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1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 743-747, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009128

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of high-intensity laser therapy(HILT) combined with targeted hand function training on pain and lateral pinch force in grade 1-2 thumb carpometacarpal(CMC) osteoarthritis(OA).@*METHODS@#From April 2020 and April 2022, 42 female patients with thumb CMC OA grade 1 to 2, aged from 58 to 80 years old with an everage of (68.90±7.58) years old were divided into observation group of 21 patients who received HILT and targeted hand function training for 4 weeks, and 21 patients in control group who received ultrashort wave therapy combined with using of an orthosis for 4 weeks. Visual analogue scale(VAS) was applied to evaluate degree of pain, function of finger was evaluated by dynamometer to measure lateral pinch force at baseline, immediately following intervention at 4 and 12 weeks following intervention.@*RESULTS@#VAS and lateral pinch force at immediately and 12 weeks after intervention betwwen two groups were better than that of before intervention(P<0.05). Compared with control group, the degree of pain in observation group improved more(immediately after intervention t=3.37, P<0.05, 12 weeks after intervention t=9.05, P<0.05), lateral pinch force higher than that of control group (immediately after intervention t=-2.55, P<0.05, 12 weeks after intervention t=9.51, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#High-intensity laser therapy combined with targeted hand function training is more effective than traditional methods in improving pain and lateral pinch force in grade 1-2 thumb carpometacarpal osteoarthritis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Thumb , Laser Therapy , Braces , Osteoarthritis/therapy , Pain
2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(2): 218-224, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280073

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The use of ankle braces reduces the risk of ankle injuries in basketball players. However, the mechanisms of injury protection provided by the ankle braces in the basketball game are still unknown. Objectives: To analyze the effects of wearing a lace-up ankle brace, and to conduct an exercise protocol that simulated the intensity of the basketball game on ground reaction force (GRF) during basketball-specific vertical jumps. Methods: Eleven male younger basketball players aged under 18 completed 48 vertical jumps, with and without ankle braces, during an exercise protocol composed of four 10-minute periods, simulating the activity profile and intensity of the basketball game as well as the typical intervals between periods. Mediolateral (variables: the greatest medial and lateral peaks) and vertical (variables: vertical peak, impulse peak, impulse at 50 ms of landing, loading rate and jump height) GRF were measured during takeoff and landing for all the jumps performed in the exercise protocol. Results: The use of the ankle brace reduced mediolateral GRF in all periods of the exercise protocol during takeoff and landing ( P < 0.05), without affecting the vertical GRF ( P > 0.05). Mediolateral and vertical GRF (takeoff mediolateral vertical peaks, landing mediolateral peaks, landing impulse peak, takeoff and landing loading rate) increased significantly during four subsequent 10-minute periods ( P < 0.05). However, for mediolateral GRF, the increase overtime was higher without braces. Conclusions: The use of the ankle brace reduced the mediolateral GRF on the lower limb, while there was a progressive increase in the external load applied to the body during the vertical jumps in the subsequent periods of the exercise protocol performed at the same intensity of the basketball game. Level of evidence I; Randomized clinical trial .


RESUMEN Introducción: El uso de órtesis de tobillo reduce el riesgo de lesiones en el tobillo en jugadores de baloncesto. Sin embargo, los mecanismos de protección de lesión proporcionados por las órtesis durante el juego de baloncesto aún son desconocidos. Objetivos: Analizar el efecto del uso de órtesis de tobillo lace-up (con cordón) y de un protocolo de ejercicio que simuló la intensidad del juego de baloncesto sobre la fuerza de reacción del suelo (FRS) durante saltos verticales específicos del baloncesto. Métodos: Once jugadores de baloncesto del sexo masculino con menos de 18 años realizaron 48 saltos verticales, con y sin órtesis de tobillo, durante un protocolo de ejercicios compuesto por cuatro períodos de 10 minutos, que simularon el perfil de actividad e intensidad del juego de baloncesto, así como los intervalos típicos entre los períodos. Las FRS mediolaterales (variables: mayores picos medial y lateral) y verticales (variables: pico vertical, pico de impulso, impulso en 50 ms de aterrizaje, tasa de sobrecarga y altura del salto) fueron medidas durante las fases de despegue y aterrizaje de todos saltos realizados en el protocolo de ejercicio. Resultados: El uso de órtesis redujo la FRS mediolateral en todos los períodos analizados, durante las fases de despegue y aterrizaje (P < 0,05), sin afectar la FRS vertical (P > 0,05). La FRS mediolateral y vertical (picos mediolateral y vertical de despegue, picos mediolaterales de aterrizaje, pico de impulso de aterrizaje, tasa de sobrecarga en el despegue y aterrizaje) aumentaron significativamente durante cuatro períodos subsiguientes de 10 minutos (P < 0,05). Sin embargo, para la FRS mediolateral, el aumento a lo largo del tiempo fue mayor sin el uso de órtesis. Conclusiones: El uso de órtesis de tobillo redujo la FRS mediolateral en el miembro inferior, mientras que hubo un aumento progresivo de la carga externa aplicada al cuerpo durante los saltos en los períodos subsiguientes del protocolo de ejercicios con la misma intensidad del juego de baloncesto. Nivel de evidencia I; Ensayo clínico aleatorizado.


RESUMO Introdução: O uso de órtese de tornozelo reduz o risco de lesões no tornozelo em jogadores de basquetebol. No entanto, os mecanismos de proteção de lesão fornecidos pelas órteses durante o jogo de basquetebol ainda são desconhecidos. Objetivos: Analisar o efeito do uso de órtese de tornozelo lace-up (com cordão) e de um protocolo de exercício que simulou a intensidade do jogo de basquetebol sobre a força de reação do solo (FRS) durante saltos verticais específicos do basquetebol. Métodos: Onze jogadores de basquetebol do sexo masculino com menos de 18 anos realizaram 48 saltos verticais, com e sem órtese de tornozelo, durante um protocolo de exercícios composto por quatro períodos de 10 minutos, que simularam o perfil de atividade e intensidade do jogo de basquetebol, assim como os intervalos típicos entre os períodos. As FRSs mediolaterais (variáveis: maiores picos medial e lateral) e verticais (variáveis: pico vertical, pico de impulso, impulso em 50 ms da aterrissagem, taxa de sobrecarga e altura do salto) foram medidas durante as fases de decolagem e aterrissagem de todos os saltos realizados no protocolo de exercício. Resultados: O uso de órtese reduziu a FRS mediolateral em todos os períodos analisados, durante as fases de decolagem e aterrissagem (P < 0,05), sem afetar a FRS vertical (P > 0,05). A FRS mediolateral e vertical (picos mediolateral e vertical de decolagem, picos mediolaterais de aterrissagem, pico de impulso de aterrissagem, taxa de sobrecarga na decolagem e aterrissagem) aumentaram significativamente durante quatro períodos subsequentes de 10 minutos (P < 0,05). No entanto, para a FRS mediolateral, o aumento ao longo do tempo foi maior sem o uso de órtese. Conclusões: O uso de órtese de tornozelo reduziu a FRS mediolateral no membro inferior, enquanto houve um aumento progressivo da carga externa aplicada ao corpo durante os saltos nos períodos subsequentes do protocolo de exercícios com mesma intensidade do jogo de basquetebol. Nível de evidencia I; Estudo clínico randomizado .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Sprains and Strains/prevention & control , Basketball , Braces , Ankle Injuries/prevention & control , Biomechanical Phenomena , Ankle/physiology
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1983-1987, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887638

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Scoliosis secondary to neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) in children aged 10°/year) were identified. The age at modulation and the AV before and after modulation were obtained. Patients with (n = 18) and without rapid curve progression (n = 10) were statistically compared.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-eight patients with a mean age of 6.5 ± 1.9 years at the initial visit were reviewed. The mean Cobb angle of the main curve was 41.7° ± 2.4° at the initial visit and increased to 67.1° ± 8.6° during a mean follow-up of 44.1 ± 8.5 months. The overall AV was 6.6° ± 2.4°/year for all patients. At the last follow-up, all patients presented curve progression of >5°, and 20 (71%) patients had progressed by >20°. Rapid curve progression was observed in 18 (64%) patients and was associated with younger age at the initial visit and a higher incidence of modulation change during follow-up (t = 2.868, P = 0.008 and 10°/year is associated with younger age at the initial visit, and modulation change indicated the occurrence of the rapid curve progression phase.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Braces , Disease Progression , Neurofibromatosis 1/complications , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome
4.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(5) (Nro Esp - AACM Asociación Argentina de Cirugía de la Mano): 575-580, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353963

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar la satisfacción con el uso del brace termoplástico y el resultado funcional del tratamiento conservador en pacientes con fracturas de la diáfisis del húmero. Materiales y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de pacientes con fracturas de húmero cerradas, tratados con brace termoplástico hasta su consolidación y un seguimiento mínimo de 12 meses. Se registraron los siguientes datos: tipo de fractura y localización, mecanismo de lesión, miembro lesionado, tiempo de inmovilización con yeso y uso del brace, complicaciones y tiempo de consolidación. Se evaluaron el dolor mediante la escala analógica visual, la satisfacción con la escala de Likert, el balance articular con la escala de Constant y la funcionalidad según el puntaje QuickDASH. Resultados: Se incluyó a 17 pacientes (16 mujeres, 1 hombre; edad promedio 67 años). La inmovilización inicial con yeso fue de 13 días (rango 0-32). Los pacientes usaron el brace por 8.6 semanas (rango 3-16) hasta la consolidación radiográfica en la décima semana. El seguimiento promedio fue de 24 meses (rango 12-60) y el puntaje de dolor, de 0,5 (rango 1-3). El 59% estuvo muy satisfecho con los resultados y el 41%, satisfecho. El 59% logró una flexión del hombro >150°, el 47%, una abducción >150°, el 41%, una rotación interna con pulgar entre escápulas y el 47%, una rotación externa de 70°. El puntaje QuickDASH promedio fue de 9. Conclusiones: Los pacientes se mostraron muy satisfechos con el uso del brace termoplástico para el tratamiento incruento de las fracturas de húmero y los resultados funcionales fueron aceptables. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Purpose: To evaluate the satisfaction with the use of a thermoplastic brace and the functional outcomes in the conservative treatment of patients with humeral shaft fractures. Materials and methods: Retrospective study of patients with closed humerus fractures, treated with a thermoplastic brace until union and with a minimum follow-up of 12 months. We recorded the type and location of the fracture, mechanism of injury, injured limb, time of immobilization with plaster and use of brace, complications, and time of consolidation. The evaluation was performed using the visual analog scale (VAS) for pain, the Likert scale for patient satisfaction, the Constant scale for joint balance, and the QuickDash score for functionality. Results: 17 patients were included (16 female, 1 male), with an average age of 67 years. The initial plaster immobilization lasted 13 days (range 0-32). The patients wore the brace for 8.6 weeks (range 3-16) until radiographic consolidation in the 10th week. The average follow-up was 24 months (range 12-60) and the pain score was 0.5 (range 1-3). 59% were very satisfied with the results and 41% were satisfied. 59% achieved a shoulder flexion >150°; 47%, an abduction >150°; 41%, an internal rotation with thumb between scapulae; and 47%, an external rotation of 70°. The average QuickDASH score was 9. Conclusion: The use of a thermoplastic brace in the conservative treatment of humerus fractures presented high patient satisfaction and acceptable functional outcomes for the affected limb.Keywords: Humerus; fractures; thermoplastic brace; conservative treatment. Level of Evidence:IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Braces , Treatment Outcome , Diaphyses , Humeral Fractures/therapy
5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 306-311, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828301

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study and analyze the clinical effect of the self-developed new adjustable weight-bearing rehabilitation brace in the rehabilitation of the femoral intertrochanteric fracture after the operation of PFNA.@*METHODS@#From July 2015 to June 2017, 62 patients with typeⅡ (Evans-Jensen classification) intertrochanteric fracture of femur were treated with PFNA internal fixation. There were 11 males and 19 females in the routine rehabilitation group, with an average age of (70.73± 6.09) years;17 males and 15 females in the brace rehabilitation group, with an average age of (71.25±6.60) years. Among them, the patients in the routine rehabilitation group recovered according to the routine method, and the patients in the support rehabilitation group used the self-developed new adjustable weight-bearing rehabilitation support of lower limbs to assist the early rehabilitation. The pain intensity(VAS score), weight-bearing of affected limb, clinical healing time of fracture, Harris score and complications were recorded and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Nine patients lost their visit half a year later, the other 53 patients were followed up for 9 to 18 months. The VAS score at 1, 3, 6 months after operation of brace rehabilitation group was lower than that of routine rehabilitation group(<0.05). The weight bearing of the limbs in the rehabilitation group was significantly higher than that in the conventional rehabilitation group(<0.05), but the clinical healing time of fracture in the brace rehabilitation group was shorter than that in the routine rehabilitation group(<0.05). In addition, the Harris score of the postoperativebrace rehabilitation group was better than that of the conventional rehabilitation group(<0.05). The incidence of complications was lower than that of the conventional rehabilitation group(=0.048).@*CONCLUSION@#In the rehabilitation of Evans Jensen typeⅡintertrochanteric fracture after PFNA internal fixation, the new self-developed adjustable weight-bearing rehabilitation brace can significantly relieve postoperative pain, regulate and moderately increase the stress stimulation at the fracture end, so as to promote fracture healing, accelerate the recovery of hip joint function, reduce the incidence of complications, and its clinical effect is safe and reliable.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Nails , Braces , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Hip Fractures , Lower Extremity , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Weight-Bearing
6.
Journal of the Philippine Medical Association ; : 42-46, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962653

ABSTRACT

@#Gorham-Stout disease is characterized by massive osteolysis or "vanishing bone" on radiograph. Due to its rarity, no standard Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) management has been published. With this comes the dilemma of managing another case of vanishing right humerus in a 13 year-old male, right handed student, with normal growth and development. To date, this could be the third documented case in the Philippines, but the first with humeral involvement, and the first to manage using a customized humeral brace. The absence of the right humerus affects the bimanual overhead and tabletop activities of the patient, for which a custom-made humeral orthosis was provided to manage the limited activities. There were improvements in activities such as writing, card turning, stacking, and lifting objects of variable weights, as well as with hand dexterity as evidenced by the standardized hand function tests done prior and post brace fitting. Being a rare bone disease with no standard management and unpredictable course, cases are managed symptomatically. For this case of an absent humerus significantly affecting upper extremity function, orthotic management is one aspect that could be recommended to achieve positive functional outcomes.


Subject(s)
Braces
7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 335-338, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776085

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate clinical biomechanical principle of brace with stiletto needle therapy for scoliosis.@*METHODS@#Based on design ideas of teasing needle therapy, building an experimental mechanical model was built, seven specimens with scoliosis were chosen, and treated by brace therapy and then added to stiletto needle therapy.@*RESULTS@#The two experimental mechanical model methods could predict load of scoliosis by stiletto needle therapy, and was verified accuracy and effectiveness of model. The degree of initial scoliosis of 7 patients was (59.7±3.37)°, improved to (49.57±2.79)° by correction of brace, and (39.43±1.94)° by correction of brace with stiletto needle therapy, had significant differences(<0.05). Lateral distraction force of thoracolumbar fossa from scoliosis as V, compressive force of scoliosis as T, brace with stiletto needle therapy could save effort for 45% to 46% than that of brace, while running torque Mw and compressive torque Mv could save effort about 45% to 47%, save effort of tension torque MT of muscle and ligament for 52%, and had statistical difference(<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Experimental biomechanical model of teasing needle therapy confirmed that the therapy could significantly reduce Cobb angle, improve correction efficiency of brace and beneficial for correction effect. It is an effective treatment for scoliosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomechanical Phenomena , Braces , Needles , Pressure , Scoliosis , Treatment Outcome
8.
Biomedical Engineering Letters ; (4): 153-168, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785511

ABSTRACT

The paper aims to provide a state-of-the-art review of methods for evaluating the effectiveness and effect of unloader knee braces on the knee joint and discuss their limitations and future directions. Unloader braces are prescribed as a non-pharmacological conservative treatment option for patients with medial knee osteoarthritis to provide relief in terms of pain reduction, returning to regular physical activities, and enhancing the quality of life. Methods used to evaluate and monitor the effectiveness of these devices on patients' health are categorized into three broad categories (perception-, biochemical-, and morphology-based), depending upon the process and tools used. The main focus of these methods is on the short-term clinical outcome (pain or unloading efficiency). There is a significant technical, research, and clinical literature gap in understanding the short- and long-term consequences of these braces on the tissues in the knee joint, including the cartilage and ligaments. Future research directions may complement existing methods with advanced quantitative imaging (morphological, biochemical, and molecular) and numerical simulation are discussed as they offer potential in assessing long-term and post-bracing effects on the knee joint.


Subject(s)
Humans , Braces , Cartilage , Complement System Proteins , Joints , Knee Joint , Knee , Ligaments , Methods , Motor Activity , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Quality of Life , Review Literature as Topic
9.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 126-134, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739303

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: To induce scoliosis in young female Wistar rats using a noninvasive method and to validate this model. PURPOSE: To induce scoliosis in a rat model noninvasively by bracing and to study the corresponding gene-expression profile in the spine and different organs. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Scoliosis involves abnormal lateral curvature of the spine, the causes of which remain unclear. In the literature, it is suggested that scoliosis is genetically heterogeneous, as there are multiple factors involved directly or indirectly in its pathogenesis. Clinical and experimental studies were conducted to understand the etiology of anatomical alterations in the spine and internal organs, as the findings could help clinicians to establish new treatment approaches. METHODS: Twelve female Wistar rats aged 21 days were chosen for this study. Customized braces and real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) primers for rats were designed using Primer 3 software. Radiological analysis (X-rays), histopathological studies, SYBR green, and RT-PCR analysis were performed. RESULTS: The spines of six rats were braced in a deformed position, which resulted in a permanent structural deformity as confirmed by X-ray studies. The remaining rats were used as controls. Quantitative studies of the expression of various genes (osteocalcin, pleiotrophins, matrix metalloproteinase-2 [MMP2] and MMP9, TIMP, interleukins 1 and 6, tumor necrosis factor-α) showed their differential expression and significant upregulation (p < 0.05) in different organs of scoliotic rats in comparison to those in control rats. Histopathological findings showed tissue necrosis and fibrosis in the brain, retina, pancreas, kidney, liver, and disc of scoliotic rats. CONCLUSIONS: Bracing is a noninvasive method for inducing scoliosis in an animal model with 100% reliability and with corresponding changes in gene expression. Scoliosis does not just involve a spine deformity, but can be referred to as a systemic disease on the basis of the pathological changes observed in various internal organs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Rats , Braces , Brain , Congenital Abnormalities , Fibrosis , Gene Expression , Inflammation , Interleukins , Kidney , Liver , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Methods , Models, Animal , Necrosis , Pancreas , Rats, Wistar , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retina , Scoliosis , Spine , Up-Regulation
10.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 519-526, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762938

ABSTRACT

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the peripubertal development of spinal curvature of a minimum of 10°. AIS is thought to be attributable to genetic factors, nutrition, early exposure to toxins, and hormonal dysregulation. Recent literature suggests these factors may compound to determine both disease onset and severity. Currently, treatment is limited to observation, bracing, and surgical intervention. Intervention is presently determined by severity and risk of curve progression. As they emerge, new therapies may target specific etiologies of AIS.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Braces , Scoliosis , Spinal Curvatures
11.
Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society ; : 105-109, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764835

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy between cast immobilization and functional treatment using an ankle brace as a treatment for acute lateral ankle sprain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study reviewed the medical records of 157 acute ankle sprain patients who were treated between 2009 and 2014. A total of 101 cases were included in this study except for cases with a combined injury, and could not be followed up for eight weeks after the first visit. The patients were divided according to the treatment modality: a cast immobilization group (64 cases) and functional treatment group (37 cases). The clinical outcomes were assessed retrospectively based on the medical records of each group. The residual symptoms, such as pain, swelling, and instability, at three weeks after the primary treatment and at the last visit were compared. RESULTS: The residual pain and instability were significantly common in the functional treatment group at three weeks. Five cases (7.8%) of pain and one case (1.6%) of instability were in the cast group whereas nine cases (24.3%) of pain and six cases (16.2%) of instability in functional treatment group (p=0.021, p=0.014). On the other hand, there was no meaningful difference at the last follow-up. Residual pain, swelling, and instability at the last visit were noted in three (4.7%), six (9.4%), and four cases (6.3%) in the cast group, and three (8.1%), three (8.1%), and three (8.1%) were observed in the functional treatment group. Six patients refused cast immobilization. CONCLUSION: Although there was no significant difference at the last follow-up, cast immobilization appears to be more effective than a functional brace in terms of early pain relief and early restoration of ankle stability as a treatment for acute ankle lateral sprain in this study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ankle Injuries , Ankle , Braces , Follow-Up Studies , Hand , Immobilization , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Sprains and Strains
12.
Hip & Pelvis ; : 87-94, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763966

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Cup-cage construct technique was developed to address the massive acetabular defects during revision hip arthroplasty. Indications have extended to complex acetabular fractures with pelvic discontinuity necessitating acute total hip arthroplasty. However, its use is constrained in low socioeconomic countries due to non-availability of the original cages from Trabecular Metal Acetabular Revision System and high cost. We used a novel technique using the less expensive Burch-Schneider (BS) cage and Trabecular Metal Revision Shell (TMRS) to address the problem. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed a consecutive series of 8 cases of acetabular fractures reconstructed using a ‘cup-cage construct’ technique using a BS cage along with a TMRS. The mean age of the patients was 61.4 years. Patients were followed up for a mean period of 50.5 months (24 to 72 months). The patients were assessed clinically with Harris Hip Score and radiologically with serial X-rays. RESULTS: All the patients were available at the latest follow up. The mean Harris Hip Score was 87.2. There was no radiological evidence of failure. One patient had dislocation two months following the surgery, which was treated by closed reduction and hip abduction brace. One patient developed an infection at 3 weeks necessitating debridement. The same patient had sciatic nerve palsy that recovered after 4 months. CONCLUSION: This novel technique of the cup-cage construct seems to provide a stable construct at short to midterm follow-up. However, a long-term follow up would be required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acetabulum , Arthroplasty , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Braces , Debridement , Joint Dislocations , Follow-Up Studies , Hip , Sciatic Neuropathy
13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 513-518, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773887

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the short-term clinical efficacy of manipulation reduction-combined with small splint and 3D printing wrist brace external fixation of wrist brace for Colles fracture and the advantages of using the brace.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with Colles fractures who were treated in Zhongshan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from February to December 2017 were selected. Patients were randomly divided into 2 groups according to the order of treatment, with 30 patients in the control group, including 13 males and 17 females, aged from 16 to 66 years, with a mean of (49.46±12.63) years; the time from injury to consultation ranged from 3 to 18 h, averaged (6.86±3.15) h. In the experimental group, there were 30 cases, 12 males and 18 females, ranging in age from 14 to 68 years old, with a mean of (46.73±14.40) years old; the time from injury to consultation ranged from 3 to 19 h, averaged(7.06±3.45)h. All the patients in the experimental group and the control group were treated with the same doctor's manipulation to reduce the fracture. The small splints were applied for external fixation after the satisfactory reduction shown in the X-ray. After 1 week of fracture treatment, the small splints were removed from the patients in the experimental group and the 3D printing braces were replaced to maintain fixation until the fracture healed. In the control group, small splints were maintained until the fracture healed. Wrist joint X-ray films were taken before and after reduction and 4 weeks after reduction to observe the palmar inclination angle, ulnar deviation angle, radius height and compare; VAS score and swelling degree score were recorded before and after reduction for 1 and 2 weeks; Cooney and PRWE score of wrist joint were compared after 6 to 8 weeks of reduction.@*RESULTS@#The VAS score of 2 weeks after reduction was 2.40±0.49 in the experimental group and 2.43±0.50 in the control group. There was no statistical difference in the VAS score between the two groups before and after reduction(=0.364). The swelling degree of 2 weeks after reduction was 0.50±0.50 in the experimental group and 0.53±0.50 in the control group. There was no statistical difference in the swelling degree between the two groups before and after reduction(=0.746). The Cooney and PRWE scores of the experimental group were better than those of the control group 6 to 8 weeks after reduction (<0.05), and the anatomical characteristics of palmar inclination, ulnar deviation and radial shortening of the experimental group were better than those of the control group(<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#3D printing braces are light and breathable, comfortable and beautiful, and convenient for dressing. The combination of small splint sequentially applied to Colles fracture has a definite clinical effect, which enriches the means of external fixation treatment. It is believed that with the deepening of clinical research, the design and materials of 3D printing braces as well as their application in future medical treatment will be further developed.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Braces , Colles' Fracture , Fracture Fixation , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Radius Fractures , Splints
14.
Journal of Korean Physical Therapy ; (6): 248-253, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765433

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To improve pulmonary function and decrease in balance ability with increasing forward head position and vertebral curvature, we applied Figure-8 brace to confirm the immediate effect on vital capacity and balance and to see if it is applicable. METHODS: A total of 34 elderly women aged 65 or older and young women in their 20s with FHP were screened to measure vital capacity, measuring the forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC), and measuring the foot pressure to see the change in balance. For statistical analysis, the difference between pre and post values was compared using pared t-test. RESULTS: As a result of vital capacity measurements, there was no significant difference between FEV1 and FVC for women over 65 years old (p>0.05). Young women in their 20s had no significant difference in FEV1 (p>0.05), and FVC had significant differences (p<0.05). In measuring foot pressure to measure balance, both women aged 65 and above and young women in their 20s had a significant decrease in anterior foot pressure, and a significant increase in posterior foot pressure (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The results of this study did not positively affect the vital capacity of elderly women with FHP. However, the significant increase in vital capacity of young women in their 20s suggests that contraction of the abdominal muscle is necessary during forced expiration. Therefore, it is believed that proper application and therapeutic interventions should be combined when applying Figure-8 brace.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Abdominal Muscles , Braces , Foot , Forced Expiratory Volume , Head , Posture , Vital Capacity
15.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 567-576, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765378

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Minimal data exist regarding non-operative management of suspected pseudarthrosis after pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). This study reports radiographic and clinical outcomes of non-operative management for post-PSO pseudarthrosis at a minimum 5 years post-detection. METHODS: Nineteen consecutive patients with implant breakage indicating probable pseudarthrosis after PSO surgery (13 women/six men; mean age at surgery, 58 years) without severe pain and disability were treated with non-operative management (mean follow-up, 5.8 years; range, 5–10 years). Non-operative management included medication, intermittent brace wearing and avoidance of excessive back strain. Radiographic and clinical outcomes analysis was performed. RESULTS: Sagittal vertical axis (SVA), proximal junctional angle, thoracic kyphosis achieved by a PSO were maintained after detection of pseudarthrosis through ultimate follow-up. Lumbar lordosis and PSO angle decreased at final follow-up. There was no significant change in Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores and Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) total score, or subscales of pain, self-image, function, satisfaction and mental health between detection of pseudarthrosis and ultimate follow-up. SVA greater than 11 cm showed poorer ODI and SRS total score, as well as the pain, self-image, and function subscales (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Non-operative management of implant failure of probable pseudarthrosis after PSO offers acceptable outcomes even at 5 years after detection of implant breakage, provided SVA is maintained. As SVA increased, outcome scores decreased in this patient population.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Braces , Follow-Up Studies , Joint Deformities, Acquired , Kyphosis , Lordosis , Mental Health , Osteotomy , Pseudarthrosis , Scoliosis , Spine
16.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 942-948, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785492

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study.PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the potential differences between the objective and subjective bracing compliances of adolescents with Scheuermann’s kyphosis.OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Bracing is a well-documented intervention for managing adolescents with progressive thoracic Scheuermann’s kyphosis, and the brace should be worn 23 hours every day. Most research studies that have investigated the efficacy of bracing have assumed that the patients wore the braces as advised or that the bracing time was measured subjectively. This may be one of the reasons for the conflicting reports regarding the efficacy of bracing.METHODS: Nineteen volunteers (11 girls and 7 boys, 12.89±1.77 years) who were prescribed Milwaukee braces for Scheuermann’s kyphosis were enrolled. Each brace was equipped with a miniature temperature logger to record the actual brace wearing time over a period of 3 weeks. The patients and their families were unaware of the mounted sensor. Each participants and/or parent was provided with a questionnaire to record the number of hours for which the brace was worn each day. In addition, the therapist asked each patient and/or his/her parent about the average number of hours that the brace was worn.RESULTS: The compliance rates measured using the temperature logger (16.00±4.90 hours daily) were significantly lower than those reported in the questionnaires (19.52±6.04 hours daily, p<0.001) and the verbal responses (20.21±6.05 hours daily, p<0.001). Moreover, there was no correlation of age, sex, and body mass index with brace compliance.CONCLUSIONS: The braces were worn less often than reported by the patients and/or their parents. Therefore, objective compliance assessments of adolescents with Scheuermann’s kyphosis in a brace are recommended for future studies.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Body Mass Index , Braces , Cohort Studies , Compliance , Kyphosis , Parents , Prospective Studies , Scoliosis , Volunteers
17.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 1028-1035, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785482

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study.PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of bracing on spinopelvic rotation and psychosocial parameters in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Complex three-dimensional deformity in AIS is proposed to influence the spinopelvic parameters and psychosocial condition in adolescents; however, few studies have quantitatively evaluated these parameters.METHODS: Thirty AIS who were prescribed a brace were included in the study. The patients’ standing postero-anterior and total spine radiographs were used to measure the primary curve Cobb angle, vertebral rotation, and pelvic rotation. Apical vertebral rotation (AVR), upper AVR, and lower AVR were measured using the Nash-Moe method. Pelvic rotation was determined using the left-to-right hemipelvic width ratio. The curve pattern was classified as per the Lenke classification system. In all, 14 patients had a type I curve, five had type II, six had type III, one had type IV, and four had type V curves. Brace compliance was subjectively evaluated by interviewing the patients and their parents. The health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and stress level of the recruited patients were assessed using the Brace Questionnaire and Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire, respectively.RESULTS: The Cobb angle significantly decreased with at least 6 months of brace use. AVR correction changed significantly; however, no such results were observed for upper and lower AVR. Pelvic rotation and psychosocial parameters were not significantly affected by brace use. No statistically significant correlation was observed between brace compliance and curve correction.CONCLUSIONS: The Cobb angle and AVR are crucial measurements that help evaluate the treatment efficacy in AIS with small curves who undergo brace treatment. HRQOL and pelvic axial rotation are not influenced by the brace treatment.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Braces , Classification , Compliance , Congenital Abnormalities , Methods , Parents , Pelvis , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis , Spine , Treatment Outcome
18.
Journal of Korean Society of Spine Surgery ; : 166-171, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786063

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Case report.OBJECTIVES: We report a case of 3-column fracture caused by low-energy trauma in a patient with Baastrup disease who complained of acute radiating pain and motor weakness in the lower limbs after 3 weeks of conservative treatment. Subsequently, posterior fusion surgery was performed.SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: Baastrup disease is characterized by enlargement and close approximation of adjacent spinous processes, and it mostly affects the L4-5 level of the spine. In patients with Baastrup disease affecting multiple levels of the lumbar spine, low-energy trauma can cause an unstable 3-column fracture with neurological compromise. Early recognition and surgical treatment prior to the emergence of a neurological deficit are required.MATERIALS AND METHODS: An 84-year-old woman presented with back pain after falling down backward and colliding with the edge of a shelf at ground level. Considering the patient's general condition and age, she was initially treated with close observation and placement of a spinal brace with serial radiographic follow-up.RESULTS: Computed tomography found 3-column fracture at the T11 level, which is quite rare in cases of minor trauma. At a 3-week follow-up, she complained of gradual lower extremity weakness, and her general lower extremity motor function decreased to grade 1–2. The patient underwent posterior fusion 2 levels above and below the affected vertebral body (T9-10-12-L1). Surgery was uneventful and the patient's motor function recovered.CONCLUSIONS: In patients with Baastrup disease affecting multiple levels of the lumbar spine, based on our experience, low-energy trauma can cause an unstable 3-column fracture with neurological compromise. We highly recommend scrutiny of the interspinous space in elderly patients, especially those with a spinal fracture caused by low-energy trauma.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Accidental Falls , Back Pain , Braces , Follow-Up Studies , Lower Extremity , Spinal Fractures , Spine
19.
Journal of Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry ; (4): 173-182, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787367

ABSTRACT

Vertical facial growth triggers the rotation of mandible to move the chin point to the downward and backward direction, which showed remarkably effective result making the less prominent chin. Recently, the intraoral removable appliance utilizing class III elastic demonstrated the vertical growth trigger mechanism. The treatment change was very fast and wearing was quite easy, compared to extraoral appliances.The purpose of this study was to verify the duration of the treatment on class III malocclusion using intraoral removable appliances, which designed to accelerate vertical facial growth.56 patients were selected with the complaint of the protruded mandible and class III malocclusion (overjet : −3 – 0 mm, overbite : 0 – 4 mm). Information like; age at start, duration of the treatment events, type of the treatment, overjet, overbite etc. was collected and calculated.The average age of the patients delivering the initial brace was 8.75 ± 1.10 year. Most of the anterior crossbite was resolved within 6 months. The total treatment period was 21.79 ± 10.73 months with the additional procedures like the alignment of anterior teeth and torque control using additional removable and fixed orthodontic appliances. The correlation study showed that patient's cooperation (p = 0.000) and the use of fixed appliance (p = 0.032) were significantly influenced on treatment duration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Braces , Chin , Malocclusion , Mandible , Orthodontic Appliances , Overbite , Statistics as Topic , Tooth , Torque
20.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 567-576, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788805

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Minimal data exist regarding non-operative management of suspected pseudarthrosis after pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). This study reports radiographic and clinical outcomes of non-operative management for post-PSO pseudarthrosis at a minimum 5 years post-detection.METHODS: Nineteen consecutive patients with implant breakage indicating probable pseudarthrosis after PSO surgery (13 women/six men; mean age at surgery, 58 years) without severe pain and disability were treated with non-operative management (mean follow-up, 5.8 years; range, 5–10 years). Non-operative management included medication, intermittent brace wearing and avoidance of excessive back strain. Radiographic and clinical outcomes analysis was performed.RESULTS: Sagittal vertical axis (SVA), proximal junctional angle, thoracic kyphosis achieved by a PSO were maintained after detection of pseudarthrosis through ultimate follow-up. Lumbar lordosis and PSO angle decreased at final follow-up. There was no significant change in Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores and Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) total score, or subscales of pain, self-image, function, satisfaction and mental health between detection of pseudarthrosis and ultimate follow-up. SVA greater than 11 cm showed poorer ODI and SRS total score, as well as the pain, self-image, and function subscales (p<0.05).CONCLUSION: Non-operative management of implant failure of probable pseudarthrosis after PSO offers acceptable outcomes even at 5 years after detection of implant breakage, provided SVA is maintained. As SVA increased, outcome scores decreased in this patient population.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Braces , Follow-Up Studies , Joint Deformities, Acquired , Kyphosis , Lordosis , Mental Health , Osteotomy , Pseudarthrosis , Scoliosis , Spine
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