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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2657-2666, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981370

ABSTRACT

Renal tubular injury in patients with diabetic kidney disease(DKD) may be accompanied by glomerular and microvascular diseases. It plays a critical role in the progression of renal damage in DKD, and is now known as diabetic tubulopathy(DT). To explore the multi-targeted therapeutic effects and pharmacological mechanisms in vivo of total flavones of Abelmoschus manihot(TFA), an extract from traditional Chinese medicine for treating kidney disease, in attenuating DT, the authors randomly divided all rats into four groups: a normal control group(normal group), a DT model group(model group), a DT model+TFA-treated group(TFA group) and a DT model+rosiglitazone(ROS)-treated group(ROS group). The DT rat model was established based on the DKD rat model by means of integrated measures. After successful modeling, the rats in the four groups were continuously given double-distilled water, TFA suspension, and ROS suspension, respectively by gavage every day. After 6 weeks of treatment, all rats were sacrificed, and the samples of their urine, blood, and kidneys were collected. The effects of TFA and ROS on various indicators related to urine and blood biochemistry, renal tubular injury, renal tubular epithelial cell apoptosis and endoplasmic reticulum stress(ERS), as well as the activation of the protein kinase R-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase(PERK)-eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α(eIF2α)-activating transcription factor 4(ATF4)-C/EBP homologous protein(CHOP) signaling pathway in the kidney of the DT model rats were investigated. The results indicated that hypertrophy of renal tubular epithelial cells, renal tubular hyperplasia and occlusion, as well as interstitial extracellular matrix and collagen deposition occurred in the DT model rats. Moreover, significant changes were found in the expression degree and the protein expression level of renal tubular injury markers. In addition, there was an abnormal increase in tubular urine proteins. After TFA or ROS treatment, urine protein, the characteristics of renal tubular injury, renal tubular epithelial cell apoptosis and ERS, as well as the activation of the PERK-eIF2α-ATF4-CHOP signaling pathway in the kidney of the DT model rats were improved to varying degrees. Therein, TFA was superior to ROS in affecting the pathological changes in renal tubule/interstitium. In short, with the DT model rats, this study demonstrated that TFA could attenuate DT by multiple targets through inhibiting renal tubular ERS-induced cell apoptosis in vivo, and its effect and mechanism were related to suppressing the activation of the PERK-eIF2α-ATF4-CHOP signaling pathway in the kidney. These findings provided preliminary pharmacological evidence for the application of TFA in the clinical treatment of DT.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Abelmoschus , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Flavones/pharmacology , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Diabetic Nephropathies/drug therapy , Apoptosis , Diabetes Mellitus
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2646-2656, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981369

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the effects and mechanisms of total flavones of Abelmoschus manihot(TFA), the extracts from traditional Chinese medicine indicated for kidney diseases, on insulin resistance(IR) and podocyte epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT) in diabetic kidney disease(DKD), and further to reveal the scientific connotation. Thirty-two rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a TFA group, and a rosiglitazone(ROS) group. The modified DKD model was induced in rats by methods including high-fat diet feeding, unilateral nephrectomy, and streptozotocin(STZ) intraperitoneal injection. After modeling, the rats in the four groups were given double-distilled water, TFA suspension, and ROS suspension correspondingly by gavage every day. At the end of the 8th week of drug administration, all rats were sacrificed, and the samples of urine, blood, and kidney tissues were collected. The parameters and indicators related to IR and podocyte EMT in the DKD model rats were examined and observed, including the general condition, body weight(BW) and kidney weight(KW), the biochemical parameters and IR indicators, the protein expression levels of the key signaling molecules and structural molecules of slit diaphragm in the renal insulin receptor substrate(IRS) 1/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K)/serine-threonine kinase(Akt) pathway, foot process form and glomerular basement membrane(GBM) thickness, the expression of the marked molecules and structural molecules of slit diaphragm in podocyte EMT, and glomerular histomorphological characteristics. The results showed that for the DKD model rats, both TFA and ROS could improve the general condition, some biochemical parameters, renal appearance, and KW. The ameliorative effects of TFA and ROS were equivalent on BW, urinary albumin(UAlb)/urinary creatinine(UCr), serum creatinine(Scr), triglyceride(TG), and KW. Secondly, they could both improve IR indicators, and ROS was superior to TFA in improving fast insulin(FIN) and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance(HOMA-IR). Thirdly, they could both improve the protein expression levels of the key signaling molecules in the IRS1/PI3K/Akt pathway and glomerulosclerosis in varying degrees, and their ameliorative effects were similar. Finally, both could improve podocyte injury and EMT, and TFA was superior to ROS. In conclusion, this study suggested that podocyte EMT and glomerulosclerosis could be induced by IR and the decreased activation of the IRS1/PI3K/Akt pathway in the kidney in DKD. Similar to ROS, the effects of TFA in inhibiting podocyte EMT in DKD were related to inducing the activation of the IRS1/PI3K/Akt pathway and improving IR, which could be one of the scientific connotations of TFA against DKD. This study provides preliminary pharmacological evidence for the development and application of TFA in the field of diabetic complications.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Diabetic Nephropathies/drug therapy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Abelmoschus/chemistry , Podocytes , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Flavones/pharmacology , Insulin Resistance , Reactive Oxygen Species , Diabetes Mellitus
3.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 43(1): 119-128, jan./jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354464

ABSTRACT

Introduction: some plants such as turmeric, cinnamon, and okra are known to have therapeutic functions such as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. Furthermore, an immunomodulatory role has been observed in the production of antibodies, in particular immunoglobulin A (IgA), which mediates a variety of protective functions for the organism. Objective: the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of dietary plants on the production of IgA in healthy Wistar rats. Methods: thus, 48 male Wistar rats of 90 days of age were allocated to four groups. The animals were treated for 14 days with dried turmeric, cinnamon, or okra (50, 50, 12.5 mg/day, respectively) in phosphate buffered saline, or with only phosphate buffered saline by gavage. The animals received water and feed ad libitum. Body mass and relative weight ofperitoneal fat, adrenal gland, kidney, spleen, liver and thymus, biochemical parameters, and IgA levels were analyzed. Results: no significant changes were observed in the body mass, relative weight of organs and tissues, and biochemical parameters. An increase in serum IgA levels was observed in animals treated with turmeric or cinnamon. Conclusion: we conclude that the treatment with turmeric and cinnamon increased IgA production. Therefore, our study supports the idea that dietary supplementation with these plants may improve humoral immunity.


Introdução: algumas plantas como a cúrcuma, a canela e o quiabo são conhecidas por apresentar funções terapêuticas, como atividade antioxidante e anti-inflamatória. Além disso, tem sido observado um papel imunomodulador sobre a produção de anticorpos, em especial a imunoglobulina A (IgA), a qual medeia uma variedade de funções protetoras para o organismo. Objetivo: o objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar o efeito de plantas dietéticas na produção de IgA em ratos Wistar saudáveis. Métodos: destarte, 48 ratos machos Wistar com 90 dias de idade foram alocados em quatro grupos. Os animais foram tratados por 14 dias com cúrcuma seca, canela ou quiabo (50, 50, 12,5 mg/dia, respectivamente) em solução salina tamponada com fosfato ou apenas solução salina tamponada com fosfato, por gavagem. Os animais receberam água e ração ad libitum. Foram analisados a massa corporal e o peso relativo da gordura peritoneal, glândula adrenal, rim, baço, fígado e timo, parâmetros bioquímicos e níveis de IgA. Resultados: não foram observadas alterações significativas na massa corporal, no peso relativo dos órgãos e tecidos e nos parâmetros bioquímicos. Foi observado aumento dos níveis séricos de IgA nos animais tratados com cúrcuma ou canela. Conclusão: podemos concluir que o tratamento com cúrcuma e canela aumentou a produção de IgA. Portanto, nosso estudo suporta a ideia de que a suplementação alimentar com essas plantas pode melhorar a imunidade humoral.


Subject(s)
Rats , Spleen , Thymus Gland , Rats, Wistar , Abelmoschus , Curcuma , Kidney , Liver , Antibodies , Antibody Formation , Plants , Cinnamomum zeylanicum
4.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 321-331, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929264

ABSTRACT

Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medik. (A. manihot) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine with a variety of pharmacological properties. It was first recorded in Jiayou Materia Medica dating back to the Song dynasty to eliminate urinary tract irritation by clearing away heat and diuretic effect. However, its pharmacological action on urinary tract infections has not been investigated. The present study aims to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of A. manihot on a mouse model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cystitis. The results showed that A. manihot decreased white blood cell (WBC) count in urine sediments of the cystitis mice, alleviated bladder congestion, edema, as well as histopathological damage, reduced the expression levels of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, and interleukin-1β simultaneously. Moreover, A. manihot administration significantly downregulated the expression levels of TLR4, MYD88, IκBα, p-IκBα, NF-κB p65, and p-NF-κB p65 in LPS-induced cystitis mice. These findings demonstrated the protective effect of A. manihot against LPS-induced cystitis, which is attributed to its anti-inflammatory profile by suppressing TLR4/MYD88/NF-κB pathways. Our results suggest that A. manihot could be a potential candidate for cystitis treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Mice , Abelmoschus/metabolism , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Cystitis , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/metabolism , NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism
5.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(3): 713-719, 01-05-2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146499

ABSTRACT

The relationship of crops grown in rotation or in succession has increased every day and the use of antagonistic plants and/or non-host plants is one of the most efficient practices of integrated management of nematodes. This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of crotalaria (Crotalaria spectabilisRoth) and millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) Leeke] 'ADR 300' in reducing the population of Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica and in increasing the productivity of okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench] when cultivated in succession. The experiment was conducted in an area cultivating okra (host culture) in rotation, with a history of severe infestation by phytonematodes. The experimental design involved randomized blocks with six treatments and four replicates, with the following treatments: T1, 15 kg.ha-1 of millet seeds; T2, 30 kg.ha-1 of crotalaria; T3, 10 kg.ha-1 of millet + 20 kg.ha-1 of crotalaria; T4, 20 kg.ha-1 of millet + 6 kg.ha-1 of crotalaria; T5, 6 kg.ha-1 of millet + 36 kg.ha-1 of crotalaria; and T6, control. The nematode populations in the soil and roots were evaluated about 60 d after planting okra, and the yield was evaluated at the end of the crop cycle. Simple treatment with millet or crotalaria reduced the nematode population by 61% and 72%, respectively. The millet-crotalaria intercropping treatments reduced the nematode population by up to 85% compared with the control. In terms of productivity, there was an increase of 787 kg.ha-1 in the millet treatment and 2,109 kg.ha-1 in the intercropping treatments. Both the single cultivation of crotalaria or millet and the consortia of crotalaria and millet were effective in controlling the root-knot nematodes, and increased the productivity of okra.


A relação de culturas cultivadas em rotação ou em sucessão tem aumentado a cada dia, e a utilização de plantas antagônicas e/ou plantas não hospedeiras é uma das práticas mais eficientes de manejo integrado de nematoides. O trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a eficiência do cultivo de crotalária (Crotalaria spectabilis Roth) e milheto [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) Leeke] 'ADR 300' no incremento de produtividade e redução populacional de Meloidogyne incognita e M. javanica em quiabeiro [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench] cultivado em sucessão. O experimento foi conduzido em área de rotação com quiabeiro (cultura hospedeira), que tem histórico de grande infestação dos referidos fitonematoides. O delineamento experimental adotado foi o de blocos casualizados com seis tratamentos e quatro repetições, sendo T1 ₌ 15 kg.ha-1 de sementes de milheto, T2 ₌ 30 kg.ha-1 de crotalária, T3 ₌ 10 kg.ha-1 de milheto + 20 kg.ha-1 de crotalária, T4 ₌ 20 kg.ha-1 de milheto + 6 kg.ha-1 de crotalária, T5 ₌ 6 kg.ha-1 de milheto + 36 kg.ha-1 de crotalária e T6 ₌ Testemunha. Foram avaliadas as populações de nematoides no solo e nas raízes cerca de 60 dias após o plantio do quiabeiro e a produtividade ao final do cultivo. Os tratamentos milheto e crotalária solteiros reduziram a população de nematoides em 61 e 72%, respectivamente. Nos cultivos consorciados, obteve-se a redução de 85%, comparado com a testemunha. Quanto a produtividade, houve acréscimo de 787 kg.ha-1 no tratamento com milheto solteiro e de 2.109 kg.ha-1 nos tratamentos consorciados. Tanto o cultivo solteiro de crotalária e milheto, quanto seu uso em consórcio, efetivaram o controle dos nematoides de ganha e elevaram a produtividade do quiabeiro.


Subject(s)
Crotalaria , Abelmoschus , Millets , Nematoda , Plant Tumors , Tylenchoidea , Crops, Agricultural , Fabaceae , Nematode Infections
6.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 79: 1-6, 31 mar. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALACERVO | ID: biblio-1342776

ABSTRACT

Com objetivo de produzir pão sem glúten com composição química aprimorada e boa qualidade sensorial, foram elaboradas três formulações com diferentes quantidades de mucilagem de quiabo: (F0) 0 mL; (F1) 100 mL; (F2) 150mL. Determinou-se: rendimento da mucilagem, composição centesimal, valor calórico e atributos sensoriais dos pães por meio de escala hedônica. A mucilagem aumentou o rendimento das F1 e F2. Não houve diferença no teor de proteínas e o teor de lipídios de 7,9 g 100 g-1 (F1) e 6,0 g 100 g-1 (F2) foram inferiores ao da F0. A umidade da F1 (32,15 g 100 g-1) foi menor que nas demais formulações, enquanto cinzas (0,70 g 100 g-1), carboidrato (56,75 g 100 g-1) e valor calórico (308,1 kcal 100 g-1) foram superiores. No teste sensorial, todos os atributos foram avaliados nas categorias "gostei ligeiramente" e "gostei extremamente" pela maioria dos julgadores. A F1 obteve avaliações superiores às da F2 para textura, cor e impressão global e não diferiu em nenhum dos atributos na F0. Conclui-se que a F1 pode ser uma opção viável na busca de pão sem glúten com composição química aprimorada, por conter menor teor de lipídio e umidade, maior teor de cinzas e boa aceitação sensorial. (AU)


With the goal of producing gluten-free bread with improved chemical composition and good sensorial quality, three formulations were prepared with different amounts of okra mucilage: (F0) 0 mL; (F1) 100 mL; (F2) 150 mL. From this was determined: mucilage yield, centesimal composition, caloric value and sensory attributes of bread by hedonic scale. Mucilage increased the yield of F1 and F2. There was no difference in protein content and the lipid content of 7.9 g 100 g-1 (F1) and 6.0 g 100 g-1 (F2) were lower than that of F0. The moisture content of F1 (32.15 g 100 g-1) was lower than the other formulations, while ash (0.70 g 100 g-1), carbohydrate (56.75 g 100 g-1) and caloric value (308,1 kcal 100 g-1) were higher. In the sensory test, attributes were rated in the categories "liked slightly" and "liked extremely" by most judges. F1 scored higher than F2 for texture, color and overall impression and did not differ in any of the attributes at F0. It can be concluded that F1 may be a viable option in the search for gluten-free bread with improved chemical composition, as it contains lower lipid and moisture content, higher ash content and good sensory acceptance. (AU)


Subject(s)
Polysaccharides , Bread/analysis , Celiac Disease , Hibiscus , Diet, Gluten-Free , Plant Mucilage , Abelmoschus
7.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 79: e1786, 31 mar. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1489619

ABSTRACT

Com objetivo de produzir pão sem glúten com composição química aprimorada e boa qualidade sensorial, foram elaboradas três formulações com diferentes quantidades de mucilagem de quiabo: (F0) 0 mL; (F1) 100 mL; (F2) 150mL. Determinou-se: rendimento da mucilagem, composição centesimal, valor calórico e atributos sensoriais dos pães por meio de escala hedônica. A mucilagem aumentou o rendimento das F1 e F2. Não houve diferença no teor de proteínas e o teor de lipídios de 7,9 g 100 g-1 (F1) e 6,0 g 100 g-1 (F2) foram inferiores ao da F0. A umidade da F1 (32,15 g 100 g-1) foi menor que nas demais formulações, enquanto cinzas (0,70 g 100 g-1), carboidrato (56,75 g 100 g-1) e valor calórico (308,1 kcal 100 g-1) foram superiores. No teste sensorial, todos os atributos foram avaliados nas categorias “gostei ligeiramente” e “gostei extremamente” pela maioria dos julgadores. A F1 obteve avaliações superiores às da F2 para textura, cor e impressão global e não diferiu em nenhum dos atributos na F0. Conclui-se que a F1 pode ser uma opção viável na busca de pão sem glúten com composição química aprimorada, por conter menor teor de lipídio e umidade, maior teor de cinzas e boa aceitação sensorial.


With the goal of producing gluten-free bread with improved chemical composition and good sensorial quality, three formulations were prepared with different amounts of okra mucilage: (F0) 0 mL; (F1) 100 mL; (F2) 150 mL. From this was determined: mucilage yield, centesimal composition, caloric value and sensory attributes of bread by hedonic scale. Mucilage increased the yield of F1 and F2. There was no difference in protein content and the lipid content of 7.9 g 100 g-1 (F1) and 6.0 g 100 g-1 (F2) were lower than that of F0. The moisture content of F1 (32.15 g 100 g-1) was lower than the other formulations, while ash (0.70 g 100 g-1), carbohydrate (56.75 g 100 g-1) and caloric value (308,1 kcal 100 g-1) were higher. In the sensory test, attributes were rated in the categories “liked slightly” and “liked extremely” by most judges. F1 scored higher than F2 for texture, color and overall impression and did not differ in any of the attributes at F0. It can be concluded that F1 may be a viable option in the search for gluten-free bread with improved chemical composition, as it contains lower lipid and moisture content, higher ash content and good sensory acceptance.


Subject(s)
Abelmoschus , Glutens/analysis , Plant Mucilage , Polysaccharides , Bread/analysis , Food Composition , Diet, Gluten-Free , Celiac Disease
8.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 8(1): 1-7, 20200101. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381530

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a relação do extrato aquoso de A. esculentus como agente redutor das taxas de lipídeos no sangue periférico de Rattus novergicus. Métodos: Foram usados Rattus novergicus (n=21), divididos em três grupos de sete, com alimentação ad libitum, sendo um grupo controle negativo, um controle positivo e um teste, onde os três foram submetidos a uma dieta hipercalórica, sendo que no segundo houve administração de Sinvastatina® e no terceiro, extrato aquoso de A. esculentus. Foi realizada a dosagem sérica de colesterol total, triglicerídeos e HDL, além das medidas de peso e tamanho. Resultados:O grupo T apresentou resultado significativo para o colesterol HDL, quando comparado ao controle negativo, mostrando-se com valor de 40,33 ± 1,25 mg/dl e 35,5 ± 0,92 mg/dl, respectivamente, p < 0,05. Porém, em relação aos demais parâmetros, o extrato aquoso não apresentou significância estatística, quando comparado aos controles positivo e negativo. Conclusão: O extrato aquoso de A. esculentus mostrou-se eficaz na elevação do HDL plasmático.


Objective: To evaluate the relationship of the aqueous extract of A. esculentusas a lipid lowering agent in Rattus novergicus peripheral blood. Methods:Rattus novergicus (n = 21) were used, divided into three groups of seven, with ad libitum feeding, being a negative control group, a positive control and a test, where the three were submitted to a hypercaloric diet, and in the second Sinvastatin® was administered, and in the third, aqueous extract of A. esculentus. Serum total cholesterol, triglycerides and HDL were measured, as well as weight and size measurements. Results: Group T showed a significant result for HDL cholesterol when compared to the negative control, with values of 40.33 ± 1.25 mg / dl and 35.5 ± 0.92 mg / dl (p < 0,05), respectively. However, in relation to the other parameters, the aqueous extract wasn't statistically significant when compared to the positive and negative controls. Conclusion: The aqueous extract of A. esculentus was effective in elevating plasma HDL.


Subject(s)
Abelmoschus , Reference Standards , Weights and Measures , Diet , Dyslipidemias , Phytotherapy
9.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101296

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze angiogenesis in the post-extracted tooth of Wistar rats after application of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) extract. Material and Methods: A total of 18 rats were divided into two groups (control and treatment). Okra extract with a concentration of 30% in gel form was applied on the post-extraction socket of the treatment group. The rats were sacrificed on day-3, day-5, and day-7 after tooth extraction. The newly-formed blood vessels were counted and statistically analyzed by means of One Way ANOVA and Tukey HSD with a significance level set at 5%. Results: The newly-formed capillaries of the control group (4.67 ± 1.53) on day-3 were lower than the treatment group (9.00 ± 1.00). The newly-formed capillaries recorded from the control group, both in day-5 (9.33 ± 1.53) and day-7 (8.67 ± 1.53) were lower than the treatment group, which started to decreased from day-5 (13.67 ± 1.53) to day-7 (12.33 ± 0.58). Significant differences were found in treatment group, on day-3 compared to day-5 (p=0.005), and on day-3 to day-7 (p=0.024). Conclusion: Okra extract in gel form at 30% concentration can increase the angiogenesis during the wound healing process of the extracted tooth on Wistar rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Tooth Extraction , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries , Rats, Wistar , Abelmoschus , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Indonesia
10.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 34(6): 1551-1554, nov.-dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-968956

ABSTRACT

Seed companies increasingly need to obtain reliable results on seed vigor. Therefore, the objective was to verify the efficiency of the respiratory activity measurement, by the CO2 released, to classify the vigor of okra seed lots. For this, five seed lots of okra cv. "Santa Cruz 47" were used. In order to determine seed physiological quality, the following tests were performed: germination, seedling emergence, emergence speed index, shoot length, total dry matter, potassium leaching, electrical conductivity and respiratory activity. Mean values of germination and vigor were compared by Tukey's test. Respiratory activity was correlated with germination and other vigor tests by the Pearson's correlation. The results indicate that CO2 measurement is a promising method to identify vigor differences between okra seed lots


As empresas produtoras de sementes necessitam cada vez mais da obtenção de resultados confiáveis quanto ao vigor da semente. Nesse sentido, objetivou-se verificar a eficiência da medição da atividade respiratória, através da emissão de CO2, para classificação do vigor de lotes de sementes de quiabo. Para isso, utilizaram-se cinco lotes de sementes de quiabo cv. "Santa Cruz 47". Para determinação da qualidade fisiológica das sementes, foram realizados os seguintes testes: germinação, emergência, índice de velocidade de emergência, comprimento da parte aérea, matéria seca total, lixiviação de potássio, condutividade elétrica e atividade respiratória. As médias de germinação e vigor foram comparadas pelo teste de Tukey. O teste de atividade respiratória foi correlacionado com a germinação e demais testes de vigor através da correlação de Pearson. A medição do CO2 constitui-se em um método promissor para identificar diferenças de vigor em lotes de sementes de quiabo


Subject(s)
Seeds , Carbon Dioxide , Abelmoschus , Germination
11.
Mycobiology ; : 254-259, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729773

ABSTRACT

Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench) has gained more popularity as an economically significant plant for its nutritional and medicinal value, especially in China. During 2014–2016, the root disease of okra was discovered in four okra commercial fields surveyed in China. A fungul was isolated from the infected tissues, and was identified by Verticillium dahliae based on morphological characteristics. Pathogenicity test demonstrated that the fungus was pathogenic on okra, and fulfilled Koch’s postulates. The analysis of three sequences revealed 99–100% identity with the reported V. dahliae strain in GenBank. Neighbor-joining analysis of the gene sequences revealed that the representative isolates were clustered with V. dahliae. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of Verticillium wilt of okra in China.


Subject(s)
Abelmoschus , China , Dahlia , Databases, Nucleic Acid , Fungi , Plants , Sequence Analysis , Verticillium , Virulence
12.
Hig. aliment ; 31(274/275): 125-129, 30/12/2017.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-880371

ABSTRACT

Entre os produtos de panificação, o bolo apresenta grande importância no Brasil, sendo que a principal farinha usada na sua preparação é a de trigo. Visando melhorar o valor nutritivo do bolo observou-se que o quiabo é uma importante fonte de nutrientes. Nesse contexto, objetivou- -se enriquecer um bolo com farinha de quiabo (FQ). Foram elaboradas três formulações de bolo (padrão, 10% e 15% de farinha de quiabo) e posteriormente realizaram-se os testes de Escala Hedônica e Pareado de Preferência. Foram determinados composição centesimal e vida de prateleira do bolo preferido. As duas formulações de bolos obtiveram boa aceitação, sendo a formulação com 10% de farinha de quiabo preferida. O bolo analisado apresentou teor de umidade de 33%, 1,82% de cinzas, 14,67 de lipídios, 3,57% de proteínas e 46,94 de carboidratos. Verificou-se vida de prateleira de cinco dias sob temperatura ambiente. Dessa forma o bolo elaborado com 10% de FQ mostrou-se como uma boa opção alimentar pois, além do alto valor nutritivo, o produto apresentou uma boa aceitação.(AU)


Among the baked goods, the cake is very important in Brazil. Aiming to improve the nutritive value of the cake It was observed that okra is an important source of α-tocopherol and minerals. In this context, it was enriched a cake with okra flour (CF). Two cake formulations were elaborated and the Hedonic and Pareto Preference tests were performed. Microbiological analysis and determination of shelf life. The work was submitted to the Ethics Committee. As two cakes formulations obtained good acceptance, being a preferred formulation A. Microbiological analysis of the cakes and the results obtained for total coliforms, molds and yeasts, as well as absence of Salmonella sp. Shelf life of 5 days was verified.


Subject(s)
Humans , Food, Fortified/analysis , Abelmoschus/chemistry , Foods of Confectionery , Flour Benefactor , /standards , Food Composition
13.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 33(5): 1219-1229, sept./oct. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-966289

ABSTRACT

In this study, two okra cultivars, Chinese green and Chinese red were used to assess the water status and growth parameters subjected to salt stress by adding NaCl and CaCl2 with same proportion in Hoagland culture solution at levels of 0%, 0.6%, 1.2%, 1.8% and re-watering at levels of 0.6-0%, 1.2-0.6%, 1.8-1.2%. The measured water potential and physiological capacitance values were used to calculate leaf tensity. Salt stress significantly reduced growth and water status parameters. Chinese green showed more reduction as compared to Chinese red but at 1.8% salt stress reduction of both cultivars were almost same. Re-watering had given a positive response for both cultivars to recover from higher salt stress. Dry weight, physiological capacitance, leaf tensity and salts concentration levels models gave predicting re-watering levels in percentage, also gave values of dilute irrigation point for Chinese red 9.05 or 10.00 ds m-1 and Chinese green 6.67 or 5.66 ds m-1. At resulted dilution points, plants of both cultivars were under high salt stress, which emphasized the need to re-water or dilution of salts for the survival of plants. The most effective predicting re-watering level and dilute irrigation point of both cultivars were found in same regime, so these models findings were very credible and meaningful. Higher dilute irrigation value of Chinese red indicates its more tolerance ability than Chinese green. Model's equations also gave direct irrigation point of Chinese red 1.32 or 1.62 ds m-1 and Chinese green 2.07 or 0.38 ds m- 1. It was concluded that predicting re-watering levels, dilute and direct irrigation point help to get maximum production using saline water resources.


Neste estudo, foram utilizados dois cultivares de quiabo, verde chinês e vermelho chinês para avaliar o estado da água e parâmetros de crescimento submetidos a estresse salino, adicionando NaCl e CaCl2 com a mesma proporção em solução de cultura de Hoagland a níveis de 0%, 0,6%, 1,2% , 1,8% e re-irrigação a níveis de 0,6-0%, 1,2-0,6%, 1,8-1,2%. O potencial de água medido e os valores de capacitância fisiológica foram utilizados para calcular a tensão das folhas. O estresse com sal reduziu significativamente os parâmetros de crescimento e de estado da água. O verde chinês mostrou mais redução em comparação ao vermelho chinês, mas em 1,8% a redução do estresse salino de ambas as cultivares foi quase a mesma. Re-rega tinha dado uma resposta positiva para ambas as cultivares para recuperar de maior sal estresse. Os valores de peso seco, capacitância fisiológica, tensão da folha e níveis de concentração de sais mostraram predizer níveis de irrigação em porcentagem, também apresentaram valores de ponto de irrigação diluído para vermelho chinês 9,05 ou 10,00 ds m-1 e verde chinês 6,67 ou 5,66 ds m-1. Nos pontos de diluição resultantes, as plantas de ambas as cultivares estavam sob alto estresse salino, o que enfatizou a necessidade de re-água ou diluição de sais para a sobrevivência das plantas. O nível de irrigação mais eficiente e o ponto de irrigação diluído de ambas as cultivares foram encontrados no mesmo regime, portanto, esses resultados foram muito confiáveis e significativos. Maior valor de irrigação diluída de vermelho chinês indica a sua capacidade de tolerância mais do que verde chinês. As equações do modelo também deram ponto de irrigação direta de vermelho chinês 1,32 ou 1,62 ds m-1 e verde chinês 2,07 ou 0,38 ds m-1. Concluiu-se que a previsão dos níveis de rega, o ponto de irrigação diluído e direto ajudam a obter a máxima produção usando recursos hídricos salinos.


Subject(s)
Agricultural Cultivation , Abelmoschus/growth & development
14.
Mycobiology ; : 409-420, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-730011

ABSTRACT

Foliar sprays of three plant resistance inducers, including chitosan (CH), potassium sorbate (PS) (C₆H₇kO₂), and potassium bicarbonates (PB) (KHCO₃), were used for resistance inducing against Erysiphe cichoracearum DC (powdery mildew) infecting okra plants. Experiments under green house and field conditions showed that, the powdery mildew disease severity was significantly reduced with all tested treatments of CH, PS, and PB in comparison with untreated control. CH at 0.5% and 0.75% (w/v) plus PS at 1.0% and 2.0% and/or PB at 2.0% or 3.0% recorded as the most effective treatments. Moreover, the highest values of vegetative studies and yield were observed with such treatments. CH and potassium salts treatments reflected many compounds of defense singles which leading to the activation power defense system in okra plant. The highest records of reduction in powdery mildew were accompanied with increasing in total phenolic, protein content and increased the activity of polyphenol oxidase, peroxidase, chitinase, and β-1,3-glucanase in okra plants. Meanwhile, single treatments of CH, PS, and PB at high concentration (0.75%, 2.0%, and/or 3.0%) caused considerable effects. Therefore, application of CH and potassium salts as natural and chemical inducers by foliar methods can be used to control of powdery mildew disease at early stages of growth and led to a maximum fruit yield in okra plants.


Subject(s)
Abelmoschus , Bicarbonates , Catechol Oxidase , Chitinases , Chitosan , Fruit , Peroxidase , Phenol , Plants , Potassium , Salts , Sorbic Acid
15.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 66-73, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300822

ABSTRACT

To discover the nephroprotective substances from Huangkui capsule.The components of Huangkui capsule were isolated by preparative liquid chromatography, and the active components were screened by LC/MS and identified. The adriamycine-injured HK-2 cells were treated with various active components with different concentrations, and the malonaldehyde (MDA) content, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) level and mitochondrial oxygen consumption rate were measured to verify the protective activity of the compounds.Four active components in Huangkui capsule were identified to exert nephroprotective effects. Fifteen flavanoids from these four components were tentatively identified by LC/MS, and hyperin, myricetin, quercetin, rutin and isoquercetin were confirmed. Hyperin, myricetin quercetin and rutin showed dose-dependent protective effects on injured HK-2 cells. Espacially, hyperin significantly reduced MDA content, quercetin and rutin significantly increased ATP level, and myricetin significantly increased mitochondrial oxygen consumption rate.Hyperin, myricetin, querctein and rutin might be the potential nephroprotective compounds in Huangkui capsule, their effects may be related to the inhibition of lipid peroxidation and the alleviation of mitochondrial damage.


Subject(s)
Abelmoschus , Chemistry , Adenosine Triphosphate , Metabolism , Cell Line, Transformed , Chromatography, Liquid , Doxorubicin , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Epithelial Cells , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Kidney Diseases , Drug Therapy , Kidney Tubules, Proximal , Lipid Peroxidation , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Mass Spectrometry , Mitochondria , Oxygen Consumption , Protective Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Quercetin , Pharmacology , Rutin , Pharmacology
16.
Arq. Inst. Biol ; 84: e0252016, 2017. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-981794

ABSTRACT

In an experiment on organic production of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench) that was carried out from September 2013 to January 2014, in Manaus, Amazonas state, Brazil, we observed large chlorotic, necrotic, helical, discontinuous, dark or light-brown lesions with partial detachment of the injured area on the adaxial surface of leaves located in the median and basal portions of the plants. A whitish mycelium mantle covers the lesions on the leaves at the abaxial surface at high moisture conditions. Using morphological characteristics, Koch's postulates, and phylogenetic analyses of the ITS-5.8S rDNA region, we identified that the fungus causing the lesions on the okra leaves was Thanatephorus cucumeris (Frank) Donk (asexual stage of Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn of the anastomosis group AG-1 ID). This is the first report of T. cucumeris causing web blight on okra in Brazil, and probably in the world. So far, T. cucumeris was described on okra only on post-harvest pods rotting and seedlings' damping off.(AU)


Em um experimento sobre a produção orgânica do quiabeiro (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench), que foi instalado em Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil, no período de setembro de 2013 a janeiro de 2014, observou-se, na face adaxial do limbo foliar das folhas medianas e baixeiras, a ocorrência de lesões cloróticas e necróticas grandes, helicoidais, de coloração marrom escuro ou marrom claro e descontínuas, com desprendimento parcial da área lesionada. Na face abaxial, sobre as manchas, em condições de alta umidade, constatou-se a presença de um manto micelial esbranquiçado do patógeno, facilmente visível, recobrindo a área colonizada. Por meio da análise de características morfológicas, postulados de Koch e análise filogenética da região ITS-5.8S do rDNA do fungo isolado, identificou-se Thanatephorus cucumeris (Frank) Donk (fase assexuada Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn grupo de anastomose AG-1 ID) como o agente causal da doença. Este é o primeiro relato de T. cucumeris causando mancha foliar em quiabeiro no Brasil e, provavelmente, no mundo. Até então, sua ocorrência em quiabeiro estava restrita à podridão pós-colheita em frutos e tombamento de mudas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Plant Diseases , Rhizoctonia , Abelmoschus , Fungi , Organic Agriculture
17.
The Filipino Family Physician ; : 151-159, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-632806

ABSTRACT

Diabetes mellitus is a progressive metabolic disease and if left untreated, it is associated with failure of various organs. The search of safer antidiabetic agents leads to research of traditional medicinal plants.OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effect of Abelmoschus esculentus water on the postprandial blood sugar among healthy normal human subjects.METHOD: Randomized Open-Label Study. Normal healthy volunteers 20-60 years of age were recruited at Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center. After an overnight fast, FBS measurements were recorded. The were then randomized to Okra water and placebo. Both groups were also fed a standard meal in addition to the water of their respective groups. Capillary blood glucose was measured. after 2 hours and 4 hours. The difference in in the blood glucose of both groups was compared.RESULTS: The mean random blood sugar of the subjects after intake of standard meal 2 hour postprandial in okra water group (109.92 ± 9.45 mg/dl) is greater than in the placebo group (108.35 ± 9.93 mg/dl), but not statistically significant (p>0.05). Also, the mean RBS 4 hours postprandial is less in okra water group than in placebo group (95.23 ± 6.99 versus 96.40 ± 9.13 mg/dl) but is also not statistically significant (p>0.05). Overall, the mean blood sugar of the okra water group from baseline to postprandial has no significant difference as compared to placebo.CONCLUSION: Contrary to the previous animal studies, this present study, which used human subjects, showed no significant difference n the postprandial blood sugar level on subjects given with A. esculentus water as compared to placebo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Adult , Young Adult , Animals , Blood Glucose , Water , Abelmoschus , Diabetes Mellitus , Healthy Volunteers , Hypoglycemic Agents , Metabolic Diseases , Plants, Medicinal , Postprandial Period
18.
Rev. cuba. plantas med ; 20(3): 290-300, jul.-set. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-764381

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: la evaluación de plantas con efecto reductor en los lípidos plasmáticos, constituye una herramienta muy valiosa para el control de las dislipidemias. OBJETIVOS: comprobar la efectividad farmacológica como hipolipemiante, de Talinum triangulare (Jacq.) Willd(Talinaceae) y Abelmoschus esculentus moench (Malvaceae), en dos biomodelos de ensayo. MÉTODOS: se utilizó el fruto verde de A. esculentus y hojas frescas de Talinum triangulare. El material vegetal previo secado, se pulverizó para preparar extractos hidroalcohólicos, que una vez rotoevaporados, fueron suspendidos en agua para ser administrados a los modelos experimentales. El efecto hipolipémico de las plantas estudiadas se comprobó, en animales de experimentación, sometidos a dos modelos de inducción de hiperlipidemia; administración de solución de sacarosa al 63 % durante 16 semanas y administración vía intraperitoneal del detergente no iónico Poloxamer 338, durante 48 horas a una dosis de 0,6 g/kg. RESULTADOS: el extracto hidroalcohólico de A. esculentus (400 mg/kg) en el modelo de hiperlipemia por Dieta Rica en Sacarosa, mostró un efecto reductor de triacilglicéridos, superior al ácido nicotínico. En el modelo de hiperlipidemia por inducción con detergente no iónico, el extracto hidroalcohólico de Talinum triangulare (400 mg/kg), manifestó un efecto reductor de colesterol y triacilglicéridos, mayor que el ácido nicotínico y la atorvastatina. CONCLUSIONES: los extracto hidroalcohólicos de A. esculentus y de Talinum triangulare expresaron efectos reductores de triacilglicérios por mecanismos de acción diferentes, superiores al ácido nicotínico en cada caso. El extracto hidroalcohólico de Talinum triangulare manifestó un potente efecto reductor de colesterol mayor que el ácido nicotínico y la atorvastatina.


INTRODUCTION: assessment of plants with low plasmatic lipids effect is a power instrument to dislipidemias control. OBJECTIVES: to establish the pharmacological effectiveness as hipolipidemic agents of Talinum triangulare (Jacq.) Willd (Portulacaceae) and Abelmoschus esculentus Moench (Malvaceae) in two biomodel assays. METHODS: in the present study we have researched the hypolipemic effect of Talinum triangulare (false spinach) and A. esculentus (okra) in experimental animals subjected to two models of hyperlipidemia induction; an intake of 63 % sucrose solution for 16 weeks and an intake of Poloxamer 338 nonionic detergent via intraperitoneal for 48 hours at a dose of 0,6 g/kg. RESULTS: the hydroalcoholic extract of A. esculentus, at a dose of 400 mg/kg showed triacilglicéridos reducing effect greater than nicotinic acid in the model of hyperlipidemia induction by a sucrose-rich diet. In the model of hyperlipidemia by induction with nonionic detergent, the hydroalcoholic extract of Talinum triangulare at a dose of 400 mg/kg, showed a powerful cholesterol and triacilglicéridos lowering effect, greater than nicotinic acid and atorvastatin. CONCLUSIONS: the hydroalcoholic extract of A. esculentus and T. triangulare showed hypotriglyceridemic effect for different action mechanisms, higher than the nicotinic acid, in each case. The extract hidroalcohólico of Talinum triangulare showed a potent hipocholesterolemic effect even more than the nicotinic acid and the atorvastatin.


Subject(s)
Animals , Abelmoschus/drug effects , Plant Preparations/therapeutic use , Dyslipidemias/therapy
19.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 464-472, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310877

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Flos Abelmoschus manihot (Malvaceae) on type 2 diabetic nephropathy (DN).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The Cochrane Library, PubMed/MEDLINE, Excerpta Medical Database, Chinese electronic literature databases, and the references of relevant articles were searched in March 2012 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that reported the effects of Flos A. manihot on type 2 DN patients with overt but subnephrotic-range proteinuria (500-3,500 mg/24 h). The quality of trials was evaluated using the Cochrane-recommended method. The results were summarized as risk ratios (RRs) for dichotomous outcomes or mean differences (MDs) for continuous outcomes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seven trials (531 patients) were included. Flos A. manihot significantly decreased proteinuria [MD -317.32 mg/24 h, 95% confidence interval (CI) [-470.48, -164.17],P<0.01]. After excluding a trial that only included patients with well-preserved renal function, Flos A. manihot was associated with a significant decrease in serum creatinine (MD -11.99 μmol/L, 95% CI [-16.95, -7.04],P<0.01). Serious adverse events were not observed. The most common adverse event was mild to moderate gastrointestinal discomfort; however, patients receiving this herb did not have an increased risk for tolerated gastrointestinal discomfort (RR 1.48, 95% CI [0.39, 5.68],P=0.57).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Flos A. manihot may be considered as an important adjunctive therapy with the first-line and indispensable therapeutic strategies for type 2 DN. High-quality RCTs are urgently needed to confirm the effect of Flos A. manihot on definite endpoints such as end-stage renal disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Abelmoschus , Chemistry , Clinical Trials as Topic , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Drug Therapy , Diabetic Nephropathies , Drug Therapy , Flowers , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Therapeutic Uses , Proteinuria , Publication Bias , Treatment Outcome
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4110-4117, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310933

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To demonstrate the effects and mechanisms of Huangkui capsule (HKC) on renal fibrosis in rats with diabetic nephropathy (DN).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, the sham-operated group (Sham group, n = 5), the vehicle-given group (Vehicle group, n = 7), the low dose of HKC-treated group (L-HKC group, n = 7), the high dose of HKC-treated group (H-HKC group, n = 7) and the lipoic acid (LA)-treated group (LA group, n = 7). DN models were induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ,35 mg x kg(-1)) twice and unilateral nephrectomy. After models were successfully established, the rats in HKC and LA groups were daily administrated with HKC suspensions (0.75, 2 g x kg(-1)) or LA suspensions (60 mg x kg(-1)) respectively, and at the same time, the rats in Vehicle group were daily administrated with distilled water (2 mL) for 8 weeks. All rats were sacrificed at the end of week 8 to collect blood and renal tissues. UAlb, renal function, renal fibrotic morphologic characteristics, as well as oxidative stress (OS)-related markers, the protein expressions of the key signaling molecules in p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) signaling pathway, fibrogenic cytokines and inflammatory factors were examined respectively.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>HKC, similar to LA, improved the general state of health, body weight, UAlb, BUN, UA and Alb in DN model rats. Of note, renal fibrosis was ameliorated in HKC groups,especially in H-HKC group which was better than that in LA group. In addition, HKC not only improved the main indexes of OS in the kidney like LA, but also down-regulated the protein expressions of phosphorylated-p38MAPK (p-p38MAPK), transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 and tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α in the kidney, whereas, LA only decreased the protein expression of TNF-α in the kidney in DN model rats.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HKC, similar to LA, has the actions of anti-OS in vivo. Moreover, HKC could attenuate renal fibrosis by suppressing the activation of p38MAPK signaling pathway and the protein expressions of fibrogenic cytokines and inflammatory factors in the kidney in DN model rats, which is different from LA.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Abelmoschus , Chemistry , Capsules , Diabetic Nephropathies , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Fibrosis , Kidney , Pathology , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Oxidative Stress , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
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