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1.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e602, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280185

ABSTRACT

Abstract Radical penectomy (RP) is infrequently performed as it is reserved for specific cases of penile cancer, hence the paucity of reports regarding surgical and anesthetic considerations. Acute postoperative pain, chronic post-surgical pain, concomitant mood disorders as well as a profound impact on the patient's quality of life have been documented. This case is of a patient with diabetes and coronary heart disease, who presented with advanced, over infected penile cancer, depressive disorder and a history of pain of neuropathic characteristics. The patient underwent radical penectomy using a combined spinal-epidural technique for anesthesia. Preoperatively, the patient was treated with pregabalin and magnesium sulphate, and later received a blood transfusion due to intraoperative blood loss. Adequate intra and postoperative analgesia was achieved with L-bupivacaine given through a peridural catheter during one week. Recovery was good, pain was stabilized to preoperative levels and the patient received pharmacological support and follow-up by psychiatry and the pain team.


Resumen La penectomía radical (PR) es una cirugía infrecuente, reservada para casos específicos de cáncer de pene, por lo que hay escasos informes sobre sus consideraciones quirúrgicas y anestésicas. Se ha documentado dolor agudo postoperatorio, dolor crónico posquirúrgico y alteraciones del estado de ánimo concomitantes, así como un profundo impacto en la calidad de vida posterior del paciente. Se presenta el caso de un paciente diabético y cardiópata coronario con cáncer de pene avanzado y sobreinfectado, trastorno depresivo y dolor previo de características neuropáticas, que recibe técnica combinada espinal-peridural para cirugía de penectomía radical. Se le trata también con pregabalina preoperatoria, sulfato de magnesio y transfusión por sangrado quirúrgico. Se otorgó una adecuada analgesia intra y postoperatoria, mediante catéter peridural con L-bupivacaína hasta por una semana. El paciente tuvo una buena recuperación, estabilización del dolor a niveles preoperatorios, controles y apoyo farmacológico por psiquiatría de enlace y equipo del dolor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Penile Neoplasms , Penile Neoplasms/surgery , Catheters , Anesthetics , Pain, Postoperative , Psychiatry , Quality of Life , Blood Transfusion , Bupivacaine , Coronary Disease , Depressive Disorder , Pain Management , Analgesia , Anesthesia , Magnesium Sulfate
2.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e600, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280183

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tuberous sclerosis (TSC) is a rare disease with multi-systemic involvement, predominantly neurological. Little evidence exists about the anesthetic management of patients with this disorder, particularly in pregnant women. This article discusses a case of a patient with TSC admitted to our hospital for the delivery of a twin gestation. Twenty-four hours after surgery, the patient presented left-side facial-brachial hypoesthesia and headache. A brain CT revealed a right frontal cortical bleeding tumor, which was diagnosed as glioblastoma multiforme. The patient was discharged 15 days after admission and a neurosurgical approach was suggested.


Resumen La esclerosis tuberosa es una enfermedad poco frecuente asociada con compromiso multisistémico, principalmente neurológico. Es poca la evidencia sobre el manejo anestésico de los pacientes con este trastorno, en particular las mujeres embarazadas. En este artículo presentamos el caso de una paciente con esclerosis tuberosa ingresada en nuestro hospital para el parto de una gestación gemelar. Veinticuatro horas después de la cirugía, la paciente presentó hipoestesia facial y braquial izquierda y cefalea. La tomografía cerebral mostró un tumor cortical sangrante en el lóbulo frontal derecho, diagnosticado como glioblastoma multiforme. La paciente fue dada de alta 15 días después de su ingreso y, con recomendación de manejo por neurocirugía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , Glioblastoma , Headache , Anesthesia, Epidural , Anesthetics , Neurosurgery , Tuberous Sclerosis , Brain , Rare Diseases , Parturition , Hemorrhage , Hospitals , Hypesthesia , Neoplasms , Nervous System Diseases
3.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e201, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280177

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Post-anesthetic complications, particularly respiratory complications, continue to be a source of concern due to their high frequency, particularly in pediatrics. Objective: To describe the incidence of respiratory complications in the post-anesthesia care unit of an intermediate complexity center during a six-month period, and to explore the variables associated with major respiratory complications. Materials and Methods: Retrospective cohort study based on clinical record reviews. The records of the post-anesthesia care unit of an intermediate complexity pediatric institution located in Medellin, Colombia, were reviewed. This center uses a nursing-based care model that includes patient extubation in the post-anesthesia care unit. Results: The records of 1181 patients were analyzed. The cumulative incidences of major complications were bronchospasm 1.44%, laryngospasm 0.68% and respiratory depression 0.59%. There were no cases of cardiac arrest or acute pulmonary edema. A history of respiratory infection less than 15 days before the procedure, rhinitis and female sex were associated with major respiratory complications. Conclusions: A low frequency of respiratory complications was found during care provided by nursing staff trained in anesthesia recovery and pediatric airway in the post-anesthesia care unit.


Resumen Introducción: Las complicaciones postanestésicas, especialmente las respiratorias, siguen siendo causa de preocupación por su alta frecuencia, en particular, en la población pediátrica. Objetivo: Describir la incidencia de complicaciones respiratorias en la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos de una institución de mediana complejidad, en un período de seis meses y explorar las variables relacionadas con las complicaciones respiratorias mayores. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo, basado en la valoración de historias clínicas. Se revisaron los registros de la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos de una institución pediátrica de mediana complejidad ubicada en Medellín. Esta institución utiliza un modelo de atención -basado en enfermería- que incluye la extubación del paciente en la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos. Resultados: Se analizaron los registros de 1181 pacientes. La incidencia acumulada de complicaciones mayores fue: broncoespasmo 1,44 %, laringoespasmo 0,68 % y depresión respiratoria 0,59 %. No se presentaron casos de paro cardiaco ni de edema agudo de pulmón. El antecedente de infección respiratoria menor a 15 días, rinitis y sexo femenino se asociaron con complicaciones respiratorias mayores. Conclusiones: Durante la atención en la unidad de cuidados postanestésicos por parte del personal de enfermería entrenado en la recuperación de la anestesia y de la vía aérea de los pacientes pediátricos, se encontró una baja frecuencia de complicaciones respiratorias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pulmonary Edema , Respiratory Insufficiency , Anesthesia , Anesthetics , Bronchial Spasm , Rhinitis , Laryngismus , Cohort Studies , Colombia , Edema , Heart Arrest , Infections , Nursing Staff
4.
Artemisa; I Jornada Científica de Farmacología y Salud. Fármaco Salud Artemisa 2021; 2021. [1-18] p.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-1284612

ABSTRACT

La anestesia acupuntural es una técnica que surgió en China para reemplazar los medicamentos anestésicos en los procedimientos quirúrgicos, que trajo consigo muchas ventajas sobre todo para pacientes en quienes está contraindicado algún anestésico convencional, o que por motivos de salud no puede someterse a ellos. Con el objetivo de caracterizar la analgesia acupuntural se realizó la presente revisión bibliográfica donde se utilizaron un total de 23 referencias bibliográficas y se llegaron a las siguientes conclusiones: se realiza por medio de dos técnicas: manual y electroacupuntura; se utiliza con frecuencia en el campo de la odontología y la oftalmología, en múltiples procedimientos quirúrgicos de tipo ambulatorio; en nuestro país hay múltiples ejemplos del uso de dicha técnica; se encontraron más ventajas que desventajas para la salud del paciente, que es sometido a una cirugía bajo la anestesia acupuntural, sin que se evidencien efectos secundarios importantes durante el acto quirúrgico o posterior a este.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Anesthetics , Complementary Therapies , Electroacupuncture , Databases, Bibliographic
5.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 48(4): e302, Oct.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1149789

ABSTRACT

Patients with Essential Thrombocythemia pose a variety of anesthetic challenges including a heightened risk of perioperative thrombosis. This condition is also associated with perioperative hemorrhage, risk for developing heparin induced thrombocytopenia type 2 during cardiac surgery and digital gangrene from radial artery catheterization.


Los pacientes con trombocitemia esencial plantean una variedad de desafíos anestésicos, incluido un mayor riesgo de trombosis perioperatoria. Esta condición también se asocia con hemorragia perioperatoria, riesgo de desarrollar trombocitopenia tipo 2 inducida por heparina durante la cirugía cardíaca y gangrena digital por cateterismo de la arteria radial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thrombocytopenia , Thrombosis , Catheterization , Thrombocythemia, Essential , Thoracic Surgery , Radial Artery , Hemorrhage , Anesthetics
6.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 19(3): e606, sept.-dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138886

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los criterios de calidad en la cirugía oncológica radical se basan en la extirpación completa del tumor, con márgenes libres, sin enfermedad macroscópica residual, con una linfadenectomía adecuada y mínima manipulación tumoral posible. A pesar de conseguir estos objetivos, puede quedar enfermedad residual no visible o micrometástasis, con potencial de crecimiento y diseminación dependiendo de la capacidad tumoral y de las defensas del huésped. Objetivos: Evaluar la influencia de los factores perioperatorios sobre la inmunidad del paciente oncológico intervenido quirúrgicamente y el efecto potencial de los fármacos anestésicos en la recurrencia, así como otros factores perioperatorios que pueden afectar la diseminación tumoral a largo plazo. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica electrónica de los artículos de los últimos 10 años que cumplieran con el objetivo trazado. Desarrollo: Durante el periodo perioperatorio la activación de la respuesta al estrés quirúrgico desencadena una serie de reacciones neuroendocrinas, humorales e inmunitarias complejas. La cirugía, con indudable potencial curativo, se relaciona con un estado de inmunosupresión por activación del eje HPA (hipotálamo- hipofisario- adrenal) y la inflamación. Por otro lado, la anestesia produce cambios biomoleculares que afectan la inmunidad celular y el número de NK (natural killer), que puede influir en la recurrencia del cáncer a largo plazo. Conclusiones: Disminuir el estrés quirúrgico y el psicológico, controlar el dolor quirúrgico, mantener normotermia, y una juiciosa transfusión sanguínea, además una técnica anestésica con disminución del consumo de opiáceos, puede resultar favorecedora para proteger la respuesta inmune antimetastásica del organismo y puede tener un efecto benéfico en la enfermedad oncológica(AU)


Introduction: The quality criteria in radical oncological surgery are based on complete tumor removal, with free margins, without residual macroscopic disease, with adequate lymphadenectomy and minimal possible tumor manipulation. Despite achieving these objectives, non-visible residual disease or micrometastasis may remain, likely to grow and spread depending on tumor capacity and the host's defenses. Objectives: To evaluate the influence of perioperative factors on the immunity of cancer patients operated on and the potential effect of anesthetic drugs on recurrence, as well as other perioperative factors that may affect long-term tumor spread. Methods: An electronic bibliographic search was carried out of the articles published in the last ten years and that fulfilled the established objective. Development: During the perioperative period, activation of the response to surgical stress triggers a series of complex neuroendocrine, humoral and immune reactions. Surgery, with unquestionable curative potential, is related to a state of immunosuppression due to activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and inflammation. On the other hand, anesthesia produces biomolecular changes that affect cellular immunity and the number of natural killers, which can influence cancer recurrence in the long term. Conclusions: To reduce surgical and psychological stress, to control surgical pain, to maintain normothermia, and a judicious blood transfusion, in addition to an anesthetic technique with reduced opiates usage, can be beneficial to protect the body's antimetastatic immune response and can have a beneficial effect on oncological disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Immune System Diseases/complications , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/complications , Retrospective Studies , Perioperative Period/methods , Neoplasm Micrometastasis/prevention & control , Anesthetics/adverse effects
7.
Diagn. tratamento ; 25(4): 162-166, 20201200.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146917

ABSTRACT

A ejaculação precoce é um dos transtornos sexuais mais prevalentes na população masculina com prevalência média de cerca de 30%. Possui diversas classificações de entidades médicas e classificações internacionais de doenças, todas elas tendo em comum um reduzido tempo de latência intravaginal, incapacidade de controle ejaculatório e consequências psicológicas negativas para o indivíduo e/ou para o casal. Dentre as causas da patologia, destacam-se alterações nas vias de neurotransmissão serotoninérgica, hipersensibilidade genital e causas genéticas nas patologias primárias. Na ejaculação precoce secundária devem-se pesquisar distúrbios psicogênicos, hormonais, sintomas de trato urinário inferior e disfunção erétil. O correto diagnóstico é importante para indicação e planejamento do tratamento adequado. Em casos de ejaculação precoce primária, o tratamento preferencial é o medicamentoso. Os tratamentos medicamentosos disponíveis podem ser por via oral ou de aplicação tópica. Dentre os tratamentos orais, destacam-se os antidepressivos com ação serotoninérgica que devem ser utilizados de modo contínuo. Outras classes de medicações utilizadas são os inibidores da fosfodieterase do tipo 5 e os opioides como tramadol. Como opção às medicações orais, as medicações de aplicação tópica peniana são aplicadas sob demanda na glande um período antes do encontro sexual, cujo tempo varia conforme o medicamento escolhido, e que podem ter apresentação no formato gel ou spray, contendo primariamente uma mistura de lidocaína e prilocaína ou compostos de naturais como o SS-Cream (Severance Secret Cream).


Subject(s)
Coitus , Drug Therapy, Combination , Ejaculation , Anesthetics , Antidepressive Agents
9.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(1): 64-68, Jan.-Apr. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1139947

ABSTRACT

Ankyloglossia is characterized by the presence of a short lingual frenum that can be inserted from the alveolar ridge to the lingual apex and, until promoting a true fusion of the tongue to the floor. A short lingual frenum can generate several problems such as phonetic disorders. Objective: To describe a surgical technique for the treatment of ankyloglossia using a topical ophthalmic anesthetic and a tentacannula for tongue elevation. Case report: A 15-year-old female was referred for lingual frenulum surgery due to speech impairment. Clinical examination revealed the presence of ankyloglossia which was both hindering the pronunciation of T, D, L phonemes and reducing tongue mobility. The surgical technique chosen was a lingual frenectomy. An ophthalmic topical anesthetic was initially applied to the lateral borders of the frenum with the patient in an upright position and in the presence of adequate aspiration. With the aid of a tentacannula the tongue was raised and the frenulum gradually released with a Goldman-Fox serrated scissor. The topical anesthetic was continuously trickled onto the surgical site during surgery. Results: No postoperative pain was reported by the patient, healing occurred normally and there was no recurrence of abnormal frenulum insertion. Conclusion: The advantages of this technique in comparison to conventional methods which use infiltrative anesthesia include less trauma and a more precise evaluation of tongue movements during surgery, because there will be better control of mobility for the patient when compared to infiltrative techniques.


Introdução: A anquiloglossia caracteriza-se pela presença de um freio lingual curto que pode inserir-se desde o rebordo alveolar até o ápice lingual e, até promover uma verdadeira fusão da língua ao assoalho. Um freio lingual curto poderá gerar vários problemas como distúrbios fonéticos. Objetivo: descrever uma técnica cirúrgica para tratamento da anquiloglossia utilizando um anestésico tópico oftálmico e uma tentacânula para elevação da língua. Relato do caso: Uma paciente com 15 anos de idade foi encaminhada para cirurgia do frênulo lingual devido ao comprometimento da fala. O exame clínico revelou a presença de anquiloglossia, dificultando a pronúncia dos fonemas T, D, L e, reduzindo a mobilidade da língua. A técnica cirúrgica escolhida foi a frenectomia lingual. Um anestésico tópico oftálmico foi aplicado inicialmente nas bordas laterais do freio com o paciente na posição vertical e na presença de aspiração adequada. Com o auxílio de uma tentacânula, a língua foi elevada e o frênulo foi gradualmente liberado com uma tesoura serrilhada Goldman-Fox. O anestésico tópico foi continuamente gotejado para o local cirúrgico durante a cirurgia. Resultados: Nenhuma dor pós-operatória foi relatada pelo paciente, a cicatrização ocorreu normalmente e não houve recorrência da inserção anormal do frênulo. Conclusão: As vantagens dessa técnica em comparação aos métodos convencionais que utilizam anestesia infiltrativa, incluem menor trauma e uma avaliação mais precisa dos movimentos da língua durante a cirurgia, pois haverá um melhor controle da mobilidade do paciente quando comparado às técnicas infiltrativas.


Subject(s)
Stomatognathic Diseases , Speech Disorders , Speech Sound Disorder , Ankyloglossia , Anesthetics , Labial Frenum
11.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 48(2): 63-70, Jan.-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1115558

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is an acute syndrome triggered by certain anesthetic medications. Dantrolene is the only specific treatment for MH crises. Without treatment, lethality may be as high as 80%. In Colombia, it is not mandatory to keep dantrolene supplies in stock. Objective: To establish the cost-benefit ratio, from the perspective of healthcare institutions, of keeping dantrolene supplies in stock in the operating theater. Methods: Using a decision tree, a Monte Carlo simulation was run with 10,000 scenarios to determine the median annual cost of keeping full or partial stocks (36 or 12 vials x 20 mg, respectively) of dantrolene. For the option of not keeping supplies in stock, the cost threshold was calculated where the expected value of both alternatives of the decision tree is equalized. Indifference curves were constructed for complete and partial supplies. Results: The median annual cost was estimated at 6.6 million Colombian pesos (COP) for full dantrolene supplies, and at COP 2.2 million for partial supplies. The median economic consequence threshold for 1 death due to the unavailability of dantrolene was estimated at COP 18.5 million for full supplies, and at COP 57.0 million for partial supplies. Conclusion: If, as a result of the unavailability of dantrolene, the economic consequences of a death due to MH exceed the threshold of COP 57.0 or COP 18.5 million, the purchase of full or partial stocks, respectively, is justified.


Resumen Introducción: La hipertermnia maligna (HM) es un síndrome agudo desencadenado por algunos medicamentos anestésicos. El dantroleno es el único tratamiento específico para las crisis de HM. Sin tratamiento puede tener una letalidad cercana al 80%. En Colombia, el abastecimiento de dantroleno no es obligatorio. Objetivo: Establecer la relación costo-efectividad, desde el punto de vista de las instituciones prestadoras de servicios de salud, de mantener un abastecimiento de dantroleno en quirófanos. Métodos: Mediante un árbol de decisiones se realizó una simulación Monte Carlo con 10 mil escenarios para determinar la mediana del costo anual de un abastecimiento completo o parcial (36 o 12 viales de 20 mg, respectivamente) de dantroleno. Para la alternativa de no tener abastecimiento, se calculó el umbral de costo, donde se iguala el valor esperado de ambas alternativas del árbol de decisiones. Se construyeron curvas de indiferencia para el abastecimiento completo y parcial. Resultados: La mediana del costo anual del abastecimiento completo de dantroleno se estimó en $6.6 millones de pesos colombianos (COP), y el del abastecimiento parcial en $2.2 millones COP. La mediana del umbral de consecuencias económicas por una muerte sin disponibilidad de dantroleno se estimó en 18.5 millones COP para el abastecimiento completo, y en 57.0 millones COP para el abastecimiento parcial. Conclusión: Si por no disponer de dantroleno las consecuencias económicas de una muerte por HM superan el umbral de $57.0 o $18.5 millones COP, se justifica la compra de un abastecimiento completo o parcial, respectivamente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Costs and Cost Analysis , Dantrolene , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Economics, Pharmaceutical , Delivery of Health Care , Economics, Hospital , Anesthetics , Malignant Hyperthermia
12.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 48(1): 50-52, Jan.-Mar. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1092920

ABSTRACT

Abstract Reinforced endotracheal tubes (ETTs) are regularly applied in anesthetic practices to prevent compression or kinking. Although these tubes are designed to bend easily and prevent obstruction, they still carry a potential hazard of being obstructed following external forces. In this article, we reported an unusual case in which a reinforced ETT was collapsed due to the patient bite. The patient's bite force on the tube resulted in obstruction, hypoxia, and desaturation. To overcome this near-fatally condition, we removed the blocked reinforced ETT.


Resumen Los tubos endotraqueales reforzados (TET) se usan generalmente en la práctica anestésica para evitar la compresión o el acodamiento. Aun cuando dichos tubos están diseñados para flexionarse fácilmente y prevenir obstrucciones, de todos modos, existe la posibilidad de que se obstruyan, como consecuencia de fuerzas externas. En el presente trabajo reportamos un caso inusual en el cual se colapsó el TET a causa de la mordida del paciente. La fuerza de mordida sobre el tubo produjo obstrucción, hipoxia y desaturación. Con el fin de superar esta condición casi fatal, retiramos el TET reforzado bloqueado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Airway Management , Intensive Care Units , Respiratory Tract Diseases , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Anesthetics , Hypoxia
13.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 48(1): 3-11, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1092914

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are common issues arising after general anesthesia, for which several independent risk factors (RF) have been described. Objective: To determine the accumulated incidence of PONV during the first 24hours of the postoperative period. Methods: A cohort observational, prospective study was conducted that included all the adults undergoing cholecystectomy under balanced general anesthesia at the EsSalud Talara Hospital from October 2014 until December 2016. The presence of PONV during the first 24hours after surgery was assessed, and univariate, bivariate, and logistic regression analyses were conducted. Results: A total of 244 patients were included, most of them with 2 RFs in the Apfel scale, that represented an accumulated incidence of PONV of 0.51 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.45-0.57) during the observation period, notwithstanding the fact that 85.25% received antiemetic prophylaxis. The logistic regression analysis identified that being a female (odds ratio [OR] 3.30,95% CI 1.66-6.55, P = 0.0007) and previous PONV or motion sickness (OR 2.67, 95% CI 1.25-5.68, P = 0.011) were independent RFs for PONV. The administration of antiemetic prophylaxis and the presence of PONV (P = 0.92) were found to be independent. Conclusion: The high cumulative incidence of PONV could be the result of the type of surgery, the use of volatile anesthetic agents, and errors in the antiemetic pharmacological prophylaxis.


Resumen Introducción: Las náuseas y vómitos posoperatorios (NVPO) son problemas comunes que aparecen luego de la anestesia general, para los que se han descrito varios factores independientes de riesgo. Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia acumulada de NVPO durante las primeras 24 horas del periodo posoperatorio. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional prospectivo de cohorte que incluyó a todos los adultos sometidos a colecistectomía bajo anestesia general balanceada en el Hospital EsSalud Talara desde octubre de 2014 hasta diciembre de 2016. Se evaluó la presencia de NVPO durante las primeras 24 horas posoperatorias y se ejecutaron análisis univariado, bivariado y de regresión logística. Resultados: Se incluyeron 244 pacientes, la mayoría con dos factores de riesgo en la escala de Apfel, que presentaron una incidencia acumulada de NVPO de 0.51 (IC 95% 0.45-0.57) en el periodo de observación, a pesar de que el 85.25% recibió profilaxis antiemética. El análisis de regresión logística identificó la presencia de sexo femenino (OR 3.30, IC 95% 1.66-6.55, p = 0.0007) y la historia de NVPO previos o cinetosis (OR 2.67, IC 95% 1.25-5.68, p = 0.011) como factores de riesgo independientes para NVPO. Se halló independencia entre la presencia de profilaxis antiemética y la presencia de NVPO (p=0.92). Conclusiones: La alta incidencia acumulada de NVPO pudiera ser ocasionada por el tipo de cirugía, uso de anestésicos volátiles y falencias en la profilaxis farmacológica antiemética.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Cholecystectomy , Regression Analysis , Risk Factors , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting , Anesthesia, General , Postoperative Period , Motion Sickness , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Anesthetics , Antiemetics
14.
Orient Journal of Medicine ; 32(1-2): 18-21, 2020. tab
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1268292

ABSTRACT

Background: Local anaesthesia usage and wastage are common in the operation rooms. The wastage is often not given due considerations. Budgetary allocation for drugs is an identifiable area for cost-cutting and savings. Hence, the need to minimize wastage Objectives: To assess and estimate the amount of local anaesthesia usage and wastage in the labour ward theatre. Also, to analyze the financial implications of the wastages and suggest appropriate steps to reduce the wastages. Methodology: A prospective observational study conducted in the labour ward theatre of a tertiary care hospital. The amount of local anaesthesia administered to the patient during spinal anaesthesia prior to caesarean section was considered the dose used. The wastage was considered as the amount of local anaesthetic agents left unutilized in the syringes, ampules or vials after completion of each caesarean delivery. An estimation of the cost of wasted local anaesthetic agents was made. Result: The local anaesthetic agents being used in significant quantities were hyperbaric bupivacaine, plain lidocaine and lidocaine with adrenaline. The wastage was found more during the use of hyperbaric bupivacaine as the cost of its wastage formed the bulk (N75,000.00/ $210.10) of the estimated total cost of wasted local anaesthetic agents during the study period which was N88, 100.00 ($246.77). Conclusion: There were appropriate uses of the local anaesthesia with respect to the choice and doses for caesarean deliveries but there were wastages often ignored as infinitesimal. In the long run, the wastages become significant and the financial implication scale up the burden of health bills. Effective waste reduction strategies have input in the overall reduction of financial burden associated with health care. Emphasis should be t ailored towards awareness of these wastages among resident doctors and their prudent use of local anaesthesia


Subject(s)
Acoustics , Anesthetics , Costs and Cost Analysis , Lidocaine , Medical Waste Disposal , Nigeria
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811207

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the pain levels during anesthesia and the efficacy of the QuickSleeper intraosseous (IO) injection system and conventional inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) in impacted mandibular third molar surgery.METHODS: This prospective randomized clinical trial included 30 patients (16 women, 14 men) with bilateral symmetrical impacted mandibular third molars. Thirty subjects randomly received either the IO injection or conventional IANB at two successive appointments. A split-mouth design was used in which each patient underwent treatment of a tooth with one of the techniques and treatment of the homologous contralateral tooth with the other technique. The subjects received 1.8 mL of 2% articaine. Subjects' demographic data, pain levels during anesthesia induction, tooth extractions, and mouth opening on postoperative first, third, and seventh days were recorded. Pain assessment ratings were recorded using the 100-mm visual analog scale. The latency and duration of the anesthetic effect, complications, and operation duration were also analyzed in this study. The duration of anesthetic effect was considered using an electric pulp test and by probing the soft tissue with an explorer.RESULTS: Thirty patients aged between 18 and 47 years (mean age, 25 years) were included in this study. The IO injection was significantly less painful with lesser soft tissue numbness and quicker onset of anesthesia and lingual mucosa anesthesia with single needle penetration than conventional IANB. Moreover, 19 out of 30 patients (63%) preferred transcortical anesthesia. Mouth opening on postoperative first day was significantly better with intraosseous injection than with conventional IANB (P = 0.013).CONCLUSION: The IO anesthetic system is a good alternative to IANB for extraction of the third molar with less pain during anesthesia induction and sufficient depth of anesthesia for the surgical procedure.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Anesthetics , Appointments and Schedules , Carticaine , Female , Humans , Hypesthesia , Jupiter , Mandibular Nerve , Molar, Third , Mouth , Mucous Membrane , Needles , Pain Measurement , Prospective Studies , Tooth , Tooth Extraction , Tooth, Impacted , Visual Analog Scale
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811205

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the efficacy of three intraoral topical anesthetics in reducing the injection needle prick pain from local anesthetic among children aged 7–11 years old.METHODS: It is a prospective, Interventional, parallel design, single-blind, randomized clinical trial in which subjects (n=90) aged 7–11 years were included in the study based on an inclusion criteria. Subjects were divided into three groups based on computer-generated randomization with an allocation ratio of 1:1:1. Groups A, B, and C received benzocaine 20% jelly (Mucopain gel, ICPA health products Ltd, Ankleshwar, India), cetacaine anesthetic liquid (Cetylite Industries, Inc, Pennsauken, NJ), and EMLA cream (2% AstraZeneca UK Ltd, Luton, UK), respectively, according to manufacturer's instructions, for 1 minute prior to local anesthetic injection. After application of topical anesthetic agent, for all the groups, baseline pre-operative (prior to topical anesthetic administration) and post-operative scores (after local anesthetic administration) of pulse rate was recorded using Pulse oximeter (Gibson, Fingertip Pulse Oximeter, MD300C29, Beijing Choice Electronic). Peri-operative (i.e., during the administration of local anesthesia) scores were recorded using Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability (FLACC) Scale, Modified Children hospital of Eastern Ontario Pain Scale (CPS) behavior rating scale, and Faces Pain Scale (FPS-R) – Revised (For self-reported pain). Direct self-reported and physiological measures were ascertained using FPS-R – Revised and Pulse oximeter, respectively, whereas CPS and FLACC scales assessed behavioral measures. To test the mean difference between the three groups, a one way ANOVA with post hoc tests was used. For statistical significance, a two-tailed probability value of P < 0.05 was considered as significant.RESULTS: The Cetacaine group had significantly lower pain scores for self-report (P < 0.001), behavioral, and physiological measures (P < 0.001) than the other two groups. However, there was no significant difference between the Benzocaine group and EMLA group during palatal injection prick.CONCLUSION: Cetacaine can be considered as an effective topical anesthetic agent compared to benzocaine 20% jelly (Mucopain gel) and EMLA cream.


Subject(s)
Anesthetics , Behavior Rating Scale , Beijing , Benzocaine , Child , Clinical Study , Heart Rate , Humans , Leg , Needles , Ontario , Palate , Prospective Studies , Random Allocation , Weights and Measures
17.
Rev Rene (Online) ; 21: 42370, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1053226

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: determinar o perfil clínico-epidemiológico de pacientes cirúrgicos com ressecamento ocular e com o diagnóstico de enfermagem Risco de ressecamento ocular, no período pós-operatório. Métodos: estudo transversal, com 82 pacientes em pós-operatório. Para análise, utilizaram-se as frequências, medidas do centro de distribuição e respectivas variabilidades. Resultados: prevalência equivalente entre o ressecamento ocular e o diagnóstico de enfermagem. A média de idade foi 57,7 anos para pacientes com ressecamento ocular e 59,6 anos para aqueles com o diagnóstico de risco. Em ambos os grupos, existiu predominância do sexo feminino, cirurgias cardiovasculares e uso de anestésico geral. O tempo de procedimento cirúrgico obteve mediana de 105 minutos para pacientes com ressecamento ocular e 67,5 minutos para aqueles com o diagnóstico de risco. Conclusão: predominância de mulheres em meia idade submetidas a cirurgias eletivas de motivos cardiovasculares para ambos os grupos, entretanto, com tempo de procedimento cirúrgico distinto.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Nursing Diagnosis , Dry Eye Syndromes/diagnosis , Dry Eye Syndromes/epidemiology , Intensive Care Units , Postoperative Period , Posture , Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures , Time Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Anesthesia/adverse effects , Anesthetics/adverse effects
18.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 47(4): 253-256, Oct-Dec. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1042737

ABSTRACT

Abstract Survival of patients with Fontan palliation has improved significantly over the years and it constitutes a condition frequently found nowadays in the perioperative setting for non-cardiac surgery. A history of this disease condition implies complex physiologic and multiorgan considerations for the anesthetist who may need to resort to special measures in order to maintain homeostasis and avoid complications. In this paper we present the case of a patient with a history of Fontan, and describe successful anesthetic management during laparoscopic surgery.


Resumen En los últimos años la sobrevida de pacientes con paliación de Fontán ha aumentado significativamente, y hoy es una condición frecuente en el escenario perioperatorio para cirugía no cardiaca. Este antecedente supone complejas consideraciones fisiológicas y multiorgánicas para el anestesiólogo, quien puede requerir medidas especiales para mantener la homeostasia y evitar complicaciones. En este artículo presentamos el caso de un paciente con antecedente de Fontán y describimos el manejo anestésico exitoso en cirugía laparoscópica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Congenital Abnormalities , Fontan Procedure , Anesthetists , Anesthetics , Thoracic Surgery , Heart Defects, Congenital , Homeostasis
19.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 47(4): 226-235, Oct-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1042733

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Intraocular pressure (IOP) measuring in children is a defiant challenge for ophthalmologists due to the unwillingness to collaborate of patient; therefore, it is necessary to perform these examinations under anesthesia (EUA) in order to facilitate the measuring. Among the anesthetic drugs, ketamine is safe in both children and adults and different studies have stated that it might have lower impact on IOP than other anesthetic drugs. Objective: To determine whether ketamine has any impact on IOP in pediatric patients. Also, defining if this drug can be recommended to perform EUA in children with glaucoma. Methods: Systematic review of literature was conducted including articles published in Ovid, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Cochrane, and LILACS from January 1970 to February 2019. The studies included were those with patients aged under 18 years to whom ocular tonometry had been performed. Intervention consisted on administering ketamine and the primary outcome to be assessed was changes in IOP after ketamine administration. Intra operative and postoperative complications were also assessed as secondary outcomes. Report is made according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis guidelines. Results: Nine studies were selected for the systematic review. The administration of ketamine and its effects on intraocular pressure values were described in 293 children. Three studies found rising of intraocular pressure and 6 little or clinically not significant changes. Conclusion: In children, there is low-quality evidence that suggests a minimal impact of ketamine on IOP modification. Better quality studies (controlled clinical trials) are required to clearly recommend the use of ketamine to perform EUA in children with glaucoma.


Resumen Introducción: La medición de la presión intraocular (PIO) en niños es desafiante para el oftalmólogo debido a la falta de colaboración por parte del paciente; esto hace necesario llevar a cabo estos exámenes bajo anestesia (EBA) para facilitar la medición. Entre los medicamentos anestésicos generales, la ketamina es segura tanto en adultos como en niños, y se ha planteado en varios estudios que puede tener menor efecto sobre la PIO que otros fármacos anestésicos. Objetivo: Determinar si la ketamina tiene un efecto sobre la presión intraocular en población pediátrica. De esta manera, definir si es recomendable utilizar este medicamento para realizar los exámenes bajo anestesia general en niños con diagnóstico de glaucoma. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática de la literatura de los artículos publicados en Ovid, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Cochrane y LILACS desde enero de 1970 hasta febrero de 2019. Se incluyeron aquellos estudios con pacientes menores de 18 años en quienes se realizó tonometría ocular. La intervención fue la administración de ketamina y se evaluó como desenlace primario los cambios en la PIO después de su administración. También se evaluaron las complicaciones intra y posoperatorias como desenlaces secundarios. Se reporta de acuerdo con los lineamientos PRISMA. Resultados: Un total de nueve artículos se incluyeron para la revisión sistemática; en 293 niños se describió la administración de ketamina y medición de presión intraocular después de la misma. Tres estudios encontraron elevación de la PIO y seis refieren cambios mínimos o sin significancia clínica. Conclusiones: En niños existe evidencia de baja calidad que sugiere un impacto mínimo de la ketamina sobre la modificación en la PIO. Se requieren estudios de mejor calidad (ensayos clínicos controlados) que permitan crear una recomendación clara sobre el uso de este medicamento para realizar EBA en niños con glaucoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia , Anesthesia, General , Ketamine , Postoperative Complications , Tonometry, Ocular , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Glaucoma , Anesthetics, General , Ophthalmologists , Intraocular Pressure , Anesthetics
20.
Rev. méd. hondur ; 87(2): 80-83, abr.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1097738

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: La Hipertermia maligna, desorden farmacogenético autosómico dominante, se presenta en pacientes susceptibles a gases anestésicos; estimándose predisposición genética en 1:3000 individuos generada por las variantes de los genes RYR1, CACNA1, STAC3, que explican la susceptibilidad del 77%-86% de la población caucásica europea. Se reporta incidencia en-tre 1:5000-100000 procedimientos de anestesia. Se induce por liberación excesiva sin recaptación adecuada de calcio citoplásmico desde el retículo sarcoplásmico, generando rigidez muscular, alto gasto de energía como ATP, hipermetabolismo, aumento secundario de CO2, calor, rabdomiólisis, hiperpotasemia, mioglobinuria y aumento de CPK. Descripción delcaso clínico: Paciente masculino 18 años sometido a cirugía con anestesia general por apendicitis aguda, durante la cirugía presentó rigidez muscular, inestabilidad hemodinámica, hipertermia (40°C), taquicardia (Frecuencia cardiaca: 120 lpm) e hipotensión (Presión Arterial 50/20), sin esfuerzo res-piratorio y pérdida de relejos osteotendinosos. Se diagnosticó hipertermia maligna y se inició manejo, sin embargo, paciente fallece poco menos de dos horas después de haber iniciado el cuadro. Conclusiones: La Hipertermia maligna, es una condición que genera un evento en respuesta a la exposición a agentes anestésicos durante una cirugía, cuadro difícil de prevenir. El manejo requiere cele-ridad y preparación exhaustiva que debe seguir las recomendaciones de manejo europeas y estadounidenses. Este es el primer caso reportado a nivel nacional y se acompaña con una revisión que permite determinar que, aunque no se disponga del fármaco clave en el sistema nacional para mejorar el pronóstico, la protocolización preventiva y terapéutica, así como el entrenamiento en simulación del personal de quirófano podrían inluir en la supervivencia...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Anesthetics, Inhalation/therapeutic use , Malignant Hyperthermia/diagnosis , Fever/complications , Anesthetics
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