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1.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-19, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354195

ABSTRACT

Increased patient demands for highly esthetic implant superstructure in the anterior esthetic zone has increased in the last decades. Moreover, the absence of periodontal ligament in implant supported prosthesis causes forces to be transferred without cushioning effect to the alveolar bone, resulting in increased marginal bone loss (MBL) and influence the heath of peri-implant tissue. Evaluate the available evidence on the effect implant superstructure and it consequences on patient satisfaction, MBL, bleeding on probing (BOP) and probing depth (PD). A protocol of electronic and hand research was performed for English based researches comparing implants inserted in the esthetic zone with all ceramic superstructure: "Will the use of different types of all ceramic superstructure show different esthetic patient satisfaction, marginal bone loss, bleeding on probing and probing depth? Thirteen publications from one thousand one hundred and sixteen research studies were included. This systematic review showed that all ceramic implant superstructure was a versatile treatment option with higher esthetic patient satisfaction and better color of peri-implant mucous especially in patients having thin biotype. On the other hand there wasn't significant difference in MBL, PD and BOP compared to other conventional implant superstructure. More randomized controlled clinical trials with bigger samples are needed to confirm our findings. All ceramic implant superstructure is versatile and highly esthetic treatment option for implant placed in the anterior esthetic zone.(AU)


A demanda do paciente por superestruturas de implante altamente estéticas na zona anterior aumentou nas últimas décadas. Além disso, a ausência de ligamento periodontal em próteses implantossuportadas faz com que as forças sejam transferidas para o osso alveolar sem amortecimento, resultando em aumento da perda óssea marginal (MBL) e influenciando na saúde do tecido peri-implantar. Avaliar as evidências disponíveis sobre o efeito da superestrutura do implante e suas consequências na satisfação do paciente, perda óssea marginal, sangramento à sondagem (SS) e profundidade de sondagem (PS). Um protocolo de pesquisa eletrônica e manual foi realizado para a análise de artigos em inglês comparando implantes com toda a superestrutura em cerâmica inseridos na zona estética: "O uso de diferentes tipos de superestrutura em cerâmica mostrará diferentes níveis de satisfação estética do paciente, perda óssea marginal, sangramento em profundidade de sondagem e sondagem?". Foram selecionadas 1116 publicações e apenas treze estudos foram incluídos na análise final. Esta revisão sistemática mostrou que toda superestrutura do implante em cerâmica foi uma opção de tratamento versátil, com maior satisfação estética do paciente e melhor coloração da mucosa peri-implantar, especialmente em pacientes com biótipo fino. Por outro lado, não houve diferença significativa em MBL, PS e SS em comparação com outras superestruturas de implantes convencionais. Porém, mais ensaios clínicos controlados randomizados com amostras maiores são necessários para confirmar nossos achados. Implicações clínicas: Toda superestrutura do implante em cerâmica é uma opção de tratamento versátil e altamente estética para implantes colocados na zona anterior (AU)


Subject(s)
Alveolar Bone Loss , Patient Satisfaction , Esthetics, Dental
2.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 79(230): 17-20, dic. 2021. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358178

ABSTRACT

Luego de una extracción dental ocurren inevitablemente procesos de reabsorción y remodelación ósea, donde la dimensión y morfología de la cresta alveolar se ve modificada, representando un problema para la rehabilitación de la zona. Estudios clínicos han documentado un promedio de 4,0 a 4,5 mm de reabsorción ósea horizontal luego de una exodoncia, como así también cambios dimensionales significativos en los alrededores del hueso alveolar. El propósito fue evaluar y comparar clínica y tomográficamente los procesos de reparación y conservación del reborde alveolar post-extracción de paredes intactas, con y sin la utilización de esponjas de colágeno intraalveolar como relleno y placa termoformada como barrera física, durante el proceso de cicatrización. Se seleccionaron pacientes con indicación de exodoncia de elementos dentarios normalmente implantados y clínicamente aceptables, aplicando los criterios de exclusión, se realiza toma de impresión del terreno para la confección de una placa de protección rígida 0,8 termoformada para ser colocada posterior a la extracción durante la masticación por un período de 30 días. Se indica tomografía cone-beam post operatoria inmediata y a los tres meses para analizar, medir y comparar alto y ancho de crestas alveolares residuales. En la evaluación clínica y tomográfica de los casos estudiados, el grupo control donde se usó únicamente placa de protección alveolar arrojó mejores resultados que el grupo donde se colocaron esponja de colágeno en el interior del alvéolo. Palabras clave: Regeneración ósea, esponja de colágeno, cicatrización ósea, alvéolo postextracción, placa de protección alveolar (AU)


After a tooth extraction, bone resorption and remodeling processes inevitably occurs, where size and morphology of the alveolar crest is modified, representing a problem for the rehabilitation of the area. Clinical studies have documented an average of 4.0 to 4.5 mm of horizontal bone resorption after an extraction, us well us substantial dimensional changes around the alveolar bone. The purpose was to evaluate and compare clinical and tomographically both repair and preservation of post extraction alveolar ridge of intact walls processes, with and without the use of intraalveolar collagen sponges as filler and a thermoformed protective plaque, us physica? barrier, during healing process. Patients with normally implanted and clinically acceptable tooth with extraction indication were selected, applying the exclusion criteria, impression of the field is taken to build a 0.8 rigid thermoformed protective plaque in order to be placed after extraction and used during chewing for a period of 30 days. Immediate and three months post-operative cone beam tomography are indicated to analyze, measure and compare height and width of residual alveolar crests. In the clinical and tomographic evaluation of the cases treated, control group where only alveolar protective plaque was used, showed better results than the group with intraalveolar collagen sponge (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bone Regeneration , Alveolar Bone Loss , Collagen , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Tooth Extraction , Wound Healing , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Statistical Analysis , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921397

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical effect of Er:YAG laser combined with ethylenediamine tetra acetic acid (EDTA) on three-walled periodontal intrabony defects adjacent to implant sites.@*METHODS@#A total of 30 patients with three-walled periodontal intrabony defects adjacent to implant sites were treated with the combination therapy. Patients with three-walled intrabony defects were divided into two groups according to the depth of the intrabony pocket between the implant and natural teeth. Evaluation of wound healing was performed 10 days after the operation, and bone augmentation was evaluated 6 months after the operation.@*RESULTS@#Primary healing in group 1 was 92.31%, primary healing in group 2 was 82.35%. No significant difference was observed between the two groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The effect of bone augmentation with combination therapy was more ideal in group 2 than in group 1. Implant placement with combination therapy may be a viable technique to reconstruct three-walled intrabony defects due to the space maintenance provided by implants and bone grafts and the good root surface biocompatibility provided by the Er:YAG laser and EDTA.


Subject(s)
Acetic Acid , Alveolar Bone Loss , Dental Implants , Ethylenediamines , Follow-Up Studies , Guided Tissue Regeneration, Periodontal , Humans , Lasers, Solid-State , Periodontal Attachment Loss , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887763

ABSTRACT

Long-term missing teeth can lead to alveolar bone loss in the edentulous area. Guided bone regeneration (GBR) is a bone augmentation method. It is widely used in clinical practice and broadens the indications of orthodontic treatment to a certain extent. This article reports a case of an adult patient with edentulous space in the maxillary central incisor, which was successfully closed through orthodontic treatment combined with GBR. This study will provide a re-ference for future clinical work.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alveolar Bone Loss , Anodontia , Bone Regeneration , Humans , Incisor , Maxilla , Orthodontic Space Closure
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887748

ABSTRACT

The tilted implantation technique is characterized by placing the implant at an angle of more than 15° and less than 45° from the horizontal plane. This technique can avoid damaging the maxillary sinus, inferior alveolar nerve, nasal base, and other anatomical structures when the height of the upper and lower jaw available bone is insufficient, to maximize the use of available bone and avoid a large range of bone increment. The tilted implantation technique can reduce the trauma of the surgery, increase the possibility of immediate restoration and shorten the treatment cycle, which has been widely used clinically. In this review, the scope of application, design elements, design scheme and complications of the tilted implantation technique for edentulous patients will be described.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Bone Loss , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis Design , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Jaw, Edentulous/surgery , Mandible , Maxilla/surgery , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Mouth, Edentulous/surgery
6.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2021. 81 p. il., tab., graf..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1255006

ABSTRACT

Embora existe um alto índice de sucesso implantes dentários, podem ocorrer perda da osseintegração após instalação das próteses sobre implante e as causas são as periimplantites e sobre cargas oclusais. Diferentes conexõessurgiram para o melhor desempenho estético, biomecânico e para evitar perdas ósseas perimplantares. Para analisar às deformações geradas ao redor dos implantes e suas conexões, as duas metodologias utilizadas neste estudo e que apresentam resultados numéricos,foram a análise de elementos finitos e a extensometria linear.Para o teste do FEA, foi utilizado o software Rhinoceros 4.0 para obter os desenhos em 3D dos dois modelos de implantes,com o mesmo comprimento e largura, um hexágono externo HE (Titaoss® TM cortical Intraoss®, SP, Brasil) com diâmetro de 3,75 mm e comprimento de 13 mm e o segundo sendo um implante conexão interna (CM) (Titaoss® Max Cone Morse, Intraoss®, SP, Brasil). Sobre os implantes foram modelados seus abutments respectivamente, Ucla anti- rotacional com plataforma de 4.1 mm e um Pilar Cone Morse CMN com transmucoso de 0,8 mm. Ambos abutments para próteses parafusadas e foram exportados para o software de análise (ANSYS 17.0, ANSYS Inc., Houston, TX, USA) em formato STEP.Para o teste de extensometria, foram obtidos blocos de poliuretano (Poliuretano F160 ISO Axson, Cercy, França) de forma retangular com dimensões internas de 95 x 45 x 30 mm e intalados implantes Titaoss® Max Cone Morse 3,75 X 13 mm e os implantes Titaoss® TM 3,75 X 13 mm (Intraoss- SP - Brasil), e os abutments e coroas metálicas de cromo-cobalto. Formado 4 grupos: a) CM no; b) HE no, c) CM po e d) He po; em cada grupo foram instalados 4 extensômetros tangenciando cada um dos implantes, segundo mapas colorimétricos da região de maior microdeformação óssea. Na aplicação de carga, foi utilizado o dispositivo de aplicação de carga-DAC(Nishioka - Proc. 08/53071-4), com carga axial de 30 kg aplicadas por um período de 10 segundos (Mericske-Stern et al.) na fosseta central (carga axial).Resultados:1) FEA- a) Tensão de von-Mises gerada no conjunto implante/parafuso mostrou maior concentraçao de tensao no parafuso protético de ambos os grupos independente da perda óssea; b) Tensão de von-Mises gerada na região mais estressada que mostrou a possível falha na região da cabeça do parafuso de ambos os grupos independente da perda óssea; c) Tensão de von-Mises gerada no implante em secçao longitudinal foi maior concentraçao de tensao na plataforma do hexagono externo, mas, com pouca diferença no restante do corpo do implante, e d) microdeformaçao gerada no interior do bloco de poliuretano .Não foi possível notar diferenças significativas entre as diferentes conexões. Para os implantes com perda óssea é possível notar maior deformaçao ápica. 2) Na extensometria foi realizada a média da deformação gerada de cada os quatro grupos, no qual não apresentou diferenças numéricas entre os grupos. Neste estudo podemos concluir que não há diferenças significativas na microdeformação entre o grupo dos implantes CM no e HE no, com uma maior deformação CM e HE quando há presença de perda óssea(AU)


Although there is a high success rate, dental implants may lose osseintegration after implantation of prostheses on implants and the causes are peri-implantitis and occlusal loads.Different connections have emerged for better aesthetic and biomechanical performance to prevent perimplant bone loss.To analyze the deformations generated around the implants and their connections, the two methodologies used in this study and which present numerical results were the analysis of finite elements and linear extensometry.The Rhinoceros 4.0 software was used to obtain the 3D drawings of the two implant models with the same length and width, an external hexagon HE (Titaoss® TM cortical Intraoss®, SP, Brazil) with a diameter of 3.75 mm and a length of 13 mm and the second being an internal connection (CM) implant (Titaoss® Max Cone Morse, Intraoss®, SP, Brazil). The abutments were modeled on the implants, respectively, Ucla anti-rotational with 4.1 mm platform and a Morse Cone Abutment CMN with 0.8 mm transmucous. Both abutments for screwed prostheses and were exported to the analysis software (ANSYS 17.0, ANSYS Inc., Houston, TX, USA) in STEP format.For the extensometry test, rectangular polyurethane blocks (Polyurethane F160 ISO Axson, Cercy, France) with internal dimensions of 95 x 45 x 30 mm and Titaoss® Max Cone Morse 3.75 X 13 mm implants and implants were obtained Titaoss® TM 3.75 X 13 mm (Intraoss-SP - Brazil), and the abutments and metallic crowns of chromium-cobalt. Forming 4 groups: a) CM no; b) HE no; c) CM po and d) He po, each group installed 4 strain gauges tangent to each of the implants, according to colorimetric maps of the region with the greatest bone microdeformation. In the load application, the DAC load application device (Nishioka- Proc. 08 / 53071-4) was used, with an axial load of 30 kg applied for a period of 10 seconds (Mericske-Stern et al.) In the pit central (axial load).Results: 1) FEA- a) von-Mises tension generated in the implant / screw set showed a higher concentration of tension in the prosthetic screw of both groups regardless of bone loss; b) von-Mises tension generated in the most stressed region, showing possible failure in the screw head region of both groups regardless of bone loss; c) VonMises stress generated in the implant in longitudinal section was higher stress concentration in the external hexagon platform but with little difference in the rest of the implant body, and d) microdeformation generated inside the polyurethane block, it was not possible to notice significant differences between the different connections. For implants with bone loss, it is possible to notice greater apical deformation. 2) In the extensometry, the average strain generated for each of the four groups was performed, in which there were no numerical differences between the groups. In this study we can conclude that there was no difference in microdeformation between the group of CM implants and HE no, with a greater CM and HE deformation when there is bone loss(AU)


Subject(s)
Bone Resorption/diagnostic imaging , Dental Implants/trends , Alveolar Bone Loss/complications
7.
Odontoestomatol ; 23(37): e404, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250427

ABSTRACT

Resumen El granuloma piógeno oral es una lesión benigna multifactorial, caracterizada por presentarse como un agrandamiento gingival muy vascularizado. Se puede localizar en cualquier área de la cavidad oral, con más frecuencia en la encía marginal vestibular. Se presenta con mayor incidencia en mujeres adultas y en niños varones. No suele comprometer tejido óseo ni dientes y su tratamiento más seguro es la exéresis quirúrgica, siendo el riesgo de recurrencia alto. El objetivo del presente estudio es reportar el caso de una paciente de 9 años de edad, que fue sometida a la exéresis de un granuloma piogénico oral en el hueso maxilar y al año siguiente presentó una recurrencia de la lesión con pérdida ósea alveolar y movilidad de un diente adyacente. Se le realizó una biopsia y un curetaje minucioso, confirmándose el diagnostico de granuloma piogénico oral.


Resumo O granuloma piogênico oral é uma lesão multifatorial benigna, caracterizada por apresentarse como um aumento gengival altamente vascularizado. Pode estar localizado em qualquer área da cavidade oral, mais frequentemente na gengiva marginal vestibular. Ocorre com maior incidência em mulheres adultas e em crianças do sexo masculino. Geralmente não compromete o tecido ósseo ou os dentes e seu tratamento mais seguro é a escisão cirúrgica, sendo alto o risco de recorrência. O objetivo do presente estudo é relatar o caso de uma paciente de 9 anos de idade, submetida a escisão de granuloma piogênico oral no maxilar e no ano seguinte apresentou uma recorrência da lesão com perda óssea alveolar e a mobilidade de umo de seus dentes adjacentes. Uma biópsia e uma curetagem completa foram realizadas, confirmando o diagnóstico de granuloma piogênico oral.


Abstract Oral pyogenic granuloma is a benign multifactorial lesion that appears as a highly vascular gingival enlargement. It can be located anywhere in the oral cavity, most often in the vestibular marginal gingiva. It occurs most frequently in adult women and male children. It does not usually compromise bone tissue or teeth; its safest treatment is surgical excision, with a high recurrence risk. This study aims to report the case of a 9-year-old female patient who underwent oral pyogenic granuloma excision in the maxilla. The following year, she presented a possible lesion recurrence with alveolar bone loss and the mobility of an adjacent tooth. A biopsy and thorough curettage were performed, confirming the diagnosis of oral pyogenic granuloma.


Subject(s)
Granuloma, Giant Cell/diagnosis , Granuloma, Pyogenic/diagnosis , Tooth Mobility/etiology , Alveolar Bone Loss/etiology
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20210160, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340107

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aims to evaluate the effect of ellagic acid (EA) by measuring the levels of alveolar bone resorption and inflammatory and oxidative stress markers in the periodontal tissues and serum on the periodontal repair process related to experimental periodontitis in rats. Methodology Forty Wistar rats were divided into four study groups as follows: Group 1=healthy control (n=10); Group 2=EA control (15 mg/kg)(n=10); Group 3=periodontitis (n=10); Group 4=periodontitis+EA (15 mg/kg) (n=10). The periodontitis model was established by ligating bilateral mandibular first molars for 14 days. Then, rats were given normal saline or EA for another 14 days by gavage administration. Serum and gingiva myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine(8-OHdG), and glutathione (GSH) levels were analyzed by ELISA. İmmunohistochemical analysis was used to detect Interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) immunoreactivities in the periodontal tissues. Alveolar bone loss (ABL) and attachment loss (AL) was evaluated by histomorphometry analysis. Results ABL and AL were statistically higher in group 3 than in groups 1, 2 and 4 and in group 4 than in groups 1 and 2 (p<0.05). MPO activities in gingival tissue and serum were significantly increased in group 3 compared to groups 1 and 2 (p<0.05). Significantly higher serum GSH levels, lower gingiva, and serum 8-OHdG levels, and MPO activity were observed in group 4 compared to group 3 (p<0.05). Rats with periodontitis (group 3) expressed significantly higher immunoreactivities of IL-6 and TNF-α and lower IL-10 immunoreactivity compared to those other groups (p<0.05). IL-6 and TNF-α immunoreactivities significantly decreased and IL-10 immunoreactivity increased in group 4 after the use of EA compared to group 3 (p<0.001). Conclusions Our findings showed that EA provides significant improvements on gingival oxidative stress and inflammatory markers and alveolar bone resorption in the repair process associated with experimental periodontitis. Therefore, EA may have a therapeutic potential on periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Periodontitis/drug therapy , Alveolar Bone Loss , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Rats, Wistar , Ellagic Acid/pharmacology , Interleukin-1beta
9.
Rev. Fundac. Juan Jose Carraro ; 24(44): 20-25, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223204

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad periodontal (EP) es una patología que afecta principalmente los tejidos que rodean a la pieza dentaria (PD) y se caracteriza, en la mayoría de los casos, por una exposición bacteriana que favorece una respuesta destructiva e inflamatoria del huésped, que conduce a la pérdida de inserción periodontal de la PD, provocando una marcada reabsorción ósea y la posible pérdida de las PD. El diagnóstico de EP implica evaluaciones clínicas y radiográficas, en la actualidad se están realizando diversas investigaciones para evaluar posibles compuestos en los fluidos orales a través de lo cual puede ser posible evaluar la presencia y gravedad de estas enfermedades, como así también el riesgo en los pacientes. Hay evidencias de la interacción de macromoléculas salivales, como las mucinas, con microorganismos específicos. De esta manera las mucinas, junto con otros productos de la saliva, ayudan a modular tanto el número como el tipo de proliferación de ciertos organismos y provocar la disminución de otros. La revisión de la literatura actual concluye que las mucinas salivales pueden servir como un parámetro bioquímico de la inflamación del periodonto (AU)


Periodontal disease (PD) is a pathology that mainly affects the tissues surrounding the tooth (PD) and is characterized, in most cases, by a bacterial exposure that favors a destructive and inflammatory response of the host, which leads to the loss of periodontal insertion of the PD, causing a marked bone resorption and the possible loss of the PD. The diagnosis of PD involves clinical and radiographic evaluations, at present several investigations are being carried out to evaluate possible compounds in oral fluids through which it may be possible to evaluate the presence and severity of these diseases, as well as the risk in patients. There is evidence of the interaction of salivary macromolecules, such as mucins, with specific microorganisms. In this way, mucins, together with other saliva products, help modulate both the number and type of proliferation of certain organisms and cause the decrease of others. The review of the current literature concludes that salivary mucins can serve as a biochemical parameter of inflammation of the periodontium (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Diseases , Biomarkers , Mucins/physiology , Saliva/immunology , Salivary Proteins and Peptides/physiology , Periodontium/physiopathology , Alveolar Bone Loss/etiology , Inflammation Mediators/physiology
10.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(3): 129-137, dic. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147924

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Presentar el uso de la cirugía guiada para la resolución quirúrgico-protética de un caso clínico con colocación de implantes de longitud estándar (>7 mm) en un maxilar inferior atrófico, sin regeneración ósea guiada. Caso clínico: Una paciente que requería terapia con implantes en sectores posteroinferiores se presentó en la Cátedra de Odontología Integral Adultos de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires. Primero se realizó una tomografía computarizada de haz cónico del maxilar inferior para evaluar la disponibilidad ósea. La planificación se efectuó siguiendo un protocolo digital a fin de optimizar la selección de los implantes y su instalación en función de la futura rehabilitación protética y el tejido óseo disponible. Después se escanearon ambos maxilares y el registro intermaxilar; estas imágenes ­junto con las correspondientes a la tomografía (DICOM)­ fueron importadas como archivos (STL) a un software específico de diseño para determinar digitalmente la posición 3D ideal de los implantes y diseñar una guía quirúrgica de precisión. Luego se realizó la cirugía de instalación de los implantes con la guía quirúrgica, y finalmente los implantes fueron rehabilitados por medio de coronas cemento-atornilladas. Conclusión: El uso de la cirugía guiada permitió optimizar el tejido óseo disponible para la instalación de implantes en función de la futura rehabilitación protética (AU)


Aim: To present the use of guided surgery for the prosthetic resolution of a clinical case with placement of implants of standard length (>7 mm) in an atrophic posterior mandible, with no need of bone regeneration. Clinical case: A patient who required implants in the posterior sectors of the mandible attended to the department of Odontología Integral Adultos, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina. A dental cone beam computed tomography (CBCT scan) of the lower jaw was done to assess bone availability and was decided to perform guided surgery for accurate implant placement. Both maxillaries and intermaxillary occlusal registration were scanned and imported into files (STL) together with those of the CBCT scan (DICOM) into specific design software. Following the digital protocol using a surgical guide the implants were placed and then restored with cemented-screwed crowns. Conclusion: Guided surgery allowed planning implant placement, guided by the final position of the prosthetic restoration, and optimizing the available bone (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Alveolar Bone Loss/surgery , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Mandible , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Bone Regeneration , Denture, Partial, Fixed , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mouth Rehabilitation
11.
Rev. ADM ; 77(5): 252-256, sept.-oct. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146848

ABSTRACT

Una de las causas de la evolución de la periodontitis es la formación de defectos óseos y pérdida de inserción clínica. Una manera de eliminar el defecto intraóseo y su bolsa periodontal es eliminar las paredes de hueso que componen el defecto para colocar el complejo dentogingival en una posición más apical. La cirugía ósea es un procedimiento periodontal resectivo que involucra la modificación del tejido óseo del soporte dental, la cual es una modalidad del tratamiento periodontal quirúrgico que puede utilizarse para eliminar eficazmente los defectos óseos periodontales para estabilizar la inserción periodontal. El objetivo del presente estudio es realizar una revisión de la literatura sobre las consideraciones actuales, técnicas y principios de la cirugía ósea resectiva en el paciente periodontalmente comprometido (AU)


One of the causes of the evolution of periodontitis is the formation of bone defects and loss of clinical attachment, where one way to eliminate the intraosseous defect and its periodontal pocket is to eliminate the bone walls that make up the defect to place the dentogingival complex in a more apical position. Bone surgery is periodontal surgery that involves the modification of the supporting bone tissue of the teeth, which is a modality of surgical treatment that can be used to effectively eliminate periodontal defects and stabilize the periodontal insertion. The aim of the present study is to conduct a literature review about the considerations, techniques and principles of resective bone surgery in the periodontally compromised patient (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis/surgery , Alveolar Bone Loss/surgery , Alveolar Process/surgery , Osteotomy/methods , Periodontal Pocket/surgery , Surgical Flaps , Crown Lengthening/methods
12.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(5): 458-465, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132332

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aims to evaluate the post-extraction alveolar bone reconstruction amongst 12 patients exhibiting loss of buccal bone plate in a tooth of the anterior region of the maxilla using the prosthetically-driven alveolar reconstruction technique (PDAR). In PDAR, a partial fixed provisional prosthesis (PFPP [conventional or adhesive]) with a specially designed pontic maintains the clot in a mechanically stable position during alveolar regeneration. Moreover, the pontic design, in hourglass shape and located in the subgingival area, also prevents gingival margins from collapsing. Gingival recession was evaluated through the 6-month healing period. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) was performed 1 month before and 8 months after PDAR treatment. For the primary outcome, in the panoramic imaging, the central area of bone defect in each tooth was selected for linear measurements. Measurements of the vertical buccal bone gain and the gain in thickness in the alveolar bone crest were obtained 8 months after PDAR. Descriptive statistics and intraclass correlation coefficient analysis were conducted. After treatment, all patients showed bone formation (a mean vertical gain of 7.1±3.7 mm, associated with a horizontal mean gain of 4.5±1.4 mm in the alveolar bone crest). The intraclass correlation coefficient for the measurements performed using CBCT was 0.999. No gingival recession, greater than 1 mm, was observed. Lower-morbidity procedures without the use of biomaterials may be a useful in post-extraction alveolar ridge regeneration and/or preservation. PDAR promoted alveolar bone formation without flaps, grafts and membranes.


Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a reconstrução do osso alveolar após extração em 12 pacientes com perda da tábua óssea vestibular em dentes na região anterior da maxila usando a técnica da reconstrução alveolar proteticamente guiada (RAPG). Na RAPG, uma prótese parcial fixa provisória (PPFP [convencional ou adesiva]) com um pôntico com design específico mantém o coágulo numa posição mecanicamente estável. Além disso, o design do pôntico, com formato de ampulheta e localizado na área subgengival, também previne o colapso das margens gengivais. A recessão gengival foi avaliada durante o período de cicatrização de 6 meses. Tomografias computadorizadas cone beam (TCCB) foram feitas 1 mês antes e 8 meses após o tratamento com a RAPG. Para o desfecho primário, nas imagens panorâmicas, a área central do defeito ósseo em cada dente foi selecionada para as medições lineares. As medições do ganho vertical ósseo vestibular e do ganho em espessura na crista óssea alveolar foram realizadas. A análise estística descritiva e a análise do coeficiente de correlação intraclasse forma realizados. Após o tratamento, todos os pacientes apresentaram formação óssea (ganho vertical médio de 7,1±3,7 mm, associado a ganho horizontal médio de 4,5±1,4 mm na crista óssea alveolar). O coeficiente de correlação intraclasse foi de 0,999. Nenhuma retração gengival acima de 1 mm foi observada. Procedimentos com baixa morbidade sem o uso de biomateriais podem ser úteis na regeneração/preservação do rebordo após as extrações. A RAPG promove a formação do osso alveolar sem o uso de retalhos, enxertos e membranas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alveolar Bone Loss/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Socket , Tooth Extraction , Retrospective Studies , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Alveolar Process/surgery , Alveolar Process/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827535

ABSTRACT

Adequate bone volume is the primary condition for successful dental implants. However, sufficient bone volume is often encountered in the vertical direction, but the bone volume in the buccolingual direction is insufficient, making it less suitable to be implanted. If the traditional spitting technique is used in the mandible, fracture and necrosis can easily occur in the labial (buccal) bone plate due to the absence of elasticity, thick cortical bone, poor blood supply, and anastomotic branch. The two-stage ridge splitting technique can be used in patients with narrow alveolar ridge in the mandible. This study summarizes the principles and conditions of application, operational points, clinical efficacy, and analysis of the causes of buccal bone plate absorption.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Bone Loss , Alveolar Process , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation , Bone Transplantation , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Humans , Mandible , General Surgery
14.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(1): e1501, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130517

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Bariatric surgery may have a negative impact on oral bone structure. Aim: To verify the alveolar bone pattern through radiomorphometric indices of panoramic radiography and linear measurements performed in periapical radiographs in eutrophic and morbidly obese patients before and after bariatric surgery. Methods: The sample consisted of 31 women aged 20-35 years old, divided into two groups: obese group (GO-obese grade III) and control group (GC-eutrophic). Twenty eutrophic and 11 obese morbidities were evaluated in the pre and postoperative bariatric surgery (six months). Radiomorphometric and plaque indices were evaluated at T0 (baseline) and T1 (six months) times, in both groups. In the radiographic analysis the trabecular pattern through the Lindh visual ladder and the bone loss were evaluated by calculating the distance from the cement-enamel junction to the bone crest in periapical radiographs. Panoramic radiographs were used to measure the mandibular cortical index (ICM), mentonian index (IM) and panoramic mandibular index (MPI), in addition to the Turesky plate index. Results: There was a significant loss of bone in T1 in patients submitted to bariatric surgery, when compared to eutrophic patients (p<0.05). The trabecular pattern became sparser after surgery with a visual difference. The plate index showed a slight improvement after surgery and the eutrophic maintained similar values over time. Conclusion: The standard alveolar bone presents greater bone loss in obese patients and worsens this standard after bariatric surgery when compared to eutrophic patients. The same happens with the trabecular pattern that becomes sparser after bariatric surgery.


RESUMO Racional: A cirurgia bariátrica pode ter um impacto negativo na estrutura óssea bucal. Objetivo: Verificar o padrão ósseo alveolar por meio de índices radiomorfométricos da radiografia panorâmica e medidas lineares realizadas em radiografias periapicais, em pacientes eutróficas e obesas mórbidas antes e após a cirurgia bariátrica. Métodos: A amostra foi constituída por 31 mulheres com idade de 20 a 35 anos, sendo divididas em dois grupos: grupo obeso (GO-obesas de grau III) e grupo controle (GC-eutróficas). Foram avaliadas 20 eutróficas e 11 obesas mórbidas no pré e pós-operatório de operação bariátrica (seis meses). Índices radiomorfométricos e de placa dentária em ambos os grupos foram avaliados nos tempos T0 (baseline) e T1 (seis meses). Na análise radiográfica foram avaliados o padrão trabecular através da escada visual de Lindh e a perda óssea por meio do cálculo da distância da junção cemento-esmalte à crista óssea, em radiografias periapicais. Já as radiografias panorâmicas mensuram índice da cortical mandibular (ICM), índice mentoniano (IM) e índice panorâmico mandibular (IPM), além do índice de placa de Turesky. Resultados: Houve perda óssea significativa em T1 em pacientes do GO, quando comparada com as eutróficas (p<0,05). O padrão trabecular tornou-se mais esparso após a operação apresentando diferença visual. No índice de placa foi observada ligeira melhora após a operação e os eutróficos mantiveram valores similares ao longo do tempo. Conclusão: Pacientes obesas apresentam maior perda óssea, a qual piora após a operação bariátrica, quando comparada com pacientes eutróficas. O mesmo acontece com o trabeculado ósseo que se torna mais esparso após a operação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Obesity, Morbid , Bariatric Surgery , Postoperative Period , Prospective Studies , Alveolar Bone Loss
15.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(3): 1-8, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1103699

ABSTRACT

The advent of CBCT has contributed significantly to dental imaging. In the field of periodontics, CBCT provides a multi-planar view to assess the alveolar bone in three dimensions. This helps the dentist to make measurements at any location that could significantly improve periodontal diagnosis. Objective: The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the accuracy of using CBCT in the assessment of alveolar bone level and furcation involvement in periodontal diseases. Material and Methods: PubMed, LILACS and Google Scholar databases were searched for literature related to the application of CBCT in periodontal diseases. Keywords used for the search were CBCT, furcation involvement, measurement and their synonyms. Results: Fifteen full-text English language research papers were eligible for the systematic review using the PRISMA guidelines. Conclusion: From the results of the systematic review it can be concluded that conebeam computed tomography imaging technique offers significantly reliable images of the furcation involvement and height of the alveolar bone. (AU)


O advento da Tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC) contribuiu significativamente para a imageologia. No campo da periodontia, a TCFC fornece uma visão multiplano para avaliar o osso alveolar em três dimensões. Isso ajuda o dentista a fazer medições em qualquer local que possa melhorar significativamente o diagnóstico periodontal. Objetivo: O objetivo desta revisão sistemática foi avaliar a precisão do uso da TCFC na avaliação do nível ósseo alveolar e do envolvimento da furca em doenças periodontais. Material e Métodos: As bases de dados PubMed, LILACS e Google Scholar foram pesquisadas na literatura relacionada à aplicação da TCFC em doenças periodontais. As palavras-chave utilizadas para a pesquisa foram TCFC, envolvimento da furca, mensuração e seus sinônimos. Resultados: Quinze trabalhos de pesquisa em inglês com texto completo foram elegíveis para a revisão sistemática usando as diretrizes do PRISMA. Conclusão: A partir dos resultados da revisão sistemática, pode-se concluir que a técnica de imagem por tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico oferece imagens significativamente confiáveis do envolvimento da furca e da altura do osso alveolar.(AU)


Subject(s)
Diagnostic Imaging , Alveolar Bone Loss , Furcation Defects , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
16.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190140, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056590

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The goal of the present study was to determine the effect of systemic and topical ozone application on alveolar bone loss (ABL) by evaluating the effect of Hypoxia-inducible factor −1 alpha (HIF-1-α) and receptor activator of NF-kB ligand (RANKL)-positive cells on histopathological and immunohistochemical changes in a rat periodontitis model. Methodology: Thirty male Wistar rats were divided into three groups: 1) Group C (control group); 2) Group SO (systemic ozone group) and 3) Group TO (topical ozone group). Experimental periodontitis was induced with a 3/0 silk suture placed at the mandibular left first molars of rats, and the suture was removed 14 days later. Ozone gas was injected intraperitoneally (0.7 mg/kg) in SO group. Topical ozone application protocol was performed using an ozone generator at 80% concentration (4th grade) 90- degree probe for the duration of 30 s. Both ozone applications were carried out for two weeks at intervals of two days. Histomorphometric and immunohistochemical analysis were performed. Results: ABL was significantly lower in Group SO compared to Group C (p: 0.0052). HIF-1α- positive cells were significantly lower in Group TO than in Group C (p: 0.0043). RANKL-positive cells were significantly lower in Group SO and in Group TO compared to the control group (p: 0.0033, p: 0.0075, respectively). Conclusion: Both ozone applications decreased RANKL-positive cell counts, TO application decreased HIF-1-α positive cells counts, and SO application was found to be more effective in reducing ABL compared to control group.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Ozone/administration & dosage , Periodontitis/pathology , Periodontitis/drug therapy , Alveolar Bone Loss/pathology , Alveolar Bone Loss/drug therapy , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , Cell Count , Reproducibility of Results , Administration, Topical , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar
17.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(2): 1-9, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1096553

ABSTRACT

Stafne's bone cavity (SBC) is an asymptomatic lingual bone cavity situated near the angle of the mandible. The anterior variant of SBC, which shows a radiolucent unilateral ovoid lingual bone concavity in the canine-premolar mandibular region, is uncommon. A 73-year-old man was referred for assessment of loss of mandibular bone. Panoramic radiographs and computerized tomography scans showed a well-defined lingual bony defect in the anterior mandible. Analysis of imaginological documentation, made 14 years ago, revealed a progressive increase in mesiodistal diameter and intraosseous bony defect. The soft tissue obtained within the bony defect, microscopically revealed fibrous stroma containing blood vessels of varied caliber. The current anterior lingual mandibular bone defect case is probably caused by the salivary gland entrapped or pressure resorption, which can explain the SBC pathogenesis (AU)


A cavidade óssea de Stafne (COS) é uma cavidade assintomática, localizada próximo ao ângulo da mandíbula, por lingual. A variante anterior da COS, a qual apresenta uma concavidade óssea lingual radiolúcida, ovoide e unilateral na região do caninopré-molar mandibular, é incomum. Um homem de 73 anos foi encaminhado para avaliação da perda óssea mandibular. A radiografia panorâmica e a tomografia computadorizada mostraram um defeito ósseo lingual bem definido na região anterior da mandibula. A análise da documentação imaginológica, realizada há 14 anos, revelou um aumento progressivo do diâmetro mesiodistal e defeito ósseo intraósseo. A biópsia do tecido mole obtido do defeito ósseo revelou microscópicamente estroma fibroso contendo vasos sanguíneos de calibre variado. O presente caso de defeito ósseo mandibular na região lingual anterior é provavelmente causado por glândula salivar aprisionada ou reabsorção por pressão, o que pode explicar a patogênese da COS. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Alveolar Bone Loss , Diagnosis , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mandible , Mouth
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e012, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055530

ABSTRACT

Abstract Lipoproteins are important bacterial immunostimulating molecules capable of inducing receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (RANKL) and osteoclast formation in vitro and in vivo . Although these molecules are present in periodontopathogenic bacteria, their role in periodontitis is not known. In this study, we used Pam2CSK4 (PAM2), a synthetic molecule that mimics bacterial lipoprotein, to investigate the effects of lipoproteins on periodontitis in mice. C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into three experimental groups: 1) Negative control group: animals received vehicle injection; 2) Positive control group: animals received injection of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS); 3) PAM2 group: animals received PAM2 injection. All the injections were performed bilaterally every other day into the palatal mucosa between first and second molars. After twenty-four days, the animals were euthanized to assess alveolar bone volume (micro-CT), cellular and extracellular composition in the gingiva (stereometric analysis), and osteoclast numbers (TRAP staining). Treatment with either PAM2 or LPS induced gingival inflammation, as demonstrated by increased infiltration of inflammatory cells and enhanced angiogenesis, associated with a smaller number of fibroblasts and decreased extracellular matrix. Importantly, treatment not only with LPS but also with PAM2 resulted in a larger number of TRAP+ multinucleated osteoclasts and significant loss of alveolar bone. Collectively, our data demonstrate that PAM2 can induce gingival inflammation and bone loss in mice, broadening the avenues of investigation into the role of lipoproteins in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Periodontitis/etiology , Periodontitis/pathology , Toll-Like Receptor 2/antagonists & inhibitors , Lipopeptides/pharmacology , Osteoclasts/drug effects , Periodontitis/microbiology , Time Factors , Random Allocation , Alveolar Bone Loss/etiology , Alveolar Bone Loss/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , X-Ray Microtomography , Alveolar Process/drug effects , Alveolar Process/pathology , Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase , Gingiva/drug effects , Gingiva/pathology , Gingivitis/etiology , Gingivitis/pathology , Mice, Inbred C57BL
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e118, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132688

ABSTRACT

Abstract Agenesis of lateral incisors, besides the functional issues, represents a great esthetic drawback. The selection of an appropriate treatment is a complex decision, which should consider the stability of the clinical outcomes over time. The aim of the present study was a histological and clinical comparison of two-stage split crest technique (SCT), with bone chips alone or mixed with porcine bone in patients affected by unilateral and bilateral agenesis of the upper lateral incisors. Eleven patients were enrolled, and randomly assigned to receive a treatment with autologous bone chips (group 1) or autologous bone chips mixed 1:1 to porcine-derived xenogenic bone (group 2). After a 2-month healing period, implants were placed and biopsies harvested for histomorphometrical evaluation. Clinical assessment, according to ICOI PISA health scale, and radiographic marginal bone loss evaluation at 12- and 24-month follow-ups were conducted. The histomorphometry showed significantly greater new bone formation (p > 0.0229) in group 2. At 12- and 24-month follow-ups, all the evaluated implants, regardless of the group they were allocated, could be categorized as "success" in the ICOI Pisa Health Scale for Dental Implants, and did not show significant difference in crestal bone loss. To the best of our knowledge, these are the first histological and clinical outcomes indicating that the use of bone chips mixed 1:1 to porcine bone in SCT could be a promising technique for the rehabilitation of patients with agenesis of the upper lateral incisors, although studies with a larger number of patients and implants, and a longer follow up are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Incisor , Dental Implants , Pilot Projects , Follow-Up Studies , Alveolar Bone Loss , Dental Implantation, Endosseous
20.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e012, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089395

ABSTRACT

Abstract Lipoproteins are important bacterial immunostimulating molecules capable of inducing receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (RANKL) and osteoclast formation in vitro and in vivo . Although these molecules are present in periodontopathogenic bacteria, their role in periodontitis is not known. In this study, we used Pam2CSK4 (PAM2), a synthetic molecule that mimics bacterial lipoprotein, to investigate the effects of lipoproteins on periodontitis in mice. C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into three experimental groups: 1) Negative control group: animals received vehicle injection; 2) Positive control group: animals received injection of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS); 3) PAM2 group: animals received PAM2 injection. All the injections were performed bilaterally every other day into the palatal mucosa between first and second molars. After twenty-four days, the animals were euthanized to assess alveolar bone volume (micro-CT), cellular and extracellular composition in the gingiva (stereometric analysis), and osteoclast numbers (TRAP staining). Treatment with either PAM2 or LPS induced gingival inflammation, as demonstrated by increased infiltration of inflammatory cells and enhanced angiogenesis, associated with a smaller number of fibroblasts and decreased extracellular matrix. Importantly, treatment not only with LPS but also with PAM2 resulted in a larger number of TRAP+ multinucleated osteoclasts and significant loss of alveolar bone. Collectively, our data demonstrate that PAM2 can induce gingival inflammation and bone loss in mice, broadening the avenues of investigation into the role of lipoproteins in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Periodontitis/etiology , Periodontitis/pathology , Toll-Like Receptor 2/antagonists & inhibitors , Lipopeptides/pharmacology , Osteoclasts/drug effects , Osteoclasts/physiology , Periodontitis/microbiology , Time Factors , Random Allocation , Alveolar Bone Loss/etiology , Alveolar Bone Loss/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , X-Ray Microtomography , Alveolar Process/drug effects , Alveolar Process/pathology , Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase , Gingiva/drug effects , Gingiva/pathology , Gingivitis/etiology , Gingivitis/pathology , Mice, Inbred C57BL
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