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1.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 14(2): 67-82, jul.-dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1410692

ABSTRACT

Introducción:existe una sospecha sobre la relación bidireccional entre la apnea obstructiva del sueño (AOS) y la hipertensión arterial (HTA). Ambas ejercen una acción sinérgica sobre desenlaces cardiovasculares porlo quees trascendente ponderar la prevalencia de riesgo para AOS en los hipertensos. En este último grupo también hemos investigado la tasa de adherencia a los fármacos prescritos. Metodología:mediante un estudio de casos y controles y con la aplicación del cuestionario STOP-BANG se han discriminado las categorías de riesgo para apnea de sueño en las dos cohortes. Para el análisis de la adherencia a fármacos antihipertensivos se utilizó el cuestionario abreviado de Morisky. Resultados:se incluyeron a 590 individuos (295 casos y 295 controles. Se observó alto riesgo para AOS en el grupo de hipertensos (36,6%) comparado con el 14,2% del grupo control. Por otro lado, el sexo masculino OR 7,77 (IC95% 4,33-13,84), la obesidad OR 5,03 (IC95% 3,11-8,13) y la HTA OR 4,31 (IC95% 2,64-7,03) se ponderan significativos en un modelo de ajuste logístico aquí estudiado. El 61,69% de los hipertensos refería adherencia al tratamiento farmacológico prescrito. Discusión:el tamizaje de AOS es factible con un cuestionario aplicable en la práctica clínica diaria. De la probabilidad clínica pre-test hay que partir hacia métodos diagnósticos específicos para el diagnóstico de AOS, enfatizando casos de HTA resistente, HTA nocturna y HTA enmascarada. Se deberían realizar estudios locales que nos ayuden a comprender las causas de la falta de adherencia a fármacos antihipertensivos en una fracción importante de los individuos con HTA


Introduction:there is a suspicion about the bidirectional relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and arterial hypertension (AHT). Both have a synergistic action on cardiovascular outcomes, so it is important to assess the prevalence of risk for OSA in hypertensive patients. In this last group we have also investigated the rate of adherence to prescribed drugs.Metodology:through a case-control study and with the application of the STOP-BANG questionnaire, the risk categories for sleep apnea in the two cohorts have been discriminated. For the analysis of adherence to antihypertensive drugs, the abbreviated Morisky questionnaire was used. Results:590 individuals were included (295 cases and 295 controls. A high risk for OSA was observed in the hypertensive group (36.6%) compared to 14.2% in the control group. On the other hand, the male sex OR 7.77 (95%CI 4.33-13.84), obesity OR 5.03 (95%CI 3.11-8.13) and hypertensionOR4.31(95%CI 2.64-7.03) they areweighted significant in a logistic adjustment model studied here.61.69% of hypertensive patients reported adherence to the prescribed pharmacological treatment.Discussion:OSA screening is feasible with a questionnaire applicable in daily clinical practice. From the pre-test clinical probability, specific diagnostic methods for the diagnosis of OSA must be started, emphasizing cases of resistant AHT, nocturnal AHT, andmasked AHT. Local studies should be carried out to help us understand the causes of non-adherence to antihypertensive drugs in a significant fraction of individuals with AHT


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Risk Assessment , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/epidemiology , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Obesity , Paraguay/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Waist-Hip Ratio , Hypertension , Antihypertensive Agents
2.
Acta odontol. Colomb. (En linea) ; 12(2): 52-60, Jul-Dec. 2022. tab, tab, graf, tab, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397170

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: caracterizar las manifestaciones bucales en pacientes con medicación anti- hipertensiva que acuden al servicio estomatológico sur del municipio Morón, Ciego de Ávila, Cuba. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal, en el período enero 2019 a enero 2020. Se trabajó con la totalidad del universo, constituido por 162 pacientes. La información se recopiló de las historias clínicas estomatológicas individuales y de una ficha de recolección de datos creada por los autores de la investigación. Se estudiaron las variables grupo de edad, sexo, grupo de medicamentos antihipertensivos, dosis del medicamento, signos y síntomas clínicos, así como enfermedades bucales. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva (frecuencias absolutas y relativas porcentuales). Resultados: el 42,6 % representó el grupo de edad 35 a 59 años y el 53,7% al sexo femenino. Se observó que 88 pacientes (54,3 %) se encontraban medicados con inhibidores de la enzima convertidora de angiotensina; de ellos, 38 en su dosis mínima. La xerostomía estuvo presente en el 59,9 % de los casos. El 63,6 % presentó caries dental como enfermedad estomatológica. Conclusiones: existió predominio de la xerostomía y la caries dental en la mayoría de los pacientes.


Objective: To characterize the oral manifestations in patients with antihypertensive medication who attend the southern dental service of the Moron municipality, Ciego de Avila, Cuba. Method: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out in the period from January 2019 to January 2020. We worked with the entire universe which was made up of 162 patients. The information was collected from individual dental medical records and from a data collection form created by the authors of the research. The variables age group, sex, antihypertensive drug group, dose of antihypertensive drug, clinical signs and symptoms, and oral diseases were studied. Descriptive statistics were used (absolute and relative percentage frequencies). Results: 42,6 % represented the age group 35 to 59 years and 53,7 % the female sex. It was observed that 88 (54,3 %) patients were medicated with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, 38 of them at their minimum dose. Xerostomia was present in 59,9% of the cases. 63,6 % presented dental caries as a dental disease. Conclusions: There was a predominance of xerostomia and dental caries in most of the patients.


Subject(s)
Oral Manifestations , Antihypertensive Agents , Hypertension
4.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 37(1): 53-60, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397628

ABSTRACT

Hypertension in black patients is usually more frequent and associated with higher morbidity and mortality. Due to demographic changes in the Chilean population, dealing with this group of patients has become more frequent. The case of a young Haitian patient with severe hypertension and target organ damage is presented.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/drug therapy , Blood Pressure Determination , Prevalence , Blacks , Hypertension/complications , Hypertension/physiopathology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Antihypertensive Agents
5.
Rev. bras. hipertens ; 29(1): 14-18, 10 març. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1367456

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Clinical case of a female patient referred to our Institution at the age of seven years old with Systemic Arterial Hypertension. The patient had been severely obese since she was 4 years old and high blood pressure levels were detected in several medical consultations a few months ago. She has a history of prematurity, a sedentary lifestyle, and an inadequate diet, in addition to a family history of obesity and high blood pressure. We discussed the investigation of the etiology, the presence of target organ lesions, and the treatment of arterial blood pressure in youth. In the follow-up, there was adequate control of blood pressure after initiation of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, with great difficulty in weight reduction. Even under nutritional guidelines and reinforcement regarding lifestyle changes, the patient had a weight gain of 25 kilos. We report this case in view of the significant increase in the prevalence of Systemic Arterial Hypertension in children and adolescents. There are multifactorial aspects to the development of this scenario, largely associated with an inadequate lifestyle. The difficulties related to its management and the presence of comorbidities, especially obesity, highlight the need for a multidisciplinary approach so that the evolution of the patient's condition becomes as desired.


RESUMO Caso clínico de uma paciente do sexo feminino, encaminhada a nossa Instituição aos sete anos de idade por provável Hipertensão Arterial Sistêmica. A paciente apresentava obesidade grave desde os quatro anos e há alguns meses foram detectadas medidas de pressão arterial elevadas em várias consultas médicas. Tem antecedentes de prematuridade, sedentarismo e dieta inadequada, além de história familiar também de obesidade e hipertensão arterial. Discutimos as condutas quanto a investigação da etiologia, da presença de lesões de órgãos alvo e do tratamento. Na evolução, houve controle adequado da pressão arterial após início de inibidores da enzima de conversão da angiotensina, mas grande dificuldade na redução do peso. Ao longo do seguimento, mesmo sob orientações nutricionais e reforço quanto a modificações do estilo de vida, a paciente apresentou ganho ponderal de 25 quilos. Relatamos este caso atendendo a necessidade de discussão do tema frente ao aumento significativo da prevalência de HAS em crianças e adolescente. Existem aspectos multifatoriais para o desenvolvimento da hipertensão arterial na infância, em grande parte associada a um estilo de vida inadequado. As dificuldades relacionadas ao seu manejo a presença de comorbidades, em especial da obesidade, ressaltam a necessidade de uma abordagem multiprofissional para que a evolução do quadro da paciente venha a ser o desejado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Sedentary Behavior , Pediatric Obesity , Hypertension/drug therapy , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(3): 614-622, mar. 2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364355

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Aparentemente, a pior resposta a algumas classes de anti-hipertensivos, especialmente inibidores da enzima conversora da angiotensina e bloqueadores de receptor de angiotensina, pela população negra, explicaria, pelo menos parcialmente, o pior controle da hipertensão entre esses indivíduos. Entretanto, a maioria das evidências vêm de estudos norte-americanos. Objetivos Este estudo tem o objetivo de investigar a associação entre raça/cor da pele autorrelatadas e controle de PA em participantes do Estudo Longitudinal de Saúde do Adulto (ELSA-Brasil) utilizando várias classes de anti-hipertensivos em monoterapia. Métodos O estudo envolveu uma análise transversal, realizada com participantes da linha de base do ELSA-Brasil. O controle de pressão arterial foi a variável de resposta, participantes com valores de PA ≥140/90 mmHg foram considerados descontrolados em relação aos níveis de pressão arterial. A raça/cor da pele foi autorrelatada (branco, pardo, negro). Todos os participantes tiveram que responder perguntas sobre uso contínuo de medicamentos. A associação entre o controle de PA e raça/cor da pele foi estimada por regressão logística. O nível de significância adotado nesse estudo foi de 5%. Resultados Do total de 1.795 usuários de anti-hipertensivos em monoterapia na linha de base, 55,5% se declararam brancos, 27,9%, pardos e 16,7%, negros. Mesmo depois de padronizar em relação a variáveis de confusão, negros em uso de inibidores da enzima conversora de angiotensina (IECA), bloqueadores de receptor de angiotensina (BRA), diuréticos tiazídicos (DIU tiazídicos) e betabloqueadores (BB) in monoterapia tinham controle de pressão arterial pior em comparação a brancos. Conclusões Os resultados deste estudo sugerem que, nesta amostra de brasileiros adultos utilizando anti-hipertensivos em monoterapia, as diferenças de controle de pressão arterial entre os vários grupos raciais não são explicadas pela possível eficácia mais baixa dos IECA e BRA em indivíduos negros.


Abstract Background It seems that the worst response to some classes of antihypertensive drugs, especially angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers, on the part of the Black population, would at least partially explain the worse control of hypertension among these individuals. However, most of the evidence comes from American studies. Objectives This study aims to investigate the association between self-reported race/skin color and BP control in participants of the Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil), using different classes of antihypertensive drugs in monotherapy. Methods The study involved a cross-sectional analysis, carried out with participants from the baseline of ELSA-Brasil. Blood pressure control was the response variable, participants with BP values ≥140/90 mmHg were considered out of control in relation to blood pressure levels. Race/skin color was self-reported (White, Brown, Black). All participants were asked about the continuous use of medication. Association between BP control and race/skin color was estimated through logistic regression. The level of significance adopted in this study was of 5%. Results Of the total of 1,795 users of antihypertensive drugs in monotherapy at baseline, 55.5% declared themselves White, 27.9% Brown, and 16.7% Black. Even after adjusting for confounding variables, Blacks using angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI), angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB), thiazide diuretics (thiazide DIU), and beta-blockers (BB) in monotherapy had worse blood pressure control compared to Whites. Conclusions Our results suggest that in this sample of Brazilian adults using antihypertensive drugs in monotherapy, the differences in blood pressure control between different racial groups are not explained by the possible lower effectiveness of ACEIs and ARBs in Black individuals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Hypertension/drug therapy , Hypertension/epidemiology , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Antihypertensive Agents/pharmacology , United States , Blood Pressure , Brazil , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Calcium Channel Blockers/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Race Factors
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928192

ABSTRACT

This study aims to systematically evaluate the effect of oral Chinese patent medicines on hypertension with network Meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trials on the treatment of hypertension with oral Chinese patent medicine combined with conventional western medicine were retrieved from China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI), Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, and Cochrane Library(from establishment of the database to August 2021). Two researchers independently screened the articles, extracted the data, and evaluated article quality. Then R 4.1.0 was employed for data analysis. Finally, 195 eligible articles were screened out, involving 22 546 patients and 18 oral Chinese patent medicines. The results of the network Meta-analysis are as follows. In terms of reducing systolic blood pressure(SBP) and diastolic blood pressure(DBP), Xuesaitong, Qiangli Dingxuan Tablets, Songling Xuemaikang Capsules combined with conventional western medicine are superior. In improving blood lipids, the overall effects of Xinmaitong Capsules, Compound Xueshuantong Capsules, Ginkgo Folium preparations, Yindan Xinnaotong Soft Capsules, and Naoxintong Capsules combined with conventional western medicine are outstanding. In terms of regulating endothelial function, Yindan Xinnaotong Soft Capsules, Xinmaitong Capsules, Zhenju Jiangya Tablets, Compound Danshen Dripping Pills, Xuesaitong with conventional western medicine have certain advantages. As for the safety, the incidence of adverse reactions of conventional western medicine combined with oral Chinese patent medicines is lower than that of conventional western medicine alone. In summary, compared with conventional western medicine alone, the 18 oral Chinese patent medicines combined with conventional western medicine in the treatment of hypertension show advantages in improving blood pressure, blood lipids, and endothelial function. Among them, Xuesaitong, Qiangli Dingxuan Tablets, and Songling Xuemaikang Capsules may be the best oral Chinese patent medicines for lowering blood pressure. The conclusion needs to be further verified by more high-quality studies.


Subject(s)
Antihypertensive Agents , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans , Hypertension/drug therapy , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs
8.
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 31(3): 21-29, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1412083

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad cardiovascular aterosclerótica es la primera causa de muerte en todo el mundo, y la principal causa de años de vida perdidos por discapacidad (AVADs) en los adultos. Sus factores de riesgo son muy prevalentes en la población, y su ocurrencia se ha asociado con disfunción sexual tanto en hombres como en mujeres, debido a que comparten un mecanismo fisiopatológico similar en el caso de la disfunción eréctil en los hombres y potencialmente en la disfunción sexual femenina. Además, los trastornos mentales asociados (principalmente ansiedad y depresión) y los efectos adversos de los medicamentos antihipertensivos y antidepresivos también contribuyen a las disfunciones sexuales. Por otro lado, los inhibidores de la fosfodiesterasa 5 (iFDE5s) han demostrado seguridad y beneficios cardiovasculares en los hombres, y en las mujeres hay evidencia creciente de su utilidad en las disfunciones sexuales. En esta revisión, se presentan las implicaciones de la enfermedad cardiovascular aterosclerótica y su tratamiento en la vida sexual de hombres y mujeres, los efectos cardiovasculares de los tratamientos de las disfunciones sexuales, y la consejería a los pacientes.


Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide and the leading cause of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). Its risk factors are very prevalent in the population, and its occurrence has been associated with sexual dysfunction in both men and women, because they share a similar pathophysiological mechanism in the case of erectile dysfunction in men and potentially in female sexual dysfunction. Furthermore, associated mental disorders (mainly anxiety and depression) and the adverse effects of antihypertensive drugs and antidepressants also contribute to sexual dysfunction. On the other hand, phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors (PDE5is) have shown safety and cardiovascular benefits in men, and in women there is growing evidence of their usefulness in female sexual dysfunctions. The present review describes the implications of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and its treatment on the sexual lives of men and women, the cardiovascular effects of the treatments for sexual dysfunctions, and patient counseling.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sexuality , Atherosclerosis , Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors , Anxiety , Therapeutics , Cardiovascular Diseases , Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases , Depression , Disability-Adjusted Life Years , Erectile Dysfunction , Mental Disorders , Antidepressive Agents , Antihypertensive Agents
11.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 37(4)dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408302

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La diabetes mellitus es una enfermedad crónica con alta prevalencia, que afecta la calidad de vida de la población que la padece, por cuanto identificar el riesgo de desarrollarla permite implementar estrategias para retrasar su aparición y prevenir complicaciones. Objetivo: Identificar el nivel de riesgo de desarrollar diabetes mellitus tipo 2 en una población del Caribe colombiano. Métodos: Estudio cuantitativo, de corte transversal. Participaron 248 individuos del área urbana de un corregimiento de Santa Marta, Colombia, en el primer semestre de 2018, mediante un muestreo estratificado por sectores. Se utilizó el test Finnish Diabetes Risk Score para la recolección de información, así como la medición del perímetro abdominal, el peso, la talla y la tensión arterial. Para el análisis de las variables numéricas se aplicó T de Student para variables independientes y para las variables categóricas se aplicó chi cuadrado. Resultados: Del total de participantes, 36,29 por ciento presentó un riesgo ligeramente elevado y 8,87 por ciento riesgo moderado alto. El grupo poblacional con mayor riesgo fue el de 58 a 65 años (34,78 por ciento). Se encontró significancia estadística entre el riesgo de presentar diabetes en los próximos 10 años y las variables sobrepeso y obesidad, circunferencia abdominal aumentada, antecedentes personales de hiperglucemia, consumo de medicamentos antihipertensivos y antecedentes personales de diabetes mellitus tipo 2 en padres, hermanos e hijos. Conclusiones: El riesgo de desarrollar diabetes mellitus tipo 2 en la población estudiada fue ligeramente elevado en un alto porcentaje de la población(AU)


Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease with high prevalence, which affects the quality of life of the population that suffers from it, since identifying the risk of developing it allows the implementation of strategies to delay its onset and prevent complications. Objective: To identify the level of risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus in a Colombian Caribbean population. Methods: This is a quantitative, cross-sectional study. two hundred forty eight individuals from the urban area of a village in Santa Marta, Colombia, participated in the first semester of 2018, through a sampling stratified by sectors. The Finnish Diabetes Risk Score test was used to collect information, as well as to measure abdominal circumference, weight, height, and blood pressure. For the analysis of the numerical variables, Student's t-test was applied for independent variables and chi-square was applied for the categorical variables. Results: Of the total of participants, 36.29 percent had slightly high risk and 8.87 percent moderate high risk. The population group with the highest risk was 58 to 65 years (34.78 percent). Statistical significance was found between the risk of developing diabetes in the subsequent 10 years and the variables overweight and obesity, increased abdominal circumference, personal history of hyperglycemia, consumption of antihypertensive drugs, and personal history of type 2 diabetes mellitus in parents, siblings, and children. Conclusions: The risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus in the studied population was slightly elevated in a high percentage of the population(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Health Strategies , Early Diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Cross-Sectional Studies , Antihypertensive Agents
13.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353129

ABSTRACT

The restriction of sodium intake, one of the pillars of antihypertensive treatment, has been associated with the increase in cholesterol levels. Given this, we hypothesize that a sodium intake restriction may increase cholesterol levels in hypertensive women. The present study aimed to evaluate the influence of sodium intake, sociodemo-graphic, lifestyle and anthropometric variables on the blood cholesterol levels of hypertensive women. This was a cross-sectional study with hypertensive and nondiabetic women aged 20 to 59 years, recruited from the primary healthcare units of Maceio, Alagoas, in the Brazilian Northeast. Sodium intake was estimated by the 24-hour urinary excretion of sodium; and blood cholesterol was estimated by capillary blood. Age (years), education level (<4 or ≥4 years), race (white or nonwhite), smoking and alcohol consumption were evaluated. The weight, height and waist circumference were measured and body mass index, conicity index and waist-to-height ratio were quantified. The percentage of body fat was measured using a tetrapolar bioelectrical impedance device. The relationship between blood cholesterol and other variables was assessed by multiple regression analysis. A significance level of 5% was used in the final model. This study included 165 hypertensive women. In linear regression, blood cholesterol was directly proportional to age (p<0.001), education level (p=0.01) and race (p=0.04). These variables, as well as sodium intake (p = 0.07) and conicity index (p = 0.12), were included in the multiple regression analysis. Sodium intake (p=0.03) and age (p=0.001) were related, in an inverse and a direct way, respectively, to the blood choles-terol in the hypertensive women studied. (AU)


ção da ingestão de sódio, um dos pilares do tratamento anti-hipertensivo, tem sido associada ao aumen-to dos níveis de colesterol. Diante disso, levantou-se a hipótese de que a ingestão de sódio influencia os níveis de colesterol de mulheres hipertensas, independentemente de outros fatores associados. Trata-se de um estudo transversal realizado com mulheres hipertensas e não diabéticas, na faixa etária entre 20 e 59 anos, recrutadas em unidades básicas de saúde de Maceió, Alagoas, situada no Nordeste do Brasil. A ingestão de sódio foi estimada pela excreção urinária de sódio de 24 horas; e o colesterol sérico foi mensurado por coleta de sangue capilar. Foram ava-liados idade (anos), escolaridade (<4 ou ≥4 anos), raça (branca ou não branca), tabagismo e consumo de álcool. O peso, a estatura e a circunferência da cintura foram aferidos e o índice de massa corporal, índice de conicidade e razão cintura/estatura foram calculados. A porcentagem de gordura corporal foi medida usando um dispositivo de impedância bioelétrica tetrapolar. A relação entre o colesterol sérico e as outras variáveis em estudo foi avalia-da por meio de análise de regressão múltipla, adotando-se um nível de significância de 5% no modelo final. Este estudo incluiu 165 mulheres hipertensas. Na análise de regressão linear, o colesterol sérico foi relacionado à idade (p<0,001), escolaridade (p=0,01) e raça (p=0,04). Essas variáveis, assim como o consumo de sódio (p=0,07) e o índice de conicidade (p=0,12), foram incluídas na análise de regressão múltipla. As variáveis que permaneceram no modelo final foram ingestão de sódio (p=0,03) e idade (p=0,001). A ingestão de sódio e a idade foram as variáveis que influenciaram o colesterol sérico de mulheres hipertensas. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Tobacco Use Disorder , Body Height , Alcohol Drinking , Capillaries , Anthropometry , Cholesterol , Hypertension , Life Style , Antihypertensive Agents , Obesity
14.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 37(3)sept. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408279

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La competencia del cuidado en los individuos se basa en sus creencias, como resultado de la interacción con diversos elementos y estímulos que los rodea, los cuales el humano experimenta como costumbres y prácticas habituales de salud en su familia y comunidad. Objetivo: Identificar las variables predictoras de diabetes tipo 2 asociadas a conductas de autocuidado. Métodos: Estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo, de corte transversal, en Santa Elena, Ecuador, entre marzo y octubre del 2019. Universo de 171 pobladores y muestra de 166 individuos entre 18 a 64 años, con riesgos de diabetes tipo 2. Se evaluaron datos sociodemográficos y conductas de autocuidado a través del test de Findrisk. Se aplicó estadística descriptiva, Anova para: edad, índice de masa corporal, perímetro abdominal, actividad física, consumo de frutas y verduras, uso de antihipertensivos, niveles previos de glucosa, según nivel de riesgo con una p ≤ 0,01. Resultados: Asociación estadísticamente significativa al 5,00 por ciento entre el nivel de riesgo Findrisk y grupo etario (p < 0,01), nivel educativo (p = 0,03), índice de masa corporal (p < 0,01), presión arterial (p < 0,01), glucosa sérica elevada (p < 0,01), antecedentes de diabetes tipo 2 (p < 0,01) y 10,00 por ciento con las variables actividad física (p = 0,081). Conclusiones: Las variables predictoras para la diabetes mellitus tipo 2 están asociadas a la capacidad de autocuidado del individuo descrito por Dorothea Orem, las personas con riesgo bajo tienden a disminuir con la edad, mientras que las frecuencias de riesgo ligeramente elevado se mantienen relativamente estables, se muestran relativamente estables, con ligera disminución en el grupo ≥ 64 años de edad(AU)


Introduction: Care competence in individuals is based on their beliefs, as a result of interaction with diverse elements and stimuli that surround them, which are experienced by humans as customs and habitual health practices in their families and the community. Objective: To identify the predictive variables of type 2 diabetes associated with self-care behaviors. Methods: Quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional study carried out, between March and October 2019, in Santa Elena, Ecuador. The universe was 171 inhabitants and the sample was 166 individuals, with risks for type 2 diabetes, aged from 18 to 64 years old. Sociodemographic data and self-care behaviors were assessed through FINDRISK test. Descriptive statistics (Anova) was applied for age, body mass index, abdominal perimeter, physical activity, consumption of fruits and vegetables, use of antihypertensive drugs, previous glucose levels, according to risk level with a P ≤ 0.01. Results: A statistically significant association at 5.00 percent was found between the FINDRISK risk level and age group (P < 0.01), educational level (P = 0.03), body mass index (P < 0.01), blood pressure (P < 0.01), elevated serum glucose (P < 0.01), ante cents of type 2 diabetes (P < 0.01), and at 10.00 percent with the variable of physical activity (P = 0.081). Conclusions: The predictive variables for type 2 diabetes mellitus are associated with the self-care capacity of the individual as described by Dorothea Orem. People with low risk tend to decrease with age, while slightly high risk frequencies remain relatively stable. Risks are relatively stable, with a slight decrease, in the group over 64 years of age(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Self Care , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/etiology , Nursing Care/methods , Body Mass Index , Risk , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Antihypertensive Agents
15.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(3): 484-491, Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339173

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A hipertensão é um importante e persistente problema de saúde pública, sendo uma das principais causas de doenças cardiovasculares e mortalidade geral. Objetivos Este estudo buscou verificar a prevalência e os fatores associados à hipertensão arterial sistêmica em trabalhadores da indústria do estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Métodos Trata-se de um estudo transversal com dados secundários de 20.792 industriários de 18 a 59 anos de idade. A presença de hipertensão arterial foi determinada a partir da pressão arterial sistólica ≥140mmHg e/ou pressão arterial diastólica ≥90mmHg, ou estar fazendo uso de medicação anti-hipertensiva. Os fatores investigados incluíram características demográficas, socioeconômicas, comportamentais, de estado nutricional e de história familiar. Regressão de Poisson foi utilizada na análise multivariável, adotando-se um p<0,05 como nível de significância. Todas as análises foram estratificadas por sexo. Resultados A amostra incluiu 12.349 homens e 8.443 mulheres com média de idade geral de 32,8 anos (Desvio-padrão=9,8 anos). A prevalência de hipertensão foi de 10,3% (IC95%:9,8-10,7), sendo esta significativamente maior entre os homens do que entre as mulheres (10,9% vs 9,4%;p=0,001). A hipertensão mostrou-se associada à elevação da faixa etária, baixa escolaridade, viver com companheiro, ter sobrepeso ou obesidade, e ter pelo menos um parente com história de hipertensão para ambos os sexos. As mulheres com melhores condições socioeconômicas apresentaram menores prevalências de hipertensão. Conclusões Os principais fatores associados à hipertensão arterial compreenderam características sociodemográficas, nutricionais e de história familiar. Ademais, as condições socioeconômicas demonstraram uma associação com a ocorrência de hipertensão, principalmente entre as mulheres.


Abstract Background Hypertension is a serious and persistent public health problem and is one of the main causes of cardiovascular diseases and general mortality. Objectives This study aimed to verify the prevalence and factors associated with systemic arterial hypertension in workers from the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Methods This is a cross-sectional study using the secondary data from 20,792 industry workers from 18 to 59 years of age. The presence of arterial hypertension was determined from systolic blood pressure ≥ 140mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90mmHg or taking antihypertensive medication. Factors investigated included demographic, socioeconomic, behavioral, nutritional status, and family history characteristics. Poisson regression was used in multivariate analysis, adopting a significance level of p<0.05. All analyses were stratified by sex. Results The sample included 12,349 men and 8,443 women with a mean age of 32.8 years (Standard Deviation = 9.8). The prevalence of arterial hypertension was 10.3% (95% CI: 9.8-10.7), which was significantly higher in men than in women (10.9% vs 9.4%; p = 0.001). Arterial hypertension was associated with increased age, a low level of education, living with a partner, being overweight or obese, and having at least one relative with a history of hypertension for both sexes. Women with better socioeconomic conditions presented a lower prevalence of hypertension. Conclusions The main factors associated with hypertension included sociodemographic, nutritional, and family history characteristics. In addition, socioeconomic conditions showed an association with the occurrence of hypertension, especially among women.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Hypertension/drug therapy , Hypertension/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Overweight , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use
16.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(3): 520-527, Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339187

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: Hipertensos tratados avaliados apenas com a medida casual da pressão arterial (PA) podem estar sujeitos a decisões equivocadas. Objetivos: Avaliar o comportamento da PA pela medida casual e residencial (MRPA), o comportamento das classes de anti-hipertensivos e as prevalências de hipertensão do avental branco (HABNC) e mascarada não-controladas (HMNC). Métodos: Estudo transversal que avaliou pacientes pela plataforma TeleMRPA entre 2017 e 2019. Foram excluídos aqueles sem medicamentos, com 3 ou mais, em uso de espironolactona e alfa-2 agonistas. As variáveis analisadas foram: idade, sexo, índice de massa corporal (IMC), número de medidas válidas da PA, médias da PA sistólica (PAS) e diastólica (PAD) pela medida casual e MRPA, e as classes de anti-hipertensivos. Utilizados os testes t pareado e não pareado e qui-quadrado. Adotado nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Selecionados 22.446 pacientes, dos quais 6.731 preencheram os critérios, sendo 61,3% do sexo feminino, com idade média de 57,8 (±12,6) anos e IMC médio de 29,0 (±5,1) kg/m2. Os valores médios de PAS e PAD foram 6,6 mmHg (p<0,001) e 4,4 mmHg (p<0,001) maiores na medida casual que na MRPA. As taxas de controle da PA foram de 57,0% pela medida casual e 61,3% pela MRPA (p<0,001), com prevalência de HABNC e HMNC de 15,4% e 11,1%, respectivamente. O bloqueio do sistema renina-angiotensina-aldosterona ocorreu em 74,6% das vezes e 54,8% estavam em monoterapia. Conclusões: O uso da MRPA deve ser considerado no acompanhamento de hipertensos tratados em virtude das elevadas prevalências de HABNC e HMNC. Os anti-hipertensivos tiveram comportamentos distintos nas medidas domiciliares. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Abstract Background: Hypertensive patients undergoing treatment and assessed only by casual blood pressure (BP) measurement may be subject to mistaken decisions. Objective: To assess BP behavior by measuring its levels at the office (casual) and at home (HBPM), the behavior of different classes of antihypertensive drugs, and the prevalence of uncontrolled white-coat hypertension (UCWCH) and uncontrolled masked hypertension (UCMH). Methods: Cross-sectional study assessing patients who underwent BP monitoring in the TeleMRPA platform between 2017 and 2019. The exclusion criteria were: use of no antihypertensive drug; combined use of 3 or more antihypertensive drugs; and use of spironolactone and alpha-2 agonist. The variables analyzed were: age, sex, body mass index (BMI), number of valid BP measurements, means of systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP, respectively) obtained from HBPM and casual measurement, and the classes of antihypertensive drugs. Paired and unpaired t tests, as well as chi-square test, were used. The 5% significance level was adopted. Results: This study selected 22 446 patients, 6731 of whom met the inclusion criteria [61.3%, female sex; mean age, 57.8 (±12.6) years; mean BMI, 29.0 (±5.1) kg/m2]. Mean SBP and DBP were 6.6 mm Hg (p<0.001) and 4.4 mm Hg (p<0.001) higher in casual measurement than in HBPM. The rates of BP control were 57.0% in casual measurement and 61.3% in HBPM (p<0.001), and the prevalence of UCWCH and UCMH was 15.4% and 11.1%, respectively. Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade was observed in 74.6% of the patients, and 54.8% were on single-drug therapy. Conclusions: HBPM should be considered for the follow-up of treated hypertensive patients because of the high prevalence of UCWCH and UCMH. Antihypertensive drugs behaved differently in HBPM. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , White Coat Hypertension/diagnosis , White Coat Hypertension/drug therapy , White Coat Hypertension/epidemiology , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/drug therapy , Hypertension/epidemiology , Blood Pressure , Cross-Sectional Studies , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Middle Aged , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use
17.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(4): 231-240, ago. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343014

ABSTRACT

A avaliação da força de preensão palmar é considerada um indicador simples, de baixo custo e que pode ser utilizada como um marcador de saúde geral de pessoas atendidas pela atenção básica. O presente estudo tem como objetivo analisar a associação entre os índices de obesidade e hipertensão arterial sistêmica com a força de preensão palmar relativa em mulheres adultas. Foi realizado um estudo transversal com 258 mulheres, com idade entre 18 e 59 anos, usuárias do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Foram avaliadas a pressão arterial de repouso, força de preensão palmar, medidas antropométricas e obtidas informações sociodemográficas. A força de preensão palmar relativa pelo peso corporal (kgf/kg) foi categorizada como baixa (tercil inferior) e normal (tercil intermediário e superior). Análise de regressão logística múltipla usando a classificação de baixa força muscular como variável dependente, foi utilizada para verificar a relação com as variáveis de obesidade e hipertensão arterial. A prevalência de obesidade (IMC ≥ 30 kg/m2 ), obesidade abdominal (circunferência de cintura ≥ 88 cm), níveis pressóricos alto em repouso (≥ 130/80 mmHg) e uso de medicamento anti-hipertensivo foi de 58,9%, 58,5%, 42,2% e 32,6%, respectivamente. Foi observado associação positiva entre obesidade (OR: 9,36 [IC 95%: 3,07 - 28,51]) e obesidade abdominal (OR: 21,75 [IC 95%: 4,90 - 96,43]) com baixa força muscular relativa, após ajustes de idade e fatores sociodemográficos. Mulheres que apresentavam níveis pressóricos alto em repouso tiveram 2,02 (IC 95% 1,03; 3,96) vezes mais chances de ter baixa força muscular relativa, independentemente da idade, fatores sociodemográficos e obesidade. Em adição, mulheres que utilizavam anti-hipertensivos apresentaram 2,77 (IC 95%: 1,42; 5,41) vezes mais chances de ter baixa força muscular relativa. Em conclusão, mulheres adultas que possuem maiores índices de obesidade, pressão arterial em repouso e que usam anti-hipertensivo tendem apresentar baixa força de preensão palmar relativa.(AU)


The assessment of handgrip strength is considered a simple, low-cost indicator that can be used as a general health marker for people assisted by primary care. The current study aims to analyze the association between obesity index and systemic arterial hypertension with the relative handgrip strength in adult women. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 258 women aged between 18 and 59 years, users of the Unified Health System (SUS). Resting blood pressure, handgrip strength, anthropometric measurements, and sociodemographic information were assessed. The relative handgrip strength by body weight (kgf/kg) was categorized as low (lower tertile) and standard (intermediate and upper tertile). Multiple logistic regression analysis using the classification of low muscle strength as a dependent variable was used to verify the relationship between obesity and hypertension. The prevalence of obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 ), abdominal obesity (waist circumference ≥ 88 cm), high blood pressure levels at rest (≥ 130/80 mmHg), and use of antihypertensive medication was 58.9%, 58.5%, 42.2%, and 32.6%, respectively. A positive association was observed between obesity (OR: 9.36 [95% CI: 3.07 - 28.51]) and abdominal obesity (OR: 21.75 [95% CI: 4.90 - 96.43]) with low relative muscle strength, after age adjustments and sociodemographic factors. Women who had high blood pressure levels at rest were 2.02 (95% CI 1.03; 3.96) times more likely to have low relative muscle strength, regardless of age, sociodemographic factors, and obesity. Besides, women who used antihypertensive drugs were 2.77 (95% CI: 1.42; 5.41) times more likely to have low relative muscle strength. In conclusion, adult women who have higher obesity rates, resting blood pressure, and who use antihypertensive drugs tend to have low relative handgrip strength.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Primary Health Care , Women , Unified Health System , Hypertension , Obesity , Body Weight , Anthropometry , Muscle Strength , Obesity, Abdominal , Arterial Pressure , Antihypertensive Agents
18.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 24(276): 5622-5631, maio.2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1224638

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Conhecer as percepções de usuários hipertensos diante do tratamento anti-hipertensivo, relacionando-as com os conceitos do sistema interpessoal da Teoria do Alcance de Metas de Imogene King. Método: Estudo descritivo e exploratório, com abordagem qualitativa, realizado com 10 usuários hipertensos. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas para a coleta dos dados e utilizou-se a Análise de Conteúdo Temática proposta por Minayo para análise do material. Resultados: Foi possível identificar dois eixos temáticos: Viver com Hipertensão Arterial Sistêmica; Dificuldades diante da adesão ao tratamento anti-hipertensivo. Conclusão: A necessidade de uso contínuo da medicação, mudanças no cotidiano dos indivíduos e o desconhecimento em relação à patologia, são fatores que podem influenciar a adesão ao tratamento anti-hipertensivo. Ressalta-se que a relação entre o enfermeiro e o paciente é compreendida como aspecto que contribui para a terapêutica.(AU)


Objective: To know the perceptions of hypertensive users regarding antihypertensive treatment, relating them to the concepts of the interpersonal system of the Theory of Goal Achievement by Imogene King. Method: Descriptive and exploratory study, with a qualitative approach, carried out with 10 hypertensive users. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to collect the data and the Thematic Content Analysis proposed by Minayo was used to analyze the material. Results: It was possible to identify two thematic axes: Living with Systemic Arterial Hypertension; Difficulties with adherence to antihypertensive treatment. Conclusion: The need for continuous use of medication, changes in the daily lives of individuals and the lack of knowledge about the pathology, are factors that can influence adherence to antihypertensive treatment. It is noteworthy that the relationship between the nurse and the patient is understood as an aspect that contributes to therapy.(AU)


Objetivo: Conocer las percepciones de los usuarios hipertensos sobre el tratamiento antihipertensivo, relacionándolas con los conceptos del sistema interpersonal de la Teoría del Logro de Metas de Imogene King. Método: Estudio descriptivo y exploratorio, con abordaje cualitativo, realizado con 10 usuarios hipertensos. Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas para recolectar los datos y se utilizó el Análisis de Contenido Temático propuesto por Minayo para analizar el material. Resultados: Fue posible identificar dos ejes temáticos: Vivir con Hipertensión Arterial Sistémica; Dificultades para la adherencia al tratamiento antihipertensivo. Conclusión: La necesidad de uso continuo de medicamentos, los cambios en la vida diaria de los individuos y el desconocimiento de la patología, son factores que pueden influir en la adherencia al tratamiento antihipertensivo. Es de destacar que la relación entre la enfermera y el paciente se entiende como un aspecto que contribuye a la terapia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Hypertension/drug therapy , Antihypertensive Agents , Qualitative Research
19.
Rev. ciênc. méd., (Campinas) ; 30: 215035, 10 mar. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150810

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste trabalho é reunir e discutir os principais achados científicos, opiniões de especialistas e considerações de comunidades médicas a respeito da continuação do tratamento de pacientes hipertensos diagnosticados com Covid-19 em uso de anti-hipertensivos. Trata-se de uma revisão narrativa de literatura, restringida a publicações até abril de 2020, utilizando as bases de dados Medline e Embase e consulta a quatro sociedades científicas de Cardiologia. Um total de 93 publicações foram encontradas nas bases de dados consultadas, e, destas, nove publicações foram elegíveis para análise, sendo que seis publicações se mostraram favoráveis à continuação do tratamento com inibidores da enzima conversora de angiotensina e antagonistas dos receptores de angiotensina, o que foi ao encontro das recomendações das sociedades de Cardiologia; outras três publicações sugeriram que essas classes de anti-hipertensivos podem aumentar a gravidade da infecção. A continuação do tratamento com anti-hipertensivos durante a pandemia de coronavírus ou após o diagnóstico da infecção apresenta um paradoxo entre o potencial aumento da patogenicidade viral e a proteção pulmonar conferida pelo equilíbrio do sistema renina-angiotensina.


The objective of this work is to gather and discuss the main scientific findings, opinions and specialists in medical communities and respect for the continuation of treatment with antihypertensive drugs in hypertensive patients diagnosed with Covid-19. This is a narrative review of the literature, restricted to publications until April 2020, using Medline and Embase as a database and consulting four scientific societies of cardiology. A total of 93 publications were found in the databases consulted and of these, 9 publications were eligible for analysis, with six publications being considered favorable for the continuation of treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and receptor antagonists angiotensin, which met the decisions of cardiology societies; three other publications suggested that these classes of antihypertensives may increase the severity of the infection. The continuation of treatment with antihypertensive drugs during a coronavirus pandemic or after the diagnosis of infection presents a paradox between the potential increase in viral pathogenicity and the pulmonary protection provided by the balance of the renin-angiotensin system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Renin-Angiotensin System , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Coronavirus Infections , Betacoronavirus , Hypertension , Antihypertensive Agents
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