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1.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 278-286, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928809

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is a highly vascular tumors, over the past ten years, anti-angiogenes is has been proved to be an effective and highly promising combinational treatment. The data of the combination of anti-angiogenesis with chemotherapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy has been constantly updating. Advanced lung cancer patients, no matter different groups or different stages of the disease, are benefited from anti-angiogenes. In this paper, based on the clinical status and unsolved problems, combined with the latest clinical and translational research data, we reviewed the current anti-angiogenesis treatment of lung cancer.
.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Humans , Immunotherapy , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Molecular Targeted Therapy , Neovascularization, Pathologic/drug therapy
2.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0030, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376783

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O hemangioma de coroide é um tumor vascular benigno, de coloração vermelho-alaranjada, bem delimitado, caracterizado por uma placa elevada. É um tumor raro, com prevalência de um caso a cada 40 tumores de coroide. O diagnóstico pode ser feito por meio da clínica associada à avaliação biomicroscópica e a exames complementares para diferenciação de outros tumores. O tratamento pode ser expectante nos casos assintomáticos. Para os casos sintomáticos ou com presença de fluido sub-retiniano, existem diversas terapias. O objetivo deste estudo foi relatar um caso de hemangioma circunscrito de coroide submetido a tratamento combinado de terapia fotodinâmica com verteporfina e injeção intravítrea de antiangiogênico (bevacizumabe). A decisão de tratar um hemangioma de coroide deve ser individualizada com base nos sintomas, na perda visual e em qualquer potencial de sua recuperação. O exame oftalmológico completo é necessário, mesmo em casos assintomáticos, para rastreamento precoce de doenças oculares.


ABSTRACT Choroid hemangioma is a benign, well-delimited orange-red, vascular tumor characterized by an elevated plaque. It is a rare tumor with a prevalence of one case in every 40 choroidal tumors. It can be diagnosed by the clinic associated with biomicroscopic evaluation and complementary tests to differentiate from other tumors. Treatment can be expectant in asymptomatic cases. For symptomatic cases or those with the presence of subretinal fluid, there are several therapies. The objective of this study was to report a case of circumscribed choroidal hemangioma submitted to combined treatment of photodynamic therapy with verteporfin and intravitreal injection of an antiangiogenic agent (bevacizumab). The decision to treat choroidal hemangioma must be individualized based on symptoms, visual loss, and any potential for recovery. A complete eye examination is necessary, even in asymptomatic cases, for early screening for eye diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Photochemotherapy/methods , Choroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Choroid Neoplasms/therapy , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use , Verteporfin/therapeutic use , Hemangioma/diagnosis , Hemangioma/therapy , Fluorescein Angiography , Choroid Neoplasms/pathology , Ultrasonography , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor/antagonists & inhibitors , Drug Therapy, Combination , Hemangioma/pathology
3.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0016, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365729

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Reticular pigmentary retinal dystrophy, also known as Sjögren's reticular dystrophy, is a rare condition characterized by macular lesions with a reticular pattern, which are best seen on fluorescein angiogram. Choroidal neovascularization secondary to this type of dystrophy is even less common. This report describes a case of reticular pigmentary retinal dystrophy with vision loss due to neovascular membrane, which responded well to treatment with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor.


RESUMO A distrofia reticular pigmentar da retina, também conhecida como distrofia reticular de Sjögren, é uma doença rara, caracterizada por lesões maculares com um padrão reticular, que são mais bem visualizadas na angiografia com fluoresceína. A neovascularização de coroide secundária a este tipo de distrofia é ainda menos comum. Este relato descreve um caso de distrofia reticular pigmentar da retina, com perda de visão devido à membrana neovascular, que respondeu bem ao tratamento com fator de crescimento endotelial antivascular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Retinitis Pigmentosa/complications , Choroidal Neovascularization/etiology , Choroidal Neovascularization/drug therapy , Retinal Dystrophies/complications , Ranibizumab/administration & dosage , Sjogren's Syndrome/complications , Follow-Up Studies , Choroidal Neovascularization/diagnosis , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Intravitreal Injections , Ranibizumab/therapeutic use
4.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(3): 225-229, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248976

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate visual function and changes in the central macular thickness of patients with unresponsive neovascular age-related macular degeneration who were switched from ranibizumab (Lucentis®) to aflibercept (Eylea®) treatment at 30 months. Methods: This retrospective study examined patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration who were switched to aflibercept after ≥6 previous intravitreal ranibizumab injections at 4- to 8-week intervals. All patients were switched to intravitreal aflibercept (2.0 mg) and analyzed after 3 consecutive injections followed by a prore nata dosing regimen and after 30 months of treatment. Best corrected visual acuity, biomicroscopic examination, intraocular pressure, fundus examination, and central macular thickness were recorded at the start of treatment, before the transition to intravitreal aflibercept treatment, and at 6, 12, 18, 24, and 30 months of intravitreal aflibercept treatment. Results: A total of 33 eyes met the inclusion criteria. The median age of the patients was 73.57 ± 7.98 years, and 21 (61.8%) patients were males and 12 (35.3%) were females. Before the transition, the patients received a mean of 16.8 ± 8.8 ranibizumab injections (range 6-38).After the transition to intravitreal aflibercept treatment, the mean number of aflibercept injections was 9.09 ± 3.94. No significant differences were observed in best corrected visual acuity after the aflibercept switch in any of the months. The central macular thickness was significantly decreased at 6, 12, 18, and 30 months (p=0.01, p=0.03, p=0.05, p=0.05, p<0.001, respectively). Conclusion: Patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration who were switched to intravitreal aflibercept treatment due to unresponsiveness to intravitreal ranibizumab exhibited a significant anatomic improvement in the retina, and although this state persisted, there was no significant functional gain.(AU)


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar, depois de 30 meses, a função visual e as alterações na espessura macular central de pacientes com degeneração macular relacionada à idade sem resposta terapêutica ao ranibizumabe (Lucentis®) que mudaram seu tratamento para o aflibercepte (Eylea®). Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo retrospectivo de pacientes com degeneração macular neovascular relacionada à idade que mudaram o tratamento para o aflibercepte após 6 ou mais injeções intravítreas de ranibizumabe a intervalos de 4-8 semanas. Todos os pacientes mudaram para o aflibercepte intravítreo (2,0 mg) e depois de 3 injeções consecutivas, seguidas de um regime de dosagem pro re nata, foram avaliados após 30 meses de tratamento. A melhor acuidade visual corrigida, o exame biomicroscópico, a pressão intraocular, a fundoscopia e a espessura macular central foram registrados no início do tratamento, antes da transição para o tratamento com aflibercepte intravítreo e aos 6, 12, 18, 24 e 30 meses de tratamento com o aflibercepte intravítreo. Resultados: Satisfizeram aos critérios de inclusão 33 olhos. A mediana da idade dos pacientes foi de 73,57 ± 7,98 anos. Dos pacientes, 21 (61,8%) eram homens e 12 (35,3%) eram mulheres. Antes da transição para o tratamento com o aflibercepte intravítreo, os pacientes receberam em média 16,8 ± 8,8 injeções de ranibizumabe (faixa 6-38).Depois da transição, o número médio de injeções de aflibercepte foi de 9,09 ± 3,94. Não houve diferenças significativas na melhor acuidade visual corrigida depois da mudança para o aflibercepte em qualquer das avaliações. Houve diminuição significativa da espessura macular central aos 6, 12, 18 e 30 meses (respectivamente, p=0,01, p=0,03, p=0,05, p=0,05 e p<0,001). Conclusão: Pacientes com degeneração macular neovascular relacionada à idade que mudaram seu tratamento para o aflibercepte intravítreo devido à falta de resposta ao ranibizumabe intravítreo, tiveram melhora anatômica significativa da retina; mas embora esse estado tenha persistido, não foi observado nenhum ganho funcional significativo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Retina/pathology , Visual Acuity , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Ranibizumab/therapeutic use , Macular Degeneration/physiopathology , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921540

ABSTRACT

Diabetic retinopathy(DR)is the major microvascular disease in diabetic patients,and it is also one of the main blinding eye diseases in the current population.The typical pathological change of DR in the eyes is vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)-mediated neovascularization induced by retinal ischemic stimulation.Therefore,anti-VEGF drugs have gradually become one of the mainstream methods to treat DR and DR-induced diseases such as diabetic macular edema.Recent studies have proved that anti-VEGF drugs have certain effects on ocular blood vessels and blood flow in patients with DR,while the specific mechanism has not been fully elucidated.This article summarizes the research progress on the effects of intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF drugs on the ocular blood vessels and blood flow in patients with DR.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Retinopathy/drug therapy , Humans , Intravitreal Injections , Macular Edema/drug therapy , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors/therapeutic use
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1908-1919, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887633

ABSTRACT

Immunotherapy has dramatically altered the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer. Currently, the emergence of combination strategies in immunotherapy has brightened the prospects of improved clinical outcomes and manageable safety profiles in the first/second-line settings. However, sub-optimal response rates are still observed in several clinical trials. Hence, alternative combination models and candidate selection strategies need to be explored. Herein, we have critically reviewed and commented on the published data from several clinical trials, including combined immunotherapy and chemotherapy, anti-angiogenic agents, epidermal growth factor receptor/anaplastic lymphoma kinase tyrosine kinase inhibitors, radiotherapy, and other immune checkpoint inhibitors.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Humans , Immunotherapy , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use
7.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(3): e0009, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280121

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Este trabalho visou evidenciar a importância da detecção precoce da coroidite interna punctata e destacar sua fisiopatologia inflamatória e possíveis diagnósticos diferenciais dentro das white dot syndromes. O destaque foi dado principalmente à coroidite multifocal e à panuveíte, ao se demonstrar sua epidemiologia peculiar em mulheres jovens, caracterizar sua apresentação clínica típica na fundoscopia e explorar as vantagens e as desvantagens de realizar os exames complementares que fazem parte da análise multimodal útil para o diagnóstico (especialmente a angiografia fluoresceínica, a tomografia de coerência óptica e a indocianina verde). Descreve-se o caso de uma mulher de 28 anos diagnosticada com coroidite interna punctata com membrana neovascular coroidal em olho direito. O tratamento foi realizado com injeção intravítrea de aflibercepte e corticoterapia sistêmica 1mg/kg ao dia. Este relato é importante por permitir debater o manejo da coroidite interna punctata durante a gestação e a decisão de realizar o tratamento mediante uma diversidade de opções terapêuticas.


ABSTRACT This work aimed to demonstrate the importance of early detection of punctate inner choroidopathy, highlighting the pathophysiology of inflammation and the differential diagnoses among white dot syndromes. Special attention was given to multifocal choroiditis and panuveitis, by demonstrating the peculiar epidemiology in young women, characterizing the typical clinical presentation in ophthalmoscopy, and exploring the advantages and disadvantages of performing the complementary examinations, which are part of the multimodal analysis useful for diagnosis (particularly fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and indocyanine green). We report the case of a 28-year-old female, diagnosed as punctate inner choroidopathy with choroidal [N.T. no título aparece subretinal = subrretiniana] neovascular membrane in the right eye. She was treated with intravitreal injection of aflibercept and systemic corticosteroid 1 mg/kg/day. This case report is important for addressing the management of punctate inner choroidopathy during pregnancy, and the decision to carry out treatment considering diverse therapeutic options.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Choroiditis/complications , Choroiditis/diagnosis , Choroiditis/physiopathology , Choroidal Neovascularization/etiology , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Intravitreal Injections/methods , Fluorescein Angiography/methods , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods
8.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(6): 526-534, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153085

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare visual acuity, macular thickness, and the area of active neovascularization based on fluorescein angiography outcomes associated with standard single-spot panretinal photocoagulation in the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) pattern combined with intravitreal ranibizumab injection versus multiple-spot full scatter (PASCAL) panretinal photocoagulation combined with intravitreal ranibizumab injection versus intravitreal injection alone in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Methods: Patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy and no prior laser treatment were randomly assigned to receive three different types of treatment. Panretinal photocoagulation in the ETDRS group was administered in two sessions (weeks 0 and 2), and panretinal photocoagulation in the PASCAL group was administered in one session (week 0). Intravitreal injection of ranibizumab was administered at the end of the first laser session in both the ETDRS and PASCAL groups and at week 0 in the intravitreal injection group. Comprehensive ophthalmic evaluations were performed at baseline and every 4 weeks through week 48. Results: Thirty patients (n=40 eyes) completed the 48-week study period. After treatment, best-corrected visual acuity was significantly (p<0.05) improved at all follow-up visits in the group receiving intravitreal injection alone, at all but week 4 in the ETDRS group, and at all but weeks 4 and 8 for the PASCAL group. A significant decrease in central subfield macular thickness was observed in the PASCAL group at weeks 4, 8, and 48; only at week 48 in the intravitreal injection group; and never in the ETDRS group. There was no significant difference among the three treatment groups with respect to change from baseline to week 48 in best-corrected visual acuity, central subfield macular thickness, or fluorescein leakage from active neovascularization in best-corrected visual acuity, central subfield macular thickness, or fluorescein leakage from active neovascularization. Conclusions: Intravitreal injection alone or combined with single- or multiple-spot panretinal photocoagulation yielded similar outcomes with respect to mean change in best-corrected visual acuity, central subfield macular thickness, and fluorescein leakage from active neovascularization at up to one-year of follow-up. All subjects provided written informed consent to participate (NCT02005432 in clinicaltrials.gov).


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar as medidas de acuidade visual, espessura macular central e área de neovasos ativos na an­giofluoresceinografia submetidos a panfotocoagulação retiniana padrão ETDRS associado a injeção intravítrea de ranibizumabe versus panfotocoagulação padrão PASCAL associado a injeção intravítrea de ranibizumabe versus somente injeção intravítrea de ranibizumabe em pacientes com retinopatia diabética pro­liferativa. Métodos: Pacientes com retinopatia diabética proliferativa e virgens de tratamento, randomicamente divididos nas três diferentes terapias retinianas. Panfotocoagulação no grupo ETDRS em 2 sessões (semanas 0 e 2) e no grupo PASCAL, na semana 0. Injeção intravítrea de ranibizumabe realizado ao fim da primeira sessão de laser em ambos os grupos: ETDRS e PASCAL, e na semana 0 no grupo injeção intravítrea de ranibizumabe. Avaliações oftalmológicas, tomografia de coerência óptica e angiofluoesceinografia realizados na visita basal e a cada 4 semanas por 48 semanas. Resultados: Trinta pacientes (n=40 olhos) completaram as 48 semanas de seguimento. Após o tratamento, a acuidade visual melhorou significantemente em todas a visitas no grupo injeção intravítrea de ranibizumabe (p<0,05); em todas exceto na semana 4 no grupo ETDRS, em todas exceto nas semanas 4 e 8 no grupo PASCAL. Redução significativa na espessura do subcampo central foi evidenciada no grupo PASCAL nas semanas 4, 8 e 48; somente na semana 48 no grupo injeção intravítrea de ranibizumabe, e em nenhuma visita no grupo ETDRS. Redução também na área de neovasos ativos em todas as visitas em todos os grupos. Não houve diferença significante entre os três grupos com relação a mudança media na medidas de acuidade visual, espessura macular central ou área de neovasos ativos da visita inicial para a semana 48. Conclusões: Somente IVB ou este associado a panfotocoagulação ETDRS ou PASCAL, apresentaram efeitos semelhantes em relação a medidas de acuidade visual, espessura do subcampo central e área de neovasos ativos no decorrer de 48 semanas de seguimento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Diabetic Retinopathy , Diabetic Retinopathy/surgery , Diabetic Retinopathy/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Laser Coagulation , Intravitreal Injections , Ranibizumab/therapeutic use
9.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(6): 552-561, Nov.-Dec. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153080

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Age-related macular degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss in elderly individuals, as well as a medical and socio-economic challenge. The treatment of dry age-related macular degeneration is based on vitamin supplementation. New treatment studies are focused on preventing the progression of degeneration and repopulating the atrophic macula. Recently, research on the treatment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration experienced a breakthrough with the advent of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors. Nevertheless, despite the fact that ranibizumab, aflibercept, and bevacizumab are effective in reducing severe visual impairment, patients usually lose some vision over time. Therefore, the search for new therapies and diagnostic methods is fundamentally important. Current studies are focused on new anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drugs, nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, antibody against sphingosine-1-phosphate, anti-platelet-derived growth factor, gene therapy, and RNA interference. The results of ongoing clinical studies may improve the therapy of age-related macular degeneration.


RESUMO Degeneração macular relacionada à idade (DMRI) é a principal causa de perda de visão em pessoas idosas. É também um desafio médico e socioeconômico. O tratamento da degeneração macular relacionada à idade seca baseia-se na suplementação vitamínica. Novos tratamentos estão focados na prevenção da progressão da degeneração e tentativas de repovoar a mácula atrófica. A degeneração macular relacionada à idade neovascular experimentou um grande avanço com o advento dos inibidores do fator de crescimento endotelial anti-vascular (anti-VEGF); no entanto, apesar do ranibizumab, aflibercept e bevacizumab serem eficazes na redução do comprometimento visual grave, os pacientes geralmente per­dem visão ao longo do tempo. Portanto, a busca por novas terapias, tratamentos e diagnósticos é de fundamental importância. Os estudos estão focados em novos fármacos sobre fator de crescimento endotelial anti-vascular, inibidores nucleosideos da transcriptase reversa, anticorpos contra esfingosina-1-fosfato, fator de crescimento derivado de plaquetas, terapia genética e RNA de interferência. A terapia para degeneração macular relacionada à idade está prestes a melhorar como resultado desses estudos clínicos em andamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Macular Degeneration , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/therapeutic use , Visual Acuity , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor/therapeutic use , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Intravitreal Injections , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use , Ranibizumab/therapeutic use , Macular Degeneration/drug therapy
10.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(5): 372-377, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131635

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To assess tomographic ganglion cell complex changes in patients with diabetic macular edema treated with intravitreal injections of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF). Methods: We analyzed data from 35 eyes of 35 previously untreated patients in whom diabetic macular edema improved after three loading doses of anti-VEGF injection and who did not receive repeated injections. We recorded spectral domain-optical coherence tomography assessments of ganglion cell complex and central macular thickness at baseline and monthly for three months, and on the sixth and ninth month after treatment. We compared the results with those of the unaffected eyes in the same patients and with those in a control group of patients with diabetic macular edema who were untreated. Results: The mean age of the patients in the treatment group was 60 ± 4.38 years. The foveal thicknesses measured using optical coherence tomography decreased significantly from baseline to the third month post-injection (p<0.05). The mean ganglion cell complex thickness was 115.08 ± 16.72 µm before the first injection and 101.05 ± 12.67 µm after the third injection (p<0.05). The mean ganglion cell complex was 110.04 ± 15.07 µm on the sixth month (p>0.05) and 113.12 ± 11.15 µm on the ninth month (p>0.05). We found a significant difference between the patients and the control group in terms of mean ganglion cell complex thickness on the second- and third-months post-injection (p<0.05). Conclusion: Our study showed that the ganglion cell complex thickness in patients with diabetic macular edema decreased after the anti-VEGF injections. We cannot ascertain whether the ganglion cell complex thickness decreases were due to effects of the anti-VEGF agents or to the natural disease course.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar as alterações do complexo tomográfico das células ganglionares em pacientes com edema macular diabético tratados com injeções intravítreas do fator de crescimento endotelial anti-vascular (anti-VEGF). Métodos: Analisamos dados de 35 olhos de 35 pacientes previamente não tratados nos quais o edema macular diabético melhorou após três doses de injeção de anti-VEGF e que não receberam injeções repetidas. Registramos avaliações da tomografia de coerência óptica de domínio espectral do complexo de células ganglionares e da espessura macular central na linha de base e mensalmente por três meses e, também no sexto e nono mês após o tratamento. Comparamos os resultados com os olhos não afetados nos mesmos pacientes e com os de um grupo controle de pacientes com edema macular diabético que não foram tratados. Resultados: A média da idade dos pacientes no grupo de tratamento foi de 60 ± 4,38 anos. As espessuras foveais medidas pela tomografia de coerência óptica diminuiram significativamente desde o início até o terceiro mês após a injeção (p<0,05). A espessura média do complexo de células ganglionares foi de 115,08 ± 16,72 µm antes da primeira injeção e 101,05 ± 12,67 µm após a terceira injeção (p<0,05). A média do complexo de célula ganglionar foi de 110,04 ± 15,07 µm no sexto mês (p>0,05) e 113,12 ± 11,15 µm no nono mês (p>0,05). Encontramos uma diferença significativa entre os pacientes e o grupo controle quanto à média da espessura do complexo de células ganglionares no segundo e terceiro meses após a injeção (p<0,05). Conclusão: Nosso estudo mostrou que a espessura do complexo de células ganglionares em pacientes com edema macular diabético diminuiu após as injeções de anti-VEGF. Não podemos determinar se a diminuição da espessura do complexo de células ganglionares ocorreu devido aos efeitos dos agentes anti-VEGF ou ao curso natural da doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Macular Edema , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Retinopathy , Visual Acuity , Macular Edema/drug therapy , Macular Edema/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/antagonists & inhibitors , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Diabetic Retinopathy/drug therapy , Diabetic Retinopathy/diagnostic imaging , Intravitreal Injections , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use
11.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(3): 175-179, May-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131590

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: This survey aimed at assessing the clinical characteristics of patients with inflammatory reactions after intravitreal injection of antiangiogenic agents and the techniques employed by Brazilian retina specialists. Methods: We sent an 18-item questionnaire electronically to retina specialists who are using antiangiogenic agents. We got the responses between September 21 and December 23, 2018. Results: A total of 58 retina specialists participated. Most of them were from Southeastern Brazil (50%), 82.8% were dedicated to both medical and surgical practices, and 86.2% had practiced for more than 5 years. Respondents reported a mean number of 2.14 ± 1.63 patients with inflammation, 44.8% with panuveitis, and 79.3% with onset of symptoms within 72 h. Specialists used aflibercept (53.4%), bevacizumab (29.3%), and ranibizumab (27.6%). Most patients were treated with steroid drops (70.7%), and their inflammation subsided after 11.5 ± 11.5 days (86.2% lacked irreversible complications). The specialists blamed the syringe as the cause of the inflammation in 25.9% of the cases, 41.4% used Becton-Dickinson Ultra-Fine syringes, 43.1% injected the drug at room temperature, and 37.9% removed the air (53.4% by flicking the syringe). Most specialists did not detect silicone oil (67.2%), but 17.2% of them performed vitrectomies to remove vitreous opacities. Finally, 44.8% of specialists injected the same antiangiogenic agent in an eye with prior inflammatory reaction without further inflammation. Conclusions: Most specialists reported cases of early-onset inflammation after intravitreal injection of antiangiogenic agents. The incidence of irreversible complications was low. Aflibercept was the most common agent used. The causes of inflammation remain unknown, but we formulated some relevant hypotheses.


RESUMO Objetivo: Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo avaliar as características clínicas de pacientes com reações inflamatórias após injeção intravítrea de agentes antiangiogênicos e as técnicas empregadas por especialistas em retina brasileiros. Métodos: Enviamos eletronicamente um questionário de 18 itens para especialistas em retina que usam agentes antiangiogênicos. Recebemos as respostas entre 21 de setembro e 23 de dezembro de 2018. Resultados: Um total de 58 especialistas em retina participaram. A maioria era do Sudeste do Brasil (50%), 82,8% eram dedicados a práticas médicas e cirúrgicas e 86,2% praticavam há mais de 5 anos. Os entrevistados informaram um número médio de 2,14 ± 1,63 pacientes com inflamação, 44,8% com panuveíte e 79,3% com início dos sintomas dentro de 72 horas. Especialistas utilizaram aflibercepte (53,4%), bevacizumabe (29,3%) e ranibizumabe (26=7,6%). A maioria dos pacientes foi tratada com colírios de esteroides (70,7%), e sua inflamação diminuiu após 11,5 ± 11,5 dias (86,2% não apresentaram complicações irreversíveis). Os especialistas responsabilizaram a seringa como causa da inflamação em 25,9% dos casos, 41,4% usaram seringas Becton-Dickinson Ultra-Fine, 43,1% injetaram a droga em temperatura ambiente e 37,9% removeram o ar (53,4% sacudindo a seringa). A maioria dos especialistas não detectou óleo de silicone (67,2%), mas 17,2% realizaram vitrectomias para remoção de opacidades vítreas. Finalmente, 44,8% dos especialistas injetaram o mesmo agente angiogênicos em um olho com reação inflamatória prévia, sem surgimento de nova inflamação. Conclusões: A maioria dos especialistas relatou casos de inflamação de início precoce após injeção intravítrea de agentes antiangiogênicos. A incidência complicações irreversíveis foi baixa. Aflibercepte foi o agente mais frequentemente usado. As causas da inflamação permanecem desconhecidas, embora formulamos algumas hipóteses relevantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Specialization , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Bevacizumab , Retina , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor , Intravitreal Injections , Ranibizumab , Inflammation
12.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(2): 120-126, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088977

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To investigate retinal microvasculature changes in patients treated with anti-VEGF for macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion. Methods: We examined 38 eyes of 19 patients for the study. We measured superficial and deep capillary plexus vessel densities (%), foveal avascular zone areas (mm2), and central macular thicknesses. Results: Parafoveal superficial and deep capillary plexus values were significantly lower in eyes with branch retinal vein occlusion than in fellow eyes (p<0.001). We found a significant increase in parafoveal deep capillary plexus values after the anti-VEGF treatment (p=0.032). The mean foveal avascular zone was larger in eyes with branch retinal vein occlusion than in control eyes (p<0.001). The mean central macular thickness was significantly higher in eyes with branch retinal vein occlusion than in controls, and we observed a significant decrease in central macular thickness after anti-VEGF treatment (<0.001). In addition, the cystic structures in the deep capillary plexus regressed. Conclusion: Optical coherence tomography angiography enables qualitative and quantitative evaluations during follow-up of patients treated for branch retinal vein occlusion.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar as alterações na microvascu latura da retina em pacientes tratados com anti-VEGF para ede ma macular secundário à oclusão de ramo da veia retiniana. Métodos: Foram examinados 38 olhos de 19 pacientes para o estudo. Medimos as densidades dos vasos do plexo capilar superficial e profunda (%), áreas da zona avascular foveal (mm2) e espessura macular central. Resultados: Os valores do plexo capilar superficial e profundo parafoveal foram significativamente menores nos olhos com oclusão de ramo da veia retiniana do que nos outros olhos (p<0,001). Encontramos um aumento significativo nos valores de plexo capilar profundo parafoveal após o tratamento com anti-VEGF (p=0,032). A zona avascular foveal média foi maior nos olhos com oclusão de ramo da veia retiniana do que nos olhos controle (p<0,001). A espessura macular central média foi significativamente maior nos olhos com oclusão de ramo da veia retiniana do que nos controles, e observamos uma diminuição significativa na espessura macular central após o tratamento com anti-VEGF (< 0,001). Além disso, as estruturas císticas no plexo capilar profundo regrediram. Conclusão: A angiotomografia de coerência óptica permite avaliações qualitativas e quantitativas durante o acompanhamento de pacientes tratados por oclusão de ramo da veia retiniana.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Retinal Vein Occlusion/drug therapy , Fluorescein Angiography/methods , Macular Edema/drug therapy , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/antagonists & inhibitors , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods , Reference Values , Time Factors , Retinal Vein Occlusion/complications , Capillaries/drug effects , Capillaries/pathology , Capillaries/diagnostic imaging , Macular Edema/etiology , Macular Edema/pathology , Macular Edema/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Macula Lutea/drug effects , Macula Lutea/pathology , Macula Lutea/diagnostic imaging
13.
Medwave ; 20(2): e7831, 31-03-2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095945

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las hemorragias maculares producen una pérdida de la visión súbita y profunda. Las principales modalidades de tratamiento incluyen observación, inyección intravítrea de fármacos antiangiogénicos, hialoidotomía con láser neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet, inyección intravítrea de gas y/o activador de plasminógeno tisular, en monoterapia o combinadas con cirugía. En el presente trabajo reportamos cuatro casos de hemorragias maculares de distintas causas, tratadas con diferentes abordajes, y realizamos una revisión de la literatura al respecto. PRESENTACIÓN DE CASOS: Los cuatro pacientes mostrados presentaron diferentes causas de hemorragias maculares. El primer caso tuvo una hemorragia prerretiniana debido a retinopatía de Valsalva y fue tratado con cirugía, el Caso 2 tuvo una hemorragia macular multinivel debido a una rotura de un macroaneurisma arteriolar retiniano y fue manejado con desplazamiento neumático, láser y ranibizumab intravítreo, el Caso 3 presentó una hemorragia subretiniana extensa debido a rotura coroidea posterior a un trauma ocular cerrado de alta energía y fue tratado exitosamente con cirugía. El último caso presentó una hemorragia prerretiniana debido a retinopatía diabética, manejada con láser neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet. Los diferentes tratamientos fueron realizados exitosamente con buenos resultados. CONCLUSIÓN: Existen amplias opciones disponibles para el manejo de las hemorragias maculares y la mejor opción depende de las características de cada caso en particular. El manejo apropiado y oportuno de éstas puede lograr un resultado visual bueno, especialmente si la localización de la hemorragia es prerretiniana.


INTRODUCTION: Macular hemorrhages result in a sudden and profound loss of vision. The primary treatment modalities include observation, intravitreal injection of antiangiogenic drugs, neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet hialoidotomy, intravitreal injection of gas with or without tissue plasminogen activator, as monotherapy or combined with surgery. In this paper, we report four cases of macular hemorrhages of different causes treated with different approaches, and we review the literature in this regard. CASE PRESENTATION: All four patients presented different causes of macular hemorrhage. The first case had a preretinal hemorrhage due to a Valsalva retinopathy and was treated with surgery. Case 2 had a multilevel macular hemorrhage due to a rupture of a retinal arteriolar macroaneurysm and was treated with pneumatic displacement, laser, and intravitreal ranibizumab. Case 3 presented an extensive subretinal hemorrhage due to a choroidal rupture after high-energy ocular trauma that was also successfully treated with surgery. The last case was a preretinal hemorrhage due to diabetic retinopathy managed with neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser. Different treatment approaches were successfully performed in all cases with good outcomes. CONCLUSION: There is an extensive range of options available for the management of macular hemorrhages, and the best option depends on the characteristics of each particular case. Proper and timely management of these diseases can achieve an excellent visual outcome, especially if the location of the hemorrhage is preretinal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retinal Hemorrhage/therapy , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Laser Therapy , Rupture , Retinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Choroid/pathology , Tissue Plasminogen Activator , Diabetic Retinopathy/complications , Intravitreal Injections
14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 1063-1077, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877493

ABSTRACT

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common histological type of lung cancer, accounting for more than 80% of primary lung cancer. Platinum-based chemotherapy is the traditional standard for the treatment of advanced NSCLC, but the 5-years survival rate is still very low, less than 5%. Angiogenesis plays an important role in the growth, proliferation and metastasis of solid tumors. Angiogenesis inhibitors affect the tumor microenvironment, degenerate existing tumor blood vessels and inhibit tumor angiogenesis. Angiogenesis inhibitors are now one of the indispensable treatments for patients with advanced NSCLC through continuous development of new angiogenesis inhibitor and improvement of drug accessibility. This consensus is based on the "Expert consensus on anti-angiogenic drug therapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer in China (2019 Edition)" , combines with clinical research evidence published in the past years and clinical experience. The consensus-writing group compiles a consensus of guiding clinical departments related to lung cancer treatment to use anti-angiogenic drugs in a standardized manner, and further improves the level of standardized diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , China , Consensus , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Staging
16.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(1): 7-10, jan.-fev. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990790

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The primary objective of the study is to evaluate, in a population in the state of Bahia, Brazil, the impact of ranibizumab in best-corrected visual acuity of patients with macular disease and macular edema. Methods: This study did a retrospective and observational assessment visual acuity of the group of patients followed at the Professor Edgard Santos University Hospital and Oftalmodiagnose Eye Hospital in 2011 and 2012 in a real life context. Results: The impact on sample patientes post-treatment demonstrated favorable outcome with an increase in visual acuity of 32%, which means improvement of more than one line in the snellem chart. Conclusion: Improvement in visual acuity of this group was observed from baseline to the end of follow up in a real-life context.


Resumo Objetivo: O objetivo principal do estudo é avaliar, em uma população no estado da Bahia, o impacto do ranibizumab na acuidade visual melhor corrigida de pacientes com doença macular e edema macular. Métodos: Para isso, fizemos uma avaliação retrospectiva e observacional da acuidade visual do grupo de pacientes seguidos no Hospital Universitário Professor Edgard Santos e Oftalmodiagnose Hospital de Olhos em 2011 e 2012 em um contexto de vida real. Resultados: O estudo demonstrou desfecho favorável com aumento da acuidade visual de 32%, o que significa melhora de mais de uma linha no quadro snellem. Conclusão: A melhora da acuidade visual desse grupo foi observada desde o início até o final do seguimento em um contexto da vida real.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Visual Acuity/drug effects , Macular Edema/drug therapy , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Ranibizumab/therapeutic use , Macular Degeneration/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Observational Study
17.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 35(8): e00145518, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019617

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Os objetivos foram efetuar a análise do impacto orçamentário para a incorporação de segunda linha terapêutica com terapia antiangiogênica de aplicação intravítrea, para tratamento de edema macular diabético, no âmbito do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) em Minas Gerais, Brasil, discutindo sua viabilidade à luz do orçamento do estado. A análise do impacto orçamentário com método determinístico, segundo diretriz do Ministério da Saúde. Foram incluídos os pacientes com provável falha ao tratamento de primeira linha, num horizonte temporal de 5 anos para todas as tecnologias avaliadas. Incluíram-se na análise os medicamentos bevacizumabe (uso off-label), ranibizumabe e aflibercepte. As populações foram calculadas tanto por demanda aferida quanto por estimativa epidemiológica. Como análises de sensibilidade efetuaram-se: cenário com difusão de tecnologia mais lenta; cenário com a entrada de bevacizumabe e ranibizumabe biossimilares no mercado; cenário com a desconsideração da inflação no período. O impacto orçamentário incremental, de acordo com as estimativas de demanda aferida e epidemiológica, respectivamente, foi de R$ 69.493.906,95-R$ 473.226.278,78 para bevacizumabe; R$ 349.319.965,60-R$ 2.378.732.103,09 para ranibizumabe e R$543.867.485,47-R$ 3.703.524.490,16 para aflibercepte. Bevacizumabe foi a alternativa financeiramente mais viável em todos os cenários das estimativas e análises de sensibilidade. Estimou-se incremento próximo a 3%, comparando com o orçamento de 2016 (demanda aferida). Avalia-se que a incorporação é viável dentro do SUS em Minas Gerais, mas sujeita às prioridades da gestão. A discrepância de preços entre produtos de eficácia semelhante é intrigante e tema fértil para estudos futuros.


Abstract: The study's objective was to perform budget impact assessment for the incorporation of second-line intravitreal antiangiogenic therapy for diabatic macular edema in the scope of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) in Minas Gerais state, Brazil, discussing the incorporation's state budget feasibility. The budget impact assessment was performed as a deterministic method according to Ministry of Health guidelines. The study included patients with probable first-line treatment failure in a five-year timeline for all the technologies assessed. The analysis included the drugs bevacizumab (off-label use), ranibizumab, and aflibercept. The populations were calculated both by observed demand and epidemiological estimate. The following sensitivity analyses were performed: a scenario with slower technology diffusion, a scenario with the market entry of biosimilar versions of bevacizumab and ranibizumab, and a scenario disregarding inflation during the period. The incremental budget impacts according to observed and epidemiologically estimated demand, respectively, were BRL 69,493,906.95 to BRL 473,226,278.78 for bevacizumab; BRL 349,319,965.60 to BRL 2,378,732,103.09 for ranibizumab; and BRL 543,867,485.47 to BRL 3,703,524,490.16 for aflibercept. Bevacizumab proved to be the most financially feasible alternative in all the scenarios of estimates and sensitivity analyses. An increment of nearly 3% was estimated, compared to the 2016 budget (observed demand). The study showed that the incorporation is feasible in the SUS, Minas Gerais State, but subject to management priorities. Price discrepancies between products with similar efficacy is intriguing and provides fertile ground for future studies.


Resumen: El objetivo fue efectuar un análisis del impacto presupuestario en la incorporación de una segunda línea terapéutica, con terapia antiangiogénica de aplicación intravítrea, para el tratamiento de edema macular diabético, en el ámbito del Sistema Único de Salud (SUS), en Minas Gerais, Brasil, discutiendo su viabilidad respecto al presupuesto del estado. Se realizó una análisis del impacto presupuestario con un método determinístico, según la directriz del Ministerio de Salud. Se incluyeron pacientes con probable fracaso al tratamiento de primera línea, en un horizonte temporal de 5 años para todas las tecnologías evaluadas. Se incluyeron en el análisis los medicamentos bevacizumab (uso off-label), ranibizumab y aflibercept. Las poblaciones se calcularon tanto por demanda evaluada, como por estimación epidemiológica. A modo de análisis de sensibilidad se planteó un escenario con una difusión de tecnología más lenta, un escenario con la entrada de bevacizumab y ranibizumab biosimilares en el mercado, y un escenario con la desconsideración de la inflación durante el período. El incremento del impacto presupuestario, de acuerdo con las estimativas de demanda evaluada y epidemiológica, respectivamente, fue BRL 69.493.906,95-BRL 473.226.278,78 en el caso del bevacizumab; BRL 349.319.965,60-BRL 2.378.732.103,09 en el de ranibizumab y BRL 543.867.485,47-BRL 3.703.524.490,16 en el aflibercept. El bevacizumab se mostró la alternativa financiera más viable en todos los escenarios de estimaciones y análisis de sensibilidad. Se estimó un incremento cercano al 3%, comparándolo con el presupuesto de 2016 (demanda evaluada). Se considera que la incorporación es viable dentro del SUS en Minas Gerais, pero sujeta a las prioridades de la gestión. La discrepancia de precios entre productos de eficacia semejante es intrigante y un tema fértil para estudios futuros.


Subject(s)
Humans , Macular Edema/economics , Health Care Costs/statistics & numerical data , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/economics , Diabetic Retinopathy/economics , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/economics , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/therapeutic use , Brazil , Macular Edema/drug therapy , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor/therapeutic use , Diabetic Retinopathy/drug therapy , Bevacizumab/economics , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use , Ranibizumab/economics , Ranibizumab/therapeutic use
18.
Lima; Seguro Social de Salud (EsSalud); 2019. [1-72] p.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BIGG | ID: biblio-994591

ABSTRACT

Brindar recomendaciones y puntos de buenas prácticas clínicas basadas en evidencia para el adecuado diagnóstico y tratamiento de los pacientes con degenaración macular relacionada con la edad (DMRE), contestando a las siguientes preguntas: a) En personas mayores de 50 años, ¿cómo se debería diagnosticar y clasificar la DMRE? b) En personas con DMRE, ¿qué intervenciones deben usarse para prevenir la progresión de la enfermedad? c) En personas con DMRE exudativa, ¿se debería utilizar antiangiogénicos para el tratamiento de la enfermedad? d) En personas con DMRE exudativa, ¿se debería utilizar la terapia fotodinámica como tratamiento adyuvante? e) En personas con DMRE exudativa, ¿se debería utilizar corticoides intravítreos como tratamiento adyuvante? f) En personas con DMRE, ¿cuál es la mejor estrategia de seguimiento de la enfermedad?


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Wet Macular Degeneration/drug therapy , Macular Degeneration/classification , Macular Degeneration/diagnosis , Macular Degeneration/drug therapy , Photochemotherapy , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Wet Macular Degeneration/prevention & control , Wet Macular Degeneration/therapy , Macular Degeneration/therapy
19.
J. vasc. bras ; 18: e20180095, 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002494

ABSTRACT

Background Anti-angiogenic regulators may have therapeutic implications for onset and progression of atherosclerosis. Objectives To demonstrate histological changes secondary to the use of bevacizumab in the aorta of pigs after interruption of flow in the vasa vasorum. Methods Twelve pigs were divided into two groups. The intercostal arteries of the descending aorta were dissected and ligated and wrapped with a polyvinyl chloride membrane. The treatment group received an intravenous dose of bevacizumab. After 15 days, the animals were euthanized and the aorta removed. Histological slides were prepared for control and treatment groups and for non-manipulated areas and analyzed for degree of angiogenesis, injury, inflammation, and intimal thickening. Data were expressed as mean (SD) of scores and groups were compared using the Mann-Whitney test. The Poisson distribution was used to calculate 95% confidence intervals for mean scores, in order to determine effect statistics. Results Bevacizumab had adverse effects on all treated pigs. The analysis using a Scale of Magnitudes for Effect Statistics showed a trend toward a decrease in angiogenesis [0.58 (1.79/-0.63)] and injury [0.55 (1.76/-0.66)] and an increase in inflammation [0.67 (1.89/-0.55)] with threshold moderate effects. There was no difference in intimal thickening [0 (1.19/-1.19)]. Conclusions The medication exhibited a trend toward reduced angiogenesis and injury, but no reduction in the inflammatory process or intimal thickening of the aortic wall. These findings are in disagreement with studies that correlate neovascularization with increased migration of inflammatory cells. Bevacizumab exhibited toxicity in the porcine model


Agentes antiangiogênicos podem ter implicações terapêuticas na progressão e manifestação da aterosclerose. Objetivos Demonstrar a alteração histológica secundária ao uso de bevacizumabe na aorta descendente de suínos submetida à interrupção dos vasa vasorum. Métodos Em doze suínos, divididos em dois grupos, foi realizada dissecção da aorta torácica, além de ligadura das artérias intercostais e proteção com polivinil. O grupo tratamento recebeu dose endovenosa de bevacizumabe. Após 15 dias, os animais foram sacrificados para retirada da artéria e preparo das lâminas histológicas dos grupos tratamento, controle e áreas não manipuladas para análise quanto aos graus de angiogênese, injúria, inflamação e espessamento intimal. A análise estatística foi conduzida através da média e do desvio padrão dos escores. As comparações entre os grupos foram realizadas pelo teste de Mann-Whitney. A distribuição de Poisson calculou os intervalos de confiança de 95% para as médias, a fim de determinar o efeito estatístico. Resultados O bevacizumabe causou efeitos adversos em todos os suínos tratados. As variáveis analisadas através da Escala de Magnitude para Efeito Estatístico demonstraram tendência de redução da angiogênese [0,58 (1,79/-0,63)] e da injúria [0,55 (1,76/-0,66)] e aumento da inflamação [0,67 (1,89/-0,55)] no limite do moderado. Não ocorreu diferença no espessamento intimal [0 (1,19/-1,19)]. Conclusões A medicação utilizada mostrou tendência de redução da angiogênese e da injúria, mas não reduziu o processo inflamatório ou o espessamento intimal da parede arterial. Esses achados contrariam estudos que correlacionam a neovascularização com o aumento da migração de células inflamatórias. O bevacizumabe mostrou toxicidade no modelo suíno


Subject(s)
Animals , Aorta, Thoracic , Swine , Vasa Vasorum , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Models, Animal , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Atherosclerosis , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Bevacizumab/drug effects , Inflammation
20.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(2): eAO4576, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001897

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effect of red propolis and L-lysine on angiogenesis and tumor growth in a new model of hamster cheek pouch inoculated with Walker 256 tumor cells. Methods: The study consisted of two experiments with four groups each (total: 57 hamsters). In the experiment 1, the animals were inoculated with Walker tumor cells, followed by administration of test substances (red propolis 200mg/5mL/kg or L-lysine 150mg/kg) or control substances (gum arabic 5mL/kg or water 5mL/kg) for 10 days. The animals in the experiment 2 received red propolis, L-lysine, gum arabic or water at the same doses, for 33 days prior to inoculation of Walker tumor cells, followed by 10 days of treatment with the same substances. Based on single-plane images, angiogenesis was quantified (mean vascular area), in percentage, and tumor area (mm2) and perimeter (mm). Results: In the experiment 1, compared to animals receiving water, the mean vascular area expressed in percentage was significantly smaller in animal treated with propolis (p<0.05) and L-lysine (p<0.001). Conclusion: Both red propolis and L-lysine inhibited tumor angiogenesis in the new hamster cheek pouch model when administered after tumor inoculation.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da própolis vermelha e da L-lisina na angiogênese e no crescimento tumoral em novo modelo de bolsa jugal de hamster inoculada com células de tumor de Walker 256. Métodos: O estudo consistiu em dois experimentos com quatro grupos cada (total: 57 hamsters). No experimento 1, os animais foram inoculados com células de tumor de Walker, tendo em seguida administradas as substâncias teste (própolis vermelha 200mg/5mL/kg ou L-lisina 150mg/kg) ou controle (goma arábica 5mL/kg ou água 5mL/kg) por 10 dias. Os animais do experimento 2 receberam própolis vermelha, L-lisina, goma arábica ou água nas mesmas doses, por 33 dias antes do inóculo das células de tumor de Walker, seguido por 10 dias de tratamento com as mesmas substâncias. Baseado em imagens em plano único, foram quantificados a angiogênese (área vascular média), em termos percentuais, e a área (mm2) e o perímetro (mm) do tumor. Resultados: Comparada aos animais que receberam água, a área vascular média, expressa em percentagem, foi significativamente menor nos animais tratados com própolis (p<0,05) e com L-lisina (p<0,001). Conclusão: Tanto a própolis vermelha quanto a L-lisina inibiram a angiogênese no novo modelo de bolsa jugal de hamsters, quando administradas após a inoculação do tumor.


Subject(s)
Propolis/therapeutic use , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Lysine/therapeutic use , Neovascularization, Pathologic/drug therapy , Mouth Neoplasms/chemically induced , Mouth Neoplasms/blood supply , Mouth Neoplasms/drug therapy , Carcinoma 256, Walker/blood supply , Weight Gain , Cheek , Cricetinae , Mesocricetus , Treatment Outcome , Models, Animal , Antioxidants
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