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1.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 16(1): 17-19, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442333

ABSTRACT

Luego del inicio de las campañas de vacunación masiva contra la infección por COVID-19, se han publicado una serie de reportes que muestran la posible asociación entre la vacuna y alteraciones de la función tiroidea. Desde entonces, múltiples teorías han intentado explicar este hallazgo, en su mayoría de índole autoinmune. Dentro de estas destaca el síndrome autoinmune-autoinflamatorio secundario a adyuvantes (ASIA), que podría generar desórdenes tiroideos de novo o exacerbar los ya existentes. Presentamos dos casos de enfermedad de Graves Basedow posterior al uso de Coronavac. Ambas pacientes presentaron características similares a las descritas en la literatura y cumplen con los criterios de ASIA. No obstante, los beneficios de las vacunas superan los posibles riesgos asociados.


After the beginning of COVID-19 vaccination campaigns, a number of reports have shown the potential association between vaccines and thyroid disfunction. Since then several theories have tried to explain this finding, mostly autoinmmune. One of them is the autoimmune/inflammatory syndrome induced by adjuvants, that could trigger or exacerbate thyroid disease. We present two cases of Graves' disease post Coronavac vaccination. Both pacients share similar features than cases published previously and meet criteria for ASIA syndrome. Nevertheless, the benefts of vaccination largely outweigh any adverse events associated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Autoimmune Diseases/etiology , Graves Disease/etiology , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , COVID-19/prevention & control , Vaccines, Inactivated/adverse effects , Adjuvants, Immunologic/adverse effects
2.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1442410

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar sinais e sintomas experienciados por mulheres com síndrome autoimune induzida por adjuvantes (ASIA) devido ao uso de prótese mamária e os tratamentos realizados. Método: Estudo de campo de abordagem qualitativa realizado por meio de entrevistas online utilizan-do-se a técnica bola de neve. Incluíram-se 13 participantes. Resultados: A partir da análise dos dados, foram elencadas quatro categorias: conhecimento acerca da síndrome; sinais e sintomas; tratamento; e cuidados e implicações de Enfermagem. Identificaram-se mais de 120 sinais e sintomas, e o explante foi mencionado como tratamento definitivo por todas as entrevistadas. Os sinais e sintomas apresentados pelas participantes vão ao encontro do que é descrito pela literatura. Conclusão: Antes da descoberta da doença, as participantes realizaram tratamento com foco no alívio dos sintomas. Após o diag-nóstico, todas as mulheres procederam com o explante


Objective: To identify signs and symptoms experienced by women with autoimmune/inflammatory syndrome induced by adjuvants (ASIA) due to the use of breast implants and the treatments performed. Method: Field study with a qualitative approach carried out through online interviews using the snowball technique. 13 participants were included. Results: Based on data analysis, four categories were listed: knowledge about the syndrome; signs and symptoms; treatment; and nursing care and implications. Over 120 signs and symptoms were identified, and the explant was mentioned as a defi-nitive treatment by all interviewees. The signs and symptoms presented by the participants are in line with what is described in the literature. Conclusion:Before discovering the disease, the participants underwent treatment focused on symptom relief. After diagnosis, all women proceeded with the explant.Keywords: Autoimmune diseases. Prothesis implantation. Breast implantation. Silicones. Perioperative nursing


Objetivo: Identificar los signos y síntomas experimentados por mujeres con síndrome autoinmune inducido por adyuvantes (ASIA) debido al uso de implantes mamarios y los tratamientos realizados. Método: Estudio de campo con enfoque cualitativo realizado a través de entrevistas en línea utilizando la técnica de bola de nieve. Se incluyeron 13 participantes. Resultados: Con base en el análisis de los datos, se enumeraron cuatro categorías: conocimiento sobre el síndrome; signos y síntomas; tratamiento; y cuidados e implicaciones de enfermería. Se identificaron más de 120 signos y sínto-mas, y todos los entrevistados mencionaron el explante como tratamiento definitivo. Los signos y síntomas presentados por los participantes están en línea con lo descrito en la literatura. Conclusión: Antes de descubrir la enfermedad, los participantes realizaban un tratamiento enfocado en el alivio de los síntomas. Después del diagnóstico, todas las mujeres procedieron al explante


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Autoimmune Diseases/etiology , Adjuvants, Immunologic/adverse effects , Breast Implants/adverse effects , Syndrome , Interviews as Topic , Qualitative Research
3.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 93-104, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971623

ABSTRACT

We conducted a prospective study to assess the non-inferiority of adjuvant chemotherapy alone versus adjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) as an alternative strategy for patients with early-stage (FIGO 2009 stage IB-IIA) cervical cancer having risk factors after surgery. The condition was assessed in terms of prognosis, adverse effects, and quality of life. This randomized trial involved nine centers across China. Eligible patients were randomized to receive adjuvant chemotherapy or CCRT after surgery. The primary end-point was progression-free survival (PFS). From December 2012 to December 2014, 337 patients were subjected to randomization. Final analysis included 329 patients, including 165 in the adjuvant chemotherapy group and 164 in the adjuvant CCRT group. The median follow-up was 72.1 months. The three-year PFS rates were both 91.9%, and the five-year OS was 90.6% versus 90.0% in adjuvant chemotherapy and CCRT groups, respectively. No significant differences were observed in the PFS or OS between groups. The adjusted HR for PFS was 0.854 (95% confidence interval 0.415-1.757; P = 0.667) favoring adjuvant chemotherapy, excluding the predefined non-inferiority boundary of 1.9. The chemotherapy group showed a tendency toward good quality of life. In comparison with post-operative adjuvant CCRT, adjuvant chemotherapy treatment showed non-inferior efficacy in patients with early-stage cervical cancer having pathological risk factors. Adjuvant chemotherapy alone is a favorable alternative post-operative treatment.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Neoplasm Staging , Chemoradiotherapy , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant/adverse effects , Adjuvants, Immunologic , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 262-274, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970373

ABSTRACT

In order to increase the ability of oil-emulsion adjuvant to stimulate cellular immunity, chitosan hydrochloride with positive charge was selected to stabilize oil-in-water emulsion (CHE). In this paper, model antigen ovalbumin was selected to prepare vaccines with emulsion adjuvant, commercial adjuvant or no adjuvant. The emulsion was characterized by measuring the particle size, electric potential and antigen adsorption rate. BALB/c mice were immunized by intramuscular injection. Serum antibody levels, the numbers of IL-4-secreting cells in splenocytes, cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response, and the expression of central memory T cells were measured to evaluate the immunostimulatory effect. The results showed that chitosan hydrochloride can effectively stabilize the emulsion. The emulsion size is about 600 nm, and the antigen adsorption rate is more than 90%. After immunization, CHE could increase serum antibodies levels and increase IL-4 secretion. Expression of CTL surface activation molecules was also increased to stimulate CTL response further and to increase the CD44+CD62L+ in T cells proportion. CHE as adjuvant can stimulate humoral and cellular immunity more efficiently, and is expected to extend the duration of protection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Chitosan , Interleukin-4 , Emulsions , Immunization , Adjuvants, Immunologic/pharmacology , Antigens , Mice, Inbred BALB C
5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 329-332, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969993

ABSTRACT

This paper summarizes professor GUAN Ling's clinical experience in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) with structure-based medical acupuncture (SMA). Based on anatomy and biomechanics and through accurate physical examination, SMA adjusts the mechanical imbalance of muscles to relieve KOA dysfunction, and releases nerve compression to attenuate pain symptoms of KOA. In reference to traditional acupoint selection, and in association with painful areas and mechanical deduction, ashi points located at the rectus femoris, vastus intermedius, vastus medialis and vastus lateralis muscles, etc. are specially stimulated with acupuncture; and the rehabilitation training and health education are the adjuvant treatment for the patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture Points , Adjuvants, Immunologic , Pain , Quadriceps Muscle
6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 322-326, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969992

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of Miao medicinal crossbow acupuncture therapy as adjuvant treatment for lung cancer pain based on oxycodone hydrochloride extended-release tablet.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with lung cancer pain were randomized into an observation group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (30 cases). In the control group, oxycodone hydrochloride extended-release tablet was given orally, 10 mg a time, once every 12 hours. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, Miao medicinal crossbow acupuncture therapy was applied once every other day in the observation group. The treatment of 14 days was required in the two groups. Before and after treatment, the numerical rating scale (NRS) score, number of break-out pain and Karnofsky performance status (KPS) score were observed in the two groups. The equivalent oxycodone consumption and rate of adverse reactions were recorded, the analgesic effect was evaluated in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the NRS scores and number of break-out pain were decreased while the KPS scores were increased after treatment in the two groups (P<0.01). After treatment, the NRS score and number of break-out pain in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.01), the KPS score in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.05). The equivalent oxycodone consumption of whole course and the rate of adverse reactions i.e. constipation, drowsiness, nausea and vomiting in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). The analgesic effect rate was 93.1% (27/29) in the observation group, which was superior to 63.3% (19/30) in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of oxycodone hydrochloride extended-release tablet, Miao medicinal crossbow acupuncture therapy as adjuvant treatment can effectively relieve the pain degree, reduce the number of break-out pain and improve the health status and quality of life in patients with lung cancer pain, enhance the efficacy of medication and reduce its adverse reactions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cancer Pain , Oxycodone , Quality of Life , Lung Neoplasms , Pain , Acupuncture Therapy , Adjuvants, Immunologic , Lung , Analgesics
7.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1508231

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El ejercicio mejora muchos aspectos de la salud humana, incluso, regula el sistema inmune. Se ha comprobado que el ejercicio moderado y regular ejerce efectos antiinflamatorios. Al mejorar las funciones inmunitarias, reduce la incidencia de enfermedades no transmisibles y la susceptibilidad a infecciones virales. Objetivo: Describir los efectos de la actividad física sobre el sistema inmune innato y adaptativo. Método: Para este manuscrito se usó la base de datos PubMed y Google Académico. Se utilizaron los términos ejercicios físicos, inmunidad, macrófago, neutrófilos, linfocitos e inmunoglobulinas, según el descriptor de Ciencias de la Salud. Se incluyeron 53 artículos en la revisión. Conclusiones: El ejercicio agudo (intensidad moderada a vigorosa, menos de 150 min) se considera un inmunoestimulante porque mejora la actividad antimicrobicida de los macrófagos e incrementa la síntesis de citocinas antiinflamatorias. Además, favorece el tráfico de neutrófilos, células NK, células T citotóxicas y células B inmaduras(AU)


Introduction: Exercise improves many aspects of human health, including, regulating the immune system. Moderate training has been shown to exert anti-inflammatory effects. By improving immune functions, it reduces the incidence of non-communicable diseases and susceptibility to viral infections. Objective: To describe the effects of physical activity on the innate and adaptive immune system. Methods: The PubMed and Google Scholar databases were used. The terms physical exercise, immunity, macrophage, neutrophils, lymphocytes and immunoglobulins were used, according to the Health Sciences descriptor (DeCS). Eighty-six articles were included in the review. Conclusions: Acute exercise (moderate to vigorous intensity, less than 150 min) is considered an immunostimulant because it enhances the antimicrobicidal activity of macrophages and increases the synthesis of anti-inflammatory cytokines. In addition, it favors the movement of neutrophils, NK cells, cytotoxic T cells and immature B cells(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adjuvants, Immunologic , Immunity , Macrophages/immunology
8.
Femina ; 50(9): 572-576, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397895

ABSTRACT

A infecção do trato urinário (ITU) é a doença bacteriana mais comum no sexo feminino, e cerca de 25% a 30% das mulheres apresentam ITUs recorrentes ao longo da vida. Os antibióticos são muito utilizados para o tratamento e prevenção dessas infecções. Entretanto, o uso excessivo e indevido desses medicamentos, além dos efeitos adversos, está relacionado ao surgimento de uropatógenos multirresistentes. Há um interesse crescente na comunidade científica para encontrar alternativas ao uso de antibióticos para tratamento e/ou prevenção das infecções bacterianas. Esta revisão tem por objetivo discutir algumas dessas alternativas.(AU)


Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common bacterial disease in females, and about 25% to 30% of women experience recurrent UTIs throughout their lives. Antibiotics are widely used standard for treating and preventing these infections. However, the excessive and improper use of these drugs, in addition to the adverse effects, is related to the emergence of multidrug-resistant uropathogens. There is a growing interest in the scientific community to find alternatives to the use of antibiotics for the treatment and/or prevention of bacterial infections. This review aims to discuss some of these alternatives.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Urinary Tract Infections/drug therapy , Urinary Tract Infections/therapy , Complementary Therapies , Reinfection/therapy , Adjuvants, Immunologic , Probiotics/therapeutic use , Vaccinium macrocarpon , Drinking , Estrogens/therapeutic use , Fluid Therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
9.
Singapore medical journal ; : 209-213, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927275

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Usage of metformin is associated with improved survival in lung, breast and prostate cancer, and metformin has been shown to inhibit cancer cell growth and proliferation in in vitro studies. Given the lack of clinical data on metformin use in patients with bladder cancer, we aimed to evaluate the role of metformin in their oncological outcomes.@*METHODS@#Medication use data from a prospectively maintained database of 122 patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer treated with intravesical Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG), who were recruited under a randomised, double-blinded, controlled clinical trial, was collected and analysed. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to assess overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS).@*RESULTS@#At a median follow-up duration of 102 (range 3-357) months, 53 (43.4%) patients experienced disease recurrence and 21 (17.2%) experienced disease progression. There was no significant difference in mortality between patients with and without diabetes mellitus. There was significant difference in OS between patients without diabetes mellitus, patients with diabetes mellitus on metformin and patients with diabetes mellitus but not on metformin (p = 0.033); patients with diabetes mellitus on metformin had the best prognosis. Metformin use was associated with significantly lower DSS (p = 0.042). Other oral hypoglycaemic agents, insulin or statins were not associated with disease recurrence or progression.@*CONCLUSION@#Metformin use was associated with improved oncological outcomes in patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer treated with intravesical BCG. Prospective studies with larger patient populations are needed to validate the role of metformin as potential therapy for bladder cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Administration, Intravesical , BCG Vaccine/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus , Disease Progression , Metformin/therapeutic use , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/drug therapy
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 78-87, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878544

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the development of new vaccines such as nucleic acid vaccines, genetically engineered vaccines, and synthetic peptide vaccines has achieved rapid development. However, compared with traditional inactivated or live vaccines, these vaccines often have problems such as poor immunogenicity. Therefore, an adjuvant is needed to enhance its effect, and adjuvants have proven to be a key component in vaccines. There are many types of adjuvants, while currently no unified standard for the classification. At present, the most commonly used adjuvants are Aluminum adjuvant and Freund's adjuvant, but new generation vaccines will probably need new generation adjuvants. Thus, this review aims to showcase the current status of immune adjuvants, with the focus on immunomodulatory molecular adjuvant, antigen delivery adjuvant and compound adjuvant. This review provides new insights for the development of novel vaccine adjuvants.


Subject(s)
Adjuvants, Immunologic/pharmacology , Freund's Adjuvant , Vaccines , Vaccines, Subunit
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4036-4046, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921484

ABSTRACT

N-glycosylation modification, one of the most common protein post-translational modifications, occurs in heat shock protein gp96. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of N-glycosylation modification on immunologic function of the recombinant gp96 using the mutant gp96 in N-glycosylation sites. Firstly, wild-type and mutant gp96 proteins were expressed by insect expression system and their glycosylation levels were detected. To determine the effect of N-glycosylation on gp96 antigen presentation function, the IFN-γ+ CD8+ T cells in gp96-immunized mice and secretion level of IFN-γ were examined by flow cytometry and ELISA. The ATPase activity of gp96 was further detected by the ATPase kit. Finally, the effect of N-glycosylation on adjuvant function of gp96 for influenza vaccine was investigated in immunized mice. It was found that total sugar content of mutant recombinant gp96 was reduced by 27.8%. Compared to the wild type recombinant gp96, mutations in N-glycosylation sites resulted in decreased antigen presentation ability and ATPase activity of gp96. Furthermore, influenza vaccine-specific T cell levels induced by mutant gp96 as adjuvant were dramatically reduced compared to those by wild type recombinant gp96. These results demonstrate that N-glycosylation modification is involved in regulation of ATPase activity and antigen presentation function of gp96, thereby affecting its adjuvant function. The results provide the technical bases for development of gp96- adjuvanted vaccines.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Adjuvants, Immunologic , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Glycosylation , Heat-Shock Proteins , Influenza Vaccines
15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 1027-1033, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920984

ABSTRACT

Bladder cancer is one of the common malignant tumors in China, with 75% of bladder cancer being non-muscle invasion with a high recurrence rate after surgery. Intravesical therapy is an useful methods to either directly kill tumor cells by infusing cytotoxic drugs into the bladder or directly or indirectly induce local immune responses of the body through infusing immune agents, such as bacillus calmette guerin, and thus reduce the risk of tumor recurrence and progression. In 2019, the Urological Chinese Oncology Group issued the "Expert consensus on intravesical therapy on non-muscle invasive bladder cancer" . Recently, great progress in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer has been achieved domestically and abroad, including the risk assessment of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer, the therapeutic choice of intravesical drugs, the adverse reactions and treatment experience of intravesical therapy, and clinical research on new types of intravesical drugs. This consensus is made according to domestic and overseas evidence-based medicine in combination with current clinical practice and experience of intravesical therapy for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer in China. It is an update of the 2019 expert consensus, with the wish to provide a guidance for domestic clinical standardized intravesical therapy for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Administration, Intravesical , Consensus , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/drug therapy , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/drug therapy
16.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(5): 1805-1812, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131556

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation with different doses of Curcuma longa hydrolate on the hematological, immunological and zootechnical parameters of Nile tilapia cultivated in a recirculation system (RAS). Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) were used, distributed in 16 polyethylene boxes, divided into four treatments: 0.0%; 2.5%; 7.5% and 10.0% of Curcuma longa hydrolate, in quadruplicate. After 45 days of treatment, four fish per experimental unit were anesthetized to remove blood aliquot for hematological and immunological analyzes and dissect the liver to evaluate the hepatosomatic index and final biometry. In the haematological analysis, the fish fed with 2.5% had a higher number of leukocytes, monocytes and lymphocytes than control, while the doses of 7.5% and 10.0% did not differ. Antimicrobial activity showed a significant decrease as the dose of C. longa hydrolate increased. The other hematological, immunological, hepatosomatic index and zootechnical data did not differ between treatments. Thus, supplementation of the hydrolate of Curcuma longa at a dosage of 2.5%, improved and maintained blood-immune homeostasis parameters in these animals, being suggested for further studies.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos da suplementação dietética com diferentes doses de hidrolato de Curcuma longa nos parâmetros hematológicos, imunológicos e zootécnicos da tilápia-do-nilo cultivada em sistema de recirculação. Utilizou-se tilápia- do-nilo (Oreochromis niloticus), distribuída em 16 caixas de polietileno, divididas em quatro tratamentos: 0,0%; 2,5%7,5% e 10,0% de hidrolato de Curcuma longa, em quadruplicata. Após 45 dias de tratamento, quatro peixes por unidade experimental foram anestesiados para remover uma alíquota sanguínea para análises hematológicas e imunológicas, e removeu-se o fígado para avaliar o índice hepatossomático e a biometria final. Na análise hematológica, os peixes alimentados com 2,5% apresentaram maior número de leucócitos, monócitos e linfócitos que no controle, enquanto as doses de 7,5% e 10,0% não diferiram. Por outro lado, a atividade antimicrobiana apresentou uma redução significativa à medida que a dose de hidrolato de C. longa aumentou. Os demais dados hematológicos, imunológicos, hepatossomáticos e zootécnicos não diferiram entre os tratamentos. Assim, a suplementação do hidrolato de Curcuma longa, na dose de 2,5%, melhorou os parâmetros hematoimunológicos e manteve a homeostase nesses animais, sendo sugerida para novos estudos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dietary Supplements/analysis , Curcumin/administration & dosage , Cichlids/immunology , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Phytotherapy/veterinary
17.
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 31(3/4): 343-351, mayo.-ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223773

ABSTRACT

La vacunación es el medio más efectivo para controlar la morbilidad y mortalidad relacionadas con enfermedades infecciosas. Para lograr esto, necesitamos vacunas inmunogénicas y seguras que faciliten y mejoren sus condiciones de transporte, almacenamiento y administración. Gracias a los avances en inmunología y bioinformática, es posible impulsar el descubrimiento de nuevas vacunas para enfrentar la tuberculosis, el virus respiratorio sincicial, el Streptococcus agalactiae, la enfermedad meningocócica invasora, entre otros. Así también, nuevas tecnologías, como la producción de vacunas utilizando plantas transgénicas y parches de microagujas, los cuales podrían facilitar la producción, disminuir los costos y efectos adversos. Sin embargo, no solo necesitamos las vacunas, sino que debemos conocer la epidemiología de las enfermedades prevenibles con vacuna para tomar decisiones fundadas, con el objetivo de planificar estrategias sanitarias, medir su impacto y evaluar la seguridad de su utilización, para alcanzar las metas de salud pública y la confianza de la población.


Vaccination is the most effective strategy to avoid morbidity and mortality related to infectious diseases. To achieve this, we need immunogenic and safe vaccines that facilitate and improve its transport, storage and administration conditions. Thanks to current advances in immunology and bioinformatics, it is possible to boost the discovery of new vaccines to deal with tuberculosis, the respiratory syncytial virus, Streptococcus agalactiae, meningococcal invasive disease, among others. In addition to new technologies such as the production of plant-based vaccines, and microneedles patches, which can facilitate its production, reducing costs and adverse effects. However, vaccines is not the only thing that we need, because we must know the epidemiology and burden of disease to take informed decisions to design optimal strategies, measuring their impact and assessing the safety of their use in order to achieve the goals health and population confidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vaccines/administration & dosage , Communicable Disease Control/methods , Vaccination/trends , Health Priorities , Streptococcal Infections/prevention & control , Adjuvants, Immunologic , Immunization/trends , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections/prevention & control , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccines/administration & dosage , Tuberculosis Vaccines/administration & dosage , Decision Making , Meningococcal Infections/prevention & control
18.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5262, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090059

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To compare the frequency of respiratory tract infections in children treated with OM-85 BV and placebo during the 3-month therapy period, and observation for a further 3 months after treatment. Methods A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted with 54 children (6 months to 5 years old) with no past history of recurrent respiratory infections attending daycare center. Family members were instructed to administer one capsule per day for 10 consecutive days, for 3 months of OM-85 BV or placebo. Telephone interviews were conducted every 30 days. Results There was no significant difference in the number of respiratory infections between the groups. The mean number of respiratory tract infection in the OM-85 BV Group in the first 3 months was 0.92±0.87, and in the Placebo Group was 0.74±1.02, and at 6 months it was 1.62±1.47 and 1.03±1.34, respectively. Conclusion OM-85 BV was not effective in the primary prevention of respiratory tract infections. Although most authors recommend the use of this immunostimulant in children with a history of recurrent respiratory infections, more studies are needed to define its usefulness in the primary prevention of respiratory infections in healthy children exposed to few risk factors.


RESUMO Objetivo Comparar a frequência de infecções do trato respiratório em crianças tratadas com OM-85 BV e placebo durante o período de terapia de 3 meses, e observação por mais 3 meses após o tratamento. Métodos Foi realizado estudo randomizado, duplo-cego, controlado por placebo com 54 crianças (6 meses a 5 anos) sem história prévia de infecções respiratórias recorrentes, que frequentavam creches. Os membros da família foram instruídos a administrar uma cápsula por dia durante 10 dias consecutivos, durante 3 meses, de OM-85 BV ou placebo. Entrevistas telefônicas foram realizadas a cada 30 dias. Resultados Não houve diferença significativa no número de infecções respiratórias entre os grupos. O número médio de infecções do trato respiratório no Grupo OM-85 BV nos primeiros 3 meses foi de 0,92±0,87 e, no Grupo Placebo, de 0,74±1,02, e aos 6 meses foi de 1,62±1,47 e 1,03±1,34, respectivamente. Conclusão O OM-85 BV não foi eficaz na prevenção primária de infecções do trato respiratório. Embora a maioria dos autores recomende o uso deste imunoestimulante em crianças com história de infecções respiratórias recorrentes, mais estudos são necessários para definir sua utilidade na prevenção primária de infecções respiratórias em crianças saudáveis expostas a poucos fatores de risco.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Primary Prevention/methods , Cell Extracts/therapeutic use , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Respiratory Tract Infections/drug therapy , Tobacco Smoke Pollution , Breast Feeding , Child Day Care Centers , Pilot Projects , Double-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1378-1385, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826839

ABSTRACT

Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) is zoonotic pathogen that can cause listeriosis, and vaccine is one of the effective methods to prevent this pathogen infection. In this study, we developed a novel vaccine that is a mixture of inactivated bacteria and Montanide™ ISA 61 VG, a mineral oil adjuvant, and evaluated the safety and immune response characteristics of this vaccine. The mice immunized with the ISA 61 VG adjuvant had high safety, and it could induce significantly higher titer of anti-listeriolysin O (LLO) antibody and higher value of IgG2a/IgG1 ratio compared with the group without the adjuvant. In particular, it could provide 100% immune protection against lethal doses of Lm challenge in mice. In summary, ISA 61VG adjuvant significantly enhanced the ability of inactivated listeria vaccine to induce humoral and cellular immune responses, thereby enhanced the protective immune response in the host, and it is a potential vaccine candidate for the prevention of Lm infection in humans and animals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Adjuvants, Immunologic , Pharmacology , Hemolysin Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Pharmacology , Immunity, Cellular , Listeria monocytogenes , Allergy and Immunology , Listeriosis , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Vaccines, Inactivated , Allergy and Immunology
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(8): e9886, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132547

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of 0.2% hyaluronic acid (HA) topical gel and dexamethasone topical ointment in the treatment of recurrent aphthous ulcers (RAU) in children. This retrospective observational study included 104 patients who had more than two episodes of oral aphthous ulcers per year and were treated with HA (n=52) or dexamethasone (n=52) from August 15, 2014 to September 3, 2018. Therapy efficacy was evaluated based on the ulcer size and pain score before versus 7 days after either therapy. The paired t-test, chi-squared test, and independent t-test were utilized for statistical analyses. There was no significant difference in ulcer size or pain score between the HA and dexamethasone groups, on day 1 or day 7. Both treatments were tolerated well and no side effects were reported. No significant differences in body temperature, respiration rate, pulse, or systolic/diastolic blood pressure were observed between the start (day 1) and end of treatment (day 7), for either treatment. HA and dexamethasone showed similar efficacy in reducing ulcer size and pain scores, and were tolerated equally well in children with RAU. Future high-quality studies with larger numbers of patients are needed to confirm our findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Stomatitis, Aphthous/drug therapy , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Hyaluronic Acid/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Pain , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
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