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1.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 42(1): 12-20, mar. 2022. graf, ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1368801

ABSTRACT

Introducción: determinar la causa de muerte de los pacientes internados con enfermedad cardiovascular es de suma importancia para poder tomar medidas y así mejorar la calidad su atención y prevenir muertes evitables. Objetivos: determinar las principales causas de muerte durante la internación por enfermedades cardiovasculares. Desarrollar y validar un algoritmo para clasificar automáticamente a los pacientes fallecidos durante la internación con enfermedades cardiovasculares Diseño del estudio: estudio exploratorio retrospectivo. Desarrollo de un algoritmo de clasificación. Resultados: del total de 6161 pacientes, el 21,3% (1316) se internaron por causas cardiovasculares; las enfermedades cerebrovasculares representan el 30,7%, la insuficiencia cardíaca el 24,9% y las enfermedades cardíacas isquémicas el 14%. El algoritmo de clasificación según motivo de internación cardiovascular vs. no cardiovascular alcanzó una precisión de 0,9546 (IC 95%: 0,9351-0,9696). El algoritmo de clasificación de causa específica de internación cardiovascular alcanzó una precisión global de 0,9407 (IC 95%: 0,8866-0,9741). Conclusiones: la enfermedad cardiovascular representa el 21,3% de los motivos de internación de pacientes que fallecen durante su desarrollo. Los algoritmos presentaron en general buena performance, particularmente el de clasificación del motivo de internación cardiovascular y no cardiovascular y el clasificador según causa específica de internación cardiovascular. (AU)


Introduction: determining the cause of death of hospitalized patients with cardiovascular disease is of the utmost importance in order to take measures and thus improve the quality of care of these patients and prevent preventable deaths. Objectives: to determine the main causes of death during hospitalization due to cardiovascular diseases.To development and validate a natural language processing algorithm to automatically classify deceased patients according to their cause for hospitalization. Design: retrospective exploratory study. Development of a natural language processing classification algorithm. Results: of the total 6161 patients in our sample who died during hospitalization, 21.3% (1316) were hospitalized due to cardiovascular causes. The stroke represent 30.7%, heart failure 24.9%, and ischemic cardiac disease 14%. The classification algorithm for detecting cardiovascular vs. Non-cardiovascular admission diagnoses yielded an accuracy of 0.9546 (95% CI 0.9351, 0.9696), the algorithm for detecting specific cardiovascular cause of admission resulted in an overall accuracy of 0.9407 (95% CI 0.8866, 0.9741). Conclusions: cardiovascular disease represents 21.3% of the reasons for hospitalization of patients who die during hospital stays. The classification algorithms generally showed good performance, particularly the classification of cardiovascular vs non-cardiovascular cause for admission and the specific cardiovascular admission cause classifier. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence/statistics & numerical data , Cerebrovascular Disorders/mortality , Myocardial Ischemia/mortality , Heart Failure/mortality , Hospitalization , Quality of Health Care , Algorithms , Reproducibility of Results , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Mortality , Cause of Death , Electronic Health Records
2.
Ibom Medical Journal ; 15(2): 159-165, 2022. tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1379854

ABSTRACT

Background: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a progressive disorder characterized by stenosis and/or occlusion of large and medium-sized arteries, other than those that supply the heart (coronary artery disease, CAD) or the brain (cerebrovascular disease). It is increasingly becoming a challenge in developing countries owing to poverty and ignorance. Objective: To review the scourge of peripheral artery diseases in our institution in a low-income setting with a view to determining the role of a vascular surgeon. Materials and method: Over a period of 15 years (2006 to 2021), patients with documented PAD were reviewed. Data of the patients were retrieved from the record department and such data included demography, aetiology/risk factors, clinical features and investigative parameters as well as modes of treatment especially vascular surgery. Results: There were 35 patients which comprised 20 males and 15 females with male to female ratio of 4:3. Age range affected most was 71-80 years. Aetiologically, artherosclerosis was dominant. Leriche Fontaine classification used in clinical evaluation showed that type III was dominant. 6 Ps (pain, pulselessness, paralysis, paraesthesie, pallor and poikilothermia) of vascular ischemia were evident. Doppler/duplex ultrasound and computer angiography were used in diagnosis. Medical and or surgical treatments were used in patients' management. Vascular and or orthopedic surgery played significant role. Conclusion: PAD affects the lower extremities more commonly than the upper extremity vessels especially in the elderly leading to intermittent claudicationn which is the most recognized symptomatic subset of lower extremity PAD. Morbidity and mortality emanating from inadequate revascularization are burden to emerging economy like ours.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Angioplasty, Laser , Coronary Vessels , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Cerebrovascular Disorders , Endarterectomy, Carotid , Cardiovascular Nursing
3.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2022. 71 f p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392721

ABSTRACT

As doenças cardiovasculares (DCV) são a principal causa de morte no Brasil e no mundo. As doenças isquêmicas do coração (DIC) e doenças cerebrovasculares (DCBV) estão entre as dez principais causas de mortes no Brasil. A análise de tendência da mortalidade por DCV permite definir populações prioritárias para intervenções, elaborar e avaliar ações em saúde pública. Nesse sentido, o objetivo do estudo foi analisar a tendência da mortalidade por DIC e DCBV nas 27 capitais brasileiras, no período de 1990 a 2018. Trata-se de um estudo ecológico de série temporal, os dados de óbitos foram obtidos através do Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade (SIM). Buscando corrigir problemas na qualidade da informação dos registros de óbito do SIM, realizou-se a correção dos óbitos referentes aos dados com sexo e/ou faixa etária ignorada e aos óbitos registrados com causas "mal definidas". As taxas de mortalidade por DIC e DBCV foram padronizadas pelo método direto, tomando-se como população padrão a população do Brasil no ano de 2010. A análise de tendência da mortalidade por DIC e DCBV para a população total, homens e mulheres foi realizada utilizando o modelo de regressão de Poisson. Os resultados mostraram tendência de redução da mortalidade por DCBV tanto para a população total como para homens e mulheres em todas as capitais brasileiras. Vitória, capital da região Sudeste, apresentou a maior redução da taxa de mortalidade total por DCBV dentre todas as capitais brasileiras, -5,6% ao ano (IC95%: -6,0; -5,1%). No entanto, Macapá, capital da região Norte, teve a menor dentre todas as capitais -1,7% ao ano (IC95%: -2,7; -0,7%). Paras as DIC foi observada tendência de redução da mortalidade tanto para a população total como para homens e mulheres nas capitais das regiões Sul, Sudeste e para a maioria das capitais da região Centro-Oeste. As capitais das regiões Norte e Nordeste apresentaram uma variabilidade na tendência da mortalidade por DIC. Conclui-se que as capitais das regiões Sul e Sudeste apresentaram as maiores reduções da tendência da mortalidade por DIC e DCBV. Os achados desse estudo são importantes para prover informações mais detalhadas buscando auxiliar a gestão local na promoção de políticas de saúde pública, planejamento de estratégias e elaboração de medidas e ações em saúde.


Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death in Brazil and worldwide. Ischemic heart diseases (IHD) and cerebrovascular diseases (CBVD) are among Brazil's ten main causes of death. The trend analysis of mortality from CVD allows defining priority populations for interventions, designing and evaluating public health actions. In this sense, the study's objective was to analyze the mortality trend from IHD and CBVD in the 27 Brazilian capitals from 1990 to 2018. This is an ecological time-series study with the Mortality Information System (SIM) data. Seeking to correct the quality of the information in the SIM death records, the correction of deaths referring to data with anonymous sex and age group and deaths recorded with "ill-defined" causes was carried out. IHD and CBVD mortality rates were standardized by the direct method, using the population of Brazil in 2010 as the standard population. Trend analysis of IHD and CBVD mortality for the total population, men and women, was performed using the Poisson regression model. The results showed a reduction in the trend of mortality from CBVD for both the total population and for men and women in all Brazilian capitals. Vitória, the capital of the Southeast region, showed the greatest reduction in the total mortality rate from CVD among all Brazilian capitals, -5.6% per year (95%CI: -6.0; -5.1%). However, Macapá, the capital of the North region, had the lowest among all capitals -1.7% per year (95%CI: -2.7; -0.7%). For IHD, a decrease in the mortality trend was observed both for the total population and for men and women in the capitals of the South and Southeast regions and most capitals of the Center-West region. The capitals of the North and Northeast regions showed variability in the trend of IHD mortality. In conclusion, the capitals of the South and Southeast regions showed the greatest reductions in the mortality trend due to IHD and CBVD. The findings of this study are essential to provide more detailed information to assist local management in promoting public health policies, planning strategies, and designing health measures and actions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cerebrovascular Disorders/mortality , Time Series Studies , Myocardial Ischemia/mortality , Brazil , Epidemiology
4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 354-358, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935395

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the characteristics and trend of the premature death rate of 4 major chronic diseases in Ji'nan from 2015 to 2020. Methods: The death cause surveillance data and population data during 2015-2020 in Ji'nan were collected, and abbreviated life table, Joinpoint regression analysis and other methods were used to analyze the characteristics and change trends of the premature death rates of 4 major chronic diseases. Results: The crude mortality rate and age standardized mortality rate changes for the 4 major chronic diseases from 2015 to 2020 range from 568.65/100 000 to 604.06/100 000 and 366.77/100 000 to 432.48/100 000, respectively. The annual premature death rate of 4 major chronic diseases declined by 3.33% averagely from 2015 to 2020 (95%CI: -6.25%--0.32%), which might be explained by the declines of the premature death rates of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases [average annual percentage change (AAPC)=-3.23%, 95%CI: -6.32%--0.05%] and cancer (AAPC=-3.58%,95%CI:-6.83%--0.21%). The average decline rate in women (AAPC=-4.19%,95%CI:-7.56%- -0.70%) was higher than that in men (AAPC=-2.92%,95%CI: -5.65%--0.11%). Conclusions: The premature death rate of 4 major chronic diseases showed a downward trend in Ji'nan from 2015 to 2020. Men should be considered as a key population in the prevention and control of 4 major chronic diseases, and attention should also be paid to the non-significant declines in the premature death rates of chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes.


Subject(s)
Cerebrovascular Disorders , Chronic Disease , Diabetes Mellitus , Female , Humans , Male , Mortality, Premature , Regression Analysis
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935326

ABSTRACT

Objective: Predictive models were used to evaluate the impact of common risk factors on the number of cardio-cerebrovascular deaths and the probability of premature death. Methods: Using the data for China estimated by the Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (GBD 2015), we calculated the population attribution fraction (PAF) of risk factors. The proportional change model was used to estimate the number of unattributable deaths by 2030, and to predict the number of deaths, mortality, standardized mortality and probability of premature death by 2030. Results: According to the natural change trend of risk factors from 1990 to 2015, the number of deaths and mortality would reach 6.12 million and 428.53/100 000 by 2030, with an increase of 59.92% and 52.87%. By 2030, the probability of premature death from cardio-cerebrovascular diseases among Chinese aged 30-70 years old would continue to decline, from 11.43% to 11.28% for men, and from 5.79% to 4.43% for women. If the goals of all included risk factors were reached by 2030, 2 289 200 cardio-cerebrovascular deaths would be avoided. If only the exposure to a single risk factor was achieved by 2030, blood pressure, total cholesterol, and fine particulate matter exposure were the three most important factors affecting cardio-cerebrovascular deaths, which would reduce 1 332 800, 609 100 and 306 800 deaths, respectively. Among the involved risk factors, the control of blood pressure would mostly decrease the number of deaths due to ischemic heart disease and hemorrhagic stroke, about 677 300 and 391 100 deaths, accordingly. Conclusion: The control of risk factors is of great significance in reducing deaths and probability of premature death due to cardio-cerebrovascular diseases. If the control targets of all risk factors could be achieved by 2030, the burden of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases would be reduced greatly.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Blood Pressure , Cerebrovascular Disorders/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mortality, Premature , Risk Factors
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927971

ABSTRACT

Ginkgo biloba Extract( GBE50) Dispersible Tablets is a new standardized prescription,which is widely used in the treatment of ischemic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However,there are still many problems in its clinical application.Rational and safe use of GBE50 Dispersible Tablets is pivotal to the medication safety and clinical prognosis of patients. This consensus has been jointly formulated by clinical experts of traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and followed the Manual for the Clinical Experts Consensus of Chinese Patent Medicine published by the China Association of Chinese Medicine. The present study identified clinical problems based on clinical investigation,searched the research papers according to PICO clinical problems,carried out evidence evaluation,classification,and recommendation by GRADE system,and reached the expert consensus with nominal group technique. The consensus combines evidence with expert experience. Sufficient evidence of clinical problems corresponds to " recommendations",while insufficient evidence to " suggestions". Safety issues of GBE50 Dispersible Tablets,such as indications,usage and dosage,and medication for special populations,are defined to improve clinical efficacy,promote rational medication,and reduce drug risks. This consensus needs to be revised based on emerging clinical issues and evidencebased updates in practical applications in the future.


Subject(s)
Cerebrovascular Disorders/drug therapy , Consensus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Tablets
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927882

ABSTRACT

Air pollution has severe detrimental effects on public health.A substantial number of studies have demonstrated that air pollution exposure is a risk factor for the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and a cause of non-communicable diseases.Both long-term and short-term exposure to air pollution are associated with respiratory diseases,stroke,coronary artery disease,and diabetes.Aiming to better understand the association,we reviewed the latest studies about the association of air pollution with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases,especially stroke,coronary heart disease,arrhythmia,hypertension,and heart failure,and summarized the underlying mechanisms of the health damage caused by long-term and short-term exposure to air pollution.


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants/analysis , Air Pollution/adverse effects , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cerebrovascular Disorders/etiology , Environmental Exposure/analysis , Humans , Particulate Matter/analysis , Stroke/complications
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927865

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of air temperature on the hospitalization of rural residents with cardiovascular diseases and its lag effect in Dingxi city. Methods The meteorological data and air pollution data of Dingxi city from 2018 to 2019,as well as the daily hospitalization data of rural residents due to cardiovascular diseases,were collected.The distributed lag non-linear models were employed to analyze the relationship between daily mean air temperature and the number of inpatients with cardiovascular diseases.Meanwhile,stratified analysis was carried out according to gender,age,and disease. Results There was a non-linear relationship between air temperature and the number of hospitalized rural residents with cardiovascular diseases in Dingxi city.The exposure-response curve approximated a bell shape.The curves for different cardiovascular diseases appeared similar shapes,with different temperature thresholds.Low temperature(-7 ℃) and moderately low temperature(0 ℃) exhibited a cumulative lag effect on the number of patients hospitalized with cardiovascular diseases.With a cumulative lag of 7 days at -7 ℃ and 14 days at 0 ℃,the RR values peaked,which were 1.121(95% CI=1.002-1.255) and 1.198(95% CI=1.123-1.278),respectively.With a cumulative lag of 14 days at 0 ℃,the RR values were 1.034(95% CI=1.003-1.077) and 1.039(95% CI=1.004-1.066) for the number of hospitalized patients with ischemic heart disease and heart rhythm disorders,respectively.The cumulative lag effects of moderately high temperature(17 ℃) and high temperature(21 ℃) on ischemic heart disease,heart rhythm disorders,and cerebrovascular disease all peaked on that day.Specifically,the RR values at 17 ℃ and 21 ℃ were 1.148(95% CI=1.092-1.206) and 1.176(95% CI=1.096-1.261) for ischemic heart disease,1.071(95% CI=1.001-1.147) and 1.112(95% CI=1.011-1.223) for heart rhythm disorders,and 1.084(95% CI=1.025-1.145) and 1.094(95% CI=1.013-1.182) for cerebrovascular disease,respectively.There was no cumulative lag effect of air temperature on the number of hospitalized patients with heart failure.In addition,stratified analysis showed that low temperature(-7 ℃) and moderately low temperature(0 ℃) affected the number of hospitalized female patients with cardiovascular diseases,and only moderately low temperature(0 ℃) affected males.The cumulative lag effect of high temperature on females was higher than that on males.Air temperature exhibited a stronger impact on female patients than on male patients. Additionally,the population aged<65 years old was more sensitive to low temperature and high temperature than that aged ≥65 years old. Conclusions Air temperature changes increase the hospitalization risk of rural residents with cardiovascular diseases in Dingxi city,which presents a lag effect.The effects of air temperature on patients hospitalized due to cardiovascular diseases varied among different etiologies,genders,and ages.It is necessary to emphasize on the impact of temperature changes on health in residents,especially for key populations such as females,people aged<65 years old,and those with ischemic heart disease.


Subject(s)
Aged , Air Pollutants/analysis , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cerebrovascular Disorders , China/epidemiology , Female , Hospitalization , Hospitals , Humans , Male , Myocardial Ischemia/epidemiology , Temperature
9.
Acta neurol. colomb ; 37(4): 173-188, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349889

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN OBJETIVO: Determinar el comportamiento de las tasas de mortalidad por enfermedades cerebrovasculares en Colombia durante el período 1985 a 2014. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Se consolidaron las defunciones no fetales de las bases de datos de mortalidad del Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadísticas (DANE) de 1985 a 2014, con los códigos de causa básica: 160-167, 169 (CIE-10) y 430-434, 436-438 (CIE-9). Se calcularon las tasas nacionales, regionales y departamentales (lugar de residencia), utilizando la población del periodo por grupos quinquenales de edad en cada uno de los seis quinquenios de 1985 a 2014. Las tasas fueron ajustadas por edad por el método directo. RESULTADOS: Fueron incluidos en el análisis 374.713 fallecidos. Las tasas estandarizadas por edad de mortalidad por 100.000 pasaron de 40,62 en 1985 a 1989, a 26,29 en 2010 a 2014. A medida que la edad avanza las tasas son mayores; las mayores tasas se encontraron en las regiones Andina y Pacífica con valores de 25,59 y 28,65 respectivamente, en 2010 a 2014. Por departamentos se encontraron tasas superiores a las nacionales en Antioquia, Atlántico, Bogotá, Caldas, Huila, Norte de Santander, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Valle del Cauca y San Andrés y Providencia. CONCLUSIONES: Colombia sigue un patrón similar al de los países de altos ingresos, ya que, la tendencia de la mortalidad es a la disminución. Se encontraron tasas similares a otros estudios realizados en el país y otros lugares del mundo.


ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To determine the behavior of cerebrovascular mortality rates in Colombia during the period 1985 to 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mortality information was consolidated from the non-fetal deaths of the mortality databases of the Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadísticas (DANE) from 1985 to 2014. With the basic cause codes: 160-167, 169 (ICD-10) and 430-434, 436-438 (ICD-9. National, regional and department (residence place) rates were calculated, using the population for the period quinquennial groups from 1985 to 2014. The mortality rates were adjusted for the age by the direct method. RESULTS: 374,713 deaths were included in the analysis. The age-standardized mortality rates per 100,000 went from 40.62 in 1985 to 1989 to 26.29 in 2010 to 2014. As age advances, the rates are higher; the highest rates were found in the Andina and Pacifica regions with values of 25.59 and 28.65 respectively, in 2010 to 2014. Findings by departments show that rates are higher than the national in Antioquia, Atlântico, Bogotá, Caldas, Huila, Norte de Santander, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Valle del Cauca, and San Andrés y Providencia. CONCLUSIONS: Colombia follows a similar pattern of the high-income countries, because the mortality trend is downward. Similar rates were found to other studies conducted in the country and other places in the world.


Subject(s)
Cerebrovascular Disorders , Mortality , Colombia
10.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(6): 545-550, dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357564

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la enfermedad por SARS-CoV-2 denominada COVID-19 originada en China adquirió dimensiones pandémicas. De acuerdo con el reporte situacional de la OMS al 15 de marzo de 2021, la tasa de letalidad global es del 2.2%; en México se han confirmado alrededor de 194 944 defunciones por COVID-19. Estudios en China identificaron que los pacientes con COVID-19 severo, al compararlos con aquellos que cursaron con COVID-19 no severo, presentaron manifestaciones neurológicas más graves. Objetivo: determinar la frecuencia de síntomas y manifestaciones neurológicas en pacientes con COVID-19 severo en un centro de tercer nivel de atención. Material y métodos: estudio transversal, observacional y analítico, llevado a cabo en el Hospital de Especialidades del Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, en pacientes hospitalizados con COVID-19 severo. Resultados: se analizaron 183 casos, de los cuales 130 eran hombres (71%). La mediana de edad fue de 55 años (RIC: 44-65). Los síntomas neurológicos fueron: cefalea, anosmia y disgeusia. Las manifestaciones neurológicas se presentaron en 27 pacientes, la más frecuente fue la enfermedad vascular cerebral tipo isquémica (EVC) en 12 pacientes (44%) en pacientes con mayor edad, 76.5 frente a 54 años (p = 0.000), y con antecedente de enfermedad cardiovascular. Conclusiones: los síntomas neurológicos más frecuentes fueron cefalea, anosmia y disgeusia. La manifestación neurológica más frecuente fue la EVC isquémica que se presentó en pacientes con COVID-19 severo de mayor edad y con antecedente de enfermedad cardiovascular.


Background: The SARS-CoV-2 disease, called COVID-19, emerged in China has acquired pandemic dimensions. According to the WHO situational report of March 15, 2021, the global fatality rate is 2.2%; in Mexico, around 194 944 deaths have been confirmed by COVID-19. Studies in China identified that patients with severe COVID-19, when compared with those who had non-severe COVID-19, presented more severe neurological manifestations. Objective: To determine the frequency of neurological symptoms and manifestations in patients with severe COVID-19 in a tertiary care center. Material and methods: A cross-sectional, observational and analytical study was carried out at the Hospital de Especialidades del Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, in patients hospitalized with severe COVID-19. Results: 183 cases were analyzed, of which 130 were men (71%). The median age was 55 years (IQR: 44-65). The neurological symptoms were: headache, anosmia and dysgeusia. Neurological manifestations occurred in 27 patients (16%), the most frequent was ischemic-type cerebrovascular disease (CVD) in 12 (44%), in patients older than 76.5 years vs. 54 years (p = 0.000), with history of cardiovascular disease. Conclusions: The most frequent neurological symptoms were headache, anosmia and dysgeusia. The most frequent neurological manifestation was ischemic CVD that appeared in older patients with severe COVID-19 with a history of cardiovascular disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tertiary Healthcare , Cerebrovascular Disorders , COVID-19 , Neurologic Manifestations , Tertiary Healthcare , Headache
11.
Medicina UPB ; 40(2): 22-32, 13 oct. 2021. tab, Ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1342177

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: mejorar la independencia funcional de los pacientes con enfermedad vascular cerebral (EVC) es uno de los objetivos que se plantean los equipos de rehabilitación física y cognitiva. Uno de los modelos que podría dar respuesta a este objetivo es el entrenamiento cognitivo de la memoria de trabajo (MT). Aunque esta estrategia se viene estudiando desde hace 20 años, aún es necesario realizar un estudio de revisión sistemática que permita conocer con claridad los efectos del entrenamiento cognitivo computarizado de la MT en el funcionamiento de la vida diaria en pacientes con EVC isquémica. Metodología: para ello, se creó una ecuación de búsqueda para aplicar en la base de datos Web of Science (WoS), en el rango temporal desde enero de 2010 a enero de 2019. Posteriormente, se realiza un análisis bibliométrico con el objetivo de identificar los autores y revistas más importantes sobre el tema de investigación. Finalmente, el reporte cronológico identifica la evolución y avances del impacto de los entrenamientos de la memoria de trabajo en la EVC. Resultados: se encontraron tres enfoques relacionados con: efectos de un programa de realidad virtual en las actividades de la vida diaria, efectos del entrenamiento de la MT en la plasticidad cerebral y efectos del entrenamiento cognitivo de la MT en las actividades de la vida diaria. Conclusión: se ha propuesto el desempeño cognitivo como uno de los componentes más importantes del funcionamiento en la vida diaria, particularmente la MT como mediador entre los programas de entrenamiento cognitivo y las habilidades funcionales. Los entrenamientos cognitivos reducen el deterioro cognitivo y el riesgo de demencia. Sin embargo, los beneficios de un entrenamiento cognitivo se limitan a dominios muy similares a los entrenados (transferencia cercana, más que lejana).


Objective: improving functional independence of patients with cerebrovascular disease has become one of the main goals for physical and cognitive rehabilitation teams. A well-known framework that addresses this issue is Working Memory Training. Although this model has been studied for more than twenty years, a systematic review on the effects of Working Memory Training after ischemic stroke and its impact on everyday functioning is still needed. Methodology: thus, a search equation has been proposed on Web of Science database from January 2010 to January 2019. Then, a bibliometric analysis presents the most important authors and journals in the research topic. Finally, a chronological report shows advanced research lines and effects of Working Memory Training in patients with cerebrovascular disease. Results:these findings showed 3 approaches related to the following: effects of virtual reality-based programs on everyday functioning, effects of Working Memory Training on brain plasticity, and effects of Working Memory Training on everyday life. Conclusion: cognitive performance has been proposed to be one of the most important components of functioning in daily life. Working Memory has been shown to strongly mediate between cognitive training and functional abilities. Cognitive training is asso-ciated with less cognitive decline and reduced risk of dementia. However, the benefits from cognitive training may be limited to highly similar domains (close transfer rather than far transfer).


Introdução: melhorar a independência funcional do paciente com doença cerebrovas-cular (DCV) é um dos objetivos traçados pelas equipes de reabilitação física e cognitiva. Um dos modelos que poderia responder a esse objetivo é o treinamento cognitivo da memória de trabalho (MT).Objetivo: embora essa estratégia seja estudada há 20 anos, ainda é necessário realizar um estudo de revisão sistemática que nos permita conhecer claramente os efeitos do treinamento cognitivo computadorizado da MT no funcionamento da vida diária em pacientes com DCV isquêmica.Metodologia: para isso, foi criada uma equação de busca a ser aplicada na base de dados Web of Science (WoS), no período de janeiro de 2010 a janeiro de 2019. Pos-teriormente, é realizada uma análise bibliométrica a fim de identificar os autores mais importantes e periódicos sobre o tema de pesquisa. Por fim, o relatório cronológico identifica a evolução e a evolução do impacto do treino da memória de trabalho no CVS.Resultados: foram encontradas três abordagens relacionadas a: efeitos de um programa de realidade virtual nas atividades da vida diária, efeitos do treinamento da MT na plas-ticidade cerebral e efeitos do treinamento cognitivo da MT nas atividades da vida diária.Conclusão: o desempenho cognitivo tem sido proposto como um dos componentes mais importantes do funcionamento na vida diária, particularmente a MT como media-dor entre programas de treinamento cognitivo e habilidades funcionais. O treinamento cognitivo reduz o declínio cognitivo e o risco de demência. No entanto, os benefícios do treinamento cognitivo são limitados a domínios muito semelhantes aos treinados (transferência próxima, em vez de distante).


Subject(s)
Humans , Cerebrovascular Disorders , Activities of Daily Living , Cognitive Dysfunction , Virtual Reality , Ischemic Stroke , Functional Status , Neuronal Plasticity
12.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(3): e997, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352032

ABSTRACT

Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica con el objetivo de obtener información actualizada acerca de las características, diagnóstico y tratamiento del síndrome del uno y medio. Se emplearon principalmente las bases de datos disponibles en Infomed, Google Scholar y Pubmed. El síndrome del uno y medio es una entidad infrecuente, que se caracteriza por parálisis de la mirada conjugada horizontal y alteración del fascículo longitudinal medial ipsilateral secundario a diversas etiologías, entre las que se incluyen la enfermedad cerebrovascular y la esclerosis múltiple. Clínicamente se presenta con exotropía y nistagmo a la abducción. Su diagnóstico puede ser establecido en la exploración por las alteraciones típicas de los movimientos oculares, mientras que la imagen de resonancia magnética cerebral resulta indispensable para el diagnóstico diferencial y etiológico(AU)


One and a half syndrome is an infrequent condition characterized by conjugate horizontal gaze palsy and ipsilateral medial longitudinal fasciculus alteration secondary to various etiologies, including cerebrovascular disease and multiple sclerosis. Clinically, it presents with exotropia and abduction nystagmus. Its diagnosis may be established during exploration, due to the typical eye movement alterations, whereas brain magnetic resonance imaging is indispensable for differential and etiological diagnosis. A bibliographic review was conducted to obtain updated information about the characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of one and a half syndrome. Use was made of the databases available in Infomed, Google Scholar and Pubmed(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Cerebrovascular Disorders/etiology , Exotropia/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Multiple Sclerosis/etiology , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic
13.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 59(3): 218-224, sept. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388391

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La enfermedad cerebrovascular es un conjunto de alteraciones atribuidas a lesiones agudas y focales en el sistema nervioso central, en su mayoría secundaria a aterosclerosis DESARROLLO: En la prevención de la enfermedad cerebrovascular, existen dos grandes grupos farmacológicos, los antitromboticos y los anti plaquetarios, los cuales impactan en la calidad de vida de estos pacientes mejorando el pronóstico de los mismos. CONCLUSIONES: La enfermedad cerebrovascular comparte factores de riesgo de enfermedad tromboembólica, por lo que se recomienda iniciar profilaxis.


INTRODUCTION: Cerebrovascular disease is a group of alterations attributed to acute and focal lesions in the central nervous system, mostly secondary to atherosclerosis. DEVELOPMENT: In the prevention of cerebrovascular disease, there are two major pharmacological groups, antithrombotics and antiplatelet drugs. , which impact the quality of life of these patients, improving their prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: Cerebrovascular disease shares risk factors for thromboembolic disease, so it is recommended to start prophylaxis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thromboembolism/prevention & control , Cerebrovascular Disorders/prevention & control , Antibiotic Prophylaxis/methods , Thromboembolism/etiology , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Stroke , Embolism , Atherosclerosis/complications , Anticoagulants/administration & dosage
14.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(2): 159-167, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154559

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Cerebrovascular diseases (CVDs) are the second leading cause of death in Brazil. Objective This study aimed to describe the epidemiological profile and to analyze the spatiotemporal dynamics of mortality from cerebrovascular disease in the elderly in Alagoas from 2000-2016. Methods This is a multilevel ecological study of all deaths from CVD in individuals aged 60 years or older. Data were collected from the Mortality Information System. The variables were submitted to descriptive analysis, trend analysis by Joinpoint Regression method and spatial analysis with Global Moran's and local statistics; 95% confidence interval and significance of 5% were considered in the analysis. Results There were 21,440 deaths in the study period, 50.4% (n=10,797) male, 40.5% (n=8,670) aged ≥ 80 years, 44.5% (n=9,465) of "brown" race, 30.1% (n=6,448) married and 36.5% (n=7,828) with less than four years of schooling. Female and male mortality rates were 460.24/100,000 and 602.23 / 100,000, respectively. An annual decreasing trend of -1.4% (p<0.001) in overall and male mortality was observed from 2007 on. The highest mortality rates were concentrated in the eastern region of Alagoas (Moran's I =0.766288; p=0.01). Twenty-two municipalities were in quadrant Q1 of Moran's scattering diagram and considered priorities. Conclusion Death from CVD in Alagoas occurred equally in men and women in the study period, mostly in individuals of mixed race, married, and with low education attainment. The highest rates were observed in the eastern region of the state . The results highlight the need for public policies aimed at healthy aging in the state. (Int J Cardiovasc Sci. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cerebrovascular Disorders/mortality , Cerebrovascular Disorders/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Aging , Cerebrovascular Disorders/ethnology , Mortality Registries , Ecological Studies , Multilevel Analysis , Healthy Aging
16.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(4): 763-771, abr. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285213

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: A mortalidade por doenças cardiovasculares (DCV) vem mostrando tendência à estabilização em alguns países, incluindo o Brasil e o estado do Rio de Janeiro, após décadas de queda. Não encontramos análises detalhadas dessa tendência para o estado do Rio de Janeiro. Objetivo: Analisar as tendências da mortalidade prematura e tardia por doenças do aparelho circulatório (DAC), doença isquêmica do coração (DIC) e doença cerebrovascular (DCBV) por sexo nas regiões de saúde do estado do Rio de Janeiro e capital (1996-2016). Métodos: Dados de óbitos e população foram obtidos no DATASUS/MS. Taxas foram compensadas por códigos mal definidos, corrigidos pelos códigos cardiovasculares mal definidos e ajustadas por sexo e idade pelo método direto. O Joinpoint Trend Analysis Software foi empregado para calcular a variação percentual anual (APC) e variação percentual anual média (AAPC). Foram consideradas para o estudo APC e AAPC significativamente diferentes de zero, calculadas por um teste de student com significância de 5%. Resultados: A mortalidade por DIC estabilizou ou até aumentou em pelo menos 50% das localidades analisadas (EAPC ≥0). Nas regiões Norte e Noroeste, nenhuma mudança foi observada. Para DCBV, apenas uma região apresentou estabilidade na mortalidade (EAPC próximo a 0). Para as outras regiões, a taxa continuou a diminuir (APC <0) até 2016. Conclusão: Esses resultados observados no Rio de Janeiro devem se repetir em várias regiões brasileiras e apontam para a necessidade de uma resposta na abordagem dos comportamentos no estilo de vida. Os médicos da atenção primária devem estar familiarizados com a tendência desfavorável da doença isquêmica do coração entre os adultos mais jovens e rastrear ativamente os fatores de risco para DCV, com atenção especial às mulheres.


Abstract Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, after several decades of decrease, has shown a tendency towards the stabilization in some countries, including Brazil and Rio de Janeiro state. This new tendency was not further analyzed by gender, age group and region of the Rio de Janeiro state. Objective: To analyze the trends of premature and late mortality from CVD, ischemic heart disease (IHD) and cerebrovascular disease (CBVD) by gender in the city of Rio de Janeiro (capital) and the health regions of Rio de Janeiro state (from 1996 to 2016. Methods: Data on deaths and the population were obtained from DATASUS/MS. The rates were compensated by ill-defined codes, corrected by Ill-Defined Cardiovascular codes and gender and age-adjusted by the direct method (reference population - population of the state of Rio de Janeiro - 2000 census). The Joinpoint Trend Analysis Software was employed. Results: IHD mortality stabilized or even increased for at least 50% of the analyzed areas (EAPC≥0). No change was observed. in the "North" and "Northwest" regions For CBVD, just one region showed stability regarding mortality (EAPC close to 0). For the other regions, the rate continued to decrease (APC<0) until 2016. Conclusion: These results observed in Rio de Janeiro are possibly appropriate to various Brazilian regions and demonstrate that a serious public health response is needed to address lifestyle behaviors. Primary care physicians should also be familiar with the unfavorable tendency in coronary heart disease among younger adults in recent years and actively screen for risk factors for cardiovascular disease, paying special attention to women.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cerebrovascular Disorders , Myocardial Ischemia , Brazil/epidemiology , Cities
17.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(1): e957, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289533

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad cerebrovascular isquémica tiene una elevada incidencia y prevalencia en Cuba, y constituye la tercera causa de muerte en el país. Existen diferencias anatómicas y clínicas entre el infarto de la circulación anterior y la posterior. En ocasiones, los elementos distintivos que ayudan al diagnóstico topográfico de la enfermedad cerebrovascular isquémica son las manifestaciones neuroftalmológicas. Con el objetivo de profundizar en el conocimiento actual sobre las alteraciones neuroftalmológicas que se asocian a la enfermedad cerebrovascular isquémica, se realizó una revisión bibliográfica, donde se consultaron un total de 69 fuentes de información digital de los últimos 5 años. La circulación cerebral se divide de manera general en anterior y posterior. Los síntomas y signos principales del ictus que afecta la circulación anterior son la desviación conjugada de la mirada, la afectación de las sácadas, la hemianopsia homónima, la heminegligencia y la apraxia de la apertura ocular; mientras que las alteraciones asociadas a la afectación de la circulación posterior son el nistagmo, las anormalidades en la alineación y los movimientos oculares, así como la hemianopsia homónima con conservación macular. Se concluye que en la enfermedad cerebrovascular isquémica aparecen síntomas y signos como consecuencia de la afectación, tanto de la vía visual aferente, como de la eferente. La hemianopsia homónima es el signo más frecuente reportado(AU)


Ischemic cerebrovascular disease has a high incidence and prevalence in Cuba, and it is the third cause of death in the country. A number of anatomical and clinical differences distinguish anterior from posterior circulation infarction. On certain occasions the distinguishing elements that aid in the topographic diagnosis of ischemic cerebrovascular disease are its neuro-ophthalmological manifestations. With the purpose of gaining insight into the current knowledge about the neuro-ophthalmological alterations associated to ischemic cerebrovascular disease, a bibliographic review was conducted based on the analysis of 69 digital information sources from the last five years. Cerebral circulation is generally divided into anterior and posterior. The main symptoms and signs of the stroke that affects anterior circulation are conjugate gaze deviation, altered saccades, homonymous hemianopsia, heminegligence and eyelid opening apraxia, whereas the alterations associated to posterior circulation involvement are nystagmus, eye movement and alignment abnormalities, and homonymous hemianopsia with macular preservation. It is concluded that ischemic cerebrovascular disease presents symptoms and signs related to both the afferent and the efferent visual pathways. Homonymous hemianopsia is the most common sign reported(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Cerebrovascular Circulation , Cerebrovascular Disorders/epidemiology , Hemianopsia/etiology , Review Literature as Topic , Neurologic Manifestations
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(1): 89-99, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152977

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento As doenças cerebrovasculares (DCBV) constituem a segunda causa de mortes no mundo. Objetivo Analisar a tendência da mortalidade por DCVB no Brasil (1996-2015) e associação com o índice de desenvolvimento humano (IDH) e o índice de vulnerabilidade social (IVS). Métodos Trata-se de estudo ecológico envolvendo as taxas de mortalidade padronizadas por DCBV. Os dados dos óbitos foram obtidos do Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade e os dados populacionais, do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. Para as análises temporais, foi utilizado o modelo de regressão por pontos de inflexão, sendo calculado o percentual de variação anual (annual percent change [APC]) e médio do período (average annual percent change [AAPC]), com intervalo de confiança de 95% e significância de 5%. As tendências foram classificadas em crescente, decrescente ou estacionária. O modelo de regressão multivariada foi utilizado para testar a associação entre a mortalidade por DCBV, IDH e IVS. Resultados Foram registrados 1.850.811 óbitos por DCBV no período estudado. Observou-se redução da taxa de mortalidade nacional (APC: -2,4; p = 0,001). Vinte unidades federativas apresentaram tendências significativas, sendo 13 de redução, incluindo todos das regiões Centro-Oeste (n = 4), Sudeste (n = 4) e Sul (n = 3). O IDH teve associação positiva e o IVS, associação negativa com a mortalidade (p = 0,046 e p = 0,026, respectivamente). Conclusão O estudo mostrou comportamento epidemiológico desigual da mortalidade entre as regiões, sendo maior nos estados do Sudeste e Sul, porém com tendência significativa de redução, e menor nos estados do Norte e Nordeste, mas com tendência significativa de crescimento. O IDH e o IVS associaram-se com a mortalidade. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(1):89-99)


Abstract Background Cerebrovascular diseases (CBVD) are the second major cause of death in the world. Objective To analyze the mortality trend of CBVD in Brazil (1996 to 2015) and its association with Human Development Index (HDI) and the Social Vulnerability Index (SVI). Methods This is an ecological study. We analyzed the mortality rate standardized by CBVD. Death data were obtained from the Mortality Information System (SIM) and populational data from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). The model of regression by inflection points (Joinpoint regression) was used to perform the temporal analysis, calculating the Annual Percent Change (APC) and Average Annual Percent Change (AAPC), with 95% of confidence interval and a significance of 5%. Trends were classified as increasing, decreasing or stationary. A multivariate regression model was used to analyze the association between mortality by CBVD, HDI and SVI. Results During this period, 1,850,811 deaths by CBVD were recorded. We observed a reduction in the national mortality rate (APC -2.4; p = 0.001). Twenty federation units showed a significant trend, of which 13 showed reduction, including all states in the Midwest (n=4), Southeast (n=4) and South (n=3). The HDI was positively associated and the SVI was negatively associated with mortality (p = 0.046 and p = 0.026, respectively). Conclusion An unequal epidemiological course of mortality was observed between the regions, being higher in the Southeast and South states, with a significative tendency of reduction, and lower in the North and Northeast states, but with a significative tendency of increase. HDI and SVI showed an association with mortality. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(1):89-99)


Subject(s)
Humans , Cerebrovascular Disorders , Brazil/epidemiology , Mortality , Abstracting and Indexing , Geography
19.
Rev. Fundac. Juan Jose Carraro ; 24(44): 54-63, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223712

ABSTRACT

La periodontitis es una enfermedad inflamatoria, crónica que afecta a los tejidos de soporte de los dientes y puede repercutir en la salud general, afectando la calidad de vida del paciente. La enfermedad de Alzheimer es una condición neurodegenerativa y progresiva que va disminuyendo la memoria, el lenguaje y aprendizaje de los pacientes. El objetivo de la investigación es realizar una revisión bibliográfica para comprender la posible vinculación entre la periodontitis y el Alzheimer. Los microorganismos periodontopatógenos producen una respuesta inflamatoria que, por vía sistémica, puede desencadenar un mecanismo inflamatorio dentro del sistema nervioso central. La respuesta del hospedero es liberar gran cantidad de moléculas proinflamatorias que comprometen la barrera hematoencefálica sobreestimulando a las células microgliales, esto conduce a la destrucción de neuronas vitales y al mantenimiento de la inflamación crónica que contribuye a la progresión del Alzheimer. Por otra parte, la periodontitis puede favorecer la formación de placas ateromatosas que afectan la integridad vascular siendo éste un factor a considerar en el desarrollo de la patología cerebrovascular. A pesar que son pocos los estudios clínicos experimentales, ya se puede sugerir la correlación entre ambas enfermedades (AU)


Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the supporting tissues of teeth, affecting the systemic health and quality of life of the patient. Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative and progressive condition that decreases memory, speech and learning of patients. The objective of this literature review was to report the possible link between periodontitis and Alzheimer's disease. Periodontopathogens produce an inflammatory response that, systemically, can trigger an inflammatory mechanism within the central nervous system. Due to this attack, the host releases a great quantity of proinflammatory molecules that compromise the blood-brain barrier by over- stimulation microglial cells, this produces destruction of vital neurons and maintenance the chronic inflammation in CNS and that contribute to the progression of Alzheimer's disease. On the other hand, periodontitis can favor the formation of atheromatous plaques that affect vascular integrity, being a factor to consider in the development of the cerebrovascular disease. Although there are few experimental clinical studies, the correlation between both diseases can already be suggested (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Periodontitis/complications , Periodontitis/prevention & control , Alzheimer Disease/etiology , Cerebrovascular Disorders , Chronic Disease , Inflammation Mediators/physiology , Dental Plaque/prevention & control , Maintenance
20.
MedUNAB ; 24(2): 262-267, 20210820.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291953

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La arteria basilar se forma de las arterias vertebrales, cursa sobre el puente y se bifurca originando las arterias cerebrales posteriores. Irriga parte del tronco encefálico, cerebelo, tálamo y los lóbulos occipitales y temporales cerebrales. Su obstrucción es rara (1% de los accidentes isquémicos), puede ocurrir en cualquier parte de su trayecto, con cuadro clínico diverso. En jóvenes se añaden otros factores de riesgo distintos a los cardiovasculares, se incluye el consumo de sustancias psicoactivas. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar el caso de un adulto joven, su evolución posterior a la intervención endovascular y la asociación, pasada por alto, al consumo de cannabinoides. Caso clínico. Individuo de 23 años con 14 horas de parálisis facial periférica derecha, diplopía, disartria, hemiparesia e hiperreflexia izquierda, disfagia, náuseas y emesis. Tomografía Axial Computarizada de cráneo simple sin alteraciones. Posteriormente, al realizarse resonancia magnética nuclear, se evidencia isquemia pontomesencefálica y focos isquémicos agudos lacunares en lóbulos cerebelosos. Se consideró comprometido el territorio de la arteria basilar, por lo que se realizó angiotomografía que evidenció una obstrucción crítica de dicho vaso a nivel del tercio distal. Se realizó trombectomía con stent-retriever con recanalización total de la arteria basilar con flujo en toda su extensión. Al egreso fue clasificado como TOAST idiopático. Conclusiones. Las escalas etiológicas para stroke creadas para adultos mayores sobreestiman la etiología idiopática en pacientes jóvenes, lo cual puede ocasionar que el consumo de cannabis sea pasado por alto como causante pese a la asociación reportada por la literatura.


Introduction. The basilar artery is formed from the vertebral arteries, runs over the pons and bifurcates, originating the posterior cerebral arteries. It irrigates part of the brainstem, cerebellum, thalamus, and the occipital and temporal lobes of the brain. Its obstruction is rare (1% of ischemic accidents), it can occur in any part of its path, with a diverse clinical condition. In young people, other risk factors other than cardiovascular ones are added; psychoactive substance use is included. The objective of this article is to present the case of a young adult, his evolution after endovascular intervention and the association, overlooked, to the consumption of cannabinoids. Clinical case. 23-year-old man with 14 hours of right peripheral facial paralysis, diplopia, dysarthria, left hyperreflexia and hemiparesis, dysphagia, nausea and emesis. Simple skull Computerized Axial Tomography without alterations. Subsequently, when a nuclear magnetic resonance was performed, pontomesencephalic ischemia and acute lacunar ischemic foci in the cerebellar lobes were evidenced. The basilar artery territory was considered compromised, so a CT angiography was performed, which revealed a critical obstruction of said artery at the level of the distal third. A stent-retriever thrombectomy was performed with total recanalization of the basilar artery with flow in its entirety. Upon discharge, he was classified as "idiopathic" according to the TOAST classification. Conclusions. The etiological scales for stroke created for older adults overestimate idiopathic etiology in young patients, which may cause cannabis use to be overlooked as a cause despite the association reported in the literature.


Introdução. A artéria basilar é formada pelas artérias vertebrais, passa pela ponte e se bifurca, originando as artérias cerebrais posteriores. Irriga parte do tronco cerebral, cerebelo, tálamo e os lobos occipital e temporal do cérebro. Sua obstrução é rara (1% dos acidentes isquêmicos), podendo ocorrer em qualquer parte de seu trajeto, com quadro clínico diverso. Nos jovens, são adicionados outros fatores de risco além dos cardiovasculares, incluindo o consumo de substâncias psicoativas. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar o caso de um adulto jovem, sua evolução após a intervenção endovascular e a associação, despercebida, ao consumo de canabinoides. Caso clínico. Indivíduo de 23 anos com 14 horas de paralisia facial periférica direita, diplopia, disartria, hemiparesia e hiperreflexia esquerda, disfagia, náuseas e vômitos. Tomografia axial computadorizada de crânio simples sem alterações. Posteriormente, quando foi realizada a ressonância magnética nuclear, foram evidenciados isquemia pontomesencefálica e focos agudos de isquemia lacunar nos lobos cerebelares. O território da artéria basilar foi considerado comprometido, por isso foi realizada uma angiotomografia, que revelou uma obstrução crítica do referido vaso no terço distal. Foi realizada trombectomia stent-retriever com recanalização total da artéria basilar com fluxo em sua totalidade. No momento da alta, foi classificado como TOAST idiopática. Conclusões.As escalas etiológicas para AVC criadas para idosos superestimam a etiologia idiopática em pacientes jovens, o que pode fazer com que o uso de cannabis seja negligenciado como causa, apesar da associação relatada na literatura.


Subject(s)
Cerebrovascular Disorders , Basilar Artery , Cannabis , Reperfusion , Intracranial Embolism and Thrombosis , Young Adult
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