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3.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(2): e1215, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280372

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cierre prematuro del foramen oval o foramen oval restrictivo intraútero es una entidad clínica rara pero seria, de etiología desconocida. Puede ocasionar diversos defectos cardíacos, hipertensión pulmonar, insuficiencia cardiaca congestiva, hidrops fetal y muerte. El diagnóstico puede realizarse mediante ecocardiografía fetal, aunque en la mayoría de los casos sucede en autopsia posmortem. Objetivo: Describir un caso de hidrops fetal secundario al cierre prematuro del foramen oval intraútero. Presentación del caso: Recién nacido pretérmino de 34 semanas en el que, en ecografía y ecocardiografía prenatal se visualizó un aumento de las cavidades cardíacas asociado a cierre intrauterino de foramen oval e hidrops, hallazgos confirmados al nacimiento. Tras una prolongada estancia en unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatal y tratamiento con inotrópicos y diuréticos, se otorgó el alta hospitalaria con diagnóstico de cardiomiopatía dilatada secundaria a foramen oval restrictivo. Conclusiones: La asociación de cierre prematuro de foramen oval con hidrops fetal ha sido descripta en escasas publicaciones y es frecuente en estas la relación con muerte perinatal y con anomalías extracardíacas. En este caso se describe hidrops secundario al cierre temprano del foramen oval intraútero que condicionó a la dilatación global de cavidades cardíacas y a la disfunción ventricular severa persistentes más allá del periodo neonatal sin otras anomalías asociadas. A pesar de la severidad del compromiso cardiovascular, la evolución clínica fue favorable y permitió el egreso hospitalario. Es importante el reconocimiento temprano mediante ecografía y ecocardiografía fetal de estas entidades para guiar un diagnóstico y tratamiento oportunos(AU)


Introduction: Premature closure of the oval foramen or intrauterine restrictive oval foramen is a rare but serious clinical entity of unknown etiology. It can cause various heart defects, pulmonary hypertension, congestive heart failure, fetal hydrops and death. Diagnosis can be made by fetal echocardiography, although in most cases it occurs in postmortem autopsy. Objective: Describe the presentation of a case of fetal hydrops secondary to premature closure of the intrauterine oval foramen. Case presentation: A 34-week preterm newborn in which, in ultrasound and prenatal echocardiography, an increase in the cardiac chambers associated with intrauterine closure of oval foramen and hydrops was visualized; these findings were confirmed at birth. After a prolonged stay in the neonatal intensive care unit and treatment with inotropic and diuretic drugs, hospital discharge was granted with diagnosis of dilated cardiomyopathy secondary to restrictive oval foramen. Conclusions: The association of premature closure of oval foramen with fetal hydrops has been described in few publications and it is common in these the relation with perinatal death and extracardiac abnormalities. In this case, it is described hydrops secondary to the early closure of the intrauterine oval foramen that conditioned the overall dilation of heart chambers, and persistent severe ventricular dysfunction beyond the neonatal period without other associated abnormalities. Despite the severity of cardiovascular compromising, clinical evolution was favorable and allowed hospital discharge. Early recognition using ultrasound and fetal echocardiography of these entities is important to guide timely diagnosis and treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated , Hydrops Fetalis , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Ventricular Dysfunction , Foramen Ovale , Heart
4.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 91(1): 50-57, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152860

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: The main objective is to determine the prevalence of American trypanosomiasis in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy in a tertiary hospital in western Mexico. Methods: From January 1991 to February 2016, 387 consecutive patients with a confirmed diagnosis of dilated cardiomyopathy were included in the study. Cases with ventricular dilatation secondary to ischemic heart disease, valvular heart disease, hypertension, lung disease, pericardial disease, or congenital heart disease were excluded from the study. Diagnosis was made detecting antibodies against Trypanosoma cruzi with two different methods or parasite in blood. Results: Were included 387 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, Chagas cardiomyopathy was confirmed in 6.9%, two patients in the acute phase (in one, suspected transfusion transmission was detected). Most patients were born in rural areas. About 96.2% showed congestive heart failure, only one patient with apical left ventricular aneurysm manifested palpitations. About 66% with right bundle branch block, left anterior fascicular block, or the association of both, in 14.8%, non-sustained ventricular tachycardia was found. Conclusions: Chagas cardiomyopathy is common in México, mainly in people who were born or lived during childhood in rural areas. It is a common cause of heart failure. Chagas’ heart disease should be suspected in patients receiving a blood transfusion, even without another epidemiological history.


Resumen Objetivo: El objetivo principal del estudio es conocer la prevalencia de tripanosomiasis americana en pacientes con cardiomiopatía dilatada, en un hospital de concentración en el occidente de México. Métodos: Desde enero de 1991 a febrero de 2016 se incluyeron 387 pacientes consecutivos con diagnóstico de cardiomiopatía dilatada, se excluyeron los casos con dilatación ventricular secundaria a cardiopatía isquémica, valvulopatías, hipertensión arterial sistémica, enfermedad pulmonar, enfermedad pericárdica o cardiopatías congénitas. El diagnóstico se realizó mediante la detección de anticuerpos anti-tripanosoma cruzi con 2 métodos positivos diferentes o con la detección del parásito en sangre. Resultados: Se incluyeron 387 paciente con cardiomiopatía dilatada, en el 6.9% se confirmó cardiopatía chagásica; dos pacientes en fase aguda (uno con sospecha de transmisión transfusional). La mayoría de los pacientes provenían de zonas rurales. El 96.2% de los casos presentó insuficiencia cardiaca congestiva, un paciente con aneurisma apical del ventrículo izquierdo solo manifestó palpitaciones. El 66% presentó bloqueo de la rama derecha del haz de His, hemibloqueo anterior izquierdo o la asociación de ambos, en el 14.8% se encontró taquicardia ventricular no sostenida. Conclusiones: La cardiopatía chagásica es frecuente en nuestro medio, principalmente en personas que nacieron o vivieron durante la infancia en áreas rurales. Es causa común de insuficiencia cardiaca. La cardiomiopatía chagásica debe sospecharse en pacientes que reciben transfusión sanguínea, incluso sin otros antecedentes epidemiológicos


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/complications , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/etiology , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/epidemiology , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Mexico/epidemiology
5.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(1): e75-e79, feb. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1147281

ABSTRACT

La respiración de Cheyne-Stokes es una variante cíclica o tipo de apnea central del sueño poco frecuente en la población pediátrica. Se describe a una paciente de 12 años con insuficiencia cardíaca grave relacionada con miocardiopatía dilatada que demostró trastornos del sueño con características de respiración de Cheyne-Stokes, que se resolvieron completamente después del trasplante cardíaco.


Cheyne-Stokes respiration is a cyclic variant or type of central sleep apnea rare in pediatric population. We describe a 12-year-old female patient with severe heart failure related to dilated cardiomyopathy who demonstrated sleep disorders with Cheyne-Stokes breathing features, which completely resolved following cardiac transplantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Cheyne-Stokes Respiration , Heart Failure , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated , Heart Transplantation , Sleep Apnea, Central
7.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 9(1): 1-4, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352364

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O pioderma gangrenoso é uma dermatose incomum, crônica e de apresentação clínica variável. Sua etiologia é indefinida, e seu tratamento não é bem estabelecido. O Adalimumabe é um anticorpo monoclonal humano contra o fator de necrose tumoral alfa (anti- TNF) que é raramente associado à disfunção cardíaca. Relato de Caso: Relatamos um caso de uma paciente com pioderma gangrenoso idiopático que, após duas doses de Adalimumabe, desenvolveu insuficiência cardíaca grave com miocardiopatia dilatada. Ela foi tratada com diurético de alça, betabloqueador e antagonista da enzima conversora da angiostensina. Após dois meses, encontrava-se sem queixas cardiorrespiratórias e com melhora da fração de ejeção. Conclusão: A miocardiopatia dilatada, apesar de ser manifestação rara do uso de fármacos anti -TNF deve ser considerada no diagnóstico diferencial de insuficiência respiratória após seu uso.


Introduction: Pyoderma gangrenosum is an unusual chronic dermatosis of mixed clinical presentation. Its etiology is unclear, and its treatment is not well established. Adalimumab is a human monoclonal antibody against the tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti TNF) which is rarely associated with cardiac dysfunction. Case Report: We report a case of a patient with idiopathic Pyoderma gangrenosum who developed severe heart failure with dilated myocardiopathy after two doses of Adalimumab. She was treated with loop diuretic, beta-blocker and angiostensin-converting enzyme antagonist. After two months, she was without cardiorespiratory complaints and with improvement in the ejection fraction. Conclusion: Dilated myocardiopathy, despite being a rare manifestation of the use of anti -TNF drugs should be considered in the differential diagnosis of respiratory failure after its use.


Subject(s)
Cardiomyopathy, Dilated , Pyoderma Gangrenosum , Heart Failure , Cardiomyopathies , Adalimumab , Antibodies, Monoclonal
8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 584-596, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887694

ABSTRACT

Heart failure (HF), a clinical syndrome with high morbidity and mortality, is becoming a growing public health problem. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is one of the major causes of HF, yet the molecular mechanisms underlying DCM-mediated HF are not completely understood. Previous studies have shown that dysregulation of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism could contribute to the development of HF. To explore the roles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in regulating AA metabolism in HF, we used two public datasets to analyze the expression changes of miRNAs in the patients of DCM-mediated HF. A total of 101 and 88 miRNAs with significant abundance alterations in the two dataset were obtained, respectively. Around 1/3 of these miRNAs were predicted to target AA metabolic pathway genes. We also investigated the distribution of known single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the sequences of miRNAs dysregulated in DCM-mediated HF patients, and identified miRNAs harboring high number of SNPs in either the seed regions or the entire sequences. These information could provide clues for further functional studies of miRNAs in the pathogeny of DCM-mediated HF.


Subject(s)
Arachidonic Acid , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/genetics , Heart Failure/genetics , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics
9.
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(2): e2020155, Apr.-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131815

ABSTRACT

Diaphragmatic eventration (DE) associated with intestinal malrotation and renal agenesis is a rare entity. The authors report a case of a 69-year-old man who had symptoms of heart failure. He had a previous imaging diagnosis of right diaphragmatic eventration and dilated cardiomyopathy. He died on the second day after the hospital admission and had a post mortem examination that confirmed complete right diaphragmatic eventration, intestinal malrotation, left renal agenesis, dilated cardiomyopathy, and anteriorly rotated right kidney and had findings suggestive of a thoracoabdominal compartment syndrome. Thoracoabdominal compartment syndrome is described as transmission of abdominal pressure through a defective diaphragm causing compression of the hemithorax viscera and mediastinal shift with a hemodynamic alteration. The association of these anomalies is rare, and the possibility of this finding in a patient with eventration should always be considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Compartment Syndromes/pathology , Diaphragmatic Eventration/pathology , Kidney/abnormalities , Autopsy , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated , Fatal Outcome
10.
CorSalud ; 12(2): 232-236, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133615

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La miocardiopatía dilatada en el embarazo es, generalmente, de origen desconocido, pero en un 20-35% es hereditaria. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 22 años de edad, con 34,6 semanas de gestación, primípara, con antecedente de asma bronquial leve, que se encontraba asintomática desde el punto de vista cardiovascular, hasta que se encontró una frecuencia cardíaca mayor de 130 latidos por minuto y edema en miembros inferiores que fue la causa de la consulta de Cardiología. El ecocardiograma transtorácico reveló una miocardiopatía dilatada con función ventricular izquierda gravemente deprimida, disfunción diastólica, insuficiencia tricuspidea grave y mitral moderada, e hipertensión pulmonar leve. Se consideró muy alto riesgo obstétrico (grupo IV de la clasificación de la Organización Mundial de la Salud) y, previa coordinación con el servicio nacional de cardiopatía y embarazo, se envió a la paciente al centro de referencia donde se realizó cesárea sin complicaciones.


ABSTRACT Dilated cardiomyopathy in pregnancy is generally of unknown origin, but in 20-35% it is hereditary. Here is presented the case of a 22-year-old patient, 34.6 weeks of pregnancy, primipara, with a history of slight bronchial asthma, who was asymptomatic from the cardiovascular point of view, until a heart rate greater than 130 beats per minute and edema in lower limbs were found, which were the causes that bring her to the Department of Cardiology. The transthoracic echocardiogram revealed dilated cardiomyopathy with severely depressed left ventricular function, diastolic dysfunction, severe tricuspid and moderate mitral regurgitations, as well as slight pulmonary hypertension. It was considered a very high obstetric risk (group IV of the World Health Organization Classification) and, after coordinating with the national department of heart disease and pregnancy, the patient was sent to the reference center, where a cesarean section was performed without complications.


Subject(s)
Cardiomyopathy, Dilated , Pregnant Women , Heart Failure
11.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(5): 389-398, May 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135627

ABSTRACT

Cardiomyopathies are considered one of the most important causes of heart failure in cats and are subdivided into three main morphological types: hypertrophic (HCM), dilated (DCM), and restrictive (RCM). This study aimed to determine the frequency and types of cardiomyopathies in cats diagnosed in southern Brazil, with an emphasis on their epidemiological and pathological aspects. Necropsy reports filed in a veterinary pathology laboratory were reviewed, and cats diagnosed with cardiomyopathy were selected for the study. Animal identification data, history and clinical signs, and gross lesions, were reviewed and compiled. During the study period, 1.594 cat necropsies were performed, of which 72 (4.5%) comprised a diagnosis of cardiomyopathy. HCM was the most frequent followed by CMR and CMD, representing 77.8%, 12.5% and 9.7%, respectively. Age ranged from three months to 18 years, with a median age of seven years. In relation to sex, 62.5% were males and 37.5% females. In 76.4% of the cases, it affected cats without a breed defined. Restrictive mixed dyspnea and hydrothorax were the main signs or findings of the clinical examination. Sudden death and acute paresis of the pelvic limbs due to aortic thromboembolism have also been described. In HCM, myocardial thickening was observed, with a reduction in the ventricular chamber. Hypertrophy, disarray, and fibrosis of the myofibers were the main histological findings. In RCM, whitish and thickened endocardium was seen in most cases. DCM was characterized by dilated cardiac chambers, and microscopic examination revealed no significant findings. The main extra cardiac lesions revealed pulmonary edema and congestion, hydrothorax and chronic passive congestion of the liver. Cardiomyopathies are important causes of death in cats and should be included in the differential diagnosis of patients with cardio respiratory clinical signs and in cases related to sudden death and acute paresis of the pelvic limbs.(AU)


As cardiomiopatias são consideradas umas das mais importantes causas de insuficiência cardíaca em gatos e são subdivididas morfologicamente em três principais tipos: cardiomiopatia hipertrófica (CMH), dilatada (CMD) e restritiva (CMR). Este trabalho teve como objetivo determinar a frequência e os tipos de cardiomiopatias em gatos diagnosticados no Sul do Brasil, abordando seus aspectos epidemiológicos e patológicos. Foram revisados os laudos de necropsias de gatos e selecionados para o estudo de diagnóstico de cardiomiopatia. Os dados referentes à identificação do animal, o histórico/sinais clínicos e lesões macroscópicas foram revisados e compilados. No período estudado, foram realizadas 1.594 necropsias de gatos, destas, 72 (4,5%) compreenderam diagnóstico de cardiomiopatia. A CMH foi a mais frequente seguida pela CMR e CMD, representando 77,8%, 12,5% e 9,7%, respectivamente. A idade variou de três meses a 18 anos, com a idade mediana de sete anos. Em relação ao sexo, 62,5% eram machos e 37,5% fêmeas. Em 76,4% dos casos, afetou gatos sem raça definida. Dispneia mista restritiva e hidrotórax foram os principais sinais ou achados do exame clínico. Morte súbita e paresia aguda de membros pélvicos em razão do tromboembolismo aórtico também foram descritos. Na CMH, observou-se espessamento do miocárdio, com redução da câmara ventricular. Hipertrofia, desarranjo e fibrose das miofibras foram os principais achados histológicos. Na CMR, visualizou-se endocárdio esbranquiçado e espessado na maioria dos casos. A CMD caracterizou-se pela dilatação das câmaras cardíacas, e sem lesão histológica significante. As principais lesões extracardíacas encontradas foram edema e congestão pulmonares, hidrotórax e congestão passiva crônica do fígado. As cardiomiopatias são causas importantes de morte em gatos, devem ser incluídas no diagnóstico diferencial de pacientes com sinais clínicos cardiorrespiratórios e também em casos relacionados a morte súbita e paresia aguda dos membros pélvicos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/pathology , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/veterinary , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/epidemiology , Cardiomyopathy, Restrictive/pathology , Cardiomyopathy, Restrictive/veterinary , Cardiomyopathy, Restrictive/epidemiology , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/pathology , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/veterinary , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/epidemiology , Cat Diseases
12.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(2): 225-228, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101488

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The number of cases for which the Batista procedure is indicated is small, but some patients with appropriate indication can achieve good therapeutic results. Objective: To avoid incorrect left ventricular incision and obtain good surgical results in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy suitable for partial left ventriculectomy, we employed intraoperative direct echocardiography to determine the exact extent and position of the myocardial incision, even for surgeons who are not very experienced with the Batista procedure. Methods: A 72-year-old man with dilated cardiomyopathy underwent the Batista procedure with the aid of epicardial echocardiography to confirm the location of both the papillary muscles and the diseased myocardium. Results: We were able to accurately perform left ventricular incision and remove the diseased lateral ventricular wall. Two years later, the patient had no symptoms of heart failure, and his brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) level decreased from 1155 to 49.3 pg/mL. Conclusions: We believe that the use of intraoperative echocardiography may have the potential to make the Batista procedure less technically demanding and more reproducible for surgeons with little experience in the procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Echocardiography , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated , Heart Failure , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Heart Ventricles
13.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200110, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135276

ABSTRACT

We aimed to investigate the association of CD14 -260C/T (rs2569190) polymorphism and Chagas cardiomyopathy and the functional characteristics of CD14+ and CD14- monocytes upon infection with Trypanosoma cruzi. We observed an association between the T- genotype (absence of allele -260T) related to low CD14 expression and the dilated cardiomyopathy type of Chagas disease. Furthermore, we observed that CD14- monocytes showed a more activated profile upon in vitro infection with T. cruzi than CD14+ monocytes. Our findings suggest that T- genotype is associated with susceptibility to develop Chagas dilated cardiomyopathy, likely linked to the T. cruzi-induced inflammatory profile of CD14- monocytes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/genetics , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/genetics , Lipopolysaccharide Receptors/genetics , Trypanosoma cruzi , Chagas Disease , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Genotype , Heart Failure
14.
Rev. costarric. cardiol ; 21(2): 15-20, jul.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042866

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las enfermedades tiroideas pueden producir cambios en la estructura y función del corazón. La miocardiopatía dilatada (MCD) con disfunción sistólica inducida por hipotiroidismo, es un fenómeno poco común. El presente artículo describe el caso de un hombre joven que presentó síntomas de insuficiencia cardíaca y se le diagnosticó MCD, con ecocardiografía que revelaba hipoquinesia global y disminución severa de la función sistólica del ventrículo izquierdo. El perfil tiroideo reveló un valor de TSH de 89 UI/dl, con T4 menor a 0.3 ng/ml. Con el tratamiento hormonal se documentó una mejoría progresiva de la función sistólica ventricular izquierda y del cuadro clínico del paciente.


Abstract Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with systolic dysfunction provoked by hypothyroidism is an uncommon phenomenon. In this article we describe a case of young male that presented heart failure symptomatology and was diagnosed with DCM, echocardiography showed global hypokinesia with severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Thyroid analysis reveled a TSH of 89 IU/dl with T4 under 0.3 ng/ml. We documented progressive improvement of systolic left ventricular function and symptomatology with thyroid replacement therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Thyroid Hormones , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated , Costa Rica , Heart Failure , Hypothyroidism
16.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(5): 477-483, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057453

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Dilated cardiomyopathy is a state of progressive enlargement of cardiac chambers mainly left ventricle which leads to decreased cardiac output and ultimately cardiac failure. Although it has multifactorial etiology, it is quite common in patients with end stage renal disease who require renal transplant surgery for their cure. Both conditions go side by side and anesthetic management of such cases poses real challenge to anesthesiologist. Strict monitoring and control of cardiac physiology is of utmost importance besides meticulous fluid management, thus preserving renal blood flow on one hand and preventing cardiac failure on other hand. This is the basis of achieving good outcome of the renal transplant surgery. Methods: This is a retrospective observational study done by analysing electronic database of 31 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy who underwent renal transplant surgery. Data was studied in terms of demographics, duration of renal disease, comorbidities mainly hypertension, cardiac echo graphic findings including ejection fraction, medications and post-operative outcome. Results: Most common perioperative complication in this patient population was hypotension (51.61%) followed by pulmonary complications postoperative mechanical ventilation (12.9%) and pulmonary edema (6.45%). High incidence of hypotension may be a causative factor to increased rate of delayed graft functioning (12.9%) and acute tubular necrosis (2.23%) in these patients. Conclusion: Strict monitoring and control of hemodynamic parameters as well as meticulous fluid therapy is the cornerstone in improving outcome in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy undergoing renal transplant surgery.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos A cardiomiopatia dilatada é um estado de aumento progressivo das câmaras cardíacas, principalmente do ventrículo esquerdo, que leva à diminuição do débito cardíaco e, por fim, à insuficiência cardíaca. Embora tenha etiologia multifatorial, é bastante comum em pacientes com doença renal terminal que precisam de transplante renal para sua cura. Ambas as condições andam lado a lado e o manejo anestésico de tais casos é um verdadeiro desafio para o anestesiologista. A monitoração e o controle rigoroso da fisiologia cardíaca são de extrema importância, além de um meticuloso manejo dos líquidos, o que por um lado preserva o fluxo sanguíneo renal, por outro previne a insuficiência cardíaca. Essa é a base para alcançar o bom resultado da cirurgia de transplante renal. Métodos Este estudo observacional retrospectivo foi feito mediante a análise de prontuários eletrônicos de 31 pacientes com cardiomiopatia dilatada submetidos à cirurgia de transplante renal. Os dados foram avaliados em termos demográficos, duração da doença renal, comorbidades (principalmente hipertensão), achados ecocardiográficos (inclusive fração de ejeção), medicamentos e resultados no pós-operatório. Resultados A complicação perioperatória mais comum nessa população de pacientes foi hipotensão (51,61%), seguida de complicações pulmonares, como ventilação mecânica pós-operatória (12,9%) e edema pulmonar (6,45%). A alta incidência de hipotensão pode ser um fator causador do aumento da incidência de atraso no funcionamento do enxerto (12,9%) e necrose tubular aguda (2,23%) nesses pacientes. Conclusão A monitoração rigorosa e o controle dos parâmetros hemodinâmicos, bem como a fluidoterapia criteriosa, são a pedra angular na melhoria dos resultados em pacientes com cardiomiopatia dilatada submetidos à cirurgia de transplante renal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/complications , Kidney Transplantation , Anesthesia , Kidney Failure, Chronic/surgery , Kidney Failure, Chronic/complications , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies , Monitoring, Intraoperative
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(2): 274-281, Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019396

ABSTRACT

Abstract Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a clinical syndrome characterized by left ventricular dilatation and contractile dysfunction. It is the most common cause of heart failure in young adults. The advent of next-generation sequencing has contributed to the discovery of a large amount of genomic data related to DCM. Mutations involving genes that encode cytoskeletal proteins, the sarcomere, and ion channels account for approximately 40% of cases previously classified as idiopathic DCM. In this scenario, geneticists and cardiovascular genetics specialists have begun to work together, building knowledge and establishing more accurate diagnoses. However, proper interpretation of genetic results is essential and multidisciplinary teams dedicated to the management and analysis of the obtained information should be considered. In this review, we approach genetic factors associated with DCM and their prognostic relevance and discuss how the use of genetic testing, when well recommended, can help cardiologists in the decision-making process.


Resumo A miocardiopatia dilatada (MCD) é uma síndrome caracterizada por dilatação ventricular esquerda e disfunção contrátil, sendo considerada a causa mais comum de insuficiência cardíaca em adultos jovens. O uso do sequenciamento de nova geração tem contribuído com a descoberta de uma grande quantidade de dados genômicos relacionados à MCD, identificando mutações que envolvem genes que codificam proteínas do citoesqueleto, sarcômero e canais iônicos, os quais são responsáveis por aproximadamente 40% dos casos classificados como MCD idiopática. Nesse cenário, geneticistas e especialistas em genética cardiovascular passaram a atuar em conjunto, agregando conhecimento e estabelecendo diagnósticos mais precisos. No entanto, é fundamental interpretar corretamente os resultados genéticos, sendo necessário criar e fomentar equipes multidisciplinares dedicadas à gestão e análise das informações coletadas. Nesta revisão, abordamos os fatores genéticos associados à MCD, aspectos prognósticos, além de discutirmos como o emprego dos testes genéticos, quando bem indicados, pode ser útil na tomada de decisão na prática clínica dos cardiologistas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/genetics , Genetic Testing/methods , Phenotype , Prognosis , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/diagnosis , Mutation
19.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(8): 573-579, Aug. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1040737

ABSTRACT

Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a condition that affects the myocardium, seldom reported in pigs. The DCM is characterized by ventricular dilation, which results in systolic and secondary diastolic dysfunction and can lead to arrhythmia and fatal congestive heart failure. This study described the clinical, pathological, chemical and toxicological findings of nutritional dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in nursery pigs through natural and experimental studies. Naturally occurring cases of DCM in three swine farms were investigated through necropsy (fourteen pigs), microscopic, virological, chemical and toxicological exams for the detection of the etiology. The experimental study was conducted with nine 40 days-old piglets, which were divided into three groups of three piglets each. Group 1 was fed with the suspected diet of the naturally occurring cases, Group 2 with half of the suspected diet and half of a control diet, and Group 3 received only the control diet. Clinical signs were recorded. All pigs were submitted of euthanized, necropsie and collection sample for laboratories exams, after 15 days of experiment onset. At the necropsy, all naturally occurring cases had bilateral cardiac dilatation associated to hepatic enhanced lobular pattern (nutmeg liver) and lungs edema. Microscopically, the heart revealed severe hypertrophy and vacuolization of cardiomyocytes, as well as myofiber disarray. Feed analysis revealed low-quality standard soybean meal. After the suspected feed was replaced, clinically ill pigs recovered, and mortality ceased. At the experimental study, two piglets from Group 1 had cough, dyspnea and diarrhea. At the necropsy, these animals had similar gross and microscopic lesions to the natural cases. The nutritional DCM in pigs may be associated to the diet with low-quality soybean meal, as it was further confirmed through an experimental study.(AU)


Cardiomiopatia dilatada (CMD) é uma condição que afeta o miocárdio, raramente relatada em porcos. A DCM é caracterizada por dilatação ventricular, que resulta em disfunção sistólica e disfunção diastólica secundária e pode levar a arritmias e insuficiência cardíaca congestiva fatal. Este estudo descreve os achados clínicos, patológicos, químicos e toxicológicos da CMD em suínos de creche através de estudos naturais e experimentais. Investigaram-se três granjas com surtos de mortalidade por CMD através de exames de necropsia (catorze suínos), microscópicos, virológicos, químicos e toxicológicos para a detecção da etiologia. O estudo experimental foi conduzido com nove leitões de 40 dias de idade, divididos em três grupos de três leitões cada. O grupo 1 foi alimentado com a dieta suspeita dos casos naturais; o 2 com metade da dieta suspeita e metade de dieta controle; e o 3 recebeu apenas a dieta controle. Sinais clínicos foram registrados. Todos os suínos foram submetidos a eutanásia, necropsia para a coleta de amostras para exames laboratoriais após 15 dias do início do experimento. Na necropsia, todos os leitões dos casos naturais apresentavam dilatação cardíaca bilateral associada a padrão lobular hepático aumentado (fígado de noz-moscada) e edema pulmonar. Microscopicamente, o coração revelou hipertrofia severa e vacuolização de cardiomiócitos, bem como desordem de miofibras. A análise da ração demonstrou que o farelo de soja apresentava baixa solubilidade o que indica baixa qualidade. Após a substituição da ração suspeita, os porcos clinicamente doentes recuperaram e a mortalidade cessou. No estudo experimental, dois leitões do grupo 1 apresentaram tosse, dispneia e diarreia. Na necropsia, esses animais apresentavam lesões macroscópicas e macroscópicas similar aos casos naturais. A CMD nutricional em suínos pode estar associado à dieta com farelo de soja de baixa qualidade, como foi confirmado através de um estudo experimental.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/veterinary , Diet/adverse effects , Heart Failure/veterinary , Animal Feed/analysis , Brazil , Disease Outbreaks/veterinary
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