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1.
Actual. osteol ; 18(3): 147-156, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1444121

ABSTRACT

Introducción: mantener el nivel adecuado de flexibilidad en la edad adulta es importante para realizar las actividades básicas de la vida diaria; sin embargo, esta puede verse afectada negativamente por distintos factores, como el sedentarismo, la artrosis, la diabetes y el estado emocional. Objetivo: analizar la prevalencia de la rigidez en las articulaciones del hombro y coxofemoral, con factores asociados en los adultos mayores de la ciudad de Cuenca, Ecuador. Metodología: estudio analítico transversal con una muestra de 160 adultos mayores de las residencias geriátricas de la ciudad de Cuenca, Ecuador. La información se recolectó aplicando dos tests que valoran la flexibilidad, incluidos en la batería Senior fitness test (SFT): el Back scratch (TBS) y el test Chair sit and reach (TCSAR), para valorar el grado de rigidez de las articulaciones del hombro y coxofemoral. El nivel de actividad física se evaluó utilizando el test Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity (RAPA), y se utilizaron el test Yesavege para valorar el grado de depresión y la historia clínica de cada paciente, para conocer antecedentes de diabetes mellitus o artrosis. Se analizaron los datos con el programa SPSS versión 20.0®, por medio de medidas de frecuencia, dispersión, análisis bivariado (OR, IC, valor P). Resultados: se evidenció la inactividad física como factor de riesgo importante para padecer rigidez de articulación del hombro p=0,023, articulación coxofemoral p<0,001; además, la artrosis como factor de riesgo para rigidez en miembros superiores. La pre-valencia de rigidez articular fue de 40,6% en miembros inferiores y el 70,6%en los miembros superiores. Conclusión: los hallazgos de esta investigación corroboran que la inactividad física pue-de llevar a la pérdida progresiva de la flexibilidad en adultos mayores, con disminución en el rango de movimiento articular y limitación funcional. (AU)


Introduction: maintaining the appropriate level of flexibility in adulthood is important to carry out the basic activities of daily life; however, this can be negatively affected by different factors, such as a sedentary lifestyle, osteoarthritis, diabetes and emotional state. Objective: to analyze the prevalence of stiffness in the shoulder and coxofemoral joints, with associated factors in older adults in the city of Cuenca, Ecuador. Methodology: cross-sectional analytical study with a sample of 160 older adults from nursing homes in the city of Cuenca. The information was collected by applying two tests that assess flexibility, included in the senior fitness test (SFT) battery: the back scratch (TBS) and the chair sit and reach test (TCSAR), to assess the degree of stiffness of the knee joint. shoulder and coxofemoral. The level of physical activity was evaluated using the Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity (RAPA) test, the Yesavege test was used to assess the degree of depression and the clinical history of each patient to determine a history of diabetes mellitus or osteoarthritis. The data were analyzed with the SPSS version 20.0 program, through measures of frequency, dispersion, and bivariate analysis (OR, CI, P value). Results: physical inactivity was evidenced as an important risk factor for shoulder joint stiffness p=0.023, coxofemoral joint p=<0.001; in addition, osteoarthritis as a risk factor for stiffness in the upper limbs. The prevalence of joint stiffness was 40.6% in the lower limbs and 70.6% in the upper limbs. Conclusion: the findings of this research corroborate that physical inactivity can lead to progressive loss of flexibility in older adults, with decreased range of joint movement and functional limitation. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Shoulder Joint/physiopathology , Range of Motion, Articular/physiology , Hip Joint/physiopathology , Ankylosis/epidemiology , Osteoarthritis/complications , Quality of Life , Exercise , Sex Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Diabetes Complications/epidemiology , Depression/complications , Ecuador , Sedentary Behavior
2.
Rev. ADM ; 78(5): 291-296, sept.-oct. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348330

ABSTRACT

La anquilosis de la articulación temporomandibular en niños continúa siendo una patología presente a pesar de los avances médicos y sociales. El tratamiento de esta patología en niños tiene como objetivos restablecer la apertura bucal y mejorar la estética facial cuando se presentan hipoplasias o micrognatias asociadas. El uso de materiales aloplásticos para el tratamiento de la anquilosis temporomandibular en niños es evitar la reanquilosis y disminuir riesgos, molestias y costos que ocasionan la toma y aplicación de injertos, siendo utilizados con buenos resultados en niños en otras especialidades como la Traumatología y Ortopedia. Estos procedimientos pueden llevarse a cabo de manera segura y predecible. En este artículo se reportan dos casos de anquilosis temporomandibular en niños, tratados con materiales aloplásticos, llevados a cabo en la Unidad Médica de Alta Especialidad No. 71 del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Torreón, Coahuila, México, con un seguimiento de 11 y 16 años de postoperatorio, demostrando que se trata de una buena opción de tratamiento sin presentar alteraciones al crecimiento y desarrollo de los pacientes (AU)


Temporomandibular ankilosis in children is pathology still present despite the medical and social advances. The treatment of this pathology in children aims to restore mouth opening and improve facial aesthetics when hypoplasia or micrognatia are present. The use of alloplastic materials to treat temporomandibular ankilosis in children is to prevent the re ankilosis and reduce discomfort, risks, and cost causing by the take and application of graft, alloplastic materials being used with good results in children in other specialties such as Traumatology and Orthopedics. These procedures can be made safely and predictably. This article describes two cases of temporomandibular ankilosis in children, treated with alloplastic materials, carried out in the Medical Unit of High Specialty, number 71, of the Mexican Institute Social Security, Torreon, Coahuila, Mexico, with follow up of cases 11 and 16 years of postoperative, prove that is a good option of treatment, without presenting any alterations in growth and development of patients (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Biocompatible Materials , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/therapy , Ankylosis/therapy , Maxillofacial Prosthesis , Titanium , Follow-Up Studies , Chromium Alloys , Genioplasty , Mandibular Condyle/injuries
3.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(4) (Nro Esp - ACARO Asociación Argentina para el Estudio de la Cadera y Rodilla): 519-528, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353953

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El reemplazo total de rodilla en pacientes con anquilosis representa un desafío para el cirujano, tanto por la alta demanda técnica de la cirugía como por la elevada tasa de complicaciones comunicada. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar tres pacientes con anquilosis tratados con un reemplazo total de rodilla y una revisión bibliográfica actualizada. materiales y métodos: Se evaluaron las distintas etiologías, la movilidad preoperatoria, la técnica quirúrgica y el tipo de implante utilizado en cada caso. En el seguimiento, se evaluaron la tasa de complicaciones, el rango de movilidad y la supervivencia del implante. Por último, se realizó una revisión actualizada de la bibliografía. Resultados: Dos pacientes tenían artritis reumatoide juvenil y uno, una secuela de osteomielitis crónica de rodilla. Los pacientes no tenían movilidad articular y sufrían un severo compromiso para realizar las actividades de la vida cotidiana. En los tres pacientes, se efectuó un abordaje pararrotuliano medial seguido de una amplia liberación de partes blandas. En dos casos, se utilizaron prótesis primarias con vástagos y, en el restante, una prótesis de bisagra rotacional. El rango de movilidad alcanzado fue de 90° en promedio y los pacientes refirieron una tasa alta de satisfacción. No se registraron complicaciones. Conclusiones: El reemplazo total de rodilla en pacientes con anquilosis es una opción terapéutica por considerar, y tiene un impacto beneficioso en la calidad de vida. Por la complejidad que representa debe afrontarse como una cirugía de revisión, con una detenida planificación preoperatoria. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Performing a Total Knee Replacement (TKR) in patients with ankylosed knees is technically demanding and associated with considerable complications. The purpose of this study is to report three cases of patients with ankylosed knees treated with TKR and present an updated literature review. Materials and methods: We evaluated etiologies, preoperative range of motion, surgical technique and type of implant utilized in each case. Complications and postoperative range of motion were also analyzed. Radiographs were used to evaluate loosening or osteolysis. Lastly, we performed an updated literature review. Results: The etiologies were juvenile rheumatoid arthritis in two cases and chronic osteomyelitis in one. The patients did not have range of motion at all and the ability to perform daily life activities was severely affected. A medial parapatellar approach was used in all cases followed by an extensive soft tissue release. A primary posterior-stabilized design was used in two cases and a rotating-hinge in one case. The mean postoperative range of motion was 90° and all three patients reported a high satisfaction rate. No complications were reported. Conclusions: TKR in patients with ankylosed knees has substantially improved the clinical outcome and the arc of movement. Due to its complexity, it must be approached as a revision surgery, with careful preoperative planning. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Knee Joint/surgery , Ankylosis
4.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cuello (En línea) ; 49(3): 199-206, 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292711

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la anquilosis temporomandibular se caracteriza por la limitación en la apertura bucal, lo que conlleva alteraciones estéticas, de la masticación, el lenguaje y respiratorias. El objetivo del reporte es describir las características clínicas de los pacientes y evaluar resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico para la anquilosis temporomandibular. Materiales y métodos: presentamos un estudio observacional, descriptivo y retrospectivo en el que se revisaron las historias clínicas e imágenes de todos los pacientes operados de anquilosis de la articulación temporomandibular desde enero 2008 a diciembre de 2016. Resultados: se intervinieron 44 casos, cuya etiología principal eran los traumatismos (70,5 %), con predominio femenino en el 77,3 % de los casos y la presentación unilateral como la más frecuente con el 70,5 % del total. La edad de mayor frecuencia de presentación fue entre 6 a 10 años con el 47,7 % de los casos. La cirugía más realizada fue la condilectomía con coronoidectomía en el 79,5 % de los casos. Como complicación más frecuente se encontró la parálisis de la rama palpebral en el 13,7 %, y obteniendo un 6 % de recidiva. Discusión: los resultados presentados son similares a otras publicaciones, ya que se reprodujo el tratamiento protocolizado mundialmente y no se encontraron diferencias significativas en cuanto a etiología, edad, tratamiento realizado y complicaciones. Conclusiones: la anquilosis temporomandibular es una patología que requiere de un tratamiento quirúrgico que logre la resección del bloque anquilótico, así como la asociación de otras técnicas quirúrgicas como la realización de un colgajo para disminuir la posibilidad de recidiva y distracción ósea para restablecer la anatomía mandibular.


Introduction: Temporomandibular ankylosis limits the mandibular function, decreasing the buccal opening, with aesthetic alterations as well as chewing language and even respiratory disfunction. Objective: To describe the patients clinical paticularities and evaluate the surgical treatment results for this pathology. Design: Observacional, descriptive and retrospective study. Methods: We reviewed the medical histories and images of all the patients who underwent temporomandibular ankylosis release from January 2008 to December 2016. Results: It involved 44 cases, being the main etiology injuries in a 70.5%, with predominance of the female sex in the 77.3% and the unilateral presentation with the 70.5% of the cases. Ages between 6 to 10 years were the most frequent ones with 47.7%. The surgery most performed was the condilectomia with coronoidectomy in 79.5% of the cases. The most frequent complication was the palpebral branch paralysis in 13.7% and we had a 6% of ankylosis recurrence. Discussion: Our results are similar to other publications when reproducing the worldwide protocolized treatment, without finding significant differences in terms of etiology, age of presentation, treatment carried out and complications. Conclusions: Temporomandibular ankylosis is a condition that requires surgical treatment, which is aimed to anatomical and functional restoration. Wide bone resection complemented with other surgical techniques such as flap interposition to minimize the relapse possibility and bone distraction to restore the mandibular anatomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ankylosis , Pediatrics , Maxillofacial Abnormalities , Mandible
5.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 293-299, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878735

ABSTRACT

The human homologue of mouse progressive ankylosis protein(ANKH)is an inorganic pyrophosphate transport regulator,which regulates tissue mineralization by controlling the level of inorganic pyrophosphate.It plays an important role in the pathogenesis and development of bone and joint diseases,such as ankylosing spondylitis,craniometaphyseal dysplasia,and articular cartilage calcification.This review summarizes the progress of research on ANKH and the above-mentioned diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mice , Ankylosis , Hyperostosis , Hypertelorism , Joint Diseases , Mutation
6.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(3): 25-28, jul.-set. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253233

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Os casos de assimetria facial são um desafio para tratamento no âmbito da cirurgia Bucomaxilofacial, devido a alteração craniofaciais nos três planos do espaço (Pitch,Yaw e Roll). Estes termos são utilizados para o planejamento da cirurgia ortognática e são essenciais para o planejamento virtual, A utilização da tecnologia neste sentido vem sendo cada vez mais empregada devido a sua previsibilidade de resultado tanto nos casos convencionais como nos mais desafiadores como os das assimetrias faciais. Este artigo visa relatar o planejamento virtual para a correção de um caso de assimetria através da cirurgia ortognática. Relato de caso: Paciente pediátrico leucoderma, do sexo masculino com 5 anos, possui limitação na abertura de boca, desvio da mandíbula para o lado direito com tempo de evolução de 5 meses. O procedimento consistiu na remoção da massa fibrótica através do acesso de Al Kayat. Após o procedimento cirúrgico o paciente foi submetido a uma série de sessões de fisioterapia agressiva. Considerações finais: A associação da remoção da massa fibrótica ou do bloco anquilótico e a fisioterapia intensa no pósoperatório propiciaram um resultado satisfatório, devolvendo a função mandibular do paciente... (AU)


Introduction: The temporomandibular ankylosis consists in mandibular movements limitation and is characterized as complete fusion of mandibular condyle to articular fossa or as a formation of a fibrotic mass in the region. Case Report: Pediatric male patient, white, 5 year-old, had a mouth opening limitation, mandibular deviation to the right side with 5 mouths of evolution. The procedure consisted in the removal of the fibrotic mass through the Al-Kayat approach. After the surgical procedure the patient was submitted to a series of aggressive physiotherapy sessions. Final considerations: The association of the removal of the fibrotic mass or the ankylotic bloc to intense physiotherapy in the post operatory provides a satisfactory result, restoring patient´s mandibular function... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Temporomandibular Joint , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome , Facial Asymmetry , Orthognathic Surgery , Ankylosis , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Mandibular Condyle , Mouth
7.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 23-29, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781350

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Mandibular condyle injury usually results in malocclusion and disharmony of facial growth in growing children. This study aimed to evaluate the long-term effects of autogenous coronoid grafts on the facial growth of children with unilateral temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis who underwent mandibular condyle reconstruction.@*METHODS@#Ten growing patients with unilateral bony TMJ ankylosis admitted in West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University between January 1st, 2008 and December 31st, 2016 were followed up and evaluated. These patients include three males and seven females with ages ranging from 5 years to 12 years at the time of surgery. Each patient underwent gap arthroplasty, condyle reconstruction with ipsilateral coronoid, and interposition of the pedicled temporalis fascial flap in a single operation. The postoperative follow-up ranged from 3 years to 8 years with an average of 4.9 years. Postoperative panoramic radiographs determined the growth of the mandibular height and length on the affected side and compared it with those of the healthy side.@*RESULTS@#All patients recovered uneventfully after surgery. At the end of follow-up period, the maximal mouth opening ranged from 32 mm to 41 mm with an average of 35.6 mm. Mandibular height and length continued to grow after the successful treatment of ankylosis using autogenous coronoid grafts for condyle reconstruction. However, growth deficit still existed. The final ramus height and mandibular length of the affected side at the end of follow-up increased by 25.3% (P<0.05) and 26.1% (P<0.05), respectively, compared with the initial values measured immediately after surgery. Growth rates of ramus height and mandibular length of the affected side were 47.1% and 27.2% lower (P<0.05) than those of the healthy side, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Mandibular height and length continued to grow after the successful treatment of ankylosis by using autogenous coronoid grafts for condyle reconstruction. However, growth deficit still existed. The growth rate of the affected mandible was reduced compared with that of the undisturbed side even after treatment of ankylosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Ankylosis , Bone Transplantation , China , Mandibular Condyle , Temporomandibular Joint , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders
8.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 54(6): 736-738, Nov.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057961

ABSTRACT

Abstract Intertrochanteric fractures of the femur in ankylosed hips are extremely rare. The aims of the operative management for elderly patients with intertrochanteric fractures are to prevent general complications, to maintain mobility, and to relieve pain. The optimal management to achieve these goals is not clear. The authors present a case of a 74-year-old man with an intertrochanteric fracture of the femur in an ankylosed hip. The fracture was managed surgically with dynamic hip screws and cannulated screws. Two years after the surgery, good union was observed at the fracture, and the patient was ambulating independently.


Resumo A fratura intertrocantérica do fêmur em um quadril anquilosado é extremamente rara. O objetivo do manejo operatório em idosos com fraturas intertrocantéricas é prevenir complicações gerais, manter a mobilidade, e aliviar a dor. O manejo ideal para atingir tal objetivo não é claro. Os autores apresentam o caso de um paciente do sexo masculino de 74 anos com fratura intertrocantérica do fêmur em um quadril anquilosado. A fratura foi tratada cirurgicamente com parafuso de quadril dinâmico e parafuso canulado. Dois anos após a cirurgia, observou-se boa união na fratura, e o paciente deambula de forma independente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Pain , Bone Screws , Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation , Hip Fractures , Hip Joint , Ankylosis
9.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 21(3): e110, sept.-dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093836

ABSTRACT

Introducción: resulta de interés para médicos y especialistas el conocimiento sobre la incapacidad de la apertura de la cavidad oral debido a coaliciones entre los elementos óseos y fibrosos en la región glenoidea. Objetivo: revisar la literatura sobre las características de esta patología. Desarrollo: en el primer trimestre del año 2006, a fin de realizar una revisión bibliográfica no exhaustiva para localizar la información disponible sobre la anquilosis de la articulación temporomandibular, se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en Scielo, Medline, Isi Web of Knowlegde y Dialnet, buscando como palabras clave: anquilosis (ankylosis) y articulación temporomandibular (temporomandibular joint). Además de la búsqueda computarizada se realizó una búsqueda manual entre las referencias de los estudios seleccionados. Conclusiones: la anquilosis temporomandibular resulta una entidad clínica compleja, usualmente molesta para los pacientes dada la imposibilidad de alimentarse y nutrirse adecuadamente, además de las deformidades que desde el punto de vista estético afecta la esfera psicológica de las personas aquejadas. Su tratamiento es difícil, no obstante, una atención adecuada minimiza las consecuencias de las complicaciones que pueden aparecer como resultado de la técnica quirúrgica u otros factores no relacionados con ella. Se reconoce que una identificación y tratamiento oportuno del problema puede favorecer los buenos resultados de la conducta médica y la rápida integración del paciente a la sociedad(AU)


Introduction: it is of interest for physicians and specialist's knowledge about the inability of the opening of the oral cavity due to coalitions between the bone and fibrous elements in the glenoid region. Objective: to review the literature on the characteristics of this pathology. Development: in the first quarter of 2006, in order to perform a non-exhaustive literature review to locate the available information on ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint, a literature search was carried out in Scielo, Medline, Isi Web of Knowlegde and Dialnet, searching as key words: ankylosis (ankylosis) and temporomandibular joint (temporomandibular joint). In addition to the computerized search, a manual search was made among the references of the selected studies. Conclusions: the temporomandibular ankylosis is a complex clinical entity, usually annoying for patients given the impossibility of feeding and nourishing adequately, in addition to the deformities that from the aesthetic point of view affects the psychological sphere of the people afflicted. Its treatment is difficult, nevertheless, an adequate attention minimizes the consequences of the complications that can appear as a result of the surgical technique or other factors not related to it. It is recognized that an identification and timely treatment of the problem can favor the good results of medical behavior and the rapid integration of the patient into society(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Temporomandibular Joint/abnormalities , Mandibular Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Ankylosis/epidemiology , Mouth
11.
Araçatuba; s.n; 2019. 59 p. tab, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1390956

ABSTRACT

A melhor forma de tratamento para os casos de avulsão dentária por trauma é o reimplante imediato, no entanto, existem diversas condições que impedem sua realização. Nesses casos, os meios de conservação tem papel fundamental para a manutenção da integridade do ligamento periodontal do dente avulsionado, dando tempo para que um tratamento adequado seja alcançado. Compostos proteicos como o leite, o soro do leite apresentaram resultados favoráveis para esse fim. Acessibilidade e facilidade de manuseio também contribuem favoravelmente. Existem compostos de aminoácidos que poderiam servir para esse fim, assim o propósito desse estudo foi o de analisar se o BCAA (aminoácidos de cadeia ramificada) possui o mesmo potencial como meio de conservação por também ser um composto proteico. Para isso foram utilizados 50 ratos divididos em 5 grupos de 10 animais. Após a extração do incisivo superior direito, os dentes do grupo (IM) foram reimplantados em seus respectivos alvéolos após 5 minutos; No grupo (L) - os dentes foram imersos em 40 ml de leite bovino pasteurizado (UHT); No grupo (SL) - os dentes foram imersos em 40 ml de soro de leite fresco; No grupo (BC) - os dentes foram imersos em 40 ml de uma solução à base de aminoácidos de cadeia ramificada (7 gramas de pó em 200ml de água); No grupo (SE) - os dentes foram mantidos em meio seco sobre bancada. Os dentes serão mantidos em seus respectivos meios por 60 minutos em temperatura ambiente para serem então reimplantados em seus respectivos alvéolos Os animais receberam, em dose única, antibiótico e analgésico. A eutanásia foi realizada 60 dias após e os espécimes obtidos foram processados para obtenção de lâminas que foram coradas pela Hematoxilina e eosina. Na análise histológica foram analisadas as características da inserção epitelial, do ligamento periodontal, cemento e dentina. Nessas estruturas foi quantificada a ocorrência de reabsorção inflamatória, reabsorção por substituição, total de reabsorção, áreas reparadas por ligamento periodontal, anquilose. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística a um nível de significância de 5%. Os resultados demonstraram que a ocorrência de reabsorção radicular foi maior no grupo SE em relação aos demais grupos. Da mesma forma a reabsorção inflamatória foi superior neste grupo em relação aos demais. Maior extensão de infiltrado inflamatório crônico foi encontrado no grupo SE em relação grupo IM. Maior extensão de ligamento periodontal reinserido foi encontrado no grupo IM em relação ao grupo SE. O grupo SE apresentou menor extensão de ligamento periodontal que os demais grupos (p<0,05). Pode-se concluir que o BCAA, assim como o leite e o soro de leite, apresentou resultado histológico semelhante ao reimplante imediato, constituindo uma opção como meio de conservação de dentes avulsionados(AU)


The best form of treatment for cases of dental avulsion due to trauma is immediate replantation, however, there are several conditions that prevent its implementation. In such cases, the preservative means play a fundamental role in maintaining the integrity of the periodontal ligament of the avulsed tooth, allowing time for proper treatment to be achieved. Protein compounds such as milk and whey showed favorable results for this purpose. Accessibility and ease of handling also contribute favorably. There are amino acid compounds that could serve this purpose, so the purpose of this study was to examine whether BCAA (branched chain amino acids) has the same potential as a preservative as it is also a protein compound. For this, 50 rats divided into 5 groups of 10 animals were used. After extraction of the right upper incisor, the teeth of group (IM) were reimplanted in their respective alveoli after 5 minutes; In group (M) - the teeth were immersed in 40 ml of pasteurized bovine milk (UHT); In group (W) - teeth were immersed in 40 ml of fresh whey; In group (BC) - the teeth were immersed in 40 ml of a branched chain amino acid solution (7 grams of powder in 200ml of water); In group (D) - the teeth were kept in a dry medium on a bench. The teeth will be kept in their respective means for 60 minutes at room temperature and then reimplanted in their respective alveoli. The animals received antibiotic and analgesic in a single dose. Euthanasia was performed 60 days later and the specimens obtained were processed to obtain slides that were stained with Hematoxylin and eosin. Histological analysis analyzed the characteristics of epithelial insertion, periodontal ligament, cementum and dentin. In these structures, the occurrence of inflammatory resorption, replacement resorption, total resorption, areas repaired by periodontal ligament, ankylosis were quantified. Data were subjected to statistical analysis at a significance level of 5%. The results showed that the occurrence of root resorption was higher in the D group than in the other groups. Similarly, inflammatory resorption was higher in this group compared to the others. A greater extent of chronic inflammatory infiltrate was found in the SE group than in the IM group. Greater extension of reinserted periodontal ligament was found in the IM group compared to the D group. The D group had less periodontal ligament extension than the other groups (p <0.05). It can be concluded that BCAA, as well as milk and whey, presented histological results similar to immediate replantation, constituting an option as a means of preserving avulsed teeth(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Tooth Avulsion/therapy , Tooth Replantation , Amino Acids, Branched-Chain , Periodontal Ligament , Root Resorption , Tooth Avulsion , Rats, Wistar , Tooth Injuries , Dental Cementum , Dentin , Milk , Albumins , Whey , Ankylosis
12.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 954-958, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941915

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the feasibility of computer-aided design virtual mandibular position in the simultaneous treatment of children with temporomandibular joint ankylosis (TMJA) and jaw deformity.@*METHODS@#The children with unilateral TMJA were surgically treated from January 2016 to June 2017 in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. The image data of jaw and dentition were imported into the computer software to simulate the surgical procedure. An osteotomy of the affected side was performed to remove ankylosed bone mass. Then the mandible was rotated around the unaffected condyle to eliminate the chin deviation by the virtual plan. An open bite was thus created on the affected side to provide space for vertical midfacial growth. In the virtual mandibular position, the affected ramus was reconstructed with costochondral grafting. Finally, digital occlusal splint was designed and prefabricated by 3D printing. During surgery, temporomandibular joint ankylosis was released and mandibular position was guided in place by the digital occlusal splint. In the new mandibular position, costochondral grafting was completed. After the surgery, the occlusal splint was wired to the mandibular dentition and would be gradually adjusted by grinding off the maxillary side to promote downward growth of the maxilla until the open bite was eliminated. The ramus height and chin deviation were measured before and one week after the surgery to validate the method. Comparisons of the measurements were made by means of a repeatedmeasures analysis of variance (ANOVA) (P=0.05). Pairwise multiple comparisons were conducted using the Bonferroni correction (P=0.05).@*RESULTS@#Five patients were included in this study. Under the guidance of the digital occlusal splint, the mandible could reach the preoperative designed position smoothly in all the cases. The chin deviations were (0.58±0.20) mm in the virtual plan before surgery, and (0.70±0.27) mm after surgery, which were not significant statistically (P>0.05). The ramus heights on the affected side were (48.19±3.20) mm in the virtual plan before surgery, and (48.17±3.62) mm after surgery, which were not significant statistically (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#It is feasible and reliable in the simultaneous treatment of TMJA with jaw deformity under the guidance of virtual mandibular position.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Ankylosis , Mandible , Mandibular Condyle , Temporomandibular Joint , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders
13.
Journal of the Korean Shoulder and Elbow Society ; : 154-158, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763627

ABSTRACT

The incidence of heterotopic ossification in adolescents appears to be lower than in adults. There exist very few reports of heterotopic ossification with total bony ankylosis in child or adolescent populations. We describe a case of total bony ankylosis of the elbow secondary to heterotopic ossification, in a 14-year-old female. Total ankylosis of the elbow at 45 degrees of flexion was noted 6 months post-surgery, and complete surgical excision of the heterotopic mass was performed. After an additional one-time dose of radiation therapy and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug medication, full range of motion was obtained without any recurrence or other complications, up to the last follow-up of 30 months.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Ankylosis , Joint Dislocations , Elbow , Follow-Up Studies , Fractures, Bone , Incidence , Ossification, Heterotopic , Range of Motion, Articular , Recurrence
14.
Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons ; : 129-134, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766332

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to highlight the role of lateral arthroplasty along with interposition of the buccal fat pad (BFP) in the management of Sawhney type III temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients with TMJ ankylosis (7 unilateral and 3 bilateral, total of 13 joints) were treated with lateral arthroplasty and BFP interposition. The bony bridge of the ankylotic mass on the lateral aspect was resected, leaving a distance of 1.5 to 2.0 cm from the base of the skull to the neck of the condyle. The condyle was left intact. Coronoidectomy was performed on the ipsilateral side via the same approach in all cases. The inter-incisal opening was measured at that time, and if it was less than 35 mm, contralateral coronoidectomy was performed by using the intra-oral approach. After satisfactory inter-incisal mouth opening (≥35 mm) was achieved, the TMJ surgical site was revisited, and BFP was retrieved and used to cover the lateral aspect of the medially placed condyle. RESULTS: With lateral arthroplasty, the medially displaced condyle can be left in-situ to maintain the mandibular ramal height and function and to act as a growth center in children. Interposition of the BFP prevents reformation of the lateral bony bridge that was removed. CONCLUSION: Lateral arthroplasty along with interpositioning of the BFP is a novel technique for managing Sawhney type III ankylosis that achieves management goals while avoiding complex and advanced reconstructive surgical procedures.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Adipose Tissue , Ankylosis , Arthroplasty , Mouth , Neck , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Skull , Temporomandibular Joint
15.
Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics ; : e32-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761306

ABSTRACT

Calcium hydroxide (CH) is the gold-standard intracanal dressing for teeth subjected to traumatic avulsion. A common complication after the replantation of avulsed teeth is root resorption (RR). The current review was conducted to compare the effect of CH with that of other intracanal medications and filling materials on inflammatory RR and replacement RR (ankylosis) in replanted teeth. The PubMed and Scopus databases were searched through June 2018 using specific keywords related to the title of the present article. The materials that were compared to CH were in 2 categories: 1) mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and endodontic sealers as permanent filling materials for single-visit treatment, and 2) Ledermix, bisphosphonates, acetazolamide, indomethacin, gallium nitrate, and enamel matrix-derived protein (Emdogain) as intracanal medicaments for multiple-visit management of avulsed teeth prior to the final obturation. MTA can be used as a single-visit root filling material; however, there are limited data on its efficacy due to a lack of clinical trials. Ledermix and acetazolamide were comparable to CH in reducing RR. Emdogain seems to be an interesting material, but the data supporting its use as an intracanal medication remain very limited. The conclusions drawn in this study were limited by the insufficiency of clinical trials.


Subject(s)
Acetazolamide , Ankylosis , Bandages , Calcium Hydroxide , Calcium , Dental Enamel , Diphosphonates , Gallium , Indomethacin , Miners , Pemetrexed , Replantation , Root Resorption , Tooth Ankylosis , Tooth Avulsion , Tooth Replantation , Tooth
16.
17.
Dent. press endod ; 8(1): 58-64, Apr-Jun. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-883728

ABSTRACT

A Reabsorção Radicular Externa por Substituição (RRES) consiste na substituição da estrutura dentária por tecido ósseo. O atual consenso é de que não há terapia pertinente para tal processo. Uma revisão de literatura com enfoque em protocolos terapêuticos utilizados em dentes traumatizados e seus efeitos sobre a RRES será apresentada. Para tal, artigos científicos na língua inglesa foram reunidos por meio das bases de dados Pubmed Central, Scopus, Embase Medline, Ovid e Cochrane, utilizando as seguintes palavras chaves: Tooth Resorption, Root Resorption, Tooth Injuries, Root Canal Therapy, Ankylosis. Estudos demonstraram que anquilose e RRES se desenvolveram nas superfícies dentárias independentemente do medicamento utilizado no interior do canal. Dentes tratados com hidróxido de cálcio e guta-percha apresentaram maior predominância de deposição óssea. Corticoides demonstraram resultados promissores, observando-se reparo favorável e menor taxa de RRES. Não foram encontrados artigos relatando tentativas interceptativas frente ao processo de reabsorção por substituição. Apesar de sua ocorrência ter se demonstrado frequente, tentativas de controle do processo instalado são relevantes, considerando- se que a ausência de tratamento resulta na pior consequência possível: a perda dentária.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Rats , Ankylosis , Root Canal Therapy , Root Resorption/therapy , Tooth Injuries , Tooth Resorption
18.
Rev. ADM ; 75(1): 55-60, ene.-feb. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-906501

ABSTRACT

La anquilosis de la articulación temporomandibular en niños continúa siendo una patología presente a pesar de los avances médicos y sociales. El tratamiento de esta patología en niños tiene como objetivos restablecer la apertura bucal y mejorar la estética facial, cuando se presentan hipoplasias o micrognatias asociadas. El objetivo del uso de materiales aloplásticos para el tratamiento de esta patología en niños es evitar la morbilidad y los gastos que ocasiona la toma y aplicación de injertos, para esto, durante 15 años, en la Unidad Médica de Alta Especialidad del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Torreón, Coahuila, México, Departamento de Cirugía Maxilofacial, se ha establecido el protocolo de tratar esta patología en niños con el uso de prótesis metálicas de cavidad glenoidea, en lugar de injertos costales o de otro tipo, además de tratar las hipoplasias o micrognatias en un mismo tiempo quirúrgico con el uso de aparatos distractores óseos, teniendo excelentes resultados a mediano plazo, sin daño a estructuras anatómicas ni a los procesos de crecimiento y desarrollo de los pacientes. Se utilizan prótesis prediseñadas de cromo, cobalto, molibdeno, que se adaptan adecuadamente a las estructuras óseas, siendo un material utilizado ya en otras áreas de la ortopedia en niños, concluyendo que se trata de una buena opción de tratamiento que disminuye el riesgo, frecuencia y costos de cirugías de mayor complejidad y que puede llevarse a cabo de manera segura y predecible. En este artículo se reportan tres casos de niños con anquilosis temporomandibular tratados con este método con buenos resultados (AU)


Temporomandibular joint ankylosis in children is actually a pathology still present despite the medical and social advances. The treatment of this pathology in children has restored the buccal opening and improve the facial aesthetics when hypoplasia and micrognathia are present. The purpose of using alloplastic material for treatment of this disease in children is to prevent morbidity and expenses related to making and implementing grafts, for this, for 15 years in the Medical Unit of High Specialty the Mexican Institute of Social Security, Torreon, Coahuila, Mexico, Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, has been established protocol to treatment this pathology in children with the use of metal glenoid prosthesis instead of rib grafts or otherwise in addition to treating hypoplasias or micrognatias in the same surgical time with the use of distracting devices bone, having excellent results in the medium term without damage to anatomical structures or processes of growth and development of patients. The prosthesis used predesigned chromium, cobalt, molybdenum, which are suitably adapted to the bone structures, with a material already used in other areas of orthopedics in children, concluding that this is a good treatment option that reduces the risk, and surgeries often cost more complex and can be performed safely and predictably. In this paper, three cases of children with temporomandibular ankylosis treated with this method with good results are reported (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Ankylosis , Biocompatible Materials , Maxillofacial Prosthesis , Micrognathism , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Chromium Alloys , Dental Prosthesis Design , Mexico , Molybdenum , Osteogenesis, Distraction
19.
Hip & Pelvis ; : 86-91, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740424

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Neurogenic myositis ossificans (NMO) in patients with traumatic spinal cord or brain injuries can cause severe joint ankylosis or compromise neurovascularture. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of and review considerations relevant to surgical resection of NMO of the hip joint. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six patients (9 hips) underwent periarticular NMO resection between 2015 and 2017. The medical records of these patients were retrospectively reviewed. Preoperative computed tomography including angiography was performed to determine osteoma location and size. Improvement in hip motion allowing sitting was considered the sole indicator of a successful surgery. The anterior approach was used in all patients. The ranges of motion (ROM) before and after surgery were compared. RESULTS: The mean time from accident to surgery was 3.6 years. Average ROM improved from 24.3°(flexion and extension) to 98.5°(flexion and extension) after surgery, and improvement was maintained at the last follow-up. No commom complications (e.g., deep infection, severe hematoma, deep vein thrombosis) occurred in any patient. Improvement in ROM in one hip in which surgical resection was performed 10 years after the accident was not satisfactory owing to the pathologic changes in the joint. CONCLUSION: Surgical excision of periarticular NMO of the hip joint can yield satisfactory results, provided that appropriate preoperative evaluation is performed. Early surgical intervention yields satisfactory results and may prevent the development of intra-articular pathology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiography , Ankylosis , Brain Injuries , Follow-Up Studies , Hematoma , Hip Joint , Hip , Joints , Medical Records , Myositis Ossificans , Myositis , Osteoma , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Cord , Veins
20.
Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science ; : 224-235, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766068

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on periodontal healing of replanted root surfaces in dogs histologically and histomorphometrically. METHODS: A total of 36 roots of mandibular incisors and premolars from 6 mongrel dogs were used. The roots were randomly divided into 3 groups: 1) a positive control group (n=12), in which the periodontal ligament (PDL) and cementum were retained and the roots were soaked in saline; 2) a negative control group (n=12), in which the PDL and cementum were removed and the roots were soaked in saline; and 3) an experimental group (n=12), in which the PDL and cementum were removed and the roots were soaked in PRP. After soaking the root surfaces, the extracted roots were replanted into the extraction sockets. The roots were covered using a coronally repositioned flap RESULTS: Histologically, irregular-thickness PDL-like and cementum-like tissues were observed in the 4-week experimental group and the positive control group. PDL-like tissue and cementum-like tissue with a more uniform thickness were observed at 8 weeks. In the negative control group, PDL-like tissue and cementum-like tissue were rarely found, and root resorption and ankylosis were observed. In the cross-sectional histomorphometric analysis, the experimental group demonstrated a higher rate of formation of cementum-like tissue and a lower tooth ankylosis rate than the positive and negative control groups at 4 and 8 weeks. Although there was a significant difference in the tooth ankylosis rate and the formation of cementum-like tissue across the 3 groups (P 0.017). CONCLUSIONS: Applying PRP to root surfaces during tooth replantation in dogs can reduce tooth ankylosis and increase PDL-like and cementum-like tissue formation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Ankylosis , Bicuspid , Clothing , Dental Cementum , Incisor , Periodontal Ligament , Periodontitis , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Root Resorption , Tooth Ankylosis , Tooth Replantation , Tooth
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