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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 669-678, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980777

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment on cardiac function, sympathetic nerve activity, indexes of myocardial injury and GABAA receptor in fastigial nucleus in rats with myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (MIRI), and to explore the neuroregulatory mechanism of EA pretreatment in improving MIRI.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 male SD rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, an EA group, an agonist group and an agonist+EA group, 12 rats in each group. The MIRI model was established by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. EA was applied at bilateral "Shenmen" (HT 7) and "Tongli" (HT 5) in the EA group and the agonist+EA group, with continuous wave, in frequency of 2 Hz and intensity of 1 mA, 30 min each time, once a day for 7 consecutive days. After intervention, the MIRI model was established. In the agonist group, the muscone (agonist of GABAA receptor, 1 g/L) was injected in fastigial nucleus for 7 consecutive days before modeling, 150 μL each time, once a day. In the agonist+EA group, the muscone was injected in fastigial nucleus 30 min before EA intervention. The data of electrocardiogram was collected by PowerLab standard Ⅱ lead, and ST segment displacement and heart rate variability (HRV) were analyzed; the serum levels of norepinephrine (NE), creatine kinase isoenzyme MB (CK-MB) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) were detected by ELISA; the myocardial infarction area was measured by TTC staining; the morphology of myocardial tissue was observed by HE staining; the positive expression and mRNA expression of GABAA receptor in fastigial nucleus were detected by immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham operation group, in the model group, ST segment displacement and ratio of low frequency to high frequency (LF/HF) of HRV were increased (P<0.01), HRV frequency domain analysis showed enhanced sympathetic nerve excitability, the serum levels of NE, CK-MB and cTnI were increased (P<0.01), the percentage of myocardial infarction area was increased (P<0.01), myocardial fiber was broken and interstitial edema was serious, the positive expression and mRNA expression of GABAA receptor in fastigial nucleus were increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the EA group, ST segment displacement and LF/HF ratio were decreased (P<0.01), HRV frequency domain analysis showed reduced sympathetic nerve excitability, the serum levels of NE, CK-MB and cTnI were decreased (P<0.01), the percentage of myocardial infarction area was decreased (P<0.01), myocardial fiber breakage and interstitial edema were lightened, the positive expression and mRNA expression of GABAA receptor in fastigial nucleus were decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the EA group, in the agonist group and the agonist+EA group, ST segment displacement and LF/HF ratio were increased (P<0.01), HRV frequency domain analysis showed enhanced sympathetic nerve excitability, the serum levels of NE, CK-MB and cTnI were increased (P<0.01), the percentage of myocardial infarction area was increased (P<0.01), myocardial fiber breakage and interstitial edema were aggravated, the positive expression and mRNA expression of GABAA receptor in fastigial nucleus were increased (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#EA pretreatment can improve the myocardial injury in MIRI rats, and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of GABAA receptor expression in fastigial nucleus, thereby down-regulating the excitability of sympathetic nerve.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Cerebellar Nuclei , Electroacupuncture , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/therapy , Receptors, GABA-A/genetics , RNA, Messenger
2.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 459-473, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929103

ABSTRACT

The deep cerebellar nuclei (DCN) integrate various inputs to the cerebellum and form the final cerebellar outputs critical for associative sensorimotor learning. However, the functional relevance of distinct neuronal subpopulations within the DCN remains poorly understood. Here, we examined a subpopulation of mouse DCN neurons whose axons specifically project to the ventromedial (Vm) thalamus (DCNVm neurons), and found that these neurons represent a specific subset of DCN units whose activity varies with trace eyeblink conditioning (tEBC), a classical associative sensorimotor learning task. Upon conditioning, the activity of DCNVm neurons signaled the performance of conditioned eyeblink responses (CRs). Optogenetic activation and inhibition of the DCNVm neurons in well-trained mice amplified and diminished the CRs, respectively. Chemogenetic manipulation of the DCNVm neurons had no effects on non-associative motor coordination. Furthermore, optogenetic activation of the DCNVm neurons caused rapid elevated firing activity in the cingulate cortex, a brain area critical for bridging the time gap between sensory stimuli and motor execution during tEBC. Together, our data highlights DCNVm neurons' function and delineates their kinematic parameters that modulate the strength of associative sensorimotor responses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Blinking , Cerebellar Nuclei/physiology , Cerebellum , Neurons/physiology , Thalamus
3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 525-530, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877651

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) preconditioning at heart meridian acupoints on the contents of dopamine (DA) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in lateral hypothalamus area (LHA) and cerebellar fastigial nucleus (FN) in the rats with acute myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI), and explore the role and mechanism of LHA and FN in the effect of EA at heart meridian acupoints against acute MIRI.@*METHODS@#Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into a sham-operation group, a model group, an EA heart meridian group and an EA lung meridian group, 12 rats in each group, as well as an LHA plus heart meridian group (damage of bilateral LHA) and an FN plus heart meridian group (damage of bilateral FN), 6 rats in each one. Three days after nucleus destruction, EA was applied to "Shenmen" (HT 7) and "Tongli" (HT 5) in the EA heart meridian group, the LHA plus heart meridian group and the FN plus heart meridian group and EA was applied to "Taiyuan" (LU 9) and "Lieque" (LU 7) in the EA lung meridian group, with 1 V in stimulating voltage and 2 Hz in frequency, lasting 20 minutes each time, once a day, for consecutively 7 days before model replication. Except in the sham-operation group, MIRI rat models were duplicated by ligation of the left anterior descending branch of the coronary artery in the rest groups. Using Power lab physiological recorder, ST segment displacement value was recorded before modeling, 30 min after ligation and 120 min after reperfusion separately. The high performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection and analysis system was adopted to determine the contents of DA and 5-HT in LHA and FN dialysate after rat modeling in each group.@*RESULTS@#In comparison of ST segment displacement value 30 min after ligation and 120 min after reperfusion among groups, the value in the model group was higher than that in the sham-operation group (@*CONCLUSION@#EA preconditioning at heart meridian acupoints can effectively alleviate myocardial injury in acute MIRI rats, during which, DA and 5-HT in LHA and FN may be the important material basis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Acupuncture Points , Cerebellar Nuclei , Dopamine , Electroacupuncture , Hypothalamic Area, Lateral , Myocardial Ischemia , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/therapy , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Serotonin
4.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1529-1541, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922669

ABSTRACT

The cerebellum is conceptualized as a processor of complex movements and is also endowed with roles in cognitive and emotional behaviors. Although the axons of deep cerebellar nuclei are known to project to primary thalamic nuclei, macroscopic investigation of the characteristics of these projections, such as the spatial distribution of recipient zones, is lacking. Here, we studied the output of the cerebellar interposed nucleus (IpN) to the ventrolateral (VL) and centrolateral (CL) thalamic nuclei using electrophysiological recording in vivo and trans-synaptic viral tracing. We found that IpN stimulation induced mono-synaptic evoked potentials (EPs) in the VL but not the CL region. Furthermore, both the EPs induced by the IpN and the innervation of IpN projections displayed substantial heterogeneity across the VL region in three-dimensional space. These findings indicate that the recipient zones of IpN inputs vary between and within thalamic nuclei and may differentially control thalamo-cortical networks.


Subject(s)
Axons , Cerebellar Nuclei , Cerebellum , Thalamic Nuclei
5.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Psychiatry ; : 22-31, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759573

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have revealed inconsistent results on amygdala volume in adult bipolar disorder (BD) patients compared to healthy controls (HC). Since the amygdala encompasses multiple subregions, the subtle volume changes in each amygdala nucleus might have not been fully reflected in the measure of the total amygdala volume, causing discrepant results. Thus, we aimed to investigate volume changes in each amygdala subregion and their association with subtypes of BD, lithium use and clinical status of BD. METHODS: Fifty-five BD patients and 55 HC underwent T1-weighted structural magnetic resonance imaging. We analyzed volumes of the whole amygdala and each amygdala subregion, including the anterior amygdaloid area, cortico-amygdaloid transition area, basal, lateral, accessory basal, central, cortical, medial and paralaminar nuclei using the atlas in the FreeSurfer. The volume difference was analyzed using a one-way analysis of covariance with individual volumes as dependent variables, and age, sex, and total intracranial volume as covariates. RESULTS: The volumes of whole right amygdala and subregions including basal nucleus, accessory basal nucleus, anterior amygdaloid area, and cortico-amygdaloid transition area in the right amygdala of BD patients were significantly smaller for the HC group. No significant volume difference between bipolar I disorder and bipolar II disorder was found after the Bonferroni correction. The trend of larger volume in medial nucleus with lithium treatment was not significant after the Bonferroni correction. No significant correlation between illness duration and amygdala volume, and insignificant negative correlation were found between right central nucleus volume and depression severity. CONCLUSIONS: Significant volume decrements of the whole amygdala, basal nucleus, accessory basal nucleus, anterior amygdaloid area, and cortico-amygdaloid transition area were found in the right hemisphere in adult BD patients, compared to HC group. We postulate that such volume changes are associated with altered functional activity and connectivity of amygdala nuclei in BD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Amygdala , Basolateral Nuclear Complex , Bipolar Disorder , Cerebellar Nuclei , Corticomedial Nuclear Complex , Depression , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Lithium , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
6.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 139-154, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714913

ABSTRACT

What is memory? How does the brain process the sensory information and modify an organism's behavior? Many neuroscientists have focused on the activity- and experience-dependent modifications of synaptic functions in order to solve these fundamental questions in neuroscience. Recently, the plasticity of intrinsic excitability (called intrinsic plasticity) has emerged as an important element for information processing and storage in the brain. As the cerebellar Purkinje cells are the sole output neurons in the cerebellar cortex and the information is conveyed from a neuron to its relay neurons by forms of action potential firing, the modulation of the intrinsic firing activity may play a critical role in the cerebellar learning. Many voltage-gated and/or Ca²⁺-activated ion channels are involved in shaping the spiking output as well as integrating synaptic inputs to finely tune the cerebellar output. Recent studies suggested that the modulation of the intrinsic excitability and its plasticity in the cerebellar Purkinje cells might function as an integrator for information processing and memory formation. Moreover, the intrinsic plasticity might also determine the strength of connectivity to the sub-cortical areas such as deep cerebellar nuclei and vestibular nuclei to trigger the consolidation of the cerebellar-dependent memory by transferring the information.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Electronic Data Processing , Brain , Cerebellar Cortex , Cerebellar Nuclei , Cerebellum , Fires , Ion Channels , Learning , Memory , Neuronal Plasticity , Neurons , Neurosciences , Plastics , Purkinje Cells , Vestibular Nuclei
7.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 354-357, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766713

ABSTRACT

Transient isoniazid-induced brain lesions have rarely been reported. The lesions were in the dentate nucleus of cerebellum and thalamus. Meanwhile, the neurotoxicity of rifampin has not been reported evidently. We observed bilateral lesions in the internal capsule in a young woman after taking a combination of isoniazid and rifampin. She transiently suffered numbness in both hands, dysarthria, and left side motor weakness while taking the medication. Isoniazid may induce structural lesions in various brain areas including the internal capsule.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Brain , Cerebellar Nuclei , Cerebellum , Dysarthria , Extremities , Hand , Hypesthesia , Internal Capsule , Isoniazid , Neurotoxicity Syndromes , Rifampin , Thalamus
8.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e96-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713705

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) has been used to measure iron accumulation in the deep nuclei of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). This study examined the relationship between non-motor symptoms (NMSs) and iron accumulation in the deep nuclei of patients with PD. METHODS: The QSM data were acquired from 3-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 29 patients with early PD and 19 normal controls. The Korean version of the NMS scale (K-NMSS) was used for evaluation of NMSs in patients. The patients were divided into high NMS and low NMS groups. The region-of-interest analyses were performed in the following deep nuclei: red nucleus, substantia nigra pars compacta, substantia nigra pars reticulata, dentate nucleus, globus pallidus, putamen, and head of the caudate nucleus. RESULTS: Thirteen patients had high NMS scores (total K-NMSS score, mean = 32.1), and 16 had low NMS scores (10.6). The QSM values in the deep were not different among the patients with high NMS scores, low NMS scores, and controls. The QSM values were not correlated linearly with K-NMSS total score after adjusting the age at acquisition of brain MRI. CONCLUSION: The study demonstrated that the NMS burdens are not associated with iron accumulation in the deep nuclei of patients with PD. These results suggest that future neuroimaging studies on the pathology of NMSs in PD should use more specific and detailed clinical tools and recruit PD patients with severe NMSs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Basal Ganglia , Brain , Caudate Nucleus , Cerebellar Nuclei , Globus Pallidus , Head , Iron , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neuroimaging , Parkinson Disease , Pars Compacta , Pars Reticulata , Pathology , Putamen , Red Nucleus
9.
Clinical Pediatric Hematology-Oncology ; : 153-156, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788604

ABSTRACT

We describe our experience regarding metronidazole-induced encephalopathy in a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia during chemotherapy. A 17-year-old girl was admitted to our institution with complaints of abdominal pain and mucoid stools. She was diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and had been undergoing intensified chemotherapy protocol. During the fifth week of interim maintenance-1 therapy, she developed a fever and complained of chills. On stool examination, stool occult blood was positive and Clostridium difficile toxin A/B test was positive. She was started on metronidazole treatment for possible Clostridium difficile infection and other inflammatory gastrointestinal diseases. Ten days later, the patient complained of dizziness and nausea. A brain MRI was performed to make a differential diagnosis of any chemotherapy- induced CNS complication such as necrotizing leukoencephalopathy. The brain MRI showed features of metronidazole-induced encephalopathy. Metronidazole was discontinued and symptoms started to subside four days after. A follow-up brain MRI performed at four weeks showed that lesions of the dentate nucleus had disappeared.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Abdominal Pain , Brain , Brain Diseases , Cerebellar Nuclei , Chills , Clostridioides difficile , Diagnosis, Differential , Dizziness , Drug Therapy , Fever , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Leukoencephalopathies , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Metronidazole , Nausea , Occult Blood , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
10.
Rev. chil. radiol ; 23(1): 2-6, 2017. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-844629

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Recently, some studies have reported accumulation of gadolinium in the brain of patients with multiple administrations of gadolinium-based contrast. Patients with multiple sclerosis are subjected to multiple contrasting resonances and could become a population at risk. Objective: To determine whether repeated intravenous exposure to gadolinium is associated with more intensity in the thalamus, dentate nucleus, pons and the globus pallidus. Methods: A retrospective study of 60 patients with MS who had undergone two or more contrasted MRs between 2007 and 2015, was performed. The ratios calculated were: dentate nuclei-to-pons (DNP), thalamus-to-pons (TP), caudate nuclei-to-pons (CNP), globus pallidus-to-thalamus (GPT), globus pallidus-to-pons (GPP), by reviewing simple T1 axial sequences. Relative changes were calculated and compared with the number of contrasted MRs. The concordance between observers and the intraclass correlation coefficient was evaluated. Results: There was no evidence of increased signal intensity in T1 sequences (DNP 0.524, GPT 0.466, GPP 0.684, TP 0.771, CNP 0.352). As there were no differences, the Spearman coefficient showed no correlation between relative changes and the number of resonances performed. Inter-observer agreement was almost perfect (0.982) for all structures. Conclusion: Our study did not find a statistically significant increase in the T1 signal intensity in patients with multiple sclerosis. However, there are factors to consider, such as the type of gadolinium and the time lapse between administrations.


Introducción: Recientemente, algunos estudios han informado acumulación de gadolinio en el cerebro de los pacientes con múltiples administraciones de contraste basado en gadolinio. Los pacientes con esclerosis múltiple son sometidos a múltiples resonancias contrastadas y podrían convertirse en una población de riesgo. Objetivo: Determinar si la exposición repetida por vía intravenosa a gadolino se asocia con mayor intensidad en el tálamo, el dentado, el puente y el globo pálido. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo núcleo de 60 pacientes con EM que habían sido sometidos a dos o más RM contrastadas entre 2007 - 2015. Se calcularon las razones núcleo dentado - puente (DNP), tálamo-puente (TP), núcleo caudado- puente (CNP), globus pallidus - tálamo (GPT), globus pallidos - puente (GPP), revisando secuencias T1 axiales simples. Se calcularon los cambios relativos y se compararon con el número de RM contrastadas. Se evaluó la concordancia entre observadores con el coeficiente de correlación intraclase. Resultados: No hubo evidencia de aumento de la intensidad de la señal en secuencias T1 (DNP 0,524, 0,446 GPT, GPP 0,684, 0,771 PT, CNP 0.352). Al no existir diferencias, el coeficiente de Spearman no mostró correlación entre los cambios relativos y el número de resonancias realizadas. La concordancia interobservador fue casi perfecta (0.982) para todas las estructuras. Conclusión: Nuestro estudio no encontró un aumento estadísticamente significativo en la intensidad de la señal T1 en pacientes con esclerosis múltiple. Sin embargo, hay factores a considerar, tales como el tipo de gadolinio y el lapso de tiempo entre las administraciones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Contrast Media/administration & dosage , Gadolinium DTPA/administration & dosage , Multiple Sclerosis/diagnosis , Cerebellar Nuclei/pathology , Globus Pallidus/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Multiple Sclerosis/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Thalamus/pathology
11.
Clinical Pediatric Hematology-Oncology ; : 153-156, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-23102

ABSTRACT

We describe our experience regarding metronidazole-induced encephalopathy in a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia during chemotherapy. A 17-year-old girl was admitted to our institution with complaints of abdominal pain and mucoid stools. She was diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and had been undergoing intensified chemotherapy protocol. During the fifth week of interim maintenance-1 therapy, she developed a fever and complained of chills. On stool examination, stool occult blood was positive and Clostridium difficile toxin A/B test was positive. She was started on metronidazole treatment for possible Clostridium difficile infection and other inflammatory gastrointestinal diseases. Ten days later, the patient complained of dizziness and nausea. A brain MRI was performed to make a differential diagnosis of any chemotherapy- induced CNS complication such as necrotizing leukoencephalopathy. The brain MRI showed features of metronidazole-induced encephalopathy. Metronidazole was discontinued and symptoms started to subside four days after. A follow-up brain MRI performed at four weeks showed that lesions of the dentate nucleus had disappeared.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Abdominal Pain , Brain , Brain Diseases , Cerebellar Nuclei , Chills , Clostridioides difficile , Diagnosis, Differential , Dizziness , Drug Therapy , Fever , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Leukoencephalopathies , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Metronidazole , Nausea , Occult Blood , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
12.
Journal of Movement Disorders ; : 67-68, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-73975

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Cerebellar Nuclei , Myoclonus
13.
Basic and Clinical Neuroscience. 2016; 7 (1): 57-62
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-178784

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Loss of inhibitory output from Purkinje cells leads to hyperexcitability of the Deep Cerebellar Nuclei [DCN], which results in cerebellar ataxia. Also, inhibition of small-conductance calcium-activated potassium [SK] channel increases firing rate of DCN, which could cause cerebellar ataxia. Therefore, SK channel activators can be effective in reducing the symptoms of this disease, and used for the treatment of cerebellar ataxia. In this regard, we hypothesized that blockade of SK channels in different compartments of DCN would increase firing rate with different value. The location of these channels has different effects on increasing firing rate


Methods: In this study, multi-compartment computational model of DCN was used. This computational stimulation allowed us to study the changes in the firing activity of DCN neuron without concerns about interfering parameters in the experiment


Results: The simulation results demonstrated that blockade of somatic and dendritic SK channel increased the firing rate of DCN. In addition, after hyperpolarization [AHP] amplitude increased with blocking SK channel, and its regularity and resting potential changed. However, action potentials amplitude and duration had no significant changes. The simulation results illustrated a more significant contribution of SK channels on the dendritic tree to the DCN firing rate. SK channels in the proximal dendrites have more impact on firing rate compared to distal dendrites


Discussion: Therefore, inhibition of SK channel in DCN can cause cerebellar ataxia, and SK channel openers can have a therapeutic effect on cerebellar ataxia. In addition, the location of SK channels could be important in therapeutic goals. Dendritic SK channels can be a more effective target compared to somatic SK channels


Subject(s)
Small-Conductance Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels , Cerebellar Nuclei , Computer Simulation
14.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 65(3): 180-185, May-Jun/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748916

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The rates of multiresistant bacteria colonization or infection (MRB+) development in intensive care units are very high. The aim of this study was to determine the possible association between the risk of development of nosocomial infections and increased daily nurse workload due to understaffing in intensive care unit. METHODS: We included 168 patients. Intensity of workload and applied procedures to patients were scored with the Project de Recherché en Nursing and the Omega scores, respectively. The criteria used for infections were those defined by the Centers for Disease Control. RESULTS: Of the 168 patients, 91 (54.2%) were female and 77 (45.8%) were male patients. The mean age of female and male was 64.9 ± 6.2 years and 63.1 ± 11.9 years, respectively. The mean duration of hospitalization in intensive care unit was 18.4 ± 6.1 days. Multiresistant bacteria were isolated from cultures of 39 (23.2%) patients. The development of MRB+ infection was correlated with length of stay, Omega 1, Omega 2, Omega 3, Total Omega, daily PRN, and Total PRN (p < 0.05). There was no correlation between development of MRB+ infection with gender, age and APACHE-II scores (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The risk of nosocomial infection development in an intensive care unit is directly correlated with increased nurse workload, applied intervention, and length of stay. Understaffing in the intensive care unit is an important health problem that especially affects care-needing patients. Nosocomial infection development has laid a heavy burden on the economy of many countries. To control nosocomial infection development in the intensive care unit, nurse workload, staffing level, and working conditions must be arranged. .


INTRODUÇÃO: As taxas de desenvolvimento de infecção ou colonização por bactérias multirresistentes (BMR+) em unidades de terapia intensiva são muito elevadas. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a possível associação entre o risco de desenvolvimento de infecções hospitalares e o aumento da carga de trabalho diária da equipe de enfermagem devido à insuficiência de pessoal em unidade de terapia intensiva. MÉTODOS: Cento e sessenta e oito pacientes foram incluídos. O volume da carga de trabalho e os procedimentos realizados em pacientes foram avaliados com o uso de instrumentos de medidas como o Projeto de Pesquisa em Enfermagem (Project de Recherché en Nursing) e o Omega, respectivamente. Os critérios usados para definir infecções foram os definidos pelos Centros de Controle de Doenças. RESULTADOS: Dos 168 pacientes, 91 (54,2%) eram do sexo feminino e 77 (45,8%) do sexo masculino. As médias das idades de mulheres e homens foram 64,9 ± 6,2 e 63,1 ± 11,9 anos, respectivamente. A média do tempo de internação em unidade de terapia intensiva foi de 18,4 ± 6,1 dias. As bactérias multirresistentes foram isoladas a partir de culturas de 39 (23,2%) pacientes. O desenvolvimento de infecção por BMR+ foi correlacionado com tempo de internação, Omega 1, Omega 2, Omega 3, Omega total, PPE diário e PPE total (p < 0,05). Não houve correlação entre desenvolvimento de infecção por BMR+ e gênero, idade e escores no APACHE-II (p > 0,05). CONCLUSÃO: O risco de desenvolvimento de infecção hospitalar em unidade de terapia intensiva está diretamente relacionado com o aumento da carga de trabalho de enfermagem, as intervenções praticadas e o tempo de internação. A falta de pessoal em unidade de terapia intensiva é um problema de saúde importante que afeta principalmente os pacientes que requerem cuidados. A infecção hospitalar colocou um fardo pesado sobre a economia de muitos países. Para controlar o desenvolvimento de infecção hospitalar em UTI, a carga ...


INTRODUÇÃO: as taxas de desenvolvimento de infecção ou colonização por bactérias multirresistentes [BMR (+)] em unidades de terapia intensiva são muito elevadas. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a possível associação entre o risco de desenvolvimento de infecções hospitalares e o aumento da carga de trabalho diária da equipe de enfermagem por causa da insuficiência de pessoal em unidade de terapia intensiva. MÉTODOS: foram incluídos 168 pacientes. O volume da carga de trabalho e os procedimentos feitos em pacientes foram avaliados com o uso de instrumentos de medidas como o Projeto de Pesquisa em Enfermagem (Project de Recherché en Nursing) e o Omega, respectivamente. Os critérios usados para definir infecções foram os estabelecidos pelos Centros de Controle de Doenças. RESULTADOS: dos 168 pacientes, 91 (54,2%) eram do sexo feminino e 77 (45,8%) do masculino. As médias das idades de mulheres e homens foram 64,9 ± 6,2 e 63,1 ± 11,9 anos, respectivamente. A média do tempo de internação em unidade de terapia intensiva foi de 18,4 ± 6,1 dias. As bactérias multirresistentes foram isoladas a partir de culturas de 39 (23,2%) pacientes. O desenvolvimento de infecção por BMR (+) foi correlacionado com tempo de internação, Omega 1, Omega 2, Omega 3, Omega total, PPE diário e PPE total (p < 0,05). Não houve correlação entre desenvolvimento de infecção por BMR (+) e gênero, idade e escores no Apache-II (p > 0,05). CONCLUSÃO: o risco de desenvolvimento de infecção hospitalar em unidade de terapia intensiva está diretamente relacionado com o aumento da carga de trabalho de enfermagem, as intervenções praticadas e o tempo de internação. A falta de pessoal em unidade de terapia intensiva é um problema de saúde importante que afeta principalmente os pacientes que requerem cuidados. A infecção hospitalar colocou um fardo pesado sobre a economia de muitos países. Para controlar o desenvolvimento de infecção hospitalar em UTI, a carga de trabalho ...


INTRODUCCIÓN: Las tasas de desarrollo de infección o colonización por bacterias multirresistentes en unidades de cuidados intensivos son muy elevadas. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la posible asociación entre el riesgo de desarrollo de infecciones hospitalarias y el aumento de la carga de trabajo diaria del equipo de enfermería debido a la falta de personal en la unidad de cuidados intensivos. MÉTODOS: Ciento sesenta y ocho pacientes fueron incluidos. El volumen de la carga de trabajo y los procedimientos realizados en pacientes fueron evaluados con el uso de instrumentos de medidas como el Proyecto de Investigación en Enfermería (Project de Recherché en Nursing) y el Omega, respectivamente. Los criterios usados para definir infecciones fueron los definidos por los Centros de Control de Enfermedades. RESULTADOS: De los 168 pacientes, 91 (54,2%) eran del sexo femenino y 77 (45,8%) del sexo masculino. La edad media de las mujeres y de los hombres fueron 64,9 ± 6,2 y 63,1 ± 11,9 años, respectivamente. El tiempo medio de ingreso en la unidad de cuidados intensivos fue de 18,4 ± 6,1 días. Las bacterias multirresistentes fueron aisladas a partir de cultivos de 39 (23,2%) pacientes. El desarrollo de infección por bacterias multirresistentes fue correlacionado con el tiempo de ingreso, Omega 1, Omega 2, Omega 3, Omega total, PPE diario y PPE total (p < 0,05). No hubo correlación entre el desarrollo de la infección por bacterias multirresistentes y el sexo, la edad y las puntuaciones en el APACHE-II (p > 0,05). CONCLUSIÓN: El riesgo de desarrollo de infección hospitalaria en una unidad de cuidados intensivos está directamente relacionado con el aumento de la carga de trabajo de enfermería, las intervenciones practicadas y el tiempo de ingreso. La falta de personal en la unidad de cuidados intensivos es un problema de sanidad importante que afecta principalmente a los pacientes que necesitan esos cuidados. La infección hospitalaria ...


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Cerebellar Nuclei/pathology , Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders/pathology , Aspartic Acid/analysis , Aspartic Acid/analogs & derivatives , Brain/pathology , Case-Control Studies , Cerebellar Nuclei/chemistry , Glycerylphosphorylcholine/analysis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Neuroimaging , Phosphorylcholine/analysis
15.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 476-480, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297403

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OJECTIVE</b>To explore whether different acupuncture signals were afferent to the cerebellar fastigial nucleus (FN) neuron and to find out their corresponding effect features through observing the effect of spontaneous discharge of cerebellar FN neuron by needling at different acupoints.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 120 male SD rats were anesthetized by 20% urethane and their right cerebellar FN were positioned (AP 11. 6 mm, RL 1. 0 mm, H 5. 6 mm). Extracelluar discharge was recorded by glass microelectrode (AP: -11. 6 mm, R: 1. 0 mm, H: 5.7 -7. 0 mm), using extracellular microelectrode recording method, recording the spontaneous discharge of cerebellar FN neurons as a baseline. Random order of needling at zusanli (ST36), quchi (Lil1), weishu (BL21), and zhongwan (CV12) were compared with the baseline before each acupuncture. Their effects on the discharge of cerebellar FN neurons were observed and compared with baselines.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The frequency of FN neuronal discharge could be elevated by needling at zusanli (ST36), quchi (LiI), weishu (BL21), and zhongwan (CV12) (P <0. 01, P <0. 05). The response rate of needling at Zhongwan (CV12, 56. 00%) was higher than that of needling at Zusanli (ST36), Quchi (Ll1), and Weishu (BL21) (35. 00%, 34. 62%, 36. 63%, respectively) with statistical difference (P <0. 05). The response rate of needling at zhongwan (CV12) was obviously higher than that of needing at other points (F = 2. 101, P < 0. 05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Needling at zusanli (ST36 ), quchi (Lil), weishu (BL21), and zhongwan (CV12) could elevate the spontaneous discharge frequency of cerebellar FN neurons. Needling at Zhongwan (CV12) had advantageous roles in regulating cerebellar FN.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Cerebellar Nuclei , Physiology , Microelectrodes , Neurons , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
16.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 28(1): 21-24, mar. 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-998607

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: El propósito de los autores es mostrar los beneficios del abordaje Supra-Cerebeloso Trans-Tentorial (SCTT) para lesiones que se localizan en la región del lóbulo temporal mesial posterior, y la posibilidad técnica de realizar este procedimiento. INTRODUCCIÓN: El abordaje SCTT para alcanzar la región del lóbulo temporal mesial ha sido muy bien descripto en la última década, y ampliamente utilizado por algunos grupos neuroquirúrgicos internacionales durante los últimos dos años, para la resección de patologías vasculares (MAV, aneurismas, cavernomas), lesiones neoplásicas de distintas estirpes y para la resección de estructuras encefálicas relacionadas con la epilepsia. INTERVENCIÓN: Los autores han practicado esta vía de abordaje en una paciente de 58 años, que presentó una hemorragia intracraneana (HSA, hematoma temporal posterior profundo derecho, hemoventrículos), hemiparesia moderada izquierda y estado de obnubilación; a la que se le realiza el diagnóstico por RMN y angiografía digital, de MAV en la región del lóbulo temporal mesial posterior derecho. DISCUSIÓN: El abordaje SCTT a la región del lóbulo temporal mesial posterior no sólo con la apertura del tentorio sino con la resección total o parcial del mismo, ofrece la posibilidad única de acceder a lesiones vasculares, neoplásicas y/o funcionales que se localizan en esta zona, sin la necesidad de realizar una retracción cerebral excesiva que se torna prácticamente mandatoria al practicar la vía subtemporal, ampliamente difundida para el tratamiento quirúrgico de las patologías que se asientan en esta ubicación. CONCLUSIÓN: El abordaje SCTT para la exéresis de patologías que se encuentran en la región del lóbulo temporal mesial posterior, es una alternativa que presenta un valor excepcional a la hora de elegir una estrategia quirúrgica, evitando por completo la retracción del lóbulo temporal y, por lo tanto, las consecuencias que se asocian a esta maniobra. Si bien este abordaje ha sido bien descripto por varios autores extranjeros, no es de amplia utilización en nuestro medio


Subject(s)
Humans , Temporal Lobe , Cerebellar Nuclei , Vascular System Injuries
17.
Singapore medical journal ; : e17-9, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337796

ABSTRACT

Cerebellitis is a rarely encountered complication of isoniazid therapy. Its occurrence is usually associated with concomitant renal disease and haemodialysis. Herein, we report the case of a patient with this complication who presented with isolated bilateral symmetrical dentate nucleus T2 hyperintensities on magnetic resonance imaging. Isoniazid neurotoxicity has never been reported to cause bilateral dentate hyperintensities, for which the differentials are few and include metronidazole toxicity.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Antitubercular Agents , Cerebellar Diseases , Cerebellar Nuclei , Pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Isoniazid , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency , Therapeutics , Tuberculosis , Drug Therapy
18.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 27(2): 59-62, jun. 2013. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-835710

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El abordaje suboccipital constituye una de las vías de acceso más frecuentes a la fosa posterior. Objetivo: La finalidad del presente estudio es definir un reparo anatómico reproducible en la superficie suboccipital del cerebelo que permita ayudar a localizar el núcleo dentado (ND) del mismo. Material y Métodos: Quince cerebelos de adulto fueron estudiados, previa fijación con formol y congelación. Se realizaron cortes axiales y sagitales, con medición de las relaciones entre la fisura horizontal (FH) y el ND. Resultados: La proyección en profundidad de la FH permitió identificar el núcleo dentado en casi todos ellos. Conclusión: La identificación del ND en la cirugía a partir de la FH puede ser considerada un método rápido y confiable. Su utilización pre y perioperatoria podría disminuir las complicaciones derivadas de la lesión de dicho núcleo cerebeloso.


Introduction: The suboccipital approach is one of the most common surgical routes to the posterior fossa.Purpose: The aim of this study was to define a reproductible anatomic landmark in the suboccipital surface of the cerebellum, allowing to localize the dentate nucleus (DN).Material and methods: Fifteen cadaveric specimens (adult brains) were studied, previously fixed with formaldehyde and frozen. Sagittal and axial cuts were performed in the specimens, measuring the relationships between the horizontal fissure (HF) of the cerebellum and the DN.Results: The projection in depth of the HF allowed to identify the DN in almost all of them.Conclusion: The identification during surgery of the DN using the HF maybe a safe and quick method and its usage pre and intraoperatively can lower complications related to lesions of the DN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cerebellar Nuclei , Occipital Bone
19.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 185-190, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-646815

ABSTRACT

Cerebellum is known as a center for sensory/motor coordination and memory storage in motor learning. The vestibular nuclei have extensive afferent and efferent connections with posterior cerebellum which can be referred to as vestibulocerebellum. While secondary vestibular afferents are distributed bilaterally in the vestibulocerebellum, primary afferents may directly project to ipsilateral vestibulocerebellum. The Purkinje cells which are the only output neurons from the cerebellar cortex receive vestibular information via parallel and climbing fibers. That information is integrated and encoded in the Purkinje cells and then conveyed into the vestibular nucleus or deep cerebellar nucleus, which permits adaptive guidance of vestibular function by the vestibulocerebellum.


Subject(s)
Cerebellar Cortex , Cerebellar Nuclei , Cerebellum , Electrophysiology , Learning , Membranes , Memory , Neurons , Patch-Clamp Techniques , Purkinje Cells , Vestibular Nuclei
20.
Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery ; : 316-319, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-199440

ABSTRACT

A 35-year-old man presented with simultaneous multiple intracranial hematomas in the right cerebellar dentate nucleus and left basal ganglia. The hematomas were visible by computed tomography performed within two hours of the patient's arrival. The initial computed tomography showed acute hemorrhage in the left basal ganglia and dentate nucleus in cerebellum. The patient then experienced a change of consciousness due to newly developed hydrocephalus, and emergent extra-ventricular drainage was performed. By discharge, fortunately, the patient was fully recovered.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Basal Ganglia , Cerebellar Nuclei , Cerebellum , Consciousness , Drainage , Hematoma , Hemorrhage , Hydrocephalus , Hypercholesterolemia , Hypertension
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