Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 69
Filter
1.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 43(2): 85-88, jun. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1510641

ABSTRACT

La hematuria en pediatría responde habitualmente a etiologías benignas. Una causa poco frecuente es el síndrome de cascanueces, que se define como la compresión de la vena renal izquierda entre la aorta y la arteria mesentérica superior, que deriva en una presión elevada en la vena renal izquierda con el desarrollo de venas colaterales y dilataciones varicosas. La prevalencia de este síndrome se desconoce. Cuando es sintomático ocasiona hematuria, proteinuria y dolor pélvico crónico. En la pubertad, el crecimiento rápido y el desarrollo de los cuerpos vertebrales pueden producir un estrechamiento del ángulo entre la aorta y la arteria mesentérica superior. Se describe el caso de una adolescente con diagnóstico de carcinoma mucoepitelial metastásico óseo múltiple que presenta hematuria anemizante. Se arribó al diagnóstico de síndrome de cascanueces y se discutieron las opciones de tratamiento. Finalmente, con el uso de realce del calzado para corrección de la escoliosis, se atenuó significativamente la hematuria. (AU)


In pediatrics, hematuria usually responds to benign etiologies. A rare cause is nutcracker syndrome, defined as compression of the left renal vein between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery, resulting in elevated pressure in the left renal vein with the development of collateral veins and varicose dilatation. The prevalence of this syndrome is unknown. When symptomatic, it causes hematuria, proteinuria, and chronic pelvic pain. At puberty, the rapid growth and development of the vertebral bodies can produce a narrowing of the angle between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery.We describe the case of a teenage girl diagnosed with multiple metastatic mucoepithelial carcinoma of bone who presented anemia-producing hematuria. The diagnosis of nutcracker syndrome was arrived at with consideration of the therapeutic options. Finally, with shoe enhancement for scoliosis correction, hematuria was significantly lessened. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Renal Nutcracker Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Hematuria/etiology , Orthotic Devices , Tomography , Cystoscopy , Renal Nutcracker Syndrome/surgery , Endovascular Aneurysm Repair , Hematuria/urine , Anemia/therapy
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(1): e202102373, feb. 2023. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1413250

ABSTRACT

El síndrome del cascanueces es un síndrome que presenta síntomas clínicos como hematuria, proteinuria ortostática, congestión pélvica, varicocele del lado izquierdo, hipertensión y dolor en fosa renal. Estos síntomas se producen por la compresión de la vena renal izquierda entre la aorta y la arteria mesentérica superior. En el síndrome de Wilkie, la tercera porción del duodeno está comprimida entre la arteria mesentérica superior y la aorta abdominal, lo que provoca diversos síntomas gastrointestinales. La coexistencia de estos dos síndromes constituye una afección rara y se incluye como casos clínicos en la bibliografía. En este artículo, se presentan los resultados clínicos y radiológicos de un paciente de 17 años que presentaba dolor abdominal recurrente debido al síndrome de Wilkie, acompañado del síndrome del cascanueces que le provocaba proteinuria, por lo que el paciente fue derivado a los consultorios externos de reumatología pediátrica con un diagnóstico preliminar de fiebre mediterránea familiar.


Nutcracker syndrome is a syndrome that has clinical symptoms such as hematuria, orthostatic proteinuria, pelvic congestion, left-sided varicocele, hypertension, and flank pain. These symptoms occur because of the compression of the left renal vein between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery. In Wilkie's syndrome, the third part of the duodenum is compressed between the superior mesenteric artery and the abdominal aorta, causing various gastrointestinal symptoms. The coexistence of these two syndromes is a rare condition and is included as case reports in the literature. This article presents the clinical and radiological results of a 17-year-old male patient who had recurrent abdominal pain due to Wilkie's syndrome, which was accompanied by nutcracker syndrome that caused proteinuria, and for this reason, the patient was referred to the Pediatric Rheumatology outpatient clinic with a preliminary diagnosis of familial Mediterranean fever.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Renal Nutcracker Syndrome/complications , Renal Nutcracker Syndrome/diagnosis , Proteinuria/complications , Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Duodenum
3.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 43(1)ene. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441886

ABSTRACT

We present the case of a patient suffering from a mixed-type functional dyspepsia who markedly reduced his diet to improve his symptoms leading him to malnourishment and a subsequent Wilkie's and Nutcracker's syndromes which exacerbated his pain. Our aim by presenting this case is to raise awareness as to what extent a so-called functional dyspepsia can evolve and of the possible overlap with these two entities in case of severe malnutrition.


Presentamos el caso de un paciente diagnosticado de dispepsia funcional de tipo mixto, el cual redujo marcadamente su dieta para mejorar sus síntomas, llevándolo a una desnutrición y a un posterior síndrome de Wilkie y del Cascanueces que agudizó su dolor. Nuestro objetivo con la presentación de este caso es concienciar de hasta qué punto puede evolucionar una denominada dispepsia funcional y del posible solapamiento de estas dos entidades en caso de desnutrición severa.

4.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 448-451, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990058

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnostic potential of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in children with nutcracker syndrome (NCS).Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed in patients with suspected NCS(155 cases) diagnosed in the Department of Pediatrics, General Hospital of Eastern Theater Command from January 2017 to July 2020.Suspected NCS was diagnosed primarily based on clinical signs or symptoms, laboratory testing, and imaging reports, and other conditions that may cause hematuria and/or proteinuria were excluded.MRI examination was performed in all patients.According to the diagnostic criteria of NCS, patients diagnosed as NCS with the compression of the left renal vein (LRV) were included in the NCS group(58 cases), and those without the compression of the LRV or with the compression of the LRV but was not consistent with the diagnosis of NCS were included in the control group(97 cases). t test, Mann- Whitney U test and χ2 test were used to compare the baseline characteristics, clinical characteristics and imaging characteristics of the children in the nutcracker group and the control group.Receiver operating characteristic curves were plotted to explore the diagnostic potential of MRI in children with NCS. Results:(1)The area under curve of the angle between the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and the aorta, compression ratio (CR) and beak sign in diagnosing NCS in children were 0.870, 0.895 and 0.878, respectively.(2)The optimal cut-off values of the angle between the SMA and the aorta and CR were 36.8° and 3.99, respectively.(3)The specificity of the angle between the SMA and the aorta<36.8°, beak sign, CR>3.99, the angle between the SMA and the aorta combined with beak sign, the angle between the SMA and the aorta<36.8° combined with CR>3.99, and beak sign combined with CR>3.99 in diagnosing NCS in children were 82.5%, 93.8%, 93.5%, 97.9%, 95.9% and 97.9%, respectively.Conclusions:Children with the angle between the SMA and the aorta<36.8°, beak sign and CR>3.99 suggested on MRI scans should be highly suspected of NCS.The beak sign has the highest specificity in the diagnosis of NCS in children, and the combination of any two parameters has a higher specificity than a single parameter.

5.
J. vasc. bras ; 22: e20220161, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440482

ABSTRACT

Abstract Superior mesenteric artery syndrome designates compression of the third part of the duodenum between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta. This condition has a low incidence, being more common in thin young women. Nutcracker syndrome is compression of the left renal vein between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta. Both entities are rare, and their coexistence has been reported in a few cases. Conservative treatment targeting weight gain is sufficient in most cases. An association between the superior mesenteric artery syndrome and acute pancreatitis has rarely been reported. We intend to describe the case of an 18-year-old girl who was admitted to the emergency room with epigastric pain and emesis. Our investigation revealed acute acalculous pancreatitis. During work-up, we discovered superior mesenteric artery syndrome and a compressed left renal vein. The patient is on conservative treatment, and her symptoms have improved.


Resumo A síndrome da artéria mesentérica superior designa compressão da terceira parte do duodeno pela artéria mesentérica superior e a aorta. Essa condição tem uma baixa incidência, sendo mais comum em mulheres jovens magras. A síndrome de quebra-nozes resulta da compressão da veia renal esquerda pela artéria mesentérica superior e a aorta. Ambas as entidades são raras, e a sua coexistência foi descrita em poucos casos. Tratamento conservador com o objetivo de ganho ponderal é suficiente na maioria dos casos. A associação entre a síndrome da artéria mesentérica superior e a pancreatite aguda foi raramente relatada. Pretendemos descrever o caso de uma jovem de 18 anos que recorreu ao serviço de urgência com epigastralgia e vômitos. A investigação realizada revelou pancreatite aguda alitiásica. Durante o estudo complementar, foi identificada a síndrome da artéria mesentérica superior, bem como uma veia renal esquerda comprimida. A paciente encontra-se em tratamento conservador, apresentando melhora clínica.

6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441825

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de cascanueces se considera una anomalía infrecuente y poco pensada en la práctica médica; su incidencia no está bien establecida debido a su sintomatología variada. La agenesia renal unilateral se estima entre 1/2500 y 1/4000 nacidos vivos. Objetivos: Describir una paciente de 18 años con sospecha prenatal de agenesia renal derecha confirmada por imágenes después del nacimiento, que ingresó por proteinuria. Presentación del caso: Paciente de 18 años con agenesia renal derecha conocida, en la que un examen de orina detectó proteinuria desde los 13 años. En su estudio se clasificó como proteinuria ortostática y evolutivamente refirió dolor lumbar izquierdo ligero y transitorio. En el ultrasonido renal, realizado para valorar crecimiento del riñón único, se detectó dilatación de la vena renal izquierda. Se repitió el estudio ecográfico para precisar ángulo aorto-mesentérico y dilatación de vena renal izquierda, y se confirmó el síndrome de cascanueces. Conclusiones: La asociación entre agenesia renal derecha y síndrome de cascanueces, resulta extremadamente rara, y, cuando se presenta con proteinuria ortostática y dolor lumbar ocasional, debe seguirse en forma expectante, pero no se necesita tratamiento quirúrgico en la mayoría de los casos.


Introduction: Nutcracker syndrome is considered an infrequent and poorly thought out anomaly in medical practice; its incidence is not well established due to its varied symptomatology. Unilateral renal agenesis is estimated to be between 1/2500 and 1/4000 live births. Objectives: To describe an 18-year-old female patient with suspected pre-natal imaging-confirmed right renal agenesis after birth, who was admitted due to proteinuria. Case presentation: An 18-year-old female patient with known right renal agenesis, in whom a urine test detected proteinuria from the age of 13. In the study it was classified as orthostatic proteinuria and evolutionarily she referred mild and transient left low back pain. Renal ultrasound, performed to assess single kidney growth, showed dilation of the left renal vein. The ultrasound study was repeated to specify aorto-mesenteric angle and left renal vein dilation, and nutcracker syndrome was confirmed. Conclusions: The association between right renal agenesis and nutcracker syndrome is extremely rare, and, when it presents with orthostatic proteinuria and occasional low back pain, it should be followed expectantly, but surgical treatment is not needed in most cases.

7.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(3): 306-310, jul.-set. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1408041

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: describir la presentación clínica, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento quirúrgico de un paciente con síndrome de la arteria mesentérica superior o síndrome de Wilkie combinado con síndrome de cascanueces o síndrome de compresión de la vena renal izquierda, en un centro de alta complejidad de un país latinoamericano. Descripción del caso: paciente masculino de 25 años, procedente de Estados Unidos, quien consultó por un año de pérdida de peso y episodios de obstrucción intestinal de etiología desconocida tras múltiples estudios de imagen. Se le realizaron estudios endoscópicos sin hallazgos; en la sala de recuperación desarrolló dolor abdominal que requirió ingreso al servicio de urgencias. La enterotomografía mostró dilatación de asas de colon e intestino delgado, con disminución del ángulo aortomesentérico y la serie gastrointestinal con paso filiforme del medio de contraste. Se intentó el manejo conservador como terapia inicial, con intolerancia al soporte nutricional entérico. Finalmente, se optó por el tratamiento quirúrgico, con un proceso de recuperación tórpido inicialmente, pero al final con resolución de los síntomas y aumento de peso. Conclusión: el síndrome de Wilkie es una enfermedad rara y un desafío diagnóstico en pacientes con pérdida de peso y dolor abdominal. Describimos un caso de compresión de la arteria mesentérica superior en el que se logró el diagnóstico con múltiples estrategias diagnósticas y resolución completa luego del tratamiento quirúrgico. La disminución del ángulo aortomesentérico puede comprimir la arteria mesentérica superior, así como la vena renal izquierda, que en ese caso resultó en un síndrome combinado de Wilkie y de cascanueces.


Abstract Objective: to describe the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and surgical treatment of a patient with superior mesenteric artery syndrome or Wilkie syndrome combined with the nutcracker syndrome or left renal vein compression syndrome in a tertiary referral center in a Latin American country. Case description: a 25-year-old male patient from the United States who attended for a year of weight loss and intestinal obstruction episodes of unknown etiology after multiple imaging studies. Endoscopic studies were performed without findings. While in the recovery room, he developed abdominal pain requiring admission to the emergency service. The CT enterography showed dilation of the colon loops and small intestine with a decrease of the aortomesenteric (AOM) angle and the gastrointestinal series with the filiform passage of the contrast medium. Conservative management was attempted as initial therapy with intolerance to enteric nutritional support. Finally, we initially opted for surgical treatment, with a slow recovery process, but in the end, with a resolution of symptoms and weight gain. Conclusion: Wilkie syndrome is a rare disease and a diagnostic challenge in patients with weight loss and abdominal pain. We described a superior mesenteric artery compression case in which diagnosis was achieved with multiple diagnostic strategies and complete resolution after surgical treatment. The decreased aortomesenteric angle may compress the superior mesenteric artery and the left renal vein. In this case, it resulted in a combined Wilkie and nutcracker syndrome.

8.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 356-359, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909757

ABSTRACT

Nutcracker syndrome complicated with chronic kidney disease is easy to be missed clinically.We report a case of nutcracker syndrome (NCS) complicated with IgA nephropathy, and summarize the clinical features of nutcracker syndrome complicated with chronic kidney disease.Through literature search, we found that Nutcracker with chronic kidney disease is not rare.We think that we should pay attention to the possibility of chronic kidney disease when Nutcracker (+ ) is combined with persistent or massive proteinuria, and percutaneous renal biopsy is helpful for the diagnosis and treatment.

9.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 92(4): e1085, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1144522

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de cascanueces es una anomalía vascular poco buscada y diagnosticada, por su baja incidencia y por la dificultad de sospecharla ante manifestaciones clínicas frecuentes. Objetivo: Examinar las características clínicas e imagenológicas de los pacientes diagnosticados con el síndrome de cascanueces. Método: Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo y prospectivo en pacientes atendidos en el Hospital Pediátrico Universitario William Soler entre enero de 2013 - diciembre de 2017. Cuando se sospechó el síndrome se realizó ultrasonido buscando la dilatación de la vena renal izquierda y el ángulo de salida de la arteria mesentérica superior. En 7 de los pacientes se realizó angio-TAC. Se revisaron variables epidemiológicas, clínicas, de laboratorio e imagenológicas. Presentación de los casos: Del total de 9 pacientes en que se diagnosticó la anomalía vascular, 6 (66,7 por ciento) pertenecen al sexo masculino. La edad media al diagnóstico fue 11,4 años (rango: 7-15). Se diagnosticó cascanueces anterior en 7 (77,7 por ciento), posterior en 1 (11,1 por ciento) y síndrome de Wilkie con fenómeno cascanueces asociado en 1 (11,1 por ciento). En el 100 por ciento de los casos hubo dolor abdominal o lumbar, asociado a hematuria en 4, orinas espumosas en 4 y varicocele izquierdo en 2 de los 6 varones (33,3 por ciento). Conclusiones: El síndrome de cascanueces debe buscarse en los pacientes que presentan dolor abdominal, lumbar o en flanco izquierdo en forma recurrente, episodios de hematuria recurrente o proteinuria ortostática. En el varón con varicocele izquierdo debe descartarse esta posibilidad. El fenómeno cascanueces, puede diagnosticarse cuando se investiga al paciente por causa no relacionada(AU)


Introduction: Nutcracker syndrome (NCS) is a vascular anomaly which is rarely searched and diagnosed due to its low incidence and because of the difficulty to suspect on it among other frequent clinical manifestations. Objective: To examine clinical and imaging characteristics of patients diagnosed with NCS. Methods: Descriptive, retrospective and prospective study in patients admitted in William Soler University Pediatric Hospital in the period from January, 2013 to December, 2017. When it was suspected the presence of the syndrome, it was made an ultrasound looking for dilation of the left renal vein and the output angle of the superior mesenteric artery. In 7 patients it was made an angio-TAC. The epidemiologic, clinical, laboratory and imaging variables were reviewed. Presentation of cases: From the total of 9 patients diagnosed with a vascular anomaly; 6 (66,7 percent) were males. The mean age was 11,4 years (range 7-15 years). It was diagnosed front NCS in 7 patients (77.7 percent), back NCS in 1 patient (11.1 percent) and Wilkie syndrome with associated NCS in 1 patient (11.1 percent). 100 percent of the cases presented abdominal or lumbar pain related to hematuria (4 patients), foaming urine (4 patients) and left varicocele in 2 of the male patients (33.3 percent). Conclusions: Nutcracker syndrome should be searched in patients presenting frequent abdominal, lumbar or left side pain, recurrent hematuria or orthostatic proteinuria episodes. In males with left varicocele should be discounted this possibility. Nutcracker phenomenon can be also diagnosed when the patient is being investigated due to not related causes(AU)


Subject(s)
Prospective Studies , Renal Nutcracker Syndrome/epidemiology , Renal Nutcracker Syndrome/diagnostic imaging
10.
Medicina (Ribeirao Preto) ; 53(2)jul. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358311

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: A hematúria é definida como o achado de mais que duas hemácias por campo de aumento na análise microscópica de urina coletada por jato médio. Na sua forma macroscópica, caracteriza-se por sua coloração típica (avermelhada ou marrom), acompanhada pela presença de mais de 106 hemácias/ml na sedimentoscopia. É uma condição que necessita de investigação da causa e apresenta-se com prevalência incerta e definição às vezes imprecisa, mas com vasto diagnóstico diferencial. Dentre as possíveis causas, encontramos a presença do traço falciforme, aparentemente subdiagnosticado, e a síndrome de quebra-nozes, possibilidade mais rara. No caso relatado a seguir, foram diagnosticadas simultaneamente as duas causas acima citadas, descobertas após a investigação do primeiro episódio de hematúria macroscópica em uma mulher jovem previamente hígida. Com o objetivo de chamar a atenção para a concomitância de duas possíveis e incomuns causas de hematúria numa mesma paciente, relatamos o caso a seguir. (AU)


ABSTRACT: Hematuria is defined as the finding more than two red blood cells per field of analysis in the microscopic analysis of the urine collected by the medium jet. In its macroscopic form, it is characterized by its typical coloration (reddish or brown), accompanied by the presence of more than 106 red cells/ml in urinary sediment. It is a condition that needs investigation and it presents itself sometimes with imprecise definition, but with vast differential diagnosis. Among the possible etiologies, there is the presence of the sickle cell trait, apparently underdiagnosed, and the renal nutcracker syndrome, a rarer possibility. In the case reported below, these two findings were diagnosed simultaneously, following an investigation of the first episode of macroscopic hematuria in a young and previously healthy woman. In order to draw attention to the simultaneous presence of two unusual causes of hematuria in the same patient, we report the following case. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Sickle Cell Trait , Diagnosis, Differential , Renal Nutcracker Syndrome/diagnosis , Hematuria/diagnosis
11.
J. vasc. bras ; 19: e20180126, 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1135093

ABSTRACT

Resumo A síndrome do quebra-nozes (ou síndrome de nutcracker) é causada pela compressão da veia renal esquerda pela artéria mesentérica superior e aorta, e está associada a uma sintomatologia característica, como dor no baixo ventre, varicocele e hematúria. O diagnóstico é frequentemente difícil e, portanto, demorado. O tratamento invasivo é controverso, especialmente nos pacientes pediátricos; no entanto, em casos de hematúria severa associada a anemia, insuficiência renal funcional, severa dor pélvica ou ineficácia de tratamento conservador, ele é indicado. É relatado o caso de uma criança do sexo masculino, 12 anos, com quadro de hematúria maciça por 12 horas, sem evidências de alterações à investigação inicial, que evoluiu com anemia intensa e retenção urinária. Investigações futuras evidenciaram imagens sugestivas da síndrome de nutcracker e foi optado pelo tratamento endovascular por implante de stent smart control seguido de balonamento. Paciente cessou a hematúria após o procedimento e permanece assintomático há 5 anos.


Abstract The nutcracker syndrome is caused by compression of the left renal vein by the superior mesenteric artery and aorta and is associated with characteristic symptoms, such as lower abdominal pain, varicocele, and hematuria. Diagnosis is often difficult and, therefore, is often delayed. Invasive treatment is controversial, particularly in pediatric patients. However, it is indicated in cases of gross hematuria associated with anemia, renal function impairment, severe pelvic pain, or ineffective conservative treatment. We report the case of a 12-year-old boy presenting with severe hematuria for 12 hours, with no abnormal findings at a first evaluation, who progressed with severe anemia and urinary retention. Further investigation provided images suggestive of nutcracker syndrome, and endovascular stenting (smart control stent) followed by balloon dilatation was the treatment of choice. Hematuria ceased after the procedure, and the patient is still asymptomatic at 5-year follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Endovascular Procedures , Renal Nutcracker Syndrome/surgery , Renal Veins , Renal Nutcracker Syndrome/complications , Renal Nutcracker Syndrome/diagnosis , Hematuria/complications , Anemia/complications
12.
J. vasc. bras ; 19: e20190121, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1135108

ABSTRACT

Resumo Contexto As síndromes de nutcracker e May-Thurner são raras e, apesar de muitas vezes subdiagnosticadas, podem causar sintomas limitantes de gravidade variável. Frequentemente são consideradas diagnóstico de exclusão e não há consenso na literatura quanto a prevalência, incidência e critérios diagnósticos. Objetivos Estimar a frequência da compressão das veias ilíaca comum e renal esquerdas em tomografias computadorizadas de abdome e pelve. Métodos Estudo descritivo, quantitativo e transversal. Para veia renal esquerda, foram considerados como critérios de compressão a relação diâmetro hilar/aortomesentérico > 4 e o ângulo aortomesentérico < 39° e, para veia ilíaca comum esquerda, o diâmetro < 4 mm. Resultados Foram analisadas tomografias computadorizadas de 95 pacientes; destes, 61% eram mulheres e 39% eram homens. A compressão da veia renal esquerda foi encontrada em 24,2% da amostra, com idade média de 48,8 anos, ocorrendo em 27,6% das mulheres e 18,9% dos homens (p = 0,3366). A compressão da veia ilíaca comum esquerda foi detectada em 15,7% da amostra, com idade média de 45,9 anos, ocorrendo em 24,10% das mulheres e 2,7% dos homens (p = 0,0024). Em 7,4% dos pacientes, ambas compressões venosas foram detectadas. Conclusões A compressão da veia renal esquerda ocorreu em mulheres e homens com frequência semelhante, enquanto a compressão da veia ilíaca comum esquerda foi mais frequente em mulheres. Ambas as compressões venosas foram mais frequentemente encontradas em pacientes com idade entre 41 e 50 anos.


Abstract Background The nutcracker and May-Thurner syndromes are rare and, although often underdiagnosed, they can cause limiting symptoms. They are frequently considered only after exclusion of other diagnoses and there is no consensus in the literature on prevalence, incidence, or diagnostic criteria. Objectives To estimate the frequency of compression of the left common iliac vein and left renal vein in CT scans of the abdomen and pelvis. Methods Descriptive, quantitative, cross-sectional study. The criteria used to define compression of the left renal vein were a hilar/aortomesenteric diameter ratio > 4 and aortomesenteric angle < 39° and the criterion for compression of the left common iliac vein was a diameter < 4mm. Results CT scans of 95 patients were analyzed; 61% were women and 39% were men. Left renal vein compression was observed in 24.2% of the sample, with a mean age of 48.8 years, occurring in 27.6% of the women and 18.9% of the men (p = 0.3366). Compression of the left common iliac vein was detected in 15.7% of the sample, with a mean age of 45.9 years, occurring in 24.1% of the women and 2.7% of the men (p = 0.0024). Both veins were compressed in 7.4% of the patients. Conclusions Left renal vein compression was detected in women and men at similar frequencies, whereas left common iliac vein compression was more frequent in women. Both venous compressions were most frequently found in patients aged 41 to 50 years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Renal Veins/pathology , Renal Nutcracker Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , May-Thurner Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Iliac Vein/pathology , Renal Veins/anatomy & histology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Sex Factors , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Iliac Vein/anatomy & histology
13.
Rev. argent. radiol ; 83(4): 160-169, oct. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057418

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los síndromes de compresión vascular constituyen un grupo de patologías poco frecuentes con prevalencia incierta, no solo por el desconocimiento que se tiene de estos, sino también por su presentación clínica inespecífica. Eso conlleva a que sean infradiagnosticados o detectados en etapas tardías, con secuelas a largo plazo. Su fisiopatología y clínica dependen del tipo de vaso comprometido, el sitio anatómico afectado y la causa subyacente que lo esté produciendo. La anamnesis, el examen físico dirigido y el uso de métodos complementarios como la ultrasonografía Doppler y la angiografía por tomografía computarizada (ATC) o angiografía por resonancia magnética (ARM), son herramientas vitales para su correcto diagnóstico, planificación terapéutica y seguimiento.


Abstract Vascular compression syndromes constitute a group of rare pathologies with uncertain prevalence not only because of their unawareness, but also for its nonspecific clinical presentation. This leads to their underdiagnosis, or detection in late stages with long-term sequelae. Its pathophysiology and presentation depends on the type of vessel involved, the affected anatomical site and the underlying cause producing it. Clinical history, physical examination and use of complementary methods such as Doppler ultrasonography, Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) or Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA), are essential tools for its proper diagnosis, therapeutic planning and follow-up.


Subject(s)
Cervical Rib Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Computed Tomography Angiography
14.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 79(2): 150-153, abr. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002622

ABSTRACT

El síndrome del cascanueces es una anomalía vascular en la que se comprime la vena renal izquierda a su paso entre la unión de la aorta y la arteria mesentérica superior, debido a un ángulo muy cerrado entre ambas arterias. Clínicamente puede presentarse como hematuria macro o microscópica, dolor episódico en flanco izquierdo, dolor pélvico, várices gonadales o simplemente cursar de forma asintomática. Presentamos dos casos clínicos, uno de ellos con dolor abdominal tipo cólico nefrítico y hematuria macroscópica y otro estudiado por hipertensión pero con antecedentes de embolización de la vena renal izquierda por varicocele izquierdo. Discutimos los aspectos clínicos, diagnósticos y terapéuticos de este síndrome.


Nutcracker syndrome is a vascular anomaly consisting in the compression of the left renal vein between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta. Clinical features in nutcracker syndrome include pelvic pain, flank pain, haematuria, gonadal varices or simply asymptomatic. We are presenting two cases, one of them with macroscopic haematuria and flank pain and the other was studied for hypertension but with previous antecedents of left renal vein embolization in the setting of varicocele. We discuss the clinical presentation as well as diagnostic and therapeutic aspects related to this syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Renal Nutcracker Syndrome/diagnosis , Renal Nutcracker Syndrome/pathology , Renal Veins/pathology , Renal Veins/diagnostic imaging , Renal Nutcracker Syndrome/therapy , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods , Hematuria/diagnosis
15.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 599-603, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743520

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide a reference for early detection and diagnosis of nutcracker syndrome(NCS) by analyzing the clinical features of children with NCS in different age groups and different gender groups.Methods Data of 112 children with simple NCS diagnosed at the Department of Nephrology of Chongqing Children's Hospital from January 2008 to January 2018 were analyzed retrospectively.Follow-up was conducted.Results In children with NCS,71 girls accounted for 63.4%,mainly in preschool age(82.4%,28 cases);41 boys accounted for 36.6%,mainly in school age(48.5%,8 cases) and adolescence(42.2%,7 cases).Fifty-one point two percent (21/41 cases) of boys presented with both hematuria and proteinuria after activities,60.6% (43/59 cases) of girls presented with isolated hematuria after activities,while 46.7% (21/45 cases) children in adolescence were most likely to appear lumbar and abdominal pain after activities,and the incidence of boys(63.2%,12 cases) was higher than girls (34.6%,9 cases),and the differences above were all statistically significant (x2 =6.939,P < 0.05).The 24-hour urinary protein level in adolescent group was significantly higher than that in 2 groups of younger children,and the male children[0.09 (0.02-0.21) g/d] in this group were significantly higher than that in female children[0.06 (0.01-0.21) g/d] (x2 =6.48,P < 0.05).The detection rate of CT angiography (CTA) (95.7 %,67/70 cases) was significantly higher than that of color Doppler ultrasound (82.4%,75/91 cases),and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =6.721,P < 0.05).Children with NCS in adolescence had smaller aortomesenteric angles (AMA) and larger ratios of the internal diameter of left renal vein(LRV) 's dilation part (a) to the stenosis part(b) (a/b) than those in preschool age and school age,and the difference was statistically significant (F =4.797,P < 0.05).By follow-up of 96 cases for 3 months-7 years,there were 51 cases(58.0%) whose urine was back to normal in 88 cases who had reexamination of urine,and among the 54 patients who underwent color doppler ultrasound,25 cases(46.3%) showed relief of LRV compression.Conclusions There are more girls with NCS than boys,and girls are mainly in preschool age and always present with isolated hematuria,while boys are mainly in school age and adolescence and always presented with both hematuria and proteinuria.Children in adolescence were most likely to appear lumbar and abdominal pain,and boys have a higher incidence rate than girls.Children in school age and adolescence have the relatively higher quantitation level of proteinuria,and the smaller AMA and the larger a/b ratio,the more serious compression of LRV,and it's especially obvious in adolescence.

16.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 221-224, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741130

ABSTRACT

Nutcracker syndrome (NCS) refers to left renal vein compression with impaired blood outflow. The etiology of NCS has been attributed to various anatomic anomalies. Posterior NCS is caused by compression of the retroaortic left renal vein between the aorta and spine. The classic symptoms of NCS include left flank pain with gross or microscopic hematuria. The frequency and severity of the syndrome vary from asymptomatic microhematuria to severe pelvic congestion. For this reason, diagnosis of NCS is difficult and often delayed. Here, we report a case of posterior NCS that was incidentally discovered.


Subject(s)
Aorta , Diagnosis , Estrogens, Conjugated (USP) , Flank Pain , Hematuria , Renal Veins , Spine
17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology ; (12): 942-945, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861351

ABSTRACT

Nutcracker syndrome (NCS) refers to symptomatic compression of the left renal vein between the abdominal aorta and the superior mesenteric artery with a serial of clinical symptoms including hematuria, proteinuria, lateral abdominal pain and varicocele. Imaging methods such as Doppler ultrasonography, CTA, MRA, intravascular ultrasound and renal venography play an important role in the diagnosis of NCS. The imaging findings and diagnostic criteria of NCS were reviewed in this paper.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1454-1460, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799962

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study was designed to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients with nutcracker syndrome (NCS) who were treated with three-dimensional printing (3DP) extravascular titanium stents (EVTSs). The 3DP EVTS was expected to release the hypertension of the left renal vein (LRV) produced by its compression between the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and the aorta without causing any complications.@*Method@#The pre-operative kidney model of each patient was printed out to enable surgical planning. After that, the EVTS was designed based on the LRV’s primitive physiologic structure using computer-aided design software, and each stent was printed out with a precision setting of 20 μm. Seventeen patients who had been suffering from NCS underwent laparoscopic 3DP EVTS placement. The surgical procedure was designed for the placement of EVTS, taking great care in positioning and fixing the stent. Surgical data, which included patient demographic characteristics as well as pre- and post-operative test results, were collected and analyzed.@*Results@#The mean duration of surgery was 75 ± 9 min, and the mean blood loss was 20 ± 5 mL. Computed tomography examinations revealed that the pre- and post-operative angle between the SMA and the aorta ranged from 18.7° ± 4.3° to 48.0° ± 8.8° (P < 0.05); in patients with left varicocele, the mean diameter of the left spermatic vein ranged from 3.7 ± 0.5 to 1.3 ± 0.2 mm (P < 0.05). Moreover, Doppler ultrasound examinations showed that the peak velocity of blood flow at the hilar area ranged from 12.4 ± 3.3 to 18.5 ± 3.4 cm/s (P < 0.05). No side effects were observed in the 24 to 42 months following surgery.@*Conclusion@#The findings after 2 years of follow-up suggest that the 3DP EVTS is a safe and effective minimally invasive alternative for the treatment of NCS.

19.
J. vasc. bras ; 18: e20180135, 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012623

ABSTRACT

A dor pélvica crônica é uma doença debilitante, com impacto na qualidade de vida e custos para os serviços de saúde. A síndrome de quebra-nozes é uma importante causa dessa dor, e se refere a um conjunto de sinais secundários à compressão da veia renal esquerda, mais comumente entre a artéria mesentérica superior e a aorta. Seu tratamento ainda permanece controverso e varia de acordo com a gravidade clínica do paciente. Contudo, a técnica endovascular com implante de stent em veia renal tem obtido excelentes resultados. Relatamos um caso de uma paciente de 59 anos submetida a correção endovascular com stent autoexpansível de nitinol. São apresentados dados clínicos, detalhes do procedimento e resultados do acompanhamento dessa paciente. O sucesso técnico foi obtido e não houve relato de complicações pós-operatórias. Pôde-se observar alívio dos sintomas e melhora nos exames de imagem realizados no acompanhamento de curto prazo


Chronic pelvic pain is a debilitating disease that directly impacts on quality of life and generates costs for health services. Nutcracker Syndrome is an important cause of pelvic pain and consists of a set of signs secondary to compression of the left renal vein, most commonly between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta. Treatment remains controversial and varies depending on the patient's clinical severity. However, endovascular treatment with renal vein stenting has achieved excellent results. We report the case of a 59 year-old female treated by endovascular repair with a self-expanding nitinol stent. Clinical data, details of the procedure, and follow-up results are presented. Technical success was achieved and there patient reported no postoperative complications. Short-term, there was relief from symptoms and follow-up imaging tests showed improvement


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Renal Nutcracker Syndrome/diagnosis , Renal Nutcracker Syndrome/therapy , Pelvis , Renal Veins , Phlebography/methods , Tomography/methods , Stents , Prevalence , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Constriction, Pathologic , Lower Extremity , Drug Therapy/methods , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods
20.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1627-1637, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786369

ABSTRACT

Nutcracker syndrome (NCS) is a syndrome caused by compression of the left renal vein (LRV), between the abdominal aorta and the superior mesenteric artery, resulting in hypertension of the LRV and hematuria. Doppler ultrasonography (US) has been commonly used for the diagnosis of NCS. However, several technical issues, such as Doppler angle and sample volume, need to be considered to obtain satisfactory results. In addition, morphologic changes of the LRV and a jetting phenomenon across the aortomesenteric portion of the LRV on contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) are diagnostic clues of NCS. With proper Doppler US and CECT, NCS can be diagnosed noninvasively.


Subject(s)
Aorta, Abdominal , Diagnosis , Hematuria , Hypertension , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Renal Veins , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography, Doppler
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL