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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2126-2140, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981194

ABSTRACT

ω-transaminase (ω-TA) is a natural biocatalyst that has good application potential in the synthesis of chiral amines. However, the poor stability and low activity of ω-TA in the process of catalyzing unnatural substrates greatly hampers its application. To overcome these shortcomings, the thermostability of (R)-ω-TA (AtTA) from Aspergillus terreus was engineered by combining molecular dynamics simulation assisted computer-aided design with random and combinatorial mutation. An optimal mutant AtTA-E104D/A246V/R266Q (M3) with synchronously enhanced thermostability and activity was obtained. Compared with the wild- type (WT) enzyme, the half-life t1/2 (35 ℃) of M3 was prolonged by 4.8-time (from 17.8 min to 102.7 min), and the half deactivation temperature (T1050) was increased from 38.1 ℃ to 40.3 ℃. The catalytic efficiencies toward pyruvate and 1-(R)-phenylethylamine of M3 were 1.59- and 1.56-fold that of WT. Molecular dynamics simulation and molecular docking showed that the reinforced stability of α-helix caused by the increase of hydrogen bond and hydrophobic interaction in molecules was the main reason for the improvement of enzyme thermostability. The enhanced hydrogen bond of substrate with surrounding amino acid residues and the enlarged substrate binding pocket contributed to the increased catalytic efficiency of M3. Substrate spectrum analysis revealed that the catalytic performance of M3 on 11 aromatic ketones were higher than that of WT, which further showed the application potential of M3 in the synthesis of chiral amines.


Subject(s)
Transaminases/chemistry , Molecular Docking Simulation , Amines/chemistry , Pyruvic Acid/metabolism , Enzyme Stability
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3481-3493, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007971

ABSTRACT

Diacylglycerol (DAG) is an intermediate product in lipid metabolism and plays an important physiological role in human body. It is mainly prepared by hydrolyzing lipid with lipase. However, research on the detection method of 1, 2-diacylglycerol (1, 2-DAG) and 1, 3-diacylglycerol (1, 3-DAG) and catalytic specificity of lipase was not enough, which limits its wide application. To address these challenges, an efficient quantitative detection method was first established for 1, 2-DAG (0.025-0.200 g/L) and 1, 3-DAG (0.025-0.150 g/L) by combining supercritical fluid chromatography with evaporative light scattering detector and optimizing the detection and analysis parameters. Based on the molecular docking between Thermomyces lanuginosus lipase (TLL) and triolein, five potential substrate binding sites were selected for site-specific saturation mutation to construct a mutation library for enzyme activity and position specificity screening. The specificity of sn-1, 3 of the I202V mutant was the highest in the library, which was 11.7% higher than the specificity of the wild type TLL. In summary, the position specificity of TLL was modified based on a semi-rational design, and an efficient separation and detection method of DAG isomers was also established, which provided a reference for the study of the catalytic specificity of lipase.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diglycerides , Molecular Docking Simulation , Binding Sites , Catalysis , Lipase/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4601-4614, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970334

ABSTRACT

Creatinine levels in biological fluids are important indicators for the clinical evaluation of renal function. Creatinase (CRE, EC3.5.3.3) is one of the key enzymes in the enzymatic measurement of creatinine concentration, and it is also the rate-limiting enzyme in the whole enzymatic cascade system. The poor catalytic activity of CRE severely limits its clinical and industrial applications. To address this issue, a semi-rational design is applied to increase the activity of a creatinase from Alcaligenes sp. KS-85 (Al-CRE). By high-throughput screen of saturation mutagenesis libraries on the selected hotspot mutations, multiple variant enzymes with increased activity are obtained. The five-point best variant enzyme (I304L/F395V/K351V/Y63S/Q88A) were further obtained by recombine the improved mutations sites that to showed a 2.18-fold increased specific activity. Additionally, structure analysis is conducted to understand the mechanism of the activity change. This study paves the way for a better practical application of creatinase and may help further understand its catalytic mechanism.


Subject(s)
Creatinine , Mutagenesis, Site-Directed , Ureohydrolases/genetics , Catalysis
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 163-177, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878551

ABSTRACT

Directed evolution is a cyclic process that alternates between constructing different genes and screening functional gene variants. It has been widely used in optimization and analysis of DNA sequence, gene function and protein structure. It includes random gene libraries construction, gene expression in suitable hosts and mutant libraries screening. The key to construct gene library is the storage capacity and mutation diversity, to screen is high sensitivity and high throughput. This review discusses the latest advances in directed evolution. These new technologies greatly accelerate and simplify the traditional directional evolution process and promote the development of directed evolution.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Directed Molecular Evolution , Gene Library , Mutation , Proteins/genetics
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