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1.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26(spe): e20210234, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1342933

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever a experiência de planejamento, execução e avaliação de um serviço de suporte ético-emocional para profissionais de enfermagem frente à pandemia de COVID-19. Método: Relato de experiência no âmbito da Comissão de Suporte Ético-Emocional do Conselho Regional de Minas Gerais, Brasil, desenvolvido entre os meses de abril e dezembro de 2020 e operacionalizado através de ligações telefônicas e mensagens via aplicativo de comunicação. Resultados: Foram atendidos 241 profissionais. Foram revelados e declarados sentimentos, emoções, vivências e problemas oriundos do cotidiano de trabalho da enfermagem diante do contexto pandêmico. Tais problemas reforçam a eminência, a urgência e o valor que o suporte teve para a vida, trabalho e saúde dos profissionais atendidos, configurando-se como uma estratégia de saúde e de intervenção indispensável à promoção, prevenção, segurança e proteção da saúde mental frente à pandemia. Os atendimentos culminaram na redução de sentimentos negativos; na percepção aumentada (identificação de potenciais ameaças e contextos de "gatilhos"); na valorização pessoal; no autoconhecimento e autocuidado. Considerações finais e implicações para a prática: O suporte fez-se inovador para área da saúde e da enfermagem ao constituir-se como uma estratégia multidisciplinar promotora, aconselhadora e facilitadora do cuidado em tempos de COVID-19. Encoraja-se a manutenção desta estratégia após a pandemia


Objective: To describe the experience of planning, implementing and evaluating an ethical-emotional support service for Nursing professionals facing the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: An experience report in the scope of the Ethical-Emotional Support Commission of the Regional Council of Minas Gerais, Brazil, developed between April and December 2020 and operationalized through phone calls and messages via a communication application. Results: A total of 241 professionals were assisted. Feelings, emotions, experiences and problems arising from the daily Nursing work in the pandemic context were revealed and stated. Such problems reinforce the prominence, urgency and value that the support service had for the life, work and health of the professionals assisted, configuring itself as a health and intervention strategy, indispensable for mental health promotion, prevention, safety and protection in the face of the pandemic. The consultations culminated in the reduction of negative feelings; in increased perception (identification of potential threats and "trigger" contexts); in personal appreciation; and in self-knowledge and self-care. Final considerations and implications for the practice: The support service was innovative for the Health and Nursing areas by constituting a multidisciplinary strategy that promotes, counsels, and facilitates care in times of COVID-19. We encourage the maintenance of this strategy after the pandemic


Objetivo: Describir la experiencia de planificación, implementación y evaluación de un servicio de soporte ético-emocional para los profesionales de enfermería ante la pandemia de COVID-19. Método: Relato de experiencia en el ámbito de la Comisión de Soporte Ético-Emocional del Consejo Regional de Minas Gerais, Brasil, desarrollado entre los meses de abril y diciembre de 2020 y operacionalizado a través de enlaces telefónicos y mensajes vía la aplicación de comunicación. Resultados: Se atendió a 241 profesionales. Se revelaron y declararon los sentimientos, las emociones, las experiencias y los problemas derivados del trabajo diario de las enfermeras ante el contexto de la pandemia. Estos problemas refuerzan la eminencia, la urgencia y el valor que el soporte tiene para la vida, el trabajo y la salud de los profesionales atendidos, configurándose como una estrategia de salud y de intervención indispensable para la promoción, prevención, seguridad y protección de la salud mental frente a la pandemia. Las consultas culminaron en la reducción de los sentimientos negativos; en el aumento de la percepción (identificación de posibles amenazas y contextos "desencadenantes"); en la valoración personal; en el autoconocimiento y el autocuidado. Consideraciones finales e implicaciones para la práctica: El soporte fue innovador en el ámbito de la salud y la enfermería como estrategia multidisciplinaria para promover, asesorar y facilitar la asistencia en tiempos de COVID-19. Se fomenta el mantenimiento de esta estrategia después de la pandemia


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Remote Consultation , Ethics, Nursing , Telemental Health , COVID-19/psychology , Nurse Practitioners/psychology , Burnout, Professional , Occupational Health , Workload
2.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 13(2): 40-53, DICIEMBRE, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1344198

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: el afrontamiento a la muerte constituye una de las situaciones más difíciles y estresantes a las que se tienen que enfrentar los estudiantes de medicina por el contacto cercano a pacientes en riesgo vital. Objetivos: determinar el nivel de afrontamiento a la muerte en estudiantes de medicina. Metodología: se aplicó diseño con enfoque cuantitativo, de tipo observacional, transversal, multicéntrico. Se incluyó a estudiantes de medicina del Paraguay, de ambos sexos, en agosto 2021, que aceptaban participar del estudio. Se utilizó un cuestionario telemático. Se midieron variables sociodemográficas. El nivel de afrontamiento se determinó con la escala de Bugen. La investigación fue aprobada por Comité de Ética de la Universidad Privada del Este, Asunción. Resultados: se incluyeron 504 estudiantes, siendo del sexo femenino en 74 % y con edad media 22 ± 4 años. El 88 % de los encuestados eran de nacionalidad paraguaya (88 %) y 73 % de religión católica. La mayoría nació en Paraguay (88 %), era católica (73 %), se hallaba inscripta como donante de órganos (60 %) y tenía antecedente reciente de muerte de un familiar o amigo (76 %). La escala de Bugen detectó bajo nivel de afrontamiento a la muerte en 50 %, siendo 52 % en las mujeres y 42 % en los varones (p <0,05). Conclusión: el afrontamiento a la muerte en estudiantes de medicina fue bajo. Se sugiere incluir cursos, talleres y planes formativos dentro de las asignaturas o como actividades de extensión para mejorar ese aspecto en el currículo de las facultades de medicina del Paraguay.


ABSTRACT Introduction: coping with death is one of the most difficult tasks that medical students have to face. Objectives: to determine the level of coping with death in medical students. Methodology: we conducted an observational, cross-sectional, multicenter study. We included men and women, medical students from public and private universities from Paraguay in 2021, who agreed to participate in the study. A telematic questionnaire was used. Sociodemographic variables were measured. The level of coping was determined with the Bugen scale. The research was approved by the Comité de Ética of the Universidad Privada del Este, Asunción. Results: 504 students were included, 74 % being female and with a mean age of 22 ± 4 years. Most were born in Paraguay (88 %), were Catholic (73 %), registered as an organ donor (60 %), and had a recent history of the death of a family member or friend (76 %). The Bugen scale detected a low level of coping with death in 52 % of the women and 42 % of the men (p <0.05). Conclusion: coping with death in medical students was low. It is suggested to include courses or workshops to improve this aspect in the curriculum of the medical schools of Paraguay.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Students, Medical , Adaptation, Psychological , Attitude to Death , Fear , Paraguay , Schools, Medical , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pandemics , COVID-19/psychology
3.
Rev. psiquiatr. Urug ; 85(1): 12-27, oct. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1343120

ABSTRACT

La pandemia de covid-19 y las medidas asociadas determinaron cambios profundos en los individuos con trastorno del espectro autista (TEA) y sus familias. Se busca explorar estos efectos a nivel de las emociones y comportamientos en esta población en Uruguay. Dentro de un estudio multicéntrico de ocho países de Latinoamérica, se utilizó la submuestra de Uruguay para analizar los cambios de los comportamientos exhibidos por los individuos con TEA sobre la base de género y edad. Entre los 269 cuidadores que completaron una encuesta anónima, el 43,9 % reportó mayores problemas de convivencia y el 75,4 % reportó retrocesos. El empeoramiento de los comportamientos externalizados fue mayor en el sexo masculino y de los internalizados, en los adolescentes de 13 a 18 años. Estos resultados deberían considerarse a la hora de tomar medidas que comprometen la continuidad educativa, apoyos terapéuticos y de asistencia a las familias con personas con TEA en Uruguay.


COVID-19 pandemic and its associated measures, determined pro-found changes in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their families. Authors explore consequences regarding emotions and behaviors in this population in Uruguay. Within a multicentric study of eight Latin American countries, changes in behaviors in individuals with ASD based on gender and age were analyzed in the Uruguayan sub-sample. Among the 269 caregivers who completed an anonymous survey, 43.9% reported greater problems in daily life and 75.4% reported setbacks. The worsening of externalizing behaviors was greater in males. The internalizing ones were higher in adolescents aged 13 to 18 years. These results should be considered when taking measures that compromise educational continuity, therapeutic supports and assistance to families with people with ASD in Uruguay.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aggression/psychology , Pandemics , Problem Behavior/psychology , Autism Spectrum Disorder/psychology , COVID-19/psychology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Uruguay/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Surveys
4.
Diagn. tratamento ; 26(3): 114-7, jul-set. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291200

ABSTRACT

A pandemia pela nova doença do coronavírus (COVID-19) e o confinamento têm provocado o aumento de dificuldades psicossociais pelo desconforto com a perda da liberdade, pelas incertezas sobre a doença e outras alterações no cotidiano. O risco para ansiedade e depressão ficou maior entre os que apresentavam sintomas psicológicos anteriores. Após a quarentena, um dos principais estressores é a perda financeira. A pandemia influenciou a qualidade da vida sexual. Na população, metade interrompeu a atividade sexual durante a quarentena. A maioria dos casais reduziu essa atividade pela falta de privacidade e de estímulo, embora 61,2% mantivessem o autoerotismo. A diminuição da satisfação sexual está associada às alterações provocadas pela pandemia para todos, porém foi mais acentuada em mulheres, por terem apresentado mais sintomas de ansiedade e depressão. Indivíduos que mantiveram vida sexual ativa durante a quarentena apresentaram risco menor para ansiedade e depressão, com maiores índices de saúde relacional e sexual. Indivíduos com muitas parcerias desempenham um papel importante como transmissores, porém, o isolamento social e o estresse podem aumentar a necessidade de contato emocional. Com esse impacto negativo da pandemia, o tratamento das disfunções sexuais deveria ser priorizado, pois o aumento do estresse, da ansiedade, da depressão e até mesmo dos sintomas relativos ao estresse pós-traumático causado pela pandemia pode estar contribuindo para o desencadeamento de problemas sexuais e agravando quadros já existentes. Os profissionais de saúde precisam estar conscientes dos benefícios da manutenção da vida sexual.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anxiety/psychology , Mental Health , Depression/psychology , Sexual Health , COVID-19/psychology
5.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): S107-S122, agosto 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1281045

ABSTRACT

La Subcomisión de Derechos del Niño y el Comité de Pediatría Social, de la Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría, realizaron un trabajo de campo que permitiera dar voz a nuestros niños, niñas y adolescentes (NNA) durante la cuarentena y el aislamiento social obligatorio impuestos en nuestro país por la pandemia mundial por la enfermedad por el nuevo coronavirus (COVID-19). Los objetivos fueron relevar el impacto sobre sus sentimientos, emociones y deseos; evaluar y comparar las repercusiones personales, familiares y sociales antes, durante y después de la cuarentena; e identificar las necesidades de apoyo y contención.Los resultados de la investigación permiten afirmar que los niños han sido los más afectados y los menos escuchados. La cuarentena ha tenido un enorme impacto individual, social y familiar en los NNA, y reclama un abordaje holístico, comprometido y mancomunado de la sociedad civil, las familias, los profesionales de la salud, los docentes y las autoridades políticas.


The Subcommittee on the Rights of the Child and the Social Pediatrics Committee of the Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría carried out a fieldwork that allowed us to give a voice to our children and adolescents (NNA), during quarantine and social isolation mandatory imposed in our country by the global pandemic COVID-19. The objectives were to analyze the impact on their feelings, emotions and desires; evaluate and compare personal, family and social repercussions pre, intra and post quarantine; and identify support and containment needs.The results of the research allow us to affirm that children have been the most vulnerable and the least listened to. The quarantine has had an enormous individual, social and family impact on children and adolescents and calls for a holistic, committed and joint approach from civil society, families, health professionals, teachers and political authorities


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Perception , Social Isolation/psychology , Child Welfare/psychology , Quarantine/psychology , Emotions , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/psychology , Child Health , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Interviews as Topic , Adolescent Health , Physical Distancing , Human Rights
6.
Actual. SIDA. infectol ; 29(106): 72-84, jul 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348849

ABSTRACT

Como respuesta a la propagación de la pandemia de COVID-19, Argentina implementó el aislamiento social, preventivo y obligatorio (ASPO). Este estudio analizó factores asociados con el cumplimiento y la satisfacción con el ASPO a 30 días de su implementación en Argentina e indagó en las respuestas emocionales autoinformadas a esta medida. Una encuesta en línea, diseñada ad hoc, fue respondida por 2965 participantes de los 24 distritos del país entre el 18 y el 21 de abril de 2020. El 68,4% (n = 2021) eran de género femenino y el 31,6% (n = 935) masculino. La media de edad fue 43,49 años (DE = 14,97). Se realizaron pruebas de chi-cuadrado y análisis de regresión logística para explorar asociaciones entre diferentes variables y los niveles de cumplimiento y satisfacción. Las respuestas emocionales se analizaron cualitativamente. Pertenecer a un grupo en riesgo para COVID-19, haber experimentado una reducción en los ingresos del hogar y una mayor satisfacción con el ASPO se asociaron con mayores probabilidades de cumplimiento total. La menor satisfacción se asoció con ser de género masculino, pertenecer a un grupo en riesgo para COVID-19, priorizar la economía tanto como (o más que) la salud, y haber experimentado una reducción en los ingresos del hogar. Las respuestas emocionales reportadas con mayor frecuencia estuvieron relacionadas con la ansiedad y el afecto negativo o deprimido, aunque también se mencionaron estrategias de afrontamiento y emociones positivas. Estos resultados contribuyen a generar recomendaciones para mejorar la efectividad en la implementación de estas medidas para el control de la pandemia de COVID-19


In response to the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, Argentina implemented social, preventive, and mandatory lockdown (SPML). This study analyzed factors associated with compliance and satisfaction with the SPML 30 days after its implementation in Argentina and self-reported emotional responses to this measure. An online survey, designed ad hoc, was answered by 2,965 participants from the 24 districts of the country between April 18 and 21, 2020. From them, 68.4% (n = 2021) were female and 31.6% (n = 935) were male. The mean age was 43.49 years (SD = 14.97). Chi-square tests and logistic regression analysis were performed to explore associations between different variables and levels of compliance and satisfaction. Emotional responses were qualitatively analyzed. Belonging to a group at risk for COVID-19, having experienced a reduction in household income, and greater satisfaction with the SPML were associated with higher odds of total compliance. Lower satisfaction was associated with being male, belonging to a group at risk for COVID-19, prioritizing economy as much as (or more than) health, and having experienced a reduction in household income. The most frequently reported emotional responses were related to anxiety and negative or depressed affect, although coping strategies and positive emotions were also mentioned. These results contribute to generating recommendations to improve the effectiveness of the implementation of these measures for the control of the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Chi-Square Distribution , Quarantine/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Burnout, Psychological/psychology , COVID-19/psychology , Protection
7.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(3): 170-176, Junio 2021. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1222869

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los jóvenes no fueron muy afectados desde el punto de vista infeccioso por la pandemia de COVID-19. Sin embargo, las medidas de aislamiento social modificaron de manera profunda su estilo de vida, y se cree que esto los afecta psicológicamente. El objetivo fue evaluar el impacto del aislamiento por COVID-19en la salud emocional de jóvenes en escolaridad primaria o secundaria.Población y métodos. Participaron del estudio padres de jóvenes de San Carlos de Bariloche. Se evaluó la percepción del adulto sobre el impacto emocional y de comportamiento del aislamiento sobre el joven, cambio de hábitos de sueño, uso de pantallas, actividades deportivas y alimentación y de asistencia a consulta médica.Resultados. Se incluyeron 267 padres. El 96,3 % observó cambios emocionales y de comportamiento. Los más frecuentes fueron que estaban más aburridos (el 76,8 %), irritables (el 59,2 %), desganados (el 56,9 %) y enojados (el 54,7 %). Se observó que se levantaban y acostaban más tarde y dormían 30 minutos más. Además, el uso de pantallas por esparcimiento aumentó 3 horas durante los días hábiles. El tiempo dedicado a la actividad física no varió, pero sí cambió el tipo de actividades: la natación y los deportes de equipo fueron reemplazados por ciclismo, caminatas y esquí.Conclusiones. El aislamiento por COVID-19impactó sobre la salud emocional y los hábitos de los jóvenes. El aburrimiento, la irritabilidad y el desgano estuvieron más presentes durante el aislamiento. La posibilidad de realizar actividades al aire libre permitió que continuaran practicando deportes.


Introduction. From an infectious perspective, children and adolescents were not highly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. However, social isolation measures have deeply changed their lifestyle, which is believed to have a psychological impact on them. The objective was to assess the impact of COVID-19 lockdown on the emotional health of children and adolescents attending primary or secondary school.Population and methods. Parents of children and adolescents from San Carlos de Bariloche participated in the study. Adults' perception of the emotional and behavioral impact of lockdown on children and adolescents, changes in sleeping habits, screen use, sports-related activities, eating, and medical consultations, was assessed.Results. A total of 267 parents were included. Of them, 96.3 % noticed emotional and behavioral changes. The most common ones were that their children were more bored (76.8 %), more irritable (59.2 %), more reluctant (56.9 %), and angrier (54.7 %). It was observed that they woke up and went to bed later, and slept 30 minutes more. Moreover, leisure screen use increased by 3 hours on weekdays. Time dedicated to physical activities did not change, but the type of activities did: swimming and team sports were replaced by biking, walking, and skiing.Conclusions. COVID-19 lockdown affected the emotional health and habits of children and adolescents. Boredom, irritability, and reluctance were more present during lockdown. The possibility of doing outdoor physical activities allowed them to keep practicing sports


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Social Isolation/psychology , Education, Distance , COVID-19/prevention & control , Parents , Argentina/epidemiology , Child Behavior/psychology , Mental Health/trends , Child Health/trends , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Health Surveys , Adolescent Behavior/psychology , Adolescent Health/trends , Pandemics , COVID-19/psychology , COVID-19/epidemiology
8.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(2): 97-102, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254583

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la pandemia de COVID-19 impone a los profesionales de la salud: altas exigencias y modificaciones en el modo de vincularse con pacientes, pares y familiares. Estos cambios implican consecuencias emocionales tales como el incremento del nivel de estrés y síntomas de ansiedad y de depresión. Objetivo: describir un proyecto interdisciplinario creado bajo el modelo de la Medicina Narrativa dirigido a habilitar el relato de la experiencia de profesionales de la salud pertenecientes a un hospital general privado de alta complejidad de la ciudad de Buenos Aires durante la pandemia de COVID-19. Metodología: se creó una lista de correo y se convocó a profesionales del hospital a realizar una producción escrita, oral o gráfica que represente su experiencia durante la pandemia. Luego, el material recibido se envió a la misma lista de distribución con frecuencia semanal. En cada correo se renovó la invitación a narrar lo vivido o comentar los relatos de otros. Resultados: en el transcurso de siete semanas se recibieron diez producciones individuales: ocho textos, un audio y un gráfico. Los principales temas tratados pudieron agruparse en tres ejes: sala COVID, comunidad y telemedicina. Los autores fueron profesionales de Medicina, Enfermería, Psicología y de Puericultura. Conclusión: desarrollamos un proyecto bajo el modelo de la Medicina Narrativa que permitió a profesionales narrar su experiencia durante la pandemia de COVID-19, habilitando la posibilidad de poner en palabras lo vivido, reflexionar sobre modelos de actuación y elaborar el desgaste emocional generado por el contacto permanente con el dolor y el sufrimiento. (AU)


Introduction: the COVID-19 pandemic imposes high demands on health professionals and changes in the way they relate to patients, peers and family members. These changes involve emotional consequences such as increased stress levels, symptoms of anxiety and depression. Objective: to describe an interdisciplinary project created under the Narrative Medicine model aimed at enabling the reporting of the experience of health professionals belonging to a highly complex private general hospital in the city of Buenos Aires during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methodology: a mailing list was created and hospital professionals were invited to make a written, oral or graphic production that represents their experience during the pandemic. Then, the received material was sent to the same distribution list on a weekly basis. In each email, the invitation to narrate what was experienced or to comment on the stories of others was renewed. Results: over the course of seven weeks, ten individual productions were received: eight texts, one audio and one graphic. The main topics discussed could be grouped into three axes: COVID room, community and telemedicine. The authors were professionals from Medicine, Nursing, Psychology and Childcare. Conclusion: we developed a project under the Narrative Medicine model that allowed professionals to tell their experience during the covid 19 pandemic, enabling the possibility of putting into words what was experienced, reflecting on models of action and elaborating on the emotional exhaustion generated by permanent contact with pain and suffering. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Health Personnel/psychology , Narrative Medicine , COVID-19/psychology , Anxiety , Pain , Stress, Psychological , Depression , Pandemics
9.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 24(276): 5714-5725, maio.2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1253309

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Identificar os impactos gerados pela pandemia na saúde mental dos profissionais enfermeiros. MÉTODO: Revisão sistemática com metassíntese, onde foi realizada uma busca nas bases de dados Google acadêmico e a Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS/SCIELO). Foram utilizados os Descritores em Ciências da Saúde Burnout, esgotamento profissional, pandemia e COVID-19, fazendo uso do operador booleano AND. RESULTADOS: Após a realização da busca nas bases de dados mencionadas com os descritores elencados, foram encontrados 29 estudos. A posteriori foram aplicados os critérios de inclusão e exclusão resultando em uma amostra final de 10 estudos. CONCLUSÃO: Cargas horárias exaustivas, más condições de trabalho, deficiência no dimensionamento de pessoal, poucos recursos materiais, desvalorização e baixa remuneração. Esses fatores, associados ao medo de transmitir a doença para familiares e amigos, o isolamento social e outros aumentam o risco de desenvolvimento de problemas psicológicos causando efeitos deletérios à saúde mental.(AU)


OBJECTIVE: To identify the impacts generated by the pandemic on the mental health of professional nurses. METHOD: Systematic review with meta-synthesis, where a search was performed in the Google academic databases and the Virtual Health Library (VHL/SCIELO). Descriptors in Health Sciences Burnout, professional exhaustion, pandemic and COVID-19 were used, making use of the Boolean operator AND. RESULTS: After conducting the search in the databases mentioned with the listed descriptors, 29 studies were found. A posteriori, the inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, resulting in a final sample of 10 studies. CONCLUSION: Exhaustive workloads, poor working conditions, deficiency in staffing, few material resources, devaluation and low remuneration. These factors, associated with the fear of transmitting the disease to family and friends, social isolation and others increase the risk of developing psychological problems causing deleterious effects on mental health.(AU)


OBJETIVO: Identificar los impactos generados por la pandemia en la salud mental de los profesionales de enfermería. MÉTODO: Revisión sistemática con metástasis, donde se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de datos académicas de Google y en la Biblioteca Virtual de Salud (VHL/SCIELO). Se utilizaron los Descriptores en Ciencias de la Salud Burnout, Professional Exhaustion, Pandemic y COVID-19, utilizando el operador booleano AND.RESULTADOS: Después de buscar en las bases de datos mencionadas con los descriptores enumerados, se encontraron 29 estudios. Se aplicaron criterios a posteriori, inclusión y exclusión, lo que dio lugar a una muestra final de 10 estudios. CONCLUSIÓN: Cargas de trabajo exhaustivas, malas condiciones de trabajo, deficiencia en la dimensionamiento del personal, pocos recursos materiales, devaluación y baja remuneración. Estos factores, asociados con el miedo a transmitir la enfermedad a familiares y amigos, el aislamiento social y otros aumentan el riesgo de desarrollar problemas psicológicos que causan efectos perjudiciales en la salud mental.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Burnout, Professional , Mental Health , Workload , Working Conditions , Health Personnel , Pandemics , COVID-19/psychology
10.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(1): 1-12, mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151581

ABSTRACT

El personal de salud pública que se enfrenta a la COVID-19, está expuesto a múltiples riesgos entre ellos los trastornos psicológicos. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la presencia de síntomas asociados a ansiedad y depresión en personal de salud que trabaja con enfermos de la COVID-19. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en el que participaron 61 profesionales y técnicos de atención sanitaria, que trabajaban directamente con pacientes con COVID-19, a los cuales se les consultó acerca de la presencia de síntomas asociados a la depresión y ansiedad, sus principales preocupaciones y el tiempo de trabajo continuo para evitar la aparición de síntomas psicológicos. El 64,1% de los participantes relató nerviosismo y 59,2% cansancio, para el 90,16% la principal preocupación fue el fallecimiento del paciente y el 60,66% de los participantes indicó que el período ideal, de atención continua de pacientes COVID-19, para evitar la aparición de síntomas psicológicos era de 7 días. Nuestros resultados sugieren que es necesario elaborar estrategias de trabajo para disminuir la aparición de síntomas asociados al deterioro de la salud mental de los profesionales de la salud que atienden pacientes COVID-19


Public health personnel facing COVID-19 are exposed to multiple risks including psychological disorders. The goal of this study was to determine the presence of symptoms associated with anxiety and depression in health personnel working with COVID-19 patients. A descriptive cross-sectional study involving 61 health care professionals and technicians was conducted, working directly with COVID-19 patients, who were consulted about the presence of symptoms associated with depression and anxiety, their main concerns and ongoing working time to avoid the onset of psychological symptoms. 64.1% of participants reported nervousness and 59.2% tiredness, for 90.16% the main concern was the patient's death and 60.66% of participants indicated that the ideal period, of continuous care of COVID-19 patients, to prevent the onset of psychological symptoms was 7 days. Our results suggest that work strategies need to be developed to decrease the onset of symptoms associated with deteriorating mental health of health professionals caring for COVID-19 patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Health Personnel/psychology , COVID-19/psychology , Medical Staff/psychology , Health Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Cuba , Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute/psychology , Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Medical Staff/statistics & numerical data
11.
Brazzaville; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Africa; March, 26 2021. 8 p. (WHO Regional Office for Africa COVID-19 rapid policy brief series, 015-01). (WHO/AF/ARD/DAK/34/2021). (WHO/AF/ARD/DAK/36/2021).
Monography in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1283102
12.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(supl.1): 237-243, Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155300

ABSTRACT

Astract Objectives: reflections on the experiences of emergency remote teaching by the faculty of the university and the impacts of these professionals' mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: this is a bibliographic review. The descriptors "Docent", "Mental health", "Covid-19", "Higher Education" were used in Portuguese, English and Spanish. The articles found were selected using the pre-established inclusion and exclusion criteria. The text was organized into two thematic approaches: "Emergency remote teaching and the professors' difficulties /challenges" and "Professors'mental health during the COVID-19pandemic". Results: in view of the current educational context, professors faced new demands that had repercussions on their social and work routine, due to the increase in the number of hours, the pace and diversity of work. It was evident that these professionals were affected financially, affectively and motivational aspects. Conclusions: the pandemic brought a series of feelings and perceptions to the professor with new challenges in his/her teaching. However, it is important to encourage the establishment of reflective processes around physical and mental balance in and outside the educational environment.


Resumo Objetivos: refletir a respeito das experiências do ensino remoto emergencial pelo corpo docente universitário e dos impactos na saúde mental desses profissionais durante a pandemia da COVID-19. Métodos: trata-se de uma revisão bibliográfica. Foram utilizados os descritores "Docente", "Saúde mental", "Covid-19", "Ensino Superior" nas línguas portuguesa, inglesa e espanhola. Os trabalhos encontrados foram selecionados por meio dos critérios de inclusão e exclusão pré-estabelecidos. O texto foi organizado em duas abordagens temáticas: "O ensino remoto emergencial e as dificuldades/ desafios dos docentes " e "A saúde mental dos docentes durante a pandemia da COVID-19". Resultados: diante do atual contexto educacional, os docentes se depararam com novas exigências que repercutiram em sua rotina social e laboral, em virtude do aumento da carga horária, do ritmo e diversidade do trabalho. Evidenciou-se que esses profissionais foram afetados em aspectos financeiros, afetivos e motivacionais. Conclusão: a pandemia trouxe para o professor uma série de sentimentos e percepções, com novos desafios para a sua prática. Entretanto, é importante estimular o estabelecimento de processos reflexivos em torno do equilíbrio físico e mental no ambiente educacional e fora dele.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Mental Health , Workload , Education, Distance , Faculty/psychology , COVID-19/psychology
13.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(1): 65-71, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156964

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has instilled fear and stress among healthcare workers. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess work stress and associated factors among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 outbreak and to evaluate whether prior experience of treating severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) had a positive or negative influence on healthcare workers' stress levels during the COVID-19 pandemic. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional survey in a tertiary hospital in Kaohsiung City, in southern Taiwan. METHODS: The survey was conducted using an online self-administered questionnaire to measure the stress levels among healthcare workers from March 20 to April 20, 2020. The stress scales were divided into four subscales: worry of social isolation; discomfort caused by the protective equipment; difficulties and anxiety regarding infection control; and workload of caring for patients. RESULTS: The total stress scores were significantly higher among healthcare workers who were aged 41 or above, female, married, parents and nurses. Those with experience of treating SARS reported having significantly higher stress scores on the subscale measuring the discomfort caused by protective equipment and the workload of caring for patients. During the COVID-19 outbreak, frontline healthcare workers with experience of treating SARS indicated having higher stress levels regarding the workload of caring for patients than did non-frontline healthcare workers with no experience of treating SARS. CONCLUSIONS: Work experience from dealing with the 2003 SARS virus may have had a negative psychological impact on healthcare workers amidst the COVID-19 outbreak.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Health Personnel/psychology , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/psychology , Pandemics , COVID-19/psychology , Anxiety/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Workload , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/epidemiology , Occupational Stress/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology
14.
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 45(Especial 1): 125-139, 20210101.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178368

ABSTRACT

A pandemia de Covid-19 impactou a vida dos indivíduos, causando adoecimento, sofrimento psíquico e morte de milhares de pessoas. Propõe-se apresentar, neste artigo, estratégias metodológicas de pesquisa-intervenção com objetivo de rastrear casos de transtorno mental comum (TMC) em trabalhadores(as) no estado da Bahia no contexto da pandemia. Foi realizada revisão bibliográfica para delineamento da proposta de vigilância em saúde a partir dos descritores "transtornos mentais", "Covid-19", "pandemia por Coronavírus e transtorno mental" e "Covid-19", com busca na base Medline e no site Google Acadêmico. Delimitou-se ações em duas dimensões específicas: (1) rastreamento dos casos de TMC a partir dos sistemas de informação e-SUS VE e Sivep-Gripe; articulação com entidades representativas de trabalhadores(as) e rastreamento de tentativas de suicídios e óbitos por causas externas a partir de dados secundários; (2) investigação da relação do transtorno mental com o trabalho e sua consequente notificação em sistema de informação. O rastreamento dos TMC em trabalhadores(as) permitirá conhecer a magnitude do evento na população. O delineamento de projeto piloto como uma estratégia de ação possibilita a identificação de facilitadores e barreiras no processo de implantação, tendo em vista a adequação e/ou ampliação da intervenção para outras regiões do estado, no âmbito da Rede Estadual de Saúde do Trabalhador. A articulação interinstitucional ensino-serviço no desenvolvimento do projeto piloto amplia a capacidade de compreensão e delimitação de respostas da vigilância em saúde à problemática, subsidiando ações individuais e coletivas, de assistência e prevenção dos transtornos mentais na população de trabalhadores(as).


The Covid-19 pandemic affected the peoples' life, causing illness, psychological distress and death. This article presents methodological research-intervention strategies to survey cases of common mental disorder (CMD) in workers of the state of Bahia relating it to the pandemic. A Bibliographic review was conducted to outline the health surveillance proposal based on the descriptors: "transtornos mentais", "Covid-19", "pandemia por Coronavírus e transtorno mental" and Covid-19, with search on the Medline database and Google Scholar website. Actions were delimited in specific dimensions: (1) searching for CMD cases from the e-SUS VE and Sivep-Gripe information systems; articulation with representative bodies of workers and search for suicide attempts and deaths from external causes based on secondary data; (2) investigating of the relationship between mental disorder and work and its consequent notification in an information system. The survey of CMD in workers will allow knowing the magnitude of the event in the population. The design of a pilot project as an action strategy allows the identification of facilitators and barriers in the implementation process considering the adapting and/or expanding needs of the intervention to other regions within the State Workers' Health Network. The interinstitutional teaching-service articulation expands the capacity for understanding and delimiting health surveillance responses, supporting individual and collective actions, assistance and prevention of mental disorders in the worker population.


La pandemia del Covid-19 afectó a la vida de las personas causando enfermedades, angustia psicológica y muerte. En este artículo se propone presentar estrategias metodológicas de investigación-intervención con el objetivo de rastrear casos de trastorno mental común (TMC) en trabajadores del estado de Bahía en el contexto de la pandemia. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica para perfilar la propuesta de vigilancia de la salud a partir de los descriptores: "trastornos mentales"; "Covid-19"; "Pandemia de coronavirus y trastorno mental" y "Covid-19", con búsqueda en la base de datos Medline y el sitio web de Google Scholar. Las acciones se delimitaron en dos dimensiones específicas: (1) seguimiento de casos de TMC en los sistemas de información e-SUS VE y Sivep-Gripe; articulación con órganos representativos de trabajadores y seguimiento de intentos de suicidio y muertes por causas externas con base en datos secundarios; (2) investigación de la relación entre trastorno mental y trabajo y su consiguiente notificación en un sistema de información. El rastreo de los trastornos mentales en trabajadores permitirá conocer su magnitud en la población. El diseño de un proyecto piloto como estrategia de acción posibilita la identificación de facilitadores y barreras en el proceso de implementación con miras a adaptar y/o expandir la intervención a otras regiones del estado, en la Red Estadual de Salud de los Trabajadores. La articulación interinstitucional docencia-servicio en el desarrollo del proyecto piloto amplía la capacidad para comprender y delimitar las respuestas de vigilancia en salud a la problemática, subsidiando acciones individuales y colectivas, de atención y prevención de trastornos mentales en la población de trabajadores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Mental Health , Public Health Surveillance , COVID-19/psychology , Mental Disorders/epidemiology , Research Design , Brazil/epidemiology , Mass Screening , Occupational Health , Mental Disorders/diagnosis
15.
Florianópolis; Secretaria de Estado de Saúde; 1. rev. e atual; 2021. 108 p. ilus, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, Educa, CONASS, SES-SC | ID: biblio-1247518

ABSTRACT

Este livro tem como objetivo, apresentar recomendações relevantes sobre a atuação da Atenção Primária como coordenadora do cuidado e coordenadora da Rede de Atenção à Saúde, no manejo clínico da Covid-19 no estado de Santa Catarina. Ao longo do ano de 2020 e 2021, Santa Catarina vem desenvolvendo ações para o enfrentamento da pandemia da Covid-19 com atividades intersetoriais coordenadas pelo Centro de Operações de Emergência em Saúde (COES). Tal enfrentamento pressupõe alterações na forma como os cuidados de saúde são prestados e a reorganização de toda a Rede de Atenção à Saúde (RAS) para o atendimento das necessidades de saúde da população. Como coordenadora do cuidado e ordenadora da RAS, a Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS) atua diretamente nesse enfrentamento, sendo porta de entrada da atenção à saúde e realizando o atendimento às pessoas com quadro suspeito de Covid-19 em todos os espectros de gravidade. A linha de cuidado para essa abordagem envolve desde o diagnóstico precoce, ao manejo de sintomas, a identificação de sinais de alerta para agravamento do quadro, a internação e a reabilitação após a alta hospitalar. Nesse enfoque, o livro digital oferece a oportunidade de rever as recomendações e outros documentos oficiais relevantes sobre a atuação da APS no manejo das síndromes gripais em RAS. O desafio é oferecer subsídios para os profissionais de saúde aperfeiçoarem sua prática nos serviços e garantir o cuidado no contexto da pandemia, respondendo às situações de saúde já existentes e aquelas que se apresentam a cada dia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Health Care , Risk Groups , Contingency Plans , COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19/prevention & control , Severity of Illness Index , Comorbidity , Training Courses , Professional Training , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/psychology , COVID-19/epidemiology
16.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 219-225, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881013

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become an increasingly severe public health emergency. Although traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has helped to combat COVID-19, public perception of TCM remains controversial. We used the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to identify factors that affect the intention to use TCM.@*METHODS@#A cross-sectional web-based survey of 10,824 individuals from the general public was conducted between March 16 and April 2, 2020. The participants were recruited using a snowball sampling method. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire, based on the TPB. The questionnaire consisted of demographic characteristics and TPB structures. Structural equation modeling was used to identify predictors of intention.@*RESULTS@#The results indicated the model explained 77.5% and 71.9% of intention and attitude variance. Intention to use TCM had the strongest relationship with attitude (P < 0.001), followed by past behavior (P < 0.001), subjective norms (P < 0.001) and perceived behavioral control (P < 0.001). Attitudes toward TCM were significantly affected by perceived behavioral control (P < 0.001), subjective norms (P < 0.001) and cognition of TCM (P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Attitude is a key factor in determining the intention to use TCM, followed by past behaviors, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control. Our results offer important implications for health policy makers to promote the use of TCM.


Subject(s)
Adult , Attitude , COVID-19/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Intention , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Psychological Theory , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880376

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has had a massive impact on public health, resulting in sudden dietary and behavioral habit changes. Frontline epidemic prevention workers play a pivotal role against COVID-19. They must face high-risk infection conditions, insufficient anti-epidemic material supplies, mental pressure, and so on. COVID-19 seriously affects their dietary and behavioral habits, and poor habits make them more susceptible to COVID-19. However, their baseline dietary and behavioral habits before COVID-19 and their willingness to change these habits after the outbreak of COVID-19 remain unclear for these workers in China. This study aimed to explore the baseline dietary and behavioral habits of frontline workers and their willingness to change these habits after the outbreak of the epidemic; in addition, susceptible subgroups were identified by stratified analyses as targets of protective measures to keep them from being infected with COVID-19.@*METHODS@#A cross-sectional study was conducted through an online questionnaire using a sample of 22,459 valid individuals living in China, including 9402 frontline epidemic prevention workers.@*RESULTS@#Before COVID-19, 23.9% of the frontline epidemic prevention workers reported a high-salt diet, 46.9% of them reported a high frequency of fried foods intake, and 50.9% of them smoked cigarettes. After the outbreak of COVID-19, 34.6% of them expressed a willingness to reduce salt intake, and 43.7% of them wanted to reduce the frequency of pickled vegetables intake. A total of 37.9% of them expressed a willingness to decrease or quit smoking, and 44.5% of them wanted to increase sleep duration. Significant differences in the baseline dietary and behavioral habits and the willingness to change their habits were observed between frontline epidemic prevention workers and other participants. Among the frontline epidemic prevention workers with poor dietary and behavioral habits before COVID-19, frontline epidemic prevention experience was a promoting factor for adopting worse dietary and behavioral habits, including those in the high-salt intake subgroup (OR, 2.824; 95% CI, 2.341-3.405) and the 11-20 cigarettes/day subgroup (OR, 2.067; 95% CI, 1.359-3.143).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The dietary and behavioral habits of frontline epidemic prevention workers were worse than that those of other participants before COVID-19. They had a greater willingness to adopt healthy dietary and behavioral habits after experiencing the outbreak of COVID-19. However, frontline epidemic prevention workers with poor dietary and behavioral habits before COVID-19 continued in engage in these poor habits. Dietary and behavioral intervention policies should be drafted to protect their health, especially frontline epidemic prevention workers with poor habits at baseline.


Subject(s)
Adult , COVID-19/psychology , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet/standards , Female , Health Behavior , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Personnel/psychology , Humans , Male , Risk Reduction Behavior , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880356

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#This study aimed to examine the change in health status of the general public after starting the COVID-19 pandemic and its association with changes in workload and lifestyle.@*METHODS@#A web-based survey was conducted in November 2020, about 9 months after starting the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan, among 8000 Japanese men and women aged 25-64 years. Participants asked for the changes after starting the COVID-19 pandemic in health status, workload, daily life, and health behavior. Ordinal logistic regression was performed to elucidate factors associated with deterioration in general health status.@*RESULTS@#A deterioration in general health status was reported by 17.0% of male and 19.4% of female. There has been a clear shift to sedentary life with decreasing moderate activity and increasing screen time. The multivariate analysis revealed that deteriorated work style, increased burden of housework, decreased moderate activity, increased digital media exposure, and increased body weight were significantly associated with deteriorating health status.@*CONCLUSION@#Both men and women have experienced significant changes in workload and lifestyle since the COVID-19 pandemic started. People should be aware of the risks associated with their recent life changes and take self-care measures to prevent serious health consequences.


Subject(s)
Adult , COVID-19/psychology , Female , Health Behavior , Health Status , Humans , Japan/epidemiology , Life Style , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires , Workload
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880351

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#School closure is one of the main policies of global health care strategies performed worldwide. Despite all benefits, there might be some threats for younger groups spending their time in quarantine. This study aims to determine the impacts of lockdown and school closure on children's major lifestyle aspects, especially their leisure and sleep pattern during the COVID-19 pandemic.@*METHODS@#For the purpose of this study, an online questionnaire was distributed from 14th to 31st of March 2020 among the schools and students from the first grade to the 12th grade (before university) in Fars province, southern Iran. The questionnaire consisted of five sections which included data regarding the students' general information, activity priorities, adherence to quarantine, attitude toward school closure, and sleep patterns.@*RESULTS@#In our study, 20,697 filled questionnaires were received from the participants with an average age of 13.76 years; 29.7% of them were male, 80.6% were from urban areas, and 83.3% were from public schools. The overall first preference of students during school closure was mobile and computer games (30.1%), followed by studying (26.6%) and watching television (13.8%). Our results demonstrated that the majority of students adhered to social distancing and there was also a significant correlation among education levels and desire for schools to be closed till the end of the semester (P = 0.015). Also, regarding sleep patterns, the majority (53.5%) had above 12 h of sleep throughout the day.@*CONCLUSION@#It seems that lockdown following COVID-19 pandemic has changed various aspects of the students' lifestyle remarkably, especially by increasing screen time and even sleep duration and pattern. We believe that certain strategies should be implemented by the Health and Educational Ministry to control not only the visible side effects of the quarantine period, but also the collateral consequences on their psychological and mental health.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , COVID-19/psychology , Child , Female , Humans , Iran/epidemiology , Life Style , Male , Quarantine/statistics & numerical data , SARS-CoV-2 , Schools , Sleep Hygiene , Students/statistics & numerical data , Surveys and Questionnaires
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880349

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#We aimed to estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms as well as suicide-related ideation among Japanese university students during the stay-home order necessitated by the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in Japan, and offer evidence in support of future intervention to depression and suicide prevention strategies among college and university students.@*METHODS@#The data for this cross-sectional study were derived from the Student Mental Health Survey conducted from May 20 to June 16, 2020 at a national university in Akita prefecture. Among the 5111 students recruited, 2712 participated in this study (response rate, 53%; mean age ± standard deviation, 20.5 ±3.5 years; men, 53.8%). Depressive symptoms were identified by using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9).@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of moderate depressive symptoms based on a PHQ-9 score ≥10 and suicide-related ideation based on question 9 of PHQ-9 ≥1, which encompasses thoughts of both suicide and self-harm, was 11.7% and 6.7%, respectively. Multivariable logistic regression analyses showed that risk factors for depression included being a woman, smoking, alcohol consumption, and social network communication using either video or voice. For suicide-related ideation, alcohol consumption was the only risk factor. Exercise and having someone to consult about worries were associated with decreased risk of both depressive symptoms and suicide-related ideation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Negative lifestyles of smoking and drinking, and being a woman, may be important risk factors for depressive symptoms, whereas exercise and having someone to consult about worries may be protective factors.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Alcohol Drinking , COVID-19/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Japan/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Male , Multivariate Analysis , Pandemics , Risk Factors , Smoking , Students/psychology , Suicidal Ideation , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
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