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1.
Prensa méd. argent ; 110(1): 31-38, 20240000. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1552647

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Pos-pandemia COVID-19 los centros de salud vieron incrementados el número de consultas en salud mental (SM). Objetivos: -Evidenciar el aumento de la demanda en SM pos-pandemia. Pre y pos-pandemia: -Comparar las características de demanda en SM -Relevar las demandas del área judicial (DAJ) -Evaluar la dispensa de psicofármacos (PF) Material y Métodos: Trabajo descriptivo, retrospectivo, poblacional. Pacientes atendidos en SM del Área Programática del Hospital Penna. Se obtuvieron consultas de psicología (PSI) psiquiatría y psicopedagogía, motivo de consulta, edad, sexo, dispensa de psicofármacos (PF) desde el 1/01 al 31/12/2019 y mismo período 2022. Los datos se analizaron en frecuencia, porcentaje. Resultados: Las consultas pos-pandemia aumentaron un 8%, los pacientes atendidos aumentaron 37.91%. Las consultas PSI pediatría/adolescencia descendieron 6.5% en 2022 predominando niños en 2019 y niñas en 2022. En adultos aumentó 20.10%, predominando mujeres ambos períodos. Si bien consumo, violencia y angustia fueron nombrados en ambos periodos, pobreza apareció en 2022. Las DAJ aumentaron más del 1000%. La dispensa PF aumentó más del 100%. Conclusiones: En pos-pandemia aumentaron las consultas de PSI y los DAJ. El aumento en dispensa PF evidencia el deterioro y la complejidad de la SM pos-pandemia. Estos datos, plantea la necesidad de incorporar nuevos profesionales


Introduction: Post- COVID-19 pandemic, health care centers increased the number of mental health (MH) consultations. Objectives: - Evidence the increase in demand for SM post-pandemic. Pre and post-pandemic: -Compare the characteristics of demand in SM -Review the demands of the judicial area (DAJ) -Evaluate the dispensation of psychotropic drugs (PF) Material and Methods: Descriptive, retrospective, population-based study. Patients treated in SM at the Programmatic Area of the Penna Hospital. Consultations from psychology (PSI), psychiatry and psychopedagogy, reason for consultation, age, sex, dispensation of psychotropic drugs (PF) were obtained from 01/01 to 12/31/2019 and the same period 2022. The data was analized in frequency and percentage. Results: Post-pandemic consultations increased by 8%, patients treated increased by 37.91%. Pediatric/adolescent PSI consultations decreased 6.5% in 2022, with boys predominating in 2019 and girls in 2022. In adults it increased 20.10%, with women predominating in both periods. Although consumption, violence and distress were mentioned in both periods, poverty appeared in 2022. The DAJ increased more than 1000%. The PF dispensation increased more than 100%. Conclusions: In the post-pandemic, PSI and DAJ consultations increased. The increase in FP dispensation shows the deterioration and complexity of post-pandemic SM. These data raise the need to incorporate new professionals


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Referral and Consultation/statistics & numerical data , Therapeutics/psychology , Health Statistics , Mental Health Assistance , COVID-19/therapy
2.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3899, ene.-dic. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1431837

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: verificar asociaciones entre variables sociodemográficas y factores que facilitan y dificultan la transición de la atención psicológica presencial a la modalidad remota en el primer año de la pandemia de COVID-19. Método: se trata de un estudio analítico, cuantitativo y de corte transversal. Después de la aprobación del Comité de Ética en Investigación, la recolección de datos se realizó mediante la aplicación de un formulario en línea que consta de 55 preguntas. Los datos fueron analizados utilizando técnicas de estadística descriptiva e inferencial. Resultados: la muestra de conveniencia estuvo compuesta por 385 psicólogos brasileños, en su mayoría mujeres (67,01%), jóvenes profesionales con hasta cinco años de actuación después de la graduación (44,16%) y predominio de actividades en la clínica privada. Se encontró que el tiempo de formación entre cinco y 10 años se asoció con una mayor percepción de dificultades y que la experiencia previa con la atención a distancia facilitó la adaptación en la transición de una modalidad a otra. Conclusión: considerando que la teleasistencia puede ser una poderosa herramienta en el escenario de la salud, se sugiere que los temas de la teleasistencia sean incluidos en la agenda de investigación y los contenidos programáticos en los currículos de los cursos de formación en salud.


Objective: to verify associations between sociodemographic variables and factors that facilitate and hinder the transition from face-to-face psychological care to remote mode in the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: this is an analytical, quantitative, cross-sectional study. After approval by the Research Ethics Committee, data collection was performed by applying an online form consisting of 55 questions. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics techniques. Results: the intentional sampling consisted of a total of 385 Brazilian psychologists, mostly women (67.01%), young professionals with up to five years of graduation (44.16%) most of activities in the private clinic. It was found that training time between five and 10 years was associated with a greater perception of difficulties and that previous experience with remote care facilitated adaptation in the transition from one modality to another. Conclusion: considering that call center can be a powerful tool in the health scenario, it is suggested the inclusion of remote care issues in the research agenda and syllabus in the curricula of health training courses.


Objetivo: verificar associações entre variáveis sociodemográficas e fatores facilitadores e dificultadores da transição do atendimento psicológico presencial para a modalidade remota no primeiro ano da pandemia de COVID-19. Método: trata-se de um estudo analítico, quantitativo, de corte transversal. Após aprovação do Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa, a coleta foi realizada mediante aplicação de um formulário online composto por 55 questões. Os dados foram analisados por meio de técnicas de estatística descritiva e inferencial. Resultados: a amostra de conveniência foi composta por 385 psicólogos brasileiros, majoritariamente mulheres (67,01%), jovens profissionais com até cinco anos de ofício após a graduação (44,16%) e com predomínio de atividades na clínica privada. Constatou-se que o tempo de formação entre cinco e 10 anos foi associado com uma maior percepção de dificuldades e que a experiência prévia com atendimento remoto foi facilitadora da adaptação na transição de uma modalidade à outra. Conclusão: considerando que o teleatendimento pode ser uma ferramenta potente no cenário da saúde, sugere-se a inclusão das questões do atendimento remoto na agenda de pesquisa e conteúdos programáticos das grades curriculares dos cursos de formação em saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychotherapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Telemedicine , Internet Access , Teleworking , COVID-19/therapy
3.
Pensar mov ; 21(1)jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | SaludCR, LILACS | ID: biblio-1521279

ABSTRACT

El propósito del estudio fue cuantificar el tamaño de efecto (TE) del ejercicio aeróbico sobre la capacidad cardiorrespiratoria en sobrevivientes de la enfermedad COVID-19, producida por el virus SARS-CoV 2. Se revisaron dos bases de datos (EBSCO host y PubMed) entre los meses de agosto a noviembre del año 2021. Se encontraron 142 656 posibles artículos y, luego de varios filtros, se incluyeron 9 estudios que cumplían los requisitos de inclusión. Se usó el modelo de efectos aleatorios. Se obtuvieron 12 TE en un primer meta-análisis que tuvo sesgo (según prueba de Egger). Tras identificar y eliminar grupos con TE extremo, se obtuvo un modelo corregido y sin sesgo con 7 estudios y 9 TE, donde se encontró que el ejercicio aeróbico tiene un efecto significativo, positivo y de magnitud grande sobre la condición cardiorrespiratoria en sobrevivientes a la enfermedad de COVID-19 (TE = 0.849; IC95%: 0.715 - 0.982; . = 7.13; . = 0.522; I. = 0.87%; Egger . = 0.205). Las intervenciones con ejercicio aeróbico favorecen la mejora de la capacidad cardiorrespiratoria en pacientes sobrevivientes de COVID-19. Dos estudios aplicaron solo ejercicio aeróbico, mientras que los otros siete combinaban aeróbico con ejercicio de fuerza y otras modalidades. En todos los casos se tuvo TE significativo. Finalmente, estos resultados fueron relativamente homogéneos, sin evidenciar la influencia de posibles variables moderadoras.


The purpose of this study was to quantify the effect size (TE) of aerobic exercise on cardiorespiratory capacity in survivors of the COVID-19 disease caused by the SARS-CoV 2 virus. Two data bases (EBNSCO host and PubMed) were reviewed over the months of August through November, 2021. A total 142 656 potential articles were reviewed and, after applying several filters, 9 studies that met the requirements for inclusion were included. The random effect model was used. A first meta-analysis that was biased (according to Egger test) obtained 12 TE. After identifying and eliminating groups with an extreme TE, a corrected, unbiased model was obtained with 7 studies and 9 TE was obtained, where it was found that aerobic exercise has a significant, positive and large-magnitude effect on the cardiorespiratory condition on survivors of the COVID-19 disease (TE = 0.849; IC95%: 0.715 - 0.9 82; Q = 7.13; p = 0.522; I2 = 0.87%; Egger p = 0.205). Interventions with aerobic exercise foster an improvement in cardiorespiratory capacity in patients who survived COVID-19. Two studies applied aerobic exercise only, whereas the other seven combined aerobic exercise with strength exercise and other modes. In all cases, a significant TE was obtained. Finally, these results were relatively homogeneous, with no evidence for the influence of possible moderating variables.


O objetivo do estudo foi quantificar o tamanho do efeito (TDE) do exercício aeróbico na aptidão cardiorrespiratória em sobreviventes da doença COVID-19, produzida pelo vírus SARS-CoV 2. Foram revisadas duas bases de dados (EBSCO host e PubMed) entre agosto e novembro de 2021. Foi encontrado um total de 142.656 artigos em potencial e, após vários filtros, foram incluídos 9 estudos que atendiam aos requisitos de inclusão. Foi usado o modelo de efeitos aleatórios. Foram obtidos 12 TDE em uma primeira metanálise que era tendenciosa (de acordo com o teste de Egger). Depois de identificar e eliminar os grupos com TDE extremo, foi obtido um modelo corrigido e imparcial com 7 estudos e 9 TDE, no qual se constatou que o exercício aeróbico tem um efeito significativo, positivo e de grande magnitude sobre a aptidão cardiorrespiratória em sobreviventes da doença COVID-19 (TDE = 0,849; IC95%: 0,715 - 0,982; . = 7,13; . = 0,522; I. = 0,87%; Egger . = 0,205). As intervenções com exercícios aeróbicos melhoram o condicionamento cardiorrespiratório em sobreviventes da COVID-19. Dois estudos usaram apenas exercícios aeróbicos, enquanto os outros sete combinaram exercícios aeróbicos com exercícios de força e outras modalidades. Em todos os casos, houve um TDE significativo. Por fim, esses resultados foram relativamente homogêneos, sem evidências da influência de possíveis variáveis moderadoras.


Subject(s)
Humans , Exercise , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , COVID-19/therapy
5.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 47: e17, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424260

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The Faculty of Health Sciences at the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (Barcelona, Spain) was officially designated a 'World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Centre in eHealth' on 5 April 2018. The Centre aims to provide support to countries willing to develop new telemedicine services; to promote the use of eHealth; and to study the adoption and use of mobile health in countries of both the Region of the Americas and Europe. On 11 March 2020, WHO declared COVID-19 a global pandemic given the significant increase in the number of cases worldwide. Since then, the Centre has played an important role in addressing COVID-19 by undertaking fruitful cooperative activities. Lockdowns and social distancing in response to the high contagion rate of COVID-19 were the main triggers for a challenging digital transformation in many sectors, especially in healthcare. In this extreme crisis scenario, the rapid adoption of digital health solutions and technological tools was key to responding to the enormous pressure on healthcare systems. Telemedicine has become a necessary component of clinical practice for the purpose of providing safer patient care, and it has been used to support the healthcare needs of COVID-19 patients and routine primary care patients alike. This article describes the Centre's contribution to the work of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and WHO in supporting Latin American and European countries to develop new telemedicine services and guidance on how to address COVID-19 through digital health solutions. Future actions are also highlighted.


RESUMEN La Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud de la Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (Barcelona, España) fue oficialmente designada centro colaborador de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) en el ámbito de la salud digital (también denominada "cibersalud" o "eSalud") el 5 de abril del 2018. El centro está destinado a prestar apoyo a los países que deseen crear nuevos servicios de telemedicina, promover el uso de la salud digital, y estudiar la adopción y el uso de la salud móvil en países de la Región de las Américas y Europa. El 11 de marzo del 2020 la OMS declaró la COVID-19 una pandemia mundial dado el aumento significativo del número de casos en todo el mundo. Desde entonces, el centro ha desempeñado un papel importante en la respuesta a la COVID-19 mediante la realización de fructíferas actividades de cooperación. Los confinamientos y el distanciamiento social en respuesta a la alta tasa de contagio de la COVID-19 fueron los principales desencadenantes de una compleja transformación digital en muchos sectores, especialmente en la atención de salud. En esta situación de crisis extrema, la rápida adopción de soluciones digitales y herramientas tecnológicas fue clave para dar respuesta a la enorme presión sobre los sistemas de salud. La telemedicina se ha convertido en un componente necesario de la práctica clínica con el fin de proporcionar una atención más segura a los pacientes, y se ha empleado para apoyar las necesidades de atención de salud de los pacientes con COVID-19 así como los pacientes habituales de los servicios de atención primaria. En este artículo se describe la contribución del centro a la labor de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS) y la OMS al prestar apoyo a los países de América Latina y Europa en la creación de nuevos servicios de telemedicina y brindar orientación sobre cómo abordar la COVID-19 con soluciones digitales de salud. También se destacan las acciones futuras.


RESUMO A Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde da Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (Barcelona, Espanha) foi oficialmente designada, em 5 de abril de 2018, "Centro Colaborador da Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) em eSaúde". O centro tem como objetivo prestar apoio aos países dispostos a desenvolver novos serviços de telemedicina; promover o uso da eSaúde, ou saúde digital; e estudar a adoção e o uso da saúde móvel em países da Região das Américas e da Europa. Em 11 de março de 2020, a OMS declarou a COVID-19 como pandemia global, dado o aumento significativo do número de casos no mundo inteiro. Desde então, o centro tem desempenhado um papel importante no enfrentamento da COVID-19, empreendendo atividades frutíferas de cooperação. Os lockdowns e o distanciamento social em resposta à alta taxa de contágio da COVID-19 foram os principais desencadeadores de uma transformação digital desafiadora em muitos setores, especialmente na área da saúde. Neste cenário de crise extrema, a rápida adoção de soluções digitais de saúde e ferramentas tecnológicas foi fundamental para responder à enorme pressão sobre os sistemas de saúde. A telemedicina se tornou um componente necessário da prática clínica, com o objetivo de oferecer um atendimento mais seguro aos pacientes, e tem sido usada para apoiar as necessidades de saúde tanto dos pacientes com COVID-19 como dos pacientes da atenção primária de rotina. Este artigo descreve a contribuição do centro para o trabalho da Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde (OPAS) e da OMS no apoio aos países latino-americanos e europeus para desenvolver novos serviços de telemedicina e orientação sobre como enfrentar a COVID-19 por meio de soluções de saúde digitais. Ações futuras também são destacadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Telemedicine/methods , eHealth Strategies , COVID-19/therapy , Health Promotion/methods , Pan American Health Organization , Congresses as Topic , Latin America
6.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 47: e28, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424265

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Este informe tiene por objetivo exponer el trabajo realizado sobre el diseño, la publicación y el impacto de las actualizaciones para intervenciones en COVID-19 basadas en la evidencia, para brindar síntesis de evidencia actualizadas a partir de revisiones sistemáticas vivas sobre intervenciones terapéuticas para dar soporte en la toma de decisiones. Para ello, se generó un grupo específico de trabajo en el ámbito de la Comisión Nacional de Evaluación de Tecnologías de Salud (CONETEC) en el Ministerio de Salud de Argentina en colaboración con la Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS). Se diseñó una metodología para elaborar y publicar documentos de evaluación orientados a dar apoyo en la toma de decisiones. Estos informes de actualización se respaldaron en la exploración de tres dominios: los efectos en la salud, la factibilidad de la implementación y las recomendaciones basadas en evidencia. Las conclusiones se adaptaron en un esquema semaforizado según el balance entre los beneficios y los aspectos negativos para los distintos escenarios clínicos, a fin de mejorar su interpretación y aplicación. Durante el año 2021 se publicaron 16 informes de síntesis de evidencia (13 originales y 3 actualizaciones completas) que recibieron un destacado número consultas desde la página web de CONETEC y la Base Regional de Informes de Evaluación de Tecnologías en Salud de las Américas (BRISA). Así se hizo visible la necesidad de disponer de resúmenes de evidencia robustos, actualizados y confiables con adaptación al contexto de aplicación en el sistema sanitario del país. El desafío se presenta, además, en la actualización constante de la información, la diseminación apropiada y el sostenimiento en la rigurosidad en el desarrollo de los informes.


ABSTRACT This report presents the work done on the design, publication, and impact of updates on evidence-based COVID-19 interventions, in order to support decision-making with updated evidence syntheses based on living systematic reviews of therapeutic interventions. To this end, a specific working group was created within the National Commission for Health Technology Assessment (CONETEC) of the Ministry of Health of Argentina, in collaboration with the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). A methodology was designed to develop and publish assessment documents aimed at supporting decision-making. These update reports were based on the exploration of three areas: health effects, feasibility of implementation, and evidence-based recommendations. A color-coded system was used to present the conclusions according to the balance between their positive and negative effects in different clinical scenarios, in order to improve their interpretation and implementation. In 2021, 16 evidence synthesis reports were published (13 original reports and three full updates). These were downloaded many times from the CONETEC website and the Regional Database of Health Technology Assessment Reports of the Americas (BRISA), highlighting the need for robust, up-to-date, reliable evidence summaries adapted for implementation in the country's health system. Other challenges include constant updating of information, appropriate dissemination, and sustained rigorous preparation of the reports.


RESUMO Este relatório tem como objetivo apresentar o trabalho realizado sobre o delineamento, publicação e impacto das atualizações para intervenções em COVID-19 baseadas em evidências, que visam fornecer sínteses de evidências atualizadas provenientes de revisões sistemáticas vivas sobre intervenções terapêuticas para apoiar a tomada de decisões. Para isso, foi criado um grupo de trabalho específico no âmbito da Comissão Nacional de Avaliação de Tecnologias de Saúde (CONETEC, na sigla em espanhol), do Ministério da Saúde da Argentina, em parceria com a Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde (OPAS). Foi desenhada uma metodologia para a elaboração e publicação de documentos de avaliação destinados a apoiar a tomada de decisões. Esses relatórios de atualização se basearam na exploração de três domínios: efeitos na saúde, viabilidade da implementação e recomendações baseadas em evidências. As conclusões foram adaptadas a uma escala semafórica de acordo com o equilíbrio entre os benefícios e os aspectos negativos para os diferentes cenários clínicos, de forma a melhorar a sua interpretação e aplicação. Durante o ano de 2021, foram publicados 16 relatórios de síntese de evidências (13 originais e 3 atualizações completas), que receberam um número significativo de consultas no site da CONETEC e da Base Regional de Informes de Avaliação de Tecnologias em Saúde das Américas (BRISA). Assim, tornou-se visível a necessidade de contar com resumos de evidências robustos, atualizados e confiáveis adaptados ao contexto de aplicação no sistema de saúde do país. A atualização constante das informações, sua divulgação adequada e a manutenção do rigor na elaboração dos relatórios também apresentam desafios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Clinical Decision-Making , COVID-19/therapy , Argentina , Advisory Committees , Systematic Reviews as Topic
7.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 309-317, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969892

ABSTRACT

An epidemic outbreak of the corona virus disease 2019(COVID-19) Omicron variant occurred in most regions of China. Children are susceptible to COVID-19 and the vast majority of them suffer from upper respiratory tract infection. Cough is one of the most common symptoms. COVID-19 infection related cough includes acute cough, persistent cough and chronic cough, and children with original chronic cough or chronic lung disease can also induce or aggravate symptom of cough after infection, which has a great impact on children's physical and mental health. The treatment for COVID-19 infection related cough vary with the etiology. Improper treatment would delay the patient's condition and increase adverse drug reaction. Currently, there is no guideline or consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 infection related cough in children in China, therefore this consensus is drafted. Referring to the latest international research and the diagnostic and therapeutic strategy for COVID-19 infection (Tenth Edition For Trial Implementation), and combining with clinical diagnosis and treatment experience,the consensus elaborates the pathogenesis and etiology of COVID-19 infection related cough, the use of cough relievers and expectorants, as well as the key points of diagnosis and treatment of different etiological factors. It is expected to provide specific and feasible guidance scheme for pediatricians, general practitioners and clinical pharmacists.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Cough/therapy , COVID-19/therapy , SARS-CoV-2 , Consensus , COVID-19 Testing
8.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 320-323, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982689

ABSTRACT

In October 2021, an international collaborative study on the use of electroacupuncture (EA) to treat inflammation was published in the journal Nature by Dr. Qiufu Ma's team. Based on the results of EA on inflammation in the mouse model of lipopolysaccharide inflammatory storm, the study showed that the distal effect of acupuncture can be achieved by "driving the vagus-adrenal axis (through the adrenal medulla, by releasing catecholamines)." PROKR2Cre-marked sensory neurons, which innervate the deep hindlimb fascia but not the abdominal fascia, are crucial for driving this axis. The study suggests the existence of specificity distribution of acupoints, that different EA stimulation intensities or different needle penetration depths have different therapeutic effects, that photosensitive stimulation may be a substitute for needle acupuncture, and that massage, stretching and body movements may also activate PROKR2Cre-markable dorsal root ganglion sensory neurons and elicit anti-inflammatory effects. However, results of some other studies are contrary to the conclusions of Ma's team. For examples: low-intensity EA at GB30 point significantly reduced the inflammation in the rat model of persistent inflammation, which is more relevant to the real daily acupuncture practice, and this effect was partly related to the adrenal cortex and associated with the stimulation of corticosterone and adrenocorticotropic hormone; manual acupuncture (similar to the low-intensity EA) at KI3, Zhichuan point (an extra point), etc. was effective in a severe COVID-19 patient with sepsis; stimulating ST25 with low-intensity EA or manual acupuncture was effective against gastrointestinal inflammations; the above mentioned points are not in an area enriched with PROKR2Cre-marked sensory nerve endings. Evidence shows that the mechanism of EA against inflammation includes modulating multi-systems, multi-levels and multi-targets, which does not limit to "driving the vagus-adrenal axis." Please cite this article as: Fan AY. Anti-inflammatory mechanism of electroacupuncture involves the modulation of multiple systems, levels and targets and is not limited to "driving the vagus-adrenal axis." J Integr Med. 2023; 21(4):320-323.


Subject(s)
Mice , Rats , Animals , Electroacupuncture , COVID-19/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Inflammation/therapy , Acupuncture Points
9.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 678-684, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982012

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical characteristics of neonates infected with the Omicron variant of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).@*METHODS@#A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 542 hospitalized neonates with confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in 27 hospitals in Shenzhen from December 7, 2022, to January 12, 2023 (during the Omicron variant epidemic period). The neonates were divided into two groups: asymptomatic infection and symptomatic infection. The clinical characteristics, results of laboratory examination, chest X-ray findings, and outcome were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Among the 542 neonates, there were 285 males and 257 females. Among them, 515 (95.0%) were full-term infants, and 27 (5.0%) were preterm infants. The asymptomatic infection group had 60 cases, and the symptomatic infection group had 482 cases. Among them, 336 cases (69.7%) were mild, 125 cases (25.9%) were moderate, 15 cases (3.1%) were severe, and 6 cases (1.2%) were critical. Fever was the most common symptom (434 cases, 90.0%), followed by cough and/or spitting (183 cases, 38.0%), nasal congestion and/or runny nose (131 cases, 27.2%), shortness of breath (36 cases, 7.5%), and feeding intolerance (30 cases, 6.2%). Among the 325 cases who underwent chest X-ray examination, 136 cases (41.8%) had patchy or consolidative shadows in the lungs, 2 cases (0.6%) had pneumothorax, 2 cases (0.6%) had decreased lung transparency, and 185 cases (57.0%) showed no abnormality. Among the 396 cases (73.1%) who received treatment, 341 cases (86.1%) received symptomatic treatment, 137 cases (34.6%) received antibiotic treatment, 4 cases (1.0%) received immunoglobulin treatment, and 23 cases (5.8%) received respiratory support treatment. All 542 neonates were discharged from the hospital after their clinical symptoms were relieved, and the median hospital stay was 5 days. The white blood cell count, neutrophil count, hemoglobin, and procalcitonin were lower in the symptomatic infection group than those in the asymptomatic infection group (P<0.05), while the platelet count and blood glucose levels were higher in the symptomatic infection group than those in the asymptomatic infection group (P<0.05). The proportions of neonates with decreased neutrophil count, increased platelet count, and decreased hemoglobin concentration were higher in the symptomatic infection group than those in the asymptomatic group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Most neonates with COVID-19 caused by the Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2 are mild, with fever as the predominant symptom. Symptomatic neonates with COVID-19 are often accompanied by decreased neutrophil count, increased platelet count, and decreased hemoglobin level. Symptomatic treatment is the main treatment, and the prognosis is good.


Subject(s)
Male , Infant , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Asymptomatic Infections/epidemiology , Infant, Premature , Fever
10.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(4): 179-185, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449724

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective We describe the development and structure of a novel mobile application in a mixed model of prenatal care, in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, we assess the acceptability of this mobile app in a cohort of patients. Methods First, we introduced a mixed model of prenatal care; second, we developed a comprehensive, computer-based clinical record to support our system. Lastly, we built a novel mobile app as a tool for prenatal care. We used Flutter Software version 2.2 to build the app for Android and iOS smartphones. A cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the acceptability of the app. Results A mobile app was also built with the main attribute of being connected in real-time with the computer-based clinical records. The app screens detail information about activities programmed and developed in the prenatal care according to gestational age. A downloadable maternity book is available and some screens show warning signs and symptoms of pregnancy. The acceptability assessment was mostly rated positively regarding the characteristics of the mobile app, by 50 patients. Conclusion This novel mobile app was developed as a tool among pregnant patients to increase the information available about their pregnancies in the provision of a mixed model of prenatal care in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. It was fully customized to the needs of our users following the local protocols. The introduction of this novel mobile app was highly accepted by the patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Care , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Telemedicine , Mobile Applications , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/therapy
11.
Psicol. Estud. (Online) ; 28: e54151, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1521379

ABSTRACT

RESUMO. A pandemia da Covid-19 levou ao isolamento social grande contingente populacional no Brasil e no mundo. Conforme as mais altas autoridades de saúde internacionais, entre elas a Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS), os idosos fazem parte do denominado 'grupo de risco' para a doença. Portanto, foram exigidos mais rigor e cuidado entre as pessoas com idade mais avançada, incluindo o isolamento social. Apesar da indiscutível importância dessa medida, os idosos em situação de isolamento social ficaram mais vulneráveis a uma série de agravos, principalmente os de ordem psíquica. O objetivo do presente trabalho é apresentar propostas de atenção psicossocial ao idoso em situação de sofrimento ou vulnerabilidade decorrente do isolamento social. As propostas buscam estimular a memória, a cognição e a psicomotricidade por meio de narrativas, recursos artísticos, Tecnologias da Informação e Comunicação e objetos autobiográficos como, por exemplo, realizar videochamadas, ler, ouvir músicas, contar e relembrar histórias. Em geral, as atividades propostas podem ser coordenadas por profissionais e familiares e adaptadas conforme as características de cada idoso.


RESUMEN. La pandemia de COVID-19 llevó a un gran número de personas en Brasil y en todo el mundo al aislamiento social. Según las principales autoridades sanitarias internacionales, entre ellas la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), las personas mayores forman parte del denominado 'grupo de riesgo' de la enfermedad. De esta forma, se requería más rigor y cuidado entre las personas mayores, incluyendo el aislamiento social. Como es sabido, a pesar de la indiscutible importancia de esta acción, las personas mayores aisladas socialmente fueron más expuestas a una serie de enfermedades, principalmente relacionadas con problemas psíquicos. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar las propuestas de atención psicosocial para los ancianos en situación de sufrimiento o discapacidad debido al aislamiento social. Las propuestas buscan estimular la memoria, la cognición y la psicomotricidad a través de narraciones, recursos artísticos, tecnologías de la información y comunicación y objetos autobiográficos, como videoconferencias, lectura, escucha de música, narración y recordación de historias. En general, las actividades propuestas pueden ser coordinadas por profesionales y miembros de la familia y adaptadas según las características de cada persona mayor.


ABSTRACT. The COVID-19 pandemic drove a large population contingent in Brazil and worldwide into social isolation. As reported by the highest international health authorities, including the World Health Organization (WHO), the elderly people are part of the so-called 'risk group' for the disease. Thus, more rigor and care were required among elderly people, including social isolation. It is well known that, despite the undeniable importance of this action, elderly people in social isolation were more exposed to a series of illnesses, mainly related to psychic problems. The goal of this paper is to propose psychosocial care for the elderly in a situation of distress, or vulnerability due to social isolation. The ideas seek to induce memory, cognition and psychomotricity through narratives, artistic resources, Information, Communication Technologies and autobiographical objects, such as video calls, reading, listening to music, storytelling and recalling. In general, the proposed activities can be coordinated by professionals and family members and adapted according to the characteristics of each elderly person.


Subject(s)
Social Isolation/psychology , Aged/psychology , Psychiatric Rehabilitation/psychology , COVID-19/therapy , Art Therapy , Psychomotor Performance , Cognition , Disaster Vulnerability , Information Technology , Pandemics , Psychological Distress , Memory
12.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 28: e2692, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447429

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo comparar os marcadores de alteração na deglutição de pacientes com e sem COVID-19 e estudar as variáveis preditivas de contraindicação da alimentação por via oral em pacientes com necessidade de intubação orotraqueal prolongada. Métodos estudo caso-controle, retrospectivo, com coleta de prontuário de variáveis clínicas e demográficas e da avaliação clínica da deglutição. As variáveis coletadas foram comparadas estatisticamente entre pacientes com COVID-19 (grupo estudo -GE) e sem COVID-19 (grupo-controle - GC). A análise de regressão de robusta de Poisson foi utilizada para avaliar o efeito da COVID-19 e das demais variáveis na contraindicação da alimentação por via oral. Resultados foram incluídos 351 pacientes, 269 no GE e 82 no GC. Pacientes do GE apresentaram menor idade, quando comparados ao GC (50,7 ± 12,8). O tempo total de intubação orotraqueal foi significativamente maior no GE. Os pacientes do GE apresentaram maior prevalência de tosse fraca, disfonia, piores graus de disfagia e maior ocorrência de contraindicação da alimentação por via oral. Na análise bivariada, verificou-se que os pacientes com COVID-19 apresentaram 65% maior probabilidade dessa contraindicação. Entretanto, quando a COVID-19 foi ajustada com outras variáveis clínicas e demográficas, verificou-se que as estas apresentaram maior influência sobre a contraindicação de alimentação por via oral do que a COVID-19. Conclusão a intubação orotraqueal prolongada teve pior efeito nos marcadores de alteração na deglutição e na reintrodução da via oral de pacientes com COVID-19. A idade maior que 60 anos, tempo de intubação orotraqueal maior que cinco dias, reintubação e delirium demonstraram ser preditivas de contraindicação da alimentação por via oral em pacientes intubados.


ABSTRACT Purpose To compare the swallowing alteration markers in patients with and without COVID-19 and to study the predictive variables of oral feeding contraindication in patients requiring prolonged orotracheal intubation. Methods Retrospective case-control study, with medical record data collection of clinical and demographic variables and the clinical evaluation of swallowing. The collected variables were statistically compared between patients with COVID-19 (SG) and without COVID-19 (CG). Robust Poisson regression analysis was used to evaluate the effect of COVID-19 and other variables on oral feeding contraindication. Results 351 patients were included, 269 in the SG and 82 in the CG. Patients in the SG were younger when compared to the CG (50.7 ± 12.8). The total time of orotracheal intubation was significantly longer in the SG. The patients in the SG had a higher prevalence of weak cough, dysphonia, worse degrees of dysphagia and higher occurrence of contraindication of oral feeding. In the bivariate analysis, it was found that patients with COVID-19 were 65% more likely to have oral feeding contraindication. However, when COVID-19 was adjusted with other clinical and demographic variables, it was found that these variables had a greater influence on the contraindication of the oral feeding than the COVID-19. Conclusion Prolonged orotracheal intubation had a worse effect on alteration markers in swallowing and reintroduction of the oral feeding in COVID-19 patients. Age over 60 years, orotracheal intubation time greater than 5 days, reintubation, and delirium were shown to be predictive of oral feeding contraindication in intubated patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiration, Artificial , Deglutition Disorders , COVID-19/therapy , Intubation/methods , Case-Control Studies , Critical Care , Intensive Care Units
13.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 39(3): 203-215, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521829

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad respiratoria aguda por coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) se ha convertido en un grave problema de salud pública a nivel mundial. Objetivos: Examinar el uso de recursos sanitarios, riesgo de complicaciones y muerte en pacientes adultos con enfermedades respiratorias crónicas atendidos por COVID-19. Métodos: Estudio clínico descriptivo prospectivo realizado en pacientes adultos atendidos por COVID-19 en la Red de Salud UC Christus entre el 1 de abril y 31 de diciembre de 2020. Resultados: Se evaluaron 2.160 pacientes adultos, edad: 47 ± 17 años (rango: 18-100), 51,3% sexo masculino, 43,8% tenía comorbilidades, especialmente hipertensión (23,2%), diabetes (11,7%) y enfermedades respiratorias crónicas: asma (5%), EPOC (1,4%) y enfermedad pulmonar difusa (EPD: 0,8%). Los pacientes adultos con enfermedades respiratorias crónicas tuvieron mayor riesgo de hospitalización y uso de oxígeno suplementario; sin embargo, la evolución de los pacientes asmáticos y la sobrevida a los doce meses fue similar a los pacientes sin comorbilidades atendidos por COVID-19, mientras que en los pacientes con EPOC y EPD la admisión a la unidad de paciente crítico y riesgo de muerte fueron más elevados. En el análisis multivariado, los principales predictores clínicos asociados al riesgo de muerte en el seguimiento a doce meses en pacientes adultos con COVID-19 fueron la edad y admisión al hospital, mientras que el asma fue un factor protector. Conclusión: Los pacientes asmáticos tuvieron bajo riesgo de complicaciones y muerte asociados a COVID-19; mientras que los pacientes con EPOC y EPD tuvieron mayor riesgo de complicaciones y muerte en el seguimiento a largo plazo.


The acute respiratory disease associated to coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) has become a serious public health problem worldwide. Objectives: To examine the use of healthcare resources, risk of complications and death in adult patients with chronic respiratory diseases treated for COVID-19. Methods: Prospective descriptive clinical study conducted in adult patients treated for COVID-19 in the UC Christus Healthcare Network between April 1 and December 31, 2020. Results: 2,160 adult patients were evaluated, age: 47 ± 17 years-old (range: 18-100), 51.3% male, 43.8% had comorbidities, especially hypertension (23.2%), diabetes (11.7%), and chronic respiratory diseases: asthma (5%), COPD (1,4%) and interstitial lung disease (ILD: 0.8%). Adult patients with chronic respiratory diseases were at higher risk for hospitalization and use of supplemental oxygen; however, the evolution of asthmatic patients and survival at twelve months was similar to that of adult patients without comorbidities treated for COVID-19, while in patients with COPD and ILD admission to the critical care unit and risk of death were higher. In the multivariate analysis, the main clinical predictors associated to 12-month mortality risk in adult patients with COVID-19 were age and hospital admission, while asthma was a protective factor. Conclusion: Asthmatic patients had minor risk of complications and mortality associated with COVID-19; while patients with COPD and ILD had a significant higher risk of complications and 12-month mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Asthma/complications , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/complications , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications , COVID-19/complications , Asthma/mortality , Asthma/therapy , Survival Analysis , Multivariate Analysis , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/mortality , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/therapy , Risk Assessment , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/mortality , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy , Protective Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/mortality , COVID-19/therapy
14.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 72(6): 780-789, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420636

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background The efficacy and safety profiles of prone ventilation among intubated Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients remain unclear. The primary objective was to examine the effect of prone ventilation on the ratio of arterial partial pressure of oxygen to fraction of inspired oxygen (PaO2/FiO2) in intubated COVID-19 patients. Methods Databases of MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL were systematically searched from inception until March 2021. Case reports and case series were excluded. Results Eleven studies (n = 606 patients) were eligible. Prone ventilation significantly improved PaO2/FiO2 ratio (studies: 8, n = 579, mean difference 46.75, 95% CI 33.35‒60.15, p < 0.00001; evidence: very low) and peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) (studies: 3, n = 432, mean difference 1.67, 95% CI 1.08‒2.26, p < 0.00001; evidence: ow), but not the arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) (studies: 5, n = 396, mean difference 2.45, 95% CI 2.39‒7.30, p= 0.32; evidence: very low), mortality rate (studies: 1, n = 215, Odds Ratio 0.66, 95% CI 0.32‒1.33, p= 0.24; evidence: very low), or number of patients discharged alive (studies: 1, n = 43, Odds Ratio 1.49, 95% CI 0.72‒3.08, p= 0.28; evidence: very low). Conclusion Prone ventilation improved PaO2/FiO2 ratio and SpO2 in intubated COVID-19 patients. Given the substantial heterogeneity and low level of evidence, more randomized- controlled trials are warranted to improve the certainty of evidence, and to examine the adverse events of prone ventilation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , COVID-19/therapy , Oxygen , Respiration, Artificial , Prone Position
15.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 38(4): 219-225, dic. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441383

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La neumonía por coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 es una enfermedad nueva, por lo que las secuelas a largo plazo siguen siendo poco claras y los reportes del tema son aún escasos. El presente estudio buscó describir los hallazgos tomográficos al ingreso hospitalario y luego de 3 meses de neumonía asociada a COVID-19 y correlacionarlos con la alteración de las pruebas de función pulmonar a los 3 meses de la hospitalización. Pacientes y Métodos: Estudio de cohorte prospectivo que evaluó las secuelas funcionales pulmonares y la evolución del compromiso imagenológico a los tres meses de hospitalización por neumonía asociada a COVID-19. Todos los exámenes fueron revisados por un radiólogo experto. Se identificó el patrón tomográfico predominante y se estableció la extensión de las alteraciones mediante un puntaje, previamente validado. En las TC de seguimiento, se evaluó la extensión del compromiso imagenológico, el porcentaje de reducción del compromiso del espacio aéreo y presencia de otras alteraciones. Estos hallazgos se relacionaron con las pruebas de función pulmonar (PFP) a los 3 meses (espirometría, DLCO y test de caminata de 6 min: TC6M). Para estos análisis los pacientes se agruparon según la oxigenoterapia utilizada en la hospitalización: oxigenación estándar (O2), cánula nasal de alto flujo (CNAF) o ventilación mecánica invasiva (VMI). Resultados: Se evaluaron un total de 116 pacientes, de los cuales 75 eran hombres, edad promedio fue 60,6 ± 14,5 años. Los pacientes fueron seguidos en promedio 100 días. 70 pacientes pertenecieron al grupo O2 estándar, 25 CNAF y 21 VMI. La TC control a los 3 meses mostró que 78 pacientes presentaron recuperación tomográfica mayor a 50%. El promedio del puntaje de extensión del compromiso tomográfico fue significativamente mayor en el grupo con PFP alterada, comparado con el grupo con PFP normal (espirometría 6,8 vs. 4,6, p = 0,03; DLCO 5,7 vs. 4,1, p = 0,04, TC6M 7,0 vs. 4,2, p = 0,002). Conclusiones: En el seguimiento de los pacientes adultos hospitalizados por neumonía asociada a COVID-19, los pacientes con mayor extensión del compromiso imagenológico pulmonar fueron los que presentaron alteraciones funcionales pulmonares significativas.


Introduction: SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia is an emergent disease, then long term sequelae are still on investigation. This study evaluated the imaging features at the admission to the hospital and then 3 months after discharge of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 pneumonia and compared findings with functional respiratory recovery. Patients and Methods: Prospective cohort study of patients hospitalized with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia in "Hospital Naval Almirante Nef", Viña del Mar Chile. Imaging evolution and respiratory function were analyzed after 3 months discharge. All the imagens were reviewed by an expert radiologist, who identified a predominant pattern and defined an extension score previously validated. These findings were compared with 3 months CT and respiratory function evaluated with spirometry, DLCO and 6 minutes walking test (6MWT). Also, patients were categorized in 3 different group, depending on oxygen support: conventional oxygen, high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) and mechanical ventilation. Results: 116 patients were evaluated, 75 men with a mean age of 60.6 ± 14.5 years-old. The median follow-up was 100 days. 70 patients were on conventional oxygen group, 25 in high-flow nasal cannula and 21 in mechanical ventilation. 3-month CT control showed tomographic recovery > 50% in 78 patients. The mean score of extension was significant higher in the group with altered respiratory functional test, compared with the group with normal results (spirometry 6.8 vs. 4.6, p = 0.03; DLCO 5.7 vs. 4.1, p = 0.04; 6MWT 7.0 vs. 4.2, p = 0.002). Conclusion: 3 months after discharge of COVID-19 pneumonia, patients with higher tomographic score present significant abnormalities in respiratory functional test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , COVID-19/physiopathology , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Function Tests , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Recovery of Function , Walk Test , COVID-19/therapy , Hospitalization
16.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 38(3): 168-175, sept. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423698

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los pacientes con COVID-19 pueden evolucionar hacia una falla respiratoria aguda grave y requerir ventilación mecánica invasiva (VMI). La complicación más frecuente en estos pacientes es la neumonía asociada a ventilación mecánica (NAVM), con incidencias reportadas más altas que en la época pre-COVID. El objetivo de este estudio es reportar la incidencia, tasa de incidencia y microbiología de la NAVM en pacientes en VMI con COVID-19. Métodos: Se incluyeron a todos los pacientes con neumonía grave y PCR (+) para SARS-CoV-2 que ingresaron y requirieron VMI entre marzo y julio del 2021 en el Instituto Nacional del Tórax (INT). Se recolectaron datos demográficos, clínicos y de laboratorio de la ficha electrónica. Se registraron y caracterizaron los casos de neumonía asociado a la ventilación mecánica. Resultados: Se incluyeron 112 pacientes de los cuales el 42,8% presentó NAVM, con una tasa de incidencia de 28,8/1.000 días de VMI. Los microorganismos aislados más frecuentes fueron Klebsiella pneumoniae (29,6%), Staphylococcus aureus (21,8%) y Pseudomonas aeruginosa (12,5%). Los pacientes que cursaron NAVM estuvieron casi el doble de tiempo en VMI, pero sin presentar aumento de la mortalidad. Conclusión: La NAVM es una complicación frecuente en los pacientes con neumonía grave asociada a COVID-19. La microbiología de estas entidades no ha cambiado respecto a la era pre-pandémica. Estos resultados cobran relevancia en el inicio y suspensión de antibióticos en este grupo de pacientes.


Introduction: Patients with COVID-19 can progress to severe acute respiratory failure and require invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV). The most frequent complication in these patients is ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), with higher reported incidences than in the pre-COVID era. The objective of this study is to report the prevalence, incidence rate and microbiology of VAP in patients on IMV with COVID-19. Methods: Patients with severe pneumonia and PCR (+) for SARS-CoV-2 who were admitted to IMV between march and july 2021 at the Instituto Nacional del Tórax (Chile) were included. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data from electronic records were collected. Cases of pneumonia associated with mechanical ventilation were recorded and characterized. Results: 112 patients were included, 42.8% of them presented VAP with an incidence rate of 28.8/1,000 IMV days. The most frequent isolated microorganisms were Klebsiella pneumoniae (29.6%), Staphylococcus aureus (21.8%) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (12.5%). Patients who underwent VAP spent almost twice as long on IMV, although they had not increase in mortality. Conclusion: VAP is a common complication in patients with severe pneumonia associated with COVID-19. The microbiology of these entities has not changed from the pre-pandemic era. These results become relevant in the initiation and suspension of antibiotics in this group of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated/epidemiology , COVID-19/therapy , Streptococcus pneumoniae/isolation & purification , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Legionella pneumophila/isolation & purification , Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated/microbiology , Coinfection , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/complications , Intensive Care Units
17.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 80(231): 19-23, jul. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392286

ABSTRACT

En el campo de la odontología, prevalecen actualmente alternativas terapéuticas con una filosofía conservadora. Sin embargo, con el advenimiento de los tratamientos con células madre (CM), se amplían las posibilidades terapéuticas, que buscan la combinación y el equilibrio entre la intervención tradicional y las posibilidades de reposición de estructuras anatómicas dañadas, a través de la regeneración de tejidos utilizando células madre o sus derivados (AU)


In the dentistry field, therapeutic alternatives with a conservative philosophy currently prevail. However, with the advent of stem cell (SC) treatments, therapeutic possibilities are expanding, seeking a combination and balance between traditional intervention and the pos- sibility of replacing damaged anatomical structures through tissue regeneration, using stem cells or their derivatives (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells , Tissue Engineering , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Periodontal Ligament/physiology , Regeneration/physiology , Tooth/cytology , Tooth Germ/physiology , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Dental Pulp/physiology , Tissue Scaffolds , COVID-19/therapy
18.
Int. j. high dilution res ; 21: 4-17, June 20, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, HomeoIndex | ID: biblio-1396377

ABSTRACT

Since the initiation of vaccine rollout, breakthrough COVID-19 infections have been reported. While conventional therapy is the accepted mode of treatment, there has been little recognition of the role played by the alternative therapies like homeopathy. The purposes of this study were to identify the clinico-symptomatic profile of the vaccine breakthrough covid-19 infections and to assess the response of individualized homoeopathic treatment in these breakthrough cases. A retrospective data analysis of patients treated with homoeopathic medicines who confirmed the breakthrough infection criteria: positive infection ≥14 days after completion of both the recommended doses of an authorized COVID-19 vaccine was conducted. IBM SPSS Statistics 21.0 was used for data analysis with a p-value below 0.05 defined as significant. WHO Clinical Progression Scale and Outcome in Relation to Impact on Daily Living score were used as outcome measures. In total 73 cases were reported to be vaccine breakthrough infections. The median recovery time reported in the data set was 9 ± 2 days. While 5 patients dropped out, 68 (93.15%) patients responded positively to homeopathic treatment, and 55 (75.34%) recovered completely with normalized serological markers/ nasal swabs/ HRCT Chest. About 29 (39.72%) of these presented with mild clinical manifestations, 26 (35.61%) moderate, 17 (23.28%) severe and 1 (1.36%) was critical. 10 homeopathic remedies were prescribed to these 73 patients. Majority of the patients attained an ORIDL score of 4. Maximum patients reported a WHO clinical Progression score of 3. Statistical analysis showed a significant response to homeopathic treatment in the study group. Vaccine breakthrough cases occur in a fraction of vaccinated people. Despite the limited number of study subjects, homoeopathy showed some promising results in the present setup. The response rate was highest in the moderate and severe cases which suggest the importance of consideration of alternative medicine in the current pandemic. Further exploratory research studies and comparative clinical trials may be encouraged.


Subject(s)
Humans , Homeopathic Anamnesis , Homeopathic Therapeutics , COVID-19/therapy
19.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 9(2): 1-12, June 2022. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512590

ABSTRACT

The alteration of the senses of taste and smell in relation to COVID-19 is a widely known phenomenon; however, this alteration has not been exhaustively characterized in the international literature. The following study is proposed with the aim of describing the alterations in the senses of taste and smell in relation to COVID-19 by means of their subjective evaluation. The nature of the study is observational, descriptive and cross-sectional, and was applied to patients who sought medical attention via remote consultations carried out on virtual platforms of the Service of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery of the Clínicas Hospital, San Lorenzo, between the months of March and October of 2021. We included 440 patients aged 31.3 ± 9.9 years (18 to 60 years), 308 (70%) female, 388 (88%) from urban areas, with evidence of infection by SARS-CoV-2 by RT-PCR in 260 (59%), predominantly without comorbidities 232 (53%), with fever as the most frequently reported symptom 352 (80%), treated more frequently with NSAIDs 208 (47%) and/or Paracetamol 216 (49%). Both taste and smell alterations in patients who have had COVID-19 have been shown to appear more frequently 1 to 7 days after the onset of symptoms (207 for smell, 184 for taste), occurring more frequently with a total decrease of both senses (anosmia 302 and ageusia 216), recovering completely in most cases (214 and 216) and within a period of 1 to 4 weeks (140 and 130).


La alteración de los sentidos del gusto y del olfato en relación con el COVID-19 es un fenómeno ampliamente conocido, sin embargo, esta alteración no ha sido caracterizada de forma exhaustiva en la literatura internacional. Se plantea el siguiente estudio con el objetivo de describir las alteraciones del sentido del gusto y del olfato en relación con el COVID-19 a través de la evaluación subjetiva del mismo. El mismo es observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal, aplicado a pacientes que consultaron a través de teleconsultas realizadas sobre plataformas virtuales de la Cátedra y Servicio de Otorrinolaringología y Cirugía de Cabeza y Cuello del Hospital de Clínicas, de San Lorenzo, durante los meses de marzo a octubre del 2021. Fueron incluidos 440 pacientes de 31,3 ± 9,9 años (18 a 60 años), 308 (70%) de sexo femenino, 388 (88%) provenientes de zona urbana, con evidencia de infección por SARS-CoV-2 por RT-PCR en 260 (59%), predominantemente sin comorbilidades 232 (53%), con fiebre como síntoma asociado al COVID-19 más frecuentemente reportado 352 (80%), tratados más frecuentemente con AINES 208 (47%) y/o Paracetamol 216 (49%). Tanto la alteración del gusto como del olfato en pacientes que han cursado con COVID-19 ha demostrado ser aparecer más frecuentemente en 1 a 7 días del inicio del cuadro (207 para el olfato. 184 para el gusto), cursando más frecuentemente con disminución total de ambos sentidos (anosmia 302 y ageusia 216), recuperándose más frecuentemente de forma total (214 y 216) y en un plazo de 1 a 4 semanas (140 y 130).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Taste Disorders/epidemiology , COVID-19/complications , Olfaction Disorders/epidemiology , Paraguay/epidemiology , Taste Disorders/diagnosis , Taste Disorders/etiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Urban Area , Ageusia , SARS-CoV-2 , Anosmia , COVID-19/therapy , Sociodemographic Factors , Olfaction Disorders/diagnosis , Olfaction Disorders/etiology
20.
Int. j. high dilution res ; 21(2): 27-27, May 6, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, HomeoIndex | ID: biblio-1396704

ABSTRACT

The Clificol® COVID-19 Support Project is an innovative international data collection project aimed at documenting the presenting symptoms, use of homeopathy through the pandemic and tackling some of the core questions in homeopathy. The Covid-19 pandemic raised many questions and mobilised many resources. In order to make good use of resources, sound knowledge of the presenting complaints and demographics are required. In particular, we aimed to characterise the recent Omicron wave in Hong-Kong and to get an overall picture of the global pandemic as experienced by the homeopathic community. This online multi-national data-collection project is supported by the ECH, ECCH, ICH, HRI, LMHI, and other professional associations. The collected data includes demographic information, severity, conventional diagnosis and treatment, presenting symptoms as well as the remedies prescribed. The outcome of treatment was tracked using the ORIDL scale. More recently a 23-items prospective questionnaire was added to the input in order to gather targeted data about the presenting complaints. The recent wave of the Omicron variant in Hong-Kong, was analysed (N=372 cases) in terms of the symptomatology of this variant. The data from the 23-items questionnaire is compared to the longer questionnaire (150 items) used by the Hong-Kong team (21 practitioners). The most frequently reported common Clinical symptoms were extreme tiredness (60%), sore throat (46%), headache during fever (45%), dryness of mouth (37%), poor appetite (37%), runny nose (34%) and unusual muscle pains (31%).Also, the cases collected from around the world over the course of the pandemic (N=1300) were analysed, providing an overall picture of the pandemic and its specificities per country and over time. Clificol has shown and continues to show the value of data collection for the homeopathy community, providing important information for the management of future pandemics and opening new avenues for research in homeopathy.


Subject(s)
Homeopathic Therapeutics , Data Collection/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/therapy , COVID-19/epidemiology
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