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1.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(5): 680-686, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136268

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a very frequent situation in our population that may lead to a significant decrease in patients' quality of life. Currently, we are looking for predictive factors for the development of POPs; thus, this study seeks to evaluate whether the Fibulin 5 polymorphism (FBLN5) is associated with the occurrence of POP. METHODS This is a cohort study with postmenopausal women who were divided into groups by POP stage: POP stages 0 and I (control group) and POP stages III and IV (case group). Subsequently, analyses of genetic polymorphisms of FBLN5 were performed using the Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) technique. RESULTS A total of 292 women were included in the study. Pregnancy, parity and vaginal delivery in the patients, as well as in data described in the literature, were related to the occurrence of POP in the univariate analysis. However, after binary logistic regression, home birth and age remained independent risk factors for POP. We found no association between the FBLN5 polymorphism and the occurrence of POP (p = 0.371). CONCLUSION There was no association between the FBLN5 polymorphism and the occurrence of POP in Brazilian women.


RESUMO OBJETIVOS O prolapso de órgãos pélvicos (POP) é uma situação muito frequente em nossa população que pode levar a uma diminuição significativa da qualidade de vida dos pacientes. Atualmente, buscam-se fatores preditivos para o desenvolvimento de POPs e, assim, este estudo correlaciona um polimorfismo de Fibulina 5 (FBLN5) com a ocorrência da doença. MÉTODOS Estudo de coorte com mulheres na pós-menopausa, divididas por grupos pelos estádios 0 e I do POP (grupo controle) e POP III e IV (grupo caso). Posteriormente, análises do polimorfismo genético de FBLN5 foram realizadas utilizando a técnica de Polimorfismo de Comprimento de Fragmentos de Restrição (RFLP). RESULTADOS Um total de 292 mulheres foi incluído no estudo. Gestação, paridade e parto vaginal, como bem descritos na literatura, foram relacionados à ocorrência de POPs na análise univariada. No entanto, após a regressão logística binária, o parto domiciliar e a idade permaneceram como fatores de risco independentes para os POPs. Não encontramos associação deste polimorfismo FBLN5 com a ocorrência de POP (p=0,371). CONCLUSÃO Não houve associação deste polimorfismo FBLN5 com a ocorrência de POPs em mulheres brasileiras.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Quality of Life , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/genetics , Pelvic Organ Prolapse , Polymorphism, Genetic , Brazil , Calcium-Binding Proteins/genetics , Cohort Studies
2.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(4): 438-444, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019366

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Pubertal timing in humans is determined by complex interactions including hormonal, metabolic, environmental, ethnic, and genetic factors. Central precocious puberty (CPP) is defined as the premature reactivation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, starting before the ages of 8 and 9 years in girls and boys, respectively; familial CPP is defined by the occurrence of CPP in two or more family members. Pioneering studies have evidenced the participation of genetic factors in pubertal timing, mainly identifying genetic causes of CPP in sporadic and familial cases. In this context, rare activating mutations were identified in genes of the kisspeptin excitatory pathway (KISS1R and KISS1 mutations). More recently, loss-of-function mutations in two imprinted genes (MKRN3 and DLK1) have been identified as important causes of familial CPP, describing novel players in the modulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in physiological and pathological conditions. MKRN3 mutations are the most common cause of familial CPP, and patients with MKRN3 mutations present clinical features indistinguishable from idiopathic CPP. Meanwhile, adult patients with DLK1 mutations present high frequency of metabolic alterations (overweight/obesity, early onset type 2 diabetes and hyperlipidemia), indicating that DLK1 may be a novel link between reproduction and metabolism. Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2019;63(4):438-44


Subject(s)
Humans , Puberty, Precocious/genetics , Phenotype , Puberty, Precocious/etiology , Ribonucleoproteins/genetics , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Gene Silencing , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/metabolism , Kisspeptins/genetics , Receptors, Kisspeptin-1/genetics , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Methylation , Mutation
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773529

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of transforming growth factor-β1/integrin-linked kinase/fibroblast-specific protein 1 (TGF- β1/ILK/FSP1) signaling pathway in cyclosporine A (CsA)-induced renal tubular epithelial cell transdifferentiation.@*METHODS@#Rat renal tubular epithelial NRK-52E cells were induced with 1 mg/L CsA, treated with TGF-β1 inhibitor (SB431542, 10 μmol/L), or transfected with the ILK-RNAi lentiviral expression vector (ILKshRNA) or a negative control vector before CsA induction. The expressions of TGF-β1, ILK and FSP-1 mRNAs and proteins in the cells were detected using real-time PCR and Western blotting. The positive cells for α-SMA expression were detected by immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank control cells, the cells treated with CsA showed significantly increased levels of TGF-β1, ILK and FSP-1 mRNAs and proteins ( < 0.05). The expressions of TGF-β1, ILK and FSP-1 were significantly lower in TGF-β1 inhibitor group than in CsA group ( < 0.05). The levels of ILK and FSP-1 were significantly decreased after shRNA-mediated ILK silencing ( < 0.05). The number of positive cells for -SMA was significantly lower in cells treated with SB431542 and in cells with ILK silencing than in the cells treated with CsA alone ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The activation of TGF-β1/ILK/FSP-1 signaling pathway is an important mechanism for CsA-induced transdifferentiation in rat renal tubular epithelial cells. ILK participates in CsA-induced epithelialmesenchymal transition of renal tubular epithelial cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Cells, Cultured , Cyclosporine , Epithelial Cells , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases , Rats , Signal Transduction , Transforming Growth Factor beta1
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772067

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of calponin-1 (CNN1) in systemic sclerosis (SSc) and its pathogenic role in fibrosis.@*METHODS@#Skin biopsy samples were collected from 19 patients with SSc and 21 healthy subjects. Real-time PCR was used to detect the expression of and mRNAs in the samples, and the protein expression of CNN1 was detected using immunohistochemistry. In cultured primary human dermal fibroblasts, expression was knocked down RNA interference, and the mRNA expression levels of and the fibrosis-related genes , , , , and were detected using real-time PCR; the proliferation of the cells was assessed using a real-time cell proliferation detection system.@*RESULTS@#Compared with that in samples from normal subjects, the expression of mRNA was significantly increased in the skin tissue of patients with SSc ( < 0.05) with a positive correlation with α-SMA (=0.7219, < 0.0001); the protein expression of CNN1 was also significantly increased in the skin tissue of patients with SSc. In cultured primary skin fibroblasts, the expression of CNN1 mRNA was positively correlated with and mRNA expressions (=0.6547, < 0.05; =0.6438, < 0.05). knockdown in the fibroblasts significantly inhibited the cell proliferation, obviously lowered the expressions of fibrosis-related genes, and reduced the protein expression of collagen.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The expression of is increased in the skin tissues of patients with SSc, and knockdown can reduce the activity of dermal fibroblasts, suggesting the close correlation of CNN1 with fibrosis in SSc.


Subject(s)
Calcium-Binding Proteins , Cells, Cultured , Fibroblasts , Fibrosis , Humans , Microfilament Proteins , Scleroderma, Systemic , Skin
5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(10): e8845, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039251

ABSTRACT

Regucalcin is a soluble protein that is principally expressed in hepatocytes. Studies of regucalcin have mainly been conducted in animals due to a lack of commercially available kits. We aimed to develop an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to quantify serum regucalcin in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related disease. High-titer monoclonal antibodies and a polyclonal antibody to regucalcin were produced, a double-antibody sandwich ELISA method was established, and serum regucalcin was determined in 47 chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients, 91 HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) patients, and 33 healthy controls. The ELISA demonstrated an appropriate linear range, and high levels of reproducibility, sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and stability. The median serum regucalcin concentrations in HBV-ACLF and CHB patients were 5.46 and 3.76 ng/mL, respectively (P<0.01), which were much higher than in healthy controls (1.72 ng/mL, both P<0.01). For the differentiation of CHB patients and healthy controls, the area under curve (AUC) was 0.86 with a cut-off of 2.42 ng/mL, 85.7% sensitivity, and 78.8% specificity. In contrast, the AUC of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was lower (AUC=0.80, P=0.01). To differentiate ACLF from CHB, the AUC was 0.72 with a cut-off of 4.26 ng/mL, 77.0% sensitivity, and 61.2% specificity while the AUC of ALT was 0.41 (P=0.07). Thus, we have developed an ELISA that is suitable for measuring serum regucalcin and have shown that serum regucalcin increased with the severity of liver injury due to HBV-related diseases, such that it appears to be more useful than ALT as a marker of liver injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Calcium-Binding Proteins/blood , Hepatitis B, Chronic/blood , Renal Insufficiency/blood , Severity of Illness Index , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Hepatitis B, Chronic/virology , Renal Insufficiency/virology , Antibodies, Viral/immunology
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742218

ABSTRACT

Four isoforms of calcium binding proteins containing 2 EF hand motifs and a dynein light chain-like domain in the human liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini, namely OvCaBP1, 2, 3, and 4, were characterized. They had molecular weights of 22.7, 21.6, 23.7, and 22.5 kDa, respectively and showed 37.2–42.1% sequence identity to CaBP22.8 of O. viverrini. All were detected in 2- and 4-week-old immature and mature parasites. Additionally, OvCaBP4 was found in newly excysted juveniles. Polyclonal antibodies against each isoform were generated to detect the native proteins in parasite extracts by Western blot analysis. All OvCaBPs were detected in soluble and insoluble crude worm extracts and in the excretory-secretory product, at approximate sizes of 21–23 kDa. The ion-binding properties of the proteins were analyzed by mobility shift assays with the divalent cations Ca²⁺, Mg²⁺, Zn²⁺, and Cu²+. All OvCaBPs showed mobility shifts with Ca²⁺ and Zn²⁺. OvCaBP1 showed also positive results with Mg²⁺ and Cu²⁺. As tegumental proteins, OvCaBP1, 2, and 3 are interesting drug targets for the treatment of opisthorchiasis.


Subject(s)
Antibodies , Blotting, Western , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Cations, Divalent , Dyneins , EF Hand Motifs , Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay , Fasciola hepatica , Humans , Molecular Weight , Opisthorchiasis , Opisthorchis , Parasites , Protein Isoforms
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739524

ABSTRACT

The retinal degeneration resulting from elevated intraocular pressure was evaluated through functional and morphological analyses, for better understanding of the pathophysiology of glaucoma. Ocular hypertension was induced via unilateral episcleral venous cauterization in rats. Experimental time was set at 1 and 3 days, and 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks post-operation. Retinal function was analyzed using electroretinography. For morphological analysis, retinal tissues were processed for immunochemistry by using antibodies against the calcium-sensing receptor and calcium-binding proteins. Apoptosis was analyzed using the TUNEL method and electron microscopy. Amplitudes of a- and b-wave in scotopic and photopic responses were found to be reduced in all glaucomatous retinas. Photopic negative response for ganglion cell function significantly reduced from 1-day and more significantly reduced in 2-week glaucoma. Calcium-sensing receptor immunoreactivity in ganglion cells remarkably reduced at 8 weeks; conversely, protein amounts increased significantly. Calcium-binding proteins immunoreactivity in amacrine cells clearly reduced at 8 weeks, despite of uneven changes in protein amounts. Apoptosis appeared in both photoreceptors and ganglion cells in 8-week glaucomatous retina. Apoptotic feature of photoreceptors was typical, whereas that of ganglion cells was necrotic in nature. These findings suggest that elevated intraocular pressure affects the sensitivity of photoreceptors and retinal ganglion cells, and leads to apoptotic death. The calcium-sensing receptor may be a useful detector for alteration of extracellular calcium levels surrounding the ganglion cells.


Subject(s)
Amacrine Cells , Animals , Antibodies , Apoptosis , Calcium , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Cautery , Electroretinography , Ganglion Cysts , Glaucoma , Immunochemistry , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Intraocular Pressure , Methods , Microscopy, Electron , Ocular Hypertension , Rats , Receptors, Calcium-Sensing , Retina , Retinal Degeneration , Retinal Ganglion Cells , Retinaldehyde
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773805

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of rosuvastatin on homocysteine (Hcy) induced mousevascular smooth muscle cells(VSMCs) dedifferentiation and endoplasmic reticulum stress(ERS).@*METHODS@#VSMCs were co-cultured with Hcy and different concentration of rosuvastatin (0.1, 1.0 and 10 μmol/L). Cytoskeleton remodeling, VSMCs phenotype markers (smooth muscle actin-α, calponin and osteopontin) and ERS marker mRNAs (Herpud1, XBP1s and GRP78) were detected at predicted time. Tunicamycin was used to induce, respectively 4-phenylbutyrate(4-PBA) inhibition, ERS in VSMCs and cellular migration, proliferation and expression of phenotype proteins were analyzed. Mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR)-P70S6 kinase (P70S6K) signaling agonist phosphatidic acid and inhibitor rapamycin were used in Rsv treated VSMCs. And then mTOR signaling and ERS associated mRNAs were detected.@*RESULTS@#Compared with Hcy group, Hcy+ Rsv group (1.0 and 10 μmol/L) showed enhanced α-SMA and calponin expression (<0.01), suppressed ERS mRNA levels (<0.01) and promoted polarity of cytoskeleton. Compared with Hcy group, Hcy+Rsv group and Hcy+4-PBA group showed suppressed proliferation, migration and enhanced contractile protein expression (<0.01); while tunicamycin could reverse the effect of Rsv on Hcy treated cells. Furthermore, alleviated mTOR-P70S6K phosphorylation and ERS (<0.01)were observed in Hcy+Rsv group and Hcy+rapamycin group, compared with Hcy group; while phosphatidic acid inhibited the effect of Rsv on mTOR signaling activation and ERS mRNA levels (<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Rosuvastatin could inhibit Hcy induced VSMCs dedifferentiation suppressing ERS, which might be regulated by mTOR-P70S6K signaling.


Subject(s)
Actins , Metabolism , Animals , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Cell Dedifferentiation , Cells, Cultured , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Heat-Shock Proteins , Metabolism , Homocysteine , Membrane Proteins , Metabolism , Mice , Microfilament Proteins , Metabolism , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Cell Biology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Cell Biology , Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases, 70-kDa , Metabolism , Rosuvastatin Calcium , Pharmacology , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Metabolism , X-Box Binding Protein 1 , Metabolism
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772292

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans), a major aetiologic agent of dental caries, is involved in systemic diseases, such as bacterial endocarditis, if it enters the bloodstream through temporary bacteraemia. Interleukin (IL)-1β, a proinflammatory cytokine, is related to the host defences against pathogens, and its synthesis, maturation, and secretion are tightly regulated by the activation of the inflammasome, an inflammatory signalling complex. This study examined the signalling mechanism of IL-1β secretion and the inflammasome pathway induced by S. mutans to explain the molecular mechanism through which systemic infection by oral streptococci can occur. After infection of THP-1 cells with S. mutans, the expression of inflammasome components was detected using various methods. S. mutans induced IL-1β secretion via caspase-1 activation, and S. mutans-induced IL-1β secretion required absent in melanoma (AIM2), NLR family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) and NLR family CARD domain-containing 4 (NLRC4) inflammasome activation. In particular, the S. mutans-induced NLRP3 inflammasome was mediated by adenosine triphosphate (ATP) release, potassium depletion and lysosomal damage. Our study provides novel insight into the innate immune response against S. mutans infection.


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , CARD Signaling Adaptor Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Caspase 1 , Allergy and Immunology , DNA-Binding Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Immunity, Innate , Inflammasomes , Allergy and Immunology , Interleukin-1beta , Allergy and Immunology , Macrophages , Allergy and Immunology , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Allergy and Immunology , Signal Transduction , Streptococcus mutans , Allergy and Immunology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Allergy and Immunology
10.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 912-920, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775500

ABSTRACT

Astrocytes are closely associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, their precise roles in AD pathogenesis remain controversial. One of the reasons behind the different results reported by different groups might be that astrocytes were targeted at different stages of disease progression. In this study, by crossing hAPP (human amyloid precursor protein)-J20 mice with a line of GFAP-TK mice, we found that astrocytes were activated specifically at an early stage of AD before the occurrence of amyloid plaques, while microglia were not affected by this crossing. Activation of astrocytes at the age of 3-5 months did not affect the proteolytic processing of hAPP and amyloid plaque loads in the brains of hAPP-J20 mice. Our data suggest that early activation of astrocytes does not affect the deposition of amyloid β in an animal model of AD.


Subject(s)
Aldehyde Dehydrogenase , Metabolism , Alzheimer Disease , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Metabolism , Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor , Genetics , Metabolism , Animals , Astrocytes , Metabolism , Brain , Pathology , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Disease Models, Animal , Gene Expression Regulation , Genetics , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein , Glutamine , Metabolism , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen , Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Transgenic , Microfilament Proteins , Metabolism , Mutation , Genetics , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Metabolism
11.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1058-1066, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775472

ABSTRACT

While inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) might be a risk factor in the development of brain dysfunctions, the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. Here, mice were treated with 5% dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) in drinking water and sacrificed on day 7. The serum level of IL-6 increased, accompanied by elevation of the IL-6 and TNF-α levels in cortical tissue. However, the endotoxin concentration in plasma and brain of mice with DSS-induced colitis showed a rising trend, but with no significant difference. We also found significant activation of microglial cells and reduction in occludin and claudin-5 expression in the brain tissue after DSS-induced colitis. These results suggested that DSS-induced colitis increases systemic inflammation which then results in cortical inflammation via up-regulation of serum cytokines. Here, we provide new information on the impact of colitis on the outcomes of cortical inflammation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cerebral Cortex , Pathology , Claudin-5 , Metabolism , Colitis , Pathology , Cytokines , Genetics , Metabolism , Dextran Sulfate , Toxicity , Disease Models, Animal , Encephalitis , Gene Expression Regulation , Mice , Microfilament Proteins , Metabolism , Occludin , Metabolism , Polysaccharides , Blood , Toxicity , Time Factors
12.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 61(5): 455-459, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887598

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate serum nesfatin-1 levels at 24-28 weeks of pregnancy in women newly diagnosed with gestational diabetes and determine the association of nesfatin-1 with several metabolic parameters. Subjects and methods Forty women newly diagnosed with gestational diabetes at 24-28 weeks of pregnancy and 30 healthy pregnant women matched in age and gestational week were included in this cross-sectional study. Serum nesfatin-1 levels were analyzed using ELISA, and the relationship between nesfatin-1 and several metabolic parameters were assessed. Results Serum nesfatin-1 levels were found to be lower in women with gestational diabetes compared to the pregnant women in the control sample (p = 0.020). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that nesfatin-1 was lower in participants with gestational diabetes independently from gestational age, BMI, HOMA-IR, fasting plasma glucose, and age. In correlation analysis, the only variable that was found to have a statistically significant correlation with nesfatin-1 was gestational age (p = 0.015, r = 0.30). Conclusion Lower nesfatin-1 levels in women with gestational diabetes compared to the control group at 24-28 weeks of gestation draws attention to nesfatin-1 levels in gestational diabetes and motivates further research in this area.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Calcium-Binding Proteins/blood , Diabetes, Gestational/blood , DNA-Binding Proteins/blood , Nerve Tissue Proteins/blood , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Biomarkers/blood , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Fasting/blood , Gestational Age , Diabetes, Gestational/diagnosis , Nucleobindins , Glucose Tolerance Test
13.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(4): 638-643, July-Aug. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892869

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To investigate the efficacy of signal peptide-CUB-EGF domain-containing protein 1 (SCUBE-1) as a novel biomarker of renal tumors. Materials and Methods 48 individuals were included in the study. The patient group (Group-1) consisted of 23 subjects diagnosed with renal tumor, and the control group (Group-2) of 25 healthy individuals. Patients diagnosed with renal tumor received surgical treatment consisting of radical or partial nephrectomy. Blood specimens were collected following overnight fasting. Signal peptide-CUB-EGF domain-containing protein 1 (SCUBE-1), soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) and carbonic anhydrase IX (CA IX) levels were measured from plasma samples. Patients in groups 1 and 2 were compared in terms of these biochemical parameters. Results The 23-member renal tumor group was made up of 17 (73.91%) male and 6 (26.08%) female patients with a mean age of 58.5±15.7 years (range 25 to 80). The 24-member healthy control group was made up of 16 (64%) male and 9 (36%) female subjects with a mean age of 52.4±9.12 years (range 40 to 67). Analysis revealed significant elevation in SCUBE-1 levels in the renal tumor group (p=0.005). No significant differences were detected between the groups with regard to CA IX or suPAR measurements (p=0.062 vs. p=0.176). Conclusions SCUBE-1 appears to represent a promising biomarker in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with renal tumor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/blood , Receptors, Urokinase Plasminogen Activator/blood , Carbonic Anhydrase IX/blood , Kidney Neoplasms/blood , Membrane Proteins/blood , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Case-Control Studies , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnosis , Middle Aged
14.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 230-238, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-50228

ABSTRACT

The circling mice with tmie gene mutation are known as an animal deafness model, which showed hyperactive circling movement. Recently, the reinvestigation of circling mouse was performed to check the inner ear pathology as a main lesion of early hearing loss. In this trial, the inner ear organs were not so damaged to cause the hearing deficit of circling (cir/cir) mouse at 18 postnatal day (P18) though auditory brainstem response data indicated hearing loss of cir/cir mice at P18. Thus, another mechanism may be correlated with the early hearing loss of cir/cir mice at P18. Hearing loss in the early life can disrupt the ascending and descending information to inferior colliculus (IC) as integration site. There were many reports that hearing loss could result in the changes in Ca²⁺ concentration by either cochlear ablation or genetic defect. However, little was known to be reported about the correlation between the pathology of IC and Ca²⁺ changes in circling mice. Therefore, the present study investigated the distribution of calcium-binding proteins (CaBPs), calbindin-D28k, parvalbumin, and calretinin immunoreactivity (IR) in the IC to compare among wild-type (+/+), heterozygous (+/cir), and homozygous (cir/cir) mice by immunohistochemistry. The decreases of CaBPs IR in cir/cir were statistically significant in the neurons as well as neuropil of IC. Thus, this study proposed overall distributional alteration of CaBPs IR in the IC caused by early hearing defect and might be helpful to elucidate the pathology of central auditory disorder related with Ca²⁺ metabolism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calbindin 1 , Calbindin 2 , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Deafness , Ear, Inner , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem , Hearing , Hearing Loss , Immunohistochemistry , Inferior Colliculi , Metabolism , Mice , Neurons , Neuropil , Parvalbumins , Pathology
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(11): e6177, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888945

ABSTRACT

The human calcium- and integrin-binding protein (CIB) family is composed of CIB1, CIB2, CIB3, and CIB4 proteins and the CIB4 gene affects fertility. Kermani sheep is one of the most important breeds of Iranian sheep breeds. The aim of this study was to analyze for the first time molecular characteristics of the CIB4 gene and protein in Kermani sheep. Different tissues were collected from the Kermani sheep and real time PCR was performed. The PCR products were sequenced, comparative analyses of the nucleotide sequences were performed, a phylogenetic tree was constructed, and different characteristics of CIB4 proteins were predicted. Real time PCR results showed that the CIB4 gene is expressed only in testis of Kermani sheep. The cDNA nucleotide sequence was identical with small tail Han sheep, cattle, goat, camel, horse, dog, mouse and human, respectively 100, 99, 99, 98, 98, 96, 96, and 96%. Hence, it can be suggested that the CIB4 gene plays a role in male fertility. Based on the phylogenetic analysis, sheep CIB4 gene has a close relationship with goat and cattle first, and then with camel and whale. Although we demonstrated that CIB4 is a testis-specific gene, expressed only in the testis and it interacts with other proteins, the mechanisms by which CIB4 expression is regulated need to be elucidated.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Calcium-Binding Proteins/analysis , Calcium-Binding Proteins/genetics , Sheep/genetics , Amino Acid Sequence , Base Sequence , Electrophoresis/veterinary , Phylogeny , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Reference Values
16.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(5): e5742, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839290

ABSTRACT

Cardiac remodeling is defined as changes in shape and function of the heart in response to aggression (pressure overload). The sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase cardiac isoform 2a (SERCA2a) is a known factor that influences function. A wide spectrum of studies report a decrease in SERCA2a in heart failure, but none evaluate it's the role in early isolated diastolic dysfunction in supravalvular aortic stenosis (AoS). Our hypothesis was that SERCA2a participates in such dysfunction. Thirty-day-old male Wistar rats (60-80 g) were divided into AoS and Sham groups, which were submitted to surgery with or without aorta clipping, respectively. After 6 weeks, the animals were submitted to echocardiogram and functional analysis by isolated papillary muscle (IPM) in basal condition, hypoxia, and SERCA2a blockage with cyclopiazonic acid at calcium concentrations of 0.5, 1.5, and 2.5 mM. Western-blot analyses were used for SERCA2a and phospholamban detection. Data analysis was carried out with Student's t-test and ANOVA. AoS enhanced left atrium and E and A wave ratio, with preserved ejection fraction. Basal condition in IPM showed similar increases in developed tension (DT) and resting tension (RT) in AoS, and hypoxia was similar between groups. After cyclopiazonic acid blockage, final DT was equally decreased and RT was similar between groups, but the speed of relaxation was decreased in the AoS group. Western-blot was uniform in all evaluations. The hypothesis was confirmed, since functional parameters regarding SERCA2a were changed in the AoS group.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Aortic Stenosis, Supravalvular/complications , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/physiopathology , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/physiology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Aortic Stenosis, Supravalvular/metabolism , Calcium-Binding Proteins/analysis , Collagen/analysis , Diastole/physiology , Disease Models, Animal , Echocardiography , Heart Ventricles/pathology , Heart Ventricles/physiopathology , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/etiology , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/metabolism , Hypoxia/metabolism , Hypoxia/physiopathology , Indoles , Myocardial Contraction/physiology , Rats, Wistar , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/analysis , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/metabolism , Time Factors , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/etiology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/metabolism , Ventricular Remodeling/physiology
17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 106(1): 18-25, Jan. 2016. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-771049

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Although the beneficial effects of resistance training (RT) on the cardiovascular system are well established, few studies have investigated the effects of the chronic growth hormone (GH) administration on cardiac remodeling during an RT program. Objective: To evaluate the effects of GH on the morphological features of cardiac remodeling and Ca2+ transport gene expression in rats submitted to RT. Methods: Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups (n = 7 per group): control (CT), GH, RT and RT with GH (RTGH). The dose of GH was 0.2 IU/kg every other day for 30 days. The RT model used was the vertical jump in water (4 sets of 10 jumps, 3 bouts/wk) for 30 consecutive days. After the experimental period, the following variables were analyzed: final body weight (FBW), left ventricular weight (LVW), LVW/FBW ratio, cardiomyocyte cross-sectional area (CSA), collagen fraction, creatine kinase muscle-brain fraction (CK-MB) and gene expressions of SERCA2a, phospholamban (PLB) and ryanodine (RyR). Results: There was no significant (p > 0.05) difference among groups for FBW, LVW, LVW/FBW ratio, cardiomyocyte CSA, and SERCA2a, PLB and RyR gene expressions. The RT group showed a significant (p < 0.05) increase in collagen fraction compared to the other groups. Additionally, the trained groups (RT and RTGH) had greater CK-MB levels compared to the untrained groups (CT and GH). Conclusion: GH may attenuate the negative effects of RT on cardiac remodeling by counteracting the increased collagen synthesis, without affecting the gene expression that regulates cardiac Ca2+ transport.


Resumo Fundamento: Apesar de os efeitos benéficos do treinamento resistido (TR) sobre o sistema cardiovascular estarem bem estabelecidos, poucos estudos têm investigado os efeitos crônicos da administração de hormônio do crescimento (GH) sobre a remodelação cardíaca durante um programa de TR. Objetivo: avaliar os efeitos do GH sobre a remodelação cardíaca em suas características morfológicas e na expressão dos genes do trânsito de Ca2+ em ratos submetidos ao TR. Métodos: Ratos Wistar machos foram divididos em 4 grupos (n = 7 por grupo): controle (CT), GH, TR e TR com GH (TRGH). A dose de GH foi de 0,2 UI/kg, a cada dois dias, por 30 dias. O modelo de TR utilizado foi o salto vertical em água (4 séries de 10 saltos, 3 vezes/semana) durante 30 dias consecutivos. Após o período experimental, as seguintes variáveis foram analisadas: peso corporal final (PCF), peso do ventrículo esquerdo (PVE), razão PVE/PCF, área seccional de cardiomiócitos (ASC), fração de colágeno, creatina quinase fração músculo-cérebro (CK-MB) e expressão gênica de SERCA2a, fosfolambam (PLB) e rianodina (RyR). Resultados: Não houve diferença significativa (p > 0,05) entre os grupos para PCF, PVE, razão PVE/PCF, ASC, e expressão gênica de SERCA2a, PLB e RyR. O grupo TR mostrou um significativo aumento (p < 0,05) da fração de colágeno em comparação aos outros. Além disso, os grupos treinados (TR e TRGH) apresentaram maiores níveis de CK-MB em comparação aos não treinados (CT e GH). Conclusão: Esses resultados indicam que o GH pode atenuar os efeitos negativos do TR na remodelação cardíaca por contrabalançar o aumento da síntese de colágeno, sem afetar a expressão de genes que regulam o trânsito de Ca2+ cardíaco.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Growth Hormone/pharmacology , Resistance Training/methods , Ventricular Remodeling/drug effects , Body Weight , Calcium-Binding Proteins/analysis , Calcium/metabolism , Collagen/analysis , Collagen/drug effects , Creatine Kinase, BB Form/blood , Creatine Kinase, BB Form/drug effects , Gene Expression , Heart Ventricles/drug effects , Myocytes, Cardiac/drug effects , Organ Size , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rats, Wistar , Ryanodine/analysis , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/analysis , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/drug effects , Time Factors , Ventricular Remodeling/genetics
18.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 749-760, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757388

ABSTRACT

The BCCIP (BRCA2- and CDKN1A-interacting protein) is an important cofactor for BRCA2 in tumor suppression. Although the low expression of BCCIP is observed in multiple clinically diagnosed primary tumor tissues such as ovarian cancer, renal cell carcinoma and colorectal carcinoma, the mechanism of how BCCIP is regulated in cells is still unclear. The human INO80/YY1 chromatin remodeling complex composed of 15 subunits catalyzes ATP-dependent sliding of nucleosomes along DNA. Here, we first report that BCCIP is a novel target gene of the INO80/YY1 complex by presenting a series of experimental evidence. Gene expression studies combined with siRNA knockdown data locked candidate genes including BCCIP of the INO80/YY1 complex. Silencing or over-expressing the subunits of the INO80/YY1 complex regulates the expression level of BCCIP both in mRNA and proteins in cells. Also, the functions of INO80/YY1 complex in regulating the transactivation of BCCIP were confirmed by luciferase reporter assays. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) experiments clarify the enrichment of INO80 and YY1 at +0.17 kb downstream of the BCCIP transcriptional start site. However, this enrichment is significantly inhibited by either knocking down INO80 or YY1, suggesting the existence of both INO80 and YY1 is required for recruiting the INO80/YY1 complex to BCCIP promoter region. Our findings strongly indicate that BCCIP is a potential target gene of the INO80/YY1 complex.


Subject(s)
Calcium-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Cycle Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly , Physiology , DNA Helicases , Genetics , Metabolism , HeLa Cells , Humans , Multiprotein Complexes , Genetics , Metabolism , Nuclear Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Physiology , Transcription, Genetic , Physiology , YY1 Transcription Factor , Genetics , Metabolism
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254958

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of total flavonoids of astragalus on the expression of endoplasmic reticulum chaperone, calumenin and connecxin 43 (CX43) in suckling mouse myocardium with myocarditis caused by coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The primary culture of suckling mouse myocardium cells were randomly divided into control group, CVB3 infected group and total flavonoids of astragalus group. Firstly, to confirm the identity of the suckling mouse myocardium, α-SMA was monitored by immunohistochemistry method. Then the protein expression changes of endoplasmic reticulum chaperone-glucose regulatory protein 78 ( GRP78), calumenin and CX43 were detected by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Compared with that of the control group, the GRP78 expression level in CVB3 infected group was improved, the expression levels of calumenin and CX43 were all reduced. (2) Compared with that of CVB3 infected group, GRP78 expression level was decreased, and the expression levels of calumenin and CX43 were increased in total flavonoids of astragalus group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CVB3 infection may cause endoplasmic reticulum stress of rat myocardium cells by increasing the expression of GRP78 and decreasing the expression of calumenin and CX43. On the other hand, total flavonoids of astragalus can reduce the expression of GRP78 and increase the expression of calumenin and CX43.The results of this experiment may be closely related to the effects of anti-arrhythmia with viral myocarditis caused by CVB3.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Astragalus Plant , Chemistry , Blotting, Western , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Connexin 43 , Metabolism , Coxsackievirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Endoplasmic Reticulum , Metabolism , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Heat-Shock Proteins , Metabolism , Mice , Myocarditis , Drug Therapy , Virology , Myocardium , Cell Biology , Myocytes, Cardiac , Virology , Rats
20.
PJMR-Pakistan Journal of Medical Research. 2016; 55 (1): 11-15
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-179078

ABSTRACT

Background: Emergence of resistance to insecticides against mosquitoes and other disease vectors has prompted the need for alternate sources of mosquito control which are more target-specific, easily bio-degradable and effective against mosquitoes


Materials and Methods: The adulticidal efficacy of crude Neem oil extract, Pine oil extract and Til oil extract with five different concentrations i.e. 2%, 4%, 6%, and 8% was tested against five to six days old sugar fed female Aedes aegypti using standard WHO Bioassay test kit. The percentage mortality was observed after 24 and 48 hours under laboratory condition


Results: The LC[50] [Lethal Concentration] values of Neem oil extract against adults of Aedes aegypti were 1.17 ml and 0.09 ml after 24 and 48 hours of exposure respectively, while the LC[99] were 4.27 ml and 1.17 ml after 24 and 48 hours of exposure respectively. The LC[50] values of Pine oil extract after 24 and 48 hours were 0.25 and, 0.06 ml respectively, while LC[99] values at 24 and 48 hour were and 0.89 ml and 0.64 ml respectively. The LC[50] values of Til oil extract after 24 and 48 hours of exposure were 1.17 ml and 0.05 ml respectively while LC99 values were 4.18 ml and 1.28 ml after 24 and 48 hours of exposure respectively. The LC[50] and LC[90] values were indicative that the plant extracts were highly toxic after 48 hours of exposure. Among the tested plant oil extracts the maximum adulticidal efficacy was observed in the pine oil extract. No mortality was observed in controls


Conclusion: Crude extract of Pine oil was more effective against Aedes aegypti as compared to Neem and Til oil


Subject(s)
Insecta , Plant Proteins , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Pinus , Plant Extracts , Plant Oils , Aedes/drug effects
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