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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 23: e240338, 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1537125

ABSTRACT

Demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA) contains bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), hence is osteoinductive. Autologous platelet concentrates exhibit a higher quantity of growth factors. Both these biomaterials aid in bone regeneration when placed in three-wall intrabony defects. However, their efficacy when used alone and in conjugation is not clear. Aim: To assess clinical and radiographic efficacy of injectable platelet-rich fibrin (i-PRF) with microsurgical access flap in the treatment of three-wall intrabony defects in chronic periodontitis patients. Methods: Thirty sites with three-wall intrabony defects were randomly assigned to control and test group by computer generated method. The test group obtained i-PRF mixed with DFDBA while the control group received only DFDBA. Clinical parameters such as site-specific Plaque index (PI), Radiographic intrabony defect depth (IBDD), modified- Sulcular bleeding index (mSBI), Clinical attachment level (CAL), and Probing pocket depth (PPD) were measured at baseline, three and six months. Results: Intragroup comparison within the control group and test group exhibited statistically highly significant variation of mean PI, mSBI, PPD, CAL, and IBDD score from baseline to 3 months and from 3-6 months (p<0.001). However, intergroup comparison demonstrated no statistically significant variation of mean IBDD at all 3 intervals (p>0.05). Conclusion: i-PRF combined with DFDBA enhanced the radiographic and clinical parameters as opposed to DFDBA alone. The role of i-PRF is promising in its capacity for easy obtainability and increased potential to aid in regeneration


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Bone Regeneration , Alveolar Bone Loss , Chronic Periodontitis , Allografts , Platelet-Rich Fibrin
2.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 12(1): 127-138, abr. 4, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1516450

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The use of enamel matrix-derived proteins (EMD) has increased in recent years due to their tissue-inducing properties that support periodontal regeneration. This study is an overview of systematic reviews with FRISBEE methodology on the use of EMD alone or combined with autologous bone graft materials (BGM) in the treatment of intrabony defects. Materials and Methods: A systematic search in the Epistemonikos database was performed. RevMan 5.3 and GRADEpro were used for data analysis and presentation Results: Four systematic reviews and two clinical trials were identified. All studies analysed change in probing depth, clinical attachment level, gingival margin level and bone defect depth (all changes in favour of EMD+BGM groups: mean difference (MD): 0.37 mm more, MD: 0.7 mm more, MD: 0.3 mm less, MD: 0.75 more, respectively). Conclusions: Adding autologous bone graft to EMD to treat intrabony defects showed better results, but not a relevant clinical difference compared to the use of EMD alone.


Introducción: El uso de proteínas derivadas de la matriz del esmalte (EMD) ha aumentado en los últimos años debido a sus propiedades inductoras de tejidos que apoyan la regeneración periodontal. Este estudio es una revisión sistemática de revisiones sistemáticas utilizando metodología FRISBEE sobre el uso de EMD solo o combinado con materiales injerto óseo autólogo (BGM) en el tratamiento de defectos intraóseos. Materiales y Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en la base de datos Epistemonikos. Se utilizaron RevMan 5.3 y GRADEpro para el análisis y la presentación de los datos. Resultados: Se identificaron cuatro revisiones sistemáticas y dos ensayos clínicos. Todos los estudios analizaron el cambio en la profundidad de sondaje, el nivel de inserción clínica, el nivel del margen gingival y la profundidad del defecto óseo (todos los cambios a favor de los grupos EMD+BGM: MD: 0,37 mm más, media de diferencia (MD): 0,7 mm más, MD: 0,3 mm menos, MD: 0,75 más, respectivamente). Conclusión: La adición de injerto óseo autólogo a la EMD para tratar defectos intraóseos mostró mejores resultados, pero no una diferencia clínica relevante en comparación con el uso de la EMD sola.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alveolar Bone Loss/rehabilitation , Bone Transplantation/methods , Dental Enamel Proteins/therapeutic use , Periodontal Diseases , Transplantation, Autologous , Bone Regeneration
3.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 43(1): 61-68, mar. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533920

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease that affects the supporting tissues of teeth, the effects of excess of nitric oxide, may contribute to the symptoms of periodontitis. Objective: To determine the serum nitric oxide concentration in generalized chronic and aggressive periodontitis patients and to compare it with a healthy subject group from the Mexican population. Materials and methods: A case and control study was performed. Sixty-nine individuals were recruited from the Clínica de Posgrado de Periodoncia of the Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Guadalajara, México. Patients with clinical features of generalized chronic periodontitis (GCP group, n=19), generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP group, n=11), and a group of healthy subjects (HS group, n=39) were included in the study. Informed consent was obtained from each subject, and serum nitric oxide concentration was measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: Nitric oxide concentration in the study groups was greater in the GCP group (462.57 ± 16.57 µmol/L) than in the GAP group (433.84 ± 18.61 µmol/L) and the HS group (422.46 ± 12.07 µmol/L). A comparison using Student's t-test (one-tailed) between healthy subjects and generalized chronic periodontitis showed borderline significance (p<0.04), whereas no significant differences were observed in HS and GAP groups, with a p-value of 0.64, and the GAP vs. GCP p-value was 0.33. Conclusion: The serum nitric oxide concentration observed in the present study suggests that nitric oxide plays a major role in the inflammatory process, which cannot necessarily be linked to the severity of the disease and periodontal tissue destruction.


Introducción. La periodontitis es una enfermedad inflamatoria que afecta los tejidos de soporte dental; los efectos del exceso de óxido nítrico pueden contribuir a los síntomas de la periodontitis. Objetivo. Determinar la concentración de óxido nítrico en el suero de los pacientes con periodontitis agresiva y crónica generalizada, y compararla con la de individuos sanos de población mexicana. Materiales y métodos. Se trata de un estudio de casos y controles. Se incluyeron 69 individuos de la Clínica de Posgrado de Periodoncia del Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud de la Universidad de Guadalajara. Se dividieron en tres grupos: pacientes con periodontitis crónica generalizada (GCP, n=19), pacientes con periodontitis agresiva generalizada (GAP, n=11) e individuos sanos periodontalmente (HS, n=39). Se obtuvo el consentimiento informado de todos los participantes. Se utililizó la prueba ELISA para medir la concentración de óxido nítrico en suero. Resultados. Las concentraciones de óxido nítrico observadas fueron mayores en el grupo GCP (462,57 ± 16,57 µmol/L) que en los grupos GAP (433,84 ± 18,61 µmol/L) y HS (422,46 ± 12,07 µmol/L). La comparación entre HS y GCP mediante la prueba estadística t de Student (una cola), mostró diferencias significativas (p<0,04), y no se observaron diferencias entre los grupos HS y GAP (p=0,64), ni entre GAP y GCP (p=0,33). Conclusiones. La concentración de óxido nítrico en suero, observada en el presente estudio, sugiere que el óxido nítrico desempeña un importante papel en el proceso inflamatorio, lo que no necesariamente está ligado a la gravedad de la enfermedad ni a la destrucción del tejido periodontal.


Subject(s)
Periodontitis , Nitric Oxide , Aggressive Periodontitis , Alveolar Bone Loss , Chronic Periodontitis
4.
Arq. odontol ; 59: 123-131, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1518972

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study compared alveolar bone loss, teeth with furcation, and mandibular cortical modification between individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and nondiabetic individuals. Methods: Radiographs of 50 T1DM individuals and 100 nondiabetic individuals were examined to evaluate the presence of teeth with furcation, alveolar bone loss, and mandibular cortical modifications. The Mann-Whitney, Chi-square, and Student's t tests were used to analyze personal characteristics and bone status. Linear and logistic regression was performed to explore associations. Results: A significant difference was observed in the average number of teeth with furcation and in the median of alveolar bone loss between T1DM and the nondiabetic participants. T1DM individuals are more likely to have alveolar bone loss (OR = 3 2.250), teeth with furcation (OR = 8.903), and mandibular cortical modification (OR = 15.667) than are nondiabetic individuals. Among T1DM individuals, the glycemic control has a high influence in mandibular cortical modifications (p < 0.05). Conclusions: A high association between uncontrolled blood glucose and mandibular cortical modifications was observed among T1DM individuals. Alveolar bone loss of T1DM individuals was associated with age, time of diagnosis, glycemic control, and the existence of chronic complications.


Objetivo:Comparar a perda óssea alveolar, a presença de dentes com lesão de furca e a alteração da cortical óssea entre indivíduos com DMT1 e indivíduos não-diabéticos. Métodos: Foram examinadas radiografias de 50 indivíduos diabéticos e de 100 não-diabéticos para avaliar a presença de dentes com lesão de furca, perda óssea alveolar e alteração cortical mandibular. Para analisar as características individuais e as condições ósseas foram usados os testes de Mann-Whitney,Qui-quadrado e t de Student. Regressões linear e logística foram realizadas para identificar associações. Resultados: Foi encontrada diferença significativa na média de dentes com lesão de furca e na mediana da perda óssea alveolar entre diabéticos e não-diabéticos. Indivíduos com DMT1 possuem mais chance de apresentar perda óssea alveolar (OR = 32,250), lesão de furca (OR=8,903) e alteração da cortical mandibular (OR = 15,667) em comparação aos indivíduos não-diabéticos. Entre os diabéticos, o controle da glicemia possui grande influência nas alterações da cortical mandibular (p < 0,05). Conclusões: Existe uma alta associação entre os níveis de glicemia descontrolada e alterações na cortical mandibular entre os indivíduos com DMT1. A perda óssea alveolar de indivíduos com DMT1 foi associada aos fatores idade, tempo de diagnóstico, controle da glicemia e a presença de complicações crônicas.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Bone Loss , Furcation Defects , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Glycemic Control
5.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e239938, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1523145

ABSTRACT

Buccolingual position of teeth could affect the prevalence of alveolar bone defects. Presence of alveolar defects may have a deleterious effect on orthodontic treatment. The aim was to assess the prevalence and extent of dehiscence and fenestration in Class I hyperdivergent subjects and correlate it with buccolingual inclinations(BL) of maxillary first molar teeth. Methods: This retrospective study involved 80 CBCTs of class I hyperdivergent subjects divided into two groups - group A (n=33) buccolingual inclination >9º and group B (n=47) buccolingual inclination <9º. Prevalence and extent of alveolar bone dehiscence and fenestrations were measured in CBCTs using OSIRIX Lite software. Descriptive statistics, Mann Whitney U test and Spearman correlation were done for evaluating intergroup differences and correlation with Buccolingual inclination. Results: Overall prevalence of dehiscence and fenestration in maxillary first molars was 60.95% and 5% respectively. In the buccal alveolar bone, prevalence of dehiscence was highest in group A (84.6%) for 16 and in the lingual alveolar bone prevalence of dehiscence was highest in group B (71.4%) for 26 . On intergroup comparison, the extent of lingual alveolar bone dehiscence (26) in group B was significantly higher (p value <0.05) than in group A. No significant correlation between the extent of dehiscence and fenestration with buccolingual inclination of molar teeth was noted. Conclusion: Molar teeth with BL inclinations of more than 9º had higher prevalence of dehiscence on the buccal side and molar teeth with BL inclinations less than 9 degrees had more dehiscence on the lingual side. But no significant correlation of BL inclination with prevalence and extent of dehiscence and fenestration was noted


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Maxillary Diseases/epidemiology , Alveolar Bone Loss/epidemiology , Malocclusion, Angle Class I/epidemiology , Molar/abnormalities , Maxillary Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Alveolar Bone Loss/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Malocclusion, Angle Class I/diagnostic imaging
6.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 38(89): 39-47, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552986

ABSTRACT

Los implantes extra-cortos son cada vez más utili-zados en la práctica clínica diaria. La utilización de estos implantes con carga inmediata supone un reto añadido. Clásicamente se ha postulado que la carga inmediata debe realizarse después de 24 horas de la cirugía. En la siguiente serie de casos analizamos diferentes tiempos a la hora de realizar la carga in-mediata y su posible repercusión. Fueron recolec-tados de forma retrospectiva datos sobre casos de implantes extra-cortos (5,5 y 6,5 mm) en los que fue realizada una carga inmediata en sectores poste-riores. El implante fue la unidad de análisis para la estadística descriptiva en cuanto a la localización, dimensiones del implante, y mediciones radiográ-ficas. El paciente fue la unidad de medida para el análisis de la edad, sexo y la historia clínica. La prin-cipal variable estudiada fue la supervivencia de los implantes extra-cortos con carga inmediata en tres períodos de tiempo determinados: 24 hs, 48 hs y 7 días y como variables secundarias se han estudiado, la estabilidad del hueso crestal en general y en los tres períodos de carga anteriormente mencionados, las complicaciones protésicas y la supervivencia de las prótesis. Fueron reclutados 74 pacientes en los que se insertaron 146 implantes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Todos los implantes fueron cargados mediante carga inmediata en tres perío-dos determinados de tiempo: 24 hs (40 implantes), 48 hs (42 implantes) y 7 días (42 implantes). Todos los implantes fueron ferulizados a otros implantes ge-nerándose puentes de dos o más unidades, con di-ferente longitud. En el grupo de implantes con carga inmediata en 24 hs la media de la pérdida ósea distal de todos los implantes fue de 0,21 mm (+/-0,84) y la media de la pérdida ósea mesial en este grupo fue de 0,33 mm (+/- 0,53). En el grupo de carga inmediata en 48 hs, la media de la pérdida ósea distal de todos los implantes fue de 0,20 mm (+/- 0,82) y la media de la pérdida ósea mesial fue de 0,22 mm (+/- 0,81). En el grupo de carga de 7 días, la pérdida ósea me-sial del grupo fue de 0,28 mm (+/- 0,51) y la media de la pérdida ósea distal fue de 0,17 mm (+/- 0,81). Cuando comparamos las medias de pérdida ósea me-sial y distal entre los tres grupos, no se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (mesial p=0,062, distal p=0,067). En conclusión, no se obser-varon diferencias significativas en la pérdida ósea crestal ni en la supervivencia de los implantes cortos entre los 3 tiempos estudiados de aplicación de car-ga inmediata. Por ello, utilizar cualquiera de los tres protocolos puede ser adecuado, mientras se realice un correcto análisis de la situación clínica de cada paciente (AU)


Extra-short implants are increasingly used in daily clinical practice. The use of these implants with immediate loading poses an added challenge. Classically it has been postulated that immediate loading should be performed 24 hrs after surgery. In the following case series, we analyze different times of immediate loading and their possible repercussions. We retrospectively collected data on cases of extra-short implants (5.5 and 6.5 mm) in which immediate loading was performed in posterior sectors. The implant was the unit of analysis for descriptive statistics in terms of location, implant dimensions, and radiographic measurements. The patient was the unit of measurement for the analysis of age, sex and medical history. The main variable studied was the survival of immediately loaded extra-short implants in three specific time periods: 24 hrs, 48 hrs and 7 days. Secondary variables studied were crestal bone stability in general and in the three loading periods mentioned above, prosthetic complications and prosthesis survival. Seventy-four patients were recruited and 146 implants that met the inclusion criteria were inserted. All implants were loaded by immediate loading in three specific time periods: 24 hrs (40 implants), 48 hrs (42 implants) and 7 days (42 implants). All implants were splinted to other implants generating bridges of two or more units, with different lengths. In the 24-hr immediate loading group the mean distal bone loss of all implants was 0.21 mm (+/- 0.84) and the mean mesial bone loss in this group was 0.33 mm (+/- 0.53). In the 48-hr immediate loading group, the mean distal bone loss for all implants was 0.20 mm (+/- 0.82) and the mean mesial bone loss was 0,22 mm (+/- 0,81). In the 7-day loading group, the mesial bone loss of the group was 0.28 mm (+/- 0.51) and the mean distal bone loss was 0.17 mm (+/- 0.81). When we compared the mean mesial and distal bone loss between the three groups there were no statistically significant differences (mesial p=0.062, distal p=0.067). In conclusion, no significant differences were observed in crestal bone loss or in the survival of short implants between the 3 immediate load application times studied. Therefore, using any of the three protocols can be appropriate, as long as a correct analysis of the clinical situation of each patient is performed (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Alveolar Bone Loss/therapy , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Immediate Dental Implant Loading/methods , Time Factors , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical
7.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(2): 1-9, 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1425975

ABSTRACT

Aim: The present split-mouth case report aims to describe the clinical and radiographic long-term outcomes of the implant rehabilitation of two mandibular premolars in which the digital workflow was used to apply different prosthetic protocols. Case description: A female 42-year-old patient with the absence of both mandibular second premolars was submitted to guided surgery for the placement of platform-switching Grand Morse connection implants. Digital workflow was used for implant and prosthetic planning, applying early loading protocol 21 days after surgery. The implant on the right side received the final abutment at the time of surgery (without loading), whereas the implant on the left side had a healing abutment placed, which was replaced by a temporary abutment and then by a final abutment. Two months after surgery, both implants had final ceramic restorations delivered. The patient was followed clinically and radiographically for 30 months, presenting excellent hard and soft tissue outcomes, with bone level changes lower than 2mm for both implants. Conclusion: The use of digital workflow and early loading, made the present implant-supported rehabilitation predictable, safe and time-efficient, resulting in total patient satisfaction. Peri-implant bone level was observed to be stable after early loading protocol for both platform-switching connection implants inserted, despite the prosthetic protocol applied.(AU)


Objetivo: O presente relato de caso de boca dividida tem como objetivo descrever os resultados clínicos e radiográficos a longo prazo da reabilitação com implante de dois pré-molares inferiores em que o fluxo de trabalho digital foi usado para aplicar os conceitos de "one abutment-one time" em uma das reabilitações e troca de componente no outro. Descrição do caso: Paciente do sexo feminino, 42 anos, com ausência de ambos os segundos pré-molares inferiores, foi submetida à cirurgia guiada para colocação de implantes de conexão Grand Morse plataforma-switching. Foi utilizado fluxo de trabalho digital para planejamento de implante e prótese, aplicando protocolo de carga antecipada 21 dias após a cirurgia. O implante do lado direito recebeu o componente protético definitivo no momento da cirurgia (sem carga), enquanto o implante do lado esquerdo recebeu um cicatrizador, que foi substituído por um pilar provisório e depois por um componente definitivo. Dois meses após a cirurgia, ambos os implantes tiveram restaurações cerâmicas finais entregues. A paciente foi acompanhada clínica e radiograficamente por 30 meses, apresentando excelentes resultados de tecidos duros emoles, com alterações do nível ósseo inferiores a 2mm para ambos os implantes. Conclusão: O fluxo de trabalho digital e carregamento precoce, tornou a presente reabilitação implantossuportada previsível, segura e eficiente em termos de tempo, resultando em total satisfação do paciente. O nível ósseo peri-implantar foi observado como estável após o protocolo de carregamento inicial para ambos os implantes de conexão plataforma-switching inseridos, independente do protocolo protético aplicado. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Prostheses and Implants , Dental Implants , Alveolar Bone Loss , Patient Satisfaction , Computer-Aided Design
8.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 22-29, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971269

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficiency and effect of establishing rat peri-implantitis model by traditional cotton thread ligation and local injection of Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (LPS) around the implant, as well as the combination of the two methods.@*METHODS@#Left side maxillary first molars of 39 male SD rats were extracted, and titanium implants were implanted after four weeks of healing. After 4 weeks of implant osseointegration, 39 rats were randomly divided into 4 groups. Cotton thread ligation (n=12), local injection of LPS around the implant (n=12), and the two methods combined (n=12) were used to induce peri-implantitis, the rest 3 rats were untreated as control group. All procedures were conducted under 5% isoflurane inhalation anesthesia. The rats were sacrificed 2 weeks and 4 weeks after induction through carbon dioxide asphyxiation method. The maxilla of the rats in the test groups were collected and marginal bone loss was observed by micro-CT. The gingival tissues around the implants were collected for further real time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) analysis, specifically the expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) as well as interleukin-1β (IL-1β). The probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BOP) and gingival index (GI) of each rat in the experimental group were recorded before induction of inflammation and before death.@*RESULTS@#After 4 weeks of implantation, the osseointegration of implants were confirmed. All the three test groups showed red and swollen gums, obvious marginal bone loss around implants. After 2 weeks and 4 weeks of inflammation induction, PD, GI and BOP of the three test groups increased compared with those before induction, but only BOP was statistically significant among the three test groups (P < 0.05). At the end of 2 weeks of inflammation induction, marginal bone loss was observed at each site in the cotton thread ligation group and the combined group. At each site, the bone resorption in the combined group was greater than that in the cotton thread ligation group, but the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05), bone resorption was observed at some sites of some implants in LPS local injection group. At the end of 4 weeks of inflammation induction, marginal bone loss was observed at all sites in each group. The marginal bone loss in the cotton thread ligation group and the combined group was greater than that in the LPS local injection group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). At the end of 2 weeks and 4 weeks of induction, the expression of TNF-α and IL-1β in the test groups were higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with local injection of LPS around the implant, cotton thread ligature and the two methods combined can induce peri-implantitis in rats better and faster.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Alveolar Bone Loss/etiology , Dental Implants/adverse effects , Inflammation , Lipopolysaccharides , Peri-Implantitis/pathology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
9.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 603-608, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986122

ABSTRACT

Oligonucleotide drugs have the characteristics of targeting, modifiability and high biosafety. Recent studies have shown that oligonucleotide can be used to make biosensors, vaccine adjuvants, and has the functions of inhibiting alveolar bone resorption, promoting jaw and alveolar bone regeneration, anti-tumor, destroying plaque biofilm, and precise control of drug release. Therefore, it has a broad application prospect in the field of stomatology. This article reviews the classification, action mechanism and research status of oligonucleotide in stomatology. The aim is to provide ideas for further research and application of oligonucleotide.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alveolar Bone Loss , Biofilms , Bone Regeneration , Oligonucleotides , Oral Medicine
10.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 341-349, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981132

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to evaluate the long-term clinical efficacy of simple taper retentive implants in the posterior dental area after immediate implantation for 5-7 years.@*METHODS@#Selected from January 2015 to December 2017 in the Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University dental clinic line tooth area immediately after the implant prosthesis, a total of 38 patients, 53 implants, were deep into (bone under 2 mm or higher) and the upper structure was repaired. In addition, after the completion of tracking observation of 60-90 months, the implant surrounding bone health was recorded and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#After 5-7 years of follow-up, 1 of the 53 implants failed to fall out, and the implant retention rate was 98.1%. The amount of bone resorption in the proximal and distal margins 5-7 years after implant restoration was (0.16±0.94) mm and (-0.01±1.29) mm, respectively, and the difference in bone height between the proximal and distal margins of the implant and the immediate post-restoration period was not statistically significant (P>0.05). No statistically significant differences were found in the effects of periodontitis, implant site inflammation, and smoking on peri-implant marginal bone resorption (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The single taper-retained implant broadens the indications for immediate implant placement in the posterior region, and its deep sub-osseous placement (≥2 mm below the bone) avoids to a certain extent the disturbance of the implant by external stimuli and the exposure of the cervical abutment of the implant, with the good long-term stability of the marginal bone around the implant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Immediate Dental Implant Loading , Follow-Up Studies , Dental Implants, Single-Tooth , Alveolar Bone Loss/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Dental Restoration Failure
11.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 197-202, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981112

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To summarize the open-eruption technique of impacted anterior maxillary teeth, this study reports a technically improved operation on surgical exposure based on dental follicles and evaluates post-treatment periodontal health considering the effect of dental follicles.@*METHODS@#Patients who underwent open-eruption technique with unilateral labially impacted maxillary central incisors were selected. The impacted teeth were assigned to the experimental group, and the contralateral unimpacted maxillary central incisors were assigned to the control group. In the surgical exposure, the new technique makes use of dental follicles to manage the soft tissue, so as to preserve soft tissue for better aesthetic results and healthier periodontal tissue. Tooth length, root length, alveolar bone loss, and alveolar bone thickness were recorded after the therapy.@*RESULTS@#A total of 17 patients with unilateral maxillary central incisor impaction were successfully treated. The tooth length and root length of the two groups showed a statistically significant difference between the impacted and homonym teeth, with a shorter length in the impacted tooth (P<0.05). More labial alveolar bone loss was found in the experimental group compared with that in the control group (P<0.05). The outcomes of the cementoenamel junction width, pa- latal alveolar bone loss, and alveolar bone thickness did not indicate statistical significance between the experimental and control groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In the surgical exposure, the new technique uses dental follicles to manage the soft tissue and preserve it for better aesthetic results and healthier periodontal tissues.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Incisor , Alveolar Bone Loss/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Root , Dental Sac , Maxilla/surgery , Esthetics, Dental
12.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 51-51, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010706

ABSTRACT

Periodontitis is caused by overactive osteoclast activity that results in the loss of periodontal supporting tissue and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are essential for periodontal regeneration. However, the hypoxic periodontal microenvironment during periodontitis induces the apoptosis of MSCs. Apoptotic bodies (ABs) are the major product of apoptotic cells and have been attracting increased attention as potential mediators for periodontitis treatment, thus we investigated the effects of ABs derived from MSCs on periodontitis. MSCs were derived from bone marrows of mice and were cultured under hypoxic conditions for 72 h, after which ABs were isolated from the culture supernatant using a multi-filtration system. The results demonstrate that ABs derived from MSCs inhibited osteoclast differentiation and alveolar bone resorption. miRNA array analysis showed that miR-223-3p is highly enriched in those ABs and is critical for their therapeutic effects. Targetscan and luciferase activity results confirmed that Itgb1 is targeted by miR-223-3p, which interferes with the function of osteoclasts. Additionally, DC-STAMP is a key regulator that mediates membrane infusion. ABs and pre-osteoclasts expressed high levels of DC-STAMP on their membranes, which mediates the engulfment of ABs by pre-osteoclasts. ABs with knock-down of DC-STAMP failed to be engulfed by pre-osteoclasts. Collectively, MSC-derived ABs are targeted to be engulfed by pre-osteoclasts via DC-STAMP, which rescued alveolar bone loss by transferring miR-223-3p to osteoclasts, which in turn led to the attenuation of their differentiation and bone resorption. These results suggest that MSC-derived ABs are promising therapeutic agents for the treatment of periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoclasts , Alveolar Bone Loss/therapy , Cell Differentiation , MicroRNAs , Periodontitis/therapy , Extracellular Vesicles , Apoptosis , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
13.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 59(4)dic. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441582

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Endo-periodontal lesions can lead to the formation of severe intraosseous defects in the periodontium; which can lead to tooth loss. Objective: Demonstrate that surgical periodontal therapy with the help of gelatin sponges, with colloidal silver nanoparticles, restores bone tissue lost in endo-periodontal lesions. Case presentation: 55-year-old male patient without systemic alterations, diagnosed with grade 3 endo-periodontal lesion in patients with periodontitis. It was treated first with ducts and then with periodontal surgery combined with gelatin sponges, which contain colloidal silver nanoparticles, and were placed filling the 2-wall bone defect involving > 80 percent of the root length, with 24 months of radiographic and clinical follow-up. Conclusions: Based on the case report, surgical periodontal therapy and filling of bone defects with gelatin sponges, which contain colloidal silver nanoparticles, were sufficient to restore the lost bone at a 24-month follow-up. However, further studies are needed to assess the clinical benefit of this material for the treatment of intraosseous defects(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Periodontitis/diagnosis , Alveolar Bone Loss/therapy , Gelatin Sponge, Absorbable/adverse effects
14.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(2): 1-28, may. 23, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400827

ABSTRACT

Introduction: There are multiple techniques for vertical bone augmentation. Guided bone regeneration is one of them; however, the literature is diverse and includes different study designs, which makes it difficult to synthesize results. Objective: To analyze the general technical characteristics, clinical results, and complications of vertical bone augmentation performed with guided bone regeneration in humans. Material and Methods: This scoping review was based on the PRISMA-ScR guidelines. A search was performed in the Pubmed, Scielo, and Worldcat databases. Papers published from 1990 to April 2020 were included in the study. Research articles not conducted in humans or published in languages other than English and Spanish were excluded. Title and abstract were screened by two reviewers, then full studies were extracted, and data tabulated. Results: 89 studies were included. The highest percentage reported having obtained a vertical bone increase of less than 5 mm and having used non-resorbable membranes. The most frequent type of graft is autogenous and combinations of grafts, the most common being autogenous with xenograft. All studies that reported bone stability of implants in regenerated bone were favorable, as was implant survival, reporting values between 83.8% and 100%. Membrane exposure is the most frequently reported complication, followed by infection or abscesses, and tissue dehiscence. Conclusion: Vertical bone regeneration is a reliable technique, with high predictability and low incidence of complications compared to other vertical bone augmentation techniques.


Introducción: Existen múltiples técnicas para el aumento óseo vertical siendo una opción la regeneración ósea guiada, sin embargo, la literatura es diversa y con distintos diseños que dificultan la síntesis de resultados. Objetivo: Analizar las características generales técnicas, resultados clínicos y complicaciones del aumento óseo vertical realizado con regeneración ósea guiada en humanos. Material y Métodos: Esta revisión de alcance se basó en la guía PRISMA-ScR. Se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de datos Pubmed, Scielo y Worldcat. Fueron incluidos aquellos publicados desde el año 1990 hasta abril de 2020. Se excluyeron los estudios no realizados en humanos o publicados en idiomas distintos al inglés y español. Dos revisores examinaron título y resumen, luego los estudios completos se extrajeron y se ordenaron los datos en tablas. Resultados: 89 estudios fueron incluidos. El mayor porcentaje reportó haber obtenido un aumento óseo vertical menor a 5 mm y haber utilizado membranas no reabsorbibles. El tipo de injerto que más frecuente es el autógeno y las combinaciones de injertos, siendo el más común autógeno con xenoinjerto. Todos los estudios que reportaron estabilidad ósea de implantes en hueso regenerado fueron favorables, al igual que la supervivencia de implantes, reportando valores entre 83,8% y 100%. La exposición de membrana es la complicación que más se repite en los estudios, seguido por infección o abscesos y dehiscencia de tejidos. Conclusión: La regeneración ósea vertical es una técnica confiable, con alta predictibilidad y baja incidencia de complicaciones en comparación a otras técnicas de aumento óseo vertical.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Regeneration , Dental Implants , Guided Tissue Regeneration, Periodontal , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation/methods , Alveolar Bone Loss , Transplants , Alveolar Process
15.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-19, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354195

ABSTRACT

Increased patient demands for highly esthetic implant superstructure in the anterior esthetic zone has increased in the last decades. Moreover, the absence of periodontal ligament in implant supported prosthesis causes forces to be transferred without cushioning effect to the alveolar bone, resulting in increased marginal bone loss (MBL) and influence the heath of peri-implant tissue. Evaluate the available evidence on the effect implant superstructure and it consequences on patient satisfaction, MBL, bleeding on probing (BOP) and probing depth (PD). A protocol of electronic and hand research was performed for English based researches comparing implants inserted in the esthetic zone with all ceramic superstructure: "Will the use of different types of all ceramic superstructure show different esthetic patient satisfaction, marginal bone loss, bleeding on probing and probing depth? Thirteen publications from one thousand one hundred and sixteen research studies were included. This systematic review showed that all ceramic implant superstructure was a versatile treatment option with higher esthetic patient satisfaction and better color of peri-implant mucous especially in patients having thin biotype. On the other hand there wasn't significant difference in MBL, PD and BOP compared to other conventional implant superstructure. More randomized controlled clinical trials with bigger samples are needed to confirm our findings. All ceramic implant superstructure is versatile and highly esthetic treatment option for implant placed in the anterior esthetic zone.(AU)


A demanda do paciente por superestruturas de implante altamente estéticas na zona anterior aumentou nas últimas décadas. Além disso, a ausência de ligamento periodontal em próteses implantossuportadas faz com que as forças sejam transferidas para o osso alveolar sem amortecimento, resultando em aumento da perda óssea marginal (MBL) e influenciando na saúde do tecido peri-implantar. Avaliar as evidências disponíveis sobre o efeito da superestrutura do implante e suas consequências na satisfação do paciente, perda óssea marginal, sangramento à sondagem (SS) e profundidade de sondagem (PS). Um protocolo de pesquisa eletrônica e manual foi realizado para a análise de artigos em inglês comparando implantes com toda a superestrutura em cerâmica inseridos na zona estética: "O uso de diferentes tipos de superestrutura em cerâmica mostrará diferentes níveis de satisfação estética do paciente, perda óssea marginal, sangramento em profundidade de sondagem e sondagem?". Foram selecionadas 1116 publicações e apenas treze estudos foram incluídos na análise final. Esta revisão sistemática mostrou que toda superestrutura do implante em cerâmica foi uma opção de tratamento versátil, com maior satisfação estética do paciente e melhor coloração da mucosa peri-implantar, especialmente em pacientes com biótipo fino. Por outro lado, não houve diferença significativa em MBL, PS e SS em comparação com outras superestruturas de implantes convencionais. Porém, mais ensaios clínicos controlados randomizados com amostras maiores são necessários para confirmar nossos achados. Implicações clínicas: Toda superestrutura do implante em cerâmica é uma opção de tratamento versátil e altamente estética para implantes colocados na zona anterior (AU)


Subject(s)
Alveolar Bone Loss , Patient Satisfaction , Esthetics, Dental
16.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2022. 180 f p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399659

ABSTRACT

A tomada de decisões na prática da clínica odontológica está baseada na utilização de parâmetros periodontais como o nível de osso alveolar e de inserção clínica, desconsiderando a idade do paciente, podendo resultar em extrações desnecessárias de dentes que ainda possuem suporte periodontal capaz de manter o elemento dentário inserido no alvéolo, chegando a 70 anos de vida com pelo menos 1/3 do comprimento da raiz radicular com suporte ósseo. O objetivo desta revisão sistemática com metanálise foi verificar qual é o nível de osso alveolar ou de inserção clínica periodontal em população adulta, ao longo da vida, identificando a prevalência de indivíduos ou de sítios periodontais que apresentam perda de inserção clínica (CAL) ≥ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9 e a diferença de suporte periodontal entre dentes remanescentes e extraídos. O método empregado foi a busca estratégica nas bases PubMed, Embase, Lilacs, Google Scholar, catálogo CAPES, de estudos seccionais (inquéritos epidemiológicos) que utilizaram amostras de base populacional ou estudos de coorte, publicados de 1940 a 2020, em qualquer idioma. Os estudos foram exportados para o EndNote 20.3, com seleção e extração de dados realizada por duas revisoras independentes e avaliação de risco de viés pela ferramenta JBI. O tratamento estatístico foi realizado com software R Project 1.3 e RevMan 5. Os resultados foram a identificação de 9952 estudos, 740 excluídos na identificação, 8996 na triagem, restando 216 elegíveis, incluídos 21 na revisão. Obteve-se na metanálise medida de prevalência sumária de indivíduos com CAL ≥ 3 de 0.86% (IC 95%, 0.71-0.94); CAL ≥ 4 de (0.18-0.47), CAL ≥ 5 de 0.40 % (IC 95%, 0.19-0.67), CAL ≥ 7 de 0.06 (0.02-0.13) por idade 20-40, 41-60, 71+ anos. Houve associação significativa entre perda de inserção de CAL ≥ 1 mm e local de estudos (continente americano), sendo 91.41% da variância real dos estudos explicada pela idade. A variação de CAL em grupo < 50 anos foi de 0.62 (0.03) a 2.39 (1.27) mm, e > 50 anos, de 1.46 (0.05) a 4.90 (1.70) mm. A variação de perda óssea alveolar (ABL) foi de 20 a 79 anos, 0.2 (0.03) a 8.8 (0.5) mm; 31-65 anos, 1.32 (0.36) a 2.81 (0.93) mm. A medida sumária de diferença de média de CAL entre dentes extraídos e remanescentes foi de 1.84 (1.14-2.54) mm, sem diferença significativa dos subgrupos < 50 anos e 50 anos ou mais. A maioria dos estudos foi classificada como alto risco de viés e a avaliação GRADE do nível de certeza da evidência foi classificada como muito baixa.. A conclusão foi de que a taxa de perda óssea por década de vida, a partir dos 20 anos é fundamental para a avaliação da progressão de doença periodontal e deve ser mantida entre 0.38 a 1.5 mm para que se alcance 70 anos de vida com dente apresentando suporte periodontal. Recomenda-se a realização de mais estudos longitudinais que avaliem idade e determinantes sociais como confundidores da relação doença periodontal e desfechos de CAL ou ABL.


Decision-making in clinical dental practice is based on the use of periodontal parameters such as the level of alveolar bone and clinical attachment, disregarding the patient's age, which may result in unnecessary extractions of teeth that still have periodontal support capable of maintaining the element. tooth inserted into the socket, reaching 70 years of age with at least 1/3 of the root root length with bone support. The objective of this systematic review was to verify the level of alveolar bone or periodontal clinical attachment in an adult population, throughout life, identifying the prevalence of individuals or periodontal sites that present clinical attachment loss (CAL) ≥ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9 mm and the difference in periodontal support between the remaining and extracted teeth. The method used was a strategic search in PubMed, Embase, Lilacs, Google Scholar, CAPES catalog, of cross-sectional epidemiological studies (epidemiological surveys) using the population-based sample or cohort studies, published from 1940 to 2020, in any language. The studies were exported to EndNote 20.3, with data selection and extraction performed by two masked reviewers and risk of bias assessment by the JBI tools. Statistical treatment was performed using the free software R Project 1.3 and RevMan 5. The results were the identification of 9952 studies, 740 excluded in the identification, 8996 in the screening, leaving 205 eligible, and 21 articles were included in the review. In the meta-analysis, a summary prevalence measure of individuals with CAL ≥ 3 of 0.86% (95% CI, 0.71-0.94) was obtained; CAL ≥ 4 of 0.18-0.47, CAL ≥ 5 of 0.40% (95% CI, 0.19-0.67), CAL ≥ 7 of 0.06 (0.02-0.13) by age 20-40, 41-60, 71+ years. There was a significant association between CAL insertion loss ≥ 1 mm and study location (american continent), with 91.41% of the real variance of the studies explained by age. The range of CAL in the < 50 years group was from 0.62 (0.03) to 2.39 (1.27) mm, and > 50 years, from 1.46 (0.05) to 4.90 (1.70) mm. The ABL (Alveolar Bone Loss) range was from 20 to 79 years from 0.2 (0.03) to 8.8 (0.5) mm and from 31 to 65 years from 1.32 (0.36) to 2.81 (0.93) mm. The summary measure of mean difference in CAL between extracted and remaining teeth was 1.84 (1.14-2.54) mm, with no a significant difference between the age subgroups < 50 years and 50 years and over. Most studies were rated as high risk of bias and the GRADE assessment of the confidence level of the evidence was rated as very low. The conclusion was that the rate of bone loss per decade of life, from the age of 20 onwards, is fundamental for the assessment of the progression of periodontal disease and should be maintained between 0.38 and 1.5 mm in order to reach 70 years of life with a tooth showing periodontal support. Further longitudinal studies are recommended to assess age and social determinants as confounders of the relationship between periodontal disease and CAL or ABL outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Diseases/epidemiology , Alveolar Bone Loss/epidemiology , Periodontal Attachment Loss/epidemiology , Tooth Extraction , Aging , Jaw Diseases , Prevalence
17.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(4): 1-7, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1396066

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the transcrestal sinus lift using Osseodensification technique with simultaneous implant placement. Material and Methods: In this case series 7 patients who needed implant placement in the atrophic posterior maxilla were enrolled. In all the cases the residual bone height between the sinus floor and the alveolar crest was 4-6 mm. Transcrestal sinus lift was performed using Osseodensification with simultaneous implant placement. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) were obtained immediately postoperative and 6 months after operation. Implant stability using Osstell® were assessed at the time of implant placement and implant exposure (6 months). Results: The results showed that the mean bone height gain was 5.33±0.83mm at 6 months postoperatively. Mean bone density value was 818.43±109.63 HU. Mean ISQ value was 80.00±3.11 at 6 months postoperatively. The duration of surgical procedure (minutes) ranged between 25-38 minutes with an average of 30.86±4.10 minutes. Conclusion: The crestal maxillary sinus floor elevation using Osseodensification technique with simultaneous implant placement provide superior results regarding bone density and implant stability and less duration of surgical procedure. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a elevação de seio maxilar via crista do rebordo com a técnica de Osseodensificação com instalação simultânea de implante. Material e Métodos: Nesta série de casos, participaram 7 pacientes que necessitavam de implantes em região posterior de maxila atrófica. Em todos os casos a altura de remanescente ósseo entre o soalho do seio e a crista alveolar estava entre 4 a 6 mm. A elevação de seio maxilar via crista do rebordo foi realizada com osseodensificação com instalação simultânea de implante. As Tomografias Computadorizadas Cone Beam (TCCB) foram obtidas imediatamente após a cirurgia e 6 meses depois. A estabilidade dos implantes utilizando Osstell® foi avaliada no momento da instalação do implante e no momento da reabertura (6 meses). Resultados: Os resultados mostraram que a média de ganho de altura óssea foi de 5.33±0.83mm após 6 meses da cirurgia. A média da densidade óssea foi de 818.43±109.63 HU. A média de ISQ foi de 80.00±3.11 após 6 meses da cirurgia. A duração do procedimento cirúrgico (minutos) foi entre 25 a 38 minutos com uma média de 30.86±4.10 minutos. Conclusão: A elevação do soalho de seio maxilar via crista do rebordo com instalação simultânea de implante utilizando osseodensificador promove resultados superiores em relação à densidade óssea, estabilidade do implante e menor duração do tempo cirúrgico (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Osteotomy , Alveolar Bone Loss , Bone Substitutes , Dental Implantation , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Sinus Floor Augmentation
18.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 51: e20220045, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1424231

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o desafio no uso do Micro-Ct tem sido estabelecer e padronizar padrões adequados para escaneamento e tratamento das imagens, para que se obtenha o máximo desempenho do equipamento, e permitir a comparação dos achados entre diferentes estudos. Objetivo: o presente estudo tem como objetivo comparar a porcentagem de volume ósseo em regiões com perda óssea periodontal utilizando diferentes metodologias para definição da área a ser analisada (ROI). Material e método: dez ratos foram submetidos à indução de doença periodontal, e, após a eutanásia, as mandíbulas foram escaneadas com cortes de 9 µ e 18 µm de espessura, com passo de rotação de 0.3mm. As imagens foram reconstituídas utilizando o software NRecon, e em seguida, utilizando o software CTAnalyser - CTAn, foram definidas as áreas de interesse (ROI) ao redor dos segundos molares. A primeira área de interesse (ROI1) foi definida em um padrão retangular que se restringiu às regiões interproximais e furca, onde a área total de tecido ósseo foi obtida somando os resultados dos 3 ROIs. A segunda área (ROI2) foi definida no sentido corono/apical ao redor do segundo molar até suas limitações proximais com os dentes vizinhos, onde a porcentagem de tecido ósseo pertencente às raízes foram excluídas das avaliações. As análises foram realizadas com cinco diferentes valores de thresholds (130-50, 130-60, 130-70, 130-80, 130-90 e 130-100). Resultado: a análise entre os diferentes ROIs demonstrou que em ambas as análises foi observada a tendência a menor porcentagem de tecido ósseo quanto maior o contraste de tons de cinza utilizado, no entanto, nos resultados obtidos no ROI2 essa diferença não foi estatisticamente significante. Conclusão: com os resultados obtidos pode se concluir que a utilização de diferentes thresholds para quantificação óssea, em áreas onde houve doença periodontal, pode trazer resultados divergentes; a definição da área de interesse interfere com os resultados obtidos e que a obtenção de uma área de interesse com a remoção das raízes mostrou-se menos susceptível à variação dos parâmetros de escaneamento.


Introduction: the challenge in the use of Micro-Ct has been to establish and standardize adequate standards for scanning and image processing to obtain the maximum performance of the equipment and to allow the comparison of findings between different studies. Objective: this study aims to compare the percentage of bone volume in regions with periodontal bone loss using different methodologies to define the area to be analysed (ROI). Material and method: ten rats were submitted to periodontal disease induction, and, after euthanasia, the mandibles were scanned with slices of 9µ and 18 µm thickness, with a rotation step of 0.3mm. The images were reconstructed using the NRecon software, and then, using the CTAnalyser - CTAn software, the areas of interest (ROI) around the second molars were defined. The first area of interest (ROI1) was defined in a rectangular pattern that was restricted to the interproximal and furcation regions, where the total area of bone tissue was obtained by adding the results of the 3 ROIs. The second area (ROI2) was defined in the coronal/apical direction around the second molar to its proximal limitations with the neighboring teeth, in which the percentage of bone tissue belonging to the roots was excluded from the evaluations. Analyses were performed with five different threshold values (130-50, 130-60, 130-70, 130-80, 130-90, and 130-100). Result: the analysis between the different ROIs showed that, in both analyses, there was a tendency towards a lower percentage of bone tissue the greater the grayscale contrast used. However, in the results obtained in ROI2, this difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion: with the results obtained, it can be concluded that the use of different thresholds for bone quantification, in areas where there was a periodontal disease, can bring divergent results; the definition of the area of ​​interest interferes with the results obtained; and that obtaining an area of interest with the removal of the roots, proved to be less susceptible to the variation of the scanning parameters.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Periodontal Diseases , Periodontitis , Alveolar Bone Loss , X-Ray Microtomography , Mandible , Molar , Analysis of Variance
19.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(3): 1-11, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391172

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study evaluated the effect of leucocyte and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) techniques used in alveolar ridge preservation on dimensional hard tissue changes of the alveolar ridge assessed using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans. Material and Methods: Elective alveolar ridge preservation surgeries were performed on seven systemically healthy patients who underwent single posterior tooth extraction. Patients were randomly treated with PRF mixed with a commercial bone xenograft (n = 3) or PRF plug (n = 4). CBCT scans were taken immediately after tooth extraction and then four months later, just before implant surgery. Dimensional alterations in socket height (SH), socket area (SA) and socket volume (SV) were evaluated on CBCT scans by percentage differences before and after treatments. Results: Sockets treated with PRF plus bone xenograft had a tendency to maintain alveolar bone dimensions over time (SH= 11.22% to 82.74%, SA= 1.84% to 48.91% and SV= 9.11% to 203.62%), while sockets treated only with PRF plug technique presented only a modest increase in height (SH= 1.47% to 11.11%) but greater alveolar ridge resorption confirmed by a decrease in socket area and volume dimensions (SA= 0.21% to -24.09% SV= 8.53% to -54.12%). Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, the maintenance of alveolar socket dimensions was observed when PRF was associated with a xenograft. However, the loss of alveolar ridge dimensions was not entirely prevented by PRF treatment alone.(AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo avaliou o efeito das técnicas de fibrina rica em leucócitos e plaquetas (L-PRF) usadas na preservação da crista alveolar em alterações dimensionais de tecido duro da crista alveolar avaliadas por tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (CBCT). Material e Métodos: Foram realizadas cirurgias eletivas de preservação da crista alveolar em sete pacientes sistemicamente saudáveis que foram submetidos a uma única extração dentária posterior. Os doentes foram tratados aleatoriamente com PRF misturado com um xenoenxerto ósseo comercial (n = 3) ou com PRF plug (n = 4). CBCT foi realizada imediatamente após a extração dentária e quatro meses depois, imediatamente antes da cirurgia de implante. Alterações dimensionais na altura do alvéolo (SH), área do alvéolo (SA) e volume do alvéolo (SV) foram avaliadas em exames CBCT por diferenças percentuais antes e depois dos tratamentos. Resultados: Os alvéolos tratados com PRF mais xenoenxerto ósseo apresentaram tendência a manter as dimensões ósseas alveolares ao longo do tempo (SH= 11.22% a 82.74%, SA= 1.84% a 48.91% e SV= 9.11% a 203.62%), enquanto alvéolos tratados apenas com a técnica de PRF plug apresentaram apenas um aumento modesto na altura (SH= 1.47% a 11.11%), mas uma maior reabsorção alveolar confirmada pela redução das dimensões de área e volume do alvéolo (SA= 0.21% a -24.09% SV= 8.53% a -54.12%). Conclusão: Dentro das limitações deste estudo, a manutenção das dimensões alveolares foi observada quando o PRF foi associado ao xenoenxerto. No entanto, a perda das dimensões alveolares não foi totalmente evitada pelo tratamento apenas com PRF. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Alveolar Bone Loss , Bone Substitutes , Tooth Socket , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Platelet-Rich Fibrin
20.
Rev. Fundac. Juan Jose Carraro ; 25(45): 18-25, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437269

ABSTRACT

En maxilares atróficos la elevación de piso de seno es una práctica de alta predictibilidad. El adve- nimiento de materiales osteoconductores que generan andamiaje para la formación ósea propor- cionaron un aumento en la tasa de éxito de los implantes endoóseos. El presente artículo reporta un caso clínico en el cual se llevo a cabo un aumento del nivel de altura del piso de seno unila- teralmente por medio de la técnica de Cadwell- Luck modificada por Tatum, técnica con ventana lateral, donde se utilizó xenoinjerto óseo (OstiumMAX, implante de matriz ósea bovina, Laboratorio Bioxen) y membrana reabsorbible de colágeno( Laboratorio Bioxen) en el primer tiempo quirúrgi- co y seis meses después, en el segundo acto quirúrgico se colocaron tres implantes endoóseos (Sistema de implante dental TRP, Laboratorio Tormicron S.R.L.). Los resultados obtenidos fueron controlados en forma mediata y a distancia a través de radiografías panorámicas y tomografías computadas tipo Cone Beam, donde se midió la altura ósea generada post injerto. Pudo consta- tarse el éxito del procedimiento, basándonos en criterios clínico radiograficos de oseointegración (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Bone Substitutes , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Sinus Floor Augmentation/methods , Heterografts , Patient Care Planning , Alveolar Bone Loss/rehabilitation , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods
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