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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928615

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the influencing factors for the quality of bowel preparation before colonoscopy in children and the association of the interval from the last administration of laxative to the start of colonoscopy (shortly referred to as waiting time) with the quality of bowel preparation.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the children who were admitted to the Department of Gastroenterology, Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, from January to November 2020, and received bowel preparation with polyethylene glycol electrolyte powder combined with diet control before colonoscopy. According to the score of Boston bowel preparation scale, they were divided into two groups: adequate bowel preparation group (n=337) and inadequate bowel preparation group (n=30). Related data were collected from the children in both groups, including general information, possible influencing factors for the quality of bowel preparation, adverse reactions associated with bowel preparation, duration of colonoscopy, and postoperative diagnosis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to explore the influencing factors for the quality of bowel preparation.@*RESULTS@#The univariate analysis showed that age, body weight, and waiting time were associated with inadequate bowel preparation (P<0.05). The multivariate analysis showed that older age (OR=2.155, 95%CI: 1.087-4.273, P=0.028) and longer waiting time (OR=1.559, 95% CI: 1.191-2.041, P=0.001) were independent risk factors for inadequate bowel preparation. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the cut-off value of waiting time was 5.5 hours in determining whether bowel preparation was adequate or not, with a sensitivity of 90.0%, a specificity of 50.7%, and an area under the ROC curve of 0.708. After grouping based on waiting time, it was found that the incidence rate of inadequate bowel preparation in the ≥5.5 hours group was significantly higher than that in the <5.5 hours group [14.0% (27/193) vs 1.7% (3/174), P<0.001].@*CONCLUSIONS@#For children who use polyethylene glycol electrolyte powder combined with diet control for bowel preparation, older age is an independent risk factor for inadequate bowel preparation before colonoscopy, which may be associated with an insufficient dose of polyethylene glycol in older children. Longer waiting time is also an independent risk factor for inadequate bowel preparation, and it is recommended that the waiting time should not exceed 5.5 hours.


Subject(s)
Cathartics , Child , Colonoscopy , Diet , Electrolytes , Humans , Polyethylene Glycols/adverse effects , Powders , Retrospective Studies
2.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 30: e3626, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1389126

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: avaliar o efeito da educação aprimorada realizada por enfermeiros no preparo intestinal adequado e na taxa de intubação cecal. Método: estudo prospetivo, quasi-experimental e comparativo com abordagem quantitativa. Os pacientes no grupo de intervenção (n=150) receberam a educação aprimorada e telefonemas para lembrá-los do procedimento. O grupo de controle (n=156) recebeu as instruções padrão da clínica por escrito. As taxas de preparo intestinal adequado e outros indicadores da qualidade da colonoscopia foram comparadas entre os grupos. Resultados: as pontuações obtidas na Boston Bowel Preparation Scale e a taxa de preparo intestinal adequado foram maiores no grupo de intervenção do que no grupo de controle (6,76±2,1 vs. 5,56±2,4, p=0,000, e 80% vs. 69,2%, p=0,031). A taxa de intubação cecal foi mais alta no grupo de intervenção (80% vs. 67,3%, p=0,012). A taxa de intubação cecal malsucedida devido ao preparo intestinal inadequado foi de 0% no GI, enquanto que o GC obteve uma taxa de 17,6%. Além disso, a taxa de biópsia foi maior no grupo de intervenção (28% vs. 13,3%, p=0,002). Conclusão: a educação do paciente aprimorada e realizada por enfermeiros aumenta as taxas de preparo intestinal adequado e, consequentemente, as taxas de intubação cecal. Para alcançar os padrões de qualidade de colonoscopia recomendados nas diretrizes, recomendamos que a educação do paciente inclua diferentes ferramentas de treinamento e seja realizada por profissionais da saúde.


Abstract Objective: to evaluate the effect of nurse-performed enhanced patient education sessions on adequate bowel preparation and cecal intubation rates. Method: a prospective, quasi-experimental, comparative study with a quantitative approach. The intervention group (n=150) received education enhanced by a visual presentation and reminder calls. The control group (n=156) received the clinic's standard written instructions. Adequate bowel preparation rates and other colonoscopy quality indicators were compared between the groups. Results: Boston Bowel Preparation scale scores and adequate bowel preparation rates were higher in the intervention group than in the control group (respectively, 6.76±2.1 vs. 5.56±2.4, p=0.000, and 80% vs. 69.2%, p=0.031). The cecal intubation rates were higher in the intervention group (80% vs. 67.3%, p=0.012). Due to inadequate bowel preparation, unsuccessful cecal intubation rates were 0% in the intervention group and 17.6% in the control group. Biopsy rates were higher in the intervention group (28% vs. 13.3%, p=0.002). Conclusion: the nurse-performed enhanced patient education sessions increase adequate bowel preparation rates and, in parallel, cecal intubation rates. To reach the colonoscopy quality standards recommended in the guidelines, it is suggested that patient education be supported by different training tools and given by health professionals.


Resumen Objetivo: evaluar el efecto de la educación perfeccionada realizada por enfermeros en la preparación intestinal adecuada y en las tasas de intubación cecal. Método: estudio prospectivo, casi experimental y comparativo, con abordaje cuantitativo. El grupo de intervención (n=150) recibió la educación perfeccionada y llamadas telefónicas recordatorias. El grupo de control (n=156) recibió las instrucciones estándar de la clínica por escrito. Las tasas de preparación intestinal adecuadas y otros indicadores de la calidad de la colonoscopia fueron comparadas entre los grupos. Resultados: las puntuaciones obtenidas en la Boston Bowel Preparation Scale y las tasas de preparación intestinal adecuadas fueron en el grupo de intervención mayores que en el grupo de control (6,76±2,1 vs. 5,56±2,4, p=0,000, y 80% vs. 69,2%, p=0,031, respectivamente). Las tasas de intubación cecal fueron mayores en el grupo de intervención (80% vs. 67,3%, p=0,012). La tasa de intubación cecal fracasada debido a la preparación intestinal inadecuada fue de 0% en el GI, en cuanto que el GC obtuvo una tasa de 17,6%. Además de eso, las tasas de biopsia fueron mayores en el grupo de intervención (28% vs. 13,3%, p=0,002). Conclusión: la educación del paciente perfeccionada y realizada por enfermeros aumenta las tasas de preparación intestinal adecuadas y, consecuentemente, las tasas de intubación cecal. Para alcanzar los estándares de calidad de colonoscopia recomendados en las directrices, recomendamos que la educación del paciente sea apoyada por diferentes herramientas de entrenamiento y realizada por profesionales de la salud.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cathartics , Cecum , Patient Education as Topic , Prospective Studies , Colonoscopy , Education, Nursing, Continuing
3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811445

ABSTRACT

For improved examination of video capsule endoscopy (VCE) and device-assisted enteroscopy (DAE), bowel preparation is an essential issue. Multiple factors like air bubbles, food material in the small bowel, and gastric and small bowel transit time affect the small bowel visualization quality (SBVQ), diagnostic yield (DY) and cecal completion rate (CR). Bowel preparation with polyethylene glycol (PEG) solution enhances SBVQ and DY, but it has no effect on CR. Bowel preparation with PEG solution 2 L is similar to PEG 4 L in SBVQ, DY, and CR. Bowel preparation with fasting or PEG solution combined with anti-foaming agents like simethicone enhance SBVQ, but it has no effect on CR. Bowel preparation with prokinetics is not commonly recommended. Optimal timing for purgative bowel preparation has yet to be established. However, the studies regarding bowel preparation for DAE are not sufficient. European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) recommends 8–12 hours fasting from solid food and 4–6 hours fasting from liquids prior to the antegrade DAE. For retrograde DAE, colonoscopy preparation regimen is recommended. This article reviews the literature and ESGE, 2013 Korean published guidelines regarding bowel preparation for VCE and DAE, following suggestion for optimal bowel preparation for VCE and balloon enteroscopy.


Subject(s)
Capsule Endoscopy , Cathartics , Colonoscopy , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Fasting , Polyethylene Glycols , Simethicone
4.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(8): 977-982, ago. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058632

ABSTRACT

Background: A successful colonoscopy depends, among other factors, on a proper colon cleansing. This variable also affects the acceptance of the patient to carry out the study. Aim: To analyze the efficacy and tolerability of a low volume polyethylene glycol formulation (2 liters), compared to the conventional presentation of 4 liters. Material and Methods: Patients referred for a colonoscopy were randomly divided to receive either two or four liter of polyethylene glycol as bowel cleansing, which was assessed using the Boston score. Raters of the latter were blinded to the volume of polyethylene glycol that the patients used. Results: Seventy-four patients participated in the study. Subjects who received a 4 liters preparation had an average Boston score of 7.78, versus 8.16 for patients who received a volume of 2 liters (p = 0.267). No significant differences in tolerability were observed between both groups. No significant differences in the efficacy and tolerability between a conventional or a reduced volume of polyethylene glycol solution for the preparation of a colonoscopy were observed. These findings may be especially important for subgroups of patients with difficulties for oral administration of fluids.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Polyethylene Glycols/administration & dosage , Cathartics/administration & dosage , Colonoscopy/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Statistics, Nonparametric , Drug Tolerance
5.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 39(1): 62-66, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984626

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: Conventional bowel preparation for colonoscopy confines patient to clear liquid diet the day before and such non-nutritive dietary regimen often caused discomfort and hunger. The purpose of this study is to determine the feasibility of feeding patient with low-residue, lactose-free semi-elemental enteral formula (PEPTAMEN®) compare to conventional clear liquid diet during bowel preparation before colonoscopy. Methods: This was a randomised, endoscopist-blinded study. Patients were randomised into two groups, those receiving oral PEPTAMEN® and mechanical bowel preparation (A) and those receiving clear liquid while undergoing mechanical bowel preparation (B). Documentation was made with regard to the type of bowel cleansing agents used, completeness of the colonoscopy, cleanliness quality score, and hunger score. Results: A total of 97 patients were included in the study, A = 48 and B = 49. Eight patients, who were not compliant to the bowel-cleansing agent or had an incomplete colonoscopic examination, were excluded from the study. In terms of the overall cleanliness score, no statistical significant difference was seen (p = 0.25) between the two groups, A (fair or poor 37.5%, good or excellent 62.5%) and B (fair or poor 49%, good or excellent 51%) whereas the hunger score showed a significant difference (p = 0.016), A (no hunger 41.7%, slight hunger 12.5%, hungry 12.5%) and B (no hunger 24.5%, slight hunger 38.8%, hungry 36.7%). Conclusions: These data suggest that the addition of oral PEPTAMEN® as part of the bowel preparation regimen did not significantly alter the luminal cleanliness score during colonoscopy while alleviating hunger.


RESUMO Objetivo: A preparação intestinal convencional para a colonoscopia confina o paciente à dieta líquida clara no dia anterior; esse regime dietético não nutritivo frequentemente causa desconforto e fome. O presente estudo teve como objetivo determinar a viabilidade de alimentar o paciente com fórmula enteral semielementar sem lactose e pobre em resíduos (PEPTAMEN®) em comparação com a dieta líquida clara convencional no preparo intestinal para colonoscopia. Métodos: Este foi um estudo randomizado no qual o endoscopista foi cego quanto ao tipo de preparo. Os pacientes foram randomizados em dois grupos: aqueles que receberam PEPTAMEN® oral e preparo intestinal mecânico (A) e aqueles que receberam dieta líquida clara e preparo intestinal mecânico (B). Os pacientes foram avaliados quanto ao tipo de agente de limpeza intestinal utilizado, a completude da colonoscopia, o escore de qualidade de limpeza e o escore de fome. Resultados: Um total de 97 pacientes foram incluídos no estudo, 48 no grupo A e 49 no grupo B. Oito pacientes foram excluídos por não aderirem ao agente de limpeza intestinal ou apresentarem um exame incompleto de colonoscopia. Quanto ao escore geral de limpeza, não se observou diferença estatisticamente significativa (p = 0,25) entre os grupos A (resultado regular ou ruim, 37,5%; bom ou excelente, 62,5%) e B (resultado regular ou ruim, 49%; bom ou excelente, 51%). Por outro lado, o escore de fome apresentou diferença significativa (p = 0,016) entre os grupos A (sem fome, 41,7%; fome leve, 12,5%; fome, 12,5%) e B (sem fome, 24,5%; fome leve, 38,8%; fome, 36,7%). Conclusões: Os dados sugerem que a adição de PEPTAMEN® oral como parte do regime de preparo intestinal não altera significativamente o escore de limpeza luminal durante a colonoscopia, mas alivia a fome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Food, Formulated , Colonoscopy/methods , Peptides/administration & dosage , Cathartics/administration & dosage , Clinical Protocols
6.
Gut and Liver ; : 176-182, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763831

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The use of a low-volume bowel cleansing agent is associated with a greater willingness to undergo repeat colonoscopy. Oral sulfate solution (OSS) is a recently approved low-volume agent; however, its efficacy and safety in the elderly population remain unclear. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and acceptability of the OSS preparation, in comparison to those of a standard polyethylene glycol (PEG; 4 L) preparation, in elderly patients. METHODS: A multicenter, randomized, investigator-blinded study was conducted. Participants were randomized to receive OSS or 4-L PEG with a split-dose regimen. Bowel cleansing efficacy was assessed using the Boston Bowel Preparation Scale (BBPS). Acceptance, satisfaction, and preparation-related symptoms were recorded. Additionally, blood parameters were analyzed for electrolyte abnormalities and nephrotoxicity. RESULTS: A total of 193 patients were analyzed. No group differences in overall bowel cleansing efficacy were observed, with “adequate” preparations achieved in 95.9% (93/97) and 94.8% (91/96) of patients in the OSS and 4L PEG groups, respectively (p=0.747). However, mean BBPS scores for the entire (p=0.010) and right colon (p=0.001) were significantly higher in the OSS group than in the 4-L PEG group. The severity of clinical adverse events and frequency of acute kidney injury were similarly low, and no clinically meaningful electrolyte changes were identified. Self-reported scores regarding amount (p<0.001) and feeling (p=0.007), as well as overall satisfaction (p=0.001) and willingness to repeat the preparation (92.8% vs 67.7%, p<0.001), were significantly better in the OSS group than in the 4-L PEG group. CONCLUSIONS: In elderly individuals, OSS with a split-dose regimen has greater acceptability and comparable efficacy in bowel cleansing compared to 4-L PEG. (Clinical trials registration number: NCT03112967)


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Aged , Cathartics , Colon , Colonoscopy , Detergents , Humans , Polyethylene Glycols , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773117

ABSTRACT

The dose-toxicity-effect relationship between licorice combined with rhubarb in purgation was studied. A total of 108 ICR mice were divided into control group,model group,positive group,low,medium and high-dose rhubarb groups,and low,medium and high-dose rhubarb-liquorice decoction group. After 6 days of continuous administration of loperamide hydrochloride,the constipation model of mice was replicated,and each group was given lactulose,different doses of rhubarb and rhubarb-liquorice decoction for 14 days. After administration,the defecation characteristics,blood biochemistry,liver,kidney and colon pathological changes in each group were compared. Based on the objective weight given by factor analysis,the dose-toxicity-effect relationship was comprehensively analyzed by multi-index scoring method. Two common factors were extracted by factor analysis,representing effect and toxicity respectively. The results showed that rhubarb could exert a diarrhea effect at the dosage of 1/2,2 and 8 times of the high limit set forth in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia,increase the defecation volume and the intestinal tract propulsion rate,reduce the time of anal and the oral transmission,and increase the water content of feces. The combination with licorice could alleviate its diarrhea effect,especially at the dosage of 1/2 times of the high limit set forth in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. However,rhubarb showed obvious hepatic and colon toxicities at the dosage of 2 and 8 times of the high limit set forth in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia,and the combination with licorice could significantly reduce its toxicity. It shows that licorice has a " mediating" effect on rhubarb by alleviating the purgation property and reducing the toxicity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cathartics , Pharmacology , Colon , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Glycyrrhiza , Chemistry , Kidney , Liver , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Rheum , Chemistry , Toxicity Tests
8.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 55: e17110, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011643

ABSTRACT

Rhubarb is commonly used as a cathartic in Asian countries. However, researchers have devotedextensive concerns to the quality control and safety of rhubarb and traditional Chinese preparations composed of rhubarb due to the instable purgative effect and potential nephrotoxicity of anthraquinones. In this study, we aimed to prepare rhubarb total free anthraquinones (RTFA) oral colon-specific drug delivery granules (RTFA-OCDD-GN) to delivery anthraquinones to colon to produce purgative effect. RTFA-OCDD-GN were prepared using chitosan and Eudragit S100 through a double-layer coating process and the formulation was optimized. Continuous release studies were performed in a simulated gastric fluid (pH 1.2), followed by a small-intestinal fluid (pH 6.8) and a colonic fluid (pH 7.4, containing rat cecal contents). The purgative effect test was performed in rats. The dissolution profile of RTFA-OCDD-GN showed that the accumulative dissolution rate of RTFA was about 83.0% in the simulated colonic fluid containing rat cecal contents and only about 9.0% in the simulated gastrointestinal fluids. And the RTFA-OCDD-GN could produce the comparative purgative activity as rhubarb, suggesting it could deliver the free AQs to the colon. The RTFA-OCDD-GN was a useful media to enhance the purgative activity of free anthraquinones after administered orally.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rats , Rheum/adverse effects , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Anthraquinones/adverse effects , Colon , Projects , Cathartics/analysis
9.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 38(2): 105-110, Apr.-June 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954588

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Bowel preparation is mandatory prior to elective colonoscopy and their effectiveness is closely related to the quality of the examination. There are many preparations on the market and there is no consensus on which is best. This study aimed to compare three solutions for colon preparation in patients undergoing colonoscopy. We conducted a prospective study with 61 patients divided randomly into three groups: one that received a standard dose of macrogol, another received a standard dose of 10% mannitol and another received a standard dose of sodium picosulphate. Patients and examining endoscopists responded to questionnaires for compiling data. In the results we noticed that 10% mannitol, despite being less tolerated by the patient when compared to sodium picosulphate, presents better results in colonic cleaning, being therefore superior in this regard. Macrogol was considered as an intermediate in relation to the other two preparations. As for tolerability, preference is given to sodium picosulphate as best tolerated, followed by mannitol and by macrogol, which is poorly tolerated by the patient. We conclude that as the main objective of bowel preparation in colonoscopy is the quality of colonic cleaning, 10% mannitol was superior to the other preparations studied.


RESUMO O preparo intestinal é mandatório antes da realização das colonoscopias eletivas e sua eficácia está intrinsecamente relacionada à qualidade do exame. Existem diversos preparos no mercado e não há consenso sobre qual é melhor. Este estudo teve como objetivo comparar três soluções para preparo de cólon em pacientes submetidos à colonoscopia. Foi realizado um estudo prospectivo com 61 pacientes distribuídos de forma randomizada em três grupos: um recebeu macrogol, outro manitol a 10% e outro picossulfato de sódio em doses padrão. Os pacientes e os endoscopistas examinadores responderam a questionários para compilação de dados. Nos resultados notamos que o manitol a 10%, apesar de ser menos tolerado pelo paciente quando comparado ao picossulfato de sódio, apresenta melhores resultados na limpeza colônica, sendo, portanto, superior neste quesito. O macrogol foi considerado como intermediário em relação aos outros dois preparos. Quanto à tolerabilidade, a preferência recai sobre o picosulfato de sódio como o mais bem tolerado, seguido pelo Manitol; macrogol foi o menos tolerado pelo paciente. Concluímos que, como o principal objetivo do preparo intestinal na colonoscopia é a qualidade da limpeza colônica, o manitol a 10% mostrou-se superior aos demais preparos estudados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Preoperative Care/methods , Colonoscopy/methods , Polyethylene Glycols , Cathartics , Mannitol
10.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(3): 224-232, 2018. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959375

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción La efectividad de la colonoscopia depende de múltiples factores, destacando la calidad de preparación intestinal y la tolerabilidad que tenga el paciente a la preparación administrada. Objetivo Comparar dos agentes de preparación intestinal, el polietilenglicol (PEG) y el picosulfato de sodiocitrato de magnesio (PSCM) en términos de efectividad y tolerabilidad de la preparación. Pacientes y Método Ensayo clínico aleatorizado en pacientes ambulatorios sometidos a colonoscopia en Clínica INDISA. Evaluando efectividad y tolerabilidad con el Boston Bowel Preparation Score (BBPS) y cuestionario de Lawrence [compuesto por escala Likert, dos preguntas cualitativas y escala visual análoga (EVA)], respectivamente. Resultados 189 pacientes, de los cuales 123 se aleatorizaron a PEG y 66 a PSCM. El BBPS en los pacientes que utilizaron PEG, la media fue 7,51 (DS 1,66) y con PSCM fue 7,12 (DS 1,71) (p = 0,111). Al analizar la tolerabilidad con escala Likert, la media con PEG fue 0,94 (DS 0,68) y con PSCM fue 0,63 (DS 0,61) (p = 0,0004). La EVA con PEG tuvo una media de 7,68 (DS 2,4) y con PSCM de 9,04 (DS 1,59) (p < 0,0001). Al preguntar ausentismo laboral, no hubo diferencias significativas en ambos grupos y al preguntar si ocuparía la misma preparación en una futura colonoscopia, hubo significancia estadística a favor del PSCM (p = 0,026). Conclusión No encontramos diferencias en la efectividad de preparación intestinal al comparar PEG y PSCM, sin embargo, el PSCM es mejor tolerado.


Introduction The effectiveness of colonoscopy depends on multiple factors, being two of the most important ones an adequate bowel preparation and the patient's tolerability to the preparation. Objectives Compare effectiveness and tolerability of two bowel preparation agents, polyethylene glycol (PEG) and sodium picosulfate/magnesium citrate (SPMC). Patients and Methods Randomized clinical trial on outpatients that went into colonoscopy in INDISA Clinic. We evaluated effectiveness and tolerability with Boston Bowel Preparation Score (BBPS) and Lawrence questionnaire [composed by Likert scale, two qualitative questions and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain], respectively. Results 189 patients, 123 were randomized to PEG and 66 to SPMC. BBPS average in patients in the PEG branch was 7.51 (SD 1.66) and for SPMC 7.12 (SD 1.71) (p = 0.111). Likert scale for evaluating tolerability average for PEG was 0.94 (SD 0.68) and for SPMC 0.63 (SD 0.61) (p = 0.0004). VAS scale for PEG had an average of 7.68 (SD 2.4) and for PSCM 9.04 (SD 1.59) (p < 0.0001). When we asked for workplace absenteeism, there were no significant differences between both groups and when we asked about using the same intestinal preparation in a future colonoscopy there was statistical significance in favor to SPMC (p = 0.026). Conclusions No differences were noted on effectiveness between the PEG and SPMC bowel preparations. Nevertheless, SPMC appeared to be better tolerated by patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Organometallic Compounds/administration & dosage , Polyethylene Glycols/administration & dosage , Cathartics/administration & dosage , Colonoscopy/methods , Citrates/administration & dosage , Picolines/administration & dosage , Preoperative Care/methods , Single-Blind Method , Surveys and Questionnaires , Patient Satisfaction
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(7): e7372, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951733

ABSTRACT

The effect of bisacodyl on the treatment of rats with slow transit constipation (STC) was studied. Forty-five female Wister rats were divided into control group, STC group, and STC bisacodyl group. The immunohistochemical method was used to determine interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) and the expression of c-Kit protein. Body mass and the number of defecations were significantly decreased in the STC group compared with the control group on the 100th day after diphenoxylate administration, while dry weight of feces was significantly increased and the intestinal transit time was prolonged. There were significant differences in the number of defecations, dry weight of feces, and intestinal transit time among the three groups. The number of defecations was higher, dry weight of feces was lower, and intestinal transit time was shorter in the STC bisacodyl group compared to the STC group. In addition, ICC basement membrane dissolution occurred in the colon wall of the STC group. The connection between ICC and surrounding cells was destroyed, and the nucleus shrunken to different degrees. Moreover, c-Kit expression in the STC group was significantly lower than the control group. The connection between ICC and surrounding cells in the STC bisacodyl group was significantly stronger than the STC group, and the number of ICC and the expression of c-Kit were increased. Bisacodyl could reduce the severity of STC in rats by increasing the number of ICC and the expression of c-Kit.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Bisacodyl/therapeutic use , Gastrointestinal Transit/drug effects , Cathartics/therapeutic use , Colon/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/metabolism , Constipation/drug therapy , Interstitial Cells of Cajal/drug effects , Gastrointestinal Transit/physiology , Immunohistochemistry , Rats, Wistar , Colon/drug effects , Colon/pathology , Constipation/physiopathology , Constipation/metabolism , Interstitial Cells of Cajal/metabolism , Interstitial Cells of Cajal/pathology
12.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 31(3): e1393, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949247

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Fifty-five percent of Americans aged 50-65 are submitted to colonoscopy. For over 65-year, this number increases to 64%. In Brazil, it is forecast that the population submitted to colonoscopy will grow, even though inadequate preparation is still a major problem. Aim: To analyze the quality of a new intestinal preparation technique, Aquanet EC-2000®, compared to oral Mannitol solution. Methods: This prospective longitudinal study enrolled 200 patients with indication for colonoscopy. The sample was randomly allocated to two groups of 100; one group received Aquanet EC-2000® to prepare for colonoscopy and the other Mannitol solution. The Boston scale was used to analyze the results. Results: As expected both preparations produced similar results with the bowel cleansing of the different regions of the colon being classified as Boston scale 3 (excellent) in most patients (p>0.05). Conclusion: The results of bowel preparation using Aquanet EC-2000® were similar to using Mannitol solution.


RESUMO Racional: Cinquenta e cinco por cento dos norte-americanos entre 50-65 anos fazem colonoscopia. Acima de 65 anos o número foi de 64%. No Brasil, estima-se crescente aumento da população submetida à colonoscopia, apesar da preparação inadequada ainda ser um grande problema. Objetivo: Analisar e comparar a qualidade do novo método de preparo intestinal por meio do Aquanet EC-2000® frente ao uso de solução oral de Manitol. Método: Por randomização 200 pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos de 100. Um recebeu Aquanet EC-2000® e o outro Manitol. O presente estudo seguiu modelo prospectivo longitudinal por meio da seleção de 200 pacientes com indicação à colonoscopia, formando dois grupos de 100. Para analisar os resultados foi utilizada a escala de Boston. Resultados: Ambos os preparos foram estatisticamente significativos com p<0,05. A escala 3 de Boston foi a mais frequente para ambos os métodos.Além disso, na estatística aplicada às diferentes regiões do cólon para ambos os procedimentos as proporções observadas concordaram com o esperado (3-excelente). Conclusão: Os resultados do preparo intestinal utilizando Aquanet EC-2000® foram semelhantes aos do Manitol.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Preoperative Care/instrumentation , Preoperative Care/methods , Cathartics/administration & dosage , Colonoscopy , Mannitol/administration & dosage , Administration, Oral , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Therapeutic Irrigation
13.
Bol. méd. Hosp. Infant. Méx ; 74(5): 341-348, sep.-oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-951270

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: Múltiples preparaciones intestinales se han utilizado en niños sometidos a una colonoscopia, con limitación variable debido a la aceptación, tolerancia y la limpieza adecuada. El objetivo del estudio fue comparar la tolerancia seguridad y eficacia de la preparación intestinal para colonoscopia de 1 día con PEG 3350 (polietilenglicol) (4 g/kg/día) + bisacodilo y el tratamiento con 2 días de preparación con PEG 3350 (2 g/kg/día) + bisacodilo en pacientes pediátricos. Métodos: Se realizó un ensayo clínico, aleatorizado y ciego. Se incluyeron pacientes de 2 a 18 años, que ameritaron colonoscopia en forma programada. Los pacientes se asignaron de manera aleatoria en dos grupos: 1 día de preparación con PEG 3350 4 g/kg/día + bisacodilo y 2 días de preparación con PEG 3350 2 g/kg/día + bisacodilo. Por medio de un cuestionario, exploración física y valoración endoscópica (escala de Boston), se determinó la tolerancia, seguridad y eficacia de las 2 preparaciones a evaluar. Se realizó una prueba t de Student para variables cuantitativas y χ2 para variables cualitativas. Resultados: No hubo diferencias significativas en las tasas de cumplimiento, los efectos adversos y la extensión de la evaluación colonoscópica. Conclusiones: La tolerancia y seguridad entre la preparación intestinal para colonoscopia de 1 día con PEG 3350 (polietilenglicol) (4 g/kg/día) + bisacodilo y la preparación de 2 días con PEG 3350 (2 g/kg/día) + bisacodilo fue semejante. La calidad de la limpieza fue buena en ambos grupos, siendo parcialmente más eficaz en el grupo de 1 día con PEG 3350 (polietilenglicol) (4 g/kg/día).


Abstract: Background: Multiple intestinal preparations have been used in children undergoing colonoscopy, with variable limitation due to acceptance, tolerance, and proper cleaning. The objective of this study was to compare the tolerability, safety and efficacy of the colonoscopy preparation with 1 day with PEG 3350 (poliethylenglycol) (4 g/kg/day) + bisacodyl compared to 2 days of preparation with PEG 3350 (2 g/kg/day) + bisacodyl in pediatric patients. Methods: A clinical, randomized, and blind trial was performed. Patients aged 2 to 18 years scheduled for colonoscopy were included. Patients were randomized into two groups: 1 day of preparation with PEG 3350 4 g/kg/day + bisacodyl and 2 days of preparation with PEG 3350 2 g/kg/day + bisacodyl. Through a questionnaire, physical examination and endoscopic evaluation (Boston scale), the tolerance, safety and efficacy of the 2 preparations to be evaluated were determined. Student's t test was performed for quantitative variables and χ2 for qualitative variables. Results: There were no significant differences in compliance rates, adverse effects, and extent of colonoscopic evaluation. Conclusions: Tolerance and safety between the intestinal preparation for 1-day colonoscopy with PEG 3350 (4 g/kg/day) + bisacodyl and the 2-day preparation with PEG 3350 (2 g/kg/day) + bisacodyl were similar. The quality of cleanliness was good in both groups, being partially more effective in the 1-day group with PEG 3350 (4 g/kg/day).


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Polyethylene Glycols/administration & dosage , Bisacodyl/administration & dosage , Cathartics/administration & dosage , Colonoscopy/methods , Polyethylene Glycols/adverse effects , Bisacodyl/adverse effects , Drug Administration Schedule , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Cathartics/adverse effects , Surveys and Questionnaires , Drug Therapy, Combination , Medication Adherence
14.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 88(2): 216-222, abr. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-844602

ABSTRACT

La adecuada limpieza intestinal (LI) es fundamental para lograr el máximo rendimiento diagnóstico durante una colonoscopia. Existen diversos esquemas de LI, y en pediatría aún no hay consenso respecto al más adecuado. OBJETIVO: Describir la efectividad, adherencia y efectos adversos de protocolos de LI diferenciados por edad en pacientes pediátricos sometidos a colonoscopia. PACIENTES Y MÉTODO: Estudio descriptivo que incluyó pacientes < 18 años sometidos a colonoscopia. Se aplicaron esquemas de LI diferenciados por edad: < 6 meses (supositorio de glicerina); 6 meses-3 años, 11 meses (polietilenglicol [PEG] 3.350 sin electrolitos); 4 años-9 años, 11 meses (PEG 3.350 sin electrolitos + bisacodilo); 10 años-18 años (PEG 3.350 con electrolitos). Se registraron datos demográficos, clínicos, adherencia y efectos adversos. La efectividad fue determinada durante colonoscopia de acuerdo con la escala previamente validada (Boston modificada). RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 159 pacientes, de los cuales 87 fueron varones (55%), mediana de edad de 4 años (rango un mes-17 años). Se logró LI exitosa en el 78% de los pacientes. La mayor efectividad se alcanzó en < 6 meses (96%) y 10-18 años (91%). El grupo de 4 años-9 años, 11 meses, que evidenció menor efectividad (69%) tuvo mayor proporción de estreñimiento previo (29%). Se obtuvo buena adherencia en el 87% de los pacientes. Se observaron efectos adversos en un tercio de los pacientes (especialmente en el grupo 10-18 años), que fueron leves y no determinaron la suspensión del medicamento. CONCLUSIONES: Con los esquemas de preparación utilizados se lograron resultados satisfactorios, obteniendo LI exitosa en 4 de cada 5 pacientes. Los resultados difirieron entre grupos, lo que podría deberse, al menos en parte, al protocolo utilizado y al hábito intestinal previo.


Adequate intestinal cleanliness is crucial to achieve optimal colonoscopy performance. Several bowel preparation (BP) schemes have been proposed, but there is still no consensus as regards which is the most suitable in paediatric patients. OBJECTIVE: To describe the effectiveness, adherence, and adverse effects of BP protocols differentiated by age group in paediatric patients subjected to colonoscopy. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Prospective, study that included patients < 18 years subjected to colonoscopy. BP protocols differentiated by age group were indicated as follows: < 6 m (glycerine suppository); 6 m-3y 11 m (poly-ethylene-glycol (PEG 3350 without electrolytes); 4y-9y 11 m (PEG 3350 without electrolytes + bisacodyl); 10 y-18 y (PEG 3350 with electrolytes). Demographic, clinical information, adherence and adverse effects were registered. Effectiveness was determined using a validated scale (Boston modified) during colonoscopy. RESULTS: A total of 159 patients were included, of which 87 (55%) were males, and with a median age of 4 years (range 1 m-17 years). Seventy eight percent of patients achieved successful BP. The higher effectiveness was observed in the groups of < 6 m (96%) and 10-18 y (91%). Constipation was significantly more frequent (29%) in the 4 yo-9 yo 11 m in which lower effectiveness was observed (69%). Good adherence was observed in 87% of patients. Adverse effects were observed in a third of patients, although they were mild and did not lead to the suspension of the BP. CONCLUSIONS: Satisfactory results were achieved with the BP schemes used, with a successful BP being obtained in 4 out of 5 patients. Results were different between groups, which is probably related to previous bowel transit and indicated medication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Cathartics/administration & dosage , Cathartics/adverse effects , Colonoscopy , Patient Compliance/statistics & numerical data , Prospective Studies , Age Factors , Outcome Assessment, Health Care
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-107256

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Adequate bowel preparation is an essential factor affecting the visibility of colonic mucosa and safety of related therapeutic interventions. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of three bowel preparation agents –2 L polyethylene glycol with ascorbic acid (PEGA), sodium picosulfate magnesium citrate (SPMC), and oral sodium phosphate tablet (NaP)– for morning colonoscopy. METHODS: Here, we analyzed the medical records of patients who had taken bowel preparation agents using the split-dose method and undergone colonoscopy in a single hospital. The efficacy of bowel preparation agents was evaluated using the Ottawa bowel preparation assessment tool. The safety and tolerability of the agents were assessed by measuring the renal function and electrolytes prior to and after the procedure as well as by assessing the self-reported questionnaire. RESULTS: Of the 365 patients (PEGA:163, SPMC: 93, NaP: 109), 98.6% ingested more than 90% of the agents. NaP showed an inferior cleansing efficacy, and serum phosphate elevation was significantly higher in the NaP group. However, the satisfaction score was lowest in the PEGA group. Age (odds ratio [OR] 0.96, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.92–0.99, p=0.04) and preparation agents (OR of PEGA versus NaP 5.0, 95% CI 2.28–10.97, p<0.001) (OR of SPMC versus NaP 2.73, 95% CI 1.22–6.08, p=0.01) were independently associated with bowel preparation success. CONCLUSIONS: According to our analysis, NaP showed an inferior cleansing efficacy compared with PEGA and SPMC, which may be attributed to the complex administration method and lower water intake. However, large-volume ingestion remains unsatisfactory for patients. Detailed bowel preparation instructions could enhance bowel cleansing efficacy.


Subject(s)
Ascorbic Acid , Cathartics , Citric Acid , Colon , Colonoscopy , Drinking , Eating , Electrolytes , Humans , Magnesium , Medical Records , Methods , Mucous Membrane , Polyethylene Glycols , Polyethylene , Sodium , Tablets
16.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 87-90, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-67661

ABSTRACT

Sodium picosulfate/magnesium citrate (SPMC) is a widely used oral bowel cleansing agent considered to be relatively safe. However, partially dissolved or undissolved SPMC powder may cause severe injuries of the esophagus and stomach. We report a very rare case of acute gastric injury without esophageal damage caused by the ingestion of undissolved SPMC powder. A 69-year-old man experienced epigastric pain after swallowing SPMC powder without dissolving it in water in preparation for a screening colonoscopy. He realized his mistake immediately and subsequently drank 2 L of water. The esophagogastroduodenoscopy conducted after 12 hours indicated an acute gastric ulceration without injury of the esophagus or duodenum. The endoscopy conducted after 6 weeks of oral proton pump inhibitor treatment showed healing of the gastric injury. This suggested that drinking large amounts of water after ingesting partially dissolved or undissolved SPMC powder can prevent serious esophageal injury, but offers no preventive benefit for acute gastric injury.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cathartics , Citric Acid , Colonoscopy , Deglutition , Detergents , Drinking , Duodenum , Eating , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Esophagus , Humans , Mass Screening , Proton Pumps , Sodium , Stomach , Stomach Ulcer , Water
17.
Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases. 2017; 9 (4): 212-217
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-189674

ABSTRACT

Background: Ideal bowel preparation regimen for a suitable colonoscopy should be safe, and well tolerated, and should rapidly clear gastrointestinal tract. Soluble polyethylene glycol [PEG] is the most common cleansing drug and Senna or C-Lax [Cassia angustifolia Vahl] is an alternative herbal one. This study was designed to compare the efficacy of PEG and C-lax in bowel preparation


Methods: In this randomized double blind trial [registry number in IRCT.ir: IRCT201601161264N7], 320 patients were randomly assigned in PEG or C-lax groups. PEG solution was prepared from 5><70 gr sachets in 20><250cc water [250 ml every 15 minutes], prescribed 24h before the colonoscopy. In the other group 3x60 ml C-lax syrup glasses [each containing 90 mg senozid B] was given in two divided doses [1.5 glasses of 250cc every 12 hours], 24h before the colonoscopy. Ottawa score was used to evaluate the quality of bowel preparation. Chi-square test, Student t test, Mann-Whitney test and multivariate analysis were used to analyze the data


Results: Of these patients with the mean [SD] age of 50 [15.16] years, 162 [50.8%] were men. Mean [SD] Ottawa score was 2.57 [0.2] and 3.15 [0.31] in the PEG and C-lax group, respectively [p value = 0.81]. Multivariate analysis showed that less opium consumption [p < 0.001] and higher educational level [p =0.005] were associated with better bowel preparation


Conclusion: C-Lax is non-inferior to PEG solution in cleansing colon. The quality of bowel preparation was lower in opium consumers and better in those with higher educational level


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Polyethylene Glycols , Cathartics , Gastrointestinal Tract
18.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 36(4): 293-297, oct.-dic. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991199

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: El objetivo del presente estudio es comparar la preparación adecuada del colon con manitol y picosulfato sódico. Evaluar la aceptación de los pacientes, los efectos secundarios y la capacidad de limpieza. Materiales y métodos: Este es un estudio no aleatorio, prospectivo, ciego, en que el evaluador no tenía información sobre la preparación aplicada. La muestra obtenida se dividió en dos grupos de acuerdo con la preparación adecuada del colon, con 153 pacientes preparados con manitol al 10% y 84 pacientes con picosulfato sódico. La evaluación de la preparación se realizó usando la Escala de Boston (Boston Bowel Preparation Scale - BBP) a través de un sistema de puntuación para cada región del colon puntuada con 3 puntos: derecha, izquierda y colon transverso. Resultados: De los 237 pacientes que fueron evaluados, 146 (61,60%) eran mujeres y 91 (38,4%) eran hombres. En el grupo que utilizó manitol, 98 (64,05%) eran mujeres y 55 (35,95%) eran varones. Entre los pacientes que utilizaron picosulfato sódico, 48 (57,14%)eran mujeres y 36 (42,86%) eran hombres, sin diferencias estadísticas de ambos grupos (p>0,32). Teniendo en cuenta que con la adecuada preparación del colon y con puntuación de 6 puntos en la Escala de Boston, la preparación intestinal fue satisfactoria en ambos grupos. El 93% de los pacientes que utilizaron manitol y el 81% de los pacientes que utilizaron picosulfato sódico tenían preparación adecuada (puntuación de 6). La puntuación media en la preparación con manitol fue de 9 y en la preparación con picosulfato sódico fue de 7. No hubo diferencias significativas entre ambos grupos. Conclusión: Ambas preparaciones, demostraron ser seguras y eficaces para la limpieza del intestino, de acuerdo con la Escala de Boston, así como, la aceptabilidad de los pacientes y libre de complicaciones


Objectives: The purpose of the present study is to compare intestinal preparation with mannitol and sodium picosulphate, assessing patient’s acceptance, side effects and cleaning capacity. Material and methods: This is a prospective, nom randomized, blind study, in which the evaluator had no information about the preparation applied. The sample obtained was divided into two groups according to the bowel preparation applied, with 153 patients prepared with 10% mannitol and 84 patients with sodium picosulfate. The evaluation of colon preparation was done using the Boston Scale (Boston Bowel Preparation Scale - BBP) through a three-point scoring system for each of the three regions of the colon: right, left and transverse colon. Results: Of the 237 patients that were evaluated, 146 (61.60%) were female and 91 (38.4%) were male. Regarding the group that used mannitol, 98 were female (64.05%) and 55 were male (35.95%). Among the patients who used sodium picosulfate, 48 were female (57.14%) and 36 were male (42.86%), with no statistical differences between both groups (p> 0.32). Considering that an adequate preparation scores ≥ 6 in the Boston Scale, the bowel cleansing preparation was satisfactory in both groups. 93% of the patients who used mannitol and 81% of the patients who used sodium picosulfate had adequate preparation (score of ≥ 6). Moreover, we consider that the average score in the preparation with Mannitol was 9, while the sodium picosulfate score was 7. There were no significant differences between the two groups. Conclusion: There is consensus among authors who state that colonoscopy’s safety and success are highly related to the cleansing outcome, regardless of the method used. The same can be observed in the present study, on which both preparations were proved safe and effective for bowel cleansing, according to the Boston scale, as well as accepted by patients and free of complications


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Organometallic Compounds/administration & dosage , Picolines/administration & dosage , Cathartics/administration & dosage , Colonoscopy , Citrates/administration & dosage , Mannitol/administration & dosage , Organometallic Compounds/adverse effects , Picolines/adverse effects , Cathartics/adverse effects , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Citrates/adverse effects , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Mannitol/adverse effects
19.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 53(3): 196-202, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787344

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background - Adequate bowel preparation is critical for the quality of colonoscopy. Despite reported occurrence of colonic explosion due to methane and hydrogen production by bacterial fermentation during colonoscopy, gas exchange during the procedure is believed to be effective in lowering existing methane concentration, allowing for safe utilization of mannitol for bowel preparation. Thus, mannitol is widely used for bowel cleansing prior to colonoscopy, considering its low cost and effectiveness for bowel preparation. Objective - The aim of this study was to assess the safety of mannitol for bowel preparation, when compared to sodium phosphate (NaP). Methods - We conducted a prospective observational study in which 250 patients undergoing colonoscopy at Universidade Federal de São Paulo and Hospital Albert Einstein (São Paulo, Brazil) were approached for inclusion in the study. Patients received either mannitol (n=50) or NaP (n=200) for bowel preparation, based on physician indication. Study was conducted from August 2009 to December 2009. The main outcome of interest was presence of detectable levels of methane (CH4) during colonoscopy and reduction in such levels after gas exchange during the procedure. Methane concentrations were measured in three intestinal segments during scope introduction and withdrawal. Safety was assessed as the absence of high levels of methane, defined as 5%. Measurements were made using a multi-gas monitor (X-am 7000, Dräger Safety AG & Co. KGaA, Lübeck, Germany) connected to a plastic catheter introduced into the working channel of the colonoscope. Additional outcomes of interest included levels of O2. Methane and O2 levels are reported as ppm. Mean, difference and standard deviation of levels of gas measured in both moments were calculated and compared in both groups. Proportions of patients with detectable or high levels of methane in both groups were compared. Continuous variables were analyzed using t test and categorical variables using qui-square tests. The Ethics Committee in both study sites approved the study protocol. Results - Patients in both groups were similar regarding demographics, colonoscopy indication, ASA status and quality of bowel preparation. Seven (3.5%) patients in the NaP group had methane detected during introduction of the endoscope. Methane levels became undetectable during withdrawal of the scope. None of the patients in the mannitol group had detectable levels of methane. O2 levels did not differ in the groups. Conclusion - This is the largest study to assess the safety of mannitol for bowel preparation, considering methane measurements. Our results indicate that mannitol use is as safe as NaP, and gas exchange was efficient in reducing methane concentrations.


RESUMO Contexto - Preparo adequado é fundamental para garantia de boa qualidade em colonoscopia. Apesar de relatos de explosão do cólon durante colonoscopia, secundários à produção de metano e hidrogênio pela fermentação bacteriana, acredita-se que a troca gasosa durante o procedimento diminua a concentração existente de metano, permitindo a utilização com segurança, de manitol para o preparo de cólon. Assim, manitol é largamente utilizado para limpeza dos cólons antes da colonoscopia, especialmente devido ao seu baixo custo e eficácia. Objetivo - O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a segurança do uso de manitol no preparo dos cólons, quando comparado ao uso de fosfo-soda (NaP). Métodos - Este foi um estudo observacional retrospectivo no qual foram incluídos 250 pacientes submetidos a colonoscopia na Universidade Federal de São Paulo e Hospital Albert Einstein (São Paulo - Brasil). Os pacientes receberam preparo de cólon com manitol (n=50) ou NaP (n=200), de acordo com preferências dos médicos que encaminharam os pacientes. O estudo foi realizado entre agosto e dezembro de 2009. O principal resultado pesquisado foi a presença de níveis detectáveis de metano (CH4) durante a colonoscopia, e a redução nestes níveis após troca gasosa durante o procedimento. As concentrações de metano foram dosadas com detector multi-gas (X-am 7000, Dräger Safety AG & Co., KGaA, Lübeck, Alemanha) conectado a um cateter plástico que foi introduzido no canal de instrumentação do colonoscópio. Outro achado de interesse foram níveis de O2. Níveis de metano e O2 foram relatados em ppm. Média, diferença entre as médias e desvio padrão nos níveis dos gases em ambos momentos foram comparados nos dois grupos. A proporção de pacientes com níveis detectáveis ou altos de metano em ambos os grupos foram comparados. Variáveis contínuas foram analisadas com teste t e variáveis categóricas com o teste do qui-quadrado. Os Comitês de Ética de ambas instituições aprovaram o protocolo do estudo. Resultados - Pacientes nos dois grupos foram comparáveis quanto aos dados demográficos, indicação para colonoscopia, classificação ASA e qualidade do preparo do cólon. Sete (3,5%) pacientes no grupo NaP tinham níveis detectáveis de metano durante a introdução do colonoscópio. Os níveis de metano se tornaram indetectáveis durante a retirada do aparelho. Nenhum dos pacientes no grupo manitol tinha níveis detectáveis de metano. Níveis de O2 foram semelhantes nos dois grupos. Conclusão - Este é o estudo com maior casuística que avaliou a segurança do uso de manitol para preparo de cólon, no que diz respeito a dosagem de metano. Nossos resultados indicam que o emprego do manitol é tão seguro quanto o NaP, e que a troca gasosa é eficaz na redução da concentração de metano.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Phosphates/administration & dosage , Cathartics/administration & dosage , Colonoscopy/methods , Intestines/physiology , Mannitol/administration & dosage , Methane/analysis , Preoperative Care/methods , Prospective Studies , Gases/analysis , Middle Aged
20.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 36(2): 119-121, Apr-Jun. 2016.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785860

ABSTRACT

Coloprep is a bowel preparatory solution given before endoscopic procedures to get a unobscured internal vision. It has among its constituent's sodium sulphate, potassium sulphate and magnesium sulphate which produce an osmotic effect in the bowel. However, the use of such agents in hyponatremic and patients predisposed to seizures can have adverse ramifications. The current case outlines manifestation of absence seizure in a 52-year-old male patient who was administered Coloprep for colonoscopy. There was absence of other predisposing factors and the symptoms were ameliorated using timely identification and rectification of the underlying derangements.


Coloprep é uma solução preparatória intestinal administrada antes de procedimentos endoscópicos, com o objetivo de se ter uma visão interna não obscurecida. Entre os constituintes de Coloprep, observa-se sulfato de sódio, sulfato de potássio e sulfato de magnésio, que provocam efeito osmótico no intestino. Mas o uso de tais agentes em pacientes hiponatrêmicos e com predisposição para convulsões pode ter ramificações adversas. O caso em tela delineia uma manifestação de convulsão de ausência em paciente do gênero masculino com 52 anos e que recebeu Coloprep para colonoscopia. Não havia outros fatores predisponentes e os sintomas melhoraram graças à oportuna identificação e correção dos transtornos subjacentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Seizures/complications , Sulfates/administration & dosage , Cathartics/adverse effects , Colonoscopy/adverse effects , Sodium Compounds/administration & dosage , Potassium Compounds/administration & dosage , Magnesium Sulfate/administration & dosage , Seizures , Sulfates/analysis , Sulfates/adverse effects , Sulfates/therapeutic use , Cathartics/administration & dosage , Cathartics/therapeutic use , Sodium Compounds/analysis , Sodium Compounds/adverse effects , Sodium Compounds/therapeutic use , Potassium Compounds/analysis , Potassium Compounds/adverse effects , Potassium Compounds/therapeutic use , Hyponatremia , Magnesium Sulfate/analysis , Magnesium Sulfate/adverse effects , Magnesium Sulfate/therapeutic use
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