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2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): S123-S158, agosto 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1281031

ABSTRACT

En 1995 se publicó en Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría la primera "Guía de diagnóstico y tratamiento: asma bronquial en niños". En 2007 y 2016 se realizaron actualizaciones. Luego de 5 años se presentan los nuevos contenidos. Las modificaciones más relevantes, aunque no las únicas, se observan en las estrategias terapéuticas. En esta versión se estratifica el tratamiento en "niveles" (1 a 5). El paradigma de cambio en el tratamiento crónico del asma consiste en erradicar la prescripción de broncodilatadores (salbutamol) a demanda, por un lado, y por otro, aparece la opción de tratamiento combinado intermitente con corticoides inhalados y broncodilatadores acción prolongada (LABA) para las formas más leves (niveles 1 y 2), en niños de 12 años o mayores. Aún no se dispone de suficiente evidencia que avale estas opciones en menores de 12 años, por lo que se mantienen las normativas previas vigentes en este grupo. Para más detalles, sugerimos la lectura del documento completo


In 1995, the first Guideline on Diagnosis and Treatment for Childhood Asthma was published in Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría. Updates were made in 2007 and 2016. After 5 years, the new contents are presented. The most relevant modifications, although not the only ones, are observed in therapeutic strategies. In this version, treatment is stratified into "levels" (1 to 5). The current paradigm of change in chronic asthma treatment consists in eradicating the prescription of bronchodilators (salbutamol) on demand. Besides that, the option of intermittent treatment with inhaled corticosteroids plus long-acting bronchodilators (LABA) appears for milder forms (levels 1 and 2) in children > 12 years old. There is still not enough evidence to support these options in < 12 years old maintaining the previous recommendations in this group. For more details we suggest reading the full document.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Asthma/diagnosis , Asthma/therapy , Bronchodilator Agents/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
4.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(3): 282-296, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248965

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This review is intended to describe the therapeutic approaches for corneal blindness, detailing the steps and elements involved in corneal wound healing. It also presents the limitations of the actual surgical and pharmacological strategies used to restore and maintain corneal transparency in terms of long-term survival and geographic coverage. In addition, we critically review the perspectives of anabolic agents, including vitamin A, hormones, growth factors, and novel promitotic and anti-inflammatory modulators, to assist corneal wound healing. We discuss the studies involving nanotechnology, gene therapy, and tissue reengineering as potential future strategies to work solely or in combination with corneal surgery to prevent or revert corneal blindness.(AU)


RESUMO O presente trabalho traz uma revisão das abordagens terapêuticas para a cegueira da córnea. O estudo detalha as etapas e os elementos envolvidos na cicatrização da córnea. Ele mostra as limitações das estratégias cirúrgicas e farmacológicas usadas para restaurar e manter a transparência da córnea em termos de sobrevida a longo prazo e alcance geográfico. As perspectivas dos agentes anabólicos, incluindo vitamina A, hormônios, fatores de crescimento e novos moduladores pró-mitóticos e anti-inflamatórios para auxiliar a cicatrização da ferida na córnea, são revisadas criticamente. Aqui, apresentamos estudos envolvendo nanotecnologia, terapia gênica e reengenharia de tecidos como possíveis estratégias futuras para atuar de maneira isolada ou combinada com a cirurgia da córnea para prevenir ou reverter a cegueira corneana.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Blindness/prevention & control , Blindness/therapy , Corneal Injuries/prevention & control , Corneal Injuries/therapy , Stem Cells , Vitamin A/therapeutic use , Genetic Therapy/instrumentation , Nanotechnology/instrumentation , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/therapeutic use , Hormones/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
5.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 34: e200119, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250801

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective 5-Hydroxytryptophan is the precursor compound of serotonin biosynthesis. The oral absorption of 5-Hydroxytryptophan is close to 100% and, unlike serotonin, it crosses the blood-brain barrier freely. 5-Hydroxytryptophan has been used as a food supplement for many years to treat anxiety and depression. Recent studies have shown that 5-Hydroxytryptophan suppresses the pro-inflammatory mediators and is effective in some inflammatory diseases, such as arthritis and allergic asthma. However, the role of 5-Hydroxytryptophan supplements on acute peripheral inflammation has not been investigated yet. In this study, the in vivo anti-inflammatory activity of 5-Hydroxytryptophan was evaluated with a carrageenan-induced paw oedema test in mice. Methods For the investigation of the acute antiinflammatory activity, single oral doses of 5-Hydroxytryptophan (1.5, 5 and 20mg/kg) were given to mice 1.5 hours prior to the carrageenan test. For chronic activity, the same oral doses were administered daily for two weeks prior to the carrageenan test on the 14th day. To induce inflammation, 0.01mL of 2% carrageenan was injected into the paws of mice. Results Supplementation with 5-Hydroxytryptophan significantly reduced inflammation in a dose-independent manner which was irrespective of the duration of exposure (per cent inhibition in acute experiments was 35.4%, 20.9%, 24.0%, and per cent inhibition in chronic experiments was 29.5%, 35.3%, 40.8% for the doses of 1.5, 5, and 20mg/kg, respectively). Conclusion Our findings demonstrate for the first time that 5-HTP supplements have the potential of suppressing the measures of acute peripheral inflammation. It is suggested that, apart from several diseases where serotonin is believed to play an important role, including depression, patients with inflammatory conditions may also benefit from 5-HTP.


RESUMO Objetivo O 5-hidroxitriptofano (5-HTP) é o composto precursor da biossíntese da serotonina. A absorção oral do 5-HTP é próxima a 100% e, ao contrário da serotonina, atravessa a barreira hematoencefálica livremente. O 5-HTP tem sido usado como suplemento alimentar por muitos anos na ansiedade e na depressão. Estudos recentes demonstraram que o 5-HTP suprime os mediadores pró-inflamatórios e é eficaz em algumas doenças inflamatórias, como artrite e asma alérgica. No entanto, o papel dos suplementos de 5-HTP na inflamação periférica aguda ainda não foi investigado. Neste estudo, a atividade anti-inflamatória in vivo do 5-HTP foi avaliada por meio do teste de edema de pata induzido por carragenina em ratos. Métodos Para a atividade aguda, doses orais únicas de 5 -HTP (1,5, 5 e 20 mg/kg) foram dados aos ratos 1,5 horas antes do teste da carragenina. Para a atividade crônica, as mesmas doses orais foram dadas cada dia durante duas semanas antes do teste da carragenina no 14º dia. 0,01ml da carragenina a 2% foi injetado nas patas dos ratos a fim de induzir a inflamação. Resultados A suplementação com 5-HTP reduziu significativamente a inflamação de uma maneira independente da dose, que foi independente da duração da exposição (por cento de inibição em experimentos agudos; 35,4%, 20,9%, 24,0% e por cento de inibição em experimentos crônicos; 29,5%, 35,3%, 40,8% para as doses de 1.5, 5 e 20 mg/kg respectivamente). Conclusão Nossas conclusões demonstram pela primeira vez que os suplementos de 5-HTP têm potencial para suprimir os sintomas de inflamação periférica aguda. É sugerido que, além de várias doenças em que se acredita que a serotonina tem uma função importante, incluindo a depressão, os pacientes com doenças inflamatórias também podem se beneficiar do 5-HTP.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Carrageenan , 5-Hydroxytryptophan/drug effects , Dietary Supplements , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922126

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the combined anti-inflammatory effect of activating blood circulation and detoxifying Chinese medicines in unstable angina (UA) patients.@*METHODS@#This study was an open-labeled, randomized controlled trial conducted in 5 centers in Beijing. A total of 154 patients were randomized into two groups at a 1:1 ratio by random numbers. Based on the conventional treatment, patients in the activating blood circulation (ABC) group were treated with Guanxin Danshen Droping Pill (, 0.4 g, thrice daily), and patients in the activating blood circulation and detoxifying (ABCD) group were treated with Guanxin Danshen Droping Pill (0.4 g, thrice daily) and Andrographis tablet (0.2 g, thrice daily) for 4 weeks. The primary outcome was the serum level of high sensitive C reaction protein (hs-CRP), and the secondary outcome index included the serum levels of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin 6 (IL-6), soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L), thrombomodulin (TM), the score of angina pectoris, the score of blood stasis syndrome, and the score of Chinese medicine symptoms, observed at week 0 and week 4.@*RESULTS@#A total of 144 patients completed the trial (ABC group, n=70; ABCD group, n=74). There were no significant differences in the clinical baseline characteristics between the two groups. When compared with the ABC group, ABCD group showed better performance in reducing the level of inflammatory factors, especially hs-CRP (P<0.05), IL-6 (P<0.01) and TNF-α (P<0.01). In term of clinical symptoms, ABCD group played a better role in improving the scores of angina pectoris and blood stasis syndrome than ABC group (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The combination of Guanxin Danshen Dropping Pill and Andrographis tablet exert significant anti-inflammatory effect on UA patients, which is superior to single Guanxin Danshen Dropping Pill. (Registration No. ChiCTR-TRC-13004072).


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris/drug therapy , Angina, Unstable/drug therapy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921712

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory, antitussive, expectorant, and anti-asthmatic effects of Qinbaohong Oral Liquid in mouse experiments and explore its action mechanism based on network pharmacology. The mouse auricle swelling was induced by xylene for detecting the anti-inflammatory effect of Qinbaohong Oral Liquid, whose antitussive effect was then examined in mice with cough after exposure to ammonium hydroxide. The expectorant effect was determined based on the excretion of phenol red into the mouse trachea. The mouse model of asthma induced by histamine phosphate and acetylcholine chloride was used to observe the anti-asthmatic effect. The chemical components of Qinbaohong Oral Liquid were retrieved from TCMSP and literature, followed by target prediction based on BATMAN-TCM. The targets of inflammation, cough, expectoration, and asthma collected from GeneCards were intersected with drug targets for GO and KEGG enrichment analysis using Metascape. The results were imported into STRING for exploring protein-protein interactions and screening the key targets. As demonstrated by our findings, Qinbaohong Oral Liquid at 4.5 and 9.0 mL·kg~(-1) obviously decreased the weight(P<0.05) and thickness(P<0.01) of the right swelling ear and also the weight diffe-rence(swelling degree) between the two ears(P<0.05), prolonged the incubation period of cough(P<0.05), reduced the frequency of cough within 3 min(P<0.05), and increased the excretion of phenol red into the mouse trachea(P<0.01). Qinbaohong Oral Li-quid at 2.3, 4.5, and 9.0 mL·kg~(-1) dramatically prolonged the incubation period of asthma(P<0.05). A total of 324 chemical components and 1 245 targets were harvested for the Qinbaohong Oral Liquid, together with 10 272 inflammation targets, 4 400 cough targets, 192 expectoration targets, and 7 533 asthma targets. Their intersection revealed that the anti-inflammatory, antitussive, expectorant and anti-asthmatic effects of Qinbaohong Oral Liquid were correlated with such GO biological processes as the regulation of ion transport and blood circulation and such KEGG pathways as cancer-related signaling pathways and neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction. Qinbaohong Oral Liquid has been confirmed by both experiments and network pharmacology analysis to be efficient in anti-inflammation, stopping cough, eliminating phlegm, and relieving asthma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Antitussive Agents/therapeutic use , Asthma/drug therapy , Cough/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Mice
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881088

ABSTRACT

Huashi Baidu prescription (HSBDF), recommended in the Guideline for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Pneumonia (On Trials, the Seventh Edition), was clinically used to treat severe corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with cough, blood-stained sputum, inhibited defecation, red tongue etc. symptoms. This study was aimed to elucidate and profile the knowledge on its chemical constituents and the potential anti-inflammatory effect in vitro. In the study, the chemical constituents in extract of HSBDF were characterized by UPLC-Q-TOF/MS in both negative and positive modes, and the pro-inflammatory cytokines were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) to determine the effects of HSBDF in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. The results showed that a total of 217 chemical constituents were tentativedly characterized in HSBDF. Moreover, HSBDF could alleviate the expression levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in the cell models, indicating that the antiviral effects of HSBDF might be associated with regulation of the inflammatory cytokines production in RAW264.7 cells. We hope that the results could be served as the basic data for further study of HSBDF on anti-COVID-19 effect.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , SARS-CoV-2/drug effects
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878931

ABSTRACT

This paper was to investigate the effect of Huanglian Jiedu Decoction(HLJD) on ulcerative colitis(UC) in mice, and determine the effective components in plasma, and virtually screen its therapeutic target, and predict its mechanism. Sixty Balb/c mice were randomly divided into blank group, model group, mesalazine treatment group(0.3 g·kg~(-1)), and HLJD treatment groups(24.66, 12.33, 6.17 g·kg~(-1)). Excepted for the blank group, all the mice in HLJD and mesalazine treatment groups were gavage administration. All mice freely drank 2.5% DSS solution for seven days to induce UC. The disease activity index(DAI) was detected each day. At the end of the experiment, HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes in colon. The content of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in colon were determined by ELISA. The effective components in plasma were determined by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS. The reverse docking in PharmMapper was used to screen the component targets. The disease targets of UC were collected by searching TTD, OMIM and GeneCards databases. The intersection of the component targets and disease targets was selected as the therapeutic targets. Then the therapeutic targets were imported into the STRING for GO and KEGG enrichment analysis. Discovery Studio was used to simulate the docking between the components and the targets. RESULTS:: showed that the DAI in the model group increased significantly(P<0.05), and the number of inflammatory cells and infiltration degree increased significantly compared with the blank group. The DAI in HLJD treatment group was significantly reduced(P<0.05), and the number and infiltration degree of inflammatory cells were reduced compared with the model group. The ELISA results showed that the levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were increased significantly in the model group(P<0.01) compared with the blank group, and significantly down regulated in the HLJD treatment group(P<0.05) compared with the model group. After UPLC-Q-TOF-MS analyse, ten components were identified. The network pharmacology analysis showed that the action targets were significantly enriched in 129 of biological processes, such as response to organic substance, chemical and oxygen-containing compound, etc., as well as 16 of signal pathways, such as IL-17, TNF and hepatitis B signal pathways, were enriched too. The results of molecular docking showed that limonin, palmatine and berberine could bind to CASP3 and MMP9 by hydrogen bond. In conclusion, HLJD could alleviate the colonic mucosal inflammatory infiltration and mucosal damage in UC mice. The mechanism may be related to the anti-inflammatory effect on UC mice by reducing the levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in colon through limonin, palmatine and berberine regulating IL-17 signal pathway and TNF signal pathway via CASP3 and MMP9 meditated.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Colon , Dextran Sulfate/therapeutic use , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Mice , Molecular Docking Simulation , Plasma
10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 501-508, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887685

ABSTRACT

Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease. Cytokine-related research provides an important direction for the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis. Cytokines, produced by different types of cells and acting on a range of targets, play a key role in the pathogenesis and progression of atherosclerosis. This review summarizes the main pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines related to atherosclerosis and their underlying mechanism. We also outline current anti-atherosclerosis treatments targeting cytokines. The research and treatment prospects of cytokines in the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis are discussed briefly as well.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Atherosclerosis/drug therapy , Cytokines , Humans , Inflammation/drug therapy
11.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(4): e911, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156575

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad del tratamiento combinado con dorzolamida tópica en pacientes con edema quístico macular poscirugía de catarata. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio experimental en pacientes atendidos en el Servicio de Vítreo-Retina del Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer", en el año 2018. Se definió el grupo de casos (dorzolamida y tratamiento convencional) y el grupo control (tratamiento convencional), los cuales se evaluaron en la consulta inicial y al mes de tratamiento. Resultados: La edad media fue de 60,73 ± 11,25 años. Predominó el sexo femenino (53,33 por ciento), el ojo afectado derecho (60,00 por ciento), el tiempo posquirúrgico ≤ 3 meses (63,33 por ciento), sin factores de riesgo asociados (56,67 por ciento). El edema sin alteraciones asociadas fue más frecuente (80,00 por ciento). La media del grosor macular disminuyó en ambos grupos (de 529,27 ± 183,58 a 349,93 ± 221,35 en los casos y de 498,87 ± 213,26 a 373,53 ± 215,51 en los controles). Resultó mayor la variación en el grupo de casos (179,33 p= 0,008). La agudeza visual aumentó en ambos grupos. Se observó un porcentaje mayor de ojos que mejoraron la visión en el grupo de casos (52,38 por ciento). La mejoría de la agudeza visual se relacionó con la recuperación del grosor macular. Conclusiones: En los casos con edema quístico macular poscirugía de catarata, en los que está indicado el tratamiento tópico con antinflamatorios, la combinación con dorzolamida resulta efectiva para la reducción del grosor macular y la mejoría de la agudeza visual corregida(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective: Evaluate the effectiveness of a treatment combined with topical dorzolamide in patients with cystoid macular edema after cataract surgery. Methods: An experimental study was conducted of patients attending the Vitreous-Retina Service at Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology in the year 2018. The sample was divided into a case group (dorzolamide and conventional treatment) and a control group (conventional treatment), and evaluated at the initial consultation and after one month of treatment. Results: Mean age was 60.73 ± 11.25 years. A predominance was found of the female sex (53.33 percent), affected right eye (60.00 percent), postsurgical time ≤ 3 months (63.33 percent), and no associated risk factors (56.67 percent). Edema without associated alterations was more common (80.00 percent). Mean macular thickness decreased in both groups (from 529.27 ± 183.58 to 349.93 ± 221.35 in cases and from 498.87 ± 213.26 to 373.53 ± 215.51 in controls). Variation was greater in the case group (179.33 p= 0.008). Visual acuity increased in both groups. A higher percentage of eyes with improved vision was found in the case group (52.38 percent). Visual acuity improvement was related to macular thickness recovery. Conclusions: In cases of cystoid macular edema after cataract surgery with indication of topical treatment with anti-inflammatories, the combination with dorzolamide is effective to reduce macular thickness and improve corrected visual acuity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Cataract Extraction/methods , Macular Edema/epidemiology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
12.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 156(5): 447-453, sep.-oct. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249944

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de los tumores desmoides, lo cuales afectan los tejidos blandos con un comportamiento localmente agresivo sin capacidad de producir metástasis. Los casos esporádicos se localizan en extremidades y pared torácica; los casos hereditarios tienen predilección intraabdominal y los asociados con el embarazo en la pared abdominal. Las técnicas de imagen evalúan la extensión de la enfermedad. La biopsia con aguja trucut es el estudio de elección para el diagnóstico. Las mutaciones en el gen CTNNB1 o en el gen de APC provocan acumulación anormal de betacatenina en la célula. En esta revisión se hace énfasis en la evolución y cambio de las estrategias terapéuticas y se analizan las actuales herramientas para la toma de decisiones, así como los resultados clínicos. La radioterapia puede tener un papel terapéutico o adyuvante. Los avances en la comprensión de la enfermedad han permitido establecer tratamientos mejor dirigidos y con menor morbilidad; sin embargo, aún existen interrogantes en cuanto a la elección del candidato ideal para la vigilancia o el tratamiento precoz. También se presentan datos relacionados con la calidad de vida y la incertidumbre que genera el diagnóstico en el médico y el paciente.


Abstract A literature review on desmoid tumors was carried out, which are tumors that affect soft tissues with a locally aggressive behavior and are unable to metastasize. Sporadic cases are located on the extremities and chest wall; hereditary cases have an intra-abdominal predilection, and those associated with pregnancy occur on the abdominal wall. Imaging techniques assess disease extension. Trucut biopsy is the study of choice for diagnosis. Mutations in the CTNNB1 or APC genes cause an abnormal accumulation of b-catenin within the cell. In this review, an emphasis is made on therapeutic strategies’ evolution and change, and current tools for decision making are analyzed, as well as clinical outcomes. Radiation therapy can play a therapeutic or adjuvant role. Advances in the understanding of the disease have allowed establishing better targeted treatments with lower morbidity; however, there are still unanswered questions regarding the choice of the ideal candidate for surveillance and/or early treatment. Data related to quality of life are also presented, as well as the uncertainty generated by this diagnosis for both doctor and patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Fibromatosis, Aggressive/diagnosis , Fibromatosis, Aggressive/therapy , Quality of Life , Radiotherapy , Biopsy/methods , Fibromatosis, Aggressive/pathology , Uncertainty , beta Catenin/metabolism , Clinical Decision-Making , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
13.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 32(3): 337-347, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138506

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Introdução: Os marcadores pró-inflamatórios desempenham papel importante na severidade de pacientes com COVID-19. Assim, terapêuticas anti-inflamatórias são agentes interessantes para potencialmente combater a cascata inflamatória descontrolada em tais pacientes. Delineamos um ensaio para testar tocilizumabe em comparação com o tratamento padrão, tendo como objetivo melhorar os desfechos por meio da inibição da interleucina 6, um importante mediador inflamatório na COVID-19. Métodos e análises: Este será um estudo aberto multicêntrico, randomizado e controlado, que comparará os desfechos de pacientes tratados com tocilizumabe mais tratamento padrão com o tratamento padrão isoladamente em pacientes com COVID-19 moderada a grave. Como critérios de inclusão, serão exigidos dois dos quatro critérios a seguir: dosagens de dímero D acima de 1.000ng/mL, proteína C-reativa acima de 5mg/dL, ferritina acima de 300mg/dL e desidrogenase lática acima do limite superior do normal. O objetivo primário será comparar a condição clínica no dia 15, conforme avaliação por meio de escala ordinal de 7 pontos aplicada nos estudos de COVID-19 em todo o mundo. O desfecho primário será avaliado por regressão logística ordinal assumindo razões de propensão proporcionais ajustadas pelas variáveis de estratificação (idade e sexo). Ética e disseminação: O TOCIBRAS foi aprovado pelos comitês de ética locais e central (nacional) do Brasil em conformidade com as atuais diretrizes e orientações nacionais e internacionais. Cada centro participante obteve aprovação do estudo por parte de seu comitê de ética em pesquisa, antes de iniciar as inscrições no protocolo. Os dados derivados deste ensaio serão publicados independentemente de seus resultados. Se tiver sua efetividade comprovada, esta estratégia terapêutica poderá aliviar as consequências da resposta inflamatória na COVID-19 e melhorar os resultados clínicos.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Pro-inflammatory markers play a significant role in the disease severity of patients with COVID-19. Thus, anti-inflammatory therapies are attractive agents for potentially combating the uncontrolled inflammatory cascade in these patients. We designed a trial testing tocilizumab versus standard of care intending to improve the outcomes by inhibiting interleukin-6, an important inflammatory mediator in COVID-19. Methods and analysis: This open-label multicentre randomized controlled trial will compare clinical outcomes of tocilizumab plus standard of care versus standard of care alone in patients with moderate to severe COVID-19. Two of the following four criteria are required for protocol enrolment: D-dimer > 1,000ng/mL; C reactive protein > 5mg/dL, ferritin > 300mg/dL, and lactate dehydrogenase > upper limit of normal. The primary objective will be to compare the clinical status on day 15, as measured by a 7-point ordinal scale applied in COVID-19 trials worldwide. The primary endpoint will be assessed by an ordinal logistic regression assuming proportional odds ratios adjusted for stratification variables (age and sex). Ethics and dissemination: The TOCIBRAS protocol was approved by local and central (national) ethical committees in Brazil following current national and international guidelines/directives. Each participating center had the study protocol approved by their institutional review boards before initiating protocol enrolment. The data derived from this trial will be published regardless of the results. If proven active, this strategy could alleviate the consequences of the inflammatory response in COVID-19 patients and improve their clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Pneumonia, Viral/physiopathology , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , Interleukin-6/antagonists & inhibitors , Pandemics , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/pharmacology , COVID-19 , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology
14.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 79(2): 134-137, Mar.-Apr. 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137940

ABSTRACT

Resumo Apresentamos um caso de neurosífilis em um homem jovem, com queixa de baixa acuidade visual (BAV) em olho esquerdo. Cursou com lesões eritemato-descamativas nas palmas das mãos, plantas dos pés e úlceras orais, sem lesões genitais. O exame oftalmológico revelou arterite em arcada nasal superior no olho afetado. Apresentou VDRL (1:4096) e FTA-Abs positivos. O exame do líquor cefalorraquidiano foi negativo. O tratamento foi realizado com ceftriaxona 2g/ dia por 14 dias, associado à prednisona 0,5mg/kg oral 48h após início do antibiótico. Após 15 dias de tratamento, houve melhora da AV, regressão da vasculite e redução da titulação do VDRL para 1:128.


Abstract We present a case of neurosyphilis in a young man with a complaint of low visual acuity in the left eye. He had erythematous-scaly lesions on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet and oral ulcers, without genital lesions. The ophthalmic examination revealed arteritis in the upper nasal arcade in the affected eye. He presented VDRL (1: 4096) and FTA-Abs positive. The cerebrospinal fluid cerebrospinal fluid test was negative. The treatment was performed with ceftriaxone 2g / day for 14 days, associated with prednisone 0.5mg / kg oral 48h after antibiotic onset. After 15 days of treatment, there was improvement of AV, regression of vasculitis and reduction of VDRL titration to 1: 128.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Arteritis/drug therapy , Treponema pallidum , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Visual Acuity , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Neurosyphilis/drug therapy
16.
J. bras. pneumol ; 46(2): e20190423, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090804

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a form of chronic interstitial lung disease of unknown cause, which predominantly affects elderly men who are current or former smokers. Even though it is an uncommon disease, it is of great importance because of its severity and poor prognosis. In recent decades, several pharmacological treatment modalities have been investigated for the treatment of this disease, and the classic concepts have therefore been revised. The purpose of these guidelines was to define evidence-based recommendations regarding the use of pharmacological agents in the treatment of IPF in Brazil. We sought to provide guidance on the practical issues faced by clinicians in their daily lives. Patients of interest, Intervention to be studied, Comparison of intervention and Outcome of interest (PICO)-style questions were formulated to address aspects related to the use of corticosteroids, N-acetylcysteine, gastroesophageal reflux medications, endothelin-receptor antagonists, phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors, pirfenidone, and nintedanib. To formulate the PICO questions, a group of Brazilian specialists working in the area was assembled and an extensive review of the literature on the subject was carried out. Previously published systematic reviews with meta-analyses were analyzed for the strength of the compiled evidence, and, on that basis, recommendations were developed by employing the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. The authors believe that the present document represents an important advance to be incorporated in the approach to patients with IPF, aiming mainly to improve its management, and can become an auxiliary tool for defining public policies related to IPF.


RESUMO A fibrose pulmonar idiopática (FPI) é uma forma de pneumopatia intersticial crônica fibrosante de causa desconhecida, que acomete preferencialmente homens idosos, com história atual ou pregressa de tabagismo. Mesmo sendo uma doença incomum, ela assume grande importância devido a sua gravidade e prognóstico reservado. Nas últimas décadas, diversas modalidades terapêuticas farmacológicas foram investigadas para o tratamento dessa doença, de tal modo que conceitos clássicos vêm sendo revisados. O objetivo destas diretrizes foi definir recomendações brasileiras baseadas em evidências em relação ao emprego de agentes farmacológicos no tratamento da FPI. Procurou-se fornecer orientações a questões de ordem prática, enfrentadas pelos clínicos no seu cotidiano. As perguntas PICO (acrônimo baseado em perguntas referentes aos Pacientes de interesse, Intervenção a ser estudada, Comparação da intervenção e Outcome [desfecho] de interesse) abordaram aspectos relativos ao uso de corticosteroides, N-acetilcisteína, tratamento medicamentoso do refluxo gastroesofágico, inibidores dos receptores da endotelina, inibidores da fosfodiesterase-5, pirfenidona e nintedanibe. Para a formulação das perguntas PICO, um grupo de especialistas brasileiros atuantes na área foi reunido, sendo realizada uma extensa revisão bibliográfica sobre o tema. As revisões sistemáticas com meta-análises previamente publicadas foram analisadas quanto à força das evidências compiladas e, a partir daí, foram concebidas recomendações seguindo a metodologia Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation. Os autores acreditam que o presente documento represente um importante avanço a ser incorporado na abordagem de pacientes com FPI, objetivando principalmente favorecer seu manejo, e pode se tornar uma ferramenta auxiliar na definição de políticas públicas relacionadas à FPI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/drug therapy , Acetylcysteine/therapeutic use , Pyridones/therapeutic use , Brazil , Indoles/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
17.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135509

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the total level of flavonoids in brown algae extract Padina sp., Sargassum sp., and Turbinaria sp., which could serve as an analgesic and anti-inflammatory drug. Material and Methods: This is an experimental study with a one-shot case study research design. The study sample consisted of three species of brown algae, namely, Padina sp., Sargassum sp., and Turbinaria sp. The study samples were obtained from Saugi Island, Pangkep, Regency. The sampling method used was convenience sampling. The total flavonoid level in the three extracts of brown algae samples was determined at three concentrations (150 ppm, 300 ppm, and 450 ppm) with three replicates. The analysis used a colorimetric method, a spectrophotometer and aluminium chloride as the reagent. Results: The total level of flavonoids in Padina sp. was the highest at 0.894 ± 0.027%, compared to the levels of 0.786 ± 0.075% in Sargassum sp. and 0.745 ± 0.016% in Turbinaria sp. Conclusion: Padina sp. had the highest total flavonoid levels compared to Sargassum sp. and Turbinaria sp. Flavonoid compounds from brown algae have the potential to be used as analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs.


Subject(s)
Seaweed , Flavonoids , Phaeophyta , Phytochemicals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Research Design , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Spectrophotometers/methods , Epidemiology, Experimental , Statistics, Nonparametric , Sargassum , Indonesia/epidemiology
18.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20180687, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142497

ABSTRACT

Abstract Glucosamine is known as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and as neuroprotective as well as using to treat many of diseases. This work aimed to investigate the remedial effect of glucosamine (20mg/kg b.wt) against the damage induced by a single dose of γ-radiation (8Gy) or aluminium chloride (AlCl3) (100mg/kg b.wt) in the heart and brain tissues of female rats. Serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST), cholesterol, triglycerides (TGs), LDH and creatine kinase (CPK) were measured. Moreover, gene expression of amyloid protein precursor (APP) and seladin-1 were estimated in the brain tissue. Also, acetylcholinesterase activity (AChE) and p-tau protein expression were estimated in brain homogenate. Metallothioneine (MT) was estimated in the heart and brain tissues. Heart and brain histopathological examination was performed. Irradiation significantly decreased serum AST, CPK and LDH, as well as MT levels in heart and brain tissues. Also, gene expression of seladin-1 decreased. On the other hand, irradiation significantly increased serum TGs level and brain AchE activity, tau protein, and β-amyloid percursor (APP). AlCl3 administration (21 days) induced disturbance in most of the estimated parameters, especially AST, TGs, and MT. Glucosamine treatment with irradiation or AlCl3 improved most of the measured parameters. In addition, histopathological examination confirmed the biochemical results. In conclusion: Glucosamine could be used to improve the heart and brain damages induced by γ-radiation exposure or AlCl3.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Brain Diseases/drug therapy , Cardiovascular Diseases/drug therapy , Radiation Exposure/adverse effects , Aluminum Chloride/adverse effects , Glucosamine/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Brain Diseases/etiology , Brain Diseases/pathology , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/pathology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal
19.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(8): e9886, 2020. tab
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132547

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of 0.2% hyaluronic acid (HA) topical gel and dexamethasone topical ointment in the treatment of recurrent aphthous ulcers (RAU) in children. This retrospective observational study included 104 patients who had more than two episodes of oral aphthous ulcers per year and were treated with HA (n=52) or dexamethasone (n=52) from August 15, 2014 to September 3, 2018. Therapy efficacy was evaluated based on the ulcer size and pain score before versus 7 days after either therapy. The paired t-test, chi-squared test, and independent t-test were utilized for statistical analyses. There was no significant difference in ulcer size or pain score between the HA and dexamethasone groups, on day 1 or day 7. Both treatments were tolerated well and no side effects were reported. No significant differences in body temperature, respiration rate, pulse, or systolic/diastolic blood pressure were observed between the start (day 1) and end of treatment (day 7), for either treatment. HA and dexamethasone showed similar efficacy in reducing ulcer size and pain scores, and were tolerated equally well in children with RAU. Future high-quality studies with larger numbers of patients are needed to confirm our findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Stomatitis, Aphthous/drug therapy , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Hyaluronic Acid/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Pain , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880756

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the therapeutic effect of different doses of dihydroartemisinin (DHA) on atopic dermatitis (AD) in mice and explore the mechanism.@*METHODS@#Forty-two C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 7 groups (@*RESULTS@#Treatment with 25, 75, and 125 mg/kg DHA and dexamethasone all alleviated AD symptoms of mice, reduced the severity scores of skin lesions, and ameliorated pathological changes of the skin tissue. DHA at 125 mg/kg produced the most obvious therapeutic effect and significantly alleviated mast cell infiltration in the lesions as compared with the other treatment groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#DHA is effective for the treatment of AD in mice with an optimal dose of 125 mg/kg. The therapeutic effect of DHA is achieved probably through regulation of local immunity by inhibiting mast cell infiltration in the lesions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Artemisinins , Cytokines , Dermatitis, Atopic/drug therapy , Immunoglobulin E , Mast Cells , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Skin
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