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1.
Infectio ; 25(4): 293-295, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1286725

ABSTRACT

Resumen La trombosis venosa cerebral (TVC) es una presentación clínica poco común del tromboembolismo venoso caracterizada por cefalea, crisis convulsivas, déficits neurológicos focales y papiledema. El diagnóstico es confirmado con Tomografía axial computarizada (TAC) de cráneo y Resonancia magnética nuclear (RMN) cerebral. La TVC tiene una relación importante con el virus de inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH), ya que los pacientes VIH positivos cursan con hiperviscosidad san guínea, alteraciones de factores anticoagulantes endógenos y riesgo de sobreinfección, entre otros; que predisponen a estados protrombóticos y lesión vascular como lo es la TVC. El tratamiento de la TVC es terapia anticoagulante, por lo general se utiliza heparina no fraccionada o heparina de bajo peso molecular para la fase aguda y anticoagulantes orales como la warfarina para el mantenimiento posterior. Reportamos el primer caso documentado de TVC en un paciente VIH positivo en Colombia.


Abstract Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a rare clinical presentation of venous thromboembolism characterized by headache, seizures, neurological deficits and papi lledema. The diagnosis is confirmed using computed tomography scan (CT scan) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain. CVT has an important relationship with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) given that HIV-positive patients may present with blood hyperviscosity, irregular levels of endogenous anticoagulation factors and risk of sepsis among others, that predispose to prothrombotic states and vascular injury such as CVT. The treatment of CVT is anticoagulant therapy, generally unfractionated heparin or low molecular weight heparin for the early phase and oral anticoagulants such as warfarin for the late phase. This case reports the first documented case of CVT in an HIV positive patient in Colombia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Venous Thromboembolism , Skull , Brain , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , HIV , Headache , Hepatitis B
2.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(5): 853-856, oct. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351061

ABSTRACT

Resumen La prosopagnosia es un tipo de agnosia visual caracterizada por la incapacidad de reconocer los rostros de las personas. Existen básicamente dos variantes, aperceptivas y asociativas. El "efecto Tortoni" es un fenómeno descripto por Bekinschtein y col. hace unos años en mozos de café en Buenos Aires, quienes utilizaban esta herramienta para recordar los pedidos de cada integrante de una mesa. Presentamos un caso de prosopagnosia asociada a lesión temporo-occipital bilateral secundaria a traumatismo encefalocra neano, manifestada en forma inicial por la falta de reconocimiento de rostros, con la utilización de una estra tegia asociativa similar a la descripta en el efecto "Tortoni" como compensación. Mujer de 62 años que sufrió un traumatismo encefalocraneano grave. Pocos meses después del evento, presentó dificultad para reconocer personas conocidas, hecho evidenciado por sus allegados cuando en una mesa los integrantes cambiaron su asiento, permanecieron callados por unos instantes, y posteriormente la paciente continuó nombrándolos por su ubicación previa. En la resonancia magnética de cerebro se objetivaron lesiones contusas de aspecto secuelar en región temporo-occipital bilateral. La prosopagnosia adquirida secundaria a lesiones focales en la región temporo-occipital generalmente bilateral, derecha, y raramente izquierda, es un cuadro poco frecuente. La es trategia utilizada en el "efecto Tortoni" fue en nuestra paciente una de las manifestaciones iniciales del cuadro. La realización de un test neuropsicológico ecológico que considere esta estrategia podría ser de utilidad en el rastreo y detección precoz de esta entidad.


Abstract Proposapnosia is a type of visual agnosia characterized by the inability to recognize people's faces. There are basically two variants, apperceptive and associative. The "Tortoni effect" is a phenomenon described by Bekinschtein et al a few years ago in waiters from Buenos Aires, who used this tool to remember the orders of each member of a table. We present a case of prosopagnosia associated with bilateral temporo-occipital injury secondary to head trauma, initially manifested by the lack of face recognition with the use of an associative strategy similar to that described in the "Tortoni effect" as compensation, in a 62-year-old female who suffered a severe head injury. A few months after this event, the patient had difficulty in recognizing familiar people, a fact evidenced by her relatives when at a restaurant table, they changed their seats, remained silent momentarily, and right after the patient kept naming them by their previous location. The magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed blunt sequelae lesions in the bilateral temporo-occipital region. Acquired prosopagnosia due to focal lesions in the temporo-occipital region, generally bilateral and right, and less frequently left, is a rare condition. The strategy used in the "Tortoni effect" was one of the initial manifestations of the condition in our patient. Carrying out an ecological neuropsychological test that considers this strategy could be useful in the screening and early detection of this entity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Prosopagnosia/diagnosis , Prosopagnosia/etiology , Brain , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neuropsychological Tests
3.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e600, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280183

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tuberous sclerosis (TSC) is a rare disease with multi-systemic involvement, predominantly neurological. Little evidence exists about the anesthetic management of patients with this disorder, particularly in pregnant women. This article discusses a case of a patient with TSC admitted to our hospital for the delivery of a twin gestation. Twenty-four hours after surgery, the patient presented left-side facial-brachial hypoesthesia and headache. A brain CT revealed a right frontal cortical bleeding tumor, which was diagnosed as glioblastoma multiforme. The patient was discharged 15 days after admission and a neurosurgical approach was suggested.


Resumen La esclerosis tuberosa es una enfermedad poco frecuente asociada con compromiso multisistémico, principalmente neurológico. Es poca la evidencia sobre el manejo anestésico de los pacientes con este trastorno, en particular las mujeres embarazadas. En este artículo presentamos el caso de una paciente con esclerosis tuberosa ingresada en nuestro hospital para el parto de una gestación gemelar. Veinticuatro horas después de la cirugía, la paciente presentó hipoestesia facial y braquial izquierda y cefalea. La tomografía cerebral mostró un tumor cortical sangrante en el lóbulo frontal derecho, diagnosticado como glioblastoma multiforme. La paciente fue dada de alta 15 días después de su ingreso y, con recomendación de manejo por neurocirugía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , Glioblastoma , Headache , Anesthesia, Epidural , Anesthetics , Neurosurgery , Tuberous Sclerosis , Brain , Rare Diseases , Parturition , Hemorrhage , Hospitals , Hypesthesia , Neoplasms , Nervous System Diseases
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): e526-e530, oct. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292776

ABSTRACT

La hidrocefalia es una condición clínica que consiste en un cúmulo de líquido cefalorraquídeo a nivel encefálico. Una de las causas, poco frecuente, es el síndrome de Dandy-Walker. Se presenta el caso de un recién nacido con diagnóstico prenatal de hidrocefalia secundaria a una malformación de Dandy-Walker y sospecha de genitales ambiguos. Tras el nacimiento, se confirma el diagnóstico prenatal de malformación de Dandy-Walker asociado a manifestaciones extracraneales poco frecuentes como hipospadias interescrotal y dilatación del seno coronario secundario a persistencia de la vena cava superior izquierda. Con este caso clínico queremos exponer la complejidad del síndrome de Dandy-Walker debido a sus múltiples asociaciones, que marcarán el pronóstico del paciente y la necesidad de tratamiento multidisciplinar.


Hydrocephalus is a clinical condition that consists of an accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid around the brain; Dandy-Walker syndrome is a rare cause of it. We present the case of a newborn with prenatal diagnose of hydrocephalus due to a Dandy-Walker malformation, as well as ambiguous genitalia. After birth, diagnosis of Dandy-Walker malformation associated with uncommon extracranial manifestations is confirmed. Specifically, the baby presents interscrotal hypospadias and coronary sinus dilatation due to the persistence of the left superior vena cava. With the exposition of this case, we bring out the complexity of the Dandy-Walker syndrome due to the malformations associated with it; the ones that will determine the prognosis and the need of a multidisciplinary treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Dandy-Walker Syndrome/complications , Dandy-Walker Syndrome/diagnosis , Hydrocephalus/diagnosis , Hydrocephalus/etiology , Prognosis , Vena Cava, Superior , Brain
5.
Salud bienestar colect ; 5(1): 90-104, ene.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352374

ABSTRACT

La actividad de jugar es importante dentro del desarrollo humano, mientras se juega, se ponen en práctica distintas habilidades cognitivas en interacción con el funcionamiento de sistemas sensoriales y el sistema motor del cuerpo, lo cual se asocia a la construcción de aprendizajes. Jugar es una actividad que facilita comprender cómo es el mundo y cómo nos integramos en él. El presente artículo tiene como objetivo desarrollar una reflexión sobre la relación del juego con la plasticidad cerebral y el desarrollo de habilidades cognitivas. La hipótesis se centra en destacar el juego como una actividad que estimula la plasticidad cerebral y facilita el fortalecimiento de las habilidades cognitivas en todas las etapas del ciclo vital (no exclusivamente en la infancia). La guía de la cavilación consistió en una revisión del concepto de juego relacionado con conceptos de aprovechamiento de la plasticidad cerebral y estimulación de habilidades mentales. El propósito que ha orientado el artículo es convocar a la reflexión sobre la concepción y práctica del juego, con la intención de sumar a posicionar la actividad de jugar como una estrategia valiosa en los procesos de aprendizaje. El interés de los resultados se centra en dar sustento teórico a la acción de promover cada vez más la inclusión del juego en las intervenciones profesionales, en los procesos educativos y en las actividades de la vida cotidiana. La conclusión a la que se llega es que jugar resulta una excelente estrategia para facilitar la expresión de la plasticidad cerebral y las habilidades cognitivas.


The activity of playing is important within human development, while playing, different cognitive skills are put into practice in interaction with the functioning of sensory systems and the body's motor system, which is associated with the construction of learning. Playing is an activity thatmakes it easier to understand what the world is like and how we integrate ourselves into it. The present article aims to develop a reflection on the relationship between play and brain plasticity and the development of cognitive abilities. The hypothesis focuses on highlighting play as an activity that stimulates brain plasticity and facilitates the strengthening of cognitive abilities at all stages of the life cycle (not exclusively in childhood). The musing guide consisted of a review of the concept of play related to concepts of making use of brain plasticity and stimulating mental abilities. The purpose of the article is to call for reflection on the conception and practice of the game, with the intention of adding to position the activity of playing as a valuable strategy in the learning processes. The interest of the results is centered on giving theoretical support to the action of increasingly promoting the inclusion of the game in professional interventions, in educational processes and in activities of daily life. The conclusion reached is that playing is an excellent strategy to facilitate the expression of brain plasticity and cognitive abilities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain/physiology , Cognition , Neuronal Plasticity/physiology , Play and Playthings/psychology
6.
Rev. argent. radiol ; 85(1): 11-20, ene. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155708

ABSTRACT

Resumen La presencia de lesiones quísticas de etiología oncológica en el encéfalo es cada vez más frecuente. El rol del especialista en imágenes es describir sus características, morfología y comportamiento con el contraste endovenoso, para llegar a realizar un diagnóstico presuntivo y enumerar sus diagnósticos diferenciales, y así orientar al médico tratante. Haremos una revisión de las lesiones quísticas de etiología oncológica de presentación frecuente en el encéfalo.


Abstract The presence of an oncologic cystic formation in the brain is frequent. The imaging specialist's role is to describe its features, morphology, and image enhancement characteristics with endovenous contrast, to make a presumptive diagnosis, and enumerated differential diagnoses and thus orientate the practitioner. We will analyze the most common expansive cystic formations.


Subject(s)
Brain Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Brain/pathology , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Neurocytoma , Hemangioblastoma , Ependymoma
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879521

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a Chinese pedigree affected with non-syndromic cleft lip and cleft palate (NSCLP).@*METHODS@#With informed consent obtained, members of the pedigree were subjected to clinical examination and history taking to exclude syndromic cleft lip and palate. One affected member was subjected to whole-exome sequencing and bioinformatics analysis. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and co-segregation analysis of her family members and 100 unrelated healthy individuals.@*RESULTS@#Whole-exome sequencing and co-segregation analysis showed that all affected members of this pedigree have carried a heterozygous missense c.253A>G (p.Cys85Arg) variant in exon 4 of the IRF6 gene, which has co-segregated with the phenotype and was not found among the 100 unrelated healthy individuals.@*CONCLUSION@#The missense c.253A>G variant in exon 4 of the IRF6 gene probably underlay the NSCLP in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Brain/abnormalities , China , Cleft Lip/genetics , Cleft Palate/genetics , Female , Humans , Interferon Regulatory Factors/genetics , Mutation, Missense , Pedigree , Whole Exome Sequencing
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879282

ABSTRACT

Diffusion tensor imaging technology can provide information on the white matter of the brain, which can be used to explore changes in brain tissue structure, but it lacks the specific description of the microstructure information of brain tissue. The neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging make up for its shortcomings. But in order to accurately estimate the brain microstructure, a large number of diffusion gradients are needed, and the calculation is complex and time-consuming through maximum likelihood fitting. Therefore, this paper proposes a kind of microstructure parameters estimation method based on the proximal gradient network, which further avoids the classic fitting paradigm. The method can accurately estimate the parameters while reducing the number of diffusion gradients, and achieve the purpose of imaging quality better than the neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging model and accelerated microstructure imaging via convex optimization model.


Subject(s)
Brain/diagnostic imaging , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Diffusion Tensor Imaging , Neurites , White Matter
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879268

ABSTRACT

Brain-computer interface (BCI) is a revolutionizing human-computer Interaction, which is developing towards the direction of intelligent brain-computer interaction and brain-computer intelligent integration. However, the practical application of BCI is facing great challenges. The maturity of BCI technology has not yet reached the needs of users. The traditional design method of BCI needs to be improved. It is necessary to pay attention to BCI human factors engineering, which plays an important role in narrowing the gap between research and practical application, but it has not attracted enough attention and has not been specifically discussed in depth. Aiming at BCI human factors engineering, this article expounds the design requirements (from users), design ideas, objectives and methods, as well as evaluation indexes of BCI with the human-centred-design. BCI human factors engineering is expected to make BCI system design under different use conditions more in line with human characteristics, abilities and needs, improve the user satisfaction of BCI system, enhance the user experience of BCI system, improve the intelligence of BCI, and make BCI move towards practical application.


Subject(s)
Brain , Brain-Computer Interfaces , Electroencephalography , Ergonomics , Humans , User-Computer Interface
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879248

ABSTRACT

The pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), a common neurodegenerative disease, is still unknown. It is difficult to determine the atrophy areas, especially for patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) at different stages of AD, which results in a low diagnostic rate. Therefore, an early diagnosis model of AD based on 3-dimensional convolutional neural network (3DCNN) and genetic algorithm (GA) was proposed. Firstly, the 3DCNN was used to train a base classifier for each region of interest (ROI). And then, the optimal combination of the base classifiers was determined with the GA. Finally, the ensemble consisting of the chosen base classifiers was employed to make a diagnosis for a patient and the brain regions with significant classification capability were decided. The experimental results showed that the classification accuracy was 88.6% for AD


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease/diagnosis , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Cognitive Dysfunction/diagnosis , Early Diagnosis , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neural Networks, Computer , Neurodegenerative Diseases
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 143-150, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878017

ABSTRACT

Age-related sporadic cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) has gained increasing attention over the past decades because of its increasing prevalence associated with an aging population. The widespread application of and advances in brain magnetic resonance imaging in recent decades have significantly increased researchers' understanding in the in vivo evolution of CSVD, its impact upon the brain, its risk factors, and the mechanisms that explain the various clinical manifestation associated with sporadic CSVD. In this review, we aimed to provide an update on the pathophysiology, risk factors, biomarkers, and the determinants and spectrum of the clinical manifestation of sporadic CSVD.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aging , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases/epidemiology , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Pandemics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877631

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture at "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Xiajuxu" (ST 39) on intestinal flora and Toll-like receptors-4 (TLR4) in brain and intestinal tissue in rats with stress gastric ulcer (SGU), and to explore the possible mechanism of acupuncture for SGU.@*METHODS@#Thirty-one male SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the gastric mucosal damage index was significantly increased in the model group (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture at "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Xiajuxu" (ST 39) could alleviate SGU in rats, and its mechanism may be related to increasing the diversity of intestinal flora, promoting the disorder of intestinal flora to normal, and reducing the overexpression of TLR4 in brain and intestinal tissues.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Brain , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stomach Ulcer/therapy , Toll-Like Receptor 4/genetics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877570

ABSTRACT

The feasibility and prospect of viral tracers and mediating functional components are explored in study on brain effect of acupuncture. In the paper, proceeding with viral tracers, the viral tracers used to analyze the structure of specific neural circuits are introduced, as well as their mediated probes, optical/chemical genetics techniques, Cre-LoxP systems, etc. The viral tracers and their functional components can not only mark specifically nerve cells or neural circuits, but also interfere with the function of specific types of neurons or nuclei. They solve some disadvantage of traditional nerve tracing method that only describes the morphology of neurons of one brain region and the simple projection among brain regions, and the indirect and non-specific absorption. The viral tracers and their functional components play the important approach to decoding the mechanism on brain effect of acupuncture when introduced in experimental acupuncture so as to provide an in vivo, real-time and intuitive novel method for a further analysis of neurobiological mechanism on brain effect of acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Brain , Neurons
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e10107, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142578

ABSTRACT

Ketamine (KET) is an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist with rapid and long-lasting antidepressant effects, but how the drug shows its sustained effects is still a matter of controversy. The objectives were to evaluate the mechanisms for KET rapid (30 min) and long-lasting (15 and 30 days after) antidepressant effects in mice. A single dose of KET (2, 5, or 10 mg/kg, po) was administered to male Swiss mice and the forced swim test (FST) was performed 30 min, 15, or 30 days later. Imipramine (IMI, 30 mg/kg, ip), a tricyclic antidepressant drug, was used as reference. The mice were euthanized, separated into two time-point groups (D1, first day after KET injection; D30, 30 days later), and brain sections were processed for glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3), histone deacetylase (HDAC), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) immunohistochemical assays. KET (5 and 10 mg/kg) presented rapid and long-lasting antidepressant-like effects. As expected, the immunoreactivities for brain GSK-3 and HDAC decreased compared to control groups in all areas (striatum, DG, CA1, CA3, and mainly pre-frontal cortex, PFC) after KET injection. Increases in BDNF immunostaining were demonstrated in the PFC, DG, CA1, and CA3 areas at D1 and D30 time-points. GFAP immunoreactivity was also increased in the PFC and striatum at both time-points. In conclusion, KET changed brain BDNF and GFAP expressions 30 days after a single administration. Although neuroplasticity could be involved in the observed effects of KET, more studies are needed to explain the mechanisms for the drug's sustained antidepressant-like effects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Brain/drug effects , Brain/enzymology , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor/metabolism , Ketamine/pharmacology , Antidepressive Agents/pharmacology , Astrocytes , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 , Disease Models, Animal , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein , Histone Deacetylases
15.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 79-90, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880969

ABSTRACT

Natural killer (NK) cells, a type of cytotoxic lymphocytes, can infiltrate into ischemic brain and exacerbate neuronal cell death. Astragaloside IV (ASIV) is the major bioactive ingredient of Astragalus membranaceus, a Chinese herbal medicine, and possesses potent immunomodulatory and neuroprotective properties. This study investigated the effects of ASIV on post-ischemic brain infiltration and activation of NK cells. ASIV reduced brain infarction and alleviated functional deficits in MCAO rats, and these beneficial effects persisted for at least 7 days. Abundant NK cells infiltrated into the ischemic hemisphere on day 1 after brain ischemia, and this infiltration was suppressed by ASIV. Strikingly, ASIV reversed NK cell deficiency in the spleen and blood after brain ischemia. ASIV inhibited astrocyte-derived CCL2 upregulation and reduced CCR2


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Histone Deacetylases , Killer Cells, Natural , Rats , Saponins/pharmacology , Triterpenes/pharmacology
16.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 125-138, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880937

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to define the most consistent white matter microarchitecture pattern in Parkinson's disease (PD) reflected by fractional anisotropy (FA), addressing clinical profiles and methodology-related heterogeneity. Web-based publication databases were searched to conduct a meta-analysis of whole-brain diffusion tensor imaging studies comparing PD with healthy controls (HC) using the anisotropic effect size-signed differential mapping. A total of 808 patients with PD and 760 HC coming from 27 databases were finally included. Subgroup analyses were conducted considering heterogeneity with respect to medication status, disease stage, analysis methods, and the number of diffusion directions in acquisition. Compared with HC, patients with PD had decreased FA in the left middle cerebellar peduncle, corpus callosum (CC), left inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus, and right inferior longitudinal fasciculus. Most of the main results remained unchanged in subgroup meta-analyses of medicated patients, early stage patients, voxel-based analysis, and acquisition with 30 diffusion directions. The subgroup meta-analysis of medication-free patients showed FA decrease in the right olfactory cortex. The cerebellum and CC, associated with typical motor impairment, showed the most consistent FA decreases in PD. Medication status, analysis approaches, and the number of diffusion directions have an important impact on the findings, needing careful evaluation in future meta-analyses.


Subject(s)
Anisotropy , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Corpus Callosum , Diffusion Tensor Imaging , Humans , Parkinson Disease/diagnostic imaging , White Matter/diagnostic imaging
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880467

ABSTRACT

In order to obtain comprehensive brain activity information conveniently in real time, this study designs a portable EEG and blood oxygen synchronous acquisition system for real-time monitoring of brain functional activities. The EEG electrodes filter and amplify the detected EEG signals, and send them to the microprocessor via Bluetooth to analyze the EEG data; the photoelectric probe converts the optical signals into electrical signals, which are amplified and separated, filtered, and AD converted, calculates the brain's oxygenation and blood-red protein (ΔHbO


Subject(s)
Brain , Electrodes , Electroencephalography , Oxygen
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879908

ABSTRACT

Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) is a group of rare neurogenetic degenerative diseases caused by genetic mutations and characterized by iron deposition in the central nervous system, especially in the basal ganglia, with an overall incidence rate of 2/1 000 000-3/1 000 000. Major clinical manifestations are extrapyramidal symptoms. This disease is presently classified into 14 different subtypes based on different pathogenic genes, and its pathogenesis and treatment remain unclear. This article summarizes the research advances in the pathogenesis and treatment of NBIA, so as to help pediatricians understand this disease and provide a reference for subsequent research on treatment.


Subject(s)
Basal Ganglia , Basal Ganglia Diseases , Brain , Humans , Iron , Iron Metabolism Disorders/therapy
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879890

ABSTRACT

Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD) remains an important cause of neonatal death and disability in infants and young children, but it has a complex mechanism and lacks specific treatment methods. As a new type of programmed cell death, ferroptosis has gradually attracted more and more attention as a new therapeutic target. This article reviews the research advances in abnormal iron metabolism, glutamate antiporter dysfunction, and abnormal lipid peroxide regulation which are closely associated with ferroptosis and HIBD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Brain , Child , Child, Preschool , Ferroptosis , Humans , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain , Infant, Newborn , Neurons
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879880

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of oral motor intervention (OMI) on brain function development in preterm infants.@*METHODS@#A total of 112 preterm infants were stratified into small-gestational-age (30-31@*RESULTS@#On day 7 of OMI, the small-gestational-age intervention group had lower upper bounds of voltage and bandwidth and a higher aEEG score than the small-gestational-age control group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#OMI can promote the maturation of aEEG background activities, improve neurobehavioral manifestations, and accelerate brain function development in preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Brain , Electroencephalography , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infant, Small for Gestational Age
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