Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 966
Filter
1.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(3): 614-622, mar. 2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364355

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Aparentemente, a pior resposta a algumas classes de anti-hipertensivos, especialmente inibidores da enzima conversora da angiotensina e bloqueadores de receptor de angiotensina, pela população negra, explicaria, pelo menos parcialmente, o pior controle da hipertensão entre esses indivíduos. Entretanto, a maioria das evidências vêm de estudos norte-americanos. Objetivos Este estudo tem o objetivo de investigar a associação entre raça/cor da pele autorrelatadas e controle de PA em participantes do Estudo Longitudinal de Saúde do Adulto (ELSA-Brasil) utilizando várias classes de anti-hipertensivos em monoterapia. Métodos O estudo envolveu uma análise transversal, realizada com participantes da linha de base do ELSA-Brasil. O controle de pressão arterial foi a variável de resposta, participantes com valores de PA ≥140/90 mmHg foram considerados descontrolados em relação aos níveis de pressão arterial. A raça/cor da pele foi autorrelatada (branco, pardo, negro). Todos os participantes tiveram que responder perguntas sobre uso contínuo de medicamentos. A associação entre o controle de PA e raça/cor da pele foi estimada por regressão logística. O nível de significância adotado nesse estudo foi de 5%. Resultados Do total de 1.795 usuários de anti-hipertensivos em monoterapia na linha de base, 55,5% se declararam brancos, 27,9%, pardos e 16,7%, negros. Mesmo depois de padronizar em relação a variáveis de confusão, negros em uso de inibidores da enzima conversora de angiotensina (IECA), bloqueadores de receptor de angiotensina (BRA), diuréticos tiazídicos (DIU tiazídicos) e betabloqueadores (BB) in monoterapia tinham controle de pressão arterial pior em comparação a brancos. Conclusões Os resultados deste estudo sugerem que, nesta amostra de brasileiros adultos utilizando anti-hipertensivos em monoterapia, as diferenças de controle de pressão arterial entre os vários grupos raciais não são explicadas pela possível eficácia mais baixa dos IECA e BRA em indivíduos negros.


Abstract Background It seems that the worst response to some classes of antihypertensive drugs, especially angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers, on the part of the Black population, would at least partially explain the worse control of hypertension among these individuals. However, most of the evidence comes from American studies. Objectives This study aims to investigate the association between self-reported race/skin color and BP control in participants of the Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil), using different classes of antihypertensive drugs in monotherapy. Methods The study involved a cross-sectional analysis, carried out with participants from the baseline of ELSA-Brasil. Blood pressure control was the response variable, participants with BP values ≥140/90 mmHg were considered out of control in relation to blood pressure levels. Race/skin color was self-reported (White, Brown, Black). All participants were asked about the continuous use of medication. Association between BP control and race/skin color was estimated through logistic regression. The level of significance adopted in this study was of 5%. Results Of the total of 1,795 users of antihypertensive drugs in monotherapy at baseline, 55.5% declared themselves White, 27.9% Brown, and 16.7% Black. Even after adjusting for confounding variables, Blacks using angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI), angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB), thiazide diuretics (thiazide DIU), and beta-blockers (BB) in monotherapy had worse blood pressure control compared to Whites. Conclusions Our results suggest that in this sample of Brazilian adults using antihypertensive drugs in monotherapy, the differences in blood pressure control between different racial groups are not explained by the possible lower effectiveness of ACEIs and ARBs in Black individuals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Hypertension/drug therapy , Hypertension/epidemiology , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Antihypertensive Agents/pharmacology , United States , Blood Pressure , Brazil , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Calcium Channel Blockers/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Race Factors
2.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.298-302, ilus, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352326
3.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19779, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383968

ABSTRACT

Abstract Diltiazem hydrochloride (DLH) is a calcium channel blocker useful for the treatment of angina pectoris, arrhythmia, and hypertension. DLH having a short half-life needs frequent administration for successful treatment but this poses a problem of poor patient compliance. These requirements are served by elementary osmotic pump tablets (EOP) based controlled-release (CR) systems. Quality by design (QbD) approach assists in screening various factors with subsequent assessment of critical parameters that can have a major impact on the scalability of EOP. Tablets were formulated using wet granulation method followed by osmotic coating. Factorial design based QbD strategy aided in defining the risk assessment of influential variables such as hydrophilic polymers and osmotic coat component on the in-vitro release kinetics of the designed EOP tablets. These formulated EOP systems followed zero-order kinetics, a characteristic feature of EOPs. EOP tablets were formulated applying a systematic QbD statistical approach. The formulated DLH EOP systems with improved concentration-independent behavior helped to address the challenges of IR formulation. Application of QbD strategy in ascertaining the scalability of DLH EOP formulation would help pharmaceutical industries in the translation of EOP based drug delivery systems from R&D to market.


Subject(s)
Tablets , Diltiazem/analysis , Drug Delivery Systems , Total Quality Management/classification , Methods , Organization and Administration , Kinetics , Calcium Channel Blockers/administration & dosage , Mass Screening , Drug Industry/classification , Half-Life , Health Services Needs and Demand
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(6): e610-e615, dic. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353045

ABSTRACT

La intoxicación por bloqueantes de los canales de calcio es un cuadro poco frecuente en la población pediátrica. Los signos y síntomas pueden progresar de forma rápida y llevar al colapso cardiovascular y muerte. El sostén hemodinámico con inotrópicos y vasopresores no suele ser efectivo. La terapia con insulina y glucosa es un complemento eficaz del tratamiento inicial, que está ampliamente estudiado, y se utiliza en diferentes patologías con compromiso hemodinámico. Se presenta el caso de una paciente pediátrica con antecedente de ingestión de dosis altas de amlodipina con fines suicidas, con descompensación hemodinámica refractaria al tratamiento de soporte inotrópico habitual. A partir del tratamiento con insulina y glucosa, se logró la estabilidad hemodinámica, con evolución favorable de la paciente.


Calcium channel blocker poisoning is a rare condition in the pediatric population. Signs and symptoms can be rapidly progressive and lead to cardiovascular collapse and death. Hemodynamic support with inotropics and vasopressors is usually not effective. The insulin/glucose therapy is an effective complement to the initial treatment, which is widely studied and used in different pathologies with hemodynamic compromise. The case of a pediatric patient with a history of high-dose ingestion of amlodipine for suicidal purposes, with hemodynamic decompensation refractory to usual inotropic support treatment, is presented. From the insulin/glucose treatment, hemodynamic stability was achieved with a favorable evolution


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Suicide, Attempted , Calcium Channel Blockers/poisoning , Amlodipine/poisoning , Drug Overdose/therapy , Glucose/therapeutic use , Insulin/therapeutic use
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2656-2665, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921224

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Cardiovascular diseases are associated with an increased risk of depression, but it remains unclear whether treatment with cardiovascular agents decreases or increases this risk. The effects of drugs on individual usage are also often unknown. This review aimed to examine the correlation between depression and common cardiovascular drugs, develop more potent interventions for depression in cardiovascular patients, and further research on the bio-behavioural mechanisms linking cardiovascular drugs to depression.@*DATA SOURCES@#The data in this review were obtained from articles included in PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science.@*STUDY SELECTION@#Clinical trials, observational studies, review literature, and guidelines about depression and cardiovascular drugs were selected for the article.@*RESULTS@#We systematically investigated whether the seven most used cardiovascular drugs were associated with altered risk of incident depression in this literature review. Statins have been proven to have antidepressant effects. Some studies believe angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs)/angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) can exert an antidepressant influence by acting on the renin-angiotensin system, but further clinical trials are needed to confirm this. Beta-blockers have previously been associated with depression, but the current study found no significant association between beta blockers and the risk of depression. Aspirin may have antidepressant effects by suppressing the immune response, but its role as an antidepressant remains controversial. calcium channel blockers (CCBs) can regulate nerve signal transduction by adjusting calcium channels, but whether this effect is beneficial or harmful to depression remains unclear. Finally, some cases have reported that nitrates and diuretics are associated with depression, but the current clinical evidence is insufficient.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Statins have been proven to have antidepressant effect, and the antidepressant effects of ACEIs/ARB and aspirin are still controversial. CCBs are associated with depression, but it is unclear whether it is beneficial or harmful. No association has been found with β-blockers, diuretics, and nitrates.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Calcium Channel Blockers/therapeutic use , Cardiovascular Agents/therapeutic use , Cardiovascular Diseases/drug therapy , Depression/drug therapy , Hypertension/drug therapy , Renin-Angiotensin System
6.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 993-999, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941389

ABSTRACT

Objective: Explore the usage of anti-hypertension drugs and the rationality of hypertension prescription among the primary health centers in Dongcheng District, Beijing. Method: This cross-sectional and retrospective study was applied to analyze the hypertension prescriptions from the 8 community health centers in Dongcheng District. The anatomical, therapeutic and chemical classification (ATC) codes were used to determine the drug category. ATC information was used to filter data containing antihypertensive drugs, and group the number and proportion of ATC categories. The type of drug was judged by its generic name. According to the diagnosis information in the prescription, the prescription containing the Western medicine diagnosis of hypertension was screened out. The comorbidities of hypertension in the study included 7 types of diseases including diabetes, chronic kidney disease, coronary heart disease, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, stroke, and dyslipidemia. The analysis of prescription rationality included rationality of combination medication, rationality of drug dosage and rationality of drug price. The agreed daily dose (DDD) method was used to analyze the rationality of drug dosage. The drug utilization index (DUI) was used as a quantitative indicator to estimate the rationality of medication, and overdose was expressed by DUI>1. The reasonableness of the drug price was judged based on the price of the drug and whether it was a drug in the "4+7" plan. Results: A total of 658 140 prescriptions were extracted as the final data set, involving 7 categories and 60 commonly used anti-hypertensive drugs, and the corresponding cost of medication was ¥96.58 million. Drugs were prescribed according to comorbidities, and the choice followed the international guidelines. Calcium channel blockers (CCB) were the most prescribed drugs in the prescriptions of patients with comorbidities, and α-adrenergic receptor antagonists were the least prescribed drugs. The proportion of diuretics prescribed in hypertensive patients complicating with heart failure was 21.17% (505/2 385), which was much higher than that of patients complicating with other comorbidities (P<0.05). The proportion of diuretics prescribed in hypertension patients complicating with dyslipidemia was lower than that of patients with other comorbidities (2 639 (0.94%), P<0.05), and β-blockers (BB) or angiotensin Ⅱreceptor blockers (ARB) were more likely to be selected (BB: 59 348 (21.08%), ARB: 51 356 (18.24%))in these patients. The proportion of BB in prescriptions for hypertension patients with chronic kidney disease was lower than that of patients with other comorbidities (P<0.05). The proportion of BB in prescriptions for hypertension patients with coronary heart disease was higher than that of other comorbidities (P<0.05). Hypertension patients with atrial fibrillation or stroke accounted for a higher proportion of CCB prescriptions (P<0.05). Single antihypertensive drug prescriptions accounted for the highest proportion, 61.19% (402 745/658 140). Two-combination prescriptions accounted for the highest proportion of combination prescriptions, 72.19% (184 392/255 395). CCB based two-combination prescriptions accounted for the highest proportion, 122 350(66.36%). ARB-based tri-combination prescriptions accounted for the highest proportion, 48 915(89.50%),followed by CCB based tri-combination prescriptions (44 732(81.85%)).There were 2 174 (0.33%) prescriptions with unreasonable combination therapies and DUI>1 were found in 48 out of 60 commonly used drugs. In all possible antihypertensive drugs, only 40.92% (109 227/266 993)followed the "4+7" plan. Conclusions: The anti-hypertensive agents from these prescriptions in the primary health centers are diverse, and the choice is generally complied with the guidelines, but some unreasonable situations existed, especially on the combined anti-hypertensive medication, overdose, and"4+7"plan is not followed completely.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Beijing/epidemiology , Calcium Channel Blockers/therapeutic use , Community Health Centers , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hypertension/drug therapy , Prescriptions , Retrospective Studies
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1602-1609, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887587

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Hypertension is considered an important risk factor for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The commonly anti-hypertensive drugs are the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibitors, calcium channel blockers (CCBs), and beta-blockers. The association between commonly used anti-hypertensive medications and the clinical outcome of COVID-19 patients with hypertension has not been well studied.@*METHODS@#We conducted a retrospective cohort study that included all patients admitted with COVID-19 to Huo Shen Shan Hospital and Guanggu District of the Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei Province, Wuhan, China. Clinical and laboratory characteristics were extracted from electronic medical records. Hypertension and anti-hypertensive treatment were confirmed by medical history and clinical records. The primary clinical endpoint was all-cause mortality. Secondary endpoints included the rates of patients in common wards transferred to the intensive care unit and hospital stay duration. Logistic regression was used to explore the risk factors associated with mortality and prognosis. Propensity score matching was used to balance the confounders between different anti-hypertensive treatments. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to compare the cumulative recovery rate. Log-rank tests were performed to test for differences in Kaplan-Meier curves between different groups.@*RESULTS@#Among 4569 hospitalized patients with COVID-19, 31.7% (1449/4569) had a history of hypertension. There were significant differences in mortality rates between hypertensive patients with CCBs (7/359) and those without (21/359) (1.95% vs. 5.85%, risk ratio [RR]: 0.32, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.13-0.76, χ2 = 7.61, P = 0.0058). After matching for confounders, the mortality rates were similar between the RAAS inhibitor (4/236) and non-RAAS inhibitor (9/236) cohorts (1.69% vs. 3.81%, RR: 0.43, 95% CI: 0.13-1.43, χ2 = 1.98, P = 0.1596). Hypertensive patients with beta-blockers (13/340) showed no statistical difference in mortality compared with those without (11/340) (3.82% vs. 3.24%, RR: 1.19, 95% CI: 0.53-2.69, χ2 = 0.17, P = 0.6777).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In our study, we did not find any positive or negative effects of RAAS inhibitors or beta-blockers in COVID-19 patients with hypertension, while CCBs could improve prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19 , Calcium Channel Blockers/therapeutic use , China , Hypertension/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(6): 2223-2232, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1142318

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da ω-conotoxina MVIIC e das células-tronco mesenquimais (CTM) de forma isolada e sua associação nos ratos submetidos ao trauma medular agudo (TMA). Trinta Rattus novergicus, linhagem Wistar, três meses de idade, foram distribuídos igualmente em cinco grupos experimentais: controle negativo (CN), controle positivo (CP), ω-conotoxina MVIIC (MVIIC), células-tronco mesenquimais da medula óssea (CTM-MO) e associação (MVIIC + CTM-MO). O grupo CN foi submetido à laminectomia sem trauma medular, e os grupos CP, MVIIC, CTM-MO e MVIIC + CTM-MO foram submetidos ao trauma medular contusivo. O grupo CP recebeu, uma hora após o TMA, 10µL de PBS estéril, e os grupos MVIIC e MVIIC + CTM-MO receberam 10µL de PBS contendo 20pmol da ω-conotoxina MVIIC, todos por via intratecal. Os grupos CTM-MO e MVIIC + CTM-MO receberam, 24 horas após, 1x106 de CTM via intravenosa. Avaliou-se a recuperação da função locomotora até o sétimo dia pós-trauma. Os animais tratados com MVIIC + CTM-MO obtiveram recuperação motora após o trauma medular agudo (P<0,05). Conclui-se que essa associação apresentou efeito neuroprotetor com melhora na função locomotora em ratos Wistar.(AU)


The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of isolated ω-conotoxin MVIIC and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and its association in rats submitted to acute spinal cord injury (SCI). Thirty Rattus norvegicus, Wistar strain, three-month-old rats were randomly distributed in five experimental groups with six animals: negative control (CN), positive control (CP), ω-conotoxin MVIIC (MVIIC), bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (CTM-MO) and the association (MVIIC + CTM-MO). The CN group underwent laminectomy without spinal cord trauma, and groups CP, MVIIC, CTM-MO and MVIIC + CTM-MO were submitted to contusive spinal cord trauma. The CP group received 10µl of PBS one hour after SCI, and groups MVIIC and MVIIC + CTM-MO received 10µl of PBS containing 20pmol of ω-conotoxin MVIIC, both intrathecally. Groups CTM-MO and MVIIC + CTM-MO received 1x106 of MSCs intravenously 24 hours later. The recovery of locomotor function was evaluated up to seven days post-injury. The animals treated with MVIIC + CTM-MO obtained motor recovery after SCI (P<0.05). It is concluded that this association showed neuroprotective effect with improvements in locomotor function in Wistar rats.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Spinal Cord Injuries/rehabilitation , Calcium Channel Blockers , omega-Conotoxins/therapeutic use , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy/veterinary , Neuroprotection , Rats, Wistar
10.
Brasília; s.n; 4 maio 2020. 29 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1097406

ABSTRACT

Essa é uma produção do Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia (Decit) da Secretaria de Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovação e Insumos Estratégicos em Saúde (SCTIE) do Ministério da Saúde (Decit/SCTIE/MS), que tem como missão promover a ciência e tecnologia e o uso de evidências científicas para a tomada de decisão do SUS, tendo como principal atribuição o incentivo ao desenvolvimento de pesquisas em saúde no Brasil, de modo a direcionar os investimentos realizados em pesquisa pelo Governo Federal às necessidades de saúde pública. Informar sobre as principais evidências científicas descritas na literatura internacional sobre tratamento farmacológico para a COVID-19. Além de resumir cada estudo identificado, o informe apresenta também uma avaliação da qualidade metodológica e a quantidade de artigos publicados, de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, entre outros). Foram encontrados 24 artigos e 10 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Calcium Channel Blockers/therapeutic use , Heparin/therapeutic use , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Drug Combinations , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use
11.
Rev. ciênc. farm. básica apl ; 41: [13], 01/01/2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128583

ABSTRACT

Aim: Since other species of the Bignoniaceae Family presented of antispasmodic activity, it was decided, by chemotaxonomic criterion, to determine the antispasmodic activity of the leaves of Arrabidaea brachypoda. Methodology: the segments of the rat jejunum were suspended in glass vats containing specific saline solution, at an appropriate temperature, and after stabilization period, were stimulated by a contractile agent to observe the inhibitory or relaxing effect of EH-FAB. Results: EH-FAB showed the presence of 10 compounds, mainly rutin and it has an antispasmodic activity as it inhibits the phasic component and relaxes the tonic component of the contraction in isolated rat jejunum. To assess the mechanism of antispasmodic action, cumulative curves to the CCh were performed in which a non-competitive antagonism was observed, due to a displacement of the control curve to the right and reduction of the maximum contraction effect (Emax). Afterward, the participation of the calcium and/or potassium channels was evaluated by increasing the extracellular potassium, and it was observed that the EH-FAB relaxed the rat jejunum, suggesting the participation of the Ca2+ channels. To corroborate that hypothesis, the EH-FAB was tested against cumulative curves to Ca2+ in a free depolarizing solution of Ca2+, and it was observed that there was a shift of the curve to the right with a reduction in Emax. Conclusions: EH-FAB presents antispasmodic activity in isolated rat jejunum and it is suggested to block the influx of Ca2+ through voltage-gated calcium channels, signaling the therapeutic potential for the treatment of colic and/or diarrhea.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Parasympatholytics/therapeutic use , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Calcium Channel Blockers/pharmacology , Bignoniaceae/chemistry , Potassium , Jejunum
12.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 52-68, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786211

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: 2018 ESC/ESH Hypertension guideline recommends 2-drug combination as initial anti-hypertensive therapy. However, real-world evidence for effectiveness of recommended regimens remains limited. We aimed to compare the effectiveness of first-line anti-hypertensive treatment combining 2 out of the following classes: angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors/angiotensin-receptor blocker (A), calcium channel blocker (C), and thiazide-type diuretics (D).METHODS: Treatment-naïve hypertensive adults without cardiovascular disease (CVD) who initiated dual anti-hypertensive medications were identified in 5 databases from US and Korea. The patients were matched for each comparison set by large-scale propensity score matching. Primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Myocardial infarction, heart failure, stroke, and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events as a composite outcome comprised the secondary measure.RESULTS: A total of 987,983 patients met the eligibility criteria. After matching, 222,686, 32,344, and 38,513 patients were allocated to A+C vs. A+D, C+D vs. A+C, and C+D vs. A+D comparison, respectively. There was no significant difference in the mortality during total of 1,806,077 person-years: A+C vs. A+D (hazard ratio [HR], 1.08; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.97−1.20; p=0.127), C+D vs. A+C (HR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.87−1.01; p=0.067), and C+D vs. A+D (HR, 1.18; 95% CI, 0.95−1.47; p=0.104). A+C was associated with a slightly higher risk of heart failure (HR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.01−1.18; p=0.040) and stroke (HR, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.01−1.17; p=0.040) than A+D.CONCLUSIONS: There was no significant difference in mortality among A+C, A+D, and C+D combination treatment in patients without previous CVD. This finding was consistent across multi-national heterogeneous cohorts in real-world practice.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Antihypertensive Agents , Calcium Channel Blockers , Calcium Channels , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cohort Studies , Diuretics , Heart Failure , Hypertension , Korea , Mortality , Myocardial Infarction , Propensity Score , Stroke
13.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(8): 579-589, Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019465

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT In this review, we discuss the therapies used in the treatment of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy since the first description of the disease. A short description is given of the various theories based on disease pathogenesis, which give the substrates for the many therapeutic interventions. A brief review of the methods of evaluation used in therapeutic trials is made. Of all the treatments, the only drugs that are still considered able to modify the course of the disease are the corticosteroids (prednisone/prednisolone/deflazacort). Other drugs (coenzyme Q10 and creatine) have had a little effect in a few functions without adverse reactions. Idebenone seems to improve the respiratory function in the long term. The trials with mRNA transcription, through nonsense mutations or exon 51 skipping, show some beneficial results in a few functional tests, but they are limited to a small set of DMD patients.


RESUMO Nesta revisão são discutidas as terapêuticas empregadas no tratamento da distrofia muscular de Duchenne desde a descrição da doença. Apresentamos as diversas teorias que fundamentaram as intervenções terapêuticas, com uma breve descrição dos tipos de avaliação empregados nos ensaios terapêuticos. Dentre todos os tratamentos, a única medicação que até agora modificou o curso da doença foram os corticosteroides (prednisona/prednisolona/deflazacort). A coenzima Q10 e creatina tiveram algum efeito pequeno em algumas funções e evolução da doença sem efeitos colaterais. O idebenone mostrou efeito benéfico na função respiratória em longo prazo. As tentativas de intervir no gene da distrofina utilizando técnicas de transcrição do mRNA através das mutações sem sentido e técnicas que pulam o exon 51 mostram resultado muito discreto em algumas provas funcionais e limitado a uma parcela pequena de casos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/drug therapy , Calcium Channel Blockers/therapeutic use , Cholinesterase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Dystrophin/drug effects , Dystrophin/metabolism , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/metabolism , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Antioxidants/therapeutic use
14.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 18(2): 204-222, mar. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1007819

ABSTRACT

To explore the mechanistic basis behind smooth muscle relaxant prospective of Bismarckia nobilis in gastrointestinal, respiratory and cardiovascular ailments. The methanolic extract of B. nobilis and sub-fractions have been evaluated in vitro rabbit isolated tissues, in vivo castor oil-induced diarrhea in rats and charcoal meal activity in mice. The B. nobilis extract relaxed spontaneous and K+(80 mM)- induced contractions in rabbit isolated jejunum preparations, CCh (1 µM) and K+ (80 mM)-induced contractions in tracheal and bladder preparations, PE (1 µM) and K+ (80 mM)-induced concentrations in aorta preparations, likewise verapamil. Spasmolytic activity of dichloromethane fraction is stronger as compared to aqueous fraction. In vivo castor oil-induced diarrhea in rats and charcoal meal activity in mice further supported spasmolytic activity. B. nobilis extract possess anti-spasmodic, anti-diarrheal, airway relaxant and vasodilator activities possible mediated through calcium channel blocking mechanism, justifying therapeutic utility of B. nobilis in diarrhea, asthma and hypertension.


El objetivo de trabajo fue explorar el mecanismo de acción relacionado con el efecto relajante del músculo liso inducido por Bismarckia nobilis (B. nobilis) en enfermedades gastrointestinales, respiratorias y cardiovasculares. El extracto metanólico de B. nobilis y subfracciones fue evaluado in vitro en tejidos aislados de conejos. Además se evaluó diarrea in vivo inducida con aceite de ricino en ratas y la actividad de harina de carbón vegetal en ratones. El extracto de B. nobilis relajó tanto las contracciones espontáneas como las inducidas por K+(80 mM) en preparaciones de yeyuno aisladas de conejos, las contracciones inducidas por PE (1 µM) y K+(80 mM) inducidas en preparaciones de aorta; de manera similar a verapamilo. La actividad espasmolítica de la fracción de diclorometano es más potente en comparación con la fracción acuosa. La diarrea inducida in vivo por el aceite de ricino en ratas y la actividad de la harina de carbón vegetal en ratones apoyaron aún más la actividad espasmolítica. El extracto de B. nobilis posee actividades antiespasmódicas, antidiarreicas, relajantes de las vías respiratorias y vasodilatadoras, posibles a través del mecanismo de bloqueo de los canales de calcio, lo que justifica la utilidad terapéutica de B. nobilis en la diarrea, el asma y la hipertensión.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Rats , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Anti-Asthmatic Agents/pharmacology , Arecaceae , Antidiarrheals/pharmacology , Antihypertensive Agents/pharmacology , Aorta/drug effects , Asthma/metabolism , Trachea/drug effects , Calcium Channel Blockers/pharmacology , Diarrhea/metabolism , Methanol , Hypotension/metabolism , Jejunum/drug effects , Muscle Relaxation/drug effects , Muscle, Smooth/drug effects
15.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(1): 64-71, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977413

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage is an important cause of premature death and disability worldwide. Magnesium sulphate is shown to have a neuroprotective effect and it reverses cerebral vasospasm. Milrinone is also used in the treatment of cerebral vasospasm. The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of prophylactic magnesium sulphate and milrinone on the incidence of cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Methods: The study included 90 patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage classified randomly (by simple randomization) into two groups: magnesium sulphate was given as an infusion of 500 mg.day-1 without loading dose for 21 days. Group B: milrinone was given as an infusion of 0.5 µg.kg-1.min-1 without loading dose for 21 days. The cerebral vasospasm was diagnosed by mean cerebral blood flow velocity in the involved cerebral artery (mean flow velocity ≥ 120 cm.s-1), neurological deterioration by Glasgow coma scale, or angiography (the decrease in diameter of the involved cerebral artery >25%). Results: The mean cerebral blood flow velocity decreased significantly in the magnesium group compared to milrinone group through Day 7, Day 14 and Day 21 (p < 0.001). The incidence of cerebral vasospasm decreased significantly with magnesium compared to milrinone (p = 0.007). The Glasgow coma scale significantly improved in the magnesium group compared to milrinone group through Day 7, Day 14 and Day 21 (p = 0.036, p = 0.012, p = 0.016, respectively). The incidence of hypotension was higher with milrinone than magnesium (p = 0.012). Conclusions: The incidence of cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage was significantly lower and Glasgow coma scale significantly better with magnesium when compared to milrinone. Milrinone was associated with a higher incidence of hypotension and requirement for dopamine and norepinephrine when compared to magnesium.


Resumo Justificativa: A hemorragia subaracnoidea por aneurisma é uma importante causa de morte prematura e de incapacidade em todo o mundo. O sulfato de magnésio mostra um efeito neuroprotetor e reverte o vasoespasmo cerebral. A milrinona também é usada no tratamento de vasoespasmo cerebral. O objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar o efeito profilático do sulfato de magnésio e da milrinona sobre a incidência de vasoespasmo cerebral após hemorragia subaracnoidea. Métodos: O estudo incluiu 90 pacientes com hemorragia subaracnoidea por aneurisma randomicamente distribuídos (randomização simples) em dois grupos: sulfato de magnésio foi administrado em infusão de 500 mg.dia-1 sem dose de ataque durante 21 dias. O Grupo B recebeu milrinona em infusão de 0,5 µg.kg-1·min-1 sem dose de ataque durante 21 dias. O vasoespasmo cerebral foi diagnosticado pela velocidade média do fluxo sanguíneo cerebral na artéria cerebral envolvida (velocidade média do fluxo ≥ 120 cm.s-1), a deterioração neurológica por escala de coma de Glasgow ou angiografia (diminuição do diâmetro da artéria cerebral envolvida > 25%). Resultados: A velocidade média do fluxo sanguíneo cerebral diminuiu significativamente no grupo magnésio em comparação com o grupo milrinona nos dias 7, 14 e 21 (p < 0,001). A incidência de vasoespasmo cerebral diminuiu significativamente com o magnésio em comparação com milrinona (p = 0,007). A escala de coma de Glasgow melhorou significativamente no grupo magnésio em comparação com o grupo milrinona nos dias 7, 14 e 21 (p = 0,036, p = 0,012, p = 0,016, respectivamente). A incidência de hipotensão foi maior com milrinona do que com magnésio (p = 0,012). Conclusões: A incidência de vasoespasmo cerebral após hemorragia subaracnoidea por aneurisma foi significativamente menor e a escala de coma de Glasgow significativamente melhor com magnésio em comparação com milrinona. A milrinona foi associada a uma maior incidência de hipotensão e necessidade de dopamina e norepinefrina em comparação com o magnésio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Calcium Channel Blockers/therapeutic use , Milrinone/therapeutic use , Vasospasm, Intracranial/prevention & control , Phosphodiesterase 3 Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Magnesium Sulfate/therapeutic use , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/complications , Double-Blind Method , Incidence , Vasospasm, Intracranial/etiology , Vasospasm, Intracranial/epidemiology , Middle Aged
16.
In. Consolim-Colombo, Fernanda M; Saraiva, José Francisco Kerr; Izar, Maria Cristina de Oliveira. Tratado de Cardiologia: SOCESP / Cardiology Treaty: SOCESP. São Paulo, Manole, 4ª; 2019. p.506-517.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1009121
17.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 144-149, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763291

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of fimasartan/amlodipine fixed-dosed combination (F/A) on left ventricle (LV) systolic function and infarct size in the rat myocardial infarction (MI) model. We induced MI in 20 rats by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery and they were divided into two groups [MI group (n=10) vs. MI+F/A 10 mg/kg group (n=10)]. F/A was administered for 28 days between day-7 and day-35 in the MI+F/A group and echocardiography was performed at day-7 and at day-35 after the induction of MI. Picrosirius red staining was performed to confirm the fibrotic tissue and infarct size was measured using image analysis program for Image J. At the 35-day follow-up, the LV ejection fraction (EF) was significantly higher (38.10±3.92% vs. 29.86±4.56%, p<0.001) and delta (day-35 minus day-7) EF was significantly higher (0.14±2.66% vs. −8.53±2.66%. p<0.001) in the MI+F/A group than the MI group. Systolic blood pressure was significantly lower in the MI+F/A group than the MI group (103.23±13.35 mmHg vs. 123.43±14.82 mmHg, p<0.01). The MI+F/A group had a smaller infarct size (26.84±5.31% vs. 36.79±3.10%, p<0.01) than the MI group at the 35-day follow-up. Oral administration of F/A 10 mg/kg could improve LV systolic function and reduce infarct size in a rat MI model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Administration, Oral , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Blood Pressure , Calcium Channel Blockers , Coronary Vessels , Echocardiography , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Ventricles , Ligation , Myocardial Infarction , Ventricular Remodeling
18.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 298-303, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772055

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of calcium channel blocker diltizem in reversing multi-drug resistance (MDR) and on metadherin expression in hepatocellular carcinoma cells and explore the molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#Hepatocellular carcinoma MHCC97H and 7402 cells were treated with diltiazem hydrochloride, a calcium channel blocker (0, 25, 50, 100, 200, and 400 μmol/L), for 12, 24, or 48 h. Wound healing assay was employed to assess the changes in the mobility and migration of the cells following the treatments, and the changes in the expression levels of metadherin mRNA and protein and P-gp protein were determined using RT-PCR and immunocytochemistry.@*RESULTS@#Diltiazem hydrochloride could transiently inhibit the migration and movement of MHCC97H and 7402 cells in a time-and concentration-dependent manner ( < 0.05). Diltiazem hydrochloride at different concentrations also transiently up-regulated the expressions of metadherin mRNA and protein but did not inhibit the expression of P-gp protein in MHCC97H and 7402 cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Calcium channel blocker can transiently inhibit the migration of hepatocellular carcinoma cells and up-regulate the expression of metadherin mRNA and protein through a feedback mechanism, suggesting the potential risk of calcium channel blockers for promoting tumor progression during the treatment of malignant tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Calcium Channel Blockers , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cell Line, Tumor , Diltiazem , Liver Neoplasms
19.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 17(3): 310-323, mayo 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-915411

ABSTRACT

The aim of current study was to determinate ex vivo and chromatographic fingerprint by HPLC of four extracts of Euphorbia furcillata K. Ethyl acetate extract of Euphorbia furcillata (EaEEf) was the most effective and potent extract (Emax=98.69±1.24%) and its effect was partially endothelium-dependent. Functional vasorelaxant mechanism of action of EaEEf was determinate, EaEEf showed efficient relaxation of KCl [80 mM]-induced contraction and norepinephrine and CaCl2 contraction curves showed diminution of maximal contraction in the presence of EAEEf and EaEEf-relaxation curve was shifted to the right in the presence of L-NAME (nitric oxide synthase inhibitor) and ODQ (guanylate cyclase inhibitor). Chromatographic fingerprints analysis suggests presence of diterpenoid such as abietane, tigliane, and ingenane skeletons. Our experiments suggest the EaEEf vasorelaxant activity could be attributed to diterpenoid molecules whose mechanism involves nitric oxide production and calcium channel blockade.


Se determinó el efecto vasorrelajante ex vivo y los perfiles cromatográficos mediante HPLC de cuatro extractos de Euphorbia furcillata K.. El extracto de acetato de etilo de E. furcillata (EaEEf) fue el más eficaz y potente en la contracción inducida por norepinefrina (Emax=98.69±1.24%) y el efecto fue parcialmente dependiente del endotelio vascular. Se determinó el mecanismo de acción vasorrelajante para EaEEf, este mostró ser eficaz sobre la contracción inducida por KCl [80 mM] y la curva de contracción en respuesta a norepinefrina y CaCl2 en presencia de EaEEf mostró disminución en la contracción máxima, mientras que la curva de relajación de EaEEf en presencia de L-NAME (inhibidor de óxido nítrico sintasa) y ODQ (inhibidor de guanilato ciclasa) se desplazó hacia la derecha. El análisis cromatográfico de EaEEf sugiere la presencia de moléculas diterpenoides como abietano, tigliano y esqueletos de ingenano. Nuestros resultados sugieren que el efecto vasorrelajante de EaEEf podría atribuirse a moléculas diterpenoides, cuyo mecanismo de acción involucra la producción de óxido nítrico y bloqueo de canales de calcio.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Vasodilator Agents/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Euphorbia/chemistry , Calcium Channel Blockers/metabolism , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Rats, Wistar , Cyclic GMP/metabolism , Nitric Oxide/metabolism
20.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 28(1): 26-32, jan.-mar. 2018. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-906709

ABSTRACT

Ao longo das décadas, alguns conceitos mudaram radicalmente a respeito do tratamento clínico da doença arterial coronariana (DAC). Inicialmente focado na redução dos sintomas isquêmicos, hoje a otimização da terapêutica clínica é fundamental para a redução de eventos cardiovasculares. No mesmo período, houve um grande desenvolvimento das técnicas de revascularização. A angioplastia coronária tornou-se uma das intervenções terapêuticas mais frequentemente realizadas e as técnicas de revascularização miocárdica vêm sendo objeto de mais ensaios clínicos randomizados, do que qualquer outra intervenção em Medicina. Ainda mais, várias modalidades de imagem invasivas e não invasivas foram desenvolvidas, permitindo estudar com maior precisão a doença arterial coronariana, reconhecer novos marcadores prognóstico, avaliar mais claramente os pacientes e indicar mais acertadamente o tratamento


Some concepts regarding the clinical management of coronary artery disease (CAD) have radically changed over the past decades. Initially focused on improving ischemic symptoms, today, optimal medical therapy is fundamental for reducing cardiovascular events. In the same time frame, there has been an immense development in revascularization treatment. Coronary angioplasty has become one of the most frequently performed therapeutic interventions, and myocardial revascularization techniques have been the subject of more randomized clinical trials than any other intervention in medicine. Furthermore, several invasive and non-invasive imaging modalities have been developed, enabling more accurate study of coronary artery disease, recognition of prognostic markers, clearer patient evaluation, and earlier treatment indications


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/physiopathology , Coronary Artery Disease/therapy , Drug Therapy/methods , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Therapeutics , Thrombosis/prevention & control , Calcium Channel Blockers , Aspirin/administration & dosage , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Life Style
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL