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1.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 14(2): 018-029, jul.-dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1402658

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad en Paraguay es del 58 % en la población adulta, y 34,5 % en niños y adolescentes. Para enfrentar esta situación existen varios tratamientos, siendo el quirúrgico el medio terapéutico actual que permite obtener la mayor pérdida de peso y por tiempo más prolongado. Objetivo: describir la morbimortalidad de las cirugías bariátricas en el Hospital Nacional de Itauguá en el periodo comprendido entre enero 2017 y setiembre 2021. Metodología: estudio descriptivo, observacional, retrospectivo de corte transversal, con un muestreo no probabilístico de casos consecutivos de todos los pacientes con diagnóstico de obesidad que recibieron tratamiento quirúrgico entre enero 2017 a setiembre del 2021. Se recabaron 126 historias clínicas, 121 de ellos cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Resultados: de 121 pacientes, 82 % eran mujeres y 18 % hombres, con una edad media de 37 años. Se realizó una gastrectomía vertical en 68 % y by-pass gástrico en 21 %, con una estadía hospitalaria promedio de 61 h. La fístula fue la complicación postoperatoria más frecuente (7 %) seguida de la dehiscencia de anastomosis (2 %). La morbilidad de la cirugía bariátrica fue 11 %, con una mortalidad del 1 %. Conclusión: la morbilidad de la cirugía bariátrica en el Hospital Nacional de Itauguá es baja, con una mortalidad aceptable. La técnica más realizada es la gastrectomía vertical y la fístula es la complicación más común.


Introduction: the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Paraguay is 58 % in the adult population, and 34.5 % in children and adolescents. There are several treatments to deal with these conditions, with surgery being the current therapeutic option that allows for the greatest weight loss and for the longest time. Objective: to describe the morbidity and mortality of bariatric procedures at the Hospital Nacional, Itauguá from January 2017 to September 2021. Metodology: descriptive, observational, retrospective cross-sectional study, with a non- probabilistic sampling of consecutive cases of all patients diagnosed with obesity who received surgical treatment between January 2017 and September, 2021. 126 medical records were collected, 121 of them met the inclusion criteria. Results: of 121 patients, 82 % were women and 18 % men, with a mean age of 37 years. Vertical gastrectomy was performed in 68 % and gastric bypass in 21 %, with an average hospital stay of 61 hours. Fistula was the most frequent postoperative complication (7 %) followed by anastomosis dehiscence (2 %). The morbidity of bariatric surgery was 11 %, with a mortality of 1 %. Conclusion: the morbidity of bariatric surgery at the Hospital Nacional, Itauguá is low, with an acceptable mortality rate. The most common technique is sleeve gastrectomy and fistula is the most common complication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Morbidity , Mortality , Overweight , Bariatric Surgery , Length of Stay , Obesity , Paraguay/epidemiology , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Prevalence , Diagnosis , Fistula
2.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(6): 730-739, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405203

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The aging process may be associated with the accumulation of a wide variety of health damages, such as cardiovascular diseases. HF is the final common path of the majority of these diseases, and, in its refractory form, heart transplantation continues to be the best treatment choice. Objective: To describe the demographic and epidemiological profile of aging and elderly patients receiving heart transplant from 2009 to 2018. Methods: Retrospective, descriptive longitudinal study on heart transplantation in aging and elderly patients using data from medical records and institutional documents. Results: From a total of 234 transplant recipients, 127 were 45 years or older. For the demographic profile, the variables used were sex, age, marital status, home state, and profession. For the epidemiological profile, the variables used were previous diagnosis, comorbidities before and after transplantation, and survival. Age varied from 45 to 74 years, with a mean of 57 years. The male sex accounted for 58.27% of recipients, and 59.84% were from the Federal District. Chagas, dilated, and ischemic cardiomyopathy accounted for 66.14%, 18.9%, and 14.17% of transplants, respectively. The main comorbidities were Chagas disease (66.14%), malignant arrhythmia requiring cardioverter-defibrillator implantation (28.35%), arterial hypertension (27.56%), and dyslipidemia (15.75%). Mean survival was 3 years and 4 months. Conclusion: The demographic profile showed that the majority of patients were aging, male, married, and from the Federal District. The epidemiological profile showed that Chagas cardiomyopathy was the main cause of HF, followed by dilated cardiomyopathy.

3.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(6): 760-769, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405221

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Frailty is a biological syndrome suggested as a better predictor of morbimortality than chronological age. Objective To assess associations between frailty and morbimortality outcomes in postoperative cardiac surgery. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted with cardiac surgery patients. Frailty and maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) were assessed before surgery. Postoperative outcomes were: extracorporeal circulation time; use of vasopressor; mean arterial pressure (MAP); red blood cell (RBC) transfusion; cardiac arrhythmia and/or heart arrest; presence of intra-aortic balloon pump; antibiotic use; extubation time; length of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU); length of postoperative stay; mortality. One-way ANOVA was used to compare postoperative variables between frailty categories; Spearman was used to evaluate the correlations between frailty and postoperative variables. Age, sex, and MIP were introduced into multiple regression models to find the independent association between postoperative variables and frailty. A significance level of p < 0.05 was adopted. Results The medical records of 200 patients were analyzed (65.7±7.2 years; 68.5% men; 63.5% non-frail, 22.5% pre-frail, 14% frail). Frailty was not a predictor of postoperative outcomes. Age was an independent predictor for alterations in MAP (PR: 1.028, 95% CI: 1.003-1.053, p=0.025), need for RBC transfusion (PR: 1.034, 95% CI: 1.007-1.062, p=0.014), longer extubation time (PR: 1.052, 95% CI: 1.023-1.083, p<0.001), length of stay in the ICU (ß: 0.031, 95% CI: 0.010-0.053, p=0.005), length of postoperative stay (ß: 0.017, 95% CI: 0.003-0.031, p=0.015). Conclusions Frailty was not a predictor of morbimortality following cardiac surgery in middle-aged and older adults; however, age did predict morbidities in this setting.

4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(6): 866-874, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407310

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Acyanotic congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) are prone to postoperative complications, and characterization of the risk profile continues to fail in identifying inflammatory predilection. Our objective is to investigate the role of platelet-leukocyte indices (neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio [NLR], platelet-lymphocyte ratio [PLR], and systemic immune-inflammation index [SII] [neutrophil × platelet/lymphocyte]) in predicting poor outcomes following cardiac surgery in ACHD cohort with preoperative PH. Methods: This single-center, retrospective risk-predictive study included ACHD patients undergoing surgical correction at our tertiary cardiac center between January 2015 and December 2019. Standard institutional perioperative management protocol was followed, and poor postoperative outcome was defined as ≥ 1 of: low cardiac output syndrome, new-onset renal failure, prolonged mechanical ventilation (MV > 24 hours), stroke, sepsis, and/or death. Results: One hundred eighty patients out of 1,040 (17.3%) presented poor outcome. On univariate analysis, preoperative factors including right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) (PH-severity marker), congestive heart failure, albumin, NLR, PLR, SII, and aortic cross-clamping (ACC) and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) times predicted poor outcome. However, on multivariate analysis, RVSP, NLR, SII, and ACC and CPB times emerged as independent predictors. An NLR, SII prognostic cutoff of 3.33 and 860.6×103/mm3 was derived (sensitivity: 77.8%, 78.9%; specificity: 91.7%, 82.2%; area under the curve: 0.871, 0.833). NLR and SII values significantly correlated with postoperative MV duration, mean vasoactive-inotropic scores, and length of intensive care unit and hospital stay (P<0.001). Conclusion: Novel parsimonious, reproducible plateletleukocyte indices present the potential of stratifying the risk in congenital cardiac surgical patients with pre-existing PH.

5.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(6): 848-856, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407327

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (poAF) is a common complication of coronary artery bypass grafting, and its reasons are still the subject of research. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether QT interval is related to new onset of poAF occurrence. Methods: This study included 167 patients undergoing elective isolated off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) surgery. Patients were divided into two groups as poAF (+) and poAF (-), according to the development of poAF, and the results of the measurements were compared between the groups. Results: PoAF was detected in 37 (22.1%) of 167 patients who underwent OPCAB surgery. When QT interval measurements were compared, preoperative and postoperative QT and corrected QT interval (QTc) values were significantly longer in the group with atrial fibrillation. Mean values of preoperative QT were 407.5±27.1 in the poAF (-) group vs. 438.5±48.5 in the poAF (+) group (P<0.001). Mean values of preoperative QTc were 419.1±14.5 in the poAF (-) group vs. 448.5±26.6 in the poAF (+) group (P<0.001). Mean values of postoperative QT were 416.3±48.3 in the poAF (-) group vs. 439.2±45.8 in the poAF (+) group (P=0.005). And mean values of postoperative QTc were 419.8±12.5 in the poAF (-) group vs. 452.0±23.3 in the poAF (+) group (P<0.001). Conclusion: QT interval measurement may be a new parameter in predicting poAF development after OPCAB surgery.

6.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 68(11): 1553-1557, Nov. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1406597

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Wound dehiscence is associated with high morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to analyze the risk factors and comorbidities in the patients undergoing radical cystectomy with early postoperative wound dehiscence. METHODS: In all, 539 patients with bladder cancer who underwent radical cystectomy and urinary diversion at a single center between January 2008 and January 2022 were included in the study. The data related to the demographics, medical history, and perioperative clinical features were reviewed. Univariate and multivariate regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors for wound dehiscence. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 64.2 years (22-91). The mean body mass index was 26.4 kg/m2 (18.7-35.4). Wound dehiscence was observed in 43 (7.9%) of 539 patients. The patients with wound dehiscence had significantly higher mean BMI (27.8 vs. 26.3, p=0.006), ASA scores (p=0.002), history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (30.2 vs. 14.3%, p=0.006), diabetes mellitus (44.2 vs. 17.9%, p=0.003), previous abdominal surgery (18.6 vs. 7.7%, p=0.014), and postoperative ileus (58.1 vs. 16.9%, p=0.006). In the multivariable regression model, diabetes mellitus (odds ratio [OR] 4.9, 95%CI 2.3-10.1; p<0.001), postoperative ileus (OR 8.1, 95%CI 4.1-16.5; p<0.001), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OR 2.6, 95%CI 1.2-5.7; p=0.013) were independent predictors of abdominal wound dehiscence following radical cystectomy. CONCLUSION: Diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and postoperative ileus were strongly associated with abdominal wound dehiscence following radical cystectomy. Both potential preventive and therapeutic interventions may decrease the risk of wound dehiscence.

7.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(4): 588-596, 20220906. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396345

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La incidencia del carcinoma de tiroides ha aumentado a nivel mundial, probablemente relacionado con el sobre diagnóstico de nódulos tiroideos asintomáticos. La alta sobrevida del carcinoma diferenciado de tiroides ha permitido posibilidades de manejo quirúrgico menos radicales, o inclusive, la vigilancia activa de tumores seleccionados. Existen reportes de características clínico-patológicas del carcinoma de tiroides de nuestro país distintas a las reportadas en la literatura internacional. Métodos. Estudio observacional descriptivo de una cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes con carcinoma de tiroides atendidos en un hospital universitario entre 2015 y 2020. Resultados. Se identificaron 634 pacientes, el 83,4 % de sexo femenino. La tiroidectomía total con vaciamiento central fue el procedimiento más realizado (86,7 %). De 613 carcinomas diferenciados de tiroides, el 94,2 % corresponden al tipo papilar, seguido por el carcinoma de células de Hürtle (1,6 %); el 26,2 % presentaron subtipos histológicos agresivos y el 28,4 % compromiso tumoral bilateral. En los vaciamientos centrales se encontró 58,7 % de enfermedad metastásica; que fue de 49 % en los pacientes con microcarcinomas papilares (19 %). De las 68 lesiones del nervio laríngeo recurrente, 47 % fueron por secciones oncológicas. Discusión. En nuestra serie, la proporción de pacientes con carcinoma papilar de tiroides y de sus variantes histológicas agresivas, así como el compromiso tumoral bilateral es mayor a lo reportado en la literatura científica. Conclusión. El comportamiento biológico del carcinoma de tiroides es variable y puede tener características diferentes entre regiones; el manejo en nuestro medio debería considerar las características propias de nuestra población.


Introduction. The incidence of thyroid carcinoma has increased worldwide, probably related to the overdiagnosis of asymptomatic thyroid nodules. The high survival of differentiated thyroid carcinoma has allowed less radical surgical resection or even active surveillance for selected tumors. There are reports of clinicopathological features of thyroid carcinoma in our country that are different from those reported in the international literature. Methods. Retrospective observational study of a cohort of patients with thyroid carcinoma treated at a university hospital between 2015 and 2020. Results. 634 patients were identified; 83.4% were female. Total thyroidectomy with central dissection was the most performed procedure (86.7%). Of the 613 differentiated thyroid carcinomas, 94.2% were papillary type, followed by Hürtle cell carcinoma with 1.6%; 26.2% presented aggressive histological subtypes and 28.4% had bilateral tumor involvement. Metastatic disease was found in 58.7% of the central dissections performed, which was 49% in patients with papillary microcarcinomas (19%). Of the 68 recurrent laryngeal nerve injuries, 47% were due to oncological involvement. Discussion. In our series, the rate of patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma and its aggressive histological subtypes as well as bilateral tumor involvement is higher than that reported in the scientific literature. Conclusion: The biological behavior of thyroid carcinoma is variable and may have different characteristics between regions; the management in our country should consider our population's characteristics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary , Postoperative Complications , Prognosis , Thyroid Gland , Thyroidectomy
8.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(4): 597-603, 20220906. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396379

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La frecuencia de complicaciones postquirúrgicas de la colecistectomía realizada en la noche es un tema de controversia, siendo que se ha reportado una frecuencia mayor durante el horario nocturno. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la presentación de colecistectomía difícil dependiendo de la hora en que se realizó la cirugía, además de otras complicaciones, estancia intrahospitalaria postquirúrgica, reingreso a 30 días y reintervención. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo, observacional, analítico y transversal, comparando la presentación de colecistectomía difícil y su frecuencia en horario diurno (8:00 am a 7:59 pm) y nocturno (8:00 pm a 7:59 am), además de seroma, absceso, hematoma, fuga biliar, biloma, estancia intrahospitalaria postquirúrgica, reingreso a 30 días y reintervención. Resultados. Se incluyeron en el estudio 228 pacientes, 117 operados durante el día (52 %) y 111 durante la noche (48 %). La colecistectomía difícil se presentó 26 % vs 34 % de los casos intervenidos en el día y la noche, respectivamente. La complicación más frecuente fue seroma (14 %). La estancia hospitalaria media fue de 2,7 días en cirugías diurnas y de 2,5 en cirugías nocturnas; hubo 3 % de reintervenciones y 6 %, respectivamente. También hubo 2 % de reingresos a los 30 días entre los pacientes operados en el día y 3 % entre los operados en la noche. Conclusiones. La frecuencia de colecistectomía difícil y las complicaciones, la estancia intrahospitalaria postquirúrgica, el reingreso a 30 días y la necesidad de reintervención, no tuvieron diferencias significativas respecto al horario de la cirugía.


Introduction. The frequency of post-surgical complications of cholecystectomy performed overnight is a matter of controversy, and a higher rate has been reported during the night shift. The objective of this study was to analyze the presentation of difficult cholecystectomy depending on the time the surgery was performed, in addition to other complications, postoperative hospital stay, 30-day readmission, and reintervention. Methods. A retrospective, observational, analytical and cross-sectional study was carried out, comparing the presentation of difficult cholecystectomy and its frequency during daytime (8:00 am to 7:59 pm) and at night (8:00 pm to 7:59 am), in addition of seroma, abscess, bile leak, biloma, hematoma, post-surgical hospital stay, 30-day readmission, and reintervention.Results. A total of 228 patients were included in the study, 117 patients operated during the day (52%), and 111 at night (48%). Difficult cholecystectomy occurred in 26% vs. 34% of the cases operated on during the day and at night, respectively. The most frequent complication was seroma (14%). The mean hospital stay was 2.7 days in day surgeries and 2.5 in night surgeries; there were also 2% readmission at 30 days among patients operated during the day and 3% among those operated on at night. Conclusions. The frequency of difficult cholecystectomy and complications, postoperative hospital stay, 30-day readmission, and the need of reintervention, did not have significant differences with respect to the time of surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Personnel Staffing and Scheduling , Conversion to Open Surgery , Intraoperative Complications
9.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 37(3): 270-276, jul.set.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398680

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A lipoenxertia consiste no processo de coleta de gordura de uma área doadora de gordura por meio de lipoaspiração seguida da realocação desse tecido em área receptora por meio de seringas e cânulas. É um processo seguro utilizado em cirurgias estéticas e reconstrutivas, de acordo com a literatura. O objetivo é avaliar as taxas de complicações dos procedimentos de lipoenxertia realizados em um hospital público universitário no período de 2015 a 2018, em comparação com dados previamente relatados na literatura. Métodos: Estudo observacional retrospectivo desenvolvido em hospital universitário público de Campinas - SP a partir da revisão de prontuários de pacientes submetidos a lipoenxertia nesta instituição de 2015 a 2018. Resultados: Em relação às complicações, a grande maioria correspondeu à reabsorção de gordura (62%). O hematoma correspondeu ao segundo mais comum (38% dos casos), seguido do edema (19%). Dor e discromia vieram em seguida, com 10% e 7% dos casos, respectivamente. Apenas um caso de infecção de ferida operatória foi descrito. Outras complicações menos frequentes foram hiperemia (5%), assimetrias (5%), descamação (2%), parestesia local (3%) e lesão cutânea (2%). Nenhuma outra complicação maior foi relatada, como embolia gordurosa ou complicações cirúrgicas graves como sangramento, sepse, anafilaxia, entre outras. Conclusão: Os procedimentos de lipoaspiração para coleta de gordura e lipoenxertia mostraram-se seguros e com baixo índice de complicações na amostra estudada, concordando com dados da literatura.


Introduction: Fat grafting consists of collecting fat from one fat donor area via liposuction, then reallocating this tissue into a receptor area through syringes and cannulas. According to the literature, it is a safe process used in aesthetic and reconstructive surgeries. The objective is to evaluate complication rates of fat grafting procedures performed in a public university hospital from 2015 to 2018 in comparison with data previously reported in the literature. Methods: A retrospective observational study developed at a public university hospital in Campinas-SP based on the revision of medical records of patients who underwent the fat grafting procedure in this institution from 2015 to 2018. Results: Regarding the complications, the vast majority corresponded to fat reabsorption (62%). Bruise corresponded to the second most common (38% of cases), followed by edema (19%). Pain and dyschromia followed next, with 10% and 7% of cases, respectively. Only one case of operative wound infection was described. Other less frequent complications included hyperemia (5%), asymmetries (5%), desquamation (2%), local paraesthesia (3%) and skin lesion (2%). No other larger complication was reported, such as fat embolism or severe surgical complications such as bleeding, sepsis, or anaphylaxis. Conclusion: The procedures of liposuction for fat collection and fat grafting were proved to be safe, yielding low complication rates in the studied sample, which agrees with data reported in the literature.

10.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 37(3): 374-377, jul.set.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398777

ABSTRACT

A mastopexia é a cirurgia plástica responsável pela correção da ptose mamária, problema caracterizado pela discrepância entre o volume da mama e sua camada cutânea. As complicações mais relatadas no pós-operatório imediato são deiscência de suturas, seroma, edema e infecção, enquanto outras, como a galactorreia, são consideradas raras. O caso em questão consiste em uma paciente de 52 anos, que realizou a mastopexia bilateral com inclusão de prótese e desenvolveu após 30 dias do procedimento galactorreia com hiperprolactinemia. O diagnóstico foi suspeitado devido ao aumento de volume, associado a dor ou desconforto mamário no pós-operatório, seguido de saída secreção leitosa. A galactocele pósmastopexia com prótese pode ou não estar associada à hiperprolactinemia, porém pouco se sabe sobre a real fisiopatologia do desenvolvimento desse quadro. O tratamento foi feito com cabergolina 0,5mg em duas doses, com melhora do quadro.


Mastopexy is the plastic surgery responsible for correcting breast ptosis, a problem characterized by a discrepancy between the volume of the breast and its skin layer. The complications most commonly reported in the immediate postoperative period are suture dehiscence, seroma, edema and infection, while others such as galactorrhea are considered rare. The case in question consists of a 52-yearold patient who underwent bilateral mastopexy with prosthesis inclusion and developed galactorrhea with hyperprolactinemia 30 days after the procedure. The diagnosis was suspected of increased volume, associated with postoperative breast pain or discomfort, followed by milky discharge. Galactocele after mastopexy with a prosthesis may or may not be associated with hyperprolactinemia, but little is known about the real pathophysiology of the development of this condition. Treatment was done with cabergoline 0.5mg in two doses, improving the condition.

11.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 13(3): 1-16, 20220831.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1402553

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los procedimientos de traqueostomía van en aumento en las unidades de cuidados intensivos en el adulto, por lo que las complicaciones asociadas a este procedimiento también incrementan. Se ha identificado que la traqueostomía puede conllevar a complicaciones tanto preoperatorias como postoperatorias, que varían ampliamente entre un 5-40%, entre las más frecuentes están, estenosis traqueal, fístula traqueoesofágica, hemorragia, lesión peristomal, decanulación, infecciones, entre otras, que podrían causar la muerte hasta en 1,4% de las personas. Sin embargo, a nivel mundial muy pocos estudios abordan los conceptos causales o factores de riesgo mecánicos y no mecánicos de este importante tema. Objetivo: Revisar el alcance de la literatura científica disponible sobre las complicaciones de origen mecánico y no mecánico asociadas a la traqueostomía en pacientes adultos en las unidades de cuidados intensivos entre el periodo 2015-2020. Materiales y métodos: se establecieron la pregunta de investigación con metodología "Patient, Intervention, Comparation, Outcome, Time (PICOT)" y los criterios de inclusión para la búsqueda de los referentes bibliográficos de estudios observacionales y experimentales. La información fue consultada en las bases de datos PubMed y EBSCO y los artículos científicos seleccionados fueron los publicados entre los años 2015-2020. Como guía metodológica y de calidad para el presente estudio se utilizó la lista de chequeo PRISMA-ScR. Resultados: las complicaciones con mayor frecuencia son: sangrado 61% presentada (13/21 artículos), estenosis traqueal 28,5% (5/21 artículos), decanulación 23,6% (5/21 artículos), infección de la estoma 19% (4/21 artículos) muerte 19% (4/21) y la dificultad en la inserción de la cánula 19% (4/21 artículos), en cuanto a factores de riesgo mecánicos para éstas sólo se identifica el uso de la técnica Bjork flap (OR=0,4). Entre los no mecánicos se encontraron, obesidad (OR=5,15), diámetro de cánula >6 (OR= 2,6) y ventilación mecánica preoperatoria (OR=3,14). Conclusión:Se logró identificar que las complicaciones relacionadas con la traqueostomía con mayor incidencia son sangrado, estenosis traqueal, decanulación accidental y la muerte. Sin embargo, aún se desconoce si se originan por una causa mecánica o no mecánica durante su manejo en UCI.


Introduction:Tracheostomy procedures in intensive care units are on the rise; however, they can lead to both perioperative and postoperative complications, with a variable incidence from 5 to 40% and even death in up to 1.4% of individuals. Despite this, few studies address causal concepts or mechanical and nonmechanical risk factors about this important topic. Objetive: To review the scope of the available scientific literature on complications of mechanical and non-mechanical origin associated with a tracheostomy. Materials and Methods:The research question and inclusion criteria were established to conduct the search in PubMed and EBSCO databases between 2015 and 2020. The PRISMA-ScR checklist was used in the present study as a methodological and quality guideline. Results:The most frequent complications were bleeding 61%, tracheal stenosis 28.5%, decannulation 23.6% (5/21) , stoma infection 19%, death 19%, and difficult tracheostomy tube insertion 19%. Regarding mechanical risk factors, only the use of the Bjork flap (OR=0.4) was identified as a protective factor. Among the non-mechanical factors, obesity (OR=5.15), tube diameter >6 (OR=2.6), and preoperative mechanical ventilation (OR=3.14) were found. Conclusions: It was possible to identify that the highest incidence of tracheostomy-related complications were bleeding, tracheal stenosis, accidental decannulation, and death; however, it is still unknown whether they originate from a mechanical or non-mechanical cause during intensive care management.


Introdução: Os procedimentos de traqueostomia estão aumentando nas unidades de terapia intensiva, entretanto, podem levar a complicações perioperatórias e pós-operatórias com uma incidência variável entre 5-40% e até a morte em até 1,4% dos indivíduos, apesar disso, poucos estudos abordam os conceitos causais ou fatores de risco mecânicos e não-mecânicos sobre este importante tópico. Objetivo: Rever o escopo da literatura científica disponível sobre complicações mecânicas e não mecânicas associadas à traqueostomia. Materiais e Métodos: a questão da pesquisa e critérios de inclusão foram estabelecidos para a pesquisa nas bases de dados PubMed e EBSCO entre os anos 2015-2020, como guia metodológico e de qualidade para o presente estudo foi utilizada a lista de verificação PRISMAScR. Resultados: As complicações com maior freqüência foram, sangramento 61%, estenose traqueal 28,5%, decanulação 23,6% (5/21, infecção por estoma 19%, morte 19% e dificuldade na inserção da cânula 19%, em relação aos fatores de risco mecânico, apenas o uso da técnica de Bjork Flap (OR=0,4) foi identificado como fator de proteção, entre os fatores não mecânicos foram encontrados: obesidade (OR=5,15), diâmetro da cânula >6 (OR= 2,6) e ventilação mecânica pré-operatória (OR=3,14). Conclusões: Conseguimos identificar que as complicações relacionadas à traqueostomia com maior incidência foram sangramento, estenose traqueal, decanulação acidental e morte, no entanto, ainda não se sabe se elas se originam de uma causa mecânica ou não mecânica durante a gestão dos cuidados intensivos.


Subject(s)
Postoperative Complications , Tracheostomy , Critical Care , Intraoperative Complications
12.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(4): 649-659, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385138

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose This study examined and compared efficacy, safety, satisfaction, and complications of the retropubic Safyre™ sling and a retropubic hand-made synthetic sling (HMS) in a short-, mid- and long-term follow-up. Methods We retrospectively reviewed a prospectively maintained database of women who underwent Safyre™ or HMS between March 7ths 2005 and December 27ths, 2017. Patients had first assessment (7-10 days), second (40-45 days), and third (sixth month) postoperatively. Between September and December 2018, patients who completed at least one year of surgery, received a telephone call. Follow-up compared quartiles of follow-up time to determine complications (Clavien-Dindo), success rates (International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire for Urinary Incontinence Short Form - ICIQ-UI SF), and patient satisfaction. Results Three hundred fifty-one patients underwent surgery and 221 (63%) were evaluated after a median of 78.47 (± 38.69) months, 125 (55%) in the HMS, and 96 (45%) in the Safyre™ group. Higher intraoperative bladder injury was observed with Safyre™ (0% vs. 4.2%, p=0.034), and a tendency for urinary retention, requiring indwelling urinary catheter over 24 hours (2.4% vs. 8.3%, p=0.061). Both HMS (p<0.001) and Safyre™ (p<0.001) presented improvements on ICIQ-UI SF. There were no differences in satisfaction, subjective cure rates, ICIQ-UI SF, or complications between groups. Conclusions Both HMS and Safyre™ have similar satisfaction and subjective cure rates, with marked ICIQ-UI SF score improvement. Higher rates of intraoperative bladder injury were seen in patients who received Safyre™ retropubic sling.

13.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(4): 339-344, ago. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407935

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los tumores periampulares se definen como lesiones ubicadas en un radio de 2 cm alrededor de la ampolla de Vater, constituidos por 4 tipos de neoplasias con una alta tasa de malignidad que pueden originarse en páncreas, ampolla, vía biliar distal o duodeno. El manejo quirúrgico a través de la pancreatoduodenectomía sigue siendo la mejor elección en términos de resección curativa. Objetivo: Caracterizar los tumores peri-ampulares tratados en nuestra institución y que fueron llevados a pancreatoduodenectomía, asociando la relación entre tipo de tumor y complicaciones posoperatorias. Material y Método: Estudio transversal, retrospectivo y observacional con seguimiento a 45 pacientes sometidos a pancreatoduodenectomía en el Hospital Internacional de Colombia - Fundación Cardiovascular entre enero de 2011 y marzo de 2020 con diagnostico histopatológico de tumor peri-ampular. Resultados: Se realizaron 75 pancreatoduodenectomía de las cuales 45 pacientes presentaron tumor peri-ampular, siendo de origen pancreático en un 44%, seguido de ampolla 40%, vía biliar distal 8,8% y duodenal 6,6%. Las complicaciones posoperatorias más frecuentes fueron fístula pancreática y vaciamiento gástrico retardado. Falleció 1 paciente. Conclusión: La pancreatoduodenectomía es un procedimiento con alta morbilidad. Gracias al avance tecnológico, el diagnóstico de patología peri ampular es cada vez más exacto. El tipo de tumor peri-ampular puede influir no solo en su pronóstico, sino también en su morbilidad posquirúrgica.


Introduction: Periampullary tumors are defined as lesions that are located in a radius of 2 centimeters around the ampulla of Vater, constituted by 4 types of neoplasms with a high rate of malignancy originated in the pancreas, ampulla, distal bile duct or duodenum. Surgical management through the pancreatoduodenectomy remains the best choice in terms of curative resection. Objetive: To characterize periampullary tumors treated in our institution with pancreatoduodenectomy, associating the relationship between tumor type and postoperative complications. Material and Method: Cross-sectional, retrospective, observational study with a follow-up of 45 patients underwent pancreatoduodenectomy in the Hospital Internacional de Colombia - Fundación Cardiovascular between January 2011 and March 2020 with histopathological diagnosis of periampullary tumor. Results: Were performed 75 pancreatoduodenectomies, 45 patients presented with Periampullary tumor, 44% being of pancreatic origin, followed by ampulla 40%, distal bile duct 8.8% and duodenal 6.6%. Most frequent postoperative complications were pancreatic fistula and delayed gastric emptying. Mortality was of 1 patient. Conclusión: Pancreatoduodenectomy is a procedure with a high morbidity rate. Thanks to technological advances, the diagnosis of periampullary pathology is increasingly accurate. The type of periampullary tumor may influence not only in its prognosis, but also in its post-surgical morbidity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy , Abdominal Neoplasms/surgery , Pancreatectomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/adverse effects
14.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(2): 195-198, jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389856

ABSTRACT

Resumen La amigdalectomía es uno de los procedimientos quirúrgicos más frecuentes que realiza el otorrinolaringólogo. Dentro de las complicaciones posoperatorias, la neuralgia del nervio glosofaríngeo es extremadamente poco frecuente. En este artículo se presentan dos casos clínicos pediátricos con neuralgia del glosofaríngeo posamigdalectomía que fueron resueltos con tratamiento médico.


Abstract Tonsillectomy is one of the most common procedures done by the otolaryngologist. Among post-operative complications, the glossopharyngeal neuralgia is extremely uncommon. This article presents two pediatric clinical cases with post-tonsillectomy glossopharyngeal neuralgia that were resolved with medical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Postoperative Complications , Tonsillectomy/adverse effects , Glossopharyngeal Nerve Diseases , Glossopharyngeal Nerve Diseases/diagnosis , Glossopharyngeal Nerve , Neuralgia
15.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 37(2): 233-238, abr.jun.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379875

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Com o surgimento do conceito de síndrome Pós-COVID-19, o RT PCR negativo, isoladamente, não deve representar a completa recuperação da doença. Nesse contexto, interroga-se: qual segurança de operar um paciente que já apresentou COVID-19? Relato de Caso: Paciente feminina, 36 anos, apresentou COVID-19, com sintomas leves, em dezembro de 2020. Já com resultado negativo de RT-PCR e assintomática, foi submetida a mamoplastia redutora, em janeiro de 2021, utilizando-se a técnica de pedículo inferior do tipo I de Liacyr Ribeiro, com ascensão do complexo areolopapilar (CAP) pela manobra de Letterman. No primeiro dia de pós-operatório, reabriu quadro gripal sintomático e o manteve durante todo o período pós-operatório. Apesar do tratamento satisfatório da necrose parcial de CAP direito, a paciente manteve sintomas respiratórios e sistêmicos sugestivos do retorno do quadro de COVID-19 em pós-operatório tardio. Discussão: Define-se síndrome Pós-COVID-19 como a persistência dos sintomas de COVID-19, por pelo menos 6 meses, após fase aguda da infecção. A fisiopatologia da síndrome não é completamente elucidada, todavia propõe-se relação com a síndrome de Ativação Mastocitária. No relato, ressaltamos a proximidade cronológica entre a infecção por SARS-CoV-2 e o retorno de sintomas respiratórios e sistêmicos sugestivos da síndrome Pós-COVID-19, assim como enfatizamos a necessidade de conhecer os possíveis sintomas e complicações desta síndrome, sobretudo no contexto de pós-operatório. Conclusão: É evidente a necessidade de análise pré-operatória minuciosa em pacientes com histórico clínico de infecção pelo COVID-19, uma vez que há maior risco de complicações pós-operatórias.


Introduction: As the concept of post-COVID-19 syndrome emerges, the negative result of an RT-PCR test is no longer enough to represent a patient's complete clinical recovery. In this context, a question arises: what are the risks of performing surgery on a patient whom COVID-19 has already infected? Case Report: Female patient, 36 years, infected by COVID-19 in December 2020, showing mild symptoms. Once asymptomatic and with a negative RT-PCR test, she was submitted to a breast reduction surgery, in January 2021, through the inferior pedicle technique by Liacyr Ribeiro and Nipple- Areolar Complex (NAC) ascension by Letterman maneuver. On the first postoperative day, the patient developed respiratory symptoms, which continued throughout the postoperative period. Despite the unsatisfactory treatment of partial necrosis of the right NAC, the patient maintained respiratory and systemic symptoms suggestive of the return of COVID-19 in the late postoperative period. Discussion: Post-COVID-19 syndrome is defined as the persistence of symptoms of COVID-19, for at least 6 months, after the acute phase of infection. The syndrome's pathophysiology is not completely elucidated; however, a relationship with the Mast Cell Activation Syndrome is proposed. In the report, we emphasize the chronological proximity between SARS-CoV-2 infection and the return of respiratory and systemic symptoms suggestive of post- COVID-19 syndrome and the need to know the possible symptoms and complications of this syndrome, especially in the context of postoperative. Conclusion: The need for a thorough preoperative analysis in patients with a clinical history of COVID-19 infection is evident since there is a greater risk of postoperative complications.

16.
Rev. mex. anestesiol ; 45(2): 82-86, abr.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395021

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: El Apgar quirúrgico (AQ) es un sistema de 10 puntos que valora tres variables intraoperatorias: frecuencia cardíaca más baja, presión arterial media más baja y sangrado. El AQ es un indicador de la mortalidad y morbilidad en el postoperatorio inmediato. Objetivo: Describir la incidencia del puntaje AQ en pacientes postoperados y con activación del código 77 en el Hospital Ángeles Pedregal. Material y métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo, de corte transversal que incluyó pacientes con indicación de activación del código 77 en su postoperatorio inmediato y traslado a Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, durante el período de enero a diciembre de 2015 en el Hospital Ángeles Pedregal. Resultados: Se contó con 58 pacientes de los cuales 68% obtuvieron un Apgar quirúrgico ≥ 7 puntos (estables) y 32% un Apgar quirúrgico 6 (inestables). La incidencia del Apgar quirúrgico 6 para el período de estudio fue de 12 casos por cada 100 personas intervenidas con una sensibilidad del 68%. Conclusiones: El AQ puede considerarse un criterio confiable para la activación del código 77 en aquellos pacientes con puntaje AQ ≤ 6 durante el postoperatorio inmediato, permitiendo un manejo oportuno de las complicaciones postquirúrgicas y la disminución de riesgo de morbimortalidad.


Abstract: Introduction: The surgical Apgar score (SAS) is a 10-point system that assesses three intraoperative variables: lower heart rate, lower mean arterial pressure, and bleeding. SAS is an indicator of mortality and morbidity in the immediate postoperative period. Objective: To describe the incidence of the SAS in postoperative patients with activation of code 77. Material and methods: Observational, transversal, retrospective and descriptive study, included patients with indication of activation of code 77 during their immediate postoperative time, and transferred to the Intensive Care Unit, during the period from January to December 2015. Results: 68% of the sample obtained a SAS greater than or equal to 7 points (stable patient), and 32% a SAS less than or equal to 6 (unstable). The incidence of SAS less than or equal to 6 points for the period of the study was about 12 cases per 100 persons intervened with a sensibility of 68%. Conclusions: SAS should be taken as another criteria for the activation of code 77 in those patients with a result lower than 6 points; during the immediate postoperative period, allowing a timely management of postoperative complications and a reduction on the risk of morbidity and mortality.

17.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(3): 434-447, junio 14, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378718

ABSTRACT

Introducción. En las últimas décadas, la terapia endovascular en aneurismas aórticos abdominales ha ganado un papel representativo en los escenarios quirúrgicos, lo que nos motivó a conocer los resultados de este procedimiento en nuestra población. Métodos. Estudio analítico retrospectivo en el cual se incluyeron los primeros 50 casos de aneurismas aórticos abdominales con terapia endovascular, en la ciudad de Manizales, Colombia, entre los años 2015 y 2021. Se describió la población estudiada, la relación de los antecedentes prequirúrgicos con las complicaciones posoperatorias, la estancia hospitalaria y la mortalidad. Resultados.La edad promedio fue de 73 años, el sexo predominante fue el femenino (72 %), el aneurisma fusiforme fue el tipo más frecuente (63,3 %), con un diámetro promedio de 70 mm (+/- 17,3 mm). En relación con los antecedentes, el más frecuente fue hipertensión arterial (86 %), encontrándose una asociación entre la presencia de enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica e hipertensión arterial con las complicaciones. Se encontró también relación entre el valor de creatinina con las complicaciones. Las complicaciones tempranas fueron de carácter leve en la mayoría de los casos (30,6 %), a diferencia de las tardías, que fueron principalmente graves (12,5 %), asociadas a una mortalidad del 10,2 % y una estancia hospitalaria promedio de 10,8 días (mediana de 5 días). Conclusiones. La población analizada tiene una alta carga de morbilidad, en la cual factores como los antecedentes médicos prequirúrgicos y la función renal, se asocian con una mayor morbilidad postquirúrgica y mortalidad.


Introduction. In recent decades, endovascular therapy in abdominal aortic aneurysms has gained a representative role in surgical scenarios, which motivated us to learn about the results of this procedure in our population. Methods. Retrospective analytical study, which included the first 50 cases of abdominal aortic aneurysms with endovascular therapy, in the city of Manizales, Colombia, between 2015 and 2021. The study population was described as the relationship between pre-surgical history and post-operative complications, hospital stay and mortality. Results. The average age was 73 years, the predominant sex was female (72%), the fusiform aneurysm was the most frequent type (63.3%), with an average diameter of 70 mm (± 17.3 mm). In relation to history, the most frequent was arterial hypertension (86%), finding an association between the presence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and arterial hypertension with complications. A relationship was also found between the creatinine value and complications. Early complications were mild in most cases (30.6%), unlike late complications, which were mainly serious (12.5%), associated with a mortality of 10.2% and a hospital stay average of 10.8 days (median of 5 days). Conclusions. The analyzed population has a high burden of morbidity, in which factors such as pre-surgical medical history and renal function are associated with greater post-surgical morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , Endovascular Procedures , Aorta, Abdominal , Postoperative Complications , Risk Factors , Mortality
18.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(5): 568-573, May 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376192

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to analyze and report on the complications that occurred in the cochlear implant surgeries performed at a large philanthropic teaching hospital located in a low-income area of Brazil. METHODS: A historical cohort study that analyzed surgical records of 432 patients of all age groups and both genders who received unilateral cochlear implant in a tertiary referral center that serves only Brazil's Public Health Care System patients, from February 2009 to December 2017. RESULTS: A total of 67 (15.5%) complications occurred in the cochlear implant surgeries, with 21 (5.4%) major complications. Minor complications occurred in 50 (12%) cases. The most frequent major complication was receiver-stimulator displacement (four cases). There were three cases of hardware failure. Only one case of meningitis and one case of facial nerve paralysis (grade VI in House-Brackmann scale) were found. Six patients needed to be explanted due to a major complication. The relative risk of major complications in the population aged 60 years and older was 4.41 (1.53-12.72; 95% confidence interval [CI]). CONCLUSIONS: Elderly patients suffered more complications than younger patients. receiver-stimulator displacement and dizziness were the most frequent complications (major and minor, respectively). The overall complication rates were comparable to those in the literature. Age as an isolated risk factor for complications in cochlear implant surgery is a path to be explored in future observations.

19.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(1): 25-30, maio 05,2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370544

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: determinar a incidência, os fatores associados e o impacto das complicações pulmonares no pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca pediátrica. Metodologia: estudo de coorte, prospectivo, que incluiu lactentes e crianças submetidas à cirurgia cardíaca em um hospital pediátrico, no período de novembro de 2016 a julho de 2019. Foram coletados dados dos prontuários referentes ao sexo, idade, presença de outras malformações associadas, tipo de cardiopatia, ocorrência de complicações pulmonares, tempo de ventilação mecânica (VM) e de internamento na unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI) e óbito. Resultados: a amostra foi constituída por 111 lactentes e crianças, mediana da idade de 13 meses (7-32 meses), 54,1% do sexo feminino. Quanto ao tipo de cardiopatia, 80,2% foram cianogênicas. As complicações pulmonares ocorreram em 44,1% dos casos, sendo a mais frequente a atelectasia. A mediana do tempo de VM foi 8 horas (1-48h) e 45 (40,5%) permaneceram na VM por mais de 24h. A mediana do tempo de internamento na UTI foi de 7 dias (4-12dias). Evoluíram a óbito 7 (14,3%) pacientes. Conclusão: a amostra investigada apresentou incidência elevada de complicações pulmonares no pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca


Objective: to determine the incidence, associated factors and impact of pulmonary complications in the postoperative period of pediatric cardiac surgery. Methodology: prospective cohort study, which included infants and children undergoing cardiac surgery in a pediatric hospital, from November 2016 to July 2019. Data were collected from medical records regarding sex, age, presence of other associated malformations, type of heart disease, occurrence of pulmonary complications, duration of mechanical ventilation (MV) and admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) stay and death. Results: the sample consisted of 111 infants and children, median age 13 months (7-32 months), 54.1% female. As for the type of heart disease, 80.2% were acyanotic. Pulmonary complications occurred in 44.1% of cases, with atelectasis being the most frequent. The median time on mechanical ventilation (MV) was 8 hours (1-48h) and 45 (40.5%) remained on MV for more than 24h. The median length of stay in the ICU was 7 days (4-12 days). 7 (14.3%) patients died. Conclusion: the investigated sample had a high incidence of pulmonary complications in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Thoracic Surgery , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Heart Defects, Congenital , Hospitals, Pediatric , Respiration, Artificial , Prospective Studies , Heart Diseases
20.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(287): 7678-7684, abr.2022. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1372592

ABSTRACT

RESUMO | Objetivo: Identificar preditores de complicação no pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca pediátrica. METODO: Estudo quantitativo que analisou retrospectivamente 88 prontuários de pacientes submetidos a procedimento cirúrgico no ano de 2018. Para analise dos dados foi aplicado o teste exato de Fisher e o modelo logístico univariado. Os resultados foram expressos pelo odds ratio (OR) com nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: observou-se idade média de 3,61 anos com predominância do sexo feminino. Complicações circulatórias, metabólicas, renais, respiratórias e cardiovasculares foram identificadas intra e pós-operatória. Foi identificada correlação estatística preditiva de complicações em: uso de diuréticos, hipertensão arterial, insuficiência de valva atrioventricular, hipertrofia de ventrículo direito, trissomia de cromossomo 21, leucócitos alterados nos pré-operatórios, sangramento intraoperatório, derrame pericárdico e alterações no ecocardiograma pós-operatório. CONCLUSÃO: Variáveis de condições clínicas, medicações em uso, defeitos congênitos e intercorrências intraoperatórias quando associados às complicações encontradas no pós-operatório de cirurgias cardiopediátricas mostram-se como preditivos de risco.


ABSTRACT | Objective: To identify predictors of complications in the postoperative period of pediatric cardiac surgery. METHOD: Quantitative study that retrospectively analyzed 88 medical records of patients undergoing surgical procedure in 2018. Fisher's exact test and the univariate logistic model were applied to analyze the data. The results were expressed by odds ratio (OR) with a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: A mean age of 3.61 years was observed, with a predominance of females. Circulatory, metabolic, renal, respiratory and cardiovascular complications were identified intra-and postoperatively. A predictive statistical correlation of complications was identified in: use of diuretics, hypertension, atrioventricular valve insufficiency, right ventricular hypertrophy, trisomy 21, altered WBCs preoperatively, intraoperative bleeding, pericardial effusion and postoperative echocardiogram changes. CONCLUSION: Variables of clinical conditions, medications in use, congenital defects and intraoperative complications when associated with complications found in the postoperative period of cardiopediatric surgeries are shown to be predictive of risk.


RESUMEN | Objetivo: Identificar los predictores de complicaciones en el postoperatorio de la cirugía cardiaca pediátrica. MÉTODO: Estudio cuantitativo retrospectivo de 88 historias clínicas de pacientes operados en 2018. Se aplicó la prueba exacta de Fisher y el modelo logístico univariante. Los resultados se expresaron mediante odds ratio (OR) con una significación del 5%. RESULTADOS: La edad media era de 3,61 años con mayoría de mujeres. Se indentificaron complicaciones circulatorias, metabólicas, renales, respiratorias y cardiovasculares intra y postoperatorias. Se identificó una correlación estadística predictiva de complicaciones en: el uso de diuréticos, la hipertensión arterial, la insuficiencia valvular auriculoventricular, la hipertrofia ventricular derecha, la trisomía 21, la alteración de los leucocitos preoperatorios, la hemorragia intraoperatoria, el derrame pericárdico y las alteraciones en el ecocardiograma postoperatorio. CONCLUSIÓN: Las variables del estado clínico, los medicamentos en uso, los defectos congénitos y las complicaciones intraoperatorias cuando se asocian a las complicaciones encontradas en el postoperatorio de las cirurgías cardiopediátricas se muestran como predictoras de riesgo.


Subject(s)
Postoperative Complications , Thoracic Surgery , Heart Defects, Congenital , Intensive Care Units , Nursing Care
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