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1.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 1-8, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006807

ABSTRACT

Background and Objective@#Premature ventricular complex (PVC) burden exhibits one of three circadian types, classified as fast-type, slow-type, and independent-type PVC. It is unknown whether PVC circadian types have different heart rate variability (HRV) parameter values. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate differences in HRV circadian rhythm among fast-, slow-, and independent-type PVC. @*Methods@#This cross-sectional observational study consecutively recruited 65 idiopathic PVC subjects (23 fast-, 20 slow-, and 22 independent-type) as well as five control subjects. Each subject underwent a 24-hour Holter to examine PVC burden and HRV. HRV analysis included components that primarily reflect global, parasympathetic, and sympathetic activities. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to compare differences in HRV circadian rhythm by PVC type. Results. The average PVC burden was 15.7%, 8.4%, and 13.6% in fast-, slow-, and independent-type idiopathic PVC subjects, respectively. Global, parasympathetic nervous system, and sympathetic nervous system HRV parameters were significantly lower in independenttype PVC versus fast- and slow-type PVC throughout the day and night. Furthermore, we unexpectedly found that tendency towards sympathetic activity dominance during nighttime was only in independent-type PVC.@*Conclusion@#The HRV parameters are reduced in patients with independent-type PVC compared to fast- and slowtype PVC. Future research is warranted to determine possible differences in the prognosis between the three PVC types.


Subject(s)
Ventricular Premature Complexes , Circadian Rhythm , Autonomic Nervous System
2.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(2): 611-624, Maio-Ago. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1419225

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A imobilização prolongada acarreta prejuízos sistêmicos que repercute diretamente em maiores agravos aos pacientes, dentre eles se encontra a redução da VFC, indicativo de maior morbimortalidade clínica. OBJETIVO: Analisar se o tempo de internação hospitalar influencia a modulação autonômica da frequência cardíaca em pacientes pediátricos. METODOLOGIA: Estudo longitudinal, quantitativo e prospectivo, realizado em uma enfermaria pediátrica. A amostra foi de pacientes entre 4 a 11 anos, ambos gêneros, internados dentro das primeiras 48 horas. A coleta iniciou após a assinatura do TCLE pelo responsável, seguida do colhimento dos dados pessoais e clínicos dos pacientes seguida da coleta da VFC, repetida no último dia de internação. A captação da VFC foi realizada pelo monitor Polar RS800CX. Os dados foram transferidos e passados por uma análise matemática no programa Kubios HRV2.2. Por fim, os dados foram tabulados e analisados pelo Microsoft Excel 2013 e software BioEstat® 5.3 respectivamente. RESULTADOS: Os valores lineares no domínio do tempo obtiveram média pré (IRR=644,7 com P=0,42; RMSSD= 46,1 com P=0,017 e SDNN=43,5 com P=0,017) e pós (IRR=656,3; RMSSD=34,8; SDNN=35,38) e no domínio da frequência média pré (LF=41,9 com P=0,013; HF=58,0 com P=0,013; LF/HF=1,03 com P=0,04) e pós (LF=52,2; HF=47,7; LF/HF=3,56). A correlação de Pearson na análise tanto de RMSSD pós x tempo de internação, quanto SDNN pós x tempo de internação demonstraram R=0,55 e R=0,59 respectivamente. CONCLUSÃO: Foi observado que o tempo de internação exerce influência negativa sobre a modulação autonômica da frequência cardíaca em pacientes pediátricos.


INTRODUCTION: Prolonged immobilization causes systemic damage that has a direct impact on greater harm to patients, among which is the reduction in HRV, indicative of greater clinical morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To analyze whether the length of hospital stay influences the autonomic modulation of heart rate in pediatric patients. METHODOLOGY: Longitudinal, quantitative and prospective study, carried out in a pediatric ward. The sample consisted of patients between 4 and 11 years old, both genders, hospitalized within the first 48 hours. The collection began after the signature of the TCLE by the guardian, followed by the collection of the patients' personal and clinical data, followed by the HRV collection, repeated on the last day of hospitalization. HRV capture was performed by the Polar RS800CX monitor. The data were transferred and passed through a mathematical analysis in the Kubios HRV2.2 program. Finally, data were tabulated and analyzed using Microsoft Excel 2013 and BioEstat® 5.3 software, respectively. RESULTS: Linear values in the time domain obtained mean pre (IRR=644.7 with P=0.42; RMSSD=46.1 with P=0.017 and SDNN=43.5 with P=0.017) and post (IRR=656.3; RMSSD=34.8; SDNN=35.38) and in the pre mean frequency domain (LF=41.9 with P=0.013; HF=58.0 with P=0.013; LF/HF=1,03 with P=0.04) and powders (LF=52.2; HF=47.7; LF/HF=3.56). Pearson's correlation in the analysis of both the RMSSD post x length of stay and the SDNN post x length of stay showed R=0.55 and R=0.59 respectively. CONCLUSION: It was observed that the length of stay has a negative influence on the autonomic modulation of heart rate in pediatric patients.


INTRODUCCIÓN: La inmovilización prolongada provoca daños sistémicos que repercuten directamente en un mayor perjuicio para los pacientes, entre los que se encuentra la disminución de la VFC, indicativa de una mayor morbimortalidad clínica. OBJETIVO: Analizar si la duración de la estancia hospitalaria influye en la modulación autonómica de la frecuencia cardiaca en pacientes pediátricos. METODOLOGÍA: Estudio longitudinal, cuantitativo y prospectivo, realizado en una planta de pediatría. La muestra consistió en pacientes entre 4 y 11 años, de ambos sexos, hospitalizados dentro de las primeras 48 horas. La recogida se inició tras la firma del TCLE por el tutor, seguida de la recogida de los datos personales y clínicos de los pacientes, seguida de la recogida de la VFC, repetida el último día de hospitalización. La captura de la VFC se realizó con el monitor Polar RS800CX. Los datos se transfirieron y pasaron por un análisis matemático en el programa Kubios HRV2.2. Finalmente, los datos fueron tabulados y analizados utilizando Microsoft Excel 2013 y el software BioEstat® 5.3, respectivamente. RESULTADOS: Se obtuvieron valores lineales en el dominio temporal medios pre (TIR=644,7 con P=0,42; RMSSD=46,1 con P=0,017 y SDNN=43,5 con P=0,017) y post (TIR=656,3; RMSSD=34. 8; SDNN=35,38) y en el dominio de la frecuencia media pre (LF=41,9 con P=0,013; HF=58,0 con P=0,013; LF/HF=1,03 con P=0,04) y polvos (LF=52,2; HF=47,7; LF/HF=3,56). La correlación de Pearson en el análisis tanto de la RMSSD post x duración de la estancia como de la SDNN post x duración de la estancia mostró R=0,55 y R=0,59 respectivamente. CONCLUSIÓN: Se observó que la duración de la estancia influye negativamente en la modulación autonómica de la frecuencia cardíaca en pacientes pediátricos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Pediatrics , Hospitalization , Autonomic Nervous System , Child , Prospective Studies , Hospitals , Length of Stay
3.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 31: e70565, jan. -dez. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1451836

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar os efeitos de um programa de exercício resistido intradialítico sobre a qualidade do sono e a modulação autonômica cardíaca de pacientes em hemodiálise. Método: ensaio clínico não randomizado, realizado entre fevereiro de 2019 e outubro de 2020, com 52 indivíduos renais crônicos dialíticos, alocados em grupo intervenção (GI; n=32) e grupo controle (GC; n=20). O GI realizou 12 semanas de treinamento físico intradialítico, três vezes por semana. Foram mensurados índices de qualidade do sono e modulação autonômica cardíaca. Resultados: houve incremento nos índices desvio padrão dos intervalos batimento a batimento (SDNN) (ms) (p=0,0004), raiz quadrada da média do quadrado dos intervalos batimento a batimento adjacentes (RMSSD) (ms) (p<0,0001), desvio padrão 1 (SD1) (ms) (p=0,03) e razão desvio padrão 1/desvio padrão 2 (SD1/SD2) (p=0,0003). Não houve melhora da qualidade do sono. Conclusão: O exercício resistido intradialítico, é capaz de melhorar a modulação autonômica cardíaca em pacientes com doença renal crônica(AU)


Objective: to evaluate the effects of an intradialytic resistance exercise program on sleep quality and cardiac autonomic modulation in hemodialysis patients. Method: non-randomized clinical trial, carried out between February 2019 and October 2020, with 52 individuals with chronic renal failure on dialysis, divided into an intervention group (IG; n=32) and a control group (CG; n=20). The IG performed 12 weeks of intradialytic physical training, three times a week. Indices of sleep quality and cardiac autonomic modulation were measured. Results: there was an increase in the standard deviation indices of beat-to-beat intervals (SDNN) (ms) (p=0.0004), square root of the mean square of adjacent beat-to-beat intervals (RMSSD) (ms) (p<0. 0001), standard deviation 1 (SD1) (ms) (p=0.03) and standard deviation 1/standard deviation 2 (SD1/SD2) ratio (p=0.0003). There was no improvement in sleep quality. Conclusion: Intradialytic resistance exercise is able to improve cardiac autonomic modulation in patients with chronic kidney disease(AU)


Objetivo: evaluar los efectos de un programa de ejercicios de resistencia e intradialíticos sobre la calidad del sueño y la modulación autonómica cardíaca en pacientes en hemodiálisis. Método: ensayo clínico no aleatorizado, realizado entre febrero de 2019 y octubre de 2020, junto a 52 individuos en diálisis con insuficiencia renal crónica, divididos en grupo intervención (GI; n=32) y grupo control (GC; n=20). El GI realizó 12 semanas de entrenamiento físico intradialítico, tres veces por semana. Se midieron índices de calidad del sueño y modulación autonómica cardíaca. Resultados: hubo un aumento en los índices de desviación estándar de los intervalos entre latidos (SDNN) (ms) (p=0,0004), raíz cuadrada del cuadrado medio de los intervalos entre latidos adyacentes (RMSSD) (ms) (p<0,0001), desviación estándar 1 (DE1) (ms) (p=0,03) y relación desviación estándar 1/desviación estándar 2 (DE1/DE2) (p=0,0003). No hubo mejoría en la calidad del sueño. Conclusión: el ejercicio de resistencia intradialítico puede mejorar la modulación autonómica cardíaca en pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Autonomic Nervous System , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Resistance Training/methods , Sleep Quality , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Heart Rate
4.
Acta neurol. colomb ; 38(4): 201-210, oct.-dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1419934

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN INTRODUCCIÓN: La enfermedad de Parkinson es un trastorno neurodegenerativo frecuente que se caracteriza por manifestaciones de tipo motor y no motor, tales como disautonomía, trastornos del sueño, disfunción sexual, alteraciones psiquiátricas y cognitivas, entre otros. Según su fenotipo motor, se puede clasificada en tremórica dominante (TD), dificultad para la marcha/inestabilidad postural (DMI) y un fenotipo indeterminado. En el estudio se determina la influencia del fenotipo motor en la disautonomía cardiovascular del paciente con Parkinson en los pacientes de la consulta de neurología del hospital del IVSS "Dr. Patrocinio Peñuela Ruiz" entre mayo del 2015 y abril del 2016. METODOS: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal en pacientes mayores de 40 años con EP idiopática. Se evaluó el MDS-UPDRS, Hoehn y Yahr, Scopa-AUT , Hipotensión Ortostática y Rines-Valcardi. RESULTADOS: Se obtuvo una muestra de 57 pacientes; luego de la aplicación de los criterios de inclusión y exclusión se estudiaron 37 sujetos. Todos los pacientes tuvieron algún grado de disautonomía (medida con la escala Scopa-AUT). El Scopa-AUT fue mayor en los pacientes con hipotensión ortostática (p = ,003), observándose igual diferencia para la subescala cardiovascular (p = ,026). Se observó que la neuropatía autonómica (medida con Rines-Valcardi) fue más frecuente en aquellos pacientes con fenotipo DMI (p = < ,001), y que la hipotensión ortostática fue también más frecuente en aquellos pacientes con dicho fenotipo (DMI) (p = ,016). CONCLUSIÓN: La presencia de disautonomía es frecuente en los pacientes con EP; hubo diferencias en la puntuación total y la subescala cardiovascular del Scopa-AUT, de acuerdo CON la presencia de hipotensión ortostática; aquellos sujetos que cursan con fenotipo motor DMI tienen mayor riesgo de presentar hipotensión ortostática y neuropatía autonómica cardíaca.


ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Parkinson's disease is a frequent neurodegenerative disorder characterized by motor and non-motor manifestations, such as dysautonomia, sleep disorders, sexual dysfunction, and psychiatric and cognitive disorders. It can be classified according to their motor phenotype in tremor-dominant (TD), postural instability/gait difficulty (DMI), and indeterminate subtypes. This study established the influence of motor phenotype on the cardiovascular dysautonomia of patients with Parkinson's disease from the neurology outpatient clinic at the IVSS hospital "Dr. Patrocinio Peñuela Ruiz," from May 2015 to April 2016. METHODS: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study in patients older than 40 years with idiopathic PD. The MDS-UPDRS scale, Hoehn and Yahr scale, Scopa-AUT scale, Orthostatic Hypotension, and RINES-VALCARDI were evaluated. RESULTS: A sample of 57 was obtained, and after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, 37 subjects were studied. All the patients had some degree of dysautonomia (measured with SCOPA- AUT scale). The SCOPA-AUT was higher in patients with orthostatic hypotension (p= .003), finding this same difference for the cardiovascular subscale (p = .026). Both autonomic neuropathy (measured with RINES-VALCARDI) and orthostatic hypotension were found more frequently on the DMI phenotype (p= <.001 and p=.016). CONCLUSION: Dysautonomia is frequent in PD patients; there was a difference between SCOPA-AUT total score and cardiovascular subscale according to orthostatic hypotension; those with DMI phenotype have a greater risk of orthostatic hypotension and cardiac autonomic neuropathy.


Subject(s)
Parkinson Disease , Phenotype , Venezuela , Autonomic Nervous System , Cardiovascular System , Hypotension, Orthostatic
5.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(4): 523-529, July-Aug. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385264

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Air pollution and sex independently affect cardiac autonomic control, which can be assessed by heart rate variability (HRV). The research hypothesis is that individuals exposed to low concentrations of pollution have higher cardiac autonomic modulation compared to those exposed to high concentrations and that women have better cardiac autonomic control than men. Objective: To analyze the impact of exposure to air pollutants, specifically smoke, and sex on HRV in healthy young people exposed to different concentrations of pollution over an average period of 22 years. Methods: From April to September 2011, 36 participants of both sexes (20-30 years old) were selected, grouped by levels of air pollution exposure according to indices provided by the Environmental Company of São Paulo State. The R-R intervals (R-Ri) of the electrocardiogram were captured using a heart rate monitor during supine rest. HRV was analyzed by spectral analysis and conditional entropy. The Queen's College step test was used to characterize functional capacity. A between-group comparison was performed using the two-way ANOVA statistical test (post hoc Tukey) and p<0.05. Results: Significant differences were found in mean R-Ri (p<0.01) and cardiac parasympathetic modulation between sexes in the same city (p=0.02) and between groups exposed to different air pollution concentrations (p<0.01). Conclusion: Our results suggest that long-term exposure to air pollutants, specifically smoke, has an unfavorable impact on HRV, with reduced cardiac vagal autonomic modulation in healthy young adults, especially females.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Air Pollution/adverse effects , Heart Rate , Autonomic Nervous System/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Air Pollutants
6.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(2): 133-138, jul. 22, 2022.
Article in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1380068

ABSTRACT

Las disautonomías son el resultado de un mal funcionamiento del sistema nervioso autónomo, entre las cuales se encuentra el síndrome de taquicardia ortostática postural, un problema de salud variable y complejo que tiene una prevalencia considerable, principalmente en adolescentes y mujeres. Este produce una amplia variedad de signos y síntomas que son similares a los de otras patologías, lo que, sumado a la falta de pruebas diagnósticas específicas, muchas veces retrasa el diagnóstico. A pesar de la existencia de criterios estandarizados para determinar la presencia del síndrome, existe aún una brecha en el conocimiento acerca del mismo. Esto dificulta el abordaje del padecimiento y, por consiguiente, su tratamiento oportuno. Conocer más sobre este síndrome y los factores que dificultan su diagnóstico temprano permitiría mejorar la atención de los pacientes y su calidad de vida


Dysautonomias are the result of a malfunction of the autonomic nervous system, among which is the postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome, a variable and complex health problem that has a considerable prevalence, mainly in adolescents and women. It produces a wide variety of signs and symptoms that are similar to those of other pathologies, which, added to the lack of specific diagnostic tests, often delays diagnosis. Despite the existence of standardized criteria to determine the presence of the syndrome, there is still a gap in knowledge about it. This hinders the approach to the condition and, consequently, its timely treatment. Understanding more about this syndrome and the factors that hinder its early diagnosis would improve patient care and quality of life


Subject(s)
Autonomic Nervous System , Diagnosis , Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome , Tachycardia , El Salvador , Primary Dysautonomias
7.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 354-363, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375637

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Different immune mechanisms of myocardial damage involved in the pathophysiology of Chagas disease coexist with high titers of autoantibodies induced by T. cruzi . There are few studies in the literature about the adaptive role of anti-β1 and anti-M2 antibodies in chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC). Objectives: To evaluate the association between anti-β1 and anti-M2 antibodies with heart rate variability (HRV) parameters on 24h Holter monitoring and the rate-pressure product (RPP) on cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). Methods: Anti-β1 and anti-M2 antibody titers were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 64 patients affected by CCC. Analysis of HRV was performed through the time-domain indices NNs, mean NN, SDNN, SDANN, SDNN index, NNNs, RMSSD, and pNN50. Spearman's correlation coefficient was used to assess the association between antibody titers and numerical variables. The Mann-Whitney test was used for comparison between two groups. Multiple linear regression was used to identify independent variables capable of explaining anti-β1 and anti-M2 antibody titers at the 5% significance level. Results: On 24h Holter, during the period of greatest parasympathetic activation (2:00-6:00 a.m.), an inverse association was found between anti-β1 titers and SDNN (rs=-0.13, p =0.041, n=43), as well as a direct association between anti-M2 titers and SDANN ( r s=0.317, p =0.039, n=43). Regarding CPET variables, anti-β1 titers were directly associated with RPP (rs=0.371, p =0.005, n=56). The subgroup of patients with a normal chronotropic response showed higher anti-β1 titers than the subgroup with an impaired response (p=0.023). RPP was an independent explanatory variable for anti-β1 titers, although with a low coefficient of determination (R2=0.147). Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that, in patients with CCC, anti-β1 and anti-M2 antibodies may affect HRV parameters. RPP was directly associated with higher anti-β1 titers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Autonomic Nervous System/physiology , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/physiopathology , Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-1/physiology , Receptor, Muscarinic M2/physiology , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Antibodies, Bispecific , Exercise Test
8.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 60(2): 185-194, jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388433

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El presente trabajo tiene como principal objetivo presentar la teoría polivagal como un modelo bio-comportamental del comportamiento emocional e interpersonal, con la finalidad de identificar ámbitos de contribución de la teoría al estudio de la psicoterapia en torno al estatus clínico de los consultantes, el proceso terapéutico y el cambio. La revisión del modelo neurofisiológico muestra una reconceptualización las relaciones recíprocas entre sistema nervioso autónomo y la emocionalidad en el contexto interpersonal, lo cual permite distinguir condiciones de activación normal y patológica de las estrategias comportamentales defensivas (lucha/huida e inmovilización), así como su inhibición a través del sistema de enganche prosocial. Las investigaciones revisadas muestran evidencia a favor de las hipótesis derivadas del modelo tanto en población normal como clínica. De particular interés clínico resulta el sistema de enganche prosocial, pues habilita la emergencia del comportamiento interpersonal confiable, lo cual resulta ser un elemento pivotal para la psicoterapia por su potencial valor diagnóstico, así como sus efectos sobre el desarrollo y consolidación de la relación terapéutica y los resultados benéficos en el consultante. Finalmente, es posible identificar un cuerpo emergente de estudios de psicoterapia que evalúan la actividad del sistema de enganche prosocial mediante la variabilidad de la frecuencia cardiaca de alta frecuencia, vinculándolo tanto al proceso (p. ej., alianza de trabajo) como al resultado (p. ej., nivel de síntomas), evidenciando el valor de profundizar en esta línea interdisciplinaria de investigación y, eventualmente, incorporar estas mediciones al arsenal clínico de evaluación.


ABSTRACT The present work presents the polivagal theory as a bio-behavioral model of emotional and interpersonal behavior, aiming to identify its theoretical contributions to the study of psychotherapy regarding client's clinical status, therapeutic process as well as change. A review of the model shows a reconceptualization of interactions among autononomic nervous system and emotionality within interpersonal context, allowing for identifying normal and pathological activation of defensive behavioral strategies (figh-or-flight and immobilization), as well as their inhibition through the social engagement system. Empirical research shows evidence in favor of hypotheses derived from the model in normal and clinical populations. In clinical contexts, the social engagement system is of particular interest as it allows the emergence of interpersonal trustworthy behavior, being a cornerstone in psychotherapy due to its potential diagnostic value for clients, the development of the therapeutic relationships, as well as beneficial outcomes. Lastly, a nascent body of psychotherapy studies assessing the social engagement system (through high frequency heart rate variability-) and its relation with the therapeutic process (i.e. working alliance) and outcomes (i.e. symptom level) are identified. The evidence supports the value of further developing this interdisciplinary line of research and, eventually, incorporating these measurements into the clinical assessment arsenal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psychotherapy , Autonomic Nervous System , Emotional Regulation , Interpersonal Relations
9.
Motriz (Online) ; 28: e1021021620, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375939

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Physiological parameters can be objectively measured for controlling and quantifying physical activity levels. Aims: This study aimed to systematically review the literature on volleyball athletes' profile regarding heart rate (HR) and HR variability (HRV). Methods: PubMed, Scopus, Embase and SportDiscus databases were searched to find studies presenting resting HR, maximal HR, mean HR and time domain HRV during training sessions and matches. Results: Volleyball athletes' profile was HRrest 66 ± 2.5 bpm (minimum 41 ± 10 bpm; maximum 82.4 ± 2.1 bpm), HRmax was 184 ± 1.3 bpm (minimum 170 ± 8.0 bpm; maximum 192 ± 3.0 bpm), HRtraining data was in average 150 ± 12 bpm (minimum 124.8 ± 6.2 bpm; maximum 171.5 ± 11.0 bpm) and mean HRmatch was 154 ± 5.5 bpm (minimum 105.3 ± 12.8 bpm; maximum 182.3 ± 5.2 bpm). The RR interval data resulting in a mean value of 1096 ± 4 ms (minimum 1027.6 ± 168.9 ms; maximum 1097.0 ± 59.5 ms) and the rMSSD index presented a mean value of 44 ± 14 ms (minimum 42.2 ± 19.8 ms; maximum 93.2 ± 65.8 ms). SDNN data were extracted, however, no meta-analysis was performed. Conclusion: Resting HR were high for the athletes' fitness level, maximal HR and RR intervals were very similar to athletes from other sports. Mean HR data do not seem to represent the real physical demand in matches and training. HRV time domain index showed low values and could be related to training loads or fatigue situations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autonomic Nervous System , Volleyball/physiology , Athletes , Heart Rate/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Fatigue
10.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(6): 1178-1188, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340032

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aims: To evaluate autonomic activity in children/adolescents with isolated overactive bladder. Materials and Methods: Descriptive, analytical, non-interventional, cross-sectional study conducted between February 2017 and January 2018 with individuals aged between 5 and 17 years old, with overactive bladder (OAB group) or asymptomatic (control). Neurological or anatomical abnormalities, diabetes mellitus and kidney failure constituted exclusion criteria. The DVSS and the Rome III questionnaire were applied, and heart rate variability (HRV) was assessed. The chi-square test, Student's t-test, ANOVA and the Mann Whitney U test were used in the statistical analysis. Results: 41 patients with OAB and 20 controls were included. In the OAB group, there were more girls (p=0.23), more overweight/obese and constipated patients. The DVSS score was higher in the OAB group. HRV showed a higher heart rate variability at the frequency domain and LF/HF variation in the control group (p=0.02 and p=0.05 respectively). In the intergroup evaluation, LF (Hz) was predominant in the control group at the post-voiding evaluation moment (p=0.03). Conclusion: The control group demonstrated a physiological heart rate variation during the voiding process, with a predominance of sympathetic activity during urinary storage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Urinary Bladder, Overactive , Autonomic Nervous System , Urination , Cross-Sectional Studies , Heart Rate
11.
Univ. salud ; 23(3): 284-290, sep.-dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341775

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La baja variabilidad del ritmo cardíaco (VRC) se ha asociado con desbalances autonómicos y riesgo cardiovascular en diversas poblaciones. Objetivo: Relacionar la variabilidad del ritmo cardíaco e índices antropométricos en hombres universitarios jóvenes, físicamente activos con bajo riesgo cardiometabólico. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo transversal. Participaron 10 hombres de 23,15 ± 2,91 años con un índice de masa corporal (IMC) de 25,48 ± 2,19 kg/m2 y un índice Cintura-Cadera (IC-C) de 0,81±0,02. La VRC en reposo se midió en un período de 5 minutos. Se realizó un análisis correlacional entre el IMC e IC-C con la proporción baja/alta frecuencia (LF/HF), desviación estándar de la variación instantánea de intervalos RR (SD1) y complejidad de los intervalos RR (α-1). Además, se determinó el poder estadístico (1- β) y tamaño del efecto ("d" de Cohen). Resultados: El LF/HF sólo se relaciona significativamente con el IC-C (r=0,638; p=0,047; d=0,80), mientras que SD1 y α-1 no reportaron ninguna asociación con el IMC e IC-C. Conclusiones: Existe un predominio parasimpático que sugiere un mecanismo protector sobre el tejido adiposo intraabdominal relacionado al IC-C. Se requieren otros estudios que expliquen todas las variables moduladoras de la VRC.


Abstract Introduction: Low heart rate variability (HRV) has been associated with autonomic imbalances and cardiovascular risk in various populations. Objective: To relate HRV and anthropometric indices in young, physically active university male students with low cardiometabolic risk. Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study, which included 10 men aged 23.15 ± 2.91 years, with a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 25.48 ± 2.19 kg/m2, and a Waist-Hip Ratio (WHR) of 0.81 ± 0.02. Resting heart rate variability was measured over a 5 minute period. A correlational analysis was performed between BMI and WHR with the low frequency/high frequency ratio (LF/HF), standard deviation of the instantaneous variation of RR intervals (SD1), and complexity of the RR intervals (α-1). In addition, statistical power (1-β) and effect size (Cohen's "d") were determined. Results: LF/HF is only significantly related to WHR (r=0.638; p=0.047; d=0.80), while SD1 and α-1 did not show any association with BMI and WHR. Conclusions: There is a parasympathetic predominance that suggests a protective mechanism on intra-abdominal adipose tissue related to WHR. Further studies are required to explain all the modulating variables of the heart rate variability.


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , Heart Rate , Autonomic Nervous System , Waist-Hip Ratio
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(5): 999-1007, nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350014

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Alterações do substrato elétrico e anatômico do coração são fatores que originam e perpetuam a fibrilação atrial (FA), porém, os mecanismos envolvidos não foram totalmente elucidados ainda. Objetivo: Avaliar o papel do remodelamento do sistema nervoso cardíaco intrínseco (SNCI), incluindo fibras nervosas e receptores muscarínicos e β-adrenérgicos, na FA permanente humana. Métodos Foram avaliadas 4 amostras em átrios de 13 corações obtidos em necrópsias de pacientes com doença cardíaca e FA permanente, e em 13 controles com as mesmas doenças, porém, sem FA. Utilizando imunoperoxidase e histomorfometria, quantificamos a densidade das fibras do SNCI, bem como a porcentagem positiva de miocárdio para receptores β-adrenérgicos 1, 2 e 3, receptor quinase 5 acoplado à proteína G (GRK-5), e receptores muscarínicos 1 a 5. Os resultados foram comparados usando ANOVA e ANOVA hierarquizada e ajustados pelo volume do átrio esquerdo e, para avaliação da expressão de receptores β e GRK-5, pelo uso de β-bloqueadores. Adotamos como significativo α = 0,05. Resultados Houve aumento na densidade das fibras ( p <0,01), especialmente nas fibras simpáticas ( p =0,02). Quanto aos receptores muscarínicos, só houve diferença nos M1, que estavam aumentados (5,87±4,52 vs 2,85±2,40; p =0,03). Quanto aos componentes do sistema adrenérgicos analisados, houve expressão aumentada de β-3 (37,41 vs 34,18, p =0,04) e GRK-5 (51,16 vs 47,66; p<0,01). O uso de β-bloqueadores não teve impacto na expressão de receptores beta. Conclusão O aumento na inervação do SNCI e a alteração na expressão de receptores em regiões suscetíveis de desencadear FA podem ter um papel na fibrilação atrial permanente.


Abstract Background The primary factors that originate and perpetuate atrial fibrillation (AF) are electrical and anatomical substrate alterations. However, the central mechanisms governing AF perpetuation have not been elucidated yet, which is reflected on the modest results of the treatment in patients with long persistent AF. Objective To evaluate if human intrinsic cardiac autonomic nervous system (ICANS) remodeling, including nervous system fibers and muscarinic and β-adrenergic receptors, play a role in permanent AF. Methods Heart necropsy samples from thirteen patients with heart disease and permanent AF and thirteen controls without AF were used. By using immunoperoxidase and histomorphometry quantification, we identified the following: the density of all fibers of the ICANS, sympathetic and parasympathetic fibers; and the percentage of myocardium positive for β-adrenergic receptors 1, 2 and 3; G protein-coupled receptor kinase-5 (GRK-5); and muscarinic receptors M1 to M5. The results were compared using ANOVA and nested ANOVA and were adjusted according to the left atrium volume for all variables, and β-blocker use to evaluate the expression of β-receptors and GRK-5. Results There was an overall increase in the density of fibers of the ICANS (p=0.006), especially in atrial sympathetic nerve fibers (p=0.017). Only M1 muscarinic receptors were increased (5.87 vs 2.35, p=0.032). For adrenergic receptors, the results were positive for increased expression of β-3 (37.41 vs 34.18, p=0.039) and GRK-5 (51.16 vs 47.66; p<0.001). β-blocker use had no impact on β-receptor expression. Conclusion Increased ICANS innervation and remodeling receptor expression in regions prone to triggering AF may play a role in permanent AF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/etiology , Autonomic Nervous System , Sympathetic Nervous System , Heart Atria , Myocardium
14.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(5): 421-430, sep.-oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1357208

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La dinámica no lineal de la regulación autonómica cardiovascular a partir de la variabilidad de la frecuencia cardiaca no ha sido previamente estudiada en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 mediante la prueba del peso sostenido como inductor de hiperreactividad cardiovascular. Objetivo: Determinar las variaciones en la dinámica no lineal de la regulación autonómica cardiovascular durante la prueba del peso sostenido en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Método: Estudio cuasiexperimental, antes-después, con grupo control, realizado en junio-agosto de 2018 en la Facultad No. 1 de Medicina de Santiago de Cuba. Se trabajó con 15 pacientes que padecían diabetes mellitus tipo 2 sin otra enfermedad asociada y 15 sujetos sanos, a quienes se les aplicó la prueba del peso sostenido. Resultados: En los pacientes con diabetes mellitus, al realizar la prueba del peso sostenido se produjo un aumento significativo en la presión arterial sistólica, diastólica y media, y en la frecuencia cardiaca. En la entropía muestral, parámetro que evalúa la adaptabilidad de los sistemas, se produjo una disminución significativa (2.28 ± 0.33 vs. 1.83 ± 0.47 ms; p = 0.003143). El valor del estadístico C de la entropía muestral en estado basal quedó establecido en 0.973, siendo la variable con mayor capacidad predictiva. Conclusiones: Durante la prueba del peso sostenido en los pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 se produjo una disminución de la complejidad de la regulación autonómica cardiovascular; la entropía muestral basal constituyó el indicador de mayor eficacia en la identificación de alteraciones autonómicas cardiovasculares.


Abstract Introduction: The analysis of non-linear dynamics of cardiovascular autonomic regulation based on heart rate variability has not been previously studied in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus using the sustained weight test as an inducer of cardiovascular hyperreactivity. Objective: To determine the variations in the non-linear dynamics of cardiovascular autonomic regulation during the sustained weight test in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Method: A quasi-experimental, before-after study with a control group, from June-August 2018, at the No. 1 School of Medicine in Santiago de Cuba. We worked with 15 patients suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus without other associated disease and 15 healthy subjects, to whom the sustained weight test was applied. Results: In patients with diabetes mellitus, when performing the sustained weight test, there was a significant increase in the hemodynamic parameters TAS, TAD, TAM and FC. In the sample entropy, a parameter that evaluates the adaptability of the systems, there is a significant decrease (2.28 ± 0.33 vs. 1.83 ± 0.47 ms; p = 0.003143). The value of the C statistic of the sample entropy at baseline was established at 0.973, being the variable with the highest predictive capacity. Conclusions: In patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus during the sustained weight test, there was a decrease in the complexity of cardiovascular autonomic regulation, the basal sample entropy was the indicator of greater efficacy in the identification of cardiovascular autonomic alterations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Exercise , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/physiopathology , Heart Rate/physiology , Autonomic Nervous System/physiopathology , Body Weights and Measures , Case-Control Studies , ROC Curve , Nonlinear Dynamics , Arterial Pressure/physiology
15.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(9): 766-773, Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345329

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Analysis of autonomic modulation after postural change may inform the prognosis and guide treatment in different populations. However, this has been insufficiently explored among adolescents with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Objective: To investigate autonomic modulation at rest and in response to an active sitting test (AST) among adolescents with DMD. Methods: Fifty-nine adolescents were included in the study and divided into two groups: 1) DMD group: adolescents diagnosed with DMD; 2) control group (CG): healthy adolescents. Participants' weight and height were assessed. Lower limb function, motor limitations and functional abilities of the participants in the DMD group were classified using the Vignos scale, Egen classification and motor function measurement, respectively. The following variables were assessed before, during and after AST: systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), respiratory rate (f), oxygen saturation and heart rate (HR). To analyze the autonomic modulation, the HR was recorded beat-by-beat. Heart rate variability (HRV) indices were calculated in the time and frequency domains. Results: Differences in relation to groups were observed for all HRV indices, except LF/HF, oxygen saturation, HR and f (p < 0.05). Differences in relation to time and the interaction effect between group and time were observed for RMSSD, SD1, SD2, SD1/SD2, LFms2 and LFnu, HFun, SBP and DBP (p < 0.05). Differences in relation to time were also observed for the indice SDNN, FC and f (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Performing the AST promoted reduced autonomic modulation and increased SBP, DBP and HR in adolescents with DMD.


Resumo Antecedentes: A análise da modulação autonômica após mudanças posturais pode gerar informações prognósticas e orientar o tratamento em diferentes populações. Porém, isso não foi suficientemente explorado em adolescentes com DMD. Objetivo: Investigar a modulação autonômica em repouso e em resposta ao teste ativo sentado (TAS) em adolescentes com DMD. Métodos: 59 adolescentes foram incluídos no estudo e divididos em dois grupos: 1) Grupo DMD: adolescentes com diagnóstico de DMD; 2) Grupo controle: adolescentes saudáveis. O peso e a altura dos participantes foram avaliados. No grupo DMD, a funcionalidade de membros superiores, limitações motoras, e habilidades funcionais foram classificadas pela escala de Vignos, Egen Klassification, e motor function measure respectivamente. Pressão arterial sistólica (PAS), pressão arterial diastólica (PAD), frequência respiratória (f), saturação de oxigênio, e frequência cardíaca (FC) foram avaliadas em repouso, durante e após o TAS. Para analisar a modulação autonômica, a FC foi registrada batimento a batimento. Os índices de variabilidade da frequência cardíaca (VFC) foram calculados nos domínios do tempo e da frequência. Resultados: Diferenças entre os grupos foram observadas para todos os índices da VFC, exceto LF/HF, saturação de oxigênio, FC e f (p<0,05). Diferenças em relação ao tempo e interação entre grupo e tempo foram observadas para RMSSD, SD1, SD2, SD1/SD2, LFms2, LFun, HFnu, SBP e DBP (p<0,05). Diferenças em relação ao tempo foram também observadas para o índice SDNN, FC e f (p<0,05). Conclusões: A realização do TAS promoveu redução da modulação autonômica e aumento da PAS, PAD e FC em adolescentes com DMD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne , Autonomic Nervous System , Blood Pressure , Cross-Sectional Studies , Heart Rate
16.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(8): 1143-1149, Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346986

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess cardiac autonomic modulation in postmenopausal women with and without dry eye syndrome (DES) and to identify associations between clinical and socioeconomic factors. METHODS A cross-sectional study was carried out at the Institute of Ocular Surgery of the Northeast (ICONE), Brazil. Convenience sample of postmenopausal women, over 40 years old, who were divided into two groups: with and without DES. Clinical, sociodemographic, and ophthalmological characteristics of these women were assessed. Capture of RR intervals was performed using a cardio frequency meter. Differences between the groups were analyzed using the Chi-square test, the Student's t test, and the Mann-Whitney test. RESULTS Women with DES were present in 60.4% (n=58), highest median age (63.5 years, 95%CI 62.0-67.9; p<0.001), median length of time menopause (19 years old, 95%CI 10.4-24.0; p<0.001). There was a difference in the standard deviation of all normal-to-normal index between the groups. However, when the differences were adjusted to the clinical model, no association was found between DES and heart rate variability (HRV). CONCLUSIONS The analysis of cardiac autonomic modulation in postmenopausal women is similar in the presence or absence of DES. Clinical factors, time of menopause, and intensity of symptoms were not associated with HRV indices.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Dry Eye Syndromes , Postmenopause , Autonomic Nervous System , Cross-Sectional Studies , Heart Rate , Middle Aged
17.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(4): 367-371, Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288608

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To study the relationship between aerobic activity and cardiac autonomic nerve activity by artificial neural network algorithm and biological image fusion; because of the artificial neural network model (ANN) problems, biological image processing technology is introduced based on ANN. Methods: An Ann under biological image intelligence algorithm is proposed, a classifier suitable for electrocardiograph (ECG) screening is designed, and an ECG signal screening system is successfully established. Moreover, the data set of normal recovered ECG signals of the subjects during the experimental period is constructed, and a classifier is used to extract the characteristic data of a normal ECG signal during the experimental period. Results: The changes in resting heart rate and other physical health indicators are analyzed by combining resting physiological indicators, namely heart rate, body weight, body mass index and body fat rate. The results show that the self-designed classifier can efficiently process the ECG images, and long-term regular activities can improve the physical conditions of most people. Most subjects' body weight and body fat rate decrease with the extension of experiment time, and the resting heart rate decreases relatively. Conclusions: Certain indicators can be used to predict a person's dynamic physical health, which indicates that the experimental research of index prediction in this research has a good effect, which not only extends the application of artificial neural network but also lays a foundation for the research and implementation of ECG intelligent testing wearable devices. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Objetivo: Com o objetivo de estudar a relação entre atividade aeróbia e atividade nervosa autonômica cardíaca por algoritmo de rede neural artificial e fusão biológica de imagens, tendo em vista os problemas existentes no modelo de rede neural artificial (RNA), é introduzida a tecnologia de processamento biológico de imagens com base em ANN. Métodos: um algoritmo de inteligência biológica de imagem Ann é proposto, um classificador adequado para triagem eletrocardiográfica (ECG) é projetado e um sistema de triagem de sinal de ECG é estabelecido com sucesso. Além disso, o conjunto de dados de sinais de ECG normais recuperados dos sujeitos durante o período experimental é construído e um classificador é usado para extrair os dados característicos de um sinal de ECG normal durante o período experimental. Resultados: As alterações na frequência cardíaca em repouso e outros indicadores de saúde física são analisadas pela combinação de indicadores fisiológicos de repouso, a saber, frequência cardíaca, peso corporal, índice de massa corporal e índice de gordura corporal. Os resultados mostram que o classificador autodesenhado pode processar com eficiência as imagens de ECG, e as atividades regulares de longo prazo podem melhorar as condições físicas da maioria das pessoas. O peso corporal e a taxa de gordura corporal da maioria dos indivíduos diminuem com a extensão do tempo do experimento, e a freqüência cardíaca em repouso diminui relativamente. Conclusões: Certos indicadores podem ser usados para prever a saúde física dinâmica de uma pessoa, o que indica que a pesquisa experimental de predição de índice nesta pesquisa tem um bom efeito, que não apenas estende a aplicação da rede neural artificial, mas também estabelece uma base para a pesquisa e implementação de dispositivos vestíveis de teste inteligente de ECG. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos- investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Para estudiar la relación entre la actividad aeróbica y la actividad del nervio autónomo cardíaco mediante el algoritmo de red neuronal artificial y la fusión de imágenes biológicas, ante los problemas existentes en el modelo de red neuronal artificial (ANN), se introduce la tecnología de procesamiento de imágenes biológicas basada en ANA. Métodos: Se propone un algoritmo de inteligencia de imagen biológica de Ann, se diseña un clasificador adecuado para el cribado electrocardiógrafo (ECG) y se establece con éxito un sistema de cribado de señales de ECG. Además, se construye el conjunto de datos de las señales de ECG recuperadas normales de los sujetos durante el período experimental, y se utiliza un clasificador para extraer los datos característicos de una señal de ECG normal durante el período experimental. Resultados: Los cambios en la frecuencia cardíaca en reposo y otros indicadores de salud física se analizan combinando indicadores fisiológicos en reposo, a saber, frecuencia cardíaca, peso corporal, índice de masa corporal y tasa de grasa corporal. Los resultados muestran que el clasificador de diseño propio puede procesar de manera eficiente las imágenes de ECG, y las actividades regulares a largo plazo pueden mejorar las condiciones físicas de la mayoría de las personas. El peso corporal y la tasa de grasa corporal de la mayoría de los sujetos disminuyen con la extensión del tiempo del experimento, y la frecuencia cardíaca en reposo disminuye relativamente. Conclusiones: Ciertos indicadores pueden usarse para predecir la salud física dinámica de una persona, lo que indica que la investigación experimental de predicción de índices en esta investigación tiene un buen efecto, lo que no solo extiende la aplicación de la red neuronal artificial sino que también sienta las bases para la investigación. e implementación de dispositivos portátiles de prueba inteligente de ECG. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos- investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Running/physiology , Autonomic Nervous System/physiology , Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted/methods , Neural Networks, Computer , Heart Rate/physiology , Algorithms , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Electrocardiography
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(3): 424-428, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288235

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Patients in the postoperative period of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) present respiratory and autonomic dysfunctions. In this sense, cardiovascular physiotherapy has been offered as an indispensable differential for the improvement of the prognosis of this population. Heart rate variability is a simple, noninvasive method to analyze autonomic modulation, as well as the accentuation maneuver of respiratory sinus arrhythmia, which demonstrates the parasympathetic autonomic control over the heart. Five patients undergoing cardiac surgery performed a protocol of cardiovascular physiotherapy in the postoperative period and had their data referring to the preoperative period, the 1st and 4th postoperative days analyzed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia , Arrhythmia, Sinus , Postoperative Complications , Autonomic Nervous System , Coronary Artery Bypass , Physical Therapy Modalities
19.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(2): 147-150, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280062

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The indiscriminate use of androgenic steroids may have deleterious effects on human tissue. Objectives: Evaluate the effects of chronic administration of the steroid nandrolone decanoate (DECA) on autonomic cardiovascular modulation, kidney morphometry and the association between these variables in Wistar rats subjected to physical training with swimming. Methods: Thirty-two male Wistar rats aged 20 weeks were distributed among four experimental groups according to the training received: sedentary control (SC), sedentary treated with DECA (SD), trained control (TC) and trained treated with DECA (TD). The hemodynamic parameters, including blood pressure and variations in systolic blood pressure (SBPV) and diastolic blood pressure (DBPV), and kidney morphometry were evaluated. The level of significance adopted was 5%. Results: The SD group had higher baseline SBP and DBP values when compared to the SC, TC and TD groups, which were similar to each other. The rats in the SD group had higher systolic blood pressure (SBPV) and diastolic blood pressure (DBPV) variation values and higher absolute and normalized values in the LF band of the DBPV when compared to the animals in the SC, TC and TD groups. The animals in the SD group had a significantly higher rate of kidney fibrosis compared to the SC, TC and TD groups. There were no significant differences between the sympathetic modulation of SBPV through the LF component and kidney fibrosis. Conclusions: Physical training with swimming was effective in preventing the increase in blood pressure levels and lowering the occurrence of kidney fibrosis in animals treated with anabolic steroids. Level of Evidence IV; Series of cases .


RESUMEN Introducción: El uso indiscriminado de esteroides androgénicos puede tener consecuencias nocivas para el organismo. Objetivo: Evaluar los efectos de la administración crónica del esteroide decanoato de nandrolona (DECA) en ratones Wistar sometidos a entrenamiento físico con natación, sobre la modulación autonómica cardiovascular, morfometría renal y asociación entre esas variables. Métodos: Fueron utilizados 32 ratones Wistar machos con edad de 20 semanas, distribuidos en 4 grupos experimentales de acuerdo con el tratamiento recibido: sedentarios controles (SC), sedentarios que recibieron el DECA (SD), entrenados controles (EC) y entrenados que recibieron el DECA (ED). Se evaluaron parámetros hemodinámicos, como presión arterial y variación de la presión arterial sistólica (VPAS) y diastólica (VPAD) y morfometría renal. El nivel de significancia adoptado fue de 5%. Resultados: El grupo SD presentó valores basales mayores de PAS y PAD cuando comparados a los grupos SC, EC y ED, los cuales fueron semejantes entre sí. Los animales del grupo SD tuvieron valores mayores de la variancia de VPAS y VPAD y valores absolutos mayores y normalizados de la banda LF de la VPAD, en comparación con los animales de los grupos SC, EC y ED. El grupo SD tuvo tasa significativamente mayor de fibrosis renal en comparación con los animales de los grupos SC, EC y ED. No se evidenciaron diferencias considerables entre la modulación simpática de la VPAS a través del componente LF y fibrosis renal. Conclusiones: El entrenamiento físico con natación fue efectivo en prevenir el aumento de niveles presóricos y disminuir la ocurrencia de fibrosis renal en animales tratados con esteroide anabolizante. Nivel de Evidencia IV; Serie de casos .


RESUMO Introdução: O uso indiscriminado de esteroides androgênicos pode ter consequências deletérias no organismo. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da administração crônica do esteroide decanoato de nandrolona (DECA) em ratos Wistar submetidos a treinamento físico com natação sobre a modulação autônoma cardiovascular, morfometria renal e associação entre essas variáveis. Métodos: Foram utilizados 32 ratos Wistar machos com idade de 20 semanas, distribuídos em 4 grupos experimentais de acordo com o tratamento recebido: sedentários controles (SC), sedentários que receberam o DECA (SD), treinados controles (TC) e treinados que receberam o DECA (TD). Avaliaram-se parâmetros hemodinâmicos, como pressão arterial e variação da pressão arterial sistólica (VPAS) e diastólica (VPAD) e morfometria renal. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. Resultados: O grupo SD apresentou valores basais maiores de PAS e PAD quando comparado aos grupos SC, TC e TD, os quais foram semelhantes entre si. Os animais do grupo SD tiveram valores maiores da variância da VPAS e VPAD e valores absolutos maiores e normalizados da banda LF da VPAD, em comparação com os animais dos grupos SC, TC e TD. O grupo SD teve taxa significativamente maior de fibrose renal em comparação com os animais dos grupos SC, TC e TD. Não se evidenciaram diferenças consideráveis entre a modulação simpática da VPAS através do componente LF e fibrose renal. Conclusões: O treinamento físico com natação foi efetivo em prevenir o aumento de níveis pressóricos e diminuir a ocorrência de fibrose renal em animais tratados com esteroide anabolizante. Nível de Evidência IV; Série de casos .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Autonomic Nervous System/drug effects , Swimming , Cardiovascular System/drug effects , Nandrolone Decanoate/adverse effects , Anabolic Agents/adverse effects , Kidney Diseases/chemically induced , Physical Conditioning, Animal , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Arterial Pressure/drug effects , Kidney Diseases/prevention & control
20.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(2): 638-641, abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385354

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Desde su descubrimiento, las células no neuronales del sistema nervioso recibieron el nombre de glia, palabra de origen griego que significa unión o pegamento, porque se creía que su función era formar una especie de masilla en la que se encuentran inmersas las neuronas. Desde entonces, mediante nuevas técnicas de tinción, se descubrieron otros tipos celulares que fueron catalogados también como glía, que hasta la fecha siguen siendo consideradas como las células de unión o pegamento del tejido nervioso. El objetivo de este artículo es cuestionar el uso inadecuado del término glía y proponer un nuevo término para designar a las células no neuronales. A pesar del enorme conocimiento que actualmente se tiene de estas células y de la gran variedad de funciones que realizan para mantener el correcto funcionamiento de las neuronas y los circuitos nerviosos, aún se les conserva el nombre de glía, un término errado que desdibuja el verdadero papel que cumplen y su importancia para el sistema nervioso. Por lo anterior, se propone el término "sinneuronas", del prefijo griego syn que significa con o junto con, lo que daría a entender que son células que presentan cercanía estructural y funcional con las neuronas.


SUMMARY: Since their discovery, the non-neuronal cells of the nervous system have been called glia, a word of Greek origin that means union or glue, because it was believed that their function was to form a kind of putty, in which neurons are immersed. Thereafter, new cell types discovered by new staining techniques, were also classified as glia, which to this day are still considered as binding cells or glue of nerve tissue. The objective of this paper is to question the inappropriate use of the term glia and to propose a new term to designate non-neuronal cells. Despite the enormous knowledge that is currently available of these cells and the great variety of functions they perform to maintain the proper functioning of neurons and nerve circuits, they still retain the name of glia, an inappropriate name that blurs the true role they play. Therefore, the term "synneuronas" is proposed, from the Greek prefix syn which means with or together with, what would suggest that they are cells that present structural and functional proximity with to neurons.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autonomic Nervous System/anatomy & histology , Neuroglia , Terminology as Topic
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