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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1552150

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Comunicar los resultados funcionales y radiográficos en seis pacientes con fractura "en pico de pato" (beak fracture)y realizar una revisión de la bibliografía.materiales y métodos:Se evaluaron los resultados funcionales (escala de la AOFAS) y radiológicos en seis pacientes (3 hombres y 3 mujeres; edad promedio 35.6 años). El tiempo promedio transcurrido entre la lesión y el ingreso en el quirófano fue de 2.83 h. Se realizó la rama vertical del abordaje lateral extendido. Se fijó con tornillos canulados y macizos de 3,5; 4,0 o 4,5 mm solos o combinados con placas de 3,5 y 2,7 mm bloqueadas.Resultados:Después de un seguimiento de entre 8 y 24 meses, todos los pacientes tenían signos francos de consolidación. Al ingresar, todos presentaban signos de sufrimiento de partes blandas sin signos de necrosis. El puntaje de la escala de la AOFAS fue de 82,4 (5, buenos y 1, regular). Las complicaciones fueron: una infección profunda y pérdida de la reducción en el mismo paciente.Conclusiones:Las fracturas "en pico de pato" pueden generar complicaciones de partes blandas si no son tratadas de manera urgente, debido al compromiso inicial de partes blandas. La reducción abierta y la fijación con tornillos y placas es el sistema de fijación más estable. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objectives: To present the functional and radiographic outcomes of six patients with beak fractures and to carry out a literature review. materials and methods: The functional (AOFAS Score) and radiological outcomes of six patients were evaluated. Three patients were male and three were female (mean age: 35.6 years). The mean time interval between injury and admission to the operating room was 2.83 hours. The extensile lateral approach was used. The fracture was fixed with 3.5, 4.0, or 4.5mm cannulated and solid screws alone or in combination with 3.5 and 2.7mm locking plates. Results: After a follow-up period of between 8 and 24 months, all the patients had clear signs of consolidation. On admission, all presented signs of soft tissue pain without signs of necrosis. The AOFAS score was 82.4 (5 good and 1 fair). The complications observed were a deep infection and loss of reduction in the same patient. Conclusions: Beak fractures can generate soft tissue complications if they are not treated urgently due to initial soft tissue involvement. Open reduction and fixation with screws and plates is the most stable fixation system. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Calcaneus/injuries , Foot Injuries , Fractures, Bone
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1552158

ABSTRACT

El osteocondroma es el tumor óseo benigno más frecuente, representa el 35% de los tumores óseos benignos y el 8% de los tumores óseos. Está formado por una exostosis de hueso trabecular recubierta de cartílago que afecta la región metafisaria de los huesos largos, a partir del cartílago de crecimiento, alrededor de la rodilla, en el hombro o la muñeca, y es extremadamente raro en las falanges de la mano o el pie. Crece durante la niñez y la adolescencia hasta alcanzar la madurez esquelética; por lo tanto, su crecimiento en un adulto sugiere la transformación maligna en condrosarcoma, aunque también existen reportes sin malignización. Además, el calcáneo es un hueso corto, por lo que, desde el punto de vista fisiopatológico, sería inesperada la aparición de este tipo de lesión. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar un caso de osteocondroma de calcáneo solitario con crecimiento después de la madurez esquelética, su diagnóstico y tratamiento, así como una revisión bibliográfica. Esta presentación de caso es importante, dados la localización infrecuente y el potencial de transformación maligna del osteocondroma, y la escasa bibliografía sobre el tema. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Osteochondroma is the most common benign bone tumor, accounting for 35% of benign bone tumors and 8% of bone tumors. It is formed by an exostosis of trabecular bone covered with cartilage that affects the metaphyseal region of long bones, from the growth plate, around the knee, in the shoulder or wrist, and it is extremely rare in the phalanges of the hand or foot. It grows during childhood and adolescence until skeletal maturity. Therefore, its growth in an adult suggests a malignant transformation into chondrosarcoma, although there are also reports without malignancy. Furthermore, the calcaneus is a short bone, so the appearance of this type of injury would be pathophysiologically unexpected. Our objective is to present a case of solitary calcaneal osteochondroma with growth after skeletal maturity, its diagnosis and treatment, as well as a review of the literature. Its relevance stems from the scarcity of literature, its uncommon location, and the possibility of malignancy. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Neoplasms , Calcaneus , Osteochondroma
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 342-346, Mar.-Apr. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449809

ABSTRACT

Abstract The foot is an uncommon location for osseous tumors, comprising ~ 3% of all skeletal tumors, which occur particularly around the calcaneum. Radical surgery creates a void in the foot which adversely affects the ability to salvage it. Calcaneal replacement surgeries are not commonly performed due to factors involving instability of the prosthesis, soft-tissue defects, and resultant failure, which can occur in the postoperative period. Thus, we herein report a rare case of synovial sarcoma arising from the sheath of the tibialis posterior tendon, with secondary involvement of the calcaneus bone. Considering the previous experiences of different surgeons, a custom-made prosthesis was designed with relevant modifications.


Resumo O pé é um local incomum para tumores ósseos, e compreende cerca de 3% de todos os tumores esqueléticos, em especial ao redor do calcâneo. A cirurgia radical cria um vazio no pé, o que afeta de forma negativa a capacidade de resgate do membro. As cirurgias de reconstrução do calcâneo não são comumente realizadas por causa da instabilidade da prótese, defeito de partes moles, e consequente possibilidade de insucesso pósoperatório. Assim, apresentamos aqui um caso raro de sarcoma sinovial originário da bainha do tendão tibial posterior com acometimento secundário do osso calcâneo. Considerando as experiências prévias de diferentes cirurgiões, projetamos uma prótese sob medida com modificações relevantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Prostheses and Implants , Bone Neoplasms/surgery , Calcaneus/surgery
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 268-277, feb. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430532

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Sex estimation is an important aspect of skeletal identification. In addition, previous studies have found that the sex estimation of each race is different. Thus, it is necessary to develop discriminant function equations for the estimation of sex for the Thai population. This study aims to investigate the relationship between width, length and height of the calcaneus and talus with regards to sex and compare the effectiveness of sex estimation between the calcaneus alone, the talus alone, and between both the calcaneus and talus. A total of 200 individuals (100 males and 100 females) were used in this study; ages ranged from 19 to 94 years. Thirteen variables of calcaneus and ten variables of talus were measured. The authors created discriminant function equations for the estimation of sex and tested the efficiency of the equations obtained by using a test group of 40 individuals (20 males and 20 females). By analyzing the mean values of the variables in the calcaneus and the talus, it was shown that males were significantly different from females (p0.05). A stepwise method was used to create 6 equations for sex estimation. The equations were categorized from between the calcaneus alone, the talus alone, and between both the calcaneus and the talus, providing a sex estimation accuracy of between 88.5 and 93.0 %. Using the test group, it was shown that discriminant function equations from the calcaneus alone, the talus alone, and the calcaneus and the talus together, can estimate sex at a high level of accuracy. Sex estimation accuracy was greater than 85 % in all equations. Therefore, the discriminant function equations from the calcaneus alone, the talus alone, and between both the calcaneus and the talus, from this study can be applied to the Thai population.


La estimación del sexo es un aspecto importante de la identificación esquelética. Estudios previos han encontrado que la estimación del sexo de cada raza es diferente. Por lo tanto, es necesario desarrollar ecuaciones de funciones discriminantes para la estimación del sexo de la población tailandesa. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar la relación entre el ancho, el largo y la altura de los huesos calcáneo y talus con respecto al sexo y comparar la efectividad de la estimación del sexo entre el calcáneo solo, el talus solo y entre el calcáneo y el talus. Se utilizaron un total de 200 huesos de individuos adultos (100 hombres y 100 mujeres), cuyas edades oscilaron entre 19 y 94 años. Se midieron trece variables del calcáneo y diez variables del talus. Los autores crearon ecuaciones de funciones discriminantes para la estimación del sexo y probaron la eficiencia de ellas usando un grupo de prueba de huesos de 40 individuos (20 hombres y 20 mujeres). Al analizar los valores medios de las variables en el calcáneo y el talus, se demostró que los huesos de los hombres eran significativamente diferentes al de las mujeres (p0.05). Se utilizó un método paso a paso para crear 6 ecuaciones para la estimación del sexo. Las ecuaciones se clasificaron entre el calcáneo solo, el talus solo y entre el calcáneo y el talus, lo que proporcionó una precisión de estimación del sexo de entre 88,5 y 93,0 %. Usando el grupo de prueba, se demostró que las ecuaciones de funciones discriminantes del calcáneo solo, el talus solo y el calcáneo y el talus juntos pueden estimar el sexo con un alto nivel de precisión. La precisión de la estimación del sexo fue superior al 85 % en todas las ecuaciones. Por lo tanto, las ecuaciones de la función discriminante del calcáneo solo, el talus solo y entre el calcáneo y el talus de este estudio se pueden aplicar a la población tailandesa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Calcaneus/anatomy & histology , Talus/anatomy & histology , Sex Determination by Skeleton , Thailand
5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 320-325, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981690

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of intermittent flap opening technique in L-shaped incision of calcaneal fracture.@*METHODS@#From January 2017 to January 2019, 48 patients with Sanders typeⅡ to Ⅳ calcaneal fractures were treated by open reduction and internal fixation. According to different flap opening techniques, the patients were divided into control group and observation group, 24 patients in each group. In observation group, there were 17 males and 7 females, aged from 20 to 60 years old with an average of(45.12±9.56) years old;7 patients were typeⅡ, 10 patients were type Ⅲ and 7 patients were type Ⅳ according to Sanders classification;3 patients were C0, 16 patients were C1 and 5 patients were C2 according to Tscherne-Gotzen soft-tissue assessment;treated with intermittent flap technique. In control group, there were 19 males and 5 females aged from 20 to 60 years old with an average of (47.32±10.67) years old;7 patients were typeⅡ, 11 patients were type Ⅲ and 6 patients were type Ⅳ according to Sanders classification;2 patients were C0, 18 patients were C1 and 4 patients were C2 according to Tschemc-Gotzen soft-tissue assessment;treated with static flap opening technique. Operation time, flap retraction time, changes of Böhler angle and Gissane angle before and after operation at 3 days, and occurrence of incision complications were observed and compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 3 to 6 months with an average of(4.52±1.01) months. There were no significant differences in operation time, changes of Böhler angle and Gissane angle before and after operation at 3 days between the two groups(P>0.05);there was statistical difference in flap retraction time between two groups(P<0.05). Occurrence of incision complications in observation group was significantly lower than that in control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Intermittent flap opening technique is superior to static opening technique in reducing incision complications of lateral "L" approach of calcaneus. Single Kirschner wire opening does not affect the exposure, reduction and fixation of fracture during operation.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Surgical Wound , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Calcaneus/surgery , Ankle Injuries , Foot Injuries , Knee Injuries
6.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 313-319, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981689

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate clinical effect of percutaneous reduction combined with internal fixation of calcaneal nail in treating Sanders typeⅡto Ⅲ calcaneal fractures.@*METHODS@#From July 2017 to August 2019, clinical data of 98 patients with Sanders typeⅡto Ⅲ calcaneal fractures treated were retrospectively analyzed, and divided into observation group and control group according to different surgical methods. In observation group, there were 35 males and 21 females, aged from 23 to 58 years old with an average of (34.50±7.81) years old;29 patients with Sanders typeⅡand 27 patients with Sanders type Ⅲ;30 patients on the left side and 26 patients on the right side;the time from fracture to operation ranged from 1 to 4 days with an average of (3.45±0.54) days;and treated with percutaneous reduction combined with internal fixation of calcaneal nail system. In control group, there were 25 males and 17 females, aged from 25 to 60 years old with an average of (35.27±7.64) years old;23 patients with Sanders type Ⅱ and 19 patients with Sanders type Ⅲ;24 patients on the left side and 18 patients on the right side;the time from fracture to operation ranged from 2 to 5 days with an average of (3.42±0.62) days;and treated with open reduction and internal fixation. Operation time, blood loss, hospital stay, fracture healing time, and postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) at 1 day, preoperative and postoperative American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, Böhler angle, Gissane angle and calcaneus width, and postoperative complications were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 13 to 18 months with an average of (15.6±2.2) months. There were significant differences in operation time, blood loss, hospital stay, fracture healing time and postoperative VAS at 1 day between two groups (P<0.05). There was statistical difference in postoperative AOFAS score at 12 months between two groups (P<0.05), and AOFAS score at 12 months after operation was higher than that before operation (P<0.05). According to AOFAS score, 21 patients got excellent result, 30 good and 5 moderate in observation group, and 10 excellent, 22 good, 7 moderate and 3 poor in control group, which had statistical difference between two groups (P<0.05). Postoperative Böhler angle, Gissane angle and calcaneus width at 6 months were better than that before operation between two groups(P<0.05). One patient in observation and 20 patients in control group occurred skin numbness after operation, and 14 patients occurred skin necrosis in control group, there were obvious difference between two groups(P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with open reduction and internal fixation, percutaneous reduction combined with internal fixation system in treating Sanders typeⅡto Ⅲ calcaneal fractures is feasible for fracture repair without waiting for foot deswelling, which could accurately restore normal shape and position of the fractured heel bone, completely eliminate fracture malunion, and reduce postoperative complications. Therefore, it could shorten operation time, hospital stay, fracture healing time, reduce amount of blood loss, promote postoperative recovery, and less complications, high safety, which could be used as a choice of orthopedic surgery for foot and ankle trauma.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Calcaneus/injuries , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Ankle Injuries , Bone Screws , Foot Injuries , Knee Injuries , Ankle Joint , Postoperative Complications
7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 302-308, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981687

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy of No-touch technique and traditional retractor in treating calcaneal fracture.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 74 calcaneal fracture patients with closed Sanders typeⅡ to Ⅳ were retrospectively analyzed from July 2019 to June 2021. According to different treatment methods, the patients were divided into No-touch group and conventional group, 37 patinets in each group. In No-touch group, there were 25 males and 12 females, aged from 19 to 70 years old with an average of (42.64±14.16) years old;17 patients were typeⅡ, 14 patinets with type Ⅲ, 6 patients with type Ⅳ according to Sanders fracture classification;three 2.0 mm Kirschner wires were implanted into the talus body, talus neck, and cuboid bone, and the flap was turned upward to expose the operation area. In conventional group, there were 30 males and 7 females, aged from 19 to 67 years old with an average of (41.56±11.38) years old;17 patients with typeⅡ, 12 patients with type Ⅲ, 8 patients with type Ⅳ according to Sanders fracture classification;the operation was completed by exposing the operation area with traditional retractor. Operation time, postoperative incision complications, postoperaive American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle hind foot score at 6 months between two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#Seventy-four patients were followed up, and follow-up time in No-touch group ranged from 6 to 17 months with an average of(9.57±2.72) months, while in conventional group ranged from 6 to 16 months with an averge of(9.14±2.71) months, and no difference in follow-up between two groups (P>0.05). Operation time in No-touch group (55.67±7.94) min was shorter than that in conventional group (70.16±9.41) min (P<0.05);four patients in No-touch group occurred incision complications, while 8 patients in normal group, and had statistically difference(P<0.05). Daily activities and support, maximum walking distance (block), ground walking, limited degree of flexion, extension and valgus, foot alignment and total score of AOFAS scores in No-touch group was significantly higher than that of conventional group (P<0.05). There were no significant difference in pain degree, abnormal gait and ankle hind foot stability between two groups(P>0.05). According to AOFAS score, 19 patients got excellent result, 16 good and 2 poor in No-touch group;while 9 excellent, 24 good, and 4 poor in conventional group, and no difference between two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with traditional retractor in treating calcaneal fracture, No-touch technology could significantly shorten operation time, reduce incidence of postopertive complications, while two methods could improve excellent and good rate of ankle joint function recovery after operation.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Retrospective Studies , Calcaneus/surgery , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Ankle Injuries , Treatment Outcome , Ankle Joint , Foot Injuries , Knee Injuries , Postoperative Complications , Talus
8.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 139-144, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970835

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect the treatment of arthroscopy-assisted calcaneal spur resection combined with plantar fascia release and calcaneal decompression in the treatment of the patients with intractable calcaneal pain.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 50 patients with intractable heel pain from January 2016 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 20 males and 30 females;aged from 40 to 68 years old with an average of (50.12±7.35)years old, the medical history ranged from 1 to 4 years. All patients underwent arthroscopy-assisted calcaneal spur resection combined with plantar fascia release and calcaneal decompression, and were followed up, the duration ranged from 24 to 60 months with an average of(42.00±3.28) months. All patients had obvious heel pain before surgery, and X-ray examinations often showed the presence of calcaneal spurs. In addition to the routine foot examination, the changes in the height and angle of the arch of the foot were also measured pre and post-operatively by X-ray, for the evaluation of clinical effect. The VAS system was used to evaluate the degree of foot pain;the AOFAS scoring system was used to comprehensively evaluate the foot pain, voluntary movement, gait and stability.@*RESULTS@#The VAS decreased from (8.75±1.24) before surgery to (5.15±2.35) at 3 months after surgery, (4.07±2.53) at 6 months after surgery, and (3.95±2.44) at the last fllow-up(P<0.05). The AOFAS score increased from (53.46±4.17) before surgery to(92.46±2.53) at 3 months after surgery, (96.33±2.46) at 6 months after surgery, and (97.05±2.37) at the last follow-up(P<0.05). The arch height was (41.54±1.15) mm before operation and (41.49±1.09) mm after the operation, the difference was not statistically significant(P>0.05). The internal arch angle of the foot arch was (121±6)° before operation and (122±7)° after operation. The difference was not statistically significant(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopy-assisted calcaneal bone spurs resection combined with plantar fascia release and calcaneal decompression exhibited great clinical effect for treating intractable heel.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Heel/surgery , Heel Spur/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Calcaneus/surgery , Foot Diseases , Pain , Endoscopes , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1415754

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analizar las características demográficas de los pacientes con fracturas articulares de calcáneo en relación con el mecanismo del trauma y los patrones fracturarios según las clasificaciones de Sanders y Essex-Lopresti. materiales y métodos: Se evaluó retrospectivamente a 94 pacientes (111 fracturas articulares de calcáneo). Se analizaron las siguientes variables: edad, sexo, lado fracturado, mecanismo del trauma y lesiones asociadas. Al ingresar, se tomaron radiografías de pie, de frente y perfil, y se realizó una tomografía computarizada con reconstrucción multiplanar. Se analizaron los datos demográficos combinándolos con los tipos de fracturas. Resultados: Se evaluó a 94 pacientes (78 hombres y 16 mujeres) que tenían 105 fracturas intrarticulares de calcáneo (11,7% bilaterales). La edad promedio era de 40.1 ± 12.5 años. El 79,8% de las fracturas se había producido por caída de altura y el 20,1%, por accidente de tránsito. El 9,5% tenía lesiones asociadas. Los pacientes con fracturas bilaterales tenían más lesiones asociadas (p = 0,0123) y el mismo patrón fracturario y tipo de Sanders en ambos pies. No hubo relación entre la clasificación de Sanders y los patrones de Essex-Lopresti con la edad, el sexo y el mecanismo del trauma. Conclusiones: Las fracturas de calcáneo son más frecuentes en hombres y en pacientes jóvenes, y el mecanismo del trauma más común es una caída de altura. Los pacientes con fracturas bilaterales tienen una tasa más alta de lesiones asociadas y el mismo tipo de fractura según la clasificación de Sanders y el patrón fracturario de Essex-Lopresti en ambos pies. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objective: To analyze the demographic characteristics of patients with articular calcaneal fractures in connection with trauma mechanisms and fracture patterns, according to the Sanders and Essex-Lopresti classifications. materials and methods: 94 patients and 111 articular calcaneal fractures were evaluated retrospectively, analyzing the following variables: age, gender, fractured side, mechanism of trauma, and associated injuries. The patients were initially evaluated through foot radiographs (anteroposterior and lateral) and axial computerized tomography with multiplanar reconstruction. Demographic data were analyzed combined with the types of fracture. Results: 94 patients (78 men and 16 women) who presented 105 intra-articular calcaneal fractures (11.7% were bilateral) were evaluated. The average age was 40.1±12.5 years. 9.8% of the fractures were caused by high-level falls and 20.1% by traffic accidents. 9.5% had associated injuries. The patients with bilateral fractures presented more associated injuries (p = 0.0123) and the same fracture pattern and Sanders type in both feet. The Sanders classification and Essex Lopresti patterns were unrelated to age, gender, and trauma mechanism. Conclusion: Calcaneal fractures are more frequent in male and young patients, and the most common trauma mechanism is a high-level fall. Patients with bilateral fractures present a higher rate of associated injuries and the same Sanders type fracture and Essex-Lopresti pattern in both feet. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Calcaneus/injuries , Demography , Fractures, Bone , Foot
10.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1415755

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir los resultados radiográficos y funcionales, y las complicaciones de la osteosíntesis de fracturas de calcáneo mediante el abordaje del seno del tarso. Materiales y Métodos: Se evaluaron 54 fracturas articulares de calcáneo desplazadas en 50 pacientes con radiografías de pie, de frente y de perfil, y tomografía computarizada preoperatorias. Se tomaron radiografías de pie, de frente y de perfil sin carga en el posoperatorio inmediato y con carga a las semanas 6 y 12, y al final del seguimiento. Se midió el ángulo de Böhler y se cuantificó el grado de artrosis subastragalina y calcaneocuboidea. Se determinó el puntaje de la AOFAS y se registraron las complicaciones de la herida, las lesiones neurológicas y la necesidad de cirugías adicionales, como retiro del material de osteosíntesis y artrodesis subastragalina. Resultados: El seguimiento fue de 30.8 meses. La serie estaba formada por 8 mujeres y 42 hombres, con una edad de 39.40 ± 14 años (rango 18-65). Cuarenta fracturas eran Sanders tipo II, 13 tipo III y 1 tipo IV. El puntaje de la AOFAS fue: excelente (12 casos), bueno (25 casos), regular (12 casos) y malo (5 casos). El ángulo de Böhler preoperatorio era de 10,8 ± 10,4° y 30,77 ± 8,24° al final del seguimiento (p <0,00001). El 3,7% tuvo complicaciones menores de la herida y el 5,6%, complicaciones mayores. Conclusión: El abordaje del seno del tarso permite una reducción aceptable con resultados buenos y excelentes en la mayoría de los pacientes y escasas complicaciones de partes blandas. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objective: To describe functional and radiographic outcomes, and complications of osteosynthesis in calcaneus fractures with the sinus tarsi approach. Materials and Methods: 54 displaced articular calcaneus fractures in 50 patients were assessed through preoperative foot radiographs (anteroposterior and lateral) and computerized tomography. AP and lateral radiographs were obtained in the immediate postoperative period (without weightbearing), after 6 and 12 weeks (with weightbearing), and at the end of follow-up, measuring the Böhler angle and quantifying the degree of subtalar and calcaneocuboid osteoarthritis. The AOFAS score was determined, registering wound complications, neurological injuries and necessary additional surgeries -such as osteosynthesis and subtalar arthrodesis hardware removal. Results: Follow-up time was 30.8 months. The series consisted in 8 women and 42 men. The patients' average age was 39.40±14 years (18-65). There were 40 Sanders type II, 13 type III, and 1 type IV fractures. The AOFAS score was excellent (12 patients), good (25), regular (12), and poor (5). The Böhler angle was 10.8°±10.4° before surgery, and 30.77°±8.24° at the end of follow-up (p<0.00001). 3.7% of the patients presented minor wound complications, while 5.6% presented major wound complications. Conclusion: The sinus tarsi approach allows for acceptable reduction with good and excellent outcomes in most patients, coupled with few soft-tissue complications. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Calcaneus/injuries , Fractures, Bone
11.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1415758

ABSTRACT

Las luxaciones del escafoides aisladas y sin fractura son poco frecuentes. Por lo general, se presentan asociadas a fracturas del escafoides o a diversos patrones de lesión de la columna lateral. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con luxación medial y plantar del hueso navicular y fractura conminuta del proceso anterior del calcáneo y subluxación calcaneocuboidea. En el Servicio de Urgencia, se procedió a la reducción cerrada y la estabilización con agujas de Kirschner y, como tratamiento diferido, se colocaron placas en puente astragalonaviculo-cuneiforme y calcaneocuboidea de 2,0 mm, en forma transitoria, y el material de osteosíntesis se retiró a los 5 meses. El puntaje de la escala de la AOFAS fue excelente al año de seguimiento. Conclusiones: Es necesario llegar a un diagnóstico adecuado descartando lesiones de la columna lateral y reducir esta lesión en la atención de urgencia. La estabilización con placas en puente es una opción válida que podría evitar la pérdida de la reducción que se observa al retirar los clavos de Kirschner y permite una carga precoz. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Isolated navicular dislocations are unusual. They are frequently associated with navicular fractures or diverse patterns of lateral column injuries. We report a case of a patient with medial and plantar navicular dislocation with a comminuted intra-articular fracture of the anterior process of the calcaneus and associated subluxation at the calcaneocuboid joint. The patient underwent closed reduction and Kirschner wire stabilization in the Emergency Service. As part of the deferred treatment, talonavicular-cuneiform and calcaneocuboid 2.0 mm bridge plates were temporarily placed and osteosynthesis material was removed 5 months later. The AO-FAS score was excellent in the one-year follow-up. Conclusion: An accurate diagnosis, ruling out lateral column injuries, should be done in the Emergency Service. Bridge plate stabilization is a valid option to prevent loss of reduction, which is observed when removing Kirschner wires, allowing early weight-bearing. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Calcaneus , Scaphoid Bone , Foot Joints , Joint Dislocations , Fractures, Bone
12.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(6): 1490-1496, dic. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421825

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The weight of the body is transmitted to the foot through the subtalar joint and talus. Considering the important location of the talus and calcaneus, the morphological structures of these bones may affect the biomechanics of the subtalar joint. At the same time, the morphological structure of these bones is important in some common foot deformities. We aimed to investigate whether the various measurements of the talus and calcaneus are associated with different foot deformities in this study. In this study, radiography images of 158 (72 male and 86 female) patients within the mean age of 44 years were retrospectively examined. Eleven different measurements of the talus and calcaneus were obtained from the lateral and antero-posterior radiographs of the patients. A total of 158 patient's routine clinic radiographs were retrospectively assessed, which have calcaneal spur (n=63), hallux valgus (n=32) and control group (n=63). We determined that the body height of the calcaneus, maximum width of the head of the talus, minimum anterior width of the calcaneus were significantly different between calcaneal spur group and control group. Maximum length fibular malleolar facet of the talus was significantly different between age groups. And we determined that the calcaneal index was significantly different between hallux valgus group and control groups. Also all measurements were significantly different between males and females. As a result, some measurements that significantly determine the morphology of the talus and calcaneus were found to be significant between deformity groups and control groups. We think that our study will contribute to the literature as it is the first study in which the measurements obtained from the radiographic images of the talus and calcaneus are associated with foot deformities.


El peso del cuerpo se transmite al pie a través de la articulación subtalar y el talo. Teniendo en cuenta la importante ubicación del talo y el calcáneo, las estructuras morfológicas de estos huesos pueden afectar la biomecánica de la articulación subtalar. Al mismo tiempo, la estructura morfológica de estos huesos es importante en algunas deformidades comunes del pie. Nuestro objetivo fue investigar si las diversas medidas del talo y el calcáneo están asociadas con diferentes deformidades del pie en este estudio. Se examinaron retrospectivamente imágenes radiográficas de 158 pacientes (72 hombres y 86 mujeres) con una edad promedio de 44 años. Se obtuvieron once medidas diferentes del talo y el calcáneo a partir de las radiografías lateral y anteroposterior de los pacientes. Se evaluaron retrospectivamente un total de 158 radiografías clínicas de rutina de los pacientes, los cuales tenían espolón de calcáneo (n=63), hallux valgus (n=32) y grupo control (n=63). Determinamos que la altura del cuerpo del calcáneo, el ancho máximo de la cabeza del talo, el ancho anterior mínimo del calcáneo fueron significativamente diferentes entre el grupo con espolón calcáneo y el grupo control. La longitud máxima de la faceta maleolar fíbular del talo era significativamente diferente entre los grupos de edad. También determinamos que el índice calcáneo fue significativamente diferente entre el grupo de hallux valgus y los grupos controles. Además, todas las medidas fueron significativamente diferentes entre hombres y mujeres. Como resultado, algunas medidas que determinan la morfología del talo y el calcáneo resultaron significativas entre los grupos de deformidad y los grupos controles. Estimamos que nuestro estudio contribuirá a la literatura debido a que es el primer reporte en el que las medidas obtenidas de las imágenes radiográficas del talo y el calcáneo se asocian con deformidades del pie.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Foot Deformities , Calcaneus/diagnostic imaging , Talus/diagnostic imaging , Calcaneus/anatomy & histology , Hallux Valgus , Talus/anatomy & histology , Retrospective Studies , Heel Spur
13.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 54(1): 25-29, jun 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1516073

ABSTRACT

La tuberculosis extra pulmonar osteoarticular es una entidad infrecuente (16%), y aquellas de compromiso extravertebral son a su vez muy infrecuentes. Presentamos el caso clínico de un paciente masculino de 68 años de edad, con hipertensión arterial sistémica y enfermedad renal crónica, que presenta aproximadamente 1 año de evolución tórpida con dolor en retropié izquierdo, empeorando luego de infiltración con esteroide, con aumento de volumen, limitación funcional, y lesión ulcerosa con exudado purulento en cara medial. Siendo evaluado de forma clínica y con estudios de imagen por diferentes facultativos, hasta realizar toma de biopsia y cultivo óseo con diagnóstico de Tuberculosis ósea en calcáneo izquierdo. Tratado de manera quirúrgica, y actualmente cumpliendo tratamiento antituberculoso, con evolución satisfactoria recuperando movilidad articular, sin dolor y disminución del volumen de retropié(AU)


Osteoarticular extrapulmonary tuberculosis is a rare entity (16%), and those with extravertebral involvement are in turn very rare. We present the clinical case of a 68-years-old male patient with systemic arterial hypertension and chronic kidney disease, who presents approximately 1 year of torpid evolution with pain in the left hindfoot, worsening after steroid infiltration, with increased volume, limitation functional, and ulcerative lesion with purulent exudate on the medial side. He was being evaluated clinically and with imaging studies by different doctors, until taking a biopsy and bone culture with a diagnosis of Bone Tuberculosis in the left calcaneus. Surgically treated, and currently undergoing antituberculous treatment, with satisfactory evolution recovering joint mobility, without pain and decrease in rearfoot volume(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Tuberculosis, Osteoarticular/pathology , Calcaneus , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
15.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 36(1)abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1409043

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El quiste óseo unicameral es una lesión pseudotumoral benigna de contenido líquido, que representa el 3 por ciento de todos los tumores primarios. El calcáneo es una localización poco frecuente y el tarso, es el hueso más afectado. Objetivo: Presentar un caso de quiste óseo unicameral del calcáneo derecho que se diagnosticó y trató en el Hospital Universitario Manuel Ascunce Domenech de Camagüey con evolución clínica favorable. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 22 años, con antecedentes de salud y dolor en el calcañal derecho de dos meses de evolución, que se incrementó hasta dificultarle la marcha. A la exploración física se constató dolor a la palpación de la cara lateral del calcañal derecho, y no se recogió otro dato de interés. La tomografía axial computarizada mostró una lesión hipointensa osteolítica, amplia, con fractura anterosuperior, adelgazamiento de las corticales y con tabicado de la cámara del quiste. Se decidió tratamiento quirúrgico para excéresis y toma de muestra para biopsia, la cual reveló tejido fibroso vascularizado con osteoclastos, células gigantes multinucleadas, cristales de colesterol y hemosiderina, consistente con quiste óseo unicameral. Conclusiones: El quiste óseo unicameral es una lesión pseudotumoral benigna pero potencialmente invalidante, cuyo diagnóstico puede ser fortuito o por alguna fractura patológica. La evacuación con curetaje amplio e injerto óseo, o sus derivados, es la técnica más empleada. El paciente evolucionó de forma favorable y se clasificó como curado(AU)


Introduction: The unicameral bone cyst is a benign pseudotumoral lesion with liquid content, accounting for 3 percent of all primary tumors. The calcaneus is a rare location and the tarsus is the most affected bone. Objective: to report a case of unicameral bone cyst in a right calcaneus, which was diagnosed and treated at Manuel Ascunce Domenech Universitary Hospital in Camagüey with favorable evolution. Case report: This is the case of a 22-year-old male patient with health history of pain in his right calcaneus for two months. The pain increased and made it possible to walk. Physical examination revealed pain on palpation of the lateral aspect of the right heel, and no other data of interest was collected. A wide, hypointense osteolytic lesion was revealed by computerized axial tomography showing an anterosuperior fracture, cortical thinning, and septation of the cyst chamber. Surgery was decided for excising and biopsy sampling that revealed vascularized fibrous tissue with osteoclasts, multinucleated giant cells, cholesterol crystals and hemosiderin, consistent with a unicameral bone cyst. Conclusions: The unicameral bone cyst is a benign but potentially disabling pseudotumoral lesion. The diagnosis may be fortuitous or due to some pathological fracture. Removal with wide curettage and bone grafting, or its derivatives, is the most widely used technique. This patient evolved positively and he was classified as cured(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Bone Cysts/pathology , Calcaneus/surgery
16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1378006

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Describir los resultados radiográficos, funcionales y las complicaciones de la cirugía percutánea en pacientes con fracturas de calcáneo tipo IIC de Sanders en lengüeta. materiales y métodos:Se evaluaron 9 fracturas articulares de calcáneo desplazadas en 9 pacientes con radiografías de pie, de frente y de perfil, y tomografía computarizada preoperatorias. Se tomaron radiografías de pie, de frente y perfil, sin carga en el posoperatorio inmediato y con carga a las semanas 6 y 12, y al final del seguimiento. Se midió el ángulo de Böhler y se cuantificó el grado de artrosis subastragalina y calcaneocuboidea. Se evaluaron las siguientes variables: puntaje AOFAS, complicaciones de la herida, lesión neurológica y necesidad de cirugías adicionales, como retiro del material de osteosíntesis y artrodesis subtalar. Resultados:El seguimiento fue de 21.1 meses. La edad promedio de los pacientes (3 mujeres y 6 hombres) era de 42 ± 12. El ángulo de Böhler preoperatorio fue de 7° (±6,2°) y de 33,6° (±4,1°) en el posoperatorio final (p <0,00001). Hubo una restricción leve de la movilidad subtalar en todos los pacientes. No se observó artrosis subtalar ni calcaneocuboidea. El puntaje AOFAS fue bueno en 4 pacientes y excelente en 5. Todos obtuvieron buenos y excelentes resultados. No se observaron infecciones de la herida, lesiones neurológicas ni complicaciones de la herida. Conclusión: La cirugía percutánea en fracturas de calcáneo tipo IIC de Sanders en lengüeta permite lograr una reducción adecuada con buenos resultados funcionales y bajas tasas complicaciones de parte blandas. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objective: Our research aims to describe the functional and radiographic outcomes and complications of percutaneous surgery in Sanders type IIC tongue-type calcaneal fractures. materials and methods:9 articular displaced calcaneus fractures in 9 patients were evaluated with lateral and anteroposterior radiographs and preoperative axial computerized tomography. Non-weight-bearing foot radiographs ­lateral and anteroposterior­ were taken in the immediate postoperative period, and weight-bearing radiographs were taken at the sixth and twelfth weeks, and when finishing follow-up. Böhler's angle was measured, and subtalar and calcaneocuboid osteoarthritis grade was quantified. The AOFAS score, wound complications, neurological injuries, and the need for additional surgeries such as hardware removal and subtalar arthrodesis were considered. Results:3 women and 6 men complied with follow-up during 21.1 months. The patients' average age was 42 ±12. The preoperative Böhler angle was 7° (±6.2°) and the final postoperative angle was 33.6° (±4.1).(p<0.00001). Subtalar range of motion presented a minor restriction in every patient. Neither subtalar nor calcaneocuboid osteoarthritis was observed. The AOFAS score was good in 4 patients and excellent in 5 of them. 100% of the patients presented good and excellent outcomes. We did not record wound infections or complications. Conclusion: Percutaneous surgery in Sanders type IIC tongue-type calcaneal fractures allows us to reach a significant reduction with good functional outcomes and minor soft-tissue complications. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Calcaneus/surgery , Calcaneus/injuries , Treatment Outcome , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Fractures, Bone/surgery
17.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358105

ABSTRACT

Las fracturas del calcáneo representan el 2-3,1% de las fracturas en general y las avulsiones del tendón de Aquiles son las menos frecuentes de este grupo. Fueron descritas por Bohler como "fracturas en pico de pato". Los casos publicados son muy escasos, Sang-Myung y cols. publicaron la revisión más grande con 764 casos de fracturas de calcáneo, 20 de ellos con avulsión de la tuberosidad del calcáneo. Los mecanismos de acción más frecuentes son tropiezo, caída o golpe directo. Se presenta a un paciente de 48 años que concurre al Servicio de Urgencias de un hospital de segundo nivel, tras caerse de un árbol y quedar suspendido sobre la pierna derecha. Ingresó para estudio con evidencia radiográfica de fractura por avulsión del calcáneo y fue sometido a una osteosíntesis, con una excelente evolución clínica. Consideramos importante comunicar este caso, dada la escasa frecuencia de este tipo de fracturas. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Calcaneal fractures account for 2-3.1% of all fractures; among these the least common are avulsions of the Achilles tendon, described by Dr Bohler as "Beak fractures". Descriptions in the literature are very scarce, the largest report being that of Sang-Myung et al in 2012, where a summary of 764 cases of calcaneal fractures contained 20 avulsion fractures. The most common mechanisms of trauma are tripping, falling, or a direct knock. This report presents the clinical case of a 48 year-old patient, who attended the Emergency Service of a second-level hospital after falling from a tree which resulted in being suspended by the lower right limb. Radiographs revealed signs of a calcaneal avulsion fracture, which was surgically managed via osteosynthesis with excellent clinical outcomes in follow-up. Given the infrequency of this type of fracture, we considered it important to present this article. Level of Evidence; IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Calcaneus , Foot Injuries , Fractures, Avulsion , Fracture Fixation, Internal
18.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(2): e345, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1357334

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las lesiones traumáticas con pérdida de cobertura cutánea de la región del tobillo y pie, constituyen un gran reto para el cirujano ortopédico por la exposición y destrucción de tejidos nobles, difíciles de solucionar por ser una zona que presenta escaso tejido adiposo, múltiples tendones, poco volumen muscular, varias prominencias óseas y piel poco elástica. Objetivo: Presentar el colgajo sural de flujo reverso como una buena alternativa para tratar la fractura conminuta cerrada de tibia con pérdida masiva de la piel del tobillo y calcáneo en toda su circunferencia, incluida la almohadilla adiposa de la cara plantar. Presentación del caso: Se presenta paciente de 24 años que sufrió accidente de tránsito con fractura conminuta y cerrada de tibia derecha, además de una herida tipo colgajo que dejó expuesto el calcáneo y la región del tobillo. Luego de colocar fijador externo RALCA para fijar la fractura, se realizó colgajo sural en isla de flujo reverso para cubrir el defecto en la cara plantar y posterior del calcáneo, más injerto libre de piel tomado de la cara antero externa del muslo ipsilateral. Estos procedimientos fueron realizados en dos tiempos quirúrgicos. Conclusiones: El colgajo sural de flujo reverso demostró ser una de las mejores alternativas para la cobertura de lesiones desde el tercio medio de la pierna hasta el pie, por lo que debería ser conocido no solo por cirujanos plásticos, sino también por cirujanos ortopédicos y traumatólogos que lo incorporen a su arsenal terapéutico para su realización(AU)


Introduction: Traumatic injuries with loss of skin coverage of the ankle and foot region constitute great challenge for the orthopedic surgeon due to the exposure and destruction of noble tissues, difficult to solve because this area has little adipose tissue, multiple tendons , little muscle volume, several bony prominences and not very elastic skin. Objective: To establish that the reverse flow sural flap is a good alternative to treat closed comminuted fracture of the tibia with massive skin loss of the entire circumference of the ankle and calcaneus, including the plantar face fat pad. Case report: We report the case of a 24-year-old patient who suffered a traffic accident with a comminuted and closed fracture of the right tibia, as well as a flap-type wound that exposed the calcaneus and the ankle region. After placing RALCA external fixator to fix the fracture, a reverse flow island sural flap was made to cover the defect on the plantar and posterior aspect of the calcaneus, and a free skin graft taken from the anterior external aspect of the ipsilateral thigh. These procedures were performed in two surgical stages. Conclusions: The reverse flow sural flap proved to be one of the best alternatives for the coverage of injuries from the middle third of the leg to the foot, which is why it should be known not only by plastic surgeons, but also by orthopedic surgeons and traumatologists and to incorporate this alternative into their therapeutic arsenal(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Surgical Flaps/surgery , Calcaneus/injuries , Heel/injuries , Fractures, Comminuted
19.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(1): 88-95, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154720

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: a) Establish reference values for bone parameters by using the speed of sound (SOS, m/s) of broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA, dB/MHz) and establish a bone quality index (BQI = αSOS + βBUA) for children and adolescents living in a region of moderate altitude, b) compare bone parameters with an international standard (with different ethnic, socio-economic, and lifestyle backgrounds) by using ultrasound of the calcaneus (heel bone) (QUS). Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out with children and adolescents between the ages of 6.0 and 16.9 years old. The sample was selected randomly. A total of 1322 subjects were studied. Weight, height, and bone parameters, using ultrasound of the calcaneus, were evaluated SOS, BUA, and BQI. Body Mass Index BMI was calculated. Results: The average age of males was 11.44 ± 0.35 years old, and for females, it was 11.43 ± 0.35 years old. The students in this research showed slightly higher values of SOS, BUA, and BQI for both sexes when compared with the international reference (the 50th percentile). Percentiles were generated (P3, P10, P25, P50, P75, P90, and P97) using the LMS method [median (M), standard deviation (S), and power of the Box-Cox transformation (L)] by age and sex. Conclusion: The students living at a moderate altitude showed slightly higher values in bone parameters in relation to the international reference. This pattern depicted a population with a better state of bone health. The proposed percentiles may be used to categorize adequate to at risk bone parameters based on age and sex.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Calcaneus/diagnostic imaging , Peru , Reference Values , Bone Density , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ultrasonography , Altitude
20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 847-850, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921903

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To measure anatomical data of calcaneofibular ligament (CFL), relevant data of CFL attachment to provide an anatomical basis for CFL reconstruction.@*METHODS@#Twenty-seven adult ankle specimens were selected, including 11 males and 16 females, aged from 22 to 71 years old with an average of (41.6±17.2) years old;9 cases on the left side and 18 cases on the right side. The specimens reserved at least 20 cm above ankle joint and a complete foot, and exclude deformities, fractures, incomplete development and degenerative lesions. CFL was performed detailed anatomical observation, morphological parameters of CFL was measured, and coordinates of fibula side and calcaneal side of CFL in the coordinate axis were measured. The distance between fibula insertion of CFL and fibula tip, distance between calcaneal insertion of CFL and lateral calcaneal nodule, and Angle between CFL and long axis of fibula were also measured.@*RESULTS@#In these 27 specimens, CFL cases were all single bundles and the length of CFL was (32.83 ± 8.19) mm. The center point of fibula attachment in CFL was(2.87± 1.21) mm proximal with a coefficient of variation of 42.16% and (2.08±1.34) mm anteriorly with a coefficient of variation of 64.42%. The center point of calcaneal attachment region of CFL was located on coordinate axis on the distal end (15.32±5.33) mm, with a coefficient of variation of 34.79%, and the posterior part (6.38±2.15) mm, with a coefficient of variation of 33.86%. The distance between center point of fibula attachment and fibula tip was (4.81±0.82) mm. The distance between center point of calcaneal attachment area of CFL and lateral calcaneal nodules was(17.25±3.12) mm. Angle between CFL and fibula axis is (43 ±18)° .@*CONCLUSION@#According to anatomical studies, we could locate the fibula and calcaneal attachment of CFL by anatomical markers around ankle joint. However, the location of CFL attachment has a large variation, and the anatomical characteristics need to be considered in anatomical reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Ankle Joint/surgery , Cadaver , Calcaneus/surgery , Fibula/surgery , Lateral Ligament, Ankle/surgery
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