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China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 86-91, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009228


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of total hip replacement (THA) in the treatment of traumatic arthritis secondary to acetabular fracture.@*METHODS@#From October 2019 to June 2022, 15 patients with secondary traumatic arthritis of acetabulum fracture were treated with THA. There were 8 males and 7 females, aged from 40 to 76 years old with an average of (59.20±9.46) years old. Prosthesis loosening, dislocation of hip joint, range of motion of hip joint, nerve injury and other conditions were recorded before and after surgery. Harris score, visual analogue scale (VAS) and imaging were used to evaluate hip joint function and surgical effect.@*RESULTS@#Follow-up time ranged 6 to 39 months with an average of (18.33±9.27) months. All the 15 patients successfully completed the operation, no nerve and blood vessel injury during the operation, postoperative wound healing was stageⅠ, no infection, one case of acetabular side prosthesis loosening at half a year after operation, and recovered well after revision surgery, one case of hip dislocation was cured after open reduction treatment, no adverse consequences. Harris score at the last postoperative follow-up was (88.60±4.01) points, compared with the preoperative (47.20±11.77) points, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05), and VAS at the lateat postoperative follow-up was 1 (1) points, compared with the preoperative 8 (2) points, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). At the last follow-up, the pain symptoms were relieved or disappeared, and the joint function was satisfactory. The imaging data of the latest follow-up showed joint was well pseudoradiated, no abnormal ossification occurred, and the prosthesis was not loose.@*CONCLUSION@#THA is effective in the treatment of traumatic arthritis secondary to acetabular fracture and can effectively improve the quality of life of patients. Preoperative comprehensive evaluation and bone defect evaluation of patients, and intraoperative management of acetabulum, femur, internal fixation and bone defect are key factors for the success of surgery.

Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Prosthesis Failure , Retrospective Studies , Quality of Life , Acetabulum/injuries , Hip Prosthesis , Hip Fractures/surgery , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Arthritis/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Follow-Up Studies
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 35-39, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009105


OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effectiveness of the single Kocher-Langenbeck approach combined with anterograde channel screw technique for the treatment of acetabular transverse and posterior wall fractures.@*METHODS@#Between March 2020 and October 2022, 17 cases of acetabular transverse and posterior wall fractures were treated with the single Kocher-Langenbeck approach combined with anterograde channel screw technique. There were 11 males and 6 females, with an average age of 53.6 years (range, 42-64 years). Causes of injury included traffic accident in 12 cases, and falling from height in 5 cases. The time from injury to operation ranged from 4 to 16 days with an average of 8.8 days. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and fluoroscopy frequency were recorded; X-ray films were reviewed regularly after operation to observe the fracture healing, and postoperative complications were recorded. At last follow-up, Matta score was used to evaluate the reduction of fracture, Harris score and modified Merle D'Aubigné-Postel scores system were used to evaluate the hip joint function.@*RESULTS@#The operation time was 150-230 minutes (mean, 185.9 minutes), the intraoperative blood loss was 385-520 mL (mean, 446.2 mL), and the fluoroscopy frequency was 18-34 times (mean, 27.5 times). Postoperative fat liquefaction occurred in 1 case and the other incisions healed by first intention; 3 cases had limb numbness after operation, and the symptoms disappeared after active symptomatic treatment; no urogenital system and intestinal injury occurred. All patients were followed up 12-28 months (mean, 19.9 months). Bone union was achieved in all cases with an average healing time of 10.8 weeks (range, 8-14 weeks). There was no complication such as loosening and breakage of internal fixators. At last follow-up, according to Matta score, 12 cases achieved anatomic reduction, 3 satisfactory reduction, and 2 fair reduction, the satisfactory rate was 88.2%; according to Harris hip function score, 12 cases were excellent, 3 good, and 2 fair, the excellent and good rate was 88.2%; according to the modified Merle D'Aubign Aubigné-Postel scoring system, the results were excellent in 11 cases, good in 3 cases, and fair in 3 cases, with an excellent and good rate of 82.4%.@*CONCLUSION@#The single Kocher-Langenbeck approach combined with anterograde channel screw technique is a minimally invasive method for the treatment of acetabular transverse and posterior wall fractures with less complications, simple operation, and satisfactory effectiveness.

Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Blood Loss, Surgical , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Acetabulum/injuries , Bone Screws , Hip Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1077-1082, ago. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514358


SUMMARY: Refixation of the damaged acetabular labrum is a method of surgical treatment of the hip joint that can promote the repair of joint function after injury and prevent premature osteoarthritis. We sought to determine the condition of the hip joint in rabbits 4 months after excision of the acetabular labrum and the condition of the joint after labral refixation. The articular cartilage of the femoral head and acetabulum was examined by histological methods, multipoint measurement of cartilage thickness, and the ratio between cartilage matrix and chondrocytes lacunae, and the condition of cartilage according to the OARSI grading scale was carried out. On this model, a correlation analysis was performed between the results of the OARSI grading scale and the data of linear morphometry. All these parameters made it possible to better assess changes in articular cartilage. The ratio between matrix and chondrocyte lacunae turned out to be a method that allows establishing early cartilage damage when erosion, fibrosis or deformation did not occur. We found significant differences between the condition of the cartilage after exicion of acetabular labrum and after labral refixation, which give hope to confirm that this surgical technique can delay or prevent progressive changes in the cartilage of the damaged hip joint.

La refijación del labrum acetabular dañado es un método de tratamiento quirúrgico de la articulación coxal, que puede promover la reparación de la función articular después de una lesión y prevenir la osteoartritis prematura. Intentamos determinar el estado de la articulación coxal en conejos de 4 meses después de la escisión del labrum acetabular y observar el estado de la articulación después de la refijación del labrum. El cartílago articular de la cabeza femoral y el acetábulo se examinó por métodos histológicos, se midió a través de multipunto el grosor del cartílago y se realizó la relación entre la matriz del cartílago y las lagunas de condrocitos, y se llevó a cabo la condición del cartílago según la escala de clasificación OARSI. Sobre este modelo se realizó un análisis de correlación entre los resultados de la escala de calificación OARSI y los datos de la morfometría lineal. Todos estos parámetros permitieron evaluar mejor los cambios en el cartílago articular. La relación entre la matriz y las lagunas de condrocitos resultó ser un método que permite establecer temprano el daño del cartílago cuando no se presentó erosión, fibrosis o deformación. Encontramos diferencias significativas entre la condición del cartílago después de la extirpación del labrum acetabular y después de la refijación del labrum, lo que da la esperanza de confirmar que esta técnica quirúrgica puede retrasar o prevenir cambios progresivos en el cartílago de la articulación coxal dañada.

Animals , Rabbits , Cartilage, Articular , Femur Head , Hip Joint , Acetabulum/surgery
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(4): 639-645, July-Aug. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521811


Abstract Objective We investigated the effect of disease stage, patient's age and final contour of femoral head on acetabulum contour following varus derotation osteotomy of proximal femur (VDRO) in unilateral Perthes's disease. Methods The study is a retrospective analysis of case records of 23 children aged ≥6 years with unilateral Perthes' disease who underwent primary VDRO procedure for containment. Acetabular index (AI) and center edge angle (CEA) were calculated bilaterally in preoperative and follow-up radiographs and compared statistically. Results There were 15 boys and 8 girls. Six hips were in Ib, 8 in IIa and 9 in IIb modified Waldenström stage while undergoing VDRO. The mean age at surgical intervention was 8.7 years. The mean follow-up duration was 3.5 years. All femoral heads were healed at final follow-up and the final Stulberg grades were I = 3, II = 8, III = 7, IV = 5. A significant acetabular dysplasia on the affected side was present preoperatively. At follow-up, the patients operated had significantly raised AI and reduced CEA. There was no significant acetabular remodeling of the affected hips at follow-up even in children operated at younger age (< 8 years) or early stages (stage Ib or IIa). The acetabulum remodeling did not correspond to the final Stulberg grade as well. Conclusion Acetabulum was found involved in early stages of Perthes' disease. Varus derotation femoral osteotomy for the diseased hip showed no significant improvement in acetabular dysplasia even when operated in early disease stages or younger age group. Residual acetabular changes were also noted even with favorable Stulberg grades.

Resumo Objetivo Investigamos o efeito do estágio da doença, idade do paciente e contorno final da cabeça femoral no contorno do acetábulo após a osteotomia derrotatória varizante (VDRO) do fêmur proximal na doença de Perthes unilateral. Métodos O estudo é uma análise retrospectiva de prontuários de 23 crianças com idade ≥ 6 anos com doença de Perthes unilateral que foram submetidas ao procedimento primário de VDRO para contenção. O índice acetabular (AI) e o ângulo da borda central (CEA) foram calculados bilateralmente em radiografias pré-operatórias e de acompanhamento e submetidos à comparação estatística. Resultados Os pacientes eram 15 meninos e oito meninas. À VDRO, seis quadris estavam no estágio de Waldenström modificado Ib, oito no estágio IIa e nove no estágio IIb. A média de idade à intervenção cirúrgica foi de 8,7 anos. A duração média do acompanhamento foi de 3,5 anos. Todas as cabeças femorais estavam consolidadas no último acompanhamento e os graus finais de Stulberg foram I = 3, II = 8, III = 7 e IV = 5. Havia displasia acetabular significativa do lado acometido no período pré-operatório. No acompanhamento, os pacientes operados apresentaram elevação significativa de AI e redução de CEA. Não houve remodelamento acetabular significativo nos quadris acometidos durante o acompanhamento, mesmo em crianças operadas em idade menor (< 8 anos) ou estágios iniciais (estágio Ib ou IIa). O remodelamento do acetábulo também não correspondeu ao grau final de Stulberg. Conclusão A VDRO do fêmur do quadril acometido não levou à melhora significativa da displasia acetabular, mesmo quando a cirurgia foi realizada nos estágios iniciais da doença ou em pacientes mais jovens. Alterações acetabulares residuais também foram observadas mesmo com graus de Stulberg favoráveis.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Hip Joint , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease/surgery , Acetabulum/surgery
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1512342


Introducción: La revisión acetabular es una cirugía particularmente desafiante cuando hay pérdida de stock óseo y defectos acetabulares extensos. Los implantes 3D pueden suplir estos defectos y adaptarse a cada circunstancia. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los resultados clínicos y radiográficos en pacientes con defectos acetabulares severos tratados con implantes impresos en 3D y determinar la constricción adecuada del cotilo para cada paciente. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de 10 pacientes con defectos acetabulares severos clasificados como tipo IIIA-B de Paprosky y discontinuidad pélvica que se sometieron a una cirugía con prótesis acetabular a medida impresa en 3D, a cargo del mismo equipo quirúrgico, entre 2016 y 2022. Resultados: El seguimiento medio fue de 40.5 meses. El puntaje de cadera de Harris mejoró significativamente de un promedio de 24,2 a 63,5 en el último control. No se observaron signos de aflojamiento ni migración del cotilo 3D en cuanto a la inclinación y anteversión en ningún caso, en el último control. Conclusión: Los implantes acetabulares a medida representan una solución válida para tratar defectos óseos acetabulares severos y la discontinuidad pélvica. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Introduction: Acetabular revision is a particularly challenging surgery when there is loss of bone stock and extensive acetabular defects. 3D implants can make up for these defects and adapt to each circumstance. The objective of this study was to evaluate clinical and radiographic outcomes in patients with severe acetabular defects treated with 3D-printed implants and determine the appropriate cup constraint for each patient. Materials and methods: A retrospective study was carried out on 10 patients with severe acetabular defects classified as Paprosky type IIIA-B and pelvic discontinuity who underwent surgery with a custom 3D-printed acetabular prosthesis, carried out by the same surgery team between 2016 and 2022. Results: The average follow-up was 40.5 months. The Harris hip score improved significantly from an average of 24.2 to 63.5 at the last follow-up. No signs of loosening or migration of the 3D cup in terms of inclination and anteversion were observed in any case, at the last control. Conclusion: Custom-made acetabular implants represent a valid solution to treat severe acetabular bone defects and pelvic discontinuity. Level of Evidence: IV

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Prosthesis Design , Reoperation , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Acetabulum
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1512347


Se presenta a un paciente de 73 años que había sido sometido a dos revisiones de prótesis de cadera debido a una infección crónica por un microorganismo multirresistente. Acude a nuestro centro tras un primer tiempo quirúrgico. En la radiografía simple y la tomografía computarizada, se observan un defecto femoral tipo IV y un defecto acetabular tipo IIIA de Paprosky. Tras un control clínico y análisis de laboratorio, se decide la reconstrucción acetabular mediante un implante "personalizado" y un vástago tumoral. A los 2 años, el paciente evoluciona favorablemente: deambula con bastón y sin dolor. El implante está estable y en posición normal, no hubo recidiva infecciosa. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

We present the case of a 73-year-old patient, previously treated with two hip prosthesis revisions due to a chronic infection caused by a multidrug-resistant microorganism, who consulted after the first surgical procedure. Radiographic and computed tomography studies revealed a Paprosky type IV femoral defect and a type IIIA acetabular defect. Following clinical and laboratory monitoring, it was decided to perform acetabular reconstruction using a custom-made implant and a tumor stem. Two years later, the patient shows a favorable evolution: he is able to walk with a cane and without pain. The implant is stable and properly positioned, with no recurrent infection. Level of Evidence: IV

Aged , Prostheses and Implants , Reoperation , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Acetabulum/surgery
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 30(3): 121-130, 2023.
Article in Spanish | BINACIS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1519432


El labrum acetabular es una estructura fibrocartilaginosa análoga a los meniscos, labrum glenoideo o fibrocartílago triangular. Cumple diferentes funciones biomecánicas como sellado articular, estabilidad articular, resistencia a la traslación, distribución de presiones, etc. En 2003 se describe que el pinzamiento femoroacetabular y la lesión labral son una de las causas de osteoartritis de la cadera. Existen múltiples clasificaciones para lesiones labrales, sin embargo, la de MAHORN incluye en su tipo II al labrum hipoplásico. La literatura define como labrum acetabular hipoplásico cuando el ancho es ≤5 mm, y puede ser de tipo primario (variante anatómica) o secundario (iatrogénica por desbridamiento previo). Existe un amplio espectro en el tratamiento de las lesiones labrales, que dependerá principalmente del tamaño del labrum, el patrón de la lesión, las características del tejido y la zona afectada; desde desbridamiento hasta reconstrucción labral con el fin de preservar la función biomecánica normal de la cadera y evitar el desarrollo de osteoartritis a largo plazo.A continuación, se describe el caso de un paciente de sexo masculino, de veintiocho años, con antecedente de pinzamiento femoroacetabular mixto bilateral y labrum acetabular hipoplásico bilateral, sometido a reconstrucción primaria de labrum derecho con aloinjerto cadavérico de peroneus longus e izquierdo con aloinjerto cadavérico de tendo Achillis, para el que se obtuvo un resultado clínico y funcional favorable. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

The acetabular labrum is a fibrocartilaginous structure analogous to the menisci, glenoid labrum, or triangular fibrocartilage. It fulfills different biomechanical functions, such as: joint sealing, joint stability, resistance to translation, pressure distribution, etc. In 2003 it was described that femoroacetabular impingement and labral injury is one of the causes of hip osteoarthritis. There are multiple classifications for labral lesions, however the MAHORN classification includes the hypoplastic labrum in its type II. The literature defines a hypoplastic acetabular labrum when its width is ≤5 mm, and it can be primary (anatomical variant) or secondary (iatrogenic due to previous debridement).There is a wide spectrum in the treatment of labral lesions, which mainly depends on the size of the labrum, the pattern of the lesion, the characteristics of the tissue and the affected area; from debridement to labral reconstruction in order to preserve the normal biomechanical function of the hip and avoid the development of osteoarthritis in the long term.The case of a 28-year-old male patient is described below, with a history of bilateral mixed-type femoroacetabular impingement and bilateral hypoplastic acetabular labrum, who underwent primary reconstruction of the right labrum with peroneus longus cadaveric allograft and left labrum with Achilles tendon cadaveric allograft, obtaining a favorable clinical and functional outcome. Level of Evidence: IV

Adult , Arthroscopy , Femoracetabular Impingement , Allografts , Hip Joint , Acetabulum
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 369-374, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009489


Hip firearm injuries are rare injuries that could lead to serious complications, such as posttraumatic hip arthritis and coloarticular fistula. We report a case of a 25-year-old male who sustained a pelvic injury caused by a single bullet which led to a bilateral acetabular fracture, concomitant with a colon injury treated on an emergency basis by a diverting colostomy; acetabular fractures were treated conservatively by traction. After the patient recovered from the abdominal injury, he was presented with bilateral hip pain and limited motion; plain radiographs showed bilateral hip arthritis with proximal migration of the femoral head and bilateral acetabular defect classified as Paprosky type ⅢA. Reconstruction of the hips was performed using the same technique: impaction bone grafting for acetabular defect reconstruction and a reversed hybrid total hip arthroplasty (THA) 6 months apart. The patient presented with loosening of the left THA acetabular cup 3 years later, which was revised; then he presented with a discharging sinus from the left THA with suspicion of coloarticular fistula, which was confirmed using CT with contrast material. A temporary colostomy and fistula excision were performed, and a cement spacer was applied to the hip. After clearing the infection, a final revision THA for the left hip was performed. Treating post-firearm hip arthritis by THA is challenging, especially in the situation of neglected cases with the presence of an acetabular defect. Concomitant intestinal injury increases the risk of infection with the possibility of coloarticular fistula formation, which could present later. Working with a multidisciplinary team is paramount.

Male , Humans , Adult , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Firearms , Wounds, Gunshot/surgery , Acetabulum/injuries , Hip Fractures/surgery , Arthritis/surgery , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Reoperation , Fistula/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Follow-Up Studies , Prosthesis Failure , Retrospective Studies
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1548-1555, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009096


OBJECTIVE@#To review research advances of revision surgery after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) for patients with Crowe type Ⅳ developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH).@*METHODS@#The recent literature on revision surgery after primary THA in patients with Crowe type Ⅳ DDH was reviewed. The reasons for revision surgery were analyzed and the difficulties of revision surgery, the management methods, and the related prosthesis choices were summarized.@*RESULTS@#Patients with Crowe type Ⅳ DDH have small anteroposterior diameter of the acetabulum, large variation in acetabular and femoral anteversion angles, severe soft tissue contractures, which make both THA and revision surgery more difficult. There are many reasons for patients undergoing revision surgery after primary THA, mainly due to aseptic loosening of the prosthesis. Therefore, it is necessary to restore anatomical structures in primary THA, as much as possible and reduce the generation of wear particles to avoid postoperative loosening of the prosthesis. Due to the anatomical characteristics of Crowe type Ⅳ DDH, the patients have acetabular and femoral bone defects, and the repair and reconstruction of bone defects become the key to revision surgery. The acetabular side is usually reconstructed with the appropriate acetabular cup or combined metal block, Cage, or custom component depending on the extent of the bone defect, while the femoral side is preferred to the S-ROM prosthesis. In addition, the prosthetic interface should be ceramic-ceramic or ceramic-highly cross-linked polyethylene wherever possible.@*CONCLUSION@#The reasons leading to revision surgery after primary THA in patients with Crowe type Ⅳ DDH and the surgical difficulties have been clarified, and a large number of clinical studies have proposed corresponding revision modalities based on which good early- and mid-term outcomes have been obtained, but further follow-up is needed to clarify the long-term outcomes. With technological advances and the development of new materials, personalized prostheses for these patients are expected to become a reality.

Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Hip Prosthesis , Hip Dislocation, Congenital/surgery , Reoperation , Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip/surgery , Acetabulum/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 629-634, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981643


OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the biomechanical characteristics, diagnosis, and hip arthroscopic treatment of borderline developmental dysplasia of hip (BDDH) with Cam-type femoroacetabular impingement (Cam FAI).@*METHODS@#The literature on BDDH with Cam FAI at home and abroad in recent years was extensively reviewed and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In patients with BDDH and Cam FAI, the femoral neck anteversion angle and femoral neck shaft angle increase, the pelvis tilts, and the acetabulum rotates, resulting in instability of the hip joint. In order to maintain the stability of the hip joint, the direction of biomechanical action of the hip joint has changed, which further affects the anatomical structures such as the proximal femur and acetabular morphology. BDDH with Cam FAI can be diagnosed clinically by combining lateral center edge angle, anterior center edge angle, and acetabular index. BDDH with Cam FAI can be effectively treated through arthroscopic polishing of the edges of the acetabular proliferative bone, excision of Cam malformations, and minimally invasive repair of the glenoid lip and cartilage of the hip joint.@*CONCLUSION@#Currently, there is no unified standard for the diagnosis and treatment of BDDH with Cam FAI. Minimally invasive treatment of the hip under arthroscopy can achieve good early- and medium-term effectiveness, and has certain advantages in repairing and maintaining the integrity of the glenoid lip and suturing/compression joint capsule. However, the long-term effectiveness needs to be further followed up to determine. The timing of surgery, intraoperative bone edge depth polishing, and joint capsule suturing/compression techniques also need to be further explored.

Humans , Femoracetabular Impingement/surgery , Arthroscopy/methods , Hip Joint/surgery , Acetabulum/surgery , Hip Dislocation, Congenital/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1420056


Las fracturas acetabulares con compromiso del cartílago trirradiado (CTR) en pacientes pediátricos son muy poco frecuentes, difíciles de diagnosticar y complejas de tratar; pudiendo dejar graves secuelas. Generalmente son producto de accidentes de tránsito de alta energía cinética. Debido a su baja prevalencia no hay grandes series en la bibliografía y por ende tampoco existe un consenso terapéutico. Realizamos una puesta a punto del tema a propósito de un atípico caso de una niña de 9 años con una fractura del acetábulo con compromiso del CTR, producido por un traumatismo de baja energía cinética. Registramos su diagnóstico y tratamiento quirúrgico, evaluamos su resultado clínico - radiológico y funcional mediante el Hip Harris Score (HHS) al final de su seguimiento de 5 años.

Acetabular fractures with compromise of the triradiate cartilage (TRC) in pediatric patients are very rare, difficult to diagnose and complex to treat, also can leave serious consequences. They are generally product of high energy kinematics. Due to its low prevalence, there are no large series in the literature and therefore there is no therapeutic consensus. We carried out a recapitulation of the subject regarding an atypical case of a 9-year-old girl with an acetabulum fracture with compromise of the TRC, produced by a low kinetic energy trauma. We recorded the diagnosis and surgical treatment, and also, we evaluated the clinical-radiological and functional results through the Hip Harris Score (HHS) at the end of their 5-year follow-up.

As fraturas acetabulares com compromisso da cartilagem trirradiada (TRC) em pacientes pediátricos são muito poco frecuentes, de difícil diagnóstico e complexas de tratar; e podem deixar sérias consequências. Geralmente são o produto de acidentes de trânsito de alta energia cinética. Devido à sua baixa prevalência, não há grandes séries na literatura e, portanto, não há consenso terapêutico. Realizamos uma atualização do tema referente a um caso atípico de uma menina de 9 anos com fratura de acetábulo com comprometimento do CTR, produzida por um trauma de baixa energia cinética. Registramos seu diagnóstico e tratamento cirúrgico, avaliamos seus resultados clínico-radiológicos e funcionais por meio do Hip Harris Score (HHS) ao final de seu seguimento de 5 anos.

Humans , Female , Child , Acetabulum/surgery , Acetabulum/injuries , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fractures, Bone/diagnostic imaging , Fracture Fixation
Int. j. morphol ; 40(6): 1641-1647, dic. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421806


SUMMARY: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relation between acetabulum morphological measurements and present the reference values of the acetabulum. The study had a retrospective design and was conducted with 234 healthy subjects (108 females; 126 males) aged 18-53 years over a period of 4 years from 2018 to 2022. Eleven measurements including the center- edge angle (CEA), acetabular angle (AA), acetabular depth (AD), acetabular width (AW), dept to width ratio (ADWR), Extrusion A (EA)-B (EB), Extrusion index (EI), the lateral subluxation (LS), peak to edge distance (PED), and roof obliquity (RO) were taken. The p<0.05 value was considered significant. A significant difference was found in CEA, AA, EB, LS, and RO values, while there was no significance in the AD, AW, ADWR, EI, and PED measurements in comparison with acetabular morphometry according to gender. Also, in the evaluation of acetabulum to age-related changes, there was a significant difference in values of the CEA, AA, AD, AW, ADWR, LS, and PED from decades 1 to 5. The knowledge of radiological acetabulum findings is paramount for the diagnosis of hip dysplasia and may be useful for prosthesis, orthopedic and forensic experts. Also, the most interesting finding was that ADWR increased based on age in a directly proportional trend. The most apparent change based on age was seen in CEA (between decades 3-4), LS (decades 1-5), PED (decades 2-4), AD, and AW (decades 2-5).

El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la relación entre las medidas morfológicas del acetábulo y presentar sus valores de referencia. El estudio tuvo un diseño retrospectivo y se realizó con 234 sujetos sanos (108 mujeres; 126 hombres) de 18 a 53 años de edad durante un período de 4 años, desde 2018 hasta 2022. Once mediciones que incluyeron el ángulo centro-margen (ACM), ángulo acetabular (AA), profundidad acetabular (PA), ancho acetabular (AC), relación de profundidad y ancho (RPAC), extrusión A (EA)-B (EB), índice de extrusión (IE), subluxación lateral (SL). Se midió la distancia al margen (DAM) y la oblicuidad del techo (OT). Se consideró significativo el valor de p<0,05. Se encontró una diferencia significativa en los valores de ACM, AA, EB, SL y OT, mientras que no hubo significación en las medidas de AA, AC, RPAC, IE y DAM en comparación con la morfometría acetabular según el sexo. Además, en la evaluación del acetábulo respecto a los cambios relacionados con la edad, hubo una diferencia significativa en los valores de ACM, AA, PA, AC, RPAC, SL y DAM de las décadas 1 a 5. El conocimiento de los hallazgos radiológicos del acetábulo es primordial para el diagnóstico de displasia de cadera y puede ser útil para expertos en prótesis, ortopedia y medicina forense. Además, el hallazgo más interesante fue que RPAC aumentó según la edad en una tendencia directamente proporcional. El cambio más aparente según la edad se observó en ACM (entre las décadas 3 y 4), LS (décadas 1 a 5), DAM (décadas 2 a 4), PA y AC (décadas 2 a 5).

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Hip Dislocation/pathology , Acetabulum/anatomy & histology , Sex Factors , Retrospective Studies , Age Factors
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1399054


Introducción: Ante el aumento de las artroplastias de cadera en el último siglo, los defectos acetabulares graves son eventos cada vez más frecuentes. Su tratamiento representa un verdadero desafío, debido al déficit y la pobre calidad ósea, habitual en estos pacientes. materiales y métodos: Se presentan 6 pacientes tratados entre 2016 y 2021. Cinco casos de disrupción pélvica por revisiones fallidas, clasificadas como tipo IIIB de Paprosky y una fractura transversal de acetábulo, posible opción de tratamiento en casos de pacientes osteoporóticos. Resultados: Los pacientes tratados con esta técnica multidisciplinaria fueron controlados durante un promedio de 20 meses, ninguno presentó complicaciones posoperatorias. Los resultados valorados con escalas analógicas son prometedores e invitan a establecer este procedimiento como el patrón de referencia. Conclusiones: La evaluación estricta es necesaria en los defectos acetabulares. La inclusión de ingeniería informática médica permite estudiar la necesidad de usar injerto de banco, fabricar implantes a medida de titanio/tantalio trabecular multiporos, lo que es ideal para lograr la osteointegración, sumado a la posibilidad de planificar la dirección y la longitud de los tornillos al hueso remanente, según su calidad. La cementación de un cotilo de doble movilidad dentro del implante a medida disminuye el riesgo de luxación y de sobrecarga de este último, al eliminar la fricción metal-metal. Nivel de Evidencia: IIIB

Introduction: Given the increase in hip arthroplasties in the last century, serious acetabular defects are increasingly frequent events. Their treatment represents a real challenge, due to the bone deficit and poor bone quality that these patients usually present. Materials and Methods: Six patients treated between 2016 and 2021 are presented. Five cases of pelvic discontinuity due to failed revisions, classified as Paprosky type IIIB, and one transverse fracture of the acetabulum, a possible treatment option in cases of osteoporotic patients. Results: The patients treated with this multidisciplinary technique were followed up for an average of 20 months, and none of them presented postoperative complications. The results evaluated by analogous scales are promising and invite us to establish this procedure as the gold standard. Conclusions: Strict evaluation is necessary for acetabular defects. The inclusion of medical IT makes it possible to study the need to use bank grafting and to manufacture custom-made multiporous trabecular titanium/tantalum implants, which is ideal for achieving osseointegration, added to the possibility of planning the direction and length of the screws to the remaining bone, according to its quality. The cementation of a dual mobility cup inside the customized implant reduces the risk of dislocation and overload of the latter, by eliminating metal-metal friction. Level of Evidence: IIIB

Reoperation , Prosthesis Failure , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Acetabulum
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367125


Objetivo: Describir los tiempos de internación, cirugía y rehabilitación de una serie de pacientes con cadera flotante. El objetivo secundario fue comparar los resultados obtenidos en función de la reinserción laboral con los de pacientes que sufrieron fracturas de pelvis o acetábulo sin fractura femoral asociada. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y multicéntrico de pacientes con trauma de pelvis y acetábulo de alta energía, divididos en dos grupos de estudio según la presencia de fractura de fémur asociada homolateral (cadera flotante) para su comparación, durante el período comprendido entre enero de 2014 y marzo de 2019. Resultados: Se incluyó a 102 pacientes con trauma de pelvis o acetábulo agrupados en 2 poblaciones según la presencia de cadera flotante (cadera flotante 23; pelvis/acetábulo 79). Las medianas de días de internación [cadera flotante 15,5 (rango 4-193); pelvis/acetábulo 7 (rango 3-31); p = 0,0001] y de la cantidad de cirugías por paciente [cadera flotante 5 (rango 3-8); pelvis/acetábulo 2 (rango 1-4); p = 0,0001] fueron mayores en los pacientes con cadera flotante. Además, la incapacidad laboral temporaria fue más alta (p = 0,00012), sin diferencias significativas en la tasa de recalificación laboral (p = 0,11). Conclusión: La asociación de la lesión cadera flotante aumentó significativamente el tiempo de internación, los procedimientos quirúrgicos necesarios y el tiempo de recuperación según la incapacidad laboral temporaria en pacientes con trauma de pelvis o acetábulo. Nivel de Evidencia: III

Objective: We aim to describe the lengths of hospitalization, surgery, and rehabilitation of a series of patients with floating hip. As a secondary objective, to compare the outcomes obtained in terms of return to work in patients who had suffered fractures of the pelvis or acetabulum without an associated femoral fracture. Materials and Methods: Descriptive, retrospective, and multicenter study of patients with high-energy trauma to the pelvis and acetabulum divided into two study populations according to the presence of associated ipsilateral femur fracture (floating hip) for comparison, during the period January 2014 - March 2019. Results: 102 patients with pelvis and/or acetabulum trauma were included, grouped into 2 populations according to the presence of a float-ing hip (Floating hip: 23 patients; Pelvis/acetabulum: 79 patients). The median days of hospitalization [floating hip: median = 15.5 (range = 4-193); pelvis/acetabulum: 7 (3-31); p = 0.0001] and the number of surgeries per patient [FH: median = 5 (range = 3-8); pelvis/acetabulum: 2 (1-4); p = 0.0001] were higher in patients with floating hip. Additionally, temporary work disability was higher (p = 0.00012), with no significant differences in the rate of job retraining (p = 0.11). Conclusion: Floating hip significantly increased the length of hospitalization, necessary surgical procedures, and recovery times according to temporary work disability in patients with trauma to the pelvis and/or acetabulum. Level of Evidence: III

Adult , Pelvis/injuries , Treatment Outcome , Femur/injuries , Hip Fractures , Acetabulum/injuries
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 342-345, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928320


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether the anteversion angle of acetabular prosthesis can be evaluated on the anteroposterior X-ray film of common double hip joint.@*METHODS@#Total 32 patients(41 hips) after total hip arthroplasty were selected, including 18 males and 14 females, aged(66.2±4.1) years. All patients completed the positive X-ray film of both hips and plain CT scan of pelvis after operation. Acetabular anteversion was measured by plain CT scan of pelvis, and measured by Saka and other measurement formulas on X-ray film.@*RESULTS@#The acetabular anteversion measured by X-ray film was(16.2±5.0)° and that measured by CT was (31.8±9.7)°(P=0.00). In addition, there was a significant linear correlation between X-ray film and CT(Pearson correlation coefficient (r=0.84, P=0.00).@*CONCLUSION@#CT can accurately measure the acetabular anteversion, but it has obvious disadvantages, such as large radiation, high cost, phantom CT artifact and so on. Although Saka measurement formula can not directly obtain the accurate acetabular anteversion as CT measurement, it has a high correlation with the acetabular anteversion measured by CT. Therefore, the method proposed in this study can also preliminarily evaluate the acetabular anteversion.

Female , Humans , Male , Acetabulum/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Hip Joint/surgery , Hip Prosthesis , Pelvis
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 75-79, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928270


Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a major cause of hip arthritis and ultimately total hip arthroplasty. Due to the dysplastic acetabulum, how to place the acetabular cup becomes a challenge in acetabular reconstruction for such patients. Especially in the acetabula classified as Crowe typeⅡand type Ⅲ, the dislocation of the femoral head causes bone defects above the true acetabulum, which will affect the stability of the acetabular cup when the acetabular reconstruction is performed at the true acetabulum. Many acetabular reconstruction methods such as bone grafting, the use of small acetabular cups, socket medialization technique, and high hip center technique are used to increase the host bone coverage of the cup. However, each method has its own shortcomings that can not be ignored so that there is no unified conclusion on the acetabular reconstruction methods for Crowe typeⅡand type Ⅲ hip dysplasia. This article summarized and evaluated various reconstruction methods in combination with the acetabular morphology of DDH, and put forward the research direction in the future.

Humans , Acetabulum/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip , Hip Dislocation/surgery , Hip Dislocation, Congenital/surgery , Hip Prosthesis , Treatment Outcome
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 20-25, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928260


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of porous tantalum Jumbo cup on acetabular reconstruction in revision of total hip arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From September 2014 to December 2017, 18 patients(18 hips) with acetabular defect were reconstructed by porous tantalum Jumbo cup technology, including 6 males and 12 females;the age ranged from 54 to 76 years old with an average of(63.8±15.3) years. There were 6 cases of paprosky typeⅡA, 8 cases of typeⅡB, 2 cases of typeⅡC and 2 cases of type Ⅲ a. Harris score and visual analogue scale (VAS) were performed before and after operation. Imaging examination was performed to evaluate the position of hip rotation center and prosthesis, and to judge whether acetabular loosening, displacement and complications existed.@*RESULTS@#All cases were followed up for 13 to 49 months, with an average of 20.6 months. Harris score increased from 54.6±4.7 to 86.5±3.2 one year after operation(P<0.01), and VAS score decreased from 6.8±0.7 to 0.8±0.6 one year after operation (P<0.01). The transverse coordinate of hip rotation center was (3.52±0.72) cm before operation and (3.47±0.54) cm after operation (P>0.05). The longitudinal coordinate of hip rotation center was improved from (3.02±0.84) cm before operation to (2.35±0.53) cm after operation (P<0.01). During the follow-up period, the Jumbo cup was well fixed without loosening and displacement, the acetabular cup had bone ingrowth in varying degrees, and no light transmission line and osteolysis around the acetabular cup were found. No complications such as infection and nerve injury occurred.@*CONCLUSION@#The method of reconstructing acetabular bone defect with porous tantalum Jumbo cup is simple and easy, the early stability of acetabulum is good, and the short-term follow-up effect is good.

Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acetabulum/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Follow-Up Studies , Hip Prosthesis , Porosity , Prosthesis Failure , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Tantalum , Treatment Outcome
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(4): 513-516, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341169


Abstract Objective The objective of the present work was to compare the measurement of acetabular component version on anteroposterior (AP) and on cross-table radiographs after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Methods Radiographs of 60 hips with a primary THA were selected. Version was calculated on the AP radiograph using the Lewinnek method and, on the cross-table, using the Woo and Morrey direct method. Results Mean and standard deviation (SD) were different on both radiographs, being 9.7° ± 5.5° on the AP, whereas in the cross-table the measurements were 20.6° ± 8.4° (p < 0.001). Minding our aim of 10°, the cross-table measurements were statistically different from it (p < 0.001), while the AP measurement did not differ (p = 0.716). Conclusion The present study showed that the best way to correctly evaluate the acetabular component positioning following a THA is by measuring anteversion and abduction on an AP radiograph after confirming, in a cross-table radiograph, that the component is not retroverted.

Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente trabalho foi comparar a medição da versão do componente acetabular em radiografias em incidência anteroposterior (AP) e crosstable após artroplastia total do quadril (ATQ). Métodos Foram selecionadas radiografias de 60 quadris com ATQ primário. A versão foi calculada na radiografia AP usando o método de Lewinnek e, na cross-table, usando o método direto do Woo e Morrey. Resultados A média e o desvio padrão (DP) foram diferentes em ambas as radiografias, sendo 9,7° ± 5,5° no AP, enquanto na cross-table foram 20,6° ± 8,4° (p < 0,001). Considerando nosso objetivo de 10°, as medidas da cross-table foram estatisticamente diferentes dele (p < 0,001), enquanto a medição AP não diferiu (p = 0,716). Conclusão O presente estudo mostrou que a melhor maneira de avaliar corretamente o posicionamento do componente acetabular após uma ATQ é medindo a anteversão e a abdução em uma radiografia AP após confirmar, em uma radiografia cross-table, que o componente não é retrovertido.

Radiography , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Acetabulum
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(2): 127-135, ago. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1435070


Los pacientes candidatos a artroplastía total de cadera con protrusio acetabular asociada generan distintos desafíos en los equipos quirúrgicos. Múltiples estrategias han sido utilizadas a lo largo de los años para optimizar los resultados. Mediante una revisión de la evidencia actualizada disponible, proponemos diez tácticas a realizar en el manejo de estos pacientes que pueden mejorar y hacer predecible el tratamiento de un paciente con protrusio acetabular al que se le realiza una artroplastía total de cadera. Nivel de Evidencia V.

Patients with acetabular protrusio and osteoarthritis are a challenge for the surgical team. Many strategies have been developed to anticipate, plan and optimize the surgical results of these patients. Based on the current available clinical evidence, we propose ten tips to improve the surgical management of hip arthroplasty patients with protrusio acetabuli. Level of Evidence V.

Humans , Male , Female , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Acetabulum/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/rehabilitation , Hip Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Hip Joint/diagnostic imaging
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(1): e347, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289553


Introducción: Las convulsiones pueden producir una tensión muscular significativa capaz de fracturar el hueso. Se halló que el aumento significativo en la incidencia de fracturas se encuentra dentro del grupo de edad entre 45 a 64 años, lo que demuestra que los epilépticos no solo son más vulnerables a las fracturas, sino que tienen un comienzo de fractura más precoz. Las medidas de prevención comprenden suplementos de calcio, vitamina D, densitometría ósea y tratamiento con bifosfonatos, que deben reforzarse en pacientes con epilepsia que tienen riesgo de osteoporosis. Objetivo: Presentar casos de fracturas extracapsular e intracapsular de la cadera por convulsiones epilépticas, atendidos en el hospital Víctor Lazarte Echegaray, Trujillo, Perú, en el periodo comprendido entre 2013 y 2019. Presentación de los casos: Se reporta dos casos de fractura de cadera por convulsiones epilépticas, uno con fractura del acetábulo e iliaco izquierdo y otro a nivel del cuello femoral y subtrocantérica. Conclusiones: Las personas con convulsiones epilépticas poseen un mayor peligro de fracturas, por consiguiente se recomienda a los médicos que maximicen su conciencia sobre las fracturas relacionadas a convulsiones, en especial a pacientes con dolor postictal, debido a que los síntomas pueden ser inespecíficos y una mala interpretación puede impedir la rehabilitación(AU)

Introduction: Seizures can produce significant muscle tension capable of fracturing the bone. The significant increase in the incidence of fractures was found to be within the age group between 45 and 64 years, which shows that epileptics are not only more vulnerable to fractures, but also have earlier fracture onset. Prevention measures include calcium supplements, vitamin D, bone densitometry, and bisphosphonate treatment that should be reinforced in patients with epilepsy who are at risk for osteoporosis. Objective: To present cases of hip fractures due to epileptic seizures, treated at Víctor Lazarte Echegaray Hospital, Trujillo, Peru, from 2013 to 2019. Case report: Cases of hip fracture due to epileptic seizures have been reported, one with fracture of the acetabulum and left iliac and another at the level of the femoral and subtrochanteric neck. Conclusions: Individuals with epileptic seizures have greater risk of fractures, it is recommended that physicians maximize their awareness of seizure-related fractures, especially in patients with postictal pain, since the symptoms can be nonspecific and misinterpretation can prevent rehabilitation(AU)

Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Seizures/etiology , Hip Fractures/surgery , Hip Fractures/complications , Peru , Arthroplasty/methods , Acetabulum/surgery