptor signaling pathway, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway, and Notch pathway. In addition, magnetic parameters, which are the factors affecting the osteogenic effects of magnetic fields, are discussed. However, the mechanisms of the osteogenic effects of magnetic fields are unclear, and further studies of these mechanisms could provide effective strategies for bone regeneration and periodontal tissue regeneration. In addition, considering the target of magnetic field therapies, combination with other drugs could lead to new strategies for the treatment of oral diseases.

Braz. dent. j ; 34(5): 43-52, Sept.-Oct. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1528014


Abstract This study evaluated the influence of a fluoride-modified titanium surface on osseointegration in rats with induced diabetes. One hundred and eighty rats were randomly allocated into 3 groups with 60 animals each: Control group (C): Animals without diabetes; Diabetes Group (D): Animals with uncontrolled induced diabetes; Controlled Diabetes Group (CD): Animals with diabetes induced controlled by the insulin administration. Diabetes was induced by streptozotocin injection. Each animal received 2 implants in the proximal tibial metaphysis, one with the machined surface (M) and the other one with a fluoride-modified titanium surface (F), after 4 weeks of induction of diabetes. The animals were submitted to euthanasia 2, 4, and 6 weeks after the implant placement (n = 20 animals/group). The osseointegration was evaluated by the implant removal torque test and the histometric analysis of the non-decalcified histological sections: 1) Contact bone/implant (%BIC); 2) Bone tissue area between implant threads (%BBT). Implants with F surface showed a higher removal torque than implants with surface M in all groups. There was no difference in %BIC between the groups regardless of the surface used. The F surface showed a tendency to present higher %BBT values for the 3 evaluation periods in the D group. The fluoride-modified implant surface has no impact on the %BIC and %BBT. However, the fluoride-modified implant surface increases the locking of the implants with the bone. The hyperglycemia was associated with lower removal torque values despite the surfaces of the implant used.

Resumo Este estudo avaliou a influência de uma superfície de titânio modificada com flúor na osseointegração em ratos com diabetes induzida. Cento e oitenta ratos foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em 3 grupos com 60 animais cada: Grupo controle (C): Animais sem diabetes; Grupo Diabetes (D): Animais com diabetes induzida descompensada; Grupo Diabetes Controlado (CD): Animais com diabetes induzido controlado pela administração de insulina. O diabetes foi induzido por injeção de estreptozotocina. Cada animal recebeu 2 implantes na metáfise proximal da tíbia, um com superfície usinada (M) e outro com superfície de titânio modificado com flúor (F), após 4 semanas de indução do diabetes. Os animais foram submetidos à eutanásia 2, 4 e 6 semanas após a colocação do implante (n = 20 animais/grupo). A osseointegração foi avaliada pelo teste de torque de remoção do implante e pela análise histométrica dos cortes histológicos não descalcificados: 1) Contato osso-implante (%BIC); 2) Área de tecido ósseo entre as roscas do implante (%BBT). Os implantes com superfície F apresentaram maior torque de remoção do que os implantes com superfície M em todos os grupos. Não houve diferença no %BIC entre os grupos independente da superfície utilizada. A superfície F mostrou tendência a apresentar maiores valores de %BBT para os 3 períodos de avaliação no grupo D. As superfícies de implantes modificadas com flúor não influenciaram nos dados de %BIC e %BBT. Entretanto, essas superfícies aumentaram o travamento dos implantes no tecido ósseo. A hiperglicemia foi associada a menores torques de remoção dos implantes independentemente do tipo de superfície de implante utilizada.

Braz. dent. j ; 34(3): 66-72, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1447593


Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the osseointegration of a hydrophilic surface (blasting + acid etching + immersion in isotonic solution) in comparison with that of a control surface (blasting + acid etching) using an experimental model of low-density bone. To perform the study, 24 rabbits were submitted to the installation of 4 implants in the iliac bone bilaterally: 2 implants with a control surface and 2 implants with a hydrophilic surface. The rabbits were euthanized at 2, 4, and 8 weeks after implant installation. After euthanasia, one implant from each surface was used to perform the removal torque analysis, and the other implant was used for the execution of non-decalcified histological sections and evaluation of the bone implant contact (% BIC) as well as the fraction of bone tissue area between the implant threads (% BBT). The implants with a hydrophilic surface presented higher %BIC (42.92 ± 2.85% vs. 29.49 ± 10.27%) and % BBT (34.32 ± 8.52% vs. 23.20 ± 6.75%) (p < 0.05) in the 2-week period. Furthermore, the hydrophilic surface presented higher removal torque in the 8-week period (76.13 ± 16.00 Ncm2 vs. 52.77 ± 13.49 Ncm2) (p<0.05). Implants with a hydrophilic surface exhibited acceleration in the process of osseointegration, culminating in greater secondary stability in low-density bone than in implants with a control surface.

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a osseointegração de uma superfície hidrofílica (jateamento + ataque ácido + imersão em solução isotônica) em comparação com uma superfície controle (jateamento + ataque ácido) usando um modelo experimental de osso de baixa densidade. Para realizar o estudo, 24 coelhos foram submetidos a instalação de 4 implantes bilateralmente no osso ilíaco: 2 implantes com superfície controle e 2 implantes com superfície hidrofílica. Os coelhos foram eutanasiados com 2, 4 e 8 semanas após a instalação dos implantes. Após a eutanásia, um implante de cada superfície foi usado para avaliar o torque de remoção, e o outro implante foi utilizado para execução de cortes histológicos não descalcificados e avaliação de contato osso implante (% BIC) bem como a fração da área tecido ósseo entre as roscas do implante (% BBT). Os implantes com superfície hidrofílica apresentaram maior %BIC (42.92 ± 2.85% vs. 29.49 ± 10.27%) e % BBT (34.32 ± 8.52% vs. 23.20 ± 6.75%) (p < 0.05) no período de 2 semanas. Além disso, a superfície hidrofílica apresentou maior torque de remoção no período de 8 semana (76.13 ± 16.00 Ncm2 vs. 52.77 ± 13.49 Ncm2) (p<0.05). Implantes com a superfície hidrofílica apresentaram aceleração no processo de osseointregração, culminando em melhor estabilidade secundária no osso de baixa densidade em relação a implantes com superfície controle.

J. res. dent ; 11(1): 1-6, May 2023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513028


The development of dental implants has revolutionized the rehabilitation possibilities for partially or totally edentulous patients. The long-term success of the dental implant depends on osseointegration and this is achieved by the combination of two essential stabilities: primary and secondary. Implant-supported prostheses are a great evolution for these treatments, positively interfering in the quality of life of the population, as they generate function and aesthetics for the patient. Thus, the present study aimed to radiographically evaluate complete dentures supported by an external hexagon conical implant in the anterior region of the mandible. More specifically, to evaluate the feasibility of using these implants in cortical bone of the mandible, to verify the success rate regarding the significance of peri-implant bone loss and to compare peri-implant bone loss between patients.

Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(3): 523-531, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449816


Abstract Objective To evaluate the clinical and radiographic results and survival of the acetabular revision surgery of total hip arthroplasty with cemented implant without the use of reinforcement ring, associated with structural homologous bone grafting. Methods A total of 40 patients (44 hips) operated from 1995 to 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Radiographs were evaluated according to the classification of the acetabular bone defect, graft shape, and the presence of osseointegration. Cases were considered as failures when the migration of the implant was > 5 mm in any direction, and/or the progression of radiolucency lines around the acetabular component were > 2 mm. We verified the association of radiographic findings with cases of failure using statistical tests and analyzed survival using the Kaplan-Meier curve. Results Of the 44 hips, 45.5% of the acetabular defects were Paprosky type 3A and 50% were 3B. In 65% of the hips, the graft configuration was classified as Prieto type 1 and in 31% as type 2. No radiographic evidence of osseointegration was observed in 13.6% of the cases. We observed 9 (20.5%) reconstruction failures. A correlation was observed between reconstruction failure and the absence of radiographic signs of graft osseointegration. Conclusion We observed good clinic and radiographic results, with survival of 79.54% in a mean follow-up of 9.65 years. Also, there was an association between absence of radiographic signs of osseointegration of the structural graft and failure in this series of patients with large bone defects. The failures did not correlate with the severity of the acetabular bone defect, thickness, or graft configuration.

Resumo Objetivo Avaliarosresultadosclínicos, radiográficos e a sobrevida da cirurgia de revisão acetabular de artroplastia total de quadril com implante cimentado sem uso de anel de reforço, associado à enxertia óssea homóloga estrutural. Métodos Um total de 40 pacientes (44 quadris) operados de 1995 a 2015 foram analisados retrospectivamente. As radiografias foram avaliadas de acordo com a classificação do defeito ósseo acetabular, o formato do enxerto e à presença de osteointegração. Foram considerados casos de insucesso a migração do implante > 5 mm em qualquer direção e/ou a progressão de linhas de radioluscência em torno do componente acetabular > 2mm. Verificamos a associação dos achados radiográficos com os casos de falha utilizando testes estatísticos e analisamos a sobrevida utilizando a curva de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados Dos 44 quadris, 45,5% dos defeitos acetabulares eram Paprosky tipo 3A e 50%, 3B. Em 65% dos quadris, a configuração do enxerto foi classificada como tipo 1 de Prieto e em 31% como tipo 2. Não foi observada evidência radiográfica de osteointe-gração em 13,6% dos casos. Observamos 9 (20,5%) falhas de reconstrução. Foi observada correlação entre falha da reconstrução com a ausência de sinais radiográficos de osteointegração do enxerto. Conclusão Observamos bons resultados clínicos e radiográficos, com sobrevida de 79,54% em seguimento médio de 9,65 anos. Também houve associação entre ausência de sinais radiográficos de osteointegração do enxerto estrutural e falha nesta série de pacientes com grandes defeitos ósseos. As falhas não se correlacionaram com a severidade do defeito ósseo acetabular, espessura ou configuraçãodoenxerto.

Humans , Reoperation , Transplantation, Homologous , Cross-Sectional Studies , Osseointegration , Bone Transplantation , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip
Braz. dent. j ; 34(2): 105-112, Mar.-Apr. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1439575


Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the effect of nicotine administration on the osseointegration of a superhydrophilic implants surface on rat tibiae. Thirty-two rats were used and divided into 2 groups according to the administration or not of nicotine: HH - Installation of implants with superhydrophilic surfaces in healthy animals; and HN - Installation of implants with superhydrophilic surfaces in animals subjected to nicotine administration. The animals were euthanized 15 and 45 days after implant placement (n = 8). Osseointegration was assessed by means of biomechanical analyses (removal torque), microcomputed tomography (volume of bone around the implants- %BV/TV), and histomorphometry (bone-implant contact -%BIC and the bone area between implant threads -%BBT). The animals subject to the nicotine administration presented lower removal torque than the control animals at the 45-day period (21.88 ± 2.80 Ncm vs. 17.88 ± 2.10 Ncm). The implants placed in the control rats presented higher %BIC (54.26 ± 6.59% vs. 39.25 ± 4.46%) and %BBT (50.57 ± 5.28% vs. 32.25 ± 5.24%) than the implants placed in nicotine animals at 15-day period. The nicotine administration reduces the osseointegration at 15 days, however, the superhydrophilic surface equalized the osseointegration in nicotine-exposed animals compared with healthy animals after 45 days of implant placement.

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da administração de nicotina na osseointegração de implantes com superfície modificada por jateamento de oxidos e ataque ácido instalados em tíbia de ratos. Foram utilizados 32 ratos que foram divididos em 2 grupos de acordo com a administração ou não de nicotina: HH - Instalação de implantes com superfícies superhidrofílicas em animais sadios; e HN - Instalação de implantes com superfícies superhidrofílicas em animais submetidos à administração de nicotina. Os animais foram eutanasiados 15 e 45 dias após a colocação do implante (n = 8). A osseointegração foi avaliada por meio de análises biomecânicas (torque de remoção), microtomografia (volume de osso ao redor dos implantes - %BV/TV) e histomorfometrica (contato osso-implante -%BIC e área óssea entre roscas do implante -%BBT). Os animais submetidos à administração de nicotina apresentaram menor torque de remoção do que os animais controle no período de 45 dias (21,88 ± 2,80 Ncm vs. 17,88 ± 2,10 Ncm). Os implantes colocados nos ratos controle apresentaram maiores %BIC (54,26 ± 6,59% vs. 39,25 ± 4,46%) e %BBT (50,57 ± 5,28% vs. 32,25 ± 5,24%) do que os implantes colocados nos animais submetidos a administração de nicotina no período de 15 dias. A administração de nicotina prejudicou a osseointegração no período de 15 dias. Entretanto, a superfície superhidrofílica equalizou a osseointegração em animais expostos à nicotina em comparação com animais saudáveis após 45 dias da colocação do implante.

Rev. ADM ; 80(1): 36-40, ene.-feb. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1511548


Introducción: la vitamina D es una hormona que se sintetiza por células de la piel mediante la luz ultravioleta (UV) y se obtiene a través de la dieta. La relación que se establece entre la deficiencia de vitamina D y el fracaso en injertos óseos o implantes se basa en las alteraciones inmunológicas e inflamatorias debido al vínculo que existe con la inmunidad innata y adaptativa. Objetivo: identificar los factores que se presentan en el periodonto cuando existen niveles bajos de vitamina D y se realizan tratamientos periodontales como injertos óseos e implantes. Material y métodos: se realizó la búsqueda primaria de artículos en bases de datos PubMed y Google Académico (en español e inglés), de acuerdo con las palabras claves: deficiencia, vitamina D, implantología y oseointegración. Resultados: la vitamina D afecta y predispone al rechazo de injertos, ausencia de oseointegración en implantes debido a la inmunomodulación. Conclusión: el éxito del tratamiento se vuelve predecible cuando se encuentran niveles óptimos de vitamina D en conjunto con técnicas de abordaje quirúrgico correctas que permitan generar una integración ideal de los tejidos periodontales (AU)

Introduction: vitamin D is a hormone that is synthesized by skin cells using UV light and consumed through the diet. The relationship established between vitamin D deficiency and the failure of bone grafts or implants is based on immunological and inflammatory alterations due to the intimate link with innate and adaptive immunity. Objective: to identify the factors that occur in the periodontium when there are low levels of vitamin D and periodontal treatments such as bone grafts and implants are performed. Material and methods: a search for articles was carried out in PubMed and Google Scholar (Spanish and English). Results: vitamin D affects and predisposes to graft rejection, absence of osseointegration in implants due to immunomodulation. Conclusion: the success of the treatment becomes predictable when optimal levels of vitamin D are found together with the correct surgical approach techniques that allow the generation of an ideal integration of the periodontal tissues.(AU)

Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Osseointegration/physiology , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/adverse effects , Vitamin D/metabolism , Bone Transplantation/adverse effects
Rev. Flum. Odontol. (Online) ; 1(60): 45-55, jan.-abr. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1411271


Amplamente utilizados para substituir dentes perdidos, os implantes dentários nos últimos anos vêm apresentando tecnologias como superfícies com micro e nanotopografia e ajustes nas composições químicas, dentre outros, para melhorar a osseointegração e reduzir o prazo de tratamento, permitindo, assim, carga funcional imediata ou precoce em pacientes com densidade óssea reduzida. Vários métodos são aplicados com intuito de modificar a superfície do implante, como jateamento com areia, corrosão ácida, oxidação anódica, tratamento com flúor, usinagem, pulverização de plasma de titânio e revestimento de fosfato de cálcio; esses métodos podem aumentar notavelmente a área de superfície quando operada a técnica adequadada de modificação, quer por procedimento de adição ou subtração. Tais modificações promovem superfícies rugosas, as quais aumentam a porcentagem de contato osso-implante (BIC) durante o processo de cicatrização óssea inicial. Os principais benefícios da modificação da superfície são melhorar a molhabilidade (hidrofilicidade), adesão e fixação de células a implantes e proliferação celular. Dentre os tratamentos de superfície de implantes dentários destaca-se o jateamento de areia com granulação grossa e ataque-ácido com HCL/H2SO4 (SLA) em altas temperaturas, o revestimento de superfície do implante com hidroxiapatita, oxidação anódica e o duplo ataque ácido. O objetivo deste trabalho é realizar uma revisão de literatura discutindo a importância e eficácia desses métodos para a osseointegração e, por conseguinte, para a redução do período de tratamento.

Widely used to replace lost teeth, dental implants have been presenting technologies such as surfaces with micro and nano topography and adjustments in chemical compositions, among others, to improve osseointegration and reduce treatment time, thus allowing immediate or early functional load in patients with reduced bone density. Several methods are applied to modify the implant surface, such as sandblasting, acid corrosion, anodic oxidation, fluoride treatment, machining, titanium plasma spraying, and calcium phosphate coating; these methods can notably increase the surface area when the appropriate modification technique is operated, either by the addition or subtraction procedure. Such modifications promote rough surfaces, which increase the percentage of bone-implant contact (BIC) during the initial bone healing process. The main benefits of surface modification are to improve wettability (hydrophilicity), adhesion and attachment of cells to implants, and cell proliferation. Among the surface treatments for dental implants, sandblasting with large grit and acid-etching with HCL/H2SO4 (SLA) stands out at high temperatures. The surface coating of the implant with hydroxyapatite, anodic oxidation, and double acid-etching. This work aims to conduct a literature review discussing the importance and effectiveness of these methods for osseointegration and, therefore, for reducing the treatment period.

Surface Properties , Therapeutics , Dental Implants , Osseointegration
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(4): 1-9, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1523759


Introduction: The development of new biomaterials with improved properties is a trend in regenerative medicine. The successful healing of implants is related to their osseointegration and the topographic geometry of their surface. Treatment with argon plasma acts on the surface of the implants, bringing several benefits to their osseointegration in the body. Material and Methods: Previously the in vivo study, the topography implants were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Following the implants were inserted in 14 male rats, and one perforation was made in the right and left tibias for implant placement without the surface treatment (control group), and with the argon plasma surface treatment (experimental group), respectively. The rats were euthanized at 4 weeks, a time in which tibia fragments were submitted for histological and histomorphometric examination, and torque removal test for comparison and analysis of osseointegration. Results: The SEM images showed the argon plasma surface treatment altered the topography. At the end of the study, both greater bone formation and better osseointegration were verified in the experimental group, and a statistically significant difference between the groups was observed. Conclusion: It was concluded that implants with this surface treatment can bring more practicality in the rehabilitation treatment, and more comfort in the patients' postoperative time (AU)

Introdução: O desenvolvimento de novos biomateriais com propriedades aprimoradas é uma tendência na medicina regenerativa. A cicatrização bem-sucedida dos implantes está relacionada à sua osseointegração e à geometria topográfica de sua superfície. O tratamento com plasma de argônio atua na superfície dos implantes, trazendo diversos benefícios para sua osseointegração no corpo. Materiais e Métodos: Antes do estudo in vivo, a topografia dos implantes foi observada por microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV). Em seguida, os implantes foram inseridos em 14 ratos machos, e uma perfuração foi feita nas tíbias direita e esquerda para a colocação do implante sem o tratamento de superfície (grupo controle) e com o tratamento de superfície de plasma de argônio (grupo experimental), respectivamente. Os ratos foram sacrificados após 4 semanas, momento em que fragmentos das tíbias foram submetidos a exame histológico e histomorfométrico, além do teste de remoção de torque para comparação e análise da osseointegração. Resultados: As imagens de MEV mostraram que o tratamento de superfície com plasma de argônio alterou a topografia. Ao final do estudo, foi verificada maior formação óssea e melhor osseointegração no grupo experimental, e foi observada diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos. Conclusão: Concluiu-se que os implantes com esse tratamento de superfície podem trazer mais praticidade no tratamento de reabilitação e maior conforto no pós-operatório dos pacientes (AU)

Animals , Rats , Titanium , Dental Implants , Osseointegration , Torque
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e238749, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1512230


This review aims to present the mechanisms of protein interactions with titanium dental implant surfaces. Methods: the analyses were based on searches of scientific articles available in English and Portuguese in PubMed (MEDLINE), Bireme (LILACS), Scielo, Web of Science and Google Scholar. Results: titanium dental implant treatments success rates (95-98%) are mainly due to the biocompatibility of titanium oxide on the implant surface, surgical techniques adopted, good implants manufacturing processes and biomechanical knowledge of the systems. Studies in past decades has empirically developed implant surfaces with significant changes in morphologies, roughness, wettability, surface energy, chemical composition, and chemical groups density or deposited molecules. These changes promoted better protein adsorption, osteoblast adhesion, and changes in the mechanisms involved in osseointegration. Thus, the time to put the implant in function has been reduced and the success rates have increased. In the osseointegration process, at the nanoscale, there is no contact between the bone and the implant surface, but there is the formation of a protein anchorage between the periosteum and the implant with an interface formed by proteins. In all the reactions between the body and the implant surface, the activities of fibronectin and integrin are essential, since they are responsible for transmitting information to the cell for its differentiation, adhesion and mobility. Conclusion: thus, the analyses of protein-implant interactions are indispensable for a better understanding of the performance of osseointegrated dental implants

Proteins , Dental Implants , Osseointegration , Bone-Implant Interface
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e231269, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1413379


The peri-implant ligament is formed from the interface of bone tissue, through the anchoring of proteins and the surface of the dental implant. In this sense, it is relevant to understand the extent to which this ligament is structured and biomimics the periodontal ligament functions. Aim: The goal of this scoping review is to present and analyze the peri-implant ligament composition and compare the extent to which this ligament is structured and biomimics the periodontal ligament functions. Methods: This scoping review was performed according to the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology for scoping reviews and following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses extension for scoping review. Two independent researchers searched Pubmed, Cochrane, Embase, Virtual Health Library, Scielo, Scopus, Web of Science, Brazilian Bibliography of Dentistry, Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences, Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations from the University of São Paulo and Portal Capes. Studies published in English, Portuguese and Spanish, over the last 21 years (2000-2021). Results: A total of 330 titles were identified and after applying inclusion and exclusion factors, 27 studies were included in this review. All proteins were identified regarding their tissue function and classified into 6 major protein groups. After that this new protein ligament was compared with the periodontal ligament regarding its function and composition. The main proteins associated with osseointegration, and thus, with the peri-implant ligament are recognized as belonging to the periodontal ligament. Conclusion: This scoping review results suggest evidence of the composition and function of the periimplant ligament. However, variations may still exist due to the existence of several modulants of the osseointegration process

Periodontal Ligament , Biocompatible Materials , Proteins , Osseointegration , Dental Materials
J. appl. oral sci ; 31: e20220375, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430637


Abstract Objective This study was conducted to assess the effect of hUCMSCs injection on the osseointegration of dental implant in diabetic rats via Runt-related Transcription Factor 2 (Runx2), Osterix (Osx), osteoblasts, and Bone Implant Contact (BIC). Methodology The research design was a true experimental design using Rattus norvegicus Wistar strain. Rattus norvegicus were injected with streptozotocin to induce experimental diabetes mellitus. The right femur was drilled and loaded with titanium implant. Approximately 1 mm from proximal and distal implant site were injected with hUCMSCs. The control group was given only gelatin solvent injection. After 2 and 4 weeks of observation, the rats were sacrificed for further examination around implant site using immunohistochemistry staining (RUNX2 and Osterix expression), hematoxylin eosin staining, and bone implant contact area. Data analysis was done using ANOVA test. Results Data indicated a significant difference in Runx2 expression (p<0.001), osteoblasts (p<0.009), BIC value (p<0.000), and Osterix expression (p<0.002). In vivo injection of hUCMSCs successfully increased Runx2, osteoblasts, and BIC value significantly, while decreased Osterix expression, indicating an acceleration of the bone maturation process. Conclusion The results proved hUCMSCs to accelerate and enhance implant osseointegration in diabetic rat models.

Braz. dent. sci ; 26(1): 1-10, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1412861


Objective: to evaluate the differentiation and gene expression of transcripts related to osteogenesis in a primary culture of Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) derived from rat femurs submitted to radiotherapy and the installation of pure titanium implants. Material and Methods: fifty-four rats received titanium implants in both femurs and were divided into three groups: Control: implant surgery (C); Implant + immediate irradiation (IrI), and Implant + late irradiation (IrL). Euthanasia occurred 3, 14, and 49 days after surgery. The bone marrow MSCs from the femurs were isolated and cultivated. The cell viability, total protein content, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, and the formation of mineralization nodules and cellular genotoxicity were analyzed. The gene expression of Alkaline Phosphatase (phoA), Collagen 1 (COL1), Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), Osterix (OSX), Osteopontin (OPN), Integrin ß1(ITGB1), Bone Sialoprotein (BSP), Osteonectin (SPARC), Osteocalcin (Bglap), Transforming Growth Factor ß-type (TGF-ß), Granulocyte Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF), Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Apolipoprotein E (APOE) and Prostaglandin E2 synthase (PGE2) were evaluated by qRT- PCR. Results: ionizing radiation suppresses the gene expression of essential transcripts for bone regeneration, as well as cellular viability, as observed in the IrI and IrL groups. Conclusion: although this can lead to the loss of osseointegration and failure of the implant, the MSCs showed more activity at 49 days than at 3 and 14 days. (AU)

Objetivo: avaliar a diferenciação e expressão gênica de transcritos relacionados à osteogênese em cultura primária de MSCs derivadas de fêmures de ratos submetidos à radioterapia e instalação de implantes de titânio puro. Material e Métodos: cinquenta e quatro ratos receberam implantes de titânio em ambos os fêmures e foram divididos em três grupos: Controle: cirurgia de implante (C); Implante + irradiação imediata (IrI) e Implante + irradiação tardia (IrL). A eutanásia ocorreu 3, 14 e 49 dias após a cirurgia. As MSCs de medula óssea dos fêmures foram isoladas e cultivadas. Foram analisadas a viabilidade celular, teor de proteína total, atividade da fosfatase alcalina (ALP), formação de nódulos de mineralização e genotoxicidade celular. A expressão gênica de Fosfatase Alcalina (phoA), Colágeno 1 (COL1), fator de transcrição relacionado a Runt 2 (RUNX2), Osterix (OSX), Osteopontina (OPN), Integrina ß1 (ITGB1), Sialoproteína Óssea (BSP), Osteonectina (SPARC), Osteocalcina (Bglap), Fator de Crescimento Transformador tipo ß (TGF-ß), Fator Estimulante de Colônia de Granulócitos-Macrófagos (GM-CSF), Interleucina-6 (IL-6), Apolipoproteína E (APOE) e Prostaglandina E2 sintase (PGE2) foram avaliados por qRT-PCR. Resultados: a radiação ionizante suprime a expressão gênica de transcritos essenciais para a regeneração óssea, bem como a viabilidade celular, como observado nos grupos IrI e IrL. Conclusão:embora isso possa levar à perda da osseointegração e falha do implante, as MSCs apresentaram maior atividade aos 49 dias do que aos 3 e 14 dias (AU)

Animals , Rats , Osteogenesis , Bone Regeneration , Dental Implants , Clinical Protocols , Osseointegration , Neoplasms
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 37: e003, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1420958


Abstract This study investigated the influence of resveratrol on peri-implant repair and its effects on bone-related markers in ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis in rats. Animals were divided into: OVX+PLAC (n = 10): ovariectomized animals treated with placebo; OVX+RESV (n = 10): OVX treated with resveratrol; OVX+PLAC+ZOL (n = 10): OVX treated with PLAC and zoledronate; OVX+RESV+ZOL (n = 10): OVX treated with RESV and ZOL; and SHOVX+PLAC (n = 10): sham ovariectomy treated with PLAC. RESV and PLAC were administrated after ovariectomy and ZOL after six weeks after OVX, until the end of experiment. One implant was inserted in each tibiae of animals 18 weeks after ovariectomy. After 4 weeks, one implant was removed for counter-torque, and peri-implant tissue was collected for mRNA quantification of several osteogenic markers by PCR. The other tibia was submitted to micro-computed tomography analysis. Reduced counter-torque values, bone-implant contact (BIC) and bone volume fraction (BV/TV), and higher bone porosity (BP) were detected in OVX+PLAC group when compared to SHOVX+PLAC (p < 0.05). OVX+RESV rats presented lower BIC, BV/TV, and trabecular number (Tb.N), and augmented BP and trabecular spacing (Tb.Sp) when compared to SHOVX+PLAC (p < 0.05). Higher Tb.N and connectivity density (Conn.Dn) and reduced Tb.Sp were observed in OVX rats treated with ZOL, independently of RESV, when compared to OVX+PLAC and OVX+RESV groups (p < 0.05), whereas the combination ZOL+RESV promoted lower BP when compared to OVT+PLAC and OVX+RESV (p < 0.05). Gene expression was not influenced by RESV (p > 0.05), whereas ZOL promoted up-regulation of BMP-2 (p<0.05). RESV did not improve peri-implant bone repair in rats with ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis.

African Journal of Dentistry and Implantology ; 24: 52-64, 2023. figures, tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1523301


Les implants dentaires ont révolutionné la réhabilitation orale partielle et totale. Des taux de succès allant de 80% à 100% à travers le monde (Buser, 2019) Le succès du traitement implantaire doit répondre à deux objectifs pour être validé. Le premier est le concept d'ostéointégration et le second sur l'aspect esthétique des tissus autour de l'implant. notre objectif était d'estimer le taux de succès fonctionnel, en se basant sur les critères de succès d'Albrektsson et coll (Albrektsson,1986 ) ainsi qu'une évaluation esthétique par le PES (Belser, 2009) sur un échantillon de 50 patients dont 107 implants posés au secteur antérieur où le profil esthétique joue un rôle important. Le taux de succès fonctionnel était estimé à 94% voire 03 échecs sur 50 patients, avec une différence significative entre le succès implantaire et le degré d'hygiène bucco dentaire (p=0.00001) ; ainsi que le degré d'inflammation (p=0.0000) et la maladie parodontale p=0.04. On a eu 100% de succès chez les patients à qui on a procédé à un enfouissement total de l'implant. Enfin le succès esthétique était bon chez 42(84%) patients pour un score de 8 à10, et favorable chez les 5(10 %) restants pour un score de 5 à 7

Dental implants have revolutionized partial and total oral rehabilitation. Success rates ranging from 80% to 100% worldwide (Buser, 2019) The success of the implant treatment must meet two objectives to be validated. The first is the concept of osseointegration and the second on the aesthetic appearance of the tissues around the implant. Our objective was to estimate the functional success rate, based on the success criteria of Albrektsson et al (Albrektsson, 1986) as well as an aesthetic evaluation by the PES (Belser, 2009) on a sample of 50 patients including 107 implants placed in the anterior sector where the aesthetic profile plays an important role. The functional success rate was estimated at 94% or even 03 failures out of 50 patients, with a significant difference between the implant success and the degree of oral hygiene (p=0.00001); as well as the degree of inflammation (p=0.00001) and finally the periodontal disease (p=0.04). We have had 100% success in patients who have undergone total burying of the implant Finally, aesthetic success was good in 42 (84%) patients for a score of 8 to 10, and favorable in the remaining 5 (10%) for a score of 5 to 7.

Humans , Male , Female , Osseointegration
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 260-266, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992706


Objective:To investigate the antibacterial and osteogenic properties of biomimetic mineralized iodine-loaded coating with micro-nano topography on the surface of bone implants.Methods:After the fiber network structure of sodium hydrogen titanate was constructed by alkali thermal reaction on the surface of Ti6Al4V (noted as AT), it was biomimetically mineralized in the modified simulated body fluid to form a micro-nano topology with high specific surface area (noted as AT-CaP), and finally loaded with PVPI to construct a novel antibacterial osseointegration coating (noted as AT-CaP-PVPI). The study was conducted in AT, AT-CaP, and AT-CaP-PVPI groups, in each of which 3 parallel experiments were performed. The morphology and colony counting of Staphylococcus aureus on the coating surface were observed to detect the in vitro antibacterial performance of the coating. Fifteen male SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups ( n=5): AT, AT-CaP, and AT-CaP-PVPI. After intramedullary injection of Staphylococcus aureus into the lower end of the femur in the SD rats, titanium rods coated with AT, AT-CaP, and AT-CaP-PVPI were inserted into the marrow cavity. The osteogenesis, volume ratio of new bone mass and number of trabeculae on the surface of the femoral implants were compared between the 3 groups 4 weeks after operation. Results:In AT and AT-CaP groups, a large number of bacteria grew in their inherent elliptical or spherical shape on the implant surface and a large number of colonies were seen on the plate; in AT-CaP-PVPI group, the bacteria on the coating surface exhibited membrane deformation and depression, some of them were completely broken and dissolved, and a large number died. There was almost no new bone formation around the implants in AT group; new bone scattered around the implants with discontinuous distribution in AT-CaP group; a great amount of new bone was seen around the implants with even distribution but no signs of infection in AT-CaP-PVPI group. The volume ratio of new bone mass and the number of trabeculae on the implant surface in AT-CaP-PVPI group were 0.453±0.206 and 6.055±0.536, respectively, significantly higher than those in AT group (0.046±0.028 and 1.667±1.249) and AT-CaP group (0.188±0.052 and 3.804±0.889) ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Biomimetic mineralized iodine-loaded coating with micro-nano topography on the surface of bone implants shows good antibacterial and osteogenic properties.

Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 983-989, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005786


【Objective】 To investigate the effects of biomimetic bone trabecular with the same porosity and pore size and regular porous structure on the adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation of osteoblasts, so as to provide theoretical basis for the improvement of osseointegration performance of titanium alloy implants. 【Methods】 The biomimetic bone trabecular and regular porous structures with the same porosity and pore size were generated by computer-aided software, and then processed into disc-shaped Ti6Al4V scaffolds with a diameter of 10 mm and a height of 3 mm by selective laser melting technology. MC3T3-E1 cells, the precursor cells of mouse osteoblasts in the logarithmic growth phase, were seeded on two kinds of scaffolds and divided into biomimetic bone trabecular group and regular porous structure group. After 3 hours of culture, acridine orange staining and phalloidin /DAPI staining were used to evaluate the number of cell adhesion. After 3 days of culture, the scaffolds were examined by scanning electron microscopy to evaluate the adhesion state of cells. After 1, 3, and 5 days of culture, the scaffolds were taken for CCK8 detection to observe the proliferation of cells. After 7 and 14 days of differentiation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was detected. After 14 days of differentiation, the expressions of osteogenesis-related genes (ALP, OCN, RUNX2) were detected by RT-PCR. After 30 days of differentiation, the scaffolds were stained with alizarin red and 100 g/L cetylpyridinium chloride was used to dissolve mineralized nodules. Calcium salt deposition was qualitatively and quantitatively detected to evaluate cell differentiation. 【Results】 The results of acridine orange and phalloidin /DAPI staining showed that the biomimetic trabecular Ti6Al4V scaffold adhered to more MC3T3-E1 cells than the regular porous structure, and the cytoskeleton of the former scaffold was more densely distributed. The results of scanning electron microscopy showed that the pseudopodia of MC3T3-E1 cells on the biomimetic bone trabecular Ti6Al4V scaffold were longer and the extension state was better than that of the regular porous structure. CCK8 test showed that the proliferation of MC3T3-E1 cells on the biomimetic trabecular bone titanium alloy scaffold was significantly higher than that on the regular porous structure on the 3rd and 5th day, and the difference gradually increased with the increase of time, with statistical significance (P<0.05). The results of cell differentiation test showed that ALP activity on the bionic trabecular scaffold was higher than that on the regular porous structure (P<0.05). The expressions of osteogenic genes (ALP, OCN, RUNX2) in MC3T3-E1 cells on the biomimetic bone trabecular titanium alloy scaffold were significantly higher than those on the regular porous structure (P<0.05). After 30 days of induction, the amount of calcium salt deposited in the bionic trabecular titanium alloy scaffold was significantly larger than that in the regular porous structure (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 The biomimetic bone trabecular with a porosity of 65% and an equivalent pore size of 600 μm is more conducive to the adhesion, proliferation and differentiation of mouse osteoblast precursor cells MC3T3-E1 on the titanium alloy scaffold than the regular porous structure with the same porosity and pore size. It is theoretically more conducive to improving the osseointegration performance of titanium alloy implants.