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1.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 75(5)oct. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530067

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir la evolución clínica postquirúrgica de una serie de casos de pacientes con Miastenia Gravis juvenil (MGJ) tratados con timectomía por toraoscópica videoasistida (TVA) derecha. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo que incluyó 13 pacientes pediátricos con diagnóstico de MGJ sometidos a timectomía toracoscópica derecha en la Unidad Médica de Alta Especialidad Hospital de Pediatría, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI de México, entre marzo de 2016 y abril de 2022. Los pacientes fueron caracterizados clínicamente y la enfermedad fue clasificada de acuerdo a los criterios de Osserman. La evolución postquirúrgica se evaluó con la clasificación de DeFilippi para determinar la proporción de pacientes con mejoría y la remisión completa. Resultados: Los pacientes incluidos fueron, en su mayoría, mujeres (84,6%) con edad promedio al diagnóstico fue de 11,1 ± 3,1 años. Las cuatro clasificaciones de MG fueron incluidas, con mayor proporción de MG generalizada leve (38,5%), seguida de ocular (23,1%) y generalizada moderada grave (23,1%). La evaluación de la progresión postquirúrgica demostró que a los tres meses de seguimiento 92,3% presentó mejorías, incluyendo la disminución del uso de medicamentos. La remisión total solo se registró en uno de los pacientes. Los pacientes que tuvieron cirugía antes de los 12 meses de evolución de la MGJ presentaron mejores resultados post timectomía por TVA. Conclusión: Se demostró la utilidad de timectomía por TVA en pacientes pediátricos mexicanos con MGJ. Nuestra experiencia agrega evidencia de que los pacientes pediátricos se benefician de la timectomía, mejorando su estado clínico y disminuyendo el uso de medicamentos y complicaciones e la enfermedad.


Objective: To describe the post-surgical clinical evolution of a case series of patients with juvenile myasthenia gravis (JMG) treated with right video-assisted thoracoscopic (TVA) thymectomy. Materials and Methods: Retrospective study that included 13 pediatric patients with JMG who underwent right TVA thymectomy at the Siglo XXI National Medical Center of Mexico between March 2016 and April 2022. Patients were clinically characterized, and the disease was classified according to Osserman's criteria. Post-surgical evolution was evaluated using the DeFilippi classification to determine the proportion of patients with improvement and complete remission. Results: The included patients were mostly women (84.6%) with a mean age at diagnosis of 11.1 ± 3.1 years. The four MG classifications were included, with the highest proportion of mild generalized MG (38.5%), followed by ocular (23.1%) and moderate-severe generalized (23.1%). The evaluation of post-surgical progression showed that after three months of follow-up, 92.3% presented improvements, including a decrease in the use of medications. Complete remission was only recorded in one of the patients. Patients who underwent surgery before 12 months of evolution of JMG had better results after TVA thymectomy. Conclusion: The usefulness of TVA thymectomy in Mexican pediatric patients with JMG was demonstrated. Our experience adds evidence that pediatric patients benefit from thymectomy by improving their clinical status and decreasing the use of medications and complications of the disease.

2.
Medisan ; 27(5)oct. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1529008

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso clínico de un paciente de 54 años de edad, quien fue ingresado en el Hospital Docente Clínico-Quirúrgico Hermanos Ameijeiras de La Habana por presentar fiebre, hipotensión y diarrea, a lo que se añadió dificultad respiratoria complicada durante su estancia en la institución y requirió apoyo ventilatorio mecánico en la Unidad de Terapia Intensiva. Como hallazgo radiográfico se observó una sombra en el pulmón izquierdo que resultó ser un timoma; mientras que en el examen sanguíneo se comprobó hipogammaglobulinemia. Se decidió realizar timectomía convencional mediante esternotomía media, luego de lo cual evolucionó satisfactoriamente y se le dio el alta hospitalaria 10 días después.


The case report of a 54 years patient is described, who was admitted to Hermanos Ameijeiras Clinical-Surgical Teaching Hospital in Havana city due to fever, hypotension and diarrhea, to which complicated respiratory difficulty was added during his hospitalization and he required mechanical ventilator support in the Intensive Care Unit. As a radiographic finding, a shade in the left lung was observed that turned out to be a thymoma; while the blood test revealed hipogammaglobulinemia. It was decided to carry out conventional thymectomy by means of midline sternotomy, after which the patient had a favorable clinical course and was discharged from the hospital 10 days later.

3.
Rev. méd. hered ; 34(2): 75-82, abr. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515440

ABSTRACT

Objetivos : Determinar las características clínicas y epidemiológicas de niños con hipoplasia del timo y enfermedad respiratoria en Cuba. Material y Métodos : Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo en niños con edades comprendidas entre 1 y 6 años, de ambos sexos, atendidos en la consulta de Inmunología Pediátrica del Programa de Proyección Comunitaria del Municipio Arroyo Naranjo de La Habana o en la consulta de Inmunología Pediátrica del Hospital Materno Infantil Ángel Arturo Aballí Arellano del Municipio Arroyo Naranjo La Habana, entre los meses de septiembre 2019 y agosto 2022. Se incluyeron los niños con hipoplasia tímica y con antecedentes personales de enfermedad respiratoria infecciosa o no infecciosa diagnosticadas durante el período de estudio. Resultados : No se encontró relación entre la hipoplasia tímica y la edad o el sexo; se encontró mayor frecuencia de la hipoplasia tímica leve y moderada en niños con desarrollo de enfermedad respiratoria grave. Los factores con mayor frecuencia descritos en la enfermedad respiratoria complicada fueron la lactancia materna inefectiva, los antecedentes patológicos personales de atopia, el embarazo de riesgo, la prematuridad, el humo de tabaco en el ambiente y la asistencia a círculo infantil o a casa de cuidado infantil. Conclusiones : El desarrollo de hipoplasia tímica no mostró relación con la edad y el sexo. Se describieron varias condiciones con mayor frecuencia en niños con hipoplasia tímica y con enfermedad respiratoria complicada. La frecuencia de la hipoplasia tímica leve y moderada fue mayor en los pacientes con enfermedad respiratoria grave.


SUMMARY Objective : To determine the clinical and epidemiologic features of children with thymic hypoplasia and respiratory illnesses in Cuba. Methods : A retrospective study was conducted among children of 1-6 years of age of both sexes attended at a Pediatric Immunology Program of Hospital Materno Infantil Ángel Arturo Aballí Arellano in Habana, Cuba from September 2019 to August 2022. Children with thymic hypoplasia with and without a history of a respiratory illness either infectious or non-infectious were included. Results : No association between age and sex with thymic hypoplasia but an association was found with children with a severe respiratory illness. Factors associated with a severe respiratory illness were ineffective breastfeeding, history of an atopic condition, pregnancy of high risk, prematurity and exposure to tobacco smoke. Conclusions : Thymic hypoplasia was not associated with age or sex. An association with mild-moderate thymic hypoplasia was found with a severe respiratory illness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Pediatrics , Respiratory System , Respiratory Tract Diseases , Thymus Gland , Ultrasonography , Allergy and Immunology , Cuba
4.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 69(2): 303-307, Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1422637

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficiency of fetal thymic-thoracic ratio and fetal thymus transverse diameter measurements in gestational diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Fetal thymic-thoracic ratio and fetal thymus transverse diameter were assessed in 360 pregnant women. Patients were examined in two groups: 180 gestational diabetes mellitus (study group) and 180 healthy pregnant women (control group). RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences between the cases with gestational diabetes mellitus and the control group in terms of fetal thymus transverse diameter; however, the fetal thymic-thoracic ratio was found to be significantly lower in cases with gestational diabetes mellitus compared to that in the control group (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The fetal thymic-thoracic ratio is superior to the fetal thymus transverse diameter in evaluating the fetal thymus size.

5.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 69(1): 136-141, Jan. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1422592

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess fetal thymus size by ultrasound in growth-restricted fetuses due to placental insufficiency and compare to high-risk and low-risk pregnancy fetuses with normal placental function. METHODS: This is a nested case-control study of pregnant women followed up at a university hospital (July 2012 to July 2013). In all, 30 pregnant women presenting small fetuses for gestational age (estimated fetal weight <p10) due to placental insufficiency (umbilical artery Doppler >p95) were compared to 30 high-risk and 30 low-risk pregnancies presenting normal Doppler indices. The thymus transverse diameter and perimeter were converted into zeta score according to the normal values for gestational age. Head circumference and femur length were used to calculate ratios. RESULTS: Fetal thymus were significantly lower in pregnancies with placental insufficiency when compared to high-risk and low-risk pregnancies presenting, respectively, transverse diameter zeta score (-0.69±0.83 vs. 0.49±1.13 vs. 0.83±0.85, p<0.001) and P zeta score (-0.73±0.68 vs. 0.45±0.96 vs. 0.26±0.89, p<0.001). There was also a significant difference (p<0.05) in the ratios among the groups: pregnancies with placental insufficiency (TD/HC=0.10, P/FL=1.32, and P/HC=0.26), high-risk pregnancies (TD/HC=0.11, P/FL=1.40, and P/HC=0.30), and control group (DT/HC=0.11, P/FL=1.45, and P/HC=0.31). CONCLUSION: Fetal thymus size is reduced in growth-restricted fetuses due to placental insufficiency, suggesting fetal response as a consequence of the adverse environment.

6.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 282-286, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989082

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome(NRDS)on thymus of premature infants.Methods:We collected baseline data from premature infants with gestational age of 28~32 weeks in neonatal intensive care unit of Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2019.The largest transverse diameter and the sagittal of thymus were measured by ultrasonography within 24 h of birth, then, the thymic index(TI)and thymic weight index(TWI)were calculated to assess the size of thymus.The preterm neonates were divided into NRDS group and non-NRDS group according to the diagnosic criteria of NRDS, and the two groups were then divided into antenatal corticosteroid administration(ACS)group and non-ACS group according to ACS exposure.We then compared the TI and TWI between these groups.Results:One hundred and sixty-three preterm neonates were enrolled in our study, including 98 NRDS preterm neonates and 65 non NRDS preterm neonates.After matching gestational age and birth weight of the preterm neonates from two groups, 65 preterm neonates with NRDS comprised the NRDS group, and 65 preterm neonates without NRDS served as controls.Preterm neonates in NRDS group had significantly smaller TI[(1.788 ± 0.803)cm 3 vs.(2.420±1.068)cm 3, t=3.818, P<0.01] and TWI[(1.278 ± 0.380)cm 3/kg vs.(1.695 ± 0.491)cm 3/kg, t=5.401, P<0.01] than those in non-NRDS group.Besides, preterm neonates in NRDS group had smaller lymphocytes count[(3.729 ± 1.263)×10 9/L vs.(4.437 ± 1.608)×10 9/L, t=2.789, P<0.01] than that in non-NRDS group.For NRDS preterm neonates, TI[(1.487 ± 0.515)cm 3 vs(2.185 ± 0.942)cm 3, t=3.542, P<0.01] ]and TWI[(1.134± 0.311)cm 3/kg vs(1.469± 0.385)cm 3/kg, t=3.882, P<0.01] in ACS group were significantly smaller than those in non-ACS group.For non-NRDS preterm neonates, TI and TWI in ACS group also were significantly smaller than those in non-ACS group( t=2.676、3.659, P<0.05). Conclusion:NRDS is associated with thymic involution of preterm neonates, and ACS exposure affected the size of thymic in premature infants.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4275-4284, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008682

ABSTRACT

In order to prevent the maternal immune defenses to the semi-allogeneic fetus, the maternal body will present a special adaptive immune system change represented by acute thymic involution(ATI) during pregnancy, which can be quickly regenerated after delivery. The ATI during pregnancy is related to the level of sex hormones, which is mainly caused by progesterone. Pregnancy-induced ATI is manifested as the continuous shrinkage of thymus volume, especially the cortex, and the wrinkle and phagocytosis of the subcapsular cortical thymic epithelial cells(cTECs), while other thymic epithelial cells(TECs) remain unchanged. The postpartum thymus is regenerated by the co-mediation of forkhead box N1(FOXN1) as well as its target genes chemokine(C-C motif) ligand 25(CCL25), chemokine(C-X-C motif) ligand 12(CXCL12), δ-like ligand 4(DLL4), cathepsin L(CTSL), and serine protease 16(PRSS16). Once the postpartum thymus is poorly repaired, immune dysfunction of the maternal body and several puerperal diseases will be induced, seriously endangering the survival of the mother and the newborn. In traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), Qi and blood are the cornerstone of pregnancy, and the thymus plays a key role in regulating Qi and blood. The deficiency of Qi and blood during pregnancy and childbirth is closely related to the abnormal ATI during pregnancy and the poor regeneration of the postpartum thymus. Based on this theory, TCM has profound academic ideas and rich clinical experience in postpartum recuperation. Based on the systematic description of the mechanism of ATI regeneration during pregnancy, as well as data mining and analysis of two classic gynecological works of TCM, Wan's Gynecology and Fu Qing-zhu's Treatise on Gynecology, this study found that the commonly used TCM for postpartum included Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and Chuanxiong Rhizoma. Among them, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, and Chuanxiong Rhizoma are high-frequency TCMs with positive effects on postpartum recovery.However, the mechanism of these TCMs in promoting postpartum thymus regeneration needs further investigation.


Subject(s)
Female , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Pregnancy , Ligands , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Postpartum Period , Chemokines
8.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: 1-8, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468952

ABSTRACT

Several species of thymus have therapeutic properties, so they are used in traditional medicine. In this work was carried out to synthesize Thymus vulgalis silver nanoparticles (TSNPS) and evaluate antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of TSNPS and T. vulgalis essential oil extract (TEOE). The essential oils analyzed by GC-MS and were characterized. Major compounds of phenol, 2 methyl 5 (1 methylethyle) (CAS), thymol and 1,2 Benzene dicarboxylic acid, 3 nitro (CAS) (48.75%, 32.42% and 8.12%, respectively) were detected. Results demonstrated that the TSNPS gave a highest DPPH radical scavenging activity, it was obtained 97.2 at 1000 ug/ml. TSNPS, Thymus + Hexane (T+H), Thymus + Ethanol (T+E) gave the greatest antimicrobial activity than amoxicillin (AM) and ciprofloxacin (CIP). In conclusion: The essential oil of thymus (Vulgaris) and thymus (Vulgaris) silver nanoparticles can be a good source of natural preservatives as an antioxidant and antimicrobial agents for increasing the shelf life of foodstuffs.


Diversas espécies de timo possuem propriedades terapêuticas, por isso são utilizadas na medicina tradicional. Neste trabalho foi realizado para sintetizar nanopartículas de prata Thymus vulgalis (TSNPS) e avaliar as atividades antioxidante e antimicrobiana de TSNPS e extrato de óleo essencial de T. vulgalis (TEOE). Os óleos essenciais analisados por GC-MS e foram caracterizados. Os principais compostos de fenol, 2 metil 5 (1 metiletilo) (CAS), timol e ácido 1,2 Benzenodicarboxílico, 3 nitro (CAS) (48,75%, 32,42% e 8,12%, respectivamente) foram detectados. Os resultados demonstraram que o TSNPS deu uma maior atividade de eliminação do radical DPPH , foi obtido 97,2 a 1000 ug / ml. TSNPS, Timo + Hexano (T + H), Timo + Etanol (T + E) deu a maior atividade antimicrobiana do que amoxicilina (AM) e ciprofloxacina (CIP). Em conclusão: O óleo essencial de nanopartículas de prata do timo (Vulgaris) e do timo (Vulgaris) pode ser uma boa fonte de conservantes naturais como agentes antioxidantes e antimicrobianos para aumentar a vida útil de alimentos.


Subject(s)
Anti-Infective Agents/analysis , Antioxidants/analysis , Thymus Extracts/chemistry , Nanoparticles , Silver , Oils, Volatile/analysis , Food Preservation
9.
Braz. j. biol ; 832023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1469168

ABSTRACT

Abstract Several species of thymus have therapeutic properties, so they are used in traditional medicine. In this work was carried out to synthesize Thymus vulgalis silver nanoparticles (TSNPS) and evaluate antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of TSNPS and T. vulgalis essential oil extract (TEOE). The essential oils analyzed by GC-MS and were characterized. Major compounds of phenol, 2 methyl 5 (1 methylethyle) (CAS), thymol and 1,2 Benzene dicarboxylic acid, 3 nitro (CAS) (48.75%, 32.42% and 8.12%, respectively) were detected. Results demonstrated that the TSNPS gave a highest DPPH radical scavenging activity, it was obtained 97.2 at 1000 ug/ml. TSNPS, Thymus + Hexane (T+H), Thymus + Ethanol (T+E) gave the greatest antimicrobial activity than amoxicillin (AM) and ciprofloxacin (CIP). In conclusion: The essential oil of thymus (Vulgaris) and thymus (Vulgaris) silver nanoparticles can be a good source of natural preservatives as an antioxidant and antimicrobial agents for increasing the shelf life of foodstuffs.


Resumo Diversas espécies de timo possuem propriedades terapêuticas, por isso são utilizadas na medicina tradicional. Neste trabalho foi realizado para sintetizar nanopartículas de prata Thymus vulgalis (TSNPS) e avaliar as atividades antioxidante e antimicrobiana de TSNPS e extrato de óleo essencial de T. vulgalis (TEOE). Os óleos essenciais analisados por GC-MS e foram caracterizados. Os principais compostos de fenol, 2 metil 5 (1 metiletilo) (CAS), timol e ácido 1,2 Benzenodicarboxílico, 3 nitro (CAS) (48,75%, 32,42% e 8,12%, respectivamente) foram detectados. Os resultados demonstraram que o TSNPS deu uma maior atividade de eliminação do radical DPPH , foi obtido 97,2 a 1000 ug / ml. TSNPS, Timo + Hexano (T + H), Timo + Etanol (T + E) deu a maior atividade antimicrobiana do que amoxicilina (AM) e ciprofloxacina (CIP). Em conclusão: O óleo essencial de nanopartículas de prata do timo (Vulgaris) e do timo (Vulgaris) pode ser uma boa fonte de conservantes naturais como agentes antioxidantes e antimicrobianos para aumentar a vida útil de alimentos.

10.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e244675, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339348

ABSTRACT

Abstract Several species of thymus have therapeutic properties, so they are used in traditional medicine. In this work was carried out to synthesize Thymus vulgalis silver nanoparticles (TSNPS) and evaluate antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of TSNPS and T. vulgalis essential oil extract (TEOE). The essential oils analyzed by GC-MS and were characterized. Major compounds of phenol, 2 methyl 5 (1 methylethyle) (CAS), thymol and 1,2 Benzene dicarboxylic acid, 3 nitro (CAS) (48.75%, 32.42% and 8.12%, respectively) were detected. Results demonstrated that the TSNPS gave a highest DPPH radical scavenging activity, it was obtained 97.2 at 1000 ug/ml. TSNPS, Thymus + Hexane (T+H), Thymus + Ethanol (T+E) gave the greatest antimicrobial activity than amoxicillin (AM) and ciprofloxacin (CIP). In conclusion: The essential oil of thymus (Vulgaris) and thymus (Vulgaris) silver nanoparticles can be a good source of natural preservatives as an antioxidant and antimicrobial agents for increasing the shelf life of foodstuffs.


Resumo Diversas espécies de timo possuem propriedades terapêuticas, por isso são utilizadas na medicina tradicional. Neste trabalho foi realizado para sintetizar nanopartículas de prata Thymus vulgalis (TSNPS) e avaliar as atividades antioxidante e antimicrobiana de TSNPS e extrato de óleo essencial de T. vulgalis (TEOE). Os óleos essenciais analisados por GC-MS e foram caracterizados. Os principais compostos de fenol, 2 metil 5 (1 metiletilo) (CAS), timol e ácido 1,2 Benzenodicarboxílico, 3 nitro (CAS) (48,75%, 32,42% e 8,12%, respectivamente) foram detectados. Os resultados demonstraram que o TSNPS deu uma maior atividade de eliminação do radical DPPH , foi obtido 97,2 a 1000 ug / ml. TSNPS, Timo + Hexano (T + H), Timo + Etanol (T + E) deu a maior atividade antimicrobiana do que amoxicilina (AM) e ciprofloxacina (CIP). Em conclusão: O óleo essencial de nanopartículas de prata do timo (Vulgaris) e do timo (Vulgaris) pode ser uma boa fonte de conservantes naturais como agentes antioxidantes e antimicrobianos para aumentar a vida útil de alimentos.


Subject(s)
Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Thymus Plant , Metal Nanoparticles , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology , Silver , Antioxidants/pharmacology
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 56: e12647, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505885

ABSTRACT

DiGeorge syndrome is a disorder caused by a microdeletion on the long arm of chromosome 22. Approximately 1% of patients diagnosed with DiGeorge syndrome may have an absence of a functional thymus, which characterizes the complete form of the syndrome. These patients require urgent treatment to reconstitute T cell immunity. Thymus transplantation is a promising investigational procedure for reconstitution of thymic function in infants with congenital athymia. Here, we demonstrate a possible optimization of the preparation of thymus slices for transplantation through prior depletion of thymocytes and leukocyte cell lineages followed by cryopreservation with cryoprotective media (5% dextran FP 40, 5% Me2SO, and 5% FBS) while preserving tissue architecture. Thymus fragments were stored in liquid nitrogen at -196°C for 30 days or one year. The tissue architecture of the fragments was preserved, including the distinction between medullary thymic epithelial cells (TECs), cortical TECs, and Hassall bodies. Moreover, depleted thymus fragments cryopreserved for one year were recolonized by intrathymic injections of 3×106 thymocytes per mL, demonstrating the capability of these fragments to support T cell development. Thus, this technique opens up the possibility of freezing and storing large volumes of thymus tissue for immediate transplantation into patients with DiGeorge syndrome or atypical (Omenn-like) phenotype.

12.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 69(5): e20221678, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431248

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Fetal thymus involvement in prematurity has been studied, and this study aimed to evaluate its relationship with short cervix and amniotic fluid sludge in the second trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: In this prospective cross-sectional study, 79 pregnant women (19+0 to 24+6 weeks) were included, and cervical length and the presence or absence of amniotic fluid sludge were evaluated. In the three-vessel view of the fetal thorax, the thymus was identified, and its perimeter and transverse diameter were measured and transformed to a zeta score based on gestational age. RESULTS: Data from 22 women with short cervix (<25 mm) and 57 patients with normal cervix (≥25 mm) were analyzed. The transverse diameter of the fetal thymus was significantly greater in the short cervix group compared to that of the normal cervix group (z-score 2.708 vs. −0.043, p=0.003). There were no significant differences in the perimeter (z-score −0.039 vs. −0.071, p=0.890) or the transverse diameter (z-score 1.297 vs. −0.004, p=0.091) of the fetal thymus associated with the presence (n=21) or absence of sludge (n=58). CONCLUSION: A short cervix is associated with an increased transverse diameter of the fetal thymus during the second trimester of gestation.

13.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 89(1): 90-97, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420934

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: Ectopic thymic tissue in the subglottis is an extremely rare disease that causes airway obstruction. Few cases reported were accurately diagnosed before surgery. Methods: A case of a 2-year-old boy with airway obstruction caused by a left subglottic mass was reported. The presentation of radiological imaging, direct laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy, pathology, and surgical management were reviewed. An extensive search in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and EBSCO of English literature was performed without a limit of time. Results: Besides our case, only six cases were reported since 1987. The definitive diagnosis on these patients were made with the findings of pathology, of which, five were ectopic thymus and two were ectopic thymic cysts. Our case was the only one with a correct suspicion preoper-atively. Four cases underwent open surgical resection, and two cases underwent microlaryngeal surgery, while one deceased after emergency tracheostomy. No recurrences were found by six patients during the follow-up after successful treatments. Conclusion: Ectopic thymus is a rare condition, infrequently considered in the differential diagnosis of subglottic masses. Modified laryngofissure may be an effective approach to removing the subglottic ectopic thymus and reconstructing the intact subglottic mucosa.

14.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2022 Mar; 65(1): 167-169
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223194

ABSTRACT

Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE) is a locally aggressive vascular tumor usually seen in children. It is frequently associated with Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon. Here we report two cases of KHE: the first case being an 11-month-old boy who came with massive swelling on the face and violaceous discoloration. The second case was a 7-year-old boy who presented with respiratory distress and bleeding manifestations. CT scan chest showed a large mass involving the anterior mediastinum. Histologic examination of resected masses from both these cases showed features of KHE involving subcutaneous tissue and thymus, respectively. Although cutaneous and subcutaneous location is common, thymic involvement is unusual. It is important to distinguish KHE from infantile haemangioma, tufted angioma, spindle-cell haemangioma, verrucous malformation and Kaposi sarcoma. Histologic features, supportive immunohistochemistry and the clinical profile together are helpful to differentiate KHE from other vascular lesions.

15.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2022 Mar; 65(1): 129-132
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223183

ABSTRACT

Background: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a prototypic T-cell-dependent antibody-mediated autoimmune disease that leads to ocular or generalized muscular weakness. The disease is most commonly caused by antibodies to the acetylcholine receptors, often with underlying thymic pathology. Aims: This study is aimed at analyzing the pathological spectrum of the excised thymuses in patients with myasthenia. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective 10-year study of 68 thymectomy specimens performed as a part of the treatment of patients with MG. Statistical Analysis: Nil. Results: There were 47 males and 21 females (male to female ratio of 2.2:1) with a mean age of 41 years. Only three patients presented with ocular myasthenia. The thymus was normal in 9 patients (13.2%) and atrophic in 17 patients (25%). Follicular hyperplasia and thymomas were seen in 6 and 36 patients, respectively. Conclusion: The thymectomies performed in patients of MG had a fairly variable spectrum on histology; the thymic tumors were predominantly of the cortical phenotype.

16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408427

ABSTRACT

Hace aproximadamente 20 años un grupo de médicos investigadores de Cuba reportaron el empleo de las mediciones del timo por ultrasonografía, como un arma valedera en la evaluación inmunológica de los niños menores de 7 años con cuadros de infecciones frecuentes, fundamentalmente respiratorias. El rango de normalidad propuesto del área de la silueta tímica, es entre 1010,6 - 1425,4 mm2, o sea, 1 218 ± 207,4 mm2. Por debajo y por encima de estos valores se hablaría de hipoplasia e hiperplasia, respectivamente. Se considera hipoplasia grave cuando el área tímica es menor de 500 mm2; moderada cuando se encuentra entre 500 y 799 mm2 y leve cuando se halla entre 800 y 999 mm2. Se propone un algoritmo de diagnóstico y tratamiento que engloba la experiencia clínica de 12 años de trabajo en inmunología clínica pediátrica en el Instituto de Hematología e Inmunología. Este puede constituir una herramienta útil en las manos de los inmunólogos clínicos pediátricos que adecuarían el tratamiento idóneo para llevar el órgano a su tamaño estándar con la consecuente disminución de los procesos infecciosos y la elevación de los niveles de inmunoglobulina A en los pacientes(AU)


About 20 years ago, a group of Cuban medical researchers reported to the literature the use of measurements of the thymus by ultrasonography, as a valid weapon in the immunological evaluation of children under 7 years of age with frequent infections, mainly respiratory. The range of normality proposed for the area of the thymic silhouette is between 1010.6 - 1425.4 mm2, that is, 1 218 ± 207.4 mm2. Below and above these values, we would speak of hypoplasia and hyperplasia, respectively. Severe hypoplasia is considered when the thymic area is less than 500 mm2; moderate when it is between 500 and 799 mm2 and mild when it is between 800 and 999 mm2. A diagnosis and treatment algorithm is proposed that encompasses the clinical experience of 12 years of work in pediatric clinical immunology at the Institute of Hematology and Immunology. It can be a useful tool in the hands of pediatric clinical immunologists who would adapt the ideal treatment to bring the organ to its standard size with the consequent decrease in infectious processes and the elevation of immunoglobulin A levels in patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Algorithms , Immunoglobulin A , Ultrasonography , Allergy and Immunology , Hematology
17.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 398-401, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931631

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the preliminary effects of subxiphoid video-assisted thoracoscopic extended thymectomy.Methods:We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of six patients who underwent subxiphoid video-assisted thoracoscopic extended thymectomy in Peking University International Hospital from August 2018 to June 2020.Results:All six patients underwent successful subxiphoid video-assisted thoracoscopic extended thymectomy without conversion to thoracotomy. The rate of R0 resection was 100%. Operative time was (175.50 ± 67.78) minutes, intraoperative blood loss was (40.83 ± 31.37) mL, and postoperative drainage time was (7.17 ± 3.55) days. The total amount of postoperative drainage was (1781.67 ± 1293.53) mL. Postoperative hospital stay was (10.67 ± 6.35) days. The length of hospital stay was (19.67 ± 5.65) days. The Visual Analog Scale score measured after surgery was (2.12 ± 0.48) points. Three patients had grade 1 complications, with an incidence of complications of 50.00%. Grade 3-5 compilations did not occur in any patient. No patient died during the perioperative period.Conclusion:Subxiphoid video-assisted thoracoscopic extended thymectomy is safe and effective and provides a good visual field. The surgical method allows bilateral thoracic surgery, reduces surgical trauma, and has a broad application prospect.

18.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1175-1178, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924802

ABSTRACT

Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is a type I interleukin 2 family cytokine composed of four short-chain α-helix bundles and has homology with interleukin-7. TSLP plays an important role in many allergic diseases or autoimmune diseases, such as asthma, atopic dermatitis, eosinophilic esophagitis, and inflammatory bowel disease, and promotes the development of these diseases. At present, there are some reports on TSLP in liver diseases, and some studies showed that it can promote the development and progression of liver diseases, while others showed that it plays a protective role in liver diseases. This article reviews the molecular composition and biological features of TSLP and the role of TSLP in benign liver diseases and liver tumors and elaborates on the research advances in TSLP in liver diseases.

19.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 488-498, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923445

ABSTRACT

@#Thymic neuroendocrine tumors (TNETs) are a series of rare diseases with aggressive biology and poor prognosis. Clinical manifestations of TNETs are atypical, and ectopic secretion of adrenocorticotropic hormone can be found in some cases, resulting in associated endocrine symptoms. Due to the low morbidity and strong heterogeneity, it’s difficult to diagnose, treat and obtain new treatment regimen. Early complete surgical resection is an effective treatment. For advanced cancer, clinical trials of new drugs are expected to improve the survival of patients.

20.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 62(2): 113-122, dic. 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358147

ABSTRACT

Se presenta conceptos de la inmunocompetencia y su relación con la nutrición en niños, que describen aspectos fisiológicos integrales. También se describen los aspectos inmunológicos, que permiten interpretar los mecanismos de la respuesta inmune, destacándose conceptos y criterios fisiológicos. Un niño malnutrido presenta alteraciones inmunológicas, y las mismas se las puede identificar como deficiencias a predominio celular, y a predominio humoral. Se destaca la importancia del eje Neuroinmunoendocrinológico como integrador de respuestas fisiológicas. El propósito del presente trabajo, esta dirigido a identificar las herramientas que permiten el estudio del sistema inmune en nuestro contexto, haciendo especial hincapié en la ecografía del timo, por ser una herramienta útil para evaluar al sistema inmune en niños con estado nutricional alterado en forma leve o moderada.


Concepts of immunocompetence and its relationship with nutrition in children are presented, describing comprehensive physiological aspects. Immunological aspects are also described, which allow to interpret the mechanisms of the immune response, highlighting physiological concepts and criteria. A malnourished child presents immunological alterations, and these can be identified as deficiencies with a cellular predominance, and with a humoral predominance. The importance of the Neuro-immunoendocrinological axis as an integrator of physiological responses is highlighted. The purpose of this work is aimed at identifying the tools that allow the study of the immune system in our context, with special emphasis on ultrasound of the thymus, as it is a useful tool to evaluate the immune system in children with altered nutritional status, mild or moderate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Thymus Gland , Nutritional Status , Growth and Development , Nutritional Sciences , Physiological Phenomena , Immune System , Immunocompetence
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