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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980744

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the possible mechanism of acupuncture at "Zhibian" (BL 54) through "Shuidao" (ST 28) on premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) from the perspective of oxidative stress.@*METHODS@#Sixty female SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, a sham acupuncture group, a medication group, and an acupuncture group, 12 rats in each group. Except the blank group, the rats in the remaining groups were intraperitoneally injected with cyclophosphamide to establish the POI model. After the model was successfully established, the rats in the acupuncture group were treated with acupuncture at "Zhibian" (BL 54) through "Shuidao" (ST 28), with a depth of about 12 mm, and the needle was retained for 30 min; the acupuncture was given once a day, for a total of 4 weeks. The rats in the sham acupuncture group were treated with blunt-head needle to tap the skin surface of "Zhibian" (BL 54), without penetrating the skin, once a day for 4 weeks. The rats in the medication group were treated with estradiol valerate by gastric gavage for 4 weeks. After the intervention, the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the ovarian tissue was detected by fluorescence probe; the expression of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), forkhead box O1 (FoxO1), tumor suppressor gene protein 53 (p53) and p53 up-regulated modulator of apoptosis (Puma) mRNA and protein in ovarian tissue were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the level of ROS and the expression of JNK mRNA, p-JNK protein, FoxO1, p53, Puma mRNA and protein in the ovarian tissue in the model group were increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the level of ROS and the expression of p-JNK protein, FoxO1, p53, Puma mRNA and protein in the ovarian tissue in the sham acupuncture group were slightly reduced, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The level of ROS and the expression of JNK mRNA, p-JNK protein, FoxO1, p53, Puma mRNA and protein in the ovarian tissue in the acupuncture group and the medication group were reduced (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture at "Zhibian" (BL 54) through "Shuidao" (ST 28) could improve the level of oxidative stress, down-regulate the expression of apoptosis-related factors JNK, FoxO1, p53 and Puma induced by oxidative stress, and inhibit the premature failure of ovarian reserve function caused by apoptosis of ovarian granulosa cells in POI rats.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rats , Female , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reactive Oxygen Species , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Acupuncture Therapy , Primary Ovarian Insufficiency/therapy , Apoptosis , RNA, Messenger , Oxidative Stress , Acupuncture Points
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971106

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of mTOR inhibitors everolimus (EVE) and gemcitabine (GEM) on the proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) cell line U2932, and further explore the molecular mechanisms, so as to provide new ideas and experimental basis for the clinical treatment of DLBCL.@*METHODS@#The effect of EVE and GEM on the proliferation of U2932 cells was detected by CCK-8 assay, the IC50 of the two drugs was calculated, and the combination index (CI=) of the two drugs was calculated by CompuSyn software. The effect of EVE and GEM on apoptosis of U2932 cells was detected by flow cytometry with AnnexinV-FITC/PI staining. Flow cytometry with propidium iodide (PI) staining was used to detect the effect of EVE and GEM on the cell cycle of U2932 cells. Western blot assay was used to detect the effects of EVE and GEM on the channel proteins p-mTOR and p-4EBP1, the anti-apoptotic proteins MCL-1 and Survivin, and the cell cycle protein Cyclin D1.@*RESULTS@#Both EVE and GEM could significantly inhitbit the proliferation of U2932 cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner (r=0.465, 0.848; 0.555, 0.796). According to the calculation of CompuSyn software, EVE combined with GEM inhibited the proliferation of U2932 cells at 24, 48 and 72 h with CI=<1, which had a synergistic effect. After treated U2932 cells with 10 nmol/L EVE, 250 nmol/L GEM alone and in combination for 48 h, both EVE and GEM induced apoptosis, and the difference was statistically significant compared with the control group (P<0.05). The apoptosis rate was significantly enhanced after EVE in combination with GEM compared with single-agent (P<0.05). Both EVE and GEM alone and in combination significantly increased the proportion of cells in G1 phase compared with the control group (P<0.05). The proportion of cells in G1 phase was significantly increased when the two drugs were combined (P<0.05). The expression of p-mTOR and effector protein p-4EBP1 was significantly downregulated in the EVE combined with GEM group, the expression of anti-apoptotic proteins MCL-1, Survivin and cell cycle protein cyclin D1 was downregulated too (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EVE combined with GEM can synergistically inhibit the proliferation of U2932 cells, and the mechanism may be that they can synergistically induce apoptosis by downregulating the expression of MCL-1 and Survivin proteins and block the cell cycle progression by downregulating the expression of Cyclin D1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gemcitabine , Everolimus/pharmacology , Survivin/pharmacology , Cyclin D1/pharmacology , Myeloid Cell Leukemia Sequence 1 Protein , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Cell Cycle Proteins , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970313

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Programmed cell death 6 (PDCD6), a Ca 2+-binding protein, has been reported to be aberrantly expressed in all kinds of tumors. The aim of this study was to explore the role and mechanism of PDCD6 in hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs).@*METHODS@#The expression levels of PDCD6 in liver cancer patients and HCC cell lines were analyzed using bioinformatics and Western blotting. Cell viability and metastasis were determined by methylthiazol tetrazolium (MTT) and transwell assays, respectively. And Western blotting was used to test related biomarkers and molecular pathway factors in HCC cell lines. LY294002, a PI3K inhibitor inhibiting AKT, was used to suppress the AKT/GSK3β/β-catenin pathway to help evaluate the role of this pathway in the HCC carcinogenesis associated with PDCD6.@*RESULTS@#The analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas Database suggested that high PDCD6 expression levels were relevant to liver cancer progression. This was consistent with our finding of higher levels of PDCD6 expression in HCC cell lines than in normal hepatocyte cell lines. The results of MTT, transwell migration, and Western blotting assays revealed that overexpression of PDCD6 positively regulated HCC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Conversely, the upregulation of PDCD6 expression in the presence of an AKT inhibitor inhibited HCC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. In addition, PDCD6 promoted HCC cell migration and invasion by epithelial-mesenchymal transition. The mechanistic investigation proved that PDCD6 acted as a tumor promoter in HCC through the AKT/GSK3β/β-catenin pathway, increasing the expression of transcription factors and cellular proliferation and metastasis.@*CONCLUSION@#PDCD6 has a tumor stimulative role in HCC mediated by AKT/GSK3β/β-catenin signaling and might be a potential target for HCC progression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , beta Catenin/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/metabolism , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/genetics
4.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 138-145, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969816

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of rigosertib (RGS) combined with classic chemotherapy drugs including 5-fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan in colorectal cancer. Methods: Explore the synergy effects of RGS and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), oxaliplatin (OXA), and irinotecan (IRI) on colorectal cancer by subcutaneously transplanted tumor models of mice. The mice were randomly divided into control group, RGS group, 5-FU group, OXA group, IRI group, 5-FU+ RGS group, OXA+ RGS group and IRI+ RGS group. The synergy effects of RGS and OXA on KRAS mutant colorectal cancer cell lines in vitro was detected by CCK-8. Ki-67 immunohistochemistry and TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining were performed on the mouse tumor tissue sections, and the extracted tumor tissue was analyzed by western blot. The blood samples of mice after chemotherapy and RGS treatment were collected, blood routine and liver and kidney function analysis were conducted, and H&E staining on liver sections was performed to observe the side effects of chemotherapy and RGS. Results: The subcutaneously transplanted tumor models were established successfully in all groups. 55 days after administration, the fold change of tumor size of OXA+ RGS group was 37.019±8.634, which is significantly smaller than 77.571±15.387 of RGS group (P=0.029) and 92.500±13.279 of OXA group (P=0.008). Immunohistochemical staining showed that the Ki-67 index of tumor tissue in control group, OXA group, RGS group and OXA+ RGS group were (100.0±16.8)%, (35.6±11.3)%, (54.5±18.1)% and (15.4±3.9)%, respectively. The Ki-67 index of OXA+ RGS group was significantly lower than that in control group (P=0.014), but there was no significant difference compared to OXA group and RGS group (OXA: P=0.549; RGS: P=0.218). TUNEL fluorescence staining showed that the apoptotic level of OXA+ RGS group was 3.878±0.547, which was significantly higher than 1.515±0.442 of OXA group (P=0.005) and 1.966±0.261 of RGS group (P=0.008). Western blot showed that the expressions of apoptosis related proteins such as cleaved-PARP, cleaved-caspase 3 and cleaved-caspase 8 in the tumor tissues of mice in the OXA+ RGS group were higher than those in control group, OXA group and RGS group. After the mice received RGS combined with chemotherapy drugs, there was no significant effect on liver and kidney function indexes, but the combined use of oxaliplatin and RGS significantly reduced the white blood cells [(0.385±0.215)×10(9)/L vs (5.598±0.605)×10(9)/L, P<0.001] and hemoglobin[(56.000±24.000)g/L vs (153.333±2.231)g/L, P=0.001] of the mice. RGS, chemotherapy combined with RGS and chemotherapy alone did not significantly increase the damage to liver cells. Conclusions: The combination of RGS and oxaliplatin has a stronger anti-tumor effect on KRAS mutant colorectal cancer. RGS single agent will not cause significant bone marrow suppression and hepatorenal injury in mice, but its side effects may increase correspondingly after combined with chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Fluorouracil/pharmacology , Irinotecan/therapeutic use , Ki-67 Antigen , Oxaliplatin , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)/therapeutic use
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982124

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of MELK inhibitor OTSSP167 against diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#The effect of OTSSP167 on activity, proliferation, and apoptosis of DLBCL cell line (SUDHL2 and HBL1) was detected by CCK-8 assay, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) staining, and Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining, respectively. DLBCL cells were inoculated into nude mice, after 4 weeks of OTSSP167 treatment, the effect of OTSSP167 on DLBCL growth in vivo was detected. Caspase-GloTM 3/7 enzyme activity assay kit was used to detect the effect of OTSSP167 on Caspase 3/7 enzyme activity of DLBCL cells. The expression levels of apoptosis and cycle-related proteins were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#OTSSP167 significantly inhibited the activity of SUDHL2 and HBL1 cells in a dose-dependent manner (r =-0.61, r =-0.52). EdU staining showed that OTSSP167 could significantly inhibit the proliferation of SUDHL2 and HBL1 cells. Annexin V-FITC/PI result showed that OTSSP167 could significantly promote the apoptosis of SUDHL2 and HBL1 cells (P <0.001). The result of in vivo experiment showed that OTSSP167 could inhibit the growth of SUDHL2 cells in nude mice. The result of TUNEL staining of tumor further confirmed that OTSSP167 could promote the apoptosis of SUDHL2 cells. Caspase 3/7 enzyme activity test demonstrated that OTSSP167 could significantly increase caspase activity in SUDHL2 and HBL1 cells (r =0.98, r =0.87). Western blot showed that OTSSP167 could dose-dependently inhibit the expression of PARP, Bcl-xL, and Bcl-2 in apoptosis signaling pathway (r =-0.93, r =-0.66, r =-0.87), while p53 protein was significantly up-regulated (r =0.82). The expression of cell cycle-related proteins cdc2, Cyclin E1, Cyclin A2, and Cyclin B1 also showed a dose-dependent down-regulation (r =-0.89, r =-0.83, r =-0.61, r =-0.93).@*CONCLUSION@#The MELK inhibitor OTSSP167 can inhibit the proliferation and promote the apoptosis of DLBCL cells by inhibiting the expression of cycle-related proteins and anti-apoptosis-related proteins.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Mice, Nude , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Caspase 3 , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Caspases , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982068

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate and analyze the effect of CXC chemokine receptor 1/2 (CXCR1/2) targeting inhibitor Reparixin combined with cytarabine (Ara-C) on the malignant biological behaviors of acute myeloid leukemia cells and its effect on the expression of the CXCR family, while exploring the accompanying molecular mechanism, providing scientific basis and reference for new molecular markers and targeted therapy for AML.@*METHODS@#Acute myeloid leukemia U937 cells were treated with different concentrations of Reparixin, Ara-C alone or in combination, and the cell morphology was observed under an inverted microscope; Wright-Giemsa staining was used to detect cell morphological changes; CCK-8 method was used to detect cell proliferation; the ability of cell invasion was detected by Transwell chamber method; the ability of colony formation was detected by colony formation assay; cell apoptosis was detected by Hoechst 33258 fluorescent staining and Annexin V/PI double-staining flow cytometry; monodansylcadaverine(MDC) staining was used to detect cell autophagy; the expression of apoptosis, autophagy and related signaling pathway proteins was detected by Western blot and the expression changes of CXCR family were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR).@*RESULTS@#Reparixin could inhibit the proliferation, invasion, migration and clone formation ability of U937 cells. Compared with the single drug group, when U937 cells were intervened by Reparixin combined with Ara-C, the malignant biological behaviors such as proliferation, invasion and colony formation were significantly decreased, and the levels of apoptosis and autophagy were significantly increased (P<0.01). After Reparixin combined with Ara-C intervenes in U937 cells, it can up-regulate the expression of the pro-apoptotic protein Bax and significantly down-regulate the expression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2, and also hydrolyze and activate Caspase-3, thereby inducing cell apoptosis. Reparixin combined with Ara-C could up-regulate the expressions of LC3Ⅱ and Beclin-1 proteins in U937 cells, and the ratio of LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ in cells was significantly up-regulated compared with single drug or control group (P<0.01). MDC result showed that the green granules of vesicles increased significantly, and a large number of broken cells were seen (P<0.01). Reparixin combined with Ara-C can significantly inhibit the phosphorylation level of PI3K, AKT and NF-κB signaling molecule, inhibit the malignant biological behavior of cells by inhibiting the activation of PI3K/AKT/NF-κB pathway, and induce programmed cell death. Ara-C intervention in U937 cells had no effect on the expression of CXCR family (P>0.05). The expression of CXCR1, CXCR2, and CXCR4 mRNA could be down-regulated by Reparixin single-agent intervention in U937 cells (P<0.05), and the expression of CXCR2 was more significantly down-regulated than the control group and other CXCRs (P<0.01). When Reparixin and Ara-C intervened in combination, the down-regulated levels of CXCR1 and CXCR2 were more significant than those in the single-drug group (P<0.01), while the relative expressions of CXCR4 and CXCR7 mRNA had no significant difference compared with the single-drug group (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Reparixin combined with Ara-C can synergistically inhibit the malignant biological behaviors of U937 cells such as proliferation, invasion, migration and clone formation, and induce autophagy and apoptosis. The mechanism may be related to affecting the proteins expression of Bcl-2 family and down-regulating the proteins expression of CXCR family, while inhibiting the PI3K/AKT/NF-κB signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , U937 Cells , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Receptors, Interleukin-8A , NF-kappa B , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , RNA, Messenger , Cell Line, Tumor
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of suppressing high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) on neuronal autophagy and apoptosis in rats after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in rats.@*METHODS@#Rat models of ICH induced by intracerebral striatum injection of 0.2 U/mL collagenase Ⅳ were treated with 1 mg/kg anti-HMGB1 mAb or a control anti-IgG mAb injected via the tail immediately and at 6 h after the operation (n=5). The rats in the sham-operated group (with intracranial injection of 2 μL normal saline) and ICH model group (n=5) were treated with PBS in the same manner after the operation. The neurological deficits of the rats were evaluated using modified neurological severity score (mNSS). TUNEL staining was used to detect apoptosis of the striatal neurons, and the expressions of HMGB1, autophagy-related proteins (Beclin-1, LC3-Ⅱ and LC3-Ⅰ) and apoptosis-related proteins (Bcl-2, Bax and cleaved caspase-3) in the brain tissues surrounding the hematoma were detected using Western blotting. The expression of HMGB1 in the striatum was detected by immunohistochemistry, and serum level of HMGB1 was detected with ELISA.@*RESULTS@#The rat models of ICH showed significantly increased mNSS (P < 0.05), which was markedly lowered after treatment with anti- HMGB1 mAb (P < 0.05). ICH caused a significant increase of apoptosis of the striatal neurons (P < 0.05), enhanced the expressions of beclin-1, LC3-Ⅱ, Bax and cleaved caspase-3 (P < 0.05), lowered the expressions of LC3-Ⅰ and Bcl-2 (P < 0.05), and increased the content of HMGB1 (P < 0.05). Treatment with anti-HMGB1 mAb obviously lowered the apoptosis rate of the striatal neurons (P < 0.05), decreased the expressions of Beclin-1, LC3-Ⅱ, Bax and cleaved caspase-3 (P < 0.05), increased the expressions of LC3-Ⅰ and Bcl-2 (P < 0.05), and reduced the content of HMGB1 in ICH rats (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Down- regulation of HMGB1 by anti-HMGB1 improves neurological functions of rats after ICH possibly by inhibiting autophagy and apoptosis of the neurons.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/metabolism , Autophagy , Beclin-1 , Caspase 3/metabolism , Cerebral Hemorrhage/therapy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929000

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Acute kidney injury (AKI) can be caused by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), nephrotoxin, and sepsis, with poor prognosis and high mortality. Leptin is a protein molecule that regulates the body's energy metabolism and reproductive activities via binding to its specific receptor. Leptin can inhibit cardiomyocyte apoptosis caused by I/R, but its effect on I/R kidney injury and the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. This study aims to investigate the effect and mechanisms of leptin on renal function, renal histopathology, apoptosis, and autophagy during acute I/R kidney injury.@*METHODS@#Healthy adult male mice were randomly divided into 4 groups: a sham+wild-type mice (ob/+) group, a sham+leptin gene-deficient mice (ob/ob) group, an I/R+ob/+ group, and an I/R+ob/ob group (n=8 per group). For sham operation, a longitudinal incision was made on the back of the mice to expose and separate the bilateral kidneys and renal arteries, and no subsequent treatment was performed. I/R treatment was ischemia for 30 min and reperfusion for 48 h. The levels of BUN and SCr were detected to evaluate renal function; HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of renal tissue; TUNEL staining was used to observe cell apoptosis, and apoptosis-positive cells were counted; Western blotting was used to detect levels of apoptosis-related proteins (caspase 3, caspase 9), autophagy-related proteins [mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), phosphorylated mTOR (p-mTOR), LC3 I, LC3 II], mTOR-dependent signaling pathway proteins [phosphate and tension homology (PTEN), adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), protein kinase B (AKT), extracellular regulated protein kinase (ERK), phosphorylated PTEN (p-PTEN), phosphorylated AMPK (p-AMPK), phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT), phosphorylated ERK (p-ERK)].@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the levels of BUN and SCr between the sham+ob/+ group and the sham+ob/ob group (both P>0.05). The levels of BUN and SCr in the I/R+ob/+ group were significantly higher than those in the sham+ob/+ group (both P<0.05). Compared with the mice in the sham+ob/ob group or the I/R+ob/+ group, the levels of BUN and SCr in the I/R+ob/ob group were significantly increased (all P<0.05). There was no obvious damage to the renal tubules in the sham+ob/+ group and the sham+ob/ob group. Compared with sham+ob/+ group and sham+ob/ob group, both the I/R+ob/+ group and the I/R+ob/ob group had cell damage such as brush border shedding, vacuolar degeneration, and cast formation. Compared with the I/R+ob/+ group, the renal tubules of the mice in the I/R+ob/ob group were more severely damaged. The pathological score of renal tubular injury showed that the renal tubular injury was the most serious in the I/R+ob/ob group (P<0.05). Compared with the sham+ob/+ group, the protein levels of caspase 3, caspase 9, PTEN, and LC3 II were significantly up-regulated, the ratio of LC3 II to LC3 I was significantly increased, and the protein levels of p-mTOR, p-PTEN, p-AMPK, p-AKT, and p-ERK were significantly down-regulated in the I/R+ob/+ group (all P<0.05). Compared with the sham+ob/ob group, the protein levels of caspase 3, caspase 9, PTEN, and LC3 II were significantly up-regulated, and the ratio of LC3 II to LC3 I was significantly increased, while the protein levels of p-mTOR, p-PTEN, p-AMPK, p-AKT, and p-ERK were significantly down-regulated in the I/R+ob/ob group (all P<0.05). Compared with the I/R+ob/+ group, the levels of p-mTOR, p-PTEN, p-AMPK, p-AKT were more significantly down-regulated, while the levels of caspase 3, caspase 9, PTEN, and LC3 II were more significantly up-regulated, and the ratio of LC3 II to LC3 I was more significantly increase in the I/R+ob/ob group (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Renal function and tubular damage, and elevated levels of apoptosis and autophagy are observed in mice kidneys after acute I/R. Leptin might relieve I/R induced AKI by inhibiting apoptosis and autophagy that through a complex network of interactions between mTOR-dependent signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Mice , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Acute Kidney Injury/pathology , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/pharmacology , Autophagy , Caspase 3/metabolism , Caspase 9/metabolism , Ischemia , Kidney/pathology , Leptin/pharmacology , Mammals/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Reperfusion/adverse effects , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939677

ABSTRACT

AbstractObjective: To explore the effect and mechanism of curcumin on human T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) cell apoptosis induced by Mcl-1 small molecule inhibitors UMI-77.@*METHODS@#T-ALL cell line Molt-4 was cultured, and the cells were treated with different concentrations of curcumin and Mcl-1 small molecule inhibitor UMI-77 for 24 h. The MTT method was used to detect the cell survival rate after different treatment; According to the results of curcumin and UMI-77, the experimental settings were divided into control group, curcumin group (20 μmol/L curcumin treated cells), UMI-77 group (15 μmol/L Mcl-1 small molecule inhibitor UMI-77 treated cells) and curcumin+ UMI-77 group (20 μmol/L curcumin and 15 μmol/L Mcl-1 small molecule inhibitor UMI-77 treated cells), MTT method was used to detect cell proliferation inhibition rate, Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining method and TUNEL staining were used to detect cell apoptosis, DCFH-DA probe was used to detect cell reactive oxygen species, JC-1 fluorescent probe was used to detect mitochondrial membrane potential, Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins and Notch1 signaling pathway-related proteins.@*RESULTS@#After the treatment of Molt-4 cells with different concentrations of curcumin and Mcl-1 small molecule inhibitor UMI-77, the cell survival rate was decreased (P<0.05); Compared with the control group, the cell proliferation inhibition rate of the curcumin group and the UMI-77 group were increased, the apoptosis rate of cell was increased, the level of ROS was increased, the protein expression of Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 in the cells were all increased, and the protein expression of Bcl-2 was reduced (P<0.05); Compared with the curcumin group or UMI-77 group, the cell proliferation inhibition rate and apoptosis rate of the curcumin+UMI-77 group were further increased, and the level of ROS was increased. At the same time, the protein expression of Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 in the cells were all increased, the protein expression of Bcl-2 was reduced (P<0.05); In addition, the mitochondrial membrane potential of the cells after curcumin treatment was decreased, and the proteins expression of Notch1 and HES1 were reduced (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Curcumin can enhance the apoptosis of T-ALL cells induced by Mcl-1 small molecule inhibitor UMI-77 by reducing the mitochondrial membrane potential, the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of Notch1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Caspase 3/metabolism , Caspase 9/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Curcumin/pharmacology , Myeloid Cell Leukemia Sequence 1 Protein/metabolism , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/pharmacology , Sulfonamides , Thioglycolates , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/pharmacology
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939676

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To express matrix remodeling associated 7 (MXRA7) in the human acute myeloid leukemia SHI-1 cell line and to assess the role of MXRA7 in the biological function of SHI-1 cells.@*METHODS@#The full-length cDNA sequence of human MXRA7 was synthesized and subcloned into the lentivirus shuttle vector pRRL-Venus. SHI-1 cells were transfected with the lentivirus which was packaged with 293T cells. The YFP-positive cells were sorted by flow cytometry and the stable cell lines were obtained by expanded culture. The expression and distribution of MXRA7 in SHI-1 cells were verified by real-time qPCR, Western blot and laser confocal techniques. Cell proliferation and cell cycle were measured by flow cytometry, and apoptosis was determined by Annexin V and 7-AAD staining. The expression of apoptosis related proteins were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The stable SHI-1 cell line overexpressing MXRA7 was established successfully. Laser confocal analysis confirmed that MXRA7 was expressed in the cytoplasm of SHI-1 cells. Compared with the control cell line, the overexpression of MXRA7 showed no effect on the cell proliferation and cell cycle, but reduced the percentage of apoptosis cells induced by methotrexate. Moreover, the expression of BCL-2 protein was increased by overexpression of MXRA7, which can inhibit cell apoptosis.@*CONCLUSION@#The SHI-1 stable cell line overexpressing MXRA7 was established successfully, and MXRA7 could inhibit drug-induced apoptosis through increasing the expression of BCL-2 protein.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(10): e11156, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285646

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of human esophageal fibroblast-derived exosomal miR-21 on cisplatin sensitivity against esophageal squamous EC9706 cells. EC9706 cells were co-cultured indirectly with human esophageal fibroblasts (HEF) or miR-21 mimics transfected-HEF in the transwell system. The exosomes in HEF-culture conditioned medium were extracted by differential ultracentrifugation. EC9706 cells were co-cultured with HEF-derived exosomes directly. The cisplatin sensitivity against EC9706 cells was revealed via half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values using MTT assay. The expressions of miR-21, programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) mRNA, and gene of phosphate and tension homology deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) mRNA were determined by qRT-PCR. The changes of the protein level were detected using western blot assay. IC50 values of cisplatin against EC9706 cells were increased after EC9706 cells were co-cultured with either HEF or exosomes derived from miR-21 mimics-transfected HEF. Following the increased level of miR-21, the mRNA expression and protein levels of PTEN and PDCD4 were decreased in EC9706 cells. The cisplatin sensitivity to EC9706 cells was reduced by HEF-derived exosomal miR-21 through targeting PTEN and PDCD4. This study suggested that non-tumor cells in the tumor micro-environment increased the tumor anti-chemotherapy effects through their exosomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms/genetics , Esophageal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Carcinoma , MicroRNAs/genetics , Cisplatin/pharmacology , RNA-Binding Proteins , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment , Fibroblasts/metabolism
12.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 1025-1034, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921307

ABSTRACT

Cells selectively scavenge redundant or damaged mitochondria by mitophagy, which is an important mechanism of mitochondrial quality control. Recent studies have shown that mitophagy is mainly regulated by autophagy-related genes (Atgs) in yeast cells, while mitochondrial membrane associated proteins such as PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1), NIX/BNIP3L, BNIP3, FUN14 domain containing 1 (FUNDC1), FKBP8/FKBP38, Bcl-2-like protein 13 (Bcl2L13), nucleotide binding domain and leucine-rich-repeat-containing proteins X1 (NLRX1), prohibitin 2 (PHB2) and lipids such as cardiolipin (CL) are the key mitophagic receptors in mammalian cells, which can selectively recognize damaged mitochondria, recruit them into isolation membranes by binding to microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) or γ-aminobutyric acid receptor-associated protein (GABARAP), and then fuse with lysosomes to eliminate the trapped mitochondria. This article reviews recent research progress of mitophagy-related receptor proteins.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Autophagy , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Mitochondria , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , Mitophagy , Prohibitins
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828655

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the role of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor proteins 1 and 3 (NLRP1 and NLRP3) inflammasome signaling pathways in the immune mechanism of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children.@*METHODS@#A total of 126 children with IBD were enrolled as the study group, including 32 children with Crohn's disease (CD) and 94 children with ulcerative colitis (UC). A total of 120 children who underwent colectomy were enrolled as the control group. The mRNA expression of NLRP1, NLRP3, Caspase-1, and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) was compared between groups.@*RESULTS@#The study group had significantly higher mRNA expression of NLRP1, NLRP3, Caspase-1, and IL-1β than the control group, and their mRNA expression levels tended to increase with the severity of CD or UC (P<0.05). In the children with UC or CD, the mRNA expression levels of NLRP1, NLRP3, Caspase-1, and IL-1β were positively correlated with serum IgM and IgG levels (P<0.05), and the mRNA expression levels of NLRP1 and NLRP3 were positively correlated with those of Caspase-1 and IL-1β (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The NLRP1 and NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathways may regulate the immune mechanism of IBD in children by upregulating the expression of Caspase-1 and IL-1β.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Inflammasomes , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Interleukin-1beta , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Signal Transduction
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829039

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression level of miR-181b in CD19+ B lymphocytes of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), to analyze the relationship between its expression and the prognosis of CLL patients, and to predict the potential target gene of miR-181b in CLL by using bioinformatics.@*METHODS@#Eight-four patients with CLL treated in People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from June 2013 to June 2018 were selected. and 20 healthy people were selected as control group. RNA was extracted from CD19+B lymphocytes of peripheral blood by magnetic bead sorting, the expression level of miR-181b was detected, and it's expression differences in different IPI groups were analyzed. The correlation between the expression level of miR-181b and PFS of CLL patients also was analyzed. miR-181b target genes were predicted by online database and literatures, and gene annotation analysis and relevant signal pathway analysis were performed for candidate target genes.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of miR-181b in CLL patients was significantly lower than that in control group (P<0.01); The expression level of miR-181b in the low-risk group was higher than that in high-risk group and extremely high-risk group (P<0.05), but there was no statistical difference between low-risk group and medium-risk group (P=1.00). The expression level of miR-181b in medium-risk group was higher than that in high-risk group and extremely high-risk group (P<0.05), but there was no difference between high-risk group and extremely high-risk group (P=1.00). ROC curve results showed that the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.792 (P<0.01).When the expression level of miR-181b was at the threshold value of 0.279, it showed a better sensitivity (62.9%) and specificity (91.8%). Survival analysis results suggested that compared with the high expression group, the miR-181b low expression group had poor PFS (log rank: P=0.047). Prediction of miR-181b by using the starBase, targetscan and picTar database and its combination with literature reports indicated that CARD11, ZFP36L1, RUNX1, NR4A3, ATP1B1, PUM1 and PLAG1 related with blood diseases, and up-regulated CARD11 and ZFP36L1 participated in lymphoid tumor formation by promoting cell proliferation and inhibiting cell aging.@*CONCLUSION@#The expression level of miR-181b in CLL group are significantly lower than that in the controls group, and the low expression of miR-181b relates with poor prognosis of CLL patients. Through bioinformatics prediction and combined with literature reports, it is speculated that CARD11 and ZFP36L1 as target genes of miR-181b may be participated in the occurrence and development of CLL. Further experiments are needed to verify this result.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Cell Proliferation , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Genetics , MicroRNAs , Prognosis
15.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 894-914, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880885

ABSTRACT

Tripartite motif (TRIM) family proteins are important effectors of innate immunity against viral infections. Here we identified TRIM35 as a regulator of TRAF3 activation. Deficiency in or inhibition of TRIM35 suppressed the production of type I interferon (IFN) in response to viral infection. Trim35-deficient mice were more susceptible to influenza A virus (IAV) infection than were wild-type mice. TRIM35 promoted the RIG-I-mediated signaling by catalyzing Lys63-linked polyubiquitination of TRAF3 and the subsequent formation of a signaling complex with VISA and TBK1. IAV PB2 polymerase countered the innate antiviral immune response by impeding the Lys63-linked polyubiquitination and activation of TRAF3. TRIM35 mediated Lys48-linked polyubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of IAV PB2, thereby antagonizing its suppression of TRAF3 activation. Our in vitro and in vivo findings thus reveal novel roles of TRIM35, through catalyzing Lys63- or Lys48-linked polyubiquitination, in RIG-I antiviral immunity and mechanism of defense against IAV infection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Humans , Mice , A549 Cells , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/immunology , DEAD Box Protein 58/immunology , HEK293 Cells , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype/immunology , Madin Darby Canine Kidney Cells , Mice, Knockout , Orthomyxoviridae Infections/pathology , Proteolysis , Signal Transduction/immunology , THP-1 Cells , TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 3/immunology , Ubiquitination/immunology , Viral Proteins/immunology
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879476

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a pedigree affected with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease through high-throughput sequencing.@*METHODS@#Potential variants of the genes associated with CMT were screened by next-generation sequencing (NGS) of the members of the pedigree.@*RESULTS@#NGS has revealed that the two affected sisters both harbored homozygous c.1A>G variant of the GDAP1 gene, which caused replacement of the first amino acid Methionine by Valine (p.Met1Val). Their parents were both carriers of the heterozygous c.1A>G variant. The variant was unreported previously and has an extremely low frequency in the population. Meanwhile, one of the sisters and the mother also carried heterozygous c.710A>T variant of the BAG3 gene.@*CONCLUSION@#The homozygous c.1A>G variant of the GDAP1 gene probably underlay the CMT in both children. Above result has enabled clinical diagnosis and genetic counseling for this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/genetics , Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease/genetics , Fibula/abnormalities , Homozygote , Mutation , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Pedigree
17.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(6): 528-536, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038700

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Pterygium pathogenesis has been mainly asso ciated with UV light exposure; however, this association remains quite controversial. The complete mechanism of pterygium also remains to be clarified. Factors such as inflammation, viral infection, oxidative stress, DNA methylation, inflammatory mediators, extracellular matrix modulators, apoptotic and oncogenic proteins, loss of heterozygosity, microsatellite instability, lymphangiogenesis, epithelial-mesenchymal cell transition, and alterations in cholesterol metabolism have been identified as causes. Several studies aimed to clarify the molecular mechanisms underlying the growth and proliferation of pterygium. Understanding its molecular basis provides new potential therapeutic targets for its prevention and treatment. A comprehensive search of the databases, namely, MedLine, EMBASE, and LILACS, was conducted with the following key words: pterygium, epidemiology, pathogenesis, biomarkers, and review. This review describes the epidemiology, clinical presentation, and current investigation of biological mediators involved in pterygium development.


RESUMO A patogênese do pterígio tem sido relacionada, prin cipalmente, à exposição à luz ultravioleta, mas esta asso ciação permanece bastante controversa. O mecanismo completo do pte rígio também permanece por esclarecer. Fatores como inflamação, infecção viral, estresse oxidativo, metilação do DNA, mediadores inflamatórios, moduladores de matriz extracelular, proteínas apoptóticas e oncogênicas, perda de heterozigose, instabilidade de microssatélites, linfangiogênese, transição celular epitelial-mesenquimal e alterações no metabolismo do colesterol tem sido identificados como causas. Diversos estudos visam esclarecer os mecanismos moleculares subjacentes ao crescimento e proliferação do pterígio. Entender sua base mo lecular fornece novos alvos terapêuticos potenciais para sua prevenção e tratamento. Uma busca abrangente nas bases de dados, a saber, MedLine, EMBASE e LILACS, foi realizada com as seguintes palavras-chave: pterígio; epidemiologia; patogênese; biomarcadores e revisão. Esta revisão descreve a epidemiologia, apresentação clínica e a atual investigação de mediadores biológicos envolvidos no desenvolvimento do pterígio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pterygium/genetics , Pterygium/metabolism , Genetic Markers , Gene Expression , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Extracellular Matrix
18.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 155(5): 504-510, Sep.-Oct. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286551

ABSTRACT

Cancer is a multifactorial disease that constitutes a serious public health problem worldwide. Prostate cancer advanced stages are associated with the development of androgen-independent tumors and an apoptosis-resistant phenotype that progresses to metastasis. By studying androgen-independent lymphoid nodule carcinoma of the prostate (LNCaP) cells induced to apoptosis by serum elimination, we identified the activation of a non-selective cationic channel of 23pS conductance that promotes incoming Ca2+ currents, as well as apoptosis final stages. arp2cDNA was isolated and identified to be of the same cell type, and mRNA was expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes, which was found to be associated with the activation of incoming Ca2+ currents and induction to apoptosis. cDNA, which encodes the ARP2 protein, was overexpressed in LNCaP cells and Chinese hamster ovary cells, which induced apoptosis. Our evidence suggests that protein ARP2 overexpression and transit to the cell membrane allows an increased Ca2+ incoming current that initiates the apoptosis process in epithelial-type cells whose phenotype shows resistance to programmed cell death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Calcium/metabolism , Apoptosis/physiology , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/metabolism , Ovum/metabolism , Prostatic Neoplasms/metabolism , Xenopus laevis , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Calcium Channels/metabolism , Cricetulus , CHO Cells , DNA, Complementary/isolation & purification , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/isolation & purification
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763023

ABSTRACT

Purpurogallin, a natural phenol obtained from oak nutgalls, has been shown to possess antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory effects. Recently, in addition to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation that induces cell apoptosis via oxidative stress, particulate matter 2.5 (PM(2.5)) was shown to trigger excessive production of reactive oxygen species. In this study, we observed that UVB radiation and PM(2.5) severely damaged human HaCaT keratinocytes, disrupting cellular DNA, lipids, and proteins and causing mitochondrial depolarization. Purpurogallin protected HaCaT cells from apoptosis induced by UVB radiation and/or PM(2.5). Furthermore, purpurogallin effectively modulates the pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic proteins under UVB irradiation via caspase signaling pathways. Additionally, purpurogallin reduced apoptosis via MAPK signaling pathways, as demonstrated using MAPK-p38, ERK, and JNK inhibitors. These results indicate that purpurogallin possesses antioxidant effects and protects cells from damage and apoptosis induced by UVB radiation and PM(2.5).


Subject(s)
Humans , Antioxidants , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Apoptosis , DNA , Keratinocytes , Oxidative Stress , Particulate Matter , Phenol , Reactive Oxygen Species
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773556

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of recombinant human PDCD5 (rhPDCD5) treatment in a rat model of bovine II collagen (CII)-induced arthritis (CIA) on inflammatory cytokine secretion, proliferation and apoptosis of activated lymphocytes and explore the mechanisms of rhPDCD5-induced immunosuppression on activated lymphocytes.@*METHODS@#Female Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal control group, CIA+ ovalbumin (OVA) group, CIA+ rhTNFR: Fc group, and CIA+rhPDCD5 group. The rats in the latter 3 groups received intraperitoneal injections of OVA (14 mg/kg), rhTNFR: Fc (3.5 mg/kg) or rhPDCD5 (14 mg/kg) from day 2 to day 26 following CII injection. On day 28, the spleens of the rats were harvested for preparing single cell suspensions of splenocytes, which were activated by CII (20μg/mL) or anti-CD3 (1μg/mL)+ anti-CD28 (2μg/mL) for 48 h and 72 h. The production of interferon-γ(IFN-γ) and interleukin-17A (IL-17A) by the activated lymphocytes was determined by ELISA of the culture supernatants. The proliferation and apoptosis of the activated lymphocytes were assessed using [H]-thymidine incorporation assay and flow cytometry, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those in CIA + OVA group, IFN-γand IL-17A secretions by the activated lymphocytes from rhPDCD5-treated CIA rats significantly decreased. RhPDCD5 treatment of the CIA rats obviously suppressed the proliferation and promoted apoptosis of the lymphocytes activated by CII or by anti-CD3 + anti-CD28.@*CONCLUSIONS@#rhPDCD5 reduces pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion, inhibits the proliferation and promotes activation-induced cell death of activated CD4 lymphocytes to produce immunosuppression in rat models of CIA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Female , Humans , Rats , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Arthritis, Experimental , Cell Proliferation , Cytokines , Lymphocytes , Neoplasm Proteins , Rats, Wistar
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