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1.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(6): I-II, Nov.-Dec. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351671
2.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(5): 589-598, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351658

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The Technical Performance Score (TPS) was developed and subsequently refined at the Boston Children's Hospital. Our objective was to translate and validate its application in a developing country. Methods: The score was translated into the Portuguese language and approved by the TPS authors. Subsequently, we studied 1,030 surgeries from June 2018 to October 2020. TPS could not be assigned in 58 surgeries, and these were excluded. Surgical risk score was evaluated using Risk Adjustment in Congenital Heart Surgery (or RACHS-1). The impact of TPS on outcomes was studied using multivariable linear and logistic regression adjusting for important perioperative covariates. Results: Median age and weight were 2.2 (interquartile range [IQR] = 0.5-13) years and 10.8 (IQR = 5.6-40) kilograms, respectively. In-hospital mortality was 6.58% (n=64), and postoperative complications occurred in 19.7% (n=192) of the cases. TPS was categorized as 1 in 359 cases (37%), 2 in 464 (47.7%), and 3 in 149 (15.3%). Multivariable analysis identified TPS class 3 as a predictor of longer hospital stay (coefficient: 6.6; standard error: 2.2; P=0.003), higher number of complications (odds ratio [OR]: 1.84; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.1-3; P=0.01), and higher mortality (OR: 3.2; 95% CI: 1.4-7; P=0.004). Conclusion: TPS translated into the Portuguese language was validated and showed to be able to predict higher mortality, complication rate, and prolonged postoperative hospital stay in a high-volume Latin-American congenital heart surgery program. TPS is generalizable and can be used as an outcome assessment tool in resource diverse settings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Heart Defects, Congenital , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Complications , Boston , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Hospital Mortality , Developing Countries , Length of Stay
3.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 611-615, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922366

ABSTRACT

Subclinical varicocele represents an abnormality of veins of the pampiniform plexus on scrotal ultrasound (US) without a clinically palpable varicocele. Its significance remains unclear. While guidelines do not recommend surgical intervention, clinical management is variable. As there is limited information on long-term outcome of subclinical varicoceles due to challenges in diagnosis and management, we performed a single-institution, retrospective review of patients from October 1999 to October 2014 with subclinical varicocele and with available US studies reviewed by a single radiologist. Subclinical varicocele was defined as dilation of the pampiniform venous plexus on US involving ≥2 vessels with diameter >2.5 mm, without clinical varicocele on physical examination or prior inguinal surgery. Thirty-six of 98 patients identified were confirmed as having a subclinical varicocele and analyzed. The mean age at initial visit was 15.5 years, with a mean follow-up of 26.5 months. The majority were right-sided (69.4%, n = 25), usually with a contralateral clinical varicocele. Testicular asymmetry (>20% volume difference of the affected side by testicular atrophy index formula) was assessed in 9 patients with unilateral subclinical varicocele without contralateral clinical or subclinical varicocele and observed in 1 patient. Of 17 patients with follow-up, 3 (17.6%) progressed to clinical varicocele without asymmetric testicular volume, as most remained subclinical or resolved without surgery. In our experience, subclinical varicoceles appeared unlikely to progress to clinical varicoceles, to affect testicular volume, or to lead to surgery. Although our study is limited in numbers and follow-up, this information may aid clinical management strategies and guide future prospective studies.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Boston , Physical Examination/methods , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Varicocele/therapy
4.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(5): 277-281, May 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131706

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a cerebrovascular disorder caused by progressive deposition of β-amyloid peptides in the walls of small and medium-sized cortical and leptomeningeal vessels. Until today, the prevalence of CAA is unknown in our region. Objective: This study aims to analyze the prevalence of this entity in a specific elderly population in a tertiary hospital in Northeastern Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional, retrospective study with the enrollment of patients aged 65 or older followed in the neurological outpatient service of the Universidade Federal do Piauí, Brazil, who underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) from July 2016 to June 2018. Results: One hundred and seventy-four patients were enrolled, of whom 100 were women (57.4%) and 74, men (42.6%), aged from 65 to 91 years old (median age 73.27). Nine patients were excluded from the study due to unavailability of MRI sequences needed for an appropriate analysis. Out of the 165 remaining patients, 12 (7.2%) had established the diagnosis of CAA, according to the modified Boston criteria. Conclusion: The prevalence of CAA in our study was like those of medical literature, with a progressive age-related increase.


RESUMO Introdução: A angiopatia amiloide cerebral (AAC) é uma desordem vascular causada pela deposição progressiva de peptídeos β-amiloides nas paredes de pequenos e médios vasos corticais e leptomeníngeos. Até a presente data, a epidemiologia da AAC é desconhecida em nossa região. Objetivos: Avaliar a prevalência da AAC em uma população específica de pacientes idosos de um hospital terciário no nordeste brasileiro. Métodos: Estudo transversal, retrospectivo, com seleção de pacientes com idade igual ou superior a 65 anos, acompanhados no serviço de Neurologia do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Piauí, Brasil, e que foram submetidos a exame de ressonância nuclear magnética entre julho de 2016 e junho de 2018. Resultados: Foram recrutados 174 pacientes, dos quais 100 eram mulheres (57,4%) e 74 homens (42,6%), com idades entre 65 e 91 anos (média de 73,27). Nove pacientes foram excluídos devido à indisponibilidade de sequências de ressonância magnética necessárias para uma análise apropriada. Dos 165 pacientes restantes, 12 (7,2%) foram diagnosticados com AAC de acordo com os critérios de Boston modificados. Conclusão: A prevalência da AAC em nosso estudo foi semelhante ao resultado encontrado na literatura médica, com um aumento progressivo relacionado à idade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy , Brazil , Boston , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Amyloid beta-Peptides/metabolism , Amyloid beta-Peptides/chemistry
5.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4641, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998247

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of conventional rotatory and piezosurgery technique for surgical removal of lower third molars. Material and Methods: Twenty patients with impacted lower third molars (with no acute symptoms) were divided into two groups (G1 and G2) and evaluated clinically and radiographically. They were allotted alternately into rotatory (G1) and piezotome (G2). Parameters assessed were the pain, swelling, trismus, comfort, analgesics consumed, the time taken for the procedure, intraoperative soft tissue damage and any other complications. Findings were then tabulated and analyzed. Results: Findings of pain, swelling, trismus, analgesics consumed and tissue damage were favorable in the piezosurgery group. However, the time taken for the procedure was significantly more as compared to the rotatory group. Post-operative trismus, values from the piezosurgery group were found to approach normality by day seven while in the rotatory group, a significant difference was found to exist up to day 14, suggesting that patients tend to return to normal function faster in the piezo group. Conclusion: Piezosurgery was found to be a good alternative to the conventional rotatory handpiece in select cases where extraction of the tooth could be carried out with minimal bone removal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Extraction , Randomized Controlled Trial , Oral Surgical Procedures , Molar, Third , Trismus , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Boston , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric
6.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 75(1): 69-71, Jan. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838855

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This historical review describes Professor Walshe's seminal contribution to the treatment of Wilson's disease on the 60th anniversary of his pioneering article on penicillamine, the first effective treatment for the condition.


RESUMO Esta revisão histórica enfatiza a contribuição seminal do Professor Walshe no tratamento da doença de Wilson (DW), com o seu trabalho pioneiro sobre o uso de penicilamina, o primeiro tratamento efetivo do mundo, publicado 60 anos atrás.


Subject(s)
History, 20th Century , Penicillamine/history , Periodicals as Topic/history , Biomedical Research/history , Hepatolenticular Degeneration/history , Hepatolenticular Degeneration/drug therapy , Boston , United Kingdom
7.
Braz. dent. j ; 26(1): 33-38, Jan-Feb/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-735836

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate whether there is any correlation between periodontal disease and mortality contributing factors, such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus in the elderly population. A dental evaluation was performed by a single examiner at Tufts University dental clinics for 284 patients. Periodontal assessments were performed by probing with a manual UNC-15 periodontal probe to measure pocket depth and clinical attachment level (CAL) at 6 sites. Causes of death abstracted from death certificate. Statistical analysis involved ANOVA, chi-square and multivariate logistic regression analysis. The demographics of the population sample indicated that, most were females (except for diabetes mellitus), white, married, completed 13 years of education and were 83 years old on average. CAL (continuous or dichotomous) and marital status attained statistical significance (p<0.05) in contingency table analysis (Chi-square for independence). Individuals with increased CAL were 2.16 times more likely (OR=2.16, 95% CI=1.47-3.17) to die due to CVD and this effect persisted even after control for age, marital status, gender, race, years of education (OR=2.03, 95% CI=1.35-3.03). CAL (continuous or dichotomous) was much higher among those who died due to diabetes mellitus or out of state of Massachusetts. However, these results were not statistically significant. The same pattern was observed with pocket depth (continuous or dichotomous), but these results were not statistically significant either. CAL seems to be more sensitive to chronic diseases than pocket depth. Among those conditions, cardiovascular disease has the strongest effect.


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar se existe relação entre doença periodontal e fatores de mortalidade como, por ex., doenças cardiovasculares e diabetes melitus, numa amostra de pessoas idosas. Um único examinador fez avaliação dentária em 284 pacientes. As avaliações periodontais foram feitas com sonda manual UNC-15 para medir profundidade da bolsa e nível de inserção clínica em 6 pontos. As causas dos óbitos foram obtidas das certidões. Para análise estatística utilizou-se ANOVA, teste do qui-quadrado e análise de regressão logística multivariada. Os dados demográficos indicaram que a maioria era constituída de mulheres (exceto para diabetes melitus), leucodermas, casadas, completaram 13 anos de escolaridade e média de 83 anos de idade. O nível de inserção clínica (contínuo ou dicotomizado) e estado civil tiveram significância estatística (p<0,05) na análise das tabelas de contingência (qui-quadrado para independentes). O nível de inserção clínica foi 2,16 vezes mais provável causa de óbito (OR=2,16; 95%CI 1,47-3,17) por doença cardiovascular que o grupo dos sobreviventes e este efeito persistiu mesmo depois de controlados idade, estado civil, sexo, raça e anos de escolaridade (OR=2,03, 95%CI 1.35-3.03). O nível de inserção clínica (contínuo ou dicotomizado) foi muito maior entre os que morreram por diabetes melitus ou fora do estado de Massachusetts, mas estes resultados não foram estatisticamente significantes. O mesmo ocorreu com a profundidade da bolsa gengival (contínua ou dicotomizada), mas estes resultados também não foram estatisticamente significantes. Aparentemente a inserção clínica é mais afetada pelas doenças crônicas em comparação com a profundidade da bolsa. Entre estas doenças, as cardiovasculares têm efeito mais forte.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Cause of Death , Periodontal Diseases/complications , Boston , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors
8.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 34(supl.1): 9-15, abr. 2014.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-712416

ABSTRACT

The microbes that infect us spread in global and local epidemics, and the resistance genes that block their treatment spread within and between them. All we can know about where they are to track and contain them comes from the only places that can see them, the world´s microbiology laboratories, but most report each patient´s microbe only to that patient´s caregiver. Sensors, ranging from instruments to birdwatchers, are now being linked in electronic networks to monitor and interpret algorithmically in real-time ocean currents, atmospheric carbon, supply-chain inventory, bird migration, etc. To so link the world´s microbiology laboratories as exquisite sensors in a truly lifesaving real-time network their data must be accessed and fully subtyped. Microbiology laboratories put individual reports into inaccessible paper or mutually incompatible electronic reporting systems, but those from more than 2,200 laboratories in more than 108 countries worldwide are now accessed and translated into compatible WHONET files. These increasingly web-based files could initiate a global microbial sensor network. Unused microbiology laboratory byproduct data, now from drug susceptibility and biochemical testing but increasingly from new technologies (genotyping, MALDI-TOF, etc.), can be reused to subtype microbes of each genus/species into sub-groupings that are discriminated and traced with greater sensitivity. Ongoing statistical delineation of subtypes from global sensor network data will improve detection of movement into any patient of a microbe or resistance gene from another patient, medical center or country. Growing data on clinical manifestations and global distributions of subtypes can automate comments for patient´s reports, select microbes to genotype and alert responders.


.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacterial Infections/drug therapy , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Global Health , Information Dissemination , International Cooperation , Information Services/organization & administration , Laboratories/organization & administration , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Boston , Bacteria/classification , Bacteria/drug effects , Bacterial Infections/epidemiology , Bacterial Typing Techniques/methods , Computer Systems , Data Collection , Databases, Factual , Electronic Health Records , Epidemiological Monitoring , Geographic Mapping , Hospitals, University/organization & administration , Internet , Information Services/trends , Laboratories/trends , Software , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization , World Health Organization/organization & administration
9.
The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics ; : 199-207, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225947

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The importance of occlusal contacts of the natural dentition for durability of teeth, mandibular stabilization, and restorative dentistry is well known. The purpose of this study is to analyze the occlusal contact and guidance pattern of Koreans by evaluating the static occlusion on maximal intercuspal position and measuring dynamic occlusion during straight protrusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The occlusal contacts at maximal interincisal position and the occlusal guidance pattern during straight protrusion of 29 subjects were recorded with shimstock foil (Whaledent, Langenau, Germany), T-Scan III (Tekscan Inc., Boston, MA, USA), polyvinylsiloxane registration material (Genie Bite, Sultan Healthcare, Hackensack, NJ, USA) and compared. Occlusal registration procedures were repeated 3 times. The position was fixed to an upright position and the head position was fixed with the Frankfurt horizontal plane paralleling the horizontal plane. Fisher's Exact Test (R-General Public License, ver. 2.14.1) and Pearson's Test were used to assess the significance level of the differences between the experimental groups (alpha=.05). RESULTS: When using shimstock foil, T-Scan III system, and polyvinylsiloxane registration material, most of the patients showed contact on anterior, premolar, and molar teeth during maximal intercuspal position. Approximately 51% of maximal intercuspal position showed anterior contact using shimstock foil. When examining the protrusive movement using shimstock foil and T-Scan III system, guidance pattern with the central incisor was the most common. CONCLUSION: During maximal intercuspal position, there were cases in which not all of the teeth showed occlusal contact. During mandibular protrusive movements, one or more maxillary central incisors frequently joined in straight protrusion and the posterior teeth were disoccluded. Therefore, the anterior teeth protect the posterior teeth, and vice versa. Thus, mutually protected occlusion should be applied when reconstructing occlusion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bicuspid , Bites and Stings , Boston , Delivery of Health Care , Dental Occlusion , Dentistry , Dentition , Eugenol , Head , Incisor , Licensure , Molar , Tooth , Zinc Oxide
10.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; : 118-124, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-205174

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to elucidate the cognitive functions of narcoleptics and determine whether intelligence protects against cognitive dysfunction and depressive mood in these patients. METHODS: Sixty-six subjects (33 narcoleptics, 33 controls) were administered a battery of neuropsychological tests and an individual standardized intelligence test. The cognitive functions of the narcoleptic patients and the healthy controls were compared, as were those of high-IQ and mid-to-low-IQ narcoleptic patients. RESULTS: Narcoleptics exhibited significantly lower scores in the Corsi Block-Tapping Test forward and backward, and the digit symbol tests, and significantly higher Beck Depression Inventory scores than the controls. However, verbal attention, verbal-visual long-term memory, and executive function task scores did not differ significantly between patients and controls. The mid-to-low-IQ patient group had lower mean digit span backward test, phonemic and semantic fluency Controlled Oral Word Association Test and Korean version of the Boston Naming Test scores, and a higher total score and general depressive symptoms subscales Beck Depression Inventory score than the high-IQ patient group. However, controls exhibited no IQ-related differences in cognitive performance or depressive mood. Patients in the high-IQ group exhibited impaired visual attention and working memory as compared with controls. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the present study show that narcolepsy patients have deficits in visual attention and visual working memory, and tend to feel more general depressive symptoms but not somatic symptoms than their control, nonnarcoleptic counterparts. In addition, it appears that higher intelligence protects against cognitive dysfunction and depressive mood.


Subject(s)
Humans , Boston , Depression , Executive Function , Intelligence , Intelligence Tests , Memory , Memory, Long-Term , Memory, Short-Term , Narcolepsy , Neuropsychological Tests , Semantics , Word Association Tests
11.
Dementia and Neurocognitive Disorders ; : 33-40, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-35727

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To elucidate the earliest changes of language function in patients with dementia of Alzheimer's type (DAT), performance on the various semantic language tasks were compared between patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) (n=20), mild DAT (n=20) and normal cognition elderly individuals (NC, n=20). METHODS: Language tasks included levels of word, sentence and discourse. In the word level, confrontation naming test (Korean version-Boston Naming Test, K-BNT) and the verbal fluency (semantic and phonemic fluency) tasks were used. In the sentence level, the verbal definition tasks including 24 nouns four categories were used. In the discourse level, the Boston Cookie-Theft picture description task was used. The picture description task was analyzed for both productive aspect (total number of sentences, total number of phrases and phrases per sentence) and semantic aspect (ratio of CIU: Correct Information Unit). RESULTS: The results from this study are as follow: 1) In the confrontation naming test, mild DAT group showing worse performances than the NC and aMCI group. However, no differences were observed between the NC and aMCI group. 2) The performances of verbal fluency task showed significantly differences between the all groups. 3) In the verbal definition task, performances of NC group showing better performances than aMCI and mild DAT group. However, no differences were observed between the aMCI and mild DAT group. 4) In the picture description task, performances of the aMCI and mild DAT group were non-informative and inefficient in semantic aspect compared to the NC group. However, no differences were observed between the three groups on productive aspect. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrated that the deficit of semantic language is readily identified in the aMCI stage, and it can be revealed by tasks of sentence and discourse level.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Boston , Cognition , Dementia , Cognitive Dysfunction , Semantics
12.
The Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association ; : 290-296, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-652548

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate cross-sectional area of the median nerve using ultrasound in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome before and after endoscopic intervention, and to verify the level at which it can be used in prediction of outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 21 patients who underwent endoscopic carpal tunnel release from March 2011 to March 2012. Median nerve cross-sectional area was measured before the operation and three months after the operation at the level of lunate, pisiform and hamate. The Boston questionnaire was evaluated before the operation and three months after the operation, and then allocated as two groups (group I: symptom improvement of more than 25%, group II: symptom improvement less than 25%). Then, differences of cross-sectional area between preoperative measurement and postoperative measurement on three levels were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Nineteen patients were females and two were males ranging in age between 35-79 years (mean, 55.4 years). Significant differences were observed between the two groups at the lunate level. However, at the level of pisiform and hamate, no differences were observed between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Measurement of median nerve cross-sectional area at the lunate level showed significant correlation with outcome of carpal tunnel release.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Boston , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Median Nerve , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
13.
Korean Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology ; : 7-12, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-102952

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Local steroid injection is used to treat carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and electrophysiological effects of local steroid injection in patients with CTS over a 3-months period. METHODS: Twenty-one patients (35 hands) with clinical and electrophysiological evidence of CTS were treated by injection of triamcinolone 40 mg to the carpal tunnel. Visual analog scale (VAS), Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire (BCTQ), rates of paresthesia, night awakening, and electrophysiological studies were used as outcomes. Clinical and electrophysiological assessments were performed before, 1 and 3 months after treatment. RESULTS: Prior to treatment, 86% of patients complained of night awakening. At 1 and 3 months after injection, only 17% and 29% of the patients, respectively, had night awakening (p<0.001). All patients complained of paresthesia before the treatment. This symptom disappeared in 60% and 31% of the patients after 1 and 3 months, respectively (p<0.001). Compared to baseline, both BCTQ and VAS show significant improvement during the 3 months of the study (p<0.005). Although significant improvements in clinical parameters were shown, electrophysiological parameters were not significantly improved at 1 and 3 months. CONCLUSIONS: Local corticosteroid injection for the treatment of CTS provides significant improvement in symptoms for 3 months. On the other hand, no significant improvement was observed in electrophysiological parameters.


Subject(s)
Humans , Boston , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Electrophysiology , Hand , Paresthesia , Triamcinolone
14.
Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association ; : 306-311, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-186564

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study was done in Korean elderly people in order to examine the relationship of white matter hyperintensity with clinical neuropsychological function and depression symptom severity. METHODS: A total of 148 subjects diagnosed first major depressive episode after age of 60 years were included. Brain magnetic resonance imaging scan was rated with the modified Fazekas White Matter Rating Scale by researcher blinded to clinical information. Cognitive function was evaluated with a comprehensive neurological battery and depression severity was assessed by Hamilton Depression Scale. Subjects were divided into vascular depression group and non vascular group according to the degree of white matter hyperintensity. Independent t-test was used to compare clinical difference between two groups and correlation analysis was used to identify whether white matter hyperintensity severity is correlated with neuropsychological function and depressive symptom. RESULTS: Vascular depression group was significantly poorer performance in verbal fluency, Boston naming test, Mini-Mental State Examination, trail making test B and stroop test (p<0.05). Furthermore, trail making test B and stroop test performance was correlated with white matter hyperintensity severity. However, Hamilton Depression Scale score was not significantly different between two groups. CONCLUSION: Several findings from our study suggest that white matter hyperintensity is associated with neuropsychological performance, especially executive function. Moreover, executive dysfunction might contribute to poor treatment outcome of vascular depression group.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Boston , Brain , Depression , Executive Function , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Stroop Test , Trail Making Test , Treatment Outcome
15.
Journal of the Korean Society for Surgery of the Hand ; : 118-123, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-73059

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to introduce a new method of percutaneous carpal tunnel release and report its results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After preoperative ultrasonographic mapping, a percutaneous carpal tunnel release was performed using the wire rope through two skin needle punctures. Forty wrists of 30 patients were evaluated restrospectively in terms of the symptomatic resolution and complications. The mean age of patients was 53.7 years ranging from 44 to 79 years. The mean follow-up period was 12.8 months ranging from 6 to 18 months. RESULTS: All cases showed complete relief or marked improvement of symptoms postoperatively. There was no neurovascular injury or other major complication. At postoperative 6 months follow-up, according to the Boston questionnaire, symptom severity score improved from 3.67+/-0.25 preoperatively to 1.55+/-0.33 postoperatively, and functional status score improved from 3.52+/-0.38 preoperatively to 2.09+/-0.42 postoperatively. All patients regained grip strength and pinch strength after surgery. CONCLUSION: The percutaneous carpal tunnel release using the preoperative ultrasonograhic mapping and the wire rope is an effective, reliable and safe method with the benefits of less postoperative pain and early recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Boston , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Follow-Up Studies , Hand Strength , Needles , Pain, Postoperative , Pinch Strength , Punctures , Surveys and Questionnaires , Skin , Wrist
16.
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 816-825, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-166559

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical significance of motor unit number estimation (MUNE) and quantitative analysis of motor unit action potential (MUAP) in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) according to electrophysiologic severity, ultrasonographic measurement and clinical symptoms. METHOD: We evaluated 78 wrists of 45 patients, who had been diagnosed with CTS and 42 wrists of 21 healthy controls. Median nerve conduction studies, amplitude and duration of MUAP, and the MUNE of the abductor pollicis brevis were measured. The cross sectional area (CSA) of the median nerve at the pisiform and distal radioulnar joint level was determined by high resolution ultrasonography. Clinical symptom of CTS was assessed using the Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire (BCTQ). RESULTS: The MUNE, the amplitude and the duration of MUAP of the CTS group were significantly different from those found in the control group. The area under the ROC curve was 0.944 for MUNE, 0.923 for MUAP amplitude and 0.953 for MUAP duration. MUNE had a negative correlation with electrophysiologic stage of CTS, amplitude and duration of MUAP, CSA at pisiform level, and the score of BCTQ. The amplitude and duration of MUAP had a positive correlation with the score of BCTQ. The electrophysiologic stage was correlated with amplitude but not with the duration of MUAP. CONCLUSION: MUNE, amplitude and duration of MUAP are useful tests for diagnosis of CTS. In addition, the MUNE serves as a good indicator of CTS severity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Action Potentials , Boston , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Electrodiagnosis , Electromyography , Joints , Median Nerve , ROC Curve , Wrist , Surveys and Questionnaires
17.
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 388-394, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-113060

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To verify the feasibility of initial parameters of ultrasonography or electromyography for the prediction of effect after steroid injection therapy in a carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) patient. METHOD: We recruited individuals with clinical and electrodiagnostic evidence of CTS. Results from the Boston self-assessment questionnaire, median motor and sensory nerve conduction studies, and median nerve ultrasonography were evaluated at baseline, 1 month, and 6 months after injection. Evaluation of median nerve ultrasonography parameters included measurements taken at the maximal swelling point (MS), 2 cm proximal from MS (2MS), and 12 cm proximal from MS (12MS), and its ratio (MS/12MS, 2MS/12MS) was calculated. The correlation between improvement of the symptom score after treatment and baseline parameters was estimated. RESULTS: Fourteen individuals (14 women, mean age 53.8 years) with 22 affected wrists were enrolled. After steroid injection therapy, clinical and electromyographic parameters showed significant improvements at 1 month or 6 months after injection, and ultrasonographic parameters showed significant changes in maximal area and area ratio (MS/12MS) of the median nerve. Symptom score improvement showed a positive correlation in the initial 2MS and ratio of 2MS/12MS after 6 months (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Most of the improvements occurred during the first month after injection and lasted up to 6 months. The initial median nerve swelling and its ratio may be a useful predictor of response after steroid injection.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Boston , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Electromyography , Median Nerve , Neural Conduction , Self-Assessment , Wrist , Surveys and Questionnaires
18.
Journal of the Korean Geriatrics Society ; : 135-143, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-59905

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We analyzed the performance on a naming test and the correlations between the scores on the naming test and neuropsychological test scores in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and mild Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: The subjects included 69 patients with MCI and 33 patients with mild AD. We performed general cognitive functions, the Korean version of the Boston Naming Test (K-BNT), the digit span test, the Rey figure copy test (RCFT), the Seoul Verbal Learning Test (SVLT), and frontal function tests. The detailed items of the K-BNT were analyzed for the two subject groups, and the correlations between the K-BNT scores and those of the neuropsychological tests were examined. RESULTS: Significant differences were observed on the item for the number of correct answers after two syllables on the K-BNT task in patients with AD and MCI (p<0.05). A qualitative analysis of the incorrect K-BNT responses showed that both the AD and MCI groups made semantic errors more than visuoperceptual and phonemic errors. Significant correlations were found among the Mini-Mental State Examination, the Global Deterioration Scale, clinical dementia rating, digit span, SVLT delayed recall, RCFT and RCFT delayed recall, and the Stroop test color reading items (p<0.01). CONCLUSION: Our result suggests that semantic errors gradually increase with the progress of cognitive disability in the state preceding AD among patients with MCI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alzheimer Disease , Boston , Coat Protein Complex I , Dementia , Cognitive Dysfunction , Neuropsychological Tests , Semantics , Stroop Test , Verbal Learning
19.
Korean Journal of Hematology ; : 164-168, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-720291

ABSTRACT

On April 23, 1951, a 30-year-old woman received the first intentional ABOi (ABO incompatible) renal transplantation in Boston. At that time, it was commonly believed that intensely rinsing the graft to remove blood would be sufficient to overcome any immunological problems associated with blood type incompatibility. However, when the abovementioned patient and another ABOi transplant recipient died within a month, Humes and colleagues arrived at the same conclusion: "We do not feel that renal transplantation in the presence of blood incompatibility is wise." In the decades that followed, we learned that the oligosaccharide surface antigens representing the ABO-blood group antigens are expressed not only on erythrocytes but also on cells from various tissues, including the vascular endothelium. The growing gap between organ demand and availability has sparked efforts to overcome the ABO barrier. After its disappointing results in the early 1970s, Japan became the leader of this endeavor in the 1980s. All protocols are based on 2 strategies: removal of preformed antibodies with extracorporeal techniques and inhibition of ongoing antibody production. Successful ABOi renal transplantation became possible with the advent of splenectomy, new immunosuppressive drugs (e.g., rituximab, a monoclonal antibody against CD20), and extracorporeal methods such as antigen-specific immunoadsorption. This review summarizes the underlying pathophysiology of ABOi transplantation and the different protocols available. Further, we briefly touch potential short- and long-term problems, particularly the incidence of infectious complications and malignancies, that can arise with high-intensity immunosuppressive therapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Antibodies , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived , Antibody Formation , Antigens, Surface , Boston , Endothelium, Vascular , Erythrocytes , Graft Survival , Incidence , Japan , Kidney Transplantation , Rejection, Psychology , Splenectomy , Transplants , Rituximab
20.
The Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association ; : 457-463, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-646585

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical symptoms and function and the nerve electrophysiological changes between the pre-operative and long-term post-operative states of patients who underwent surgical treatment with endoscopic release of the carpal tunnel for idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed in 48 patients and 88 wrists with idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome. All patients were treated with endoscopic carpal tunnel release using a single portal. The preoperative and the 3 years 5 months long-term postoperative clinical symptoms and function were evaluated using the Boston carpal tunnel questionnaire. The nerve electrophysiological status was evaluated using the Bland grade system. RESULTS: When the preoperative Bland grade was 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, the range of the change of the symptom severity score was 1.38, 1.68, 2.40, 1.61 and 1.28, respectively, and the range of the change of the functional status score was 0.60, 1.34, 1.58, 0.93 and 0.88, respectively, at the long-term follow-up. The clinical symptoms were signifi cantly improved at the fi nal follow-up when the preoperative Bland grade was 2, 3, 4 and 5. The function was signifi cantly improved for all the preoperative Bland grades. On the nerve electrophysiological study, there was statistical improvement of the distal motor latency of the motor nerve and the nerve conduction velocity and amplitude of the sensory nerve. When the preoperative Bland grade was 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, the extent of improved grade was 0.60, 0.75, 2.17, 2.87 and 4.25, respectively, at the long-term follow-up, and the Bland grade was signifi cantly improved when the preoperative Bland grade was 3, 4, 5 and 6. However, there was no statistical signifi cance between the Bland grade and the clinical state at the long-term follow-up. CONCLUSION: The clinical and nerve electrophysiological states were significantly improved at the long-term follow-up after endoscopic carpal tunnel release. When the preoperative Bland grade was 3, 4 and 5, the clinical symptoms, function and the nerve electrophysiological states were signifi cantly improved at the long-term follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Boston , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Follow-Up Studies , Neural Conduction , Surveys and Questionnaires , Wrist
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