Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 22
Filter
1.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 105-118, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971622

ABSTRACT

The third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor osimertinib (OSI) has been approved as the first-line treatment for EGFR-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study aims to explore a rational combination strategy for enhancing the OSI efficacy. In this study, OSI induced higher CD47 expression, an important anti-phagocytic immune checkpoint, via the NF-κB pathway in EGFR-mutant NSCLC HCC827 and NCI-H1975 cells. The combination treatment of OSI and the anti-CD47 antibody exhibited dramatically increasing phagocytosis in HCC827 and NCI-H1975 cells, which highly relied on the antibody-dependent cellular phagocytosis effect. Consistently, the enhanced phagocytosis index from combination treatment was reversed in CD47 knockout HCC827 cells. Meanwhile, combining the anti-CD47 antibody significantly augmented the anticancer effect of OSI in HCC827 xenograft mice model. Notably, OSI induced the surface exposure of "eat me" signal calreticulin and reduced the expression of immune-inhibitory receptor PD-L1 in cancer cells, which might contribute to the increased phagocytosis on cancer cells pretreated with OSI. In summary, these findings suggest the multidimensional regulation by OSI and encourage the further exploration of combining anti-CD47 antibody with OSI as a new strategy to enhance the anticancer efficacy in EGFR-mutant NSCLC with CD47 activation induced by OSI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mice , Animals , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Acrylamides/pharmacology , ErbB Receptors/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , CD47 Antigen/therapeutic use
2.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 123-136, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971616

ABSTRACT

NDFIP1 has been previously reported as a tumor suppressor in multiple solid tumors, but the function of NDFIP1 in NSCLC and the underlying mechanism are still unknown. Besides, the WW domain containing proteins can be recognized by NDFIP1, resulted in the loading of the target proteins into exosomes. However, whether WW domain-containing transcription regulator 1 (WWTR1, also known as TAZ) can be packaged into exosomes by NDFIP1 and if so, whether the release of this oncogenic protein via exosomes has an effect on tumor development has not been investigated to any extent. Here, we first found that NDFIP1 was low expressed in NSCLC samples and cell lines, which is associated with shorter OS. Then, we confirmed the interaction between TAZ and NDFIP1, and the existence of TAZ in exosomes, which requires NDFIP1. Critically, knockout of NDFIP1 led to TAZ accumulation with no change in its mRNA level and degradation rate. And the cellular TAZ level could be altered by exosome secretion. Furthermore, NDFIP1 inhibited proliferation in vitro and in vivo, and silencing TAZ eliminated the increase of proliferation caused by NDFIP1 knockout. Moreover, TAZ was negatively correlated with NDFIP1 in subcutaneous xenograft model and clinical samples, and the serum exosomal TAZ level was lower in NSCLC patients. In summary, our data uncover a new tumor suppressor, NDFIP1 in NSCLC, and a new exosome-related regulatory mechanism of TAZ.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Carrier Proteins/metabolism , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Exosomes/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Transcriptional Coactivator with PDZ-Binding Motif Proteins/metabolism
3.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 242-250, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971521

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen the differentially expressed long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells with acquired resistance to osimertinib and explore their roles in drug resistance of the cells.@*METHODS@#The cell lines H1975_OR and HCC827_OR with acquired osimertinib resistance were derived from their osimertinib-sensitive parental NSCLC cell lines H1975 and HCC827, respectively, and their sensitivity to osimertinib was assessed with CCK-8 assay, clone formation assay and flow cytometry. RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) were used to screen the differentially expressed lncRNAs in osimertinib-resistant cells. The role of the identified lncRNA in osimertinib resistance was explored using CCK-8, clone formation and Transwell assays, and its subcellular localization and downstream targets were analyzed by nucleoplasmic separation, bioinformatics analysis and qPCR.@*RESULTS@#The resistance index of H1975_OR and HCC827_OR cells to osimertinib was 598.70 and 428.82, respectively (P < 0.001), and the two cell lines showed significantly increased proliferation and colony-forming abilities with decreased apoptosis (P < 0.01). RNA-seq identified 34 differentially expressed lncRNAs in osimertinib-resistant cells, and among them lnc-TMEM132D-AS1 showed the highest increase of expression after acquired osimertinib resistance (P < 0.01). Analysis of the TCGA database suggested that the level of lnc-TMEM132D-AS1 was significantly higher in NSCLC than in adjacent tissues (P < 0.001), and its high expression was associated with a poor prognosis of the patients. In osimertinib-sensitive cells, overexpression of Lnc-TMEM132D-AS1 obviously promoted cell proliferation, colony formation and migration (P < 0.05), while Lnc-TMEM132D-AS1 knockdown partially restored osimertinib sensitivity of the resistant cells (P < 0.01). Lnc-TMEM132D-AS1 was localized mainly in the cytoplasm, and bioinformatics analysis suggested that hsa-miR-766-5p was its candidate target, and their expression levels were inversely correlated. The target mRNAs of hsa-miR-766-5p were mainly enriched in the Ras signaling pathway.@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of lnc-TMEM132D-AS1 is significantly upregulated in NSCLC cells with acquired osimertinib resistance, and may serve as a potential biomarker and therapeutic target for osimertinibresistant NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Sincalide/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Cell Movement , MicroRNAs/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Membrane Proteins/metabolism
4.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 527-536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986958

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of myosin heavy chain 9 (MYH9) in regulation of cell proliferation, apoptosis, and cisplatin sensitivity of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).@*METHODS@#Six NSCLC cell lines (A549, H1299, H1975, SPCA1, H322, and H460) and a normal bronchial epithelial cell line (16HBE) were examined for MYH9 expression using Western blotting. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect MYH9 expression in a tissue microarray containing 49 NSCLC and 43 adjacent tissue specimens. MYH9 knockout cell models were established in H1299 and H1975 cells using CRISPR/Cas9 technology, and the changes in cell proliferation cell were assessed using cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) and clone formation assays; Western blotting and flow cytometry were used to detect apoptosis of the cell models, and cisplatin sensitivity of the cells was evaluated using IC50 assay. The growth of tumor xenografts derived from NSCLC with or without MYH9 knockout was observed in nude mice.@*RESULTS@#MYH9 expression was significantly upregulated in NSCLC (P < 0.001), and the patients with high MYH9 expression had a significantly shorter survival time (P=0.023). In cultured NSCLC cells, MYH9 knockout obviously inhibited cell proliferation (P < 0.001), promoted cell apoptosis (P < 0.05), and increased their chemosensitivity of cisplatin. In the tumor-bearing mouse models, the NSCLC cells with MYH9 knockout showed a significantly lower growth rate (P < 0.05). Western blotting showed that MYH9 knockout inactivated the AKT/c- Myc axis (P < 0.05) to inhibit the expression of BCL2- like protein 1 (P < 0.05), promoted the expression of BH3- interacting domain death agonist and the apoptosis regulator BAX (P < 0.05), and activated apoptosis-related proteins caspase-3 and caspase-9 (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#High expression of MYH9 contributes to NSCLC progression by inhibiting cell apoptosis via activating the AKT/c-Myc axis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Mice, Nude , Myosin Heavy Chains/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction
5.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 245-256, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982154

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations are the most common driver mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). To prolong the survival of the patients, EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) resistance in NSCLC is a major challenge that needs to be addressed urgently, and this study focuses on investigating the mechanism of cigarette smoke (CS) induced Gefitinib resistance in NSCLC.@*METHODS@#PC-9 and A549 cells were cultured in vitro and treated with 1 µmol/L Gefitinib for 4 h and 10% cigarette smoke extract (CSE) for 48 h. Western blot was used to detect Sirtuin 3 (Sirt3) and superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) protein expressions; DCFH-DA probe was used to detect intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS); CCK-8 kit was used to detect cell activity, and EdU was used to detect cell proliferation ability. Sirt3 overexpression plasmid (OV-Sirt3) was transfected in PC-9 and A549 cells and treated with 1 µmol/L Gefitinib for 4 h and 10% CSE for 48 h after N-acetylcysteine (NAC) action. The expressions of Sirt3 and SOD2 were detected by Western blot; the ROS level in the cells was detected by DCFH-DA probe, and the cell activity was detected by CCK-8.@*RESULTS@#CSE induced an increase in the 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of both PC-9 and A549 cells to Gefitinib (P<0.01) and enhanced the proliferation of PC-9 and A549 cells, suggesting that CS induced Gefitinib resistance in NSCLC. ROS was involved in CSE-induced Gefitinib resistance (P<0.05). CSE induced low expressions of Sirt3 and SOD2 (P<0.01), and Sirt3/SOD2 was associated with poor prognosis in lung cancer patients (P<0.05). OV-Sirt3 in PC-9 and A549 cells reversed CSE-induced Gefitinib resistance (P<0.05) and significantly reduced ROS production. NAC reversed CSE-induced Gefitinib resistance in PC-9 and A549 cells (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The ROS/Sirt3/SOD2 pathway is involved in CS-induced Gefitinib resistance in NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gefitinib/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Sirtuin 3/therapeutic use , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Cigarette Smoking , Sincalide/therapeutic use , ErbB Receptors/metabolism , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor
6.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 425-433, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928941

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the mechanism of Chinese herbal medicine Fuzheng Kang'ai Formula (, FZKA) on tumor microenvironment (TME).@*METHODS@#CIBERSORTx was used for analysis of TME. Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology and Analysis Platform was applied to identify compounds-targets network and the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) was employed to identify the differential expression genes (DEGs) between tumor and paracancerous tissues in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) from TCGA-LUAD. Additionally, DEGs with prognosis in LUAD was calculated by univariable and multivariate Cox regression. The core targets of FZKA were analyzed in lung adenocarcinoma TME. Protein-protein interaction database was employed to predict down-stream of target. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was employed for biological experiment in A549, H1299 and PC9 cell lines.@*RESULTS@#The active and resting mast cells were significantly associated with prognosis of LUAD (P<0.05). Of the targets, CCNA2 as an important target of FZKA (hazard ratio=1.41, 95% confidential interval: 1.01-2.01, P<0.05) was a prognostic target and significantly associated with mast cells. CCNA2 was positively correlated with mast cell activation and negatively correlated with mast cell resting state. BCL1L2, ACTL6A and ITGAV were down-stream of CCNA2, which were validated by qRT-PCR in A549 cell.@*CONCLUSION@#FZKA could directly bind to CCNA2 and inhibit tumor growth by regulating CCNA2 downstream genes and TME of NSCLC closely related to CCNA2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Actins , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/pathology , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone , DNA-Binding Proteins , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment
7.
Clinics ; 75: e993, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089599

ABSTRACT

Many researchers have shown that pretreatment plasma fibrinogen levels are closely correlated with the prognosis of patients with lung cancer (LC). In this study, we thus performed a meta-analysis to systematically assess the prognostic value of pretreatment plasma fibrinogen levels in LC patients. A computerized systematic search in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) was performed up to March 15, 2018. Studies with available data on the prognostic value of plasma fibrinogen in LC patients were eligible for inclusion. The pooled hazard ratios (HRs) and odd ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to evaluate the correlation between pretreatment plasma fibrinogen levels and prognosis as well as clinicopathological characteristics. A total of 17 studies with 6,460 LC patients were included in this meta-analysis. A higher pretreatment plasma fibrinogen level was significantly associated with worse overall survival (OS) (HR: 1.57; 95% CI: 1.39-1.77; p=0.001), disease-free survival (DFS) (HR: 1.53; 95% CI: 1.33-1.76; p=0.003), and progression-free survival (PFS) (HR: 3.14; 95% CI: 2.15-4.59; p<0.001). Furthermore, our subgroup and sensitivity analyses demonstrated that the pooled HR for OS was robust and reliable. In addition, we also found that a higher fibrinogen level predicted advanced TNM stage (III-IV) (OR=2.18, 95% CI: 1.79-2.66; p<0.001) and a higher incidence of lymph node metastasis (OR=1.74, 95% CI: 1.44-2.10; p=0.02). Our study suggested that higher pretreatment plasma fibrinogen levels predict worse prognoses in LC patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibrinogen/metabolism , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/blood , Lung Neoplasms/blood , Prognosis , Fibrinogen/analysis , Biomarkers/blood , Survival Analysis , China , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/mortality , Disease-Free Survival , Progression-Free Survival , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism
8.
Biol. Res ; 52: 7, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011410

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Currently, the prognosis of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains dismal; hence, it is critical to identify effective anti-NSCLC agents with limited side effects. This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic potential of flavonoid compound vitexin in human NSCLC cells and the underlying mechanisms. RESULTS: The experimental results indicated that vitexin reduced the viability of A549 cells in a dose-dependent manner with nearly no toxicity against normal human bronchial epithelial 16HBE cells. Vitexin also dose-dependently increased A549 cell apoptosis, accompanied by the decreased Bcl-2/Bax ratio and the increased expression of cleaved caspase-3. Moreover, the in vivo anticancer activity of vitexin was further determined in nude mice bearing A549 cells. In addition, vitexin induced the release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria to the cytosol and the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential. Vitexin also significantly reduced the levels of p-PI3K, p-Akt and p-mTOR, and the pro-apoptotic effect of vitexin on A549 cells was partly blocked by SC79, an Akt activator. CONCLUSIONS: Accordingly, we believed that vitexin could be used as a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of NSCLC in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Apoptosis/drug effects , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/drug effects , Apigenin/pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/drug effects , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/drug effects , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial/drug effects , A549 Cells , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Mice, Nude , Mitochondria/drug effects
9.
Biol. Res ; 52: 24, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011426

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To analyze the relative expression of PELI3 and its mechanistic involvement in the non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: PELI3 expression in NSCLC tissue samples was determined by the immunohistochemistry. The transcripts abundance of PELI3 was measured with real-time PCR. The protein intensity was analyzed by western blot. The overall survival in respect to PELI3 or miR-365a-5p expression was plotted by the Kaplan-Meier's analysis. Cell growth was determined by colony formation assay. Cell viability was measured by MTT assay. The migration and invasion were evaluated by wound healing and transwell assay respectively. The regulatory effect of miR-365a-5p on PELI3 was interrogated with luciferase reporter assay. The direct binding between miR-365a-5p and PELI3 was analyzed by pulldown assay. RESULTS: PELI3 was aberrantly up-regulated in NSCLC both in vivo and in vitro. High level of PELI3 associated with poor prognosis. PELI3-deficiency significantly inhibited cell viability, colony formation, migration and invasion. We further identified that miR-365a-5p negatively regulated PELI3 in this disease. Ectopic expression of miR-365a-5p in both A549 and H1299 phenocopied PELI3-deficiency. Meanwhile, PELI3-silencing significantly abolished the pro-tumoral effect elicited by miR-365a-5p inhibition. CONCLUSIONS: Our results highlighted the importance of dysregulated miR-365a-5p-PELI3 signaling axis in NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Down-Regulation/physiology , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Tetrazolium Salts , Thiazoles , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , MicroRNAs/therapeutic use , Cell Line, Tumor , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Coloring Agents , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology
10.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 59(3): 202-209, 06/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-751312

ABSTRACT

Objective Acarbose and trans-chalcone are glucosidase inhibitors whose beneficial effects have been demonstrated in diabetes. The present study aimed at investigating their potential effects in obesity.Materials and methods NMRI male mice (n = 48) were subjected to a high fat diet for four weeks, which induced an initial state of obesity. One control group was given normal rodent diet. Obese animals were then switched to normal rodent diet, and divided to four groups (n = 12 in each): untreated, sham (receiving grape seed oil), and experimental groups receiving acarbose and trans-chalcone (12 mg/kg) during eight weeks. Body weight, blood glucose and other biochemical parameters including triglycerides (TG), cholesterol, HDL, AST, and ALT were measured, as well as leptin, adiponectin, TNF-α, and total antioxidant capacity (TAC). Histological studies were performed on adipose cells and liver tissue samples.Results All factors were affected in a positive manner by acarbose, save for body weight, blood sugar and leptin levels, on which acarbose effects, although observable, were not statistically significant. Grape seed oil, used as a solvent for trans-chalcone was found to possess significant effect on TG and TAC, and had beneficial effects on other factors including liver enzymes and cholesterol. Trans-chalcone effects were significant on HDL, leptin and ALT. All compounds seemed to be able to affect fat deposition in liver tissue, and decrease the size of adipose tissue cells to some extent.Conclusion In conclusion, the tested compounds were able to affect lipid accumulation in tissues and influence adipokines, which may result in an enhanced state with regard to inflammation and oxidative stress. Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2015;59(3):202-9.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , /metabolism , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/immunology , Cytokines/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/immunology , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/metabolism , ErbB Receptors/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Tumor Escape , /genetics , Cell Line , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Lymphocyte Activation , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Mice, Transgenic , Oncogenes , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/genetics , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Signal Transduction , Tumor Microenvironment
11.
Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) ; 19(3): 194-200, May-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-751384

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between self-perceived fatigue with different physical functioning tests and functional performance scales used for evaluating mobility-related disability among community-dwelling older persons. Method: This is a cross-sectional, population-based study. The sample was composed of older persons with 65 years of age or more living in Cuiabá, MT, and Barueri, SP, Brazil. The data for this study is from the FIBRA Network Study. The presence of self-perceived fatigue was assessed using self-reports based on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale. The Lawton instrumental activities of daily living scale (IADL) and the advanced activities of daily living scale (AADL) were used to assess performance and participation restriction. The following physical functioning tests were used: five-step test (FST), the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), and usual gait speed (UGS). Three models of logistic regression analysis were conducted, and a significance level of α<0.05 was adopted. Results: The sample was composed of 776 older adults with a mean age (SD) of 71.9 (5.9) years, of whom the majority were women (74%). The prevalence of self-perceived fatigue within the participants was 20%. After adjusting for covariates, SPPB, UGS, IADL, and AADL remained associated with self-perceived fatigue in the final multivariate regression model. Conclusion: Our results suggest that there is an association between self-perceived fatigue and lower extremity function, usual gait speed and activity limitation and participation restriction in older adults. Further cohort studies are needed to investigate which physical performance measure may be able to predict the negative impact of fatigue in older adults. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Adenocarcinoma/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Gene Rearrangement , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Pyrazoles/therapeutic use , Pyridines/therapeutic use , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/secondary , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/secondary , Immunoenzyme Techniques , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/metabolism
12.
Rev. latinoam. enferm ; 23(2): 337-344, Feb-Apr/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-747179

ABSTRACT

Aim: to identify the profile of frequent users of emergency services, to verify the associated factors and to analyze the reasons for the frequent use of the services. METHOD: An explanatory sequential type mixed method was adopted. Quantitative data were collected from the electronic medical records, with a sample of 385 users attended four or more times in an emergency service, during the year 2011. Qualitative data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 18 users, intentionally selected from the results of the quantitative stage. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics and qualitative data using thematic analysis. RESULTS: It was found that 42.9% were elderly, 84.9% had chronic diseases, 63.5% were classified as urgent, 42.1% stayed for more than 24 hours in the service and 46.5% were discharged. Scheduled follow-up appointment, risk classification, length of stay and outcome were factors associated with frequent use. The reasons for seeking the services were mainly related to the exacerbation of chronic diseases, to easier access and concentration of technology, to the bond, and to the scheduled appointments. CONCLUSIONS: The results contribute to comprehending the repeated use of emergency services and provide additional data to plan alternatives to reduce frequent use. .


OBJETIVO: identificar o perfil de usuários frequentes de serviço de emergência, verificar fatores associados e analisar os motivos para utilização frequente do serviço. MÉTODO: adotou-se método misto, do tipo sequencial explanatório. Os dados quantitativos foram coletados em registros de prontuários eletrônicos, com amostra de 385 usuários, atendidos quatro vezes ou mais em um serviço de emergência, durante o ano de 2011. Os dados qualitativos foram obtidos por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas, com 18 usuários, selecionados intencionalmente a partir dos resultados da etapa quantitativa. Os dados quantitativos foram analisados com estatística descritiva e inferencial e os qualitativos com análise temática. RESULTADOS: identificou-se que 42,9% eram idosos, 84,9% tinham doenças crônicas, 63,5% foram classificados como urgentes, 42,1% permaneceram mais de 24 horas no serviço e 46,5% tiveram alta. Os fatores associados à utilização frequente são retorno agendado, classificação de risco, tempo de permanência e desfecho. Os motivos da busca pelo serviço são relacionados, principalmente, à agudização de doenças crônicas, maior facilidade de acesso, concentração de tecnologia, vínculo e retornos agendados. CONCLUSÕES: os resultados contribuem para compreensão do uso repetido de serviços de emergência e oferecem subsídios para planejamento de alternativas para redução da utilização frequente. .


OBJETIVO: identificar el perfil de usuarios frecuentes de servicios de emergencia, verificar los factores asociados y analizar los motivos para utilización frecuente de ese servicio. MÉTODO: se adoptó un método mixto del tipo secuencial explicativo. Los datos cuantitativos fueron recolectados en registros de fichas electrónicas, con muestra de 385 usuarios atendidos cuatro veces o más, en un servicio de emergencia, durante el año de 2011. Los datos cualitativos fueron obtenidos por medio de entrevistas semiestructuradas con 18 usuarios, seleccionados intencionalmente a partir de los resultados de la etapa cuantitativa. Los datos cuantitativos fueron analizados con estadística descriptiva e inferencial y los cualitativos con análisis temático. RESULTADOS: se identificó que 42,9% eran ancianos, 84,9% tenían enfermedades crónicas, 63,5% fueron clasificados como urgentes, 42,1% permanecieron más de 24 horas en el servicio y 46,5% tuvieron alta para el domicilio. El retorno programado, la clasificación de riesgo, el tiempo de permanencia y el resultado, son factores asociados a la utilización frecuente. Los motivos de la búsqueda por el servicio son relacionados, principalmente a: la agudización de enfermedades crónicas, la mayor facilidad de acceso y concentración de tecnología, los vínculos, y a los retornos programados. CONCLUSIONES: los resultados contribuyen para la comprensión del uso repetido de servicios de emergencia y ofrecen informaciones para planificar alternativas para reducción de la utilización frecuente. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Mice , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/therapy , Diet, Ketogenic , Lung Neoplasms/therapy , Oxidative Stress , Cell Line, Tumor , Combined Modality Therapy , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Dose Fractionation, Radiation , Ketones/metabolism , Lipid Peroxidation , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Mice, Nude , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/metabolism , Radiation Tolerance , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
13.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 41(2): 288-295, Mar-Apr/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748299

ABSTRACT

Purposes To examine the factors related to the choice of cytoreductive nephrectomy (CN) for patients with metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (mCCRCC), and compare the population-based survival rates of patients treated with or without surgery in the modern targeted therapy era. Materials and Methods From 2006 to 2009, patients with mCCRCC were identified from SEER database. The factors that affected patients to be submitted to CN were examined and propensity scores for each patient were calculated. Then patients were matched based upon propensity scores. Univariable and multivariable cox regression models were used to compare survival rates of patients treated with or without surgery. Finally, sensitivity analysis for the cox model on a hazard ratio scale was performed. Results Age, race, tumor size, T stage and N stage were associated with nephrectomy univariablely. After the match based upon propensity scores, the 1-, 2-, and 3-year cancer-specific survival rate estimates were 45.1%, 27.9%, and 21.7% for the no-surgery group vs 70.6%, 52.2%, and 41.7% for the surgery group, respectively (hazard ratio 0.42, 95%CI: 0.35-0.52, log-rank P<0.001). In multivariable Cox proportional hazard regression model, race, T stage, N stage and median household income were significantly associated with survival. Sensitivity analysis on a hazard ratio scale indicated that the hazard ratio might be above 1.00 only when the unknown factor had an opposite effect on survival which was 3-fold than CN. Conclusion The results of our study showed that CN significantly improves the survival of patients with metastatic CCRCC even in the targeted therapy era. .


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , /genetics , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , RNA Interference , /metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/mortality , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/mortality , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Risk Factors , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Time Factors , Transfection
14.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 375-383, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-74080

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To identify CT and FDG-PET features associated with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) protein overexpression, and to evaluate whether imaging features and EGFR-overexpression can help predict clinical outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 214 patients (M : F = 129 : 85; mean age, 63.2) who underwent curative resection of stage I non-small cell lung cancer, EGFR protein expression status was determined through immunohistochemical analysis. Imaging characteristics on CT and FDG-PET was assessed in relation to EGFR-overexpression. Imaging features and EGFR-overexpression were also evaluated for clinical outcome by using the Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: EGFR-overexpression was found in 51 patients (23.8%). It was significantly more frequent in tumors with an SUVmax > 5.0 (p 2.43 cm (p 5.0 (OR, 3.113; 95% CI, 1.375-7.049; p = 0.006) and diameter > 2.43 cm (OR, 2.799; 95% CI, 1.285-6.095; p = 0.010) were independent predictors of EGFR overexpression. Multivariate analysis showed that SUVmax > 4.0 (hazard ratio, 10.660; 95% CI, 1.370-82.966; p = 0.024), and the presence of cavitation within a tumor (hazard ratio, 3.122; 95% CI, 1.143-8.532; p = 0.026) were factors associated with poor prognosis. CONCLUSION: EGFR-overexpression is associated with high SUVmax, large tumor diameter, and small GGO proportion. CT and FDG-PET findings, which are closely related to EGFR overexpression, can be valuable in the prediction of clinical outcome.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Chi-Square Distribution , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18/therapeutic use , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Neoplasm Staging , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods , Proportional Hazards Models , ROC Curve , Radiopharmaceuticals , ErbB Receptors/metabolism , Statistics, Nonparametric , Survival Rate , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
15.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1394-1399, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-26577

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Factor XIII (FXIII), a thrombin-activated plasma transglutaminase zymogen, is involved in cancer development and progression through a triggered coagulation pathway. The aim of this study was to examine whether FXIII activity levels differed in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients according to histological types and TNM stage when compared with healthy subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight NSCLC patients and 28 normal controls who had been individually age-, gender-, body mass index-, smoking status-, and smoking amount-matched were enrolled: 13 adenocarcinomas, 11 squamous cell carcinomas, and four undifferentiated NSCLCs; four stage I, two stage II, 12 stage III, and 10 stage IV NSCLCs. FXIII activity was measured using fluorescence-based protein arrays. RESULTS: The median FXIII activity level of the NSCLC group [24.2 Loewy U/mL, interquartile range (IQR) 14.9-40.4 Loewy U/mL] was significantly higher than that of the healthy group (17.5 Loewy U/mL, IQR 12.6-26.4 Loewy U/mL) (p=0.01). There were no differences in FXIII activity between adenocarcinoma (median 18.6 Loewy U/mL) and squamous cell carcinoma (median 28.7 Loewy U/mL). NSCLC stage significantly influenced FXIII activity (p=0.02). The FXIII activity of patients with stage III NSCLC (median 27.3 Loewy U/mL, IQR 19.3-40.5 Loewy U/mL) was significantly higher than those of patients with stage I or II (median 14.0 Loewy U/mL, IQR 13.1-23.1 Loewy U/mL, p=0.04). FXIII activity was negatively correlated with aPTT in NSCLC patients (r=-0.38, p=0.04). CONCLUSION: Patients with advanced-stage NSCLC exhibited higher coagulation FXIII activity than healthy controls and early-stage NSCLC patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Factor XIII/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Neoplasm Staging
16.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 68(3): 205-212, mayo-jun. 2008. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-633540

ABSTRACT

Aunque los pacientes con cáncer de pulmón a células no pequeñas en estadios tempranos (NSCLC) tienen buen pronóstico, el 20-30% recae, siendo relevante la identificación de biomarcadores pronósticos. Los retinoides regulan crecimiento y diferenciación, y pueden antagonizar la progresión tumoral. Su efecto depende del transporte citosólico mediado por moléculas como CRBP1, y de la unión a receptores específicos (RARβ). Alteraciones en esta vía se asociaron con cáncer. Nuestro objetivo fue estudiar la expresión, mediante inmunohistoquímica, de RARβ y CRBP1 en el tejido tumoral de 49 pacientes NSCLC Estadio I/II, obtenido durante la cirugía. La supervivencia se analizó mediante los test Log Rank y multivariado de Cox. El 44.9% de los tumores fueron positivos para RARβ con expresión a nivel citoplasmático, mientras que el 34.7% lo expresó a nivel nuclear. La tinción para CRBP1 se observó en el 61.2% de los tumores. No se encontró asociación entre la expresión de ambas moléculas y las características clinicopatológicas (sexo, tamaño tumoral, nódulos línfáticos comprometidos, histopatología y p53). Tampoco se encontró asociación con el hábito de fu-mar. La presencia de células tumorales en el lavado pleural se asoció significativamente con la expresión de CRBP1. Por otro lado, se demostró asociación entre la expresión elevada de RARβ citoplasmático y menor supervivencia global (LR 4.17, p=0.0412). El análisis multivariado no mostró asociación con otras variables de pronóstico en NSCLC. En conclusión, en este grupo de pacientes NSCLC Estadio I/II, RARβ pareciera predecir la supervivencia global en forma independiente.


Although early-stage non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) patients have a relative by favorable prognosis, the risk of a bad outcome remains substantial. Identification of reliable prognostic markers for disease recurrence and death has meaningful clinical application. Retinoids are involved in cell growth and differentiation and may antagonize cancer progression. Their effects are mediated through nuclear receptors called Retinoic Acid Receptor (RAR) and regulated by molecules such as Cellular Retinol-Binding Protein 1 (CRBP1) that function in retinol storage. The aim of this work was to analyze by immunohistochemistry the expression patterns of RARβ and CRBP1, involved in retinoid-mediated signaling, in the tumoral tissue of a cohort of stage I/II NSCLC patients (n=49) who underwent a successful surgical resection. Prognostic evaluation was performed with the multivariate Cox proportional hazard model: 44.9% of tumors were positive for RARβ staining at cytoplasmic level, while 34.7% showed nuclear staining. CRBP1 staining was observed in 61.2% of the lung tumors. No relationship was found between the number of cells expressing the studied molecules and clinical pathological features, including sex, T and N (stage), histopathology and p53 expression. Univariate analysis showed a significant association between positive cytoplasmatic expression of RARβ with shorter overall survival (Log-rank test 4.17, p=0.0412). Multivariate studies indicated that RARβ expression was not influenced by other clinical pathological parameters. In conclusion, in this cohort of stage I and II NSCLC, only the expression of RARβ at cytoplasmatic level is a significant independent unfavorable prognostic factor.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Receptors, Retinoic Acid/metabolism , Retinol-Binding Proteins, Cellular/metabolism , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors
17.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 40(8): 1149-1157, Aug. 2007. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-456799

ABSTRACT

We encapsulated cisplatin into stealth pH-sensitive liposomes and studied their stability, cytotoxicity and accumulation in a human small-cell lung carcinoma cell line (GLC4) and its resistant subline (GLC4/CDDP). Since reduced cellular drug accumulation has been shown to be the main mechanism responsible for resistance in the GLC4/CDDP subline, we evaluated the ability of this new delivery system to improve cellular uptake. The liposomes were composed of dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE), cholesteryl hemisuccinate (CHEMS), and distearoylphosphatidylethanolamine-polyethyleneglycol 2000 (DSPE-PEG2000) and were characterized by determining the encapsulation percentage as a function of lipid concentration. Among the different formulations, DOPE/CHEMS/DSPE-PEG liposomes (lipid concentration equal to 40 mM) encapsulated cisplatin more efficiently than other concentrations of liposomes (about 20.0 percent, mean diameter of 174 nm). These liposomes presented good stability in mouse plasma which was obtained using a 0.24-M EDTA solution (70 percent cisplatin was retained inside the liposomes after 30 min of incubation). Concerning cytotoxic effects, they are more effective (1.34-fold) than free cisplatin for growth inhibition of the human lung cancer cell line A549. The study of cytotoxicity to GLC4 and GLC4/CDDP cell lines showed similar IC50 values (approximately 1.4 æM), i.e., cisplatin-resistant cells were sensitive to this cisplatin formulation. Platinum accumulation in both sensitive and resistant cell lines followed the same pattern, i.e., approximately the same intracellular platinum concentration (4.0 x 10-17 mol/cell) yielded the same cytotoxic effect. These results indicate that long-circulating pH-sensitive liposomes, also termed as stealth pH-sensitive liposomes, may present a promising delivery system for cisplatin-based cancer treatment. This liposome system proved to be able to circumvent the cisplatin resistance, whereas...


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Liposomes/chemistry , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacokinetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Cisplatin/pharmacokinetics , Drug Delivery Systems , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/pathology
18.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 770-776, 2005.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-176549

ABSTRACT

Lack of surface Fas expression is a main route for apoptotic resistance which is considered an important mechanism of tumorigenesis and tumor progression. Fas and FasL expressions in 110 non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs) were investigated to evaluate their roles in pulmonary carcinogenesis and to examine the clinicopathologic significance of Fas expression with its relationship with p53 and bcl-2 overexpressions. Immunohistochemical analysis using tissue microarray demonstrated that a large proportion of NSCLC patients (60%) showed lack of membranous Fas expression. The Fas-negative cases revealed the significantly lower survival rate than Fas-positive ones. Also, the loss of Fas receptor expression was found more frequently in advanced stage and higher nodal status. FasL protein was increased in most NSCLCs (89%) compared to normal lungs. p53 and bcl-2 overexpressions showed no association with Fas expression. Conclusively, reduced membranous Fas expression as a mechanism of apoptotic resistance is considered to play an important part of the pulmonary carcinogenesis, which may predict poor survival and have a bad prognostic influence. Increased FasL expression is thought to be a basis for the immune evasion in NSCLCs. The rare bcl-2 overexpression suggests that this anti-apoptotic protein is unlikely to play a role in the apoptotic resistance of NSCLCs.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , fas Receptor/metabolism , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Cell Survival , Comparative Study , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Korea/epidemiology , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Membrane Glycoproteins/metabolism , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Risk Assessment/methods , Risk Factors , Survival Analysis , Survival Rate , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factors/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism
19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 435-442, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14516

ABSTRACT

Retinoic acid receptor- (RAR-beta) is induced by and mediates the growth-inhibitory and apoptotic effects of retinoic acid (RA), suggesting that loss of RAR-betaexpression may be one of the critical events involved in the carcinogenesis/ progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and in the responsiveness to retinoid chemotherapy. However, recent contradictory reports that the expression of RAR-beta is associated with poor clinical outcome, and the fact that treatment of serum-deprived type 2 alveolar cells with RA leads to a stimulation of cell proliferation, require the verification of RAR-beta as a biomarker of chemoprevention or prognosis. The expression status of RAR-beta in cancer cells and adjacent normal appearing bronchial epithelium from 39 patients, diagnosed as stage I NSCLC and undergone a curative lung resection, was analyzed in paraffin-embedded tissue sections by IHC staining. The normal appearing bronchial epithelium of 14 out of 33 (42.4%) specimens expressed RAR-beta, whereas 22 out of the 39 (56.4%) stage I NSCLC specimens expressed RAR-beta. RAR-beta was more frequently expressed in the adenocarcinoma (72.7%) than in the squamous cell carcinoma (31.3%) (p=0.026). Neither the expression status in normal appearing adjacent tissue nor that in the tumor tissue had prognostic implications. The higher expression of RAR-beta in cancer tissue, the focal and uneven distribution in normal appearing adjacent bronchial epithelium, and inconsistency with the corresponding tumor tissue, suggest that the expression status of RAR-beta as a biomarker for chemoprevention/early diagnosis or the prognosis of NSCLC requires further consideration.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bronchi/metabolism , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Down-Regulation , Immunohistochemistry , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Neoplasm Staging , Receptors, Retinoic Acid/metabolism , Respiratory Mucosa/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism
20.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 196-203, 2003.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126082

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate whether the elevated level of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1 alpha) correlated with histologic types, angiogenesis, tumor cell proliferation, and clinical parameters in common non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs). We performed immunohistochemical stains using paraffin-embedded tissue blocks from 84 cases of operable NSCLC [No. of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), 45; No. of adenocarcinoma (AC), 39]. HIF-1 alpha expression was related with histologic types (66.7% in SCCs vs 20.5% in ACs, p0.05, respectively). As for the histologic types, MVD and PCNA index were significantly higher in SCCs than in ACs (p=0.009 and p=0.016, respectively). Among HIF-1 alpha positive carcinomas, MVD was significantly higher in HIF-1 alpha positive SCCs than in HIF-1 alpha positive ACs (p=0.023). The overall survival curves were not associated with HIF-1 alpha expression or any other histologic parameters (p>0.05). These findings suggest that HIF-1 alpha expression in NSCLCs may play a differential role according to histologic types, but its prognostic significance is indeterminate.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Antigens, CD34/metabolism , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Cell Division/physiology , Immunohistochemistry , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/metabolism , Survival Rate , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL