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1.
Adv Rheumatol ; 62: 15, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374212

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Most of the few studies that have established reference ranges for serum uric acid (SUA) have not taken into account factors which may interfere with its levels and followed rigorous laboratory quality standards. The aim of this study was to establish reference ranges for SUA and determine the prevalence of hyperuricemia. Method: Cross-sectional study including 15,100 participants (all sample) aged 35 to 74 years from baseline data of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil), a multicentric cohort of volunteer civil servants from five universities and one research institute located in different regions of Brazil. It was established a reference sample excluding participants with factors that directly influence SUA levels: glomerular filtration rate lower than 60 ml/min, excessive alcohol intake, use of diuretics, aspirin, estrogen or urate-lowering therapy. SUA was measured using the uricase method and following rigorous international quality standards. Reference ranges were defined as values between percentiles 2.5 (P2.5) and 97.5 (P97.5) of SUA distribution in the reference sample, stratified by sex. Hyperuricemia was defined as SUA ≥ 7 mg/100 ml in the all sample. Results: The reference sample was composed of 10,340 individuals (55.3% women, median age 50 years). Reference ranges (P2.5 to P97.5) for SUA were: 4.0 to 9.2 mg/100 ml for men and 2.8 to 6.9 mg/100 ml for women. Sex was a major determinant for SUA levels (median [IQR], mg/100 ml: 6.1 [5.3-7.0] for men versus 4.5 [3.9-5.3] for women, p < 0.001). Higher levels of SUA were found in patients with higher BMI. Higher age had (a modest) influence only for women. The prevalence of hyperuricemia for all sample (N = 15,100) was 31.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] 30.8- 33.0%) in men and 4.8% (95% CI 4.3-5.3%) in women. Conclusion: SUA reference ranges were 4.0 to 9.2 mg/100 ml for men and 2.8 to 6.9 mg/100 ml for women. Prevalence of hyperuricemia was 31.9% in men and 4.8% in women. Updated SUA reference ranges and prevalence of hyperuricemia are higher nowadays and might be used to guide laboratories and the screening for diseases related to SUA.

2.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2022. 141 p. graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379329

ABSTRACT

Vários estudos epidemiológicos estabelecem correlação positiva entre os níveis de ácido úrico sérico e o aumento do risco para doenças cardiovasculares. Fatores dietéticos e socioeconômicos, além da presença de comorbidades estão diretamente associados aos níveis séricos de ácido úrico. Países desenvolvidos apresentam maior incidência e prevalência da gota e alguns grupos étnicos são particularmente susceptíveis à hiperuricemia. Cristais de ácido úrico são descritos por iniciar e perpetuar resposta inflamatória, e sinalizar um padrão de resposta molecular associado ao dano (DAMP), permitindo a diferenciação de macrófagos para perfis pró-inflamatórios. Por outro lado, os efeitos do ácido úrico em sua forma solúvel ainda carecem de estudos. Macrófagos derivados de precursores monocíticos apresentam diferenciação específica e respondem a um conjunto de fatores extrínsecos, resultando em perfis distintos, um fenômeno conhecido como polarização. Assim, os macrófagos podem ser classicamente ativados para uma resposta Th1 (T helper 1) e polarizados a um perfil pró- inflamatório (M1, resposta Th1) ou a um perfil alternativo e oposto, um perfil de resolução da inflamação (M2, resposta Th2, T helper 2). Nesse sentindo, buscamos analisar os efeitos do ácido úrico solúvel sobre vias de modulação da polarização fenotípica de macrófagos e modificação redox. Utilizamos a linhagem monocítica humana THP-1, a qual foi diferenciada em macrófagossímile por acetato miristato de forbol (PMA; 5 ng.mL-1) por 48 h, seguidas da incubação com ácido úrico em meio ausente de tióis e soro fetal bovino por 8h ou 24h (0-1000 µM). A expressão de fatores de transcrição e marcadores de polarização foi realizada através de citometria de fluxo, western-blotting e por microscopia de fluorescência com alto conteúdo de imagens (HCI). Em concentrações fisiológicas, verificamos que o ácido úrico solúvel regulou positivamente a frequência de células para receptor manose CD206, um marcador clássico de perfil alternativo/M2 e regulou negativamente a expressão óxido nítrico sintase induzível (iNOS), um marcador M1, sugerindo inicialmente uma modulação para o perfil de polarização M2. Além disso, as proteínas redoxsensíveis, heme oxigenase-1 (HO-1) e tiorredoxina (Trx) tiveram sua expressão reduzida e aumentada, respectivamente, pelo tratamento com ácido úrico. Os fatores de transcrição Nrf2 e STAT3 tiveram regulação negativa após a exposição ao ácido úrico solúvel. Os resultados apresentados nesta tese sugerem uma função do urato no priming de macrófagos através da alteração da polarização destas células


Several epidemiological studies have established a positive correlation between high serum uric acid levels and increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. Developed countries have a higher incidence and prevalence of gout and some ethnic groups are particularly susceptible to hyperuricemia. Although hyperuricemia is a prevalent condition, it has still controversy biological consequences. Uric acid crystals are described as capable of initiating and perpetuating inflammatory responses, by activating the damage-associated molecular response pattern (DAMP) cascade, allowing macrophage differentiation to inflammatory profiles. In spite of that, biological response to soluble uric acid are not completely understood. Monocyte-derived macrophages respond to a set of extrinsic factors that result in different profiles and can be polarized to a proinflammatory (M1) or anti-inflammatory (M2) profile. In this thesis, we analyzed the effects of soluble uric acid on redox-modulated pathways and the phenotypic polarization of macrophages. We used human monocytic THP-1 cell line, differentiated into macrophage by phorbol myristate acetate (PMA; 5 ng.mL-1) for 48 h. After differentiation, cells were incubated with soluble uric acid in medium without thiols and fetal bovine serum for 8 h and 24 h (0-1000 µM). The expression of transcription factors and polarization markers were assessed by flow cytometry, western-blotting and fluorescence microscopy with high content imaging (HCI). At physiological concentrations, soluble uric acid positively regulated the frequency of cells for mannose receptor CD206, a classic marker of the anti-inflammatory M2 profile and negatively regulated the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression, a proinflammatory M1 marker, suggesting that the soluble uric acid changes the polarization profile to M2 profile. In addition, the redox-sensitive proteins heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and thioredoxin (Trx) had their expression decreased and increased, respectively, after exposure to urate. STAT3 and Nrf2 transcription factors were downregulated upon soluble uric acid exposure. The results presented in this thesis suggest a role of uric acid in macrophage priming through the alteration of cell polarization


Subject(s)
Uric Acid/analysis , THP-1 Cells/classification , THP-1 Cells/chemistry , Inflammation/classification , Macrophages/chemistry , Sulfhydryl Compounds/agonists , Cardiovascular Diseases , Epidemiologic Studies , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II/antagonists & inhibitors , Flow Cytometry/methods , Microscopy, Fluorescence/methods
3.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-6, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354704

ABSTRACT

Objective: Smoking is among the most destructive habits which have numerous effects on the body.The chemical components of cigarettes destroy the anti-oxidant content of the saliva.In this study, the concentration of albumin and uric acid of healthy non-smokers and smokers was measured based on the frequency of smoking. Material and Methods:In this cross-sectional study, 26 heavy smokers, 27 normal smokers, and 29 non-smokers between the ages of 25 to 40 were selected.The subjects did not suffer from any systemic or periodontal conditions.Unstimulated saliva was collected by spitting. The level of salivary albumin was measured by Bromocresol Green, and the level of salivary uric acid was measured by the uricase method.The selected method of analysis, using SPSS software, was One-Way ANOVA. Results: Mean albumin content of saliva was 33.52 ± 1.52 mg/dl in non-smokers and 23.88 ± 8.93 mg/dl in heavy smokers.The mean uric acid concentration in non-smokers was 2.98 ± 0.79 µmol/L and in heavy smokers was 2.32 ± 0.77 mg/dL.The differences between levels of both salivary uric acid and salivary albumin were significant in heavy smokers and non-smokers(P=0.001). Conclusion: Based on the findings of this study, saliva concentrations of both Albumin and Uric Acid change based on the frequency of smoking.Decreased level of salivary albumin and decreased level of salivary uric acid can be considered as markers of the harmful effects of smoking on oral health. (AU)


Objetivo: Tabagismo está entre os hábitos mais deletérios, que causam inúmeros efeitos no organismo. Os componentes químicos do cigarro destroem os compostos anti-oxidantes da saliva. Neste estudo, a concentração de albumina e ácido úrico em pacientes saudáveis fumantes e não-fumantes foi mensurada e correlacionada coma frequência de fumo. Material e Métodos: Neste estudo transversal, 26 fumantes pesados, 27 fumantes moderados, e 29 não fumantes entre 25 e 40 anos foram incluídos. Os participantes não apresentavam nenhuma condição sistêmica ou periodontal. Saliva não estimulada foi coletada. Os níveis salivares de albumina foram avaliados por Verde de bromocresol, e o nível de ácido úrico foi mensurado pelo método de uricase. Os dados foram analisados utilizando-se One-way ANOVA no software SPSS. Resultados: A albumina salivar foi de 33.52 ±1.52 mg/dl nos não-fumantes e 23.88 ± 8.93 mg/dl nos fumantes pesados. A concentração média de ácido úrico em não-fumantes foi de 2.98 ± 0.79 µmol/L e em pacientes fumantes pesados de 2.32 ± 0.77 mg/dL. As diferenças entre os níveis de ambos, ácido úrico e albumina, foi significante entre fumantes pesados e não-fumantes (p=0.001). Conclusão: Baseados nos achados deste estudo, concentrações salivares de albumina e ácido úrico baseados na frequência de fumo. A diminuição dos níveis salivares de albumina e ácido úrico podem ser considerados marcadores dos efeitos nocivos do cigarro na saúde oral(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Saliva , Uric Acid , Oxidative Stress , Albumins , Smokers
4.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 244-247, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920760

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the serum uric acid levels among residents living in Balikun County, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from 2018 to 2021, so as to provide insights into local hyperuricemia control.@*Methods@#The residents at ages of 20 to 69 years undergoing physical examinations in Balikun County Hospital during the period from 2018 to 2021 were enrolled. Their age, gender, and history of medication and disease were collected, and serum uric acid levels were measured. The gender- and age-specific prevalence of hyperuricemia and hypouricemia was descriptively analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 3 097 subjects were enrolled, which included 1 210 males ( 39.07% ) and 1 887 females ( 60.93% ) and had a mean age of ( 46.12±12.84 ) years. The overall mean serum uric acid was ( 260.41±71.99 ) μmol/L, and the mean serum uric acid was ( 298.22±69.57 ) μmol/L in men and ( 236.17±62.44 ) μmol/L in women. The serum uric acid level appeared a tendency towards a rise with ages both in whole study subjects and in women ( P<0.05 ). The overall prevalence of hyperuricemia was 4.26%, with 4.63% prevalence in men and 4.03% in women. The prevalence of hyperuricemia appeared a tendency towards a rise with ages both in whole study subjects and in women ( P<0.05 ). The overall prevalence of hypouricemia was 0.71%, with 0.25% prevalence in men and 1.01% in women; the prevalence of moderate hypouricemia was 11.11%, with 2.56% prevalence in men and 16.59% in women.@*Conclusions@#Low level of serum uric acid and prevalence of hyperuricemia is detected among residents living in Balikun County. Monitoring of serum uric acid is recommended to be intensified among men.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 610-613, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924116

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the epidemiological characteristics of elevated serum uric acid in college students and its association with glycolipid metabolism, providing reference for health care intervention and education of college students.@*Methods@#From September 2020 to November 2021, a retrospective study was conducted among 989 college students in Taizhou area by stratified cluster random sampling method, and a questionnaire was issued to all college students. Serum uric acid (SUA), high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), fasting plasma glucose(FPG), 2 h postprandial blood glucose (2 hPG), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG) levels were detected by urease immunoassay and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.@*Results@#Waist circumference, body mass index, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure in higher serum uric acid group were higher than those in normal group ( t =21.72,5.74,5.45,12.23, P <0.05). The SUA, FPG, TG, 2 hPG, LDL and TC in serum uric acid increased group were higher than those in normal group, while HDL was lower than those in normal group ( t =13.85, 23.97, 10.24, 7.62, 34.91, 8.27, -8.15, P <0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that the levels of FPG, TG, 2 hPG, LDL and TC were positively correlated with SUA levels ( r =0.63, 0.72, 0.69, 0.16, 0.81, P <0.01). HDL was negatively correlated with SUA level ( r = -0.52, P <0.01). The glucolipid metabolism indexes were included into the binary Logistic regression model analysis, and the results showed that FPG, TG, LDL and TC were positively correlated with higher serum uric acid. HDL was negatively correlated with the incidence of higher serum uric acid ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Male sex, alcohol consumption, smoking, and elevated blood pressure can contribute to higher serum uric acid, which has been found to be associated with glycolipid metabolism.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923027

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the anti-hyperuricemia effects of Bixie deacidification fang on hyperuricemia mice and its mechanism of renal protein transport. Methods The effects of Bixie deacidification fang were investigated on hyperuricemia mice induced by potassium oxonate. Bixie deacidification fang was administered to hyperuricemia mice daily at doses of 220, 440 and 880 mg/kg for 10 days, and allopurinol (5mg/kg) was given as positive control. Serum and urine levels of uric acid and creatinine were determined by colorimetric method. Simultaneously, protein levels of urate transporter 1 (URAT1) and organic anion transporter 1 (OAT1) in the kidney were analyzed by Western blot. Results Compared with the model group, high-dose of Bixie deacidification fang inhibited xanthine oxidase (XOD) activities in serum (18.12±1.33 u/L) and that in liver (70.15±5.20 u/g protein) (P<0.05), decrease levels of serum uric acid (2.04 ± 0.64mg/L) (P<0.05) and serum creatinine (0.35±0.18µmol/L) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN)(8.83±0.71mmol/L) (P<0.05), ncreased levels of urine uric acid (38.34±8.23mg/L), urine creatinine (34.38±1.98mmol/L), down-regulated of URAT1 and up-regulated of OAT1 protein expressions (P<0.05) in the renal tissue of hyperuricemia mice. Conclusion Bixie deacidification fang recipe may promote the excretion of uric acid in the kidney by up-regulating the expression of OAT1 protein to promote the excretion of uric acid, and down-regulating the expression of URAT1 protein to inhibit the reabsorption of uric acid.

7.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(4): 572-579, Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350906

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hyperuricemia is common in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and may be present in 50% of patients presenting for dialysis. Hyperuricemia can be secondary to impaired glomerular filtration rate (GFR) that occurs in CKD. However, hyperuricemia can also precede the development of kidney disease and predict incident CKD. Experimental studies of hyperuricemic models have found that both soluble and crystalline uric acid can cause significant kidney damage, characterized by ischemia, tubulointerstitial fibrosis, and inflammation. However, most Mendelian randomization studies failed to demonstrate a causal relationship between uric acid and CKD, and clinical trials have had variable results. Here we suggest potential explanations for the negative clinical and genetic findings, including the role of crystalline uric acid, intracellular uric acid, and xanthine oxidase activity in uric acid-mediated kidney injury. We propose future clinical trials as well as an algorithm for treatment of hyperuricemia in patients with CKD.


Resumo A hiperuricemia é comum na doença renal crônica (DRC) e pode estar presente em até 50% dos pacientes que se apresentam para diálise. A hiperuricemia pode ser secundária ao comprometimento da taxa de filtração glomerular (TFG) que ocorre na DRC. No entanto, ela também pode preceder o desenvolvimento da doença renal e mesmo prever uma DRC incidente. Estudos experimentais de modelos hiperuricêmicos descobriram que tanto o ácido úrico solúvel quanto o cristalino podem causar danos renais significativos, caracterizados por isquemia, fibrose tubulointersticial e inflamação. Entretanto, a maioria dos estudos de randomização Mendeliana falhou em demonstrar uma relação causal entre o ácido úrico e a DRC, e os ensaios clínicos têm apresentado resultados variáveis. Aqui sugerimos explicações potenciais para os achados clínicos e genéticos negativos, incluindo o papel do ácido úrico cristalino, do ácido úrico intracelular e da atividade da xantina oxidase na lesão renal mediada por ácido úrico. Propomos ensaios clínicos futuros, bem como um algoritmo para o tratamento de hiperuricemia em pacientes com DRC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperuricemia/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Uric Acid , Renal Dialysis , Glomerular Filtration Rate
9.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(4): 666-675, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345243

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Os resultados de estudos anteriores sobre a relação entre ácido úrico sérico (AUS) e o risco de doença cardiovascular (DCV) até agora são inconsistentes devido aos fatores de confusão causados por outros fatores de risco cardiovascular conhecidos. Objetivos Este estudo tem o objetivo de avaliar a relação entre o AUS e as DCV incidentes em chineses de meia-idade e idosos, que foram estratificados de acordo com o índice de massa corporal (IMC). Métodos Recrutamos 5.721 participantes com idades entre 40 e 75 anos que não tinham diagnóstico de DCV na linha de base, e que foram monitorados de 2008 a 2017. Os participantes foram categorizados em quintis de AUS. A regressão de Cox e a análise de sobrevivência de Kaplan-Meier foram utilizadas para comparar a incidência de DCV entre os grupos de AUS. As correlações entre AUS e a incidência de DCV em grupos com IMC e circunferência de cintura (CC) variados também foram analisadas. Um P valor <0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados Durante um período médio de monitoramento de 7,6 anos, a incidência de DCV aumentou com o AUS (teste de Log-rank p<0,001). Em comparação com o primeiro quintil, as razões de risco padronizadas (intervalos de confiança de 95%) para p desenvolvimento de DCV foram 1,08 (0,78-1,65), 1,17 (0,88-1,77), 1,47 (1,12-2,21), e 1,68 (1,28-2,44) para o segundo, terceiro, quarto e quinto quintis, respectivamente. Essa relação ficou mais clara em participantes com IMC e CC normais. A razão de risco ajustada para cada aumento de 100 μmol/L de AUS foi de 1,13 (intervalo de confiança de 95%: 1,02-1,39) para eventos de DCV. Conclusões O AUS alto é um fator de risco de DCV independente em pessoas de meia-idade e idosas do norte da China. Esse efeito é mantido mesmo depois da estratificação de acordo com medidas de magreza/obesidade.


Abstract Background The results of previous studies of the relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) and the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) have been inconsistent due to confounding factors caused by other known cardiovascular risk factors. Objectives This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between SUA and incident CVD in middle-aged and elderly Chinese people, who were stratified according to body mass index (BMI). Methods This study recruited 5,721 participants of 40-75 years of age, who were free of CVD at baseline and who underwent follow-up from 2008 to 2017. Participants were categorized in SUA quintiles. Cox proportional hazard and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis were used to compare CVD incidence among the SUA groups. The correlations between SUA and CVD incidence in groups with differing BMI and waist circumference (WC) were also analyzed. A P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results During a mean follow-up period of 7.6 years, CVD incidence increased with SUA (log-rank test p<0. 001). Compared with the first quintile, the adjusted hazard ratios (95% confidence interval (CI)) for the development of CVD were 1.08 (0.78-1.65), 1.17 (0.88-1.77), 1.47 (1.12-2.21), and 1.68 (1.28-2.44) for the second to fifth quintiles, respectively. This relationship was clearer in participants with normal BMI and WC. The adjusted hazard ratio for each 100 μmol/L increase in SUA was 1.13 (95% CI: 1.02-1.39) for CVD events. Conclusions High SUA is an independent risk factor for CVD in middle-aged and elderly northern Chinese people. This effect is maintained even after stratification according to measures of leanness/obesity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Uric Acid , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Middle Aged
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(2): 378-384, ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339152

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: A hiperuricemia é um achado frequente em pacientes com hipertensão arterial e há evidências cada vez maiores de que essa entidade seja também um fator de risco para doença cardiovascular. Objetivos: No contexto da população em processo de envelhecimento, este estudo tem o objetivo de avaliar níveis de ácido úrico sérico e a prevalência e o controle da hipertensão arterial em um subgrupo da população de adultos romenos (>65 anos), em relação à influência da idade nesses parâmetros. Métodos: A amostra do estudo consiste em 1920 adultos incluídos na pesquisa SEPHAR III, dos quais 447 eram pacientes idosos (>65 anos de idade). Durante as duas visitas do estudo, três aferições de pressão arterial (PA) foram realizadas em intervalos de 1 minuto, e foram realizadas medições de níveis de ácido úrico sérico, função renal por taxa de filtração glomerular, pressão arterial e espessura íntima-média. A hipertensão e os controles foram definidos de acordo com as diretrizes atuais. A avaliação da espessura íntima-média foi determinada pela avaliação por ultrassom Doppler modo B. Um nível de significância p < 0,05 foi adotado para a análise estatística. Resultados: Pacientes adultos tinham níveis de ácido úrico sérico significativamente mais baixos, se comparados a pacientes idosos, independentemente dos níveis de taxa de filtração glomerular. Pacientes adultos tinham níveis de espessura íntima-média, comparados a pacientes idosos. Conclusão: De forma semelhante às pesquisas anteriores, neste estudo, a idade representou um dos fatores contribuintes ao nível aumentado de ácido úrico sérico. Também foi obtido um aumento da prevalência da hipertensão arterial com a idade, com um mau controle da pressão arterial.


Abstract Background: Hyperuricemia is a frequent finding in patients with arterial hypertension, and there is increasing evidence that this entity is also a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Objective: In the context of an aging population, this study aims to evaluate serum uric acid levels and arterial hypertension prevalence and control in a subgroup of Romanian adults (>65 years), concerning the influence of age on these parameters. Method: The study sample consists of 1,920 adults included in SEPHAR III survey, of whom 447 were elderly patients (>65 years of age). During the two study visits, three blood pressure (BP) measurements were performed at 1-min intervals and serum uric acid levels, kidney function by estimated glomerular filtration rate, blood pressure, and intima media thickness measurements were conducted. Hypertension and controls were defined according to the current guidelines. Intima-media thickness evaluation was assessed by B-mode Doppler ultrasound evaluation. A significance level p < 0.05 was adopted for the statistical analysis. Results: Adult patients had a significant lower serum uric acid levels, compared to elderly patients, regardless of glomerular filtration rate levels. Adult patients showed a significantly lower intima-media thickness levels, when compared to elderly patients. Conclusion: Similar to previous studies, in the present study, age represented one of the factors contributing to the increased level of serum uric acid. An increasing prevalence of arterial hypertension with age, together with a poor control of blood pressure, was also obtained.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Aged , Hyperuricemia/epidemiology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Uric Acid , Blood Pressure , Risk Factors , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(6): 1072-1078, Jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278335

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento O ácido úrico , produto final do metabolismo dos nucleotídeos das purinas, participa dos processos de doenças metabólicas e cardiovasculares. Evidências experimentais sugerem que o ácido úrico é um mediador importante na resposta fisiológica ao aumento da pressão arterial. Objetivo Avaliar a associação entre os níveis séricos de AU e pré-hipertensão e hipertensão em uma população chinesa. Métodos Conduziu-se um estudo transversal entre março e setembro de 2017, e 1.138 participantes com idades entre 35 e 75 anos foram incluídos neste estudo, onde 223 normotensos, 316 pré-hipertensos e 599 hipertensos foram selecionados para avaliar a associação entre níveis séricos de AU e hipertensão. Considerou-se um valor de p<0,05 estatisticamente significativo. Resultados Os níveis séricos de AU foram significativamente maiores no grupo pré-hipertensão e hipertensão em comparação com o grupo controle em toda a população (p<0,05 para todos). A análise quantitativa das características indicou níveis séricos de AU (2,92±0,81, 3,06±0,85, 3,22±0,98 mg/d) linearmente aumentados em mulheres normotensas, pré-hipertensas e hipertensas, com um valor de p de 0,008. Os níveis séricos de AU nos quartis correlacionaram-se positivamente com a PAD (p<0,05), principalmente em mulheres. Após o ajuste para idade, sexo, índice de massa corporal (IMC), glicose (GLI), colesterol total (CT), triglicerídeos (TG), colesterol HDL (lipoproteína de alta densidade), as razões de chances ( odds ratios — ORs) e intervalos de confiança (IC) de 95% da pré-hipertensão, dos níveis séricos de AU mais baixos (referentes) aos mais altos foram 1,718 (1,028-2,872), 1,018 (0,627-1,654) e 1,738 (1,003-3,010). Além disso, o segundo quartil dos níveis séricos de AU esteve significativamente associado à hipertensão, com uma OR (IC 95%) de 2,036 (1,256-3,298). Conclusões O presente estudo sugere que níveis séricos mais elevados de AU estão positivamente associados à pré-hipertensão e hipertensão entre adultos chineses.


Abstract Background Uric acid (UA), the end product of purine nucleotide metabolism, participates in the processes of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. Experimental evidence suggests it is an important mediator in the physiological response to blood pressure increase. Objective To evaluate the association between serum UA levels and pre-hypertension and hypertension in a Chinese population. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted from March to September 2017, and 1,138 participants aged 35 to 75 were enrolled in this study, where 223 normotensive, 316 pre-hypertensive, and 599 hypertensive subjects were selected to evaluate the association between serum UA levels and hypertension. A p-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results Serum UA levels were significantly higher in the pre-hypertension and hypertension group compared to the control group in the entire population (p<0.05 for all). Quantitative trait analysis indicated that serum UA levels were (2.92±0.81, 3.06±0.85, 3.22±0.98 mg/d) linearly increased in normotensive, pre-hypertensive and hypertensive females, with a p value of 0.008. Serum UA levels in the quartiles were positively correlated with DBP (p<0.05), particularly in females. After adjusting for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), glucose (GLU), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of pre-hypertension from the lowest (referent) to the highest levels of serum UA were 1.718 (1.028-2.872), 1.018 (0.627-1.654) and 1.738 (1.003-3.010). Additionally, the second quartile of serum UA levels were significantly associated with hypertension, with an OR (95% CI) of 2.036 (1.256-3.298). Conclusions This study suggests that higher serum UA levels are positively associated with pre-hypertension and hypertension among Chinese adults.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Prehypertension , Hypertension , Uric Acid , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors
13.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(6): 828-832, June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346904

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between hyperuricemia and systemic arterial hypertension. METHODS: This was a case-control study where individuals aged >18 years were included, who were divided into hypertensive and non-hypertensive groups, excluding those with incomplete information in medical records or with the chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration <60 mL/min/1.73 m³. Systemic arterial hypertension was categorized as a dependent variable, while the independent variables were hyperuricemia (i.e., primary variable), sex, education, the practice of physical activity, alcoholism, smoking, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, a family history of systemic arterial hypertension, age, isolated hyperlipidemia, and mixed hyperlipidemia. Statistical analysis included the univariate and multivariate data analysis, performed by adjusting the logistic regression models using the software R (R Core Team [2018]). RESULTS: Out of 103 patients evaluated, 75 patients were included in this study. In hypertensive patients, hyperuricemia was more frequent (p=0.029), being present in 18.9% individuals. In the univariate analysis, a statistically significant association was found between hyperuricemia and systemic arterial hypertension (OR 10.9; 95%CI 1.29-1420.0; p=0.023); however, in the multivariate analysis, when adjustment was made for age, the only control variable that persisted in the model, this association ceased to be significant (OR 8.5; 95%CI 0.87-1157.0; p=0.070). CONCLUSIONS: There was no independent association between hyperuricemia and systemic arterial hypertension. The latter was associated with diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and age.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperuricemia/complications , Hyperuricemia/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus , Hypertension/complications , Hypertension/epidemiology , Uric Acid , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors
14.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(4): 549-554, Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340640

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, which is characterized by lipid being deposited into hepatocytes, affects nearly one in three adults globally. Inflammatory markers were suggested to be related with hepatic steatosis. Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio is proposed as a novel inflammatory and metabolic marker. We aimed to compare Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio levels of patients with Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease to those of healthy controls and find out potential correlations between Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio and other inflammatory and metabolic markers of Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease who were on clinical follow-up in our institution were enrolled in the study as the Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease group, while healthy volunteers were enrolled as the control group. The Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio of the groups was compared and potential correlations were studied between Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio and fasting blood glucose, transaminases, serum lipids (triglyceride, LDL-cholesterol), weight, and body mass index. RESULTS: The Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio of the Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (13±5%) group was significantly higher compared to the Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio of the control (10±4%) group (p<0.001). Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio was significantly and positively correlated with fasting blood glucose, transaminases, triglyceride, body weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, and body mass index. A ROC analysis revealed that a Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio level greater than 9.6% has 73% sensitivity and 51% specificity in determining Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. CONCLUSION: Due to the inexpensive and easy-to-assess nature of Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio, we suggest that elevated Uric acid to HDL cholesterol ratio levels be considered a useful tool in diagnosing hepatic steatosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Uric Acid , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Triglycerides , Body Mass Index , Waist Circumference , Cholesterol, HDL
15.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(9): e00255920, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345630

ABSTRACT

Abstract: There is a conflict in the literature regarding the association between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and glycemic status. Therefore, we evaluated the association between SUA level and glycemic status - impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and diabetes mellitus - and insulin resistance, in a large Brazilian study. This is a cross-sectional, observational study with 13,207 participants aged 35-74 years, at baseline (2008-2010) of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). A multinomial regression analysis was performed to test the association between SUA and glycemic status (IFG, IGT, and newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes at the cohort baseline) after adjustments by age, sex, skin color, body mass index, physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption, comorbidities, and medicines use. Logistic regression model was used to evaluate the association between SUA and insulin resistance by HOMA-IR. Stratified analyses by sex were performed. The mean age (standard deviation) was 51.4 (8.9) years, 55.2% of participants were women. There were 1,439 newly diagnosed diabetes. After all adjustments, higher SUA was associated with IFG, IGT, and diabetes, with odds ratio (OR) = 1.15 (95%CI: 1.06; 1.25), 1.23 (95%CI: 1.14; 1.33), and 1.37 (95%CI: 1.24; 1.51), respectively. There was association between SUA levels and insulin resistance with OR = 1.24 (95%CI: 1.13; 1.36). In analysis stratified by sex, higher SUA persisted independently associated with impaired glycemic status. Our results suggest that a higher SUA levels were significantly associated with glycemic status in a large Latin American population, mainly among women.


Resumo: Há uma controvérsia na literatura a respeito da associação entre níveis de ácido úrico sérico (AUS) e glicemia. Portanto, avaliamos a associação entre AUS e glicemia (glicemia em jejum alterada, intolerância glicêmica e diabetes mellitus), além da resistência insulínica, em uma amostra grande no Brasil. O estudo transversal observacional incluiu 13.207 participantes com idade entre 35 e 74 anos na linha de base (2008-2010) do Estudo Longitudinal de Saúde do Adulto (ELSA-Brasil). Foi realizada análise de regressão multivariada para testar a associação entre AUS e glicemia (glicemia em jejum alterada, intolerância glicêmica e diagnóstico novo de diabetes tipo 2 na linha de base da coorte) depois de ajustar para idade, sexo, cor, índice de massa corporal, atividade física, tabagismo, consumo de álcool, comorbidades e uso de medicação. O modelo de regressão logística foi usado para avaliar a associação entre AUS e resistência insulínica por HOMA-IR. Foram realizadas análises estratificadas por sexo. A média de idade (DP) foi 51,4 (8,9) anos, e 55,2% dos participantes eram mulheres. Houve 1.439 novos diagnósticos de diabetes. Depois de todos os ajustes, o AUS esteve associado à glicemia em jejum alterada, intolerância glicêmica e diabetes, com odds ratio (OR) = 1,15 (IC95%: 1,06; 1,25), 1,23 (IC95%: 1,14; 1,33) e 1,37 (IC95%: 1,24; 1,51), respectivamente. Houve uma associação entre níveis de AUS e resistência insulínica, com OR = 1,24 (IC95%: 1,13; 1,36). Na análise estratificada por sexo, persistiu a associação independente entre AUS elevado e glicemia. Os resultados sugerem que níveis elevados de AUS estão associados de maneira significativa com a glicemia em uma população latino-americana grande, sobretudo entre mulheres.


Resumen: Hay un conflicto en la literatura respecto a la asociación entre los niveles de ácido úrico sérico (AUS) y el estado glucémico. Por eso, evaluamos la asociación entre el nivel AUS y el estatus glucémico: glucosa alterada en ayunas (GAA), tolerancia a la glucosa alterada (TGA) y diabetes mellitus (diabetes), comparados con la resistencia a la insulina en un amplio estudio en Brasil. Se realizó un estudio transversal, observacional con 13.207 participantes, con edades comprendidas entre los 35-74 años, en la base de referencia del Estudio Longitudinal de Salud entre Adultos brasileños (2008-2010) (ELSA-Brasil). Se realizó un análisis de regresión multinomial para probar la asociación entre AUS y el estado glucémico (GAA, TGA y de nuevo la diabetes tipo 2, diagnosticada en la cohorte como base de referencia) tras los ajustes por edad, sexo, color de piel, índice de masa corporal, actividad física, fumar, consumo de alcohol, comorbilidades, uso de medicinas. Se usó el modelo de regresión logística para evaluar la asociación entre AUS y la resistencia a la insulina por el HOMA-IR. Se realizó también un análisis estratificado por sexo. La media de edad (desviación estándar) fue 51,4 (8,9) años, un 55,2% de los participantes eran mujeres. Hubo 1.439 nuevos casos de diabetes diagnosticados. Tras todos los ajustes, una AUS más alta estuvo asociada con GAA, TGA y diabetes, con odds ratio (OR) = 1,15 (IC95%: 1,06; 1,25), 1,23 (IC95%: 1,14; 1,33), y 1,37 (IC95%: 1,24; 1,51), respectivamente. Hubo asociación entre los niveles AUS y la resistencia a la insulina con OR = 1,24 (IC95%: 1,13; 1,36). En el análisis estratificado por sexo, una AUS más alta persistía independientemente asociada con un estado glucémico alterado. Nuestros resultados sugieren que unos niveles más altos de AUS estuvieron significativamente asociados con el estado glucémico en una amplia población latinoamericana, principalmente entre mujeres.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Glucose Intolerance/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Uric Acid , Blood Glucose , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Fasting , Middle Aged
16.
J. Bras. Patol. Med. Lab. (Online) ; 57: e2552021, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279276

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To verify the possible relationship between serum uric acid concentrations and insulin resistance in adolescents. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with 74 participants from a public school in São Luís, Maranhão, aged between 10 and 19 years. The study was approved by the Ethics and Research Committee of the University Hospital of the Universidade Federal do Maranhão (UFMA) under report 2,673,791. Anthropometric measurements, blood pressure and blood collection were performed. The participants were divided into two groups: group 1 (with hyperuricemia) and group 2 (without hyperuricemia). Data analysis was performed by means of the Stata program. Results: Anthropometric measurements, such as body mass index and waist circumference, had statistical significance (p < 0.05) among groups with hyperuricemia and without hyperuricemia, as well as the percentage of body fat (p = 0.0423) and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.0235). Biochemical parameters for total cholesterol (p = 0.0172), triglycerides (p = 0.0268), glucose (p = 0.0284) and TyG index (p = 0.0416) had statistical significance in the hyperuricemia group when compared to the group without hyperuricemia. Conclusion: According to the obtained results, the participants with insulin resistance calculated by the TyG index presented high serum acid levels, demonstrating a statistically significant correlation.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Verificar la posible relación entre concentraciones séricas de ácido úrico y resistencia a la insulina en adolescentes. Métodos: Estudio transversal con 74 participantes de una escuela pública en São Luís, Maranhão, con edades entre 10 y 19 años. El estudio es aprobado por el Comité de Ética e Investigación del Hospital Universitario de la Universidad Federal de Maranhão (UFMA) bajo dictamen 2.673.791. Se realizaron mediciones antropométricas, de presión arterial y extracción de sangre. Los participantes se dividieron en dos grupos: grupo 1 (con hiperuricemia) y grupo 2 (sin hiperuricemia). El análisis de datos se realizó utilizando el programa Stata. Resultados: Las medidas antropométricas, como el índice de masa corporal (IMC) y la circunferencia de la cintura, tuvieron significancia estadística (p < 0,05) entre los dos grupos, así como el porcentaje de grasa corporal (p = 0,0423) y la presión arterial sistólica y diastólica (p = 0,0235). Los parámetros bioquímicos referentes a colesterol total (p = 0,0172), triglicéridos (p = 0,0268), glucosa (p = 0,0284) e índice TyG (p = 0,0416) fueron estadísticamente significativos en el grupo con hiperuricemia, en comparación con el grupo sin hiperuricemia. Conclusión: De acuerdo a los resultados obtenidos, los participantes con resistencia a la insulina, en base al cálculo mediante el índice TyG, presentaron niveles séricos elevados de ácido úrico, mostrando una correlación estadísticamente significativa.


RESUMO Objetivo: Verificar a possível relação entre concentrações séricas de ácido úrico e resistência insulínica em adolescentes. Métodos: Estudo de caráter transversal com 74 participantes oriundos de uma escola pública de São Luís, Maranhão, com idades entre 10 e 19 anos. O estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética e Pesquisa do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão (UFMA) sob o parecer 2.673.791. Medidas antropométricas, pressão arterial e coleta de sangue foram feitas. A divisão dos participantes foi realizada em dois grupos: grupo 1 (com hiperuricemia) e grupo 2 (sem hiperuricemia). A análise de dados foi realizada por meio do programa Stata. Resultados: As medidas antropométricas, como índice de massa corporal (IMC) e circunferência da cintura, tiveram significância estatística (p < 0,05) entre os dois grupos, assim como a porcentagem de gordura corporal (p = 0,0423) e a pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica (p = 0,0235). Os parâmetros bioquímicos referentes a colesterol total (p = 0,0172), triglicerídeos (p = 0,0268), glicose (p = 0,0284) e índice TyG (p = 0,0416) tiveram significância estatística no grupo com hiperuricemia, quando comparados com o grupo sem hiperuricemia. Conclusão: De acordo com os resultados obtidos, os participantes com resistência insulínica, a partir do cálculo pelo índice TyG, apresentaram níveis séricos elevados de ácido úrico, demonstrando correlação estatística significativa.

17.
Adv Rheumatol ; 61: 23, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248672

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Chronic prostatitis has been a common disease reported with high frequency in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) even from decades ago. Infectious (Chlamydia trachomatis) or non-infectious (uric acid) prostatitis can hypothetically trigger vertebral inflammation in AS. This study aimed to assess the features of chronic prostatitis in patients with AS compared to healthy controls. Methods: A cross-sectional study including male patients with AS and healthy controls who agreed to undergo a prostate examination was conducted. Structured clinical interviews, prostate physical examinations, and cytological, biochemical, and microbiological tests on urinary samples collected before and after standardized prostatic massage (pre- and post-massage test) were performed. Results: Ninety participants (45 AS patients, mean age: 52.5 ± 10.0 years, with longstanding disease, 12.4 ± 6.9years, and 45 controls, mean age: 52.8 ± 12.1 years) were included. National Institutes of Health - Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) scores were similar in the AS and control groups (4.0 [1.0-12.0] vs. 5.0 [1.0—8.5], p = 0.994). The frequencies of symptoms of chronic prostatitis (NIH-CPSI Pain Domain ≥4) were also similar in both groups (23.3% vs. 22.7%, p = 0.953). Results of polymerase chain reaction tests for Chlamydia trachomatis were negative in all tested urinary samples, and uric acid concentrations and leukocyte counts were similar in all pre- and post-massage urinary samples. Conclusions: In this study, chronic prostatitis occurred in male patients with AS, but its frequency and characteristics did not differ from those found in the healthy male population of similar age.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909142

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of dual-source CT urography with stellar photon detectors in the diagnosis of gout.Methods:Forty patients who were diagnosed with gout according to American College of Rheumatology Guideline for the Diagnosis of Gout and received treatment between April 2018 and May 2020 were included in the observation group. Forty patients who were concurrently diagnosed with osteoarthritis and received treatment in the same hospital were included in the control group. All patients underwent dual-source CT urography with stellar photon detectors and corresponding biochemical index detection. Blood levels of uric acid, urea nitrogen, creatinine, total cholesterol, and triglyceride were compared between the observation and control groups.Results:Blood levels of uric acid, creatinine, urea nitrogen, total cholesterol, and triglyceride in the observation group were (519.38 ± 97.91) μmol/L, (110.21 ± 18.29) μmol/L, (12.21 ± 3.29) mmol/L, (6.49 ± 1.22) mmol/L, (3.45 ± 1.89) mmol/L, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group (310.45 ± 61.40) μmol/L, (86.22 ± 13.12) μmol/L, (6.82 ± 1.75) mmol/L, (4.75 ± 0.56) mmol/L, (1.98 ± 0.85) mmol/L, respectively ( t = 11.43, 6.741, 9.148, 8.198, 4.486, all P < 0.05). Dual-source CT urography with stellar photon detectors revealed that urate crystals (color coded as green) were detected in 3 and 36 patients from the control and observation groups, respectively, with the detection rate of 7.5% (3/40) and 90% (36/40), respectively. There was significant difference in urate crystal detection rate between the observation and control groups ( χ2 = 24.993, P < 0.05). In the control group, no obvious destruction of bone, tendon and ligament were observed, urate deposition, total volume of (1.023 ± 0.83) cm 3, was found in feet and knee joint of a small number of patients. In the observation group, there were 30 patients with uric acid crystals and bone destruction in the metatarsophalangeal joint ( n = 6), distal tibia ( n = 7), distal fibula ( n = 3), proximal talus ( n = 4), proximal calcaneus ( n = 6), and wrist joint ( n = 4). There were 20 patients with ligament or tendon damage, involving deltoid ligament ( n = 2), Achilles tendon ( n = 10), and extensor and flexor tendon ( n = 53). Total volume of uric acid crystals was (32.22 ± 5.83) cm 3. The volume of uric acid crystals deposited in the hand, elbow, feet and knee was (8.00 ± 4.92) cm 3, (5.32 ± 2.75) cm 3, (36.00 ± 15.54) cm 3, and (13.31 ± 9.14) cm 3, respectively. Conclusion:Dual-source CT urography with stellar photon detectors has a high sensitivity in the diagnosis of gout, can accurately locate and quantify uric acid crystals and is of high application value in the diagnosis of gout.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908716

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between different types of hemorrhagic transformation and serum uric acid in patients with acute cerebral infarction.Methods:The clinical data of 365 patients with acute cerebral infarction in Jinhua Central Hospital of Zhejiang Province from June 2018 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical data and the serum uric acid level at the time of admission were recorded, and the occurrences of hemorrhagic infarction (HI) and cerebral parenchymal hematoma (PH) were counted. The risk factors of HI and PH in patients with acute cerebral infarction were analyzed by multivariate Logistic regression analysis.Results:Among 365 patients, 328 cases had no hemorrhagic transformation (control group); 37 cases (10.1%) had hemorrhagic transformation, with 20 cases of HI (HI group) and 17 cases of PH (PH group). The uric acid in PH group was significantly lower than that in control group and HI group: (243.59 ± 61.49) μmol/L vs. (307.84 ± 80.12) and (305.45 ± 94.99) μmol/L, and there was statistical difference ( P<0.05); there was no statistical difference in uric acid between control group and HI group ( P>0.05). The patients was divided into 3 groups according to the tertiles of serum uric acid, uric acid ≤ 264.9 μmol/L was in 121 cases (Ⅰ group), 265.0 to 338.8 μmol/L was in 122 cases (Ⅱ group) and ≥338.9 μmol/L was in 122 cases (Ⅲ group). The rate of PH in Ⅲ group was significantly lower than that in Ⅰ group: 0.8% (1/122) vs. 8.3% (10/121), and there was statistical difference ( P<0.05). Taking patients without hemorrhage transformation as a reference, multivariate Logistic regression analysis result showed that diabetes, atrial fibrillation and large-area infarction were independent risk factors of HI in patients with acute cerebral infarction ( P<0.01); the age, large-area cerebral infarction, thrombolytic therapy, platelet count and uric acid were independent risk factors of PH in patients with acute cerebral infarction ( P<0.05 or <0.01). Conclusions:In patients with acute cerebral infarction, higher serum uric acid is independently correlated with lower PH, and has no correlation with HI. Serum uric acid level has certain value in predicting PH.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908647

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the correlation between pneumoperitoneum pressure, level of blood uric acid (UA) and postoperative cognitive function in elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC).Methods:One hundred and one patients from December 2018 to December 2019 in Wuhu First People′s Hospital of Anhui Province were selected. According to average value of intraoperative pneumoperitoneum pressure, the patients were divided into low pressure group (intraoperative pneumoperitoneum pressure<11.2 mmHg, 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa; 50 cases) and standard pressure group (intraoperative pneumoperitoneum pressure ≥ 11.2 mmHg, 51 cases). According to preoperative average level of preoperative blood UA, the patients were divided into low-level UA group (UA<324.1 mmol/L, 50 cases) and high-level UA group (UA≥324.1 mmol/L, 51 cases). The cognitive function 24 h after surgery was assessed by mini-mental state examination (MMSE) scale and Loewenstein occupational therapy cognitive assessment (LOTCA) scale. The correlation between pneumoperitoneum pressure, level of blood UA and cognitive function was analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis.Results:There were no statistical differences in recovery time of spontaneous breathing, recovery time and extubation time between standard pressure group and low pressure group ( P>0.05); the recovery time of orientation in low pressure group was significantly shorter than that in standard pressure group: (12.54 ± 2.41) min vs. (14.65 ± 2.88) min, the postoperative MMSE score and LOTCA score were significantly higher than those in standard pressure group: (25.12 ± 2.03) scores vs. (20.84 ± 2.42) scores and (96.24 ± 6.54) scores vs. (85.15 ± 5.12) scores, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01). The postoperative MMSE score and LOTCA score in high-level UA group were significantly higher than those in low-level UA group: (24.76 ± 2.53) scores vs. (21.12 ± 2.06) scores and (94.86 ± 6.18) scores vs. (86.34 ± 5.27) scores, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01). The Pearson correlation analysis result showed that pneumoperitoneum pressure was negative correlation with MMSE score and LOTCA score ( r = -0.544 and - 0.615, P<0.01); while UA level was positive correlation with MMSE score and LOTCA score ( r = 0.433 and 0.405, P<0.01). Conclusions:The carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum pressure and UA level are related to postoperative cognitive function in elderly LC patients. The postoperative cognitive function is relatively better in patients with lower intraoperative pneumoperitoneum pressure and higher preoperative UA level.

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