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1.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(4): 452-466, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152820

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: La dispersión transmural de la repolarización ventricular (DTMRV) es un factor de riesgo para muerte en pacientes con síndrome isquémico coronario agudo (SICA). Con el objetivo de conocer el efecto de la realización de angioplastia sobre la DTMRV, se estudió la relación Tp-f/QTc en pacientes con SICA sometidos a angioplastia. Método: Se diseñó un estudio observacional, retrospectivo y descriptivo. Se incluyeron 150 pacientes (N = 150) con diagnóstico de SICA. Se valoró la relación Tp-f/QTc inicial y se evaluó su acortamiento posangioplastia. Como objetivo secundario, se comparó la asociación de dichos cambios en la relación Tp-f/QTc con la mortalidad cardiovascular y los eventos adversos cardiovasculares. Resultados: El promedio en la relación Tp-f/QTc inicial fue de 0.2529, mientras que posangioplastia fue de 0.2397. Por medio de prueba de rangos de Wilcoxon se evidenció un descenso significativo en la relación Tp-f/QTc posterior a la angioplastia, con un valor Z de −2.051 y una p < 0.04. En el análisis secundario se encontró que una Tp-f/QTc ≥ 0.29 posangioplastia es factor de riesgo para presentación de los siguientes eventos adversos: muerte intrahospitalaria (7.4 vs 0%; p < 0.003), nuevo SICA en seguimiento a 1 año (25.9 vs. 18.5%; p < 0.006) y reintervención en seguimiento a 1 año (29.6 vs. 15.0%; p < 0.002). Conclusiones: Existe un acortamiento significativo en la relación Tp-f/QTc posangioplastia en pacientes con SICA. Esta medida de la DTMRV puede servir como un predictor de muerte intrahospitalaria, eventos cardiovasculares y reintervención a 1 año en pacientes con SICA tratados con angioplastia.


Abstract Objective: Transmural Dispersion of Repolarization (TDR) is a Risk factor for Death in patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). In order to know the effect of angioplasty on TDR, the Tp-e/QTc ratio was studied in patients with ACS undergoing angioplasty. Method: An observational, retrospective and descriptive study was designed. 150 patients (N = 150) with diagnosis of ACS were included. The initial Tp-e/QTc ratio was assessed and then its post-angioplasty shortening was evaluated. As a secondary objective, we compared the association of these Tp-e/QTc ratio changes with cardiovascular mortality and cardiovascular adverse events. Results: The average in the initial Tp-e/QTc ratio was 0.2529, while post-angioplasty was 0.2397. Through a Wilcoxon rage test, a significant decrease in the Tp-e/QTc ratio after angioplasty was observed, with a Z value of −2.051 and p < 0.04. In the secondary analysis, it was found that a Tp-e/QTc ≥ 0.29 post-angioplasty is a risk factor for presenting the following adverse events: in-hospital death (7.4 vs. 0%; p < 0.003), new ACS in 1-year follow-up (25.9 vs. 18.5%; p < 0.006), and reintervention in 1-year follow up (29.6 vs. 15%; p < 0.002). Conclusions: There is a significant shortening in the Tp-e/QTc ratio post-angioplasty in patients with ACS. This measure of TDR can serve as a predictor of in-hospital death, cardiovascular events and 1-year reintervention in patients with ACS treated initially by angioplasty.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Angioplasty/methods , Acute Coronary Syndrome/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Angioplasty/adverse effects , Electrocardiography
2.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 36(3): e1293, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138979

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El infarto de miocardio es una de las enfermedades que causa más muertes en el mundo. Estudios demuestran que, en pacientes con infarto agudo de miocardio, la reperfusión percutánea temprana (angioplastia) tiene mejores resultados que el tratamiento médico aislado en la función ventricular, la clase funcional y la mortalidad temprana y tardía. Objetivo: Predecir la muerte a corto plazo en pacientes con infarto agudo de miocardio sometidos a angioplastia. Métodos: Investigación retrospectiva de corte transversal, cuyos datos fueron recolectados de las historias clínicas en un Centro Cardiológico de Ecuador. La muestra estuvo conformada por 50 pacientes que reunieron los criterios de inclusión, cuyos datos fueron valorados por la escala Score Cadillac, utilizada como instrumento, tomando en cuenta la supervivencia a los treinta días posteriores al procedimiento. Resultados: La tasa de mortalidad a los 30 días fue del 22 por ciento, de los cuales el 32,3 por ciento pertenecieron al grupo de edad mayor a 65 años, los predictores de mortalidad que más influyeron fueron: la fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo (FEVI) ; 40 por ciento (73,3 por ciento), el flujo final de trombólisis en infarto de miocardio (TIMI) < 2 (46,1 por ciento), la anemia (66,6 por ciento) y la presencia de insuficiencia cardiaca (42,3 por ciento). Conclusión: El Score Cadillac es un importante predictor de mortalidad. La anemia deberá ser tomada en cuenta como predictor de mortalidad(AU)


Introduction: Myocardial infarction is one of the diseases that cause the most deaths worldwide. Studies show that, in patients with acute myocardial infarction, early percutaneous reperfusion (angioplasty) has better outcomes than isolated medical treatment in ventricular function, functional class, and early and late mortality. Objective: To predict short-term death in patients with acute myocardial infarction who have been received angioplasty. Methods: Retrospective and cross-sectional research, whose data was collected from medical records at a cardiology center in Ecuador. The sample consisted of 50 patients who met the inclusion criteria, whose data were assessed according the CADILLAC risk score, used as an instrument, taking into account survival at thirty days after the procedure. Results: The mortality rate at 30 days was 22 percent, of which 32.3 percent belonged to the age group over 65 years. The most influential mortality predictors were left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) under 40 percent (73.3 percent), final flow of thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) under grade 2 (46.1 percent), anemia (66.6 percent), and the presence of heart failure (42,3 percent). Conclusion: The CADILLAC risk score is an important predictor for mortality. Anemia should be taken into account as a mortality predictor(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Angioplasty/methods , Myocardial Infarction/mortality , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
3.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(4): 108-114, dic. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099618

ABSTRACT

En la Argentina no existen datos epidemiológicos sobre displasia fibromuscular. La realización de un registro nacional puede aportar información que conduzca a una actualización de los consensos y recomendaciones para un correcto diagnóstico, evaluación y tratamiento. El Registro Argentino de Displasia Fibromuscular (SAHARA-DF) inició su actividad de recopilación de datos en octubre de 2015. Al año 2019 se confirmaron 49 pacientes (44 mujeres, 38 hipertensos, edad 45,3 ± 17,2 años, 12 con presentación neurológica). Veintidós pacientes tuvieron lesiones vasculares en más de un sitio, a pesar del sesgo diagnóstico por falta de estudios complementarios en casi la mitad de los casos. El sitio afectado más frecuente fue el renovascular, seguido por el carotídeo y el ilíaco, y las lesiones multifocales fueron más frecuentes que las unifocales (35 versus 14, respectivamente). Se constató la presencia de aneurismas asociados en 13 casos y disección arterial en 4 casos. De las 22 angioplastias renales realizadas, 14 fueron con colocación de stent (endoprótesis). En este estudio preliminar de una población argentina se evidencia el carácter sistémico de la enfermedad y se plantea un llamado a actuar en cuanto a la necesidad de debatir el algoritmo diagnóstico y el método de tratamiento. (AU)


In Argentina there are no epidemiological data regarding fibromuscular dysplasia. Building a National Registry may provide information leading to updated consensus and recommendations for a correct diagnosis, assessment and treatment. Data gathering for the Argentine Registry of Fibromuscular Dysplasia (SAHARA-DF) was initiated in October 2015. By 2019, 49 patients were confirmed (44 women, 38 hypertensives, age 45.3 ± 17.2 years, 12 with a neurological presentation). Twenty-two patients had multi-site vascular lesions, in spite of a diagnosis bias due to lack of supporting studies in almost half of the cases. The renovascular site was the most affected, followed by the carotid and iliac sites, and multifocal lesions were more frequent than unifocal (35 versus 14, respectively). Associated aneurysms were found in 13 cases, and arterial dissection in 4. Twenty-two renal angioplasties were performed, 14 with stent placement. In this preliminary study of an Argentinian population, the systemic nature of the disease is evidenced, and a call for action arises regarding the need for discussing the diagnostic algorithm and treatment method. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Records/statistics & numerical data , Fibromuscular Dysplasia/diagnosis , Argentina/epidemiology , Algorithms , Bias , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Angioplasty/methods , Cultural Factors , Vascular System Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Fibromuscular Dysplasia/classification , Fibromuscular Dysplasia/etiology , Fibromuscular Dysplasia/therapy , Fibromuscular Dysplasia/epidemiology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging
4.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 29(4): 350-355, out.-dez. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047208

ABSTRACT

Cardiologistas intervencionistas são expostos a riscos ocupacionais, que incluem a ocorrência de catarata, malignidades e lesões ortopédicas. A intervenção coronária percutânea (ICP) assistida por robô pode reduzir esses riscos ocupacionais, além de oferecer grande precisão e controle fino da manipulação de dispositivos médicos, podendo conferir benefícios ao paciente. O objetivo desta revisão é descrever as vantagens e as limitações da ICP assistida por robótica, os dados clínicos mais recentes e as futuras aplicações da tecnologia robótica


Interventional cardiologists are exposed to occupational hazards, including cataract, malignancies and orthopedic injuries. Robot-assisted percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) can reduce these occupational hazards and offer great precision and fine-grained control over the handling of medical devices, potentially benefitting the patients. The aim of this review is to describe the advantages and limitations of robot-assisted PCI, the latest clinical data and future applications of robotic technology


Subject(s)
Robotics/methods , Angioplasty/methods , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/methods , Technology , Occupational Risks , Cardiology , Stents
5.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 79(5): 424-427, oct. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056745

ABSTRACT

La arteritis de Takayasu es una vasculitis idiopática y granulomatosa crónica que se manifiesta en forma de panaortitis, de etiología desconocida, aunque se postula un origen autoinmune. Es progresiva y genera, tanto en adultos como en niños, estenosis segmentaria, oclusión, dilatación y/o aneurismas. La vasculitis aislada gastrointestinal sin afectación sistémica es rara. Este caso lleva a tener en cuenta la manifestación abdominal atípica de la arteritis de Takayasu en el diagnóstico diferencial de un síntoma frecuente, como la epigastralgia, y a destacar el rol que ocupan en la actualidad los métodos de imágenes no invasivos para su diagnóstico.


Takayasu arteritis is an idiopathic and chronic granulomatous vasculitis manifested in the form of panaortitis, of unknown etiology, even though an autoimmune origin is postulated. It is progressive and generates, in adults and children, segmental stenosis, occlusion, dilation and / or aneurysms. Isolated gastrointestinal vasculitis without systemic involvement is rare. This case leads us to take into account the atypical abdominal manifestation of Takayasu arteritis in the differential diagnosis of a frequent symptom, such as epigastralgia, and to highlight the role currently played by non-invasive imaging methods for its diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Celiac Artery/pathology , Takayasu Arteritis/pathology , Celiac Artery/diagnostic imaging , Angioplasty/methods , Takayasu Arteritis/therapy , Takayasu Arteritis/diagnostic imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Computed Tomography Angiography
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(5): 925-931, Sept.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040066

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the effectiveness and outcomes of endovascular treatment of TRAS with PTA. Materials and Methods We searched our prospectively collected database looking at cases of TRAS between January 2005-December 2011. CCT was the gold-standart for diagnosis of TRAS. Parameters analysed comprised technical aspects, arterial blood pressure variation, and renal function. A minimum follow-up of 24 months was considered. Results Of the 2221 renal transplants performed in the selected period, 22 (0.9%) patients were identified with TRAS. Fourteen (63.6%) were male and mean age was 377±14.8years (12-69). Kidney graft was from deceased donnors in 20 (80%) cases. On doppler evaluation, mean blood flow speed after transplantation, at TRAS diagnosis and after TAP was 210.6±99.5, 417±122.7 and 182.5±81.6mL/sec, respectively (p<0.001). For SBP and DBP, there was a significant difference between between pre-intervention and all post-treatment time points (p<0.001). After 1 month of the procedure, there was stabilization of the Cr level with a significant difference between mean Cr levels along time (p<0.001). After a mean follow-up of 16±4.2 (3-24) months, overall success rate was 100%. Conclusions Endovascular treatment with PTA/stenting is a safe and effective option for managing TRAS, ensuring the functionality of the graft and normalization of blood pressure and renal function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Renal Artery Obstruction/surgery , Renal Artery Obstruction/etiology , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Angioplasty/methods , Renal Artery Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Time Factors , Blood Pressure/physiology , Angiography/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Creatinine/blood , Middle Aged
7.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(3): 210-215, jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058259

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Evaluar las características de los pacientes sometidos a angioplastía en miembros inferiores, así como establecer posibles asociaciones entre los factores que lleven a complicaciones de la misma. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: Estudio descriptivo, observacional, retrospectivo de corte transversal durante 18 meses en el que se evaluaron aquellos pacientes con enfermedad arterial periférica sometidos a angioplastía de miembros inferiores, sus características demográficas, clínicas, quirúrgicas y las complicaciones postoperatorias. RESULTADOS: Se evaluaron 158 registros de pacientes con edades entre 30 y 95 años. El 65,2% (n = 103) de los procedimientos se realizaron de forma electiva, los vasos intervenidos con mayor frecuencia fueron la arteria femoral superficial (64%), el tipo de intervención endovascular más frecuente fue la combinación de balón + balón medicado (32,9%), el tratamiento farmacológico postoperatorio más usado fue la combinación de ácido acetilsalicílico (ASA) y clopidogrel (86,1%). Se presentaron 21 casos de complicaciones, la más frecuente fue la amputación menor (52%). Se encontró mayor riesgo de amputación menor cuando el procedimiento quirúrgico es realizado de forma urgente (p = 0,012; OR [IC 95%]: 4,8 [1,4-16,5]). DISCUSIÓN: La complicación posangioplastía con diferencia estadísticamente significativa fue la amputación menor cuando el procedimiento se realizó de manera urgente, esta asociación pudo estar relacionada con el estado clínico del paciente en el momento del ingreso y no con el procedimiento quirúrgico. CONCLUSIÓN: La angioplastía realizada de urgencias fue un procedimiento tan seguro como cuando se realiza de forma programada, dado por la misma proporción de sangrado o disección arterial.


AIM: Evaluate the characteristics of patients undergoing angioplasty in the lower limbs, as well as to establish possible associations between the factors leading to complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational descriptive, cross-sectional and retrospective study conducted during 18 months in which patients with peripheral arterial disease undergoing angioplasty of the lower limb were included, as well their demographic, clinical, and surgical characteristics and the postoperative complications. RESULTS: 158 records of patients between 30 and 95 years were evaluated. 65.2% (n = 103) of the procedures were performed not urgently, the most frequently intervened vessels were the superficial femoral artery (64%), the most frequent type of endovascular intervention was the combination of balloon + medicated ball (32.9%), the most used postoperative pharmacological treatment was the combination of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and clopidogrel (86.1%). There were 21 cases of complications, the most frequent complication was minor amputation (52%). A higher risk of minor amputation was found when the surgical procedure was performed urgently (p = 0.012, OR [95% CI]: 4.8 [1.4-16.5]). DISCUSION: The post-angioplasty complication with statistically significant difference was minor amputation when the procedure was performed urgently, this association was related to the clinical status of the patient at the time of admission and not to the surgical procedure. CONCLUSION: Angioplasty performed urgently is as safe as elective procedures, given by the same proportion of bleeding or arterial dissection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Angioplasty/methods , Lower Extremity/blood supply , Peripheral Arterial Disease/therapy , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Peripheral Arterial Disease/complications , Amputation/statistics & numerical data
8.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 38(1): 46-53, abr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003637

ABSTRACT

Resumen En Chile, se han logrado avances importantes en el manejo del Infarto Agudo de Miocardio (IAM) con elevación del segmento ST (IAMCEST). Debido a la mejoría en el diagnóstico precoz y tratamiento, particularmente, con el incremento de la Angioplastía Primaria (APP), hoy están dadas las condiciones para seguir progresando por la vía de la combinación de estrategias de reperfusión y la creación de Redes de Manejo del IAM. El siguiente artículo revisa la evidencia que justifica impulsar dicho avance y se esbozan posibles caminos para lograrlo.


Abstract In Chile, important advances have been made in the management of Acute Myocardial Infarction (MI) with ST segment elevation (STEMI). Due to the progress in early diagnosis and treatment, particularly with the increase in Primary Angioplasty (Primary PCI), nowadays there are conditions to improve early management through the combination of reperfusion strategies and the implementation of MI reperfusion networks. The present article reviews the evidence justifying the promotion of this strategy and outlines possible actions to achieve it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myocardial Reperfusion/methods , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Angioplasty/methods , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Chile , Endovascular Procedures , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology
9.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(4): 402-407, Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001282

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Studies have shown the benefits of rapid reperfusion therapy in acute myocardial infarction. However, there are still delays during transport of patients to primary angioplasty. Objective: To evaluate whether there is a difference in total ischemic time between patients transferred from other hospitals compared to self-referred patients in our institution. Methods: Historical cohort study including patients with acute myocardial infarction treated between April 2014 and September 2015. Patients were divided into transferred patients (group A) and self-referred patients (group B). Clinical characteristics of the patients were obtained from our electronic database and the transfer time was estimated based on the time the e-mail requesting patient's transference was received by the emergency department. Results: The sample included 621 patients, 215 in group A and 406 in group B. Population characteristics were similar in both groups. Time from symptom onset to arrival at the emergency department was significantly longer in group A (385 minutes vs. 307 minutes for group B, p < 0.001) with a transfer delay of 147 minutes. There was a significant relationship between the travel distance and increased transport time (R = 0.55, p < 0.001). However, no difference in mortality was found between the groups. Conclusion: In patients transferred from other cities for treatment of infarction, transfer time was longer than that recommended, especially in longer travel distances.


Resumo Fundamento: Estudos mostram o benefício da terapia de reperfusão rápida no infarto agudo do miocárdio. No entanto, ainda ocorrem atrasos durante o transporte de pacientes para angioplastia primária. Objetivo: Definir se existe uma diferença no tempo total de isquemia entre pacientes transferidos de outro hospital comparados aos que procuram o serviço espontaneamente. Método: Estudo de coorte histórico, incluindo pacientes atendidos com infarto entre abril de 2014 e setembro de 2015. Os pacientes foram divididos em pacientes transferidos (grupo A) e por demanda espontânea (grupo B). As características clínicas dos pacientes foram retiradas do banco de dados de infarto e o tempo de transferência foi estimado tendo como base o correio eletrônico de acordo com o horário de contato. O nível de significância adotado foi um p < 0,05%. Resultados: A amostra incluiu 621 pacientes, 215 no grupo A e 406 no grupo B. As características populacionais foram semelhantes nos dois grupos. O delta T foi significativamente maior no grupo de pacientes transferidos (385 minutos vs. 307 minutos para o grupo B, p < 0,001) com um atraso decorrente do transporte de 147 minutos. Houve relação significativa da distância de transferência e aumento do tempo de transporte (R = 0,55; p < 0,001). Entretanto, não houve diferença na mortalidade entre os grupos. Conclusão: Pacientes transferidos de outras cidades para tratamento de infarto tem Delta T de transferência acima do recomendado, com tempo ainda mais longo quanto maior a distância a ser percorrida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Referral and Consultation/statistics & numerical data , Patient Transfer/statistics & numerical data , Angioplasty/methods , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Time Factors , Brazil , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Angioplasty/mortality , Statistics, Nonparametric , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/mortality , Geography
10.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 29(1 (Supl)): 94-96, jan.-mar. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015189

ABSTRACT

O eletrocardiograma (ECG) é fundamental na avaliação dos pacientes com síndrome coronariana aguda (SCA), pois possibilita a identificação precoce dos pacientes com sinais de oclusão coronariana (infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST - IAMCSSST), que se beneficiam com estratégias de reperfusão miocárdica de emergência. Os casos de SCA sem supradesnivelamento de segmento ST pressupõem ausência de oclusão coronariana, e o ECG pode mostrar sinais de isquemia como inversão simétrica de ondas T, infradesnivelamento de segmento ST, ou mesmo ser normal em até 15% dos casos. No entanto, recentemente foi descrito um padrão eletrocardiográfico raro, conhecido como padrão "De Winter", relacionado à oclusão coronariana aguda da artéria descendente anterior (ADA) em seu terço proximal, na ausência de supradesnivelamento de segmento ST. Este é o relato de um paciente jovem, do sexo masculino, com quadro clínico anginoso típico, menos de uma hora depois de angioplastia eletiva da ADA, que apresentou padrão "De Winter" no ECG e teve confirmada trombose aguda de stent. O reconhecimento desse padrão eletrocardiográfico incomum é fundamental para garantir terapia de reperfusão coronariana emergencial em casos de síndrome coronariana aguda


he electrocardiogram (ECG) is a crucial tool in the evaluation of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), since it allows the early identification of patients with signs of coronary occlusion (ST-elevation myocardial infarction ­ STEMI), who benefit from emergency myocardial reperfusion strategies. On the other hand, cases of non-ST-elevation ACS presumably have no coronary occlusion, and the ECG may show signs of ischemia such as symmetrical T-wave inversion, ST-segment depression, or even be normal in up to 15% of cases. However, a rare ECG pattern, known as the "De Winter" pattern, related to an acute occlusion of the Left Anterior Descending (LAD) coronary artery in its proximal third segment, has been recently described without ST-segment elevation. This is a case report of a young male patient with typical chest pain symptoms less than one hour after an elective LAD angioplasty, who presented with "De Winter" pattern on the ECG and had confirmed acute stent thrombosis. The recognition of this unusual electrocardiographic pattern is essential to guarantee emergency coronary reperfusion therapy in cases of acute coronary syndrome


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Electrocardiography/methods , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Coronary Occlusion , Thrombosis , Myocardial Reperfusion/methods , Stents , Angioplasty/methods , Myocardial Infarction
11.
J. vasc. bras ; 18: e20180094, 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012622

ABSTRACT

Celiac artery compression syndrome, also referred to as median arcuate ligament syndrome, celiac axis syndrome or Dunbar syndrome is a rare disorder consequent to extrinsic compression of the celiac trunk by the median arcuate ligament. Doppler ultrasound, multi-slice computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance angiography, or invasive selective angiography can identify stenosis of the initial segment of the celiac artery and confirm diagnosis. Treatment options include open surgical or videolaparoscopic section of the median arcuate ligament and the fibers of the celiac plexus, or percutaneous transluminal angioplasty via an endovascular approach. We report herein an interesting case of a 38-year-old woman diagnosed with this rare condition and successfully treated with the surgical strategy


A síndrome da compressão da artéria celíaca, também denominada síndrome do ligamento arqueado mediano, síndrome do eixo celíaco ou síndrome de Dunbar, é uma doença rara causada pela compressão extrínseca do tronco celíaco pelo ligamento arqueado mediano. Ultrassonografia Doppler, angiotomografia computadorizada, angiorressonância magnética ou angiografia seletiva invasiva conseguem identificar a estenose do segmento inicial da artéria celíaca e confirmar o diagnóstico. As opções de tratamento incluem secção videolaparoscópica ou laparotômica (a céu aberto) do ligamento arqueado mediano e das fibras do plexo celíaco, assim como angioplastia transluminal percutânea. Relatamos o interessante caso de uma mulher de 38 anos de idade diagnosticada com essa rara condição e adequadamente tratada pela estratégia cirúrgica


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Celiac Artery , Median Arcuate Ligament Syndrome , Angiography/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Angioplasty/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Constriction, Pathologic
13.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(6): 562-568, nov.- dez. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-979704

ABSTRACT

Background: In coronary procedures, although the radial approach protects patients from hemorrhagic complications, it is technically more complex than the femoral approach. Objectives: To test the hypothesis that the radial approach is the procedure of choice in ACS patients due to the high risk of bleeding; and to identify independent predictors of the choice for radial access. Methods: Patients admitted for ACS who underwent invasive coronary procedure were included. We registered the type of access (femoral or radial) chosen by the physician for the first angiography; the investigators did not interfere with this choosing process. Student's t-test was used for comparisons between the CRUSADE and ACUITY scores. Predictors of radial access were compared between the groups. Statistical significance was defined by p < 0,05.Results: Radial access was chosen in 67% of 347 consecutive patients. Patients who underwent radial approach had lower risk of bleeding determined by CRUSADE (30 ± 14 vs. 37 ± 15; p < 0.001) as compared with femoral access. In multivariate analysis, four variables were identified as independent predictors negatively associated with radial access ­ age (OR = 0.98; 95%CI = 0.96 ­ 0.99), creatinine (OR = 0.54; 95%CI = 0.3 ­ 0.98), signs of left ventricular failure (OR = 0.45; 95% CI = 0.22 ­ 0.92) and previous CABG (OR = 0.022; 95%CI = 0.003 ­ 0.166). Conclusion: The propensity to choose radial over femoral access in coronary intervention was not primarily influenced by patients' bleeding risk. Predictors of this decision, identified in the study, indicated less complex patients, suggesting that the difficulty in performing the technique was a stronger determinant than its potential antihemorrhagic effect


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Radial Artery , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Femoral Artery , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/methods , Coronary Artery Disease , Catheterization/methods , Stents , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Angioplasty/methods , Hemorrhage/complications , Angina, Unstable
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(4): 618-625, Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973768

ABSTRACT

Abstract Severe carotid atherosclerotic disease is responsible for 14% of all strokes, which result in a high rate of morbidity and mortality. In recent years, advances in clinical treatment of cardiovascular diseases have resulted in a significant decrease in mortality due to these causes. To review the main studies on carotid revascularization, evaluating the relationship between risks and benefits of this procedure. The data reviewed show that, for a net benefit, carotid intervention should only be performed in cases of a periprocedural risk of less than 6% in symptomatic patients. The medical therapy significantly reduced the revascularization net benefit ratio for stroke prevention in asymptomatic patients. Real life registries indicate that carotid stenting is associated with a greater periprocedural risk. The operator annual procedure volume and patient age has an important influence in the rate of stroke and death after carotid stenting. Symptomatic patients have a higher incidence of death and stroke after the procedure. Revascularization has the greatest benefit in the first weeks of the event. There is a discrepancy in the scientific literature about carotid revascularization and/or clinical treatment, both in primary and secondary prevention of patients with carotid artery injury. The identification of patients who will really benefit is a dynamic process subject to constant review.


Resumo A doença aterosclerótica carotídea grave é responsável por 14% de todos os acidentes vasculares cerebrais (AVC), que refletem em uma alta taxa de morbimortalidade. Nos últimos anos, os avanços no tratamento clínico das doenças cardiovasculares geraram um decréscimo importante na mortalidade por estas causas. Revisar principais estudos que dizem respeito à revascularização carotídea avaliando a relação entre risco e beneficio deste procedimento. Os dados encontrados indicam que o procedimento só deve ser realizado se houver um risco periprocedimento menor que 6% em pacientes sintomáticos para que haja beneficio líquido na intervenção carotídea. O tratamento clínico reduziu significativamente o benefício líquido da revascularização na prevenção de AVC em pacientes assintomáticos. Registros que refletem a prática diária demonstram que a angioplastia carotídea esta associada a um risco periprocedimento mais elevado. O volume anual de procedimentos por operador e a idade dos pacientes têm uma importante influência nas taxas de AVC e morte pós angioplastia. Pacientes sintomáticos têm uma maior incidência de AVC e morte após procedimento. A revascularização tem o maior benefício nas primeiras semanas do evento. Existem discrepâncias na literatura científica com relação à revascularização carotídea e/ou tratamento clínico, tanto na prevenção primária quanto secundária de pacientes com lesão carotídea. A identificação do paciente que realmente será beneficiado é um processo dinâmico sujeito a constante revisão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stents , Endarterectomy, Carotid/methods , Carotid Stenosis/surgery , Angioplasty/methods , Risk Assessment , Carotid Arteries/surgery , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Carotid Stenosis/complications , Stroke/etiology
15.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(5)set.-out. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-914765

ABSTRACT

Background: To reduce mortality of acute myocardial infarction, medical care must be provided within the first hours of the event. Objective: To identify the "front door" to medical care of acute coronary patients and the time elapsed between patients'admission and performance of myocardial reperfusion in the public health system of the city of Joinville, Brazil. Methods: The study was a retrospective analysis of the medical records of 112 consecutive patients diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction by coronary angiography. We identified the place of the first medical contact and calculated the time between admission to this place and admission to the referral hospital, as well as the time until coronary angiography, with or without percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. A descriptive analysis of data was made using mean and standard deviation, and a p < 0.05 was set as statistically significant. Results: Only 16 (14.3%) patients were admitted through the cardiology referral unit. Door-to-angiography time was shorter than 90 minutes in 50 (44.2%) patients and longer than 270 minutes in 39 (34.5%) patients. No statistically significant difference was observed in door-to-angiography time between patients transported directly to the referral hospital and those transferred from other health units (p < 0.240). Considering the time between pain onset and angiography, only 3 (2.9%) patients may have benefited from myocardial reperfusion performed within less than 240 minutes. Conclusion: Management of patients with acute myocardial infarction is not in conformity with current guidelines for the treatment of this condition. The structure of the healthcare system should be urgently modified so that users in need of emergency services receive adequate care in accordance with local conditions


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Delivery of Health Care/methods , Failure to Rescue, Health Care , Myocardial Infarction/mortality , Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Therapeutics/methods , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Acute Coronary Syndrome/therapy , Angioplasty/methods , Coronary Angiography/methods , Critical Pathways/trends , Death, Sudden/prevention & control , Diagnostic Imaging/methods , Electrocardiography/methods , Emergency Medical Services/methods , Hospital Care/methods , Myocardial Reperfusion/methods , Retrospective Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Unified Health System
16.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(5)set.-out. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-914771

ABSTRACT

Background: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is defined as the death of cardiomyocytes due to prolonged ischemia, caused by thrombosis and / or vasospasm on an atherosclerotic plaque. Objective: To determine the incidence of patients with myocardial infarction undergoing primary angioplasty; characterize the anthropometric variables and identify the risk factors in this population. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, observational, retrospective study in which we collected secondary data from medical records of a hospital in a city in the state of São Paulo, where the largest number of interventions is via Public Health System, patients with a diagnosis of Myocardial Infarction, undergoing primary coronary angioplasty, from January 2011 to December 2013. Results: The total sample consisted of 437 subjects, 282 male and 155 female. In this study, there was predominance of myocardial infarction in the anterior descending artery ADA (45.51%), followed by right coronary artery RCA (38.46%), in carrying out the rescue angioplasty and stent implantation in 96.62% of cases. There was a predominance of high blood pressure as risk factors for 73.71%, followed by smoking with 41.66% of the sample. Conclusion: According to the present study data, it appears a higher prevalence of infarction occurred in the ADA, with individuals performing the rescue angioplasty procedure and the placement of the stent, and a growing incidence of drug stent placement. We observed a high incidence of risk factors, prevailing hypertension


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Angiography/methods , Angioplasty/methods , Drug-Eluting Stents , Myocardial Infarction/mortality , Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Risk Factors , Angioplasty/methods , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Coronary Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Obesity , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Sedentary Behavior , Therapeutics , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications , Unified Health System
17.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 28(4): 409-420, out.-dez. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-970540

ABSTRACT

As doenças cardiovasculares, especialmente, o infarto agudo do miocárdio, são responsáveis pela primeira causa de óbito em nosso país. Baseando-se em sua fisiopatogenia e nos fatores de risco envolvidos, a taxa de mortalidade, em 30 dias, varia de 3-5% em centros avançados e quase 30% naqueles cujo atendimento não aplicam as diretrizes recomendadas. Tal mudança dependerá de um aprimoramento organizacional com ações educativas para o paciente, profissionais do setor de emergência e plena sintonia com os gestores do sistema de saúde público ou privado. A angioplastia primária é o tratamento padrão-ouro da reperfusão miocárdica, porém, disponível apenas em 15% dos hospitais. Em geral, o setor público carece dessa disponibilidade, sendo a estratégia fármaco-invasivo-terapia fibrinolítica seguida da transferência precoce para angioplastia ­a recomendada. O diagnóstico baseia-se em critérios eletrocardiográficos, porém, nem sempre há médicos habilitados para tal confirmação. Isso retarda o tratamento e compromete bastante os resultados. A disponibilidade da telemedicina ou teleECG permite que profissionais mesmo à distância possam corroborar com o diagnóstico, orientar o tratamento e obter métricas de qualidade e mortalidade. A rápida identificação do paciente com sinais e sintomas de infarto agudo, diagnóstico imediato no ECG e administração do fibrinolítico não devem ultrapassar 20 minutos. São minutos dependentes da prévia organização que salvam vidas! O tratamento fibrinolítico é a realidade para um país com dimensões continentais e sérias limitações logísticas de transporte. Compete aos gestores de saúde disponibilizá-lo a qualquer hora ou momento para o atendimento do paciente infartado


Cardiovascular events, especially acute myocardial infarction, are the main cause of death in our country. In addition to its physiopathogenesis and the involved risk factors, the 30-day mortality rates vary from 3% to 5% in advanced centers and 30% in those where care does not apply the recommended guidelines. Such change will depend on organizational improvement, as well as patient education, professionals in the emergency department, and harmony with agents in the public or private health system. Primary angioplasty is the gold standard treatment for myocardial reperfusion, but is only available in 15% of hospitals. If it is not available in the public sector, a pharmacoinvasive strategy ­ fibrinolytic therapy followed by patient transfer for angioplasty ­ has been recommended. Diagnosis is based on ECG criteria, but there is a shortage of physicians qualified for such confirmation. This delays the treatment and compromises the results. Telemedicine or teleECG allows distant professionals to corroborate with the diagnosis, guide the treatment, and obtain quality and mortality metrics. The rapid identification of patients with signs and symptoms of acute myocardial infarction, immediate diagnosis on ECG, and fibrinolytic administration should not exceed 20 min. They are life-saving minutes dependent on prior organization. Fibrinoly-tic treatment is the reality for a country with continental dimensions and transport logistic limitations. It is the responsibility of health managers to make them available to the care of patients with infarction


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Myocardial Reperfusion/methods , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Thrombosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Risk Factors , Angioplasty/methods , Coronary Vessels , Drug Therapy/methods , Electrocardiography/methods , Emergencies , Drug-Eluting Stents , Hemodynamics/physiology
18.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(4): 393-404, jul.-ago. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-910598

ABSTRACT

O exercício físico melhora a sobrevida e a qualidade de vida de pacientes coronarianos, mas a maneira ideal de prescrevê-lo é ainda controversa. Criar um modelo periodizado para prescrição de exercícios para pacientes coronarianos e compará-lo com o modelo convencional. Randomização de 62 pacientes coronarianos em tratamento farmacológico em dois grupos: treinamento convencional, não periodizado (GNP, n = 33) e periodizado (GP, n = 29). Os dois grupos foram submetidos aos mesmos exercícios durante as 36 sessões do programa, mas prescritos de maneira diferente. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à seguinte avaliação: consulta médica admissional, teste de esforço cardiopulmonar, teste de 1 repetição máxima (1RM) e avaliação da composição corporal. O VO2 pico melhorou nos dois grupos, embora de maneira mais efetiva no GP (4% versus 1,7%, p < 0,001). Além disso, a capacidade funcional do GP aumentou em 13%, tendo havido significativa redução no percentual de gordura corporal (2,1%, p < 0,005) e no peso corporal (1,9 kg, p < 0,005). A força muscular nos dois grupos melhorou como diagnosticado pelo teste de 1RM para seis diferentes grupos musculares (quádriceps, isquiotibiais, bíceps, tríceps braquial, peitoral e grande dorsal), mas sem diferença significativa entre os grupos, tendo os dois modelos a mesma eficiência. O presente estudo mostrou que a periodização do treinamento de pacientes cardíacos pode melhorar a capacidade cardiorrespiratória e reduzir a porcentagem de gordura corporal mais efetivamente do que o modelo convencional


Physical exercise improves the survival and quality of life of coronary patients, but the ideal way of prescribing these exercises is still controversial. To create a new periodized model for the prescription of exercises for coronary patients and compare it with a conventional model. 62 coronary patients under pharmacological treatment were randomized into two groups: conventional (NPG, n = 33) and periodized (PG, n = 29) training. The two groups were submitted to the same exercises during the 36 sessions making up the program, but prescribed in different ways. All patients underwent an evaluation consisting of: medical admission consultancy, cardiopulmonary endurance testing, 1 maximum repetition test (1MR) and body composition evaluation. The VO2 peak improved in both groups, although more effectively in the PG (4% against 1.7%, p < 0.001). In addition, the functional capacity of this group improved by 13%, and there was a significant reduction in the percent body fat (2.1%, p < 0.005) and body weight (1.9 kg, p < 0.005). The muscle strength of both groups improved as diagnosed by the 1RM test for six different muscle groups (quadriceps, hamstrings, brachial biceps, brachial triceps, pectoral and large dorsal), and showed no significant difference between the groups, evidencing that the two models had the same efficiency. The present study showed that periodization of the training of cardiac patients can improve their cardiorespiratory capacity and reduce the percent body fat more effectively than the conventional one


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/physiopathology , Coronary Artery Disease/therapy , Exercise , Exercise Movement Techniques/methods , Exercise Therapy/methods , Oxygen Consumption , Secondary Care/methods , Body Composition , Echocardiography/methods , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Randomized Controlled Trial , Angioplasty/methods , Electrocardiography/methods , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/methods , Cardiorespiratory Fitness/physiology , Heart Rate
19.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(2): f:152-l:162, mar.-abr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-882462

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: A escolha entre intervenção coronária percutânea (ICP) e cirurgia de revascularização miocárdica (CRM) continua controversa. Objetivo: Realizar uma meta-análise dos estudos randomizados que compararam stents farmacológicos (SF) a cirurgia de revascularização miocárdica (CRM) em multiarteriais ou obstrução de tronco de coronária esquerda. Método: Bases de dados eletrônicas foram pesquisadas sistematicamente com objetivo de avaliar resultados de estudos aleatorizados que compararam ICP com uso de SF a CRM em multiarteriais e obstrução de tronco de coronária esquerda. Dez estudos foram identificados. Resultados: Na agregação de resultados (n = 9268) a mortalidade em 30 dias e a incidência de acidente vascular encefálico (AVE) favoreceram a ICP (0,8% versus 1,5%, p = 0,005; 0,4% versus 1,5%, p < 0,0001). Não houve diferença na mortalidade em um ano (3,4% versus 3,5%. p = 0,50). A /mortalidade tardia favoreceu a CRM (10,1% versus 8,5%, p = 0,01). Em diabéticos de quatro estudos (n = 3830); a mortalidade tardia favoreceu a CRM (12,5% versus 9,7% p < 0,0001). Em seis estudos de obstrução de tronco (n = 4700 ) a incidência de AVE favoreceu a ICP (0,3% versus 1,5%; p < 0,001); não houve diferença na mortalidade em 30 dias (0,8% versus 1,3%. p = 0,15), na mortalidade em um ano nem na mortalidade tardia (8,1% versus 8,1%). Escore de SYNTAX elevado e diabete foram os subgrupos que influenciaram mais fortemente de forma adversa os resultados da ICP. Conclusão: CRM foi superior a ICP na mortalidade tardia e inferior na mortalidade em 30 dias e na incidência de AVE. Diabete e escore de SYNTAX impactaram fortemente nos resultados.


Background: The choice between percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains controversial. Objective: To conduct a meta-analysis of randomized studies comparing drug-eluting stents (DES) and CABG in multivessel disease or obstruction of the left main coronary artery. Method: Electronic databases were searched systematically to evaluate results of randomized trials comparing PCI with DES versus CABG in multivessel disease and obstruction of the left main coronary artery. Ten studies were identified. Results: In the aggregated results (n = 9268), mortality at 30 days and incidence of stroke favored PCI (0.8% versus 1.5%, p = 0.005; 0.4% versus 1.5%, p < 0.0001, respectively). There was no difference in mortality at 1 year (3.4% versus 3.5%, p = 0.50). The late mortality favored CABG (10.1% versus 8.5%, p = 0.01). In patients with diabetes derived from four studies (n = 3830), late mortality favored CABG (12.5% versus 9.7%, p < 0.0001). In six studies of left main coronary artery obstruction (n = 4700), the incidence of stroke favored PCI (0.3% versus 1.5%, p < 0.001) and there was no difference in mortality at 30 days (0.8% versus 1.3%, p = 0.15), mortality at 1 year, or late mortality (8.1% versus 8.1%). The subgroups with high SYNTAX score and diabetes were those influencing most strongly and adversely the PCI results. Conclusion: When compared with PCI, CABG was superior in regards to late mortality and inferior in regards to 30-day mortality and incidence of stroke. Diabetes and SYNTAX score strongly impacted the results


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Drug-Eluting Stents , Myocardial Revascularization , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Angioplasty/methods , Meta-Analysis , Mortality , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Stroke Volume , Stroke/mortality
20.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 28(1)jan.-mar. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-906813

ABSTRACT

O presente artigo relata dois casos de pacientes, os quais foram admitidos na emergência do Instituto de Moléstias Cardiovasculares (IMC) com dor tipicamente anginosa, caracterizada como dor retroesternal em aperto, com irradiação para a face medial do braço esquerdo e relacionada ao esforço, com melhora no repouso. No exame físico, apresentavam taquicardia e sudorese. O eletrocardiograma evidenciou sinais de isquemia miocárdica em ambos os pacientes. Após as medidas iniciais serem tomadas, um dos pacientes foi submetido à terapia trombolítica e o outro à angioplastia para implantação de stent . Mais tarde, foi identificada a comunicação interventricular (CIV), seguido da necessidade de correção cirúrgica da mesma. Ambos os pacientes evoluíram bem, apesar da alta taxa de mortalidade desta condição


This paper reports two cases of patients who were admitted to the emergency room of the Instituto de Moléstias Cardiovasculares (IMC) with typically anginal pain, characterized by tight retrosternal pain radiating to the inside left arm, related to stress and improving with rest. Physical examination showed tachycardia and excessive sweating. Electrocardiogram showed signs of myocardial ischemia in both patients. After the initial measures were taken, one of the patients received thrombolytic therapy, and the other angioplasty for stent implantation. Later, interventricular septum rupture (IVSR) was identified, followed by the need for surgery to correct it. Both patients recovered well, despite the high mortality rate of this condition


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/surgery , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/therapy , Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Thoracic Surgery , Age Factors , Angioplasty/methods , Echocardiography/methods , Heart Septal Defects/surgery , Myocardial Ischemia/diagnosis , Myocardial Ischemia/therapy , Prostheses and Implants , Reperfusion , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Stents , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods
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