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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4993-5002, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008669

ABSTRACT

The resin ethanol extract of Gegen Qinlian Decoction(GGQLD) has been found to significantly alleviate the intestinal toxicity caused by Irinotecan, but further research is needed to establish its overall quality and clinical medication standards. This study aimed to establish an HPLC characteristic fingerprint of the resin ethanol extract of GGQLD, predicted the targets and signaling pathways of its pharmacological effects based on network pharmacology, identified core compounds with pharmacological relevance, and analyzed potential quality markers(Q-markers) of the resin eluate of GGQLD for relieving Irinotecan-induced toxicity. By considering the uniqueness, measurability, and traceability of Q-markers based on the "five principles" of Q-markers and combining them with network pharmacology techniques, the overall efficacy of the resin ethanol extract of GGQLD can be characterized. Preliminary predictions suggested that the four components of puerarin, berberine, baicalin, and baicalein might serve as potential Q-markers for the resin etha-nol extract of GGQLD. This study provides a basis and references for the quality control and clinical mechanism of the resin ethanol extract of GGQLD.


Subject(s)
Irinotecan , Network Pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use
2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 154-162, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940530

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the correlation between the apparent color, comprehensive sweetness and the content of main components in the preparation of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata processed with Amomi Fructus and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, so as to lay a foundation for revealing the processing principle of Rehmanniae Radix. MethodThe color of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata sample powder was measured by automatic colorimeter, the contents of 14 active components in samples with different heating time points were determined by high performance liquid chromatography, including 7 glycosides of catalpol, rehmannia glycoside D, leonurine glycoside, 5-hydroxymethyl furfural, verbascoside, isoacteoside and hesperidin, and 7 carbohydrates of D-fructose, glucose, sucrose, melibiose, raffinose, manninotriose and stachyose), and the mobile phase was acetonitrile-water for gradient elution. The comprehensive sweetness difference of sample was calculated by the sweetness of saccharides, SPSS 21.0 was used to analyze the relationship between the color, comprehensive sweetness and the main component contents in the processing of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata processed with Amomi Fructus and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, the quality comprehensive evaluation index of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata by triangular area method was established. ResultDuring the processing, the color value of the powder increased, and the apparent color of the sample became darker. the content determination results showed that the content of glycosides decreased, monosaccharides and comprehensive sweetness increased with the increase of heating time. The results of correlation analysis showed that chromaticity value, comprehensive sweetness were significant negatively correlated with the content of iridoid glycosides (P<0.01), the chromaticity value was significant positively correlated with the contents of furaldehyde derivatives, phenylethanoid glycosides, flavonoids and comprehensive sweetness was significant positively correlated with the contents of furaldehyde derivatives, phenylethanoid glycosides (P<0.01), and the comprehensive sweetness was positively correlated with the content of flavonoids (P<0.05). After 52 h of processing, the comprehensive evaluation index of samples reached 0.99. ConclusionThe overall trend of cluster analysis of powder chromaticity value of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata is basically consistent with that of naked eyes, the comprehensive quality evaluation of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata processed with Amomi Fructus and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium can be carried out by combining the three indexes of powder chromaticity value, comprehensive sweetness and glycosides content.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 121-128, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943092

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo obtain content characteristics of inorganic elements in Scutellariae Radix (aged 1-4 years), and to explore the feasibility of identifying the growth years of Scutellariae Radix based on characteristic spectrum of inorganic elements combined with chemometric models. MethodAfter microwave digestion, the contents of Mn, Zn, Ca, Fe, Mg, Na, K, Cr, Cu, Se, As, Cd, Hg, Pb and Ni in 21 batches of Scutellariae Radix were determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Meanwhile, characteristic spectrum of inorganic elements in samples was drawn. The identification model was constructed to discriminate the growth years of Scutellariae Radix based on the combination of principal component analysis (PCA), Fisher discriminant function and support vector machine (SVM). ResultThe contents of Mn (7.79-36.48 μg·g-1), Zn (10.12-31.43 μg·g-1), Cu (6.38-17.20 μg·g-1), K (2.98-13.89 μg·g-1), Mg (3.45-7.78 μg·g-1) and Ca (2.32-7.09 μg·g-1) in Scutellariae Radix were detected by ICP-OES and ICP-MS, and their contents increased with the prolongation of growth years. PCA results showed that Cu, Ni, Cd, Na, Mg, Fe, Ca, Zn, Mn and Hg were characteristic elements of Scutellariae Radix. Samples with different years could be divided into four categories in the spatial characteristic diagram of Fisher discriminant analysis. The correct rate of SVM model for identifying the growth years of samples was 95.2%. ConclusionThis established method is accurate and rapid for discriminating the growth years of Scutellariae Radix, which can provide reference for the identification of other Chinese medicinal materials. It is suggested that some elements should be considered as indexes in subsequent construction of the quality evaluation system of Scutellariae Radix.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 27-36, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942325

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish the quality standard of Liangditang benchmark samples. MethodUltra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS) was used to qualitatively analyze the chemical composition of Liangditang on the basis of molecular and fragment ion peak information with cracking law. The mobile phase was methanol (A)-0.05% phosphate aqueous solution (B) for gradient elution (0-10 min, 5%-23.5%A; 10-20 min, 23.5%A; 20-58 min, 23.5%-63%A; 58-60 min, 63%-90%A), the flow rate was 0.8 mL·min-1, and the detection wavelength was 254 nm. Electrospray ionization was employed under positive ion mode, the detection range was m/z 100-1 700. Key quality attributes and sources were determined by comparing with single medicine and reference substances. Through mass transfer analysis of multiple batches from decoction pieces to benchmark samples, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for determining the contents of index components and HPLC detection of characteristic maps were established. Through the determination of 15 batches of benchmark samples, the content range of the index components and the common peaks of the characteristic map were determined. Thin layer chromatography (TLC) was applied to the identification of 5 medicines in the formula. Moisture and dry extract yield of the benchmark samples were determined by drying method. ResultA total of 27 compounds were inferred from the benchmark samples of Liangditang, among which 9 compounds were confirmed by comparison with the control, including catalpol, harpagide, gallic acid, albiflorin, paeoniflorin, verbascoside, angoroside C, cinnamic acid and harpagoside. A method for determining the characteristic maps of the benchmark samples were established and 13 peaks were assigned, and the characteristic peaks were mainly derived from wine-processed products of Rehmanniae Radix, Scrophulariae Radix and wine-processed products of Paeoniae Radix Alba. The similarity between the characteristic map of 15 batches of benchmark samples and the control characteristic map was >0.9. Methods for the determination of paeoniflorin, harpagoside, L-hydroxyproline and glycine were established, and the contents of these four components in 15 batches of benchmark samples were within ±30% of the corresponding mean value, and the transfer rate of decoction pieces to the benchmark samples was stable and controllable. TLC was established to identify 5 prescription drugs (except Ejiao) with two kinds of test solutions, and the results showed that the method had good specificity. The average dry extract yield was 48.06%, and the average moisture was 5.58%, which were within the range of ±10% and ±30% of their mean values, respectively. ConclusionThe quality standard of Liangditang benchmark samples was as follows:the similarity between the benchmark samples and the control characteristic map is >0.9, the contents of paeoniflorin, harpagoside, L-hydroxyproline and glycine are 217-403, 24-46, 634-1 178, 1 253-2 328 mg per dose, the dry extract yield is 43.0%-53.0%, the moisture is 4.0%-7.0%, under the set detection conditions, the benchmark samples have corresponding characteristic spots by comparing with the control herbs of 5 medicines. This quality standard is stable and reliable, which fills the gap in the quality control of Liangditang, and can provide a reference for the establishment of the quality standard of Liangditang granules.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 820-829, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878945

ABSTRACT

By preparing 15 batches of Zhenwu Decoction substance benchmarks,the characteristic map,index component content and paste-forming rate were determined to define the peak attribution,similarity range,paste-forming rate range,paeoniflorin and6-gingerol content range and transfer rate range. The similarity between the substance benchmark characteristic map and the control map R generated from the 15 batches of substance benchmarks was higher than 0. 970. There were 19 characteristic peaks in total. By further summarization of the characteristic peaks,it could be seen that tuckahoe had 3 characteristic peaks,white peony root had 10 characteristic peaks,atractylodes had 3 characteristic peaks,ginger had 1 characteristic peak,and Aconite root had 3 characteristic peaks; among them,white peony root and aconite root had 1 common peak. The contents and transfer rates of the 15 batches were0. 50%-0. 93 and 16. 11%-26. 20%; those for 6-gingerol were 0. 018 2%-0. 033 9% and 13. 16%-24. 10%,respectively. The pasteforming rate ranged from 10. 00% to 14. 85%. In this study,the transfer process of substance benchmark value of classic formula Zhenwu Decoction was analyzed based on the characteristic map,the paste-forming rate and the content of the index components; a scientific and stable substance benchmark quality evaluation method was preliminarily established to provide a basis for subsequent development of classic formula Zhenwu Decoction and quality control of relevant preparations.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 810-819, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878944

ABSTRACT

By preparing 15 batches of lyophilized powder samples of substance benchmark in Houpo Wenzhong Decoction,the fingerprint,index component content and extract rate were determined,and the characteristic peaks,the range of similarity with the reference map,the content range and transfer rate range of magnolol,hesperidin,glycyrrhizic acid and pinocembrin,the extract rate range and the change range were clarified. The results showed that the similarity between the fingerprint of substance benchmark and the reference map R generated from the 15 batches of substance benchmark samples was higher than 0. 90. The assignment of the characteristic peaks in the full prescription's fingerprint of the herbs except Poria cocos was clarified. Nineteen characteristic peaks were assigned,and 12 characteristic peaks were assigned by the reference substance,of which 4 were from Magnolia ocinalis Cortex,5 from Exocarpium Citri Rubrum,2 from Radix aucklandiae,3 from Glycyrrhiza Radix et Rhizoma,4 from Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai,and one from Rhizoma Zingiberis and Zingiber officinale Roscoe. The index component content range and transfer rate range were 0. 80%-1. 14% and 20. 25%-39. 61% for hesperidin,0. 49%-0. 79% and 23. 09%-33. 87%for glycyrrhizic acid,0. 03%-0. 07% and 3. 55%-10. 09% for pinocembrin,0. 15%-0. 38% and 8. 08%-24. 35% for magnolol. The extract rate range and the change range were22. 60%-25. 57% and 12. 67%-23. 68% respectively. In this study,we introduced the concepts of index component content,fingerprint,extract rate,explored the transfer relation of quality value transmitting of substance benchmark in Houpo Wenzhong Decoction,and initially established the quality standard of Houpo Wenzhong Decoction,all of which would provide ideas for the development and research of similar prescriptions.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhiza , Quality Control
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 801-809, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878943

ABSTRACT

By preparing 15 batches of substance benchmarks of Taohong Siwu Decoction, the methodology of the characteristic spectrums of substance benchmarks was established. The paste-forming rate range, the contents and the transfer rate range of the index components, hydroxy safflower yellow A, ferulic acid and paeoniflorin, the characteristic peaks and the similarity range of the characteristic spectrums of Taohong Siwu Decoction were determined to define key quality attributes of substance benchmarks of Taohong Siwu Decoction.In the 15 batches of substance benchmarks of Taohong Siwu Decoction, the similarity of characteristic spectrums was higher than 0.9. Furthermore, based on summarization of the characteristic peak information, there were 13 characteristic peaks in the whole decoction. Baishao had three characteristic peaks, Honghua had seven characteristic peaks, and Chuanxiong and Danggui had three characteristic peaks. The paste-forming rate of the 15 batches of substance benchmarks was controlled at 33.11%-40.62%. The content of hydroxy safflower yellow A was 0.129%-0.203%, with the average transfer rate of 16.596%±0.669%.The content of ferulic acid was 0.043%-0.055%, with the average transfer rate of 20.489%±1.772%.The content of paeoniflorin was 0.676%-0.943%, with the average transfer rate of 29.112%±3.273%.The quality value transfer of substance benchmarks of classical prescription Taohong Siwu Decoction was analyzed by the combination of characteristic spectrums, paste-forming rate and the content of index components. The established substance benchmark quality evaluation method was stable and feasible, and could provide a basis for quality control and subsequent development of relevant preparations of Taohong Siwu Decoction.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 792-800, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878942

ABSTRACT

By preparing 10 batches of substance benchmarks freeze-drying powder( lyophilized powder),the methodology of the characteristic spectrum and the content of index component for substance benchmarks of Qingwei San was established. The characteristic peaks and the similarity range of the characteristic spectrum,the contents and the transfer rate range of isoferulic acid,palmatine and paeonol,and the paste-forming rate range were determined to define key quality attributes of substance benchmarks of Qingwei San. In the10 batches of substance benchmarks of Qingwei San,the similarity of characteristic spectrum was higher than 0. 90. In further comparison of the characteristic peak information,a total of 16 characteristic peaks were identified,including 5 characteristic peaks from Cimicifugae Rhizoma,5 characteristic peaks from Coptidis Rhizoma,2 characteristic peaks from Angelicae Sinensis Radix and 4 characteristic peaks from Moutan Cortex. The content of isoferulic acid was 0. 10%-0. 18%,with the average transfer rate of 49. 82%±4. 02%. The content of palmatine was 0. 17%-0. 31%,with the average transfer rate of 15. 84% ±2. 39%. The content of paeonol was 0. 41%-0. 75%,with the average transfer rate of 23. 41%±3. 23%. The paste-forming rate of the 10 batches of substance benchmarks were controlled at 27%-33%,with the transfer rate between the theoretical paste-forming rate and the actual paste-forming rate was 86. 59%±3. 39%. In this study,the quality value transfer of substance benchmarks of Qingwei San was analyzed by the combination of characteristic spectrum,the content of index component and the paste-forming rate. A scientific and stable evaluation method was preliminarily established,so as to provide the basis for subsequent development and quality control of relevant preparations of Qingwei San.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Powders , Quality Control , Rhizome
9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 178-184, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873365

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a characteristic spectrum to reflect the efficacy of Houpo Qiwutang. Method:Based on the correlation between the efficacy and the pharmacological action of each herb in prescription,the target substances of characteristic map were screened. The extraction solvent,detection wavelength and gradient of the active ingredients were optimized. Peak assignment was made by comparing individual drugs. Q-TOF was used to infer the molecular formula of each peak in the characteristic atlas,and the reference substance was identified by the reference substance. The reference substance was screened out according to the correlation of main efficacy and medicine. Result:The characteristic spectrum of material standard of Houpu Qiwutang was established. Five of the seven herbal medicines were attributed. Nine characteristic peaks were selected and identified by Q-TOF as glycyrrhizin,including naringin,neohesperidin,ammonium glycyrrhizinate,rhein,honokiol,magnolol. According to the main efficacy of Houpo Qiwutang,neohesperidin was selected as reference substances. According to the separation of characteristic peaks and the retention time,the mark peak of the characteristic spectrum was determined. Conclusion:The characteristic spectrum of the material basis of Houpo Qiwutang was established by selecting the characteristic peaks and controlling the key components. This method not only reflects the situation of all the effective chemical components,but also focuses on the control of the key efficacy,so as to provide a theoretical basis for the subsequent development and quality control of Houpu Qiwu Tang.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2968-2975, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862275

ABSTRACT

Characterization of the polysaccharides and monosaccharides of Bupleurum chinense was undertaken to identify differences in the Bupleurum chinense's sugar profiles, so as to provide a basis for the identification of different varieties. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to generate chromatograms of the total polysaccharides of Bupleurum using an Evaporation Light Detector (ELSD), and a monosaccharide chromatogram was generated using a UV-detector (UV) following polysaccharide derivatization. The data were analyzed using SIMCA software and SPSS software to distinguish different varieties of Bupleurum. The results show that the yield of polysaccharides from Bupleurum falcatum is the highest, while the yield of polysaccharides from Bupleurum chinense is the lowest. The polysaccharide spectrum shows that the molecular weights of the polysaccharides in different Bupleurum differ, and their percentages of the total peak area are also different. The four Bupleurum polysaccharides are composed of mannose, glucuronic acid, rhamnose, galacturonic acid, glucose, galactose, and arabinose, but differ in length. The ratio of glucose to arabinose in Bupleurum chinense, Bupleurum scorzonerifolium, Bupleurum falcatum and Bupleurum marginatum var. stenophyllum is: 3.0-4.0, 5.5-7.0, 12.0-17.0, 9.0-12.0. In this study, a sugar profile technique was developed to provide a new method for the identification of different varieties of Bupleurum.

11.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 5389-5394, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846131

ABSTRACT

By referring to Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2015 edition and relevant literatures, combining the Technical Requirements for Quality Control and Standard Formulation of Traditional Chinese Medicine Formula Granules (Draft for Comments) issued by China Pharmacopoeia Committee in 2016, and considering the actual production situation of formula granules, the specificity of quality standards, the selection of quantitative detection indexes, index component transfer rate and other aspects in the Publicity of Uniform Standards for Trial Use of Traditional Chinese Medicine Formula Granules were comprehensively discussed. According to the results of the discussion, relevant suggestions are put forward for the development and improvement of the quality standard of traditional Chinese medicine formula granules, which provides reference for promoting the healthy development of formula granule industry.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5607-5613, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878820

ABSTRACT

In this experiment, by determination of the HPLC characteristic spectrum of the classical prescription Qingwei San decoction, the contents of isoferulic acid, palmatine and paeonol in Qingwei San decoction and the extraction rate were investigated. The factors such as the crushing degree of decoction pieces, the amount of decocting water, the decocting time, the filter material and the decocting container involved in Qingwei San decoction process were examined to make a detailed comparison of Qingwei San's decoction processes during the development.HPLC characteristic spectrum method of Qingwei San was established, and then the decoction process parameters of Qingwei San were optimized, with the similarity of characteristic spectrum, the concentration of the index components and the extraction rate as indexes. The decoction process of Qingwei San was determined as follows: Qingwei San decoction pieces were weighed according to the prescription amount and pulverized into the most coarse powder; the powder was put in a ceramic pot, added with 225 mL water, heated to boiling, cooked for 50 minutes with gentle heat(100 W), and filtered with a layer of 300 mesh nylon cloth.The similarity of Qingwei San's characteristics pectrum of different decoction methods was all above 0.9, and the concentration of isoferulic acid, palmatine and paeonol in Qingwei San under determined decoction process was 40.74, 26.73, 65.73 μg·mL~(-1), respectively, with an extraction rate of 33.80%.The characteristic spectrum determined in this experiment can better express the information and index components of Qingwei San, and if combined with the extraction rate information, it can provide the general information, index component content and extraction information. The decoction process after detailed investigation can better reflect the quality of Qingwei San decoction, with easier control and operation. It can provide a basis for the subsequent research and development of Qingwei San decoction standard, and can also provide experimental basis and reference for the decoction process research of other classical prescriptions.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Powders , Prescriptions , Water
13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 140-145, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802536

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the dynamic changes of components in the enzymolysis process of raw products of Raphani Semen. Method: HPLC was employed to analysis of characteristic spectra of Raphani Semen at different enzymolysis time with mobile phase of acetonitrile-0.1% phosphoric acid aqueous solution for gradient elution and detection wavelength at 225 nm.The characteristic peaks were calibrated, meanwhile, the UV spectra of characterstic peaks were extracted, and the difference between UV spectra and the changes of peak areas were compared, and the dynamic changes of characterstic components in Raphani Semen were analyzed. Result: Eleven characteristic peaks were marked from the characteric spectra of raw products of Raphani Semen at different enzymolysis time, and glucoraphenin and sinapine thiocyanate were assigned.Glucoraphenin was enzymatically hydrolyzed fastly by myrosinase, and an intermediate was generated, and then continue to be decomposed into other components.Sinapine thiocyanate did not change significantly during the enzymolysis process, and sinadiosides was also enzymatically degraded. Conclusion: The enzymolysis of Raphani Semen is not only the glucoraphenin, but also the sinadiosides.This paper can provide reference for the property change of Raphani Semen in processing.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-7, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802411

ABSTRACT

Objective: To provide the new quality control means for Alumen by investigating the elemental differences between calcined Alumen and its counterfeit processed products of ammonium alum, and establishing their characteristic chromatogram. Method: The contents of 22 inorganic elements both in calcined Alumen and processed products of ammonium alum were determined by means of inductively coupled plasma (ICP)-optical emission spectrometer-mass spectrometry (ICP-OES/ICP-MS),SPSS 16.0 was used for cluster analysis (CA) while SIMCA-P 13.0 with t-test and Rank-Sum test was used to identify the differential inorganic elements. In addition, the characteristic spectrum of the inorganic elements for calcined Alumen and counterfeit calcined alumen were established. Result: Calcined Alumen had highest contents of K and Al while counterfeit calcined Alumen has highest contents of Al and Fe;Cr,Sr,and Mn contents in calcined Alumen were relatively higher,while Mn,Ti,and Ga contents in processed products of ammonium alum were relatively higher. The content of K in calcined Alumen was about 205 times of that of counterfeit products. On the contrary,the average contents of Fe,Ti,Mn and Ga in counterfeit products of ammonium alum were much higher than those in calcined Alumen,33,46,38, 27 times, respectively. A total of 18 samples were clustered into two categories in CA:calcined Alumen and processed products of ammonium alum. 18 inorganic elements showed significant difference in contents(PConclusion: This method can be used for quality control of calcined Alumen.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 201-206, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802087

ABSTRACT

The application of thin layer chromatography(TLC) in Chinese Pharmacopoeia experienced from scratch to less to more,but the proportion of thin layer chromatographic scanning used in recent editions of Chinese Pharmacopoeia has decreased.With the further improvement of the quality standard system of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM),the shortcomings of TLC identification methods have been gradually revealed,such as the low penetration rate of instrument,poor repeatability and stability of the results,lower identification speed than high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) and so on.Thus it gradually became untimely.In the process of formulating quality standard control of TCM,researchers should not be conformist,and TLC identification should not be a necessary choice for the qualitative identification.And HPLC has the possibility to completely replace TLC,but TLC can be used as a supplement to HPLC.In order to fully lower testing cost,shorten testing cycle,improve the efficiency of identification,we suggested quality standard system of TCM should be sharply reduced TLC identification method and increased identification of HPLC characteristic spectrum;and try to do "one condition,one map".Unless absolutely necessary,national quality standards(such as Chinese Pharmacopoeia) should use TLC identification as a recommended method rather than a mandatory standard.

16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5421-5428, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008415

ABSTRACT

By preparing 10 batches of the material reference of Linggui Zhugan Decoction,the methodology of the characteristic spectrum of the material reference was created. The creaming rate range,the contents and the transfer rate range of cinnamaldehyde,glycyrrhizin and glycyrrhizic acid,the characteristic peaks and the similarity range of the characteristic spectrum of Linggui Zhugan Decoction were determined to clarify key quality attributes of the material reference of Linggui Zhugan Decoction. In the 10 batches of the material reference of Linggui Zhugan Decoction,the similarity of characteristic spectrum was higher than 0. 9. Furthermore,after summarizing the characteristic peak information,we knew that Fuling had two characteristic peaks,Guizhi had six characteristic peaks,Baizhu had two characteristic peaks and Gancao had 11 characteristic peaks. The average creaming rate of the material reference of the ten batches was( 12. 13 ± 0. 35) %. The average content of cinnamaldehyde was 0. 32%,the average transfer rate was 10. 69%,the content of cinnamaldehyde in the different batches was between 0. 22% and 0. 42%,and the transfer rate was between 7. 48% and13. 90%. The average content of glycyrrhizin was 0. 84%,the average transfer rate was 50. 39%,the content of glycyrrhizin in the different batches was between 0. 42% and 1. 26%,and the transfer rate was between 35. 27% and 65. 51%. The average content of glycyrrhizic was 1. 88%,the average transfer rate was 40. 74%,the content of glycyrrhizic in the different batches was between 0. 94% and2. 82%,and the transfer rate was between 28. 52% and 52. 96%. In this paper,the quality value transmitting of substance benchmarks of Linggui Zhugan Decoction was analyzed by the combination of characteristic spectrum,creaming rate and the content of index component. A scientific and stable method was preliminarily established,which provided scientific basis for the quality control and formulation development of Linggui Zhugan Decoction.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/standards , Glycyrrhiza , Glycyrrhizic Acid/analysis , Plant Extracts/standards , Quality Control
17.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 2708-2811, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851103

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish the HPLC characteristic spectrum of Lygodii Herba from different habitats in Guangxi Province, and to evaluate the difference of components in different parts of medicinal materials. Methods: HPLC was performed on Waters symmetry C18 (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 μm) column, with the mobile phase of acetonitrile-0.2% phosphoric acid at flow rate of 1.0 mL/min; Detection wavelength was 354 nm; The column temperature was 30 ℃ and the sample size was 20 μL. Twelve batches of Lygodii Herba samples were determined and the characteristic spectrum of those were established, and the content of rutin, isoquercetin, and astragalin were determined to evaluate the difference of chemical components in different parts of medicinal materials. Results: There were seven characteristic peaks identified in the characteristic spectra of Lygodii Herba samples. Peak 1 was caffeic acid, peak 2 was Rutin, peak 3 was Isoquercitrin and peak 5 was astragalin. The similarities of 11 batches of samples were proved to be higher than 0.900 and one batch of them was proved to be less than 0.900. The chemical component of stem was richer than that of leaves of Lygodii Herba, and the content of the component was higher in the stem than that of the leaves. Conclusion: The method is simple, accurate, and reproducible, which can provide the scientific evidence for controlling the internal quality standards effectively. The preferred harvest season of Lygodii Herba is autumn and winter.

18.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 640-645, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852218

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the anti-influenza virus effect of phenolic fraction of Mentha haplocalyx in vitro, and to establish the HPLC characteristic spectrum of phenolic fraction of M. haplocalyx for its quality evaluation. Methods MTT method was used to detect the inhibitory effect of phenolic fraction of M. haplocalyx on influenza virus PR8 infecting MDCK cells in three ways, including adding drug firstly, adding drug and virus simultaneously and adding virus firstly. The characteristic spectrum of phenolic fraction samples of 12 batches of M. haplocalyx was established by HPLC method. The similarity of which was analyzed with Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Chinese Materia Medica (2.0 version). Results The phenolic fraction at 0.31—10 μg/mL showed antivirus PR8 activities in different degrees under three adding drug ways. Phenolic fraction of M. haplocalyx at six dilution concentrations displayed obvious antivirus PR8 effect under two adding drug ways including adding drug firstly and adding virus firstly, and virus inhibition rates of which were 14.17%—41.31% and 45.64%—87.48%, respectively. Total of 11 peaks were chosen as the common characteristic peaks of spectrum with the similarity degrees more than 0.9 of 12 batches of samples, which illustrated that different batches of phenolic fraction of M. haplocalyx were of high similarity. Conclusion Phenolic fraction of M. haplocalyx had better antiviral effect in vitro. The characteristic spectrum method established in this paper was simple, stable and reproducible, which could reflect the whole profile of phenolic fraction of M. haplocalyx and provide reference for quality control and efficacy stability of phenolic fraction of M. haplocalyx.

19.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 3261-3269, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851828

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the pilot technological process of Compound Banlangen Liyan Granules (CBLG). Methods: According to the indexes of six effective ingredients loss amount, accumulated loss rate, and HPLC characteristic spectrum similarity, the process quality of four key processes was evaluated and compared, such as microfiltration of ceramic membrane, vacuum concentration of extract, vacuum drying of concrete, and atmospheric drying of granules. Results: It was found that the total loss rates of glycyrrhizic acid, harpagoside, (R,S)-epigoitrin, liquiritin in two batches were 50.06%—66.99%, and angoroside C, adenosine were 35.49%—41.90%. The total content of the six effective ingredients of each material within the same batch of the two pilot batches from high to low were as follows: extract solution before membrane filtration > extract solution after membrane filtration > concentrate extract solution > dried concrete powder > granules of finished product. The comparison among four key processes loss rates was as follows: vacuum drying of concrete > ceramic membrane microfiltration > vacuum concentration of extract, atmospheric drying of granules. Loss amount of concrete vacuum drying process of the two pilot batches were 0.545 9 and 0.737 5 mg/g, and the process was the major loss process. The total loss rates of the two pilot batches were 48.15%, 50.85%, respectively. The HPLC characteristic spectrum similarity of each material within the same batch of the two pilot batches decreased from 0.998 to 0.818 with increasing process. The HPLC characteristic between the two batches of finished products was good (the similarity was 0.999). Conclusion: The consistency of the finished product quality between two batches was good. The study provided a basis for pilot production process control of CBLG. In the modernization and standardization study of traditional Chinese medicine preparation process, mild process of low temperature and short time heating should be applied as far as possible. It can reduce the effective components loss of original extract (decoction of herbal medicine) in the preparation process and maintain the quality and efficacy consistency of traditional Chinese medicine preparation and original extract (decoction of herbal medicine).

20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2184-2189, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690512

ABSTRACT

As a basic syndrome of Chinese medicine, the study of characteristic syndrome spectrum of Qi deficiency syndrome is of great significance for the standardization of clinical diagnosis and modern material basis research. Suitable operators and algorithms were chosen to dig out the relationship between diseases, syndromes, symptoms, detection indicators and etiologist from the literature of Chinese clinical and basic research by literature mining method of frequency statistics, association rules and complex network analysis. Moreover, the information system of Institute of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences was taken as the tools of data mining. The objective was to study the characteristic spectrum of Qi deficiency syndrome and to explore the characteristics of Qi deficiency syndrome. The results showed that the syndrome of fatigue, dietary were the main factors. The main pathogenesis of coronary heart disease, heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes and stroke the disease were Qi deficiency. The clinical features of Qi deficiency syndrome were fatigue, shortness of breath and pale tongue. The biological indicators of Qi deficiency related were blood lipids, ECG, blood rheology, inflammatory reaction, NO, ET and NF-κB signalling pathway. The Qi deficiency syndrome on the level of syndrome spectrum was studied by the method of literature mining, which would provide reliable characteristic guidance data for the research on the substantial basis of Qi deficiency, the research on standard of diagnosis, establishment of syndrome model, the study on combination of disease and syndrome and the mechanism of prescriptions.

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