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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879428

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical outcomes of arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR) with a tibialis anterior allograft (TAA)versus hamstring tendon autograft (HTA) after 10 years follow-up.@*METHODS@#A clinical data of 107 patients who underwent arthroscopic ACLR with a single bundle tendon between March 2007 and March 2010 was retrospectively analyzed. Among the patients, 48 patients were reconstructed with a tibialis anterior allograft (TAA group), including 26 males and 22 females, ranging in age from 16 to 38 years, with a mean of 27.2±6.2 years;59 patients were reconstructed with a hamstring tendon autograft (HTA group), including 31 males and 28 females, ranging in age from 16 to 40 years, with a mean of 28.0±7.6 years. The preoperative tibial anterior displacement and knee joint function, as well as knee joint stability, tibial anterior displacement and knee joint function at 10 years after operation were observed. Lachman test was used to evaluate the forward joint stability and pivot shift test to evaluate the rotational stability of the knee;KT-2000 side-to-side difference (SSD) was used to measure tibial anterior displacement;International Knee Documentation Committee(IKDC) score and Lysholm score were used to evaluate knee function.@*RESULTS@#The incisions of both groups were healed by first intention, and no early complications occurred after operation. All patients were followed-up 10 to 13 years, the mean time was 11.7 years. There was no graft failure were found during the follow up period. The KT-2000 SSD of the TAA group and the HTA group at ten years after operation were 1.9±0.7 and 1.8±0.6 respectively, which were significantly improved than 8.8±0.9 and 8.6±1.0 preoperatively(@*CONCLUSION@#The TAA and HTA have equal long term effect in ACL reconstruction, doctors and patients can choose the graft according to the actual situation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Allografts , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Arthroscopy , Autografts , Female , Hamstring Tendons , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
2.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(3): 238-242, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1348326

ABSTRACT

La técnica de reconstrucción del ligamento patelofemoral medial es eficaz, segura, reproducible y con baja morbilidad para el tratamiento de la luxación patelar recurrente. Los pasos a seguir son: 1) Paciente en decúbito dorsal. 2) Artroscopía diagnóstica con liberación del retináculo lateral y valoración de lesiones asociadas. 3) Incisión de 2 a 3 cm sobre el borde superomedial de la patela. 4) Realización de dos túneles de 20 a 22 mm de profundidad y 4 mm de diámetro a través del grosor de la patela bajo fluoroscopia. 5) Fijar dos anclas desde el borde medial de la patela y anudar al aloinjerto con sutura de alta resistencia. 6) Identificar el punto de Schöttle bajo fluoroscopia. 7) Incisión de 2 a 3 cm a nivel del epicóndilo medial. 8) Colocar un Kirschner de 2 mm de medial a lateral, de posterior a anterior y de distal a proximal. 9) Medir la longitud, el grosor y la tensión final deseada del aloinjerto. 10) Realizar el túnel femoral con broca canulada, 1 mm mayor al grosor del aloinjerto. 11) Utilizar el clavo con ojal para pasar la sutura y traccionar el aloinjerto de medial a lateral. 12) Fijar el aloinjerto con un tornillo biodegradable con la rodilla a 30° de flexión valorando la tensión final deseada. 13) Realizar el lavado y cierre por planos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


The medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction technique is effective, safe, reproducible and with low morbidity in the treatment of recurrent patellar luxation. The steps in this technique: 1) Patient in supine position. 2) Diagnostic arthroscopy with release of the lateral retinaculum and assessment of associated lesions. 3) 2 to 3 cm incision on the supero - medial border of the patella. 4) Make two tunnels 20 to 22 mm deep and 4 mm in diameter through the thickness of the patella under fluoroscopy. 5) Fix two anchors from the medial edge of the patella and tie to the allograft with high strength suture. 6) The Schöttle's point is identified under fluoroscopy. 7) 2 to 3 cm incision in the medial epicondyle. 8) A 2 mm Kirschner is placed from medial to lateral, posterior to anterior, and distal to proximal. 9) The length, thickness and desired final tension of the allograft are measured. 10) The femoral tunnel is made with a cannulated drill, 1 mm greater than the thickness of the allograft. 11) The eyelet nail is used to pass the suture and pull the allograft from medial to lateral. 12) The allograft is fixed with a biodegradable screw with the knee at 30 ° flexion, assessing the desired final tension. 13) The washing and closing are carried out by planes up to the skin. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy/methods , Patellar Dislocation , Patellofemoral Joint/surgery , Patellofemoral Joint/injuries , Allografts , Knee Joint/surgery
3.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(1): 62-68, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1252448

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo de nuestro trabajo es evaluar la evolución clínica, la condroprotección y la reacción inmunológica del trasplante de menisco (TM) con aloinjerto gama irradiado (GI) versus fresco congelado (FC) a veinticuatro meses. Materiales y métodos: veinte TM mediales en veinte pacientes, se evaluaron escalas de rodilla, Mapeo-T2 y segunda vista artroscópica, así como identificación de reacciones inmunológicas con la medición de citocinas inflamatorias por PCR en sangre y líquido sinovial. Trece trasplantes con injerto FC y siete GI, edad promedio de treinta y dos años. Resultados: mejoría significativa en escalas a veinticuatro meses: KOOS (dolor 67.80/79.30; síntomas 60.80/82.10; AVD 8.05/92.40; deportes 37/63.35; CV 28.90/71.30), Lysholm (62.20/85.80), IKDCs (50.17/72.12), EVA (3.35/0.4). El cartílago del compartimento trasplantado se mantuvo dentro de valores normales, sin diferencia a los veinticuatro meses (fémur: 33.43 versus 33.50 ms, p = 0.16) (tibia: 33.57 versus 34.35 ms, p = 0.21). Todos los pacientes mostraron integridad del injerto a los doce meses en la segunda vista artroscópica. Solo se observó aumento en las citoquinas plasmáticas IL-6 e IL-17 en un paciente del grupo GI, sin repercusión clínica. Conclusiones: mejoría clínica, adecuada integración y condroprotección significativa a veinticuatro meses en ambos tipos de injertos


Introduction: Our objective is to evaluate the clinical course, chondroprotection and immunological reaction of meniscus transplantation (TM) with gamma irradiated (GI) versus fresh frozen (FC) allograft at twenty-four months. Materials and methods: twenty medial TMs in twenty patients, knee scales, T2-mapping and second arthroscopic view were evaluated, as well as identification of immunological reactions with the measurement of inflammatory cytokines by PCR in blood and synovial fluid. Thirteen transplants with FC graft and seven GI grafts, average age of thirty-two years. Results: significant improvement on scales at twenty-four months: KOOS (pain 67.80 / 79.30; symptoms 60.80 / 82.10; AVD 8.05 / 92.40; sports 37 / 63.35; CV 28.90 / 71.30), Lysholm (62.20 / 85.80), IKDCs (50.17 / 72.12), EVA (3.35 / 0.4). The cartilage of the transplanted compartment remained within normal values, with no difference at twenty-four months (femur: 33.43 versus 33.50 ms, p = 0.16) (tibia: 33.57 versus 34.35 ms, p = 0.21). Conclusions: all patients showed integrity of the graft at twelve months in the second arthroscopic view. An increase in plasma cytokines IL-6 and IL-17 was only observed in one patient in the GI group, without clinical repercussion. Clinical improvement, adequate integration and significant chondroprotection at twenty-four months in both types of grafts


Subject(s)
Adult , Cartilage, Articular , Bone Transplantation/methods , Allografts , Tibial Meniscus Injuries/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery
4.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eAO6069, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286308

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the ability of blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance imaging at 3 Tesla to measure tissue oxygen bioavailability based on R2* values, and to differentiate between acute tubular necrosis and acute rejection compared to renal biopsy (gold standard). Methods A prospective, single-center study, with patients submitted to renal transplantation between 2013 and 2014, who developed graft dysfunction less than 4 weeks after transplantation. All patients were submitted to abdominal magnetic resonance imaging at 3 Tesla using the same protocol, followed by two BOLD sequences and kidney biopsy. Results Twelve male (68.75%) and three female (31.25%) patients were included. A total of 19 percutaneous renal biopsies were performed (four patients required a second biopsy due to changes in clinical findings). Pathological findings revealed ten cases of acute tubular necrosis, four cases of acute rejection, and five cases with other (miscellaneous) diagnoses. Comparison between the four groups of interest failed to reveal significant differences (p=0.177) in cortical R2* values, whereas medullary R2* values differed significantly (p=0.033), with lower values in the miscellaneous diagnoses and the acute tubular necrosis group. Conclusion BOLD magnetic resonance imaging at 3 Tesla is a feasible technique that uses indirect tissue oxygen level measurements to differentiate between acute rejection and acute tubular necrosis in renal grafts.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a sequência de ressonância magnética blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) realizada em um equipamento 3 Tesla para medir a biodisponibilidade do oxigênio do tecido pelo valor de R2* na diferenciação de necrose tubular aguda e rejeição aguda, comparando à biópsia renal (padrão-ouro). Métodos Estudo unicêntrico, prospectivo, com pacientes submetidos a transplante renal de 2013 a 2014, que desenvolveram disfunção do enxerto menos de 4 semanas após o transplante. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à ressonância magnética abdominal 3 Tesla com o mesmo protocolo, seguida de duas sequências BOLD e biópsia renal. Resultados Foram incluídos 12 homens (68,75%) e três mulheres (31,25%). Foram realizadas 19 biópsias renais percutâneas (quatro pacientes necessitaram de segunda biópsia devido à alteração nos achados clínicos). Os resultados histopatológicos incluíram dez casos de necrose tubular aguda, quatro de rejeição aguda e cinco casos de outros diagnósticos (miscelânea). A comparação entre os quatro grupos de interesse não mostrou diferenças significativas em relação ao R2* no córtex (p=0,177). Quanto ao R2* da medula, observaram-se diferenças significativas (p=0,033), com miscelânea e necrose tubular aguda apresentando valores mais baixos quando comparados aos demais. Conclusão A ressonância magnética BOLD 3 Tesla é uma técnica viável que indiretamente utiliza a concentração de oxigênio no tecido em enxertos renais e pode ser usada para a diferenciação entre rejeição aguda e necrose tubular aguda.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Kidney Transplantation , Oxygen , Biopsy , Prospective Studies , Allografts
5.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): e295, jul.-dic. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156591

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Las pseudoartrosis diafisarias de cúbito y radio constituyen un desafío terapéutico para el cirujano ortopédico, a causa de la dificultad para lograr y mantener la reducción de dos huesos paralelos en presencia de músculos pronadores y supinadores que ejercen influencias angulares y rotacionales. Objetivo: Evaluar la eficacia de la aplicación del minifijador externo combinado con el injerto óseo homólogo en esta afección. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio longitudinal, retrospectivo de corte transversal en 74 pacientes operados de pseudoartrosis diafisaria de cúbito y radio desde enero de 2000 hasta diciembre de 2014, en el Complejo Científico Ortopédico Internacional Frank País, en los que se utilizó el modelo de minifijación externa RALCA® e injerto óseo homólogo del Banco de Tejidos ORTOP. Resultados: La pseudoartrosis fue más frecuente en hombres (73 por ciento) y en las edades comprendidas entre 30 y 39 años. La localización más frecuente fue en el cúbito, en su tercio superior (52 por ciento). La mayoría de los pacientes presentaron una pseudoartrosis no viable (56 por ciento). Se consolidó en 66 por ciento de los pacientes antes de las 18 semanas y en solo uno no se obtuvo la consolidación. El hueso que menos tiempo requirió para consolidar fue el radio. En la evaluación de la eficacia de la técnica quirúrgica se obtuvo 62 por ciento de resultados buenos, 33 por ciento regulares y 5 por ciento malos. Conclusiones: La asociación de la minifijación externa modelo RALCA® e injerto óseo homólogo de banco mostró buenos resultados en el tratamiento de la pseudoartrosis de cúbito y radio(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Diaphyseal pseudoarthroses of the ulna and radius constitute a therapeutic challenge for the orthopedic surgeon, due to the difficulty to achieve and maintain the reduction of two parallel bones in the presence of pronator and supinator muscles that exert angular and rotational influences. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of using external minifixator combined with homologous bone graft in the treatment of this condition. Method: A longitudinal, retrospective and cross-sectional study was carried out with 74 patients operated on, from January 2000 to December 2014, for diaphyseal pseudoarthrosis of the ulna or radius at Frank País International Orthopedic Scientific Complex, cases in which RALCA® external minifixation and homologous bone graft from the ORTOP Tissue Bank were used. Results: Pseudoarthrosis was more frequent in men (73 percent) and at ages 30-39 years. The most frequent location was the ulna, in its upper third (52 percent). Most of the patients had nonviable pseudoarthrosis (56 percent). The condition was consolidated in 66 percent of the patients within 18 weeks, and only one did not achieve consolidation. The bone that took the least time to heal was the radius. In the evaluation of the effectiveness of the surgical technique, 62% obtained good outcomes; 33 percent fair outcomes; and 5 percent, poor outcomes. Conclusions: The association of the RALCA® model miniexternal fixation and homologous bone graft from the Bank showed good outcomes in the treatment of ulna and radius pseudoarthrosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Radius Fractures/surgery , Ulna Fractures/surgery , Bone Transplantation/methods , Allografts/transplantation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
6.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(6): 449-456, dic. 31, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178938

ABSTRACT

Objetive: To determine the expressions of the bone surface marker CD44 in samples of alveolar bone previously regenerated with allograft, xenograft, and mixed, using the technique of guided bone regeneration. Material and Methods: This exploratory study was approved by the institutional research and ethics committee. By means of intentional sampling and after obtaining informed consent for tissue donation, 20 samples of alveolar bone previously regenerated with guided bone regeneration therapy with particulate bone graft and membrane were taken during implant placement. The samples were stained with hematoxylin-eosin for histological analysis, and by immunohistochemistry for the detection of CD44. Results: Sections with hematoxylin-eosin showed bone tissue with the presence of osteoid matrix and mature bone matrix of usual appearance. Of the CD44+ samples, 80% were allograft and 20% xenograft. The samples with allograft-xenograft were negative. There were no differences in the intensity of CD44 expression between the positive samples. The marker was expressed in osteocytes, stromal cells, mononuclear infiltrate, and some histiocytes. Eighty percent of the CD44+ samples and 100% of the samples in which 60 or more cells were labelled corresponded to allografts (p=0.000). A total of 67% of the samples from the anterior sector, and 40% from the posterior sector were CD44+ (p=0.689). Conclusion: This study shows for the first time that guided bone regeneration using allografts is more efficient for the generation of mature bone determined by the expression of CD44, compared to the use of xenografts and mixed allograft-xenograft, regardless of the regenerated anatomical area.


Objetivo: Determinar la expresión del marcador de membrana óseo CD44 en muestras de hueso alveolar previamente regenerado con aloinjerto, xenoinjerto y mezcla mediante la técnica de regeneración ósea guiada. Material y Métodos: Con aval del Comité de Investigación y Ética, se realizó un estudio exploratorio. Por muestreo intencional y firma de consentimiento informado de donación, se tomaron durante la colocación del implante, 20 muestras de hueso alveolar previamente regenerado con terapia de regeneración ósea guiada con injerto óseo particulado y membrana. Las muestras fueron teñidas con hematoxilina-eosina para el análisis histológico y por inmunohistoquímica para la detección del CD44. Resultados: : Los cortes con hematoxilina-eosina mostraron tejido óseo con presencia de matriz osteoide y matriz ósea madura de aspecto usual. De las muestras CD44+, 80% fueron de aloinjerto y 20% de xenoinjerto. Las muestras con aloinjerto-xeoninjerto fueron negativas. No hubo diferencias en la intensidad de la expresión del CD44 entre las muestras positivas. El marcador se expresó en osteocitos, células estromales, infiltrado mononuclear y algunos histiocitos. El 80% de las muestras CD44+ y el 100% de las muestras con marcación de 60 o más células correspondían a aloinjertos (p=0,000). El 67% de las muestras del sector anterior y el 40% del sector posterior fueron CD44+ (p=0,689). Conclusión: Este estudio muestra por primera vez que la regeneración ósea guiada usando aloinjertos, es más eficiente para la generación de hueso maduro determinado por la expresión de CD44, comparado con el uso de xenoinjertos y mezcla de aloinjerto-xenoinjerto, independientemente del sector anatómico regenerado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Hyaluronan Receptors/metabolism , Alveolar Bone Grafting , Osteocytes , Bone Regeneration , Dental Implants , Hyaluronan Receptors/genetics , Allografts , Heterografts
7.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(3): e3093, jul.-set. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126527

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The occurrence of a vestibular bone lamina dehiscence of a fresh alveolus becomes a challenge for rehabilitation treatment of dental implants. Objective: To evaluate prosthetic treatment and stability of periimplant soft tissues in an alveolus with advanced oral bone resorption immediately after extraction, by using single fixed prostheses on a dental implant. Case presentation: A 29-year-old female patient, without systemic disease, completely toothed, with a thick-scalloped gingival biotype, attended the clinic and her main reason for consultation was not being aesthetically satisfied with her right upper central incisor. Radiographic examination showed advanced oral bone loss, secondary to an infection of the root of the right upper central incisor. In a first surgical phase, the right central incisor was extracted using a traumatic technique with periotomes, and a dental implant was placed. A resorbable membrane was adapted to the vestibular defect and the particulate cortical bone allograft was then compacted into the site in order to fill the space between the collagen membrane and the dental implant. A screw-retained provisional restoration was performed using the extracted natural tooth. The emergence profile was established simply by adding fluid composite resin, until the desired contours were achieved. Radiological and clinical follow-up at six months showed favorable implant evolution. No mechanical or biological complications were observed during this observation period. The oral gingival margin was in a correct position. Conclusion: This technique allowed predictable aesthetic-functional outcomes and soft tissue stability in a thick-scalloped gingival biotype with a single fixed prosthesis.


RESUMEN Antecedentes: La presencia de una dehiscencia de la lámina ósea vestibular de un alveolo fresco se convierte en un desafío en el tratamiento de la rehabilitación con implantes dentales. Objetivo: Evaluar el tratamiento protésico y la estabilidad de los tejidos blandos periimplantarios en un alveolo con reabsorción ósea bucal avanzada inmediatamente posterior a una extracción, mediante el uso de prótesis fijas unitaria sobre implante dental. Presentación del caso: Una paciente de 29 años de edad, sin enfermedad sistémica, completamente dentada, con un biotipo gingival festoneado grueso, asiste a la clínica y su principal motivo de consulta fue no estar conforme estéticamente en su incisivo central superior derecho. El examen radiográfico mostró la presencia de una pérdida ósea bucal avanzada, secundaria a una infección de la raíz del incisivo central superior derecho. En una primera fase quirúrgica, se extrajo el incisivo central derecho utilizando una técnica atraumática usando periótomos y se colocó un implante dental. Se adaptó una membrana reabsorbible al defecto vestibular y después se compactó el aloinjerto de hueso cortical particulado en el sitio para llenar el espacio entre la membrana de colágeno y el implante dental. Se realizó una restauración provisional atornillada utilizando el diente natural extraído. El perfil de emergencia se estableció simplemente agregando resina compuesta fluida, hasta que se lograron los contornos deseados. El seguimiento radiológico y clínico a los 6 meses mostró una evolución favorable del implante. No se observaron complicaciones mecánicas ni biológicas durante este periodo de observación. El margen gingival bucal estaba en una posición correcta. Conclusión: Esta técnica permitió resultados estéticos-funcionales predecibles y estabilidad de los tejidos blandos en un biotipo gingival festoneado grueso con una única prótesis fija.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Dental Implants/adverse effects , Allografts , Bone-Anchored Prosthesis/adverse effects , Esthetics, Dental
8.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(2): e2946, abr.-jun. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126513

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The volumetric preservation of bone and soft tissue after a tooth extraction has special relevance in the esthetic zone when it will be rehabilitated by a dental implant. Objective: Describe the prosthodontics treatment in a socket with advanced buccal bone resorption, with a flapless technique for guided bone regeneration and with a dental implant and implant-supported single fixed prosthesis. Case presentation: A case is presented of a male 62-year-old partially dentate patient. Radiographic examination showed the presence of advanced buccal bone resorption in relation to the maxillary left lateral incisor. It was a result of the root displacement secondary to root fracture. In a first surgical phase the lateral incisor was extracted using an atraumatic periotome technique. Particulate cortical bone allograft was compacted into the site to fill the space that was previously occupied by the root of the tooth. Temporary restoration was performed using the extracted natural tooth, which was adhesively bonded to the adjacent teeth. Four months after grafting the extraction site showed an adequate height and width of the bone. In a second surgical phase, an implant was placed. Six months after implant placement, osseointegration was clinically confirmed and a provisional crown was screwed on the implant performed. The final restoration with a zirconium dioxide abutment and a full ceramic crown was obtained and cemented. Conclusions: Regeneration of the buccal plate was possible through the use of particulate cortical bone allograft and a resorbable collagen membrane adapted to the bone defect and placed in a position to recreate the buccal plate. This allowed the installation of an implant 4 months later, the procedure allowing esthetic and functional results using a single fixed prosthesis(AU)


RESUMEN Introducción: La preservación volumétrica de los huesos y tejidos blandos después de una extracción dental tiene especial relevancia en la zona estética cuando será rehabilitada por un implante dental. Objetivo: Describir el tratamiento de prótesis en una cavidad con reabsorción ósea bucal avanzada, con una técnica sin colgajo para la regeneración ósea guiada y con un implante dental y una prótesis fija única con soporte de implante. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 62 años, edente parcial. El examen radiográfico mostró la presencia de reabsorción ósea bucal avanzada en relación con el incisivo lateral superior izquierdo. Fue el resultado del desplazamiento de la raíz secundario a la fractura de esta. En una primera fase quirúrgica, el incisivo lateral se extrajo utilizando una técnica de periotoma atraumático. El aloinjerto de hueso cortical particulado se compactó en el sitio para llenar el espacio que anteriormente ocupaba la raíz del diente. La restauración temporal se realizó utilizando el diente natural extraído, que se unió adhesivamente a los dientes adyacentes. Cuatro meses después del injerto, el sitio de extracción mostró una altura y anchura adecuadas del hueso. En una segunda fase quirúrgica, se colocó un implante. Seis meses después de la colocación del implante, se confirmó clínicamente la osteointegración y se realizó una corona provisional atornillada al implante. La restauración final con un pilar de dióxido de circonio y una corona de cerámica completa se obtuvo y se cementó. Conclusiones: La regeneración de la placa bucal fue posible mediante el uso de aloinjerto de hueso cortical particulado y una membrana de colágeno reabsorbible adaptada al defecto óseo y colocada en una posición para recrear la placa bucal. Esto permitió la instalación de un implante 4 meses después. El procedimiento permitió la estética y los resultados funcionales utilizando una única prótesis fija(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Dental Implants/adverse effects , Osseointegration/physiology , Guided Tissue Regeneration/methods , Allografts/transplantation
9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(2): 163-169, Mar.-Apr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138010

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To elaborate a protocol for the harvest, transport, and preservation of human osteochondral tissue for use in tissue banks (TBs). Methods Osteochondral fragments measuring 2 cm3 of 5 corpse donors aged between 15 and 45 years old were analyzed. The samples were stored in cell preservation medium containing: human albumin, Iscove's and vancomycin preserved at 4ºC. The concentration of proteoglycans in the extracellular medium was quantified by the use of Safranin-O, while tissue structural analysis was assessed by histological study with hematoxylin-eosin stained slides. The images obtained were analyzed according to the histological scores of Mankin and the score proposed by the OsteoArthritis Research Society International. The samples were analyzed with 0, 15, 30 and 45 days of preservation. Results The osteochondral fragments studied showed a progressive decrease in proteoglycan concentration with increased preservation time. After 30 days of preservation, structural changes were identified with discontinuity of the cartilage surface layer. According to the results obtained by the Mankin score, there was a statistically significant difference between 15 and 30 days of tissue preservation. Conclusion The protocol described defined knee transport immersed in Lactated Ringer at a controlled temperature of 10º C until its arrival at the TB. After processing, the preservation solution was composed of Iscove's serum-free cell culture medium supplemented with 10% human albumin and 100 µg/ml vancomycin. The tissue was preserved at a temperature of 4ºC until the moment of transplantation characterizing the fresh preservation.


Resumo Objetivo Elaborar um protocolo para a captação, transporte e preservação de tecido osteocondral humano para utilização em banco de tecidos (BT). Métodos Foram analisados fragmentos osteocondrais com dimensão de 2 cm3 de 5 doadores cadáveres com idades entre 15 e 45 anos. As amostras foram armazenadas em meio de preservação celular contendo: albumina humana, Iscove's e vancomicina preservados à temperatura de 4ºC. A concentração de proteoglicanos no meio extracelular foi quantificada pelo uso de Safranina-O, enquanto a análise estrutural do tecido foi avaliada através de estudo histológico com lâminas coradas em hematoxilina-eosina. As imagens obtidas foram analisadas segundo os escore histológicos de Mankin e o escore proposto pela OsteoArthritis Research Society International. As amostras foram analisadas com 0, 15, 30 e 45 dias de preservação. Resultados Os fragmentos osteocondrais estudados apresentaram diminuição progressiva na concentração de proteoglicanos com o aumento do tempo de preservação. Após 30 dias de preservação, foram identificadas alterações estruturais com descontinuidade da camada superficial da cartilagem. Segundo os resultados obtidos pelo escore de Mankin, houve diferença com significância estatística entre 15 e 30 dias de preservação do tecido. Conclusão O protocolo descrito definiu o transporte de joelho em bloco imerso em Ringer Lactato em temperatura controlada a 10ºC até sua chegada ao BT. Após o processamento, a solução de preservação foi composta por meio de cultura celular sem soro Iscove's suplementado com albumina humana a 10% e vancomicina 100 µg/mL. O tecido foi preservado à temperatura de 4ºC até o momento do transplante caracterizando a preservação a fresco.


Subject(s)
Cadaver , Cartilage, Articular , Bone Transplantation , Cell Culture Techniques , Tissue and Organ Harvesting , Allografts
10.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(1): 74-81, mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1125540

ABSTRACT

La rotura primaria del tendón rotuliano es un cuadro poco frecuente que afecta principalmente a adultos jóvenes activos. Aun menos frecuente es la rotura crónica o recurrente del tendón rotuliano, y es esta última situación la que plantea una importante dificultad técnica a la hora de realizar el debido tratamiento quirúrgico. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar a un paciente que fue sometido a la reconstrucción quirúrgica del aparato extensor mediante el uso de aloinjerto luego de haber pasado por tres cirugías fallidas para la reparación del tendón rotuliano tras sufrir una lesión traumática. Se describen tanto la técnica quirúrgica como el protocolo de rehabilitación. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Primary patellar tendon rupture is a rare condition most commonly seen in active young adults. Even less frequent is the chronic or recurrent rupture of the patellar tendon, the latter being the one which poses a greater technical challenge when performing a surgical treatment. Our objective is to present a case where the surgical reconstruction of the knee extensor mechanism was performed using an allograft. The procedure took place after three initial surgeries to repair the patellar tendon failed, following a traumatic injury. Both the surgical technique and the rehabilitation protocol are described. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Recurrence , Rehabilitation , Patellar Ligament/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Allografts , Knee Joint/surgery
11.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(1): 79-86, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-1088942

ABSTRACT

Dos atendimentos ortopédicos realizados em aves no HCV-UFRGS, 86% são fraturas, sendo aproximadamente 30% delas cominutivas com perda óssea expressiva, justificando a importância da utilização de enxertos em fraturas de aves. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar dois aloenxertos e enxerto sintético de hidroxiapatita em defeito ósseo de galinhas. Utilizaram-se 30 galinhas separadas em três grupos: aloenxerto congelado em ultra-freezer (GUF), aloenxerto congelado em nitrogênio líquido (GNL) e enxerto sintético de hidroxiapatita deficiente em cálcio (GHA). Nos três grupos, os enxertos foram aplicados com placas e parafusos bloqueados de 2mm na ulna direita das aves, avaliando-se a evolução por meio de exames radiográficos até serem completados 90 dias de pós-operatório e o resultado final mediante exame histológico. A média e desvio-padrão relacionando o tempo de consolidação óssea radiográfica foi: GNL 61,67±21,79 dias (90% de consolidação), GUF 47,14±13,50 dias (70% de consolidação) e GHA 70±18,17 dias (60% de consolidação). Houve diferença significativa no tempo de consolidação óssea entre o GUF e o GHA. Histologicamente, os enxertos do GUF foram os que estavam em consolidação mais avançada. Os aloenxertos do GNL foram superiores no preenchimento de falha óssea ulnar de galinhas.(AU)


Of the orthopedic visits performed on birds at HCV-UFRGS, 86% are fractures, and approximately 30% of them are comminuted with expressive bone loss, justifying the importance of the use of grafts in bird fractures. The objective of this work was to test two allografts and a synthetic HADC graft on finishing in Gallus gallus domesticus. 30 laying hens were used, divided in three groups: frozen allograft in ultrafreezer (UFG); frozen allograft in liquid nitrogen (LNG); calcium deficient synthetic hydroxyapatite graft (HAG). The three graft groups were exposed to serial radiographs until the 90 postoperative days, as well as the histological examination at the end of the experiment were: LNG 61.67±21.79 days (90% consolidation), UFG 47.14±13.50 days (70% consolidation) and HAG 70±18.17 days (60% consolidation). There was a significant difference in bone healing time between GUF and GHA. Histologically, GUF grafts were the ones that were in the most advanced consolidation. LNG allografts were superior in filling ulnar bone failure of fowl.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Ulna Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Chickens/surgery , Bone Transplantation/veterinary , Allografts , Hydroxyapatites/therapeutic use
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827453

ABSTRACT

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is the most common complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and also an important factor affecting the survival and quality of life in patients after transplantation. Currently, immunosuppressive therapy is commonly used for GVHD, but the curative effect is not ideal. How to effectively prevent and treat GVHD is one of the difficulties to be solved urgently in the field of transplantation. In this paper, we summarize the latest progress in pathogenesis, prevention and treatment of GVHD with Chinese medicine (CM). We hope it will provide ideas and methods for exploring the mechanism and establishing a new comprehensive therapy for GVHD with CM.


Subject(s)
Allografts , Graft vs Host Disease , Drug Therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality of Life
13.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 27(4): 183-187, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1178143

ABSTRACT

En los últimos años se observa un aumento de los informes de lesiones del LCA en pacientes esqueléticamente inmaduros. También han aumentado las opciones de los tratamientos quirúrgicos para este tipo de pacientes. El tratamiento oportuno es necesario para la prevención de futuras lesiones meniscales o condrales.La reconstrucción del LCA con técnica transfisiaria, modificada para pacientes con fisis abierta, e injerto sin tacos óseos, es un procedimiento seguro con buenos resultados clínicos y funcionales. El objetivo de este reporte es describir el caso de un paciente de diez años que sufrió una ruptura completa del LCA jugando al fútbol, al cual se le realizó una plástica del LCA con técnica transfisiaria, con injerto de isquiotibiales de donante paterno, con seguimiento de tres años. La reconstrucción intraarticular con túneles transfisiarios proporciona un método seguro para restablecer la estabilidad articular y sin riesgo de dañar la fisis y con ello generar trastornos del crecimiento de los miembros, mala alineación, o discrepancias en los mismos. Igualmente existe una alta incidencia de re-rupturas de plástica del LCA en niños.El fracaso precoz del injerto está asociado a su diámetro y a la edad del paciente. El diámetro de los isquiotibiales está directamente relacionado con la altura, el sexo y la contextura física, por tal motivo la utilización de injerto fresco de donante vivo es una opción a tener en cuenta. En niños, la elección ideal del injerto debe ser biológicamente activa, del tamaño adecuado para su supervivencia, causar la menor morbilidad del sitio donante y conservar las estructuras neuromusculares de la rodilla


In recent years, there has been an increase in reports of ACL injuries in skeletally immature patients. Surgical treatments for these types of patients have also improved. Timely treatment is necessary for the prevention of future meniscal or chondral injuries.Reconstruction of ACL with a transfusion technique, modified for patients with open physis, and a graft without bone blocks, is a safe procedure with good clinical and functional results. The objective of this report is to describe the case of a 10-year-old patient. Intra-articular reconstruction with transphysial tunnels provides a safe method to restore joint stability and without risk of damage to the physis and with this generate limb growth disorders, misalignment, or discrepancies in the limbs. There is also a high incidence of ACL plastic ruptures in children.Injector diameter and patient age are associated with early graft failure. The diameter of the hamstrings is directly related to height, sex, and physical build, therefore, activation of the fresh living donor graft is an option to consider. The ideal choice of graft in children should be biologically activate, be of adequate size for graft survival, cause less donor site morbidity, and preserve neuromuscular structures in the knee


Subject(s)
Child , Treatment Outcome , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Allografts , Knee Joint/surgery
14.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(3): 400-406, 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114914

ABSTRACT

La reconstrucción de nervios periféricos con aloinjertos nerviosos acelulares humanos en neurocirugía ha sido bastante estudiada estableciendo su predictibilidad y éxito en intervenciones principalmente en los nervios digitales de las manos. En cirugía maxilofacial existe una creciente investigación para poder restaurar el nervio alveolar inferior en cirugías de resección mandibular en donde la extirpación de esta estructura nerviosa es inevitable. El objetivo de esta publicación es mostrar un reporte de un caso en donde se realizó la reconstrucción del nervio alveolar inferior con aloinjerto de nervio acelular humano (Avance® Nerve Graft, Axogen) con microcirugía para poder proveer de sensibilidad a la región de la cara afectada en un paciente reconstruido con un injerto de fíbula microvascularizada posterior a una hemimandibulectomía por ameloblastoma plexiforme.


The reconstruction of peripheral nerves with allografts of human acellular nerves in neurosurgery is well studied, establishing its predictability and success in interventions mainly in the digital nerves of the hands. In maxillofacial surgery there is a growing investigation to be able to restore the inferior alveolar nerve in mandibular resection surgeries where the removal of this nervous structure is inevitable. The objective of this publication is to show a case report in which the reconstruction of the inferior alveolar nerve was performed with human acellular nerve allograft (Avance® Nerve Graft, Axogen) with microsurgery in order to provide sensitivity to the region of the affected face in a reconstructed patient with a microvascularized bone fibula graft after hemimandibulectomy due to plexiform ameloblastoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Peripheral Nerves/transplantation , Neurosurgical Procedures/methods , Mandibular Nerve/surgery , Allografts
15.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 27(3): 126-131, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1129255

ABSTRACT

La ruptura de ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) es de las lesiones más comunes relacionadas con el deporte. Se utilizan diferentes tipos de injerto para realizar su reconstrucción. Existen trabajos que han demostrado resultados satisfactorios con aloinjerto, sin embargo, muchos de estos han reportado altos índices de falla en pacientes jóvenes. La mayoría de estos aloinjertos eran irradiados. La aumentación del injerto para cirugía del LCA está demostrando resultados favorables, y el aloinjerto más refuerzo con una férula interna InternalBraceTM representa un área prometedora en la cirugía de reconstrucción de LCA. El objetivo del siguiente trabajo es presentar una reconstrucción de LCA utilizando aloinjerto reforzado con una férula interna (IB) y una revisión de la literatura


Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are among the most common sports-related injuries. Different types of graft are used to perform ACL reconstruction. Although studies have shown reliable outcomes with allograft tissue, several have reported a higher failure rate in younger patients. Most of these allografts were irradiated. ACL graft augmentation has met with varying levels of success, internal bracing of an allograft represents a promising area in ACL reconstruction surgery. The purpose of this article is to detail allograft preparation with an internal brace augmentation for ACL reconstruction and literature review


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Allografts , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries , Knee Joint
16.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 27(2): 78-87, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1118222

ABSTRACT

La cirugía de revisión del ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) plantea una serie de dificultades específicas. Estas incluyen la falta de masa ósea para permitir la fijación efectiva de la reconstrucción, morbilidad de la zona del donante cuando se utiliza autoinjerto óseo para llenar los túneles, etc. Para abordar algunos de estos problemas, describimos una técnica de revisión de 2 etapas que utiliza aloinjerto óseo para el llenado del túnel y el autoinjerto de tendón rotuliano (HTH) para la reconstrucción del LCA. Además, la intervención incluye una fase extraarticular en la que el ligamento anterolateral se refuerza con una tenodesis para aumentar la estabilidad rotacional de la rodilla, mejorando así las posibilidades de éxito. Tipo de Trabajo: Técnica Quirúrgica. Nivel Evidencia: V


Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) revision surgery poses a number of specific difficulties. These include the lack of bone mass to enable effective fixation of the reconstruction, morbidity of the donor area when bone autograft is used to fill the tunnels .To address all these problems, we describe a 2-stage revision technique that uses bone allograft for tunnel filling and patellar tendon autograft (BTB) for ligament reconstruction. In addition, the intervention includes an extra-articular phase in which the anterolateral ligament is reinforced to increase the rotational stability of the knee, thus improving the prognosis of operation. Type of Study: Surgical Technique. Level of Evidence: V


Subject(s)
Adult , Reoperation , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/methods , Allografts , Knee Injuries/surgery
17.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1509-1516, Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040162

ABSTRACT

The allografts were used to obtain sufficient alveolar bone tissue for proper dental implant placement. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the morphological and quantitative characteristics (cellular and collagen densities) of the newly formed alveolar bone with the application of cortical bone (CB) and demineralized bone matrix (DBM) allografts. Six samples of alveolar bone tissue from 5 patients (50 ± 6.3 years) were obtained after 6 months of application of the allografts and immediately before the placement of the dental implants. The samples were fixed (buffered formaldehyde, pH7.2), decalcified (EDTA 10 %) and histologically processed (HE and Picro-Sirius) for histologic analysis. Morphological analysis revealed presence of osteocytes and trabeculae in neoformed bone tissue near the allografts and absence of inflammatory and allergic cells; the remnants of CB were located mainly in the periphery of the bone tissue and the remnants of DBM were more incorporated into the tissue. Osteogenitor cells were observed around the remaining material. The cell density was not modified in newly formed bone tissue with the application of both allografts as compared to mature bone tissue. The density of the type I and III collagens present in the osteoids interspersed with the remainder of the materials showed a tendency to increase in the samples treated with DBM. It was concluded that by the histological characteristics observed both grafts were biocompatible, however the bone treated with DBM presented better incorporation and a tendency of increase of the collagen content in the remnant region of the allografts.


Los aloinjertos son utilizados para obtener tejido óseo alveolar apropiado para la colocación correcta del implante dental. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar las características morfológicas y cuantitativas (densidades celulares y de colágeno) del hueso alveolar recién formado con la aplicación de aloinjertos de hueso cortical (CB) y matriz desmineralizada de hueso (DBM). Seis muestras de tejido óseo alveolar fueron obtenidas de 5 pacientes (50 ± 6,3 años) después de 6 meses de aplicación de los aloinjertos e inmediatamente antes de la colocación de los implantes dentales. Las muestras fueron fijadas (formaldehído tamponado, pH 7,2), descalcificadas (EDTA al 10%) y procesadas histológicamente (HE y Picro-Sirius) para el análisis histológico. El análisis morfológico reveló la presencia de osteocitos y trabéculas en el tejido óseo neoformado cerca de los aloinjertos y la ausencia de células inflamatorias y alérgicas; los remanentes de CB se ubicaron principalmente en la periferia del tejido óseo y los remanentes de DBM se incorporaron más en el tejido. Se observaron células osteogenitoras alrededor del material restante. La densidad celular no se modificó en el tejido óseo recién formado con la aplicación de ambos aloinjertos en comparación con el tejido óseo maduro. La densidad de los colágenos de tipo I y III presentes en los osteoides intercalados con el resto de los materiales mostró una tendencia a aumentar en las muestras tratadas con DBM. Se concluyó que, debido a las características histológicas observadas, ambos injertos fueron biocompatibles, sin embargo, el hueso tratado con DBM presentó una mejor incorporación y una tendencia al aumento del contenido de colágeno en la región remanente de los aloinjertos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Matrix/transplantation , Alveolar Process/anatomy & histology , Alveolar Process/surgery , Allografts , Biocompatible Materials , Bone Regeneration , Bone Transplantation , Bone Substitutes , Alveolar Process/growth & development , Cortical Bone/transplantation
18.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 60(3): 86-90, dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146625

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Encuestar a cirujanos de rodilla en Chile, sobre su conducta en contaminaciones accidentales del injerto, en reconstrucciones de ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA). MÉTODOS: Se realizó una encuesta anónima en relación a la incidencia, tratamiento y resultados clínicos de los injertos de LCA contaminados, a todos los médicos pertenecientes al área de traumatología y ortopedia asistentes al congreso Ateneo de rodilla 2015. RESULTADOS: Se encuestaron 54 médicos, 33 (61%) especialistas en cirugía de rodilla y 21 (39%) médicos en formación. De los cirujanos de rodilla, 15 (45%) reportaron al menos un caso de contaminación, de los cuales 12 (80%) informaron un único evento, 3 (20%) indicaron la eventualidad en 2, 3 y 5 ocasiones respectivamente, para un total de 22 injertos contaminados. De los cirujanos que reportaron injertos contaminados, 11 (73%) realizan 50 o más reconstrucciones al año. La decisión tomada en los casos de contaminación fue en 13 oportunidades (59%), lavar el injerto y utilizarlo de acuerdo al plan inicial; en 6 casos (27%), utilizar aloinjerto; en 2 ocasiones (9%), utilizar autoinjerto alternativo; y en 1 oportunidad (5%); triplicar el semitendinoso. Ninguno de los casos de contaminación reportó infecciones. CONCLUSIONES: En casos de una contaminación accidental, la mayoría de los cirujanos encuestados prefieren optar por la descontaminación del injerto y su utilización en la reconstrucción de acuerdo al plan inicial; para lo cual la clorhexidina y antibióticos sería la solución a usar de preferencia. NIVEL DE EVIDENCIA: Nivel V, opinión de experto.


OBJECTIVE: To survey knee surgeons who perform anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in Chile, about the management when ACL graft contamination occurs. METHODS: An anonymous survey was conducted to all physicians belonging to the area of traumatology and orthopedics who attended the 2015 annual Chilean Knee Society meeting. The survey questioned the incidence, treatment, and outcomes of ACL graft contaminations. RESULTS: Fifty-four physicians were surveyed, of which 33 (61%) where knee surgeons and 21 (39%) physicians in training. Of the 33 knee surgeons, 15 (45%) reported at least one contamination during their career. Of those 15, 12 (80%) had one event, and three surgeons (20%) informed having 2, 3, and 5 episodes respectively, for a total of 22 reported contaminated grafts. Of the surgeons who reported a contaminated graft, 11 (73%) performed 50 or more ACL reconstructions annually. In 13 opportunities (59%) the management for a contaminated graft was cleansing the graft and proceeding as planned. In 6 cases (27%) an allograft was used, in 2 occasions (9%) a different graft was harvested, and in 1 opportunity (5%) a semitendinosus graft triplication was performed. No infections in any of the contaminated grafts were reported. CONCLUSIONS: In case of accidental graft contamination during an ACL reconstruction, knee surgeons most often preferred disinfecting the graft and using it as the initial plan. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, expert opinion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Accidents , Equipment Contamination/statistics & numerical data , Transplants/microbiology , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/methods , Orthopedic Surgeons/psychology , Chlorhexidine/administration & dosage , Sterilization/methods , Decontamination , Equipment Contamination/prevention & control , Surveys and Questionnaires , Disinfectants/administration & dosage , Allografts/microbiology , Autografts/microbiology , Anti-Bacterial Agents
19.
Actual. osteol ; 15(3): 225-236, Sept-Dic. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116171

ABSTRACT

Bone grafting is important to preserve the alveolar bone ridge height and volume for dental implant placement. Even though implant-supported overdentures present highly successful outcomes, it seems that a great number of edentulous individuals have not pursued implant-based rehabilitation. The cost of the treatment is one of the reasons of discrepancy between highly successful therapy and its acceptance. Therefore, the development of biomaterials for bone grafting with comparable characteristics and biological effects than those renowned internationally, is necessary. In addition, domestic manufacture would reduce the high costs in public health arising from the application of these biomaterials in the dental feld. The purpose of this clinical case report is to provide preliminary clinical evidence of the efficacy of a new bovine bone graft in the bone healing process when used for sinus floor elevation. (AU)


El uso de injertos óseos es importante para preservar la altura y el volumen de la cresta alveolar para la colocación de implantes dentales. Si bien las sobredentaduras implanto-soportadas presentan resultados altamente exitosos, la mayoría de las personas desdentadas no han sido rehabilitadas mediante implantes dentales. Uno de los principales motivos por los cuales los pacientes no aceptan este tipo de tratamiento, altamente exitoso, es el elevado costo del mismo. Por ello, es necesario el desarrollo de biomateriales de injerto óseo con características y efectos biológicos comparables a los reconocidos internacionalmente. Asimismo, la fabricación nacional reduciría los altos costos en Salud Pública derivados de la aplicación de estos biomateriales en el campo dental. El objetivo de esta comunicación es presentar un caso clínico a fin de proporcionar evidencia preliminar acerca de la eficacia de un nuevo injerto de hueso bovino en el proceso de cicatrización ósea en el levantamiento del piso del seno maxilar. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Middle Aged , Cattle , Rats , Bone Transplantation/methods , Jaw, Edentulous, Partially/rehabilitation , Sinus Floor Augmentation/methods , Osteogenesis , Argentina , Biocompatible Materials , Cattle/physiology , Carticaine/administration & dosage , Chlorhexidine/administration & dosage , Naproxen/administration & dosage , Public Health/economics , Osseointegration , Dentures , Bone Transplantation/trends , Jaw, Edentulous, Partially/pathology , Jaw, Edentulous, Partially/therapy , Durapatite/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination/administration & dosage , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Sinus Floor Augmentation/trends , Allografts/immunology , Allografts/transplantation
20.
Rev. méd. Hosp. José Carrasco Arteaga ; 11(1): 79-83, Marzo 2019. Ilustraciones
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1016377

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El quiste óseo aneurismático es una neoplasia benigna que aparece con mayor frecuencia en la segunda década de vida. Clínicamente se presenta como una masa que produce dolor y deformidad de la extremidad afectada; radiológicamente se caracteriza por lesiones líticas con tabicaciones internas y abombamiento de la cortical. Se presenta un caso donde se realizó un aloinjerto estructural para el tratamiento de esta patología. CASO CLÍNICO: Paciente de sexo masculino, de 18 años de edad; con historia de 5 meses de evolución de dolor e impotencia funcional de extremidad inferior derecha; al examen físico se evidenció masa de 15 x 6 cm en tobillo derecho. La radiografía simple demostró una lesión lítica de tercio distal de peroné con adelgazamiento e insuflación de la cortical. El examen histopatológico fue positivo para células gigantes de tipo osteoclasto, cambios simplásticos, estroma miofibroblástico y extravasación eritrocitaria; datos compatibles con quiste óseo aneurismático. EVOLUCIÓN: Se realizó la resección en bloque de la masa tumoral del peroné, para la reconstrucción se utilizó un aloinjerto estructural más estabilización con placa de compresión dinámica y tornillo transindesmal; se realizó además una reconstrucción ligamentaria utilizando la técnica de Watson Jones. El paciente tuvo una evolución favorable, a los 16 meses del procedimiento se observó consolidación completa, además de una función articular conservada; no se evidenció recidiva en los 5 años posteriores de control. CONCLUSIÓN: El quiste óseo aneurismático es una patología benigna que siendo tratada en etapas iniciales, conlleva un mejor pronóstico y requiere de la realización de procedimientos quirúrgicos menos complejos. En pacientes con tumores de gran tamaño no es posible la realización de tratamientos convencionales; siendo la resección en bloque más la colocación de aloinjerto y estabilización ligamentaria, una alternativa terapéutica válida que permita preservar la extremidad.(ua)


BACKGROUND: Aneurysmal bone cyst is a benign neoplasm that presents more frequently in the second decade of life. Clinically It manifests as a mass that causes pain and deformity of the affected limb; radiologically, it is characterized by lytic lesions with internal septations and bulging of the cortex. A case is presented where a structural allograft was performed for the treatment of this pathology. CASE REPORT: 18 year-old male patient, with 5 month history of pain and functional impotence of right lower extremity; physical examination revealed a 15 x 6 cm mass in right ankle. X-ray showed a lytic lesion in the distal third of the fibula, with thinning an insufflation of bone cortex. The histopathological report was positive for giant cells (osteoclast-like cells), symplastic changes, myofibroblastic stroma and erythrocyte extravasation; data compatible with aneurysmal bone cyst. EVOLUTION: An en-bloc resection of the fibular tumor was performed, for the reconstruction a structural allograft plus stabilization with dynamic compression plate and transindesmal screw was used; a ligament reconstruction was also performed using the Watson Jones technique. The patient had a favorable evolution, at 16 months complete consolidation in addition to a preserved joint function was observed; there was no recurrence in the 5 years after control. CONCLUSION: The aneurysmal bone cyst is a benign condition that if treated in initial stages, has a better prognosis and requires less complex surgical procedures. In patients with large tumors, conventional treatment is not possible; en bloc resection plus allograft placement and ligament stabilization, is a valid therapeutic alternative to save the limb.(au)


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal , Fibula , Allografts , Bone Cysts , Neoplasms
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