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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(5): 891-895, Sept.-Oct. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407710

ABSTRACT

Abstract Freiberg disease is a rare condition whose diagnosis requires a high clinical suspicion. Avascular necrosis of the metatarsal head progresses with articular collapse, leading to forefoot pain and limitation of the daily activities. Several surgical techniques have been described to address the disease, and since it is usually diagnosed in later-stages, most of them include joint-destructive procedures. The use of arthroscopy on the small joint of the foot has arisen in the last few years, but its application in Freiberg disease is still scant. Joint-preserving procedures have been advocated for cases of early-stage disease, aiming to relieve symptoms while preventing the progression of the disease. In the present report, we describe a successful treatment of a 12-year-old patient with early-stage Freiberg disease using core decompression and bone marrow graft through a minimally-invasive approach assisted by arthroscopy.


Resumo A doença de Freiberg é rara, e seu diagnóstico requer alto grau de suspeita clínica. A necrose avascular da cabeça do metatarso progride com colapso articular, e causa dor no antepé e limitação da atividade. Há diversas técnicas cirúrgicas para o tratamento da doença; como o diagnóstico geralmente é feito em estágios posteriores, a maioria dessas técnicas inclui procedimentos de destruição articular. A artroscopia tem sido utilizada nas pequenas articulações do pé nos últimos anos, mas sua aplicação na doença de Freiberg ainda é escassa. Procedimentos de preservação articular têm sido preconizados na doença em estágio inicial, com o objetivo de aliviar os sintomas e impedir a progressão. Neste relato, descrevemos o tratamento bem-sucedido de uma paciente de 12 anos de idade com doença de Freiberg em estágio inicial por meio de descompressão central e enxerto de medula óssea, por meio de abordagem minimamente invasiva assistida por artroscopia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Arthroscopy , Metatarsal Bones , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Foot
2.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 23(2): 146-153, 15 de agosto 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397276

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El trasplante de células progenitoras hematopoyéticas (TCPH) es el trata-miento para la leucemia aguda en niños, el tipo de cáncer más común en edad pediátrica. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la supervivencia global y libre de enferme-dad en un grupo de pacientes sometidos a TCPH y explorar los factores de riesgo pacientes pediátricos con leucemia aguda. Metodología: El presente estudio observacional incluye a pacientes pediátricos diagnosticados de leucemia mieloide aguda (LMA) o linfoide (LLA), sometidos a TCPH, de 2011 a 2018 presentados en el Hospital Infantil Federico Gómez. Se construyen curvas de Kaplan Meier para la supervivencia global, por subgrupos según tipo de leucemia y estado libre de enfermedad así como un estudio multivariable para medir factores de riesgo. Resultados: Se incluyeron 53 pacientes en el análisis. 5 pacientes (11%) tuvieron falla primaria del injerto. La supervivencia global fue del 28% a los 24 meses. Fallecieron 30 pacientes (67%). La mediana de supervivencia global fue de 11 meses. Para LMA fue de 8.9 meses y para LLA de 12.4 meses. Uno de los factores de riesgo constituyó la edad >10 años al momento del trasplante OR 5.2 (1.07-25.12), P=0.04 y el número de recaídas previas al trasplante OR 4.3 (1.2-15.07) P=0.025. Conclusión: Los pacientes que sobrevivieron un año libre de la enfermedad tenían un mejor pronóstico en general. En estudios relacionados a TCPH no se ha reportado que exista un rango de edad de los receptores de trasplante que esté relacionado a mayor mortalidad, por lo cual es un dato significativo como un factor de riesgo independiente.


Introduction: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the treatment for acute leukemia in children, the most common type of cancer in children. The objective of the present study was to de-termine the overall and disease-free survival in a group of patients undergoing HSCT and to explore the risk factors for pediatric patients with acute leukemia. Methodology: This observational study includes all pediatric patients diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or lymphoid leukemia (ALL), undergoing HSCT from March 2011 to March 2018, presented at the Federico Gómez Children's Hospital. Kaplan Meier curves are constructed for overall survival by subgroups according to the type of leukemia and disease-free status, as well as a multivaria-ble study to measure risk factors. Results: 53 patients were included in the análisis. 5 patients (11%) had primary graft failure. Overall survival was 28% at 24 months. Thirty patients (67%) died. The median overall survival was 11 months. For AML, it was 8.9 months, and for ALL, it was 12.4 months. One of the risk factors was age >10 years at the time of transplant OR 5.2 (1.07-25.12) P=0.04 and the number of relapses prior to transplant OR 4.3 (1.2-15.07) P=0.025. Conclusión: Patients who survived one year free of the disease had a better prognosis. In studies relat-ed to HSCT, it has not been reported that there is an age range of transplant recipients that is related to higher mortality, which is why it is a significant and independent risk factor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Child , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Bone Marrow , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Survivorship
3.
São Paulo; s.n; 20220720. 112 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1379712

ABSTRACT

As alterações do paladar durante o transplante de células tronco hematopoiéticas (TCTH) são frequentemente descritas em períodos após a finalização do transplante, porém pouco se conhece sobre quais sabores e que tipo de alterações de percepção são vivenciadas pelos pacientes durante o transplante. O objetivo deste trabalho foi caracterizar as alterações do paladar e de despapilação presentes no período de neutropenia do TCTH, bem como verificar se há associação entre essas alterações e variáveis clínicas relacionadas ao transplante e à toxicidade na mucosa oral. Também se avaliou o impacto das alterações do paladar e da mucosa oral na qualidade de vida dos pacientes. Foram selecionados 52 pacientes de TCTH autólogo e alogênico, que realizaram testes de acuidade do paladar antes do condicionamento e durante a neutropenia. Os pacientes foram ainda submetidos a oroscopia para avaliação de mucosite oral e despapilação no dorso da língua. Foi também realizado inquérito quanto a xerostomia e a alterações no paladar. Foi realizado teste de acuidade na percepção dos sabores doce, amargo, azedo e salgado, ofertados em soluções contendo concentrações baixas e altas de substâncias estimuladoras desses sabores. A qualidade de vida foi avaliada pelo questionário EORTC QLQ-C30 e QLQ-H&N35. Detectou-se que os 46,1% dos pacientes exibiram alterações do paladar antes do condicionamento do TCTH, mas que essa frequência aumentou para 90,5% durante a neutropenia (teste do c2, p=0.042). O tipo de alteração mais comum foi a hipogeusia dos sabores de concentração mais forte, principalmente do amargo. Alta frequência de pacientes (72,0%) foi detectada exibindo despapilação no período de neutropenia, porém essa despapilação não foi associada às alterações de percepção de cada tipo de sabor. Não houve associação entre alterações do paladar e tipo de transplante, tipo de condicionamento e variáveis relacionadas à toxicidade na cavidade oral e no trato gastrointestinal. Houve associação significativa entre despapilação e duração da mucosite oral >=8 dias (OR= 5,62, IC95% = 0,98-60,30, p=0.039). As alterações salivares e do paladar reduziram significativamente na qualidade de vida durante a neutropenia em comparação ao período que antecedeu o condicionamento. Concluiu-se que as alterações do paladar já estão presentes antes do TCTH, mas há aumento da frequência dessas alterações, principalmente de hipogeusia. A despapilação na língua ocorreu após o condicionamento, e foi associada a maior tempo de duração da mucosite oral. O impacto das alterações salivares e do paladar na qualidade de vida do paciente durante a neutropenia é alto e devem ser minimizados mediante a adoção de estratégias mais abrangentes, que incluam manutenção da integridade da mucosa oral.


Subject(s)
Taste Buds , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Dysgeusia
4.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 22(39): 23-32, junio 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1380255

ABSTRACT

El Trasplante de Médula ósea es actualmente, una alternativa en patologías oncológicas, que busca curación y sobrevida del paciente, los cuidados de enfermería en todas las etapas del tratamiento están encaminados a proporcionar atención oportuna y eficaz, con la finalidad de prevenir, tratar y superar complicaciones propias del proceso. La educación de los pacientes y cuidadores favorece a que el paciente aprenda a autocuidarse, a disminuir su ansiedad, a realizar cambios en su comportamiento y estilo de vida y a prevenir la no adherencia al tratamiento. El objetivo fue diseñar un programa educativo sobre los cuidados que el paciente y su familia debe conocer al ingreso y estadía en el servicio de trasplante de Médula Osea. Diseño Metodológico: la búsqueda se efectuó en bases de datos: Pubmed y Google Académico y Scielo. Se analizaron 13 artículos para el desarrollo del trabajo. Resultados: Educar a los pacientes y sus familias sobre el proceso del trasplante de Medula Osea es un gran desafío que necesita de actualización permanente del personal de enfermería. Brindar conocimientos sobre medidas preventivas y pautas que ayuden a sobrellevar este proceso, permitirá tener al paciente como un miembro activo en sus cuidados, disminuyendo su ansiedad y si es necesario realizando modificaciones en su estilo de vida[AU]


Bone Marrow Transplantation is currently an alternative in oncological pathologies, which seeks healing and patient survival, here nursing care at all stages of treatment is aimed at providing timely and effective care, in order to prevent, treat and overcome complications of the process. The education of patients and caregivers favors the patient learning to care for himself, to reduce his anxiety, to make changes in his behavior and lifestyle and to prevent non-adherence to treatment. The objective was to design an educational program on the care that the patient and his family should know during their admission and stay in the Bone Marrow Transplant Service. Methodological design: the search was carried out in the database: Pubmed and Google Scholar and Scielo. 13 articles were analyzed for the development of the work. Results: Educating patients and their families about the bone marrow transplant process is a great challenge that requires permanent updating of the nursing staff. Providing knowledge about preventive measures and guidelines to help cope with this process will allow us to have the patient as an active member in their care, reducing their anxiety and, if necessary, making changes to their lifestyle[AU]


O Transplante de Medula Óssea é atualmente uma alternativa nas patologias oncológicas, que busca a cura e a sobrevivência do paciente, aqui a assistência de enfermagem em todas as etapas do tratamento visa proporcionar uma assistência oportuna e eficaz, | 24a fim de prevenir, tratar e superar complicações do processo. A educação de pacientes e cuidadores favorece que o paciente aprenda a cuidar de si mesmo, a diminuir sua ansiedade, a realizar mudanças em seu comportamento e estilo de vida e a prevenir a não adesão ao tratamento. O objetivo foi elaborar um programa educativo sobre os cuidados que o paciente e sua família devem conhecer durante sua admissão e permanência no serviço de transplante de medula óssea. Desenho metodológico: a busca foi realizada nas bases de dados: Pubmed e Google Acadêmico e Scielo. 13 artigos foram analisados para o desenvolvimento do trabalho. Resultados: Educar os pacientes e seus familiares sobre o processo de transplante de medula óssea é um grande desafio que exige atualização permanente da equipe de enfermagem. Fornecer conhecimento sobre medidas preventivas e orientações para auxiliar no enfrentamento desse processo nos permitirá ter o paciente como um membro ativo em seu cuidado, reduzindo sua ansiedade e, se necessário, realizando mudanças em seu estilo de vida[AU]


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety , Bone Marrow , Patient Education as Topic , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Life Style , Nursing Care
5.
Curitiba; s.n; 20220602. 150 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1381154

ABSTRACT

Resumo: O objetivo desta tese foi avaliar as alterações da qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde dos pacientes adultos com câncer hematológico, submetidos ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas, nos primeiros cinco anos após o procedimento. Trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, longitudinal, observacional e analítico, realizado em hospital público do sul do Brasil, referência na América Latina para esta modalidade de tratamento. Foram incluídos 55 participantes com idade igual ou superior a 18 anos, que se submeteram a esta terapia. A coleta de dados ocorreu de setembro de 2013 a janeiro de 2021, com avaliações em dez etapas: pré-transplante (antes de iniciar o condicionamento), pancitopenia, pré-alta hospitalar, após 100 dias, após 180 dias, Follow up 1 (após 360 dias), e anualmente até completar cinco anos da realização do procedimento. Foram aplicados um instrumento para coleta de dados sociodemográficos e clínicos e os questionários de Qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde Quality of life Questionnaire Core 30 e Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Bone Marrow Transplant, ambos traduzidos, adaptados e validados para o português - Brasil. Em relação ao diagnóstico, as leucemias estão presentes em 65% dos casos; quanto à modalidade de tratamento, o transplante de células-tronco alogênico foi realizado em 71% dos pacientes. No que diz respeito aos óbitos, a causa de maior incidência foi por recidiva da doença (44%), e o maior número ocorreu no primeiro ano (37%). A qualidade de vida global (56,6/100) e geral (90,7/148) apresentou os menores escores na etapa de pancitopenia, com melhores índices no quinto ano, (80,4/100) e (116,1/148), respectivamente. A análise com o modelo linear generalizado misto evidenciou alterações significativas nos escores dos domínios de qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde entre as etapas ao longo do tempo. Foi comprovada a hipótese de que os pacientes com melhores escores nos domínios de qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde observados no início do tratamento têm maior sobrevida. Os resultados do estudo inferem as correlações entre os domínios mensurados e encontram, assim, sustentação no modelo conceitual teórico utilizado. As contribuições consistem em reafirmar a dimensionalidade do constructo qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde, além de agregar conhecimento acerca das alterações autopercebidas pelos pacientes durante o tratamento.


Abstract: The objective of this thesis was to evaluate the changes in the health-related quality of life of adult patients with hematological cancer undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in the first five years after the procedure. This is a quantitative, longitudinal, observational and analytical study carried out in a public hospital in southern Brazil, a reference in Latin America for this treatment modality. We included 55 participants aged 18 years and over, who underwent this therapy. Data collection took place from September 2013 to January 2021, with evaluations in ten stages: pre-transplantation (before starting conditioning), pancytopenia, pre-hospital discharge, after 100 days, after 180 days, Follow up 1 ( after 360 days), and annually until completing five years of the procedure. An instrument for collecting sociodemographic and clinical data and the Health-related Quality of life Questionnaire Core 30 and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Bone Marrow Transplant questionnaires were applied, both translated, adapted and validated for Portuguese - Brazil. Regarding diagnosis, leukemias are present in 65% of cases; regarding the treatment modality, allogeneic stem cell transplantation was performed in 71% of the patients. With regard to deaths, the cause of highest incidence was disease recurrence (44%), and the highest number occurred in the first year (37%). The global (56.6/100) and general (90.7/148) quality of life had the lowest scores in the pancytopenia stage, with better rates in the fifth year (80.4/100) and (116.1/148), respectively. The analysis with the mixed generalized linear model showed significant changes in the scores of the health-related quality of life domains between the stages over time. The hypothesis was confirmed that patients with better scores in the domains of health-related quality of life observed at the beginning of treatment have greater survival. The study results infer the correlations between the measured domains and thus find support in the theoretical conceptual model used. The contributions consist of reaffirming the dimensionality of the health-related quality of life construct, in addition to adding knowledge about the self-perceived changes by patients during treatment.


Resumen: El objetivo de esta tesis fue evaluar los cambios en la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud de pacientes adultos con cáncer hematológico, sometidos a trasplante de células madre hematopoyéticas, en los primeros cinco años después del procedimiento. Se trata de un estudio cuantitativo, longitudinal, observacional y analítico realizado en un hospital público del sur de Brasil, referencia en América Latina para esta modalidad de tratamiento. Se incluyeron 55 participantes mayores de 18 años que se sometieron a esta terapia. La recolección de datos ocurrió de septiembre de 2013 a enero de 2021, con evaluaciones en diez etapas: pretrasplante (antes de iniciar el acondicionamiento), pancitopenia, alta prehospitalaria, después de 100 días, después de 180 días, Seguimiento 1 (después de 360 días), y anualmente hasta completar cinco años del procedimiento. Se aplicó un instrumento de recolección de datos sociodemográficos y clínicos y los cuestionarios Health-related Quality of life Questionnaire Core 30 y Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Bone Marrow Transplant, ambos traducidos, adaptados y validados para portugués - Brasil. En cuanto al diagnóstico, las leucemias están presentes en el 65% de los casos; en cuanto a la modalidad de tratamiento, se realizó trasplante alogénico de células madre en el 71% de los pacientes. En cuanto a las defunciones, la causa de mayor incidencia fue la recidiva de la enfermedad (44%) y el mayor número se produjo en el primer año (37%). La calidad de vida global (56,6/100) y general (90,7/148) tuvieron las puntuaciones más bajas en la etapa de pancitopenia, con mejores tasas en el quinto año (80,4/100) y (116,1/148), respectivamente. El análisis con el modelo lineal generalizado mixto mostró cambios significativos en las puntuaciones de los dominios de calidad de vida relacionada con la salud entre las etapas a lo largo del tiempo. Se confirmó la hipótesis de que los pacientes con mejores puntajes en los dominios de calidad de vida relacionada con la salud observados al inicio del tratamiento tienen mayor sobrevida. Los resultados del estudio infieren las correlaciones entre los dominios medidos y así encuentran apoyo en el modelo teórico conceptual utilizado. Los aportes consisten en reafirmar la dimensionalidad del constructo calidad de vida relacionada con la salud, además de sumar conocimientos sobre los cambios autopercibidos por los pacientes durante el tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Quality of Life , Health , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Habits , Hematologic Diseases
8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 272-278, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929635

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish an intramedullary transplantation model of primary megakaryocytes to evaluate the platelet-producing capacity of megakaryocytes and explore the underlying regulatory mechanisms. Methods: Donor megakaryocytes from GFP-transgenic mice bone marrow were enriched by magnetic beads. The platelet-producing model was established by intramedullary injection to recipient mice that underwent half-lethal dose irradiation 1 week in advance. Donor-derived megakaryocytes and platelets were detected by immunofluorescence staining and flow cytometry. Results: The proportion of megakaryocytes in the enriched sample for transplantation was 40 to 50 times higher than that in conventional bone marrow. After intramedullary transplantation, donor-derived megakaryocytes successfully implanted in the medullary cavity of the recipient and produce platelets, which showed similar expression of surface markers and morphology to recipient-derived platelets. Conclusion: We successfully established an in vivo platelet-producing model of primary megakaryocytes using magnetic-bead enrichment and intramedullary injection, which objectively reflects the platelet-producing capacity of megakaryocytes in the bone marrow.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Platelets , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Humans , Megakaryocytes/metabolism , Mice
11.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 43(3): 313-323, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346255

ABSTRACT

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a treatment that requires long periods of hospitalization. The mobility restrictions result in physical, functional and psychological impairments. Physical exercise is a therapy that can restore physical and functional capacities; however, it is necessary to understand the effects of its practice in post-HSCT individuals. The purpose of this systematic review (SR) was to assess the impact of physical exercise in children and adolescents undergoing HSCT. The SR was conducted following the PRISMA guidelines through search in the electronic databases Embase, Lilacs, PEDro, PubMed and SCOPUS, without limitation of dates and languages. Randomized or non-randomized clinical trials with children and adolescents who underwent HSCT, aged between 3 to 19 years old, who participated in a regular physical activity program, were assessed. After removing duplicates and selecting studies according to the eligibility criteria, seven parallel studies incorporating hospitalized and discharged participants undertaking aerobic and strengthening exercises were included in this study. The main outcomes analyzed were exercise capacity, quality-of-life, body composition and freedom. Five studies comprised the meta-analysis regarding the effects of the distance walked in the 6-min walk test and quality-of-life. Physical exercise is considered to be safe, feasible and efficacious to prevent the decline of the quality-of-life in children and adolescents undergoing HCST, as well as a considerable improvement in physical capacity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Exercise , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Quality of Life , Child , Adolescent
13.
Aquichan ; 21(2): e2126, jun. 25, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1283793

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: evaluar y correlacionar la calidad de vida general y la función cognitiva de pacientes adultos con cáncer hematológico sometidos al trasplante de células madre hematopoyéticas autólogo y alogénico hasta tres años luego del tratamiento. Materiales y método: estudio longitudinal, observacional y analítico con 55 pacientes, en un hospital de referencia en Latinoamérica, de septiembre del 2013 a febrero del 2019, con el instrumento Quality of Life Questionnarie-Core 30, analizado con las pruebas coeficiente de correlación de Spearman y el Generalized Linear Mixed Model. Resultados: la calidad de vida general en el trasplante autólogo y alogénico presentaron descenso en la fase de pancitopenia (59,3 y 55,3, respectivamente). Hubo disfunción cognitiva en el grupo autólogo posteriormente al trasplante dos años (61,90) y el grupo alogénico (74), en la pancitopenia. En el grupo autólogo, se observa correlación positiva (0,76) y significativa (p < 0,04) entre el dominio cognitivo y la calidad de vida en el post-trasplante dos años. En el alogénico, hubo correlación positiva (0,55) y significativa (p < 0,00) desde el post-trasplante 180 días. Conclusiones: la calidad de vida y la función cognitiva presentan compromiso y hay correlación luego del trasplante de células madre hematopoyéticas para ambos grupos, autólogo y alogénico.


Objective: To assess and correlate overall quality of life and the cognitive function of adult patients with hematologic cancer subjected to autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantations up to three years after treatment. Materials and method: A longitudinal, observational, and analytical study was conducted with 55 patients in a reference hospital in Latin America, from September 2013 to February 2019, with the Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30, analyzed with the Spearman's correlation coefficient and Generalized Linear Mixed Model tests. Results: Overall quality of life in autologous and allogeneic transplantations presented a decline in the pancytopenia phase (59.3 and 55.3, respectively). There was impairment of the cognitive function in the autologous group in post-transplantation after two years (61.90) and, in the allogeneic group (74), in pancytopenia. In the autologous group, a positive (0.76) and significant (p < 0.04) correlation is observed between the cognitive domain and quality of life in post-transplantation after two years. In the allogeneic group, there was a positive (0.55) and significant (p < 0.00) correlation from 180 days after transplantation. Conclusions: Quality of life and the cognitive function present impairment and there is a correlation after the hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for both groups: autologous and allogeneic.


Objetivo: avaliar e correlacionar a qualidade de vida geral e a função cognitiva de pacientes adultos com câncer hematológico submetidos ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas autólogo e alogênico até três anos após o tratamento. Materiais e método: estudo longitudinal, observacional e analítico com 55 pacientes, num hospital de referência na América Latina, de setembro de 2013 a fevereiro de 2019, com o instrumento Quality of Life Questionnarie-Core 30, analisado com os testes coeficiente de correlação de Spearman e o Generalized Linear Mixed Model. Resultados: a qualidade de vida geral no transplante autólogo e alogênico apresentaram declínio na fase de pancitopenia (59,3 e 55,3, respectivamente). Houve comprometimento da função cognitiva no grupo autólogo no pós-transplante dois anos (61,90) e no grupo alogênico (74), na pancitopenia. Observa-se, no grupo autólogo, correlação positiva (0,76) e significativa (p < 0,04) entre o domínio cognitivo e a qualidade de vida no pós-transplante dois anos. No grupo alogênico, houve correlação positiva (0,55) e significativa (p < 0,00) a partir do pós-transplante 180 dias. Conclusões: a qualidade de vida e a função cognitiva apresentam comprometimento e há correlação após o transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas para ambos os grupos, autólogo e alogênico.


Subject(s)
Quality of Life , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Cognitive Dysfunction , Neoplasms
14.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 43(1): 65-86, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154293

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Autoimmune diseases are an important field for the development of bone marrow transplantation, or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. In Europe alone, almost 3000 procedures have been registered so far. The Brazilian Society for Bone Marrow Transplantation (Sociedade Brasileira de Transplantes de Medula Óssea) organized consensus meetings for the Autoimmune Diseases Group, to review the available literature on hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for autoimmune diseases, aiming to gather data that support the procedure for these patients. Three autoimmune diseases for which there are evidence-based indications for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation are multiple sclerosis, systemic sclerosis and Crohn's disease. The professional stem cell transplant societies in America, Europe and Brazil (Sociedade Brasileira de Transplantes de Medula Óssea) currently consider hematopoietic stem cell transplantation as a therapeutic modality for these three autoimmune diseases. This article reviews the evidence available.


Subject(s)
Humans , Scleroderma, Systemic , Crohn Disease , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Scleroderma, Diffuse , Multiple Sclerosis
15.
Curitiba; s.n; 20210311. 128 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1254859

ABSTRACT

A utilização do relaxamento com imagem guiada pode trazer benefícios ao paciente submetido ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas ao possibilitar alívio de sintomas físicos e emocionais, influenciando na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar as alterações nos domínios da qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde e variáveis fisiológicas de pacientes internados submetidos ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas, que receberam a técnica de relaxamento com imagem guiada por realidade virtual. Trata-se de estudo quase-experimental, longitudinal, realizado em um Serviço de Transplante de Medula Óssea de hospital público no sul do Brasil. De outubro de 2019 a outubro de 2020, foram incluídos 42 participantes adultos submetidos ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas, sendo alocados 35 no grupo intervenção e 7 no grupo controle em uma razão 5:1. Para o primeiro, foi utilizado como intervenção o relaxamento com imagem guiada por realidade virtual. Foram aferidas pressão arterial, frequências cardíaca e respiratória, saturação de oxigênio, temperatura e dor imediatamente antes e após a intervenção. A coleta de dados ocorreu em quatro momentos: internação (T1), dia zero (T2), fase de neutropenia (T3) e pré-alta hospitalar (T4). Para ambos os grupos foram aplicados questionários sociodemográfico e clínico e Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplantation, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue e Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Neutropenia para avaliação da qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde, foram avaliados também valores de hemograma e leucograma. Os resultados mostraram média geral de idade de 37,8 anos e faixa de renda de 1 a 3 salários mínimos, 21 (70%) participantes do grupo intervenção e cinco (71,43%) no controle. O transplante alogênico foi predominante, 28 (80%) no grupo intervenção e cinco (71,43%) no controle. As leucemias foram o diagnóstico mais frequente em ambos os grupos, 13 (34,14%) no grupo intervenção e três (42,86%) no controle. Não houve diferenças entre os grupos nas avaliações de qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde, contudo foi encontrada diferença significativa entre as etapas e correlação positiva significativa entre as variáveis qualidade de vida geral, preocupações adicionais, fadiga e neutropenia em todas as etapas para o grupo intervenção. Foram encontradas diferenças significativas entre as médias das aferições antes e depois em frequência cardíaca e respiratória, temperatura, saturação de oxigênio e pressão arterial no grupo intervenção. Houve semelhança no comportamento dos valores de hemograma, leucograma e no tempo para pega medular em ambos os grupos. A intervenção é, em geral, bem aceita e não foram encontradas evidências de eventos adversos relacionados à sua aplicação. Apesar de não ter sido verificada influência da imagem guiada na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde neste estudo, as alterações nos dados vitais demonstraram eficácia para a indução de estado de relaxamento. Assim, o relaxamento com imagem guiada por realidade virtual pode ser utilizado com segurança promovendo efeitos benéficos em pacientes submetidos ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas. Os resultados encontrados apontam para a necessidade de ampliação da oferta de práticas integrativas para esses pacientes em face do comprometimento observado na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde.


The use of guided imagery relaxation can bring benefits to patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation by providing relief from physical and emotional symptoms, influencing health-related quality of life. The aim of this study was to analyze changes in the domains of health-related quality of life, and physiological variables, of hospitalized patients who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and received the guided imagery relaxation by virtual reality technique. This is a quasi-experimental, longitudinal, study carried out in a Bone Marrow Transplantation Service at a public hospital in southern Brazil. From October 2019 to October 2020, 42 adult participants who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were included, allocated 35 in the intervention group and 7 in the control group, in a 5:1 ratio. For the former, guided imagery relaxation by virtual reality was used as intervention. Blood pressure, heart and respiratory rates, oxygen saturation, temperature and pain were measured immediately before and after the intervention. Data collection took place in four moments : hospitalization (T1), day zero (T2), neutropenia phase (T3) and pre-hospital discharge (T4). Sociodemographic and clinical questionnaires and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplantation, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Neutropenia were applied to both groups to assess health-related quality of life, and hemogram and leukogram values were evaluated. The results show a general mean age of 37.8 years and an income range of 1 to 3 minimum wages, 21 (70%) participants in the intervention group and five (71.43%) in the control group. Allogeneic transplantation was predominant, 28 (80%) in the intervention group and five (71.43%) in the control group. Leukemias were the most frequent diagnosis in both groups, 13 (34.14%) in the intervention group and three (42.86%) in the control. There were no differences between groups in healthrelated quality of life assessments, however a significant difference was found between the stages and a significant positive correlation between the variables general quality of life, additional concerns, fatigue and neutropenia at all stages for the intervention group. Significant differences were found between the averages of the measurements before and after in heart and respiratory rate, temperature, oxygen saturation and blood pressure in the intervention group. There was a similarity in the behavior of the hemogram and leukogram values and time of engraftment in both groups. The intervention is, in general, well accepted and no evidence of adverse events related to its application has been found. Although there was no influence of the guided imagery on health-related quality of life in this study, changes in vital signs demonstrate efficacy for inducing a state of relaxation. Thus, guided imagery relaxation by virtual reality can be used safely promoting beneficial effects in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The results found point to the need to expand the offer of integrative practices for these patients in the face of the impairment observed in healthrelated quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Quality of Life , Relaxation Therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Imagery, Psychotherapy , Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Nursing
16.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 55: e20200270, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1340710

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the domains of quality of life related to hematologic cancer patient health in the first three years from autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Method: A prospective cohort from September 2013 to February 2019 at a reference service in Latin America with 55 patients. The instruments Quality of Life Questionnaire Core C30 and Functional Assessment Cancer Therapy - Bone Marrow Transplantation were used. For data analysis, Generalized Linear Mixed Model was used. Results: The domains global and overall quality of life presented the lowest scores in the pancytopenia phase: 59.3 and 91.4 in autologous, 55.3 and 90.3 in allogeneic. The mixed method analysis has shown that there was a significant change in scores between the phases throughout the treatment (p< 0.05). Conclusion: Health-related quality of life presented significant changes in the domains between the phases throughout time. Understanding these results enables nursing interventions directed at the domains which were damaged during treatment.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar los dominios de la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud de pacientes con cáncer hematológico en los tres primeros años después del trasplante de células madre hematopoyéticas autólogo y alogénico. Método: Cohorte prospectivo realizado de septiembre 2013 a febrero 2019 en un servicio de referencia en Latinoamérica con 55 participantes. Se utilizaron los instrumentos Quality of Life Questionnaire Core C30 y Functional Assessment Cancer Therapy - Bone Marrow Transplantation. Para el análisis de datos, se utilizó el Generalized Linear Mixed Model. Resultados: Los dominios de calidad de vida global y general presentaran las menores puntuaciones en la etapa de pancitopenia: 59,3 y 91,4 en el autólogo, 55,3 y 90,3 en el alogénico. El análisis de métodos mixtos demostró que hubo un cambio significativo en la puntuación entre las etapas durante el tratamiento (p< 0,05). Conclusión: La calidad de vida relacionada con la salud presentó cambios significativos en los dominios entre las etapas a lo largo del tiempo. Conocer estos resultados posibilita intervenciones de enfermería direccionadas a los dominios afectados durante el tratamiento.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar os domínios de qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde de pacientes com câncer hematológico nos três primeiros anos após o transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas autólogo e alogênico. Método: Coorte prospectiva realizada de setembro de 2013 a fevereiro de 2019, em um serviço de referência na América Latina, com 55 participantes. Foram utilizados os instrumentos Quality of Life Questionnaire Core C30 e Functional Assessment Cancer Therapy - Bone Marrow Transplantation. Para análise dos dados, foi utilizado o Generalized Linear Mixed Model. Resultados: Os domínios de qualidade de vida global e geral apresentaram os menores escores na etapa de pancitopenia: 59,3 e 91,4 no autólogo, 55,3 e 90,3 no alogênico. A análise de métodos mistos demonstrou que houve alteração significativa dos escores entre as etapas ao longo do tratamento (p< 0,05). Conclusão: A qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde apresentou mudança significativa nos domínios entre as etapas ao longo do tempo. Conhecer esses resultados possibilita intervenções de enfermagem direcionadas aos domínios prejudicados durante o tratamento.


Subject(s)
Quality of Life , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Oncology Nursing , Hematologic Neoplasms
17.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 19(3): 199-204, set 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391967

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste artigo foi comparar o uso da ivermectina e do albendazol em pacientes transplantados e relatar os respectivos sucessos terapêuticos nessa população. Foram analisados artigos que abordassem relatos de casos publicados nos últimos 4 anos no PubMed® relacionando os descritores "transplante de órgãos", "estrongiloidíase" e "tratamento". Foram encontrados e analisados dez relatos de caso que abordaram a estrongiloidíase em situa- ção pós-transplante contemplando 13 indivíduos. Desses, cinco (38,5%) utilizaram ambos os medicamentos, dos quais quatro (80%) se curaram, tendo recebido albendazol e ivermectina por via subcutânea (50%) ou albendazol e ivermectina por vias oral/ subcutânea (50%). O paciente que morreu recebeu albendazol e ivermectina por via subcutânea. Sete (53,8%) indivíduos utiliza- ram apenas ivermectina, dos quais três (42,8%) se curaram tendo recebido o medicamento oral (dois pacientes) ou subcutâneo (um paciente); dois (28,6%) morreram recebendo o medicamento via oral, dois (28,6%) usaram profilaticamente via oral e apenas um não manifestou sintomas. Apenas um (7,7%) indivíduo utilizou somente albendazol via oral tendo sobrevivido à infecção. A uti- lização combinada dos medicamentos ivermectina e albendazol parece ter efeito positivo no tratamento da estrongiloidíase. A administração da ivermectina por via subcutânea apresentou resultados promissores, contudo estudos controlados de siner- gia medicamentosa e vias de administração devem ser realizados para efetiva avaliação.


The objective of this article was to compare the use of ivermec- tin and albendazole in transplanted patients and to report the respective therapeutic successes in this population.Articles ad- dressing case reports published in the last 4 years in the PubMed relating the descriptors "organ transplantation", "strongyloidia- sis", and "treatment" were analyzed. Ten case reports addres- sing strongyloidiasis in a post-transplant situation, covering 13 individuals, were found and analyzed. Of these, five (38.5%) used both drugs of which 4 (80%) were cured having received subcu- taneous albendazole and ivermectin (50%) or oral/subcutaneous albendazole and ivermectin (50%). The patient who died received subcutaneous albenzadole and ivermectin. Seven (53.8%) indi- viduals used only ivermectin, of which three (42.8%) were cured having received the oral (2/3) or subcutaneous (1/3) medication, two (28.6%) died receiving the oral medication, and two (28.6%) used oral medication prophylactically, and only one did not show symptoms. Only one (7.7%) individual used only oral albenzadole and survived the infection. The combined use of the drugs iver- mectin and albendazole seems to have a positive effect on the treatment of strongyloidiasis. The administration of subcuta- neous Ivermectin has shown promising results; however, con- trolled studies of drug synergy and administration routes shall be performed for effective evaluation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Strongyloidiasis/drug therapy , Ivermectin/therapeutic use , Albendazole/therapeutic use , Transplant Recipients , Anthelmintics/therapeutic use , Strongyloidiasis/prevention & control , Administration, Oral , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Heart Transplantation , Kidney Transplantation , Pancreas Transplantation , Fatal Outcome , Drug Therapy, Combination , Injections, Subcutaneous
18.
Femina ; 49(12): 648-657, 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358200

ABSTRACT

O transplante de medula óssea (TMO) é um procedimento indicado para o tratamento de doenças hematológicas, que afetam muitas mulheres jovens. O aperfeiçoamento dos cuidados durante o TMO proporciona altos índices de cura e de sobrevida. No entanto, pode deixar sequelas em vários órgãos e sistemas, entre eles o sistema reprodutor e os órgãos genitais, impactando negativamente a qualidade de vida das receptoras do TMO. O objetivo desta publicação foi realizar uma revisão narrativa sobre o tema e propor um protocolo assistencial que torne acessível os cuidados relacionados à saúde sexual e reprodutiva a esse grupo especial de mulheres, baseado em dados clínicos de um ambulatório de assistência ginecológica às mulheres transplantadas no Hospital Amaral Carvalho, em Jaú, no interior de São Paulo.(AU)


Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is indicated for the treatment of hematological diseases which affect many young women. The improvement of care during BMT procedures provides higher cure and survival rates. however, it can cause sequelae in various organs and systems, including the reproductive system and genitals, negatively impacting quality of life. The purpose of this publication is to present a narrative review related to this theme and to propose a healthcare protocol that allows sexual and reproductive care in this special group of patients, based on the clinical experience of a gynecological outpatient clinic at the Amaral Carvalho Hospital, in Jaú (SP) which specifically care for these women.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Postoperative Complications , Bone Marrow Transplantation/adverse effects , Clinical Protocols , Risk Factors , Immunosuppression Therapy/adverse effects , Primary Ovarian Insufficiency/physiopathology , Female Urogenital Diseases/physiopathology , Graft vs Host Disease/physiopathology
19.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 718-727, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922504

ABSTRACT

Severe aplastic anemia II (SAA-II) progresses from non-severe aplastic anemia (NSAA). The unavailability of efficacious treatment has prompted the need for haploidentical bone marrow transplantation (haplo-BMT) in patients lacking a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched donor. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of haplo-BMT for patients with SAA-II. Twenty-two patients were included and followed up, and FLU/BU/CY/ATG was used as conditioning regimen. Among these patients, 21 were successfully engrafted, 19 of whom survived after haplo-BMT. Four patients experienced grade II-IV aGvHD, including two with grade III-IV aGvHD. Six patients experienced chronic GvHD, among whom four were mild and two were moderate. Twelve patients experienced infections during BMT. One was diagnosed with post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder and one with probable EBV disease, and both recovered after rituximab infusion. Haplo-BMT achieved 3-year overall survival and disease-free survival rate of 86.4% ± 0.73% after a median follow-up of 42 months, indicating its effectiveness as a salvage therapy. These promising outcomes may support haplo-BMT as an alternative treatment strategy for patients with SAA-II lacking HLA-matched donors.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic/therapy , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , HLA Antigens , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Transplantation Conditioning
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880681

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish mouse bone marrow transplantation by pretreatment with chemotherapy, and to explore the dynamic changes of immune cells in the early stage of allogeneic transplantation in the spleen of mice.@*METHODS@#Mice were divided into 4 groups (80 mg/kg group, 100 mg/kg group, 120 mg/kg group, and 150 mg/kg group) according to the difference in dose of busulfan. The mice were treated with busulfan and cyclophosphamide combined chemotherapy, and the appropriate dosage was determined by evaluating the myeloablative effect and drug toxicity. According to the type of the genetic transplantation, the mice were also divided into 4 groups: An allogeneic transplantation group, a homogenic transplantation group, a chemotherapy alone group, and a normal control group. The mice were pretreated with busulfan and cyclophosphamide before bone marrow transplantation. In the allogeneic transplantation group, the suspension of splenocytes was prepared at the first day, the 3rd day, the 5th day, and the 8th day after transplantation for flow cytometry detection, and the dynamic changes of splenic immune cells were analyzed. The homogeneic transplantation group served as the concurrent control, the normal control group served as the control of basic value of spleen immune cells, and the chemotherapy alone group was used to evaluate the myeloablative effect.@*RESULTS@#1) The optimal dose of busulfan was 100 mg/kg. The combination of busulfan and cyclophosphamide can restore the hematopoiesis of transplanted mice, and the toxicity associated with pretreatment is small. 2) In the allogeneic transplantation group: The hematopoietic reconstitution and high donor chimerism rate were achieved after transplantation. In the early phase of bone marrow transplantation, the T lymphocytes were the main cell group, while the recovery of B lymphocytes was relatively delayed. The dendritic cells and natural killer cells from donors were the earliest cells to recover and achieve high chimerism rate compared with T cells and B cells. Most T cells were in the initial T cell state within 5 days after allogeneic transplantation. However, in the 5th day after transplantation, these cells were mainly in the effective memory phenotype. The reconstruction of donor-derived naive T cells was slow, but the reconstruction of donor-derived effective memory T cells and regulatory T cells was relatively fast. 3) In the homogeneic transplantation group: The mice could recover hematopoiesis and the recovery of B lymphocytes was delayed. 4) In the chemotherapy alone group: All mice died in 12-15 days after chemotherapy, and the peripheral blood routine showed pancytopenia before death.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Pretreatment with chemotherapy can successfully establish the mouse model of bone marrow transplantation. There are difference in the proportion of T cells, B cells, natural killer cells, dendritic cells, effector memory T cells, initial T cells, and regulatory T cells after transplantation, and the relationship between donor and recipient is also changed.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Busulfan , Cell Proliferation , Kinetics , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Transplantation, Homologous
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