Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 637
Filter
1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1418763

ABSTRACT

El término BRUE describe un evento en un lactante menor, repentino, breve, ya resuelto y sólo aplica cuando no existe una explicación para este episodio. Es escasa la literatura nacional e internacional sobre el estudio etiológico en BRUE. Objetivos: Caracterizar lactantes con episodio de BRUE y hacer un análisis etiológico. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo lactantes hospitalizados por BRUE. Resultados: Se encontraron 50 lactantes con BRUE, la mayoría de ellos presentó un solo evento y ninguno requirió reanimación cardiopulmonar. Las características principales de los eventos fueron apnea, cianosis y tono disminuido. Las etiologías encontradas, más habituales, fueron reflujo gastro-esofágico, infección respiratoria, mala técnica alimentaria y crisis epilépticas. La evaluación clínica fue el principal elemento diagnóstico. Discusión: Nuestro análisis etiológico concuerda con la literatura nacional e internacional. La anamnesis y examen físico son la principal herramienta diagnóstica. Es fundamental contar con guías, adaptadas a la realidad nacional y local, que dirijan el estudio de lactantes con BRUE.


BRUE is an event occurring in an infant when the observer reports a sudden, brief, and now-resolved episode. BRUE is a diagnosis of exclusion and is used only when there is no explanation for the event after conducting an appropriate history and physical examination. There is little literature on the etiological study in BRUE. Objectives: To characterize infants with a BRUE episode and to carry out an etiological analysis. Methods: A retrospective study including infants who have experienced a BRUE between the years 2017 to 2020. Results: 50 infants with BRUE, most of them presented a single event and none required cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The main characteristics of the events were apnea, cyanosis and decreased tone. The most common etiologies found were gastroesophageal reflux, respiratory infection, poor feeding technique, and seizures. History and physical examination are the fundamental diagnostic tools. Discussion: Our etiological analysis agrees with the national and international literature. The clinical evaluation was the main diagnostic tool. It is essential to create local guidelines for the evaluation investigation and management of infants with BRUE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Brief, Resolved, Unexplained Event/etiology , Apnea/complications , Gastroesophageal Reflux/complications , Retrospective Studies , Epilepsy/complications
2.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(supl): 15-17, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1399228

ABSTRACT

Ter um sono de qualidade é imprescindível para a saúde. Cada pessoa sabe a quantidade que a repara melhor. Dessa forma, sono em fora de hora de sesta pode ser problemas em potencial. Um paciente que adormeci em um tratamento dentário pode estar com um déficit de sono que o adormecer durante um tratamento dentário é uma situação inusitada que, pode ser um paciente que precisa de uma a polissonografia e um possível tratamento para o possível presente ronco primário e Síndrome da Apneia e Hipopneia Obstrutiva do Sono (SHAOS). O Cirurgião Dentista deve conhecer os sinais e sintomas mais comuns dos pacientes com problemas de sono para poder indicá-los corretamente a um médico especialista em sono. Dessa forma já se tem como certo que esse é um problema médico, no entanto o Cirurgião Dentista é um profissional importante nas modalidades de tratamento que temos para a síndrome. O simples ato da indicação e acompanhamento do tratamento faz o Cirurgião Dentista, importante nessa cadeia de tratamento(AU)


Getting quality sleep is essential for health. Each person knows the amount that repairs them best. So sleep outside of nap time can be potential problems. A patient who fell asleep in a dental treatment may have a sleep deficit that falling asleep during a dental treatment is an unusual situation that, may be a patient who needs a polysomnography and a possible treatment for the possible present primary snoring and syndrome. Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Hypopnea (SHAOS). The Dental Surgeon must know the most common signs and symptoms of patients with sleep problems in order to correctly refer them to a sleep specialist. Thus, it is already taken for granted that this is a medical problem, however the Dental Surgeon is an important professional in the treatment modalities we have for the syndrome. The simple act of indicating and monitoring the treatment makes the Dental Surgeon important in this treatment chain(AU)


Subject(s)
Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Dentists , Sleep Hygiene , Apnea , Sleep , Snoring , Health , Polysomnography
3.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 832-837, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939671

ABSTRACT

Apnea of prematurity (AOP) is one of the common diseases in preterm infants. The main cause of AOP is immature development of the respiratory control center. If AOP is not treated timely and effectively, it will lead to respiratory failure, hypoxic brain injury, and even death in severe cases. Caffeine is the first choice for the treatment of AOP, but its effectiveness varies in preterm infants. With the deepening of AOP research, more and more genetic factors have been confirmed to play important roles in the pathogenesis and treatment of AOP; in particular, the influence of single nucleotide polymorphism on the efficacy of caffeine has become a research hotspot in recent years. This article reviews the gene polymorphisms that affect the efficacy of caffeine, in order to provide a reference for individualized caffeine therapy. Citation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Apnea/genetics , Caffeine/therapeutic use , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Infant, Premature , Infant, Premature, Diseases , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
5.
Rev. am. med. respir ; 20(3): 255-266, sept. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1123087

ABSTRACT

La posición del cuerpo influye en la frecuencia y duración de apneas e hipopneas en los individuos con apneas obstructivas del sueño. La posición en decúbito supino es en la que más frecuentemente se registran eventos obstructivos y por lo tanto mayores valores en los indicadores de severidad. Aunque existen diferentes definiciones y clasificaciones, el síndrome de apneas del sueño posicional representa el 60% de todos los pacientes evaluados en una unidad de sueño, y su diferenciación tiene por objetivo determinar cuáles serán los candidatos que se beneficiarían de terapia posicional. Hasta el momento no hay una definición aceptada universalmente y la evidencia del beneficio clínico del rol de clasificar a los pacientes con apneas posicionales es aún controvertida en numerosos aspectos. La terapia posicional se basa en disminuir el tiempo en supino y la severidad de los eventos obstructivos, herramienta de la que se beneficiaría una importante proporción de los pacientes. La CPAP es el tratamiento más eficaz y se recomienda en formas severas y moderadas con manifestaciones clínicas y antecedentes cardiovasculares. En este grupo la terapia posicional podría recomendarse como tratamiento coadyuvante.


Body position during sleep time influences the frequency and duration of apneas and hypopneas in individuals who suffer from obstructive sleep apnea. Individuals in supine position show higher frequency of obstructive events and therefore, higher values in severity indexes. Though there are different definitions and classifications, the positional sleep apnea syndrome represents 60% of all patients evaluated in a sleep unit, and differentiating it aims to determine which candidates will benefit from positional therapy. There is no universally accepted definition and the evidence of the clinical benefit of classifying patients with positional sleep apnea is still controversial in many aspects. Positional therapy has the purpose of decreasing supine time and the severity of obstructive events. A significant proportion of patients would benefit from this treatment. The continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the most effective treatment and is recommended for severe and moderate forms with clinical manifestations and cardiovascular history. In this group, positional therapy could be recommended as adjuvant treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Apnea , Sleep , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Therapeutics
6.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 32(3): 405-411, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138508

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Investigamos a frequência dos testes de apneia e o uso de exames complementares para o diagnóstico de morte cerebral em nosso hospital, assim como as razões para a não realização do teste de apneia e para utilização de exames complementares. Métodos: Neste estudo retrospectivo, examinaram-se os arquivos de pacientes com diagnóstico de morte cerebral entre 2012 e 2018. O exame preferido foi determinado quando um exame complementar foi realizado para o diagnóstico de morte cerebral. Analisaram-se a taxa e a frequência de uso desses exames. Resultados: Durante o diagnóstico de morte cerebral, o teste de apneia foi realizado em 104 (61,5%) pacientes, e não foi ou não pôde ser realizado em 65 (38,5%) deles. Realizaram-se exames complementares em 139 (82,8%) pacientes. O exame complementar mais comumente utilizado foi a angiografia por tomografia computadorizada (79 pacientes, 46,7%). Foi recebida aprovação para doação de órgãos nas reuniões com familiares após o diagnóstico de morte cerebral para 55 (32,5%) dos 169 pacientes. Conclusão: Nos anos mais recentes, identificamos aumento na taxa de testes de apneia incompletos e, concordantemente, elevação no uso de exames complementares. Os exames complementares devem ser utilizados nos pacientes quando há dificuldade para chegar à decisão do diagnóstico de morte cerebral, mas não se deve esquecer que não existe um consenso mundial a respeito do uso de exames complementares.


Abstract Objective: We investigated the frequency of apnea tests, and the use of ancillary tests in the diagnosis of brain death in our hospital, as well as the reasons for not being able to perform apnea testing and the reasons for using ancillary tests. Methods: In this retrospective study, the files of patients diagnosed with brain death between 2012 - 2018 were examined. The preferred test was determined if an ancillary test was performed in the diagnosis of brain death. The rate and frequency of use of these tests were analyzed. Results: During the diagnosis of brain death, an apnea test was performed on 104 (61.5%) patients and was not or could not be performed on 65 (38.5%) patients. Ancillary tests were performed on 139 (82.8%) of the patients. The most common ancillary test was computed tomography angiography (79 patients, 46.7%). Approval for organ donation was received in the meetings with the family following the diagnosis of brain death for 55 (32.5%) of the 169 patients. Conclusion: We found an increase in the rate of incomplete apnea tests and concordantly, an increase in the use of ancillary tests in recent years. Ancillary tests should be performed on patients when there is difficulty in reaching a decision of brain death, but it should not be forgotten that there is no worldwide consensus on the use of ancillary tests.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Apnea/diagnosis , Brain Death/diagnosis , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods , Tissue and Organ Procurement/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies
7.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 32(3): 468-473, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138516

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A oxigenação por membrana extracorpórea é utilizada como suporte extracirculatório para a assistência de pacientes em severa e reversível falência cardíaca e/ou respiratória. Complicações neurológicas podem estar relacionadas ao procedimento. Diante da evolução neurológica desfavorável e da necessidade de realização de protocolo de morte encefálica, permanece um desafio a realização de teste de apneia nesse contexto. Relatamos o caso de teste de apneia para diagnóstico de morte encefálica em pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca em paciente utilizando oxigenação por membrana extracorpórea venoarterial.


Abstract Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is used as extracirculatory support for the care of patients with severe and reversible cardiac and/or respiratory failure. Neurological complications may be related to the procedure. Given the unfavorable neurological evolution and the need to perform a brain death protocol, the performance of an apnea test in this context remains a challenge. We report the use of an apnea test for the diagnosis of brain death post-cardiac surgery in a patient receiving venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Apnea/diagnosis , Brain Death/diagnosis , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/methods
8.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 32(2): 319-325, Apr.-June 2020. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138486

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O teste de apneia com desconexão do ventilador mecânico representa riscos durante a determinação da morte encefálica, especialmente em pacientes hipoxêmicos. Descrevemos a realização do teste de apneia sem desconexão do ventilador mecânico em dois pacientes. O primeiro caso é o de um menino de 8 anos, admitido com hipoxemia grave por pneumonia. Apresentou parada cardiorrespiratória, seguida de coma não responsivo por encefalopatia hipóxico-isquêmica. Dois exames clínicos constataram ausência de reflexos de tronco, e o Doppler transcraniano revelou parada circulatória encefálica. Realizaram-se três tentativas de teste de apneia, que foram interrompidas por hipoxemia, sendo então realizado teste de apneia sem desconexão do ventilador mecânico, ajustando a pressão contínua nas vias aéreas em 10cmH2O e fração inspirada de oxigênio em 100%. A saturação de oxigênio manteve-se em 100% por 10 minutos. A gasometria pós-teste foi a seguinte: pH de 6,90, pressão parcial de oxigênio em 284,0mmHg, pressão parcial de dióxido de carbono em 94,0mmHg e saturação de oxigênio em 100%. O segundo caso é de uma mulher de 43 anos, admitida com hemorragia subaracnóidea (Hunt-Hess V e Fisher IV). Dois exames clínicos constataram coma não responsivo e ausência de todos os reflexos de tronco. A cintilografia cerebral evidenciou ausência de captação de radioisótopos no parênquima cerebral. A primeira tentativa do teste de apneia foi interrompida após 5 minutos por hipotermia (34,9oC). Após reaquecimento, o teste de apneia foi repetido sem desconexão do ventilador mecânico, evidenciando-se manutenção do volume residual funcional com tomografia de bioimpedância elétrica. Gasometria pós-teste de apneia apresentava pH em 7,01, pressão parcial de oxigênio em 232,0mmHg, pressão parcial de dióxido de carbono 66,9mmHg e saturação de oxigênio em 99,0%. O teste de apneia sem desconexão do ventilador mecânico permitiu a preservação da oxigenação em ambos os casos. O uso de pressão contínua nas vias aéreas durante o teste de apneia parece ser uma alternativa segura para manter o recrutamento alveolar e a oxigenação durante determinação da morte encefálica.


ABSTRACT The apnea test, which involves disconnection from the mechanical ventilator, presents risks during the determination of brain death, especially in hypoxemic patients. We describe the performance of the apnea test without disconnection from the mechanical ventilator in two patients. The first case involved an 8-year-old boy admitted with severe hypoxemia due to pneumonia. He presented with cardiorespiratory arrest, followed by unresponsive coma due to hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Two clinical exams revealed the absence of brainstem reflexes, and transcranial Doppler ultrasound revealed brain circulatory arrest. Three attempts were made to perform the apnea test, which were interrupted by hypoxemia; therefore, the apnea test was performed without disconnection from the mechanical ventilator, adjusting the continuous airway pressure to 10cmH2O and the inspired fraction of oxygen to 100%. The oxygen saturation was maintained at 100% for 10 minutes. Posttest blood gas analysis results were as follows: pH, 6.90; partial pressure of oxygen, 284.0mmHg; partial pressure of carbon dioxide, 94.0mmHg; and oxygen saturation, 100%. The second case involved a 43-year-old woman admitted with subarachnoid hemorrhage (Hunt-Hess V and Fisher IV). Two clinical exams revealed unresponsive coma and absence of all brainstem reflexes. Brain scintigraphy showed no radioisotope uptake into the brain parenchyma. The first attempt at the apnea test was stopped after 5 minutes due to hypothermia (34.9°C). After rewarming, the apnea test was repeated without disconnection from the mechanical ventilator, showing maintenance of the functional residual volume with electrical bioimpedance. Posttest blood gas analysis results were as follows: pH, 7.01; partial pressure of oxygen, 232.0mmHg; partial pressure of carbon dioxide, 66.9mmHg; and oxygen saturation, 99.0%. The apnea test without disconnection from the mechanical ventilator allowed the preservation of oxygenation in both cases. The use of continuous airway pressure during the apnea test seems to be a safe alternative in order to maintain alveolar recruitment and oxygenation during brain death determination.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Apnea/diagnosis , Brain Death/diagnosis , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure/methods , Oxygen/blood , Partial Pressure , Respiration, Artificial , Blood Gas Analysis/methods , Carbon Dioxide/blood , Hypoxia/diagnosis
9.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 32(2): 312-318, Apr.-June 2020. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138488

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Entre as potenciais complicações da oxigenação por membrana extracorpórea, as disfunções neurológicas, incluindo morte encefálica, não são desprezíveis. No Brasil, o processo diagnóstico é regulamentado pela resolução 2.173 de 2017 do Conselho Federal de Medicina. Entre os testes diagnósticos, está o de apneia, que objetiva verificar se existe resposta ventilatória ao estímulo hipercápnico. Contudo, trocas gasosas, incluindo a remoção de dióxido de carbono, são mantidas sob oxigenação por membrana extracorpórea, tornando o teste desafiador. Somado ao fato de que a citada resolução não contempla as especificidades do processo diagnóstico sob oxigenação por membrana extracorpórea, publicações sobre o tema são escassas. Esta revisão objetivou identificar estudos de casos (e/ou séries de casos) publicados nas bases PubMed® e Cochrane que descrevessem o processo. Foram identificadas 17 publicações (2011 - 2019). As estratégias práticas descritas foram: prover oxigenação suplementar pré-teste, via ventilador mecânico e oxigenação por membrana extracorpórea (fração inspirada de oxigênio = 1,0), e, ao início do teste, titular o sweep flow (0,5 - 1,0L/minuto), a fim de minimizar a remoção de dióxido de carbono. Recomenda-se também incrementar o fluxo sanguíneo e/ou do sweep ante hipoxemia e/ou hipotensão, podendo associar à infusão de fluidos e/ou ao escalonamento de drogas inotrópicas/vasoativas. Se o limiar da pressão parcial de dióxido de carbono não for alcançado, repetir o teste sob suplementação de dióxido de carbono exógeno ao circuito é uma alternativa. Finalmente, nos casos de oxigenação por membrana extracorpórea venoarterial, para mensurar a variação de gases e excluir hipóxia diferencial, recomenda-se coletar amostras sanguíneas provenientes das circulações nativa e extracorpórea (pós-oxigenador).


Abstract Among the potential complications of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, neurological dysfunctions, including brain death, are not negligible. In Brazil, the diagnostic process of brain death is regulated by Federal Council of Medicine resolution 2,173 of 2017. Diagnostic tests for brain death include the apnea test, which assesses the presence of a ventilatory response to hypercapnic stimulus. However, gas exchange, including carbon dioxide removal, is maintained under extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, making the test challenging. In addition to the fact that the aforementioned resolution does not consider the specificities of the diagnostic process under extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, studies on the subject are scarce. This review aims to identify case studies (and/or case series) published in the PubMed® and Cochrane databases describing the process of brain death diagnosis. A total of 17 publications (2011 - 2019) were identified. The practical strategies described were to provide pretest supplemental oxygenation via mechanical ventilation and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (fraction of inspired oxygen = 1.0) and, at the beginning of the test, titrate the sweep flow (0.5 - 1.0L/minute) to minimize carbon dioxide removal. It is also recommended to increase blood flow and/or sweep flow in the presence of hypoxemia and/or hypotension, which may be combined with fluid infusion and/or the escalation of inotropic/vasoactive drugs. If the partial pressure of carbon dioxide threshold is not reached, repeating the test under supplementation of carbon dioxide exogenous to the circuit is an alternative. Last, in cases of venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, to measure gas variation and exclude differential hypoxia, blood samples of the native and extracorporeal (post-oxygenator) circulations are recommended.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Apnea/diagnosis , Brain Death/diagnosis , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Partial Pressure , Brazil , Carbon Dioxide/metabolism
10.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 15(1): 251-256, Mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088092

ABSTRACT

Home cardio-respiratory monitoring began over 40 years ago with the aim of preventing sudden infant death. Although it has been shown that monitoring does not meet this objective, its prescription has been maintained in various clinical situations and with very different criteria. Consensus on the subject has not been able to define precisely the type of monitoring or the time required for different diseases. Among the diseases that still consider the indication of cardio-respiratory monitoring at home are: persistent apnea of prematurity, high-risk BRUE (Brief Resolved Unexplained Events), neurological or metabolic diseases with compromise of the respiratory center, convulsive cough, pathologic gastroesophageal reflux and technology-dependent patients (high flow nasal cannula (CNAF), noninvasive ventilation (NIV), invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) to tracheostomy, and others). A review is presented on the development of cardio-respiratory monitoring at home, highlighting the true usefulness of this technology with a general proposal, which must be evaluated on a case-by-case basis and always taking into account the conditions that must be met to perform adequate monitoring and useful.


La monitorización cardio-respiratoria en domicilio se inició hace más de 40 años con el objetivo de prevenir la muerte súbita del lactante. Aun cuando se ha demostrado que la monitorización no cumple este objetivo, se ha mantenido su prescripción en diversas situaciones clínicas y con criterios muy diversos. Consensos acerca del tema no han llegado a definir con precisión el tipo de monitorización ni el tiempo requerido para distintas enfermedades. Dentro de las enfermedades que todavía consideran la indicación de monitorización cardio-respiratoria en domicilio se encuentran: apnea persistente del prematuro, BRUE (episodio breve resuelto inexplicado) de alto riesgo, enfermedades neurológicas o metabólicas con compromiso del centro respiratorio, tos convulsiva, reflujo gastroesofágico patológico y pacientes dependientes de tecnología (cánula nasal de alto flujo (CNAF), ventilación no invasiva (VNI), ventilación mecánica invasiva (VMI) a traqueostomía, y otros). Se presenta una revisión sobre el desarrollo de la monitorización cardio-respiratoria en domicilio, resaltando la verdadera utilidad que tendría esta tecnología con una propuesta general, que debe evaluarse caso a caso y siempre teniendo en cuenta las condiciones que deben cumplirse para realizar una monitorización adecuada y útil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Apnea/physiopathology , Respiratory Rate/physiology , Heart Rate/physiology , Monitoring, Physiologic/methods , Risk Assessment , Patient Selection , Home Care Services
11.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(1): 42-47, mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056499

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El objectivo de este estudio fue describir los valores promedio de oximetría, frecuencia cardíaca y eventos de apnea durante la noche y la actividad de los músculos maseteros y temporales en un grupo de adultos jóvenes con BS. Estudio observacional descriptivo de serie de casos que consideró una muestra 20 jóvenes entre 21 y 25 años diagnosticados con BS mediante polisomnografía. Se describieron las condiciones de actividad de los músculos maseteros y temporales mediante electromiografía y los valores e los signos vitales mediante polisomnografía. El análisis estadístico fue de tipo descriptivo, se aplicaron medidas de tendencia central, frecuencias absolutas y relativas. El promedio de la actividad muscular durante la masticación de los maseteros fue (D: 86) (I: 520). El promedio de la actividad muscular durante la masticación de los temporales fue (D: 340) (I: 510). El promedio en los episodios de hipopnea fue de (28,9). El promedio de oximetría fue (NMOR: 93,5) (MOR: 93,8). El promedio de la tasa cardiaca fue (NMOR: 65,4) (MOR: 66,8) latidos/minuto. El promedio de eventos de bruxismo fue (NREM: 135,4) (REM: 120,2).y el índice (eventos BS/hora) (40,60). Las características de las musculares masticatorias y los signos vitales durante el sueño de los sujetos con BS pueden ayudar al entendimiento y a la toma de decisiones en el tratamiento.


ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to describe the average oximetry, heart rate, and apnea events values during sleep, and the activity of masseter and temporal muscles in a group of young adults with SB (Sleep Bruxism). This serial case and observational descriptive study comprised of a sample of 20 young people between 21 and 25 years of age, who were diagnosed with SB through a polysomnography test. Electromyography recordings served to describe the activity conditions of masseter and temporal muscles, while polysomnography was used to obtain measurement values and vital signs. A descriptive statistical analysis accounting for measures of central tendency, absolute and relative frequencies was performed. During mastication, the average masseter and temporal muscle activity values registered at (D: 86) (I: 520), and (D: 340) (I: 510) respectively. While, the average value for hypopnea episodes was (28.9), and (NREM: 93.5) (REM: 93.8) for oximetry. The average heart rate exhibited a value of (NREM: 65.4) (REM: 66.8) beats / minute, while the values for bruxism events registered at (NREM: 135.4) (REM: 120.2) with an index value of (SB events / hour) (40.60). Muscles of mastication characteristics, and vital signs during sleep for subjects with SB can aid in understanding and decision making in treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Bruxism , Sleep Bruxism/complications , Sleep Bruxism/diagnosis , Heart Rate/drug effects , Apnea , Oximetry , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Polysomnography , Dental Occlusion , Electromyography , Observational Study , Mastication , Mexico , Muscle Contraction
12.
Rev. Investig. Innov. Cienc. Salud ; 2(1): 56-81, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1391130

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el objetivo de este estudio es develar si la técnica Neuromuscular Funcional (NMF) puede ser considerada como opción de tratamiento en el Síndrome de Apnea Obstructiva de Sueño (SAOS) y si se complementa con la Terapia Miofun-cional Orofacial o hace parte de ella.Métodos: la fenomenología trascendental de Husserl es el enfoque metodoló-gico que se adoptó para este estudio, siguiendo la ruta para su desarrollo: epojé, reducción trascendental fenomenológica y síntesis. El contenido real se obtuvo mediante dos entrevistas semiestructuradas, aplicadas a un informante clave que contó con los criterios de inclusión presupuestados. Resultados: en la primera etapa se identificaron 10 noesis y 266 noemas, que fue-ron relacionados entre sí; en la fase de reducción trascendental las noesis se redujeron a 5 y los noemas a 14. Análisis y discusión: el Método Chiavaro como fenómeno se decanta en las di-mensiones: (a) Enfoque Sistémico, (b) Técnica Neuromuscular Funcional y (c) Téc-nica Respiratoria. La prioridad del fenómeno NMF es la explicación de la alteración dentro del enfoque sistémico a partir de la lógica Función-Estructura-Función, de esta manera el SAOS se considera una manifestación de esas relaciones y como tal se le cataloga como adaptación o como función en disfunción.Conclusiones: la Técnica NMF hace parte de la neurorrehabilitación mientras que la TMO para intervenir el SAOS se inscribe en la fisiología del ejercicio


Introduction: the objective of this study is to reveal if the Functional Neuromuscu-lar technique (In Spanish: NMF) can be considered as a treatment option for OSA. Additionally, this paper seeks to assess if the aforementioned is derived from, a por-tion of or if it is complemented by Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy (OMT). Methods: Husserl's transcendental phenomenology is the methodological approach that was adopted for this study, following the path to its development: epoché, phenomenologi-cal transcendental reduction and synthesis. The actual content was obtained through two semi-structured interviews applied to a key informant who met the preconceived inclusion criteria.Results: in the first stage 10 noesis and 266 noems , which were related to each other, were identified; in the phase of transcendental reduction, the noesis were reduced to 5 and the noems to 14. Analysis and discussion: the Chiavaro Method as a phenomenon is composed of three dimensions: (a) Systemic Approach, (b) Functional Neuromuscular Technique and (c) Respi-ratory Technique. The priority of the NMF phenomenon is the explanation of the alteration within the systemic approach based on the Function-Structure-Function logic, ergo the OSA is considered a manifestation of these relationships and as such it is classified as adaptation or as a function in dysfunction.Conclusions: the NMF technique is a part of neurorehabilitation whilst OMT for the in-tervention of OSA is subscribed to the physiology of exercise.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apnea , Sleep Wake Disorders/diagnosis , Therapeutics/psychology , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Neurological Rehabilitation , Sleep , Therapeutics/methods , Facial Pain , Exercise , Sleep Apnea, Central/diagnosis , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Mouth Breathing
13.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 684-689, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828684

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of domestic and imported caffeine citrate in the treatment of apnea in preterm infants.@*METHODS@#A total of 98 preterm infants with a gestational age of 28 - 0.05). There were no significant differences in the incidence of complications and the mortality rate between the two groups (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse effects between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The efficacy and safety of domestic caffeine citrate in the treatment of apnea are similar to those of imported caffeine citrate in preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Apnea , Drug Therapy , Caffeine , Therapeutic Uses , Citrates , Therapeutic Uses , Double-Blind Method , Infant, Premature , Infant, Premature, Diseases , Prospective Studies
14.
Philippine Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 1-6, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886462

ABSTRACT

@#The Bajaus’ ability to free dive for prolonged periods is attributed to their exceptional physiologic response and large spleens. The spleen has been traditionally viewed as a hematologic and immunologic organ. Unconventionally, this review explores the spleen’s role as a respiratory organ and how apnea training can enhance the spleen’s form and function. Eligible articles obtained from Pubmed were discussed. The selected studies have shown that an 8-week home-based apnea training regimen can enhance the spleen volume by as much as 24% and that prolonged apnea training can increase both splenic contraction and baseline serum hemoglobin levels. However, the sample size and heterogeneity of these studies largely limit the generalizability of these findings. Thus, several future studies are needed to further explore the spleen’s respiratory function in humans.


Subject(s)
Spleen , Apnea
15.
Ortodoncia ; 83(166): 24-31, jul.-dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102096

ABSTRACT

sueño (SAHOS) es un trastorno frecuente, crónico y de evolución progresiva. Es cada vez más prevalente en la población y compromete seriamente la calidad de vida de quienes lo padecen. Se asocia a una mayor morbilidad cardiovascular, neurocognitiva y metabólica, riesgo de accidentes, alteración del patrón normal de crecimiento, alteraciones conductuales, y psiquiátricas, una mayor frecuencia de trastornos del aprendizaje, mala calidad de vida y mortalidad aumentada. En este artículo no solo comprenderá las características del SAHOS sino que se le brindará un cuestionario para el paciente, "PROF MESI" (www.profetamesi.com), que en solo 2 minutos le permitirá diagnosticar y tratar o derivar a todos sus pacientes con esta patología.(AU)


Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome (OSAHS) is a frequent, chronic and progressive disorder. It is increasingly prevalent in the population and it seriously compromises the quality of life of those who suffer from it. It is associated with greater cardiovascular, neurocognitive and metabolic morbidity, risk of accidents, alterations of normal growth patterns, behavioral and psychiatric alterations, higher frequency of learning disorders, bad quality of life and increased mortality. In this article you will not only understand the characteristics of OSAHS but you will also have a questionnaire for the patient, "PROF MESI" (www.profetamesi. com), which will allow you, just in 2 minutes, to diagnose and treat or refer all your patients with this pathology.(AU)


Subject(s)
Apnea , Surveys and Questionnaires , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Quality of Life , Respiratory Sounds , Fatigue
16.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 31(1): 106-110, jan.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003625

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Relatamos o caso de um paciente que evoluiu com suspeita de morte encefálica associada à atelectasia e à hipoxemia moderada a grave, apesar de instituídos ventilação protetora, sistema de aspiração traqueal fechado, pressão positiva ao final da expiração moderada e manobra de recrutamento. Diante da não obtenção de pressão parcial de oxigênio adequada para o teste de apneia, optamos por pronar o paciente, utilizar pressão positiva expiratória final mais elevada, realizar nova manobra de recrutamento e ventilar com volume corrente mais elevado (8mL/kg), sem ultrapassar pressão de platô de 30cmH2O. O teste de apneia foi realizado em posição prona, com válvula de pressão positiva contínua nas vias aéreas acoplada em tubo T. O atraso no diagnóstico foi de 10 horas; a doação de órgãos não foi possível devido à parada circulatória. Este relato demonstra as dificuldades para obtenção de níveis de pressão parcial de oxigênio mais altos para a realização do teste de apneia. Os atrasos que isso pode acarretar ao diagnóstico de morte encefálica e ao processo de doação de órgãos são discutidos, além de potenciais estratégias de otimização da pressão parcial de oxigênio para realização do teste, conforme as recomendações atuais.


ABSTRACT We report the case of a patient in whom brain death was suspected and associated with atelectasis and moderate to severe hypoxemia even though the patient was subjected to protective ventilation, a closed tracheal suction system, positive end-expiratory pressure, and recruitment maneuvers. Faced with the failure to obtain an adequate partial pressure of oxygen for the apnea test, we elected to place the patient in a prone position, use higher positive end-expiratory pressure, perform a new recruitment maneuver, and ventilate with a higher tidal volume (8mL/kg) without exceeding the plateau pressure of 30cmH2O. The apnea test was performed with the patient in a prone position, with continuous positive airway pressure coupled with a T-piece. The delay in diagnosis was 10 hours, and organ donation was not possible due to circulatory arrest. This report demonstrates the difficulties in obtaining higher levels of the partial pressure of oxygen for the apnea test. The delays in the diagnosis of brain death and in the organ donation process are discussed, as well as potential strategies to optimize the partial pressure of oxygen to perform the apnea test according to the current recommendations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Apnea/diagnosis , Pulmonary Atelectasis/complications , Brain Death/diagnosis , Hypoxia/complications , Oxygen/blood , Partial Pressure , Tidal Volume , Prone Position , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Delayed Diagnosis , Middle Aged
17.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e124-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764954

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Despite well-known advantages, propofol remains off-label in many countries for general anesthesia in children under 3 years of age due to insufficient evidence regarding its use in this population. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of propofol compared with other general anesthetics in children under 3 years of age undergoing surgery through a systematic review and meta-analysis of existing randomized clinical trials. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted of MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials to find all randomized clinical trials comparing propofol with another general anesthetic that included children under 3 years of age. The relative risk or arcsine-transformed risk difference for dichotomous outcomes and the weighted or standardized mean difference for continuous outcomes were estimated using a random-effects model. RESULTS: A total of 249 young children from 6 publications were included. The children who received propofol had statistically significantly lower systolic and diastolic blood pressures, but hypotension was not observed in the propofol groups. The heart rate, stroke volume index, and cardiac index were not significantly different between the propofol and control groups. The propofol groups showed slightly shorter recovery times and a lower incidence of emergence agitation than the control groups, while no difference was observed for the incidence of hypotension, desaturation, and apnea. CONCLUSION: This systematic review and meta-analysis indicates that propofol use for general anesthesia in young healthy children undergoing surgery does not increase complications and that propofol could be at least comparable to other anesthetic agents.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Anesthesia, General , Anesthetics , Anesthetics, General , Apnea , Dihydroergotamine , Heart Rate , Hypotension , Incidence , Propofol , Stroke Volume
18.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1044-1048, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775059

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features and prognosis of bacterial meningitis in full-term and preterm infants.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 102 neonates with bacterial meningitis. According to the gestational age, they were divided into a preterm group (n=46) and a full-term group (n=56). The two groups were compared in terms of clinical manifestations, laboratory markers, imaging findings, and clinical outcomes.@*RESULTS@#Poor response and apnea were the major clinical manifestations in the preterm group (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are certain differences in the clinical manifestations between full-term and preterm infants with bacterial meningitis. Preterm infants tend to have a higher incidence rate of poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Apnea , Infant, Premature , Leukocyte Count , Meningitis, Bacterial , Retrospective Studies
19.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 558-561, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774034

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect and safety of different maintenance doses of caffeine citrate in the treatment of apnea in very low birth weight preterm infants.@*METHODS@#A total of 78 very low birth weight preterm infants with primary apnea were enrolled who were admitted from January 2016 to January 2018. They were randomly divided into high-dose caffeine group with 38 children and low-dose caffeine group with 40 children. Both groups received a loading dose of 20 mg/kg caffeine citrate, and 24 hours later, the children in the high-dose caffeine group were given a maintenance dose of 10 mg/kg, and those in the low-dose caffeine group were given a maintenance dose of 5 mg/kg. The two groups were compared in terms of response rate and incidence rate of adverse events.@*RESULTS@#The high-dose caffeine group had a significantly higher response rate than the low-dose caffeine group (71% vs 48%; P0.05). There was no significant difference in the mortality rate between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Higher maintenance dose of caffeine citrate has a better clinical effect than lower maintenance dose of caffeine citrate in the treatment of apnea in very low birth weight preterm infants, without increasing the incidence rates of adverse drug reactions and serious complications in preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Apnea , Drug Therapy , Caffeine , Therapeutic Uses , Citrates , Therapeutic Uses , Infant, Premature , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Prospective Studies
20.
International Neurourology Journal ; : 161-168, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764108

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To identify the association between nocturia and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), we compared results of polysomnography (PSG) with the presence or absence of nocturia in patients with suspected OSA. METHODS: Patients underwent PSG for suspected OSA. The International Prostate Symptom Score and quality of life (IPSS/QoL) questionnaire was evaluated to assess voiding symptoms that may affect sleep quality. The results of PSG were compared between patient groups with or without nocturia. RESULTS: In logistic regression analysis, age (odds ratio [OR], 1.052; P=0.004), diabetes mellitus (OR, 6.675; P<0.001), mean O₂ saturation (OR, 0.650; P=0.017), oxygen desaturation index (ODI) 3 (OR, 1.193; P=0.010), and ODI4 (OR, 1.136; P=0.014) affected nocturia independently among the OSA-suspected patients. CONCLUSIONS: Hypoxia caused by OSA affects the incidence of nocturia. Less desaturated OSA patients with nocturia may require more urological evaluation and treatment for nocturia even after the correction of OSA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypoxia , Apnea , Diabetes Mellitus , Incidence , Logistic Models , Nocturia , Oxygen , Polysomnography , Prostate , Quality of Life , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL