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1.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 348-358, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982166

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lung cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in the world. The accuracy of intraoperative frozen section (FS) in the diagnosis of lung adenocarcinoma infiltration cannot fully meet the clinical needs. The aim of this study is to explore the possibility of improving the diagnostic efficiency of FS in lung adenocarcinoma by using the original multi-spectral intelligent analyzer.@*METHODS@#Patients with pulmonary nodules who underwent surgery in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2021 to December 2022 were included in the study. The multispectral information of pulmonary nodule tissues and surrounding normal tissues were collected. A neural network model was established and the accuracy of the neural network diagnostic model was verified clinically.@*RESULTS@#A total of 223 samples were collected in this study, 156 samples of primary lung adenocarcinoma were finally included, and a total of 1,560 sets of multispectral data were collected. The area under the curve (AUC) of spectral diagnosis in the test set (10% of the first 116 cases) of the neural network model was 0.955 (95%CI: 0.909-1.000, P<0.05), and the diagnostic accuracy was 95.69%. In the clinical validation group (the last 40 cases), the accuracy of spectral diagnosis and FS diagnosis were both 67.50% (27/40), and the AUC of the combination of the two was 0.949 (95%CI: 0.878-1.000, P<0.05), and the accuracy was 95.00% (38/40).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The accuracy of the original multi-spectral intelligent analyzer in the diagnosis of lung invasive adenocarcinoma and non-invasive adenocarcinoma is equivalent to that of FS. The application of the original multi-spectral intelligent analyzer in the diagnosis of FS can improve the diagnostic accuracy and reduce the complexity of intraoperative lung cancer surgery plan.
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Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Hospitals , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1142108

ABSTRACT

Los tumores pseudopapilares del páncreas son tumores de origen pancreático poco frecuentes y de etiología desconocida. Comprenden entre el 0.2 y 2.7% de los carcinomas de páncreas. Hasta 2015 hay 900 casos reportados en la literatura, siendo una minoría en etapa diseminada. Son tumores voluminosos, de bajo potencial maligno, que se presentan con mayor frecuencia en mujeres jóvenes entre 18 y 35 años. Generalmente son asintomáticos o manifiestan clínicamente síntomas inespecíficos como dolor abdominal o presencia de masa abdominal. Anatómicamente se localizan con mayor frecuencia en la cola del páncreas, seguidos por la cabeza y el cuerpo. El tratamiento de elección es la resección quirúrgica. El rol de la quimioterapia en la enfermedad irresecable o avanzada no está claramente definido. Son tumores de excelente pronóstico, con sobrevida a 5 años de casi 100%.Se presentan cuatro casos clínicos y se hace una revisión de la literatura.


Pseudopapillary tumors of the pancreas are tumors of pancreatic origin with a low frequency and an unknown etiology. They account for 0.2 - 2.7 % of all pancreatic carcinomas. Up to 2015 there were approximately 900 well documented cases with only a small minority of them in a metastatic stage. This tumors could reach large proportions and they occur predominantly in young women between 18 and 35 years of age. Most of patients are asymptomatic or have non specific symptoms including abdominal pain or palpable abdominal mass. The most common localization is the tail of the pancreas, followed by the head and the body. Complete resection is the treatment of choice. It is not clearly stablished the rol of chemotherapy in metastatic disease. There are tumors with a favorable prognosis, with an overall 5 year survival rate about 95%. Herein, we report four clinical cases and a literatura review.


Os tumores pseudopapilares do pâncreas são tumores de origem pancreática pouco frequentes e de etiologia desconhecida. Compreendem entre 0.2 e 2.7% dos carcinomas de pâncreas. Até 2015 há 900 casos relatados na literatura, sendo uma minoria em etapa disseminada. São tumores volumosos, de baixo potencial maligno, que se apresentam com maior frequência em mulheres jovens entre 18 e 35 anos. Geralmente são assintomáticos ou apresentam clinicamente sintomas inespecíficos como dor abdominal ou presença de massa abdominal. Anatomicamente, localizam-se mais frequentemente na cauda do pâncreas, seguidos por cabeça e corpo. O tratamento de escolha é a ressecção cirúrgica. O papel da quimioterapia na doença irressecável ou avançada não está claramente definido. São tumores de excelente prognóstico, com sobrevida a 5 anos de quase 100%. Apresentam-se quatro casos clínicos e faz-se uma revisão da literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Pancreatic Pseudocyst/surgery , Pancreatic Pseudocyst/diagnostic imaging , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/secondary , Pancreatectomy , Tomography, Emission-Computed , Follow-Up Studies , Rare Diseases , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/surgery , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/drug therapy , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/diagnostic imaging
3.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 79(3): 208-211, June 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020062

ABSTRACT

Los linfomas derivados del tejido linfoide asociado a las mucosas (MALT) son entidades poco frecuentes, de bajo grado de malignidad con escaso o nulo compromiso ganglionar y representan cerca del 80% de los linfomas primarios pulmonares. La aparición sincrónica con adenocarcinoma de pulmón es un hallazgo extremadamente infrecuente. Presentamos el caso de un hombre de 68 años, ex-tabaquista, en quien durante el seguimiento de un nódulo pulmonar se identificó un segundo nódulo y la biopsia quirúrgica confirmó el diagnóstico de ambas neoplasias.


The lymphomas of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT), are uncommon entities, of low grade of malignancy with very infrequent or no lymph node involvement. They represent about 80% of the primary pulmonary lymphomas. The synchronous appearance with lung adenocarcinoma is an extremely rare finding. We present the case of an ex-smoker 68-year-old man, in whom, in the follow-up of a pulmonary nodule, a second pulmonary nodule was found. The surgical biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of both neoplasms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/diagnosis , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/surgery , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/pathology , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/diagnostic imaging , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
5.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(11): 1261-1268, nov. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985699

ABSTRACT

Background: Pulmonary nodules are common, and surgery is the only alternative that allows a diagnostic and therapeutic management in a single procedure. Aim: To report the epidemiological, radiological, surgical and pathological features of excised pulmonary nodules. Material and Methods: Review of medical records of patients in whom a pulmonary nodule was excised between 2014 and 2018. Those with incomplete data or without a pathological study were excluded from analysis. Results: We retrieved 108 records and 8 had to be excluded, therefore 100 patients aged 34 to 82 years (57% females) were analyzed. Sixty percent had a history of smoking. Mean nodule size was 16 mm and the solid type was the most common (65%). Forty five percent of nodules had irregular margins and 55% were in the superior lobes. All patients operated by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and 40% underwent a lobectomy. Malignant lesions were observed in 87% of biopsies and a pulmonary adenocarcinoma was found in pathology in 40%. Conclusions: A multidisciplinary approach of pulmonary nodules, using adapted international guidelines, accomplishes an appropriate management, decreasing unnecessary surgical interventions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma/pathology , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules/pathology , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma/surgery , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/methods , Tumor Burden , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules/surgery , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules/epidemiology , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/surgery , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/epidemiology , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/epidemiology
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