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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 739-742, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980788

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of acupuncture on swallowing function and quality of life for patients with dysphagia in Parkinson's disease (PD).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients of PD with dysphagia were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 3 cases dropped off). The control group was given conventional medication therapy and rehabilitation training. On the basis of the treatment as the control group, the observation group was given acupuncture at Fengfu (GV 16), Baihui (GV 20), Shenting (GV 24), Yintang (GV 24+), Yansanzhen and bilateral Fengchi (GB 20), 30 min each time, once a day, 6 times a week for 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, the Kubota water swallowing test, standardized swallowing assessment (SSA) and swallowing quality of life (SWAL-QOL) were used to evaluate the swallowing function and quality of life of the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the Kubota water swallowing test grade, SSA scores in the two groups were decreased compared with those before treatment (P<0.05, P<0.001),the SWAL-QOL scores were increased compared with those before treatment (P<0.001); in the observation group,the Kubota water swallowing test grade and SSA score were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05),the SWAL-QOL score was higher than that in the control group (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of conventional medication therapy and rehabilitation training,acupuncture could improve the swallowing function and quality of life for patients of PD with dysphagia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Deglutition , Quality of Life , Parkinson Disease/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Water
2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 611-614, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980768

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy on post-stroke dysphagia treated with four-step acupuncture therapy for opening orifices and benefiting throat combined with neuromuscular electrical stimulation.@*METHODS@#Sixty patients with post-stroke dysphagia were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, with 30 cases in each group. The neuromuscular electrical stimulation was adopted in the control group. Besides the treatment as the control group, in the observation group, the four-step acupuncture therapy for opening orifices and benefiting throat was supplemented. Step 1: the three areas of scalp acupuncture on the affected side were stimulated. Step 2: pricking method was operated on the posterior pharyngeal wall. Step 3: bleeding technique was operated at Jinjin (EX-HN 12) and Yuye (EX-HN 13). Step 4: deep insertion of needle was operated at three-pharynx points. The needles were retained for 30 min at the three areas of scalp acupuncture and the three-pharynx points. The intervention of each group was delivered once daily, 6 times a week, at the interval of 1 day. One course of treatment was 1 week and 4 successive courses were required. The rating of Kubota water swallow test, the score of standardized swallowing assessment (SSA) and the rating of Rosenbek penetration- aspiration scale (PAS) were observed before and after treatment in patients of the two groups. The incidence of clinical complications and clinical efficacy were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those before treatment, the rating of Kubota water swallow test, the scores of SSA and the rating of PAS of patients in the two groups were decreased after treatment (P<0.01), and the values of the observation group were lower than those of the control group after treatment (P<0.05). The incidence of clinical complications in the observation group was 13.3% (4/30), lower than 36.7% (11/30) in the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate in the observation group was 93.3% (28/30), which was better than 70.0% (21/30) in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The four-step acupuncture therapy for opening orifices and benefiting throat combined with neuromuscular electrical stimulation can improve the swallowing function of patients with post-stroke dysphagia and reduce the incidence of clinical complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pharynx , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Stroke/complications , Water , Electric Stimulation
3.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1457-1460, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955861

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) in patients with dysphagia after stroke.Methods:A total of 200 patients with dysphagia who received treatment in Wenzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January 2019 to December 2020 were included in this study. All patients underwent videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFFS) and FEES. Examination results and the incidence of adverse reactions were compared between VFFS and FEES.Results:VFFS results revealed that oral food residue occurred in 122 patients, food leakage in 168 patients, food aspiration in 170 patients, epiglottis valley residue in 179 patients, pyriform sinus residue in 184 patients, cricopharyngeus muscle dysfunction in 61 patients, and abnormal esophageal peristalsis in 58 patients. FEES results revealed that food leakage occurred in 173 patients, food penetration in 151 patients, food aspiration in 180 patients, food retention in 166 patients, and vocal neoplasm in 21 patients. The incidence of adverse reactions generated in FEES was lower than that in VFFS (5.5% vs. 12.0%, χ2 = 5.29, P < 0.05). Conclusion:FEES has high sensitivity and safety in the detection of dysphagia after stroke, and it has important guiding significance for the treatment of dysphagia.

4.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 221-225, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933970

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe any effect of supplementing breathing training with electromyographic biofeedback in treating the swallowing function soon after a cerebral infarction.Methods:A total of 96 cerebral infarction survivors with dysphagia were randomly divided into a control group, a biofeedback group and a comprehensive treatment group, each of 32. All received conventional rehabilitation treatment for dysphagia, while the biofeedback group was additionally provided with EMG biofeedback training and the comprehensive treatment group received both breathing training and the biofeedback training. Before and after 6 weeks of treatment, all were subjected to a swallowing contrast examination to observe the opening of the upper esophageal sphincter, the forward displacement of the hyoid bone, and the upward displacement of the hyoid bone. The Rosenbak Penetration-Aspiration Scale and Functional Imported Food Scoring were also used to evaluate their swallowing function.Results:Before, there were no significant differences between the groups in terms of any of the measures. After the 6 weeks of treatment, all of the measurements had improved significantly in both groups, but the improvement in the biofeedback and comprehensive treatment groups on all of the measures was significantly greater than in the control group. The average values of the comprehensive treatment group were then superior to the biofeedback group′s averages.Conclusion:Supplementing breathing training with EMG biofeedback can significantly improve the swallowing function of stroke survivors and reduce their risk of aspiration.

5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 161-165, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930593

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of citric acid-induced cough on swallowing function and serum substance P in stroke patients with early tracheotomy.Methods:Forty-nine post-stroke tracheotomy patients admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery at the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2018 to July 2019 were selected as study subjects. They were divided into intervention group ( n=24) and control group ( n=25) using the random digit table. The control group was subjected to routine nursing, while the intervention group was given citric acid to induce cough based on routine care. The intervention time was 1 week. The swallowing function and serum substance P levels were compared between the two groups before and after the intervention. Results:After the intervention, 45.8% (11/24) of the patients in the intervention group were assessed as having "strong" swallowing function, compared to 28.0% (7/25) in the control group, with a statistically significant difference in swallowing function between the two groups ( Z= -2.22, P<0.05), and the level of substance P in the intervention group was (283.40 ± 134.82) ng/L, significantly higher than that of the control group (203.59 ± 126.16) ng/L ( t=2.14, P<0.05). Conclusions:Citric acid-induced cough helped stroke patients with early tracheotomy to produce effective swallowing action and up-regulate substance P in serum to promote recovery of swallowing function.

6.
The Japanese Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 511-520, 2022.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936698

ABSTRACT

Purpose:In recent years, the proportion of older people diagnosed with lung tuberculosis is increasing in Japan. There have been no previous reports on detailed evaluation of swallowing function in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. This study aimed to retrospectively evaluate the severity and characteristics of dysphagia using videoendoscopic evaluation of swallowing (VE) in patients with lung tuberculosis.Methods:A total of 58 patients (average age, 85.2 years) were selected. They are diagnosed with active pulmonary tuberculosis and underwent VE (performed an average 23 days after admission) at our hospital between January 2017 and March 2020. The severity of dysphagia was assessed using the functional oral intake scale (FOIS).Activities of daily living (ADL) of the patients was evaluated by using Barthel Index (BI).Results:The average body mass index of the patients was 17 kg/m2, average serum albumin was 2.3 mg/dl, and average BI score was 8.6. Approximately, 71% of the patients showed severe dysphagia (FOIS 1-2), and BI score of the group was significantly lower than that of the moderate group (FOIS>3). We observed residual thickened water in 76% of the patients. Before the VE, 45% patients were administered oral anti-tuberculosis drugs. Only 35% of the patients continued those drugs after VE, and 45% of the patients died in hospital.Conclusion:The results suggest that patients with pulmonary tuberculosis might have a high frequency of severe dysphagia. Appropriate method of anti-tuberculosis drug administration should be selected based on their swallowing functions.

7.
The Japanese Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 21045-2022.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924601

ABSTRACT

Purpose:In recent years, the proportion of older people diagnosed with lung tuberculosis is increasing in Japan. There have been no previous reports on detailed evaluation of swallowing function in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. This study aimed to retrospectively evaluate the severity and characteristics of dysphagia using videoendoscopic evaluation of swallowing (VE) in patients with lung tuberculosis.Methods:A total of 58 patients (average age, 85.2 years) were selected. They are diagnosed with active pulmonary tuberculosis and underwent VE (performed an average 23 days after admission) at our hospital between January 2017 and March 2020. The severity of dysphagia was assessed using the functional oral intake scale (FOIS).Activities of daily living (ADL) of the patients was evaluated by using Barthel Index (BI).Results:The average body mass index of the patients was 17 kg/m2, average serum albumin was 2.3 mg/dl, and average BI score was 8.6. Approximately, 71% of the patients showed severe dysphagia (FOIS 1-2), and BI score of the group was significantly lower than that of the moderate group (FOIS>3). We observed residual thickened water in 76% of the patients. Before the VE, 45% patients were administered oral anti-tuberculosis drugs. Only 35% of the patients continued those drugs after VE, and 45% of the patients died in hospital.Conclusion:The results suggest that patients with pulmonary tuberculosis might have a high frequency of severe dysphagia. Appropriate method of anti-tuberculosis drug administration should be selected based on their swallowing functions.

8.
Clinics ; 76: e3069, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345818

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study explored the clinical efficacy of VitalStim electrical stimulation combined with swallowing function training for patients with dysphagia following an acute stroke. METHODS: Seventy-two patients with dysphagia following an acute stroke were admitted to our hospital and were further divided into two groups using prospective research methods. There were 36 cases in each group according to the random number table method. The control group received conventional medical treatment and swallowing function training while the experimental group received conventional medical treatment and VitalStim electrical stimulation combined with swallowing function training. RESULTS: The overall response rate of the experimental group (94.44%) was higher than that of the control group (77.78%), and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). Compared with before treatment, the upward and forward movement speeds of the hyoid bone, anterior movement speed, the grading score of the Kubota drinking water test, Caiteng's grading score, serum superoxide dismutase, 5-hydroxytryptamine, and norepinephrine levels, Fugl-Meyer Assessment score, and multiple quality of life scores of the two groups showed improvement after treatment. While the standard swallowing assessment score, serum malondialdehyde level, and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score decreased, the aforementioned indices showed a significant improvement in the experimental group (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate that VitalStim electrical stimulation combined with swallowing function is effective for treating dysphagia following an acute stroke. It can effectively improve swallowing, neurological, and limb motor functions, reduce complications, promote physical recovery, and improve overall quality of life of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Stroke/complications , Stroke/therapy , Quality of Life , United States , Prospective Studies , Deglutition , Electric Stimulation
9.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 750-753, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886652

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the swallowing function of the elderly in welfare homes of Wenzhou City,Zhejiang Province and to analyze the related factors of swallowing dysfunction. Methods:A total of 507 elderly people aged 60 years and over were surveyed by questionnaires in three welfare homes of Wenzhou City from January 2018 to January 2020.Hinds time-limited water drinking test was used to screen dysphagia. Multivariate unconditional logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the related factors of swallowing dysfunction. Results:The incidence of swallowing dysfunction was 26.04% (132 out of 507). Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in the incidence of swallowing dysfunction among the elderly in terms of age, spouse condition, self-care ability, health status, taking sleeping pills, cerebrovascular disease, nervous system disease and depression (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the following factors were related to swallowing dysfunction among the elderly: age ≥80 years old, taking sleeping pills, cerebrovascular diseases, nervous system diseases and depression. Conclusion:The incidence of swallowing dysfunction in elderly people in welfare homes of Wenzhou City is high, especially those aged ≥80 years who need more attention. In addition, taking sleeping pills, cerebrovascular diseases, nervous system diseases and depression all increase the risk of swallowing dysfunction. Corresponding preventive and intervention measures should be formulated.

10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1303-1307, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921049

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of nape cluster acupuncture on swallowing function and respiratory function in patients with post-stroke dysphagia, and to explore its relationship to cerebral arterial flow and neurotrophic factors.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 patients with post-stroke dysphagia were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 60 patients in each one. The conventional swallowing rehabilitation therapy and respiratory function training were adopted in the control group. On the basis of treatment in the control group, nape cluster acupuncture was applied at Fengchi (GB 20), Tianzhu (BL 10), Wangu (GB 12), Lianquan (CV 23), Panglianquan (Extra), once a day; pricking blood was applied at Jinjin (EX-HN 12) and Yuye (EX-HN 13), once every 2 days. Both groups were treated for 2 weeks. The therapeutic efficacy was compared between the two groups, and the swallowing function (scores of Kubota water swallowing test, standardized swallowing assessment [SSA] and video fluoroscopic swallowing study [VFSS]), the respiratory function indexes (forced vital capacity [FVC], maximal voluntary ventilation [MVV] and maximal expiratory time), the bilateral cerebral arterial hemodynamics parameters (systolic peak velocity [Vs], mean flow velocity [Vm] and vascular resistance index [RI]) and the serology indexes (brain-derived neurotrophic factor [BDNF], nerve growth factor [NGF] and insulin-like growth factors-1 [IGF-1]) before and after treatment were observed in the both groups.@*RESULTS@#The total effective rate was 80.0% (48/60) in the observation group, which was superior to 60.0% (36/60) in the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of the conventional rehabilitation training, nape cluster acupuncture can effectively improve the swallowing function and respiratory function in patients with post-stroke dysphagia, its mechanism may be related to the improvement of cerebral hemodynamics and the regulation of neurotrophic factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Deglutition , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 391-394, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826724

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture combined with conventional symptomatic and supportive treatments on swallowing function and nutritional status in children with severe hand foot and mouth disease complicated with dysphagia.@*METHODS@#A total of 68 children with severe hand foot and mouth disease complicated with dysphagia were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 34 cases in each one. Symptomatic and supportive treatments such as lowering temperature, tranquilizing and mechanical ventilation were adopted in the control group. On the basis of the treatments in the control group, acupuncture was applied at Lianquan (CV 23), Jialianquan (Extra), cervical Jiaji (EX-B 2), Fengfu (GV 16), Fengchi (GB 20), Yamen (GV 15), scalp motor and sensory areas in the observation group, once a day, 6 times a week, one month as a course and totally 3 courses were required. Time spent on restoring swallowing function was observed in both groups. Besides, score of dysphagia disorder survey (DDS) and nutritional status were evaluated before and after treatment, and the clinical effects were compared.@*RESULTS@#The total effective rate was 91.2% (31/34) in the observation group, which was superior to 73.5% (25/34) in the control group (<0.05). The time of restoring swallowing function in the observation group was advanced than the control group (<0.05). Compared before treatment, the DDS scores after treatment were decreased in both groups, and the reduction in the observation group was larger than the control group (all <0.05). After the treatment, the normal rate of nutritional status was 61.8% (21/34) in the observation group, which was superior to 32.4% (11/34) in the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of conventional treatment, acupuncture can effectively treat the severe hand foot and mouth disease complicated with dysphagia, improve the swallowing function and nutritional status.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Deglutition Disorders , Therapeutics , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
12.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 663-667, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844257

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the impact of "Tongyuan" (regulating the Governor Vessel to tranquilize mental activities, conducting qi back to its origin) acupuncture treatment on cough reflex, pulmonary infection and swallowing function in stroke patients undergoing tracheotomy. METHODS: Seventy-four cerebral stroke patients with tracheo-tomy were randomly allocated to scalp acupuncture and "Tongyuan" acupuncture groups (n=37 in each group). All the patients of the two groups received basic treatment, including treatment of primary diseases, routine nursing, respiratory muscle training, physical therapy, acupuncture of Chize (LU5), Quchi (LI11), Hegu (LI4), Weizhong (BL40), Zusanli (ST36). In addition, for patients of the scalp acupuncture group, the middle 2/5 of Dingnieqianxiexian (MS6), the middle 2/5 of Dingniehouxiexian (MS7) and Dingpangerxian (MS9) on the contralateral side of lesions were punctured with filiform needles. For patients of the "Tongyuan" acupuncture group, Baihui (GV20), Zhongwan (GV12), Guanyuan (CV4), Qihai (CV6), Tianshu (ST25), Feishu (BL13), Pishu (BL20) were needled. The treatment in both groups lasted 30 minutes each time, once daily, 6 times a week for 4 weeks. The cough reflex grading score (CRGS, assessed according to cough, independent expectoration, sputum suction), clinical pulmonary infection score (CPIS, assessed according to the body temperature, white blood cell count, airway secretion in 24 h, PaO2/FiO2, infiltration status, cultured pathogenic bacteria), and swallowing function were evaluated by a researcher who was blinded to the grouping and treatment procedures. The success rate of extubation was calculated in a week at the end of treatments. RESULTS: After the treatment, the CRGS and CPIS of both groups were apparently decreased in comparison with their own pre-treatment (P<0.05), suggesting an improvement of the cough reflex and pulmonary infection. Regarding the swallowing function, of the two 37 cases in the scalp acupuncture and "Tongyuan" acupuncture groups, 9(24.3%) and 19(51.4%) experienced marked improvement, 12(32.5%)and 14(37.8%) were effective, and 16(43.2%) and 4(10.8%)failed in the treatment, with the effective rate being 56.8% and 89.2%, respectively. In regard to the successful extubation, of the two 37 cases in the scalp acupuncture and "Tongyuan" acupuncture groups, 5(13.5%) and 11(29.8%)had a marked improvement, 10(27.0%)and 18(48.6%)were effective, and 22(59.5%)and 8(21.6%)failed, with the effective rate being 40.5% and 78.4%, respectively. The therapeutic effect of "Tongyuan" acupuncture was significantly superior to that of scalp acupuncture in decreasing CRGS and CPIS, and in improving the swallowing function and raising the rate of successful extubation (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: "Tongyuan" acupuncture treatment can improve cough reflex to remove sputum, reduce pulmonary infection, enhance swallowing function, and raise the success rate of extubation in stroke patients, which is better than scalp acupuncture.

13.
Journal of the Korean Society of Laryngology Phoniatrics and Logopedics ; : 30-36, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758497

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The effect of palliative injection laryngoplasty in cancer-related unilateral vocal cord paralysis patients on voice and swallowing function is uncertain and there are few previous studies of its suitability, benefits as a palliative treatment option. The purpose of this study is to confirm the objective results of voice and swallowing function after palliative office-based hyaluronic acid injection laryngoplasty in cancer-related unilateral vocal cord paralysis patients. MATERIALS AND METHOD: 36 patients who had unilateral vocal cord paralysis from non-thyroidal, extralaryngeal neoplasms were included in this study. To evaluate the clinical outcome, we analyzed perceptual GRBAS grading, acoustic analysis, aerodynamic study, Electroglottography (EGG), Voice Handicap Index (VHI-30) about voice function and disability rating scale (DRS), gastric tube dependency, aspiration pneumonia about swallowing function and 36-Item Short Form Survey version 2 (SF-36v2) about quality of life. RESULTS: In GRBAS scale, G (p < 0.001), R (p=0.004), B (p=0.001), A (p=0.011), and S (p=0.007) showed significant improvement. Jitter, shimmer, speaking fundamental frequency, maximal phonation time, VHI-30, DRS score, gastric tube dependency, aspiration pneumonia, and SF-36v2 were significantly improved after injection (p=0.016, p=0.011, p=0.045, p=0.005, p < 0.001, p < 0.001 p=0.003, p < 0.001, and p < 0.001 respectively). CONCLUSION: From this study we concluded office-based hyaluronic acid injection can be used as a useful palliative treatment option in cancer-related ill patients with unilateral vocal cord paralysis. Palliative hyaluronic acid injection laryngoplasty avoids the need for tube feeding, thus reducing the risk of aspiration pneumonia. These outcomes are accompanied by significant improvement in voice quality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acoustics , Deglutition , Enteral Nutrition , Hyaluronic Acid , Laryngoplasty , Methods , Palliative Care , Phonation , Pneumonia, Aspiration , Quality of Life , Vocal Cord Paralysis , Voice , Voice Quality
14.
Journal of the Korean Dysphagia Society ; (2): 25-34, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-645153

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to develop a new screening dysphagia questionnaire for elderly people. METHOD: Initial questionnaire for mastication and swallowing function of elderly people were composed of 20 questions. Total of 30 experts were invited to participate in the Delphi survey, including physiatrists, occupational therapists and dietitians. Modified Delphi method was performed into two rounds. Twenty young adults and twenty elderly volunteers were tested with these items and were compared with other pre-existing tests. Also, validity of selected evaluating items was tested using VFSS. RESULT: For the first round of surveys, a consensus was reached on 72.5% of the questionnaire. Final agreement was reached on 98% of the questionnaire. The results of the first round survey with the 20 evaluation items and second round showed that the content validity ratio (CVR) and stability were high enough and met the criteria of consistent agreement from a group of specialists. The final round survey following the 1st and 2nd round survey was implemented, which finally reduced to 14 items from initial 20 items. The researcher allocated the items into the 3 categories. The score of the developed item were highly correlated with that of the pre-existing screening questionnaire and time parameters of the VFSS showing a significant difference according to the score. CONCLUSION: We developed a screening tool for evaluation of chewing nad swallowing function for the elderly people. Though it is necessary to be verified through large scale clinical studies, it may be simply applicable to the elderly people with mastication and swallowing dysfunction or could be evaluated by caregivers.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Young Adult , Caregivers , Consensus , Deglutition Disorders , Deglutition , Mass Screening , Mastication , Methods , NAD , Nutritionists , Specialization , Volunteers
15.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 924-927, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614246

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the surface electromyography (sEMG) characteristics of pharyngeal swallowing muscles in different swallowing modes in asymptomatic lacunar infarction (LI) patients. Methods From January, 2015 to January, 2017, a total of 32 asymptom-atic LI patients (LI group) aged over 60 years were consecutively collected, and 30 normal old subjects matched with age and gender (nor-mal group) were also enrolled. The amplitudes of sEMG activity of infrahyoid muscles and submental muscles in different swallowing modes were recorded, and the root mean square (RMS) was analyzed. Results Significant difference was found in both muscle groups in dif-ferent swallowing modes in both groups (F>110.67, P0.05). In the 20 ml water swallowing mode, the RMS was lower in the submental muscles in the LI group than in the normal group (t=3.334, P0.05). In the 100 ml continuous drinking mode, the RMSs were significantly lower in both two muscle groups in LI group than in the normal group (t>3.118, P<0.01). Conclusion Swallow abilities decrease in asymptomatic LI. sEMG could be used to evaluate their swallowing function.

16.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 932-935, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496282

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the character of amplitude of myoelectric activity with surface electromyography (sEMG) on pharyn-geal swallowing in healthy middle-aged and elderly people. Methods From January, 2015 to January, 2016, 78 healthy subjects were separat-ed into middle-aged group (38~60 years old, n=38) and elderly group (61~82 years old, n=40). The amplitudes of sEMG activity of related muscles under different swallowing modes were recorded by sEMG technique and analysis system. The root mean square (RMS) was ana-lyzed. Results There was significant difference in RMS among different swallowing modes (F>105.120, P0.05). There was no difference between two groups in both muscles under relax and dry swallow (t0.05), and was different under water swallow and continuous drinking (t>2.700, P<0.05). Conclusion sEMG could be used for analyzing the characteristics of amplitude of myoelectric activity in healthy mid-dle-aged and elderly people during pharyngeal swallowing in different swallowing modes, that can be used to evaluate and screen swallow-ing and dysphagia in clinic.

17.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 30-33, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486911

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of the standardized swallowing assessment (SSA) on extubation time for patients with nasal feeding. Methods One hundred patients with nasal feeding in our department from January 2013 to December 2014 were divided into the observation group and control group randomly with 50 in each group. The control group was treated with education on aspiratioin prevention and the right time for extubation was decided following doctor′s order. SSA was used in the observation group with weekly SSA and swallowing function, then the patients took pertinent functional exercises till a right time for extubation was decided. The two groups were compared in terms of incidences of re-intubation and aspiration pneumonia. Result The observation group had significantly lower incidences of re-intubation and aspiration pneumonia than the control one (P<0.01). Conclusions SSA is used to assess the swallowing function as well as the aspiration risks , which helps patients to take functional exercise and helps nurses to decide the right time for extubation. It can effectively lower the incidences of re-intubation and aspiration pneumonia and improve patients′prognosis.

18.
Journal of Kunming Medical University ; (12): 95-98, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694479

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of combined feeding instruction on the swallowing function and quality of life in patients with stroke patients with dysphagia.Methods 110 cases of stroke patients with dysphagia in our hospital from March 2013 to February 2015 were randomly divided into the study group and the control group,with 55 cases in each group.On the basis of routine nursing measures,feeding guidance was used control group,while the study group was combined with swallowing function training.After the intervention for 1 month,the swallowing function between the two groups was compared before and after the intervention.The nursing satisfaction and quality of life of the two groups were evaluated.Results After the intervention,Watian drinking water test scores of the two groups were significantly better than that of before the intervention,the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).Watian water test score of the study group after the intervention was better than that of the control group after the intervention was improved more obviously,the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).The life quality scores of the study group were significantly better than those of the control group,the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).The care satisfaction of the study group was 96.36%,it was significantly increased compared with the control group (81.82%) and the difference was statistically significant (P <0.05).Conclusions Combining feeding and swallowing function training can effectively improve the swallowing function of stroke patients with swallowing dysfunction,and can improve patient's quality of life and nursing satisfaction.

19.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 130-132, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478111

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the olanzapine and quetiapine quetiapine in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease patients of different clinical effects and influence on the swallowing function of patient.Methods According to the order of visits to the author departments were 73 cases of Alzheimer's patients were divided into group A(37 cases) and group B(36 cases).Patients in group A were treated with olanzapine in the treatment of, and group B with quetiapine in the treatment, the time of the two groups of patients are 12 weeks, to observe the differences of the two groups during the treatment of swallowing function indexes and clinical efficacy.Results After treatment, the MMSE scores of two groups of patients compared with pre-treatment, there was no statistical significance and BEHAVE-AD score before treatment significantly decreased ( P <0.05 ).Post-treatment, the patients in two groups of MMSE, BEHAVE-AD score difference does not have statistical significance.The difference of clinical efficacy between two groups post-treatment was not statistically significant.Watian drinking water test score of two groups Post-treatment, SaO2 decreased value compared with those pre-treatment significantly increased (P<0.05).After treatment of two groups of patients Watian drinking water test score difference does not have statistical significance, and post-treatment, patients in group B of SaO2 decreased value lower than that in group A ( P <0.05 ).Mild dysphagia, two cases of moderate swallowing dysfunction occurred in twenty-six patients in group A, group B with mild swallowing dysfunction occurred in twenty-one patients, A group of swallowing dysfunction more serious than group B serious ( P <0.05 ) .Conclusion Olanzapine and quetiapine quetiapine in the treatment of patients with Alzheimer's disease clinical effect quite, patient's swallowing function cause some adverse effects, effects of olanzapine is more serious.

20.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 725-726, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961310

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To explore the effect of early swallowing function training in the prevention of stroke-associated pneumonia(SAP). Methods 78 patients with stroke and swallow dysfunction were divided into training group (n=39) and control group (n=39). All patientswere given routine nursing care, while the training group received early swallowing function training additionally. Clinical data of thetwo groups were compared. Results The incidence of SAP in the training group (25.6%) was lower than the control group (46.2%) (χ2=3.57,P<0.05)。Conclusion Early swallowing function training is effective to prevent stroke-associated pneumonia.

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