Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 4.200
Filter
1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(1): e202310061, feb. 2024. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | BINACIS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1525854

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Wiskott-Aldrich es un error innato de la inmunidad de herencia ligada al cromosoma X, producido por variantes en el gen que codifica la proteína del síndrome de Wiskott-Aldrich (WASp). Reportamos el caso clínico de un paciente de 18 meses con diagnóstico de Wiskott-Aldrich que no presentaba donante antígeno leucocitario humano (HLA) idéntico y recibió un trasplante de células progenitoras hematopoyéticas (TCPH) con donante familiar haploidéntico. La profilaxis para enfermedad de injerto contra huésped incluyó ciclofosfamida (PT-Cy). El quimerismo del día +30 fue 100 % del donante y la evaluación postrasplante de la expresión de la proteína WAS fue normal. Actualmente, a 32 meses del trasplante, presenta reconstitución hematológica e inmunológica y quimerismo completo sin evidencia de enfermedad injerto contra huésped. El TCPH haploidéntico con PT-Cy se mostró factible y seguro en este caso de síndrome de WiskottAldrich en el que no se disponía de un donante HLA idéntico.


Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is an X-linked genetic disorder caused by mutations in the gene that encodes the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASp). Here, we report the clinical case of an 18-month-old boy diagnosed with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, who did not have an HLA-matched related or unrelated donor and was treated successfully with a hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) from a haploidentical family donor. Graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) prophylaxis included post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy). At day +30, the peripheral blood-nucleated cell chimerism was 100% and the WAS protein had a normal expression. Currently, at month 32 post-transplant, the patient has hematological and immune reconstitution and complete donor chimerism without evidence of GvHD. HSCT with PT-Cy was a feasible and safe option for this patient with WAS, in which an HLA matched donor was not available.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome/diagnosis , Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome/genetics , Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome/therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Graft vs Host Disease/etiology , Bone Marrow Transplantation/adverse effects , Cyclophosphamide
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253061, 2024. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364520

ABSTRACT

Liver fibrosis is initial stage of any chronic liver disease and its end stage is develops into cirrhosis. Chronic liver diseases are a crucial global health issue and the cause of approximately 2 million deaths per year worldwide. Cirrhosis is currently the 11th most common cause of death globally. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSCs) treatment is the best way to treat acute and chronic liver disease. The aim of this study is to improve the therapeutic potential of MSCs combined with melatonin (MLT) to overcome CCl4-induced liver fibrosis and also investigate the individual impact of melatonin and MSCs against CCl4-induced liver impairment in animal model. Female BALB/c mice were used as CCL4-induced liver fibrotic animal model. Five groups of animal model were made; negative control, Positive control, CCl4+MSCs treated group, CCl4+MLT treated group and CCl4+MSCs+MLT treated group. Cultured MSCs from mice bone marrow were transplanted to CCl4-induced liver injured mice model, individually as well as together with melatonin. Two weeks after MSCs and MLT administration, all groups of mice were sacrificed for examination. Morphological and Histopathological results showed that combined therapy of MSCs+MLT showed substantial beneficial impact on CCl4-induced liver injured model, compared with MSCs and MLT individually. Biochemically, considerable reduction was observed in serum bilirubin and ALT levels of MLT+MSC treated mice, compared to other groups. PCR results shown down-regulation of Bax and up-regulation of Bcl-xl and Albumin, confirm a significant therapeutic effect of MSCs+MLT on CCI4-induced liver fibrosis. From the results, it is concluded that combined therapy of MSCs and MLT show strong therapeutic effect on CCL4-induced liver fibrosis, compared with MSCs and MLT individually.


A fibrose hepática é a fase inicial de qualquer doença hepática crônica, e em sua fase final desenvolve-se para cirrose. As doenças hepáticas crônicas são uma questão de saúde global crucial e a causa de aproximadamente 2 milhões de mortes por ano em todo o mundo. A cirrose, hoje em dia, é a 11ª causa mais comum de morte globalmente. O tratamento da célula-tronco mesenquimal (MSCs) é uma maneira eletiva de tratar a doença hepática aguda e crônica. O objetivo deste estudo é melhorar o potencial terapêutico dos MSCs combinados com a melatonina (MLT) para superar a fibrose hepática induzida por CCl4 e também investigar o impacto individual da melatonina e MSCs contra o comprometimento do fígado induzido por CCl4 no modelo animal. Os ratos BALB / C fêmeas foram usados ​​como modelo de animal fibrótico de fígado induzido por CCl4. Cinco grupos de modelo animal foram feitos: Controle Negativo, Controle Positivo, CCl4 + MSCs Tratados Grupo, Grupo Tratado CCl4 + MLT e Grupo Tratado CCl4 + MSCs + MLT. MSCs cultivados da medula óssea dos ratos foram transplantados para o modelo de camundongos de fígado induzido por CCl4, individualmente, bem como em conjunto com a melatonina. Duas semanas após a administração MSCs e MLT, todos os grupos de camundongos foram sacrificados para o exame. Os resultados morfológicos e histopatológicos mostraram que a terapia combinada do MSCs + MLT mostrou impacto benéfico substancial no modelo ferido no fígado induzido pelo CCl4, em comparação com o MSCs e o MLT individualmente. A redução bioquimicamente considerável foi observada em bilirrubina sérica e níveis ALT de ratinhos tratados com MLT + MSCs, em comparação com outros grupos. Os resultados de PCR mostraram regulação negativa do BAX e regulação positiva do BCL-XL e da albumina, confirmando um efeito terapêutico significativo do MSCs + MLT na fibrose hepática induzida por CCl4. Dos resultados, conclui-se que a terapia combinada de MSCs e MLT mostram um forte efeito terapêutico na fibrose hepática induzida por CCl4, em comparação com MSCs e MLT individualmente.


Subject(s)
Rats , Stem Cells , Fibrosis , Liver , Liver Diseases , Melatonin
3.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 43-48, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007227

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation of Wnt5a expression and vasculogenic mimicry (VM) in prostate cancer tissues, and analyze their relationships with cancer stem cells (CSCs) characteristics and epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT). Methods Immunohistochemistry was conducted to detect the expression of Wnt5a in 50 prostate cancer tissues and 50 benign prostatic hyperplasia tissues. The expression levels of CD133, vimentin, and E-cadherin were detected in the prostate cancer tissues, and CD34/PAS double staining was used to detect VM structures. We analyzed the difference in Wnt5a level between prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia tissues, the clinical significance of Wnt5a and VM, the relationship of Wnt5a expression and VM, and the relationships of Wnt5a expression and VM with CD133, Vimentin, E-cadherin. Results The expression of Wnt5a was significantly higher in prostate cancer tissues than in benign prostatic hyperplasia (P < 0.05). A positive correlation was observed between Wnt5a expression and VM (P < 0.05). The expression levels of Wnt5a and VM were positively correlated with those of CD133 and vimentin (P < 0.05). Wnt5a expression and VM were positively correlated with Gleason score, vas deferens invasion and lymphatic metastasis (P < 0.05) of prostate cancer, and VM was also positively correlated with T stage of prostate cancer (P < 0.05). Conclusion The expression level of Wnt5a in prostate cancer tissues is elevated and positively related with VM formation. Wnt5a expression and VM are correlated with cancer stem cells characteristics and the expression of epithelial–mesenchymal transition marker proteins.

4.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 30-35, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006914

ABSTRACT

Renal light chain amyloidosis (AL amyloidosis) had poor prognosis before the 21st century. However, the treatment of AL amyloidosis has made great progress in the last decade. We reviewed traditional treatments of AL amyloidosis such as alkylating agents, proteasome inhibitors, and recent advances such as monoclonal antibodies. Bortezomib improved the hematological response and survival effectively of the patients, and the combination of Daratumumab brings faster and deeper hematological response, increasing the response rate of target organs such as the kidneys and heart. The renal response was significant higher in the patients with the therapy of Daratumumab, part of them could achieve very good partial response or better renal response. Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(auto-HSCT)improves hematological as well as organ response, and could be the first choice among eligible patients. Kidney transplantation is a feasible option for those with good hematological response.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 24-28, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006420

ABSTRACT

Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (HSOS), also known as hepatic veno-occlusive disease, is hepatic vascular disease of hepatic sinusoidal obstruction and hepatic venular occlusion and fibrosis due to various causes. This article systematically elaborates on the research advances in HSOS from the aspects of understanding and naming, etiology and pathogenesis, clinical manifestation, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, prevention, and treatment. HSOS can occur in patients receiving bone marrow hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, radiotherapy/chemotherapy, and medication containing pyrrolidine alkaloids, and the common clinical manifestations of HSOS include abdominal distension, distending pain in the liver area, ascites, jaundice, and hepatomegaly. The diagnostic criteria for HSOS vary with etiology, and it needs to be differentiated from other diseases such as drug-induced liver diseases and hepatic venous outflow tract obstruction. Defibrotide and low-molecular-weight heparin have a therapeutic effect on HSOS associated with hematopoietic stem cells and pyrrolidine alkaloids, respectively, and there are currently no effective drugs for HSOS caused by oxaliplatin chemotherapy.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 160-165, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006172

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the improvement effects of Runchang granules on the constipation in mice and its potential mechanism. METHODS The mice were randomly divided into normal control group, model group, Runchang granules low-dose and high-dose groups (5, 10 g/kg), mosapride group (0.003 g/kg, positive control), with 6 mice in each group. The latter 4 groups were given loperamide intragastrically (0.004 g/kg), twice a day, for 3 consecutive days. Normal control group and model group were given purified water intragastrically, and administration groups were given relevant medicine intragastrically for 7 consecutive days. After the last medication, fecal moisture content and intestinal motility of mice were determined, while the structures of colon and ileum, and the secretion of colonic mucus were observed. Protein expressions of tyrosine kinase receptor (c-kit), mucin 2 (MUC2) and stem cell factor (SCF) were determined in colon; meanwhile, the mRNA expression levels of inflammatory factors [tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-1β, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)] as well as factors related to promoting intestinal motility [neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase (smMLCK), 5-hydroxytryptamine 4 receptor (5-HT4R), MUC2, SCF, c-kit] were determined. RESULTS Compared with model group, the fecal water content, intestinal propulsion rate, protein expression of c-kit in colon, relative expressions of MUC2 and SCF protein, and mRNA expressions of factors related to promoting intestinal motility (except for nNOS and SCF in Runchang granules low-dose group) were all increased significantly in Runchang granules low-dose and high-dose groups, and mosapride group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). mRNA expression levels of inflammatory factors were decreased significantly(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Both colon and ileum injuries improved, and the secretion of colon mucus was increased significantly in Runchang granules high-dose group (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS Runchang granules have laxative effect and can improve constipation in mice, and its mechanism may be related to the promotion of the secretion of colon mucus and MUC2 expression, and the activation of SCF/c-kit signaling pathway.

7.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 55-62, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005234

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the isolation and culture of porcine bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) with α-1, 3-galactosyltransferase (GGTA1) gene knockout (GTKO), GTKO/ human CD46 (hCD46) insertion and cytidine monopho-N-acetylneuraminic acid hydroxylase (CMAH)/GGTA1 gene knockout (Neu5GC/Gal), and the protective effect of co-culture with porcine islets on islet cells. Methods Bone marrow was extracted from different transgenic pigs modified with GTKO, GTKO/hCD46 and Neu5GC/Gal. Porcine BMSC were isolated by the whole bone marrow adherent method and then cultured. The morphology of BMSC was observed and the surface markers of BMSC were identified by flow cytometry. Meantime, the multi-directional differentiation induced by BMSC was observed, and the labeling and tracing of BMSC were realized by green fluorescent protein (GFP) transfection. The porcine BMSC transfected with GFP were co-cultured with porcine islet cells. Morphological changes of porcine islet cells were observed, and compared with those in the porcine islet cell alone culture group. Results BMSC derived from pigs were spindle-shaped in vitro, expressing biomarkers of CD29, CD44, CD73, CD90, CD105 and CD166 rather than CD34 and CD45. These cells were able to differentiate into adipocytes, osteoblasts and chondrocytes. Porcine BMSC with GFP transfection could be labeled and traced, which could be stably expressed in the daughter cells after cell division. Porcine BMSC exerted certain protective effect on islet cells. Conclusions GFP-labeled porcine BMSC modified with GTKO, GTKO/hCD46 and Neu5GC/Gal are successfully established, which exert certain protective effect upon islet cells.

8.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 40-45, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005232

ABSTRACT

Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is an extremely complicated pathophysiological process, which may occur during the process of myocardial infarction, stroke, organ transplantation and temporary interruption of blood flow during surgery, etc. As key molecules of immune system, macrophages play a vital role in the pathogenesis of IRI. M1 macrophages are pro-inflammatory cells and participate in the elimination of pathogens. M2 macrophages exert anti-inflammatory effect and participate in tissue repair and remodeling and extracellular matrix remodeling. The balance between macrophage phenotypes is of significance for the outcome and treatment of IRI. This article reviewed the role of macrophages in IRI, including the balance between M1/M2 macrophage phenotype, the mechanism of infiltration and recruitment into different ischemic tissues. In addition, the potential therapeutic strategies of targeting macrophages during IRI were also discussed, aiming to provide reference for alleviating IRI and promoting tissue repair.

9.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 19-25, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005229

ABSTRACT

Renal allograft fibrosis is one of the common and severe complications after kidney transplantation, which seriously affects the function and survival rate of renal allograft, and may even lead to organ failure and patient death. At present, the researches on renal allograft fibrosis are highly complicated, including immunity, ischemia-reperfusion injury, infection and drug toxicity, etc. The diagnosis and treatment of renal allograft fibrosis remain extremely challenging. In this article, the latest research progress was reviewed and the causes, novel diagnosis and treatment strategies for renal allograft fibrosis were investigated. By improving diagnostic accuracy and optimizing treatment regimen, it is expected to enhance clinical prognosis of kidney transplant recipients, aiming to provide reference for clinicians to deliver proper management for kidney transplant recipients.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 743-750, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016631

ABSTRACT

Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) have been widely used in regenerative medicine, but there is limited research on the stability of UC-MSCs formulation during production. This study aims to assess the stability of the cell stock solution and intermediate product throughout the production process, as well as the final product following reconstitution, in order to offer guidance for the manufacturing process and serve as a reference for formulation reconstitution methods. Three batches of cell formulation were produced and stored under low temperature (2-8 ℃) and room temperature (20-26 ℃) during cell stock solution and intermediate product stages. The storage time intervals for cell stock solution were 0, 2, 4, and 6 h, while for intermediate products, the intervals were 0, 1, 2, and 3 h. The evaluation items included visual inspection, viable cell concentration, cell viability, cell surface markers, lymphocyte proliferation inhibition rate, and sterility. Additionally, dilution and culture stability studies were performed after reconstitution of the cell product. The reconstitution diluents included 0.9% sodium chloride injection, 0.9% sodium chloride injection + 1% human serum albumin, and 0.9% sodium chloride injection + 2% human serum albumin, with dilution ratios of 10-fold and 40-fold. The storage time intervals after dilution were 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 h. The reconstitution culture media included DMEM medium, DMEM + 2% platelet lysate, 0.9% sodium chloride injection, and 0.9% sodium chloride injection + 1% human serum albumin, and the culture duration was 24 h. The evaluation items were viable cell concentration and cell viability. The results showed that the cell stock solution remained stable for up to 6 h under both low temperature (2-8 ℃) and room temperature (20-26 ℃) conditions, while the intermediate product remained stable for up to 3 h under the same conditions. After formulation reconstitution, using sodium chloride injection diluted with 1% or 2% human serum albumin maintained a viability of over 80% within 4 h. It was observed that different dilution factors had an impact on cell viability. After formulation reconstitution, cultivation in medium with 2% platelet lysate resulted in a cell viability of over 80% after 24 h. In conclusion, the stability of cell stock solution within 6 h and intermediate product within 3 h meets the requirements. The addition of 1% or 2% human serum albumin in the reconstitution diluent can better protect the post-reconstitution cell viability.

11.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 330-340, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016555

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the osteogenic properties of a methacrylated gelatin (GelMA) / bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) composite hydrogel applied to the skull defect area of rats and to provide an experimental basis for the development of bone regeneration biomaterials.@*Methods@#This study was approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Nanjing University. A novel photocurable composite biohydrogel was developed by constructing photoinitiators [lthium phenyl (2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl) phosphinate, LAP], GelMA, and BMSCs. The surface morphology and elemental composition of the gel were examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). The compressive strength of the gel was evaluated using an electronic universal testing machine. After in vitro culture for 1, 2, and 5 days, the proliferation of the BMSCs in the hydrogels was assessed using a CCK-8 assay, and their survival and morphology were examined through confocal microscopy. A 5 mm critical bone deficiency model was generated in a rat skull. The group receiving composite hydrogel treatment was referred to as the GelMA/BMSCs group, whereas the untreated group served as the control group. At the 4th and 8th weeks, micro-CT scans were taken to measure the bone defect area and new bone index, while at the 8th week, skull samples from the defect area were subjected to H&E staining, van Gieson staining, and Goldner staining to evaluate the quality of bone regeneration and new bone formation.@*Results@#SEM observed that the solidified GelMA showed a 3D spongy gel network with uniform morphology, the porosity of GelMA was 73.41% and the pore size of GelMA was (28.75 ± 7.13) μm. EDX results showed that C and O were evenly distributed in the network macroporous structure of hydrogel. The hydrogel compression strength was 152 kPa. On the 5th day of GelMA/BMSCs culture, the cellular morphology transitioned from oval to spindle shaped under microscopic observation, accompanied by a significant increase in cell proliferation (159.4%, as determined by the CCK-8 assay). At 4 weeks after surgery, a 3D reconstructed micro-CT image revealed a minimal reduction in bone defect size within the control group and abundant new bone formation in the GelMA/BMSCs group. At 8 weeks after surgery, no significant changes were observed in the control group's bone defect area, with only limited evidence of new bone growth; however, substantial healing of skull defects was evident in the GelMA/BMSCs group. Quantitative analysis at both the 4- and 8-week examinations indicated significant improvements in the new bone volume (BV), new bone volume/total bone volume (BV/TV), bone surface (BS), and bone surface/total bone volume (BS/TV) in the GelMA/BMSCs group compared to those in the control group (P<0.05). Histological staining showed continuous and dense formation of bone tissue within the defects in the GelMA/BMSCs group and only sporadic formation of new bone, primarily consisting of fibrous connective tissue, at the defect edge in the control group.@*Conclusion@#Photocuring hydrogel-based stem cell therapy exhibits favorable biosafety profiles and has potential for clinical application by inducing new bone formation and promoting maturation within rat skull defects.

12.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 152-156, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016435

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the risk factors for survival in patients with hematological malignancies after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), to establish a risk prediction and survival prediction model, and to provide a reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment. Methods A total of 237 patients with malignant hematological diseases who underwent HSCT at West China Hospital of Sichuan University from January 2017 to April 2019 were selected as the study subjects. The survival of all patients after HSCT was statistically analyzed. The influencing factors of survival were analyzed by multivariate regression analysis, and the prediction model was constructed. Results A total of 237 patients with hematological malignancies were included in this study. After 3 years of follow-up, 85 patients died, with a mortality rate of 35.86%. Multivariate logistic analysis showed that diabetes mellitus (OR=4.358, P=0.007), infection (OR=3.522, P=0.000), neutropenia time >7d (OR=2.734, P=0.009), incomplete HLA matching (OR=5.688, P=0.000), cGVHD (OR=2.593, P=0.007) and HCT-CI (OR=6.701, P=0.000) were independent risk factors affecting the survival of patients with hematological malignancies after HSCT (P(3.192 + 01.259 + 1.472 ×(diabetes mellitus) + 1.259×(infection) + 1.006 ×(neutropenia time) + 1.738 ×(HLA matching) + 0.953 ×(cGVHD) + 1.902 ×(HCT-CI)), Hosmer-Lemeshow χ2=6.692, P=0.462. AUC and 95%CI of the model for predicting survival were 0.836 and 0.783-0.888, showing good fit and predictive efficiency. Conclusion Diabetes mellitus, infection, neutropenia time >7d, incomplete HLA matching, cGVHD and HCT-CI are all high-risk factors of survival in patients with malignant hematologic disease after HSCT. Clinically, attentions should be paid to these patients and intervention measures should be taken to improve their survival after HSCT.

13.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 67-72, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015149

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect and mechanism of Chir99021 on osteogenic differentiation of rat dental pulp stem cells. Methods Primary rat dental pulp stem cells were isolated from rat dental pulp and verified by fluorescence immunoassay. Different concentrations of Chir99021 were set, and the cell proliferation was detected by CCK⁃8 to select the optimal concentration. Osteogenic differentiation was detected by alizarin red staining. The expression of osteogenic differentiation related genes and proteins recombinant wingless type MMTV integration site famity member 1 (Wnt1), Wnt3a and Wnt3a β⁃expression of catenin, axis inhibition protein 2(Axin 2), dentin sialophosphoprotein(OCN) and dentin matrix acidic phosphoprotein 1(DMP1) was detected by Real⁃time PCR and Western blotting. Results The positive expression of dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) and vimentin indicated that rat dental pulp stem cells were successfully isolated. After osteogenic induction of rat dental pulp stem cells, calcium deposits significantly increased with the addition of glycogen synthase kinase⁃3β(GSK⁃3β) inhibitor Chir99021, calcium deposits were significanted reduced. After osteogenic differentiation of rat dental pulp stem cells, the expression of Wnt1, Wnt3a, β⁃catenin, Axin2, OCN and DMP1 increased, while the expression of Wnt1, Axin2, OCN and DMP1 decreased with the addition of Chir99021. Conclusion Chir99021 can inhibit the osteogenic differentiation of rat dental pulp stem cells after 7 days of induction.

14.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 19-25, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012843

ABSTRACT

Stem cell clinical research is a hot frontier research. The ethical review of stem cell clinical research is full of challenges. Currently, clinical researches lack specific operational guidelines. Considered the related laws and regulations, and the operability of practical work, experts from the field of stem cells, such as law, ethics and management, will form a consensus on the basis of full discussion and continuous revision. It will provide reference for the operation of the ethics committee of corresponding institutions, and lay a certain foundation for the establishment of national expert consensus in the future, so as to promote the effective guidance of ethical review practice and quality evaluation of stem cell research.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 21-27, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012765

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effects of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) for radiation-induced lung injury (RILI) and the underlying mechanism. Methods Forty-five healthy adult male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control, model, and BMSCs groups. The model and BMSCs groups received a single irradiation dose of 20 Gy to the chest, while the control group did not receive X-ray irradiation. For the BMSCs group, an injection of 1 × 106 BMSCs cells was administered via the tail vein within 6 h after irradiation. In the 5th week, the lung tissue was taken to observe pathological changes with HE staining; examine the expression of the inflammatory factors interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) with immunohistochemical staining; observe the polarization of macrophages with immunofluorescence staining; and measure the expression of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition markers E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and vimentin proteins by Western blot. Results After radiation, the model group developed pulmonary vasodilation and congestion with septal thickening and inflammatory cell infiltration, and these changes were markedly reduced in the BMSCs group. The model group showed significantly down-regulated expression of IL-6 and TNF-α compared with significantly increased levels in the model group (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). Treatment with BMSCs significantly increased the polarization of lung macrophages towards the M2 type, while significantly decreasing the abnormally increased N-cadherin and vimentin levels in RILI mice (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Conclusion BMSCs have therapeutic effects for RILI mice, which may be through promoting macrophage polarization from M1 to M2.

16.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 214-219, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012491

ABSTRACT

Islet transplantation is considered as one of the most effective approach for type 1 diabetes mellitus, although its efficacy is limited by several factors. Anoxia, stress and rejection occurring during the isolation, culturing and transplantation of islets may have impact on the outcome of the islet transplantation. Due to the biological properties such as anti-inflammation, angiogenetic promotion and immune regulation, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are all the way focused by researchers. Additionally, exosome, a derivative of MSC, also plays an import role in regulating anoxia-induced oxidative stress modulation, angiogenetic promotion, and immune regulation. MSC-based islet transplantation may be a useful therapeutic tool in treating type 1 diabetes. Therefore, in this review, the potential effect of MSC prior and posterior to the operation of the islet transplantation, its clinical application as well as its limitations were reviewed, aiming to offer insights into the future application of islet transplantation in treating type 1 diabetes.

17.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 113-126, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010674

ABSTRACT

Hearing loss has become increasingly prevalent and causes considerable disability, thus gravely burdening the global economy. Irreversible loss of hair cells is a main cause of sensorineural hearing loss, and currently, the only relatively effective clinical treatments are limited to digital hearing equipment like cochlear implants and hearing aids, but these are of limited benefit in patients. It is therefore urgent to understand the mechanisms of damage repair in order to develop new neuroprotective strategies. At present, how to promote the regeneration of functional hair cells is a key scientific question in the field of hearing research. Multiple signaling pathways and transcriptional factors trigger the activation of hair cell progenitors and ensure the maturation of newborn hair cells, and in this article, we first review the principal mechanisms underlying hair cell reproduction. We then further discuss therapeutic strategies involving the co-regulation of multiple signaling pathways in order to induce effective functional hair cell regeneration after degeneration, and we summarize current achievements in hair cell regeneration. Lastly, we discuss potential future approaches, such as small molecule drugs and gene therapy, which might be applied for regenerating functional hair cells in the clinic.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Humans , Hair Cells, Auditory, Inner/physiology , Ear, Inner/physiology , Hair Cells, Auditory/physiology , Regeneration/genetics , Stem Cells
18.
Braz. j. biol ; 842024.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1469398

ABSTRACT

Abstract Liver fibrosis is initial stage of any chronic liver disease and its end stage is develops into cirrhosis. Chronic liver diseases are a crucial global health issue and the cause of approximately 2 million deaths per year worldwide. Cirrhosis is currently the 11th most common cause of death globally. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSCs) treatment is the best way to treat acute and chronic liver disease. The aim of this study is to improve the therapeutic potential of MSCs combined with melatonin (MLT) to overcome CCl4-induced liver fibrosis and also investigate the individual impact of melatonin and MSCs against CCl4-induced liver impairment in animal model. Female BALB/c mice were used as CCL4-induced liver fibrotic animal model. Five groups of animal model were made; negative control, Positive control, CCl4+MSCs treated group, CCl4+MLT treated group and CCl4+MSCs+MLT treated group. Cultured MSCs from mice bone marrow were transplanted to CCl4-induced liver injured mice model, individually as well as together with melatonin. Two weeks after MSCs and MLT administration, all groups of mice were sacrificed for examination. Morphological and Histopathological results showed that combined therapy of MSCs+MLT showed substantial beneficial impact on CCl4-induced liver injured model, compared with MSCs and MLT individually. Biochemically, considerable reduction was observed in serum bilirubin and ALT levels of MLT+MSC treated mice, compared to other groups. PCR results shown down-regulation of Bax and up-regulation of Bcl-xl and Albumin, confirm a significant therapeutic effect of MSCs+MLT on CCI4-induced liver fibrosis. From the results, it is concluded that combined therapy of MSCs and MLT show strong therapeutic effect on CCL4-induced liver fibrosis, compared with MSCs and MLT individually.


Resumo A fibrose hepática é a fase inicial de qualquer doença hepática crônica, e em sua fase final desenvolve-se para cirrose. As doenças hepáticas crônicas são uma questão de saúde global crucial e a causa de aproximadamente 2 milhões de mortes por ano em todo o mundo. A cirrose, hoje em dia, é a 11ª causa mais comum de morte globalmente. O tratamento da célula-tronco mesenquimal (MSCs) é uma maneira eletiva de tratar a doença hepática aguda e crônica. O objetivo deste estudo é melhorar o potencial terapêutico dos MSCs combinados com a melatonina (MLT) para superar a fibrose hepática induzida por CCl4 e também investigar o impacto individual da melatonina e MSCs contra o comprometimento do fígado induzido por CCl4 no modelo animal. Os ratos BALB / C fêmeas foram usados como modelo de animal fibrótico de fígado induzido por CCl4. Cinco grupos de modelo animal foram feitos: Controle Negativo, Controle Positivo, CCl4 + MSCs Tratados Grupo, Grupo Tratado CCl4 + MLT e Grupo Tratado CCl4 + MSCs + MLT. MSCs cultivados da medula óssea dos ratos foram transplantados para o modelo de camundongos de fígado induzido por CCl4, individualmente, bem como em conjunto com a melatonina. Duas semanas após a administração MSCs e MLT, todos os grupos de camundongos foram sacrificados para o exame. Os resultados morfológicos e histopatológicos mostraram que a terapia combinada do MSCs + MLT mostrou impacto benéfico substancial no modelo ferido no fígado induzido pelo CCl4, em comparação com o MSCs e o MLT individualmente. A redução bioquimicamente considerável foi observada em bilirrubina sérica e níveis ALT de ratinhos tratados com MLT + MSCs, em comparação com outros grupos. Os resultados de PCR mostraram regulação negativa do BAX e regulação positiva do BCL-XL e da albumina, confirmando um efeito terapêutico significativo do MSCs + MLT na fibrose hepática induzida por CCl4. Dos resultados, conclui-se que a terapia combinada de MSCs e MLT mostram um forte efeito terapêutico na fibrose hepática induzida por CCl4, em comparação com MSCs e MLT individualmente.

19.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535304

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality among hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HCT) recipients. In Brazil, its occurrence in HCT recipients remains undetermined. We now report on HCV prevalence in HCT recipients and its clinical consequences. The medical records of all HCT recipients seen at Hospital das Clinicas, Sao Paulo University Medical School, from January 2010 to January 2020 were reviewed to determine HCV serostatus. A retrospective analysis of medical charts was undertaken on all seropositive cases to determine HCV genotype, presence of liver fibrosis, co-infections with other viruses, previous treatments, and clinical evolution of liver pathology after HCT. Of the 1,293 HCT recipients included in the study, seven (0.54%) were HCV antibody-positive and five (0.39%) were also viremic for HCV-RNA. Four of these individuals had moderate to severe liver fibrosis (METAVIR F2/F3) and one was cirrhotic. Two of the viremic patients developed acute liver dysfunction following transplantation. All patients had their acute episode of liver dysfunction resolved with no further complications. Four of the viremic patients were treated for HCV infection with direct acting agents (DAA). Information regarding HCV treatment was lacking for one of the viremic HCV patients due to loss of follow up. Sustained anti-virologic responses were observed in three cases after the use of DAA. The detection of HCV in hematological adults undergoing HCT and its successful treatment with DAA highlight the necessity of testing for HCV both prior to and following transplantation.

20.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550673

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients are at -increased risk for severe COVID-19. The aim of this study was to evaluate the burden of COVID-19 in a cohort of HSCT recipients. This retrospective study evaluated a cohort of adult hospitalized HSCT recipients diagnosed with COVID-19 in two large hospitals in São Paulo, Brazil post-HSCT, from January 2020 to June 2022. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Of 49 cases, 63.2% were male with a median age of 47 years. Allogeneic-HSCT (51.2%) and autologous-HSCT (48.9%) patients were included. The median time from HSCT to COVID-19 diagnosis was 398 days (IQR: 1211-134), with 22 (44.8%) cases occurring within 12 months of transplantation. Most cases occurred during the first year of the pandemic, in non-vaccinated patients (n=35; 71.4%). Most patients developed severe (24.4%) or critical (40.8%) disease; 67.3% received some medication for COVID-19, primarily corticosteroids (53.0%). The probable invasive aspergillosis prevalence was 10.2%. All-cause mortality was 40.8%, 51.4% in non-vaccinated patients and 14.2% in patients who received at least one dose of the vaccine. In the multiple regression analyses, the variables mechanical ventilation (OR: 101.01; 95% CI: 8.205 - 1,242.93; p = 0.003) and chest CT involvement at diagnosis ≥50% (OR: 26.61; 95% CI: 1.06 - 664.26; p = 0.04) remained associated with all-cause mortality. Thus, HSCT recipients with COVID-19 experienced high mortality, highlighting the need for full vaccination and infection prevention measures.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL