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1.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 62(4)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550845

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La colocación de sondas pleurales es un procedimiento quirúrgico frecuente que puede tener graves complicaciones, las cuales dependen en la mayoría de los casos de la experiencia del operador, el tamaño del tubo y el uso de imágenes para guiar la inserción. Objetivo: Describir las principales lesiones esplácnicas provocadas durante la inserción de sondas pleurales y presentar algoritmos para el diagnóstico precoz y el tratamiento oportuno de estas iatrogenias. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión descriptiva narrativa durante el primer trimestre del año 2023. Se utilizaron las bases de datos electrónicas PubMed, LILACS, EBSCO y Cochrane. Se revisaron artículos publicados desde 1984 hasta el 2022. Se procuró que la mayoría de la información se enmarcara en un período no mayor de 10 años de antigüedad. Desarrollo: De las lesiones esplácnicas de la cavidad torácica, la de pulmón es la más frecuente y puede conducir a sangrado o fuga aérea persistente. Las lesiones vasculares son graves y pueden provocar la muerte si no se toman las medidas pertinentes. Se han descrito lesiones de órganos huecos de la cavidad abdominal que suelen ser parte de una hernia diafragmática. Dentro de las lesiones esplácnicas en el abdomen más frecuentes están la hepática y la esplénica. Conclusiones: Estas lesiones son prevenibles y se debe tener en cuenta su mecanismo de producción para evitarlas. Para este fin recomendamos una selección cuidadosa del sitio de inserción, realizar una confirmación adecuada de la posición de la sonda, manipularla cuidadosamente y monitorear constantemente al paciente(AU)


Introduction: Chest tube insertion is a frequent surgical procedure that can have serious complications, which depend mostly on the practitioner's experience, the tube's size and the use of imaging to guide the insertion. Objective: To describe the main splanchnic injuries caused during chest tube insertion, as well as to present algorithms for early diagnosis and timely treatment of these types of iatrogeny. Methods: A descriptive narrative review was performed during the first quarter of the year 2023. The electronic databases PubMed, LILACS, EBSCO and Cochrane were used. Articles published from 1984 to 2022 were reviewed. Most of the information was secured to be framed within a period of no more than 10 years. Development: Among the splanchnic injuries within the thoracic cavity, lung injury is the most frequent and may lead to bleeding or persistent air leak. Vascular injuries are severe and can lead to death if appropriate measures are not taken. Injuries to hollow organs of the abdominal cavity have been described to be usually part of a diaphragmatic hernia. Among the most frequent splanchnic lesions within the abdomen are the hepatic and splenic injuries. Conclusions: These lesions are preventable and their mechanism of production should be taken into account in order to avoid them. To achieve this, we recommend that the insertion site be carefully selected and that the tube's position be adequately confirmed, as well as the careful handling of the tube and the constant monitoring of the patient(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Chest Tubes/adverse effects , Thoracic Cavity/injuries , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic
2.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 50: e20233542, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521554

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: thoracic trauma is defined as anything that involves the rib cage, the musculoskeletal framework that houses the heart, lungs, pleurae and mediastinal structures. It can be superficial or immediately lifethreatening for victims. In Brazil, most assistance is due to urban violence. Objective: evaluate the clinical and epidemiological aspect of patients who are victims of thoracic trauma treated at Hospital de Urgência de Sergipe, Aracaju/SE, Brazil. Method: cross-sectional, observational and prospective study, carried out for eleven months, with 100 polytraumatized patients. A semi-structured form was applied, and the data were systematized, analyzed and statistically tested considering a 5% margin of error. Results: 85% of the patients were male, with a mean age of 39.3 and an age range of 30 to 49 years; 57% of them had incomplete primary education, 70% had a family income of up to 2 minimum wages and 41% were from Greater Aracaju. As for the mechanism of trauma, 33% were car-related, with blunt trauma as the main mechanism, and rib fractures as the main consequence. Among penetrating injuries, CWI (26%) and GSW (21%) were the most prevalent, with hemothorax being the main consequence. Most patients underwent thoracostomy (59%). Conclusion: the profile found was of young men, victims of urban violence. The thoracostomy was resolving in most cases and should be instituted promptly when necessary. A smaller number of patients may require thoracotomy, especially in the presence of hemodynamic instability.


RESUMO Introdução: o trauma torácico é definido como toda aquele que envolve a caixa torácica, arcabouço osteomuscular que aloja o coração, os pulmões, as pleuras e as estruturas do mediastino. Pode ser superficial ou causar risco de vida imediato às vítimas. No Brasil, a maioria dos atendimentos é decorrente da violência urbana. Objetivo: avaliar o aspecto clínico-epidemiológico dos pacientes vítimas de trauma torácico atendidos no Hospital de Urgência de Sergipe, Aracaju/SE, Brasil. Métodos: estudo transversal, observacional e prospectivo, realizado durante onze meses, com 100 pacientes politraumatizados. Formulário semiestruturado foi aplicado, e os dados sistematizados, analisados e testados estatisticamente considerando-se a margem de erro de 5%. Resultados: 85% dos pacientes eram do gênero masculino, com idade média de 39,3 e faixa etária de 30 a 49 anos; 57% deles possuíam ensino fundamental incompleto, 70% tinham renda familiar de até 2 salários mínimos e 41% eram provenientes da Grande Aracaju. Quanto ao mecanismo de trauma, 33% foi automobilístico, tendo como principal mecanismo o trauma contuso, e a principal consequência a fratura de arcos costais. Dentre os ferimentos penetrantes, os FAB (26%) e FAF (21%) foram os mais prevalentes, sendo o hemotórax sua principal consequência, sendo maioria dos pacientes submetida a toracostomia (59%). Conclusão: o perfil encontrado foi de homens, jovens, vítimas da violência urbana. A toracostomia foi resolutiva na maioria dos casos e deve ser instituída prontamente quando necessário. Uma menor parte dos pacientes necessitou de toracotomia, principalmente na presença de instabilidade hemodinâmica.

3.
Coluna/Columna ; 22(2): e267378, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439960

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Establish the frequency of incidences, management, and description of the relationship between thoracic and abdominal trauma and spinal injury. Methods: Observational, retrospective study of quantitative analysis carried out through the analysis of medical records of patients who presented spinal fractures and associated thoracoabdominal injuries. The participants were treated at a reference hospital in trauma care in Curitiba-PR from 2019 to 2021. The data were from patients with spine fractures referring to gender, age, trauma mechanism, fracture classification, associated injuries, Frankel neurological scale, and proposed treatment. Results: There was a predominance of male patients (84.5%) and young, with a mean age of 37.3 years, victims of car accidents. The main vertebrae affected were the lumbar spine (36.8%) and thoracic spine (36.2%). The most prevalent associated injuries were extra vertebral and cervical spine fractures. The most observed thoracic injuries were hemothorax, chest contusion, and fracture of multiple costal arches, while the most observed abdominal injuries were kidney injury, hemoperitoneum/abdominal hematoma, and liver injury. Of the total patients analyzed, 68% had fractures with associated thoracoabdominal injuries. Conclusion: Abdominal and thoracic injuries are frequently associated with spine fractures, with an association of 14.6% and 53.4%, respectively. The production of knowledge on the subject contributes to creating action plans to optimize the management and reduce the morbidity and mortality of these cases. Levels of evidence III; Systematic Review.


Resumo: Objetivos: Estabelecer a frequência de incidências, manejo e descrição da relação entre traumas torácicos e abdominais com a lesão da coluna vertebral. Métodos: Estudo observacional, retrospectivo de análise quantitativa realizado através da análise de prontuários de pacientes que apresentaram fraturas da coluna vertebral e lesões toracoabdominais associadas. Os participantes incluídos foram atendidos em um hospital referência no atendimento ao trauma em Curitiba-PR no período de 2019 a 2021. Os dados foram de pacientes com fratura de coluna referente a sexo, idade, mecanismo de trauma, classificação da fratura, lesões associadas, escala neurológica de Frankel e tratamento proposto. Resultados: Houve predomínio de pacientes masculinos (84,5%) e jovens, sendo a média de idade de 37,3 anos, vítimas de acidentes automobilísticos. As principais vértebras acometidas foram de coluna lombar (36,8%) e torácica (36,2%). As lesões associadas mais prevalentes foram as fraturas extravertebrais e de coluna cervical. As lesões torácicas mais observadas foram o hemotórax, contusão torácica e fratura de múltiplos arcos costais, enquanto as lesões abdominais mais observadas foram lesão renal, hemoperitônio/ hematoma abdominal e lesão hepática. Sendo do total de pacientes analisados 68% apresentavam fraturas com lesões toracoabdominais associadas. Conclusão: Lesões abdominais e torácicas frequentemente estão associadas a fraturas de coluna, com associação de 14,6% e de 53,4% respectivamente. A produção de conhecimento sobre o assunto, contribui para criação de planos de ação para a otimização do manejo e redução da morbimortalidade desses casos. Nível de evidência III; Revisão sistemática.


Resumen: Objetivos: Establecer la frecuencia de incidencias, manejo y descripción de la relación entre trauma torácico y abdominal y lesión medular. Métodos: Estudio observacional, retrospectivo de análisis cuantitativo realizado a través del análisis de historias clínicas de pacientes que presentaron fracturas de columna y lesiones toracoabdominales asociadas. Los participantes incluidos fueron atendidos en un hospital de referencia en atención de trauma en Curitiba-PR de 2019 a 2021. Los datos fueron de pacientes con fracturas de columna con referencia a sexo, edad, mecanismo de trauma, clasificación de fractura, lesiones asociadas, escala neurológica de Frankel y tratamiento propuesto. Resultados: Predominaron los pacientes del sexo masculino (84,5%) y jóvenes, con una edad media de 37,3 años, víctimas de accidentes automovilísticos. Las principales vértebras afectadas fueron la columna lumbar (36,8%) y la columna torácica (36,2%). Las lesiones asociadas más prevalentes fueron las fracturas extra vertebrales y de columna cervical. Las lesiones torácicas más observadas fueron hemotórax, contusión torácica y fractura de múltiples arcos costales, mientras que las lesiones abdominales más observadas fueron lesión renal, hemoperitoneo/ hematoma abdominal y lesión hepática. Del total de pacientes analizados, el 68% presentaba fracturas con lesiones toracoabdominales asociadas. Conclusión: Las lesiones abdominales y torácicas se asocian con frecuencia a las fracturas de columna, con una asociación del 14,6% y 53,4% respectivamente. La producción de conocimiento sobre el tema contribuye a la creación de planes de acción para optimizar el manejo y disminuir la morbimortalidad de estos casos. Nivel de evidencia; Revisión sistemática.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult
4.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 41-47, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970970

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To develop animal models of penetrating thoracic injuries and to observe the effects of the animal model-based training on improving the trainees' performance for emergent and urgent thoracic surgeries.@*METHODS@#With a homemade machine, animal models of lung injuries and penetrating heart injuries were produced in porcine and used for training of chest tube drainage, urgent sternotomy, and emergent thoracotomy. Coefficient of variation of abbreviated injury scale and blood loss was calculated to judge the reproducibility of animal models. Five operation teams from basic-level hospitals (group A) and five operation teams from level III hospitals (group B) were included to be trained and tested. Testing standards for the operations were established after thorough literature review, and expert questionnaires were employed to evaluate the scientificity and feasibility of the testing standards. Tests were carried out after the training. Pre- and post-training performances were compared. Post-training survey using 7-point Likert scale was taken to evaluate the feelings of the trainees to these training approaches.@*RESULTS@#Animal models of the three kinds of penetrating chest injuries were successfully established and the coefficient of variation of abbreviated injury scale and blood loss were all less than 25%. After literature review, testing standards were established, and expert questionnaire results showed that the scientific score was 7.30 ± 1.49, and the feasibility score was 7.50 ± 0.89. Post-training performance was significantly higher in both group A and group B than pre-training performance. Post-training survey showed that all the trainees felt confident in applying the operations and were generally agreed that the training procedure were very helpful in improving operation skills for thoracic penetrating injury.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Animal model-based simulation training established in the current study could improve the trainees' performance for emergent and urgent thoracic surgeries, especially of the surgical teams from basic-level hospitals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine , Reproducibility of Results , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Thoracotomy , Thoracic Injuries/surgery , Hemorrhage , Models, Animal
5.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 38(4): 253-260, dic. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441387

ABSTRACT

El neumatocele traumático, o pseudoquiste pulmonar traumático, es una complicación infrecuente del trauma cerrado de tórax, caracterizada por lesiones cavitadas únicas o múltiples de paredes fibrosas bien delimitadas, sin revestimiento epitelial. Representa un reto diagnóstico ante la prevalencia de etiologías más frecuentes de cavitación pulmonar, presentación clínica inespecífica y el carácter subreportado de la patología. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 21 años, con cuadro clínico de fiebre y dolor torácico posterior a traumatismo contuso por accidente en motocicleta, con identificación de una lesión cavitada rodeada de vidrio esmerilado, ubicada en lóbulo superior derecho en tomografía de tórax. Se ofreció tratamiento antibiótico ante la sospecha clínica de sobreinfección. Sin embargo, se atribuyó la alteración pseudoquística pulmonar al antecedente traumático. En ocasiones las cavitaciones pulmonares postrauma no son identificadas en la atención inicial, por ende, es fundamental la evaluación clínica e imagenológica subsecuente.


Traumatic pneumatocele, or traumatic pulmonary pseudocyst, is a rare complication of blunt chest trauma, characterized by multiple or unique cavitary lesions, with well-defined fibrous walls without epithelial lining. It represents a diagnostic challenge due to the higher prevalence of other etiologies of lung cavities, nonspecific clinical features and the under-reported nature of this pathology. We present the case of a 21-year-old male with fever and chest pain after a blunt chest trauma in a motorcycle accident, with identification of a cavity in the right upper lobe, surrounded by ground glass opacities. Antibiotic therapy was administered after clinical suspicion of superinfection, however, the cavitary lesion was attributed to the trauma. Occasionally, traumatic pulmonary pseudocysts are not identified during initial assessment, therefore, clinical and imagenologic follow-up is essential.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Thoracic Injuries/complications , Cysts/etiology , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Lung Injury/etiology , Lung Injury/diagnostic imaging , Wounds, Nonpenetrating , Radiography, Thoracic , Superinfection , Accidents , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cavitation
6.
Medisur ; 20(5): 834-843, sept.-oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405971

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento el traumatismo torácico es un cuadro clínico complejo que puede comprometer la vida del paciente. Por ello es de interés su estudio y análisis. Objetivo caracterizar los pacientes con traumatismo torácico en el servicio de Cirugía General. Métodos estudio descriptivo, prospectivo, de serie de casos, que incluyó a pacientes que ingresaron con el diagnóstico de traumatismo torácico, en el servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital General Universitario Dr. Gustavo Aldereguía Lima, de Cienfuegos, en el período enero/2019 a diciembre/2020. Las variables analizadas fueron: edad, sexo, comorbilidades, exámenes imagenológicos, agente causal, lesión torácica, tipo de tratamiento, tipo de traumatismo torácico y estado al egreso. Resultados el trauma de tórax fue más frecuente en el sexo masculino, a partir de la cuarta década de vida en pacientes sanos. El examen imagenológico más usado fue la radiografía simple de tórax; y el agente causal predominante, la herida por arma blanca. Las lesiones torácicas más frecuentes resultaron el enfisema subcutáneo y el hemoneumotorax, así como la pleurostomía fue el tipo de tratamiento más usado. Predominó el traumatismo torácico aislado, siendo las lesiones abdominales las más asociadas. La mayoría de los pacientes egresaron vivos. Conclusión el trauma torácico constituye una patología altamente desafiante, por lo complejas que pueden llegar a ser las lesiones derivadas de él; se presenta con mayor frecuencia en hombres sanos. Cuando se asocia a otras lesiones aumenta la mortalidad.


Background chest trauma is a complex clinical picture that can compromise the patient's life. Therefore, its study and analysis is of interest. Objective to characterize patients with chest trauma in the General Surgery service. Methods descriptive, prospective, case series study which included patients admitted with a diagnosis of chest trauma, in the General Surgery Service at the Dr. Gustavo Aldereguía Lima General University Hospital, Cienfuegos, from January 2019 to December2020. The analyzed variables were: age, sex, comorbidities, imaging tests, causal agent, chest injury, type of treatment, type of chest trauma, and discharge status. Results chest trauma was more frequent in males, from the fourth decade of life in healthy patients. The most used imaging test was the simple chest X-ray; and the predominant causal agent, the stab wound. The most frequent chest injuries were subcutaneous emphysema and hemopneumothorax, and pleurostomy was the most used type of treatment. Isolated chest trauma prevailed, with abdominal injuries being the most associated. Most of the patients were discharged alive. Conclusion thoracic trauma constitutes a highly challenging pathology, due to how complex the injuries derived from it can become; It occurs more frequently in healthy men. When associated with other injuries, mortality increases.

7.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(4): 354-367, ago. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407937

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Las lesiones de grandes vasos del tórax por traumatismo torácico (TTLGV) son un grupo heterogéneo de lesiones con alta morbimortalidad que constituyen un 0,3-10% de los hallazgos en el traumatismo torácico (TT). Objetivos: Describir características, tratamientos y variables asociadas a mortalidad en pacientes hospitalizados con TTLGV. Material y Métodos: Estudio analítico-observacional. Período enero-1981 y diciembre-2020. Revisión de protocolos de TT prospectivos y fichas clínicas. Se clasificaron los TTLGV según American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST), se calcularon índices de gravedad del traumatismo: Injury Severity Score (ISS), Revised Trauma Score Triage (RTS-T) y Trauma Injury Severity Score (TRISS). Se realizó análisis univariado y multivariado con cálculo de Odds Ratio (OR) para variables asociadas a mortalidad. Se usó SPSS25®, con pruebas UMann Whitney y chi-cuadrado, según corresponda. Resultados: de un total 4.577 TT, 97 (2,1%) cumplieron criterios de inclusión. Hombres: 81 (91,8%), edad promedio: 32,3 ± 14,8 años. TT penetrante: 65 (67,0%). Lesión de arterias axilo-subclavias en 39 (40,2%) y aorta torácica en 31 (32,0%) fueron las más frecuentes. Fueron AAST 5-6: 39 (40,2%). Tratamiento invasivo: 87 (89,7%), de éstos, en 20 (20,6%) reparación endovascular, 14 (14,4%) de aorta torácica. Cirugía abierta en 67 (69,1%). Mortalidad en 13 (13,4%), fueron variables independientes asociadas a mortalidad el shock al ingreso (OR 6,34) e ISS > 25 (OR 6,03). Conclusión: En nuestra serie, los TTLGV fueron más frecuentemente de vasos axilo-subclavios y aorta torácica. El tratamiento fue principalmente invasivo, siendo la cirugía abierta el más frecuente. Se identificaron variables asociadas a mortalidad.


Background: Thoracic great vessel injuries in thoracic trauma (TTGVI) are a heterogeneous group of injuries with high morbimortality that constituting 0.3-10% of the findings in thoracic trauma (TT). Aim: To describe characteristics, treatments and variables associated with mortality in hospitalized patients with TTGVI. Methods: Observational-analytical study. Period January-1981 and December-2020. Review of prospective TT protocols and clinical records. TTGVI were classified according to American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST), trauma severity index were calculated: Injury Severity Score (ISS), Revised Trauma Score Triage (RTS-T) and Trauma Injury Severity Score (TRISS). Univariate and multi- variate analysis was performed with calculation of Odds Ratio (OR) for variables associated with mortality. SPSS25® was used, with U Mann Whitney and chi-squared tests, as appropriate. Results: From a total of 4.577 TT in the period, 97 (2.1%) met the inclusion criteria. Males: 81 (91.8%), mean age: 32.3 ± 14.8 years. Penetrating TT: 65 (67.0%). Axillary-subclavian artery lesions in 39 (40.2%) and thoracic aorta in 31 (32.0%) were more frequent. AAST 5-6: 39 (40.2%). Invasive treatment: 87 (89.7%), of these, in 20 (20.6%) endovascular repair, 14 (14.4%) of thoracic aorta. Open surgery in 67 (69.1%). Mortality in 13 (13.4%), shock on admission was independently associated with mortality (OR 6.34) and ISS > 25 (OR 6.03). Conclusión: In our series, TTGVI were more frequent in axillary-subclavian vessels and thoracic aorta. Treatment was mainly invasive, with open surgery being the most frequent. Variables associated with mortality were identified.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Thoracic Injuries/diagnosis , Thoracic Injuries/therapy , Thoracic Surgery/methods , Veins/injuries , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Vascular System Injuries , Endovascular Procedures
8.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(3): 303-308, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407910

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Presentar dos casos en que se empleó como soporte la circulación extracorpórea (CEC) durante cirugía por traumatismo torácico con lesión de grandes vasos del tórax (TTLGV). Materiales y Método: Se presentan dos casos con TTLGV en que se empleó cirugía con CEC. Resultados: Caso 1; hombre de 31 años con TTLGV por cuerpo extraño (tubo pleural) intracavitario del tronco de la arteria pulmonar izquierda, con entrada a través de parénquima pulmonar, en que se realizó cirugía abierta para retiro de cuerpo extraño más toractotomía pulmonar utilizando CEC como soporte. Caso 2; hombre de 21 años con TTLGV contuso y lesión de aorta en unión sino tubular, en que se realizó cirugía abierta y reemplazo de aorta ascendente con prótesis y uso CEC como soporte. Discusión: El uso de CEC como soporte es una alternativa para sustituir la función cardíaca y/o pulmonar durante cirugías excepcionales de reparación de TTLGV. Conclusión: El uso de técnicas de asistencia circulatoria como soporte durante la cirugía de reparación de TTLGV ocurre en casos muy seleccionados, siendo una alternativa ante lesiones particularmente complejas.


Aim: To present two cases of thoracic trauma with great vessel injury (TTGVI) surgeries where extracorporeal circulation (ECC) was employed. Materials and Method: Two TTGVI cases are presented and ECC during surgery was used in both. Results: Case 1; 31-year-old man with TTGVI due to an intracavitary foreign body (pleural tube) in the left pulmonary artery trunk, which entered through lung parenchyma. An open surgery was performed to remove the foreign body with pulmonary tractotomy using ECC as support. Case 2; 21-year-old man with blunt TTGVI and aortic injury at sinotubular junction. An open surgery with ascending aorta prosthesis replacement was performed, using ECC as support. Discussion: The use of ECC as support is an alternative to replace cardiac and/or pulmonary function during exceptional TTGVI reparation surgeries. Conclusión: The use of circulation assist techniques as support during TTGVI repair surgery occurs in highly selected cases, being an alternative to face very complex injuries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Thoracic Injuries/diagnosis , Thoracic Injuries/therapy , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/diagnosis , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/therapy , Thoracic Injuries/surgery , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/surgery , Diagnostic Imaging/methods , Radiography , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
9.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 25(286): 7420-7435, mar.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1372403

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar quais os principais fatores relacionados às complicações torácicas após massagem cardíaca. Método: Consiste em uma revisão integrativa da literatura. Utilizou-se a estratégia de População, Interesse e Contexto (PICo) para a construção da pergunta norteadora. As buscas foram realizadas entre os meses de julho a setembro de 2021 na Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde (BVS), e bases de dados: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Literatura LatinoAmericana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS) e no serviço da U. S. National Library of Medicine (NLM) PubMed. Após filtragem, foram obtidos 250 artigos que com a leitura criteriosa dos títulos, resumos e aplicação dos critérios de inclusão e exclusão, 10 estudos foram selecionados. Resultados: existem fatores que interferem na eficácia da compressão e podem comprometer a saúde do indivíduo. Conclusão: apesar da massagem cardíaca possuir riscos, é imprescindível a sua realização no atendimento pré-hospitalar da PCR(AU)


Objective: to identify the main factors related to thoracic complications after cardiac massage. Method: It consists of an integrative literature review. The Population, Interest and Context (PICo) strategy was used to construct the guiding question. Searches were carried out between the months of July to September 2021 in the Virtual Health Library (VHL), and databases: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS) and in the US National Library of Medicine (NLM) PubMed service. After filtering, 250 articles were obtained which, after carefully reading the titles, abstracts and application of the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 10 studies were selected. Results: there are factors that interfere with the effectiveness of compression, which can compromise the individual's health. Conclusion: although cardiac massage has risks, it is essential to perform it in pre-hospital CPA care.(AU)


Objetivo: identificar los principales factores relacionados con las complicaciones torácicas posteriores al masaje cardíaco. Método: consiste en una revisión integradora de la literatura. Se utilizó la estrategia Población, Interés y Contexto (PICo) para construir la pregunta guía. Las búsquedas se realizaron entre los meses de julio a septiembre de 2021 en la Virtual Health Library (BVS) y en las bases de datos: Online Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System (MEDLINE), Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS) y en la Biblioteca Nacional de Medicina de los Estados Unidos. (NLM) Servicio PubMed. Luego del filtrado, se obtuvieron 250 artículos, con lectura atenta de los títulos, resúmenes y aplicación de los criterios de inclusión y exclusión, se seleccionaron 10 estudios. Resultados: existen factores que interfieren con la efectividad de la compresión, comprometiendo la salud del individuo. Conclusión: aunque el masaje cardíaco tiene riesgos, es fundamental realizarlo en la atención prehospitalaria de la CPA(AU)


Subject(s)
Thoracic Injuries , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Heart Arrest
10.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(1): 13-21, feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388912

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El traumatismo torácico (TT) es la causa de aproximadamente un cuarto de las muertes por traumatismos. Los pacientes tratados con cirugía por traumatismo torácico (CTT) presentan un amplio espectro de características y pronósticos. Objetivos: Describir características clínicas, indicaciones, temporalidad, morbilidad, mortalidad y las variables asociadas a mortalidad en pacientes con CTT. Materiales y Método: Estudio observacional de pacientes tratados con CTT, período enero-1981 a diciembre-2019. Revisión de protocolos prospectivos de TT y base de datos. Se realizó regresión logística para variables asociadas a mortalidad. Se utilizó SPSS25® con prueba chi-cuadrado para comparar clasificación, tipo de TT y su distribución temporal, considerando significativo p < 0,05. Resultados: En total 808 casos (18,2%) de 4.448 TT requirieron CTT. Fueron hombres 767 (94,9%) y la edad promedio fue 31,5 ± 13,8 años. El traumatismo fue penetrante y por arma blanca en la mayoría de los casos. Fueron politraumatizados 164 (20,3%). La cirugía fue urgente en 474 (58,7%), precoz en 41 (5,0%) y diferida en 293 (36,3%) casos. La mortalidad global fue de 6,7% y fue significativamente mayor en TT contusos, politraumatizados y en cirugía urgente. La mortalidad fue 9,7% en CTT urgente, 4,9% en precoz y 2,0% en diferida (p < 0,001). Se observaron variables independientes asociadas a mortalidad. Conclusión: En nuestra serie, las CTT se realizaron principalmente en hombres jóvenes con TT penetrantes. Correspondieron a un grupo heterogéneo en cuanto a las indicaciones, hallazgos y lesiones intratorácicas y/o asociadas. Múltiples variables demostraron influir significativamente en la mortalidad de los pacientes tratados con CTT.


Background: Thoracic Trauma (TT) is the cause of approximately a quarter of trauma deaths. The patients who undergo Thoracic Trauma Surgery (TTS) present a wide spectrum of characteristics and prognosis. Aim: To describe clinical characteristics, indications, temporality, morbidity, mortality and mortality associated variables in TTS patients. Materials and Method: Observational study of TT hospitalized patients, period January-1981 to December-2019. A review of operation notes and database was done. A logistic regression for mortality associated variables was made. To compare classification, type of TT and its temporal distribution, SPSS25® with chi-square test was used, considering significant p < 0.05. Results: A total of 808 (18.2%) of 4.448 TT patients required TTS, 767 (94.9%) were men with average age: 31.5 ± 13.8. The trauma was penetrating trauma due to a stab in most cases, 164 (20.3%) were polytraumatized. The surgery was urgent in 474 (58.7%), early in 41 (5.0%) and delayed in 293 (36.3%) cases. The global mortality was 6.7% and was significantly higher in the blunt TT, polytrauma, urgent and early surgery patients. Mortality in urgent TTS was 9.7%, early 4.9% and 2.0% in delayed (p < 0.001). Independent variables associated with mortality were observed. Conclusions: In our series, TTS were performed mainly in young men with penetrating TT. The group was heterogeneous regarding surgical indications, findings and intrathoracic or associated injuries. Multiple variables showed to influence significantly on mortality in patients who underwent TTS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Thoracic Injuries/diagnosis , Thoracic Injuries/therapy , Thoracic Surgery/methods , Thoracic Injuries/epidemiology , Mortality , Thoracic Wall/anatomy & histology , Thoracic Wall/physiology
11.
Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander, Salud ; 54(1): e330, Enero 2, 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407029

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El pedaleo pasivo (PP) es considerado una herramienta en la rehabilitación de personas con lesión medular (LM). Objetivo: Revisar la evidencia científica sobre los efectos clínicos producidos por intervenciones que emplean PP en personas con lesión medular torácica crónica. Metodología: Revisión narrativa. Se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de información científica MEDLINE, CINAHL, LILACS, PEDro y Clinicalkey de artículos en inglés y español, con términos como "spinal cord injury", "thoracic injuries", "passive pedaling", "cycling passive" y "protocol", entre otros. Resultados: Se obtuvieron 14 artículos que describen efectos limitados a nivel de los sistemas cardiovascular, neuromuscular y musculoesquelético; se encontró heterogeneidad clínica en los sujetos del estudio, así como diferencias en los parámetros de realización del pedaleo. Conclusiones: Los estudios del PP en personas con LM torácica crónica evalúan en su mayoría el efecto de una única sesión. Los cambios cardiovasculares son estudiados con mayor frecuencia, aunque se requieren más investigaciones.


Abstract Introduction: Passive leg cycling is considered as a tool in rehabilitation of people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Objective: To review the scientific evidence on the clinical effects produced by interventions that use passive leg cycling in people with chronic thoracic spinal cord injury. Methodology: Narrative review. A search was performed by using the MEDLINE, CINAHL, LILACS, PEDro and Clinicalkey databases, for articles in English and Spanish, with terms such as "spinal cord injury", "thoracic injuries", "passive pedaling", "passive cycling" and "protocol", among others. Results: 14 papers were included in our research which described limited effects at the level of the cardiovascular, neuromuscular and musculoskeletal systems. We found clinical heterogeneity in the subjects, as well as differences in the cycling parameters used by authors. Conclusions: Studies of PP in people with chronic thoracic SCI mostly evaluated the effect of a single session. Cardiovascular changes were mostly studied; however, more evidence is needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Spinal Cord Injuries , Exercise Therapy
12.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223300, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394609

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to identify variables related to pleural complications in patients undergoing tube thoracostomies due to traumatic injuries. Method: we conducted a prospective observational study from May/2019 to January/2021 including adult trauma patients submitted to tube thoracostomies after hospital admission. Patients undergoing thoracotomies as the initial treatment were not included. We excluded patients with suspected and confirmed COVID-19 diagnosis during the hospitalization. Pleural complications were defined as clotted hemothorax, residual pneumothorax and empyema. Students t, Mann Whitneys, Chi square and Fishers exact test were used to compare variables between groups. We considered p<0.05 as significant. Results: we analyzed 68 patients. The mean age was 36.0 + 12.6 years and 91.2% were male. The mean RTS and ISS were, respectively, 7.0 ± 1.6 and 15.9 ± 7.6. The most frequent trauma mechanism was stab wounds in 50.0%, followed by blunt trauma in 38.2%. The severity of thoracic injuries was stratified (AIS) as 2 (4.4%), 3 (80.9%), 4 (13.2%), e 5 (1.5%). Pleural complications happened in 14 (20.5%) patients, being clotted / residual hemothorax (11.8%), residual pneumothorax (4.4%), empyema (2.9%) and miscellaneous (1.4%). These patients were treated by thoracoscopy (5), thoracotomy (3), chest re-drainage (3) and clinical measures alone (3). There was a significant association between pleural complications with the time of permanence (p<0,001) and the necessity of relocation (p<0,001) of the drain. Conclusion: the predictors of pleural complications in this series were time of permanence and the necessity of relocation of the drain.


RESUMO Objetivo: identificar as variáveis relacionadas às complicações pleurais em vítimas de trauma submetidas a drenagem torácica. Método: estudo observacional prospectivo entre maio/2019 e janeiro/2021, incluindo adultos submetidos a drenagem torácica após a admissão hospitalar para tratamento de lesões traumáticas. Pacientes que desenvolveram COVID19 foram excluídos. As complicações pleurais foram caracterizadas como: pneumotórax residual, hemotórax residual / coagulado e empiema pleural. Comparamos as variáveis coletadas entre os grupos de pacientes com e sem estas complicações. Os testes t de Student, Mann Whitney, Chi quadrado e Fisher foram utilizados para análise estatística. Foram considerados significativos valores de p<0,05. Resultados: analisamos 68 casos, com média etária de 36,0 + 12,6 anos, de RTS de 7,0 ± 1,6 e ISS de 15,9 ± 7,6, sendo 62 (91,2%) do sexo masculino. Trinta e quatro pacientes (50,0%) foram vítimas de ferimento por arma branca. O AIS das lesões torácicas foi classificado como 2 (4,4%), 3 (80,9%), 4 (13,2%), e 5 (1,5%). As complicações pleurais ocorreram em 14 casos (20,5%), sendo hemotórax residual / coagulado em 8 casos (11,8%), pneumotórax residual em 3 (4,4%), o empiema pleural em 2 (2,9%) e associações em 1 (1,4%). Estas complicações foram tratadas por videotoracoscopia (5 casos), toracotomia (3), redrenagem de tórax (3) e medidas clínicas apenas (3). A redrenagem de tórax (p<0,001) e o tempo de permanência do dreno (p<0,001) tiveram relação significativa com a presença de complicações pleurais. Conclusão: a redrenagem do tórax e o maior tempo de permanência do dreno foram associados às complicações pleurais.

13.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1089-1094, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992556

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of severe chest trauma complicated by acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).Methods:A case control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 120 patients with severe chest trauma admitted to 909th Hospital of Joint Logistics Support Force (Affiliated Dongnan Hospital of Xianmen University Medical College) from January 2018 to December 2020. There were 75 males and 45 females; aged 21-72 years [(42.2±4.8)years]. The causes of injury were traffic injury in 57 patients, crush injury in 21, fall injury in 21, smash injury in 11 and others in 10. There were 34 patients accompanied by fracture of the limb, spine and pelvis, 23 by abdominal organ injury and 8 by head trauma, with the exception of simple thoracic trauma in 55 patients. The patients were divided into ARDS group ( n=25) and non-ARDS group ( n=95) according to the condition of concurrent ARDS. The two groups were compared regarding the gender, age, causes of injury, respiratory rate, lung contusion, lung infection, flail chest, chest abbreviated injury scale (AIS), hemothorax, blood pressure, partial arterial oxygen pressure (PaO 2), initial central venous pressure (CVP) on admission, combined fracture of the limb, spine and pelvis, combined head injury and combined abdominal organ injury. The correlation between the above indexes and ARDS after severe chest trauma was analyzed by univariate analysis. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors for ARDS after severe chest trauma. Results:Univariate analysis showed a positive correlation of ARDS with age, respiratory rate, lung contusion, lung infection, flail chest, chest AIS, hemothorax, blood pressure, PaO 2, initial CVP on admission, combined fracture of the limb, spine and pelvis and combined abdominal organ injury ( P<0.05 or 0.01), but not with gender, causes of injury or combined head injury (all P>0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis revealed that age ≥60 years ( OR=2.45, 95% CI 1.81-7.50, P<0.01), dyspnea (respiratory rate ≥28 times/minute or <10 times/minute) ( OR=9.55, 95% CI 2.26-9.38, P<0.01), lung contusion ( OR=6.78, 95% CI 1.84-6.96, P<0.01), lung infection ( OR=27.71, 95% CI 11.97-64.14, P<0.01), flail chest ( OR=8.97, 95% CI 2.29-14.97, P<0.01), chest AIS score ( OR=5.77, 95% CI 2.85-9.20, P<0.01), above medium amount of hemothorax ( OR=6.84, 95% CI 1.69-13.39, P<0.01), blood pressure <90 mmHg ( OR=7.93, 95% CI 1.64-11.84, P<0.01), PaO 2<60 mmHg ( OR=6.39, 95% CI 1.06-9.47, P<0.01) and absent initial CVP on admission ( OR=4.56, 95% CI 1.86-8.44, P<0.01) were significantly correlated with ARDS. Conclusion:Age ≥60 years, dyspnea (respiratory rate ≥28 times/minute or <10 times/minute), lung contusion, lung infection, flail chest, chest AIS, above medium l amount of hemothorax, blood pressure <90 mmHg, PaO 2<60 mmHg and absent initial CVP on admission are independent risk factors for ARDS in patients with severe chest trauma.

14.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 467-472, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932268

ABSTRACT

Chest trauma accounts for 10%-15% of total trauma and is responsible for approximately 25% of trauma-related deaths. Standard and accurate assessment of trauma severity is the basis for effective treatment. The application of chest trauma scoring systems to evaluate the severity of trauma is of great significance to prediction of complication and prognosis, clinical decision making and treatment optimization. The chest trauma scoring systems are varied with different functions and characteristics. When performing injury evaluation, an appropriate chest trauma scoring system should be selected according to the injury mechanism, injury site and needs of diagnosis and treatment. The authors review the application scope, scoring methods and research status of different chest trauma scoring systems, in order to provide references for more rational use of trauma scoring systems in clinical evaluation and treatment of chest trauma.

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 54-60, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932210

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic value of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in myocardial contusion.Methods:A case-control study was performed on 42 patients with blunt chest injury treated in Affiliated Hospital of Hangzhou Normal University from September 2018 to January 2021. There were 24 males and 18 females, with the age range of 23-66 years [(44.2±10.9)years]. The patients were divided into myocardial contusion group ( n=20) and non-myocardial contusion group ( n=22) according to the clinical diagnostic criteria of myocardial contusion (cardiac troponin I>0.06 ng/ml). All the patients underwent CMR examination within 7 days after hospitalization, and eletrocardiography (ECG) as well as transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) examinations with 24 hours. Abnormal findings on CMR, ECG and TTE were compared between the two groups. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used for the comparison of the diagnostic efficacy of CMR, ECG and TTE for myocardial contusion. The area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and Youden index of CMR, ECG and TTE were calculated, respectively. Results:There were 15 patients (75%) presenting CMR abnormalities in myocardial contusion group compared to 2 patients (9%) in non-myocardial contusion group ( P<0.01). CMR abnormalities mainly included myocardial oedema, ischemia or hemorrhage, which were located in the left ventricle of 12 patients (71%), right ventricle of 3 (18%) and ventricular septal of 3 (12%). There were 12 patients (60%) showing ECG abnormalities in myocardial contusion group compared to 7 patients (32%) in non-myocardial contusion group ( P>0.05). Abnormal ECG changes included 8 patients (42%) with sinus tachycardia or bradycardia, 5 (26%) with ST-T changes, 3 (16%) with atrial premature beat, 2 (11%) with bundle branch block and 1 (5%) with frequent premature ventricular contractions. There were 10 patients (50%) showing TTE abnormalities in myocardial contusion group compared to 9 patients (41%) in non-myocardial contusion group ( P>0.05). TTE abnormalities manifested as left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in 12 patients (63%) and wall motion abnormalities in 7 (37%). The AUC of CMR, ECG and TTE for diagnosing myocardial contusion was 0.83 (95% CI 0.70-0.96), 0.64 (95% CI 0.47-0.81) and 0.55 (95% CI 0.70-0.72), respectively. For CMR, ECG and TTE, the diagnostic sensitivity was 75.0%, 60.0% and 50.0%, with the specificity of 91.0%, 68.2% and 59.1%, the positive predictive value was 88.2%, 63.2% and 52.6%, and the Youden index of 66.0, 28.2 and 9.1, respectively. Conclusion:CMR can accurately detect myocardial contusion, with better diagnostic performance than ECG and TTE as well as relatively higher sensitivity and specificity, indicating that CMR has great value for clinical diagnosis of myocardial contusion.

16.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 11-22, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932205

ABSTRACT

Blast injury of the chest injury is the most common wound in modern war trauma and terrorist attacks, and is also the most fatal type of whole body explosion injury. Most patients with severe blast injury of the chest die in the early stage before hospitalization or during transportation, so first aid is critically important. At present, there exist widespread problems such as non-standard treatment and large difference in curative effect, while there lacks clinical treatment standards for blast injury of the chest. According to the principles of scientificity, practicality and advancement, the Trauma Society of Chinese Medical Association has formulated the guidance of classification, pre-hospital first aid, in-hospital treatment and major injury management strategies for blast injury of the chest, aiming to provide reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

17.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 973-976, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956529

ABSTRACT

The principle of early treatment for severe cardiopulmonary trauma is to correct respiratory and circulatory insufficiency, especially for the type of injury caused by various types of trauma such as severe alveolar oxygen exchange dysfunction, intrapulmonary hemorrhage, massive pulmonary atelectasis and extensive subendocardial hemorrhage. Conventional treatment is not effective, and the timely use of cardiopulmonary replacement function of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can better overcome this problem. ECMO is a life-support technology for patients with severe cardiopulmonary insufficiency, which can partially replace the functions of heart pumping and lung oxygenation for a longer period of time so as to creat opportunities for waiting for organ function recovery and providing bridging therapy. The author discusses the mechanism of action and clinical application of ECMO and the application, deficiencies and countermeasures of ECMO in severe cardiopulmonary trauma so as to provide some theoretical and practical references for improving the quality and process of ECMO treatment.

18.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 581-591, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956478

ABSTRACT

Chest trauma is one of the most common injuries. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) as a common complication of chest trauma seriously affects the quality of patients′ life and even leads to death. Although there are some consensus and guidelines on the prevention and treatment of VTE at home and abroad, the current literatures lack specificity considering the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of VTE in patients with chest trauma have their own characteristics, especially for those with blunt trauma. Accordingly, China Chest Injury Research Society and editorial board of Chinese Journal of Traumatology organized relevant domestic experts to jointly formulate the Chinese expert consensus on the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of chest trauma venous thromboembolism associated with chest trauma (2022 version). This consensus provides expert recommendations of different levels as academic guidance in terms of the characteristics, clinical manifestations, risk assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of chest trauma-related VTE, so as to offer a reference for clinical application.

19.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 73(6): 758-762, dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388897

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Describir características demográficas y tratamiento quirúrgico realizado a pacientes con fractura de esternón (FE) en los últimos 5 años. Materiales y Método: Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de pacientes operados por fractura esternal entre enero de 2015 y enero de 2020. Se analizaron edad, sexo, antecedentes mórbidos, hemodinamia de ingreso, mecanismo causal, características de lesión esternal, lesiones asociadas, indicación quirúrgica y complicaciones. Resultados: Durante el período ingresaron a nuestro hospital 9 pacientes (7 hombres) de 21 a 91 años. Todos fueron operados. La mayoría ingresó con hemodinamia estable. El mecanismo fue siempre traumático. Las indicaciones quirúrgicas fueron: dolor intratable, alteración de la mecánica ventilatoria, tórax volante, deformidad y ayuda en la rehabilitación de un trauma raquimedular. Discusión: La FE es una patología infrecuente, siendo aún más escasa su resolución quirúrgica reportada a nivel mundial. Conclusiones: Presentamos el primer reporte de una serie de casos de FE operada en Chile. La osteosíntesis esternal permite el manejo de la FE con buenos resultados funcionales con baja tasa de morbilidad. Los resultados obtenidos son comparables a los observados en la literatura internacional.


Aim: To describe demographic characteristics and surgical treatment carried out on patients with a sternal fracture (SF) in the last 5 years. Materials and Method: Retrospective descriptive study of patients operated on for SF between January 2015 and January 2020. We analyzed age, sex, morbid history, hemodynamics on admission, causal mechanism and characteristics of sternal injury, associated injuries, surgical indication and complications. Results: During the period, 9 patients were admitted to our hospital (7 men) from 21 to 91 years old. All were operated. Most were admitted with stable hemodynamics. The mechanism was always traumatic. The surgical indications were: intractable pain, alteration of ventilatory mechanics, flail chest, deformity and aid in the rehabilitation of spinal cord trauma. Discussion: SF is an infrequent pathology, its surgical resolution reported worldwide being even scarce. Conclusions: We present the first report of a series of cases of SF operated in Chile. Sternal osteosynthesis allows the management of EF with good functional results with a low morbidity rate. The results obtained are comparable to those observed in the international literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Sternum/surgery , Sternum/diagnostic imaging , Fractures, Bone/diagnostic imaging , Thorax/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Thoracic , Demography , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies
20.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 453-459, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356954

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El control de daños es un procedimiento en tres etapas en pacientes con riesgo vital. Primera etapa: laparotomía abreviada para el control de sangrados y contaminación. Segunda etapa: en cuidados críticos para corregir alteraciones fisiológicas y tercera etapa: con resolución definitiva de las lesiones. Se describió el empaquetamiento (packing) torácico como adaptación del empaquetamiento abdominal como procedimiento contemporizador y hemostático. El objetivo fue presentar nuestra experiencia con la cirugía de empaquetamiento torácico y mostrar su utilidad en la cirugía de control de daños en tórax. Las lesiones traumáticas de tórax pueden ir desde lesiones de leve entidad hasta lesiones graves que amenacen la vida del paciente. La decisión de empaquetar el tórax se adopta al tomar contacto con un paciente "in extremis". En conclusión, el empaquetamiento torácico se muestra eficaz para el control del sangrado en pacientes que no admiten medidas definitivas para él.


ABSTRACT Damage control is defined as an approach with 3 stages in patients with life-threatening injuries. Stage I: abbreviated laparotomy for hemorrhage and contamination control. Stage II: intensive care management to correct physiologic abnormalities; and stage III: definitive repair of injuries. Thoracic packing, an adaptation of abdominal packing, was described as a temporary procedure for hemostatic control. The aim of this study is to report our experience with thoracic packing and show its usefulness in thoracic damage control surgery. Traumatic chest injuries vary from minor trauma to life-threatening injuries. The decision to perform thoracic packing is made during the contact with a critically ill patient. In conclusion, packing is effective for bleeding control in critically ill patients who are not suitable for definitive treatment.


Subject(s)
Shock, Hemorrhagic , Thoracic Surgery , Emergencies , Emergency Medicine , Wounds and Injuries , Critical Illness , Critical Care , Adaptation to Disasters , Environmental Pollution , Surgical Wound
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