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1.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22(1): 852, 30 Junio 2023. ilus, tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451425

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION. Obesity is recognized as a risk factor for developing severe new coronavirus disease. Bariatric surgery prior to infection could behave as a protective factor against serious infections and death. OBJECTIVE. To describe the impact of bariatric surgery on the severity and mortality of patients with obesity and new coronavirus disease; through a systematic review and meta-analysis of the specialized literature from 2020-2022. METHODOLOGY. Publications indexed in databases such as Pubmed, Tripdatabase, and Google scholar, on the impact of previous bariatric surgery on the evolution and prognosis of patients with new coronavirus disease were taken. The Newcastle-Ottawa scale was used to assess quality and risk of bias. RevMan 5.0 software was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS. Eight cohort studies were included, with a population of 137 620 adult subjects with obesity and new coronavirus disease; of these, 5638 (4.09%) had a history of bariatric surgery. In the meta-analysis, it was determined that, in subjects with obesity and new coronavirus disease, the history of bariatric surgery had a protective effect against the use of mechanical ventilation [OR: 0.68; 95% CI: 0.62-0.75] (p<0.001) and mortality [OR: 0.57; 95% CI: 0.50-0.65] (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS. The history of bariatric surgery in subjects with obesity seems to have a protective effect against the severity defined by the use of mechanical ventilation in patients with obesity and mortality due to the new coronvirus disease; therefore, the resumption of bariatric surgical activity, at pre-pandemic levels, could represent an additional benefit for candidate subjects.


INTRODUCTION. Obesity is recognized as a risk factor for developing severe new coronavirus disease. Bariatric surgery prior to infection could behave as a protective factor against serious infections and death. OBJECTIVE. To describe the impact of bariatric surgery on the severity and mortality of patients with obesity and new coronavirus disease; through a systematic review and meta-analysis of the specialized literature from 2020-2022. METHODOLOGY. Publications indexed in databases such as Pubmed, Tripdatabase, and Google scholar, on the impact of previous bariatric surgery on the evolution and prognosis of patients with new coronavirus disease were taken. The Newcastle-Ottawa scale was used to assess quality and risk of bias. RevMan 5.0 software was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS. Eight cohort studies were included, with a population of 137 620 adult subjects with obesity and new coronavirus disease; of these, 5638 (4.09%) had a history of bariatric surgery. In the meta-analysis, it was determined that, in subjects with obesity and new coronavirus disease, the history of bariatric surgery had a protective effect against the use of mechanical ventilation [OR: 0.68; 95% CI: 0.62-0.75] (p<0.001) and mortality [OR: 0.57; 95% CI: 0.50-0.65] (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS. The history of bariatric surgery in subjects with obesity seems to have a protective effect against the severity defined by the use of mechanical ventilation in patients with obesity and mortality due to the new coronvirus disease; therefore, the resumption of bariatric surgical activity, at pre-pandemic levels, could represent an additional benefit for candidate subjects.


Subject(s)
Mortality , Bariatric Surgery , Patient Acuity , Protective Factors , COVID-19 , Obesity/complications , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory System , Obesity, Morbid , Cardiovascular System , Body Mass Index , Ecuador , Hypertension , Metabolic Diseases
2.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 141-144, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970728

ABSTRACT

Technical Specifications for Occupational Health Surveillance (GBZ 188-2014) has played an important role in screening occupational contraindications and preventing occupational diseases since its implementation. However, during the use of occupational health examination, we found that the use of occupational contraindication on cardiovascular disease was not "homogenized" due to the differences in the understanding of various physical examination institutions. Therefore, this paper mainly discussed the connotation and quantitative standards of organic heart disease, arrhythmia, hypertension in the occupational contraindication cardiovascular disease in the specification for "homogenization".


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Health , Cardiovascular System , Cardiovascular Diseases , Contraindications , Occupational Diseases
3.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 552-558, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981575

ABSTRACT

The interventional therapy of vascular stent implantation is a popular treatment method for cardiovascular stenosis and blockage. However, traditional stent manufacturing methods such as laser cutting are complex and cannot easily manufacture complex structures such as bifurcated stents, while three-dimensional (3D) printing technology provides a new method for manufacturing stents with complex structure and personalized designs. In this paper, a cardiovascular stent was designed, and printed using selective laser melting technology and 316L stainless steel powder of 0-10 µm size. Electrolytic polishing was performed to improve the surface quality of the printed vascular stent, and the expansion behavior of the polished stent was assessed by balloon inflation. The results showed that the newly designed cardiovascular stent could be manufactured by 3D printing technology. Electrolytic polishing removed the attached powder and reduced the surface roughness Ra from 1.36 µm to 0.82 µm. The axial shortening rate of the polished bracket was 4.23% when the outside diameter was expanded from 2.42 mm to 3.63 mm under the pressure of the balloon, and the radial rebound rate was 2.48% after unloading. The radial force of polished stent was 8.32 N. The 3D printed vascular stent can remove the surface powder through electrolytic polishing to improve the surface quality, and show good dilatation performance and radial support performance, which provides a reference for the practical application of 3D printed vascular stent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stainless Steel , Powders , Cardiovascular System , Constriction, Pathologic
4.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 515-521, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981570

ABSTRACT

Vascular injury resulting from lower limb amputation leads to the redistribution of blood flow and changes in vascular terminal resistance, which can affect the cardiovascular system. However, there was no clear understanding of how different amputation levels affect the cardiovascular system in animal experiments. Therefore, this study established two animal models of above-knee amputation (AKA) and below-knee amputation (BKA) to explore the effects of different amputation levels on the cardiovascular system through blood and histopathological examinations. The results showed that amputation caused pathological changes in the cardiovascular system of animals, including endothelial injury, inflammation, and angiosclerosis. The degree of cardiovascular injury was higher in the AKA group than in the BKA group. This study sheds light on the internal mechanisms of amputation's impact on the cardiovascular system. Based on the amputation level of patients, the findings recommend more comprehensive and targeted monitoring after surgery and necessary interventions to prevent cardiovascular diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animal Experimentation , Cardiovascular System , Cardiovascular Diseases , Hypertension , Amputation, Surgical
5.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 52: e20230004, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1508781

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Circulatory system diseases are one of the leading causes of death. Periodontal health is a component of oral and general health that contributes to quality of life. Objective: To analyze periodontal conditions and quality of life in patients with circulatory diseases. Material and method: Cross-sectional study, with patients with circulatory diseases (n=125). The clinical periodontal examination was performed considering: biofilm, bleeding on probing, suppuration, probing depth, gingival recession, and clinical attachment level. Quality of life was assessed with the Medical Outcomes Study 36 - Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and Oral Health Impact Profile - short form (OHIP-14). Data were analyzed with parametric and nonparametric tests (α=5%). Result: Elderly and men had a greater severity of periodontal disease. The Elderly had lower values in the domains of "Functional capacity" and "Physical aspects" (SF-36). The domain "Pain" had lower values in subjects with health/gingivitis. OHIP-14 did not show differences in the comparisons. There was no correlation between quality of life and the severity of periodontal disease. Conclusion: Among patients with circulatory diseases, the elderly and men had greater severity of periodontal disease. The elderly had a poorer quality of life (functional capacity and physical aspects). There was no correlation between the severity of periodontal disease and quality of life.


Introdução: As doenças do aparelho circulatório representam uma das principais causas de mortes. A saúde periodontal é um componente da saúde bucal e saúde geral que contribui para a qualidade de vida. Objetivo: Analisar as condições periodontais e a qualidade de vida em pacientes com doenças circulatórias. Material e método: Estudo transversal, com pacientes com doenças circulatórias (n=125). O exame clínico periodontal foi realizado considerando: biofilme, sangramento à sondagem, supuração, profundidade de sondagem, recessão gengival e nível de inserção clínica. A qualidade de vida foi avaliada com o Medical Outcomes Study 36 - Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) e Oral Health Impact Profile - short form (OHIP-14). Os dados foram analisados com testes paramétricos e não paramétricos (α=5%). Resultado Idosos e os homens tiveram maior severidade da doença periodontal. Idosos apresentaram menores valores nos domínios "Capacidade funcional" e "Aspectos físicos" (SF-36). O domínio "Dor" teve menor valor nos indivíduos com saúde/gengivite. OHIP-14 não apresentou diferenças nas comparações. Não houve correlação entre qualidade de vida a severidade da doença periodontal. Conclusão Entre os pacientes com doenças circulatórias, os idosos e os homens tiveram maior severidade da doença periodontal. Idosos tiveram pior qualidade de vida (capacidade funcional e aspectos físicos). Não houve correlação entre a severidade da doença periodontal e a qualidade de vida.


Subject(s)
Periodontal Diseases , Quality of Life , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cardiovascular System , Oral Health , Dental Plaque , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric
6.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-7, 01/jan./2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411267

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar a mortalidade por doenças do aparelho circulatório no estado de Pernambuco. Métodos: estudo ecológico, com dados secundários do Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade e do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatísticas, referentes aos anos de 2010 a 2019. Para a análise dos dados, foram utilizados o software Microsoft Excel 2007 e o software SIG QGIS 3.16, sendo apresentados em gráficos, tabelas e mapa temático. Resultados: o estado de Pernambuco não apresentou uma tendência constante no número de óbitos por doenças do aparelho circulatório, variando ao decorrer dos anos analisados no estudo. A mortalidade foi maior na população masculina (51,35%), negra (63,07%) e na faixa etária de 60 anos e mais (78,02%). Conclusões: a distribuição dos óbitos não foi uniforme no território estadual, sendo fundamental a construção do perfil de mortalidade para a identificação de população e grupos vulneráveis, direcionando a implementação e desenvolvimento de políticas públicas.


Objective: to analyze mortality from circulatory system diseases in the state of Pernambuco. Methods: ecological study, with secondary data from the Mortality Information System and the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, for the years 2010 to 2019. For data analysis, Microsoft Excel 2007 software and SIG QGIS 3.16 software were used, which is presented in graphs, tables, and thematic maps. Results: the state of Pernambuco did not show a constant trend in the number of deaths from diseases of the circulatory system, varying over of the years analyzed in the study. Mortality was higher in the male population (51,35%), black (63,07%), and in the age group of 60 years and over (78,02%). Conclusion: the distribution of deaths was not uniform across the state territory, making it essential to build a mortality profile for the identification of vulnerable populations and groups, guiding the implementation and development of public policies.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Public Policy , Risk Groups , Cardiovascular System , Mortality Registries , Public Health , Mortality , Vulnerable Populations
7.
Acta neurol. colomb ; 38(4): 201-210, oct.-dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1419934

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN INTRODUCCIÓN: La enfermedad de Parkinson es un trastorno neurodegenerativo frecuente que se caracteriza por manifestaciones de tipo motor y no motor, tales como disautonomía, trastornos del sueño, disfunción sexual, alteraciones psiquiátricas y cognitivas, entre otros. Según su fenotipo motor, se puede clasificada en tremórica dominante (TD), dificultad para la marcha/inestabilidad postural (DMI) y un fenotipo indeterminado. En el estudio se determina la influencia del fenotipo motor en la disautonomía cardiovascular del paciente con Parkinson en los pacientes de la consulta de neurología del hospital del IVSS "Dr. Patrocinio Peñuela Ruiz" entre mayo del 2015 y abril del 2016. METODOS: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal en pacientes mayores de 40 años con EP idiopática. Se evaluó el MDS-UPDRS, Hoehn y Yahr, Scopa-AUT , Hipotensión Ortostática y Rines-Valcardi. RESULTADOS: Se obtuvo una muestra de 57 pacientes; luego de la aplicación de los criterios de inclusión y exclusión se estudiaron 37 sujetos. Todos los pacientes tuvieron algún grado de disautonomía (medida con la escala Scopa-AUT). El Scopa-AUT fue mayor en los pacientes con hipotensión ortostática (p = ,003), observándose igual diferencia para la subescala cardiovascular (p = ,026). Se observó que la neuropatía autonómica (medida con Rines-Valcardi) fue más frecuente en aquellos pacientes con fenotipo DMI (p = < ,001), y que la hipotensión ortostática fue también más frecuente en aquellos pacientes con dicho fenotipo (DMI) (p = ,016). CONCLUSIÓN: La presencia de disautonomía es frecuente en los pacientes con EP; hubo diferencias en la puntuación total y la subescala cardiovascular del Scopa-AUT, de acuerdo CON la presencia de hipotensión ortostática; aquellos sujetos que cursan con fenotipo motor DMI tienen mayor riesgo de presentar hipotensión ortostática y neuropatía autonómica cardíaca.


ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Parkinson's disease is a frequent neurodegenerative disorder characterized by motor and non-motor manifestations, such as dysautonomia, sleep disorders, sexual dysfunction, and psychiatric and cognitive disorders. It can be classified according to their motor phenotype in tremor-dominant (TD), postural instability/gait difficulty (DMI), and indeterminate subtypes. This study established the influence of motor phenotype on the cardiovascular dysautonomia of patients with Parkinson's disease from the neurology outpatient clinic at the IVSS hospital "Dr. Patrocinio Peñuela Ruiz," from May 2015 to April 2016. METHODS: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study in patients older than 40 years with idiopathic PD. The MDS-UPDRS scale, Hoehn and Yahr scale, Scopa-AUT scale, Orthostatic Hypotension, and RINES-VALCARDI were evaluated. RESULTS: A sample of 57 was obtained, and after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, 37 subjects were studied. All the patients had some degree of dysautonomia (measured with SCOPA- AUT scale). The SCOPA-AUT was higher in patients with orthostatic hypotension (p= .003), finding this same difference for the cardiovascular subscale (p = .026). Both autonomic neuropathy (measured with RINES-VALCARDI) and orthostatic hypotension were found more frequently on the DMI phenotype (p= <.001 and p=.016). CONCLUSION: Dysautonomia is frequent in PD patients; there was a difference between SCOPA-AUT total score and cardiovascular subscale according to orthostatic hypotension; those with DMI phenotype have a greater risk of orthostatic hypotension and cardiac autonomic neuropathy.


Subject(s)
Parkinson Disease , Phenotype , Venezuela , Autonomic Nervous System , Cardiovascular System , Hypotension, Orthostatic
8.
Rev. cuba. med ; 61(3)sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441680

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La formación de profesionales competentes implica, inexorablemente, fraguar en el estudiante aptitudes investigativas. La producción científica estudiantil ha sido frecuentemente ignorada o subvalorada a lo largo de los años; no pocos han sido los estudiantes que han hecho encumbradas contribuciones al conocimiento científico. Esta investigación se centró en aquellas que fueron realizadas en el amplio campo de la medicina cardiovascular. Objetivo: Describir la contribución científica estudiantil al conocimiento básico, clínico y quirúrgico del sistema cardiovascular. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de revisión bibliográfica con el empleo del motor de búsqueda Google Académico. Con base en el conocimiento precedente de los autores acerca del tema, se escogieron de forma intencionada un conjunto de términos que, posteriormente, se combinaron en estrategias de búsqueda. Luego de aplicar criterios de inclusión/exclusión a los artículos recuperados, fueron seleccionados 16 artículos de revisión bibliográfica. Desarrollo: Entre los principales aportes estudiantiles al conocimiento básico, clínico y quirúrgico del sistema cardiovascular, resultan especialmente notorios: el fenómeno Raynaud, detallado por un estudiante de igual apellido; el nodo sinoatrial, descrito por Martin Flack; la heparina, a cuyo aislamiento contribuyó Jay McLean; la bomba de rodillos diseñada por Michael DeBakey; y el catéter de embolectomía de Thomas Fogarty. Conclusiones: El aporte científico estudiantil, desde hace más de dos siglos, ha tenido que enfrentarse a formidables obstáculos de reconocimiento y crédito. Cuando el talento del educando universitario es encauzado e incentivado por los tutores adecuados, de él pueden emanar extraordinarias contribuciones al conocimiento científico(AU)


Introduction: The formation of competent professionals inexorably implies forging investigative aptitudes in the students. Student scientific production has frequently been ignored or undervalued over the years. No few cases have been the students who have made lofty contributions to scientific knowledge. This research focused on those that were conducted in the broad field of cardiovascular medicine. Objective: To describe the student's scientific contribution to the basic, clinical and surgical knowledge of the cardiovascular system. Methods: A bibliographic review was carried out using Google Scholar search engine. Based on the authors' prior knowledge of the subject, a set of terms was intentionally chosen and subsequently combined into search strategies. After applying inclusion/exclusion criteria to the retrieved articles, sixteen bibliographic review articles were selected. Result: Among the main student contributions to the basic, clinical and surgical knowledge of the cardiovascular system, the following are particularly noteworthy: the Raynaud phenomenon, detailed by a student with the same surname; the sinoatrial node, described by Martin Flack; heparin, whose isolation Jay McLean helped; the roller pump designed by Michael DeBakey; and the Thomas Fogarty embolectomy catheter. Conclusions: The student scientific contribution, for more than two centuries, had faced formidable obstacles of recognition and credit. When the talent of the university student is channeled and encouraged by the right tutors, extraordinary contributions to scientific knowledge can emanate from him(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular System , Education, Medical , History of Medicine
9.
Rev. cuba. med ; 61(2): e2590, abr.-jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408999

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fístula arteriovenosa por vía quirúrgica para hemodiálisis constituye el acceso vascular de elección, para ese proceder depurador, no obstante, repercute negativamente sobre el aparato cardiovascular. Objetivo: Actualizar aspectos conceptuales y conductuales relativos a la permanencia de la fístula arteriovenosa para hemodiálisis posterior al trasplante renal. Métodos: Se revisó la literatura publicada en los últimos cinco años en las bases de datos; PubMed/Medline y Scopus y las fuentes de información; Cochrane Library y Ebsco. Resultados: La repercusión de la fístula arteriovenosa sobre el sistema cardiovascular tiene una marcada incidencia en diferentes alteraciones estructurales y funcionales del corazón que requieren de la adopción de una conducta destinada a evitar el riesgo. Se examinan puntos de vista convergentes y divergentes relacionados con la pertinencia de la fístula arteriovenosa como acceso vascular creado para hemodiálisis y la posibilidad de mantenerla luego del trasplante renal. Conclusiones: La fístula arteriovenosa supone el acceso vascular de apropiado para la supervivencia en hemodiálisis, sin embargo, las consecuencias de su permanencia sobre el aparato cardiovascular implican riesgo añadido de morbilidad y mortalidad(AU)


Introduction: Surgical arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis is the vascular access of choice, this purifying procedure, however, has negative impact on the cardiovascular system. Objective: To bring up-to-date conceptual and behavioral aspects related to the permanence of the arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis after renal transplantation. Methods: The literature published in the last five years was reviewed in PubMed/Medline and Scopus and information sources; Cochrane Library and Ebsco databases. Results: The repercussion of the arteriovenous fistula on the cardiovascular system has a marked incidence in different structural and functional alterations of the heart that require the adoption of a behavior to avoid risks. Convergent and divergent points of view related to the relevance of the arteriovenous fistula as a vascular access created for hemodialysis and the possibility of maintaining it after renal transplantation are examined. Conclusions: The arteriovenous fistula is the appropriate vascular access for survival in hemodialysis, however, the consequences of its permanence on the cardiovascular system imply an added risk of morbidity and mortality(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular System , Arteriovenous Fistula/epidemiology , Renal Dialysis/methods , Kidney Transplantation , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/complications
10.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 26: e:1442, abr.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1378086

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: relatar a experiência da utilização das tecnologias body painting e body projectioncomo ferramentas facilitadoras do processo ensino-aprendizagem na perspectiva de docentes de Enfermagem durante o ensino do exame físico cardiovascular. Método: relato de experiência de estratégia facilitadora aplicada ao processo de ensino-aprendizagem do exame físico cardiovascular durante o curso de graduação em Enfermagem de uma universidade privada de São Paulo­Brasil. Resultados: participaram da experiência 40 estudantes, dois professores, um artista plástico e dois modelos que receberam a pintura corporal. O uso das referidas tecnologias suscitou reflexões sobre a possibilidade de utilizá-las como ferramentas para o ensino de forma lúdica e eficaz, otimizando o contexto acadêmico formal. Conclusão: as ferramentas body painting e body projection, de acordo com a percepção dos docentes, facilitam o processo de ensino-aprendizagem do exame físico cardiovascular, uma vez que aproximam a teoria da prática e permitem, aos estudantes, associações visuais que superam as tradicionais barreiras de ensino-aprendizagem.(AU)


Objective: to report the experience of using the body painting and body projection technologies as facilitating tools in the teaching-learning process from the perspective of Nursing professors during teaching of the cardiovascular physical examination. Method: an experience report of a facilitating strategy applied to the teaching-learning process corresponding to the cardiovascular physical examination in the Nursing undergraduate course at a private university from São Paulo, Brazil. Results: a total of 40 students, two professors, one plastic artist and two models on whom body painting was applied took part in the experience. Use of the aforementioned technologies raised reflections about the possibility of employing them as tools for playful and effective teaching, optimizing the formal academic context. Conclusion: according to the professors' perception, the body painting and body projection tools facilitate the teaching-learning process corresponding to the cardiovascular physical examination, as they bring the theory closer to the practice and allow students to make visual associations that overcome the traditional teaching-learning barriers.(AU)


Objetivo: informar sobre la experiencia del uso de las tecnologías de body painting y body projection como herramientas facilitadoras del proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje desde la perspectiva de los profesores de enfermería durante la enseñanza del examen físico cardiovascular. Método: informe de experiencia de estrategia facilitadora aplicada en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje del examen físico cardiovascular durante el curso de graduación en enfermería de una universidad privada de São Paulo- Brasil. Resultados: participaron en la experiencia 40 alumnos, dos profesores, un artista plástico y dos modelos que recibieron la pintura corporal. El uso de estas tecnologías suscitó reflexiones sobre la posibilidad de utilizar ambas como herramientas para la enseñanza de forma lúdica y eficaz, optimizando el contexto académico formal. Conclusión: las herramientas de body painting y body projection, según la percepción de los profesores, facilitan el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje del examen físico cardiovascular, ya que aproximan la teoría a la práctica y permiten a los alumnos realizar asociaciones visuales que superan las barreras tradicionales de enseñanza-aprendizaje.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular System/anatomy & histology , Education, Nursing , Learning , Medical Illustration/education , Qualitative Research , Faculty, Nursing , Research Report
11.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 30(1): [1-16], jan.-mar. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1373151

ABSTRACT

Objective. was to assess flexibility in women with breast cancer who underwent concurrent training (aerobic+resistance) (CT) more static stretching. Methods. This was a controlled pilot study, with 31 women (age 30 to 59) under breast cancer treatment, 14 women were allocated to a training group (TG) who underwent CT more static stretching, concomitant to hospital treatment and 17 women for the control group (CG) who only underwent hospital treatment. The CT more static stretching was performed in 12 weeks with 5 sessions per week, three sessions (aerobic+resistance) and two sessions (stretching exercises) on alternate days. The flexibility of the shoulder was measured by means of the 360º Sanny pendulum goniometer and the flexibility of the lower limbs was assessed through the sit-and-reach test. Data were analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA Test and Bonferroni Post-hoc using SPSS 21 software, with α of 5%. Results. The TG presented increased flexibility in the horizontal abduction of the right shoulder (p=0.001) and in the lower limbs (p<0.001), but the CG showed a reduction in the horizontal abduction of the right shoulder (p=0.003). The effect size for horizontal abduction of the right shoulder was medium (p=0.508) and for the lower limbs was large (p=0.839). Conclusion. CT more static stretching may be a therapeutic intervention to increase flexibility of upper and lower limbs in women with breast cancer. (AU)


Objetivo. Avaliar a flexibilidade em mulheres com câncer de mama que realizaram treinamento concorrente (aeróbio + resistência) (TC) mais alongamento estático. Métodos. Este foi um estudo piloto controlado, com 31 mulheres (de 30 a 59 anos) em tratamento para câncer de mama, 14 mulheres foram alocadas em um grupo de treinamento (GT) que realizaram TC mais alongamento estático, concomitante a tratamento hospitalar e 17 mulheres para o grupo de controle (GC) que somente realizaram tratamento hospitalar. O TC mais alongamento estático foram realizados em 12 semanas com 5 sessões semanais, três sessões (aeróbia + resistência) e duas sessões (exercícios de alongamento) em dias alternados. A flexibilidade do ombro foi medida por meio do goniômetro de pêndulo 360º Sanny e a flexibilidade de membros inferiores foi avaliada por meio do teste de sentar e alcançar. Os dados foram analisados usando o Teste ANOVA de medidas repetidas e Post-hoc de Bonferroni no software SPSS 21, com α de 5%. Resultados. O GT apresentou aumento da flexibilidade na abdução horizontal do ombro direito (p=0,001) e nos membros inferiores (p<0,001), mas o GC apresentou redução da abdução horizontal do ombro direito (p=0,003). O tamanho do efeito para abdução horizontal do ombro direito foi médio (p=0,508) e para membros inferiores foi grande (p=0,839). Conclusão. O TC mais alongamento estático podem ser uma intervenção terapêutica para aumentar a flexibilidade de membros superiores e inferiores em mulheres com câncer de mama. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Shoulder , Breast Neoplasms , Exercise , Pliability , Muscle Stretching Exercises , Therapeutics , Women , Cardiovascular System , Lower Extremity , Upper Extremity , Hospitals
12.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e56397, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363820

ABSTRACT

According to different researches, 30% of university graduates have a low level of health, and studying at university is one of the factors of its deterioration, besides the first year is considered critical. The purpose of research is to study the dynamics of physical development, physical fitness and functional state of young men during the first year of university studies. For the survey we used standard measurements and index calculations for 11 indicators of physical development, 9 indicators of physical fitness and 15 indicators of functional status. We calculated the arithmetic mean (M), the standard error of the mean (m), then evaluated differences by the Student criterion (t) for independent samples and considered them as reliable atр < 0.05. It is shown that during the first year of studies, young men have an increase in the Erismann index, the corpulence (Rohrer's) index, the body mass index and a decrease in the Pignet index. There is also an increase in the coefficient of endurance, adaptive capacity and diastolic pressure, while vital capacity of the lungs, the vital index, time of hanging on the bar and the speed of running 1000 m decrease. The dynamics of physical development is expressed in a change in mass-growth indices and indicates an increase in body weight. The dynamics of physical fitness is expressed in a decrease of the time of hanging on the bar and the speed of running 1000 m. The dynamics of the functional state is expressed in a decrease of vital capacity of the lungs, vital index, increase in the coefficient of endurance, adaptive capacity and diastolic blood pressure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Students , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Health Status , Physical Fitness/physiology , Athletic Performance/physiology , Motor Skills/physiology , Physical Endurance/physiology , Running/physiology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Body Weight/physiology , Cardiovascular System , Body Mass Index , Vital Capacity/physiology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Arterial Pressure/physiology , Functional Status , Indicators and Reagents , Men
14.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 33-37, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935247

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the vascular toxicity of chemicals by a real-time observation approach using the transgenic zebrafish. Methods: The spatiotemporal vascular alterations of transgenic zebrafish after chemical exposure were assessed by laser confocal microscopy and high-content screening analysis, respectively. Results: The method using Laser Confocal Microscopy (LCM) is easier to operate and yields high-resolution images, while it is lower throughput and inefficient. In contrast, high-content analysis (HCA) analysis obtains high-quality data of vascular toxicity manifesting whole blood vasculature, whereas it requires delicate operation procedures and advanced experimental conditions. Conclusion: Two kinds of zebrafish imaging methods each have advantages and disadvantages. LCM is suitable for the evaluation of a small number of chemicals. HCA, a cutting-edge technology, has great potential for chemical safety assessment allowing high throughput vascular toxicity tests of a good number of chemicals at a time.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Genetically Modified , Cardiovascular System , Toxicity Tests , Zebrafish
15.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 329-338, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928229

ABSTRACT

The implantation of biventricular assist device (BiVAD) is more challenging than that of left ventricular assist device for the interaction in the process of multiple input and output. Besides, ventricular assist device (VAD) often runs in constant speed (CS) mode in clinical use and thus BiVAD also faces the problems of low pulsation and imbalance of blood volume between systemic circulation and pulmonary circulation. In this paper, a delay assist mode for a VAD by shortening the support time of VAD was put forward. Then, the effect of the delay mode on cardiac output, pulsation and the function of the aortic valve was observed by numerical method and the rules of hemodynamics were revealed. The research showed that compared with VAD supported in CS mode, the VAD using delay mode in systolic and diastolic period proposed in this paper could meet the demand of cardiac output perfusion and restore the function of the arterial valves. The open ratio of aortic valve (AV) and pulmonary valve (PV) increased with the time set in delay mode, and the blood through the AV/PV helped to balance the left and the right cardiac volume. Besides, delay mode also improved the pulsation index of arterial blood flow, which is conducive to the recovery of the ventricular pulse function of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular System , Diastole , Heart Failure , Heart Rate , Heart-Assist Devices , Hemodynamics , Models, Cardiovascular
16.
Philippine Journal of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; : 23-26, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974034

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To present our surgical experience and technique in performing endoscopic sinus surgery for vascular sinonasal tumors without pre-operative embolization using intraoperative ligation of the external carotid artery or its distal branches.@*Methods@#Design: Retrospective Series. Setting: Tertiary Private Teaching Hospital. Participants: Seven Patients. @*Results@#Out of 7 patients (5 males, 2 females, aged 12 to 64 years old) with non-embolized vascular sinonasal tumors, 2 had juvenile angiofibroma, 3 had a benign vascular tumor (hemangiopericytoma, hemangioma and a vasoformative solitary fibrous tumor), and 2 had a malignancy (rhabdomyosarcoma, squamous cell carcinoma). Four (57.1%) had external carotid artery ligation, two (28.6%) had internal maxillary artery ligation and one (14.2%) had sphenopalatine artery ligation. The mean intraoperative blood loss was 2447.1 mL (range 900mL to 5,000mL) and average operation duration was 7.6 hours (range 2.9 hours to 14.5 hours). The average amount of transfused blood products was 1785.7mL (zero to 3,000mL). The average hospital stay was 7 days (range 2 to 13 days) with one post-operative complication (ICU admission for hypotension from intraoperative blood loss). @*Conclusion@#Intraoperative ligation of the ECA or its distal branches to disrupt the vascular supply of sinonasal tumors may provide a viable means of preventing excessive intraoperative blood loss in patients with non-embolized vascular sinonasal tumors.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular System , Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue
17.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 385-395, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939905

ABSTRACT

Mushrooms are a group of fungi with great diversity and ultra-accelerated metabolism. As a consequence, mushrooms have developed a protective mechanism consisting of high concentrations of antioxidants such as selenium, polyphenols, β-glucans, ergothioneine, various vitamins and other bioactive metabolites. The mushrooms of the Pleurotus genus have generated scientific interest due to their therapeutic properties, especially related to risk factors connected to the severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In this report, we highlight the therapeutic properties of Pleurotus mushrooms that may be associated with a reduction in the severity of COVID-19: antihypertensive, antihyperlipidemic, antiatherogenic, anticholesterolemic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihyperglycemic properties. These properties may interact significantly with risk factors for COVID-19 severity, and the therapeutic potential of these mushrooms for the treatment or prevention of this disease is evident. Besides this, studies show that regular consumption of Pleurotus species mushrooms or components isolated from their tissues is beneficial for immune health. Pleurotus species mushrooms may have a role in the prevention or treatment of infectious diseases either as food supplements or as sources for pharmacological agents.


Subject(s)
Agaricales , Antioxidants/pharmacology , COVID-19/drug therapy , Cardiovascular System , Pleurotus/metabolism , Risk Factors
18.
Motriz (Online) ; 28: e10220011321, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365158

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim: Cardiovascular physiology learned by exercise science students is often quickly forgotten. We tested whether a state rotation model would help students to recall key principles of Cardiovascular Physiology (CV). Methods: Seventy-one undergraduate students enrolled in the Exercise Physiology Course at the School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, participated in the study. The students were randomly assigned into one of 4 stations, dedicated to recalling the concepts of the heart as a pump (e.g. preload, post-load, and contractility; station 1) and hemodynamics (e.g. serial and parallel conductance; station 2) by using the educational tool. Heart rate (HR) control by sympathetic nervous system activation (station 3) and HR control by vagal activation (station 4) were assessed by quantifying HR response to the Stroop color and word test and during face immersion in cold water, respectively. To evaluate the efficacy of the intervention, we used a Socrative app to launch eight multiple-choice questions before (PRE) and after (POST) the student's station rotation. The questions were related to the basic principles of exercise physiology and its consequences on the cardiovascular system. Results: The 4-station average score (% of corrected answers) achieved after the station rotation was higher than the score achieved before (71.21%, SD 14.50 vs. 31.07%, SD 18.04; for POST and PRE, respectively p < 0.005). Considering specific stations, the lowest score of corrected answers before the rotation was observed at station 2- hemodynamics when compared with station 1-heart as a pump and station 3/4 - autonomic control (18.9%, SD 0.9 vs. 46.5, SD 24.1 and 34.8, SD 2.1 for hemodynamics, heart as a pump and autonomic control, respectively). Interestingly, after the rotation, there was a significant increase in corrected scores for all stations (33.9, SD 9.8; 80.5, SD 4.6 and 90.2, SD 2.3, for hemodynamics, heart as a pump, and autonomic control, respectively). Conclusion: Our results suggest that the use of the educational tool was effective to recall CV principles that are essential to a better understanding of the CV responses to exercise and applying the concepts in exercise testing and prescription for different populations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular System , Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena , Exercise/physiology , Learning , Physical Education and Training/methods , Students
19.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: 31214, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372695

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O novo coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave 2 (SARS-CoV-2), responsável pela Doença do Coronavírus 2019 (COVID-19), é um vírus capaz de causar pneumonia viral, além de complicações extrapulmonares. Revisou-se conceitos básicos sobre a COVID-19, focando nos seus efeitos sobre o sistema cardiovascular. Métodos: Realizou-se revisão de literatura a partir de buscas nas bases de dados PUBMED, Scielo e LILACS entre Janeiro de 2019 a Maio de 2020, com as palavras chaves: "COVID-19" AND "Cardiovascular" e seus correlatos em português e inglês. Foram excluídos estudos repetidos, relatos de caso, estudos experimentais em animais, cartas ao editor, comentários, estudos não disponíveis em inglês ou português e os que limitavam-se à terapêutica da doença. Selecionaram-se estudos observacionais, estudos descritivos, revisões de literatura e revisões sistemáticas. Resultados: A ligação entre a injúria miocárdica e a infecção pelo novo coronavírus é consequência, em grande parte, da sua relação fisiopatológica com o receptor ECA-2, interação capaz de desequilibrar os sistemas imune e cardiovascular. As complicações mais comuns incluem arritmia, lesão cardíaca, miocardite fulminante, insuficiência cardíaca, embolia pulmonar e Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada (CIVD). Ademais, pacientes com condições cardíacas prévias possuem risco aumentado, inclusive para morbimortalidade hospitalar. Conclusão: Conclui-se que a COVID-19 é uma doença com tropismo por vários órgãos, capaz de gerar agressões em diversos sistemas, entre eles, o cardiovascular, cujos danos se devem a mecanismos que afetam tanto a estrutura do miocárdio quanto dos vasos, podendo levar ao óbito. Desta forma, há necessidade de avaliação precoce e monitoramento contínuo dos danos cardíacos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular System , COVID-19 , Heart Diseases
20.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(4): 539-550, Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350905

ABSTRACT

Abstract Patients on hemodialysis are exposed to calcium via the dialysate at least three times a week. Changes in serum calcium vary according to calcium mass transfer during dialysis, which is dependent on the gradient between serum and dialysate calcium concentration (d[Ca]) and the skeleton turnover status that alters the ability of bone to incorporate calcium. Although underappreciated, the d[Ca] can potentially cause positive calcium balance that leads to systemic organ damage, including associations with mortality, myocardial dysfunction, hemodynamic tolerability, vascular calcification, and arrhythmias. The pathophysiology of these adverse effects includes serum calcium changes, parathyroid hormone suppression, and vascular calcification through indirect and direct effects. Some organs are more susceptible to alterations in calcium homeostasis. In this review, we discuss the existing data and potential mechanisms linking the d[Ca] to calcium balance with consequent dysfunction of the skeleton, myocardium, and arteries.


Resumo Pacientes em hemodiálise são expostos ao cálcio, por meio do dialisato, pelo menos três vezes por semana. As alterações no cálcio sérico variam de acordo com a transferência de massa de cálcio durante a diálise, que é dependente do gradiente entre a concentração de cálcio no plasma e no dialisato (d [Ca]) e o estado de renovação do esqueleto que altera a capacidade do osso de incorporar cálcio. Embora subestimado, o d [Ca] pode potencialmente causar balanço positivo de cálcio que leva a danos em órgãos sistêmicos, incluindo associações com mortalidade, disfunção miocárdica, tolerabilidade hemodinâmica, calcificação vascular e arritmias. A fisiopatologia desses efeitos adversos inclui alterações do cálcio sérico, supressão do hormônio da paratireóide e calcificação vascular por meio de efeitos diretos e indiretos. Alguns órgãos são mais suscetíveis a alterações na homeostase do cálcio. Nesta revisão, discutimos os dados existentes e os mecanismos potenciais que ligam o d [Ca] ao equilíbrio do cálcio com a consequente disfunção no esqueleto, miocárdio e artérias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular System , Calcium , Parathyroid Hormone , Bone and Bones , Renal Dialysis
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