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1.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 11-11, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971598

ABSTRACT

Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play crucial roles in tumor progression and immune responses. However, mechanisms of driving TAMs to antitumor function remain unknown. Here, transcriptome profiling analysis of human oral cancer tissues indicated that regulator of G protein signaling 12 (RGS12) regulates pathologic processes and immune-related pathways. Mice with RGS12 knockout in macrophages displayed decreased M1 TAMs in oral cancer tissues, and extensive proliferation and invasion of oral cancer cells. RGS12 increased the M1 macrophages with features of increased ciliated cell number and cilia length. Mechanistically, RGS12 associates with and activates MYC binding protein 2 (MYCBP2) to degrade the cilia protein kinesin family member 2A (KIF2A) in TAMs. Our results demonstrate that RGS12 is an essential oral cancer biomarker and regulator for immunosuppressive TAMs activation.


Subject(s)
Mice , Humans , Animals , Tumor-Associated Macrophages/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Mouth Neoplasms , GTP-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , RGS Proteins/metabolism , Kinesins/metabolism , Repressor Proteins/metabolism
2.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 105-112, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971185

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) with high c-Myc expression is prone to relapse and metastasis, leading to extremely low survival rate. Cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) inhibitor Abemaciclib plays a key role in the treatment of tumors, but the effects and mechanisms on SCLC remain unclear. This study was to analyze the effect and molecular mechanism of Abemaciclib in inhibiting proliferation, migration and invasion of SCLC with high c-Myc expression, with a view to expanding a new direction for reducing the recurrence and metastasis.@*METHODS@#Proteins interacting with CDK4/6 were predicted using the STRING database. The expressions of CDK4/6 and c-Myc in 31 cases of SCLC cancer tissues and paired adjacent normal tissues were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. The effects of Abemaciclib on the proliferation, invasion and migration of SCLC were detected by CCK-8, colony formation assay, Transwell and migration assay. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of CDK4/6 and related transcription factors. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the effects of Abemaciclib on the cell cycle and checkpoint of SCLC.@*RESULTS@#The expression of CDK4/6 was associated with c-Myc by STRING protein interaction network. c-Myc can directly modalize achaete-scute complex homolog 1 (ASCL1), neuronal differentiation 1 (NEUROD1) and Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1). Moreover, CDK4 and c-Myc regulate the expression of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1). Immunohistochemistry showed that the expressions of CDK4/6 and c-Myc in cancer tissues were higher than those in adjacent tissues(P<0.0001). CCK-8, colony formation assay, Transwell and migration assay verified that Abemaciclib could effectively inhibit the proliferation, invasion and migration of SBC-2 and H446OE(P<0.0001). Western blot analysis further showed that Abemaciclib not only inhibited CDK4 (P<0.05) and CDK6 (P<0.05), but also affected c-Myc (P<0.05), ASCL1 (P<0.05), NEUROD1 (P<0.05) and YAP1 (P<0.05), which are related to SCLC invasion and metastasis. Flow cytometry showed that Abemaciclib not only inhibited the cell cycle progression of SCLC cells (P<0.0001), but also significantly increased PD-L1 expression on SBC-2 (P<0.01) and H446OE (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Abemaciclib significantly inhibits the proliferation, invasion, migration and cell cycle progression of SCLC by inhibiting the expressions of CDK4/6, c-Myc, ASCL1, YAP1 and NEUROD1. Abemaciclib can also increase the expression of PD-L1 in SCLC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma , B7-H1 Antigen , Sincalide , Lung Neoplasms , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Transcription Factors , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Cell Proliferation
3.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 585-589, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986965

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Bo investigate the regulatory relationship between NKD1 and YWHAE and the mechanism of NKD1 for promoting tumor cell proliferation.@*METHODS@#HCT116 cells transfected with pcDNA3.0-NKD1 plasmid, SW620 cells transfected with NKD1 siRNA, HCT116 cells with stable NKD1 overexpression (HCT116-NKD1 cells), SW620 cells with nkd1knockout (SW620-nkd1-/- cells), and SW620-nkd1-/- cells transfected with pcDNA3.0-YWHAE plasmid were examined for changes in mRNA and protein expression levels of YWHAE using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay was used to detect the binding of NKD1 to the promoter region of YWHAE gene. The regulatory effect of NKD1 on YWHAE gene promoter activity was analyzed by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay, and the interaction between NKD1 and YWHAE was analyzed with immunofluorescence assay. The regulatory effect of NKD1 on glucose uptake was examined in the tumor cells.@*RESULTS@#In HCT116 cells, overexpression of NKD1 significantly enhanced the expression of YWHAE at both the mRNA and protein levels, while NKD1 knockout decreased its expression in SW620 cells (P < 0.001). ChIP assay showed that NKD1 protein was capable of binding to the YWHAE promoter sequence; dual luciferase reporter gene assay showed that NKD1 overexpression (or knockdown) in the colon cancer cells significantly enhanced (or reduced) the transcriptional activity of YWHAE promoter (P < 0.05). Immunofluorescence assay demonstrated the binding of NKD1 and YWHAE proteins in colon cancer cells. NKD1 knockout significantly reduced glucose uptake in colon cancer cells (P < 0.01), while YWHAE overexpression restored the glucose uptake in NKD1-knockout cells (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#NKD1 protein activates the transcriptional activity of YWHAE gene to promote glucose uptake in colon cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colonic Neoplasms , HCT116 Cells , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , RNA, Messenger , Glucose , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , 14-3-3 Proteins/metabolism
4.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 202-216, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982531

ABSTRACT

Although the mTOR-4E-BP1 signaling pathway is implicated in aging and aging-related disorders, the role of 4E-BP1 in regulating human stem cell homeostasis remains largely unknown. Here, we report that the expression of 4E-BP1 decreases along with the senescence of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Genetic inactivation of 4E-BP1 in hMSCs compromises mitochondrial respiration, increases mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and accelerates cellular senescence. Mechanistically, the absence of 4E-BP1 destabilizes proteins in mitochondrial respiration complexes, especially several key subunits of complex III including UQCRC2. Ectopic expression of 4E-BP1 attenuates mitochondrial abnormalities and alleviates cellular senescence in 4E-BP1-deficient hMSCs as well as in physiologically aged hMSCs. These f indings together demonstrate that 4E-BP1 functions as a geroprotector to mitigate human stem cell senescence and maintain mitochondrial homeostasis, particularly for the mitochondrial respiration complex III, thus providing a new potential target to counteract human stem cell senescence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Cellular Senescence , Homeostasis , Cell Cycle Proteins/metabolism , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , Mitochondria/metabolism , Electron Transport Complex III/metabolism , Cells, Cultured
5.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 513-531, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982530

ABSTRACT

As an important part of tumor microenvironment, neutrophils are poorly understood due to their spatiotemporal heterogeneity in tumorigenesis. Here we defined, at single-cell resolution, CD44-CXCR2- neutrophils as tumor-specific neutrophils (tsNeus) in both mouse and human gastric cancer (GC). We uncovered a Hippo regulon in neutrophils with unique YAP signature genes (e.g., ICAM1, CD14, EGR1) distinct from those identified in epithelial and/or cancer cells. Importantly, knockout of YAP/TAZ in neutrophils impaired their differentiation into CD54+ tsNeus and reduced their antitumor activity, leading to accelerated GC progression. Moreover, the relative amounts of CD54+ tsNeus were found to be negatively associated with GC progression and positively associated with patient survival. Interestingly, GC patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy had increased numbers of CD54+ tsNeus. Furthermore, pharmacologically enhancing YAP activity selectively activated neutrophils to suppress refractory GC, with no significant inflammation-related side effects. Thus, our work characterized tumor-specific neutrophils in GC and revealed an essential role of YAP/TAZ-CD54 axis in tsNeus, opening a new possibility to develop neutrophil-based antitumor therapeutics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Neutrophils/pathology , Signal Transduction/genetics , YAP-Signaling Proteins , Tumor Microenvironment , Hyaluronan Receptors/genetics
6.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 606-611, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982001

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the efficacy and safety of repeated application of rituximab (RTX) at a low dose (200 mg/m2) versus the recommended dose (375 mg/m2) for remission maintenance in frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome (FRNS) or steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS).@*METHODS@#A randomized controlled trial was conducted for 29 children with FRNS/SDNS who received systemic treatment in the Department of Nephrology, Anhui Provincial Children's Hospital, from September 2020 to December 2021. These children were divided into a recommended dose group (n=14) and a low dose group (n=15) using a random number table. The two groups were compared in terms of general characteristics, changes in CD19 expression after RTX treatment, number of relapses, glucocorticoid dose, adverse reactions of RTX, and hospital costs.@*RESULTS@#After RTX treatment, both the low dose group and the recommended dose group achieved B-lymphocyte depletion and had significant reductions in the number of relapses and glucocorticoid dose (P<0.05). The low dose group had a comparable clinical effect to the recommended dose group after RTX treatment (P>0.05), and the low dose group had a significant reduction in hospital costs for the second, third, and fourth times of hospitalization (P<0.05). There were no serious adverse reactions in either group during RTX treatment and late follow-up, and there was no significant difference in adverse reactions between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Repeated RTX treatment at a low dose has comparable clinical efficacy and safety to that at the recommended dose and can significantly reduce the number of FRNS/SDNS relapses and the amount of glucocorticoids used, with little adverse effect throughout the treatment cycle. Therefore, it holds promise for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Nephrotic Syndrome/drug therapy , Rituximab/adverse effects , Glucocorticoids/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1374-1389, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981144

ABSTRACT

Sequestosome 1 (SQSTM1/p62) is a selective autophagy adaptor protein that plays an important role in the clearance of proteins to be degraded as well as in the maintenance of cellular proteostasis. p62 protein has multiple functional domains, which interact with several downstream proteins to precisely regulate multiple signaling pathways, thereby linking p62 to oxidative defense systems, inflammatory responses and nutrient sensing. Studies have shown that mutation or abnormal expression of p62 is closely related to the occurrence and development of various diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases, tumors, infectious diseases, genetic diseases and chronic diseases. This review summarizes the structural features and molecular functions of p62. Moreover, we systematically introduce its multiple functions in protein homeostasis and regulation of signaling pathways. Furthermore, the complexity and versatility of p62 in the occurrence and development of diseases are summarized, with the aim to provide a reference for understanding the function of p62 protein and facilitating related disease research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autophagy/genetics , Sequestosome-1 Protein/metabolism , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Neoplasms/genetics
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1177-1187, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980908

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Ischemic acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common syndrome associated with considerable mortality and healthcare costs. Up to now, the underlying pathogenesis of ischemic AKI remains incompletely understood, and specific strategies for early diagnosis and treatment of ischemic AKI are still lacking. Here, this study aimed to define the transcriptomic landscape of AKI patients through single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) analysis in kidneys.@*METHODS@#In this study, scRNA-seq technology was applied to kidneys from two ischemic AKI patients, and three human public scRNA-seq datasets were collected as controls. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and cell clusters of kidneys were determined. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis, as well as the ligand-receptor interaction between cells, were performed. We also validated several DEGs expression in kidneys from human ischemic AKI and ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury induced AKI mice through immunohistochemistry staining.@*RESULTS@#15 distinct cell clusters were determined in kidney from subjects of ischemic AKI and control. The injured proximal tubules (PT) displayed a proapoptotic and proinflammatory phenotype. PT cells of ischemic AKI had up-regulation of novel pro-apoptotic genes including USP47 , RASSF4 , EBAG9 , IER3 , SASH1 , SEPTIN7 , and NUB1 , which have not been reported in ischemic AKI previously. Several hub genes were validated in kidneys from human AKI and renal I/R injury mice, respectively. Furthermore, PT highly expressed DEGs enriched in endoplasmic reticulum stress, autophagy, and retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) signaling. DEGs overexpressed in other tubular cells were primarily enriched in nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor signaling, estrogen signaling, interleukin (IL)-12 signaling, and IL-17 signaling. Overexpressed genes in kidney-resident immune cells including macrophages, natural killer T (NKT) cells, monocytes, and dendritic cells were associated with leukocyte activation, chemotaxis, cell adhesion, and complement activation. In addition, the ligand-receptor interactions analysis revealed prominent communications between macrophages and monocytes with other cells in the process of ischemic AKI.@*CONCLUSION@#Together, this study reveals distinct cell-specific transcriptomic atlas of kidney in ischemic AKI patients, altered signaling pathways, and potential cell-cell crosstalk in the development of AKI. These data reveal new insights into the pathogenesis and potential therapeutic strategies in ischemic AKI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mice , Animals , Transcriptome/genetics , Ligands , Kidney/metabolism , Acute Kidney Injury/metabolism , Ischemia/metabolism , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/metabolism
9.
Singapore medical journal ; : 147-151, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927271

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#The antinuclear antibody (ANA) test is a screening test for systemic autoimmune rheumatic disease (SARD). We hypothesised that the presence of anti-DFS70 in ANA-positive samples was associated with a false-positive ANA test and negatively associated with SARD.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of patient samples received for ANA testing from 1 January 2016 to 30 June 2016 was performed. Patient samples underwent ANA testing via indirect immunofluorescence method and anti-DFS70 testing using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.@*RESULTS@#Among a total of 645 ANA-positive samples, the majority (41.7%) were positive at a titre of 1:80. The commonest nuclear staining pattern (65.5%) was speckled. Only 9.5% of ANA-positive patients were diagnosed with SARD. Anti-DFS70 was found to be present in 10.0% of ANA-positive patients. The majority (51/59, 86.4%) of patients did not have SARD. Seven patients had positive ANA titre > 1:640, the presence of anti-double stranded DNA and/or anti-Ro60. The presence of anti-DFS70 in ANA-positive patients was not associated with the absence of SARD (Fisher's exact test, p = 0.245).@*CONCLUSION@#The presence of anti-DFS70 was associated with a false-positive ANA test in 8.6% of our patients. Anti-DFS70 was not associated with the absence of SARD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Rheumatic Diseases/diagnosis , Transcription Factors
10.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 320-330, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970694

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of TYRO protein kinase-binding protein (TYROBP) deficiency on learning behavior, glia activation and pro-inflammatory cycokines, and Tau phosphorylation of a new Alzheimer's disease (AD) mouse model carrying a PSEN1 p.G378E mutation.Methods A new AD mouse model carrying PSEN1 p.G378E mutation was built based on our previously found AD family which might be ascribed to the PSEN1 mutation, and then crossed with TYROBP deficient mice to produce the heterozygous hybrid mice (PSEN1G378E/WT; Tyrobp+/-) and the homozygous hybrid mice (PSEN1G378E/G378E; Tyrobp-/-). Water maze test was used to detect spatial learning and memory ability of mice. After the mice were sacrificed, the hippocampus was excised for further analysis. Immunofluorescence was used to identify the cell that expresses TYROBP and the number of microglia and astrocyte. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of Tau and phosphorylated Tau (p-Tau), and ELISA to measure the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Results Our results showed that TYROBP specifically expressed in the microglia of mouse hippocampus. Absence of TYROBP in PSEN1G378E mutation mouse model prevented the deterioration of learning behavior, decreased the numbers of microglia and astrocytes, and the levels of interleukin-6, interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α in the hippocampus (all P < 0.05). The ratios of AT8/Tau5, PHF1/Tau5, pT181/Tau5, pT231/Tau5 and p-ERK/ERK were all higher in homozygous hybrid mice (PSEN1G378E/G378E; Tyrobp-/- mice) compared with PSEN1G378E/G378E mice (all P < 0.05). Conclusions TYROBP deficiency might play a protective role in the modulation of neuroinflammation of AD. However, the relationship between neuroinflammation processes involving microglia and astrocyte activation, and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and p-Tau pathology needs further study.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Alzheimer Disease/genetics , Neuroinflammatory Diseases , Hippocampus/pathology , Mutation , Cytokines/pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , tau Proteins/pharmacology , Amyloid beta-Peptides/metabolism , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/pharmacology
11.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1054-1062, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922584

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the molecular mechanism for thyroid cancer metastasis via analyzing the role of microRNA (miR)-21-5p and its target gene recombinant sclerostin domain containing protein 1 (SOSTDC1) in thyroid cancer.@*METHODS@#The target miR-21-5p was screened through bioinformatics analysis and cell verification, and the thyroid cancer cell lines was transfected with miR-21-5p inhibitor. 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) test, flow cytometry, and cell scratch test were used to detect the proliferation, apoptosis and migration of thyroid cancer cells in the miR-21-5p inhibitor group and the inhibitor control group, respectively. The luciferase report experiment was used to verify the relationship between miR-21-5p and SOSTDC1, Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels and phosphorylation levels of SOSTDC1,phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (Akt) and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK), extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK) in thyroid cancer cells.@*RESULTS@#MiR-21-5p was significantly increased in thyroid cancer cells,which was negatively correlated with SOSTDC1 (@*CONCLUSIONS@#MiR-21-5p in thyroid cancer cells can target the expression of SOSTDC1 and affect the activities of PI3K/Akt and MAPK/ERK, thereby inhibiting the apoptosis of thyroid cancer cells and promoting cell proliferation and migration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Apoptosis/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , MicroRNAs/genetics , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Thyroid Neoplasms/genetics
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1768-1774, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922332

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of silencing DNA methyltransferase 1(DNMT1) to the methylation of the promoter of the tumor suppressor gene wnt-1 (WIF-1) in human chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cells.@*METHODS@#DNMT1 siRNAi plasmid was constructed and DNMT1 siRNAi was transfected into CML K562 cells. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of DNMT1 gene and related protein, and methylation PCR was used to detect WIF-1 gene promoter methylation level. The trypan blue exclusion and MTT assay were used to detect the cell proliferation, flow cytometry were used to detect the cell apoptosis rate, colony formation assay was used to detect cell colony formation ability. Expression of Wnt/β- catenin and its downstream signaling pathway proteins were detected by Western blot after DNMT1 gene was silenced.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of DNMT1 mRNA and its related protein in the experimental group were significantly lower than those in the control group and negative control group (P<0.05). After 72 hours of successful transfection, the WIF-1 gene in the control group and negative control group were completely methylated, while in the experimental group, the methylation level significantly decreased. The results of MSP showed that the PCR product amplified by the unmethylated WIF-1 primer in the experimental group increased significantly,while by the methylated WIF-1 primer decreased significantly. After 48 h of transfection, the OD value, viable cell number and colony formation of the cells in experimental group were significantly lower than those in the negative control group and the control group (P<0.05). The apoptosis rate of the cells in experimental group was significantly higher than those in the negative control group and control group (P<0.05). The expression levels of β- actin, myc, cyclin D1 and TCF-1 in K562 cells in the experimental group were significantly lower than those in the negative control group and control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Silencing DNMT1 gene can inhibit the proliferation and promote the apoptosis of K562 cells. The mechanism may be related to reverse the hypermethylation level of the WIF-1 gene promoter, thereby inhibit the activity of the Wnt/β- catenin signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , DNA Methylation , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/genetics , Repressor Proteins/metabolism
13.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 493-500, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921365

ABSTRACT

YAP/TAZ are wild over-activated in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) with high potential as a direct therapy target for HNSCC treatments. However, the efforts on the directly targeting-YAP/TAZ therapies over the past decade, have very limited impacts, mainly caused by: 1. There is still none effective and specific YAP/TAZ inhibitor with clinical potential; 2. YAP/TAZ might not be directly targeted, because of their multiple important biological functions, such as: regulation of cell proliferation and survival, stem cell maintain, regulation of organ development, organ size control, and tissue regeneration. Interestingly, the over-activation of YAP/TAZ in HNSCC mainly be regulated by upstream abnormal molecular or biological events, instead of genes alteration of YAP/TAZ. Therefore, exploring the alternative molecular events regulating YAP/TAZ activation and molecular mechanism in HNSCC might help to uncover novel indirect targets of YAP/TAZ therapies for HNSCC prevention and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Phosphoproteins/metabolism , Trans-Activators/metabolism , Transcription Factors
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(10): e10837, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285644

ABSTRACT

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been extensively elucidated with regard to their significant implications in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). This study performed the functional investigation of circRNA dehydrogenase E1 and transketolase domain containing 1 (circDHTKD1) in OSCC. RNA expression levels of different molecules were measured via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Cellular behaviors were detected by 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-y1)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) for cell viability, colony formation assay for clonal capacity, flow cytometry for cell apoptosis, wound healing assay for migration, and transwell assay for migration/invasion. Western blot was used for analyzing protein expression. RNA pull-down and dual-luciferase reporter assays were applied to assess the binding between targets. A xenograft tumor model was established in nude mice for in vivo experiments. Our expression analysis revealed that circDHTKD1 was upregulated in OSCC tissues and cells. circDHTKD1 knockdown was shown to impede OSCC cell growth and metastasis but motivate apoptosis. Additionally, circDHTKD1 served as a microRNA-326 (miR-326) sponge and the function of circDHTKD1 was achieved by sponging miR-326 in OSCC cells. Also, miR-326 inhibited OSCC development via targeting GRB2-associated-binding protein 1 (GAB1). circDHTKD1 could sponge miR-326 to alter GAB1 expression. Furthermore, circDHTKD1 contributed to OSCC progression in vivo via the miR-326/GAB1 axis. These data disclosed a specific circDHTKD1/miR-326/GAB1 signal axis in governing the malignant progression of OSCC, showing the considerable possibility of circDHTKD1 as a predictive and therapeutic target for clinical diagnosis and treatment of OSCC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Mouth Neoplasms/genetics , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Cell Movement , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Mice, Nude
15.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(6): 535-537, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153087

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A 65-year-old female patient was referred to our hospital for evaluation for cataract surgery. Her past medical history included corrective jaw surgeries for facial deformities that developed during infancy and persisted through early adulthood. A complete ophthalmological examination revealed bilateral angioid streaks, drusen in both optic disc areas, and a subretinal neovascular membrane in the left macula. Genetic analysis revealed a mutation in the SH3BP2 gene compatible with the diagnosis of cherubism. Clinical and laboratory evaluation revealed no additional systemic disorders. Cherubism is a rare disease characterized by the development of painless fibro-osseous lesions in the jaws and the maxilla in early childhood. Ophthalmologic findings in this disease are primarily related to orbital bone involvement. This is the first report of AS and optic disc drusen in a patient diagnosed with cherubism. Our findings suggest that angioid streaks and optic disk drusen should be included in the differential diagnosis of ophthalmic disorders identified in patients with this genetic abnormality.


RESUMO Paciente de 65 anos, sexo feminino, foi encaminhada para avaliação de cirurgia de catarata. Relatou história de cirurgias mandibulares para correção de deformação facial desenvolvida ao longo da infância e adolescência. O exame oftalmológico completo mostrou estrias angióides bilaterais, drusas em ambas as áreas dos discos ópticos e membrana neovascular sub-retiniana na mácula esquerda. A análise genética revelou mutação no gene SH3BP2 compatível com o diagnóstico de Querubismo. A avaliação clínica e laboratorial descartou outros distúrbios sistêmicos. O Querubismo é uma doença óssea rara caracterizada pelo desenvolvimento de lesões fibro-ósseas indolores na mandíbula e maxila durante a primeira infância. Os achados oftalmológicos nesta doença estão principalmente relacionados ao envolvimento ósseo orbitário. Este artigo descreve pela primeira vez a ocorrência de estrias angióides e drusas de disco óptico no Querubismo. Enfatizamos que essa condição deve ser incluída no diferencial de pacientes com tais achados, principalmente quando ambos existirem em associação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adult , Optic Disk , Cherubism , Optic Disk Drusen , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Angioid Streaks , Optic Disk/diagnostic imaging , Optic Disk Drusen/diagnosis , Optic Disk Drusen/diagnostic imaging , Diagnosis, Differential
16.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(2): 122-126, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132280

ABSTRACT

Abstract Although periodontitis is one of the commonest infectious inflammatory diseases in humans, the mechanisms involved with its immunopathology remain ill understood. Numerous molecules may induce inflammation and lead to bone resorption, secondary to activation of monocytes into osteoclasts. TACE (TNF-α converting enzyme) and DC-STAMP (dendritic cell-specific transmembrane protein) appear to play a role on bone resorption since TACE induces the release of sRANKL (soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-β ligand) whereas DC-STAMP is a key factor in osteoclast induction. The present study evaluated the levels of TACE and DC-STAMP in patients with and without periodontitis. Twenty individuals were selected: 10 periodontally healthy participants undergoing gingivectomy for esthetic reasons and 10 diagnosed with periodontitis. Protein levels of such molecules in gingival tissue were established using Western blotting. Protein levels of both TACE and DC-STAMP were higher in the periodontitis group than in the control group (p<0.05; Student t-test). In conclusion, TACE and DC-STAMP protein levels are elevated in patients with periodontitis, favoring progression of bone resorption.


Resumo Apesar de a periodontite ser uma das doenças infecto inflamatórias humanas mais comuns, os mecanismos que conduzem à imunopatologia não estão bem definidos. Inúmeras moléculas induzem atividade inflamatória que levam à perda óssea. Para que haja a reabsorção óssea, células monocíticas são ativadas e se transformam em osteoclastos. As moléculas TACE (Enzima conversora de TNF-α) e DC-STAMP (Proteína transmembrana específica de célula dendrítica) parecem atuar no processo de reabsorção óssea uma vez que a TACE induz a liberação de sRANKL (ativador do receptor do fator nuclear kappa-β ligante solúvel), enquanto a DC-STAMP é um fator chave na indução dos osteoclastos. Diante disso, o presente estudo avaliou a expressão gênica das moléculas TACE e DC-STAMP em pacientes com e sem periodontite uma vez que o papel destas moléculas no curso do desenvolvimento da periodontite ainda é pouco explorado. Foram selecionados 20 indivíduos, sendo 10 com saúde periodontal e com indicação para remoção de tecido gengival por motivos estéticos e 10 pacientes com periodontite. As análises da expressão das moléculas no tecido gengival foram realizadas por meio de western blotting. Os níveis proteicos tanto de TACE quanto de DC-STAMP, foram maiores nos tecidos do grupo com periodontite em comparação aos do grupo controle (p<0.05; Student' t-test). Portanto, os dados demonstram que a expressão protéica das moléculas TACE e DC-STAMP estão elevados em pacientes com periodontite, favorecendo a progressão da reabsorção óssea nesta patologia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis , Bone Resorption , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , ADAM17 Protein/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Osteoclasts , Cell Differentiation
17.
Rev. invest. clín ; 72(1): 19-24, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251830

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Previous studies have shown an association between polymorphisms of the BAT1-NF-κB inhibitor-like-1 (NFKBIL1)-LTA genomic region and susceptibility to myocardial infarction and acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Objective: The objective of the study was to study the role of three polymorphisms in the BAT1, NFKBIL1, and LTA genes on the susceptibility or protection against ACS; we included a group of cases-controls from Central Mexico. Methods: The BAT1 rs2239527C/G, NFKBIL1 rs2071592T/A, and LTA rs1800683G/A polymorphisms were genotyped using a 5' TaqMan assay in a group of 625 patients with ACS and 617 healthy controls. Results: Under a recessive model, the BAT1 -23C/G (rs2239527) polymorphism showed an association with protection against ACS (odds ratio = 0.56, and p-corrected = 0.019). In contrast, the genotype and allele frequencies of the NFKBIL1 rs2071592T/A and LTA rs1800683G/A polymorphisms were similar between ACS patients and controls and no association was identified. Conclusion: Our data suggest an association between the BAT1 -23C/G polymorphism and protection against ACS in Mexican patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , DEAD-box RNA Helicases/genetics , Acute Coronary Syndrome/genetics , Myocardial Infarction/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Lymphotoxin-alpha/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Mexico
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 73-80, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877994

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO) is a major cause of adult limb loss worldwide. Autophagy of vascular endothelial cell (VEC) contributes to the ASO progression. However, the molecular mechanism that controls VEC autophagy remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to explore the role of the GRB2 associated binding protein 1 (GAB1) in regulating VEC autophagy.@*METHODS@#In vivo and in vitro studies were applied to determine the loss of adapt protein GAB1 in association with ASO progression. Histological GAB1 expression was measured in sclerotic vascular intima and normal vascular intima. Gain- and loss-of-function of GAB1 were applied in VEC to determine the effect and potential downstream signaling of GAB1.@*RESULTS@#The autophagy repressor p62 was significantly downregulated in ASO intima as compared to that in healthy donor (0.80 vs. 0.20, t = 6.43, P < 0.05). The expression level of GAB1 mRNA (1.00 vs. 0.24, t = 7.41, P < 0.05) and protein (0.72 vs. 0.21, t = 5.97, P < 0.05) was significantly decreased in ASO group as compared with the control group. Loss of GAB1 led to a remarkable decrease in LC3II (1.19 vs. 0.68, t = 5.99, P < 0.05), whereas overexpression of GAB1 significantly led to a decrease in LC3II level (0.41 vs. 0.93, t = 7.12, P < 0.05). Phosphorylation levels of JNK and p38 were significantly associated with gain- and loss-of-function of GAB1 protein.@*CONCLUSION@#Loss of GAB1 promotes VEC autophagy which is associated with ASO. GAB1 and its downstream signaling might be potential therapeutic targets for ASO treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Arteriosclerosis Obliterans/genetics , Autophagy , GRB2 Adaptor Protein , Phosphoproteins/metabolism , Phosphorylation , Protein Binding , Signal Transduction
19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1244-1246, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879476

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a pedigree affected with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease through high-throughput sequencing.@*METHODS@#Potential variants of the genes associated with CMT were screened by next-generation sequencing (NGS) of the members of the pedigree.@*RESULTS@#NGS has revealed that the two affected sisters both harbored homozygous c.1A>G variant of the GDAP1 gene, which caused replacement of the first amino acid Methionine by Valine (p.Met1Val). Their parents were both carriers of the heterozygous c.1A>G variant. The variant was unreported previously and has an extremely low frequency in the population. Meanwhile, one of the sisters and the mother also carried heterozygous c.710A>T variant of the BAG3 gene.@*CONCLUSION@#The homozygous c.1A>G variant of the GDAP1 gene probably underlay the CMT in both children. Above result has enabled clinical diagnosis and genetic counseling for this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/genetics , Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease/genetics , Fibula/abnormalities , Homozygote , Mutation , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Pedigree
20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 64-66, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781292

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of a child with developmental delay and intellectual disability.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of the child and his parents were collected for routine G-band karyotyping analysis and single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array) assay. Amniotic fluid sample was collected during the next pregnancy for prenatal diagnosis.@*RESULTS@#No karyotypic abnormality was found in the child and his parents. SNP array showed that the child has carried a 855.3 kb microduplication in 15q11.2. His mother carried the same duplication but had no phenotypic anomaly. No microdeletion/microduplication was found in his father. Upon prenatal diagnosis, no abnormalities was found with the chromosomal karyotype and SNP array result of the fetus.@*CONCLUSION@#15q11.2 microduplication may result in developmental delay and intellectual disability, for which CYFIP1 may be a candidate gene. However, the duplication may increase the risk but with a low penetrance. This should attract attention during clinical consultation.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Chromosome Banding , Chromosome Duplication , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15 , Genetics , Developmental Disabilities , Genetics , Intellectual Disability , Genetics , Karyotyping , Prenatal Diagnosis
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