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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 911-916, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012256

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the treatment response of a two-dose regimen of inotuzumab ozogamicin (inotuzumab), a monoclonal antibody targeting CD22, for patients with heavily treated relapsed/refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (R/R B-ALL), including those failed or relapsed after chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) -T-cell therapy. Methods: Pediatric and adult patients who received two doses of inotuzumab and who were evaluated after inotuzumab treatment were included. Antibody infusions were performed between March 2020 and September 2022. All patients expressed CD22 antigen as detected by flow cytometry (>80% leukemic cells displaying CD22) before treatment. For adults, the maximum dosage per administration was 1 mg (with a total of two administrations). For children, the maximum dosage per administration was 0.85 mg/m(2) (no more than 1 mg/dose; total of two administrations). The total dosage administered to each patient was less than the standard dosage of 1.8 mg/m(2). Results: Twenty-one patients with R/R B-ALL were included, including five children (<18 years old) and sixteen adults. Seventeen patients presented with 5.0% -99.0% leukemic blasts in the bone marrow/peripheral blood or with extramedullary disease, and four patients were minimal residual disease (MRD) -positive. Fourteen patients underwent both CD19 and CD22 CAR-T-cell therapy, four underwent CD19 CAR-T-cell therapy, and three underwent blinatumomab therapy. Eleven patients underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). After inotuzumab treatment, 14 of 21 patients (66.7% ) achieved a complete response (CR, one was MRD-positive CR), and all four MRD-positive patients turned MRD-negative. Four of six patients who failed recent CD22 CAR-T-cell therapy achieved a CR after subsequent inotuzumab treatment. Seven patients (33.3% ) demonstrated no response. Grade 1-3 hepatotoxicity occurred in five patients (23.8% ), one child with no response experienced hepatic veno-occlusive disease (HVOD) during salvage transplantation and recovered completely. Conclusion: For patients with heavily treated R/R B-ALL, including those who had undergone allo-HSCT and CD19/CD22 CAR-T-cell therapy, the two-dose regimen of inotuzumab resulted in a CR rate of 66.7%, and the frequency of hepatotoxicity and HVOD was low.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Inotuzumab Ozogamicin , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Antigens, CD19 , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury
2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 832-837, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012240

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the characteristics of the evolution of liver indexes in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) treated with CAR-T-cells based on BCMA. Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed of patients with RRMM who received an infusion of anti-BCMA CAR-T-cells and anti-BCMA combined with anti-CD19 CAR-T-cells at our center between June 1, 2019, and February 28, 2023. Clinical data were collected to observe the characteristics of changes in liver indexes such as alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBIL), and direct bilirubin (DBIL) in patients, and its relationship with cytokine-release syndrome (CRS) . Results: Ninety-two patients were included in the analysis, including 41 patients (44.6%) in the group receiving a single infusion of anti-BCMA CAR-T-cells, and 51 patients (55.4%) in the group receiving an infusion of anti-BCMA combined with anti-CD19 CAR-T-cells. After infusing CAR-T-cells, 31 patients (33.7%) experienced changes in liver indexes at or above grade 2, which included 20 patients (21.7%) with changes in one index, five patients (5.4%) with changes in two indexes, and six patients (6.5%) with changes in three or more indexes. The median time of peak values of ALT and AST were d17 and d14, respectively, and the median duration of exceeding grade 2 was 5.0 and 3.5 days, respectively. The median time of peak values of TBIL and DBIL was on d19 and d21, respectively, and the median duration of exceeding grade 2 was 4.0 days, respectively. The median time of onset of CRS was d8, and the peak time of fever was d9. The ALT, AST, and TBIL of patients with CRS were higher than those of patients without CRS (P=0.011, 0.002, and 0.015, respectively). CRS is an independent factor that affects ALT and TBIL levels (OR=19.668, 95% CI 18.959-20.173, P=0.001). The evolution of liver indexes can be reversed through anti-CRS and liver-protection treatments, and no patient died of liver injury. Conclusions: In BCMA-based CAR-T-cell therapy for RRMM, CRS is an important factor causing the evolution of liver indexes. The evolution of liver indexes after CAR-T-cell infusion is transient and reversible after treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens, CD19 , B-Cell Maturation Antigen/therapeutic use , Bilirubin , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Liver , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , T-Lymphocytes
3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 820-824, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012238

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study systematically explore the efficacy and safety of fourth-generation chimeric antigen receptor T-cells (CAR-T), which express interleukin 7 (IL7) and chemokine C-C motif ligand 19 (CCL19) and target CD19, in relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma. Methods: Our center applied autologous 7×19 CAR-T combined with tirelizumab to treat 11 patients with relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma. The efficacy and adverse effects were explored. Results: All 11 enrolled patients completed autologous 7×19 CAR-T preparation and infusion. Nine patients completed the scheduled six sessions of tirolizumab treatment, one completed four sessions, and one completed one session. Furthermore, five cases (45.5%) achieved complete remission, and three cases (27.3%) achieved partial remission with an objective remission rate of 72.7%. Two cases were evaluated for disease progression, and one died two months after reinfusion because of uncontrollable disease. The median follow-up time was 31 (2-34) months, with a median overall survival not achieved and a median progression-free survival of 28 (1-34) months. Two patients with partial remission achieved complete remission at the 9th and 12th months of follow-up. Therefore, the best complete remission rate was 63.6%. Cytokine-release syndrome and immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome were controllable, and no immune-related adverse reactions occurred. Conclusion: Autologous 7×19 CAR-T combined with tirelizumab for treating relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma achieved good efficacy with controllable adverse reactions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Antigens, CD19 , Chemokine CCL19 , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Interleukin-7 , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/therapy , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen
4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 813-819, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012237

ABSTRACT

Objective: To further elucidate the clinical efficacy and safety of a combination regimen based on the BTK inhibitor zebutanil bridging CD19 Chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T cells) in the treatment of relapsed/refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (r/r DLBCL) . Methods: Twenty-one patients with high-risk r/r DLBCL were treated with a zanubrutinib-based regimen bridging CAR-T between June 2020 and June 2023 at the Department of Hematology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University and the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, and the efficacy and safety were retrospectively analyzed. Results: All 21 patients were enrolled, and the median age was 57 years (range: 38-76). Fourteen patients (66.7%) had an eastern cooperative oncology group performance status score (ECOG score) of ≥2. Eighteen patients (85.7%) had an international prognostic index (IPI) score of ≥3. Three patients (14.3%) had an IPI score of 2 but had extranodal infiltration. Fourteen patients (66.7%) had double-expression of DLBCL and seven (33.3%) had TP53 mutations. With a median follow-up of 24.8 (95% CI 17.0-31.6) months, the objective response rate was 81.0%, and 11 patients (52.4%) achieved complete remission. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 12.8 months, and the median overall survival (OS) was not reached. The 1-year PFS rate was 52.4% (95% CI 29.8% -74.3%), and the 1-year OS rate was 80.1% (95% CI 58.1% -94.6%). Moreover, 18 patients (85.7%) had grade 1-2 cytokine-release syndrome, and two patients (9.5%) had grade 1 immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome. Conclusion: Zanubrutinib-based combination bridging regimen of CAR-T therapy for r/r DLBCL has high efficacy and demonstrated a good safety profile.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Immunotherapy, Adoptive/adverse effects , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Antigens, CD19/adverse effects
5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 793-799, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012234

ABSTRACT

Objective: Murine CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) products have been approved for the treatment of refractory/relapsed (R/R) B-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL) ; moreover, humanized products are also undergoing clinical trials. This study aimed to explore the differences in safety and short- and long-term follow-up efficacy between humanized and murine CD19 CAR-T-cells for treating relapsed and refractory B-ALL. Methods: Clinical data of 80 patients with R/R B-ALL treated with CD19-targeted CAR-T-cells at the Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology between May 2016 and March 2023 were analyzed, which included 31 patients with murine CAR-T and 49 with humanized products. Results: The proportion of patients with cytokine-release syndrome (CRS) in the murine and humanized groups was 63.1% and 65.3%, respectively. Moreover, a higher proportion of patients suffered from severe CRS in the murine group than in the humanized CAR-T group (19.4% vs 8.2%, P=0.174). Furthermore, one patient per group died of grade 5 CRS. The incidence of grade 1-2 immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome (ICANS) was 12.9% and 6.1%, respectively; severe ICANS were not observed. Among patients receiving murine CAR-T-cells, an overall response (OR) was observed in 74.2%. Conversely, the OR rate of patients receiving humanized CAR-T-cells was 87.8%. During the median follow-up time of 10.5 months, the median recurrence-free survival (RFS) of patients with murine CAR-T-cells was 12 months, which was as long as that of patients with humanized CAR-T-cells. The median overall survival (OS) were not reached in both groups. Of the 45 patients with a bone marrow burden over 20% at baseline, humanized CAR-T therapy was associated with a significantly improved RFS (43.25% vs 33.33%, P=0.027). Bridging transplantation was an independent factor in prolonging OS (χ(2)=8.017, P=0.005) and PFS (χ(2)=6.584, P=0.010). Common risk factors, such as age, high proportion of bone marrow blasts, and BCR-ABL fusion gene expression, had no significant effect on patients' long-term follow-up outcomes. Three patients reached complete remission after reinfusion of humanized CAR-T-cells. However, one patient relapsed one month after his second infusion of murine CAR-T-cells. Conclusions: The results indicate that humanized CAR-T therapy showed durable efficacy in patients with a higher tumor burden in the bone marrow without any influence on safety. Moreover, it could overcome immunogenicity-induced CAR-T resistance, providing treatment options for patients who were not treated successfully with CAR-T therapies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Antigens, CD19 , Burkitt Lymphoma/drug therapy , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/drug therapy , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1860-1865, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010050

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the safety and efficacy of novel CD19-KIRS2/Dap12-BB chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T cells) in the treatment of relapsed/refractory B-cell malignancy (R/R BCM).@*METHODS@#Three patients with R/R BCM treated with novel CD19-KIRS2/Dap12-BB CAR-T cells from June 2020 to November 2020 were enrolled, including 1 case of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (B-ALL) and 2 cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), and the efficacy and adverse reactions were observed.@*RESULTS@#After CAR-T cells infusion, patient with B-ALL achieved complete remission (CR) and minimal residual disease (MRD) turned negative, and 2 patients with NHL achieved partial remission (PR). Grade 2 cytokine release syndrome (CRS) occurred in B-ALL patient, grade 1 CRS occurred in 2 NHL patients, and grade II to IV hematologic adverse reactions occurred in 3 patients, all of which were controllable and reversible. The progression-free survival (PFS) of the 3 patients was 143, 199, and 91 days, and overall survival (OS) was 282, 430, and 338 days, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The novel CD19-KIRS2/Dap12-BB CAR-T cells in treatment of 3 patients with R/R BCM have significant short-term efficacy and controllable adverse reactions, but the long-term efficacy needs to be further improved.


Subject(s)
Humans , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Burkitt Lymphoma , Antigens, CD19 , Neoplasm, Residual , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
7.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 285-294, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929193

ABSTRACT

Anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy has shown impressive efficacy in treating B-cell malignancies. A single-center phase I dose-escalation study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of T cells transduced with CBM.CD19 CAR, a second-generation anti-CD19 CAR bearing 4-1BB costimulatory molecule, for the treatment of patients with refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Ten heavily treated patients with refractory DLBCL were given CBM.CD19 CAR-T cell (C-CAR011) treatment. The overall response rate was 20% and 50% at 4 and 12 weeks after the infusion of C-CAR011, respectively, and the disease control rate was 60% at 12 weeks after infusion. Treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in all patients. The incidence of cytokine release syndrome in all grades and grade ⩾ 3 was 90% and 0, respectively, which is consistent with the safety profile of axicabtagene ciloleucel and tisagenlecleucel. Neurotoxicity or other dose-limiting toxicities was not observed in any dose cohort of C-CAR011 therapy. Antitumor efficacy was apparent across dose cohorts. Therefore, C-CAR011 is a safe and effective therapeutic option for Chinese patients with refractory DLBCL, and further large-scale clinical trials are warranted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens, CD19/adverse effects , China , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/therapy , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , T-Lymphocytes
8.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 139-149, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929189

ABSTRACT

The CD19-targeting bispecific T-cell engager blinatumomab has shown remarkable efficacy in patients with relapsed/refractory B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. However, several studies showed that blinatumomab has a short plasma half-life due to its low molecular weight, and thus its clinical use is limited. Furthermore, multiple trials have shown that approximately 30% of blinatumomab-relapsed cases are characterized by CD19 negative leukemic cells. Here, we design and characterize two novel antibodies, A-319 and A-2019. Blinatumomab and A-319 are CD3/CD19 bispecific antibodies with different molecular sizes and structures, and A-2019 is a novel CD3/CD19/CD20 trispecific antibody with an additional anti-CD20 function. Our in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo experiments demonstrated that A-319 and A-2019 are potent antitumor agents and capable of recruiting CD3 positive T cells, enhancing T-cell function, mediating B-cell depletion, and eventually inhibiting tumor growth in Raji xenograft models. The two molecules are complementary in terms of efficacy and specificity profile. The activity of A-319 demonstrated superior to that of A-2019, whereas A-2019 has an additional capability to target CD20 in cells missing CD19, suggesting its potential function against CD19 weak or negative CD20 positive leukemic cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens, CD19/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Immunotherapy , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , T-Lymphocytes
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 718-725, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939680

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the efficacy of chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) in the treatment of children with refractory/recurrent B acute lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL).@*METHODS@#Thirty-two patients with r/r B-ALL were treated by CAR-T, the recurrence and death respectively were the end point events to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CAR-T.@*RESULTS@#The median age of the patients was 7.5 (2-17.5) years old; 40 times CAR-T were received in all patients and the median number of CAR-T was 0.9×107/kg; efficacy evaluation showed that 2 cases died before the first evaluation. Thirty patients showed that 3, 6, and 9-moth RFS was (96.3±3.6)%, (81.4±8.6)% and (65.3±12.5)%, respectively, while 3, 6, and 9-month OS was all 100%, and 12, 24-month OS was (94.7±5.1)% and (76±12.8)%. BM blasts≥36% before reinfusion and ferritin peak≥2 500 ng/ml within two weeks of CAR-T cell reinfusion were associated with recurrence. Adverse reactions mainly included cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and CART-cell-related encephalopathy syndrome (CRES), CRS appeared in 26 patients within a week of CAR-T cell reinfusion. CRES reaction was detected in 12 patients. Eighteen patients received intravenous drip of tocilizumab, among them, 12 combined with glucocorticoid. CRS and CRES reactions were relieved within one week after treatment. Hormone dosage was related to the duration of remission in patients, and the cumulative dose of methylprednisolone≥8 mg/kg showed a poor prognosis.@*CONCLUSION@#CAR-T is a safe and effective treatment for r/r B-ALL, most CRS and CRES reactions are reversible. BM blasts ≥36% before reinfusion and cumulative dose of methylprednisolone ≥8 mg/kg after reinfusion both affect the therapeutic effect. Ferritin≥2 500 ng/ml within two weeks after reinfusion is related to disease recurrence and is an independent prognostic risk factor.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Antigens, CD19 , Chronic Disease , Ferritins , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Methylprednisolone , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/metabolism , Recurrence , T-Lymphocytes
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1203-1208, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888539

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between the levels of ferritin, C-reactive protein (CRP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in peripheral serum and cytokine release syndrome (CRS) in patients with relapse and/or refractory multiple myeloma (R/R MM) after receiving chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T) immunotherapy.@*METHODS@#Twenty-eight patients with R/R MM were treated with 1×10@*RESULTS@#Among the 28 patients, 27 cases (96.4%) developed CRS, 24 cases (85.7%) in 1-2 grade CRS and 3 cases (10.7%) in 3-5 grade. The severity grade of CRS of 27 patients was positively correlated with the peak values of ferritin, CRP, LDH, and IL-6 in peripheral blood (r@*CONCLUSION@#After receiving CAR-T cellular immunotherapy, the incidence of CRS in patients with R/R MM is higher, but most of them are in grade 1 or 2. The severity of CRS is positively correlated with the levels of ferritin, CRP, LDH and IL-6 in peripheral blood.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Antigens, CD19 , Cytokine Release Syndrome , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1141-1147, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888530

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the safety and efficacy of C-CAR011 in the treatment of relapsed or refractory B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (R/R B-NHL) patients.@*METHODS@#B-NHL patients treated with C-CAR011 infusion following lympho-depletion were enrolled. All the patients were followed up for 1 year after C-CAR011 treatment(5.0×10@*RESULTS@#The ratio of the male and female of 6 patients was 1∶1, and the patients were treated with C-CAR011 at a dose of 5.0×10@*CONCLUSION@#C-CAR011 is a safe treatment option for R/R B-NHL; some patients could achieve long-term sustained responses after C-CAR011 infusion(ClinicalTiral.gov number, NCT03483688).


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, CD19/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , B-Lymphocytes , Lymphoma, Follicular , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 648-652, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880128

ABSTRACT

B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) is a common malignant tumor in hematopoietic system. Although the remission rate of the patients with adult B-ALL is similar to those with childhood B-ALL, the rate of long-term disease-free survival (DFS) rate is significantly lower, once recurrence, the remission rate of routine chemotherapy is low and the prognosis is so poor. Based on the expression of tumor cell surface antigens(such as CD19, CD20 and CD22), the specific monoclonal antibodies, bispecific antibodies and chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T), and other targeted immunotherapy can greatly improve the efficacy of B-ALL patients, especially for patients with relapse and refractory. In this review, the progress of immunotherapy against B-ALL cell surface antigen is summarized briefly.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Humans , Antigens, CD19 , Antigens, Surface , B-Lymphocytes , Burkitt Lymphoma , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell
13.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 42(2): 150-158, Apr.-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134018

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Adoptive transfer of T cells expressing a CD19-specific chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) has shown impressive response rates for the treatment of CD19 + B-cell malignancies in numerous clinical trials. The CAR molecule, which recognizes cell-surface tumor-associated antigen independently of human leukocyte antigen (HLA), is composed by one or more signaling molecules to activate genetically modified T cells for killing, proliferation, and cytokine production. Objectives: In order to make this treatment available for a larger number of patients, we developed a simple and efficient platform to generate and expand CAR-T cells. Methods: Our approach is based on a lentiviral vector composed by a second-generation CAR that signals through a 41BB and CD3-ζ endodomain. Conclusions: In this work, we show a high-level production of the lentiviral vector, which was successfully used to generate CAR-T cells. The CAR-T cells produced were highly cytotoxic and specific against CD19+ cells in vitro and in vivo, being able to fully control disease progression in a xenograft B-cell lymphoma mouse model. Our work demonstrates the feasibility of producing CAR-T cells in an academic context and can serve as a paradigm for similar institutions. Nevertheless, the results presented may contribute favoring the translation of the research to the clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Antigens, CD19 , Cytotoxicity, Immunologic , Heterografts
14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 239-244, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012176

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and side effects of anti-CD19 CAR-T cell bridging to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) regimen for refractory B-lymphoblastic leukemia. Methods: 10 patients with refractory B-lymphoblastic leukemia with minimal residual disease (MRD) negative after anti-CD19 CAR-T cell treatment, then bridging to allo-HSCT from November 2017 to March 2019 in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed. Results: ①Among 10 patients, 5 were males and 5 females, with a median age of 23.6 (10-31) years. 9 patients were diagnosed refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia and the other one was chronic lymphoblastic leukemia. 10 patients reached MRD negative 30 days after anti-CD19 CAR-T cell. ②The donors were identical sibling (2 cases) and haploidentical family member (8 cases) . The median time from MRD negative after CAR-T treatment to transplantation were 32.5 (20-60) days. ③10 patients obtained complete haploidentical engraftment. The median time of neutrophil implantation was 15 (15-21) days, and 19 (17-30) days of platelet implantation. ④ After conditioning, no hepatic venoocclusive disease and hemorrhagic cystitis occurred. One patient had leakage syndrome and got improved after intervention such as limited water entry, albumin supplementation and diuresis. 8 (80%) patients had fever, 2 cases experienced acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) grade Ⅱ, 1 case with aGVHD grade Ⅲ. Among 9 survivals, localized chronic GVHD occurred in 8 patients. ⑤The median follow-up was 262 (150-540) days and the estimated 1-years overall survivaln (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) were (90.0±1.0) % and (85.7±1.3) %, respectively. Conclusion: Anti-CD19 CAR-T cell bridging to allo-HSCT regimen is a feasible choice with favorable outcome for refractory B-lymphoblastic leukemia.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Antigens, CD19 , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Retrospective Studies , T-Lymphocytes , Transplantation Conditioning
15.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 953-957, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828639

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect of recombinant human interferon α1b assisting acyclovir on immune function, inflammatory factors, and myocardial zymogram in children with infectious mononucleosis (IM).@*METHODS@#A total of 182 children with IM who were admitted to the hospital from January to December, 2018, were divided into an observation group with 91 children and a control group with 91 children using a random number table. The children in the control group were treated with intravenous drip of acyclovir, and those in the observation group were treated with inhalation of recombinant human interferon α1b in addition to the treatment in the control group. The two groups were compared in terms of clinical symptoms, immune function, inflammatory response, myocardial zymogram, and adverse reactions.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly shorter time to body temperature recovery and disappearance of isthmopyra, cervical lymph node enlargement, hepatomegaly, and splenomegaly (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#For children with IM, recombinant human interferon α1b assisting acyclovir can effectively improve immune function, inhibit inflammatory reaction, reduce myocardial injury, and thus alleviate clinical symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens, CD19 , Hepatomegaly , Infectious Mononucleosis , Prospective Studies , Splenomegaly
16.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(5): 637-646, May 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012952

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Aplastic anemia (AA) is an immune-mediated disease that destroys hematopoietic cells through activated T lymphocytes. B lymphocyte-mediated humoral immunity also plays an important role in the pathogenesis of AA. Regulatory B cell (Breg) subpopulation, which is defined as "B10", secretes interleukin 10 (IL-10). The objective of our experiment was to investigate whether the scale-down proportion of B10 cells in AA patients may play a key role in the pathogenesis. METHODS: A total of 38 AA patients (14 SAA patients and 24 NSAA patients) and 20 healthy control subjects were included. All subjects did not suffer from autoimmune diseases or any other diseases affecting the immune system, such as infectious diseases. Bone marrow mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated and analyzed by Flow cytometry (FCM) and Immunofluorescence double-labeling assay. The relationship between the relative proportions of B10 and ProB10 and their associations to AA, as well as disease severity, were assessed by common clinical indicators and then examined. RESULTS: Our analyses revealed AA patients had significantly lower proportions of peripheral B10 and B10pro compared to healthy controls. SAA patients had a substantially lower percentage of B10 cells and B10pro cells compared to NSAA patients. In addition, B10 cells and B10pro cells were negatively correlated with absolute neutrophil counts, hemoglobin levels and platelet, and absolute reticulocyte counts in AA patients. CONCLUSIONS: The present study attempted to elucidate the potential role of the scale-down proportion of B10 cells in the pathogenesis of AA.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: A anemia aplástica (AA) é uma doença imunomediada que destrói células hematopoiéticas por meio dos linfócitos T ativados. A imunidade humoral mediada por linfócitos B também desempenha um papel importante na patogênese da AA. A subpopulação de células B reguladoras (Breg), que é definida como "B10", secreta interleucina 10 (IL-10). No experimento, investigou-se se a proporção reduzida de células B10 nos pacientes de AA pode desempenhar um papel-chave na patogênese. MÉTODOS: Um total de 38 pacientes de AA (14 pacientes de anemia aplástica grave e 24 pacientes de anemia aplástica não grave) e 20 indivíduos de controle saudáveis foram incluídos. Todos os indivíduos não sofriam de doenças autoimunes ou de quaisquer outras doenças que afetam o sistema imunológico, tais como doenças contagiosas. As células mononucleares da medula óssea (PBMCs) eram isoladas e analisadas por citometria de fluxo (FCM) e ensaio de dupla marcação por imunofluorescência. A relação entre as proporções relativas de células B10 e as células ProB10 e as suas associações à AA, assim como a gravidade da doença avaliada por indicadores clínicos comuns, foram examinadas. RESULTADOS: Nossas análises revelaram que os pacientes de AA têm proporções significativamente menores de células B10 e células ProB10 periféricas em comparação com indivíduos de controle saudáveis. Os pacientes de anemia aplástica grave tiveram uma percentagem substancialmente menor de células B10 e células B10pro em comparação com pacientes de anemia aplástica não grave. Além disso, as células B10 e B10pro foram negativamente correlacionadas com contagens absolutas de neutrófilos, níveis de hemoglobina e plaquetas e contagem de reticulócitos absolutos nos pacientes de AA. CONCLUSÕES: Além disso, o estudo presente tentou elucidar o papel imunorregulatório potencial das células B10 na patogênese da AA e fornecer uma nova estratégia para a aplicação de imunoterapia baseada na célula B para tratar a AA no futuro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , B-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/pathology , Anemia, Aplastic/pathology , Reference Values , Severity of Illness Index , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Case-Control Studies , Cells, Cultured , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Interleukin-10/analysis , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Reticulocyte Count , Antigens, CD19/analysis , Antigens, CD19/metabolism , Flow Cytometry , Anemia, Aplastic/blood , Leukocyte Count , Middle Aged , Neutrophils
17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 759-763, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012059

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the changes of PD-1 expression, mRNA level and cytotoxic activity of CD19 CAR-T cells during the culture process of CAR-T cells. Methods: The peripheral blood T cells of 6 lymphoma patients with high expression of PD-1 and 6 healthy volunteers were the source of CAR-T cells. The expression of PD-1 was analyzed by flow cytometry. The mRNA level of PD-1 was analyzed by PCR. The cell proliferation was analyzed by CCK-8 assay. The cytotoxicity was analyzed by LDH assay. Results: ①The transfection efficiency of high PD-1 expression T cells and healthy volunteer T cells were as the same (P>0.05) . ②The cell proliferation capacity of CD19 CAR-T cells from high PD-1 expression T cells or healthy volunteer T cells, with or without PD-1 inhibitor were as the same (P>0.05) . ③The cytotoxicity to lymphoma cells of high PD-1 expression T cells and CAR-T cells were lower than that of these two T cells combined with PD-1 inhibitor and the CAR-T cells from healthy volunteer T cells (P<0.001) . There was no difference of the cytotoxicity between the CAR-T cells from high PD-1 expression T cells combined with PD-1 inhibitor and the CAR-T cells from healthy volunteer (P>0.05) . ④There was no difference of the expression of PD-1 in all CAR-T cell groups during the culture process (P>0.05) . There was no difference of mRNA level of PD-1 in all groups during the culture process (P>0.05) . ⑤The PD-1 expression of CAR-T cells increased by the time of culture after contacting with lymphoma cells (P<0.001) . The PD-1 inhibitors could antagonize this effect. There was no difference of mRNA level of PD-1 in all groups after contacting with lymphoma cells (P>0.05) . Conclusion: The PD-1 expression of CAR-T cells from high PD-1 expression T cells increased by the time of culture after contacting with lymphoma cells. However, the mRNA level of PD-1 of all groups did not change, even if PD-1 inhibitor was applied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens, CD19 , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , T-Lymphocytes
18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 276-280, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011975

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) lymphocytes for the treatment of B cell lymphoma. Methods: A total of 22 patients with B-cell lymphoma from February 1, 2017 to July 1, 2018 were reviewed to evaluate the efficacy and adverse reactions of CD19 CAR-T. Results: Of 22 patients with B-cell lymphoma received CD19 CAR-T cells, the median dose of CAR-T cells was 7.2 (2.0-12.0) ×106/kg. Nine of 12 cases of relapse refractory patients were overall response. Complete remission (CR) occurred in 2 of 12 patients, partial remission (PR) in 7 of 12 patients. The overall response in minor residual disease positive (MRD) group was 8 of 10 patients. CD19 CAR-T cells proliferated in vivo and were detectable in the blood of patients. The peak timepoints of CAR-T cells proliferated in the relapsed refractory and MRD positive groups were 12 (5-19) and 4.5 (1-12) days after treatment respectively, and among peripheral blood cells, CAR-T cells accounted for 10.10% (3.55%-24.74%) and 4.02% (2.23%-28.60%) of T lymphocytes respectively. The MRD positive patients achieved sustained remissions during a median follow-up of 8 months (rang 3-18 months) . None of all the patients relapsed during a median follow-up time of 10 months (3-18 months) . However, 7 PR responders of the relapsed refractory patients maintained a good condition for 1.5-6.0 months. One patient bridged to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, another one sustained remission for 12 months. Cytokine-release syndrome (CRS) occurred in 14 patients with grade 1-2 CRS in MRD positive group and grade 3 CRS in relapsed refractory group. Conclusions: CAR-T cell therapy not only played a role in the rescue treatment of relapsed and refractory patients, but also produced a surprising effect in the consolidation and maintenance of B-cell lymphoma. CD19 CAR-T cells might be more effective in the treatment of MRD positive B-cell lymphoma patients than in the refractory or relapsed cases. High response rate was observed with fewer adverse reactions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens, CD19 , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , T-Lymphocytes
19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 270-275, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011974

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of chimeric antigen receptors T cells (CAR-T) in childhood acute B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) to probe the prognosis-related factors. Methods: Forty-eight children, 29 boys and 19 girls, aged 3-17years old (median age was 8 years old) , with recurrent or refractory CD19 positive B-ALL, were treated by the CD19 specific CAR-T cells. A total of 48 cases received 61 infusions. Flow cytometry or real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction method were used to monitor micro residual disease (MRD) . The follow-up period was from 16 to 1 259 days with the median follow-up of 406 days. SPSS software was used to statistical analysis. Results: No adverse reaction was observed during 61 infusions. The most common adverse reaction after CAR-T cell infusions was cytokine-release syndrome (CRS) . Only 2 cases experienced level 3 CRS performance, including continuous high fever, convulsions, delirium, serous cavity effusion, and decreasing of blood pressure. Tocilizumab was given to release CRS performance. No treatment-related death occurred. Thirty-seven patients showed response during 7 to 28 days after infusions. The early response rate was 77.1%, with MRD before infusion less than 5% group higher than the MRD more than 5% group (87.1% vs 58.8%, χ2=4.968, P=0.036) . For the 37 patients who showed response to CAR-T cell infusions, univariate analysis identified that age, disease status at the time of treatment, MRD before infusion affected 2-year OS rate (P<0.05) . Multivariate prognostic analysis for EFS disclosed that the MRD before infusion more than 5% (RR=3.433, 95% CI 1.333-8.844, P=0.011) and not bridge to HSCT (RR=4.996, 95% CI 1.852-13.474, P=0.001) were the independent risk factors. Conclusion: The fourth generation CAR-T cells directed against CD19 could effectively and safely treat relapsed and refractory B-ALL, which implicated that CAR-T therapy as a novel therapeutic approach could be useful for patients with relapsed or refractory B-ALL who have failed all other treatment options. Reducing MRD as far as possible by effective pretreatment chemotherapy was in favor of increasing the response rate. Bridging HSCT after CAR-T cell treatment might be a better therapeutic strategy for the patient with refractory or molecular relapsed B-ALL.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Antigens, CD19 , Follow-Up Studies , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , T-Lymphocytes
20.
Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics ; (4): 190-200, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772941

ABSTRACT

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy has exhibited dramatic anti-tumor efficacy in clinical trials. In this study, we reported the transcriptome profiles of bone marrow cells in four B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) patients before and after CD19-specific CAR-T therapy. CD19-CAR-T therapy remarkably reduced the number of leukemia cells, and three patients achieved bone marrow remission (minimal residual disease negative). The efficacy of CD19-CAR-T therapy on B-ALL was positively correlated with the abundance of CAR and immune cell subpopulations, e.g., CD8 T cells and natural killer (NK) cells, in the bone marrow. Additionally, CD19-CAR-T therapy mainly influenced the expression of genes linked to cell cycle and immune response pathways, including the NK cell mediated cytotoxicity and NOD-like receptor signaling pathways. The regulatory network analyses revealed that microRNAs (e.g., miR-148a-3p and miR-375), acting as oncogenes or tumor suppressors, could regulate the crosstalk between the genes encoding transcription factors (TFs; e.g., JUN and FOS) and histones (e.g., HIST1H4A and HIST2H4A) involved in CD19-CAR-T therapy. Furthermore, many long non-coding RNAs showed a high degree of co-expression with TFs or histones (e.g., FOS and HIST1H4B) and were associated with immune processes. These transcriptome analyses provided important clues for further understanding the gene expression and related mechanisms underlying the efficacy of CAR-T immunotherapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, CD19 , Metabolism , Bone Marrow , Metabolism , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic , Gene Regulatory Networks , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Metabolism , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , RNA, Long Noncoding , Genetics , Metabolism , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Transcriptome , Genetics
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