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1.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 13: 2, 2023.
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1413065

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever a experiência da transmídia na enfermagem pediátrica para orientações aos familiares sobre os cuidados aos recém-nascidos e às crianças no enfrentamento da covid-19. Método: relato de experiência sistematizado em cinco tempos (ponto de partida, perguntas iniciais, recuperação do processo vivido, reflexão de fundo e pontos de chegada), oriundo de um projeto de iniciação tecnológica, com dados do período de agosto 2021/junho 2022, sobre a publicação de conteúdos transmidiáticos, referentes aos cuidados na infância em tempos de covid-19, tendo como público-alvo os familiares de recém-nascidos e crianças. Resultados: conteúdos foram criados e publicados em diversas mídias sociais (Instagram, Facebook, Spotify, Youtube e WhatsApp), permitindo durante a pandemia, o compartilhamento, de forma convergente, de orientações científicas fidedignas e confiáveis. Conclusão: a transmídia na enfermagem pediátrica mostrou-se inovadora, dinâmica e proveitosa, além de baixo custo e grande potencial de abrangência.


Objective: to describe the experience of transmedia in pediatric nursing for guidance to family members on care for newborns and children in coping with covid-19. Method: experience report systematized in five stages (starting point, initial questions, recovery of the lived process, background reflection and points of arrival), from a technological initiation project, with data from the period of August 2021/June 2022, on the publication of transmedia content, referring to childhood care in times of covid-19, with the target audience being family members of newborns and children. Results: content was created and published on several social media (Instagram, Facebook, Spotify, Youtube and WhatsApp), allowing during the pandemic the convergent sharing of reliable scientific guidelines. Conclusion: transmedia in pediatric nursing proved to be innovative, dynamic and profitable, in addition to low cost and great potential for coverage.


Objetivo: describir la experiencia de transmedia en enfermería pediátrica para orientar a los familiares sobre el cuidado del recién nacido y del niño en el enfrentamiento al covid-19. Método: relato de experiencia sistematizado en cinco etapas (punto de partida, preguntas iniciales, recuperación del proceso vivido, reflexión de antecedentes y puntos de llegada), de un proyecto de iniciación tecnológica, con datos del período agosto 2021/junio 2022, a partir de la publicación de contenido transmedia, referente al cuidado de la infancia en tiempos de covid-19, siendo el público objetivo familiares de recién nacidos y niños. Resultados: se crearon y publicaron contenidos en diversas redes sociales (Instagram, Facebook, Spotify, Youtube y WhatsApp), que permitieron, durante la pandemia, compartir, de forma convergente, orientaciones científicas fidedignas y confiables. Conclusión: el transmedia en enfermería pediátrica demostró ser innovador, dinámico y fructífero, además de ser de bajo costo y con gran potencial de cobertura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pediatric Nursing , Infant, Newborn , Health Education , Social Media , COVID-19
2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0155, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394830

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: China's covid-19 epidemic is under control. Universities and schools across the country have resumed physical education classes, but the mental health knowledge of college students in the aftermath of the covid-19 outbreak has not been investigated. Objective: To study college students' mental health and sports-related habits after the covid-19 outbreak. Methods: This study comprehensively used literature materials, expert interviews, mathematical statistics, and other methods to study the sports-related attitudes and health awareness of college students before and after the outbreak of the new epidemic, examining the health knowledge domain of college students. Results: In the survey dimensions related to students' sports knowledge, the highest mean score was for "emotional control" at 3.48, followed by "participation motivation" at 3.41 and "participation attitude" at 3.35. The scores of sports participation attitude, motivation, and sports emotion for males were equal and higher than in females, where the measures of emotional factors and motivation to participate reached significant levels. After the epidemic, the mean scores for students' participation attitude, sports emotion, and motivation to participate in sports exceeded the theoretical mean. Conclusion: After the health awareness and prevention work in the community and school network, university students' sports attitudes and awareness improved significantly compared to before the Covid-19 outbreak. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: A epidemia de covid-19 em China encontra-se sob controle. Faculdades, escolas primárias e secundárias em todo o país retomaram as aulas de educação física, porém o conhecimento sobre a saúde mental dos estudantes universitários no estágio posterior do surto da Covid-19 não foi investigado. Objetivo: Estudar a saúde mental e os hábitos relacionados ao esporte nos universitários depois da epidemia da Covid-19. Métodos: Este estudo utilizou de forma abrangente materiais de literatura, entrevistas de especialistas, estatísticas matemáticas e outros métodos para estudar especificamente as atitudes relacionadas ao esporte e a conscientização na saúde dos estudantes universitários antes e depois do surto da nova epidemia, examinando o domínio do conhecimento em saúde dos estudantes universitários. Resultados: Nas dimensões da pesquisa relacionadas ao conhecimento esportivo dos alunos, a maior pontuação média foi de "controle emocional" como 3,48, seguida por "motivação de participação" como 3,41 e "atitude participativa" como 3,35. As pontuações de atitude de participação esportiva, motivação e emoção esportiva para os homens foram iguais e maior do que nas mulheres, onde as medidas de fator emocional e motivação para participar atingiram níveis significativos. Após a epidemia, as médias de atitude de participação dos alunos, emoção esportiva e motivação para participar do esporte superaram a média teórica. Conclusão: Após o trabalho de conscientização em saúde e prevenção, na rede comunitária e escolar, a atitude esportiva e a conscientização dos universitários foram significativamente aprimoradas em relação aos antecedentes ao surto de Covid-19. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La epidemia de covid-19 en China está bajo control. Los colegios y las escuelas primarias y secundarias de todo el país han reanudado las clases de educación física, pero no se ha investigado el conocimiento sobre la salud mental de los estudiantes universitarios en la última etapa del brote de covid-19. Objetivo: Estudiar la salud mental y los hábitos relacionados con el deporte en los estudiantes universitarios tras el brote de covid-19. Métodos: Este estudio utilizó de forma exhaustiva materiales bibliográficos, entrevistas a expertos, estadísticas matemáticas y otros métodos para estudiar específicamente las actitudes relacionadas con el deporte y el conocimiento de la salud de los estudiantes universitarios antes y después del estallido de la nueva epidemia, examinando el dominio del conocimiento de la salud de los estudiantes universitarios. Resultados: En las dimensiones de la encuesta relacionadas con los conocimientos deportivos de los estudiantes, la puntuación media más alta correspondió al "control emocional" con un 3,48, seguido de la "motivación para la participación" con un 3,41 y la "actitud para la participación" con un 3,35. Las puntuaciones de la actitud de participación deportiva, la motivación y la emoción deportiva de los varones fueron iguales y superiores a las de las mujeres, donde las medidas del factor emocional y la motivación para participar alcanzaron niveles significativos. Después de la epidemia, las puntuaciones medias de la actitud de participación, la emoción deportiva y la motivación para participar en el deporte de los alumnos superaron la media teórica. Conclusión: Tras el trabajo de concienciación y prevención sanitaria en la comunidad y la red escolar, la actitud y la conciencia deportiva de los estudiantes universitarios mejoraron significativamente en comparación con las anteriores al brote de Covid-19. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sports , Students/statistics & numerical data , Mental Health/statistics & numerical data , Healthy Lifestyle , COVID-19/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , COVID-19/psychology
3.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0164, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394828

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Sports play an important role in maintaining community health, positively impacting the immune system. Behind the scenes of COVID-19 prevention, the value of exercise has been recognized in both individual and collective health needs. Yet, a current scenario of its use and psychosocial impact has to be documented. Objective: Study the impact of COVID-19 disease on group sports activities and explore residents' social and psychological aspects. Methods: This paper adopts the online survey method by distributing relevant questionnaires to urban residents analyzing the current frequency of group sports activities, individual hobbies, and group sports activities, their distribution areas, organization, and the impacts generated by the pandemic. Results: The surveyed subjects in the study area have good physical activity habits. Male residents prefer ball games, and female residents prefer activities that explore relaxation and communication. Group sports activities have more followers. Conclusion: Despite the good habits verified in the majority of the population, it is necessary to improve outdoor facilities and indoor sports training places and establish a good system for disseminating information about the social-psychological service. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: Os esportes desempenham um papel importante na manutenção da saúde comunitária, com impactos positivos no sistema imunológico. Nos bastidores da prevenção da COVID-19, o valor do exercício foi reconhecido tanto nas necessidades individuais quanto coletivas de saúde, porém um cenário atual de sua utilização e seu impacto psicossocial ainda não foram documentados. Objetivo: Estudar o impacto da doença COVID-19 nas atividades esportivas em grupo e explorar os aspectos sociais e psicológicos dos moradores. Métodos: Este artigo adota o método de survey online, distribuindo questionários relevantes aos moradores urbanos analisando a frequência atual das atividades esportivas em grupo, os hobbies individuais e as atividades esportivas em grupo, bem como suas áreas de distribuição, organização e os impactos gerados pela pandemia. Resultados: Os sujeitos pesquisados na área de estudo possuem bons hábitos de atividade física. Os residentes do sexo masculino tendem a preferir jogos de bola enquanto as mulheres preferem atividades que exploram o relaxamento e a comunicação. As atividades esportivas em grupo possuem mais adeptos. Conclusão: Apesar dos bons hábitos verificados na maioria da população, faz-se necessária a necessidade de aprimorar as instalações ao ar livre e nos locais de treino esportivo interno, além de estabelecer um bom sistema de divulgação nas informações sobre o serviço psicológico social. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: El deporte desempeña un papel importante en el mantenimiento de la salud de la comunidad, con impactos positivos en el sistema inmunológico. Entre los antecedentes de la prevención del COVID-19, se ha reconocido el valor del ejercicio en las necesidades de salud tanto individuales como colectivas, sin embargo aún no se ha documentado un escenario actual de su uso y su impacto psicosocial. Objetivo: Estudiar el impacto de la enfermedad COVID-19 en las actividades deportivas de grupo y explorar los aspectos sociales y psicológicos de los residentes. Métodos: Este trabajo adopta el método de encuesta en línea mediante la distribución de cuestionarios pertinentes a los residentes urbanos que analizan la frecuencia actual de las actividades deportivas en grupo, las aficiones individuales y las actividades deportivas en grupo, así como sus áreas de distribución, la organización y los impactos generados por la pandemia. Resultados: Los sujetos encuestados en el área de estudio tienen buenos hábitos de actividad física. Los residentes masculinos tienden a preferir los juegos de pelota, mientras que las mujeres prefieren actividades que exploren la relajación y la comunicación. Las actividades deportivas en grupo tienen más seguidores. Conclusión: A pesar de los buenos hábitos constatados en la mayoría de la población, es necesario mejorar las instalaciones exteriores y los lugares de entrenamiento deportivo interior, además de establecer un buen sistema de difusión en la información sobre el servicio psicológico social. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sports/psychology , Sickness Impact Profile , Team Sports , COVID-19/psychology , Psychology, Social , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e237397, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1413361

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and psychosocial comorbidities in undergraduate dental students in a southern Brazilian university, during the COVID-19 pandemic. Also, it aimed to verify the association between psychosocial factors and TMD. Methods: Fonseca Anamnestic Index, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21), a socioeconomic questionnaire, and questions about academic performance and social distancing were applied. Poisson regression analysis was used to assess the association of predictive variables with TMD. Results: The prevalence of TMD was found to be 82.4%, and more than half of the students had some degree of stress, anxiety, and depression. Students who had symptoms of stress (RR 1.11; 95% CI 1.04-1.19), anxiety (RR 1.19; 95% CI 1.12-1.27) and reported academic performance worsening (RR 1.12; 95% CI 1.07-1.19) had higher TMD scores. Conclusion: The findings suggest that TMD was highly prevalent among dental students at a federal university in southern Brazil during the pandemic, being associated with high levels of stress, anxiety, poor academic performance, and greater social distancing


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Anxiety , Students, Dental , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/epidemiology , Depression , COVID-19
5.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e248281, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1350304

ABSTRACT

Abstract The COVID-19 is a contagious viral disease, was first emerged in Wuhan, China in December 2019 and became the whole world on alert. The mortality rate in top most countries in Asia with special reference to Pakistan has been focused. Since February 26 to September 2020 the total confirmed cases and mortality rate was measured through Wikipedia and the notable journals. Iran is the only country having highest number of deaths (5.73%) followed by Indonesia (3.77%) while Saudi Arabia shows the lowest number of deaths as 1.39%. In Pakistan the first case was confirmed in 26th February, 2020. The nCov-19 has closely related to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) hence SARS COV-2 was named. This virus is responsible for more than 33.9 million deaths in over all the world as of 20th September, 2020. The number of new cases is increasing time to time. Sindh province of Pakistan has reported the highest number of cases till September, 20, 2020 as compared to other parts of the country and has the highest number of death followed by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Because of the person to person contact the disease is spreading rapidly. The individuals who has already infected with other diseases like cancer or diabetic etc. are vulnerable. The nCOV-19 is the most contagious due to its mode of transmission. There is still no vaccine is available for the treatment of disease caused by nCoV-2019. It is therefore the only option to control this pandemic is to adopt effective preventive measures.


Resumo A covid-19 é uma doença viral contagiosa, que surgiu pela primeira vez em Wuhan, China, em dezembro de 2019, e deixou o mundo todo em alerta. A taxa de mortalidade na maioria dos principais países da Ásia, com referência especial ao Paquistão, foi enfocada. De 26 de fevereiro a setembro de 2020, o total de casos confirmados e a taxa de mortalidade foram medidos por meio da Wikipedia e de periódicos notáveis. O Irã é o único país com maior número de mortes (5,73%), seguido pela Indonésia (3,77%), enquanto a Arábia Saudita mostra o menor número de mortes, 1,39%. No Paquistão, o primeiro caso foi confirmado em 26 de fevereiro de 2020. O nCov-19 está intimamente relacionado à síndrome respiratória aguda grave (SARS), daí o nome SARS COV-2. Esse vírus é responsável por mais de 33,9 milhões de mortes em todo o mundo em 20 de setembro de 2020. O número de novos casos está aumentando de tempos em tempos. A província de Sindh, no Paquistão, registrou o maior número de casos até 20 de setembro de 2020, em comparação com outras partes do país, e tem o maior número de mortes, seguida por Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Por causa do contato pessoa a pessoa, a doença está se espalhando rapidamente. Indivíduos que já foram diagnosticados com outras doenças, como câncer ou diabetes, etc. são mais vulneráveis. O nCOV-19 é o mais contagioso devido ao seu modo de transmissão. Ainda não há vacina disponível para o tratamento da doença causada pelo nCoV-2019. Portanto, a única opção para controlar essa pandemia é a adoção de medidas preventivas eficazes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Pakistan/epidemiology , China , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e247237, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339386

ABSTRACT

Abstract Novel coronavirus (nCoV) namely "SARS-CoV-2" is being found responsible for current PANDEMIC commenced from Wuhan (China) since December 2019 and has been described with epidemiological linkage to China in about 221 countries and territories until now. In this study we have characterized the genetic lineage of SARS-CoV-2 and report the recombination within the genus and subgenus of coronaviruses. Phylogenetic relationship of thirty nine coronaviruses belonging to its four genera and five subgenera was analyzed by using the Neighbor-joining method using MEGA 6.0. Phylogenetic trees of full length genome, various proteins (spike, envelope, membrane and nucleocapsid) nucleotide sequences were constructed separately. Putative recombination was probed via RDP4. Our analysis describes that the "SARS-CoV-2" although shows great similarity to Bat-SARS-CoVs sequences through whole genome (giving sequence similarity 89%), exhibits conflicting grouping with the Bat-SARS-like coronavirus sequences (MG772933 and MG772934). Furthermore, seven recombination events were observed in SARS-CoV-2 (NC_045512) by RDP4. But not a single recombination event fulfills the high level of certainty. Recombination mostly housed in spike protein genes than rest of the genome indicating breakpoint cluster arises beyond the 95% and 99% breakpoint density intervals. Genetic similarity levels observed among "SARS-CoV-2" and Bat-SARS-CoVs advocated that the latter did not exhibit the specific variant that cause outbreak in humans, proposing a suggestion that "SARS-CoV-2" has originated possibly from bats. These genomic features and their probable association with virus characteristics along with virulence in humans require further consideration.


Resumo O novo coronavírus (nCoV), nomeadamente "SARS-CoV-2", foi considerado responsável pela pandemia atual iniciada em Wuhan (China) desde dezembro de 2019 e foi descrito com ligação epidemiológica à China em cerca de 221 países e territórios até agora. Neste estudo, caracterizamos a linhagem genética do SARS-CoV-2 e relatamos a recombinação dentro do gênero e subgênero dos coronavírus. A relação filogenética de 39 coronavírus pertencentes a seus quatro gêneros e cinco subgêneros foi analisada usando o método de Neighbour-joining usando MEGA 6.0. Árvores filogenéticas do genoma de comprimento total, várias proteínas (espícula, envelope, membrana e nucleocapsídeo), sequências de nucleotídeos foram construídas separadamente. A recombinação putativa foi testada via RDP4. Nossa análise descreve que o "SARS-CoV-2", embora mostre grande semelhança com as sequências de Bat-SARS-CoVs em todo o genoma (dando semelhança de sequência de 89%), exibe agrupamento conflitante com as sequências de coronavírus do tipo Bat-SARS (MG772933 e MG772934) Além disso, sete eventos de recombinação foram observados em SARS-CoV-2 (NC045512) por RDP4. Mas nem um único evento de recombinação preenche o alto nível de certeza. A recombinação está alojada mais em genes de proteína de pico, principalmente, do que no resto do genoma, indicando que o cluster de ponto de interrupção surge além dos intervalos de densidade de ponto de interrupção de 95% e 99%. Os níveis de similaridade genética observados entre "SARS-CoV-2" e Bat-SARS-CoVs defendem que o último não exibe a variante específica que causa surto em humanos, sugerindo que "SARS-CoV-2" tenha se originado possivelmente de morcegos. Essas características genômicas e sua provável associação com as características do vírus, juntamente com a virulência em humanos, requerem uma consideração mais aprofundada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Chiroptera , COVID-19 , Phylogeny , Computer Simulation , Genome, Viral/genetics , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e247604, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339370

ABSTRACT

Abstract In the current report, we studied the possible inhibitors of COVID-19 from bioactive constituents of Centaurea jacea using a threefold approach consisting of quantum chemical, molecular docking and molecular dynamic techniques. Centaurea jacea is a perennial herb often used in folk medicines of dermatological complaints and fever. Moreover, anticancer, antioxidant, antibacterial and antiviral properties of its bioactive compounds are also reported. The Mpro (Main proteases) was docked with different compounds of Centaurea jacea through molecular docking. All the studied compounds including apigenin, axillarin, Centaureidin, Cirsiliol, Eupatorin and Isokaempferide, show suitable binding affinities to the binding site of SARS-CoV-2 main protease with their binding energies -6.7 kcal/mol, -7.4 kcal/mol, -7.0 kcal/mol, -5.8 kcal/mol, -6.2 kcal/mol and -6.8 kcal/mol, respectively. Among all studied compounds, axillarin was found to have maximum inhibitor efficiency followed by Centaureidin, Isokaempferide, Apigenin, Eupatorin and Cirsiliol. Our results suggested that axillarin binds with the most crucial catalytic residues CYS145 and HIS41 of the Mpro, moreover axillarin shows 5 hydrogen bond interactions and 5 hydrophobic interactions with various residues of Mpro. Furthermore, the molecular dynamic calculations over 60 ns (6×106 femtosecond) time scale also shown significant insights into the binding effects of axillarin with Mpro of SARS-CoV-2 by imitating protein like aqueous environment. From molecular dynamic calculations, the RMSD and RMSF computations indicate the stability and dynamics of the best docked complex in aqueous environment. The ADME properties and toxicity prediction analysis of axillarin also recommended it as safe drug candidate. Further, in vivo and in vitro investigations are essential to ensure the anti SARS-CoV-2 activity of all bioactive compounds particularly axillarin to encourage preventive use of Centaurea jacea against COVID-19 infections.


Resumo No presente relatório, estudamos os possíveis inibidores de Covid-19 de constituintes bioativos de Centaurea jacea usando uma abordagem tripla que consiste em técnicas de química quântica, docking molecular e dinâmica molecular. Centaurea jacea é uma erva perene frequentemente usada em remédios populares de doenças dermatológicas e febre. Além disso, as propriedades anticâncer, antioxidante, antibacteriana e antiviral de seus compostos bioativos também são relatadas. A Mpro (proteases principais) foi acoplada a diferentes compostos de Centaurea jacea por meio de docking molecular. Todos os compostos estudados, incluindo apigenina, axilarina, Centaureidina, Cirsiliol, Eupatorina e Isokaempferide, mostram afinidades de ligação adequadas ao sítio de ligação da protease principal SARS-CoV-2 com suas energias de ligação -6,7 kcal / mol, -7,4 kcal / mol, - 7,0 kcal / mol, -5,8 kcal / mol, -6,2 kcal / mol e -6,8 kcal / mol, respectivamente. Dentre todos os compostos estudados, a axilarina apresentou eficiência máxima de inibidor, seguida pela Centaureidina, Isokaempferida, Apigenina, Eupatorina e Cirsiliol. Nossos resultados sugeriram que a axilarina se liga aos resíduos catalíticos mais cruciais CYS145 e HIS41 do Mpro, além disso a axilarina mostra 5 interações de ligações de hidrogênio e 5 interações hidrofóbicas com vários resíduos de Mpro. Além disso, os cálculos de dinâmica molecular em uma escala de tempo de 60 ns (6 × 106 femtossegundos) também mostraram percepções significativas sobre os efeitos de ligação da axilarina com Mpro de SARS-CoV-2 por imitação de proteínas como o ambiente aquoso. A partir de cálculos de dinâmica molecular, os cálculos RMSD e RMSF indicam a estabilidade e dinâmica do melhor complexo ancorado em ambiente aquoso. As propriedades ADME e a análise de previsão de toxicidade da axilarina também a recomendaram como um candidato a medicamento seguro. Além disso, as investigações in vivo e in vitro são essenciais para garantir a atividade anti-SARS-CoV-2 de todos os compostos bioativos, particularmente a axilarina, para encorajar o uso preventivo de Centaurea jacea contra infecções por Covid-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Centaurea , COVID-19 , Protease Inhibitors , Molecular Dynamics Simulation , Molecular Docking Simulation , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e249125, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339338

ABSTRACT

Abstract COVID-19 is reported as an extremely contagious disease with common symptoms of fever, dry cough, sore throat, and tiredness. The published literature on incidence and gender-wise prevalence of COVID-19 is scarce in Pakistan. Therefore, the present study was designed to compare the distribution, incubation period and mortality rate of COVID-19 among the male and female population of district Attock. The data were collected between 01 April 2020 and 07 December 2020 from the population of district Attock, Pakistan. A total of 22,962 individuals were screened and 843 were found positive for RT-qPCR for SARS-CoV-2. The confirmed positive cases were monitored carefully. Among the positive cases, the incidence of COVID-19 was 61.7% among males and 38.2% among females. The average recovery period of males was 18.89±7.75 days and females were 19±8.40 days from SARS-CoV-2. The overall mortality rate was 8.06%. The death rate of male patients was significantly higher (P<0.05) compared to female patients. Also, the mortality rate was higher (P<0.05) in male patients of 40-60 years of age compared to female patients of the same age group. Moreover, the mortality rate significantly increased (P<0.05) with the increase of age irrespective of gender. In conclusion, the incidence and mortality rate of COVID-19 is higher in males compared to the female population. Moreover, irrespective of gender the mortality rate was significantly lower among patients aged <40 years.


Resumo Covid-19 é relatada como uma doença extremamente contagiosa com sintomas comuns de febre, tosse seca, dor de garganta e cansaço. A literatura publicada sobre incidência e prevalência de Covid-19 com base no gênero é escassa no Paquistão. Portanto, o presente estudo teve como objetivo comparar a distribuição, o período de incubação e a taxa de mortalidade de Covid-19 entre a população masculina e feminina do distrito de Attock. Os dados foram coletados entre 1 de abril de 2020 e 7 de dezembro de 2020 da população do distrito de Attock, Paquistão. Um total de 22.962 indivíduos foi selecionado, e 843 foram considerados positivos para RT-qPCR para SARS-CoV-2. Os casos positivos confirmados foram monitorados cuidadosamente. Entre os casos positivos, a incidência de Covid-19 foi de 61,7% no sexo masculino e 38,2% no feminino. O período médio de recuperação dos homens foi de 18,89 ± 7,75 dias e das mulheres 19 ± 8,40 dias do SARS-CoV-2. A mortalidade geral foi de 8,06%. A taxa de mortalidade de pacientes do sexo masculino foi significativamente maior (P < 0,05) em comparação com pacientes do sexo feminino. Além disso, a taxa de mortalidade foi maior (P < 0,05) em pacientes do sexo masculino com 40-60 anos de idade em comparação com pacientes do sexo feminino da mesma faixa etária. Além disso, a taxa de mortalidade aumentou significativamente (P < 0,05) com o aumento da idade, independentemente do sexo. Em conclusão, a incidência e a taxa de mortalidade de Covid-19 são maiores no sexo masculino em comparação com a população feminina. E também, independentemente do sexo, a taxa de mortalidade foi significativamente menor entre os pacientes com idade < 40 anos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , COVID-19 , Pakistan/epidemiology , Incidence , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e237471, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1401470

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of the present study is to assess the perception of undergraduate students on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Brazilian dental education. Methods: This crosssectional study was conducted using an online questionnaire hosted in Google Forms platform and publicized on Instagram® and Facebook®. The questionnaire was available between July 8-27, 2020. Absolute and relative frequencies were obtained for variables of interest using Pearson's chi-squared and considering 95% confidence intervals. Prevalence of learning resource variables according to self-reported skin color, educational institution, and Brazilian region were presented using equiplots. Results: A total of 1,050 undergraduate dental students answered the questionnaire. Most students reported being in full-distance learning mode. Among the undergraduate students, 65.4% reported perceiving a very high impact in dental education, and 16.6% of students reported not being able to follow distance learning. In addition, 14% reported not having a personal laptop or desktop to study with, with this condition being more prevalent among non-white than white individuals. Conclusion: We conclude that Brazilian dental students perceived a high impact of COVID-19 on dental education, as well as one-sixth of the students reported not having adequate resources to continue with distance learning. It is important that different policies are developed at the institutional and governmental levels to reduce the impact of the pandemic on dental education


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Students, Dental , Education, Dental , Pandemics , COVID-19
10.
Health sci. dis ; 24(1): 56-60, 2023. tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1411145

ABSTRACT

Introduction. COVID-19appears to have a vascular tropism responsible for diffuse vasculitis-like cell damage. The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of Sars-Cov-2 infection on arterial stiffness.Material and methods. This was a cross-sectional analytical case-controlstudy with 1:1 matching (1 case to 1 control) over a six-month period from January 1, 2021 to June 30, 2021 at the medical-social centerof the autonomous port of Douala. We measured the pulse wave velocity (PWV) in two groups of patients (group 1: COVID-19and group 2: non-COVID-19) using a MOBIL-O-GRAPH 24h PWA MonitorTM. A p-value < 0.05 was considered significant.Result. A total of 122 patients (61 COVID-19and 61 non-covid) were included in this study, among which 68 (55.7%) male. The mean age was 41±11 years. PWV as well as POV adjusted for age and mean BP were similar in both groups. The mean 24-hour, diurnal and nocturnal PWV were slightly higher in COVID-19patients than in controls by 0.1 m/s (p=0.67), 0.2m/s (p=0.37) and 0.2m/s (p=0.25) respectively. COVID-19infection was not significantly associated with PWV (p=0.082).Conclusion. PWV were slightly higher in COVID-19patients and increased arterial stiffness was not significantly associated with COVID-19status in the acute phase of infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulse Wave Analysis , COVID-19 , Acute Disease , Vascular Stiffness
11.
Health sci. dis ; 24(1): 51-55, 2023. tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1411143

ABSTRACT

Objective.In the context of the global COVID-19 pandemic, COVID-19 vaccines were made available to different countries. This study aimed to assess travelers' attitudes and practices toward the COVID vaccine and adverse events. Methods. A survey was conducted using a questionnaire from April 1 to June 30, 2021, among travelers who came for their COVID-19 test at the Institut Pasteur of Côte d'Ivoire.Results. A total of 527 travelers agreed to participate in this study, including 336 men and 161 women. Overall, 26% of respondents had already received their COVID-19 vaccine, while 76% of respondents responded they did not want to be vaccinated. The age of those most vaccinated (116) ranged from 25 to 64 years with a small proportion for those over 65 years (0.8%). Travelers (41) to France were the most vaccinated. All vaccinated persons (135) had a high level of education and were either Christian (89 persons), Muslim (45 persons) or animist (1 person). Adverse events related to the COVID vaccination were reported in seven individuals. These included muscle pain, fever and nausea. Conclusion.Negative attitudes towards vaccines are a major public health concern. In view of these results, for awareness raising, vaccination campaign may be focused on youthand people over 65 years of age. Public health messages containing information about vaccine safety should be tailored to address this vaccine hesitancy


Subject(s)
Humans , Vaccines , COVID-19 , Weights and Measures , Dams , Sanitary Control of Travelers
12.
Health sci. dis ; 24(1): 61-70, 2023. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1411147

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Following communication and awareness actions related to COVID-19, we assessed the knowledge and practices about COVID-19 in Benin. Methods. A case-control survey was conducted from 14 September to 20 October 2020 in Benin. Questions relatingto knowledge and practices on COVID-19 were collected through a questionnaire survey. A total of 312 respondents (104 cases and 208 controls) were included in the study. Logistic regression and Spearman correlation tests were used to examine the relation between participants knowledge and practice at a 5% significance level. Results. From the survey, 65.4% of cases and 68.3% of controls knew about COVID-19 transmission via air droplets. Most of the cases (67.31%) and control (79.81%) participants reported cough as a symptom of COVID-19. Handwashing with soap and water was the most protective measure known by 87.5% of cases and 90.87% of controls. Concerning practice, the cloth mask was the type mostly worn by cases (54.81%) and controls (58.65%). Wearing a face mask in public areas was significantly associated with the COVID-19 health status of respondents (OR = 2.98, CI95% [1.16-7.67]; p = 0.022). Furthermore, a significantly positive correlation exists between knowledge of the COVID-19 protective measures and hand hygiene practices when leaving a public place (r = 0.184, p=0.001). Conclusion. Through this study, we observed some discrepancies between the knowledge and practices related to COVID-19 among cases and controls surveyed. Therefore, efforts should be directed toward raising awareness about the disease to improve their knowledge and practices


Subject(s)
Humans , Case-Control Studies , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Benin , Delivery of Health Care , COVID-19
13.
Afr. j. infect. dis. (Online) ; 17(1): 1-9, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1411562

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus pandemic, a serious global public health threat, affects the Southern African countries more than any other country on the continent. The region has become the epicenter of the coronavirus with South Africa accounting for the most cases. To cap the deadly effect caused by the pandemic, we apply a statistical modelling approach to investigate and predict COVID-19 incidence. Methods: Using secondary data on the daily confirmed COVID-19 cases per million for Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) member states from March 5, 2020, to July 15, 2021, we model and forecast the spread of coronavirus in the region. We select the best ARIMA model based on the log-likelihood, AIC, and BIC of the fitted models. Results: The ARIMA (11,1,11) model for the complete data set was finally selected among ARIMA models based upon the parameter test and the Box­Ljung test. The ARIMA (11,1,9) was the best candidate for the training set. A 15-day forecast was also made from the model, which shows a perfect fit with the testing set. Conclusion: The number of new COVID-19 cases per million for the SADC shows a downward trend, but the trend is characterized by peaks from time to time. Tightening up of the preventive measures continuously needs to be adapted in order to eradicate the coronavirus epidemic from the population.


Subject(s)
Moclobemide , Africa, Southern , Forecasting , COVID-19 , Models, Statistical , Epidemics
14.
S. Afr. med. j. (Online) ; 113(1): 17-23, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1412717

ABSTRACT

Background. In a previous article on the impact of COVID-19, the authors compared access to routine health services between 2019 and 2020. While differential by province, a number of services provided, as reflected in the District Health Information System (DHIS), were significantly affected by the pandemic. In this article we explore the extent to which the third and fourth waves affected routine services. Objectives. To assess the extent to which waves 3 and 4 of the COVID-19 pandemic affected routine health services in South Africa, and whether there was any recovery in 2021.Methods. Data routinely collected via the DHIS in 2019, 2020 and 2021 were analysed to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and extent of recovery. Results. While there was recovery in some indicators, such as number of children immunised and HIV tests, in many other areas, including primary healthcare visits, the 2019 numbers have yet to be reached ­ suggesting a slow recovery and continuing impact of the pandemic. Conclusions. TheCOVID-19 pandemic continued to affect routine health services in 2021 in a number of areas. There are signs of recovery to 2019 levels in some of the health indicators. However, the impact indicators of maternal and neonatal mortality continued to worsen in 2021, and if interventions are not urgently implemented, the country is unlikely to meet the Sustainable Development Goals targets


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Communicable Disease Control , COVID-19 , Health Services Accessibility , Primary Health Care , Infant, Newborn , Child , Public Sector , Pandemics
15.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 14(2): 56-66, jul.-dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1410759

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en marzo del año 2020 se declara Pandemia, por la aparición de un nuevo Coronavirus, el SARS-CoV2 (COVID-19). Las mujeres embarazadas presentan un riesgo mayor de presentar procesos tromboembólicos, por lo que se recomienda utilizar de manera profiláctica heparina, para prevención de procesos tromboembólicos durante la infección por SARS-CoV2. Objetivo: Describir la evolución de las embarazadas con infección por SARS-CoV2 con la utilización de heparina de bajo peso molecular, Enoxaparina, ajustada al peso de manera precoz. Metodología: estudio descriptivo prospectivo, observacional, de corte transversal. Resultados: en la evolución de 30 mujeres embarazadas con infección por SARS-CoV2, las edades más frecuentes corresponden a 31 a 35 años, mayor número de infectadas en el segundo trimestre del embarazo, el índice de masa corporal predominante en rango de sobrepeso y obesidad, la dosis de enoxaparina utilizada fue de 40 mg/día, ya que se ajustó al peso de la embarazada, las comorbilidades más frecuentes correspondieron al sobrepeso y obesidad, enfermedad hipertensiva del embarazo y diabetes gestacional, la sintomatología resultó muy variada, debido a las distintas variantes del virus, con más frecuencia la rinorrea, congestión nasal, tos, anosmia, disgeusia, cefalea, fiebre y dificultad respiratoria, y la mayoría de las embarazadas no estaban vacunadas. Conclusiones: ninguna de las 30 embarazadas que recibieron heparina de bajo peso molecular (Enoxapina), ajustada al peso, y de manera precoz, con infección por SARS.CoV2, falleció, ni requirió internación en Unidad de Terapia Intensiva. Una embarazada, fue internada por disnea moderada y saturación de oxígeno menor a 95%. Las restantes embarazadas tuvieron buena evolución en su domicilio, sin ninguna complicación


Introduction: in March 2020, a Pandemic was declared, due to the appearance of a new Coronavirus, SARS-CoV2 (COVID-19). Pregnant women have a higher risk of presenting thromboembolic processes, so it is recommended to use heparin prophylactically, to prevent thromboembolic processes during SARS-CoV2 infection. Objective: to describe the evolution of pregnant women with SARS-CoV2 infection with the early use of Enoxaparin, adjusted to the weight of low molecular weight heparin. Methodology: prospective, observational, cross-sectional descriptive study. Results: in the evolution of 30 pregnant women with SARS-CoV2 infection, the most frequent ages correspond to 31 to 35 years, the highest number of infected in the second trimester of pregnancy, the predominant body mass index in the range of overweight and obesity. , the dose of enoxaparin used was 40 mg/day, since it was adjusted to the weight of the pregnant woman, the most frequent comorbidities were overweight and obesity, hypertensive disease of pregnancy and gestational diabetes, the symptoms were highly varied, due to the different variants of the virus, more frequently rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, cough, anosmia, dysgeusia, headache, fever and respiratory distress, and most of the pregnant women were not vaccinated. Conclusions: none of the 30 pregnant women who received low molecular weight heparin (Enoxapine), adjusted for weight, and early, with SARS.CoV2 infection, died or required admission to the Intensive Care Unit. A pregnant woman was hospitalized due to moderate dyspnea and oxygen saturation less than 95%. The remaining pregnant women had a good evolution at home, without any complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic/prevention & control , Enoxaparin/administration & dosage , Pregnant Women , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/prevention & control , Pregnancy Trimester, Second , Blood Coagulation Disorders/prevention & control , Body Mass Index , Risk Factors , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight , Overweight/complications , Obesity, Maternal/complications
16.
RECIIS (Online) ; 16(4): 753-758, out.-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411125

ABSTRACT

A saúde digital emergiu como uma tendência para superar os desafios dos sistemas de saúde e intensificou-se, durante a pandemia de covid-19, por meio do uso de tecnologias relacionadas à saúde, para o enfrentamento da crise sanitária. Esta nota de conjuntura avalia as ações do governo federal nos últimos quatro anos, a fim de evidenciar as lacunas que atualizam os desafios relativos à gestão dos sistemas de informação do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Por fim, são apresentadas algumas propostas de caminhos para o novo governo seguir, no que diz respeito à saúde digital, considerando os princípios do SUS.


Digital health emerged as a trend to overcome the health system challenges and during the covid-19 pandemic it was intensified through the use of health-related technologies to face the health crisis. This conjuncture note evaluates the actions of the federal government over the last four years, in order to high-light the gaps that update the challenges related to the management of the SUS ­ Sistema Único de Saúde (Unified Health System) information systems. Finally, some ways are proposed for the new government to follow, with regard to digital health, taking account the principles of the SUS.


La salud digital surgió como una tendencia para superar los desafíos de los sistemas de salud y se intensificó durante la pandemia de covid-19 por medio del uso de las tecnologías relacionadas con la salud para hacer frente la crisis sanitaria. Esta nota de coyuntura evalúa las acciones del gobierno federal en los últimos cuatro años, con el fin de resaltar las lagunas que actualizan los desafíos relacionados con la gestión de los sistemas de información del SUS ­ Sistema Único de Saúde (Sistema Único de Salud). Finalmente, se presentan algunas propuestas de caminos para el nuevo gobierno seguir, por lo que respecta a la salud digital, considerando los principios del SUS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Telemedicine , COVID-19 , Unified Health System , Public Health , Access to Information , National Health Systems , Pandemics , Data Analysis
17.
RECIIS (Online) ; 16(4): 859-882, out.-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411132

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho pretende analisar como o discurso antivacina sobre a covid-19 impactou o discurso sobre vacinação infantil no contexto da mídia social, a partir das estratégias e narrativas de legitimação construídas. Para isso, realizamos uma análise de mais de 260 mil publicações sobre vacinação infantil no Facebook (Meta) entre os anos de 2019 e 2022, com o objetivo de compreender: quais foram as estratégias discursivas utilizadas para legitimar o discurso antivacina e pró-vacina nesses anos; quais as principais narrativas construídas; e como a pandemia de covid-19 impactou nessa discussão. Os resultados indicam um crescimento e uma polarização do debate sobre vacinação infantil na mídia social, com a circulação de discursos desinformativos e conspiratórios. No contexto da pandemia, observamos que o discurso antivacina saiu da vacinação infantil contra a covid-19 e se espalhou para o debate sobre a vacinação infantil para outras doenças. Essas mudanças têm um impacto no discurso pró-vacina que se modifica para tentar responder ao movimento antivacinação.


This work intends to analyze how the anti-vaccination discourse on covid-19 impacted the discourse on childhood vaccination in the context of social media, based on the strategies and narratives of legitimation constructed. In order to do this, we carried out an analysis of more than 260 thousand publications about childhood vaccination on Facebook (Meta) between 2019 and 2022, focusing on understanding: what dis-cursive strategies were used to legitimize the anti-vaccine and pro-vaccine discourse during this period; what are the main narratives constructed; and how the covid-19 pandemic impacted this discussion. The results indicate a growth and polarization of the debate about childhood vaccination on social media, with the circulation of misinformative and conspiratorial discourses. In the context of the pandemic, we noted that the anti-vaccine discourse spread from childhood vaccination against covid-19 and started a debate on childhood vaccination for other diseases. These changes have an impact on the pro-vaccine discourse, that changes itself to try to respond to the anti-vaccination movement.


Este trabajo pretende analizar cómo el discurso antivacunas sobre la covid-19 impactó en el discurso sobre la vacunación infantil en el contexto de las redes sociales, a partir de las estrategias y narrativas de legiti-mación construidas. Para ello, realizamos un análisis de más de 260 mil publicaciones sobre vacunación infantil en Facebook (Meta) entre 2019 y 2022, con los objetivos de comprender qué estrategias discursivas se utilizaron para legitimar el discurso antivacunas y provacunas sobre los años; cuáles fueron las prin-cipales narrativas construidas; y cómo la pandemia de covid-19 impactó esta discusión. Los resultados indican un crecimiento y una polarización del debate sobre la vacunación infantil en las redes sociales, con la circulación de discursos desinformativos y conspirativos. En el contexto de la pandemia, observamos que el discurso antivacunas dejó la vacunación infantil contra el covid-19 y se extendió al debate sobre la vacunación infantil para otras enfermedades. Estos cambios tienen un impacto en el discurso provacunas, que cambia para responder al movimiento antivacunación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Obligatory Vaccination , Social Networking , Anti-Vaccination Movement , COVID-19 , Child Health , Immunization , Address , Pandemics
18.
RECIIS (Online) ; 16(4): 926-945, out.-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411161

ABSTRACT

O estudo proposto neste artigo buscou evidenciar como as informações geradas em uma Unidade Básica de Saúde (UBS) auxiliam os gestores nas suas decisões envolvendo as ações de controle da covid-19. A pesquisa ficou caracterizada como um estudo misto, pois apresentou dados quantitativos e qualitativos e adotou como método o estudo de caso, abrangendo as UBS do município de Fazenda Rio Grande, no estado do Paraná. Como recurso tecnológico foi utilizada a plataforma Google Forms®, para elaborar o questionário em formato eletrônico que foi posteriormente enviado por e-mail. Para análise estatística foram aplicados os softwares Excel® e SPSS® (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences); ao passo que na análise qualitativa foi utilizado o software Atlas.ti®, que propiciou a elaboração dos mapas de rede e a verificação das percepções dos respondentes. Esses procedimentos possibilitaram aos pesquisadores estabelecer parâmetros distintos que resultaram na conclusão do trabalho, ao identificarem que, mesmo havendo uma descentralização, ao estabelecerem vários pontos de atendimento à população identificados como UBS, as unidades atuaram de modo colaborativo, durante a pandemia. As unidades assumiram um papel relevante no contexto social ao mitigarem as diferenças sociais, estabelecendo um elo entre a sociedade e os órgãos de saúde pública.


The study proposed in this article sought to highlight how the information generated in a Basic Health Unit (BHU) assist managers in their decisions involving control actions of the covid-19. The research was characterized as a mixed study, presenting quantitative and qualitative data, adopting as method the case study, covering the BHU of Fazenda Rio Grande municipality, in the state of Paraná. As a technological resource, the Google Forms® platform was used to prepare the questionnaire in electronic format later sent via e-mail. For statistical analysis, Excel® and SPSS® (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) software were applied, while for qualitative analysis, Atlas.ti® software was used, enabling the preparation of network maps and verification of respondents' perceptions. These procedures enabled the researchers to establish different parameters that resulted in the conclusion of the work, identifying that even though there was a decentralization by establishing several points of care to the population identified as BHU, it was clear that they acted in a collaborative way during the pandemic, assuming a relevant role in the social context by mitigating social differences establishing a link between society and public health agencies.


El estudio propuesto en este artículo buscó destacar cómo la información generada en una Unidad Básica de Salud (UBS) ayuda a los gestores en sus decisiones que implican acciones de control del covid-19. La in-vestigación se caracterizó como un estudio mixto al presentar datos cuantitativos y cualitativos, adoptando como método el estudio de caso, abarcando las UBS del municipio de Fazenda Rio Grande, en el estado de Paraná. Como recurso tecnológico, se utilizó la plataforma Google Forms® para la elaboración del cuestion-ario en formato electrónico y su posterior envío por correo electrónico. Para el análisis estadístico se aplic-aron los softwares Excel® y SPSS® (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences), mientras que en el análisis cualitativo se utilizó el software Atlas.ti®, que permitió elaborar mapas de redes y verificar las percepciones de los encuestados. Estos procedimientos permitieron a los investigadores establecer diferentes parámetros que dieron lugar a la conclusión del trabajo, identificando que incluso con una descentralización mediante el establecimiento de varios puntos de atención a la población identificada como UBS, quedó claro que actuaron de forma colaborativa durante la pandemia, asumiendo un papel relevante en el contexto social al mitigar las diferencias sociales, estableciendo un vínculo entre la sociedad y los organismos de salud pública.


Subject(s)
Male , Health Statistics , Health Management , COVID-19 , Public Health , Workplace , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Health Communication , Pandemics
19.
RECIIS (Online) ; 16(4): 974-985, out.-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411166

ABSTRACT

Fue por medio de los estudios sobre softwares de periódicos científicos que Juan Pablo Alperin comenzó a desarrollar investigaciones sobre la comunicación científica, principalmente en relación a la temática de acceso abierto y su cuestión más amplia que envuelve la ciencia abierta. En entrevista con la Reciis, el profesor e investigador argumenta que es preciso pensar en cómo abrir el acceso al conocimiento y no apenas garantirlo. En ese sentido, la reflexión sobre cómo hacer ciencia abierta promueve discusiones para tornar el sistema de investigación científica con más equidad y más colaborativo. El profesor comenta sobre los efectos positivos y los desafíos que la pandemia de covid-19 promueve en relación a la comunicación científica. Alperin destaca iniciativas en la América Latina volcadas a una ciencia más democrática y reafirma la necesidad de defender una ciencia abierta que interrogue su modo de actuar, siendo con eso, menos tecnocrática. Juan Pablo Alperin es profesor asociado de la Simon Fraser University


Foi por meio dos estudos sobre softwares de periódicos científicos que Juan Pablo Alperin passou a desenvolver pesquisas sobre a comunicação científica, principalmente em relação à temática de acesso aberto e sua questão mais ampla que envolve a ciência aberta. Em entrevista à Reciis, o professor e pesquisador argumenta que é preciso pensar em como se abrir o acesso ao conhecimento e não apenas garanti-lo. Nesse sentido, a reflexão sobre como fazer ciência aberta promove discussões para tornar o sistema de pesquisa científica mais equânime e colaborativo. O professor comenta sobre os efeitos positivos e os desafios que a pandemia de covid-19 promoveu em relação à comunicação científica. Alperin destaca iniciativas na América Latina voltadas a uma ciência mais democrática e reafirma a necessidade de se defender uma ciência aberta que interrogue o seu modo de agir, sendo, com isso, menos tecnocrática. Juan Pablo Alperin é professor associado da Simon Fraser University.


Through studies on software for scientific journals, Juan Pablo Alperin began to develop research on scientific communication, mainly on the theme of open access and its broader issue that involves open science. in an interview with Reciis, the professor and researcher argues that it is necessary to think about how to open access to knowledge and not just guarantee it. In this sense, reflection on how to do open science promotes discussions to make the scientific research system more equitable and collaborative. The professor states the positive effects and challenges that the covid-19 pandemic has brought about for scientific communication. Alperin highlights initiatives in Latin America aimed at a more democratic science and reaffirms the need to defend an Open Science that questions its way of acting, being less technocratic. Juan Pablo Alperin is an associate professor at Simon Fraser University.


Subject(s)
Humans , Research Support as Topic , Scientific Communication and Diffusion , Science , Software , Knowledge , Access to Information , Equity , COVID-19
20.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 14(2): 030-043, jul.-dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1402679

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el primer caso de COVID-19 se confirmó en Paraguay el 7 de marzo de 2020. No se han encontrado publicaciones que haya caracterizado la frecuencia y características clínicoepidemiológica de COVID-19 en estudiantes de medicina. Objetivo: determinar la frecuencia de infección por SARS-CoV-2 y características clínicas de estudiantes de medicina de la Universidad del Pacífico en el periodo académico 2020-2021. Metodología: estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal, que incluyó a estudiantes de medicina de la Universidad del Pacifico. Los datos se obtuvieron mediante una encuesta virtual por Google Docs© que incluía la edad, sexo, curso, síntomas, secuelas, pruebas laboratoriales y resultados para SARS-CoV-2 y gravedad del cuadro. Resultados: se encuestaron 342 estudiantes entre 18 a 42 años de los 6 cursos, 70,8 % de sexo femenino, 66,4 % presentó síntomas compatibles con COVID-19, el más frecuente (44,2 %) fue el dolor de cabeza. El 67,5 % estuvo en contacto con alguna persona con COVID-19 y 40,4 % informó no haber respetado estrictamente la cuarentena, el 61,7 % se realizó alguna prueba laboratorial y de ellos el 42,7 % resultó positivo para el SARS-CoV-2, 98,9 % cursó con cuadro leve. El 86,7 % conocía el nexo de contagio. Se observó significativamente (p<0,001) mayor frecuencia de COVID19 en los estudiantes ≤21 años (65 % vs 32 %), los que tuvieron contacto con persona con COVID19 (49,1 % vs 10,5 %), y aquellos que presentaron síntomas compatibles (48,8 % vs 18,6 %). Conclusiones: casi la mitad de los participantes presentaron resultados positivos para SARS-CoV2, lo que pone de manifiesto una alta transmisión comunitaria.


Introduction: the first case of COVID-19 in Paraguay was confirmed on March 7, 2020. No publications characterizing the frequency and clinical-epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 in medical students have been found. Objective: to determine the frequency of infection by SARS-CoV-2 and clinical characteristics of medical students at the Universidad del Pacífico during the 2020-2021 academic period. Methodology: this was a cross-sectional descriptive observational study, that included medical students from the Universidad del Pacífico. The data was obtained through an online survey by Google Docs© that included age, sex, academic year, symptoms, sequelae, laboratory testing and results for SARS-CoV-2 and severity of the condition. Results: 342 students between 18 and 42 years of age from the 6 courses were surveyed, 70.8% were female; 66.4 % presented symptoms compatible with COVID-19, the most frequent (44.2 %) was headache. 67.5 % were in contact with someone with COVID-19 and 40.4 % reported not strictly following quarantine guidelines, 61.7 % underwent some laboratory testing and 42.7 % of them were positive for SARS-CoV-2, 98.9 % had a mild infection. 86.7 % knew the contagion source. A significantly (p<0.001) higher frequency of COVID-19 was observed in students ≤21 years old (65 % vs 32 %), those who had contact with a person with COVID-19 (49.1 % vs 10.5 %), and those who presented compatible symptoms (48.8 % vs 18.6 %). Conclusions: almost half of the participants presented positive results for SARS-CoV-2, which shows high community transmission.


Subject(s)
Students, Medical , Universities , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Disease Transmission, Infectious , COVID-19/epidemiology , Paraguay , Students, Medical/statistics & numerical data , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Surveys and Questionnaires , COVID-19 Serological Testing/statistics & numerical data
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