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1.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(294): 8954-8969, nov.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1402600

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Identificar o perfil dos pacientes submetidos à inserção de dispositivos cardíacos eletrônicos implantáveis em um hospital de referência do Rio Grande do Norte.Método:Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, exploratório, retrospectivo dos últimos 03 anoscom abordagem quantitativa. Amostragem foiselecionada por conveniência. A coleta de dados ocorreu entre outubrode 2017 a março de 2018.Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 215prontuários,destes 182 foram analisados.Implantarammarca-passos63,7% e 28% cardiodesfibriladores, corresponderam ao sexo masculino69,3%,com média de idade 65 e 49.Entre as comorbidades,a Hipertensão Arterial Sistêmicaabrangeu 87,4%.Evidenciaram-se os bloqueios atrioventriculares como principal causa para implantes (35%), seguidos das miocardiopatias (12%).Conclusão:Percebeu-se que, os indivíduos que implantaram marcapassos eram acometidos por bradiarritmias,enquanto cardiodesfibriladores por taquiarritmias. As complicações pós-operatórias e intercorrências durante o procedimento foram de baixo risco. Salienta-se, que no manejo desses usuários é fundamental a elaboração de um protocolo, visando aperfeiçoar o cuidado.(AU)


Objective: Toidentifytheprofileofpatientsundergoinginsertionof implantable electroniccardiacdevices in a reference hospital in Rio Grande do Norte. Method: Thisis a descriptive, exploratory,retrospective studyofthelastthreeyearswith a quantitativeapproach. Samplingwasselectedby convenience. Data collectionoccurredbetweenOctober 2017 to March 2018. Results: Samplecomposedof 215 medical records, ofthese 182 wereanalyzed. Implantedpacemakers 63.7% and 28% cardiodesfibrillators, corresponded tothe male gender 69.3%, withaverageage 65 and 49. Amongthecomorbidities, Systemic Arterial Hypertensioncovered 87.4%. Theatrioventricular blocks wereevidenced as themain cause forimplantation (35%), followedbymyocardiopathies (12%). Conclusion: Itwasnoticedthatindividualswhoimplantedpacemakerswereaffectedbybradyarrhythmias, whilecardioverter-defibrillatorswereaffe ctedbytachyarrhythmias. Thepostoperativecomplications and complicationsduringtheprocedurewerelowrisk. Itisemphasizedthat in themanagementoftheseusersitisessentialtodevelop a protocol, aimingtoimprove care.(AU)


Objetivo: identificar el perfil de los pacientes sometidos a la inserción de dispositivos cardíacos electrónicos implantables en el hospital de referencia de Rio Grande do Norte. Método: se trata de un estudio descriptivo, exploratorio, retrospectivo de los últimos 3 años con enfoque cuantitativo. El muestreo fue seleccionado por conveniencia. La recolección de datos se llevó a cabo entre octubre de 2017 y marzo de 2018. Resultados: muestra compuesta por 215 historias clínicas, de las cuales se analizaron 182. Marcapasos implantados 63,7% y desfibriladores cardioversores 28%, correspondieron al sexo masculino 69,3%, con una edad media de 65 y 49 años. Entre las comorbilidades, la Hipertensión Arterial Sistémica cubrió el 87,4%. Los bloqueos auriculoventriculares se evidenciaron como la principal causa de implantes (35%), seguida de las miocardiopatías (12%). Conclusión: se notó que, los portadores de marcapasos se vieron afectados por bradiarritmias, mientras que los desfibriladores cardioversores por taquiarritmias. Las complicaciones postoperatorias y las complicaciones durante el procedimiento fueron de bajo riesgo. Cabe señalar que en el manejo de estos usuarios es fundamental la elaboración de un protocolo, con el fin de mejorar la atención.(AU)


Subject(s)
Pacemaker, Artificial , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Cardiology , Defibrillators, Implantable
3.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(290): 8183-8194, julho.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1379914

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: as arritmias cardíacas acometem mais de 20 milhões de brasileiros, desse modo, o presente estudo objetiva realizar um levantamento sobre as intervenções de enfermagem diante de um quadro de arritmia em ambiente hospitalar. Método: trata-se de revisão integrativa de literatura de caráter descritivo, realizada entre janeiro e fevereiro de 2022. Por meio de buscas na biblioteca virtual de saúde BVS (Lilacs, Medline, BDEnf, IBECs, PAHO) e Scielo BDenf de artigos publicados nos últimos 5 anos. Resultados: os enfermeiros têm aptidão para identificar anormalidades no ritmo cardíaco. A compreensão das complicações pós-operatórias contribui para a elaboração de um plano de cuidado mais eficaz. As intervenções de enfermagem devem ser pautadas no monitoramento da arritmia, bem como orientação sobre o uso dos antiarrítmicos e esclarecimento de dúvidas sobre a doença. Conclusão: é imprescindível a atuação do enfermeiro na assistência a pacientes com arritmias cardíacas, o qual necessitam monitorar os sinais vitais para determinar o efeito hemodinâmico de tal problema cardíaco, manter uma atitude tranquilizadora e compartilhar informações sobre a patologia e seu tratamento.(AU)


Objective: cardiac arrhythmias affect more than 20 million Brazilians, thus, the present study aims to carry out a survey on nursing interventions in the face of arrhythmia in a hospital environment. Method: Method: this is an integrative literature review of a descriptive nature, carried out between January and February 2022. Through searches in the virtual health library VHL (Lilacs, Medline, BDEnf, IBECs, PAHO) and Scielo. Results: nurses are able to identify heart rhythm abnormalities. Understanding postoperative complications contributes to the development of a more effective care plan. Nursing interventions should be guided by the monitoring of arrhythmia, as well as guidance on the use of antiarrhythmics and clarification of doubts about the disease. Conclusion: it is essential for nurses to assist patients with cardiac arrhythmias, who need to monitor vital signs to determine the hemodynamic effect of such a heart problem, maintain a reassuring attitude and share information about the pathology and its treatment.(AU)


Objetivo: las arritmias cardíacas afectan a más de 20 millones de brasileños, por lo tanto, el presente estudio tiene como objetivo realizar una encuesta sobre las intervenciones de enfermería frente a la arritmia en un ambiente hospitalario. Método: se trata de una revisión integrativa de la literatura de carácter descriptivo, realizada entre enero y febrero de 2022. Mediante búsquedas en la biblioteca virtual en salud BVS (Lilacs, Medline, BDEnf, IBECs, PAHO) y Scielo. Resultados: los enfermeros logran identificar alteraciones del ritmo cardíaco. Comprender las complicaciones posoperatorias contribuye al desarrollo de un plan de atención más eficaz. Las intervenciones de enfermería deben estar guiadas por el seguimiento de la arritmia, así como orientación sobre el uso de antiarrítmicos y aclaración de dudas sobre la enfermedad. Conclusión: es fundamental que los enfermeros ayuden a los pacientes con arritmias cardíacas, que necesitan monitorear los signos vitales para determinar el efecto hemodinámico de tal problema cardíaco, mantener una actitud tranquilizadora y compartir información sobre la patología y su tratamiento.(AU)


Subject(s)
Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Nursing Care
4.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 410-418, May-June 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375650

ABSTRACT

Abstract An acute respiratory syndrome caused by SARS-CoV2 was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization. Current data in the world and in Brazil show that approximately 40% of patients who died have some type of cardiac comorbidity. There are also robust reports showing an increase in IL-6 / IL-1B / TNF-alpha and the presence of lymphopenia in patients with COVID-19. Our team and others have shown that increased cytokines are the link between arrhythmias/Left ventricular dysfunction and the immune system in different diseases. In addition, it has been well demonstrated that lymphopenia can not only be a good marker, but also a factor that causes heart failure. Thus, the present review focused on the role of the immune system upon the cardiac alterations observed in the SARS-CoV2 infection. Additionally, it was well described that SARS-CoV-2 is able to infect cardiac cells. Therefore, here it will be reviewed in deep.


Subject(s)
Arrhythmias, Cardiac/complications , SARS-CoV-2/pathogenicity , COVID-19/complications , Heart Failure/etiology , Myocardium/immunology , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/physiopathology , Cytokines , Cytokines/immunology , Coronavirus/pathogenicity , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Myocytes, Cardiac/pathology , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Heart Failure/complications , Lymphopenia/complications
6.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 58-64, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356321

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background In Brazil the factors involved in the risk of death in patients with COVID-19 have not been well established. Objective To analyze whether elevations of high-sensitivity troponin I (hTnI) levels influence the mortality of patients with COVID-19. Methods Clinical and laboratory characteristics of hospitalized patients with COVID-19 were collected upon hospital admission. Univariate and binary logistic regression analyzes were performed to assess the factors that influence mortality. P-value<0.05 was considered significant. Results This study analyzed192 patients who received hospital admission between March 16 and June 2, 2020 and who were discharged or died by July 2, 2020. The mean age was 70±15 years, 80 (41.7%) of whom were women. In comparison to those who were discharged, the 54 (28.1%) who died were older (79±12 vs 66±15years; P=0.004), and with a higher Charlson´s index (5±2 vs 3±2; P=0.027). More patients, aged≥60years (P <0.0001), Charlson´s index>1 (P=0.004), lung injury>50% in chest computed tomography (P=0.011), with previous coronary artery disease (P=0.037), hypertension (P=0.033), stroke (P=0.008), heart failure (P=0.002), lymphocytopenia (P=0.024), high D-dimer (P=0.024), high INR (P=0.003), hTnI (P<0.0001), high creatinine (P<0.0001), invasive mechanical ventilation (P<0.0001), renal replacement therapy (P<0.0001), vasoactive amine (P<0.0001), and transfer to the ICU (P=0.001), died when compared to those who were discharged. In logistic regression analysis, elevated hTnI levels (OR=9.504; 95% CI=1.281-70.528; P=0.028) upon admission, and the need for mechanical ventilation during hospitalization (OR=46.691; 95% CI=2.360-923.706; P=0.012) increased the chance of in-hospital mortality. Conclusion This study suggests that in COVID-19 disease, myocardial injury upon hospital admission is a harbinger of poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Troponin I/blood , COVID-19/mortality , Myocarditis/complications , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/complications , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , COVID-19/complications
7.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 71-80, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357462

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Although autonomic dysfunction has been shown to be associated with liver cirrhosis, the prevalence and prognostic implications are unclear. Abnormal heart rate variability (HRV), a measure of autonomic function, has not been well investigated in cirrhosis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of high-risk HRV parameters in a cohort of cirrhotic patients and their association with cardiac dysfunction and mortality. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective observational study conducted in the Federal University of São Paulo. METHOD: A cohort of 120 patients, comprising 17 healthy controls and 103 cirrhotic outpatients, was evaluated and followed for 10 months. HRV analysis was based on 24-hour Holter monitoring and defined using time-domain and frequency-domain parameters. RESULTS: The HRV parameters were statistically lower in cirrhotic patients than in healthy subjects. High-risk HRV parameters were prevalent, such that 64% had at least one high-risk parameter. Time-domain parameters correlated with Child scores (P < 0.0001). In regression models, HRV parameters were independent predictors of diastolic dysfunction and mortality. During 10 months of follow-up, there were 11 deaths, all of patients with at least one high-risk HRV parameter. Kaplan-Meier analysis estimated low survival rates among patients with standard deviation of normal-to-normal RR intervals (SDNN) < 100. CONCLUSION: Reduced HRV is prevalent in liver cirrhosis and is related to cardiac dysfunction, severity of liver disease and mortality. Abnormal high-risk HRV parameters are prevalent among cirrhotic patients and are also predictors of mortality. Our findings highlight the need for a more careful cardiac evaluation of cirrhotic patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Electrocardiography, Ambulatory , Prospective Studies , Heart Rate/physiology , Liver Cirrhosis/complications
8.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.545-547, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352997
9.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.987-990.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354094
11.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(1): eabc285, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372177

ABSTRACT

A doença de Chagas representa um importante problema de saúde pública, sobretudo nos países endêmicos da América Latina. Dentre suas apresentações clínicas, a cardiomiopatia crônica é a mais frequente. De patogênese multifatorial, o acometimento miocárdico pode levar à insuficiência cardíaca, a eventos tromboembólicos, a arritmias e à morte súbita. Nesse contexto, a ressonância magnética cardiovascular é um excelente método não invasivo para a investigação do dano miocárdico e a compreensão dos mecanismos e consequências relacionados às essas lesões. Com elevada resolução espacial e capacidade de caracterização tecidual, a ressonância magnética cardiovascular proporciona análise morfofuncional altamente confiável e possibilita a identificação de marcadores de risco de eventos adversos em pacientes com doença de Chagas, sendo de grande utilidade para o diagnóstico e o acompanhamento desses indivíduos na rotina clínica. (AU)


Chagas disease represents an important public health problem, especially in endemic countries in Latin America. Chronic cardiomyopathy is its most frequent clinical presentation. Myocardial involvement has a multifactorial pathogenesis and can lead to heart failure, thromboembolic events, arrhythmias, and sudden death. In this context, cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) is an excellent noninvasive method for investigating myocardial damage and understanding the mechanisms and consequences of these injuries. CMR has high spatial resolution and tissue characterization capacity, enabling a highly reliable morphofunctional analysis and the identification of risk markers for adverse events in patients with Chagas disease. This exam is very useful for the diagnosis and follow-up of these patients in the routine clinical setting. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Diagnostic Imaging/methods , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/diagnosis , Chagas Disease/etiology , Ventricular Dysfunction/pathology , Heart Ventricles/abnormalities , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/complications , Thromboembolism/complications , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Death, Sudden , Heart Failure/complications , Latin America/epidemiology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939625

ABSTRACT

The judgment of the type of arrhythmia is the key to the prevention and diagnosis of early cardiovascular disease. Therefore, electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis has been widely used as an important basis for doctors to diagnose. However, due to the large differences in ECG signal morphology among different patients and the unbalanced distribution of categories, the existing automatic detection algorithms for arrhythmias have certain difficulties in the identification process. This paper designs a variable scale fusion network model for automatic recognition of heart rhythm types. In this study, a variable-scale fusion network model was proposed for automatic identification of heart rhythm types. The improved ECG generation network (EGAN) module was used to solve the imbalance of ECG data, and the ECG signal was reproduced in two dimensions in the form of gray recurrence plot (GRP) and spectrogram. Combined with the branching structure of the model, the automatic classification of variable-length heart beats was realized. The results of the study were verified by the Massachusetts institute of technology and Beth Israel hospital (MIT-BIH) arrhythmia database, which distinguished eight heart rhythm types. The average accuracy rate reached 99.36%, and the sensitivity and specificity were 96.11% and 99.84%, respectively. In conclusion, it is expected that this method can be used for clinical auxiliary diagnosis and smart wearable devices in the future.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Databases, Factual , Electrocardiography/methods , Heart Rate , Humans
13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 386-394, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935158

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics of patients with Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) from China and compare these features with patients from Europe/North America. Methods: We reviewed case reports published between 1990 and 2020 with the key words of "Takotsubo syndrome" "stress cardiomyopathy" "apical balloon syndrome" and "broken heart syndrome", in Wanfang, CNKI, Pubmed and Web of Science databases, and 1 294 articles were identified, including 128 articles reporting 163 cases in China and 1 166 articles reporting 1 256 cases in Europe/North America. The characteristics of demographics, triggers, symptoms, electrocardiogram, echocardiography, left ventriculogram,coronary angiography, treatment and prognosis were analyzed and compared between Chinese and European/North American cases. Results: A total of 1 294 articles (1 419 cases: 163 from China, 1 256 from Europe/North America) were included in the final analysis. The characteristics of Chinese cases included: (1) demographic:the age was (59.6±16.9) years, which was similar with that of European/North American ((59.7±17.4) years, P=0.90), and female accounting for 78.5% (128/163), which was lower than that of European/North American (85.4% (1 073/1 256), P=0.02). (2) Triggers:mental triggers accounted for 48.5% (79/163), physical triggers accounted for 43.6% (71/163), and no triggers accounted for 7.9% (13/163), respectively. Compared with Europe/North America, the ratio of patients with mental triggers was higher in China, while the ratio of patients with physical triggers and no triggers was lower (P<0.05). (3) Symptoms: chest pain (52.8% (86/163)), chest tightness (35.0% (57/163)), shortness of breath (33.1% (54/163)), dizziness (16.0% (26/163)), sweating (15.3% (25/163)), palpitations (12.3% (20/163)), syncope (9.2% (15/163)) abdominal pain/diarrhea (8.6% (14/163)), hypotension (7.4% (12/163)), and fatigue (1.2% (2/163)) were illustrated in sequence. Compared with patients in Europe/North America, the ratio of patients with chest tightness, dizziness, sweating, palpitations, abdominal pain/diarrhea was higher in Chinese patients, while the ratio of patients with hypotension was lower in Chinese patients (P<0.05). (4) Electrocardiogram: main manifestations were myocardial ischemia symptoms, such as ST-segment elevation (63.8% (104/163)), T wave inversion (46.0% (75/163)), ST-segment depression (8.6% (14/163)). Compared with European/North American, the ratio of patients with ST-segment elevation, T wave inversion, and atrioventricular block was higher in Chinese patients (P<0.05). (5) Echocardiography and imaging:apical dyskinesia (59.5% (97/163)) and apical/left ventricular bulbar dilation (36.2%(59/163)) dominated the echocardiography findings. Compared with European/North American, the ratio of patients with apical dyskinesia, apical/left ventricular bulbar dilation, and mitral regurgitation was higher in Chinese patients, while the ratio of patients with dyskinesia in other parts and left ventricular ejection fraction<50% was lower in Chinese patients (P<0.05). Left ventricular angiography showed 36.2% (59/163) of apical dyskinesia in Chinese patients, which was higher than that reported in European/North American patients, and 38.7% (63/163) of apical/left ventricular bulbar dilation was reported in Chinese patients, which was similar to that reported in European/North American patients. Coronary angiography showed percent of no stenosis or stenosis less than 50% was 87.1% (142/163), which was similar to that reported in European/North American patients (P>0.05). The typical type of TTS accounted for 96.3% (157/163), which was significantly higher than that reported in European/ American patients, while the ratio of basal type and midventricular type was lower (P<0.01). (6) Treatment and prognosis:the applied drugs in China were listed in order as following, β-blockers (41.1% (67/163)), antiplatelet agents (37.4%(61/163)), ACEI/ARB (36.2%(59/163)), anticoagulants (27.0%(44/163)), diuretics (19.6% (32/163)), etc. Compared with Europe/North America, the ratio of antiplatelet agents, anticoagulants, statins, diuretics, and nitrates use was higher in China (P<0.05), while the use of oxygen therapy and IABP was similar (P>0.05). The hospital mortality in China was 5.5% (9/163), during 1-year follow-up the recurrence rate was 3.7% (6/163) and the mortality was 0. The prognosis was similar with that in Europe/North America. Conclusions: Compared with TTS cases in Europe/North America, TTS cases in China also occur usually in middle-aged and elderly women, most of whom have mental/physical triggers and typical imaging manifestations, followed by a low hospital mortality rate and recurrence rate.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain/complications , Adult , Aged , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Anticoagulants , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/complications , China/epidemiology , Diuretics , Dizziness/complications , Dyskinesias/complications , Electrocardiography , Europe/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Hypotension/complications , Middle Aged , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Stroke Volume , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy/etiology , Ventricular Function, Left
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928226

ABSTRACT

Electrocardiogram (ECG) can visually reflect the physiological electrical activity of human heart, which is important in the field of arrhythmia detection and classification. To address the negative effect of label imbalance in ECG data on arrhythmia classification, this paper proposes a nested long short-term memory network (NLSTM) model for unbalanced ECG signal classification. The NLSTM is built to learn and memorize the temporal characteristics in complex signals, and the focal loss function is used to reduce the weights of easily identifiable samples. Then the residual attention mechanism is used to modify the assigned weights according to the importance of sample characteristic to solve the sample imbalance problem. Then the synthetic minority over-sampling technique is used to perform a simple manual oversampling process on the Massachusetts institute of technology and Beth Israel hospital arrhythmia (MIT-BIH-AR) database to further increase the classification accuracy of the model. Finally, the MIT-BIH arrhythmia database is applied to experimentally verify the above algorithms. The experimental results show that the proposed method can effectively solve the issues of imbalanced samples and unremarkable features in ECG signals, and the overall accuracy of the model reaches 98.34%. It also significantly improves the recognition and classification of minority samples and has provided a new feasible method for ECG-assisted diagnosis, which has practical application significance.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Electrocardiography , Humans , Memory, Short-Term , Neural Networks, Computer , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
15.
J. Card. Arrhythm. (Impr.) ; 34(3): 91-99, Dec., 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359635

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a cyanotic congenital heart disease that has an incidence of sudden cardiac death of 0.2% per year, being arrhythmias the main cause of its occurrence. Objective: To compare characteristics of TOF patients referred for electrophysiological study (EPS) against those that were not (No-EPS). Method: Retrospective cohort with 215 patients (57.2% men; age = 29 ± 4) with corrected TOF (median of three years, ranging from 0.33 to 51) that underwent EPS between 2009-2020. The primary outcome was composed of death, implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) requirement and hospitalization. Results: Pre-syncope (EPS = 4.7%, No-EPS = 0%; p = 0.004), syncope (EPS = 7.1%, No-EPS = 1.7%; p = 0.056) and palpitations (EPS = 31%, No-EPS = 5.8%; p < 0.001) were symptoms that justified electrophysiological investigation. ICD was implanted in 24% of EPS and 0.6% of No-EPS (p=0.001). Twenty-six percent of the EPS group presented non-sustained ventricular tachycardia, while 0% in No-EPS (p = 0.012). The EPS group had more atrial fibrillation or atrial Flutter (35.7% vs. 6.9%; p < 0.001). The EPS patients had a wider QRS duration than the no-EPS group (171.12 ± 29.52 ms vs. 147 ± 29.77 ms; p < 0.001). Also, 26.2% of EPS performed ablation to correct macroreentrant atrial tachycardias. The incidence of primary outcome (death + ICD requirement + hospitalization) was higher in patients in the EPS group compared to the No-EPS group (p = 0.001). However, the total of seven deaths occurred during the clinical follow-up, but without differences between the groups (EPS = 4.7% vs. No-EPS = 2.8%; p = 0.480). Conclusion: EPS group had a profile of greater risk, more complex heart disease, and a greater occurrence of the primary outcome when compared to the No-EPS group.


Subject(s)
Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Tetralogy of Fallot , Cardiac Electrophysiology
16.
Rev. méd. Hosp. José Carrasco Arteaga ; 13(2): 95-99, 20-12-2021. Tablas
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352313

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las arritmias cardiacas son enfermedades cardiovasculares, causadas por alteraciones en la conducción o formación de estímulos eléctricos. La detección oportuna de estas alteraciones es crucial, pues a largo plazo mejora la calidad de vida de las personas que padecen estas patologías. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la prevalencia de arritmias cardiacas supraventriculares y sus factores asociados en paciente adultos atendidos en la consulta externa de la unidad de cardiología del Hospital José Carrasco Arteaga, Cuenca, 2018. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio observacional, transversal, descriptivo y de correlación con una muestra de 608 pacientes mayores de 18 años atendidos en la Institución mencionada que se realizaron electrocardiograma durante el año 2018. Se estudiaron las variables: estado nutricional, hipertensión arterial, diabetes, tabaquismo, medicamentos utilizados; edad y sexo; presencia de arritmia supraventricular. Se utilizó la prueba Chi cuadrado para buscar asociación entre las variables cualitativas; considerando diferencias estadísticamente significativas una p < 0.05. RESULTADOS: De 608 pacientes, el 57.1% fueron mujeres; 61.84% fueron menores de 65 años. El 43.9% tuvo sobrepeso, el 27.6% presentó IMC normal. Las enfermedades crónicas como HTA y Diabetes tuvieron una frecuencia de 44.4% y 16% respectivamente. La prevalencia de las arritmias supraventriculares fue del 3.8%. La fibrilación auricular fue la arritmia supraventricular más frecuente con el 47.8%, seguida de la arritmia sinusal con el 26.08%. Hubo mayor prevalencia de arritmias supraventriculares en el sexo femenino que en el masculino (4.6% vs 2.7%), en los pacientes con sobrepeso u obesidad que en los que tenían IMC normal ( 4.4% vs 2.3%), en los pacientes hipertensos en relación a los que no padecían de hipertensión (5.2% vs 2.7%), en los pacientes usuarios de medicamentos antitiroideos en relación a los que los consumían (50% vs 3.6%); sin embargo no se encontró asociación estadísticamente significativa con ninguna de estas variables. CONCLUSIÓN: La prevalencia de las arritmias supraventriculares fue del 3.8%. La principal de arritmia cardiaca diagnosticada fue la fibrilación auricular seguida de la arritmia sinusal. No se encontró asociación estadísticamente significativa entre la frecuencia de las arritmias supraventriculares y las variables estudiadas.(AU)


BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrhythmias are cardiovascular diseases, caused by disturbances in the initiation or conduction of electrical stimuli. The timely detection of these alterations is crucial, since in the long term it improves the quality of life of people suffering from these pathologies. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of supraventricular cardiac arrhythmias and their associated factors in adult patients treated in the outpatient clinic of the cardiology unit of Hospital José Carrasco Arteaga, Cuenca, 2018. METHODS: An observational, cross-sectional, descriptive and correlation study was carried out with a sample of 608 patients older than 18 years, at the mentioned Institution, who underwent electrocardiography during 2018. We studied the variables: nutritional status, arterial hypertension, diabetes, smoking, used drugs; age and sex; presence of supraventricular arrhythmia. We used Chi Square test to search for an association between the qualitative variables; considering statistical significance a p <0.05. RESULTS: of 608 patients, 57.1% were women; 61.84% were under 65 years of age. 43.9% were overweight, 27.6% had normal body mass index (BMI). Chronic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes had a frequency of 44.4% and 16% respectively. The prevalence of supraventricular arrhythmias was 3.8%. Atrial fibrillation was the most frequent supraventricular arrhythmia with 47.8%, followed by sinus arrhythmia with 26.08%. There was a higher prevalence of supraventricular arrhythmias in females than males (4.6% vs 2.7%), in overweight or obese patients than in those with normal BMI (4.4% vs 2.3%), in hypertensive patients than in those who didn't suffer from hypertension ( 5.2% vs 2.7%), in patients who used antithyroid drugs than in those who didn't use them (50% vs 3.6%); however, no statistically significant association was found with any of these variables. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of supraventricular arrhythmias was 3.8%. The most common cardiac arrhythmia was atrial fibrillation followed by sinus arrhythmia. No statistically significant association was found between the frequency of supraventricular arrhythmias and the variables studied.(au)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Arrhythmia, Sinus , Atrial Fibrillation , Cardiology , Cardiovascular Diseases , Tobacco Use Disorder , Smoking , Overweight
17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(5): 1010-1015, nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350021

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: A doença pelo novo coronavírus (COVID-19) está associada a manifestações clínicas cardiovasculares, incluindo a ocorrência de arritmias cardíacas. Objetivos: Avaliar a incidência de arritmias cardíacas (taquiarritmia atrial, bradiarritmia e taquicardia ventricular sustentada) e de parada cardiorrespiratória (PCR) em uma coorte de pacientes internados com COVID-19 em hospital universitário terciário. Métodos: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo realizado por meio de revisão dos registros de prontuário médico. Para comparação entre os grupos, foi considerado como estatisticamente significativo valor de P < 0,05. Resultados: Foram incluídos 241 pacientes consecutivos com diagnóstico de COVID-19 (idade média, 57,8 ± 15,0 anos; 51,5% homens; 80,5% de raça branca) e 35,3% com necessidade de ventilação mecânica invasiva (VM). A mortalidade geral foi de 26,6%, sendo de 58,8% entre aqueles em VM. Arritmias cardíacas ocorreram em 8,7% dos pacientes, sendo a mais comum taquiarritmia atrial (76,2%). Pacientes com arritmias apresentaram maior mortalidade, 52,4% versus 24,1% (p=0,005). Em análise multivariada, apenas a presença de insuficiência cardíaca foi associada a maior risco de arritmias ( hazard ratio , 11,9; IC 95%: 3,6-39,5; p<0,001). Durante a internação, 3,3% dos pacientes foram atendidos em PCR, com predomínio de ritmos não chocáveis. Todos os atendidos em PCR evoluíram com óbito durante a internação. Conclusão: A incidência de arritmias cardíacas em pacientes internados com COVID-19 em hospital terciário brasileiro foi de 8,7%, sendo a mais comum taquiarritmias atrial. A presença de insuficiência cardíaca foi associada a maior risco de arritmias. Pacientes com COVID-19 atendidos em PCR apresentam elevada mortalidade.


Abstract Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with cardiovascular clinical manifestations, including cardiac arrhythmias. Objective: To assess the incidence of cardiac arrhythmias (atrial tachyarrhythmia, bradyarrhythmia, and sustained ventricular tachycardia) and cardiac arrest (CA) in a cohort of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 in a tertiary university-affiliated hospital. Methods: Cohort study with retrospective analysis of electronic medical records. For comparison between groups, a value of p <0.05 was considered statistically significant Results: We included 241 consecutive patients diagnosed with COVID-19 (mean age, 57.8 ± 15.0 years; 51.5% men; 80.5% white), 35.3% of whom received invasive mechanical ventilation (MV). The overall mortality was 26.6%, being 58.8% among those on MV. Cardiac arrhythmias were identified in 8.7% of the patients, the most common being atrial tachyarrhythmia (76.2%). Patients with arrhythmias had higher mortality (52.4% versus 24.1%, p = 0.005). On multivariate analysis, only the presence of heart failure (HF) was associated with a higher risk of arrhythmias (hazard ratio, 11.9; 95% CI: 3.6-39.5; p <0.001). During hospitalization, 3.3% of the patients experienced CA, with a predominance of non-shockable rhythms. All patients experiencing CA died during hospitalization. Conclusions: The incidence of cardiac arrhythmias in patients admitted with COVID-19 to a Brazilian tertiary hospital was 8.7%, and atrial tachyarrhythmia was the most common. Presence of HF was associated with an increased risk of arrhythmias. Patients with COVID-19 experiencing CA have high mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Tachycardia, Ventricular/etiology , Tachycardia, Ventricular/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/etiology , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Hospital Mortality , SARS-CoV-2 , Middle Aged
18.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(5,supl.1): 87-94, Nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346346

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: To the best of our knowledge, there are studies related to QT and QTc interval in patients with hypocalcemia, but there are no studies evaluating T wave peak and end interval (Tp-e interval), Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/QTc ratios used to evaluate cardiac arrhythmia risk and ventricular repolarization changes rates. Objectives: Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether there is a change in Tp-e interval, Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/QTc ratios in patients with hypocalcemia. Methods: Retrospectively, 29 patients with hypocalcemia in the emergency department were included in the study. Twenty-nine patients with similar age and sex distribution were included in the study as the control group. All patients underwent 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG). In addition to routine measurements, Tp-e interval, Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/QTc ratios were measured on ECG. The study data were grouped as patients with and without hypocalcemia. Results: The mean age of the patients was 66.24 ± 4.95 years. QTc interval, Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QTc values were found to be significantly higher in patients with hypocalcemia (p <0.001 for each). QTc interval, Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QTc ratio showed a significant negative correlation with calcium levels. Conclusion: Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QTc ratios are significantly increased in patients with hypocalcemia compared to those without hypocalcemia and this can be used more effectively in the follow-up of cardiac fatal arrhythmias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/mortality , Long QT Syndrome/complications , Hypocalcemia/complications , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Electrocardiography/methods , Hypocalcemia/epidemiology
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