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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(10): e11156, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285646

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of human esophageal fibroblast-derived exosomal miR-21 on cisplatin sensitivity against esophageal squamous EC9706 cells. EC9706 cells were co-cultured indirectly with human esophageal fibroblasts (HEF) or miR-21 mimics transfected-HEF in the transwell system. The exosomes in HEF-culture conditioned medium were extracted by differential ultracentrifugation. EC9706 cells were co-cultured with HEF-derived exosomes directly. The cisplatin sensitivity against EC9706 cells was revealed via half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values using MTT assay. The expressions of miR-21, programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) mRNA, and gene of phosphate and tension homology deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) mRNA were determined by qRT-PCR. The changes of the protein level were detected using western blot assay. IC50 values of cisplatin against EC9706 cells were increased after EC9706 cells were co-cultured with either HEF or exosomes derived from miR-21 mimics-transfected HEF. Following the increased level of miR-21, the mRNA expression and protein levels of PTEN and PDCD4 were decreased in EC9706 cells. The cisplatin sensitivity to EC9706 cells was reduced by HEF-derived exosomal miR-21 through targeting PTEN and PDCD4. This study suggested that non-tumor cells in the tumor micro-environment increased the tumor anti-chemotherapy effects through their exosomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms/genetics , Esophageal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Carcinoma , MicroRNAs/genetics , Cisplatin/pharmacology , RNA-Binding Proteins , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment , Fibroblasts/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829039

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression level of miR-181b in CD19+ B lymphocytes of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), to analyze the relationship between its expression and the prognosis of CLL patients, and to predict the potential target gene of miR-181b in CLL by using bioinformatics.@*METHODS@#Eight-four patients with CLL treated in People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from June 2013 to June 2018 were selected. and 20 healthy people were selected as control group. RNA was extracted from CD19+B lymphocytes of peripheral blood by magnetic bead sorting, the expression level of miR-181b was detected, and it's expression differences in different IPI groups were analyzed. The correlation between the expression level of miR-181b and PFS of CLL patients also was analyzed. miR-181b target genes were predicted by online database and literatures, and gene annotation analysis and relevant signal pathway analysis were performed for candidate target genes.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of miR-181b in CLL patients was significantly lower than that in control group (P<0.01); The expression level of miR-181b in the low-risk group was higher than that in high-risk group and extremely high-risk group (P<0.05), but there was no statistical difference between low-risk group and medium-risk group (P=1.00). The expression level of miR-181b in medium-risk group was higher than that in high-risk group and extremely high-risk group (P<0.05), but there was no difference between high-risk group and extremely high-risk group (P=1.00). ROC curve results showed that the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.792 (P<0.01).When the expression level of miR-181b was at the threshold value of 0.279, it showed a better sensitivity (62.9%) and specificity (91.8%). Survival analysis results suggested that compared with the high expression group, the miR-181b low expression group had poor PFS (log rank: P=0.047). Prediction of miR-181b by using the starBase, targetscan and picTar database and its combination with literature reports indicated that CARD11, ZFP36L1, RUNX1, NR4A3, ATP1B1, PUM1 and PLAG1 related with blood diseases, and up-regulated CARD11 and ZFP36L1 participated in lymphoid tumor formation by promoting cell proliferation and inhibiting cell aging.@*CONCLUSION@#The expression level of miR-181b in CLL group are significantly lower than that in the controls group, and the low expression of miR-181b relates with poor prognosis of CLL patients. Through bioinformatics prediction and combined with literature reports, it is speculated that CARD11 and ZFP36L1 as target genes of miR-181b may be participated in the occurrence and development of CLL. Further experiments are needed to verify this result.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Genetics , MicroRNAs , Prognosis
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828655

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the role of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor proteins 1 and 3 (NLRP1 and NLRP3) inflammasome signaling pathways in the immune mechanism of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children.@*METHODS@#A total of 126 children with IBD were enrolled as the study group, including 32 children with Crohn's disease (CD) and 94 children with ulcerative colitis (UC). A total of 120 children who underwent colectomy were enrolled as the control group. The mRNA expression of NLRP1, NLRP3, Caspase-1, and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) was compared between groups.@*RESULTS@#The study group had significantly higher mRNA expression of NLRP1, NLRP3, Caspase-1, and IL-1β than the control group, and their mRNA expression levels tended to increase with the severity of CD or UC (P<0.05). In the children with UC or CD, the mRNA expression levels of NLRP1, NLRP3, Caspase-1, and IL-1β were positively correlated with serum IgM and IgG levels (P<0.05), and the mRNA expression levels of NLRP1 and NLRP3 were positively correlated with those of Caspase-1 and IL-1β (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The NLRP1 and NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathways may regulate the immune mechanism of IBD in children by upregulating the expression of Caspase-1 and IL-1β.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Child , Humans , Inflammasomes , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Interleukin-1beta , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Signal Transduction
4.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 894-914, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880885

ABSTRACT

Tripartite motif (TRIM) family proteins are important effectors of innate immunity against viral infections. Here we identified TRIM35 as a regulator of TRAF3 activation. Deficiency in or inhibition of TRIM35 suppressed the production of type I interferon (IFN) in response to viral infection. Trim35-deficient mice were more susceptible to influenza A virus (IAV) infection than were wild-type mice. TRIM35 promoted the RIG-I-mediated signaling by catalyzing Lys63-linked polyubiquitination of TRAF3 and the subsequent formation of a signaling complex with VISA and TBK1. IAV PB2 polymerase countered the innate antiviral immune response by impeding the Lys63-linked polyubiquitination and activation of TRAF3. TRIM35 mediated Lys48-linked polyubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of IAV PB2, thereby antagonizing its suppression of TRAF3 activation. Our in vitro and in vivo findings thus reveal novel roles of TRIM35, through catalyzing Lys63- or Lys48-linked polyubiquitination, in RIG-I antiviral immunity and mechanism of defense against IAV infection.


Subject(s)
A549 Cells , Animals , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/immunology , DEAD Box Protein 58/immunology , Dogs , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype/immunology , Madin Darby Canine Kidney Cells , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Orthomyxoviridae Infections/pathology , Proteolysis , Signal Transduction/immunology , THP-1 Cells , TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 3/immunology , Ubiquitination/immunology , Viral Proteins/immunology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879476

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a pedigree affected with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease through high-throughput sequencing.@*METHODS@#Potential variants of the genes associated with CMT were screened by next-generation sequencing (NGS) of the members of the pedigree.@*RESULTS@#NGS has revealed that the two affected sisters both harbored homozygous c.1A>G variant of the GDAP1 gene, which caused replacement of the first amino acid Methionine by Valine (p.Met1Val). Their parents were both carriers of the heterozygous c.1A>G variant. The variant was unreported previously and has an extremely low frequency in the population. Meanwhile, one of the sisters and the mother also carried heterozygous c.710A>T variant of the BAG3 gene.@*CONCLUSION@#The homozygous c.1A>G variant of the GDAP1 gene probably underlay the CMT in both children. Above result has enabled clinical diagnosis and genetic counseling for this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/genetics , Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease/genetics , Child , Female , Fibula/abnormalities , Homozygote , Humans , Mutation , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Pedigree
6.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(6): 528-536, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038700

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Pterygium pathogenesis has been mainly asso ciated with UV light exposure; however, this association remains quite controversial. The complete mechanism of pterygium also remains to be clarified. Factors such as inflammation, viral infection, oxidative stress, DNA methylation, inflammatory mediators, extracellular matrix modulators, apoptotic and oncogenic proteins, loss of heterozygosity, microsatellite instability, lymphangiogenesis, epithelial-mesenchymal cell transition, and alterations in cholesterol metabolism have been identified as causes. Several studies aimed to clarify the molecular mechanisms underlying the growth and proliferation of pterygium. Understanding its molecular basis provides new potential therapeutic targets for its prevention and treatment. A comprehensive search of the databases, namely, MedLine, EMBASE, and LILACS, was conducted with the following key words: pterygium, epidemiology, pathogenesis, biomarkers, and review. This review describes the epidemiology, clinical presentation, and current investigation of biological mediators involved in pterygium development.


RESUMO A patogênese do pterígio tem sido relacionada, prin cipalmente, à exposição à luz ultravioleta, mas esta asso ciação permanece bastante controversa. O mecanismo completo do pte rígio também permanece por esclarecer. Fatores como inflamação, infecção viral, estresse oxidativo, metilação do DNA, mediadores inflamatórios, moduladores de matriz extracelular, proteínas apoptóticas e oncogênicas, perda de heterozigose, instabilidade de microssatélites, linfangiogênese, transição celular epitelial-mesenquimal e alterações no metabolismo do colesterol tem sido identificados como causas. Diversos estudos visam esclarecer os mecanismos moleculares subjacentes ao crescimento e proliferação do pterígio. Entender sua base mo lecular fornece novos alvos terapêuticos potenciais para sua prevenção e tratamento. Uma busca abrangente nas bases de dados, a saber, MedLine, EMBASE e LILACS, foi realizada com as seguintes palavras-chave: pterígio; epidemiologia; patogênese; biomarcadores e revisão. Esta revisão descreve a epidemiologia, apresentação clínica e a atual investigação de mediadores biológicos envolvidos no desenvolvimento do pterígio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pterygium/genetics , Pterygium/metabolism , Genetic Markers , Gene Expression , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Extracellular Matrix
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719641

ABSTRACT

Cis-3-O-p-hydroxycinnamoyl ursolic acid (HCUA), a triterpenoid compound, was purified from Elaeagnus oldhamii Maxim. This traditional medicinal plant has been used for treating rheumatoid arthritis and lung disorders as well as for its anti-inflammation and anticancer activities. This study aimed to investigate the anti-proliferative and apoptotic-inducing activities of HCUA in oral cancer cells. HCUA exhibited anti-proliferative activity in oral cancer cell lines (Ca9-22 and SAS cells), but not in normal oral fibroblasts. The inhibitory concentration of HCUA that resulted in 50% viability was 24.0 µM and 17.8 µM for Ca9-22 and SAS cells, respectively. Moreover, HCUA increased the number of cells in the sub-G1 arrest phase and apoptosis in a concentration-dependent manner in both oral cancer cell lines, but not in normal oral fibroblasts. Importantly, HCUA induced p53-mediated transcriptional regulation of pro-apoptotic proteins (Bax, Bak, Bim, Noxa, and PUMA), which are associated with mitochondrial apoptosis in oral cancer cells via the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential. HCUA triggered the production of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) that was ascertained to be involved in HCUA-induced apoptosis by the ROS inhibitors YCG063 and N-acetyl-L-cysteine. As a result, HCUA had potential antitumor activity to oral cancer cells through eliciting ROS-dependent and p53-mediated mitochondrial apoptosis. Overall, HCUA could be applicable for the development of anticancer agents against human oral cancer.


Subject(s)
Acetylcysteine , Antineoplastic Agents , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Apoptosis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Cell Line , Elaeagnaceae , Fibroblasts , Humans , Lung , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial , Mouth Neoplasms , Plants, Medicinal , Reactive Oxygen Species
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772062

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) X inactive specific transcript (XIST) in modulating cisplatin (DDP) resistance of human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells and investigate the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Realtime PCR was performed to detect the expression of XIST in cisplatin-resistant human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line HNE1/DDP. The effects of up-regulation and down-regulation of XIST on DDP resistance, proliferation and apoptosis of HNE1/ DDP cells were assessed using MTT assay, EdU assay and flow cytometry. Western blotting was used to detect the changes in the expressions of programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) and Fas ligand (Fas-L) proteins in the cells in response to up-regulation or down-regulation of XIST.@*RESULTS@#The expression of XIST was significantly up-regulated in HNE1/DDP cells in comparison with HNE1 cells (0.57±0.06 0.1±0.02, < 0.05). Down-regulation of XIST significantly decreased while up-regulation of XIST obviously increased DDP resistance of HNE1/DDP cells ( < 0.05). Down-regulation of XIST significantly reduced the proliferation (6.17 ± 1.93 16.59 ± 4.86, < 0.05) and enhanced apoptosis [(18.04 ± 4.72)% (4.22 ± 1.65)%, < 0.05], while upregulating XIST enhanced the proliferation (25.40±7.21 13.16±3.95, < 0.05) and inhibited apoptosis [(2.82±0.88)% (6.46± 1.75)%, < 0.05] in HNE1/DDP cells. Down-regulation of XIST significantly increased the protein expressions of PDCD4 and Fas-L ( < 0.05) in HNE1/DDP cells, and up-regulation of XIST resulted in reverse changes in PDCD4 and Fas-L expressions ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#XIST is up-regulated in HNE1/DDP cells, and down-regulation and up-regulation of XIST expression reduce and increase DDP resistance of the cells, respectively, possibly as a result of changes in the expressions of PDCD4 and Fas-L.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cisplatin , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , RNA, Long Noncoding , RNA-Binding Proteins , fas Receptor
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771905

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To clone the promoter sequence of acute monocytic leukemia new antigen gene.MLAA-34 and identify its promoter core region.@*METHODS@#The full-length fragment of MLAA-34 gene promoter region was amplified by PCR, then was ligated into pGL3-Basic vector, and the recombinant plasmid was cloned. Constructed a series of MLAA-34 gene promoter 5' flanking region truncated plasmid. These recombinant plasmids were transfected into U937 and HEK293 cells, and the dual luciferase reporter gene was used to detect the promoter activity of each fragment to determine the minimum active region. Transcription factor binding sites were analyzed by bioinformatics methods.@*RESULTS@#The recombinant plasmid containing MLAA-34 promoter sequence and its truncated plasmid were successfully constructed, and the promoter activity was significantly increased as compared with the empty vector (P<0.001). The minimal active region of MLAA-34 located between 402 bp and 200 bp. It contained multiple transcription factor binding sites such as E2F1, MZF-1, SP1, USF2 and STAT3.@*CONCLUSION@#The promoter of luciferase reporter gene has been successfully constructed with different deletion fragments of MLAA-34, and its core promoter region may contain multiple transcription factor sequence.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antigens, Neoplasm , Genetics , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Genetics , Cloning, Molecular , Genes, Reporter , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute , Genetics , Luciferases , Promoter Regions, Genetic
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763023

ABSTRACT

Purpurogallin, a natural phenol obtained from oak nutgalls, has been shown to possess antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory effects. Recently, in addition to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation that induces cell apoptosis via oxidative stress, particulate matter 2.5 (PM(2.5)) was shown to trigger excessive production of reactive oxygen species. In this study, we observed that UVB radiation and PM(2.5) severely damaged human HaCaT keratinocytes, disrupting cellular DNA, lipids, and proteins and causing mitochondrial depolarization. Purpurogallin protected HaCaT cells from apoptosis induced by UVB radiation and/or PM(2.5). Furthermore, purpurogallin effectively modulates the pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic proteins under UVB irradiation via caspase signaling pathways. Additionally, purpurogallin reduced apoptosis via MAPK signaling pathways, as demonstrated using MAPK-p38, ERK, and JNK inhibitors. These results indicate that purpurogallin possesses antioxidant effects and protects cells from damage and apoptosis induced by UVB radiation and PM(2.5).


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Apoptosis , DNA , Humans , Keratinocytes , Oxidative Stress , Particulate Matter , Phenol , Reactive Oxygen Species
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773556

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of recombinant human PDCD5 (rhPDCD5) treatment in a rat model of bovine II collagen (CII)-induced arthritis (CIA) on inflammatory cytokine secretion, proliferation and apoptosis of activated lymphocytes and explore the mechanisms of rhPDCD5-induced immunosuppression on activated lymphocytes.@*METHODS@#Female Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal control group, CIA+ ovalbumin (OVA) group, CIA+ rhTNFR: Fc group, and CIA+rhPDCD5 group. The rats in the latter 3 groups received intraperitoneal injections of OVA (14 mg/kg), rhTNFR: Fc (3.5 mg/kg) or rhPDCD5 (14 mg/kg) from day 2 to day 26 following CII injection. On day 28, the spleens of the rats were harvested for preparing single cell suspensions of splenocytes, which were activated by CII (20μg/mL) or anti-CD3 (1μg/mL)+ anti-CD28 (2μg/mL) for 48 h and 72 h. The production of interferon-γ(IFN-γ) and interleukin-17A (IL-17A) by the activated lymphocytes was determined by ELISA of the culture supernatants. The proliferation and apoptosis of the activated lymphocytes were assessed using [H]-thymidine incorporation assay and flow cytometry, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those in CIA + OVA group, IFN-γand IL-17A secretions by the activated lymphocytes from rhPDCD5-treated CIA rats significantly decreased. RhPDCD5 treatment of the CIA rats obviously suppressed the proliferation and promoted apoptosis of the lymphocytes activated by CII or by anti-CD3 + anti-CD28.@*CONCLUSIONS@#rhPDCD5 reduces pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion, inhibits the proliferation and promotes activation-induced cell death of activated CD4 lymphocytes to produce immunosuppression in rat models of CIA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Arthritis, Experimental , Cattle , Cell Proliferation , Cytokines , Female , Humans , Lymphocytes , Neoplasm Proteins , Rats , Rats, Wistar
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773518

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of E26 transformation-specific variant 4 (ETV4) in sorafenib and cisplatin resistance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).@*METHODS@#HCC cell lines SMMC-7721 and HCC-LM3 were transfected with an ETV4- overexpressing plasmid or small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) targeting ETV4. The cells with ETV4 overexpression or ETV4 interference were treated with DMSO, sorafenib (5 μmol/L) or cisplatin (5 μmol/L) for 48 h, and the total protein and total RNA were collected. Western blotting, flow cytometry, EdU proliferation assay were used to analyze the apoptosis and proliferation of the cells. We also obtained clinical specimens of HCC tissues and paired adjacent tissues from 11 patients for detecting ETV4 mRNA expression levels using real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (q-PCR). The effect of ETV4 interference on the mRNA expression levels of immediate early response gene 3 (IER3) was examined in HCC cells that were treated with DMSO, sorafenib or cisplatin for 48 h.@*RESULTS@#The expression of ETV4 mRNA was significantly higher in HCC tissues than in the paired adjacent tissues. Overexpression of ETV4 in the HCC cell lines obviously inhibited cell apoptosis induced by sorafenib or cisplatin. Conversely, ETV4 interference significantly enhanced the apoptosis and inhibited the proliferation of the HCC cells following treatments with sorafenib or cisplatin. In addition, ETV4 regulated the mRNA expression levels of IER3 in the cells treatmed with sorafenib and cisplatin.@*CONCLUSIONS@#ETV4 promotes resistance of HCC cells to sorafenib or cisplatin .


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cisplatin , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Membrane Proteins , Niacinamide , Phenylurea Compounds , Sorafenib
13.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(5): e201900501, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1010875

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To analyze the effects of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) in the expression of apoptosis-related genes in rat small intestine subjected to ischemia and reperfusion. Methods: Thirty anesthetized rats underwent laparotomy and were drive into five groups: control (CG); ischemia (IG); ischemia and reperfusion (IRG); IPC and ischemia (IG+IPC); IPC and ischemia and reperfusion (I/RG+IPC). Intestinal ischemia was performed by clamping the superior mesenteric artery for 60 minutes, whereas reperfusion lasted for 120 minutes. IPC was carried out by one cycle of 5 minutes of ischemia followed by 10 minutes of reperfusion prior to the prolonged 60-minutes-ischemia and 120-minutes-reperfusion. Thereafter, the rats were euthanized and samples of small intestine were processed for histology and gene expression. Results: Histology of myenteric plexus showed a higher presence of neurons presenting pyknotic nuclei and condensed chromatin in the IG and IRG. IG+IPC and I/RG+IPC groups exhibited neurons with preserved volume and nuclei, along with significant up-regulation of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl2l1 and down-regulation of pro-apoptotic genes. Moreover, Bax/Bcl2 ratio was lower in the groups subjected to IPC, indicating a protective effect of IPC against apoptosis. Conclusion: Ischemic preconditioning protect rat small intestine against ischemia/reperfusion injury, reducing morphologic lesions and apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Apoptosis/genetics , Ischemic Preconditioning/methods , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/analysis , Jejunum/blood supply , Jejunum/pathology , Reference Values , Random Allocation , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Constriction , Endothelial Cells/pathology , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mesenteric Ischemia/genetics , Mesenteric Ischemia/pathology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775998

ABSTRACT

Apoptosis plays important roles in maintaining normal development and homeostasis and in the pathophysiological processes of various diseases.Previous studies have shown that cardiomyocyte apoptosis is involved in the development of various cardiovascular diseases.The apoptosis repressor with caspase recruitment domain(ARC)is abundantly expressed in heart,which makes ARC a unique and central cardioprotective factor via anti-apoptotic pathway.This article reviews the structure and characteristics of ARC as well as the roles and mechanisms of ARC in cardiovascular diseases.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Physiology , Cardiovascular Diseases , Caspase Activation and Recruitment Domain , Humans
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1463-1468, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775698

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the transcriptional regulation of transcription factor MZF-1 on acute monocytic leukemia-related gene MLAA-34.@*METHODS@#The effect of MZF-1 on the transcriptional activity of MLAA-34 gene promoter was analyzed by luciferase reporter gene detection system and site-directed mutation technique. The EMSA and ChIP assay were used to verify whether MZF-1 directly and specifically binds to the core region of MLAA-34 promoter. The over-expression vector and interference vector of MZF-1 were constructed to transfect U937 cells, and RT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the transcription and expression changes of MLAA-34 gene.@*RESULTS@#The transcription factor MZF-1 had a regulatory effect on MLAA-34 gene expression, and the relative luciferase activity was decreased after MZF-1 binding point mutation (P<0.01). EMSA and ChIP experiments demonstrated that MZF-1 could directly bind to MLAA-34 promoter and play a regulatory role. In the over-expression test, the increase of MZF-1 could up-regulate the expression of MLAA-34 (P<0.05). In the interference test, the decrease of MZF-1 could down-regulate the expression of MLAA-34 (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Transcription factor MZF-1 can bind to the transcriptional regulatory region on the promoter of MLAA-34 gene and promote the transcription of MLAA-34 gene in acute monocytic leukemia.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Neoplasm , Genetics , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genes, Reporter , Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-alpha , Humans , Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Transcription, Genetic
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1612-1616, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775676

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of quercetin on the apoptosis of platelets and to analyze the intrinsic mechanism.@*METHODS@#Firstly, the effects of quecetin on the apoptosis of platelets was detected by flow cytometry. Secondly, Western blot was used to detect the expression of apoptosis-related proteins in the platelets treated with quercetin for 2 and 4 day.@*RESULTS@#By flow cytometry, it was found that the apoptosis of platelets in the quercetin-treated group (2, 4 and 8 μmol/L) was inhibited, the apoptosis rate of platelets in 2, 4 and 8 μmol/L quercetin group was 3.12%±0.32%, 2.89%±0.15% and 2.31%±0.28%, respectively, which were signigicantly lover than that in control group (P<0.01). With the increase of quecetin concentration, the proportion ratio of platelets significantly decreased in a concentration-dependent manner(r=-0.9985). Similar results were observed on the 4th day. Western blot showed that the treatment with quercetin (2, 4 and 8 μmol/L) promoted the expression of anti-apoptotic protein BCL-2, inhibited the expression of pro-apoptotic protein BAX, resulting in a significant increase in the ratio of BCL-2/BAX (P<0.01), thereby inhibiting the apoptosis of platelets. Similar results were observed on the 4th day.@*CONCLUSION@#Quercetin can inhibit platelet apoptosis by increasing the ratio of apoptosis-related protein BCL-2/BAX in a concentration-dependent manner.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Blood Platelets , Quercetin
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813239

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of miR-30a/HMGA2-mediated autophagy in osteosarcoma cells on apoptosis induced by chemotherapeutics. 
 Methods: A total of 30 osteosarcoma tissues of sensitive and resistant to chemotherapeutics were divided into a chemotherapy-sensitive group and a chemotherapy-resistant group. The mRNA expression levels of miR-30a and high mobility group protein A2 (HMGA2) in the chemotherapy-sensitive group and the chemotherapy-resistant group, and the mRNA expression levels of miR-30a in osteosarcoma U2-OS cells treated by cisplatin, doxorubicin and methotrexate at different concentrations were detected by real-time PCR. The expression levels of autophagy related protein Beclin 1, microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3B (LC3B) and autophagy factor P62 were detected by Western blotting. The osteosarcoma U2-OS cells were transfected with miR-30a mimics and miR-30a inhibitors to construct a miR-30a high expression group, a miR-30a low expression group and a control group. The expression levels of Beclin 1, LC3B and P62 in osteosarcoma U2-OS cells after treatment of cisplatin and doxorubicin in these 3 groups were detected by Western blotting; the level of autophagy was detected by monodansylcada (MDC) staining; the level of ROS was detected by dihydroethidium (DHE); the level of cell surviving rate was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8); the level of apoptosis was detected by annexin APC/PI double staining; the level of mitochondria oxidative damage was detected by mitochondrial membrane potential assay kit with JC-1 (JC-1 method). The interaction between miR-30a and HMGA2 was detected by dual luciferase reporter assay. The osteosarcoma U2-OS cells were transfected with HMGA2 mimics and HMGA2-shRNA to construct a high HMGA2 group, a low HMGA2 group, and a control group. The expression levels of Beclin 1, LC3B and P62 in osteosarcoma U2-OS cells after the treatment of cisplatin were detected by Western blotting.
 Results: The level of miR-30a in the chemotherapy-resistant tissues was significantly lower than that in the chemotherapy-sensitive tissues (P<0.05), and the expression of HMGA2 was opposite comparing to that of miR-30a (P<0.05). After the treatment by low concentration (5 μmol/L) of chemotherapeutics, the level of miR-30a was down-regulated in osteosarcoma U2-OS cells, accompanied with up-regulation of Beclin 1 and LC3B (P<0.01) and down-regulation of P62 (P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the expression levels of Beclin 1 and LC3B were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the expression level of P62 was significantly increased (P<0.05) in the miR-30a high expression group, which was opposite in the miR-30a low expression group. In the miR-30a high expression group treated by chemotherapeutics, the level of autophagy and the cell survival rate were lower than those in group with low expression of miR-30a, while the levels of ROS, the mitochondrial oxidative damage and the apoptosis were higher than those in group with low expression of miR-30a (all P<0.05). The targeting interaction between HMGA2 and miR-30a were verified by dual luciferase reporter assay. Compared with the control group, the expression levels of Beclin 1 and LC3B were significantly increased (P<0.05), and the expression level of P62 was significantly decreased (P<0.05) in the HMGA2 high expression group, which was opposite in the HMGA2 low expression group.
 Conclusion: Suppression of miR-30a/HMGA2-mediated autophagy in osteosarcoma cells is likely to enhance the therapeutic effect of chemotherapeutics.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Autophagy , Beclin-1 , Bone Neoplasms , Cell Line, Tumor , HMGA2 Protein , Metabolism , Humans , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Osteosarcoma
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(2): 117-124, Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886260

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To observe the efficacy of phosphocreatine pre-administration (PCr-PA) on X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP), the second mitochondia-derived activator of caspase (Smac) and apoptosis in the ischemic penumbra of rats with focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI). Methods: A total of 60 healthy male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into three groups (n=20): group A (the sham operation group), group B <intraperitoneally injected with 20 mg/kg (10 mg/ml) of saline before preparing the ischemia-reperfusion (IR) model>, and group C <intraperitoneally injected with 20 mg/kg (10 mg/ml) of PCr immediately before preparing the IR model>. After 24 h for reperfusion, the neurological function was evaluated and the tissue was sampled to detect expression of XIAP, Smac and caspase-3 positive cells in the ischemic penumbra so as to observe the apoptosis. Results: Compared with group B, neurological deficit scores, numbers of apoptotic cells, expression of Smac,caspase-9 and the numbers of Caspase-3 positive cells were decreased while expression of XIAP were increased in the ischemic penumbra of group C. Conclusions: Phosphocreatine pre-administration may elicit neuroprotective effects in the brain by increasing expression of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein, reducing expression of second mitochondia-derived activator of caspase, and inhibiting the apoptosis in the ischemic penumbra.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Rats , Phosphocreatine/pharmacology , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Brain Ischemia/metabolism , Mitochondrial Proteins/metabolism , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/metabolism , X-Linked Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein/metabolism , Random Allocation , Brain Ischemia/prevention & control , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Apoptosis/drug effects , Neuroprotective Agents/pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Caspase 3/metabolism
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691351

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To examinie the synergistic effects of Banxia Xiexin Decoction (, Known as Banhasasim-tang in Korean) extract (BXDE) on cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity in the A549 human lung cancer cell lines.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A549 cells were treated with varying concentrations (50-200 μg/mL) of cisplatin and BXDE alone or in combination for 96 h. We used 1-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-3,5-diphenylformazan assay and flow cytometry to analyze cell viability and apoptosis, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The exposure of cells to cisplatin and BXDE alone or in combination decreased cell viability dose- and time-dependently (P<0.05), which was found to be mediated by the apoptotic pathway as confirmed by the increase in the annexin V/propidium iodide- stained cell population and a ladder pattern of discontinuous DNA fragments. Furthermore, the apoptosis was inhibited by the pan-caspase inhibitor, benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-Ala-Asp (OMe) fluoromethylketone (z-VAD-FMK).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>BXDE significantly potentiated apoptotic effects of cisplatin in A549 cells. Moreover, apoptosis induced by BXDE might be the pivotal mechanism mediating its chemopreventative action against cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
A549 Cells , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Metabolism , Caspase Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Cisplatin , Pharmacology , DNA Fragmentation , Humans , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689560

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of NLRP1 on the liver dysfunction following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The mouse model of allo-HSCT was established by using C57BL/6 and NLRP mice were used as the recipients: BABL/c mice were used as donors). The chimera rates of donor's bone marrow cells were assayed by flow cytometry. ALT and AST levels were measured by automatic biochemical analyzer. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of NLRP1, the precursor of Caspase-1 and its active segment p20,IL-1β,IL-18 and MPO in livers.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The chimera rate was over 96% on the day 14 after allo-HSCT, and showed that the hematopoietic stem cells of donors had been transplanted into recipients. ALT and AST levels were increased from (173.9±12.39)U/L and (283.7±28.00)U/L on day 7 to (3902±1745)U/L and (5316±924)U/L on the day 14 and decreased to (3153±564.4) U/L and (4350±957.7) U/L on the day 28, respectively. Western blot showed that the expression of NLRP1 was increased after allo-HSCT, which displayed a similar trend with the changes of ALT and AST. When knocking out NLRP1, the contents of ALT and AST in the knocked group were significantly decreased in comparison with the group without knocking out. And the expression levels of NLRP1 related inflammatory proteins, precursor of Caspase-1,p20,Mature-IL-1β,Mature-IL-18 and MPO were lower than those in groups without knocking out NLRP1 gene.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Allo-HSCT can cause the damage of liver function and increase the expression of NLRP1, while knocking out NLRP1 can reduce the damage of liver function, so NLRP1 may be one of the important factors leading to liver dysfunction.</p>


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Animals , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Interleukin-1beta , Liver Diseases , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Transplantation, Homologous
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