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Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 901-906, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981685


OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the research progress of surgical technique and immunosuppressive regimen of abdominal wall vascularized composite allograft transplantation in animals and clinical practice.@*METHODS@#The literature on abdominal wall transplantation at home and abroad in recent years was extensively reviewed and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#This review includes animal and clinical studies. In animal studies, partial or total full-thickness abdominal wall transplantation models have been successfully established by researchers. Also, the use of thoracolumbar nerves has been described as an important method for functional reconstruction and prevention of long-term muscle atrophy in allogeneic abdominal wall transplantation. In clinical studies, researchers have utilized four revascularization techniques to perform abdominal wall transplantation, which has a high survival rate and a low incidence of complications.@*CONCLUSION@#Abdominal wall allotransplantation is a critical reconstructive option for the difficulty closure of complex abdominal wall defects. Realizing the recanalization of the nerve in transplanted abdominal wall to the recipient is very important for the functional recovery of the allograft. The developments of similar research are beneficial for the progress of abdominal wall allotransplantation.

Animals , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation/methods , Transplantation, Homologous , Skin Transplantation/methods , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 456-461, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985783


With the development of modern surgery, the field of hernia and abdominal wall surgery is undergoing a transformative change, and new techniques, new concepts, and recent progress are being updated, which have motivated the high-quality development of the discipline. In the past two decades, the development of hernia and abdominal wall surgery in China has been recognized by international peers. Many young surgeons have gradually become the main force in the treatment of hernia and leaders in surgical technique. The innovation and development of discipline will never terminate; young surgeons as the main force should seriously think about how to improve their professional qualities. Young surgeons are interested in the innovation of surgical techniques and need to push for a traditional operation on the one hand and an innovative operation on the other. Updates to concepts and acquisition of new materials are more important, which can provide a solid foundation for technological innovation. Young surgeons should start with the basics and classics. Understanding the history and development of new techniques, new concepts and recent progress, and grasping indications of clinical application, is the important part of growing up for young surgeons, which can make surgical treatment more standardized, benefit patients, and promote the progress of Chinese specialized medical education.

Humans , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Hernia , Surgeons , Herniorrhaphy/methods , China , Surgical Mesh
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 451-455, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985782


Complex ventral hernia refers to a large hernia that is complicated by a series of concurrent conditions. Change in intra-abdominal pressure is one of the main pathways through which various factors exert an impact on perioperative risk and postoperative recurrence. Taking abdominal pressure reconstruction as the core, the treatment strategy for complex abdominal hernia can be formulated from three aspects: improving patients' tolerance, expanding abdominal cavity volume, and reducing the volume of abdominal contents. Improving patients' tolerance includes abdominal wall compliance training and progressive preoperative pneumoperitoneum. To expand the volume of the abdominal cavity, implanting hernia repair materials, component separation technique, autologous tissue transplantation, component expend technique, and chemical component separation can be used. Initiative content reduction surgery and temporary abdominal closure may be performed to reduce the volume of abdominal contents. For different cases of complex ventral hernia, personalized treatment measures can be safely and feasibly adopted depending on the condition of the patients and the intra-abdominal pressure situation.

Humans , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Surgical Mesh , Recurrence
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 441-445, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985780


Hernia and abdominal wall surgery is a relatively new subspecialty in surgery. Although it started late in China, after 25 years of rapid development, it has made remarkable achievements and has become an important part of surgery, laying a solid foundation for the further development of the discipline. At the same time, one should also be soberly aware of the present deficiencies in this field. The development of the field should be more detailed and in-depth from the following aspects: correct understanding of new concepts of hernia and abdominal wall surgery, establishment of hernia patient registration and quality control system, technological innovation and development of technical equipment, especially the expansion of robot surgical systems, materials science progression to hernia and abdominal wall surgery. Faced with this challenge, China is expected to achieve high-quality development in the field of hernia and abdominal surgery.

Humans , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Herniorrhaphy , Hernia , China , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Surgical Mesh
Rev. argent. cir ; 114(3): 269-274, set. 2022. il
Article in Spanish | BINACIS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1422937


RESUMEN La obesidad y el sobrepeso se definen como una acumulación anormal o excesiva de grasa que puede ser perjudicial para la salud. Es una enfermedad crónica de origen multifactorial, que como consecuencia ocasiona problemas higiénicos, discapacidad funcional y alteración de la calidad de vida. La dermolipectomía abdominal es una técnica quirúrgica que constituye la única opción para el tratamiento de pacientes con panículo adiposo prominente; de esa forma se logra disminuir las complicaciones y se reintegra socialmente al paciente que, a causa del enorme faldón abdominal, estuvo limitado por muchos años. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 53 años con lipodistrofia abdominal grave, que llegaba a ambos tobillos con afectación cutánea, y discapacidad para realizar actividades diarias, resuelta con dermolipectomía abdominal y resección de 29 kg de tejido dermograso. Se realizará, además, una revisión bibliográfica del tema.

ABSTRACT Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health. It is a chronic disease caused by multiple factors, which results in hygienic issues, functional disability and impaired quality of life. Abdominal dermolipectomy is the only surgical option for the treatment of patients with prominent panniculus morbidus, thus reducing complications and providing social reintegration for the patient who has been limited for many years due to the enormous abdominal panniculus. We report the case of a 53-year-old female patient with severe abdominal lipodystrophy with coverage of both ankles, skin involvement, and disability to perform daily activities, that was managed with abdominal dermolipectomy and resection of 29 kg of dermo-adipose tissue. Bibliographic research is also presented.

Female , Middle Aged , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Lipodystrophy/surgery , Obesity, Morbid/complications , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Infections , Lipodystrophy/diagnosis
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 608-612, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385644


RESUMEN: La endometriosis (E), se define como presencia de glándulas endometriales y estroma fuera del útero. Ocasionalmente se presenta como masa sensible en la pared abdominal (PA), en relación con una cicatriz quirúrgica (EPA). Aunque el tratamiento es quirúrgico, existe poca información respecto de la morbilidad postoperatoria (MPO) y la recurrencia de la EPA. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar MPO y recurrencia en pacientes resecadas quirúrgicamente por EPA. Serie de casos de pacientes con EPA, sometidos a cirugía de forma consecutiva, en Clínica RedSalud Mayor, entre 2011 y 2021. Las variables resultados MPO y recurrencia. Otras variables de interés fueron: tiempo quirúrgico, estancia hospitalaria y mortalidad. Las pacientes fueron seguidas de forma clínica. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva, con medidas de tendencia central y dispersión. Se intervinieron 14 pacientes, con una mediana de edad de 33 años. La medianas del tiempo quirúrgico y estancia hospitalaria; fueron 55 min y 2,5 días respectivamente. La MPO fue 14,2 % (2 casos). Con una mediana de seguimiento de 31 meses, no se verificó recurrencia. Aunque la EPA es poco común, estas lesiones deben sospecharse en mujeres en edad reproductiva con masa palpable en relación con una cicatriz de cirugía ginecológica u obstétrica. Los resultados obtenidos, en términos de MPO y recurrencia, fueron similares a series internacionales.

SUMMARY: Endometriosis (E) is defined as the presence of endometrial glands and endometrial stroma outside the uterus. Occasionally it presents as a sensitive mass in the abdominal wall (AW), in relation to a surgical scar (AWE). Although the treatment is surgical, there is scarce information regarding postoperative morbidity (POM) and recurrence of AWE. The aim of this study was to determine POM and recurrence in patients surgically resected by AWE. Case series of patients with AWE, consecutively submitted to surgery, at RedSalud Mayor Clinic, between 2011 and 2021. Outcome variables were POM and recurrence. Other variables of interest were surgical time, hospital stay and mortality. Patients were followed-up clinically. Descriptive statistics were used, applying central tendency and dispersion measures. 14 patients were intervened, with a median age of 33 years. Median of surgical time and hospital stay were 55 min and 2,5 days respectively. POM was 14.2 % (2 cases). With a median follow-up of 31 months no recurrence was verified. Although AWE is uncommon, these lesions should be suspected in women in fertile age with a palpable mass associated with a scar from gynecologic or obstetric surgery. The results obtained, in terms of POM and recurrence, were like international series.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Cicatrix/etiology , Endometriosis/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Abdominal Wall/surgery
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(2)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408249


Introducción: El cierre con pérdida masiva de tejido de la pared abdominal constituye un reto en la cirugía. Objetivo: Presentar un caso de cierre abdominal difícil donde se utilizó la técnica plicatura de la bolsa Bogotá hasta lograr aproximación de los planos cutáneo, muscular y aponeurótico. Caso clínico: Paciente recibido en emergencias con herida perforo-cortante en fosa lumbar izquierda. En la intervención se encontró hemoperitoneo por lesión esplénica, diafragmática y sección del ángulo esplénico del colon. Se le realizó esplenectomía, pleurostomía izquierda y rafia de lesión colónica. Pasadas cinco horas se reintervino por signos de choque y se encontró hematoma retroperitoneal y sección completa del polo superior del riñón izquierdo. Se le realizó nefrectomía izquierda. Al quinto día del posoperatorio mostró signos peritoneales y la exploración confirmó peritonitis fecaloidea por dehiscencia de sutura de colon. Se lavó cavidad y se le ejecutó colostomía tipo Devine. La pérdida masiva de pared abdominal obligó a emplear una plicatura de la bolsa Bogotá para aproximar ambos colgajos, se obtuvo aproximación paulatina hasta la síntesis de la pared. Conclusiones: El abdomen catastrófico es una condición grave y de difícil tratamiento. La bolsa Bogotá es una alternativa viable para esta condición y modificada con plicaturas paulatinas permite el acercamiento de los dos colgajos cutáneos y garantiza el cierre de la pared abdominal, además de ser una técnica fácil de usar y económica(AU)

Introduction: Closure with massive loss of abdominal wall tissue is a challenge in surgery. Objective: To report a case of difficult abdominal closure where the Bogotá bag technique was used until the approximation of the cutaneous, muscular and aponeurotic planes was achieved. Clinical case report: This patient was received in the emergency room with a perforating-cutting wound in the left lumbar fossa. In the intervention, hemoperitoneum was found due to splenic and diaphragmatic injury and section of the splenic flexure of the colon. Splenectomy, left pleurostomy and colonic injury raffia were performed. After five hours, the patient was operated again due to signs of shock. We found a retroperitoneal hematoma and a complete section of the upper pole of the left kidney. It was decided to perform left nephrectomy. On the fifth postoperative day, this patient showed peritoneal signs and examination confirmed fecal peritonitis due to dehiscence of the colon suture. Cavity was washed and a Devine-type colostomy was performed. The massive loss of the abdominal wall made it necessary to use a plication of the Bogotá bag to approximate both flaps, a gradual approximation was obtained until the synthesis of the wall. Conclusions: The catastrophic abdomen is a serious condition that is difficult to treat. The Bogotá bag is a viable alternative for this condition and modified with gradual plications, it allows the two skin flaps to approach each other and guarantees the closure of the abdominal wall, in addition to being an easy-to-use and economical technique(AU)

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colostomy/methods , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Colon, Transverse/surgery , Emergency Service, Hospital , Splenectomy/methods , Research Report , Nephrectomy/adverse effects
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20213152, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365380


ABSTRACT Introduction: the botulinum toxin A (BTA) has been used to achieve a chemical component separation, and it has been used with favorable outcomes for the repair of complex ventral hernia (CVH) with and without loss of domain (LD). The aim of this study is to describe our early experience with the chemical component separation in the United Sates. Methods: a retrospective observational study of all patients who underwent ventral hernia repair for CVH with or without LD between July 2018 and June 2020. Preoperative BTA was injected in all patients via sonographic guidance bilaterally, between the lateral muscles to achieve chemical denervation before the operation. Patient demographics, anatomical location of the hernia, perioperative data and postoperative data are described. Results: 36 patients underwent this technique before their hernia repair between July 2018 to June 2020. Median age was 62 years (range 30-87). Median preoperative defect size was 12cm (range 6-25) and median intraoperative defect size was 13cm (range 5-27). Median preoperative hernia sac volume (HSV) was 1338cc (128-14040), median preoperative abdominal cavity volume (ACV) was 8784cc (5197-18289) and median volume ration (HSV/ACV) was 14%. The median OR time for BTA administration was 45 minutes (range 28-495). Seroma was the most common postoperative complication in 8 of the patients (22%). Median follow up was 43 days (range 0-580). Conclusion: preoperative chemical component separation with BTA is a safe and effective adjunct to hernia repair in CVH repairs where a challenging midline fascial approximation is anticipated.

RESUMO Introdução: a toxina botulínica A (TBA) tem sido usada para alcançar a separação química dos componentes, com resultados favoráveis para o reparo de hérnias ventrais complexas (HVC) com ou sem perda de domínio (PD). O objetivo deste estudo é descrever nossa experiência inicial com a separação química dos componentes nos Estados Unidos. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo observacional com todos os pacientes submetidos a reparo de hérnia ventral complexa com ou sem PD entre julho de 2018 e junho de 2020. A TBA pré-operatória foi injetada em todos os pacientes, guiada por ultrassonografia, bilateralmente entre os músculos laterais para alcançar a denervação química antes da operação. Dados demográficos dos pacientes, local da hérnia, dados peri-operatórios e pós-operatórios são descritos. Resultados: 36 pacientes foram submetidos a esta técnica antes do reparo da hérnia. A idade mediana foi 62 anos (30-87). O tamanho mediano pré-operatório do defeito herniário foi 12cm (6-25) e o defeito mediano intra-operatorio foi 13cm (5-27). O volume mediano do saco herniário pré-operatório foi 1.338mL (128-14.040), o volume mediano da cavidade abdominal pré-operatório foi 8.784 (5.197-18.289) mL e a razão dos volumes foi 14%. A duração mediana da operação para aplicação da TBA foi 45 minutos (28-495). O seroma foi a complicação mais comum no pós-operatório, em oito pacientes (22%). O seguimento pós-operatório mediano foi de 43 dias (0-580). Conclusão: a separação pré-operatória de componentes com TBA é tratamento adjuvante seguro e eficaz em reparos de HVC em que aproximação da fáscia é antecipadamente desafiadora.

Humans , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Botulinum Toxins, Type A/therapeutic use , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Neuromuscular Agents/therapeutic use , Preoperative Care , New York , Abdominal Muscles/surgery , Herniorrhaphy , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Middle Aged
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(4): 250-255, Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280036


Abstract Objective To investigate the effect of closure types of the anterior abdominal wall layers in cesarean section (CS) surgery on early postoperative findings. Methods The present study was designed as a prospective cross-sectional study and was conducted at a university hospital between October 2018 and February 2019. A total of 180 patients who underwent CS for various reasons were enrolled in the study. Each patient was randomly assigned to one of three groups: Both parietal peritoneum and rectus abdominis muscle left open (group 1), parietal peritoneum closure only (group 2), and closure of the parietal peritoneum and reapproximation of rectus muscle (group 3). All patients were compared in terms of postoperative pain scores (while lying down and duringmobilization), analgesia requirement, and return of bowel motility. Results The postoperative pain scores were similar at the 2nd, 6th, 12th, and 18th hours while lying down. During mobilization, the postoperative pain scores at 6 and 12 hours were significantly higher in group 2 than in group 3. Diclofenac use was significantly higher in patients in group 1 than in those in group 2. Meperidine requirements were similar among the groups. There was no difference between the groups' first flatus and stool passage times. Conclusion In the group with only parietal peritoneum closure, the pain scores at the 6th and 12th hours were higher. Rectus abdominismuscle reapproximations were found not to increase the pain score. The closure of the anterior abdominal wall had no effect on the return of bowel motility.

Humans , Female , Young Adult , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Cesarean Section/methods , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Wound Closure Techniques , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Pain Management , Gastrointestinal Motility , Analgesics/therapeutic use
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(1): 24-30, mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287237


Resumen La falla en la reparación de los defectos de la pared abdominal se relaciona con una alteración en la integración del material protésico. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el comportamiento biológico de mallas utilizadas en cirugía de paredes abdominales en un modelo animal. Luego de la confección de un defecto parietal se colocó una malla intraperitoneal, utilizando 4 grupos de 10 ratas; 1) Prolene (polipropileno microporo de alto peso), 2) Ultrapro (polipropileno + poliglecaprone, macroporo de bajo peso), 3) Proceed (polipropileno + polidoxanona + celulosa oxidada regenerada, macroporo de peso intermedio), y 4) Physiomesh (polipropileno + poliglecaprone, macroporo de bajo peso). Se realizó análisis macroscópico y microscópico a los 30 días y los resultados fueron evaluados por dos observadores independientes. Al examen macroscópico, la integración de la prótesis fue > 75% en todos los grupos. El análisis microscópico mostró mayor inflamación global y número de células gigantes multinucleadas en Prolene (p < 0.01) y menor cantidad de células inflamatorias en la interface músculo-malla en Physiomesh < Ultrapro (p < 0.05). La organización de las fibras de colágeno fue similar para todas las mallas, aunque hubo mayor depósito de colágeno en los espacios inter-filamento para las mallas macroporosas (p < 0.01). Concluimos que las mallas de polipropileno microporo y alto peso producen mayor reacción inflamatoria y de cuerpo extraño. Por lo tanto, las mallas compuestas tendrían una mejor biocompatibilidad y serían mejor toleradas por el huésped.

Abstract An adequate integration of the prosthetic materials used to repair abdominal wall defects is necessary for satisfactory outcomes. We aimed to evaluate, in an animal model, the biological behavior of meshes used for abdominal wall surgery. Four groups of 10 rats were separated. After laparotomy, intraperitoneal prostheses were placed: 1) Prolene (polypropylene microporous, heavy-weight), 2) Ultrapro (polypropylene + poliglecaprone, macroporous low-weight), 3) Proceed (polypropylene + polidoxanone + regenerated oxidized cellulose, microporous medium-weight), 4) Physiomesh (polypropylene + poliglecaprone, macroporous lowweight). Macroscopic and microscopic analyses were performed at 30 days. The results were evaluated by two independent observers and expressed in means with standard deviation. For statistical analysis p < 0.05 was considered significant. On macroscopic examination, mesh integration was greater than 75% in all cases. Microscopic analysis showed greater global inflammation and more multinucleated giant cells in Prolene (p < 0.01). Less inflammatory cells were observed at the muscle-mesh interface in Physiomesh vs. Ultrapro (p < 0.05). Collagen fibers disposition was similar in all meshes, although, microporous meshes had higher collagen deposit in the interfilamentous spaces (p < 0.01). In conclusion, in our animal model, microporous and heavy-weight polypropylene meshes produce greater inflammatory and foreign body reaction. Thus, composite meshes would have greater biocompatibility and better tolerance by the host.

Animals , Rats , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Polyesters , Prostheses and Implants , Materials Testing
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 34(3): e1527, 2021. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355502


ABSTRACT Background: The use of polypropylene meshes for surgical repair of the abdominal wall contributes to a reduction of the of recurrence rates of hernias or defects. However, its intra-abdominal use comes along with the formation of adhesions and several complications. The study and the search for alternative materials, including bovine pericardium, have been regarded as an option for the correction and treatment of resulting hernias with better adaptations and effectiveness. Aim: Evaluating the inflammatory process of the bovine pericardium in comparison with the inflammatory process of synthetic polypropylene mesh. Method: Bovine pericardium mesh and polypropylene mesh were placed, both on the same animal. The first group had the mesh removed for analysis on day 20, and the second group on day 40. The variables congestion, granulation, giant cells, necrosis, acute inflammation, chronic inflammation and collagen were analyzed. Results: All variables were found in greater numbers as a response to the polypropylene mesh, except for the collagen, which, on day 40, was greater in response to the bovine pericardium mesh. Conclusion: The data in this study suggest that there is less inflammatory reaction in response to bovine pericardium mesh when compared to polypropylene mesh.

RESUMO Racional: O uso de telas de polipropileno para a correção cirúrgica da parede abdominal contribui para redução dos índices de recidiva das hérnias ou defeitos. No entanto, o seu uso intra-abdominal cursa com a formação de aderências e diversas complicações. O estudo e a busca por materiais alternativos, como pericárdio bovino, têm se mostrado uma opção na correção e tratamento de hérnias que resultem com melhores adaptações e efetividades. Objetivo: Avaliar o processo inflamatório do pericárdio bovino em comparação ao processo inflamatório da tela sintética de polipropileno. Método: Foi realizada a colocação de tela de pericárdio bovino e polipropileno, ambas no mesmo animal. O primeiro grupo as teve retiradas para análise no dia 20, e o segundo grupo no dia 40. Foram analisadas as variáveis congestão, granulação, células gigantes, necrose, inflamação aguda, inflamação crônica e colágeno. Resultados: Todas as variáveis foram encontradas em maior número como resposta a tela de polipropileno, exceto a variável colágeno, que no dia 40 apresentou-se em maior quantidade em resposta à tela de pericárdio bovino. Conclusão: Há menor reação inflamatória em resposta a tela de pericárdio bovino, quando comparada com a de polipropileno.

Animals , Cattle , Polypropylenes , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Pericardium , Surgical Mesh , Tissue Adhesions
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 34(1): e1577, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284906


ABSTRACT Background: In the definition of the mesh to be used to correct hernias, porosity, amount of absorbable material and polypropylene should be considered in the different stages of healing process. Aim: To evaluate the inflammatory reaction in the use of macro and microporous meshes of high and low weight in the repair of defects in the abdominal wall of rats. Methods: Ninety Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus albinus) were used. The animals were submitted to similar surgical procedures, with lesion of the ventral abdominal wall, maintaining the integrity of the parietal peritoneum and correction using the studied meshes (Prolene®, Ultrapro® and Bard Soft®). Euthanasia was performed at 30, 60 and 120 days after surgery. The abdominal wall segments were submitted to histological analysis using H&E, Masson's trichrome, immunohistochemistry, picrosirius red and tensiometric evaluation. Results: On the 120th day, the tensiometric analysis was superior with Ultrapro® macroporous mesh. The inflammatory process score showed a significant prevalence of subacute process at the beginning and at the end of the study. Microporous meshes showed block encapsulation and in macroporous predominance of filamentous encapsulation. Conclusion: The Ultrapro® mesh showed better performance than the others in healing process of the abdominal wall.

RESUMO Racional: Na definição da tela a ser utilizada na correção das hérnias deve-se considerar a porosidade, quantidade de material absorvível e polipropileno ou inabsorvível nas diversas fases da cicatrização. Objetivo: Avaliar a reação inflamatória das telas macro e microporosas de alta e baixa gramatura no reparo de defeito da parede abdominal de ratos. Método: Foram utilizados 90 ratos da raça Wistar (Rattus norvegicus albinus). Os animais foram submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos semelhantes, com lesão da parede abdominal ventral, mantendo a integridade do peritônio parietal e correção utilizando as telas Prolene®, Ultrapro® e Bard Soft®. Realizou-se a eutanásia aos 30, 60 e 120 dias de pós-operatório. Os segmentos da parede abdominal foram submetidos à análise histológica com H&E, tricômio de Masson, imunoistoquímica, picrosirius red e análise tensiométrica. Resultado: No 120º dia a análise tensiométrica mostrou superioridade da tela macroporosa Ultrapro®. O escore do processo inflamatório demonstrou prevalência significativa de processo subagudo no início e no final do estudo. As telas microporosas mostraram encapsulamento em bloco e as macroporosas encapsulamento predominantemente filamentar. Conclusão: A tela Ultrapro® mostrou melhor desempenho em relação às demais na cicatrização da parede abdominal.

Animals , Rats , Polypropylenes , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Peritoneum , Surgical Mesh , Rats, Wistar
Clinics ; 76: e2170, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153959


The practice of regional anesthesia is in a state of progressive evolution, mainly due to the advent of ultrasound as an anesthesiologist's instrument. Alternative techniques for postoperative analgesia of abdominal surgeries, such as transversus abdominis plane block, oblique subcostal transversus abdominis plane block, rectus abdominis muscle sheath block, ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerve block, and quadratus lumborum plane block, have proven useful, with good analgesic efficacy, especially when neuroaxial techniques (spinal anesthesia or epidural anesthesia) are not possible. This review discusses such blockades in detail, including the anatomical principles, indications, techniques, and potential complications.

Humans , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Abdominal Wall/diagnostic imaging , Nerve Block , Pain, Postoperative , Abdominal Muscles/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Interventional
Acta cir. bras ; 36(5): e360502, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278107


ABSTRACT Purpose To evaluate the use of barbed sutures over the surgical time, the leukogram, the tissue thickness in which the sutures were employed (ultrasonography), the costs, and the possible complications in bitches with pyometra submitted to ovariohysterectomy (OH). Methods Convectional 2.0 polyglyconate suture was used in the control group (CG n = 10) and 2.0 barbed polyglyconate suture in the barbed group (BG n = 10) to perform celiorrhaphy (simple continuous pattern) and subcutaneous closure (continuous intradermal pattern). Data were assessed using paired (leukogram between 24 and 48 h within the same group) and unpaired (leukogram, surgical time, tissue thickness, and costs) Student's t-test. The Fisher exact test was used to assess the occurrence of seroma between groups (p < 0.05). Results are shown as mean ± standard error of mean. Results The time spent to perform the celiorrhaphy (195.30 ± 17.37 s vs. 204 ± 16.00 s), subcutaneous closure (174.0 ± 15.86 s vs. 198.0 ± 15.62 s), and the total surgical time (24.30 ± 1.44 min vs. 23.00 ± 1.30 min) did not differ between BG and CG, respectively (p > 0.05). Leukogram at 48 h post-surgery did not differ between groups (p = 0.20). No differences were observed in the subcutaneous and the abdominal wall thickness (cm) assessed by ultrasonography at 48 h in BG (0.31 ± 0.04, 0.80 ± 0.05) and CG (0.34 ± 0.03, 0.72 ± 0.06), respectively. Similarly, 15 days post-surgery the same structures did not differ between BG (0.26 ± 0.02, 0.74 ± 0.08) and CG (0.26 ± 0.03, 0.64 ± 0.05) (p > 0.05). In one bitch from each group, a mild seroma was observed on one side of the surgical wound 48 h after surgery (p = 1.00). The procedures in which barbed sutures were used had an average additional cost of R$ 200.00 ± 11.66 (p < 0.0001). Conclusions Barbed suture has proven to be efficient and safe for abdominal and subcutaneous closure. However, considering its current high cost in addition thatthe surgical time of bitches with pyometra undergone OH was not reduced, no advantages were observed with theuse of barbed sutures for this type of surgery.

Humans , Female , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Pyometra , Sutures , Suture Techniques , Operative Time
Acta cir. bras ; 36(7): e360706, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339001


ABSTRACT Purpose To compare tissue inflammatory response, foreign body reaction, fibroplasia, and proportion of type I/III collagen between closure of abdominal wall aponeurosis using polyglactin suture and intraperitoneal implant of polypropylene, polypropylene/polyglecaprone, and polyester/porcine collagen meshes to repair defects in the abdominal wall of rats. Methods Forty Wistar rats were placed in four groups, ten animals each, for the intraperitoneal implant of polypropylene, polypropylene/polyglecaprone, and polyester/porcine collagen meshes or suture with polyglactin (sham) after creation of defect in the abdominal wall. Twenty-one days later, histological analysis was performed after staining with hematoxylin-eosin and picrosirius red. Results The groups with meshes had a higher inflammation score (p < 0.05) and higher number of gigantocytes (p < 0.05) than the sham group, which had a better fibroplasia with a higher proportion of type I/III collagen than the tissue separating meshes (p < 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences between the three groups with meshes. Conclusions The intraperitoneal implant of polypropylene/polyglecaprone and polyester/porcine collagen meshes determined a more intense tissue inflammatory response with exuberant foreign body reaction, immature fibroplasia and low tissue proportion of type I/III collagen compared to suture with polyglactin of abdominal aponeurosis. However, there were no significant differences in relation to the polypropylene mesh group.

Animals , Rats , Polypropylenes/adverse effects , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Polyglactin 910/adverse effects , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Sutures , Swine , Materials Testing , Foreign-Body Reaction/etiology , Collagen , Rats, Wistar , Aponeurosis
Acta cir. bras ; 36(8): e360808, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339009


ABSTRACT Purpose: To develop a reproducible training program model covering the steps of the extended totally extraperitoneal approach (e-tep) technique for correction of ventral or incisional hernia repair. Methods: Training sessions with surgeons in the laboratory using both porcine specimens and a new ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) model simulating the operative steps of the e-tep technique. Students were interviewed and asked to answer a questionnaire pre and post the sessions to assess their performance and evaluated the course and model. Results: A total of 25 trained abdominal wall surgeons was evaluated at the end of the course. It was obtained a 100% satisfaction score of the training, as well as increased confidence levels up to 9 and 10 in all technical aspects of the surgery, having 96% of the surgeons performed a surgery under supervision of the proctors after the course. Conclusions: This training model is simple, effective, low cost, and replicable in guidance on the beginning of e-tep technique adoption, and performance. As a result, surgeons can get more confident and more able to perform surgeries employing this technique.

Humans , Animals , Laparoscopy , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Peritoneum/surgery , Surgical Mesh , Swine , Treatment Outcome , Endoscopy , Herniorrhaphy
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1310-1314, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922616


Inflammatory myofibroblastoma (IMT) is a rare solid tumor, and its etiology and pathogenesis are unclear. Crohn's disease is a non-specific intestinal inflammatory disease. The clinical manifestations, laboratory examinations, and imaging examinations of IMT are not specific, making diagnosis difficult. A case of Crohn's disease combined with IMT of abdominal wall was admitted to the Department of Gastroenterology at the Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, on Nov. 21, 2017. This patient was admitted to our hospital because of repeated right lower abdominal pain for 4 years. A 6 cm×5 cm mass was palpated in the right lower abdomen. After completing the transanal double-balloon enteroscopy and computed tomographic enterography for the small intestinal, the cause was still unidentified. The patient underwent surgery due to an abdominal wall mass with intestinal fistula on Sept. 12, 2018 and recovered well currently. According to histopathology and immunohistochemistry, he was diagnosed with Crohn's disease combined with IMT. Up to July 2020, the patients still took azathioprine regularly, without abdominal pain, abdominal distension, and other discomfort, and the quality of his life was good.

Humans , Male , Abdominal Pain , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Crohn Disease/complications , Intestine, Small , Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue/surgery
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 40(4): 351-354, oct.-dic 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280415


RESUMEN Se presenta el caso de un paciente con cáncer de colon ascendente e infiltración de la pared abdominal con tumoración proliferativa sobre la piel. Se trata de un varón de 83 años que diez meses antes de su ingreso fue operado por un absceso intraabdominal y evoluciona con una fistula colocutánea. El paciente presentaba una tumoración en flanco y fosa iliaca derecha, de 10 cm de diámetro, proliferativa, multilobulada, no dolorosa; a la biopsia resultó adenocarcinoma. La colonoscopía reveló tumoración de 6 cm en colon ascendente, la biopsia reportó adenocarcinoma medianamente diferenciado. La tomografía mostró una lesión neoformativa en colon ascendente y región cecal con dimensiones de 52x46x44 mm con un trayecto tumoral colocutáneo de 62 mm que terminaba a nivel cutáneo en una lesión ovoide de 70 mm. Se realizó colectomía derecha con resección en bloque de la pared abdominal comprometida por la tumoración. Se postula la relación entre la infiltración cutánea, y el antecedente de drenaje quirúrgico laparoscópico de un absceso intraperitoneal aparentemente causado como una complicación del cáncer de colon ascendente casi un año antes del ingreso. El drenaje utilizado sirvió de ruta para la infiltración a la pared abdominal.

ABSTRACT The case of a patient with ascending colon cancer and infiltration of the abdominal wall with a proliferative tumor on the skin is presented. This is an 83-year-old man who underwent surgery for an intra-abdominal abscess ten months before admission and develops a colocutaneous fistula. The patient presented a 10 cm diameter proliferative, multilobed, non-painful tumor on the flank and right iliac fossa; the biopsy revealed an adenocarcinoma. The colonoscopy revealed a 6 cm tumor in the ascending colon, the biopsy reported moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma. The tomography showed a neoformative lesion in the ascending colon and cecal region with dimensions of 52x46x44 mm with a 62 mm colocutaneous tumor course that ended at the cutaneous level in a 70 mm ovoid lesion. A right colectomy was performed with en bloc resection of the abdominal wall compromised by the tumor. The relationship between skin infiltration and a history of laparoscopic surgical drainage of an intraperitoneal abscess apparently caused as a complication of ascending colon cancer almost one year before admission is postulated. The drain used served as a route for infiltration into the abdominal wall.

Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Colonic Neoplasms , Abdominal Wall , Colonoscopy , Colectomy , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Colonic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Colon, Ascending/surgery
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(3): 343-347, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279750


RESUMEN La migración de malla en el posoperatorio alejado de la eventroplastìa y su consecuente infección es una complicación poco frecuente y peligrosa. La malla migrada genera reacción inflamatoria de tipo cuerpo extraño. Puede causar obstrucción intestinal, perforación intestinal o dolor abdominal cróni co. Solo se informan 4 casos en la literatura mundial de migración y uno con compromiso intestinal. Presentamos el caso de un tumor inflamatorio adherido a la pared abdominal, con contenido de poli propileno. El objetivo de esta carta científica es presentar una complicación poco habitual, destacando los aspectos más importantes de su manejo, definiendo algunas recomendaciones y remarcando la importancia del abordaje multidisciplinario.

ABSTRACT Mesh migration with subsequent infection years after incisional hernia repair is an uncommon and dangerous complication. Mesh migration produces an inflammatory foreign body reaction and can cause bowel obstruction, bowel perforation or chronic abdominal pain. Only four cases have been reported in the international literature, one of them with bowel involvement. We report a case of an inflammatory tumor containing polypropylene traces adhered to the abdominal wall. The aim of this scientific letter is to report a rare complication, emphasizing the most relevant aspects about its ma nagement, recommendations, and the relevance of a multidisciplinary approach.

Humans , Female , Adult , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Inflammation/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Abdominal Pain/complications , Laparoscopy , Intestinal Obstruction/complications
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 33(4): e1551, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152634


ABSTRACT Background: Tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil are immunosuppressive agents widely used on the postoperative period of the transplants. Aim: To evaluate the influence of the association of them on the abdominal wall healing in rats. Methods: Thirty-six Wistar rats were randomly assigned in three groups of 12. On the early postoperative period, four of the control group and three of the experimental groups died. The three groups were nominated as follow: control group (GC, n=8); group I (GI, n=11, standard operation, mycophenolate mofetil and tacrolimus); group II (GII, n=10, standard operation, mycophenolate mofetil and tacrolimus). The standard operation consisted of right total nephrectomy and 20 min ischemia of the left kidney followed by reperfusion. Both NaCl 0.9% and the immunosuppressive agents were administered starting on the first postoperative day and continuing daily until the day of death on the 14th day. On the day of their deaths, two strips of the anterior abdominal wall were collected and submitted to breaking strength measurement and histological examination. Results: There were no significant differences in wound infection rates (p=0,175), in the breaking strength measurement and in the histological examination among the three groups. Conclusion: The combination of the immunosuppressive agents used in the study associated with renal ischemia and reperfusion does not interfere in the abdominal wall healing of rats.

RESUMO Racional: O tacrolimus e o micofenolato mofetil são imunossupressores amplamente utilizados no pós-operatório dos transplantes de órgãos. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos deles sobre a cicatrização da parede abdominal em ratos. Métodos: Foram utilizados 36 ratos Wistar, distribuídos aleatoriamente em três grupos de 12. No pós-operatório imediato, quatro do grupo controle e três do grupo experimentação morreram. Os três grupos receberam as seguintes denominações: grupo controle (GC, n=8); grupo I (GI, n=11, operação-padrão, micofenolato mofetil e tacrolimus); grupo II (GII, n=10, operação-padrão, micofenolato mofetil e tacrolimus). A operação-padrão consistiu de nefrectomia total à direita, isquemia durante 20 min seguida de reperfusão do rim esquerdo. Solução de NaCl 0,9% e micofenolato mofetil + tracolimus foram administradas a partir do 1° dia do pós-operatório e mantidas até o dia do sacrifício dos animais, no 14° dia. Na data do sacrifício, foram retirados dois fragmentos da parede abdominal para análise da resistência à ruptura e exame histológico. Resultados: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa no índice de infecção de ferida operatória (p=0,175), nos valores de resistência de ruptura e nos achados histopatológicos entre os três grupos de animais. Conclusão: Os esquemas de imunossupressão empregados associados ao fenômeno da isquemia-reperfusão renal não induzem fraqueza significativa da cicatriz da parede abdominal em ratos no 14° dia de pós-operatório.

Animals , Rats , Reperfusion Injury/complications , Tacrolimus/pharmacology , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Immunosuppressive Agents/pharmacology , Kidney/blood supply , Mycophenolic Acid/pharmacology , Reperfusion , Tacrolimus/administration & dosage , Rats, Wistar , Ischemia , Mycophenolic Acid/administration & dosage