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1.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(5): 578-583, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520365

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the Rapid Shallow Breathing Index (RSBI) obtained by the ventilometer and from mechanical ventilation parameters. Methods: Randomized crossover trial, including 33 intubated patients, on mechanical ventilation for at least 24 hours, undergoing spontaneous breathing test. Patients were submitted to the measurement of RSBI by four methods: disconnected from the ventilator through the ventilometer; in Pressure Support Ventilation (PSV) mode at a pressure of 7 cm H2O; in Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) mode at a pressure of 5 cmH2O with flow trigger; in CPAP mode at a pressure of 5 cmH2O with pressure trigger. Results: No significant difference was detected between the RSBI obtained by the ventilometer and in the CPAP mode with flow and pressure triggers, however, in the PSV mode, the values were lower than in the other measurements (p < 0.001). By selecting patients from the sample with higher RSBI (≥ 80 cycles.min−1.L−1), the value of the index obtained by the ventilometer was higher than that obtained in the three options of ventilation methods. Conclusion: The RSBI obtained in the CPAP mode at a pressure of 5 cmH2O, in both triggers types, did not differ from that measured by the ventilometer; it is, therefore, an alternative when obtaining it from mechanical ventilation parameters is necessary. However, in the presence of borderline values, the RSBI measured by ventilometer is recommended, as in this method the values are significantly higher than in the three ventilation modalities investigated.


Subject(s)
Respiration, Artificial , Ventilator Weaning , Breath Tests , Airway Extubation , Intensive Care Units
2.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(11): 1467-1476, nov. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442057

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The urea breath test (UBT-13C) is a non-invasive technique that allows the diagnosis and confirmation of eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection. Aim: To evaluate H. pylori positivity and values of UBT-13C among infected Chilean children and adults, and to analyze its variation in relation to sex, nutritional status, and age of the patients. Material and Methods: Retrospective study of 1141 patients aged 6 to 94 years, with an indication for a UBT-13C either for diagnosis or for confirmation of eradication of H. pylori infection. 13C enrichment was measured using an infrared spectrometer calculating the delta 13C values before and after the ingestion of 13C marked urea. The clinical data of the patients were obtained at the time of the examination. Results: We included 241 children and 900 adults. Infected children obtained lower UBT-13C delta values than infected adults (16.1 ± 8.7 and 37 ± 52.9, respectively). The rates of infection were higher in males who were recruited for diagnosis. Significant differences were obtained between positivity for H. pylori in overweight and obese children but not adults. UBT-13C titers were significantly associated with the body mass index (BMI) only in adults. Conclusions: H. pylori infection rates are similar between sexes and are higher in children probably because of selection bias. In children, H. pylori positivity is associated with higher BMI and excess malnutrition although with similar UBT-13C values. In adults, H. pylori infection is not related with BMI, but a higher BMI impacts UBT-13C titers.


ANTECEDENTES: La prueba de aliento con urea (UBT-13C) es una técnica no invasiva que permite el diagnóstico y confirmación de erradicación de la infección por Helicobacter pylori. Objetivo: Evaluar los valores de UBT- 13C en niños y adultos chilenos infectados y analizar su variación en relación al sexo, diagnóstico nutricional y edad de los pacientes. Material y Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de 1.141 pacientes de 6 a 94 años. El enriquecimiento de13C se midió usando un espectrómetro de infrarrojos, calculando el delta 13C antes y después de la ingesta de urea marcada con 13C. Los datos clínicos de los pacientes se obtuvieron al momento del examen. Resultados: Incluimos 241 niños y 900 adultos con valores delta de UBT-13C de 16,1 ± 8,7 frente a 37 ± 52,9, respectivamente. Las tasas de infección fueron mayores en los hombres reclutados para el diagnóstico. Se obtuvieron diferencias significativas entre la positividad para H. pylori en niños con sobrepeso y obesidad, pero no en adultos. Los títulos de UBT-13C se asociaron significativamente con el índice de masa corporal (IMC) solo en adultos. Conclusiones: Las tasas de infección por H. pylori son similares entre los sexos y aumentan en los niños probablemente debido al sesgo de selección. En niños, la positividad para H. pylori se asocia con un IMC más alto y malnutrición por exceso, aunque con valores similares de UBT-13C. En los adultos, la infección por H. pylori no se relaciona con el IMC ni con la obesidad, pero el aumento del IMC afecta los títulos de UBT-13C.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Pediatric Obesity , Urea , Breath Tests , Carbon Isotopes , Body Mass Index , Child , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
3.
São Paulo; s.n; 2022. 82 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396877

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A transição menopausal é um período onde ocorre diminuição na produção de hormônios femininos devido ao envelhecimento ovariano. Com essa queda dos níveis hormonais, ocorre uma série de sintomas desconfortáveis, dentre eles os distúrbios do sono. A Apnéia Obstrutiva do Sono (AOS) é caracterizada por episódios repetidos de colapso parcial ou completo das vias aéreas durante o período de sono, que resulta em eventos respiratórios denominados apnéias (obstrução completa) ou hipopneias (obstrução parcial). É um problema altamente prevalente, com dificuldades para o diagnóstico, pois o exame para rastreio é a polissonografia, que possui alto custo e complexidade. Objetivos: estimar a incidência e a prevalência de Apnéia Obstrutiva do Sono (AOS), bem como os possíveis fatores associados e comparar resultados da Poligrafia Respiratória Domiciliar com o questionário de Berlin. Método: em 2007 foi realizado um estudo transversal que coletou dados clínicos e epidemiológicos de 875 mulheres de 35 a 65 anos cadastradas na Estratégia de Saúde da Família de Pindamonhangaba. Em 2014 foi realizado um novo estudo, que coletou dados clínicos e epidemiológicos de 1200 mulheres, sendo 657 que participaram do estudo anterior 543 novas participantes. Para avaliação de características sugestivas de AOS foi aplicado o Berlin Questionnaire (BQ) e foi realizado também em parte da amostra o exame de Poligrafia Respiratória domiciliar (PRD), para comparação dos resultados com os questionários de rastreamento de AOS. Resultados: A prevalência de AOS com base no BQ nas mulheres do presente estudo foi de 60,5%. A incidência de AOS foi de 52,6%, e os fatores associados incluíram apenas a circunferência abdominal acima de 80 cm, indicando que a obesidade é um importante fator associado a AOS. Com relação a PRD, foi encontrada prevalência de 57,6% utilizando os critérios da American Academy Sleep Association. Conclusão: Houve alta prevalência e incidência de AOS na população estudada e a prevalência de AOS pela PRD foi de 57,6%.


Introduction: The menopausal transition is a period where there is a decrease in the production of female hormones due to ovarian aging. With this drop in hormone levels, a number of uncomfortable symptoms occur, including sleep disorders. Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is characterized by repeated episodes of partial or complete airway collapse during sleep, resulting in respiratory events called apneas (complete obstruction) or hypopneas (partial obstruction). It is a highly prevalent problem, with difficulties in diagnosis, as the screening test is polysomnography, which is expensive and complex. Objectives: to estimate the incidence and prevalence of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), as well as the possible associated factors, and to compare the results of Home Respiratory Polygraphy with the Berlin questionnaire. Method: in 2007 a cross-sectional study was carried out that collected clinical and epidemiological data from 875 women aged 35 to 65 years enrolled in the Family Health Strategy of Pindamonhangaba. In 2014, a new study was carried out, which collected clinical and epidemiological data from 1200 women, 657 of whom participated in the previous study, 543 new participants. To assess characteristics suggestive of OSA, the Berlin Questionnaire (BQ) was applied and part of the sample was also submitted to the Home Respiratory Polygraphy (PRD) exam, in order to compare the results with the OSA screening questionnaires. Results: The prevalence of OSA based on BQ in the women in the present study was 60.5%. The incidence of OSA was 52.6%, and associated factors included only waist circumference above 80 cm, indicating that obesity is an important factor associated with OSA. Regarding PRD, a prevalence of 57.6% was found using the criteria of the American Academy Sleep Association. Conclusion: There was a high prevalence and incidence of OSA in the population studied and the prevalence of OSA by PRD was 57.6%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Sleep Wake Disorders , Women , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Breath Tests , Menopause
4.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 90-95, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928572

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the association of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and nasal nitric oxide (nNO) with asthma control and their value in the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis in children.@*METHODS@#A total of 186 children aged 5-12 years, who attended the outpatient service of the Department of Respiration, Shanghai Children's Hospital due to bronchial asthma and/or allergic rhinitis or who underwent physical examination, were enrolled as subjects, with 52 children in the asthma group, 60 children in the asthma+allergic rhinitis group, 36 children in the allergic rhinitis group, and 38 children in the control group. FeNO, nNO, and pulmonary function were compared between groups.@*RESULTS@#The asthma+allergic rhinitis, asthma, and allergic rhinitis groups had a significantly higher level of FeNO than the control group (P<0.05). The asthma+allergic rhinitis and allergic rhinitis groups had a significantly higher level of nNO than the asthma and control groups (P<0.05). The uncontrolled asthma and partially controlled asthma groups had significantly higher levels of FeNO and nNO than the completely controlled asthma group (P<0.05). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that nNO had an area under the ROC curve of 0.91, with a sensitivity of 80.0% and a specificity of 89.5% in the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis in children with asthma (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The combined measurement of nNO and FeNO can be used to evaluate the control of asthma, and the measurement of nNO can help with the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis in children with bronchial asthma.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Asthma/diagnosis , Breath Tests , China , Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide Testing , Nitric Oxide/analysis , Rhinitis, Allergic/diagnosis
5.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 153-157, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929046

ABSTRACT

Radiotherapy uses high-energy X-rays or other particles to destroy cancer cells and medical practitioners have used this approach extensively for cancer treatment (Hachadorian et al., 2020). However, it is accompanied by risks because it seriously harms normal cells while killing cancer cells. The side effects can lower cancer patients' quality of life and are very unpredictable due to individual differences (Bentzen, 2006). Therefore, it is essential to assess a patient's body damage after radiotherapy to formulate an individualized recovery treatment plan. Exhaled volatile organic compounds (VOCs) can be changed by radiotherapy and thus used for medical diagnosis (Vaks et al., 2012). During treatment, high-energy X-rays can induce apoptosis; meanwhile, cell membranes are damaged due to lipid peroxidation, converting unsaturated fatty acids into volatile metabolites (Losada-Barreiro and Bravo-Díaz, 2017). At the same time, radiotherapy oxidizes water, resulting in reactive oxygen species (ROS) that can increase the epithelial permeability of pulmonary alveoli, enabling the respiratory system to exhale volatile metabolites (Davidovich et al., 2013; Popa et al., 2020). These exhaled VOCs can be used to monitor body damage caused by radiotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breath Tests/methods , Exhalation , Quality of Life , Respiratory System/chemistry , Volatile Organic Compounds/analysis
6.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(1): 26-31, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248982

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Worldwide, colorectal cancer (CRC) and gastric cancer (GC) are the third and the fifth most prevalent, respectively. Diarrhea is a common symptom in patients on chemotherapy or radiotherapy treatment and can reduce treatment tolerance. Surgical resections and chemotherapy change the intestinal microbiota that can lead to lactose intolerance, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the frequency of diarrhea in patients with CRC and GC on chemotherapy with SIBO or intolerance of lactose. METHODS: This is a descriptive and observational study with patients of both sexes, over 18 years old, in treatment in the Gastro-Oncology outpatient clinic of the Federal University of São Paulo. Patients with a confirmed diagnosis of CRC or GC during chemotherapy treatment were included. To detect bacterial overgrowth and lactose intolerance, breath hydrogen test with lactulose and lactose was done. Number and aspects of the evacuations and toxicity degree were collected. For the nutritional assessment, weight and height were performed to calculate the BMI. and the Patient Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA). RESULTS: A total of 33 patients were included, 29 with CRC and 3 with GC. Most of them were male (57.57%), mean age of 60.03±10.01 years and in chemotherapy with fluoropyrimidine and oxaliplatin (54.5%). Diarrhea was present in 57.6% and 30.3% had toxicity grade 2. According to the BMI, 78.9% were eutrophics, obese or overweight, but according to PG-SGA, 84.9% had moderate or severe nutritional risk grade. Between patients, 45% had lactose intolerance and 9% SIBO. Diarrhea grade 2-3 was observed in 66.6% of patients with SIBO and 66.7% of that with lactose intolerance. No statistical difference was observed between patients with SIBO or lactose intolerance and grade of diarrhea. CONCLUSION: Diarrhea was a frequent symptom in chemotherapy patients with gastric or colorectal cancer independent of the presence of SIBO or lactose intolerance. Surgery and chemotherapy treatment impacted in the intestinal habit of patients. Diagnosis of other causes of diarrhea may contribute to a better tolerance to treatment and quality of life.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Mundialmente, o câncer colorretal (CCR) e gástrico (CG) são a terceira e a quinta causa de câncer mais prevalente, respectivamente. A diarreia é um sintoma comum entre os pacientes em quimioterapia ou radioterapia e pode reduzir a tolerância ao tratamento. Quimioterapia e ressecções cirúrgicas causam alterações da microbiota intestinal que podem levar a intolerância à lactose e ao supercrescimento bacteriano do intestino delgado (SBID). OBJETIVO: Avaliar a presença de diarreia nos pacientes com câncer colorretal e gástrico em quimioterapia e a presença de SBID ou intolerância à lactose. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo descritivo, observacional com pacientes ambulatoriais de ambos os sexos, maiores de 18 anos, em tratamento no ambulatório de gastro-oncologia da Universidade Federal de São Paulo. Foram incluídos pacientes com diagnóstico confirmado de CCR ou CG durante tratamento quimioterápico. Para detectar supercrescimento bacteriano e intolerância à lactose, foram realizados testes respiratórios com lactulose e lactose respectivamente. Número, aspecto das evacuações e grau de toxicidade foram coletados. Para a avaliação nutricional foram aferidos peso e altura para cálculo do IMC e para avaliação do risco nutricional foi realizada a avaliação subjetiva global produzida pelo próprio paciente (ASG-PPP). RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 33 pacientes, 29 com CCR e 3 com CG. A maioria era do sexo masculino (57,5%) com média de idade 60,03±10,01 anos e em tratamento quimioterápico com fluoropirimidina e oxaliplatina (54,5%). Diarreia foi relatada por 57,6% dos pacientes sendo em 30% grau 2. Pelo IMC, 78,9% apresentavam eutrofia, sobrepeso ou obesidade grau 1, mas pela ASG-PPP 84,9 apresentavam risco nutricional moderado ou severo. Entre os pacientes 9% apresentavam SBID e 45% intolerância à lactose. Diarreia grau 2-3 foi observada em 66,6% daqueles pacientes com SBID e 66,7% dos com intolerância à lactose. Não encontramos diferenças estatísticas entre os pacientes com SBID ou intolerância à lactose e intensidade de diarreia. CONCLUSÃO: Diarreia foi um sintoma frequente entre os pacientes com câncer gástrico ou colorretal em quimioterapia independente da presença de SBID ou intolerância à lactose. Cirurgia e quimioterapia impactaram no hábito intestinal dos pacientes. O diagnóstico de outras causas de diarreia pode contribuir para a melhor tolerância do tratamento e qualidade de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Lactose Intolerance/diagnosis , Quality of Life , Breath Tests , Hydrogen , Intestine, Small , Lactose , Middle Aged
7.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 16(2): 62-68, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1293286

ABSTRACT

El asma es la enfermedad respiratoria crónica pediátrica más frecuente. En la mayoría de los niños se caracteriza por inflamación de la vía aérea de tipo eosinofílica alérgica. La fracción espirada de óxido nítrico (FENO) es un biomarcador de inflamación eosinofílica de vía aérea, su medición es no invasiva y fácil de realizar y ha sido evaluado en los últimos años para su aplicación clínica en el diagnóstico y tratamiento del asma en niños y adultos. Esta revisión abordará el origen anatómico y bioquímico del FENO, aspectos prácticos de su medición, valores de referencia y su aplicación clínica en el diagnóstico y tratamiento del asma pediátrico.


Asthma is the most common pediatric chronic disease characterized in most children by allergic eosinophilic airway inflammation. The exhaled fraction of nitric oxide (FENO) is a biomarker of eosinophilic airway inflammation, constituting a non-invasive and easy-to-perform test that has been evaluated in recent years for its clinical application in the diagnosis and treatment of asthma in children and adults. This review will address the anatomical and biochemical origin of FENO, practical aspects of its measurement, reference values and its clinical application in the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric asthma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asthma/diagnosis , Nitric Oxide/analysis , Asthma/metabolism , Breath Tests , Biomarkers , Exhalation , Eosinophilia , Inflammation , Nitric Oxide/metabolism
8.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 975-980, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922378

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the association between milk consumption and lactose malabsorption in Indonesian children aged 3-12 years.@*METHODS@#This cross sectional study was conducted in randomly selected presumed healthy children with good nutritional status aged 3-12 years in Central Jakarta, Indonesia (@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of lactose malabsorption in children aged 3-5 years and children aged 6-12 years was 20.8% (15/72) and 35.3% (36/102), respectively. There was no association between milk or milk product consumption and lactose malabsorption (@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is no association between milk consumption and lactose malabsorption in Indonesian children aged 3-12 years, suggesting that genetic predisposition may be more important than adaptive mechanisms to lactose consumption.


Subject(s)
Animals , Child , Humans , Breath Tests , Cross-Sectional Studies , Indonesia/epidemiology , Lactose Intolerance/epidemiology , Milk
9.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 796-803, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922149

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related morbidity and mortality globally, which is the biggest menace to the health and life of the population. Screening and early detection of lung cancer are effective in reducing its mortality, and the measurement of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) has become a promising clinical means for early detection, course detection and prognosis management of lung cancer, with advantages of rapid speed, non-invasiveness and convenience. Now, a variety of VOCs collection ways and analysis methods have emerged at home and abroad. This report summarized three aspects, including VOCs collection, multiple methods of analysis and progress in the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer. At last, we discussed the limitations and prospects of VOCs analysis.
.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breath Tests , Early Detection of Cancer , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Volatile Organic Compounds
10.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(3): 283-288, July-Sept. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131671

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) appears to be common in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). The rate of SIBO has been estimated at 25%-88% in this setting. However, different demographic, socioeconomic, and disease-related factors may exist between South American and North American or European populations that may limit the generalization of these findings, as the data are mainly derived from North American or European studies. OBJECTIVE: We studied the prevalence and predictors of SIBO in CD outpatients. METHODS: In this retrospective study, between June 2011 and June 2016, the medical records of 110 CD patients were assessed for presence of SIBO using the H2/CH4 glucose breath test. Univariate analysis was performed to investigate the potential association between SIBO and demographic, disease-related data, systemic markers of inflammation (C-reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate). RESULTS: The SIBO rate was high in CD patients (30%). Patients with and without SIBO were comparable according to demographics, systemic inflammatory biomarkers, and disease characteristics, except to the stricturing phenotype more common in the SIBO-positive CD patients (48.5% vs 19.5%, P=0.001). CONCLUSION: In Brazilian CD patients, SIBO is a highly prevalent condition. Stricturing phenotype demonstrated association with SIBO. An individualized screening plan followed by the timely treatment for SIBO should be carried out as part of quality of care improvement in CD individuals.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O supercrescimento bacteriano de intestino delgado (SBID) parece ser comum em pacientes com doença de Crohn (DC). A taxa de SBID tem sido estimada entre 25-88% neste cenário. Entretanto, diferenças demográficas, socioeconômicas e dos fatores relacionados à doença podem existir entre as populações da América do Sul e da América do Norte ou europeias que podem limitar a generalização destes achados, uma vez que os dados são derivados principalmente de estudos norte-americanos ou europeus. OBJETIVO: Estudar a prevalência e os preditores de SBID em pacientes ambulatoriais com DC. MÉTODOS: Neste estudo retrospectivo os registros médicos de 110 pacientes com DC que haviam sido submetidos ao teste respiratório do hidrogênio e metano expirados para o diagnóstico de SBID, entre junho de 2011 e junho de 2016, foram avaliados. Análise univariada foi realizada para investigar a potencial associação entre SBID com os dados demográficos, relacionados à DC e marcadores sistêmicos de inflamação (proteína C-reativa e velocidade de hemossedimentação). RESULTADOS: A prevalência de SBID foi elevada em pacientes com DC (30%). Os pacientes com e sem SBID foram comparáveis de acordo com os dados demográficos e de biomarcadores de inflamação sistêmica, bem como das características da DC, exceto pelo fenótipo estenosante, mais comum nos pacientes com DC e SBID (48,5% vs 19,5%, P=0,001). CONCLUSÃO: Em pacientes brasileiros com DC, SBID é uma condição altamente prevalente. O fenótipo estenosante demonstrou associação com o SBID. O planejamento de um screening individualizado seguido por tratamento apropriado para SBID deve ser incluído como parte da melhoria na qualidade de cuidados a ser oferecida para os pacientes com DC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Crohn Disease/complications , Crohn Disease/epidemiology , Referral and Consultation , Brazil , Breath Tests , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Intestine, Small
11.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057205

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the association between small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) and weight and height impairment in children and adolescents with gastroenterology diseases. Methods: Observational and retrospective study. All 162 patients aged less than 19 years old who underwent breath test in search of SIBO between 2011 and 2016 were studied. Breath test was collected after the intake of 10 grams of lactulose. The concentration of hydrogen and methane was measured for 180 minutes after the beginning of the test by 12i QuinTronMicroLyzer device. Results: SIBO was identified in 51 (31.5%) patients. There was no difference between the age of those with (mean=8.7y.o; 25th and 75th percentile: 4.6 and 11.3) and without (mean=7.9y.o 25th and 75th percentile: 4.8 and 12.2) SIBO (p=0.910). There was no association between gender and SIBO (male 26.3% vs. female 36.3%, p=1.00). A lower median of height-for-age Z score (mean=-1.32; 25th and 75th percentile: -2.12 and -0.08 vs. mean=-0.59; 25th and 75th percentile: -1.57 and 0.22; p=0.04) was demonstrated in children with SIBO when compared with children without it. There was no difference between the BMI-for-age Z score of patients with (mean=-0.48) and without SIBO (mean=-0.06) (p=0.106). The BMI of patients with SIBO (median=15.39) was lower than of those without it (median=16.06); however, the statistical analysis was not significant (p=0.052). The weight-for-age Z score was lower in patients with SIBO (mean=-0.96) than in those without SIBO (mean=-0.22) (p=0.02) Conclusions: Children and adolescents with SBIO associated with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract have lower weight and height values.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a existência de associação entre sobrecrescimento bacteriano no intestino delgado (SBID) e comprometimento de peso e estatura em crianças e adolescentes com doenças do aparelho digestivo. Métodos: Estudo observacional e retrospectivo em ambulatório de gastroenterologia pediátrica. Foram incluídos todos os 162 pacientes com idade inferior a 19 anos que realizaram teste respiratório para pesquisa de SBID entre 2011 e 2016. O teste respiratório foi realizado após ingestão de dez gramas de lactulose. Foram determinadas as concentrações de hidrogênio e metano em aparelho 12i QuinTron MicroLyzer até 180 minutos após o início do teste respiratório. Resultados: SBID foi caracterizado em 51 (31,5%) dos 162 pacientes. Não houve diferença na idade das crianças com (mediana=8,7 anos; percentil 25-75: 4,6-11,3) e sem (mediana=7,9 anos; percentil 25-75: 4,8-12,2) SBID (p=0,910). Não se observou associação entre SBID e sexo (masculino 27,4% e feminino 36,6%; p=0,283). O escore Z da estatura-idade nos pacientes com SBID (mediana=-1,32; percentil 25-75: -2,12—0,08) foi menor (p=0,040) do que naqueles sem SBID (mediana=-0,59; percentil 25-75: -1,57-0,22). Na comparação do escore Z de índice de massa corpórea-idade não foi observada diferença entre os grupos com (média=-0,489±1,528) e sem (média=-0,067±1,532) SBID (p=0,106). Nos pacientes com menos de 10 anos de idade, o escore Z de peso-idade foi menor nos pacientes com SBID (média=-0,968±1,359) do que nos sem SBID (média=-0,223±1,584) (p=0,026). Conclusões: Crianças e adolescentes com SBID associado a doenças do trato gastrintestinal apresentam menores valores de peso e estatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Bacterial Infections/complications , Child Development/physiology , Gastrointestinal Diseases/microbiology , Intestine, Small/microbiology , Gastrointestinal Agents/administration & dosage , Brazil/epidemiology , Breath Tests/methods , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Hydrogen/analysis , Lactulose/administration & dosage , Methane/analysis
12.
J. bras. pneumol ; 46(3): e20190102, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090811

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a concordância entre as medidas de controle da asma e a capacidade de exercício funcional em crianças e adolescentes com asma não controlada e controlada. Métodos Selecionamos crianças e adolescentes com asma de 7 a 17 anos, que foram atendidos no Ambulatório de Pneumologia Pediátrica da Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Todos os pacientes tiveram nível de controle da asma avaliado pelo questionário da Global Initiative for Asthma (GINAq), Teste de Controle da Asma (TCA), espirometria e teste de caminhada de seis minutos (TC6M). Os pacientes foram classificados como asma não controlada ou controlada em cada teste e a concordância entre as medidas foi avaliada pelas estatísticas do Kappa. A curva ROC foi calculada para o TC6M. O índice espirométrico da espirometria foi composto por FEV1, FEV1/FVC e FEF25-75%. Os resultados da espirometria e do TC6M foram comparados entre o grupo de asma não controlada e controlada pela GINAq. Resultados Dos 138 sujeitos incluídos, 78 (56,5%) eram do sexo masculino com idade média de 11,00 (7-17) anos. O GINAq detectou 68,8% dos pacientes com asma não controlada. Foi observada concordância moderada (p<0,001; k=0,56) e alta especificidade (100%) entre o GINAq e o TCA. No TC6M, o ponto de corte de 82,03% da distância prevista possibilitou a distinção de pacientes com asma controlada e não controlada. O índice espirométrico apresentou 73,4% de sensibilidade com o GINAq. Foram observados resultados piores no TC6M em pacientes com asma não controlada. Conclusões Este estudo destaca a importância de avaliar mais de uma medida para diferenciar o nível de controle da asma. O GINAq identificou mais pacientes com asma não controlada e apresentou concordância moderada com o TCA. O índice espirométrico foi associado à asma não controlada de acordo com o GINAq. O TC6M foi uma boa medida para distinguir pacientes com asma controlada e não controlada.


ABSTRACT Objective To assess the agreement among asthma control measures and functional exercise capacity in children and adolescents with uncontrolled and controlled asthma. Methods Children and adolescents with asthma from 7-17 years old were selected, and they were attended in the "Pediatric Pulmonology Outpatient Clinic of State University of Campinas", in Brazil. All patients had asthma control level assessed by Global Initiative for Asthma questionnaire (GINAq), Asthma Control Test (ACT), spirometry and six-minute-walk-test (6MWT). Patients were classified as uncontrolled or controlled asthma in each test and agreement among measures was assessed by kappa statistics. The ROC curve was calculated for the 6MWT. The spirometric index obtained from spirometry was composed by FEV1, FEV1/FVC and FEF25-75%. Spirometry and 6MWT results were compared between uncontrolled and controlled asthma group by GINAq. Results Of the 138 subjects included, 78 (56.5%) were male with median age of 11 (7-17) years old. GINAq detected 68.8% of patients with uncontrolled asthma. Moderate agreement (p < 0.001; k = 0.56) and high specificity (100%) was observed between GINAq and ACT. In 6MWT, the cut-off point of 82.03% of predicted distance was able to distinguish patients with controlled and uncontrolled asthma. Spirometric index presented 73.4% of sensitivity according to GINAq. The results for 6MWT in patients with uncontrolled asthma were the worst of all. Conclusion This study highlights the importance of assessing more than one measure to differentiate asthma control level. GINAq identified more patients with uncontrolled asthma and presented moderate agreement with ACT. Spirometric index was associated with uncontrolled asthma according to GINAq. 6MWT was a suitable measure to distinguish patients with controlled and uncontrolled asthma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Asthma/physiopathology , Exercise Tolerance , Exercise Test/methods , Respiratory Function Tests , Asthma/drug therapy , Spirometry , Brazil , Breath Tests , Predictive Value of Tests , ROC Curve
13.
Rev. bras. cancerol ; 66(4): e-091051, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1140553

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Nos últimos anos, o tratamento do câncer evoluiu, possibilitando uma maior sobrevida ao paciente, porém os efeitos colaterais, como a diminuição da imunidade e a fadiga, influenciam o sistema respiratório e muscular. Objetivo: Analisar a fadiga e as forças musculares respiratória e periférica em voluntários com câncer em tratamento e em indivíduos saudáveis. Método: Trata-se de um estudo analítico, observacional, transversal e controlado. Os indivíduos foram distribuídos em dois grupos: um grupo de câncer em quimioterapia e/ou em radioterapia (GCA: n=98; homens=35,72%; mulheres=64,28%; idade=58,13±13,26 anos; índice de massa corporal (IMC=26,23±4,04 kg/m2; tempo de diagnóstico de câncer=27,54±9,61 meses) e um grupo controle (GC: n=86; homens=30,23%; mulheres=69,77; idade=59,24±12,87 anos; IMC=26,76±4,04 kg/m2). Para todos os indivíduos, a fadiga relatada foi avaliada, usando-se a subescala de fadiga do questionário The Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Fatigue (FACT-F). A avaliação das pressões respiratórias máximas foi realizada por meio da manovacuometria e da força de preensão palmar por intermédio da dinamometria manual. Resultados: O GCA apresentou maior índice de fadiga relatada (p<0,001; f2=0,382), valores inferiores para as variáveis respiratórias (PImax: p<0,001; f2=0,441; PEmax: p<0,001; f2=0,361), força de preensão palmar esquerda (p=0,024 f2=0,182), se comparado ao GC. Conclusão: Voluntários com câncer em quimioterapia e/ou em radioterapia apresentaram maiores níveis de fadiga relatada, com reduções da força muscular respiratória e da força de preensão palmar.


Introduction: In recent years, cancer treatment has evolved, allowing longer survival for the patient, but, side effects such as a decreased immunity and fatigue influence the respiratory and muscular systems. Objective: Analyze fatigue, the respiratory and peripheral muscle strength in individuals with cancer undergoing treatment and in healthy individuals. Method: Analytical, observational, cross-sectional, and controlled study. The individuals were divided into two groups: a cancer group in chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy (GCA: n = 98; men = 35.72%; women = 64.28%; age = 58.13 ± 13.26 years; body mass index (BMI) = 26.23 ± 4.04 kg/m2; time of cancer diagnosis = 27.54 ± 9.61 months) and a control group (CG: n = 86; men = 30.23%; women = 69.77; age = 59.24 ± 12.87 years; BMI= 26.76 ± 4.04 kg/m2). For all the individuals, the reported fatigue was assessed using the fatigue subscale of The Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Fatigue (FACT-F) questionnaire. The evaluation of maximal respiratory pressures was performed by manovacuometry and the palmar grip strength by manual dynamometry. Results: The GCA showed the highest reported fatigue index (p<0.001; f2=0.382), lower values for respiratory variables (PImax: p<0.001; f2=0.441; PEmax: p<0.001; f2=0.361), left palmar grip strength (p=0.024; f2=0.182), when compared to the CG. Conclusion: Volunteers with cancer in chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy presented higher levels of reported fatigue, with reductions in respiratory muscle strength and palmar grip strength.


Introducción: En los últimos años, el tratamiento oncológico ha evolucionado, permitiendo una supervivencia más larga para el paciente, pero los efectos secundarios como la disminución de la inmunidad y la fatiga influyen en los sistemas respiratorios y musculares. Objetivo: Analizar la fatiga e las fuerzas musculares respiratoria y periférica en individuos con cáncer sometidos a tratamiento y en individuos sanos. Método: Se trata de un estudio analítico, observacional, transversal y controlado. Los individuos fueran divididos en dos grupos: un grupo de cáncer bajo quimioterapia y/o radioterapia (GCA: no 98; hombres 35,72%; mujeres 64,28%; edad 58,13±13,26 años; indice de masa corporal (IMC) a 26,23±4,04 kg/m2; diagnóstico de cáncer 27,54±9,61 meses) y un grupo de control (CG: no 86; hombres 30,23%; mujeres 69,77; edad de 59,24±12,87 años; IMC 26,76±4,04 kg/m2). Para todos los voluntarios, la fatiga notificada se evaluó utilizando la subescala de fatiga del cuestionario The Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Fatigue(FACT-F). La evaluación de las presiones respiratorias máximas se realizó mediante manovacuometría y fuerza de agarre palmar mediante dinamometría manual. Resultados:El GCA tuvo el índice de fatiga notificado más alto (p<0,001; f2=0,382), valores más bajos para las variables respiratorias (PImax: p<0,001; f2= 0,441; PEmax: p<0,001; f2=0,361), fuerza de agarre palmar izquierda (p=0,024; f2=0,182), en comparación con el GC. Conclusión: Voluntarios con cáncer en quimioterapia y/o radioterapia presentaron mayores niveles de fatiga reportados, con reducciones en la fuerza muscular respiratoria y fuerza de agarre palmar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Muscle Fatigue , Muscle Strength , Breath Tests , Neoplasms/rehabilitation
15.
Clinics ; 75: e1764, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133445

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the accuracy of the Breath-Alert™ portable breath meter (BA) for the detection of halitosis in children and adolescents, considering the organoleptic test (OT) as the gold standard in this assessment. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 150 children (aged 6-12 years). OT was performed by three independent examiners on a single occasion, obtaining three scores of 0-5 points on the Rosenberg's organoleptic scale. The median of the three evaluations for each child was used for analysis. BA was used according to the manufacturer's instructions, with breath odor scored from 0-5 points. Scores ≥2 on both tests were considered indicative of halitosis. RESULTS: A total of 26 (17.3%) and 23 (15.3%) children were detected with halitosis on the OT and BA tests, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of the BA scores for the detection of halitosis were 80.76% and 98.38%, respectively. The positive and negative predictive values for BA were 91.3% and 96.06%, respectively. CONCLUSION: In the present study involving children, who require fast, practical examinations, BA proved to be an auxiliary tool to OT for the detection of halitosis in the practice of pediatric dentistry, demonstrating high sensitivity and specificity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Breath Tests/methods , Halitosis/diagnosis , Sulfur Compounds/analysis , Breath Tests/instrumentation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Halitosis/metabolism
17.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 23-28, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787237

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to identify the demographic and clinical factors associated with positive breath-test results and to assess the relationship between hydrogen and methane production in patients with suspected irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).METHODS: The demographic and clinical factors of 268 patients with suspected IBS, who had undergone a lactulose breath test, were analyzed.RESULTS: Of 268 patients included in this study, 143 (53.4%) were females. The median age and BMI of the patients was 58.0 years (range, 18.0–80.0 years) and 22.5 kg/m² (range, 14.4–34.3 kg/m²), respectively. A weak positive correlation was observed between the BMI and baseline hydrogen level (rho=0.134, p=0.031). Women were significantly more likely to show a ≥20 ppm increase in hydrogen within 90 min (early hydrogen increase, p=0.049), a ≥10 ppm increase in methane within 90 min (early methane increase, p=0.001), and a ≥10 ppm increase in methane between 90 min and 180 min (late methane increase, p=0.002) compared to men. The baseline hydrogen level was related to the baseline methane level (rho=0.592, p<0.001) and the maximal hydrogen level within 90 min was related to maximal methane level within 90 min (rho=0.721, p<0.001). Patients with an early hydrogen increase (43.8%) were more likely to show a positive result for an early methane increase compared to patients without an early increase in hydrogen (0%, p<0.001).CONCLUSIONS: Women were associated with high rates of positive lactulose breath-test results. In addition, methane production was correlated with hydrogen production.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Breath Tests , Hydrogen , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Lactulose , Methane , Sex Characteristics
18.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(3): 304-311, July-Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038709

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome is a clinical condition presenting pain, distension and abdominal fullness, diarrhea, constipation, and other symptoms. It generates significant impacts on the quality of life of those affected. The pathophysiology is uncertain, but the role of various food types has been established in bowel sensitivity and its clinical manifestations. Carbohydrate intolerance, particularly to lactose, generates similar and sometimes indistinguishable symptoms from irritable bowel syndrome, and in clinical practice is both a frequent and underdiagnosed condition. Carbohydrate intolerance is related to enzymatic deficiencies, alterations of intestinal microbiota and even genetic change. The principal test for a diagnosis of lactose intolerance is the breath test, which measures hydrogen emission (produced only by bacteria), after ingestion of the corresponding substrate. OBJECTIVE: The present work aims to verify the prevalence of lactose intolerance in university students, presenting gastrointestinal symptoms suggestive of irritable bowel syndrome. METHODS: In a transversal study, to screen for those with suggestive symptoms, 124 medicine students participated by responding to a form. Those with abdominal pain were referred for anti-parasite treatment in order to exclude intestinal parasites as a secondary cause. Subsequently, using the hydrogen breath test, bacterial overgrowth was investigated, and if negative, lactose intolerance testing would be performed. Patients presenting high hydrogen concentrations of ≥20 ppm above the basal level were considered lactose intolerant. RESULTS: Of the total of students researched (n=124), 7 were excluded because they did not completing all study phases. From those 117 individuals effectively included in the survey; 8 (6.8%) were diagnosed with lactose intolerance and 2 (1.7%) with bacterial overgrowth. Intolerance was more frequent in; female individuals (75%), age range 18 to 25 years (62.5%), being colored (50%), and in their 5th semester of studies (37.5%). The presence of at least one gastrointestinal symptom among those presenting intolerance (100%), and those not presenting intolerance (42.2%) was found (P=0.002). In addition to abdominal pain (100%) (P<0.001), the most recurrent gastrointestinal symptom in the lactose intolerant students was the distension/flatulence (62.5%) (P=0.026). In relation to life habits and food patterns, there was no statistical difference between lactose tolerant and intolerant individuals, or for symptom frequencies. The more advanced students, completing more periods towards graduation, demonstrated more occurrences of gastrointestinal symptoms, yet without presenting significant statistical discrepancies. CONCLUSION: In view of the test sample quantity (n=21), a high prevalence of lactose intolerance (6.8%) in the academic environment, with epidemiological characteristics compatible to those found the literature is demonstrated, generating knowledge with understanding to prevent, diagnose, alleviate and treat lactose intolerant university students, and generate positive impacts towards well-being, improving the quality of life of these individuals.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A síndrome do intestino irritável é uma condição clínica que cursa com dor, distensão e plenitude abdominal, diarreia, constipação, entre outros sintomas. Gera impacto significativo na qualidade de vida das pessoas acometidas. Sua fisiopatologia é incerta, mas o papel de vários tipos de alimentos está estabelecido na sensibilização intestinal e nas manifestações clínicas. A intolerância aos carboidratos, particularmente a lactose, gera sintomas similares e por vezes indistinguíveis da síndrome do intestino irritável e é uma condição frequente e subdiagnosticada na prática clínica. Está relacionada a deficiências enzimáticas, alterações da microbiota intestinal e mesmo alterações genéticas. O principal exame para o diagnóstico da intolerância à lactose é o teste respiratório, que mede a emissão de hidrogênio produzido apenas por bactérias, após a ingestão do substrato correspondente. OBJETIVO: O presente trabalho tem como objetivo verificar a prevalência de intolerância à lactose em universitários que apresentem sintomas gastrointestinais sugestivos da síndrome do intestino irritável. MÉTODOS: O estudo, caracterizado como do tipo transversal, teve a participação de 124 discentes de medicina que responderam um formulário, a fim de realizar a triagem daqueles com sintomatologia sugestiva. Aqueles com dor abdominal foram encaminhados para o tratamento antiparasitário, a fim de excluir parasitose intestinal como causa secundária. Posteriormente, através do teste respiratório com hidrogênio expirado, foi feito primeiro a pesquisa de supercrescimento bacteriano e caso fosse negativo seria realizado o da intolerância à lactose. Foram considerados com intolerância aqueles que obtiveram uma elevação na concentração de hidrogênio ≥20 ppm acima do nível basal. RESULTADOS: Do total de alunos pesquisados (n=124), 7 foram excluídos por não cumprirem todas as etapas do estudo. A partir dos 117 indivíduos efetivamente incluídos na pesquisa, verificou-se que 8 (6,8%) foram diagnosticados com intolerância a lactose e 2 (1,7%) com supercrescimento bacteriano. A intolerância foi mais frequente nos indivíduos do sexo feminino (75%), faixa etária de 18 a 25 anos (62,5%), cor parda (50%) e do 5º semestre (37,5%). Verificou-se que a presença de pelo menos um sintoma gastrointestinal entre aqueles que possuem intolerância (100%) e os que não possuem (42,2%) foi estatisticamente significativa (P=0,002). Além da própria dor abdominal (100%) (P<0,001), o sintoma gastrointestinal mais recorrente nos discentes intolerantes foi a distensão/flatulência (62,5%) (P=0,026). Em relação aos hábitos de vida e padrão alimentar, não houve diferença estatística entre os indivíduos intolerantes e tolerantes, bem como na frequência de sintomas. Os discentes dos períodos mais avançados da graduação se destacaram por manifestarem com maior constância os sintomas gastrointestinais, porém sem apresentar discrepâncias estatísticas significativas. CONCLUSÃO: Tendo em vista a quantidade da amostra que realizou o teste (n=21), pode-se provar a alta prevalência da intolerância à lactose (6,8%) no meio acadêmico, com as características epidemiológicas compatíveis com a literatura. Assim, foi possível gerar conhecimento para entender, prevenir, diagnosticar, aliviar e tratar os universitários intolerantes, gerando impactos positivos para o bem-estar, melhorando a qualidade de vida desses indivíduos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/complications , Lactose Intolerance/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Students , Breath Tests , Lactose Intolerance/etiology , Middle Aged
19.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(2): 197-201, Apr.-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019459

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: 13C-urea breath test (UBT) is the gold-standard, noninvasive method for H. pylori diagnosis. However, there is no uniform standardization of the test. This situation can be unpractical for laboratories running with two or more devices. OBJECTIVE: To perform a prospective comparison validation study of UBT employing one validated protocol for two different devices: BreathID Hp Lab System® (Exalenz Bioscience Ltd, Israel), here called device A and IRIS-Doc2® (Wagner Analysen-Technik, Germany, now Mayoly Spindler Group, France), here called device B, in the diagnosis of H. pylori infection. METHODS: A total of 518 consecutive patients (365 females, 153 males, mean age 53 years) referred for UBT were included. All patients received device A protocol as follow: after at least one hour fasting, patients filled two bags prior to the test, then ingested an aqueous solution containing 75 mg of 13C-urea with a 4.0 g citric acid powder and filled another two bags 15 min after ingesting the test solution. One pair of breath sample bags (before and after ingestion) was analyzed by the two different devices. A delta over baseline (DOB) ≥5‰ indicated H. pylori infection. Statistics: Wilcoxon test, kappa coefficient with 95% CI, Wilson's method. RESULTS: Considering the device A protocol as the gold standard, its comparison with device B showed a sensitivity of 99.3% (95% CI: 96.3-99.9) and a specificity of 98.9% (95% CI: 97.3-99.6). Kappa coefficient was 0.976 (95% IC: 0.956-0.997). CONCLUSION: Correlation between the two devices was excellent and supports a uniform standardization of UBT.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O teste respiratório com ureia-marcada com carbono-13 (TR-13C) é o método padrão-ouro para o diagnóstico não invasivo da infecção por H. pylori. Apesar disto, não existe uma uniformização de protocolos para a sua realização, trazendo dificuldades operacionais para laboratórios ou clínicas que operam com equipamentos de fabricantes diferentes. OBJETIVO: Estudo prospectivo e comparativo para validação do TR-13C para o diagnóstico de infecção por H. pylori, com emprego de protocolo único para dois equipamentos diferentes, a saber: BreathID Hp Lab System® (Exalenz Bioscience Ltd, Israel), aqui denominado equipamento A e IRIS-Doc2® (Wagner Analysen-Technik, Alemanha, agora Mayoly Spindler Group, França), aqui denominado equipamento B. MÉTODOS: Um total de 518 pacientes (365 mulheres e 153 homens, idade média de 53 anos) consecutivamente encaminhados para a realização do TR-13C foram incluídos no estudo. Todos os participantes realizaram TR-13C, que foi processado e analisado simultaneamente pelos dois equipamentos. Embora os dois equipamentos possuam protocolos independentes previamente validados, foi optado, por sua maior praticidade, pela utilização de um único protocolo, conforme recomendado pelo fabricante do equipamento A, e assim resumido: após jejum mínimo de 1h, foram amostras de ar expirado coletadas em dois pequenos sacos coletores (120 mL), correspondendo ao tempo-zero (amostra-1, controle). Em seguida, os pacientes ingeriram, em até 2 min, uma solução aquosa (200 mL) contendo 75 mg de 13C-ureia e 4,0 gramas de ácido cítrico em pó, adicionado com edulcorante. Uma segunda coleta de ar expirado era realizada 15 min após a ingestão do substrato em dois novos pequenos sacos coletores, correspondendo à amostra-2. Foram considerados positivos para a presença da infecção por H. pylori quando apresentavam um delta over baseline (DOB) igual ou maior que 5‰. Análise estatística foi realizada com o teste de Wilcoxon, coeficiente kappa com IC 95% e método de Wilson. RESULTADOS: Considerando o protocolo do equipamento A como o padrão-ouro, sua comparação com o equipamento B mostrou sensibilidade de 99,3% (IC 95%: 96,3-99,9) e especificidade de 98,9% (IC 95%: 97,3-99,6). O coeficiente kappa observado foi de 0,976 (IC 95%: 0,956-0,997). CONCLUSÃO: A correlação entre os dois equipamentos foi excelente e contribui para uma uniformização de protocolos para TR-13C.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Urea/analysis , Breath Tests/instrumentation , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Prospective Payment System , Breath Tests/methods , Clinical Protocols , Sensitivity and Specificity , Middle Aged
20.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 39(2): 111-115, abr.-jun. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058500

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is challenging to treat and diagnose and is associated with diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Although no FDA-approved medications exist for treatment of SIBO, rifaximin has recently received approval to treat diarrhea-predominant IBS and patients with methane-positive SIBO breath tests. The aim of this study is to evaluate patient response to rifaximin for SIBO based on breath test results. Materials and methods: All patients underwent breath testing to evaluate for SIBO during a 42-month period. Patients were defined as having a positive glucose breath test for SIBO based on an increase of ≥ 20 ppm of hydrogen and/or ≥ 10 ppm of methane 90 minutes after ingesting glucose. Patient demographic and symptom data, antibiotic treatment regimens, symptomatic response to therapy, and repeat treatments were recorded. Institutional review board approval was obtained. Results: A total of 53 of 443 patients had positive breath testing for SIBO. Response rates to rifaximin (550 mg three times daily for 14 days) were 47.4% for hydrogen positivity alone and 80% for both hydrogen and methane positivity. Conclusions: Rifaximin was the most commonly prescribed antibiotic regimen for SIBO therapy. Patients with hydrogen or hydrogen and methane positive breath tests responded well to rifaximin therapy. For patients with hydrogen-positive SIBO, rifaximin may prove a highly effective therapy in providing symptom relief from the effects of SIBO.


Objetivos: El sobrecrecimiento bacteriano de intestino delgado es una entidad difícil de diagnosticar y tratar, frecuentemente asociada con el síndrome de intestino irritable. A pesar que la FDA no ha aprobado medicamentos para tratar el sobrecrecimiento bacteriano, la rifaximina ha sido recientemente aprobada para tratar el intestino irritable tipo diarrea y en pacientes con test de aliento metano positivo en sobrecrecimiento bacteriano. El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar la respuesta a rifaximina de los pacientes con sobrecremiento bacteriano con prueba de aliento positiva. Material y métodos: Todos los pacientes que se realizaron prueba de aliento por sobrecrecimiento bacteriano durante un periodo de 42 meses. Se definió un paciente con sobrecrecimiento bacteriano positivo si tenía un incremento mayor a 20 ppm de hidrógeno y/o 10 ppm de metano luego de 90 minutos de la ingesta de glucosa. Se registraron los datos demográficos, síntomas, tratamiento antibióticos recibidos, respuesta a la terapia, y repetición de tratamientos. Resultados: Un total de 53 de 443 pacientes tuvieron prueba de aliento positiva para sobrecrecimiento bacteriano. La tasa de respuesta a rifaximina (550 mg tres veces x día x 14 días) fue 47.4% para pacientes con sólo test de hidrógeno positivo, y 80% para pacientes con tanto test de hidrógeno como metano positivos. Conclusiones: La rifaximina es el régimen antibiótico más frecuentemente utilizado en sobrecrecimiento bacteriano. Los pacientes con prueba de aliento de hidrógeno o hidrógeno y metano positivos respondieron bien a la rifaximina. Para pacientes con sobrecrecimiento bacteriano prueba de hidrógeno positiva, la rifaximina puede ser una terapia efectiva en mejorar síntomas.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bacterial Infections/drug therapy , Rifaximin/therapeutic use , Intestine, Small/microbiology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Bacterial Infections/diagnosis , Bacterial Infections/metabolism , Breath Tests , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hydrogen/analysis , Hydrogen/metabolism , Methane/analysis , Methane/metabolism
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