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1.
Femina ; 49(7): 425-432, 20210731. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290592

ABSTRACT

As células glandulares atípicas representam 0,2% a 2,1% dos resultados dos testes de Papanicolaou. Mesmo com essa baixa prevalência, tem um significado importante no diagnóstico do câncer cervical e endometrial, tendo em vista que tais células e subcategorias, associadas à idade da paciente, podem prenunciar um número expressivo de doença intraepitelial, doença invasiva do endocérvix, endométrio e até neoplasias anexiais. E não se pode esquecer do importante número de resultados histológicos benignos, identificados no seguimento dessas pacientes, muitas vezes assintomáticas.(AU)


Atypical glandular cells represent 0,2% to 2,1% of Pap test results even with this low prevalence has an important significance in the diagnosis of cervical and endometrial cancer, considering that such cells and subcategories associated with the patient's age can predict a significant number of intraepithelial disease, invasive disease of the endometrium, endocervix and even adnexial neoplasms; no forgetting the important number of benign histological results, identified in the follow up of these patients, often asymptomatic.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Cervix Uteri/surgery , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/pathology , Conization , Adenocarcinoma in Situ/surgery , Adenocarcinoma in Situ/pathology , Colposcopy , Cytodiagnosis/methods
2.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(2): 137-144, Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156096

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aims to evaluate the profile of endometrial carcinomas and uterine sarcomas attended in a Brazilian cancer center in the period from 2001 to 2016 and to analyze the impact of time elapsed fromsymptoms to diagnoses or treatment in cancer stage and survival. Methods This observational study with 1,190 cases evaluated the year of diagnosis, age-group, cancer stage and histological type. A subgroup of 185 women with endometrioid histology attended in the period from 2012 to 2017 was selected to assess information about initial symptoms, diagnosticmethods, overall survival, and to evaluate the influence of the time elapsed from symptoms to diagnosis and treatment on staging and survival. The statistics used were descriptive, trend test, and the Kaplan- Meier method, with p-values < 0.05 for significance. Results A total of 1,068 (89.7%) carcinomas (77.2% endometrioid and 22.8% nonendometrioid) and 122 (10.3%) sarcomas were analyzed, with an increasing trend in the period (p < 0.05). Histologies of non-endometrioid carcinomas, G3 endometrioid, and carcinosarcomas constituted 30% of the cases. Non-endometrioid carcinomas and sarcomas weremore frequently diagnosed in patients over 70 years of age and those on stage IV (p < 0.05). The endometrioid subgroup with 185 women reported 92% of abnormal uterine bleeding and 43% diagnosis after curettage. The average time elapsed between symptoms to diagnosis was 244 days, and between symptoms to treatment was 376 days, all without association with staging (p = 0.976) and survival (p = 0.160). Only 12% of the patients started treatment up to 60 days after diagnosis. Conclusion The number of uterine carcinoma and sarcoma cases increased over the period of 2001 to 2016. Aggressive histology comprised 30% of the patients and, for endometrioid carcinomas, the time elapsed between symptoms and diagnosis or treatment was long, although without association with staging or survival.


Resumo Objetivo O presente estudo avaliou o perfil dos carcinomas endometriais e sarcomas uterinos atendidos em um centro brasileiro de câncer no período de 2001 a 2016, e avaliou o impacto do tempo decorrido entre os sintomas até o diagnóstico ou tratamento no estadiamento e sobrevida pelo câncer. Métodos Estudo observacional com 1.190 casos que analisou o ano do diagnóstico, faixa etária, estágio e tipo histológico do câncer. Um subgrupo de 185 mulheres com histologia endometrioide e atendidas no período de 2012 a 2017 foi selecionado para avaliar informações sobre sintomas iniciais, métodos de diagnóstico, sobrevida global e para analisar a relação entre o tempo decorrido a partir dos sintomas até o diagnóstico e tratamento no estadiamento e sobrevida. Foram realizadas análises estatísticas descritiva, de tendência linear e de sobrevida pelo método de Kaplan-Meier, com valores de p < 0,05 para significância. Resultados Os casos estudados de acordo com a histologia foram 1.068 (89,7%) carcinomas (77,2% endometrioides e 22,8% não endometrioides) e 122 (10,3%) sarcomas, com tendência crescente no período (p < 0,05). Histologias de carcinomas não endometrioides, G3 endometrioides e carcinossarcomas consistiram em 30% dos casos. Carcinomas não endometrioides e sarcomas forammais frequentemente diagnosticados em pacientes acima de 70 anos de idade e em estágio IV (p < 0,05). O subgrupo com185 mulheres com carcinoma endometrioide apresentou 92% de sangramento uterino anormal e 43% de diagnóstico após curetagem. O tempo médio decorrido entre os sintomas e o diagnóstico foi de 244 dias e entre os sintomas e o tratamento, 376 dias, todos sem associação com estadiamento (p = 0,976) e sobrevida (p = 0,160). Apenas 12% das pacientes iniciaram o tratamento em até 60 dias após o diagnóstico. Conclusão O número de casos de carcinomas e sarcomas uterinos aumentaram no período de 2001 a 2016. A histologia agressiva compreendeu 30% dos pacientes e, no caso dos carcinomas endometrioides, o tempo decorrido entre os sintomas e o diagnóstico ou tratamento foi longo, embora sem associação com estadiamento ou sobrevida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Sarcoma/diagnosis , Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/diagnosis , Sarcoma/surgery , Sarcoma/pathology , Time Factors , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Uterine Neoplasms/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/surgery , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/pathology , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
3.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(1): 35-40, Jan. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156073

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the presence of residual disease in the uterine specimen after hysteroscopic polypectomy or polyp biopsy in patients with endometrioid endometrial cancer (EC). Methods We analyzed a series of 104 patients (92 cases from the Hospital AC Camargo and 12 from the Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo) with polyps that were diagnosed by hysteroscopy, showing endometrioid EC associated with the polyp or in the final pathological specimen. Patients underwent a surgical approach for endometrial cancer from January 2002 to January 2017. Their clinical and pathological data were retrospectively retrieved from the medical records. Results In78cases (75%), thepolyphad EC, and in 40(38.5%), itwas restricted tothe polyp, without endometrial involvement. The pathologic stage was IA in 96 cases (92.3%) and 90 (86.5%) had histologic grade 1 or 2. In 18 cases (17.3%), there was no residual disease in the final uterine specimen, but only in 9 of them the hysteroscopy suggested that the tumor was restricted to the polyp. In 5 cases (4.8%) from the group without outside of the polyp during hysteroscopy, myometrial invasion was noted in the final uterine specimen. This finding suggests the possibility of disease extrapolation through the base of the polyp. Conclusion Patients with endometrioid EC associated with polyps may have the tumor completely removed during hysteroscopy, but the variables shown in the present study could not safely predict which patient would have no residual disease.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a presença de doença residual no exame anatomopatológico definitivo de pacientes com câncer de endométrio endometrioide após polipectomia ou biópsia de pólipo histeroscópica. Métodos Analisamos 104 pacientes (92 casos do Hospital AC Camargo e 12 casos do Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo) com pólipos diagnosticados durante histeroscopia e cuja biópsia histeroscópica ou exame patológico final do útero acusaram câncer de endométrio endometrioide. As pacientes foram submetidas a cirurgia para câncer de endométrio de janeiro de 2002 a janeiro de 2017. Os dados clínicos e anatomopatológicos de cada paciente foram retirados dos prontuários médicos Resultados Em 78 casos (75%), o pólipo continha a neoplasia, e em 40 (38.5%), ela estava restrita ao tecido do pólipo, sem envolvimento endometrial adjacente. O estadio final foi IA em 96 casos (92.3%) e em 90 (86.5%) tratava-se de grau 1 ou 2. Em 18 casos (17.3%), não havia doença residual no espécime uterino, mas emapenas 9 deles a histeroscopia sugeriu doença restrita ao pólipo. Em 5 casos (4.8%), não havia doença aparente extrapólipo na histeroscopia, mas havia invasão miometrial, sugerindo extravasamento do tumor pela base do pólipo. Conclusão Pacientes com câncer de endométrio associado a pólipos podem ter o tumor completamente removido durante a histeroscopia, mas, com as variáveis avaliadas, é difícil predizer com segurança qual paciente ficará sem tumor residual.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Polyps/surgery , Endometrial Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/surgery , Neoplasm, Residual/surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Polyps/pathology , Hysteroscopy , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/pathology , Neoplasm, Residual/pathology , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology
4.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(1): 41-45, Jan. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156074

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of the present study was to analyze relapse rates and patterns in patients with endometrial cancer with the aim of evaluating the effectiveness of current follow-up procedures in terms of patient survival, as well as the convenience of modifying the surveillance strategy. Methods Retrospective descriptive study including all patients diagnosed with endometrial cancer relapse at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics of the Complejo Hospitalario Insular-Materno Infantil de Canarias, between 2005 and 2014. Results Recurrence was observed in 81 patients (10.04% of the sample); 66.7% of them suffered relapse within 2 years and 80.2% within 3 years after the termination of the primary treatment; 41.9% showed distant metastases while the rest corresponded to local-regional (40.7%) or ganglionar (17.4%) relapse; 42% of these were symptomatic; 14 patients showed more than 1 site of relapse. Relapse was detected mainly through symptoms and physical examination findings (54.3%), followed by elevated serummarker levels (29.6%), computed tomography (CT) images (9.9%) and abnormal vaginal cytology findings (6.2%). No differences in global survival were found between patients with symptomatic or asymptomatic relapse. Conclusion Taking into account that the recurrence rate of endometrial cancer is low, that relapse occurs mainly within the first 3 years post-treatment and that symptom evaluation and physical examination are the most effective follow-up methods, we postulate that a modification of the current model of hospital follow-up should be considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Clinical Protocols/standards , Endometrial Neoplasms/mortality , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/mortality , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/mortality , Spain , Women's Health Services , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Endometrial Neoplasms/surgery , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Endometrial Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/surgery , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/pathology , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/diagnostic imaging , Disease-Free Survival , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasm Staging
5.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: 31416, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354551

ABSTRACT

O presente relato de caso descreve a apresentação atípica de uma paciente com adenocarcinoma endometrioide invasivo que evoluiu com aplasia pura adquirida crônica da série vermelha secundária à quimioterapia. Paciente de 71 anos, sexo feminino, procurou atendimento médico por quadro de metrorragia com três meses de evolução. A curetagem uterina evidenciou adenocarcinoma endometrioide invasor moderadamente diferenciado. Iniciou-se uma abordagem com esquema quimioterápico composto por Carboplatina e Paclitaxel interrompido ao quinto ciclo para evitar progressão de aplasia medular constatada por biópsia de medula óssea. A possível hematotoxicidade do protocolo Paclitaxel e Carboplatina foi observada na conduta terapêutica da paciente, por sua progressão para uma apresentação atípica de aplasia pura adquirida crônica da série vermelha após administração desta associação de drogas.


The present case report describes the atypical presentation of a patient with invasive endometrioid adenocarcinoma that evolved with chronic acquired pure aplasia of the red series secondary to chemotherapy. A seventy-one-yearold patient, female, sought medical care for a three-month-old metrorrhagia evolution. The uterine curettage showed moderately differentiated invasive endometrioid adenocarcinoma. It was initiated an approach with chemotherapy regimen consisting of Carboplatin and Paclitaxel interrupted at the fifth cycle to prevent progression of spinal aplasia found by bone marrow biopsy. The possible hematoxicity of the patient, for its progression to an atypical presentation of chronic acquired aplasia of the red series after administration of this combination of drugs.


Subject(s)
Female , Aged , Red-Cell Aplasia, Pure , Carcinoma, Endometrioid , Bone Marrow , Drug Therapy , Hematology , Antineoplastic Agents
6.
Rev. Méd. Paraná ; 79(1): 46-51, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282398

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar lesões endometriais de pacientes com câncer de mama em tratamento com Tamoxifeno® presentes nas histeroscopias e relacioná-las com a dose de medicamento utilizada, tempo de terapêutica, presença de lesões endometriais prévias e estado de pré ou pós menopausa. Método: estudo retrospectivo, transversal e analítico. Dados analisados pelo teste qui quadrado, p<0,05. Resultados: dentre as 75 histeroscopias analisadas, 12 eram normais (16%) e 63 apresentaram alteração endometrial (84%). Dentre os achados das histeroscopias, 49 foram pólipos endometriais (67.12%), 7 foram pólipos endocervicais (9.58%), 11 foram hiperplasia simples sem atipias (15.06%), 1 foi hiperplasia complexa sem atipias (1.36%), 1 foi hiperplasia complexa com atipias (1.36%), 2 foram leiomiomas (2.73%) e 2 foram adenocarcinoma endometrioide (2.73%). Conclusão: O Tamoxifeno® predispõe o aparecimento de lesões endometriais, que podem ser malignas. Nesse estudo, a incidência dessas lesões foi expressivamente maior do que os valores encontrados na literatura


Objective: To analyze the endometrial lesions in hysteroscopies of patients with breast cancer undergoing treatment with Tamoxifeno® and to relate them to the dose of medication used, time of therapy, presence of previous endometrial lesions and pre or postmenopausal status. Method: retrospective, cross-sectional and analytical study. Data were statistically analyzed using the chi-square test, p <0.05. Results: Among the 75 hysteroscopies analyzed, 12 were normal (16%) and 63 presented endometrial alteration (84%). Among the hysteroscopic findings, 49 were endometrial polyps (67.12%), 7 were endocervical polyps (9.58%), 11 were simple hyperplasia without atypias (15.06%), 1 was complex hyperplasia without atypias (1.36%), 1 was complex hyperplasia with atypia (1.36%), 2 were leiomyomas (2.73%) and 2 were endometrioid adenocarcinoma (2.73%). Conclusion: Tamoxifen predisposes the appearance of endometrial lesions, which may be malignant. In this study, the incidence of these lesions was significantly higher than the values found in the literature


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Tamoxifen , Therapeutics , Breast Neoplasms , Hysteroscopy , Carcinoma, Endometrioid
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2102-2109, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887662

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Endometrial cancer (EC) has been one of the most general cancers with respect to gynecological malignancies; however, there are debates on clinical strategies concerning treatments especially for patients with grade 3 (G3) endometroid endometrial cancer (EEC). Present study aimed to evaluate the lymphatic metastasis (LM) related factors and figure out the necessity of lymphadenectomy for G3 EEC patients.@*METHODS@#From January 2009 to April 2019, 3751 EC patients were admitted to Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University. Clinical characteristics include age, grade, stage, and clinical pathological features. A total of 1235 EEC patients were involved in the multivariable analysis. Three hundred and eighty-one patients were involved in the survival analysis and the data attributed to sufficient follow-up information. Kaplan-Meier curve and log-rank test were utilized to analyze the survival rate.@*RESULTS@#Among the 1235 EEC patients, 181 (14.7%) were categorized as G3 and 1054 (85.3%) were grade 1 to grade 2 (G1-2). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that lymphovascular space invasion, adnexal involvement, and cervical stroma involvement were independent risk factors of LM in G3 cohort with odds ratio 3.4, 5.8, and 8.9; 95% confidence interval 1.1-10.6, 1.5-22.4, and 2.8-28.0, respectively. LM rates increased from 3.3% (3/92) to 75% (9/12) for G3 EEC cohort as related factor numbers increased from one to three. There were no differences between G3 and G1-2 EEC in overall survival and progression free survival. Additionally, no survival advantage was observed for G3 EEC patients at early stage with different plans of adjuvant treatment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#For G3 EEC patients without other pathological positive factor, the LM rate is lower than those with other pathological positive factor. Survival analysis showed no difference between G3 cohort and G1-2 cohort. Also, different adjuvant treatments had no impact on the overall survival for G3 EEC patients.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Endometrioid/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Female , Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
8.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(3): 263-269, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126161

ABSTRACT

ANTECEDENTES: existe una asociación demostrada entre endometriosis y algunas histologías del carcinoma epitelial de ovario. Por otra parte, se ha observado que hasta un 30% de las neoplasias de ovario se presentan de forma concomitante a neoplasias del endometrio. Para considerar la sincronicidad entre estos tumores, estos deben cumplir criterios anatomopatológicos estrictos como los descritos por scully. OBJETIVO: presentar un caso clínico de carcinoma endometrioide sincrónico de ovario y endometrio sobre focos de endometriosis, así como su diagnóstico y manejo. CASO CLÍNICO: paciente de 27 años que consulta por spotting intermenstrual. En la ecografía endocavitaria se observa un pólipo endometrial. Además, se describe un tumor anexial izquierdo de 42mm, trilobulado, con un polo sólido de 17×15mm. Se somete a una polipectomía histeroscópica y quistectomía ovárica laparoscópica. Asimismo, se reseca implante sospechoso en el fondo de saco posterior. El resultado anatomopatológico de las piezas quirúrgicas fue: pólipo endometrial con hiperplasia compleja con atipias y focos de adenocarcinoma endometrioide grado I; el tumor quístico ovárico izquierdo consistente con quiste endometriósico con focos de adenocarcinoma endometrioide. La lesión peritoneal corresponde a un implante de adenocarcinoma endometrioide grado I. El estudio de las características anatomopatológicas y la presencia del implante peritoneal sugieren el diagnóstico de un carcinoma endometrioide ovárico con origen en una lesión endometriósica sincrónico con un carcinoma endometrioide endometrial. CONCLUSIÓN: el diagnóstico diferencial entre la sincronicidad o diseminación de los tumores de ovario y endometrio de estirpe endometrioide supone un reto para el clínico y es fundamental para el correcto manejo de estas neoplasias.


BACKGROUND: there is a demonstrated association between endometriosis and some epithelial ovarian carcinoma histologies. On the other hand, it has been observed that up to 30% of ovarian neoplasms present concomitantly with endometrial neoplasms. To consider synchronicity between these neoplasms, they must meet strict pathological criteria such as those described by scully. OBJECTIVE: to introduce a case of an ovarian and endometrial synchronous endometrioid carcinoma implanted on endometriosis sites, as well as its diagnosis and management. CLINICAL CASE: a 27-year-old patient who consulted because of an intermenstrual spotting. The ultrasound image showed an endometrial polyp. Furthermore, a 42 mm left adnexal trilobal tumor with a 17×15mm solid pole was described. She underwent a hysteroscopic polypectomy and laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy. Likewise, resection of a suspicious implant in the posterior vaginal fornix was done. The pathological result of the surgical pieces was: endometrial polyp with complex hyperplasia with atypia and focal points of grade I endometrioid adenocarcinoma; the left ovarian cystectomy: endometriotic cyst with focal points of endometrioid adenocarcinoma. The peritoneal lesion corresponded to a grade I endometrioid adenocarcinoma implant. The study of the pathological characteristics and the presence of the peritoneal implant suggest the diagnosis of endometrioid ovarian carcinoma originated in a synchronous endometriotic lesion with endometrial endometrioid carcinoma. CONCLUSION: differential diagnosis between the synchronicity or spread of ovarian and endometrial endometrioid cell line carcinomas, is a great challenge and it is essential for the correct management of these neoplasms


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , Endometrial Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/diagnosis , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/diagnosis , Ovarian Neoplasms/surgery , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Endometrial Neoplasms/surgery , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/surgery , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/surgery , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/pathology
9.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(1): 1597-1606, ene.-feb. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1127017

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la función del endometrio está regida por el eje hipotálamo hipofisario mediante las hormonas sexuales por lo que es vulnerable a los desórdenes de este sistema los que provocan diferentes trastornos funcionales que se traducen en alteraciones morfológicas. Es fundamental su estudio para el diagnóstico de patologías que son un problema de salud en la población femenina. Objetivo: determinar las diferencias morfométricas para el diagnóstico histopatológico diferencial entre la hiperplasia endometrial compleja, el adenocarcinoma endometrioide y en el endometrio proliferativo normal, en el municipio Matanzas, enero2014 -2015. Material y Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal y se aplicó morfometría a una muestra de 30 biopsias endometriales, con el objetivo de determinar las diferencias morfométricas para el diagnóstico histopatológico diferencial entre la hiperplasia endometrial compleja, el adenocarcinoma endometrioide y en el endometrio proliferativo normal. Resultados: el área total de la glándula fue la variable analizada que mostró mayores valores y reflejó marcadas diferencias entre la hiperplasia endometrial compleja, el adenocarcinoma endometrioide y el endometrio proliferativo normal, seguida por la altura del epitelio por tanto existen diferencias cuando se estudian variables que tiene en cuenta la morfología glandular. Conclusiones: existen diferencias morfométricas entre la hiperplasia endometrial y el adenocarcioma endometroide cuando se estudian variables que tienen en cuenta la morfología y arquitectura glandular (AU).


SUMMARY Introduction: the endometrium function is ruled by the pituitary- hypothalamus axis by means of sexual hormones; therefore it is vulnerable to the disorders of this system provoking different functional disorders resulting in morphological alterations. It is very important to study them for the sake of the diagnosis of diseases that are a health problem in female population. Objective: to determine the morphometric differences for the differential histopathological diagnosis among the complex endometrial hyperplasia, the endometrioid adenocarcinoma and the normal proliferative endometrium e, in the municipality of Matanzas, in the period January 2014-2015. Methods: a cross-sectional descriptive observational study was carried out applying morphometry to a sample of 30 endometrial biopsies, with the objective of determining the morphometric differences for the differential histopathological diagnosis among the complex endometrial hyperplasia, endometrial adenocarcinoma and normal proliferative endometrium. Results: the gland total area was the used variable showing more values and revealed stark differences among complex endometrial hyperplasia, endometrioid adenocarcinoma and normal proliferative endometrium, followed by the epithelium height; hence there are differences when variables are studied taking into account glandular morphology. Conclusions: there are morphometric differences between endometrial hyperplasia and endometrioid adenocarcinoma when there are studied variables taking into account glandular morphology and architecture (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/diagnosis , Endometrial Hyperplasia/diagnosis , Multivariate Analysis , Methods , Endometrium/pathology , Organism Forms
10.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 19(1): 102-111, ene.-feb. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1099149

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La metástasis esplénica de un carcinoma endometrial es un acontecimiento clínico raro, con solo 13 casos documentados en la literatura, revisada. La evolución de esta metástasis, en una paciente atendida, en nuestra Institución, fue el motivo para publicar este trabajo. Hay otras enfermedades oncológicas que en su evolución de progresión o recaída cursan con este tipo de cuadro clínico donde el tratamiento quirúrgico es fundamental y así complementar con tratamiento de quimioterapia. Se hizo una revisión en publicaciones cubanas no se encontró reporte del tema. Objetivo: Presentar un caso con un adenocarcinoma de endometrio tipo endometroide que metastiza al bazo con histología de células claras. Presentación: Paciente de 45 años, con diagnóstico de adenocarcinoma de endometrio con estadiamiento quirúrgico pT3A Nx Mo etapa IIIA Grado 2; este estadiamiento es el anterior a 2009, llevó su tratamiento quirúrgico y radioterapia complementaria, controlada por 21 meses. En consulta de seguimiento se diagnostica metástasis al bazo, por lo que se realiza esplenectomía y es tratada con quimioterapia; fue atendida por el equipo multidisciplinario de ginecología oncológica; las investigaciones realizadas estuvieron basadas en inmuhistoquimica, imageneología y tratamiento de soporte cuando lo necesitó. Conclusiones: La metástasis esplénica por un cáncer de endometrio es rara, es el primero reportado en Cuba, los estudios inmuhistoquímicos y de imágenes son fundamentales(AU)


Introduction: Splenic metastasis from endometrial carcinoma is a rare clinical event with only 13 documented cases in the literature reviewed. The evolution of a patient with this metastasis attended in our institution was the reason that motivated us to publish this work. There are other oncological diseases that are accompanied by this clinical picture during their evolution of progression where surgical treatment complemented with chemotherapy treatment is essential. A literature review was carried out in Cuban publications, but no reports on the topic were found. Objective: The aim of this work is to present an endometroid type case endometrium adenocarcinoma which metastasizes to the spleen with clear cell histology. Case presentation: Forty-five-year-old patient with diagnosis of endometrium adenocarcinoma with surgical stage pT3a Nx Mo stage IIIA Grade 2; this quantification was defined before 2009. The patient underwent surgical treatment which was complemented with radiotherapy and then followed for 21 months. In the follow-up consultation, spleen metastasis was diagnosed; so she underwent splenectomy and was treated with chemotherapy. She was treated by the multidisciplinary gynecologic oncology team; the investigations performed were based on immuhistochemistry, imaging, and supportive treatment whenever needed. Conclusions: Splenic metastasis from endometrial cancer is rare; it is the first case reported in Cuba. Immuhistochemical and imaging studies are essential(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Splenic Neoplasms/complications , Endometrial Neoplasms/complications , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/diagnosis
11.
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(4): e2020176, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131845

ABSTRACT

Primary broad ligament carcinoma is a very rare occurrence with 28 reported cases worldwide, to date. The epidemiology, treatment strategy and prognosis are still uncertain because of the scarcity of cases. Currently, all broad ligament carcinomas are managed similar to epithelial ovarian cancer. We report the case of a 43-year-old female with a prolonged complaint of abdominal pain and intermittent urinary retention, requiring frequent catheterization. She was diagnosed with obstructive right hydroureteronephrosis. The abdominal Contrast Enhanced Computed Tomography (CECT) revealed a well-defined heterogeneous lesion of 2.1х3х3.2cm size in the right lateral and posterior wall of the cervix. An ultrasound (USG)-guided Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) of the mass was done and it was suspected to be malignant. The patient underwent total abdominal hysterectomy, right salpingo-oophorectomy, pelvic lymph-nodal sampling, and peritoneal washing. Histological examination depicted an endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the broad ligament. She received adjuvant chemotherapy, followed by hormonal therapy. It has been five years since her surgery, and she is now alive and disease free.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Broad Ligament/abnormalities , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/pathology , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719308

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Gynecologists occasionally encounter synchronous endometrial and ovarian endometrioid carcinoma (SEO-EC) patients who show favorable prognosis than locally advanced or metastatic disease patients. This study aimed to elucidate prognostic factors of SEO-EC and identify patients who have a sufficiently low risk of recurrence without receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 46 patients with pathologically confirmed SEO-EC who underwent surgery at the National Cancer Center Hospital between 1997 and 2016. Immunohistochemical evaluation of DNA mismatch repair (MMR) protein expression were performed for both endometrial and ovarian tumors. Patient outcomes were analyzed according to clinicopathologic factors. RESULTS: From the multivariate analysis, cervical stromal invasion indicated a worse prognosis for progression-free survival (hazard ratio [HR]=6.85; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.50–31.1) and overall survival (HR=6.95; 95% CI=1.15–41.8). Lymph node metastasis and peritoneal dissemination did not significantly affect survival. MMR deficiency was observed in 13 patients (28.3%), with both endometrial and ovarian tumors showing the same MMR expression status. MMR deficiency was not significantly associated with survival. Of 23 patients with lesions confined to only the uterine body and adnexa, only 2 had recurrence in the group receiving adjuvant therapy, while none of the 10 patients who did not receive adjuvant therapy had recurrence. CONCLUSION: SEO-EC patients with tumors localized to the uterine body and adnexa lesions had a low risk for recurrence and may not require adjuvant therapy. SEO-EC may have prognostic factors different from those of endometrial and ovarian cancer.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Endometrioid , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Disease-Free Survival , DNA Mismatch Repair , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary , Ovarian Neoplasms , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719250

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Although patients with grade I and II endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinoma (EEA) are considered with good prognosis, among them 15%–25% died in 5 years. It is still unknown whether integrating estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) into clinical risk stratification can help select high-risk patients with grade I–II EEA. This study was to investigate the prognostic value of ER and PR double negativity (ER/PR loss) in grade I–II EEA, and the association between ER/PR loss and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) classification. METHODS: ER and PR were assessed by immunohistochemistry on hysterectomy specimens of 903 patients with grade I–II EEA. ER and PR negativity were determined when < 1% tumor nuclei were stained. Gene expression data were obtained from the TCGA research network. RESULTS: Compared with ER or PR positive patients (n=868), patients with ER/PR loss (n=35) had deeper myometrial infiltration (p=0.012), severer FIGO stage (p=0.004), and higher rate of pelvic lymph node metastasis (p=0.020). In univariate analysis, ER/PR loss correlated with a shorter progression-free survival (PFS; hazard ratio [HR]=5.25; 95% confidence interval [CI]=2.21–12.52) and overall survival (OS; HR=7.59; 95% CI=2.55–22.60). In multivariate analysis, ER/PR loss independently predicted poor PFS (HR=3.77; 95% CI=1.60–10.14) and OS (HR=5.56; 95% CI=1.37–22.55) for all patients, and poor PFS for patients in stage IA (n=695; HR=5.54; 95% CI=1.28–23.89) and stage II–IV (n=129; HR=5.77; 95% CI=1.57–21.27). No association was found between ER/PR loss and TCGA classification. CONCLUSION: Integrating ER/PR evaluation into clinical risk stratification may improve prognosis for grade I–II EEA patients.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma, Endometrioid , Classification , Disease-Free Survival , Endometrial Neoplasms , Estrogens , Female , Gene Expression , Genome , Humans , Hysterectomy , Immunohistochemistry , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Progesterone , Prognosis , Receptors, Progesterone
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740179

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of combined oral medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA)/levonorgestrel-intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) treatment and to compare the diagnostic accuracy of endometrial aspiration biopsy with dilatation & curettage (D&C) in young women with early-stage endometrial cancer (EC) who wished to preserve their fertility. METHODS: A prospective phase II multicenter study was conducted from January 2012 to January 2017. Patients with grade 1 endometrioid adenocarcinoma confined to the endometrium were treated with combined oral MPA (500 mg/day)/LNG-IUS. At 3 and 6 months of treatment, the histologic change of the endometrial tissue was assessed. The regression rate at 6 months treatment and the consistency of the histologic results between the aspiration biopsy and the D&C were evaluated. RESULTS: Forty-four patients were enrolled. Nine voluntarily withdrew and 35 patients completed the protocol treatment. The complete regression (CR) rate at 6 months was 37.1% (13/35). Partial response was shown in 25.7% of cases (9/35). There were no cases of progressive disease and no treatment-related complications. A comparison of the pathologic results from aspiration biopsy and D&C was carried out for 33 cases. Fifteen cases were diagnosed as “EC” by D&C. Among these, only 8 were diagnosed with EC from aspiration biopsy, yielding a diagnostic concordance of 53.3% (ĸ=0.55). CONCLUSION: Combined oral MPA/LNG-IUS treatment for EC showed 37.1% of CR rate at 6 months. Considering the short treatment periods, CR rate may be much higher if the treatment continued to 9 or 12 months. So, this treatment is still a viable treatment option for young women of early-stage EC. Endometrial aspiration biopsy with the LNG-IUS in place is less accurate than D&C for follow-up evaluation of patients undergoing this treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01594879


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Needle , Carcinoma, Endometrioid , Dilatation and Curettage , Endometrial Neoplasms , Endometrium , Female , Fertility , Fertility Preservation , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Levonorgestrel , Medroxyprogesterone Acetate , Prospective Studies
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764525

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinicopathologic features and survival outcomes of neuroendocrine tumor of the uterine corpus (NET-U) to endometrioid type endometrial carcinoma (EC). METHODS: From 1993 to 2012, the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results cancer registry was queried for women diagnosed with EC or NET-U. Data regarding stage, grade, presence of extra-uterine disease, lymph node metastasis, receipt of adjuvant radiation, surgical intervention and overall survival (OS) was extracted. Chi-square tests, t-tests and Kaplan Meir curves were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: A total of 98,363 patients were identified: 98,245 with EC and 118 with NET-U. The mean age at diagnosis for EC was 61.7 years and 64.8 years for NET-U (p=0.01). NET-U cases were more likely to be poorly differentiated (97.0% vs. 15.6%; p≤0.01) and have nodal metastasis (56.4% vs. 11.1%; p≤0.01) when compared to EC. Presence of extrapelvic disease at the time of diagnosis was observed more frequently in NET-U compared to EC, 49.1% vs. 4.8%, respectively (odds ratio=18; 95% confidence interval=13.1–27.2; p≤0.01). Significant improvement in OS was observed in NET-U patient who received radiation (OS: 7.7 vs. 3.3 years; p≤0.01) or underwent surgical management (5.6 vs. 0.9 years; p≤0.01). The OS for EC was 14.4 vs. 4.6 years for NET-U (p≤0.01). CONCLUSION: NET-U represents an aggressive form of uterine malignancy. When compared to EC, patients with NET-U present at more advanced stage, have more frequent extra-uterine disease and lower OS.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Endometrioid , Diagnosis , Endometrial Neoplasms , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neuroendocrine Tumors , Uterine Neoplasms
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 161-170, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772854

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#DNA methylation is involved in numerous biologic events and associates with transcriptional gene silencing, playing an important role in the pathogenesis of endometrial cancer. ESR1/PGR frequently undergoes de novo methylation and loss expression in a wide variety of tumors, including breast, colon, lung, and brain tumors. However, the mechanisms underlying estrogen and progesterone receptors (ER/PR) loss in endometrial cancer have not been studied extensively. The aims of this study were to determine the expression of DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase 3A/3B (DNMT3A/3B) in endometrial cancer to investigate whether the methylation catalyzed by DNMT3A/3B contributes to low ER/PR expression.@*METHODS@#The clinicopathologic information and RNA-Seq expression data of DNMT3A/3B of 544 endometrial cancers were derived from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) uterine cancer cohort in May 2018. RNA-Seq level of DNMT3A/3B was compared between these clinicopathologic factors with t-test or one-way analysis of variance.@*RESULTS@#DNMT3A/3B was overexpressed in endometrioid carcinoma (EEC) and was even higher in non-endometrioid carcinoma (NEEC) (DNMT3A, EEC vs. NEEC: 37.6% vs. 69.9%, t = -7.440, P < 0.001; DNMT3B, EEC vs. NEEC: 42.4% vs. 72.8%, t = -6.897, P < 0.001). In EEC, DNMT3A overexpression was significantly correlated with the hypermethylation and low expression of the ESR1 and PGR (P < 0.05). The same trend was observed in the DNMT3B overexpression subgroup. In the ESR1/PGR low-expression subgroups, as much as 83.1% of ESR1 and 59.5% of PGR were hypermethylated, which was significantly greater than the ESR1/PGR high-expression subgroups (31.3% and 11.9%, respectively). However, the above phenomena were absent in NEEC, while DNMT3A/3B overexpression, ESR1/PGR hypermethylation, and low ER/PR expression occurred much more often. In univariate analysis, DNMT3A/3B overexpressions were significantly correlated with worse prognosis. In multivariate analysis, only DNMT3A was an independent predictor of disease-free survival (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#DNMT3A/3B expression increases progressively from EEC to NEEC and is correlated with poor survival. The mechanisms underlying low ER/PR expression might be distinct in EEC vs. NEEC. In EEC, methylation related to DNMT3A/3B overexpression might play a major role in ER/PR downregulation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Endometrioid , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferases , Genetics , Metabolism , DNA Methylation , Genetics , Endometrial Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Estrogen Receptor alpha , Genetics , Metabolism , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis
19.
Rev. medica electron ; 40(3): 671-679, may.-jun. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-961254

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el endometrio es fundamental para el diagnóstico de entidades que constituyen problemas de salud para la población femenina. Resulta de vital importancia para el patólogo el hallazgo de diferencias entre la morfología del endometrio de la hiperplasia endometrial y el adenocarcinoma endometrioide que le permitan realizar el diagnóstico diferencial ente estas dos entidades. Objetivo: determinar las diferencias morfométricas para el diagnóstico histopatológico diferencial entre la hiperplasia endometrial compleja, el adenocarcinoma endometrioide y en el endometrio proliferativo normal. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal y se aplicó morfometría a una muestra de 30 biopsias endometriales, con el objetivo de determinar las diferencias morfométricas para el diagnóstico histopatológico diferencial entre la hiperplasia endometrial compleja, el adenocarcinoma endometrioide y en el endometrio proliferativo normal. Se utilizó sistema morfométrico IMAGEN J 1.44p, se estudiaron las glándulas endometriales a las que se les halló la altura del epitelio glandular. Resultados: la altura del epitelio en las glándulas de tamaño menor, intermedio y mayor, expresaron estrechas diferencias entre la hiperplasia endometrial compleja, el adenocarcinoma endometrioide y en el endometrio proliferativo normal y que existen diferencias entre la hiperplasia endometrial y el adenocarcinoma endometrioide cuando se estudian variables que tiene en cuenta la morfología glandular. Conclusiones: se concluyó que existen diferencias entre la hiperplasia endometrial y el adenocarcinoma endometrioide cuando se estudian variables que tiene en cuenta la morfología glandular (AU).


Introduction: the endometrium is fundamental for the diagnosis of entities that are a health problem for female population. It is very important for the pathologist to find differences between the morphology of the endometrium of the endometrial hyperplasia and the endometrial adenocarcinoma allowing to perform the differential diagnosis between these two entities. Objective: to determine the morphometric differences for the differential histopathological diagnosis between the complex endometrial hyperplasia, the endometrial adenocarcinoma and the normal proliferative endometrium. Materials and methods: a cross-sectional, descriptive, observational study was applied and the morphometry was applied to a sample of 30 endometrial biopsies, with the objective of determining the morphometric differences for the histopathological differential diagnosis among complex endometrial hyperplasia, endometrial adenocarcinoma and normal proliferative endometrium. The morphometric system IMAGEN J 1.44p was used and the endometrial glands were studied and the height of their glandular epithelium was calculated. Results: the minor, intermediate and higher height of the epithelium in the glands expressed tight differences among complex endometrial hyperplasia, endometrial adenocarcinoma and normal proliferative endometrium, and showed that there are differences between endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial adenocarcinoma when the studied variables take into account the glandular morphology. Conclusions: there are differences between endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial adenocarcinoma when there are studied variables taking into account the glandular morphology (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Histological Techniques/methods , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/diagnosis , Endometrial Hyperplasia/diagnosis , Endometrium/anatomy & histology , Biopsy , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Endometrial Neoplasms , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Cuba , Observational Studies as Topic
20.
Campinas; s.n; 2018. 162 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-912068

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Introdução: endometriose é uma doença benigna, capaz de progredir extensamente e gerar clones atípicos. Considerada precursora dos carcinomas de células claras (CCOC) e endometrióide (EOC) de ovário, atualmente chamados carcinomas de ovário associados à endometriose (EAOC). Objetivos: comparar o perfil epidemiológico, a associação com endometriose e a expressão de marcadores imuno-histoquímicos para ARID1A, VEGF, PD-L1 e PARP-1 em mulheres com CCOC e EOC, e sua correlação com a sobrevida livre de progressão (SLP) e sobrevida global (SG). Métodos: estudo de coorte reconstituída, com 50 casos incluídos de CCOC e EOC tratados no CAISM-UNICAMP entre 1995 até 2016, acompanhados até 02/2017. Microarranjos de tecido com amostras de CCOC, EOC e endometriose foram corados com anticorpos monoclonais contra ARID1A, e para os biomarcadores proteicos VEGF, PD-L1, PARP-1 através de imuno-histoquímica. A expressão de ARID1A foi classificada (0 a 100) conforme a porcentagem de células não coradas. A expressão de VEGF, PD-L1 e PARP-1 foi classificada (0 a 300) conforme a multiplicação da porcentagem de células coradas por um fator da intensidade de expressão (ausente=0; fraco=1; moderado=2; forte=3). Idade ao diagnóstico; menopausa; índice de massa corpórea (IMC); CA-125; diagnóstico de endometriose; datas do diagnóstico, da progressão, do óbito e da última consulta foram recuperados dos prontuários. Comparação entre grupos foi realizada através de testes T e de ?2. A SLP (diferença de tempo entre o diagnóstico e a data de progressão) e a SG (diferença de tempo entre o diagnóstico e o óbito ou data da última data de consulta) foi avaliada através de curvas de Kaplan-Meyer e teste de Log-Rank ou regressão de COX. Resultados: 23 mulheres com CCOC (46%), e 27 com EOC (54%) foram incluídas; 80% tinham endometriose associada, 42% eram nulíparas, 42% eram pré-menopausa e CA125 foi elevado em todos estádios (FIGO I-II= média 614.7Ui/mL; FIGO III-IV= media 2361.2Ui/mL). A média de idade ao diagnóstico foi 7 anos menor em mulheres com EOC do que naquelas com CCOC. O CCOC foi mais diagnosticado em estágios iniciais quando associado à endometriose (p=0,03). O prognóstico dos EOC e CCOC em estádios iniciais foi semelhante (p=0,96). Os CCOC não associado à endometriose tiveram menor SG (p=0,04). A expressão de todos os biomarcadores esteve presente nos EAOC e na endometriose. O aumento da expressão de VEGF entre endometriose e câncer foi significativo (p=0,0002). A hiperexpressão de PARP-1 correlacionou-se negativamente com a SLP (p=0,03) e SG (p=0,01) em estádios iniciais. Conclusão: Os CCOC e EOC são comumente diagnosticados em estádios iniciais (FIGO I-II= 68%) e estão frequentemente associados à endometriose (80% dos casos). Quando associados à endometriose, os CCOC foram mais diagnosticados em estádios iniciais e tiveram SG maior. Houve elevada porcentagem de células com ARID1A mutado nos EAOC (>40%). VEGF se expressou mais intensamente nos CCOC e EOC que na endometriose, já a expressão de PD-L1 e de PARP-1 foi similar. Apenas a hiperexpressão de PARP-1 reduziu significativamente a SLP e a SG nos CCOC e EOC nos estádios iniciais(AU)


Abstract: Introduction: Endometriosis is a benign disease, able to progress widely and generate atypical clones. It is a precursor of clear cell ovarian carcinomas (CCOC) and endometrioid ovarian carcinomas (EOCs), now called endometriosis-associated ovarian carcinomas (EAOC). Objectives: To compare the epidemiological profile, association with endometriosis and the expression of immunohistochemical markers for ARID1A, VEGF, PD-L1 and PARP-1 in women with CCOC and EOC, and its correlation with progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Methods: A reconstituted cohort study with 50 cases of CCOC and EOC included. Cases were treated at CAISM-UNICAMP between 1995 and 2016, followed up until 02/2017. Tissue microarrays with CCOC, EOC and endometriosis samples were stained with monoclonal antibodies against ARID1A, and for VEGF, PD-L1, PARP-1 biomarkers by immunohistochemistry. The expression of ARID1A was classified (0 to 100) according to the percentage of unstained cells. The expression of VEGF, PD-L1 and PARP-1 was classified (0 to 300) multiplying the percentage of stained cells by an intensity of expression factor (absent=0, weak=1, moderate=2, strong=3). Age at diagnosis; menopause; BMI (body mass index); CA-125 levels; diagnosis of endometriosis; date of diagnosis, date of progression, date of death and date of last consultation were retrieved from the medical records. Comparison between groups was performed through T and ?2 tests. The PFS (difference in time between diagnosis and progression date) and OS (difference in time between diagnosis and death or the last date of consultation) was assessed using Kaplan-Meyer curves and Log-Rank test or COX multivariate models. Results: twenty-three women with CCOC (46%), and 27 with EOC (54%) were included; 80% had associated endometriosis, 42% were nulliparous, 42% were premenopausal, and CA125 was elevated at all stages (FIGO I-II = mean 614.7Ui / mL; FIGO III-IV = mean 2361.2Ui / mL). The mean age at diagnosis was 7 years lower in women with EOC than in those with CCOC. CCOC when associated with endometriosis were more diagnosed at early stages (p=0.03). The prognosis of EOC and CCOC at early stages was similar (p=0.96). CCOCs not associated with endometriosis had shorter OS (p=0.04). Expression of all biomarkers was present in the EAOC and endometriosis. The increase in VEGF expression between endometriosis and cancer was significant (p=0.0002). The overexpression of PARP-1 correlated negatively with PFS (p=0.03) and OS (p=0.01) at FIGO I-II stages. Conclusion: The diagnosis of women with EOC was made earlier than in those with CCOC. CCOC and EOC are commonly diagnosed in early stages (FIGO I-II - 68%) and were associated with endometriosis (80% of cases). When associated with endometriosis, clear cell carcinomas are more likely diagnosed at early stages, and the association of endometriosis with CCOC improves OS. There was a high percentage of cells with mutated ARID1A gene in EAOC (> 40%). VEGF was expressed more intensely in CCOC and EOC than in endometriosis, whereas expression of PD-L1 and PARP-1 was similar. Only the overexpression of PARP-1 significantly reduced PFS and OS in CCOC and EOC at early stages(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Prognosis , Carcinoma, Endometrioid , Endometriosis , Survival Rate , Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors , Endometriosis/epidemiology , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1
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